Music Industry Essays (Examples)

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Industry Structure Perfect Competition or Market Power

Words: 1032 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96154144

Industry Structure: Perfect Competition or Market Power

Napster vs. The U.S. Recording Industry:

Analysis of the Economic Model of the U.S. Recording Industry

The article "When the Music Stops" by Nick Wingfield in the November 2002 issue of the Wall Street Journal, relates an interview with the founder of Napster, Shawn Fanning, after the death of his company at the hands of the recording industry. Not only does it discuss Napster's creator's future plans and what he thinks is the future of the online music industry, it also provides an insight into the economic principles at work in the recording industry. This paper endeavours to explore the economic principles concerning demand models and the practice of selective collusion among the big recording companies which are alluded to in the article, thereby generating more awareness and understanding in the legal ramifications that ensued from the birth of Napster.

Although the article…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Dowd, Timothy J. (April 2001). The Napster Episode.  http://www.icce.rug.nl/~soundscapes/VOLUME04/Napster_episode.html 

Oligopoly. http://english.pbc.or.id/glos/o.html

Scott, John. (May 21, 2001). Who Will Make the Rules? Music Industry Faces Off at DC Conference.  http://www.openp2p.com/pub/a/p2p/2001/05/21/lawyers.html 

Wingfield, Nick. (November 2002). "When the Music Stops" in The Wall Street Journal, November 2002. http://www.wsjclassroom.com/archive/02nov/MEDI.htm
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Music of the 1960s Whenever

Words: 824 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24151916

In "The Times They Are a-Changin'," released in February 1964, he encapsulated the spirit of the times, and issued a timely warning to the older generation to accept the changing times or be drowned in a youth-inspired social revolution. (Mcilliams, 32)

hile Dylan was introducing protest folk music in the mainstream popular music in the early 1960s, bands such as "The Beatles" had captured the imagination of the estern youth on both sides of the Atlantic. By accepting the influence of each other's music in their work, these artists revolutionized estern popular music. The power of such music in shaping the direction of the youth culture was immense. It spread the message of peace, love, racial and gender equality and challenged the hypocrisy of the existing social order.

Not all aspects of the sixties music were positive. Many of the sixties rock musicians adopted a hedonistic lifestyle and indulged in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

DiGrazia, Judith L. "The Sixties: Notes of Discord." Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute. 1983. January 18, 2007.  http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1983/4/83.04.04.x.html 

McWilliams, John C. The 1960s Cultural Revolution. Ed. Randall M. Miller. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Rodnitzky, Jerome L. "The Sixties between the Microgrooves: Using Folk and Protest Music to Understand American History, 1963-1973." Popular Music and Society 23.4 (1999): 105.

Dylan started to introduce amplified rock music into his acoustic folk repertoire by 1965 and the "Beatles" replaced their simple "I wanna hold your hand" lyrics by more socially relevant themes in their songs in the latter part of the sixties.
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Music Few Popular Music Stars Today Are

Words: 734 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17291465

Music

Few popular music stars today are as colorful as Lady Gaga. Recently on tour, Lady Gaga is again making the headlines. In South Africa, a group of churches has been organizing protests against Lady Gaga's performances, and even just her presence, in the country. Among other complaints, the South African Council of Churches claims Lady Gaga's visit "could lead to an exponential growth of Satanism," (Engelbrecht, p. 1). For others, Lady Gaga is a welcome presence in the popular culture because she spreads the message of gender equality and positive gender "performativity," (Horn, p. 1). Lady Gaga is like a female "drag queen" and therefore sends a good message about tolerance of gender and sexual identities. Finally, Lady Gaga exemplifies the way social media can be used to promote popular culture and allow for greater fan interactions and control over content. Given that Lady Gaga is associated with Satanism,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Engelbrecht, David. "Council of Churches Still Anti-Gaga." Channel 24. Retrieved online:  http://www.channel24.co.za/Music/News/Council-of-Churches-still-anti-Gaga-20121129 

Hampp, Andrew. "Gaga, Oooh Lala: Why the Lady Is the Ultimate Social Climber." Advertising Age. 22 Feb, 2010. Retrieved online: http://vandymkting.typepad.com/files/2010-2-22-adage-gaga-oooh-la-la-why-the-lady-is-the-ultimate-social-climber.pdf

Horn, Katrin. "Camping with the Stars: Queer Perfomativity, Pop Intertextuality, and Camp in the Pop Art of Lady Gaga." Current Ojbectives of Postgraduate American Studies. Vol. 11. Retrieved online:  http://copas.uni-regensburg.de/article/view/131/155
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Music Since the Band Exploded Onto the

Words: 711 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83974287

Music

Since the band exploded onto the scene in 2005, the White Stripes have wooed casual listeners and hypercritical audiophiles alike. Founded by Jack White, the White Stripes have received much critical acclaim and the most affectionate form of flattery, too, which is imitation. For instance, Vancouver, Canada band the White Blood Cells is "a pair of balding Irish guys who only play White Stripes songs," (Lucas, 2012). Usually cover bands are tributes to rock's greats such as Led Zeppelin. The fact that the White Stripes already have cover bands dedicated to them shows how much of a mark they have made on music. Yet it has been difficult to classify the music of The White Stripes. Using the term "rock" music is overly general. Therefore, the best classification of The White Stripes has been, to date, the term "garage rock." Garage rock refers to a sub-genre of rock music…… [Read More]

References

Florida, R. & Jackson, S. (2010). Sonic City: The Evolving Economic Geography of the Music Industry. Journal of Planning Education and Research 29(3): 310-321.

