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electronic system in the health care system, new ideas and approaches are introduced. Electronic health records are helpful if they are meaningfully used. The concept of meaningful use is explained by many healthcare authorities. The Medicare and Medicaid Incentive Programs offer financial incentives regarding "meaningful use" of certified EH (Electronic Health ecord) technology. This helps improve patient care. The health care officers need to demonstrate that they "meaningfully use" their EHs and meet objectives. AA HITECH legislation also ensures "meaningful use" by skilled professionals (What is meaningful use? n.d.). The professionals that are certified for electronic health record technology are qualified for incentive payments (AHIMA: Quality Healthcare through Quality Information, 2013). AHIMA discusses the criteria for meaningful use. The initial set of standards should be met and the specifications for implementation must be followed. The professionals qualified for incentive repayment for meaningful use of certified EHs include Dentist, Physicians, and…
AHIMA: Quality Healthcare Through Quality Information, (2013), Retrieved from:
Blumenthal, D., (2010), "The "Meaningful Use" Regulation for Electronic Health Records," Retrieved from: http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1006114
What is meaningful use? (n.d.), Retrieved from:
program has the potential to revolutionize the way the healthcare industry on many fronts and has implications for nurses, nursing, national health policy, patient outcomes, and population health associated with the collection and use of Meaningful Use core criteria. The primary objectives that lie at the heart of the system is to improve patient outcomes, safety, efficiencies, patient engagement, improved coordination, and public health outcomes in general among many other objectives. There are several components that are included in the electronic health records (EH) initiative and there are also different stages of the implementation (stages 1 and 2). This analysis will provide an overview of the Meaningful Use objectives as well as a discussion about possible inclusions of various criteria that could strengthen the implementation in general.
Overview of the Meaningful Use Program
The U.S. government introduced the Meaningful Use program as part of the 2009 Health Information Technology for…
Athena Heatlh. (N.d.). What is Meaningful Use? Retrieved from Meaningful Use knowledge hub: http://www.athenahealth.com/knowledge-hub/meaningful-use/what-is-meaningful-use
Kumar, R., Babu, R., Ramesh, P., Madhura, P., & Padmavathamma, M. (2013). Medical Diagnosis Expert System as Service in Cloud. International Journal of Computing and Communications Engineering, 390-392.
Lin, W., Dou, W., Zhou, Z., & Lui, C. (2015). A cloud-based framework for Home-diagnosis service over big medical data. Journal of Systems and Software, 192-206.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (N.d.). HITECH Act Enforcement Interim Final Rule. Retrieved from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/administrative/enforcementrule/hitechenforcementifr.html
Meaningful use of data when used together with the best practice and evidence-based practice has the potential to improve health and healthcare for the population. Meaningful use of data greatly affects nurses since they are at the frontline in achieving the goals of meaningful use Mann, 2011.
This paper defines how meaningful use affects nurses and the role of nurses as relates to meaningful use. The paper is divided into four main sections -- the overview of meaningful use, which briefly defines the meaningful use program, the analysis section that describes the implications of meaningful use, meaningful use recommendations that provides evidence-based recommendations whether it is necessary to add more criteria to the program, and the conclusion section that provides a summary of the paper.
Overview of meaningful use
Meaningful use of data refers to using certified electronic health record (EH) or electronic medical record (EM) technology with the…
Burke, T. (2010). The Health Information Technology Provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Of 2009: Implications for Public Health Policy and Practice. Public Health Reports (1974-), 125(1), 141-145. doi: 10.2307/41434759
Damberg, C.L., Timbie, J.W., Bell, D.S., Hiatt, L., Smith, A., & Schneider, E.C. (2012). Developing a Framework for Establishing Clinical Decision Support Meaningful Use Objectives for Clinical Specialties: RAND Corporation.
Ford, E.W., Huerta, T.R., Thompson, M.A., & Roland, P. (2011). The Impact of Accelerating Electronic Prescribing on Hospitals' Productivity Levels: Can Health Information Technology Bend the Curve? Inquiry, 48(4), 304-312. doi: 10.2307/23110291
Klein, D.B., Laugesen, M.J., & Liu, N. (2013). The Patient-Centered Medical Home: A Future Standard for American Health Care? Public Administration Review, 73, S82-S92. doi: 10.2307/42003024
Heubusch (2009), defining meaningful use is important because "it triggers $17 billion in Medicare and Medicaid incentives for the adoption of electronic health record systems." According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, "providers will reap benefits beyond financial incentives -- such as reduction in errors, availability of records and data, reminders and alerts, clinical decision support, and e-prescribing/refill automation." Standards defining meaningful use of EMS technologies must be set for ethical, legal, and fiscal reasons. Therefore, the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA) published a series of white papers on the issue.
The nine-part AHIMA white paper series begins with a poorly written overview that does not provide a working definition of terms, offer meaningful use criteria, or any other pertinent data for that matter. Only four pages long, the "Overview of the Meaningful Use Final ule" is practically useless. The second white paper is five pages…
Heubusch, K. (2009). Defining "Meaningful Use" in ARRA
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (n.d.). Retrieved online: https://www.cms.gov/EHRIncentivePrograms/30_Meaningful_Use.asp
Summary of AHIMA's white paper series on meaningful use. There are 9 papers in the series. Be specific regarding the points of the entire paper. Information can be found at Journal of AHIMA website.
Healthcae Delivey Systems and Infomatics
Meaningful Use (MU)
Unde the HITECH Act (2009) financial incentives wee offeed to physician pactices and hospitals who adopted cetified electonic health ecod (EHR) systems and used this technology to impove quality, safety, and efficiency in patient cae. This is efeed to as "meaningful use". To eceive incentives, povides must povide evidence they ae meaningfully using thei EHR's by meeting a numbe of identified objectives. Use these links to exploe meaningful use. Go to the HealthIT dashboad site and exploe hospitals that have demonstated Meaningful Use though the Medicae EHR Incentive Pogam.
Link 1: Health IT Dashboad (2015) at http://dashboad.healthit.gov/dashboads/hospitals-medicae-meaningful-use.php
Link 2: CMS.gov (2014). Eligible Hospital and CAH Meaningful Use Table of Contents Coe and Menu Set
Objectives at https://www.cms.gov/Regulations-and-Guidance/Legislation/EHRIncentivePogams/Downloads/EH_CAH_MU_TableOfContents.pdf
OR See Table 1: Stage 1 Meaningful Use Objectives unde Module 4 in Blackboad
1. List the two (2) states that have the lowest demonstated…
Regular and Regimented Activity Project for Overweight, Obese and |Diabetic Veterans
The Project Committee or team will be composed of:
The Project Manager who designs and develops the project with the team and oversees all activities leading to its completion (ITS, 2015). It is also his task to secure sponsorship and to deal with stakeholders. He handles all communications and reports, takes the risks and addresses the issues incurred in the implementation of the plan. In the overall, he assures that the Project is completed on schedule, as committed and within the budget allotted (ITS).
The Project Team Members are from the different disciplines of the nature of the target of the Project. They have their individual contributions to the Project with pre-arranged specifications from and by the Project Manager (ITS, 2015; Hofstrand, 2015). They are experts or authorities in their respective fields or professions. Some of them are regular…
Blumenthal, D and Taverna, M. (2010). The meaningful use regulations for electronic health records. Vol 363, Perspectiv: New England Journal of Medicine. Retrieved on June 29, 2015
DeSalvo, K. B, ( 2011). Privacy, security and electronic health records. Health IT buzz.
Retrieved on June 29, 2015 from http://www.halthit.gov/buzzblog/privacy-ad-security-of-ehrs/privacy-security-electronic-health-records
Technology in Managing Data in Clinics
A Literature eview on the Use of Technology in Managing Data in Clinic
High quality in primary health care can be achieved by revitalizing the primary health care system and programs. Such effort will ensure that citizens have easily accessible high quality health care in an efficient manner. If information technology is used effectively in health care practice, there is a good chance of improving the delivery of primary health care and the accompanying patient outcomes.
