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Mining Essays (Examples)

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Generating Power With Coal Gangue
Words: 2487 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93702785
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Mining on the Denniston Plateau

Towards the northwestern side of South Island of New Zealand is situated a small settlement that is known by the name of Denniston. The area formed by this settlement is the West Coast region of the country. This small town is situated on the small Mount ochfort Plateau in the mountain ranges of Papahaua, which measure around 600 meters above sea level, meanwhile the distance from Westport is 18 kilometers towards northeast.

At the start of the 20th century, the population of this small settlement was recorded to be about 2000, because of the huge coal mine that is situated quite close to where the people had settled. Speaking of now, the area has become more of a ghost town and hardly 50 people live here. It will not be wrong to say that the fate, location and history of Denniston are not very different…


Barnden, A., & Harding, J. (2005). Shredders and leaf breakdown in streams polluted by coal mining in the South Island, New Zealand. University Of Canterbury. School Of Biological Sciences..

Cashdollar, K., & Sapko, M. (2006). . -- EXPLOSION HAZARDS OF COAL DUST IN THE PRESENCE OF METHANE. Handbook For Methane Control In Mining, 147.

Greenpeace International. (2010).,. (2014). Laws and treaties | Ministry for the Environment. Retrieved 21 August 2014, from

Global Economic Downturn on the
Words: 1737 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14479319
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Industy analysts pedict that moe touble lies ahead fo the mining industy in Austalia as well, but given its poduction of many of the wold's stategic mineal esouces that ae needed fo a wide ange of industial pocesses, it is likely just a matte of time befoe companies such as Rio Tinto witness a esumption of demand by its majo expot patnes in the futue.


Austalia. (2009). U.S. govenment: CIA wold factbook. [Online]. Available: https://www.cia.


The Austalian mineals industy and the Austalian economy. (2009). Mineals Council of Austalia. [Online]. Available:


Austalian mining industy diminished by almost 5% in 2008. (2009). Coobe Pedy Regional

Times. [Online]. Available:


Condie, B. (2007, July 10). BHP and Blackstone may link fo 20 billion pound ALCOA bid. The Evening Standad (London), 29.

Messenge, J.C. (2004). Woking time and wokes' pefeences in industialized counties:

Finding the balance. New Yok: Routledge.…

references in industrialized countries:

Finding the balance. New York: Routledge.

Mol, T. (2002, October). An accident theory that ties safety and productivity together.

Occupational Hazards, 64(10), 89-90.

Mudrooroo, W. (1999). Mining the earth without minding the Earth. World Literature Today,

Impact of AIDS on African Development
Words: 2794 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 39638956
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AIDS on South African Development

Today, the chromium, platinum, gold and diamond mining sectors provide the largest percentage of export revenues for South Africa. One of the inevitable consequences of these natural resource extraction industries is the proliferation of mining camps that house the migrant domestic and foreign workers from neighboring countries that support the industry. Although conditions vary, most mining camps are squalid affairs that lack running water, electricity or the other basic amenities of modern life that most people take for granted. These harsh living conditions, combined with the loneliness that results from being forced to spend long periods of time away from family and friends, create an ideal environment for the spread of communicable diseases, especially human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV / AIDS). This paper provides a review of the related primary and secondary literature concerning mining camps and their role in the spread…

Works Cited

Boe, Hans-Petter and Crush, Jonathan. HIV / AIDS, Population Mobility and Migration in Southern Africa: Defining a Research and Policy Agenda. Pretoria: Regional HIV / AIDS

Programme for Southern Africa of the Netherlands' Embassy in Pretoria, 2005.

Lurie, M. et al. (1999). "Circular Migration and Sexual Networking in Rural KwaZulu-Natal:

Implications for the Spread of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases." Health

Energy vs Conservation
Words: 2703 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59747544
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Strip Mining Project

Strip mining has long attracted the attention that "fracking" is now due to the proven or at least theoretical environmental impacts and issues that can or definitely arise when the practice is engaged in. Not unlike similar industries like timber, anything that destroys or alters wetlands/marshes, anything that leads to increase erosion and so forth is hotly contested and debated. Even basic things like irrigation of crops can raise a proverbial stink if the water is denied to people or states that happen to be downstream and they feel they need/deserve it so as to provide drinking water, their own crop irrigation or other environmental concerns. While strip mining, especially that which relates to energy like lignite and lithium, is here to stay and largely cannot be stopped, the real and tangible impacts it can and does have need to be taken seriously before the lignite-harvesting project…


EIA. (2014, June 23). Coal. EIA Energy Kids. Retrieved June 23, 2014, from 

WSGS. (2014, June 23). Wyoming State Geological Survey. Wyoming State Geological

Survey. Retrieved June 23, 2014, from 

WVC. (2014, June 23). 2013. Coal Facts. Retrieved June 23, 2014, from

Relationships and Distinctions Between the Information Systems
Words: 2071 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25691673
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relationships and distinctions between the information systems concepts of data warehousing and data mining, which combined with online analytical processing (OLAP) form the backbone of decision support capability in the database industry. Decision support applications impose different demands for OLAP database technology than the online transaction processing (OLTP) model that preceded it. Data mining with OLAP differs from OLTP queries in the use of multidimensional data models, different data query and analysis tools at both the user-facing front end and the database back end, and different mechanisms for data extraction and preparation before loading into a data warehouse can take place. The construction of data warehouses entails the operations of data cleaning and data integration, which are key pre-processing steps for enabling data mining. Furthermore, the concept of metadata (data about data) is essential to the functioning of a data warehouse, and must be managed appropriately for an effective and…


