Mental Health Essays (Examples)

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How History Has Treated Mental Disorder

Words: 296 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65036710

Mental Health Disorders
Throughout the centuries, mental health disorder has been viewed in a number of different ways by different eras and communities around the world. Some approached it from a spiritual dimension, while others approached it from a naturalistic viewpoint (Kyziridis, 2005; Smith, 2007). Food, music, prayer, and time spent in comfortable surroundings were variously viewed as ways to treat mental disturbance in antiquity. Through the Middle Ages, mental disorder became associated with spiritual influence, either from Heaven or from Hell.

Hospitals were places where persons with severe mental disorders were placed, but there was not much good treatment—as the experiences at Bedlam in London have shown. When the Age of Enlightenment and more focus on naturalistic science prevailed in the 18th century onward, more focus on the brain and how to treat disturbances brought new treatments into existence.

Today, many mental health disorders are still not understood very…… [Read More]

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Evidence Centered Patient Safety Initiative

Words: 2111 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64973317

Evidence- Based Patient Safety Initiative
Introduced in the year 2003, Transforming Care at A Bedside (TCAB) represents a national- level initiative originally formulated and headed by the IHI (Institute for Healthcare Improvement) and RWJF (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation). TCAB ensures leadership involvement at every healthcare institutional level and authorizes front- line nursing staff and other healthcare workers to contribute towards improving healthcare safety and quality on surgical- medical units, increasing nursing personnel retention and vitality, improving overall patient care team efficacy, and engaging patients and their family members to improve their care experience. The following design themes or goals – dependable, safe patient care; value added healthcare processes; vitality and collaboration; and client- focused care – form the elementary framework when it comes to formulation of changes for accomplishing TCAB objectives (Rutherford, Moen & Taylor, 2009).
A number of elements set TCAB apart from other programs targeted at improving quality.…… [Read More]

References

American Psychiatric Association. (2009). Integrated care of older adults with mental disorders. Retrieved from https://www.psychiatry.org/.../Psychiatrists/Directories/.../rd2009_IntegratedCare.pdf

Brennan, T. A., Leape, L. L., Laird, N. M., Hebert, L., Localio, A. R., & Lawthers, A. G. (1991). Incidence of adverse events and negligence in hospitalized patients. Results of the Harvard Medical Practice Study I. N Engl J Med, 324(6), 370-376.

Department of Health and Human Services Administration on Aging. (2001). Older adults and mental health: Issues and opportunities. Retrieved from https://www.public-health.uiowa.edu/icmha/training/documents/Older-Adults-and-Mental-Health-2001.pdf

George, J., Long, S., & Vincent, C. (2013). How can we keep patients with dementia safe in our acute hospitals? A review of challenges and solutions. J R Soc Med, 106(9), 355-361.

Kable, A., Gibberd, R., & Spigelman, A. (2008). Predictors of adverse events in surgical admissions in Australia. Int J Qual Health Care, 20(6), 406-411

Long, S. J., Brown, K. F., Ames, D., & Vincent, C. (2013). What is known about adverse events in older medical hospital inpatients? A systematic review of the literature. Int J Qual Health Care, 25(5):542-54.

McKay, R., & Casey, J. (2015). Psychiatry services for older people. Retrieved from https://www.ranzcp.org/Files/Resources/Reports/RPT-FPOA-Psychiatry-services-for-older-people-revi.aspx

Merten, H., Zegers, M., De Bruijne, M. C., & Wagner, C. (2013). Scale, nature, preventability and causes of adverse events in hospitalised older patients. Age Ageing, 42(1), 87- 93.

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Parental Interventions for Oppositional Defiant Disorder Children

Words: 3640 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11247886

Parental Interventions for Oppositional Defiant Disorder Kids
Oppositional Defiant Disorder is characterized by irritability and anger among children. Such children also tend to be argumentative, defiant and vindictive towards anyone with authority over them. Their conduct is an impediment towards the normal daily activities expected of them. There is a lifetime prevalence of ODD that has been measured to stand at about 11% of the population in general. The ODD symptoms are apparent as early as 8 years. It has been established that about 70% of all children suffering from ODD no longer show symptoms of the condition at the age of 18 years. It has also been observed that only a small number of the group proceeds to develop antisocial conduct in adulthood. The disorder elicits a multifactorial basis for its existence. There is proper documentation that points at parenting styles, heredity and other psychosocial factors in the development…… [Read More]

References

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (2017, June). Conduct Disorder. Retrieved October 11, 2018, from https://www.aacap.org/aacap/Families_and_Youth/Facts_for_Families/FFF-Guide/Conduct-Disorder-033.aspx

Chiasson, P. (2015). Conduct Disorder. A Handbook for Elementary School Educators,90-157. Retrieved October 11, 2018, from http://dr.library.brocku.ca/bitstream/handle/10464/5829/Brock_Chiasson_Presley_2014.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Davies, N., Dr. (2016, January 07). Oppositional defiant disorder in the classroom. Retrieved October 11, 2018, from http://www.headteacher-update.com/best-practice-article/oppositional-defiant-disorder-in-the-classroom/112142/

Department for Education. (2016). Mental health and behaviour in schools: Departmental advice for school staff.

Graham Y. (2018). Oppositional Defiant Disorder. In: Vinson S., Vinson E. (eds) Pediatric Mental Health for Primary Care Providers. Springer, Cham

Henggeler, S. W., & Sheidow, A. J. (2012). Empirically Supported Family-Based Treatments for Conduct Disorder and Delinquency in Adolescents. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 38(1), 30–58. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-0606.2011.00244.x

Jacobsen, Kari. (2013). Educators’ Experiences with Disruptive Behavior in the Classroom. Retrieved from Sophia, the St. Catherine University repository website: https://sophia.stkate.edu/msw_papers/199

Kazdin, A. E. (2008). Parent management training: Treatment for oppositional, aggressive, and antisocial behavior in children and adolescents. Oxford University Press.