Management systems that have to do with facilitation of clinical information are a currency in many health care facilities. There has been a lot of change since the days of Electronic Numeral and Integrator and Computer; commonly abbreviated as ENIAC; this was arguably the first real general purpose computer system set up in 1946. There are a number of clinical information systems that can be used in ICU…
Georgia, M.A., Kaffashi, F., Jacono, F.J., & Loparo, K.A. (2015). Information technology in critical care: Review of monitoring and data acquisition systems for patient care and research. The Scientific World Journal, 2015, 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/727694
Snyder, E. & Oliver, J. (2014). Evidence-based strategies for attesting to Meaningful Use of electronic health records: An integrative review. Online Journal of Nursing Informatics
(OJNI), 18. Retrieved from http://www.himss.org/ResourceLibrary/GenResourceDetail.aspx?ItemNumber=33523
ationale for the use of life cycle Management at Glazers
LCM (Life Cycle Management) is a framework which manages and scrutinises the performance and sustainability of services and goods. This framework aims to achieve the long-term objectives of the business, and gives less stress on the short-term objectives. For getting a more sustainable value chain, organizations are making use of this framework, which would in turn improve their economic and social performance. Businesses throughout the world are making use of this framework for many purposes, like to improve their standing within the market, to strengthen the relationships with the stakeholders and to produce more environment friendly goods.
LCM urges the companies to look away from their own processes, and focus on activities which are not under the direct control of the company. Such activities include the upstream and the downstream operations that become a part of value chain. In…
Crul, M. And Diehl, J.C. (2007) Design for Sustainability (D4S): A Practical Approach for Developing Economies, UNEP publication (at http://www.unep.fr/scp/publications/details. asp?id=DTI/0826/PA).
International Standard ISO 14040 (2006) Environmental Management -Life Cycle Assessment - Principles and Framework. Geneva, Switzerland: International Organization for Standardization.
Rebitzer, G., Hunkeler, D. (2003) Life cycle costing in LCM: ambitions, opportunities, and limitations - discussing a framework International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 8 (5), pp. 253-6.
Remmen, A., Jensen, A.A., Frydendal. J. (2007) Life Cycle Management: A business guide to sustainability. UNEP/SETAC publication (at http://www.unep.fr/scp/lcinitiative / publications/).
The company has decided that in order to expand globally, it will need to send two expatriates to two different countries. We will need one person in Dubai in order to run our EMEA business, and one person in Hong Kong in order to run our APAC business. This report will present a significant amount of discussion with respect to the business cultures in those cities, in the regions as a whole, and what the company needs to do to ensure a successful expatriate deployment.
The first thing that the company must know is that we cannot send people who have no international experience on this type of assignment. The initial expansion requires people on the ground who understand what they are getting into – they have travelled extensively and done business in the regions in question. The reason for this is that so much rides on these individuals…
In critically ill adults (p), how does the daily use of chlorohexidine (I) compared to sterile water reduce VAP (ventilator-associated pneumonia) (O) during hospitalized stay (T)?
oy's Adaptation Model (AM) states that the "nursing process is a problem solving approach for gathering data, identifying the capacities and needs of the human adaptive system, selecting and implementing approaches for nursing care, and evaluation the outcome of care provided" ("Application of oy's Adaptation Model," 2012). This approach seems uniquely well-suited to the question of how to reduce ventilator-associated pneumonia, a common complaint of patients during hospital stays. AM focuses on objective analysis of the problem and attempting to provide solutions which address human needs through a scientific approach to care. The first step of the nursing process is gathering data, in this case determining why pneumonia is so common amongst patients. Next identifying "internal and external stimuli" that give rise to…
Application of Roy's Adaptation Model. (2012). Current Nursing. Retrieved from:
Gonzalo, A. (2011). Betty Neuman: The Neuman Systems Model. Theoretical Foundations of Nursing. Retrieved from: http://nursingtheories.weebly.com/betty-neuman.html
Emotional Intelligence and the Role it Plays in Project Portfolio Management
One of the most important and essential qualities of leadership needed in today's multigenerational business world is Emotional Intelligence (EI). EI is a "people smart" type of intelligence -- it enables an individual to read a person and provide the right kind of emotional feedback and/or responses to that person's needs. Leaders who demonstrate strong emotional intelligence are able to improve project performance because they focus on the individuals within a team rather than simply or exclusively on goals and procedures (Cacamis & Asmar, 2014). EI allows one to be person-centered, oriented towards responding to emotional cues that the other is consciously or unconsciously displaying in their words, behavior, body language, and communications. Effective use of EI can help organizations to promote a stronger workplace culture, stronger teams, and stronger performance overall (Den, Deanne & Belschak, 2012). In a…
Create a job description for a retail sales associate. Create an organizational behavior modification (OBM) plan to define a set of three (3) key behaviors that are necessary for job performance.
Job Description for etail Sales Associate
• Greet customers and determine their needs and wants
• Discuss potential merchandise purchase of customers
• ecommend merchandise based on discussion with customer
• Advise customers on utilization and care of merchandise
• Upsell related products or services
• Answer customer questions
• Explained return policies and discounts
• Keep merchandise displays in order
Organizational Behavior Modification Plan (OBM)
Key Performance Behaviors
Greet customers within 5 minutes of entry into sales area (allow time for browsing before contact).
a. Sales associate make mental note of customer response and encourages survey feedback for all completed sales with customers given assistance. Measurement: An on-your-honor system with sales associate fine-tuning approach to customer…
Lindberg, E. (2011). Effects of Management by Objectives: Studies of Swedish Upper Secondary Schools and the Influence of Role Stress and Self-efficacy on School Leaders. Journal of Educational Administration, 49, (1), 62-74. Retrieved
Perry, J.L., Engbers, T. A, and Jun, S.Y. (2009). Back to the future? Performance-related pay, empirical research, and the perils of persistence. Public Administration Review • January | February. Retrieved http://sites.duke.edu/niou/files/2011/05/Perry-Engbers-and-Jun-Back-to-the-Future.pdf
Zaccaro, S.J., Rittman, A.L., and Marks, M.A. (2001). Team leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 12, 451 -- 483. Fairfax, VA: Psychology Department, George Mason University. Retrieved http://www.qub.ac.uk/elearning/media/Media,264498,en.pdf
Gothic Cathedral as Rhetorical Device
Usage of Gothic Cathedral
It is one thing to believe that the structure of Gothic cathedrals were a response to a desire to imbue meaning and particularly a manifestation of faith in a building that was functionally a place of worship, gathering, and the seat of local power. It is quite another to posit, as did Viollet-le-Duc, that the ultimate shape assumed by a Gothic cathedral was a mere rational response to solving structural problems. If the Gothic cathedral is thought to be completely rational in its expression, then it may also be thought of as the only possible expression, given the structural challenges it was designed to solve. Viollet-le-Duc sought correspondence between the materials used in a building with the structure that eventually took shape. He particularly believed that the use of stone to build a cathedral was both rational and functional. With…
Creating and Curating Content
Linking Methodology to Content Creation
This paper briefly explores the topic of content strategy methodology, including justification for establishing a formal methodology, attributes of good content and how these intersect with the methodology. The concept of content as conversation is examined. New brain science research on the dynamics of conversation is presented as a framework for considering the attributes of good content. Pitfalls of an inadequate methodology of content strategy are discussed in conjunction with the attributes of good content, variables that are more likely to be present in content that is produced according to a comprehensive, thoughtfully developed content strategy methodology.