Berson, A., & Smith, S.J. (1997). Data Warehousing, Data Mining, and Olap (1st ed.). McGraw-Hill. Retrieved from 

Chaudhuri, S., & Dayal, Umeshwar. (1997). An overview of data warehousing and OLAP technology. ACM Digital Library, 26(1). doi:10.1145/248603.248616

Douq, Q. (2009, November 24). Comparison of Oracle to IBM DB2 UDB and NCR Teradata for Data Warehousing. X-Space. Retrieved November 14, 2011, from

Gartner Newsroom. (2008). Gartner Reveals Five Business Intelligence Predictions for 2009 and Beyond. Retrieved November 14, 2011, from

Consumer Privacy Regulations and Ethics
Words: 2099 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 34924563
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Conger, 2009).

ecommendations for Organizations

The many factors of data mining and their use for profiling customers and their needs also create opportunities for organizations to build greater levels of trust with their customers as well. And trust is the greatest asset any marketer can have today. The following are a series of recommendations for how organizations can address demographic influences that impact their marketing strategies in light of concerns surrounding the ethics of data mining.

First, it is imperative, across all demographic segments that marketers make a deliberate a very clear effort to explain their opt-in and opt-out policies and also provides evidence that they do what they claim to in this area. The greatest challenge for the consumer is controlling their personal information online and ensuring it is well managed to their preferences (Pratt. Conger, 2009). Marketers who give consumer control over their data in this way will…


Adams, N.M. (2010). Perspectives on data mining. International Journal of Market Research, 52(1), 11.

Bose, I., & Chen, X. (2009). Hybrid models using unsupervised clustering for prediction of customer churn. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 19(2), 133.

Kaiser, C., & Bodendorf, F. (2012). Mining consumer dialog in online forums. Internet Research, 22(3), 275-297.

Kiron, D. (2012). Why detailed data is as important as big data. MIT Sloan Management Review, 53(4), 1-3.

Diamonds Are Among the Most
Words: 704 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 7704943
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In the cases of the kimberlite or lamproite pipes, open-pit mining is most commonly used. This involves a progressive digging at the source of the pipe (Open Pit, No Date). In effect, a giant crater is created that allows for transportation of trucks, people and heavy equipment to the bottom (Open Pit, No Date). A mining operation will dig deeper and deeper into the pit, excavating diamonds and their rock hosts. Sometimes, diamonds and their kimberlite or lamproite hosts have been deposited above and around the pit (known as eluvial deposits), which are much simpler to mine (Learning About, No Date).

Of course, once diamonds are extracted from rocks, a skilled process of sorting ensues. Diamonds are manually sorted by experts who determine issues such as size, quality and color to assess whether the diamonds will be sold as gems or to industrial clients. The diamonds are often routed through…

Works Cited

Diamonds and Diamond Simulants" (No Date). Retrieved Nov. 24, 2006 from the Web site for the University of California at Berkeley at .

Diamond Mining" (No Date). Retrieved Nov. 24, 2006 from the Web site for the Environmental Literacy Council at .

Diamond Trading Company" (No Date). Retrieved Nov. 24, 2006 from the Web Site for De Beers Group at ( (Dtc)/.

Learning About Diamonds" (No Date). Retrieved Nov. 24, 2006 from the Web site for Kings Jewelry at .

DBMS and Data Warehouses 1 in This
Words: 992 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38113777
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DBMS and Data Warehouses

(1) in this writing assignment, you will create a brochure advertising your services as a data repository.

Powered By Excellence

Data epository Service

Powered By Excellence is the only data repository service with globally-located data centers across each continent, each with specific security, reliability and fault redundancy systems in place.

Our staff includes world-class experts on the following platforms: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, MySQL, Informix, Sybase, Teradata and SAS expertise in-house as part of our consulting services division.

Services Offered

Analytics Advisory Services

Big Data Consultancy - Map and Hadoop expertise for gaining insights from very large datasets)

Custom Software Development

Database Hosting

SaaS Application Support

Scalable File Storage

Private Cloud Hosting (Dedicated storage and unlimited virtual machines)

Customer Benefits

High performance with a world-class platform

24/7 Administrator Access

Unlimited Virtual Machine Use

Service Level Agreement (SLA) metrics available 24/7

Trusted Provider of Data epository Services:



(Benander, Benander, Fadlalla, Gregory, 2000)

Benander, A., Benander, B., Fadlalla, A., & Gregory, J. (2000). Data warehouse administration and management. Information Systems Management, 17(1), 71-80.

Choudhary, A.K., Harding, J.A., & Tiwari, M.K. (2009). Data mining in manufacturing: A review based on the kind of knowledge. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 20(5), 501-521.

He, Z., Lee, B.S., & Snapp, R. (2005). Self-tuning cost modeling of user-defined functions in an object-relational DBMS. ACM Transactions on Database Systems, 30(3), 812-812.

Industrial Calamities Can Be Avoided if Companies Respected the Law
Words: 1374 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66424423
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Upper Big Branch Mining Disaster

Industrial Calamities Can Be Avoided if Companies espected the Law

Abiding by federal or state industrial laws is necessary since genuine minded legislators have processed the laws and not the profit-minded shark operating as a company executive. Laws provide a framework at which companies should follow. In most cases, laws specify the necessity of appreciating human life. Furthermore, laws provide an equal balancing of social expectations and company objectives. However, some companies have broken the laws. From their illegal actions, different calamities have been experienced in an industrial situation. The commencing research will highlight an example of this company, Massey Energy and its 2010 incidence that led to the perishing of 29 industrial workers. The research will prove that the self-regulation is not ethical as compared to industrial laws set by the government.

