Mcdonaldization Essays (Examples)

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Society and Friends

Words: 630 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74305662

McDonalidization is creating automated, highly efficient, quantifiable, and homogenized processes and systems. The term refers to the fast food chain but can be witnessed in almost every area of life, from education to entertainment. McDonaldization arguably began with assembly-line production, long before fast food existed. The trend has permeated much more than the industrial domain, and has impacted the ways people live their lives. Although McDonaldization has some benefits, such as increased efficiency, predictability, and standardization, the detriments to McDonalidization include dehumanization, immorality, lack of creativity, and loss of soul.

McDonaldization provides the illusion of saving time, because processes are automated. Many companies find that McDonaldization is necessary for them to meet performance standards or turn a profit. For some companies, it becomes critical to manage supply chains in a way that requires bulk purchasing. A mechanized workforce, literally and figuratively, is also part of the McDonaldization process. Some workforces…… [Read More]

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Guidebook for Living in Modernity

Words: 2176 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4673206

Living in Modernity in Three Easy Steps

Perhaps it is only appropriate that a so-called guidebook to living in modernity is not in fact a book at all, but only a relatively brief overview, encompassing six to nine pages of text, easily condensed for the reader's evaluation into three easy steps. It is short. It can be potentially read and interpreted by a variety of individuals with varying levels of literacy. It is democratic and addresses the reader as part of a collective, but not as someone who is of a particular gender or social or professional hierarchy. It is friendly to those whose attention spans have been shortened by the Internet and the mass media, yet it also creates a program that is inspirational in nature, to the reader's sense of improving the self. It wishes the reader to become a better self, just like everyone else in the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Charon, Joel. (2000). Ten Questions: A Sociological Perspective. New York: Wadsworth.

Queer Eye for the Straight Guy." (2003). NBC Television Show.

Ritzer, Geroge. (2002). McDonaldization of Society. Pine Forage Press.

Schor, Juliet. (1998). The Overspent American: Why We Want What We Don't Need.
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Southwest Airlines to the Japanese

Words: 1202 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86681464



Another means in which Southwest Airlines resembles McDonald's is given by the very use of the onald McDonald House for charity events. McDonald's has been developing charity actions through sustained donations to the charity houses for nearly four decades now (Website of the onald McDonald House Charities). As of 1983, when a Southwest Airlines pilot lost his daughter to leukemia, the airline operator has also been annually donating money to the charity. Additionally, the company also volunteers employees to help in the charity houses (Airline Industry Information, 2005).

These actions of Southwest can be assessed from two distinct angles -- both similar to the angles of assessing the charity decisions of McDonald's. In this order of ideas, the first angle is constituted by the fact that the companies become respectable members of the community. They show their support to community causes and they are socially responsible by giving back to…… [Read More]

References:

Durlabhji, S., 1990, The influence of Confucianism and Zen on the Japanese organization, Akron Business and Economic Review, Edition of June

2005, Southwest Airlines celebrates 20 years of partnership with McDonald's Houses, Airline Industry Information, Edition of October

Website of the McDonald's Corporation,  http://www.mcdonalds.com/us/en/home.html  last accessed on October 21, 2010

Website of the Ronald McDonald House Charities,  http://rmhc.org  / last accessed on October 21, 2010
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Subordination of Labor a Necessary Condition for

Words: 2582 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27677488

subordination of labor" a necessary condition for establishing an employment relationship? Are there other necessary conditions?

The capitalist take-over of production was at first merely formal. Capitalists took control of production methods via ownership and employed workers in their privately owned factories. Workers agreed to labor for the owners, because they believed that this was a more financially and socially beneficial relationship than working for their own farms, on their own privately owned land. The formal subordination of labor to capital thus is necessary in a situation of private enterprise, where labor can be rented cheaply to work on preexisting property owned by capitalists.

Why is the "real subordination of labor" described as a fundamental aspect of management? How does the unique nature of the human factor make this form of subordination problematic?

It is only later, in part under the pressure of workers' struggles, when capitalists begin to invest…… [Read More]

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Hindering Society Is Our Industrial

Words: 660 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91270817

" In one supreme irony, as McDonald's makes Americans less healthy, McDonald's as a company is dependant on poorly-paid workers who receive few benefits, including healthcare. The workers are disposable as the food and the packaging they assemble for McDonald's patrons. It is in the company's interest not to keep them employed for long, so they remain part-time employees without real healthcare. They learn no skills and do not improve their promotional prospects. And often the only food they can afford, lacking adequate facilities or time to prepare a meal, is a McDonald's meal.

