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The process therefore accepts conflict and emotion are natural parts of the management process, but tries to leverage this conflict and emotion towards the achievement of the overall objective.
The mining group process does have some interesting elements in terms of effectiveness. Everybody has seen the rambling meetings where issues simply are not resolved, making it difficult to move the process forward. In such situations, there is little doubt as to the benefits of establishing internal discipline, which is something that the mining group gold process does, in particular with the timekeeping. Over time, this process will also change the culture of the organization with respect to meetings. Whereas there will probably be a lot of initial resistance, one of the things this technique does is that it forces people in the meetings to come prepared, so that a lot of the fact-finding components that can get people sidetracked have…
Kayser, T. (2010). Mining Group Gold. McGraw-Hill.
Hightower, T. (2014) Mining group gold: A cooperative approach to meeting effectiveness. FieldTrip101. Retrieved April 11, 2014 from http://www.fieldtrip101.com/pdfs/Mining%20Group%20Gold.pdf
It is through these inscriptions that the significance of human torture and sacrifice could be detected in the Mayan Culture. One of the greatest rulers of this civilization was seen in the shape of Lord Pacal or Lord Pakal the Great, K'inich Janaab' Pakal (23 March 603-28 August 683). He took over the reins at the age of 12 on July 29th, 615 a.D., a mature age for the Mayan people, and continued his rule for the next 68 years. It was during his time that the city of Palenque reached significant height. The tenure of Lord Pacal is dated from 615 to 683 CE, and falls under the late Classic Period. The most prominent of buildings from this time include the northern complex made up of "five temples, two nearby adjacent temples, and a ball court. A third group of temples lies to the southeast." It was in the…
The process of extracting new information from existing information through the use of computer system is called Text Mining. Text mining retrieves data of available information and establishes the connection between the facts mentioned in that data. This is how, new information is developed. Since it is newly formed information, its validation is conducted through experimentation. The process of web search is often confused with that of text mining, though these are two entirely different processes. In web search, the computers match the keywords in the database and bring the relevant records. The information is written down by somebody and then uploaded on the internet to make it searchable. On the other hand, in text mining, altogether new information is generated out of existing body of knowledge (Berry, 2004).
Text mining finds its roots in data mining. Data mining refers to the process in which the computer system retrieves…
Using categorization procedures will allow the customer service centers to segment the database according the content and topic of the database, hence the customers will find it convenient to browse through the relevant topics. Text categorization aims to divide a document according to different elements of topics it comprises of. It also compares documents for content relevance with one another (Gupta and Lehal, 2009).
One method to learn the algorithms of categorization is to understand the procedures from available classified documents. Furthermore, use of these algorithms for categorization of unclassified documents can be useful. For instance, let there be two sets D. And C. containing n and p elements respectively, where'd is a set of categorized documents that belong to set of C, which represent the classes. The objective of learning categorization process is to ascertain which element of set D. corresponds to element of C. Hence, n documents corresponding to different classes are classified into p types. Hence, data collected is run through feature selection process for preparation (Shantanu and Shourya, 2008).
Data collected consists of text that comprises of
The heuristics that are considered are probabilistic machine learning approaches. Such an approach is the 'Alignment Conditional andom Fields' that is designed for a scoring sequence for undirected graphical models. (Bilenko; Mooney, 2005) There are demands for this type of software and there is a vast area of information analysis where text mining is beginning to get important. One field is in the analysis of literature and research reviews.
Literary and Scientific Demands:
There is more demand for the text mining in the literature review and library sections. There are extensive researches done for creating algorithms for book-based text mining. esearchers Sophia Ananiadou et al. (2009) have used text mining solutions in creating literature reviews. The creation of a text mining framework for systematic reviews and the creation of what the researchers Ananiadou, Sophia; et al. (2009) called as the 'service exemplar' were used as a test bed for deriving…
Ananiadou, Sophia; et al. (2009) "Supporting Systematic Reviews Using Text Mining Social
Science" Computer Review, vol. 27, no. 4, pp: 509-523.
Berry, Michael W; Kogan, Jacob. (2010) "Text Mining: Applications and Theory"
John Wiley and Sons.
Mining might have been the second earliest humankind activity after agriculture. The two endeavors were together the primary industries of the first civilizations. Little has changed in terms of the significance of these industries to humankind. From the ancient times to date, mining has played a significant role in human existence. Here the term mining refers to the extraction from the earth of any naturally occurring mineral substance for utilitarian purposes. After minerals have been extracted, they can be sold in open markets, enabling the countries that have these minerals to get paid by those that do not. This results in the countries that have minerals to be the great-powers of the world while those that do not to suffer from lower living standards. There are two general types of mined minerals geologically, these are:
Mineral: this refers to a naturally formed inorganic compound that has an orderly…
Zappa, M. (2011). Rocks. Edina, Minn: ABDO Pub.
Heinio M. (1999). Rock Excavation Handbook. Retrieved 20 September 2015 from http://www.metal.ntua.gr/uploads/3290/254/Excavation_Engineering_Handbook_Tamrock.pdf
Bell F., G. (n.d.) Geology and construction. Retrieved 20 September from http://www.eolss.net/sample-chapters/c01/e6-15-09-08.pdf
Introduction to mining (n.d.). Retrieved 20 September 2015 from http://www.cienciaviva.pt/img/upload/Introduction%20to%20mining.pdf
Pollution From Mining Activities
How serious is the pollution that results from mining activities? How clean are the coal mining activities in Kentucky, est Virginia, and other Appalachian areas where mountaintops are stripped away to get at the coal? hat other mining activities cause pollution of the air, the land, and the waterways? This paper will delve into those mining activities and report the pollution that results from those strategies.
The Pollution from Mountaintop Removal Strategies
An article in National Geographic (Mitchell, 2006) points to the fact that miles of rivers and streams are simply filled in, drowned in dirt, coal waste, and rocks. And Mitchell discusses the pollution that results when the coal is mined and the waste and other chemical residues are dumped in ponds. Hundreds of billions gallons of "toxic black water and sticky black goo," which are byproducts of mountaintop mining, are dumped into "slurry ponds,…
Bloomberg News. 2010. 'China: pollution and protests increase / Mining spill kills numerous fish in Fujian,' retrieved April 7, 2012, from http://www.minesandcommunities.org .
Chuanmin, Yang. 2011. 'Toxic mine spill was only the latest in long history of Chinese pollution,' The Guardian, retrieved April 8, 2012, from http://www.guardian.co.uk .
Environment News Service. 2010. 'Tennessee Governor Petitions to Block Mountaintop Mining.' Retrieved April 7, 2012, from http://www.ens.newswire.com .
Mitchell, John G. 2006. 'When Mountains Move,' National Geographic / Science and Space, retrieved April 8, 2012, from http://science.nationalgeographic.com .
RE: Correspondence to Families of Trapped Miners
(To be hand-delivered via print letter from company personnel)
It is with great concern but also with considerable hope that I bring you news today regarding your family members and loved ones. Earlier today, there was a roof collapse in the Compania Minera San Esteban Primera's San Jose copper mine shaft, an estimated 350 meters below the surface. The collapse resulted in the complete blocking off of the mine shaft, making it immediately impenetrable for either rescuers to enter or for miners to exit. There are an estimated 33 miners who were known to be in the mine shaft at the time of the collapse and who are therefore believed to be presently trapped in the mine. e believe that a member of your family is among the missing.
hile we provide this information with heaviness in our hearts and prayers…
Weik, J. (2010, August 6). Over 30 workers trapped after Chilean copper mine collapse. Metal Bulletin Daily, (224), 65.
The prominence of this type of mining method is underlined by a study prepared for the Governor of West Virginia which states that,
"ountaintop removal methods are essential to maintain the state's present level of coal production. The lower production costs of TR have contributed significantly to maintaining West Virginia as a competitive coal producer."
3. Environmental impact of coal mining in the Appalachians.
3.1. Underground mining
The earliest coal mining in Appalachia consisted of various primitive form of underground as well as surface mining. However in the initial stages of mining in the region the methods used were minimally invasive in terms of the environment and "...had only minimal impact on the physical and organic environment."
However, this was to change with the increases in the demand from industry and more advanced technology. "In the 1870s, however, markets began to expand beyond local users. Industrial investment in the…
Mountaintop removal mining. Internet. http://www.bookrags.com/wiki/Mountaintop_removal_mining. Accessed 1 August 2008.