What Massey Energy could have done to avoid this tragedy?

Following April…


Blindheim, B., & Langhelle, O. (2010). A reinterpretation of the principles of CSR: a pragmatic approach. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 2, n/a-n/a.

Brenner, F.J., Brenner, E.K., Brenner, P.E., & Steiner, R.P. (1994). Evaluation of procedures to estimate biomass on surface coalmine lands reclaimed under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. Environmental Management, 18(2), 307-315.

Jenkins, H. (2004). Corporate Social Responsibility And The Mining Industry: Conflicts And Constructs. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 11(1), 23-34.

Long, L.A. (2009). History of process safety at OSHA. Process Safety Progress, 28(2), 128-130.

Consultancy Firm Expertise International Business Challenges Issues
Words: 1250 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67573621
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consultancy firm expertise international business challenges issues. You present analysis a business report. Your report focus identification discursive analysis main issues include conclusions recommendations.

isk analysis: Australia vs. Colombia and the Democratic epublic of Congo

New taxes are always worrisome, and the Australian government's recent decision to pass a 30% tax on profits from iron ore and coal have left many investors scurrying in search of other investment opportunities in alternate countries with lower tax rates and labor costs (Scott 2011). However, simply looking at a balance sheet to determine average tax rates and wages is only a small component of deciding whether a country is a worthwhile investment. With this caveat in mind, it must be cautioned that the proposed decision to shift resources to investing in the coal mining sector in Colombia and the iron ore sector in the Democratic epublic of Congo is neither viable nor cheaper…


Janda, Michael. (2013). Trade deficit falls on iron ore, coal recovery. CNN. Retrieved: 

[14 Apr 2013]

Scott, Jason. 2012. Australia Passes 30% Tax on Iron-Ore, Coal Mining Profits. Businessweek.

Penokee Range in Wisconsin We
Words: 4206 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 86159333
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Since taconite iron ore can be attracted by magnets, it is called a magnetite. Magnetite is abundant in the Minnesota Iron ange as well as the Michigan Iron ange that is located next to Marquette as well as in the Penokee ange in Wisconsin, Minnesota. In Wisconsin-Minnesota's Gogebic-Penokee ange, the taconite iron ore deposits are concentrated on the bands that run from the Mellen area in Ashland County up to the area near Upson in the Iron County.

The taconite iron ore extraction process

The mining of taconite iron ore in the Gogebic-Penokee ange is carried out by means of open-pit mining methods. The mining process commences by the drilling of a hole into the ground in order to determine the exact location and quality of the iron ore deposit. The drilling also reveals the characteristics of the rocks that surround the ore. For the rather large modern mines, there…


Broman, A (2011)'Silent Majority' Backs Penokee Mine: Gogebic Taconite President 

Cannon, W.F., (1973)The Penokean orogeny in northern Michigan, in Young, G.M., ed., Huronian stratigraphy and sedimentation: Geological Association of Canada Special Paper

Clements, B and Sack, C (2008)Introduction to Mining in the Penokees

Lost Mountain' and Look at What the
Words: 3690 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13162945
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Lost Mountain' and look at what the writer say about coal mining and its overall effects to the overall environment and the entire human race. It will first analyze the problem at hand both from the political side and other actors involved in the coal mining on mountain tops. In addition to that the study will go ahead to see the varying criticism and proponents views on the issue and particularly on what the author of the book takes on the issue. According to Reece, the author of the book, the problem of coal miming on mountaintops has a political twist which makes it difficult to solve or work on its solution.

Lost mountain is a book by Reece Erik that has been eloquently been written and quite moving with the main agenda concentrating on the issue of cold mining at the mountain tops. Reece is mainly against the practice…

Works Cited

Reece E. (2006) Lost Mountain: A year in the Vanishing Wilderness: Radical Strip Mining and the Devastation of Appalachia, Riverhead Books Publishers

Lasswell H. (2007) American Political Scientist

Ghost Towns
Words: 3226 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30234978
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colorful period in America's remarkable early history is the gold rush era. In the late 1800's the discovery of gold triggered a flood of immigrants into the country, all intent on making their fortune. These miners shaped the early history of America, and created a great deal of the legend that surrounds the era of the "ild est." hile some of the legends of lawlessness and debauchery are clearly exaggerated, life in the mining towns of the gold rush era was clearly rough and ready.

This paper will examine life in the mining camps of the gold rush era. This will include a look at the people who made up the camps, the general atmosphere, as well as prostitution, gambling, general lawlessness, and the role of religion within the mining camps. The demise of the mining camps will be examined in the context of the development of the railroad and…

Works Cited

Arizona's Ghost Towns. 02 December 2003.

Baumgart, Don. Some Mining Camps Faded Others Grew To Be Cities. Nevada County Gold Online Magazine. 02 December 2003.

CmdrMark. Travels in the American Southwest. 02 December 2003. 

Koeppel, Elliot H. The California Gold Country: Highway 49 Revisited. Malakoff & Co.

Data Miners From Overwhelming the
Words: 1721 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 11173634
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Data mining is one of the ways that a company can check into this consideration, but it is far from the only way. Companies that over-utilize it as a means to solve all of their problems are usually the companies that fail or struggle because they start making bad business choices.