The discussion commences by focusing on definition of terms and the reasons why the approaches presented matter Experts in the field of content development have a propensity for referring to content as conversation. Content is not, in…
DeVault, G. (2014). Can you tell a story like a screenwriter? The science of storytelling and neuroscience: Your new tools. Market Research, About.com. Retreived http://marketresearch.about.com/od/market.research.social.media/fl/Can-You-Tell-a-Story-Like-a-Screenwriter.htm
Eizan, D. (2010). Personal-behavioral context: The new user persona. Context as a Content Strategy. [Slideshare.] Retrieved http://www.slideshare.net/danieleizans/context-as-a-content-strategy-creating-more-meaningful-web-experiences-through-contextual-filtering
Jones, C. (2014). The art and science of influential web content. Retreived http://content-science.com/clout-the-book/
Kissane, E. (2011, March 8). A checklist for content work. Content Strategy. Retreived http://alistapart.com/article/a-checklist-for-content-work
norm-referenced test is an assessment that produces a score (or scores) that represent an estimate of where the individual stands with respect to a predefined peer group on a particular trait, dimension, or ability (ust & Golombok, 2014). Norm-referenced tests allow for a comparison on whether an individual performed at, above, or below expectation with respect to individuals that are similar to them. For example, traditional IQ tests yield standardized scores with a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15 (or 16; Sattler & yan, 2009). The standardized score is a score that should be interpreted and not the raw scores. In terms of simple point estimates (single IQ scores) the researcher/clinician can compare the individual performance to the norm -- reference group with respect to the score's deviation from the mean. Comparing individual scores to norm -- reference scores in this manner allows the researcher/clinician to determine…
Rust, J., & Golombok, S. (2014). Modern psychometrics: The science of psychological assessment. New York: Routledge.
Sattler, J.M., & Ryan, J.J. (2009). Assessment with the WAIS-IV. Le mesa, CA: Jerome M
Urbina, S. (2014). Essentials of psychological testing. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
video was the working poor and food insecurity and how this group is being excluded from access to the food they need to live healthy lives.
Explain which conceptual framework applies to the major issue you selected.
Food insecurity tends to exclude some demographic group from the same level that exists for other groups which can be conceptualized as existing along a continuum ranging from transitory insecurity to chronic food insecurity (Concepts of food security, 2016). This continuum is comprised of four main dimensions as follows: (a) physical availability of food; (b) economic and physical access to food; (c) food utilization; and (d) stability of these dimensions over time (Concepts of food security, 2016). Therefore, the issue of the working poor and food insecurity can be evaluated in terms of these four dimensions and how they operate to exclude the working poor from these four dimensions compared to mainstream society.…
Concepts of food security. (2016). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/docrep/013/al936e/al936e00.pdf .
Gill, A. & Mathur, N. (2011, March). The effects of empowerment and transformational leadership on employee intentions to quit. International Journal of Management, 28(1), 217-220.
Patti, R. J. (Ed.). (2009). The handbook of human services management (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Salamon, L. M. (2015). The resilient sector revisited: The new challenge to nonprofit America (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press
A strong point in the data is that the respondents were quite frank, and if one can believe the data, they were honest about how they feel about change in their organization. Few people enjoy change and most people are at least moderately frustrated by change. The very nature of change is that it is disruptive and pushes people to the point of discomfort and cognitive dissonance.
The first thing that people think about when faced with change is how it will impact the directly. Following that very substantive consideration, people begin to think about how they will accomplish the changes that they cannot avoid. An employee who voices opposition to the change but is open to alternatives is not necessarily going to be oppositional throughout the change effort. For instance, as with the employee below, they may just be at a particular level of concern that they…
Hall, G.E. & Hord, S.M. (2004, May 11). Implementing Change: Patterns, Principles, and Potholes (4th ed.). New York: Pearson.
Kotter, J.P. (2012). Leading change. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing Corporation
Rogers, E. (2003, August 16). Diffusion of Innovations, 5th Edition. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.
Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAM) Systems
Complementary and alternative medicine systems are health care approaches that are characterized by a history of use or origins that are external to mainstream medicine or health care practices. These health care systems or approaches have lasted for centuries since different kinds of complementary and alternative medicines have been reported. According to the World Health Organization, different types of complementary and alternative medicines have acted as the basic health practice in developing countries and are increasingly used in countries with predominant conventional medicine (Kramlich, 2014, p.50). CAM therapies have become common in the recent past and are used for treating various conditions including chronic pain conditions. Actually, several CAM therapies and practice interventions such as acupuncture and massage therapy are increasingly used in chronic pain management.
Naturopathic medicine, which is also known as naturopathy or alternative medicine, is a term that is…
"History of Naturopathic Medicine." (n.d.). North Carolina Association of Naturopathic Physicians. Retrieved August 17, 2015, from http://ncanp.com/about-ncanp/history-of-naturopathic-medicine/
Kramlich, D. (2014, December). Introduction to Complementary, Alternative, and Traditional Therapies. Critical Care Nurse, 34(6), 50-56.
Pongparadee et. al. (2012, August). Current Considerations for the Management of Musculoskeletal Pain in Asian Countries: A Special Focus on Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors and Non-steroid Anti-inflammatory Drugs. International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases,15(4), 341-347.
Schulenburg, J. (2015). Considerations for Complementary and Alternative Medicine Interventions for Pain. AORN Journal, 101(3), 319-326.
Integration of music and reading may help parents prepare their children for school. On the surface, music and literacy seem opposite of each other both in meaning and delivery. However, the two forms of learning go hand in hand. For example, lyrics and literacy are similar because lyrics are the words sung in a song. Often, they are poetic and can be understood as poetry that sometimes tells a story.
Many singer songwriters are also storytellers, weaving intricate and powerful stories into their songs. If one examines a music soundtrack and a story line/plot, one can see how music is used to help tell the story as much as the narrative itself. As technology advances, music is becoming readily interweaved with reading comprehension. One study examined the use of multimodal e-books that combined text with animation, images, and sounds. Children made academic gains in reading from using multimodal e-books (Morgan,…
Cauchard, F., Cane, J. E., & Weger, U. W. (2011). Influence of Background Speech and Music in Interrupted Reading: An Eye-Tracking Study. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 26(3), 381-390. doi:10.1002/acp.1837
Chang, A. C., & Millett, S. (2015). Improving reading rates and comprehension through audio-assisted extensive reading for beginner learners. System, 52, 91-102. doi:10.1016/j.system.2015.05.003
Cogo-Moreira, H., Andriolo, R. B., Yazigi, L., Brandao de Avila, C. R., & Mari, J. (2012). Music education for improving reading skills in children and adolescents with dyslexia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. doi:10.1002/14651858.cd009133
Cohn, N., Jackendoff, R., Holcomb, P. J., & Kuperberg, G. R. (2014). The grammar of visual narrative: Neural evidence for constituent structure in sequential image comprehension. Neuropsychologia, 64, 63-70. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.09.018
hare a meaningful nursing encounter (2 to 3 pages) that takes your reader into the complexities of your nursing practice. Using the first-person (I), write a narrative (a story) about a recent or memorable nursing experience you have had. The term nursing practice experience is used broadly here to include practice related to direct patient care, educational and managerial practice with colleagues.
Write your story with yourself as the main character telling the story; tell your reader how the situation was experienced by you. Take us into your world -- the context of your surroundings, the nursing concerns you attended to (aspects of the patient/colleague experiences), your nursing responses/actions (or non-actions) and your emotions. ome ideas for the types of stories are identified below, but if you have any questions or are uncertain about how to proceed, please seek guidance from your instructor.
In her landmark book, "From Novice to…
Bass, BM (2008) The Bass Handbook of Leadership: Theory, Research, and Managerial Applications Simon and Schuster
Benner, P. (2001). Novice to expert: Excellence and power in clinical nursing practice. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Robinson, M. (2012) Pictured: The 11 workers who admitted a campaign of cruelty, neglect and abuse against vulnerable patients in a care home from hell. Mail online. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2184499/11-workers-admit-campaign-cruelty-neglect-abuse-aimed-vulnerable-patients-care-home-hell.html
Robert Wood Johnson Nurse Fellows Program. Available at: http://www.futurehealth.ucsf.edu/rwj/
Co-Occurrence of Substance Use-Behaviors in Youth
Co-occurrence of Substance Use Behaviors in Youth
Author Biographies: Biographical information of the authors is not made available in the research bulletin. A search online indicates that Carl McCurley shares a passion for analyzing and improving outcomes for court-involved children, youth and families that he was able to apply in the Models for Change program at the National Center for Juvenile Justice. McCurley, Director Administrative Office of the Courts/Washington State Center for Court esearch (WSCC). McCurley joined the Administrative Office of the Courts in 2007As the newly hired WSCC director, he sought to broaden the Center's work, expanding beyond the customary focus of court operations to analyze the courts' impact on the lives of those they served.