Encyclopedia of Appalachia: Coal Mining. Essay online. Available at http://utpress.org/Appalachia/EntryDisplay.php?EntryID=007.Internet . Accessed 1 August 2008.
Coal Mining in Appalachia
Mining is the process by which minerals of various different kinds are taken out of the earth. As a general practice, a hole is dug into the ground, from where the minerals are harvested. These may be metals like gold or silver or copper, or they may be coal and salt and other like minerals, and they can be diamonds and other precious stones as well. It must be noted that most substances that are obtained form the earth are mined and mining also provides metal that can be used for steel making, and for other industrial purposes, and the gold and precious stones obtained from the earth can be used for the production of jewelry. The stones mined from the earth are used for building purposes, and they are also used for making the gravel that is used on highways. (The Topic: Mining, the basics)
Bellis, Mary. History of the Metal detector. Retrieved From
Accessed 18 October 2005
Coal Mining in Pennsylvania. Retrieved From
Data Mining in the Film & Media Industry
Motion pictures, cinema, or films, which are a leading form of entertainment in the visual media industry, is one of the most powerful, influential, and lucrative industries in the world and in modern history. For Americans, it is a common occurrence, for example, to read or hear news reports regarding the huge sums of revenue that films generate in their opening weekends or in the overall run they have in the theaters. The film industry, as part of the greater visual media industry, continues to make strides in technological development and creative innovation, which often translates into large sums of money, or at least impressive sums of money for the amount spent toward the budget and promotion. The film industry is not an industry that has yet successfully used data mining, data analytics, or predictive analytics in a noticeable way.…
Chulis, Kimberly. Big data analytic for video, mobile, and social game monetization: Understand and influence profitable consumer behavior. IBM, 2012, Web, Available from: http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/industry/library/ba-big-data-gaming/index.html . 2012 December 08.
Foster, Ian Armas. Film Industry to Turn to Wikipedia for Predictive Analytics. Datanami, 2012, Web, Available from: http://www.datanami.com/datanami/2012-11-12/film_industry_to_turn_to_wikipedia_for_predictive_analytics_.html . 2012 December 08.
Willmore, Allison. Is Netflix Changing the Way TV Series are Made with Its Use of Data Mining, or Doing More of the Same Old Thing? Indie Wire, 2012, Web, Available from: http://www.indiewire.com/article/television/how-netflix-is-using-data-mining-to-determine-its-original-series-utm_source=iContact&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Indiewire%20Today&utm_content=# . 2012 December 07.
Scott, Karl. Social Analytic and the Movies. Slashdot, 2012, Web, Available from: http://slashdot.org/topic/bi/social-analytics-and-the-movies/ . 2012 December 08.
Yard Trimmings - 12.9%
Food scraps - 12.4%;
Plastics - 11.7%;
Rubber, leather and textiles - 7.3%
Metals - 7.6%
Wood - 5.5%
Glass - 5.3%
The following figure shows the number of landfills in the United States between 1998 and 2006
Number of Landfills in the United States 1998-2006
Source: EPA (1997)
The work of van der Zee and de Visser entitled: "Assessing the Opportunities of Landfill Mining" states: "Long-term estimates make clear that the amount of solid waste to be processed at landfills in the Netherlands will sharply decline in coming years. Major reasons can be found in the availability of improved technologies for waste recycling and government regulations aiming at waste reduction." (nd)
The work of Sperling and Hansen entitled: "Land Reclamation at Municipal Landfill Sites" states that municipal landfill closure presents a great challenge in terms of reclamation which involves multiple objectives including: (1) isolation…
Landfill Reclamation (1997) United States Environmental Protection Agency Solid Waste and Emergency Response (5306W_ EPA530-F-97-001 July 1997. Online available at http://www.epa.gov/garbage/landfill/land-rcl.txt
Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling and Disposal in the United States; Facts and Figures for 2006. United States Environmental Protection Agency.
Strange, Kit (nd) Landfill Mining - Preserving Resources through Integrated Sustainable Management of Waste - Technical Brief - World Resource Foundation, Kent, England. Online available at http://www.enviroalternatives.com/landfill.html
Forster, Gary a. (2001) Assessment of Landfill Reclamation and the Effects of Age on the Combustion of Recovered MSW. MSW Management. March/April 2001. Online available at http://www.forester.net/msw_0103_assessment.html
However, the lack of internal communication, particularly as to underground communication, is a leading cause of the Sago Mining crisis.
y lack of underground communication, it is meant both a lack of direct communication between the rescue teams and the trapped miners and a lack of scientific communication as to the actual conditions of the underground mines and the ability of the rescue teams to go into the mines for the rescue. If there would have been updated technologies implemented into the mines prior to the explosion, the disaster could have been avoided. Underground communication capabilities would have made it possible for the rescue teams to communicate with the trapped miners, allowing for a more efficient finding of their location and the ability to guide them to a safe area of the mine. Underground communication between the mine's condition and the rescue teams would have allowed for the rescue process…
ABC News. "Rescuers Break Ground in Miner Mission. 3 Jan. 2006.
BBC News and Current Affairs. "Fury Over U.S. Mine Rescue Fiasco." 4 January 2006.
Dao, James. "Blast Traps 13 in a Coal Mine in West Virginia." The New York Times. 3 Jan. 2006.
McLachlan, Justin. "West Virginia Mine Explosion, My Time There." New York Times. 3 Jan. 2006.
In the period between 2002 and 2012, Australia experienced a mining boom; a period in which the level of exports increased more than threefold and also the investment made in mining as a percentage of the nation’s GDP increasing from 2 percent to 8 percent. Imperatively, during the mining boom period, there was a significant increase in demand for minerals. This is because of the demand for minerals not only locally but also internationally. Therefore, this caused a rightward shift in the demand curve. This leads to the positioning of a new equilibrium price. The comparative theory best explains the exportation of minerals by Australia and the importation of other commodities from other nations. In this regard, Australia is considered to have a comparative advantage in the production of minerals because it can produce minerals at a relatively lower opportunity cost compared to China. Another aspect that was influenced…
SUFING & MINING THE WAVE OF BIG DATA
What used to consider a simple annoyance or frustration has now become a respected field of inquiry. Consumer information has transformed into Big Data. As with many things that are vast, Big Data has the potential to intimidate. It is now the professional responsibility of people working in many fields to be aware of Big Data, and be able to use it to their respective organization's advantage. Navigating through and understanding what Big Data is a formidable challenge in of itself, yet not impossible. Effective management of the 21st century cannot fear or be overwhelmed by Big Data; managers must learn how to use Big Data like any other tool within their professional arsenal to maintain the status quo and even ahead or make establish new trends in business.
Big Data is in simple terms, mass quantities of data that are…
Byrne, N. (2011) Mining Big Data for Meaning. Technology_IRELAND, 4(42), 28 -- 31.
Chong, R.F. (2012) Starting your education in big data. IBM developerWorks, BigDataUniversity, Available from: http://www.ibm.com/developerWorks . 2012 July 13.
Forsyth Communications. (2012) For Big Data Analytics There's No Such Thing as Too Big: The Compelling Economics and Technology of Big Data Computing. Available from: http://www.4sythcomm.com. 2012 July 11.
Manyika, J., Chui, M., Brown, B., Bughin, J., Dobbs, R., Roxburgh, C., & Byers, A.H. (2011) Big data: The next frontier for innovation, competition, and productivity. McKinsey Global Institute, McKinsey & Company: New York.
The details of the project are as follows:
1. The company has a four year contract encompassing 500,000 tons of coal every year at $82 for every ton
2. The production level in the four respective years include: 620,000 tons, 680,000 tons, 730,000 tons and 590,0000 tons
3. Fixed costs amounts to $4.1 million each year
4. The variable costs amount to $31 for every ton
5. Net working capital is 5 percent of the sales. This will be built up in the year before the sales
6. Spot sales of excess coal are $77 for every ton
7. Land: Purchase cost is $4 million. The land is held for ten years, after/tax sale currently $6.5 million
8. $2.7 million is necessitated for reclamation at year 5
9. Donation of land for $6 million deduction
10. Equipment cost of $95 million, 7 year MACRS depreciation
11. Equipment sale…
Spiegel & Velga (2010) report that a new international effort is underway to regulate the diffusion of mercury into the environments contextualizing mining operations. According to Spiegel & Velga, the world community has recently developed a set of International Guidelines on Mercury Management in Small-Scale Gold Mining. As Spiegel & Velga report, "commissioned by the United Nations Global Mercury Project, the purpose of the guidelines is to assist policymakers, practitioners, researchers, miners and the public in developing strategies for reducing mercury use, eliminating major pollution point sources and reducing risks." (p. 375)
This points to the worldwide interests that are implicated by the current conflict between miners and environmental advocates in Colombia, which over the course of the country's gold-mining boom, has become a template-setter for how national and world governments must balance mounting economic opportunity with the threat of environmental destruction.