These can be corrected but it takes time, and companies that do not learn what they did wrong will often continue data mining in an effort to discover where they went wrong. This can compound the problem and allow data miners to truly overwhelm the organization with facts, figures, calculations, and ideas for change. Some of these will certainly be good ideas, but they will get lost in the shuffle, and if a business implements one good idea and three bad ideas, that good idea will probably not be recognized because sales will continue to fall. Companies that are…

Ethical Issues That Are Raised
Words: 2228 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 37528628
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While the "quality and the craftsmanship [of Tiffany & Co.'s products] must stand the test of time," the conscience of a socially responsible attitude towards its products becomes an even more important element in order to make the customers appreciate the true value of its offer.

The added value of an "industry leader" approach concerning the social responsibility issues involved by the industry is also a desired course of action, as it brings positive effects on the environment and the fulfillment of ethical promises by the company, its ambassadorship within the industry brings even greater environmental benefits, through a stronger alliance to lobby and fight for the environment.

From a business point-of-view, it brings Tiffany's a differentiation point, giving it a competitive advantage in front of its competitors, something that just working with price, placement, promotion and products (marketing mix elements) can not entirely achieve.

This brings us to the…


Business dictionary, Ethical Issue definition, retrieved online November 6, 2009 at 

Business dictionary, Fiduciary Duty definition, retrieved online November 6, 2009 at 

Gagnon, Geoffrey, Moving Mountains, Legal Affairs, Sept-Oct 2004, retrieved online November 6, 2009 at 

Kosich, Dorothy, And, now, a few words from Tiffany & Co, Mineweb, South Africa, November 11, 2004, retrieved online November 5, 2009 at

Pre-Negotiation Memorandum
Words: 2123 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86286981
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Prenegotiation Memorandum (pm)

Negotiation Team

Re: Tamarack, MN and Twin Lakes Mining Company

Position Structure

Twin Lakes Mining Company

The Twin Lakes Mining Company (hereafter known as 'company') makes significant contribution to Tamarack, Minnesota - employing 21% of the residents, providing 33% of the total real estate tax base - and is considered an integral entity to the town's longevity. The city needs Twin Lakes to maintain the current standard of living the residents enjoy.

The City of Tamarack

The city operates on a zero deficit per annum decree. Twin Lakes Mining Company has directly caused some of the need for improvements concerning water quality, air quality, and effluvia and pollution management. The city also relies upon the heavy property taxation to provide economic, culture, and recreation services to the community. Twin Lakes Mining Company does not need the City of Tamarack (hereafter known as 'city') to continue operations in…

Residents of Buffalo Creek Were Immensely Affected
Words: 629 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: A-Level Coursework Paper #: 97852431
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residents of Buffalo Creek were immensely affected by strip mining in a way which was highly negative. As such, this process of strip mining which the Company was doing was very threatening to their way of life. These people lived in very close proximity to the mountain in which the Company was performing strip mining. Essentially, strip mining was causing the mountain to erode. The eroding mountain would make things fall from it, which would destroy the houses and the lives and the livelihoods of the people living in close proximity to the mountain. Therefore, the Company was making profits by destroying the lives of the people who lived near this mountain. This process of strip mining, then, was one of the most detrimental that the Company could have done to mountaineers who lived so close to this particular mountain. The profits for the company or the men employed in…

Role Contributions and Drawbacks of
Words: 1676 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 43325466
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When it comes to strategic information management, there are many options that a company has. Data mining, data warehousing, and the various OLAP options are only some of the tools that can be used, but they are three of the most important - if they are used correctly. Because there are several options with OLAP it is very versatile and most companies can find a way to make it work for them so that they can quickly get the answers that they are looking for and help to keep their company moving forward. The other two business intelligence tools, data mining and data warehousing, are also very important, but like any of the other tools there are contributions that they offer and drawbacks that they have. The key to using them all effectively is getting a good understanding of what they can bring to an organization and what they…

Big Apple Jewelry v Yellow
Words: 948 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95378632
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On the other hand, liquidated damage provisions of contracts may not be used primarily for the purpose of imposing punishment for any breach.

For an example of a permissible liquidated damage clause using the facts of the previous case, the jewelry company could have included a liquidated damage clause requiring the mining company to compensate the jewelry company for the amount of money actually lost by virtue of losing the benefit of the 10% discount based on the market price of gold for the remainder of the contract term. Conversely, the jewelry company could not have included a liquidated damage clause specifying one-million dollars in damages for any breach of contract by the mining company.

Settlement Negotiations:

It is common practice for parties to litigation to exchange mutual releases of liability. This protects them from any future liability arising from arguments that certain circumstances were not covered by the settlement…


Halbert, T., and Ingulli, E. (2007). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment.

Cincinnati, OH: West.

De Beers Case Study Conduct
Words: 5277 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 23972699
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All of these factos then contibute to the complexity of hiing senio intenational positions, and undescoe the HR issues that ae going to cause difficulties in the hiing pocess.

De Bees' ecuiting pocess is going to have to focus on those pofessionals in citical skill gap positions that ae accustomed to being in an industy that has complex ethical tade-offs that need to be made, yet has the necessay initiative level to attack manual pocesses that need to be updated to me maket-competitive instead of catel-sustaining. This becomes moe concete when the consideations ae taken into account of hiing a new geneal manage fo one of the company's many diamond fields in Afica. Anyone fom a manufactuing backgound will find the pocesses in these diamond fields achaic and nealy impossible to apply advanced Six Sigma planning techniques to, much less measue in any meaningful way. Thee ae also no eal…

references. This is a critical measurement for De Beers to produce the right demand at the right price for each specific geographic market.

Brand Studies -as De Beers gets completely immersed in a market-driven business model this is going to be critical for them to concentrate on over time. Just as measuring the Return on Marketing Investments is critical; this measure tells De beers Marketing how effective their branding campaigns are being.