Howard N. Snyder is considered to be the foremost expert on juvenile justice data, policy, and is now employed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics,…
Malgarini, M. (2005, November). Efficient sample design and weighting methodologies: Analysis of key issues and recommendations. [Paper presented at the Joint European Commission - OECD Workshop on International Development of Business and Consumer Tendency Surveys in Brussels on November 14 -- 15, 2005, for the Task Force on Harmonisation of Survey Operation and Technical Design}. Retrieved http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/12/37/35493506.pdf
Monitoring the Future. Retrieved http://monitoringthefuture.org/purpose.html
Corporations often use ineffective strategies to tackle workplace diversity issues. For example, many attempt to utilize affirmative action policies prescribe hiring by quota. Such policies are doomed to fail when a company finds itself hiring unqualified people for managerial roles. If that happens, it benefits nobody. People in senior management lose faith in hiring women and minorities and this has a knock-on effect on attitudes throughout the organization as well.
In general, corporate diversity practices emphasize the superficial, be it head counts or some other means. Even more in-depth diversity programs such as having work groups to meet and discuss issues that pertain to that group do little to change the status quo. Such groups may be able to raise specific issues, but they do not inherently address issues of promotion, mentorship, and training that would bring about more meaningful change to the workplace.
Collins describes the current situation as…
The exam though it's validity as a barometer for academic preparedness for higher learning is contested, is a means of examining the factors which have been shown to be directly related to the outcomes seen with this strategy. Block scheduling has been shown to correlate directly to mathematics, language, and critical thinking in terms of improving scores. Also, the application of this evaluative comparison across a variety of students and academic settings may resolve the existing questions regarding the relative failure of an otherwise successful technique to raise writing skills. The test will be administered at the conclusion of each trial period in the fashion it would be administered in its intended use. The scores of each student will be compared with their previous score. The overall bell curve of scores between conditions will also be compared as a means of determining both specific and general efficacy.
Description of esearch…
Gruber, C. & Onwuegbuzie, A. (2001). Effects of block scheduling on academic achievement among high school students. The High School Journal, 84, 32- 43.
Evans, W. Tokarcyzk, J., Rice, S., & McCray, A. (2002). Block scheduling an evaluation of outcomes and impact. The Clearing House,75, 319- 325.
Jenkins, E., Queen, A., & Algozzine, B. ( 2002). To block or not to block: That's not the question. The Journal of Educational Research, 95, 196- 203.
Though formulaic language expressions have been in regular use, in popular media forms, for at least the majority of the twentieth century if not indeed for centuries longer, their recognition and study is recent development (Van Lancker-Sidtis & allon 2004). Some texts have even been found to be comprised of a quarter or of formulaic expressions, demonstrating at once a reliance on collective cultural interpretations and a marked lack of originality in popular media language use (Van Lancker-Sidtis & allon 2004). These phrases make for interpretations that are both more colloquially colored and less symbolically imbued for their necessarily repetitive nature (thus their emergence as formulaic expressions) and their needed consistency in order to remain meaningful (Van Lancker-Sidtis & allon 2004).
Music and Language
The relationship between music and language is the subject of a great deal of debate, and ever researchers that support comparisons between the two uniquely human…
Ballard, M.; Dodson, a. & Bazzini, D. (1999). Genre of music and lyrical content: Expectation effects. Journal of Genetic Psychology 160(4), 476-87.
Jackendoff, R. (2009). Parallels and nonparallels between language and music. Music Perception 26(3), 195-204.
Lancker-Sidtis, D. & Rallon, G. (2004). Tracking the incidence of formulaic expressions in everyday speech: methods for classification and verification. Language and communication 24, 207-40.
Powers, H. (1980). Language models and musical analysis. Ethnomusicology 24(1), 1-60.
Collision of Meaningful Coincidences
The theory that attracted me to my ideas about this paper is Jae's theory of openness, which posits that the more open a person is in the process of communication, the more creative that person will be when it comes to solving problems. Much of life, as we know, is about learning to solve certain problems that arise. Hence, according to this theory, the key to finding answers to things that puzzle us and stand in our way is learning openness in communication that leads to creativity and problem solving.
Communication Creates a Collision of Meaningful Coincidences
A couple summers ago (in 2010) I was driving to San Diego on Interstate 8 with a couple friends for a holiday away from my home in Houston, Texas, and the odometer in the 8-year-old Ford was 88,880. I remember that because one of my friends asked how many…
My earliest meaningful experience with nature occurred when I was an eight-year-old child. My family took a vacation to New Mexico to visit one of those family friends that I called Uncle Joe, though he was not actually related to me in any way that I could discern. Uncle Joe had been a Vietnam War veteran, and, even as a child, I could tell that part of Uncle Joe stayed in Vietnam, though it would be years before I even realized that Joe had gone to war and longer still before he began to explain to me some of the experiences he had there. When he came home, he became involved in some type of business, which was apparently a profitable one, and he moved from his hometown to a ranch in the middle of nowhere, New Mexico. To this day, I could not tell you the exact location…
This research will fill in a gap that was discovered in the literature review. There have been many, even in an academic setting, that have made comments regarding the effects of email on the student environment. However, there have been no significant studies to substantiate these claims. This study will fill in the existing gap in research and will examine the actual importance of email to the academic setting.
Chapter 2: Literature eview
The importance of technology in the academic setting was an accepted fact from the inception of the internet. However, there have been few academic studies that have attempted to quantify its impact on student lives and success. In order to understand the importance of email and its impact on students lives, one must examine several areas of academic research on the topic. It has been implied that self-esteem and a feeling of satisfaction play an important role…
Beffa-Negrini, P., Miller, B., and Cohen, N. (2002). Factors related to success and satisfaction in online learning. Academic Exchange Quarterly. September 2002.
Borowitz S., & Wyatt J. (1998) the origin, content, and workload of e-mail consultations. JAMA 280: 1321-4.
CNN.com. (2003). Firm can e-mail at work. September 19, 2003. CNN.Com Retrieved October 29, 2007 at http://www.cnn.com/2003/TECH/internet/09/19/e-mail.ban/index.html
Ferguson T. (1996). A guided tour of self-help cyberspace. [monograph on the Internet]. Rockville (MD): Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office of Public Health and Science, Office of the Secretary, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 1996 Retrieved November 3, 2007 at http://odphp.osophs.dhhs.gov/confrnce/partnr96/summary.htm
integrating ethical use of technology into the K-12 curriculum
Integrating Technology in the Classroom
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 aims to close the achievement gap between disadvantaged and struggling students and their peers. The message is that every child can learn, and that schools are accountable for a child's progress.
At the federal level, there is to be more money for at-risk children in low-income communities. The government will invest in teacher training and innovative education practices that improve student performance.
While this new law defines a destination, it is up to the states and school districts to define the paths for getting there. Best practice begins with ensuring that all the components for successful integration of technology are in place. The primary ethical concerns of access, attitude, training, and support must be addressed before moving on to the more popular topic of integrating instructional technology into…
Dede, C. (1996) Emerging technologies and distributed learning. American Journal of Distance Education, 10, 2, 4-36.
Linn, M.C. (1997) Learning and Instruction in Science Education: Taking Advantage of Technology. Handbook of Science Education.
Salpeter, J. (1998) Taking stock: What's the research saying? Technology and Learning, 18(9) 24-25, 28-30, 32, 34, 36, 40.
Wenglinsky, W. (1998) Does it compute? The Relationship Between Educational Technology and Student Achievement in Mathematics. Princeton, N.J.
According to a 2002 survey conducted under the auspices of NIH, ecstasy abuse among college and university students in general is a widespread trend that impedes academic performance (Bar-on, 2002). The NIH survey targeted 66 4-year American universities and colleges alike. The projected findings indicated a diminishing trend in undergraduate academic performance amongst students who indulge in binge drinking and abuse ecstasy in the process. Elsewhere, a Harvard College drug study indicated persistent drug users were more likely to miss lectures and delay in their coursework than the average student (Montgomery & Fisk, 2008).