The slaughterhouses where the processed meats that go into McDonald's hamburgers are just as mechanized as McDonald's drive-through, only the cows that move through their doors do not exit intact. Yet the fate of the human executors of these cows is almost as terrible. Working conditions in slaughterhouses and meat-processing plants are dangerous. The workers are…… [Read More]

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Junction Hotel Is One of

Words: 2451 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79546091

They think about the break, they go on the break and the come back thinking about the passed break and waiting to the future one. By the time they focus on the actual task, the next break is up. But if they get two breaks, of 30 minutes each, then they will not constantly interrupt their work and the efficiency would increase.

Setting stricter deadlines, but -- as a manager -- being prepared for them to be delayed. This strategy is useful as the stress of an upcoming deadline will often press the employees to be more active and efficient (Schilling, 2007). This does not mean that the employees would be exploited, only that the time allocated to procrastination is decreased.

Developing and implementing a reward system, based on performances. In other words, it would be necessary for the managers at the Junction Hotel to evaluate the efficiency of each…… [Read More]

References:

Chapman, A., 2010, Frederick Herzberg's motivation and hygiene factors, Business Balls,  http://www.businessballs.com/herzberg.htm  last accessed on July 19, 2011

Cullinane, K., 2011, International handbook of maritime economics, Edward Elgar Publishing, ISBN 1847209335

Griffin, R.W., Moorhead, G., 2009, Organisational behavior: managing people and organisations, 9th edition, Cengage Learning, ISBN 0547167334

Knorr, A., Arndt, A., 2003, Why did Wal-Mart fail in Germany? Institute for World Economics and International Management,  http://www.iwim.uni-bremen.de/publikationen/pdf/w024.pdf  last accessed on July 19, 2011
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Globalization Is Becoming a More

Words: 2419 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2472929

McDonaldization

Directly linked with cultural globalization and actually deriving from the basic concepts at the forefront of globalized culture - glocalization and grobalization - is McDonaldization. The term is generically used to present the strategies implemented by the American fast food chain in 'conquering' the world, strategies which are now more broadly applied by other companies in various industries. And their strategies are worth analyzing. In ussia for instance, the company's success is given by their early penetration of the market (only a few months after the fall of the Soviet egime) and by their choice to personally run their operations (unlike Subway, KFC or other American emblems which used franchising and failed in ussia). Penetration of the ussian market was a difficult task for the company at least from a legislative stand point, which demands foreign companies to go through 20 or 30 agencies and get between 50 and…… [Read More]

References

Hernandez-Diaz, R.J. Summer 2004. The Globalization of Nothing and the McDonaldization of the Church. The SEMI, Issue One

Ritzer, George. 2007. The Globalization of Nothing 2., Second Revised Edition, Pine Forge Press

Ritzer, George, 2007, the McDonaldization of Society, Fifth Edition, Pine Forge Press

Rothkop, David. June 22, 1997. In Praise of Cultural Imperialism? Effects of Globalization on Culture. Foreign Policy
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Count Includes Cover Page Abstract Table Contents

Words: 1956 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90401512

count includes cover page, abstract, table contents, list references appendices; place supporting material exceeds word limit appendices.

Ray Kroc's organizational process of 'McDonaldization' and the birth of the American franchise

One of the great ironies of McDonald's is that a company whose name is synonymous with standardization was actually quite a unique invention when it was born in the mind of the great innovator and entrepreneur Ray Kroc. Kroc was so successful at patenting his formula for creating cheap, predictable burgers, fries and milkshakes that his company's golden arches became an icon of Americana. The word McDonaldization has come to refer to the extent to which "the principles of the fast-food restaurant are coming to dominate more and more sectors of American society as well as the rest of the world," in the words of sociologist George Ritzer (Waters 1998). Rationalization, efficiency, predictability, calculability, and control, according to Ritzer, are…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Keel, Robert. 2010. The McDonaldization of society. Sociology Home Page. Accessed:

 http://www.umsl.edu/~keelr/010/mcdonsoc.html [April 22, 2011]

Kuratko, D.F. (2009). Entrepreneurship: Theory, process, practice. 8th edition. Mason, OH:

South Western Cengage Learning.
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China Star Fast Food Restaurant

Words: 1547 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52734674



The mother and grandmother responded to being observed by facial expressions of disapproval, but these were short lived, and both women became more focused on their plates and the child, ignoring that they were being observed. This was an amazing defense mechanism, a false consciousness, which that allowed them to continue manifesting their disorder in a public setting. It was difficult not to experience a sense of empathy for the child, who would no doubt become a product of habitus, or a product of her environment. She is a young child whose own destiny has been sidetracked by her mother's and grandmother's overeating maladies.