AFP. (2010). Deep in Colombian Jungle,…
AFP. (2010). Deep in Colombian Jungle, a First in Eco Gold. The Independent.
Angenent, M. (2010). Artisanal Gold Mining in Colombia Co-Creating a Sustainable Future. Fair Jewelry Action.
Associated Press (AP). (2010). Colombia Shuts 18 Gold Mines. Straits Times.
Colombian Solidarity Campaign (CSC). (2007). Gold Mining in Colombia; Cauca Assembly in Resistance. Colombia Solidarity.
Safety in Mining in Australia
The mining industry in Australia is traditionally renowned for establishing best practices that are geared towards promoting the health and safety of miners as they engage in their various activities towards improved productivity. Through the use of these best practices and safety solutions, Australia's mining sector has developed to become a global leader with regards to safety and health. According to the Australian Trade Commission (2014), the health and safety of miners in the country's mining industry has partly been attributable to the use of an effective world class regulatory and policy framework. Moreover, the Australian government collaborates with industry players and stakeholders to ensure that the mining sector is free from injuries, fatalities, and disease. Currently, the Australian government utilizes a Safety Engineering Model that has helped in dealing with unsafe acts and unsafe conditions as shown in Figure 1 below (Cliff, 2012).
Australian Trade Commission. (2014, June). Australia's Mining Health and Safety Systems. Retrieved from Australian Government website:
Cliff, D. (2012). The Management of Occupational Health and Safety in the Australian Mining Industry. Retrieved May 19, 2017, from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/6625/75fe4001b93872dfa4aed58b76b4f29875e8.pdf
Evekall, E., Gillespie, B. & Riege, L. (2008, August). Improving Safety Performance in the Australian Mining Industry Through Enhanced Reporting. Retrieved May 19, 2017, from https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/energy-utilities-mining/pdf/safetypaper_english_final.pdf
Joy, J. (2004). Occupational Safety Risk Management in Australian Mining. Occupational Medicine, 54(5), 311-315.
Third, any software being used in this industry must support the continual assessment of the mining operations' impact on the environment and community from a social standpoint. Fourth, the software must have support for maintenance schedules to keep complex and expensive mining equipment maintained and in good repair. Fifth, the design of the software needs to include support for long business cycles and the costs associated with exploration and initially creating a new operation (Hulten, Bjorkstrand, 2009).
Based on these business requirements, mining software needs to be able to deliver a shared repository of information about the entire mining operation that is real-time in terms of performance. Often mining operations span multiple continents, and require an intensive level of collaboration and coordination at the project level. For many of them, the need for having a very accurate measure of costs in real-time can often determine how quickly they will…
Hulten, P., & Bjorkstrand, H.. (2009). A Case Study of the Development of an E-service for the Swedish Mining Industry. Services Marketing Quarterly, 30(1), 18.
This solution is then subjected to a process called solvent extraction (SX). The SX process concentrates and purifies the copper leach solution so the copper can be recovered at a high electrical current efficiency by the electrowinning cells. This is accomplished by adding a chemical reagent to the SX tanks, which selectively binds with and extracts the copper. This reagent is easily separated from the copper (stripped), as the operation looks to recover as much of the reagent as possible for re-use. The concentrated copper solution is dissolved in sulfuric acid and then sent to the electrolytic cells for recovery as copper plates (cathodes).
The Morenci operation has quite a large crusher, which can output at maximum approximately 63,000 tons of ore per day. This crusher pulverizes the ore and more conveyors send it to a nearby stump-leaching site called the Stargo leaching pad. This ore is agglomerated and made…
Groundwater Awareness League Homepage. (2007). "Phelps Corporation Environmental
Liabilities." Accessed via web: < http://www.g-a-l.info/ComplaintOne.htm > on August 9th, 2010.
Mine Engineer Homepage. (2010). "Copper Mining Information." Accessed via web: <
http://www.mine-engineer.com/mining/copperm.htm > on August 8th, 2010.
Deregulating the are Earth Industry
The principle thing that China is doing with the rare earth industry is regulate it. In fact, the country is attempting to regulate this industry in much the same way that regulatory agencies for other industries, such as healthcare or finance, are striving to regulate the activities of various organizations that work within it. The principle difference, of course, is that China has a near monopoly in this industry. The vast majority of the world's 17 essential substances that are comprised by the rather broad term of rare earths are mined by China -- in many instances, that mining takes place in Asia itself (No author, 2012). By offering subsidies to Chinese companies that are involved in this industry, China is attempting to regulate their productivity to keep pace with demand and to possibly fuel the laws of supply and demand that benefit the country.…
Leifert, H. (2010). Restarting U.S. rare earth production? www.earthmagazine.org. Retrieved from http://www.earthmagazine.org/article/restarting-us-rare-earth-production
No author. (2012). China signals support for rare earths. Financial Times.
Empire of the South Atlantic
"Slave owners in Brazil were not unanimous about whether Sudanese slaves from Guinea or the Bantu from Angola were the best; and fashions in slaves, as in other commodities, were not always the same. Broadly speaking, the slaves of Sudanese origin tended to be more intelligent, more robust, and more hard working (when they did work), but they were more rebellious and less disposed to become reconciled to their menial lot. The Bantu on the other hand, were more cheerful, adaptable, and loquacious, but were not so strong or so resilient to disease" (Charles B., 4).
The excerpt above gives central aspects that informed the choice of slaves and hence the geographical areas of concertation by the slave traders. Basically the slaves were seen as commodities whose value was based on the needs of the slave owner, the physical capabilities and the inner or innate…
Mining on the Denniston Plateau
Towards the northwestern side of South Island of New Zealand is situated a small settlement that is known by the name of Denniston. The area formed by this settlement is the West Coast region of the country. This small town is situated on the small Mount ochfort Plateau in the mountain ranges of Papahaua, which measure around 600 meters above sea level, meanwhile the distance from Westport is 18 kilometers towards northeast.
At the start of the 20th century, the population of this small settlement was recorded to be about 2000, because of the huge coal mine that is situated quite close to where the people had settled. Speaking of now, the area has become more of a ghost town and hardly 50 people live here. It will not be wrong to say that the fate, location and history of Denniston are not very different…
Barnden, A., & Harding, J. (2005). Shredders and leaf breakdown in streams polluted by coal mining in the South Island, New Zealand. University Of Canterbury. School Of Biological Sciences..
Cashdollar, K., & Sapko, M. (2006). . -- EXPLOSION HAZARDS OF COAL DUST IN THE PRESENCE OF METHANE. Handbook For Methane Control In Mining, 147.
Greenpeace International. (2010).
Mfe.govt.nz,. (2014). Laws and treaties | Ministry for the Environment. Retrieved 21 August 2014, from http://www.mfe.govt.nz/laws/
Industy analysts pedict that moe touble lies ahead fo the mining industy in Austalia as well, but given its poduction of many of the wold's stategic mineal esouces that ae needed fo a wide ange of industial pocesses, it is likely just a matte of time befoe companies such as Rio Tinto witness a esumption of demand by its majo expot patnes in the futue.
Austalia. (2009). U.S. govenment: CIA wold factbook. [Online]. Available: https://www.cia.
The Austalian mineals industy and the Austalian economy. (2009). Mineals Council of Austalia. [Online]. Available: http://www.mineals.og.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/
Austalian mining industy diminished by almost 5% in 2008. (2009). Coobe Pedy Regional
Times. [Online]. Available: http://coobepedyegionaltimes.wodpess.com/
Condie, B. (2007, July 10). BHP and Blackstone may link fo 20 billion pound ALCOA bid. The Evening Standad (London), 29.