Lucas, J. (2012). White Blood Cells' Get Going is an impressive effort. Straight.com. Retrieved online: http://www.straight.com/article-838066/vancouver/white-blood-cells

McGreevy, R. (2012). How Jack White earned his stripes. Irish Times. 31 Oct, 2012. Retrieved online: http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/ireland/2012/1031/1224325939787.html
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Music Business

Words: 1500 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25919940

Music Business

MUSIC INDUSTY

In the face of current economic slowdown, no industry is likely to survive if it sticks with its old business models and refuse to adapt to change. Besides economic problems, there are some other factors, which are forcing corporations to adopt new and better business strategies and discard old ones since they are not producing positive results. These factors include political conditions in the country, global rise in terrorist activities and rapid development of technology, most specifically the Internet. With American households and corporations getting wired at lightening speed, it is only logical to incorporate this technology in a new business model to make business strategies produce desired results.

Apart from technological change, companies are also required to focus more on pricing models. It has been noticed that with consumer spending shrinking, only those corporations that have a viable pricing model are likely to stay afloat.…… [Read More]

References

The Music Industry In a spin, The Economist, Feb 27th, 2003

Frank Rose, The Civil War Inside Sony, WIRED Magazine Issue 11.02 - February 2003

Jon Hilkevitch, FAA predicts airline industry recovery Chicago Tribune March 18, 2003

Shares fall but Easyjet figures grow, Birmingham Post, 01-09-2003, pp 22.
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Music and Mind

Words: 2511 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80040818

Music and the Universe

Music is one characteristic everything in existence possesses. For anything to be existing, it has to possess an amount of energy and these always undergo vibration. From these vibrations, sound waves are generated and these combine to form what we call music. Nothing better defines the phrase "Universal Language" than music. Every human being relates to it. Sound waves move and come in contact with just about anything existing including water, soil, animals, vegetation, other worlds and galaxies etc. Music could also determine a person's mood. This power of music on human moods and emotions can actually be explained easily. The sound waves on reaching a person encounter his/her unique energy signature which causes a unique response to each sound.

This study aims to illustrate just how music and language are related and to also conclusively show that these two have a deep mental and scientific…… [Read More]

References

Auner, Joseph. "Chapter two: Expanding musical worlds" in Music in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries. WW Norton and Company. (2014): 16-34

Brown, Steven, and Joseph Jordania. "Universals in the world's musics." Psychology of Music 41, no. 2 (2013): 229-248.

McMullen, Erin, and Jenny R. Saffran. "Music and language: A developmental comparison." Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal 21, no. 3 (2004): 289-311.

Slevc, L. Robert, and Brooke M. Okada. "Processing structure in language and music: a case for shared reliance on cognitive control." Psychonomic bulletin & review 22, no. 3 (2015): 637-652.
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Music and Dance in Indian Films in

Words: 2575 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30617024

Music and Dance in Indian Films

In sheer quantity, INDIA produces more movies than any other country in the world-over 900 feature-length films in at least 16 languages, according to a recent industry survey. This productivity is explained by several factors: the size of the Indian audience, low literacy rates, the limited diffusion of television in India, and well-developed export markets in both hemispheres. (http://worldfilm.about.com/cs/booksbolly/)

In its historical development, India's film industry paralleled that of the West. Dadasaheb Phalke's Raja Harishchandra, the first silent film for popular consumption, appeared in 1913; Alam Ara, the first "talkie," was released in 1931. ut the Indian cinema derived its unique flavor from the older Indian musical theater-particularly from the Urdu poetic dramas of the late nineteenth century. The influence of this tradition ensured that Indian movies would favor mythological or legendary-historical stories, that their dialogue would carry an Urdu flavor even in languages…… [Read More]

Bibliography

http://worldfilm.about.com/cs/booksbolly/

National Identity in Indian Popular Cinema 1947-1987 (Texas Film Studies) by Sumita S. Chakravarty Univ of Texas Pr; (December 1993)

Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema by Ashish Rajadhyaksha (Editor), Paul Willemen (Editor) British Film Inst; Revised edition (September 1999)

Cinema of Interruptions: Action Genres in Contemporary Indian Cinema by Lalitha Gopalan British Film Inst; (July 1, 2002)
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Music Education by Any Objective

Words: 6529 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16215225

Studies here included in this set are evaluations of large multisite and single site after school programs; evaluations of school- and community-based models; evaluations assessing a narrow to a broad range of outcomes; key developmental research studies; and key meta-analyses and research syntheses (Little, imer, and eiss, 2007, 3).