A parallel IP esearch dubbed "Predictors of academic achievement and retention among college freshmen" projected that while certain students manage to cope with the new life role upon entering college, a good number of students flunk out of college before completing their freshman year. According to this research, 75% of the freshman drop out is related…
Bar-on, R. (2002). Bar-on Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-I): Technical Manual. Toronto, Canada: Multi-Health Systems
Erikson, E (1956) "The problem of ego identity" (pdf) Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 4: 56 -- 121
Kotter, J & Cohen, D (2002) the Heart of Change: Real-Life Stories of How People Change Their Organizations Harvard Business Review Press
Montgomery C. & Fisk J.E. (2008) "Ecstasy-related deficits in the updating component of executive processes" Human Psychopharmacology 23 (6): 495 -- 511
Digital Disease Detection, commonly referred to as digital epidemiology provided strategies and methods for allowing digital-technology users to monitor infectious disease and conduct surveillance. These strategies help in the understanding of concerns and attitudes regarding infectious diseases. The process begins with the basics, such as the availability of internet access, online sharing platforms and other digital devices. These sources offer huge amounts of data. It is important to note that while these sources collect data, they do not, do so, with public health objectives in focus (Denecke, 2017).
The past few decades have seen tremendous changes in the world. There have been many and varied threats; from bioterrorism, influenza pandemics and the emergence of infectious diseases. There is also the issue of unforeseen population mobility which is among the reasons that triggered the development of public health surveillance systems. Such systems are invaluable tools in the detection and response…
Delegation: eal Estate
Proper use of delegation in any setting is an essential component of leadership. Delegation used by managers in a real estate office can improve the results management gets from their staff by not only assisting in the task completion process but also by improving the team oriented atmosphere of the office and staff.
Delegation not only sharpens management skills but also increases the overall employee and managerial commitment to the success of an organization. A good leader is one that is able to manager employees and improves the bottom line. A great leader within a real estate setting is one that is able to delegate not only mundane but also important and interesting tasks to employees capable of handling them and contributing to the overall success in the organization.
Delegation and eal Estate
Delegation with regard to the real estate office can provide employees with increased morale…
Brown, M.R. (1998). "Management by delegation: Don't be a micro manager, share the responsibility." Black Enterprise, Vol. 28, Issue 7, p. 76
Bryant, G. (2004). "Guiding to organizing working bees." Fairfax Digital News &
Renovations. [online]. October 10, 2004, from http://www.domain.com.au/public/htmldisplay.aspx?ID=HP6FACT_5& ; mode=tvfacts
ecords Used to Meet Organizational and External equirements
Typically, during an organizational assessment, three critical entities are involved in the process: the individuals or department being assessed, the assessment team, and the organization itself. Before the assessment, the organization sets benchmarks that the individual or department must achieve. During the assessment process the team determines if these objectives have been reached and identifies ways for the organization to improve itself. Individual qualities subject to assessment may include productivity; leadership; ability to work well with others or individually; and motivation. Areas under review from an organizational perspective may include "work flow, operations and information technology, departmentalization, hierarchy, control and information systems and de-centralization of decision-making in the organization" (eading note: Organizational evaluation, 2011, National esource Management and Environmental Department). Output, results, and overall impact on the external environment must often be periodically reviewed so the organization can report to investors and…
Reading note: Organizational evaluation. (2011). National Resource Management and Environmental Department. Retrieved March 21, 2011 at http://www.fao.org/docrep/W7510E/w7510e05.htm
Internet Usage on our Lives: A Critique of the Shallows
The pervasive adoption of the Internet continues to completely redefine the nature and scope of people's lives and their ability to communicate and collaborate globally. The Internet is also enabling entirely new approaches to defining methods of co-creation with customers, in addition to the creation and growth of virtual work teams (Panteli, Duncan, 2004). From friends who connect and communicate with one another across continents using Skype over the Internet to the work teams that have developers in the United States, Ukraine, Asia and Australia, the Internet is the common foundation that accelerates communication, shared data, experiences and makes complex tasks accomplishable. Technology is the enabler of greater transparency and trust when used over time to unify people, processes and systems across broad geographic and culture distances (Andriole, 2006). Contrary to this perspective however are the concepts presented in the…
Andriole, S.J. (2006). The collaborate/integrate business technology strategy. Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM, 49(5), 85-90.
Carr, N. (2011). The Shallows, What The Internet Is Doing To Our Brains. New York W.W. Norton & Co Inc.
Nolan, T., Brizland, R., & Macaulay, L. (2007). Individual trust and development of online business communities. Information Technology & People, 20(1), 53-71.
Panteli, N., & Duncan, E. (2004). Trust and temporary virtual teams: Alternative explanations and dramaturgical relationships. Information Technology & People, 17(4), 423-441.
Children's Use of Play
Children use play as a way of role-playing and expression. Anxiety expression, mastering of conflict as well as many other developmental benefits are derived from play by children. This paper intends to explore the play of children in relation to the developmental benefits that play provides.
Though play children grow in the understanding of not only themselves but of others and the world around them as well in their capacity to communicate with their friend and the adults in their lives Children's play is vital to the developmental growth in a child.
Progression of Play in Development:
Paiget, 1962 described what he termed "sensorimotor practice play" which refers to the experimentation of bodily sensation and motor movements on the part of infants and toddlers and as well as in connection with objects and people. y the time a baby is six months old the…
Bergen, Doris (2001) "Pretend Play and Young Children's Development" ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education Champaign IL.
Online] located at http://www.ericfacility.net/ericdigests/ed307967.html
DeHart, G.B., Sroufe, L.A., & Cooper, R.G. (2004). Child development: Its nature and course (5th ed.). Toronto: McGraw-Hill.
Bear, G.G., & Rys, G.S. (1994). Moral reasoning, classroom behavior, and sociometric status among elementary school children. Developmental Psychology, 30, 633-638.
A very important point is that online learning can be done individually or in groups (for example video conferences).
6. In general, in order to make a career choice one should be informed about the world of professions. Information about the profession that appears the most interesting and appropriate should be gathered. If possible, it would be important to read interviews or talk to people with similar jobs for a more accurate and realistic image. Another important part in a career choice is to assess individual strengths and weaknesses. Several personality tests are available for such a purpose (for example CPI - California Psychological Inventory, SDS - the Self-Directed Search questionnaire). For the persons in search for a career it is important to identify the skills they have and they most enjoy using. The career identified should be compatible with the interests and skills identified. In conclusion, a person who…
Drewes, G., Runde, B. (2002). Performance Appraisal, in Psychological Management of Individual Performance. Sonnentag, S. (Ed.) John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Fletcher, C. (2002). Appraisal: An Individual Psychological Perspective, in Psychological Management of Individual Performance. Sonnentag, S. (Ed.) John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
K.J. Kennedy (2005). Evolution of Employee Benefits as Provided through the Internal Revenue Code, Retrieved from www.taxreformpanel.gov/meetings/docs/KennedyPresentation_fina_2.ppt
Hesketh, B., Ivancic, K., (2002). Enhancing Performance through Training in Psychological Management of Individual Performance. Sonnentag, S. (Ed.) John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
England's tendency to accentuate surroundings (streets, storefronts, lawns, balconies) with plants and flowers lends a natural beauty, grace, and charm to cities -- as though a piece of the countryside were still a part of them. If people in L.A. find that they can afford to do the same, why should they not? For some it will seem like a waste of money, but let the facts tell the story: those who will protest are the same who are likely to offend in less tasteful ways.