Messenge, J.C. (2004). Woking time and wokes' pefeences in industialized counties:
Finding the balance. New Yok: Routledge.…
references in industrialized countries:
Finding the balance. New York: Routledge.
Mol, T. (2002, October). An accident theory that ties safety and productivity together.
Occupational Hazards, 64(10), 89-90.
Mudrooroo, W. (1999). Mining the earth without minding the Earth. World Literature Today,
AIDS on South African Development
Today, the chromium, platinum, gold and diamond mining sectors provide the largest percentage of export revenues for South Africa. One of the inevitable consequences of these natural resource extraction industries is the proliferation of mining camps that house the migrant domestic and foreign workers from neighboring countries that support the industry. Although conditions vary, most mining camps are squalid affairs that lack running water, electricity or the other basic amenities of modern life that most people take for granted. These harsh living conditions, combined with the loneliness that results from being forced to spend long periods of time away from family and friends, create an ideal environment for the spread of communicable diseases, especially human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV / AIDS). This paper provides a review of the related primary and secondary literature concerning mining camps and their role in the spread…
Boe, Hans-Petter and Crush, Jonathan. HIV / AIDS, Population Mobility and Migration in Southern Africa: Defining a Research and Policy Agenda. Pretoria: Regional HIV / AIDS
Programme for Southern Africa of the Netherlands' Embassy in Pretoria, 2005.
Lurie, M. et al. (1999). "Circular Migration and Sexual Networking in Rural KwaZulu-Natal:
Implications for the Spread of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases." Health
Strip Mining Project
Strip mining has long attracted the attention that "fracking" is now due to the proven or at least theoretical environmental impacts and issues that can or definitely arise when the practice is engaged in. Not unlike similar industries like timber, anything that destroys or alters wetlands/marshes, anything that leads to increase erosion and so forth is hotly contested and debated. Even basic things like irrigation of crops can raise a proverbial stink if the water is denied to people or states that happen to be downstream and they feel they need/deserve it so as to provide drinking water, their own crop irrigation or other environmental concerns. While strip mining, especially that which relates to energy like lignite and lithium, is here to stay and largely cannot be stopped, the real and tangible impacts it can and does have need to be taken seriously before the lignite-harvesting project…
EIA. (2014, June 23). Coal. EIA Energy Kids. Retrieved June 23, 2014, from http://www.eia.gov/KIDS/ENERGY.CFM?PAGE=COAL_HOME-BASICS
WSGS. (2014, June 23). Wyoming State Geological Survey. Wyoming State Geological
Survey. Retrieved June 23, 2014, from http://www.wsgs.uwyo.edu/Research/Energy/Coal/Diagrams.aspx
WVC. (2014, June 23). 2013. Coal Facts. Retrieved June 23, 2014, from http://www.wvcoal.com/coal-facts-2013.html
relationships and distinctions between the information systems concepts of data warehousing and data mining, which combined with online analytical processing (OLAP) form the backbone of decision support capability in the database industry. Decision support applications impose different demands for OLAP database technology than the online transaction processing (OLTP) model that preceded it. Data mining with OLAP differs from OLTP queries in the use of multidimensional data models, different data query and analysis tools at both the user-facing front end and the database back end, and different mechanisms for data extraction and preparation before loading into a data warehouse can take place. The construction of data warehouses entails the operations of data cleaning and data integration, which are key pre-processing steps for enabling data mining. Furthermore, the concept of metadata (data about data) is essential to the functioning of a data warehouse, and must be managed appropriately for an effective and…
Berson, A., & Smith, S.J. (1997). Data Warehousing, Data Mining, and Olap (1st ed.). McGraw-Hill. Retrieved from http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=549950
Chaudhuri, S., & Dayal, Umeshwar. (1997). An overview of data warehousing and OLAP technology. ACM Digital Library, 26(1). doi:10.1145/248603.248616
Douq, Q. (2009, November 24). Comparison of Oracle to IBM DB2 UDB and NCR Teradata for Data Warehousing. X-Space. Retrieved November 14, 2011, from http://space.itpub.net/673608/viewspace-620367
Gartner Newsroom. (2008). Gartner Reveals Five Business Intelligence Predictions for 2009 and Beyond. Retrieved November 14, 2011, from http://www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=856714
ecommendations for Organizations
The many factors of data mining and their use for profiling customers and their needs also create opportunities for organizations to build greater levels of trust with their customers as well. And trust is the greatest asset any marketer can have today. The following are a series of recommendations for how organizations can address demographic influences that impact their marketing strategies in light of concerns surrounding the ethics of data mining.
First, it is imperative, across all demographic segments that marketers make a deliberate a very clear effort to explain their opt-in and opt-out policies and also provides evidence that they do what they claim to in this area. The greatest challenge for the consumer is controlling their personal information online and ensuring it is well managed to their preferences (Pratt. Conger, 2009). Marketers who give consumer control over their data in this way will…
Adams, N.M. (2010). Perspectives on data mining. International Journal of Market Research, 52(1), 11.
Bose, I., & Chen, X. (2009). Hybrid models using unsupervised clustering for prediction of customer churn. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 19(2), 133.
Kaiser, C., & Bodendorf, F. (2012). Mining consumer dialog in online forums. Internet Research, 22(3), 275-297.
Kiron, D. (2012). Why detailed data is as important as big data. MIT Sloan Management Review, 53(4), 1-3.
In the cases of the kimberlite or lamproite pipes, open-pit mining is most commonly used. This involves a progressive digging at the source of the pipe (Open Pit, No Date). In effect, a giant crater is created that allows for transportation of trucks, people and heavy equipment to the bottom (Open Pit, No Date). A mining operation will dig deeper and deeper into the pit, excavating diamonds and their rock hosts. Sometimes, diamonds and their kimberlite or lamproite hosts have been deposited above and around the pit (known as eluvial deposits), which are much simpler to mine (Learning About, No Date).
Of course, once diamonds are extracted from rocks, a skilled process of sorting ensues. Diamonds are manually sorted by experts who determine issues such as size, quality and color to assess whether the diamonds will be sold as gems or to industrial clients. The diamonds are often routed through…
Diamonds and Diamond Simulants" (No Date). Retrieved Nov. 24, 2006 from the Web site for the University of California at Berkeley at http://socrates.berkeley.edu/~eps2/wisc/Lect6.html .
Diamond Mining" (No Date). Retrieved Nov. 24, 2006 from the Web site for the Environmental Literacy Council at http://www.enviroliteracy.org/article.php/1121.html .
Diamond Trading Company" (No Date). Retrieved Nov. 24, 2006 from the Web Site for De Beers Group at ( http://www.debeersgroup.com/debeersweb/About+De+Beers/De+Beers+World+Wide/Diamond+Trading+Company+ (Dtc)/.
Learning About Diamonds" (No Date). Retrieved Nov. 24, 2006 from the Web site for Kings Jewelry at http://www.kingsjewelry.com/learning_diamond_mining02.shtml .
DBMS and Data Warehouses
(1) in this writing assignment, you will create a brochure advertising your services as a data repository.
Powered By Excellence
Data epository Service
Powered By Excellence is the only data repository service with globally-located data centers across each continent, each with specific security, reliability and fault redundancy systems in place.
Our staff includes world-class experts on the following platforms: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, MySQL, Informix, Sybase, Teradata and SAS expertise in-house as part of our consulting services division.
Analytics Advisory Services
Big Data Consultancy - Map and Hadoop expertise for gaining insights from very large datasets)
Custom Software Development
SaaS Application Support
Scalable File Storage
Private Cloud Hosting (Dedicated storage and unlimited virtual machines)
High performance with a world-class platform
24/7 Administrator Access
Unlimited Virtual Machine Use
Service Level Agreement (SLA) metrics available 24/7
Trusted Provider of Data epository Services:
(Benander, Benander, Fadlalla, Gregory, 2000)
Benander, A., Benander, B., Fadlalla, A., & Gregory, J. (2000). Data warehouse administration and management. Information Systems Management, 17(1), 71-80.
Choudhary, A.K., Harding, J.A., & Tiwari, M.K. (2009). Data mining in manufacturing: A review based on the kind of knowledge. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 20(5), 501-521.
He, Z., Lee, B.S., & Snapp, R. (2005). Self-tuning cost modeling of user-defined functions in an object-relational DBMS. ACM Transactions on Database Systems, 30(3), 812-812.