In Music for Citizenship, David J. Elliott, he elaborates upon the vision of Paul oodford in Democracy and Music Education who lays out a vision for music education to take a "radical liberal" turn in order to "prepare [music] students to participate in democratic society and thereby contribute to the common good" (Elliott, 2008, 45). Such a vision is in keeping with the traditions of John Dewey who held that critical thinking was a moral and political kind of thinking. He wants the profession to reclaim a democratic purpose for music education by contributing to intellectual and political conversations about the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Abril, C.R., & Gault, B.M. (2008). The state of music in secondary schools: the principal's perspective. Journal of Research in Music Education, 56(1), 68-81.

Afterschool alliance, policy and action center: policy news. (2011). Retrieved from  http://www.afterschoolalliance.org/PolicyFedNewsarchive.cfm .

Baker, S.H. (2011). The effect of in-school opera performance and related curriculum on music cognition and attitude. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University.

Beveridge, T. (2010). No child left behind and fine arts classes. Arts Education Policy Review, 111, 4-7.
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Music and Society 1960s 2000s

Words: 1131 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90047163

Music and Society

Music has a profound influence on society. As with other forms of art, music has the ability to communicate messages that are both complex and oblique -- the message need not be specific, but may convey an emotion or ethos, external to the lyrical content of the songs. Music gives a voice to generations by allowing those who have the ability to convey their thoughts and feelings through the form, and others to convey theirs through the consumption of the media. Thus, while music can have significant influence over a generation, and reflect its values, likewise the music to which that generation is drawn to reflects its values outward to the world, allowing some of the music (and other art) consumed by that generation to be understood by any society that chooses to consume that music. One cannot replicate the 60s just by listening to the Doors…… [Read More]

References

Edmonson, J. (2013). How social media and streaming have influenced the music industry. Socialnomicsi. Retrieved December 6, 2015 from http://www.socialnomics.net/2013/12/02/how-social-media-and-streaming-have-influenced-the-music-industry/

Gordon, A. (2014). Subcultures, Popular Music and Social Change.: Subcultural practices in UK punk culture. Cambridge Scholars Publishing: Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
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Music Games International Mgi Had a Product

Words: 924 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52429208

Music Games International (MGI) had a product that they wanted to develop but they were not sure how they were going to do this. The founders of the company -- Igor, oman and Sasha -- had already produced a game that used a game platform to introduce youth to music, and it had been a critical success. Unfortunately, the game did not sell well, so the three were basically broke and searching for a way to reinvigorate the concept. Every year Harvard Business School (HBS) has a business plan contest that allows students to showcase their talents. They are allowed to work in teams and with outside developers and that is how Henry and Dana became involved with MGI.

The task was to create a business plan out of the previously muddled work of the original founders and determine what was needed to present the concept to investors. There were…… [Read More]

References

Berry, T, (2007). How to perform a SWOT analysis. Retrieved from http://articles.bplans.com/business/how-to-perform-SWOT-analysis/116

Leslie, J.B. (2009). The leadership gap: What you have, and don't have, when it comes to leadership talent. Center for Creative Leadership. Retrieved from http://www.ccl.org/leadership/pdf/research/leadershipGap.pdf
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Music on American Culture and Values Over

Words: 1557 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51136917

Music on American Culture and Values

Over time, music has molded the American culture and its values in a variety of ways. In this text, I will highlight the various ways in which both music and radio have shaped American values and culture. In so doing, I will identify my favorite genre/type of music in an attempt to highlight the impact the music I listen to has had on American culture and social behavior.

How the American Culture and Its Values Has Been Shaped by Music and adio

In the words of Eldridge (2008), "by the close of the 1930s, twenty-eight million households (and seven million cars) boasted at least one radio set, with most tuned-in to a network or local station for an average of five hours a day." In that regard, it would be correct to point out that radio has played a critical role in the growth…… [Read More]

References

Bob & Hanger, J. (2012). The Silent Generation: 1925 -- 1945. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse.

Eldridge, D.N. (2008). American Culture in the 1930s. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Keith, M.C. (2008). Radio Cultures: The Sound Medium in American Life. New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.
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Music Recording Industry Bruce Springsteen

Words: 666 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32611099

Furthermore, Live Nation would have a great advantage in advising and guiding Springsteen regarding his career and recordings. Since the company handles all aspects of the artist's career and has a great chance of benefiting from everything the artist does, it also has a long-term perspective and interest in developing the artist's career.

Springsteen has been widely advised to sign the ten-year deal with Live Nation in order to avoid the difficulties and costs associated with self-marketing. However, this deal is not the most suitable because Springsteen already has a huge and loyal fan base and would therefore have fewer challenges in marketing his album. Secondly, Springsteen will also lose creative control since creative decisions are not left entirely on the artist's hand since the partner has too much at stake. While he stands a chance to receive a lot of money up front in this deal, he will significantly…… [Read More]

References:

Byrne, D. (2008, January 16). David Byrne's Survival Strategies for Emerging Artists -- and Megastars. Retrieved September 13, 2011, from http://www.wired.com/entertainment/music/magazine/16-01/ff_byrne?currentPage=2

"The Current State of the Music Industry." (2010, March 31). DIO: Do It Ourselves. Retrieved September 13, 2011, from http://dio333.wordpress.com/2010/03/31/the-current-state-of-the-music-industry/
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Music in the Coming Years

Words: 1478 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55933685

In many of the cases Music is termed as 'Universal Language', a language that has no word but still has lot to convey. Music therefore has positive consequences on different front of societies including social, cultural and economical (Music industry and Tourism foster economic growth).