Today, the term "McDonaldization" has been applied to the system and syndromes revolving around the fast food industry (Cohen, . And Kennedy, P. 2000, Global Sociology, MacMillan, London, p. 378). However, the hypothesis that is presented here, as a result of this observation study, is that…… [Read More]

Reference List

Henslin, J.M., (DATE), Essentials of Sociology a Down to Earth Approach by. Henslin 7th Edition, (PUBLISHER).

Cohen, R. And Kennedy, P. 2000, Global Sociology, MacMillan, London.

WWLTV.com, 2008, found online at:  http://www.wwltv.com/local/stories/wwl010208tpbuffetfight__.1c12476.html , retrieved 29 January 2008.
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Sociology Mcdonald's There Are Numerous

Words: 3325 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98388060

Accordingly, the significance of the application of the conflict perspective to American food is that its accuracy is so blatantly valid that it has progressed almost unnoticed through our nation's history. Out of the philosophical roots of Marx, conflict theory has evolved and broadened its scope; today, it is most commonly used to evaluate the legal system, but the core conflict remains that between the proletariats and the owners of the means of production. In this way, the conflicts surrounding the exponentially expanding fast food industry reach between the working class and the social elite. McDonalds's, in particular, represents one of the most glaring examples of how the social elite in society have managed to package, sell, and justify their prominent position in American society to the masses.

The central premise of social conflict theory is that individuals and groups within society generally use their power -- as much of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Amaladoss, Michael. "Global Homogenization: Can Local Cultures Survive?" 2006. Available:

 http://www.sedos.org/english/amaladoss2.html .

Berger, Peter L. Invitation to Sociology. New York: Anchor Books, 1963.

Diamond, Jared. Guns, Germs, and Steel. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1999.
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East-Asian Union Emerge in the

Words: 1265 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7880282

In this regard, Francis adds that, "The determining factor will be ASEAN's ability to provide the leadership necessary to create a strong, independent East Asian Union" (Francis, p. 77). In addition, Bowles (2002) notes that the ongoing efforts to create improved Asia/Pacific regional cooperation are fundamentally efforts intended to balance the influence of the United States on the region and the world in general.

4. What are the main hypotheses of the work?

The guiding hypotheses of the proposed study are as follows:

H1: Encouraging China to participate in as a coalition leader in an East Asian Union in the future would serve to ensure that the price it would have to pay in terms of loss of trade and investment if it acts against the interests of the union's other members would be prohibitively high.

H2: Former Cold War alliances will be replaced by new ones in the future…… [Read More]

References

Bowles, Paul. 2002. "Asia's post-crisis regionalism: Bringing the state back in, keeping the (United) States out," in Review of International Political Economy (London) 9(2): 244- 270.

Francis, N. 2006. For an East Asian Union: Rethinking Asia's Cold War alliances. Harvard International Review 28(3): 76-77.

Gowan, P. 2003, July-August. "U.S. Hegemony Today." Monthly Review 55(3): 30-31.

Gratton, C., & Jones, Ian. 2003. Research Methods for Sport Studies. New York: Routledge.
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Patterns of the United States

Words: 2426 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34965505

Kazakhstan's Largest Import Partners

Source: Based on tabular data in Kazakhstan at 4.

As can be seen in Figure 1 and 2 above, although the U.S. does not even occur as a blip on the CIA's economic radar as a trade partner, it is clear that the trend is upward as can be clearly seen from the statistical data below. Historic export data to Kazakhstan is provided by the United National Statistics Division in Table 2 and Figures 3 through 6 below.

Table 2.

Comparison of Exports to Kazakhstan: orld, Russian Federation and the United States (Millions of $U.S.)