Fair Trade Compliance & Audit Ratings - it is essential for De Beers to focus on providing audited statements of the extent to which they adhere to Fair Trade Compliance and Ethics guidelines that need to be created through the Chief Governance Officer, a position the company needs to create to ensure compliance to these critical standards. The company cannot afford to operate in an ethical vacuum as its approaches to mining, exploration and treatment of workers is now transparent to the world via the Internet.

Financial Analysis of Synthetic Diamonds - a relatively new business for De Beers, this area has financial statements defining all key financial ratios in addition to market forecasts by country and also by distribution channel.

Retail Channel Forecast by Product and by Channel - De Beers also is monitoring retail channel forecasts by type of diamond and by channel within each of the four countries they are operating in. In addition, inventory velocities from these reports provide De Beers supply chain and procurement departments with the necessary visibility to anticipate demand fro each retail channel in each country and align manufacturing availability to each market's needs.

Moxie Market Analysis Every Individual
Words: 1833 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15755426
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Once the technology is recognized as effective, by the industry and enforcement agencies these mines could even be offered deductions as a result of their reflected commitment to reduce injury and fatalities in the industry, through the provision of "Moxie" to employees. This jump in efficacy could reasonably take place, given the relative cost of the equipment and the desire of the industry to have such technology in as short a time as five years. It is hoped that once the efficacy is proven and the minors are recognized to have avoided accident and tragedy that the device will become a required aspect of equipping a minor and will therefore skyrocket in sales and more importantly improve the overall safety of the mine, tenfold.


In conclusion "Moxie" will offer the minor and the organization they work for, greater assurance that toxic gas will no longer be an unavoidable danger…

Works Cited

USDL Bureau of Labor Statistics "Career Guide: Mining" website at 

USDL OSHA's Mission Statement website at

Rio Tinto Group Wholly Owns and Operates
Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39313515
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Rio Tinto Group wholly owns and operates mining and processing ventures under the holding Rio Tinto Iron Ore Group. This group is largely focused on projects in North America and Australia. Development projects are underway in West Africa and India but are currently uninvolved in the iron ore projects in Mozambique and Tanzania (Rio Tinto Iron Ore 2011). Regarding subsidiary management, the Rio Tinto Group has made clear that they require all of their subsidiaries to develop independent programs to remain in compliance with the Group's policies, such as the sustainable develop initiative the Group developed in response to climate change (Rio Tinto 2011). The Group stated all of their subsidiaries are required to develop three-year programs to bring them into compliance with Rio Tinto's policies.

Rio Tinto, like other mining multinational enterprises, has encountered a shortage of mining inputs such as tires, due to the huge expansion in demand…

Corporations interested in expanding operations to Mozambique and Tanzania should be prepared for years of assessment and development at the managerial level. A recent Rio Tinto publication regarding operations in Madagascar quoted a mining manager who performed assessments in the country between 1989 and 2001 in order to ready the area for industrial activity. Rio Tinto also found it necessary to create culturally competent informational resources in order to explain the plan for the area to the local population. The infrastructural development efforts of Rio Tinto have extended beyond the creation of material resources. Rio Tinto management has paired with NGO projects in target countries, including Mozambique, to implement health education and community betterment projects, in an effort to uplift sociocultural and medical conditions as well as economic conditions

Rio Tinto has endeavored to make certain that mining practices do not interfere negatively with indigenous livelihoods, particularly subsistence farming, one of the chief occupations in Mozambique. Site managers worked to insure that drill rigs did not interfere with cultivated areas through community relation efforts, though did make compensations to farmers when such preservation efforts were not feasible.

A project manager and geologist from Rio Tinto created a four-prong strategy to community relations, an aspect of project development the Group emphasizes is crucial. The process in Mozambique involved the creation of a community engagement committee involving pairing senior community leaders with Rio Tinto management; the involvement of local people in assessments fieldwork; their continued involvement in route planning and, finally; the payment of compensations at a community meeting to keep all economic activity transparent. These efforts underscore the importance to

Functions of an Information System List and
Words: 3167 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77633707
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functions of an information system. List and describe three types of enterprise systems.

he four basic functions of an information system are gathering data, storing data, processing that data into information, and outputting the information (O'Leary & O'Leary, 2008). he system has to be able to collect data, or have the data placed into it, or it does not have anything with which it can work and with which it can provide output information after an analysis takes place. Storing data is a big part of what an information system does, because the data is important and must not be lost. A system that could not store data would not be valuable to a company for collection and retention of data (O'Leary & O'Leary, 2008). Once the data has been collected and stored, it can then be analyzed in order to draw conclusions from it based on the type of…

The four main points of IT strategic plans are the mission statement, the SWOT analysis, the list of actions to be prioritized, and the "road maps" that are used to examine and readjust the strategic plan in the future (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). The mission statement is a very important part of the plan, because it is the basic definition of what the company stands for and where it is headed in the future. Without it, IT cannot plan for continued structure and development, which can cause the company to stagnate (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). The SWOT analysis comes next, and addresses the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that are being faced by the IT department of the company. These can include both internal and external issues, both of which have to be dealt with correctly in order to allow the company to continue to see success (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). Because IT is such an important part of companies today, what happens in that department affects nearly everything else that takes place within the company.