Upper Big Branch Mining Disaster
Industrial Calamities Can Be Avoided if Companies espected the Law
Abiding by federal or state industrial laws is necessary since genuine minded legislators have processed the laws and not the profit-minded shark operating as a company executive. Laws provide a framework at which companies should follow. In most cases, laws specify the necessity of appreciating human life. Furthermore, laws provide an equal balancing of social expectations and company objectives. However, some companies have broken the laws. From their illegal actions, different calamities have been experienced in an industrial situation. The commencing research will highlight an example of this company, Massey Energy and its 2010 incidence that led to the perishing of 29 industrial workers. The research will prove that the self-regulation is not ethical as compared to industrial laws set by the government.
What Massey Energy could have done to avoid this tragedy?
Blindheim, B., & Langhelle, O. (2010). A reinterpretation of the principles of CSR: a pragmatic approach. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 2, n/a-n/a.
Brenner, F.J., Brenner, E.K., Brenner, P.E., & Steiner, R.P. (1994). Evaluation of procedures to estimate biomass on surface coalmine lands reclaimed under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. Environmental Management, 18(2), 307-315.
Jenkins, H. (2004). Corporate Social Responsibility And The Mining Industry: Conflicts And Constructs. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 11(1), 23-34.
Long, L.A. (2009). History of process safety at OSHA. Process Safety Progress, 28(2), 128-130.
consultancy firm expertise international business challenges issues. You present analysis a business report. Your report focus identification discursive analysis main issues include conclusions recommendations.
isk analysis: Australia vs. Colombia and the Democratic epublic of Congo
New taxes are always worrisome, and the Australian government's recent decision to pass a 30% tax on profits from iron ore and coal have left many investors scurrying in search of other investment opportunities in alternate countries with lower tax rates and labor costs (Scott 2011). However, simply looking at a balance sheet to determine average tax rates and wages is only a small component of deciding whether a country is a worthwhile investment. With this caveat in mind, it must be cautioned that the proposed decision to shift resources to investing in the coal mining sector in Colombia and the iron ore sector in the Democratic epublic of Congo is neither viable nor cheaper…
Janda, Michael. (2013). Trade deficit falls on iron ore, coal recovery. CNN. Retrieved:
[14 Apr 2013]
Scott, Jason. 2012. Australia Passes 30% Tax on Iron-Ore, Coal Mining Profits. Businessweek.
Since taconite iron ore can be attracted by magnets, it is called a magnetite. Magnetite is abundant in the Minnesota Iron ange as well as the Michigan Iron ange that is located next to Marquette as well as in the Penokee ange in Wisconsin, Minnesota. In Wisconsin-Minnesota's Gogebic-Penokee ange, the taconite iron ore deposits are concentrated on the bands that run from the Mellen area in Ashland County up to the area near Upson in the Iron County.
The taconite iron ore extraction process
The mining of taconite iron ore in the Gogebic-Penokee ange is carried out by means of open-pit mining methods. The mining process commences by the drilling of a hole into the ground in order to determine the exact location and quality of the iron ore deposit. The drilling also reveals the characteristics of the rocks that surround the ore. For the rather large modern mines, there…
Broman, A (2011)'Silent Majority' Backs Penokee Mine: Gogebic Taconite President
Cannon, W.F., (1973)The Penokean orogeny in northern Michigan, in Young, G.M., ed., Huronian stratigraphy and sedimentation: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper
Clements, B and Sack, C (2008)Introduction to Mining in the Penokees
Lost Mountain' and look at what the writer say about coal mining and its overall effects to the overall environment and the entire human race. It will first analyze the problem at hand both from the political side and other actors involved in the coal mining on mountain tops. In addition to that the study will go ahead to see the varying criticism and proponents views on the issue and particularly on what the author of the book takes on the issue. According to Reece, the author of the book, the problem of coal miming on mountaintops has a political twist which makes it difficult to solve or work on its solution.
Lost mountain is a book by Reece Erik that has been eloquently been written and quite moving with the main agenda concentrating on the issue of cold mining at the mountain tops. Reece is mainly against the practice…
Reece E. (2006) Lost Mountain: A year in the Vanishing Wilderness: Radical Strip Mining and the Devastation of Appalachia, Riverhead Books Publishers
Lasswell H. (2007) American Political Scientist
colorful period in America's remarkable early history is the gold rush era. In the late 1800's the discovery of gold triggered a flood of immigrants into the country, all intent on making their fortune. These miners shaped the early history of America, and created a great deal of the legend that surrounds the era of the "ild est." hile some of the legends of lawlessness and debauchery are clearly exaggerated, life in the mining towns of the gold rush era was clearly rough and ready.
This paper will examine life in the mining camps of the gold rush era. This will include a look at the people who made up the camps, the general atmosphere, as well as prostitution, gambling, general lawlessness, and the role of religion within the mining camps. The demise of the mining camps will be examined in the context of the development of the railroad and…
Arizona's Ghost Towns. 02 December 2003. http://www.carizona.com/ghosttowns.html
Baumgart, Don. Some Mining Camps Faded Others Grew To Be Cities. Nevada County Gold Online Magazine. 02 December 2003. http://www.ncgold.com/History/BecomingCA_Archive22.html
CmdrMark. Travels in the American Southwest. 02 December 2003. http://www.cmdrmark.com/ghosttowns.html
Koeppel, Elliot H. The California Gold Country: Highway 49 Revisited. Malakoff & Co.
Data mining is one of the ways that a company can check into this consideration, but it is far from the only way. Companies that over-utilize it as a means to solve all of their problems are usually the companies that fail or struggle because they start making bad business choices.
These can be corrected but it takes time, and companies that do not learn what they did wrong will often continue data mining in an effort to discover where they went wrong. This can compound the problem and allow data miners to truly overwhelm the organization with facts, figures, calculations, and ideas for change. Some of these will certainly be good ideas, but they will get lost in the shuffle, and if a business implements one good idea and three bad ideas, that good idea will probably not be recognized because sales will continue to fall. Companies that are…
While the "quality and the craftsmanship [of Tiffany & Co.'s products] must stand the test of time," the conscience of a socially responsible attitude towards its products becomes an even more important element in order to make the customers appreciate the true value of its offer.
The added value of an "industry leader" approach concerning the social responsibility issues involved by the industry is also a desired course of action, as it brings positive effects on the environment and the fulfillment of ethical promises by the company, its ambassadorship within the industry brings even greater environmental benefits, through a stronger alliance to lobby and fight for the environment.
From a business point-of-view, it brings Tiffany's a differentiation point, giving it a competitive advantage in front of its competitors, something that just working with price, placement, promotion and products (marketing mix elements) can not entirely achieve.
This brings us to the…
Business dictionary, Ethical Issue definition, retrieved online November 6, 2009 at http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/ethical-issue.html
Business dictionary, Fiduciary Duty definition, retrieved online November 6, 2009 at http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/fiduciary-duty.html
Gagnon, Geoffrey, Moving Mountains, Legal Affairs, Sept-Oct 2004, retrieved online November 6, 2009 at http://www.legalaffairs.org/issues/September-October-2004/story_gagnon_sepoct04.msp
Kosich, Dorothy, And, now, a few words from Tiffany & Co, Mineweb, South Africa, November 11, 2004, retrieved online November 5, 2009 at http://www.mineweb.com/mineweb/view/mineweb/en/page15831?oid=3232&sn=Detail
Prenegotiation Memorandum (pm)
Re: Tamarack, MN and Twin Lakes Mining Company
Twin Lakes Mining Company
The Twin Lakes Mining Company (hereafter known as 'company') makes significant contribution to Tamarack, Minnesota - employing 21% of the residents, providing 33% of the total real estate tax base - and is considered an integral entity to the town's longevity. The city needs Twin Lakes to maintain the current standard of living the residents enjoy.