As for sticking to native plants -- I believe it is a novel idea. There is something to be said for sticking to nature's plan: if cacti are what are most natural, then let us plant cacti. This may be the highest wisdom to prevail in these discussions. For those who wish to surround themselves with fauna and flora of a different climate, there…
Australian Laws for Alcohol Use
Australian Laws related to Alcohol Use
Underage drinking is a huge problem in Australia and more and more minors are having access to alcohol. This is having a big impact on their mental, emotional and physical growth as well as on the society at large. The existing laws do not provide stringent punishment to the offenders, especially those who are making it easy for underage drinkers to have access to alcohol and it is time the Government increases the punishment to make it more difficult for them to have access to it. The Government should also pass laws that will fill the existing loopholes and also provide a support system for young kids to turn to when they have emotional problems. A combination of these measures can go a long way in curbing underage drinking in Australia.
Underage drinking is a common problem in many…
No Author. 2010. Timely Rethink of Liquor Laws. The Advertiser (Adelaide). 21 July. p20-20.
Milne, Glenn. 2008. Alcopops Tax Warning- Young drinkers will switch to stronger wine products. The Sunday Mail (Brisbane). 18 May. P 4-4
Port, Jeni. 2008. "Is it On the Level?" The Age (Melbourne). 25 March. p1-1
Tideman, Deborah. 2006. Drinking Ban: plan to restrict teen alcohol use at home. The Advertiser (Adelaide). 20 June. p5-5
nurses can use to obtain and capture a patient's medical history. The importance of these processes is to ensure that there will not be inadequate patient assessments, as these may result in adverse outcomes during the patient care. Preparation of the environment, good communication skills and ordering of the questions are very important in the process of acquiring patient history. There is no specific population stated in the article, but it leans towards adult patient history. The outlines steps are mostly generic and can be applied for anyone, though that would require alteration, and addition of special skills when handling pediatric patients. The article also explains the rationale that can be used to ensure a nurse takes a comprehensive patient history.
Summary of the article
In all patient assessments, the most important thing is taking a patient's history. This is part of the whole process and has its imperative to…
Buck, S. (2008). NURSE PRACTITIONER: CLINICAL SKILLS AND PROFESSIONAL ISSUES (2ND EDN). [Book Review]. Practice Nurse, 35(2), 25-25.
Kaufman, G. (2008). Patient assessment: effective consultation and history taking. [Article]. Nursing Standard, 23(4), 50-56.
Lloyd, H., & Stephen, C. (2007). A guide to taking a patient's history. [Article]. Nursing Standard, 22(13), 42-48.
McGough, G. (2006). Nurse Practitioners -- Clinical Skills and Professional Issues: Second edition. [Book Review]. Nursing Standard, 20(30), 37-37.
Building Using Power Organization Start reading Harvard Business eview (HB) article: Pfeffer J. (2010). Power Play. Harvard Business eview, July-August, Vol 88 Issue 7/8, p. 85-92. Based HB article Jeffry Pfeffer (2010), write a paper answer questions: Why gaining power organization important? Does author gaining power workplace a good bad thing? Please support answer evidence article.
Power in the organization: The Pfeffer model
Power has long been viewed as a synonym for something negative in the workplace. Today, the rhetoric of 'teamwork' tends to be favored more than the rhetoric of power. But according to Jeffery Pfeffer, power is a necessary component of doing business. The question is: is the manager using power for the right reasons? Managers may use power with many different motivations, including the need for affiliation (to be liked); for personal satisfaction, or the desire to influence others in a positive way to achieve…
Pfeffer J. (2010). Power play. Harvard Business Review, 88 (7/8): 85-92.
e if he considers some to be more important tthan others). If the reverse is the case, it can confuse him.
3. The Stepwise method
Here is where John can use the forward selection, the backwards elimination, or a combination of both.
In the forward selection, John tries out the variables one by one (starting with none at all) and including those that are statistically significant. In the backward elimination, the reverse occurs; John starts with all variables, tests them for significance and eliminates those that lack significance. John can also amalgamate both methods for greater security.
This method is advantageous for a study that yields a large number of possible explanatory variables, but there is no underlying theory which John can use to base his selection. Given the huge amount of potential candidates, screening out the variables that are significant can be helpful to John. He may be able…
evidence-based practice use in nursing for making decisions using evidences to provide care to patients. This assignment has highlighted five main principles of EBP. These principles should be considered while implementing EBP. Moreover, there are certain challenges and barriers in implementing EBP. This assignment focused on strategies for implementing EBP.
Introduction of evidence-based practice to the workplace:
Changing the accepted confirmation of an NG (nasogastric) tube
Currently, I am employed at a medical and geriatric unit in a rehabilitation hospital. The unit is such that the majority of the nurses (60%) have over ten years' experience of practice. Thus the nurses on the unit are highly-trained professions who are extremely competent at their jobs. However, nurses of this level of experience are also often extremely change-resistant. Due to the level of the morale on the unit, nurses are often reluctant to alter the standard operating procedures with which they have…
Earley, T. (2005) Using pH testing to confirm nasogastric tube position. Nursing Times,
101 (38):26 -- 28. Retrieved:
Kotter's 8-step change model. (2013). Mind Tools. Retrieved:
"What's more, many teachers lack technical support; unlike businesses, most schools don't have an it guy down the hall to save the day when computers go haywire." (Wohl, 2001) central contemporary concern is the problem of Internet security and access to quality information. Without the necessary security measures and administrative restrictions, access to the Internet can also mean access to harmful pornographic material. These administrative procedures once again require technical expertise and time on the part of the teacher.
Another aspect that is of concern in today's online environment is that while there is a plethora of information available, this is not always of the best quality. Many teachers and institutions have banned student access to open -source sites such as Wikipedia for this reason. It is very difficult if not impossible for the teacher to monitor and check the validity and quality of the sites and sources that their…
Chanlin, L., & Chang, C. (2003). Web-Based Library Instruction for Promoting
Information Skills. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 30(4), 265+. Retrieved March 5, 2008, from Questia database, http://www.questia.com .
Collis, B.A. (1996). Children and Computers in School. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence
technology is always challenging. Although the use of technology by social workers is not a new phenomenon, it is controversial. For a discipline traditionally tied to face-to-face interaction, many concerns about moving to technology-based practices have been raised. This paper will examine how social work informatics can be applied to child protection in Alaska and suggest a research project to examine its utility, particularly as it relates to the phenomenon of depersonalization. It can be hypothesized that the increasing use of informatics though useful drives a wedge between the social worker and the recipient.
Advocates for the use of technology identify increased opportunity and access to social work services, lower costs, and improved coordination of services, and privacy for stigmatized individuals as benefits of the tools (Chenoweth & Stehlik, 2002). Critics, on the other hand, point to the technological difficulties that impede interaction. They cite inequalities in access to resources,…
Ashery, R.S. (2001). The utilization of technology in graduate schools of social work. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 18(1/2), 5 -- 18.
Association of Social Work Boards. (2002). Model Social Work Practice Act. Retrieved February 24, 2005, from http://www.aswb.org
Chenoweth, L., & Stehlik, D. (2002). Using technology in rural practice -- Local area coordination in rural Australia. Rural Social Work, 7(1), 14 -- 21.
Choi, G., Ligon, J., & Ward, J. (2002). Computer anxiety and social workers: Differences by access, use, and training. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 19(1), 1 -- 12.
" (Cole and Styron, nd)
Cole and Styron report that with the additional technology available in today's schools it would be natural to believe that students would enter the workforce better prepared for use of technology than previously. This is stated however to not be the case since reports show that in 1998 approximately 22% of employees possessed the necessary technology skills upon entering the workforce and these are technology skills needed for approximately 60% of the new jobs in the job market.