Trade partner 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2003 2004 orld 5,226 5,896 6,486 5,206 5,871 8,788 8,619 12,926 19,938 Russian Federation 2,361 2,480 2,285 1,578 1,146 1,751 1,748 1,967 2,769 United States 43-59-139 70-81 209-159 98 265

Source: United Nations Statistics Division 2008.

Figure 3. Exports to Kazakhstan: Comparison…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Economic Reform. In U.S. Government Assistance to and Cooperative Activities with Eurasia. (2006, January). U.S.Department of State. [Online]. Available:  http://www.state.gov/p/eur/rls/rpt/63175.htm .

Foreign Trade Division. (2008). U.S. Census Bureau. [Online]. Available:  http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/statistics/product/enduse/exports/c4634.html .

Kazakhstan. (2008). U.S. Government: CIA World Factbook. [Online]. Available:  https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kz.html .

Monitoring Country Progress in Central and Eastern Europe and Eurasia, 10th ed. United States Agency for International Development, 2007.
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Brand Reinvention The New Old Mcdonald's the

Words: 951 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27274603

Brand Reinvention: The New, Old McDonald's

The name McDonald's is virtually synonymous with the idea of 'branding.' The idea of McDonaldization seems to imply the standardization and Americanization of both culture and food. However, the brand image of McDonald's has in fact gone through a number of reincarnations, over the company's long history. One of the most notable shifts occurred when the company shifted from its slogan of "You deserve a break today," or "It's a good time for the great taste," to "Mmm...I'm lovin' it."

During the 1970s, when more and more women were becoming 'liberated' from the stove, and going to work in record numbers, the idea of being not having to slave over a hot stove was seen as a positive benefit of eating McDonald's hamburgers. The idea that it's always a good time to eat burgers and fries similarly stressed the ease and convenience of fast…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dreams." YouTube. Retrieved 11 Feb 2008 at  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5184llMCDwA 

School is Hard." YouTube. Retrieved 11 Feb 2008 at  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rtdrjt_1zUU 

McDonald's Recital Commercial." YouTube. Retrieved 11 Feb 2008 at  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-2yklZeEbFE&feature=related 

McDonald's 1996 Winter Olympics Commercial." YouTube. Retrieved 11 Feb 2008 at  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dHiVhCqqvUw
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Globalisation Is Often Portrayed as

Words: 1703 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29725390

finfacts.com/brands.htm

Levitt, T. Globalization of markets, Harvard Business Review

Ritzer, G. 2004, the Globalization of Nothing, Pine Forge Press, California.

rnoldy, B. ustralia at the crossroads of globalization http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0307/p01s03-wogi.html

James, P. ustralian Social ttitudes ustralian Humanities Review 2006 avaliable online: http://www.lib.latrobe.edu.au/HR/archive/Issue-pril-2006/james.html

rnoldy, B. ustralia at the crossroads of globalization the Christian Science Monitor http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0307/p01s03-wogi.html

Garrett G., Globalization's Missing Middle Foreign ffairs 2004 http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20041101faessay83608/geoffrey-garrett/globalization-s-missing-middle.html

Sauer-Thompson, G. Globalization and ustralia's future: a big worry http://www.sauer-thompson.com/archives/philosophy/002932.html

The Economist Intelligence Unit

Sauer-Thompson, G. Globalization and ustralia's future: a big worry http://www.sauer-thompson.com/archives/philosophy/002932.html

rnoldy, B. ustralia at the crossroads of globalization http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0307/p01s03-wogi.html

James, P. ustralian Social ttitudes ustralian Humanities Review 2006 avaliable online: http://www.lib.latrobe.edu.au/HR/archive/Issue-pril-2006/james.html

Globalisation is often portrayed as a process of economic, political and cultural homogenisation… [Read More]

Arnoldy, B. Australia at the crossroads of globalization  http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0307/p01s03-wogi.html 

James, P. Australian Social Attitudes Australian Humanities Review 2006 avaliable online: http://www.lib.latrobe.edu.au/AHR/archive/Issue-April-2006/james.html

Globalisation is often portrayed as a process of economic, political and cultural homogenisation
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Popularity of Foreign Restaurant Consumer Attitude and

Words: 7176 Length: 27 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90727544

popularity of foreign restaurant: consumer attitude and behavior toward foreign cuisines in Bangkok