All these factors have convinced the school management to introduce and teach Music as formal subject in their schools, the Music subject has equal factor in terms of grade evaluation as compare to any other subject, Music has to be necessarily considered as core subject for teaching, "The term 'core academic subjects' means English, reading or language arts, mathematics, science, foreign languages, civics and government, economics, arts, history, and geography"(No Child Left Behind Act of 2002).

Following facts and figures are listed to support the case,

According to College-Bound Seniors National eport: Profile of SAT Program Test Takers, Students having involved in the environment or…… [Read More]

References

David Bray., Teaching Music in Secondary School.

Nicholas Temperley., the Lost Chord: Essays on Victorian Music.

Gary Spruce., Teaching Music in Secondary Schools.

No Child Left Behind Act of 2002, Title IX, Part a, Sec. 9101 (11).
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Music Sales

Words: 557 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16719470

Universal Music Group

CBP is based on past consumption values as a way to forecast the sale of future goods and services. In regards to the music industry, CBP planning from before the internet would look quite different than from after. Before the internet, there was no way to digitally download a music CD. Thus, all music purchased had to be in the form of an in-person transaction resulting in a customer purchasing a physical CD. ight after the inception of this new technology, CD sales skyrocketed. This can be seen in the following graph of sales of different music mediums. This meant that for this time period, music suppliers and record companies, like Universal Music Group, were continuing to bump up inventory levels based on the massive increases seen in previous sales. Using CBP, the previous increases in sales would recommend an future increases in inventory.

(Leibowitz, 2004)

However,…… [Read More]

References

Goldman, David. (2010). Music's lost decade: Sales cut in half. CNN Money. Web.  http://money.cnn.com/2010/02/02/news/companies/napster_music_industry/ 

Leibowitz, Stan J. (2004). Will MP3 downloads annihilate the record industry? The evidence so far. Advances in the Study of Entrepreneurship, Innovation, & Economic Growth, 15(2004), 229-260.

Lessig, Lawrence. (2012). What's behind the big drop in CD sales? Bull Not Bull. Web.  http://www.bullnotbull.com/archive/lessig-1.html
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Music Cultures of the World Japan

Words: 3188 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45084349

relationship of music and culture and history in Japan. The music of Japan is as rich and diverse as the culture of Japan's people, and it has a long place in Japan's history. Several different musical forms and instruments make up Japan's musical history, and it has ancient beginnings in the earliest history of Japan in many cases. While the Japanese have held on to their musical past, they are also not afraid to create new musical traditions, such as the karaoke fad that swept the world in the 1990s and beyond.

Ancient Japanese Music

Many scholars believe that Japanese music has its roots in the music of China, an ancient culture that dominated Asian culture from the earliest recorded history. However, studies indicate this is really not the case. Japanese music historian Egon Wellesz notes, "It might be expected that Japanese music would exhibit considerable Chinese influence; but it…… [Read More]

References

Asai, S.M. (1999). Nomai dance drama: A surviving spirit of medieval Japan. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Malm, W.P. (2000). Traditional Japanese music and musical instruments. Tokyo, Japan: Kodansha International.

Tokita, A. & Hughes, D.W. (2008). Ashgate research companion to Japanese music. Surry, UK: Ashgate Publishing.

Wellesz, E. (Ed.). (1999). Ancient and oriental music. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Music From What a Girl

Words: 661 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86360339



The crowds Christina draws are not all twelve-year-old girls; because the artist has earned numerous critical accolades fans come in droves to see one of the most well-respected musicians in the United States. After winning a slew of Grammy awards, Christina also captured the attention of other well-respected and well-known artists in the music industry. Most notably, Christina Aguilera toured with Justin Timberlake, Pink, Mya, and Lil' Kim. She has also performed onstage with artists as prestigious as Madonna. The recognition Christina Aguilera has earned for herself make her one of the most attractive performers in the industry, but the artist is also an incredible human being.

Aguilera's fame has not destroyed her spirit, proven by the way she has balanced her sexuality with her singing and her fortune with philanthropy. Her Web site describes her primary concern as the fight against AIDS. Christina Aguilera has devoted performance time and…… [Read More]

Referenced

Christina Aguilera: Biography." The Christina Aguilera Official Website. Retrieved April 11, 2008 at http://www.christinaaguilera.com
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Music and Mastery of James

Words: 1151 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92647111

Brown had succeeded in spite of a terrible start in life and seemingly without making musical compromises" (95). Indeed, he did.