From these statistics it can be assumed that teachers are failing to incorporate technology into classroom instruction and thereby failing to enable students in expansion of their learning to include technology use. The work of Poole and Moran (1998) is stated to have made identification of several factors known to contribute to the ineffectiveness of staff development in the area of technology. Those factors are stated as…
Perspectives on Instructional Technology (1997) Teaching Academy University of Wisconsin-Madison. May 1997. Online available at: http://teachingacademy.wisc.edu/archive/About/itwhitepaper.pdf
Barr, Mary (1998) Technology in-Servicing 21 May 1998. Online available at: http://www.buddies.org/hsBiola/S98-503.pdf
Zelin, Robert C. II and Baird, Jane E. (2007) Training Faculty to Use Technology in the Classroom. College Teaching Methods & Styles Journal Vol. 3 No. 3. Third Quarter 2007. Online available at: http://www.cluteinstitute-onlinejournals.com/PDFs/447.pdf
Perspectives on Instructional Technology (1997) Teaching Academy University of Wisconsin-Madison May 1997. Online available at:
Drug addiction is not merely a failure of will or weakness in character, however having this 'brain disease' does not absolve the addict of responsibility for his or her behavior, but it does explain why an addict feels compelled to continue using drugs (Leshner 2001). Environmental cues that surround an individual's initial drug use and development of the addiction, actually become "conditioned" to the drug use and thus are critical to the problem of addiction (Leshner 2001).
Therefore, when those cues are present at a later time, "they elicit anticipation of a drug experience and thus generate tremendous drug craving" (Leshner 2001). This type of cue-induces craving is one of the most frequent causes of drug use relapses, independently of whether drugs are available and even after years of abstinence (Leshner 2001).
In March 2006, it was reported that researchers from Liverpool, England discovered a gene that directly affects the…
Changeux, Jean-Pierre. (1998 March 22). Drug use and abuse. Daedalus. Retrieved November 06, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.
Eaves, Lindon J. (2005 July 01). Familial influences on alcohol use in adolescent female twins: testing for genetic and environmental interactions. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. Retrieved November 06, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.
Goldman, Erik. (2005 July 01). Genetic tests could improve future drug abuse treatment. Family Practice News. Retrieved November 06, 2006 from HighBeam Research Library.
Heroin Addiction Cuts Across All Social Boundaries, Caron Foundation Study Reports.
Many researchers have conducted studies on many aspects of m-commerce and the use of mobile technology by consumers. deuyter, Kleijnen, & Wetzels (2006) stated, "M-commerce has been heralded repeatedly as the new service frontier of the millennium. Present market reality, however, seems to be less optimistic, therefore, the current study explores the factors contributing to the adoption of mobile services in a context of wireless finance" (p. 206).
Organization of the Study
Chapter two will consist of the literature review of published works and research studies on the subject of mobile commerce. There are many points-of-view and definitions of m-commerce and this chapter will attempt to examine the data as it relates to what is also referred to wireless e-commerce.
Chapter three through chapter five will substantiate and provide the details of the research methodology utilized for collecting the data. The collected data will be used to answer the research…
Amin, H., Hamid, M., Lada, S. & Tanakinjal, G. (2006). Undergraduate attitudes and expectations for mobile banking [Electronic Version]. Journal of Internet Banking & Commerce, 11(3), 7-7.
Bhatti, T. (2007). Exploring factors influencing the adoption of mobile commerce [Electronic Version]. Journal of Internet Banking & Commerce, 12(3), 1-13.
Birch, D.G.W. (2007). Near-field is nearly here [Electronic Version]. Journal of Telecommunications Management, 1(1), 55-68.
Brown, L. (n.d.). Observational Field Research. Retrieved January 24, 2009 from, http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/tutorial/Brown/lauratp.htm
Anabolic Steroid and Performance Enhancing Drug Use
Among High School Athletes
Anabolic steroid use has, at least in the past, been prevalent among major college and, especially, professional sports. Major League Baseball implemented a drug testing regimen very recently after backlash from fans made it an issue that the sport believed it had to listen to. The National Football League has a testing program that has been in place since 1989, and other sports have also begun programs to test for anabolic steroids and other performance enhancing drugs (PED) to ensure that there is a level playing field among all of their athletes. Unfortunately this testing has led to consequences for some athletes.
Some notable case of athletes being either stripped of honors or not being selected for honors because they acknowledged PED or steroid use have occurred in recent times. Lance Armstrong was recently stripped of all of his…
Denham, BE. (2006). Effects of mass communication on attitudes toward anabolic steroids: An analysis of high school seniors. Journal of Drug Issues, 36(4), 809- 823.
Green, G.A. (2007). The prevalence of anabolic steroid use by Southern California high school athletes. LA84 Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.la84foundation.org/3 CE/AnabolicSteroidsSouthernCaliforniaHighScho ol.pdf
Liberatore, S. (2009). Q: I have a lot of competitive athletes in my classes. If they decide to use steroids, what effect will this have on their health? The Science Teacher, 76(1), 70.
Martin, J., & Govender, K. (2011). Making muscle junkies: Investigating traditional masculine ideology, body image discrepancy, and the pursuit of muscularity in adolescent males. International Journal of Men's Health, 10(3), 220-233.
Maintaining professionalism, when communicating the physical security, ensures its adoption by the stakeholders. In addition, providing a cost estimate for the whole process makes the management team understand the need for the adoption of the physical security in the business/organization (Chapter 7 of Broder, & Tucker, 2011).
Cost benefit/benefit analysis enables the business to assess the risks and advantages associated with the security option. This entails evaluating the efficiency of the security program with the perceived operational costs and implications on organizational performance. This ensures proper development of security design for ensuring effective management operations management. Some of the risk management options that ensure physical security include the development of effective policies, procedures, hardware, and labor that promote utilization of security programs. ecovery can be achieved by ensuring developing the desired hardware that stores data related to operations management in the organization. Evaluating the effectiveness of a security program is…
Chapter 5 of Broder, JF. & Tucker, G. (2011). Risk Analysis and the Security Survey. Upper Saddle River,
Chapter 7 of Broder, JF. & Tucker, G. (2011). Risk Analysis and the Security Survey. Upper Saddle River,
How Does a Person Live a Meaningful Life?
One of the questions which have perplexed humankind is how to live a meaningful life. This is because there have been a number of theorists and philosophers, who provided insights about the best ways to achieve these objectives. Over the centuries, these views are constantly shifting. This is because experiences and social attitudes will shape a person's insights.
To fully understand the meaning of life requires focusing on key ideas from the different philosophers. This will be accomplished by discussing central figures from each module in terms of their contribution, the pros / cons of their ideas and how this relates to their understanding of life. Together, these different elements will illustrate how each one of these theories is influencing the way someone can live a fulfilling life.
Epictetus -- Freedom
Epictetus is focused on several different areas to provide a…
Dostoevsky. (2013). You Tube. Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8EhLe6p4YjE
Epictetus -- Freedom. (2013). You Tube. Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MKZVqIGkLnk
Michelangelo. (2013). You Tube. Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ioK-NxISgM8
Mother Teresa. (2013). You Tube. Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=53bMbKv2_1A
Benefits and Drawbacks of Formal 360-Degree Assessments
When implemented appropriately in organizations, the formal 360-degree assessment system can offer some benefits, such as in connection with the "full picture" element of your fit into the organization. It allows your performance to be measured more broadly than operational-task-related feedback generated from immediate coworkers. The fact that multiple coworkers contribute feedback can sometimes help organizations identify the source of problems or delays, and determining the optimal resolution to conflicts in the workplace. In ideal situations and applications, 360-degree assessment systems can also help measure whether others consider you to share a mindset or source of motivation that matches the organization's mission and values. A drawback to the 360 approach is that it relies on feedback from others who are not necessarily skilled or experienced giving feedback, and the error rate is usually higher than a direct supervisor's feedback, for example.…
Other leaders like Aeschylus have said, "wisdom comes alone through suffering." By being accepted in this school, I hope to pass what I have learned on and make this world a more diverse place to live.
On the road "to be nobody but" myself, it is unquestionably the hardest battle I could fight. However, in the process, I've accumulated a tremendous amount of valuable experience and knowledge. My diversity of experience is my biggest asset. Because I can relate an education to concrete examples from my own past, it is the perfect time for me to join this school, which means my past can be used to prepare myself for the promises of the future. At this school, I hope to truly learn what it means to become myself. This school is the greatest chance I will ever get to make something of myself because it will help me mold…
Future of Global Neoliberalism
One of the harsh realities of life in the 21st century is that the vast majority of the world's population continues to struggle to survive in the face of dwindling arable land and governmental policies that serve to constrain rather than promote economic development. To determine the facts, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature to explain why some theorists have maintained that the state continues to be a central agent that facilitates the advancement of global neoliberalism. A discussion concerning the rationale in support of this position, including an analysis of the possibilities and barriers that neoliberalism creates for genuine long-term sustainable human development; the objectives, strategies, and achievements of social movements as well as the barriers they face; and state-led models of development that run counter to the neoliberal agenda. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings…
Abahlal. (2009, August 7). Winning our land back -- the Landless People's
Movement wins a major court victory. Abahlali baseMjondolo. Retrieved from http://abahlali.org/node/5622/ .