Prioritizing the actions needed is next on the list when it comes to IT strategic planning. There is no need to work on something just for the sake of working, when there are more important issues to be faced (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). Prioritizing everything means that the IT department will be focused on the most important issues first, so that the concerns that really need to be addressed do not languish. Finally, road maps are required so that the company can see where it intends to have its IT department at specific intervals in the future. These are usually at the one, two, and three-year marks, but they can be placed at other intervals, as well (Bradford & Duncan, 2000). There is no specific rule for when they need to be seen, and every company is different.

Bradford, R.W. & Duncan, J.P. (2000). Simplified strategic planning. NY: Chandler House.

Black Mesa Mine the Black
Words: 2067 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 49625594
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Lands are reclaimed to a condition that typically is 20 times more productive for grazing than native range. These results, which are nationally recognized, are important to local American Indian families who make their livelihood raising cattle, sheep and goats (Peabody Western Coal Company 2007:1).

Of course, the company is ignoring the damage to the water supply when it makes these claims and does not account for this damage against the benefits. The intent of the company is clear in a settlement proposal it made to keep Black Mesa in operation while giving the federal government control over the aquifer and dismissing all claims against Peabody for injury to the groundwater (Helms 2007:1).

A call to action by a group called Honor the Earth makes the implicatiosn for the sacred land clear:

If the plan to allow Peabody to restart its Black Mesa Mine goes ahead, the cultural implications will…


Anderson, Frederick R., Jeffrey D. Baxter, Bruce a. Bishop, David Brookshire, F. Lee Brown, Albert M. Church, Mark O. Evans, Allen V. Kneese, Jerrold E. Levy, Alfred L. Parker, William D. Schulze, Walter O. Spofford, and Michael Williams

1981 the Southwest under Stress: National Resource Development Issues in a Regional Setting. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Benedek, Emily.

1999 the Wind Won't Know Me: A History of the Navajo-Hopi Land Dispute. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.

Computer Dynamics in Business
Words: 1662 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13779024
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high quality (error-Free) data entry.

Data entry is a vital part of a number of businesses. As such, it has to be of the highest quality and error-free. While there is generally no guarantee that data can be 100% error-free all the time, the more any data avoids errors the more likely the company will be to provide its customer with a good experience (Kos, Kosar, & Mernik, 2012). Additionally, companies that have data errors can end up in trouble because they are using the wrong details to make decisions about what they can and should be doing to move their business forward. If a company is not focused on entering data in a way that is free from errors (and omissions), that company can get a reputation as being sloppy and not well-prepared to handle its business and its customers (Kos, Kosar, & Mernik, 2012). Consumers who provide data…

Enterprise Resource Planning, or ERP, is designed to manage a business through every stage it reaches and moves through. It is generally presented as a suite of applications that are all integrated with one another, and that provide real-time information on the processes that are at the core of the business (Loh & Koh, 2004). Originally, ERP was designed to be something that was for back-office use only (Loh & Koh, 2004). It helped to keep a business running, but it was not for the customers to see. It also did not provide any kind of interactive tools that could be used with customers. However, over time that changed and customer relationship management (CRM) and other functions were integrated into ERP (Loh & Koh, 2004). That made a significant difference in how companies did business, especially online, because customers could reach these companies so much more easily than they were able to do in the past. That advanced business-related technology rapidly.

The main objectives of ERP are to help a company operate more smoothly and interact with its customers in the best way possible. These software suites store information, help a company plan and implement multiple considerations, allow for customer feedback, track the success of ideas and plans that the company has provided to the public, and make sure customers are getting what they asked for from a company (Loh & Koh, 2004). As such, ERP software needs to be upgraded from time to time, in order to ensure it is still providing the company and the customers with the best experience possible (Loh & Koh, 2004). If that is found not to be the case, it becomes time to make changes in order to continue advancing the company and moving it forward, as well as keeping customers happy with their interactions.

Loh, T.C., & Koh, S.C.L. (2004). Critical elements for a successful ERP implementation in SMEs. International Journal of Production Research, 42(17): 3433 -- 3455.

Predictive Analytics
Words: 1291 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45022627
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Data Mining

Predictive analytics help companies to understand the behavior of consumers. The way that predictive analytics works is that data from the past is used to help refine predictions about the future (CGI, 2013). Companies basically analyzed demand in terms of a wide range of variables in order to arrive at a better estimate for future outcomes than otherwise would have been found. It is basically the same principle as predicting that a colder, snowier winter will help Wal-Mart sell more snowblowers, but with hard data, sophisticated algorithms and reliable outputs -- such as x number of snow days will equal y number of snow blowers sold.

One of the interesting elements of predictive analytics is with associations, and this has been used fairly extensively in retail. Associations discovery is where correlations between things are noted that might not have been apparent. So that link between snow blowers and…


CGI. (2013). Predictive analytics. CGI Retrieved June 2, 2014 from 

Jain, A., Murty, M. & Flynn, P. (1999). Data clustering: A review. ACM Computing Systems. Vol. 31 (3) 264-323.

Nearing, B. (2013). Mining Internet for chunks of gold. Times Union. Retrieved June 2, 2014 from 

Olavsrud, T. (2014). CIOs should push big data projects but prioritize privacy. CIO Magazine. Retrieved June 2, 2014 from

Casey Patrick White and Eleanor
Words: 2501 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 96619824
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"White's canonization is part of a larger cultural shift, which saw the development of many kinds of institutions and critiques aimed at making Australia culturally richer and more autonomous" (During, 1996). Therefore, the changing way that he portrayed women in his work may have signaled an awareness of the fact that women's roles were changing in Australian society as whole. Therefore, in the Tree of Man, White's approach to Thelma, which, but because he is showing disgust for what Thelma symbolizes. Interestingly enough, this symbolization goes far beyond her gender. "Thelma is the character who most embodies the values of Australians in the fifties as White described them: she is conventional, insipid, dishonest, and single-minded in pursuit of material security" (McKeman, 1989). Therefore, when examining White's treatment of women in his work, it is always critical to recall the historical context.