The City of Tamarack
The city operates on a zero deficit per annum decree. Twin Lakes Mining Company has directly caused some of the need for improvements concerning water quality, air quality, and effluvia and pollution management. The city also relies upon the heavy property taxation to provide economic, culture, and recreation services to the community. Twin Lakes Mining Company does not need the City of Tamarack (hereafter known as 'city') to continue operations in…
residents of Buffalo Creek were immensely affected by strip mining in a way which was highly negative. As such, this process of strip mining which the Company was doing was very threatening to their way of life. These people lived in very close proximity to the mountain in which the Company was performing strip mining. Essentially, strip mining was causing the mountain to erode. The eroding mountain would make things fall from it, which would destroy the houses and the lives and the livelihoods of the people living in close proximity to the mountain. Therefore, the Company was making profits by destroying the lives of the people who lived near this mountain. This process of strip mining, then, was one of the most detrimental that the Company could have done to mountaineers who lived so close to this particular mountain. The profits for the company or the men employed in…
When it comes to strategic information management, there are many options that a company has. Data mining, data warehousing, and the various OLAP options are only some of the tools that can be used, but they are three of the most important - if they are used correctly. Because there are several options with OLAP it is very versatile and most companies can find a way to make it work for them so that they can quickly get the answers that they are looking for and help to keep their company moving forward. The other two business intelligence tools, data mining and data warehousing, are also very important, but like any of the other tools there are contributions that they offer and drawbacks that they have. The key to using them all effectively is getting a good understanding of what they can bring to an organization and what they…
On the other hand, liquidated damage provisions of contracts may not be used primarily for the purpose of imposing punishment for any breach.
For an example of a permissible liquidated damage clause using the facts of the previous case, the jewelry company could have included a liquidated damage clause requiring the mining company to compensate the jewelry company for the amount of money actually lost by virtue of losing the benefit of the 10% discount based on the market price of gold for the remainder of the contract term. Conversely, the jewelry company could not have included a liquidated damage clause specifying one-million dollars in damages for any breach of contract by the mining company.
It is common practice for parties to litigation to exchange mutual releases of liability. This protects them from any future liability arising from arguments that certain circumstances were not covered by the settlement…
Halbert, T., and Ingulli, E. (2007). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment.
Cincinnati, OH: West.
All of these factos then contibute to the complexity of hiing senio intenational positions, and undescoe the HR issues that ae going to cause difficulties in the hiing pocess.
De Bees' ecuiting pocess is going to have to focus on those pofessionals in citical skill gap positions that ae accustomed to being in an industy that has complex ethical tade-offs that need to be made, yet has the necessay initiative level to attack manual pocesses that need to be updated to me maket-competitive instead of catel-sustaining. This becomes moe concete when the consideations ae taken into account of hiing a new geneal manage fo one of the company's many diamond fields in Afica. Anyone fom a manufactuing backgound will find the pocesses in these diamond fields achaic and nealy impossible to apply advanced Six Sigma planning techniques to, much less measue in any meaningful way. Thee ae also no eal…
references. This is a critical measurement for De Beers to produce the right demand at the right price for each specific geographic market.
Brand Studies -as De Beers gets completely immersed in a market-driven business model this is going to be critical for them to concentrate on over time. Just as measuring the Return on Marketing Investments is critical; this measure tells De beers Marketing how effective their branding campaigns are being.
Fair Trade Compliance & Audit Ratings - it is essential for De Beers to focus on providing audited statements of the extent to which they adhere to Fair Trade Compliance and Ethics guidelines that need to be created through the Chief Governance Officer, a position the company needs to create to ensure compliance to these critical standards. The company cannot afford to operate in an ethical vacuum as its approaches to mining, exploration and treatment of workers is now transparent to the world via the Internet.
Financial Analysis of Synthetic Diamonds - a relatively new business for De Beers, this area has financial statements defining all key financial ratios in addition to market forecasts by country and also by distribution channel.
Retail Channel Forecast by Product and by Channel - De Beers also is monitoring retail channel forecasts by type of diamond and by channel within each of the four countries they are operating in. In addition, inventory velocities from these reports provide De Beers supply chain and procurement departments with the necessary visibility to anticipate demand fro each retail channel in each country and align manufacturing availability to each market's needs.
Once the technology is recognized as effective, by the industry and enforcement agencies these mines could even be offered deductions as a result of their reflected commitment to reduce injury and fatalities in the industry, through the provision of "Moxie" to employees. This jump in efficacy could reasonably take place, given the relative cost of the equipment and the desire of the industry to have such technology in as short a time as five years. It is hoped that once the efficacy is proven and the minors are recognized to have avoided accident and tragedy that the device will become a required aspect of equipping a minor and will therefore skyrocket in sales and more importantly improve the overall safety of the mine, tenfold.
In conclusion "Moxie" will offer the minor and the organization they work for, greater assurance that toxic gas will no longer be an unavoidable danger…
USDL Bureau of Labor Statistics "Career Guide: Mining" website at http://www.bls.gov/oco/cg/cgs004.htm#conditions
USDL OSHA's Mission Statement website at http://www.osha.gov/oshinfo/mission.html
Rio Tinto Group wholly owns and operates mining and processing ventures under the holding Rio Tinto Iron Ore Group. This group is largely focused on projects in North America and Australia. Development projects are underway in West Africa and India but are currently uninvolved in the iron ore projects in Mozambique and Tanzania (Rio Tinto Iron Ore 2011). Regarding subsidiary management, the Rio Tinto Group has made clear that they require all of their subsidiaries to develop independent programs to remain in compliance with the Group's policies, such as the sustainable develop initiative the Group developed in response to climate change (Rio Tinto 2011). The Group stated all of their subsidiaries are required to develop three-year programs to bring them into compliance with Rio Tinto's policies.
Rio Tinto, like other mining multinational enterprises, has encountered a shortage of mining inputs such as tires, due to the huge expansion in demand…
Corporations interested in expanding operations to Mozambique and Tanzania should be prepared for years of assessment and development at the managerial level. A recent Rio Tinto publication regarding operations in Madagascar quoted a mining manager who performed assessments in the country between 1989 and 2001 in order to ready the area for industrial activity. Rio Tinto also found it necessary to create culturally competent informational resources in order to explain the plan for the area to the local population. The infrastructural development efforts of Rio Tinto have extended beyond the creation of material resources. Rio Tinto management has paired with NGO projects in target countries, including Mozambique, to implement health education and community betterment projects, in an effort to uplift sociocultural and medical conditions as well as economic conditions
Rio Tinto has endeavored to make certain that mining practices do not interfere negatively with indigenous livelihoods, particularly subsistence farming, one of the chief occupations in Mozambique. Site managers worked to insure that drill rigs did not interfere with cultivated areas through community relation efforts, though did make compensations to farmers when such preservation efforts were not feasible.
A project manager and geologist from Rio Tinto created a four-prong strategy to community relations, an aspect of project development the Group emphasizes is crucial. The process in Mozambique involved the creation of a community engagement committee involving pairing senior community leaders with Rio Tinto management; the involvement of local people in assessments fieldwork; their continued involvement in route planning and, finally; the payment of compensations at a community meeting to keep all economic activity transparent. These efforts underscore the importance to
functions of an information system. List and describe three types of enterprise systems.
he four basic functions of an information system are gathering data, storing data, processing that data into information, and outputting the information (O'Leary & O'Leary, 2008). he system has to be able to collect data, or have the data placed into it, or it does not have anything with which it can work and with which it can provide output information after an analysis takes place. Storing data is a big part of what an information system does, because the data is important and must not be lost. A system that could not store data would not be valuable to a company for collection and retention of data (O'Leary & O'Leary, 2008). Once the data has been collected and stored, it can then be analyzed in order to draw conclusions from it based on the type of…
The four main points of IT strategic plans are the mission statement, the SWOT analysis, the list of actions to be prioritized, and the "road maps" that are used to examine and readjust the strategic plan in the future (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). The mission statement is a very important part of the plan, because it is the basic definition of what the company stands for and where it is headed in the future. Without it, IT cannot plan for continued structure and development, which can cause the company to stagnate (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). The SWOT analysis comes next, and addresses the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that are being faced by the IT department of the company. These can include both internal and external issues, both of which have to be dealt with correctly in order to allow the company to continue to see success (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). Because IT is such an important part of companies today, what happens in that department affects nearly everything else that takes place within the company.
Prioritizing the actions needed is next on the list when it comes to IT strategic planning. There is no need to work on something just for the sake of working, when there are more important issues to be faced (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). Prioritizing everything means that the IT department will be focused on the most important issues first, so that the concerns that really need to be addressed do not languish. Finally, road maps are required so that the company can see where it intends to have its IT department at specific intervals in the future. These are usually at the one, two, and three-year marks, but they can be placed at other intervals, as well (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). There is no specific rule for when they need to be seen, and every company is different.