Butt, S. (2013, June 26). Incredible India: Home to modern slavery. The Real
News. Retrieved from http://therealnews.com/t2/index.php?option=com_
This includes a general description of how to incorporate activities based on multiple intelligences into the classroom, and the benefits and importance of doing so. A diversified curriculum will be far more likely to meet all learners' needs, rather than just promoting and developing the types of intelligence that have been traditionally recognized and encouraged in Western schools. This means making curricula both "intelligence rich" by promoting and developing all types of intelligence, and "intelligence fair" by making sure that learning opportunities and assessment methods take the different intelligences into account. This can often mean providing choice in the activities to be performed, as well as in the ways to complete them, as well as offering many different activities even when they don't match a particular student's proclivities, specifically to develop some of their weaker intelligences.
Knowledge is most useful when it is practical, and though there is a great…
However, there were a number of influential employee leaders who objected to this approach and who made their position widely known through channels both formal and informal. The latter dissemination of discontent was particularly problematic as murmurings filled the company concerning the presence of some internal resistance. Most importantly for our company was the removal of the impulse for resistance. It was our view, and the view of the present text, that any such dissension could lead to serious morale issues. Therefore, it was incumbent upon us to at least weight the position offered by our dissenting colleagues.
Our strategy for navigating the conflict toward compromise -- as this is defined by our primary text -- would be to select those opposition leaders who had been most vocal and influential to form internal teams and develop competing proposals. These proposals would require that the selected representative developed and delineated plans…
Power and the Use of Language, Orwell's 1984 And Beyond
George Orwell's 1949 dystopian novel 1984 has become almost iconoclastic in its meaning for contemporary society. Almost like the term Machiavellianism, 1984 evokes images in popular culture, along with the author's name as an adjective, and phrases that were used in the book. Even the term "Orwellian" denotes a certain type of society; phrases like "Big Brother," "Newspeak," "Thought-Police," etc. are now part of the vocabulary when describing totalitarian regimes. The novel's premise has become part of a modern archetype, imitated on television, popular music, movies, and even one of the most popular advertisements ever made, the 1984 launch of Apple's Macintosh.
Nineteen Eighty-Four focuses on a new type of society -- repressive, totalitarian, staunch, all-powerful, all knowing, oligarchical, and pervasive. The novel's main character, Winston Smith, is a simple civil servant assigned to the daily task of perpetuating the…
Orwell, G. (1990). 1984. New York: Penguin Books.
Rai, A. (1990). Orwell and the Politics of Despair. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wain, J. (1978). Essays on Literature and Ideas. Santa Barbara: Greenwood Press.
Issue in Counseling:
Helping clients deal with anxiety
Many individuals experience anxiety today. ith the help of therapeutic counselors, clients learn how to cope with their anxiety-related issues, in turn allowing them to live a healthy and manageable life. Many counselors choose to use the existential method in counseling clients with anxiety. The existential approach to counseling is an approach to helping clients of all cultures find meaning and harmony in their lives. Counselor's who use this approach focus on the eternal issues of love, loneliness, suffering and death that each of us face daily. It seeks to cultivate our philosophical mindedness in relating to ourselves, others, nature, and our faith. Existential counseling has no planned endpoint but is the beginning of a search for hope, love, and meaning in life. It is applicable to all problems in living, but it is especially appropriate when…
Carlson, L.A., (2003). Existential theory: Helping school counselors attend to youth at risk for violence. Professional School Counseling, 6 (5), 310.
Epp, L., (1998). The courage to be an existential counselor: an interview of Clemmont E.
Vontress. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 20 (1), 1.
Krueger, M.J. & Hanna, F.J., (1997). Why adoptees search: an existential treatment perspective. Journal of Counseling and Development, 75 (3), 195.
Gabrieli asserts that schools use time in an outmoded way: schools used to take summers off because children would help at the farms to bring in the crops in the old days -- or because summers are hot and school houses need to be cool; but today these are not really factors (Koonce, 2016). Therefore, according to this side of the argument, time can be better managed and -- in fact -- expanded so as to close the achievement gap; in short, there should be more time spent in schools. On the other side of the argument is Larry Cuban, however, who shows that there is no evidence that more time spent in school actually leads to greater academic achievement (Koonce, 2016). So, there is the idealistic side, represented by Gabrieli, and the scientific side, represented by Cuban.
My belief about this issue is that success is largely dependent upon…
21st Century Skills. (2015). The Glossary of Education Reform. Retrieved from http://edglossary.org/21st-century-skills/
Kim, C. (2008). Academic success begins at home: How children can succeed in school. Heritage. Retrieved from http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2008/09/academic-success-begins-at-home-how-children-can-succeed-in-school
Koonce, G. (2016). (Ed). Taking sides: Clashing views on educational issues expanded
(18 Ed.). Mcgraw Hill Publishers.
The Dangers of Using a Cell Phone hile Driving
Statistics connecting cell phone usage with dangerous driving have becoming increasingly readily available. Evidence suggests that cell phones cause drivers to become distracted, to move their eyes off the road and, ultimately, to endanger their lives and the lives of other motorists. ith the advent of texting and emailing by smartphone, these risks are even greater. In spite of this, the United States remains resistant to impose federal legislation that would make it illegal, nationwide, to use a cell phone while driving. Given the evidence relating cell phone use and dangerous driving, there is a strong imperative for the development and passage of distracted driving laws on the national level.
The strongest argument in favor of such a law is the clear and irrefutable evidence denoting the danger of driving while using a cell phone. In fact, an article…
Hanson, D.J. (2012). Driving While Using Cell Phone as Dangerous as Driving While Drunk. Potsdam.edu.
Nationwide. (2013). Driving While Distracted: Statistics to Know. Nationwide.com.
Richtel, M. (2009). Drivers and Legislators Dismiss Cellphone Risks. New York Times.
people use the shared group work tools that have emerged as one of the most effective tools in the educational and professional world. The paper explains the practical implication of these tools with real life experiences to evaluate the benefits and limitations of these tools.
The use of shared group work tools have been increasing at a great pace. These group work tools include many of the popular software such as EMS (Electronic Meeting System), WetPaint, GoogleDrive etc. Katherine and Brenda in "Managing Virtual Team" state that the collaborative software involves the joint efforts of people who might not be even working at the same time. Such software helps in working from home and at flexible timings increasing the productivity of the projects. Such software is also called collaborative software which is specifically designed to assist people working together on a common task aiming to achieve a common goal. Such…
Katerine, B.; Brenda, H.; Char, J. (2011). Managing Virtual Teams. Worldware Publishing. Plano.
Lockwood, A. (2010). The Project Manager's Perspective on Project Management Software Packages. Avignon, France.
Pantoum in Two Poems
The poetic form of the pantoum is prevalent and makes up the structure of the following two poems: My Brother at 3 A.M. By Natalie Diaz and Incident by Natasha Trethewey. Each poet is able to use the pantoum distinctly and with a certain level of aplomb and effectiveness in order to convey the underlying feeling of the overall poem. The pantoum refers to a literary structure which is able to strongly evoke the past, and memories of the past as a result of its dreamy and enchanting repetitions. This form of poetic structure originated in France, derived from one which was evoked from Malaysia in the 15th century; the form first became popular within Europe and North America in the 19th and 20th centuries (Unst, 2013). One of the more riveting aspects of this form of poetic and structural device is that "subtle shifts in…
Diaz, N. My Brother at 3am. 2014. April 2014
Poets.org. Poetic Form: Pantoum. 2014. April 2014