Eleanor Dark

Perhaps it should not be surprising that…


Brooks, B. & Clarke, J. (1998). Eleanor Dark: a writer's life. Sydney: McMillan.

Casey, G. (1958). Snowball. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.

Clancy, L. (2004). Culture and customs of Australia. Westpord, CT: Greenwood Publishing


Centralia 1947 Mine Explosion Throughout the Annals
Words: 1144 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 81243426
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Centralia 1947 Mine Explosion

Throughout the annals of the American industrialized age, countless tragedies have occurred within the workplace and these incidents have forced the public at large to consider the weighty issue of applying moral precepts to the realm of public administration. While the tomes of American jurisprudence are littered with examples of corporate enterprises and bureaucratic entities failing to uphold their basic responsibilities, perhaps no case has demonstrated the capacity to generate both outrage and activism as readily as The Blast in Centralia No. 5: A Mine Disaster No One Stopped. Authored by John Bartlow Martin, this seminal case study examines the unique confluence of internal and external circumstances which eventually resulted in the 1947 explosion of Centralia Mine No. 5, a catastrophe which claimed the lives of 111 coal miners. By carefully retracing the series of events preceding the actual explosion, including a history of the Centralia…


Hartley, R.E., & Kenney, D. (2006). Death underground: The centralia and west frankfort mine disasters. Chicago, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.

Fanning, F. (2007). Public sector safety professionals: Focused on activity or results?. Perspectives Newsletter, 6(3), 11-15. Retrieved from -


Martin, J.B. (1948). The blast in centralia no. 5: A mine disaster no one stopped. In R.J. Stillman

Superior Insulation Compositions in Assorted
Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 25858385
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I think this 20 million dollar process may be replaced with an eco-friendly material based insulator making technique. Even lay people are aware of the many uses of igneous rocks: countertops, floors, tiles, landscaping, construction, sink cleanser, sandpaper (Rice & McKeown, 2008). Granite is used for buildings and monuments; granite and other rocks are crushed up into gravel and used as a foundation for concrete roads or even help create concrete (Rice & McKeown, 2008). Many of the various forms of igneous rocks help in the creation of steel or contribute to insulation. There's absolutely no reason why these rocks can't further be improved and used in a more widespread manner for insulation.


Each prototype was made twice for them to be averaged out on each data concerning relative densities, thermal conductivity and other characteristics. Preparatory to this data analysis, the pre-experiment categorization of minerals was conducted to gain…

Trouble With Philadelphia's Water Billing System Is
Words: 2535 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 30998087
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trouble with Philadelphia's water billing system is a technical problem or a people problem? Why?

From the case study it is at first difficult to separate the two and decide whether the issue rests mainly with the people involved or the system. The people who developed the system did not anticipate using it for such a broad application, so they are responsible for not preparing the system for such an application before they tried to use it. The system itself cannot handle the complex load required of a water billing system to the 500,000 customers that reside in Philadelphia. In the end, it seems more likely that this was "operator error" more than something that was wrong with the system itself. This will become apparent in the following discussion.

The first group of people who made an error were the city officials who did not conduct an adequate amount of…

Management and Decision Sciences From
Words: 25680 Length: 90 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 55501983
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76). As automation increasingly assumes the more mundane and routine aspects of work of all types, Drucker was visionary in his assessment of how decisions would be made in the years to come. "In the future," said Drucker, "it was possible that all employment would be managerial in nature, and we would then have progressed from a society of labor to a society of management" (Witzel, p. 76). The first tasks of the manager, then, are to coordinate an organization's resources and provide a viable framework in which they can be used to produce goods and services effectively and efficiently. The second set of tasks concern guidance and control. In Drucker's view, this role is almost entirely proactive: "Economic forces set limits to what a manager can do. They create opportunities for management's action. But they do not by themselves dictate what a business is or what it does" (Drucker,…

Homeland Security and FISA
Words: 1457 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55197614
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Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 there has been a significant effort to protect America from any further terrorist attacks. The purpose of this discussion is to examine the U.S. National Security Agency's ability to identify and monitor the communications of terrorists and prevent terrorism from occuring. The research will also investigate how the implications of employing these techniques for foreign intelligence surveillance suggests that the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act ("FISA") is inadequate in addressing recent technological developments. These developments include the transition from circuit-based to packet-based communications; the globalization of communications infrastructure; and the development of automated monitoring techniques, including data mining and traffic analysis. The research will also focus on how FISA is challenged by technological developments.

The Monitoring of Communications

The National Security agency was created to "protect U.S. national security systems and to produce foreign signals intelligence information." The strategic plan of the…

Works Cited

Bill to Amend FISA. (2007) The United States Select Committee on Intelligence. Retrieved March 4, 2009 from; 

Feingold, R. (2008) Remarks of U.S. Senator Russ Feingold

Opposing H.R. 6304, FISA Amendments Act of 2008. Retrieved March 4, 2009 from;

HR Gms Cgms A Case
Words: 1918 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41921929
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In addition to using this new department to create project assignments for otherwise idle personnel, this would become an essential path to preparing CGMS for competition in the long-term future. hile the company's eroding schedule of future projects suggests economic downturn, it also underscores the risk of working in the fossil fuel sector. ith future environmental and conservation concerns promising to impact mining operations such as those upon which CGMS depends, the company's newly minted R&D department would emphasize projects aimed at reducing the carbon footprint created by mining operations as well as investigating alternative fuel sources. Given the company's extensive resources and highly qualified personnel, it may have the opportunity to posture itself as a leader of future energy efficiency efforts. Ultimately, internal training and some measure of ERP-informed recruitment would be necessary to actualize this objective.