Thailand as a tourist destination

Thailand has become a tourist destination hotspot for its scenic beauty, the humble nature of their people, and the relative value of foreign currencies relative to the baht. According to EIU ViewsWire (2003), "Growth in the tourism industry in recent years was the result of the depreciation of the baht against non-Asian currencies (which improved competitiveness relative to destinations outside the region), aggressive marketing campaigns and an increase in the number of airlines offering flights to Thailand." (EIU ViewsWire, 2003)

Additionally, according to EIU ViewsWire (2003), "Tourist arrivals rose by 5.8% to just over 10m in 2001, despote the global economic downturn and the September 11 terrorist attacks in the U.S., bringing in Bt 295bn (U.S. $6.6 bn) in revenue. Thailand benefited from its reputation as a safe and stable society and…… [Read More]

References

"A century of certification," 2003, Health and Hygiene, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 12-12-13.

Anne-Mette Hjalager & Magda, A.C. 2000, "Food for tourists -- determinants of an image," The International Journal of Tourism Research, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 281-281.

Asia's Biggest Sourcing Event for Foods and Beverages Ever Kicks Off This Week 2011,, PR Newswire Association LLC, United States, New York.

Chen, M. 2009, "Attitude toward organic foods among Taiwanese as related to health consciousness, environmental attitudes, and the mediating effects of a healthy lifestyle," British Food Journal, vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 165-165-178.
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Brand Expands by Naomi Klein

Words: 1229 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66097115

' The author argued, "[t]he effect, if not always the original intent, of advanced branding is to nudge the hosting culture into the background and make the brands the star. It is not to sponsor culture but to be the culture" (160).

The phenomenon of making of the logo as the culture of society can be traced back to the popularity of event sponsorships as a strategy for brand expansion. In an attempt to make people more aware and familiar with their brands and logos, promotional strategies have become more customized to specific demographics and cultures. As a way to reach out to as many people as possible, companies developed event sponsorships that are unique to a community or group, and, as Klein stated, make their brand and logo the "star" of the event rather than the people or event itself. However, once these cultures are 'penetrated' by the logo,…… [Read More]

Reference

Klein, N. (2000). "The Brand Expands." In No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies. Great Britain: Flamingo.
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Improving Brand Awareness and Customer

Words: 4640 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83351022

In support of this overarching aim, the following objectives were also be used.

Objectives:

he proposed study has three objectives as follows:

1.2.1

o deliver a comprehensive and critical review of the relevant literature concerning the relevant issues.

1.2.2.

o administer a custom survey to various luxury hotel managers concerning their current branding strategies to identify commonalities and significant differences.

1.2.3.

o provide a synthesis of the secondary and primary research that can be used as a set of best industry practices for promoting brand awareness and customer satisfaction in the hotel industry today.

1.3

Statement of Study Problem.

A wide range of factors have been cited in the literature for the growth of branding within the hotel industry, with virtually all authorities agreeing that the basic motive for such initiatives is increased profitability and a sustainable competitive advantage. In this regard, Allen (2007) reports that, "What has recently come…… [Read More]

Today's contemporary hotels, designed to please almost every taste and income level, are as rich in variety as in location, and quite a departure from an era marked by sameness and complacency, when downtown hotels, highway motels and resorts virtually monopolized the lodging industry. One of the first companies to introduce a more sophisticated form of product differentiation to the hotel industry was Quality Inns, largely in response to the blurred consumer image that its vastly diverse properties were promoting. Many other lodging companies have followed suit. The Marriot chain, for example, has shifted from its long-held position at the higher end of the market, by targeting the mid-priced market through its Courtyard, Residence Inn, and Fairfield Inn hotels (Standard and Poor 1995). Similarly, Holiday Inn's Express Hotels cater to budget travelers while the Crowne Plaza Hotels are geared towards the upper end of the market. Moreover, the French based ACCOR company offers a variety of distinct accommodation products. ACCOR's Sofitel caters to the needs of the luxury market while Novotel and Ibis are respectively tailored for the mid-scale and economy markets. Product differentiation does not only occur within a hotel company but also within individual hotel properties. For instance, in some of its properties, Sheraton offers executive floors designed with the needs of the business traveler in mind

Although there remains a gap in the relevant literature concerning how brand satisfaction can translate into increased profitability for hotels, there are some broad generalities that can be drawn from the existing body of knowledge that can be extrapolated to the situation at hand. For instance, Hung reports that, "A favourable image can lead to customer loyalty, while unfavourable image may lead to customer switch behaviour, brand image is even more important in service companies, where there is a lack of differentiation for customer to assess" (2008, p. 238).