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Post natal depression Women who have delivered

Words: 2950 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68193921

The prevalence of post natal depression amongst women who have delivered
Introduction
Pregnancy and birth are major life occurrences that are largely positive experiences for most women. Nonetheless, a percentage of women experience mental issues in this course of time. Statistics give the suggestion that on average, between 10 percent and 15 percent of women report having experienced depression. In fact, roughly 16 percent report experiences of severe anxiety during the post natal period. Postnatal depression is functionally delineated as a significant depressive period taking place within the initial 12 months subsequent to giving birth. Mothers who have given birth and are facing life with postnatal depression epitomize different feelings like nervousness, solitude, loss of control and desperateness during a period when anticipations of happiness are expected. These mental issues can have adverse effects on women and their infants. The main objective of this literature review is to comprehensively discuss…… [Read More]

References

Ali, H., Humza, S., & Saeed, S. (2017). PERCEPTIONS OF INSUFFICIENT BREAST MILK: A COMPARISON OF DEPRESSED AND NON-DEPRESSED LACTATING MOTHERS. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 67(2), 226-231.

Denis, A., Michaux, P., & Callahan, S. (2012). Factors implicated in moderating the risk for depression and anxiety in high risk pregnancy. Journal of Reproductive & Infant Psychology, 30(2), 124-134. doi:10.1080/02646838.2012.677020

Dinesh, P., & Raghavan, S. (2018). A comparative study of prevalence of postnatal depression among subjects with normal and cesarean deliveries. International Archives of Integrated Medicine, 5(2), 6-11.

Figueiredo, B., & Conde, A. (2011). Anxiety and depression in women and men from early pregnancy to 3-months postpartum. Archives of Women\\\\'s Mental Health, 14(3), 247-255. Doi: 10.1007/s00737-011-0217-3

Garcia-Esteve, L., Navarro, P., Ascaso, C., Torres, A., Aguado, J., Gelabert, E., & Martín-Santos, R. (2008). Family caregiver role and premenstrual syndrome as associated factors for postnatal depression. Archives of Women\\\\'s Mental Health, 11(3), 193-200. Doi: 10.1007/s00737-008-0012-y

Kaaya, S., Garcia, M. E., Li, N., Lienert, J., Twayigize, W., Spiegelman, D., & Smith Fawzi, M. C. (2016). Association of maternal depression and infant nutritional status among women living with HIV in Tanzania. Maternal & Child Nutrition, 12(3), 603-613. doi:10.1111/mcn.12154

Likierman, M. (2003). Post-natal depression, the mother\\\\'s conflict and parent?-?infant psychotherapy. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 29(3), 301-315.

McManus, B. M., & Poehlmann, J. (2012). Maternal depression and perceived social support as predictors of cognitive function trajectories during the first 3 years of life for preterm infants in Wisconsin. Child: Care, Health & Development, 38(3), 425-434. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2214.2011.01253.x

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Suicide and Depression

Words: 1936 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46241167

The prevalence of depression and suicide in Australia has reached a crescendo, which requires a higher level of commitment from mental health workers in the country. It is believed that around 2.1 million (9.7) Australian population experience some level of affective disorders (Australian Bureau of Statistics, ABS 2012). The high rate of depression can also be traced to the upsurge in cases of death from intentional self-harm which rose from 2,866 in 2016 to 3,128 in 2017 (ABS, 2017). To effectively tackle the menace of depression and suicide in Australia, there is need for a higher level of alertness and awareness from mental healthcare professionals and members of the public. According to World Health Organisation, 300 million people of all ages worldwide suffer from depression. The world health body also highlighted several factors that put people at risk of depression. These factors range from economic, social, psychological and environmental issues.…… [Read More]

References

Causes of Depression: Health Direct. https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/causes-of-depression Clinicians’ Practice Guide to the Mental Health Act 2014: Government of West Australia Chief Psychatrist. (3), 20-57.

Depression, Anxiety and Perinatal Mental Health, (7), 247-278.

Depression: A Global Crisis (2012). World Federation for Mental Health. World Health Organisation https://www.who.int/mental_health/management/depression/wfmh_paper_depression_wmhd_2012.pdf

Depression: Key Facts (2018). World Health Organisation. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/depression

Horgan, D. (2002).Practical management of the suicidal patient. Australian Family Physician, Vol. 31, (9), 1-4.

Intentional self-harm, key characteristics (2018). 3303.0 - Causes of Death, Australia, 2017. Australian Bureau of Statistics. https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/by%20Subject/3303.0~2017~Main%20Features~Intentional%20self-harm,%20key%20characteristics~3

The Legal and Ethical Context of Mental Health Care, (3) 91-122


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Tourettes Syndrome

Words: 318 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12609049

Video Reaction: Tourette’s Syndrome
Tourette’s syndrome is a neurological condition, but it can have profound social effects upon a child’s life. People who are unaware of the cause of the child’s uncontrollable motions and verbal tics may assume the child has a developmental disability, ADHD, or a dissociative disorder. The video highlights how children with the disorder are often extremely bright and self-aware of the social effects of their disorder. The children understand that people are going to stare at them, because they are acting in a way that defies social norms. Even some of their teachers do not understand why the children cannot control their tics. One of the children was homeschooled for a period of time.
The most heartening aspect of the video is how the children have found that physical activities like surfing or music have provided them with a source of self-esteem and a way to…… [Read More]