Finally, it is evidence that greater accountability is needed, if not to…

Works Cited:

Baker, G. (2007). Shared Services Can Reduce HR Process Cost Cuts by up to 80%; While Driving Improved Satisfaction, Productivity, and Quality. The Hackett Group.

Chan, S.H. & Kuok, O.M. (2011). A Study of Human Resources Recruitment, Selection, and Retention Issues in the Hospitality and Tourism Industry in Macau. Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality & Tourism, 10(4).

Heathfield, S.M. (2011). Do Powerful Internal Training. About Human Resources.

Open Source ERP. (2010). ERP HR Module.

Corporate Governance and Social Responsibility
Words: 3265 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 92564365
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Both proposals were consequently amended and eventually accepted by the SEC.

The audit committee makes sure that the books aren't being cooked and that shareholders are properly informed of the financial status of the firm. Characteristically, the audit committee advocates the CPA firm that will audit the company's books, appraises the activities of the company's independent accountants and internal auditors, and reviews the company's internal control systems and its accounting and financial reporting requirements and practices. The compensation committee usually does the following: (1) recommends the selection of the CEO, (2) reviews and approves the appointment of officers who report directly to the CEO, (3) reviews and approves the compensation of the CEO and the managers reporting to the CEO, and (4) administers the stock compensation and other incentive plans. The suggested committee establishes experience for potential directors (Lunnie, 2007; pg. 90). It also puts collectively a list of candidates…

Bhp the Company I Am Studying Is
Words: 510 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36485137
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The company I am studying is BHP Billiton, the Australian mining company whose ADs trade on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol BHP. The following is an analysis of how its GAAP balance sheet would correspond to an economic balance sheet.

Cash, STI, Cash equivalents

Core Operations


Core Operations


Core Operations

Other Current Assets

Non-operating net assets

Net property, plant and equipment

Core Operations

Goodwill and other intangible

Non-operating net assets

Investments and advances

Non-operating net assets

Accounts receivable, non-current

Core operations

Deferred non-current accounts

Non-operating net assets

Other non-current accounts

Non-operating net assets


Debt claims

Long-term debt and capital leases

Debt claims

Deferred liabilities, non-current

Debt claims

Minority interest

Other capital claims

Provisions, long-term

Debt claims

Provisions, current

Debt claims

Current debt

Debt claims

Deferred liabilities, current

Debt claims

Current portion of LTD

Debt claims

Other current liabilities

Debt claims

Capital stock



MSN Moneycentral: BHP Billiton. (2013). Retrieved October 27, 2013 from 

BHP Billiton 2013 Annual Report. Retrieved October 27, 2013 from

Information Technology IT Solutions
Words: 628 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 96711717
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In the event that Myra decides to expand her business, portability becomes more important. However in this situation portability is not as important due to the single location and the access to cloud technology.



There is not much security risk in this approach to the problem. Beautician scheduling is not regarded as a high risk activity.

Data Quality


Names and time are all that are really needed in this software. As long as that quality is fine, there are no problems with this area.



Once again the lack of a need for high security denotes the lack of importance of this area. Authentication is not that important since the scheduling software is more like a common good to be used by all.



Only basic encryption is needed in a software application such as this. There is no reasonable excuse for any…

Electrolytic and Voltaic Cells an
Words: 682 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 6711859
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This means that their operation is totally opposite in direction, in fact a rechargeable battery can act as both a voltaic cell and an electrolytic cell depending on whether it is discharging or being charged. It is also practical to use the same type of metal as electrodes in an electrolytic cell while in voltaic cells the electrodes must be of different metals.

Since sodium is too reactive to freely occur naturally it exists in the earth's crust in a number of varied compounds such as halite. It can also be found in the form of sodium chloride and brine which are plentiful sea water. These compounds can be obtained by trapping the sea water or brine, or by mining rock salt. In order to obtain pure sodium metal, electrolysis of molten sodium chloride is done. This is achieved by using the molten sodium chloride as the electrolyte in an…


Asato, Robert. (2009). "Internet Chemistry." Electrochemical cells. Kapiolani Community

College. Retrieved on March 4, 2010 from

Bodner Research Web (2009). Electrolytic cells. Retrieved on March 4, 2010 from 

Sodium. (2006). World of chemistry. Retrieved on March 4, 2010 from

Extraordinary Grit in the Life
Words: 734 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 37110694
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As a girl, she had money and some of the good things it brings; such as education and breeding." There is a hint of jealousy and even more palpable contempt written between the lines of this passage, especially with the author's inclusion of the word "breeding." reeding is generally something only the upper-classes thinks exists, especially in the egalitarian world of the American pioneer. Ellis goes on to praise her skill as a dressmaker, and does not let the difference in their upbringings affect her perception or description of this woman, but one detects a wistfulness in her tone that even she may not be aware of.

Though Ellis' true story takes place in a Colorado mining town and portrays a presumably accurate picture of life the way it was in that place and time, this text is more a personal narrative and less a useful historical document. In four…


Ellis, Anne. The Life of an Ordinary Woman. New York: Mariner Books, 1999.

Anne Ellis, The Life of an Ordinary Woman (New York: Mariner Books, 1999), 2.