Brown's style has been one that successfully changed with the times. A close look at his songs will reveal how his music evolved with the sounds of the times. Brown drew from rhythm and blues musical influences such as Little Richard and Ray Charles, as these influences are present in his early work. From "Please, Please, Please" to "Living in America," Brown's identifiable sound has never lost his style. His first hit Please, Please, Please" demonstrates sounds that were popular in the late 1950s. In "Papa's Got a Brand New Bag," we hear the earlier influences of the late 50s and early 60s in the lyrics and the guitar riffs.

Brown's career and musical inclinations began to change in the mid-60s, which can be seen in "I Feel Good…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brackett, David. "James Brown." Grove Music Online. Site Accessed May 19, 2008. http://www.grovemusic.com

Kamien, Roger. Music: An Appreciation. Boston: McGraw-Hill. 2000.

Danielson, Anne. Presence and Pleasure: The Funk Grooves of James Brown. Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press. 2006.

Elliot, Marc. I Feel Good: A Memoir of a Life of Soul: Introduction. New York: Penguin Books. 2005.
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Industry the Drivers of Competition Are Largely

Words: 900 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51631557

industry, the drivers of competition are largely revealed by competitive forces. Hence the ability to detect and address a wide range of competitive threats is largely founded on the fact that competition is not in any way limited to existing rivals. After a comprehensive study of various corporations' competitive strategies, the author of "The Five Competitive Forces that Shape Strategy" attempts to demonstrate how a company can enhance its profitability while at the same time ensuring that it significantly decreases its vulnerability to attack by way of understanding its industry's structure using the five forces.

The Article's Key Concepts

From the onset, Porter states that understanding competition and formulating strategies to deal with it remains every strategist's main objective. However, it should be noted that in most cases, strategists define competition in chronically narrow terms by limiting their scope to industry rivals only. With that in mind, Porter's insistence on…… [Read More]

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Music in the 21st Century Was Accused

Words: 1408 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50061746

Music in the 21st century was accused of being increasingly derivative and irrelevant. Interest in individual performers, in the era of iTunes, was being relegated to the sidelines as teens assembled their own 'mixes' rather than sought to embrace the output of an individual artist. It was said that the era of the great soloist and the great musical concept album was dead. ith her first album The Fame in 2008, Lady Gaga changed all of that and silenced the industry's critics. Yes, she is frequently outrageous and provokes controversy for her attire as well as her voice. But underneath all of the glam and glitter, Lady Gaga has proved that she a unique mix of vocal talent, showmanship, and social activism. She has also generated a huge following on Facebook and Twitter. Lady Gaga's fans do not simply download "Poker Face," "Telephone" and "Born this ay" online. They love…… [Read More]

Works Cited

"Lady Gaga tells all." Rolling Stone. June 21, 2010. [November 11, 2011].

 http://www.rollingstone.com /music/news/lady-gaga-tells-all-rolling-stones-new-issue-20100621#ixzz1dRIFREJj

"Poker Face." Lyrics. [November 11, 2011].

 http://www.lyricsmode.com/lyrics/l/lady_gaga/poker_face.html
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Music Report Archaeological Finds Show That Prehistoric

Words: 1407 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41481122

Music eport

Archaeological finds show that prehistoric man had already played music. Music and dance are the humans' most natural and original forms of expression. Berendt said of modern generations: "Nada brahma - all is sound," in nature. Stones, bones, pieces of wood, hollow vessels and cups make sounds when pushed, beaten or rubbed together. Stretched hides bang, the buzz of the arrow whizzing off the bow can be imitated with fingers and the murmuring, roaring and whistling of the wind can be caught in reeds, bone pipes or hollow branches.

Today, numerous types of different forms of music are played across the world. Because humans are so diverse, it comes as no surprise that people like different types of music. For example, there are many adults, many of them older, who do not particularly appreciate hip hop and rap. Part of this has to do with the slang language,…… [Read More]

References Cited

Berendt, J.E. Nada Brahma. The world is sound. Rowohlt, Reinbek,1983.

Christenson, P.G. And Roberts, D.F. It's Not Only Rock & Roll: Popular Music in the Lives of Adolescents. New Jersey: Hampton Press, 1998.

Freidan, Gregory. "A Response to Professor Taruskin." New York Times, December, 2001.

Liske, Kenneth L. "A Statement of Educational Philosophy and Professional Purpose." University of Wisconsin. 11 May, 2005.
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Music Video PSA Music Videos

Words: 581 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41568539



Because of the enormous popularity of Snoop Doggy Dogg's "Gin and Juice" single, the proposed video will be based on a similarly styled rhythm and blues-based hip-hop song entitled "The Power of Youth." Thematically, "The Power of Youth" will not resemble "Gin and Juice," but the overall rhythm and style will. Vocals will include a choral background and familiar song structure that will grab young listeners and include all demographics. Instead of gangsta rap lyrics, the lyrics of "The Power of Youth" will concentrate on life on the streets, poverty, gender inequity, and other issues relevant in the upcoming election.