By and large, there are two main ways for hotels to differentiate their brands: (a) price and (b) service. In this regard, Wadsworth reports that, "The hotel industry has two ways to achieve product differentiation through branding. You can either brand service or price. Red Roof Inn and Motel 6 brand price. Marriott, Hyatt, and the Four Seasons brand service" (1999, p. 45). With respect to what a hotel brand communicates to existing and potential customers, Prasad and Dev advise that, "Hotel chains constitute a classic application
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Schlosser Fast Food Nation

Words: 2025 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31701015

Schlosser: Fast Food Nation

The fast food industry has been infused into the every nook and corner of American Society over the last three decades. The industry seen to have originated with a few modest hot dog and hamburger of Southern California have been perceived to have extended to every nook and corner of the nation, marketing an extensive range of food products to which affordable customers are found widely. Fast food is presently provided at restaurants and drive-through, at stadiums, airports, zoos, high schools, elementary schools and universities, on cruise ships, trains, and airplanes, at K-Marts, Wal-Marts, gas stations, and also at hospital cafeterias. As per an estimate the total expenditure of Americans on fast food during 1970 was about $6 billion. (Introduction: Fast Food Nation - The Dark Side of the All-American Meal)

The expenditure had a massive increase to about $110 billion in 2000. Americans presently perceive…… [Read More]

References

Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser: A Book Club Reading Guide. Retrieved from  http://www.bookbrowse.com/reading_guides/detail/index.cfm?book_number=769  Accessed on 25 May, 2005

Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal by Eric Schlosser. Retrieved from  http://www.readinggroupguides.com/guides3/fast_food_nation1.asp  Accessed on 25 May, 2005

Introduction: Fast Food Nation - The Dark Side of the All-American Meal. Retrieved from  http://www.nytimes.com/books/first/s/schlosser-fast.html  Accessed on 25 May, 2005

Rosenberg, Matt. T. Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser. February 2, 2001. Retrieved from  http://geography.about.com/library/misc/blffn.htm  Accessed on 25 May, 2005
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Organization the Empathic Civilization by

Words: 1857 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3342694

" To determine the empathy / entropy paradox is the grave test of our species' aptitude to endure and flourish. At any time a new energy government has congregated with a new communications upheaval, society is pressed toward further difficulty. This time around is serious nevertheless, we may not have sufficient time to change. The Empathic Civilization is rising, but will it happen fast enough to ward off global catastrophe?

The author said, "It is increasing difficult to find anything in the world untouched by globalization" (169). This appears to be a reliable and authoritative theme as the author seems to give modest hope that we will ever come out from a consumerist mindset and way of life. itzer seems to demolish hope that globalization will dwindle and possibly give us glimpses of what once was and no longer will be. There emerges be a core fear of "nothing."

Globalism,…… [Read More]

References

Rifkin, Jeremy. 2009. The Empathic Civilization. The Penguin Group. ISBN: 9781585427659.

Ritzer, George. 2007. The Globalization of Nothing. Upper Saddle River, CA: Sage Publications. ISBN: 1412940222

Riggs, Frederick (2006). Global Forces and the Discipline of Public Administration. In Jean-Claude Garcia-Zamor and Renu Khator, eds., Public Administration in the Global Village. Westport, CT: Praeger, 17-44.

Said, Edward (2009). Culture and Imperialism. New York: Alfred a. Knopf.
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Globalisation Leading Cultural Damage Exploitation Uderdeveloped Nations

Words: 3420 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30290134

Globalisation leading cultural damage exploitation uderdeveloped nations peoples." It include (a) Definitions "Globalisation" (b) Logic linking globalisation free market processes liberal creed.

Negative effect of globalization to under developed countries

Globalization has been a widely discussed topic among various authors, economics and business analysts and its' from the studies and research that the essay has been built on.

First the essay will explain what globalization is and some of the characteristics of globalization; secondly essay will try and relate globalization to free market process and the liberal creed after which it explains why social responsibilities need to be integrated to the economic policies of a country, thereafter the essay embark on the topic of study and looks at the negative impact of globalization in under developed countries and the way it has caused irreparable damage to this countries' environment, society and culture without even closing the gap in terms of…… [Read More]

Reference

Amaladoss, M. (1999)"Towards Global Community," in Globalization and its Victims as Seen by the Victims, Idem, ed., New Delhi: ISPCK,, 217-32.