Bradford, R.W. & Duncan, J.P. (2000). Simplified strategic planning. NY: Chandler House.
Lands are reclaimed to a condition that typically is 20 times more productive for grazing than native range. These results, which are nationally recognized, are important to local American Indian families who make their livelihood raising cattle, sheep and goats (Peabody Western Coal Company 2007:1).
Of course, the company is ignoring the damage to the water supply when it makes these claims and does not account for this damage against the benefits. The intent of the company is clear in a settlement proposal it made to keep Black Mesa in operation while giving the federal government control over the aquifer and dismissing all claims against Peabody for injury to the groundwater (Helms 2007:1).
A call to action by a group called Honor the Earth makes the implicatiosn for the sacred land clear:
If the plan to allow Peabody to restart its Black Mesa Mine goes ahead, the cultural implications will…
Anderson, Frederick R., Jeffrey D. Baxter, Bruce a. Bishop, David Brookshire, F. Lee Brown, Albert M. Church, Mark O. Evans, Allen V. Kneese, Jerrold E. Levy, Alfred L. Parker, William D. Schulze, Walter O. Spofford, and Michael Williams
1981 the Southwest under Stress: National Resource Development Issues in a Regional Setting. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
1999 the Wind Won't Know Me: A History of the Navajo-Hopi Land Dispute. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.
high quality (error-Free) data entry.
Data entry is a vital part of a number of businesses. As such, it has to be of the highest quality and error-free. While there is generally no guarantee that data can be 100% error-free all the time, the more any data avoids errors the more likely the company will be to provide its customer with a good experience (Kos, Kosar, & Mernik, 2012). Additionally, companies that have data errors can end up in trouble because they are using the wrong details to make decisions about what they can and should be doing to move their business forward. If a company is not focused on entering data in a way that is free from errors (and omissions), that company can get a reputation as being sloppy and not well-prepared to handle its business and its customers (Kos, Kosar, & Mernik, 2012). Consumers who provide data…
Enterprise Resource Planning, or ERP, is designed to manage a business through every stage it reaches and moves through. It is generally presented as a suite of applications that are all integrated with one another, and that provide real-time information on the processes that are at the core of the business (Loh & Koh, 2004). Originally, ERP was designed to be something that was for back-office use only (Loh & Koh, 2004). It helped to keep a business running, but it was not for the customers to see. It also did not provide any kind of interactive tools that could be used with customers. However, over time that changed and customer relationship management (CRM) and other functions were integrated into ERP (Loh & Koh, 2004). That made a significant difference in how companies did business, especially online, because customers could reach these companies so much more easily than they were able to do in the past. That advanced business-related technology rapidly.
The main objectives of ERP are to help a company operate more smoothly and interact with its customers in the best way possible. These software suites store information, help a company plan and implement multiple considerations, allow for customer feedback, track the success of ideas and plans that the company has provided to the public, and make sure customers are getting what they asked for from a company (Loh & Koh, 2004). As such, ERP software needs to be upgraded from time to time, in order to ensure it is still providing the company and the customers with the best experience possible (Loh & Koh, 2004). If that is found not to be the case, it becomes time to make changes in order to continue advancing the company and moving it forward, as well as keeping customers happy with their interactions.
Loh, T.C., & Koh, S.C.L. (2004). Critical elements for a successful ERP implementation in SMEs. International Journal of Production Research, 42(17): 3433 -- 3455.
Predictive analytics help companies to understand the behavior of consumers. The way that predictive analytics works is that data from the past is used to help refine predictions about the future (CGI, 2013). Companies basically analyzed demand in terms of a wide range of variables in order to arrive at a better estimate for future outcomes than otherwise would have been found. It is basically the same principle as predicting that a colder, snowier winter will help Wal-Mart sell more snowblowers, but with hard data, sophisticated algorithms and reliable outputs -- such as x number of snow days will equal y number of snow blowers sold.
One of the interesting elements of predictive analytics is with associations, and this has been used fairly extensively in retail. Associations discovery is where correlations between things are noted that might not have been apparent. So that link between snow blowers and…
CGI. (2013). Predictive analytics. CGI Retrieved June 2, 2014 from http://www.cgi.com/sites/default/files/white-papers/Predictive-analytics-white-paper.pdf
Jain, A., Murty, M. & Flynn, P. (1999). Data clustering: A review. ACM Computing Systems. Vol. 31 (3) 264-323.
Nearing, B. (2013). Mining Internet for chunks of gold. Times Union. Retrieved June 2, 2014 from http://www.timesunion.com/business/article/Mining-Internet-for-chunks-of-gold-5056469.php
Olavsrud, T. (2014). CIOs should push big data projects but prioritize privacy. CIO Magazine. Retrieved June 2, 2014 from http://www.cio.com/article/753612/CIOs_Should_Push_Big_Data_Projects_but_Prioritize_Privacy
"White's canonization is part of a larger cultural shift, which saw the development of many kinds of institutions and critiques aimed at making Australia culturally richer and more autonomous" (During, 1996). Therefore, the changing way that he portrayed women in his work may have signaled an awareness of the fact that women's roles were changing in Australian society as whole. Therefore, in the Tree of Man, White's approach to Thelma, which, but because he is showing disgust for what Thelma symbolizes. Interestingly enough, this symbolization goes far beyond her gender. "Thelma is the character who most embodies the values of Australians in the fifties as White described them: she is conventional, insipid, dishonest, and single-minded in pursuit of material security" (McKeman, 1989). Therefore, when examining White's treatment of women in his work, it is always critical to recall the historical context.
Perhaps it should not be surprising that…
Brooks, B. & Clarke, J. (1998). Eleanor Dark: a writer's life. Sydney: McMillan.
Casey, G. (1958). Snowball. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.
Clancy, L. (2004). Culture and customs of Australia. Westpord, CT: Greenwood Publishing
Centralia 1947 Mine Explosion
Throughout the annals of the American industrialized age, countless tragedies have occurred within the workplace and these incidents have forced the public at large to consider the weighty issue of applying moral precepts to the realm of public administration. While the tomes of American jurisprudence are littered with examples of corporate enterprises and bureaucratic entities failing to uphold their basic responsibilities, perhaps no case has demonstrated the capacity to generate both outrage and activism as readily as The Blast in Centralia No. 5: A Mine Disaster No One Stopped. Authored by John Bartlow Martin, this seminal case study examines the unique confluence of internal and external circumstances which eventually resulted in the 1947 explosion of Centralia Mine No. 5, a catastrophe which claimed the lives of 111 coal miners. By carefully retracing the series of events preceding the actual explosion, including a history of the Centralia…
Hartley, R.E., & Kenney, D. (2006). Death underground: The centralia and west frankfort mine disasters. Chicago, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.
Fanning, F. (2007). Public sector safety professionals: Focused on activity or results?. Perspectives Newsletter, 6(3), 11-15. Retrieved from http://www.usmra.com/repository/category/disasters/Best-of-the -
Martin, J.B. (1948). The blast in centralia no. 5: A mine disaster no one stopped. In R.J. Stillman
I think this 20 million dollar process may be replaced with an eco-friendly material based insulator making technique. Even lay people are aware of the many uses of igneous rocks: countertops, floors, tiles, landscaping, construction, sink cleanser, sandpaper (Rice & McKeown, 2008). Granite is used for buildings and monuments; granite and other rocks are crushed up into gravel and used as a foundation for concrete roads or even help create concrete (Rice & McKeown, 2008). Many of the various forms of igneous rocks help in the creation of steel or contribute to insulation. There's absolutely no reason why these rocks can't further be improved and used in a more widespread manner for insulation.
Each prototype was made twice for them to be averaged out on each data concerning relative densities, thermal conductivity and other characteristics. Preparatory to this data analysis, the pre-experiment categorization of minerals was conducted to gain…
trouble with Philadelphia's water billing system is a technical problem or a people problem? Why?
From the case study it is at first difficult to separate the two and decide whether the issue rests mainly with the people involved or the system. The people who developed the system did not anticipate using it for such a broad application, so they are responsible for not preparing the system for such an application before they tried to use it. The system itself cannot handle the complex load required of a water billing system to the 500,000 customers that reside in Philadelphia. In the end, it seems more likely that this was "operator error" more than something that was wrong with the system itself. This will become apparent in the following discussion.