Visuals used in the music video will parallel the lyrics and theme. Instead of scantily clad ladies, ordinary women will be featured to promote Barack Obama as president. Skillful editing will interject footage of Barack Obama working in Chicago with disenfranchised African-Americans into the music video. Revealing the roots of…… [Read More]

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Music Art and Literature

Words: 1227 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27483729

Music, Art, Literature Trends

From impressionism to pop art, jazz to hip hop, science fiction to beat poetry, artistic, musical, and literary expressions have varied considerably between 1870 and 2005. The period between the end of the nineteenth century to the current day can be generally described as the modern and postmodern eras. The beginning of the modern era, during the final decades of the nineteenth century, coincided with the Industrial evolution. Along with fascination with modern technology and optimism for the future came simultaneous disillusionment. However, modern technological advancements have made such widespread creativity possible. Social and political trends have also influenced creative endeavors, and vice-versa. Art, music, and literature are more accessible and more possible to create than they ever were in the past. The modern era has been characterized by an overall flourishing of the expressive arts, but some trends have a more lasting significance than others.…… [Read More]

Rock music became more than just a musical trend; it also characterized the rise of the teenage culture, symbolized rebellion, and influenced political and social attitudes. Furthermore, rock and roll remains a viable creative endeavor today, and is also internationally popular, which is why the trend is so important. Beyond rock and roll, electronic music and hip hop are recent significant musical trends. Electronic music has been around for decades, and reached a peak with the advent of the rave. Electronic music remains a vital force in the industry, and has also impacted the development of hip hop. Hip-hop is yet another musical trend that coincides with social and race-related realities in the United States. The genre is so important because it represents American urban culture.

Among the literary trends between 1870 and the present day, the most significant ones include post-colonialism, science fiction, beat poetry, and horror. Post-colonial literature such as the works of Joseph Conrad brought awareness to the problems associated with the colonialist mentality. Post-colonial fiction put a human face on the very real political, social, and economic issues of the modern world. Realism was a major literary method used by post-colonial authors, who depicted their worlds with stunning detail. With the modern fascination with technological advancements, science fiction became a highly significant literary trend to emerge during the twentieth century. Science fiction originated in the early twentieth century when Orson Welles' reading of H.G. Wells' novel the War of the Worlds shocked the nation into believing that aliens had indeed attacked the United States. Science fiction literature strongly influenced television and film, too, and is responsible for the popularity of both Star Trek and Star Wars. Related to but different from science fiction, fantasy writing also emerged during this time and gave rise to the writings of J.R.R. Tolkein, whose works recently spawned motion pictures.

Another significant literary trend to emerge during the middle of the twentieth century was beat poetry and beat literature. Beat poetry was completely free verse and free form, in sharp contrast to earlier, more structured forms. Moreover, beat poetry was far more abstract than previous works. Just as modern art was becoming more abstract and expressionist, so too was literature. Another key literary trend to emerge during the past century was horror fiction. While horror derives from earlier Gothic literature as well as from science fiction, the horror genre has had a huge impact on modern literary expression. Authors like Stephen King have become immensely famous by making people afraid, and his works as well as the works of countless other horror writers have impacted the plots and themes of films and television shows.
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Music an American Popular Music

Words: 1302 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49921818

" Instead of those key lines, a wailing voice suggests that prayers for love remain unfulfilled. The stress is on lines like "without a dream in my heart, without a love of my own," as the wailing replaces the rest of the chorus. Elvis's "Blue Moon" is truly blue: filled with sadness and unfulfilled longing.

To enhance the reinvented theme of "Blue Moon," the instrumentation is stark. Throughout the recording, only a bass and a drum accompany the sultry vocals. The effect is clearly and intentionally that of a cowboy song. The rhythm of both the bass and the drums convey a horse gently trotting, carrying its lone rider through the Wild West. Evoking cowboy movies and mystique is one way the arrangement sends a far different message than the one that ogers and Hart had intended. In Elvis's version, the male vocalist is totally, utterly alone. He is a…… [Read More]

References

"Blue Moon: by Richard Rogers and Lorenz Hart" (n.d.). Retrieved online:  http://www.lorenzhart.org/moonsng.htm 

"Blue Moon." Versions performed by the Boswell Sisters, Elvis Presley, and Rod Stewart. Retrieved on YouTube.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yLfTjTLnVIo&feature=player_embedded
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RIAA - Internet Music Downloads

Words: 1389 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80381168

They will be able to get and enjoy music for free. They will be able to share music to their friends without limits or boundaries. However, the fact remains that copying or downloading music from the internet is piracy. It is copying without proper consent from the real owners. It is copying and reproducing without notifying the people who have shed great efforts in producing such music. Thus, honor, credibility and integrity of the consumer is being wage.

Music Downloading: Why is it Illegal?

There has been various ways that different countries do to prevent music piracy. In Canada, for example, the government of this country has allowed for the downloading of copyright music from peer-to-peer networks, but uploading the same file to any other software is not. Even recording music and sounds to blank CDs is illegal in this country, and anyone who would be caught will be fined…… [Read More]

References:

Greene, Michael. (1997)"Building Bridges with Music." Grammy Latino 1: 22-25.