Anthuvan, V.L., (2000) "Globalization - Disturbing Facts & Shocking Insights," in Vaiharai, Vol.5, no. 1 5-19.

Arokiasamy, S., 2000) "Globalization in the Light of Church's Social Teaching," Vaiharai, Vo.5, no.1 (49-65.

A.G. Hopkins, (2004), "Globalization in World History." Norton. aksd[ s pp. 4-8
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Taylorism Scientific Call Centre Management

Words: 3958 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19006947

Taylorism' / 'Scientific management.'

Introduction to the Evolvement of Management Theory during the 19th and 20th Century

With the coming of the Industrial age at the turn of the Century, and a new era, came the need for more efficient management techniques. Several Classical Theories evolved during the early years of this discipline. Fordism arose from a synthesis of the other earlier theories. Fayolism philosophy included close communication between bosses and workers. Taylorism developed a theory known as "Scientific Management" to study and set appropriate work quotas based on research. Lillian Gilbreth believed that workers were motivated by both direct and indirect motives. Arthur Gantt developed a task chart to help monitor and plan projects more efficiently.

After the Classical theorists, the Human Relations Movement began to take into account the reasons for individual responses. The first of these theorists was George Elton Mayo who conducted experiments at the General…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Website information for citation:

Accel-Team.Com, (2000) Scientific Management: Frederick Winslow Taylor [online]. Available at http://www.accel-team.com/scientific/scientific_02.html [Accessed 23rd November 2001].

Bibby, A. (2001) Organising in Financial Call Centres [online]. Available at  http://www.eclipse.co.uk/pens/bibby/ofcc4.html . Or  http://www.eclipse.co.uk/pens/bibby/hw-aa.html  [Accessed 12th June 2002].

Cantu, J. (1999) Taylorism viewed in its historical content [online]. Available at  http://www.stanford.edu/~cantu/FW.html  [Accessed 23rd November 2001].
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How Schools Do Well

Words: 2476 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65776755

school is Doing well?

Performance of Schools in America has been consistently improved through presenting rationalized steps as solutions towards their betterment.

The measurement and formulation of performance and standards regarding the school was intended to take care of the problematic system of the school. The aim of the reforms was to standardize and systemize so that there is a clear picture of the schools for the public to judge the performance. The schools in America are not under the Ministry of Education although there is a department of education in the Federal State. There are fifty educational departments in the U.S. which serve around fifty two million people in more than one million schools. Among the different solutions presented, rationalized steps were the only solution used to improve the performance of schools. The concept of rationalization has a lot of features. (a) The outcome of the rubrics and standards…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Eisner, Elliot. "What does it mean to say a School is Doing Well?" In The Curriculum Studies Reader, by Elliot Eisner, 297-305. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Ritzer, George. "The Weberian Theory of Rationalization and the McDonaldization of Contemporary Society." In Classical Sociological Theory, by George Ritzer, 41-59. 2007.
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Two Models of International Higher Education

Words: 1077 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7545865

International Education

There are several models that identify different formats for international higher education, and the focus in this paper will be on just two of those models. hen looking at international educational models, there is a dramatic difference between the Cross Border Model (CBM) and International Student Mobility (ISM). Those two models will be compared and contrasted in this paper.

International Student Mobility

According to the Philippine APEC Study Center Network (PASCN) among the oldest models of international education is the model of "International Student Mobility" -- the model in which a student moves to another country in order to attend a higher educational institution in that foreign country (Bernardo, 2002). The countries that draw the most students from abroad include: the U.S. (which receives around 30% of all foreign students); France; Germany, the UK; Russia; Japan; Australia; Canada; Belgium; Switzerland; Austria; and Italy (Bernardo, 7). Bernardo explains that…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Altbach, P.G. (2012). Franchising -- The McDonaldization of Higher Education. International Higher Education, Number 66, 7-8. Boston College Center for International Education.

Retrieved April 24, 2015, from  http://www.bc.edu .

Bernardo, A.B. (2002). International Higher Education: Models, Conditions and Issues.