The first group of people who made an error were the city officials who did not conduct an adequate amount of…
76). As automation increasingly assumes the more mundane and routine aspects of work of all types, Drucker was visionary in his assessment of how decisions would be made in the years to come. "In the future," said Drucker, "it was possible that all employment would be managerial in nature, and we would then have progressed from a society of labor to a society of management" (Witzel, p. 76). The first tasks of the manager, then, are to coordinate an organization's resources and provide a viable framework in which they can be used to produce goods and services effectively and efficiently. The second set of tasks concern guidance and control. In Drucker's view, this role is almost entirely proactive: "Economic forces set limits to what a manager can do. They create opportunities for management's action. But they do not by themselves dictate what a business is or what it does" (Drucker,…
Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 there has been a significant effort to protect America from any further terrorist attacks. The purpose of this discussion is to examine the U.S. National Security Agency's ability to identify and monitor the communications of terrorists and prevent terrorism from occuring. The research will also investigate how the implications of employing these techniques for foreign intelligence surveillance suggests that the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act ("FISA") is inadequate in addressing recent technological developments. These developments include the transition from circuit-based to packet-based communications; the globalization of communications infrastructure; and the development of automated monitoring techniques, including data mining and traffic analysis. The research will also focus on how FISA is challenged by technological developments.
The Monitoring of Communications
The National Security agency was created to "protect U.S. national security systems and to produce foreign signals intelligence information." The strategic plan of the…
Bill to Amend FISA. (2007) The United States Select Committee on Intelligence. Retrieved March 4, 2009 from; http://intelligence.senate.gov/071019/fisa.pdf
Feingold, R. (2008) Remarks of U.S. Senator Russ Feingold
Opposing H.R. 6304, FISA Amendments Act of 2008. Retrieved March 4, 2009 from;
In addition to using this new department to create project assignments for otherwise idle personnel, this would become an essential path to preparing CGMS for competition in the long-term future. hile the company's eroding schedule of future projects suggests economic downturn, it also underscores the risk of working in the fossil fuel sector. ith future environmental and conservation concerns promising to impact mining operations such as those upon which CGMS depends, the company's newly minted R&D department would emphasize projects aimed at reducing the carbon footprint created by mining operations as well as investigating alternative fuel sources. Given the company's extensive resources and highly qualified personnel, it may have the opportunity to posture itself as a leader of future energy efficiency efforts. Ultimately, internal training and some measure of ERP-informed recruitment would be necessary to actualize this objective.
Finally, it is evidence that greater accountability is needed, if not to…
Baker, G. (2007). Shared Services Can Reduce HR Process Cost Cuts by up to 80%; While Driving Improved Satisfaction, Productivity, and Quality. The Hackett Group.
Chan, S.H. & Kuok, O.M. (2011). A Study of Human Resources Recruitment, Selection, and Retention Issues in the Hospitality and Tourism Industry in Macau. Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality & Tourism, 10(4).
Heathfield, S.M. (2011). Do Powerful Internal Training. About Human Resources.
Open Source ERP. (2010). ERP HR Module. Open-source-erp-site.com.
Both proposals were consequently amended and eventually accepted by the SEC.
The audit committee makes sure that the books aren't being cooked and that shareholders are properly informed of the financial status of the firm. Characteristically, the audit committee advocates the CPA firm that will audit the company's books, appraises the activities of the company's independent accountants and internal auditors, and reviews the company's internal control systems and its accounting and financial reporting requirements and practices. The compensation committee usually does the following: (1) recommends the selection of the CEO, (2) reviews and approves the appointment of officers who report directly to the CEO, (3) reviews and approves the compensation of the CEO and the managers reporting to the CEO, and (4) administers the stock compensation and other incentive plans. The suggested committee establishes experience for potential directors (Lunnie, 2007; pg. 90). It also puts collectively a list of candidates…
Determining Issues With the Expansion of Business
Quality assurance and compliance are significant factors in starting and sustaining a successful business. Without these aspects, a business may experience internal or external risks that might negatively affect the business' future (Thareja, 2007). As one of Western Australia's current growing small airline companies, the company is considering an increase in fleet plans to include five turbo prop aircraft that will be used to reach major west coast city airports and remote mining sites. As the company intends on regular public transport and charter operations, as well as for activities and maintenance to be internal when possible, issues in key personnel, training, facilities, aerodrome, documentation, applicable regulations, and risk management will need to be properly and thoroughly addressed. The purpose of this brief is to inform readers as to the main issues in each of these areas.
Large and small…
Australian Government: Civil Aviation Safety Authority [online]. (2011) [Accessed 21 April
2011]. Available from: .
Australian Government: Civil Aviation Safety Authority [online]. (2011) [Accessed 21 April
2011]. Available from: .
The company I am studying is BHP Billiton, the Australian mining company whose ADs trade on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol BHP. The following is an analysis of how its GAAP balance sheet would correspond to an economic balance sheet.
Cash, STI, Cash equivalents
Other Current Assets
Non-operating net assets
Net property, plant and equipment
Goodwill and other intangible
Non-operating net assets
Investments and advances
Non-operating net assets
Accounts receivable, non-current
Deferred non-current accounts
Non-operating net assets
Other non-current accounts
Non-operating net assets
Long-term debt and capital leases
Deferred liabilities, non-current
Other capital claims
Deferred liabilities, current
Current portion of LTD
Other current liabilities
MSN Moneycentral: BHP Billiton. (2013). Retrieved October 27, 2013 from http://investing.money.msn.com/investments/stock-balance-sheet/?symbol=U.S.%3ABHP&stmtView=Ann
BHP Billiton 2013 Annual Report. Retrieved October 27, 2013 from http://www.bhpbilliton.com/home/investors/reports/Documents/2013/BHPBillitonAnnualReport2013.pdf
In the event that Myra decides to expand her business, portability becomes more important. However in this situation portability is not as important due to the single location and the access to cloud technology.
There is not much security risk in this approach to the problem. Beautician scheduling is not regarded as a high risk activity.
Names and time are all that are really needed in this software. As long as that quality is fine, there are no problems with this area.
Once again the lack of a need for high security denotes the lack of importance of this area. Authentication is not that important since the scheduling software is more like a common good to be used by all.
Only basic encryption is needed in a software application such as this. There is no reasonable excuse for any…
This means that their operation is totally opposite in direction, in fact a rechargeable battery can act as both a voltaic cell and an electrolytic cell depending on whether it is discharging or being charged. It is also practical to use the same type of metal as electrodes in an electrolytic cell while in voltaic cells the electrodes must be of different metals.
Since sodium is too reactive to freely occur naturally it exists in the earth's crust in a number of varied compounds such as halite. It can also be found in the form of sodium chloride and brine which are plentiful sea water. These compounds can be obtained by trapping the sea water or brine, or by mining rock salt. In order to obtain pure sodium metal, electrolysis of molten sodium chloride is done. This is achieved by using the molten sodium chloride as the electrolyte in an…
Asato, Robert. (2009). "Internet Chemistry." Electrochemical cells. Kapiolani Community
College. Retrieved on March 4, 2010 from http://library.kcc.hawaii.edu/external/chemistry/everyday_electro.html
Bodner Research Web (2009). Electrolytic cells. Retrieved on March 4, 2010 from http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/ch20/faraday.php
Sodium. (2006). World of chemistry. Retrieved on March 4, 2010 from http://www.bookrags.com/research/sodium-woc/
As a girl, she had money and some of the good things it brings; such as education and breeding." There is a hint of jealousy and even more palpable contempt written between the lines of this passage, especially with the author's inclusion of the word "breeding." reeding is generally something only the upper-classes thinks exists, especially in the egalitarian world of the American pioneer. Ellis goes on to praise her skill as a dressmaker, and does not let the difference in their upbringings affect her perception or description of this woman, but one detects a wistfulness in her tone that even she may not be aware of.
Though Ellis' true story takes place in a Colorado mining town and portrays a presumably accurate picture of life the way it was in that place and time, this text is more a personal narrative and less a useful historical document. In four…
Ellis, Anne. The Life of an Ordinary Woman. New York: Mariner Books, 1999.
Anne Ellis, The Life of an Ordinary Woman (New York: Mariner Books, 1999), 2.