IFPI. 2000. The Recording Industry in Numbers 2000. London: IFPI

The Recording Industry in Numbers June 2001. London: IFPI, 2001 Spaulding, Michelle. "Copyright protection for Music on the Move." The Berkman Center for Internet and Society. [Online] viewed: 30 September 2006. http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/mp3/

Musicland Named in Label Suit." Available online: http://twincities.bcentral.com/twincities/stories/2000/08/14/weekinbiz.html. Accessed 30 September 2006
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Folk Music the Evolution of Folk Music

Words: 1302 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62504215

Folk Music

The Evolution of Folk Music Vocals

By its definition, folk music technically refers to indigenous forms of music created by local, regional or native populations as a way of engaging in cultural expression. This means that at its core, folk music is not intended to command a commercial value nor is it necessarily folk music by definition once a form has been co-opted by an outside culture. However, this is also a definition for folk which has long been rendered obsolete by the aesthetic and vocal qualities that listeners tend to associate with the genre today. This is because the most historically significant instances in which folk music converged with the commercial zeitgeist would come to produce a highly distinctive set of sounds.

Indeed, when we think of folk music, one tends instantly to conjure image of a young Bob Dylan with harmonica rack and guitar, wheezing his…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

EW. (2013). The Great Folk Rock Revival: how bands like Mumford & Sons and the Lumineers are leading a global phenomenon. Entertainment Weekly.

Holden, S. (2013). When They Hammered Out Justice in the '60s. The New York Times.

Jacobs, P. (2006). Bringing It All Back Home -- The Folk Music Revival. Rewind the Fifties.

McCormick, N. (2011). Folk Music: A Quiet Revolution. The Telegraph.
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Reggae Music in 1968 a

Words: 1780 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87960646



Reggae music, born of a combination of R&B, blues, jazz, and traditional African music, and combined with a religious tradition, was unique to Jamaica at a time when the country was looking for her identity. The combination of political messages, religious connotation, and raw sound was ideal for the changing society of the time. However, to be pushed to international stardom, the music was altered and rerecorded by milder, less powerful white British artists who helped internationalize the genre. The end result, however, was that it would take many years for true reggae to reach international audiences, complete with the ideology and messages the music was intended to portray. hile the British musicians helped popularize the culture, it would take Bob Marley and many others decades to bring the true message of reggae music to international light.

orks Cited

Connell, John. Sound Tracks: Popular Music, Identity, and Place. London: Routledge,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Connell, John. Sound Tracks: Popular Music, Identity, and Place. London: Routledge, 2002. Questia. 7 May 2007 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=103320803.

Everything Jamaican. "The History of Reggae Music." Jamaica. Everything Jamaican. 2004. 7 May 2007. http://www.everytingjamaican.com/jamaica/.

Farred, Grant. What's My Name? Black Vernacular Intellectuals. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003. Questia. 7 May 2007 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=109751409.

Bays, Barry T. Reggae, Rastafari, and the Rhetoric of Social Control. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2002. Questia. 7 May 2007 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=106845661.
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Are Music Videos Promotional Devices or Products in Themselves

Words: 3887 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50570986

Music Videos Promotional Devices or Products in Themselves

Music Videos: Promotional Device or Separate Product?

Music videos are constructed in many different ways, but many of them involve the artist and others singing and dancing to specific songs. Some also tell stories or provide other background dealings that make the music video much like a television program. An example of this would be Michael Jackson's 'Thriller,' which was a very long video that involved much storytelling and other information as opposed to just the song. Some of these story type videos are still done today but this seems to be more popular in country music that it does in rock-and-roll.

No matter what genre is dealt with, however, the debate as to whether music videos are promotional devices or a separate product in and of themselves has been continuing for many years. In 1981 music television first began broadcasting music…… [Read More]

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Elvis and Black Music the

Words: 4658 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86227731

Blues music however did not cross racial lines, with the majority of famous blues musicians still residing in New Orleans and various other well-known black music entertainment venues of the South.

Gospel music has been an African-American church tradition with influences from traditional African music and especially prevalent during the slavery era. Later (most likely because of those particular ignominious associations and all they implied, especially in the South) gospel music was strongly discouraged within mainstream society and actively suppressed.

Similarly, blues music represented a blending of black musical traditions with a centuries-long history originating from the earliest days of American slavery. Sammy Davis Jr. And Nat King Cole, were and remain today among the best-known of early black entertainers within the (then) up-and-coming rock 'n roll genre of the 1940's. Each had a heavy influence upon Elvis himself.

Obviously, though, the blending of Southern musical traditions was not started…… [Read More]

Works Cited

African-American Musical Tradition." (June 9, 1998). Retrieved January 9, 2007,

From: http://www.questia.com/html.

Bane, Michael. White Boy Singin' the Blues: The Black Roots of White Rock.

Harmondsworth, Eng: Penguin, 1982.
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American Idol Has Had on the Music

Words: 645 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64207394

American Idol" has had on the music industry and how it has changed the public's perception of music. While there is no doubt "American Idol" has significantly impacted the music industry and the public's perception of music, the author fails to provide any concrete evidence to support the claims made.