Philippine APEC Study Center Network / De La Salle University-Manila. Retrieved April 24, 2015, from http://www.pascn.pids.gov.
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Globalisation and Business Cultures and Practices

Words: 3107 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58262781

Globalisation Led to a Convergence of Business Cultures and Practices?

Globalisation, generally defined as the economic, political, and cultural convergence of the world, is undoubtedly a major hallmark of the modern world (French, 2010). The world has increasingly become interconnected in terms of economic activities, communication, technology, social aspects, as well as politics. Indeed, the once diversified and distanced world has converged into a small global village because of globalisation. Globalisation has led to the interdependence of not only politics and economic activities, but also culture (Grewal, 2008). Cultural convergence is now a widely-recognised phenomenon (Cojocaru, 2011). Owing to increased contact amongst people from diverse cultural backgrounds, cultural practices have become ever more similar, consequently resulting in the convergence of business cultures and practices. Organisations now experience lesser cultural difficulties when doing business across cultures. As a result, the study of comparative business cultures may be becoming less relevant. While…… [Read More]

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Globalization is not Americanization

Words: 2534 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20372620

Globalization arguably began even before Marco Polo’s expeditions, possibly being traceable to Alexander the Great’s establishment of overland routes between Eastern Europe and India. The assumption that globalization equals Americanization is profoundly arrogant, and is also ignorant of the history, meaning, and implications of globalization. Globalization implies integration and interdependence of the world. Predating the United States of America, globalization nevertheless reached a peak in the 20th century, when a globalized economic, political, and cultural landscape became inevitable and entrenched. While it seemed that McDonald’s, Coca Cola, Shell, and other proudly American companies have dominated the corporate landscape of a globalized international economy, a wealth of non-American companies have likewise participated in the dissemination and distribution of ideas and neoliberal policies that characterize postmodern globalization.

In some ways, globalization is the antithesis of Americanization. As Collins (2015) points out, globalization “has led to the continuing deindustrialization of America,” as labor…… [Read More]

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Cultural Globalization Despite the Prevailing

Words: 2145 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66173805

The ethics of using labor at rates far below what would be necessary in their own nations, with no requirement of paying healthcare, no workers' compensation insurance, no unemployment insurance, or even the threat of unionization sadly ensure this practice will continue. Yet when one considers this aspect of westernization it is clear that globalization in fact does not provide benefits to everyone in the long-run.

Towards a More Egalitarian Model of Globalization

Instead of blindly moving into a specific region or nation of the world and developing either one of several factory types as defined by Ferdows in much of his work on globalization of manufacturing, or attempting to create entirely new distribution channels to sell to residents, companies need instead to take a more egalitarian approach to global expansion. In their article the End of Corporate Imperialism, Prahalad & Lieberthal (et.al.) and in Dr. Prahalads' book the Fortune…… [Read More]

References

Bryan Caplan, Tyler Cowen. "Do We Underestimate the Benefits of Cultural Competition? " the American Economic Review 94.2 (2004): 402-407. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 28 Apr. 2008 www.proquest.com

Friedman, Thomas. The Lexus and the Olive Tree. 1. New York: Anchor Press, 1999.

Friedman, Thomas. The World Is Flat. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. New York, NY. 2005.

Geert Hofstede. "The cultural relativity of organizational practices and theories. " Journal of International Business Studies (pre-1986)
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Crash Race Ethnicity and Gender in Crash

Words: 630 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9169115

Crash

Race, Ethnicity, and Gender in Crash

Crash is a 2004 film that analyzes racial and social tensions that are rampant in society. Crash is divided into a series of vignettes that converge through a series of automobile accidents. The film features an all-star cast that includes Don Cheadle, Matt Dillon, Jennifer Esposito, Michael Pena, Chris Bridges, Sandra Bullock, Brendan Frasier, Terence Howard, Ryan Phillippe, Larenz Tate, and Thandie Newton. Issues of race and ethnicity, in addition to gender, can be seen in the storyline that involves Dillon, Phillipe, Howard, and Newton.

In the film, Matt Dillon plays racist LAPD Officer John Ryan and Ryan Phillipe is his more tolerant partner, Tom Hansen. In the film, Ryan and Hansen pull over TV director Cameron Thayer and his wife, Christine, because the vehicle that they are driving matches the description of a vehicle that was recently stolen. In the first encounter…… [Read More]