The essay begins with the author's claims that "American Idol" changed the public's perception of music because people came to realize that they could instantaneously become successful. Despite the author's claims, I believe they are misleading because this argument is not about the music itself, but rather the music industry. Tastes in music are subjective, but realizing that one can become famous by trying out on the show has nothing to do with tastes in music, but rather it is an opportunity the contestant takes. Becoming successful does not have anything to do with music per se, but rather the…… [Read More]

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Popular Music the New Face Book of

Words: 1018 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37858630

Popular Music

The New Face Book of ock and oll

An entirely new book (okay score) on the future of music and the place of rock and roll is being written, and yet we really can't even tell what the experience will be like, though it will most likely be a continued mix of country/folksy democracy. What we can tell is that it will come in the packaging of a self-published, self-directed, interactive collection (just like an ebook!), and that its messages of defiance will be such that the entire digital universe of followers will each think of themselves as their own Guitar Hero!

While many people believe that Guitar Hero brought rock and roll into the digital era, the case can be made that it did as much damage as good. It turned many people on to a sense of simulating the music of the leaders of rock and…… [Read More]

REFERENCES

Crocker, N. (2010), Mashable Business, 5 predictions for the music industry in 2010. Retried from  http://mashable.com/2009/12/25/music-industry-predictions-2010/ .

Parker, J. (2009), School of Rock: What does Guitar Hero's popularity mean for the future of rock and roll? The Atlantic. Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2009/03/school-of-rock/7278/.

Bain & Company, Publishing in the Digital Era (2011). Downloadable from  http://www.bain.com/bainweb/PDFs/cms/Public/BB_Publishing_in_the_digital_era.pdf
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American and Asian Music as

Words: 2888 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63747129

This, along with the older Psalter by trenhold and Hopkins, was the main influence of the Bay Psalm Book printed during 1640 in Massachusetts. This can be compared with the first musical influences on and compositions by Li Jinhui. The traditional forms were explored thoroughly before new ideas in music were explored.

Culturally, the new Americans at the time were deeply religious, following the Puritan tradition on which they based their way of life. Their music therefore reflected this tradition, and the earliest genres were mainly religious in nature. As such, the musical format was unaccompanied by musical instruments, as these were viewed as secular and therefore sinful. The same type of division can be seen in the later genres of Asian music, where Cantopop began to lose its popularity in the face of new and more trendy developments. In contrast, however, the Chinese does not have as clear a…… [Read More]

Sources

Faigin, Tom. "The Minstrel Show's Contribution to Folk Music." 2007. http://www.jsfmusic.com/Uncle_Tom/Tom_Article6.html

Wikipedia. "C-Pop." Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2007. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C-pop

Wikipedia. "K-Pop." Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2007. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K-pop

Wikipedia. "Li Jinhui." Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 2007. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Jinhui
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Downloading of Music Off of

Words: 933 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93983481



The ethics of free downloads has been tested in research and shows it won't stop without some threat of punishment (Taylor, 2004).

One of the ways this problem can be addressed is for the government to implement laws that increase the fines for free sharing while providing benefits by way of reduced taxes to companies that offer downloading for a reasonable cost. Paying the artists a portion of each sale is not as difficult as it sounds. Each time a particular song from an artist is downloaded the computer software can generate that the funds paid get divided between the artist and the site and a monthly check gets sent to the artist.

If this is not done and the downloading from free sites continues music as society knows it will change forever. A world without new music is a world without joy. How many songs do you know that…… [Read More]

References

Retail Music Industry Battles Extinction; Mintel Report Cites Labels Slow to Respond to Consumer Needs; Downloads Steal the Spotlight. Business Wire 2006

Taylor, Susan (2004) Music piracy -- differences in the ethical perceptions of business majors and music business majors.(Cyber Dimensions) Journal of Education for Business

Music Industry in Transition: Digital Music Libraries Expand as CD Sales Lag; Legal Digital Music Services Potential Has Only Just Begun to Be Tapped, According to Recent Data from the NPD Group. Business Wire

Targets Warned of Music Download Suits
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Historical Overview of Electronic Music

Words: 3470 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68929650

Electronic Music

The creation and enjoyment of music has been a part of our collective human culture since long before the beginnings of recorded history. It is believed that once upon a time even cavemen and Neanderthals were able to create music using their prehistoric instruments and technologies. Archaeologists and historians have discovered remnants of musical instruments in dig sites from all across the globe. The various instruments or what may or may not have at one time been instruments, that have been found at each of these locations have been a reflection of the culture in which it was used. As modern culture is reflected in current musical interests, so too the cultures of past civilizations have been reflected in the instruments and music that those cultures had left behind. Part of the culture invariably involves the tools and available materials that the population would utilize in order to…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Anderson, J 2008, 'Slaves to the rhythm,' CBC News.

Busoni, F 1962, 'Sketch of a new esthetic of music,' Three Classics in the Aesthetic of Music:

Cher 1998, 'Believe,' Believe. Warner Bros.

Everett-Green, R 2006, 'Ruled by Frankenmusic,' The Globe and Mail.
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External Analysis on Music Performers

Words: 648 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77967961

PESTLE and FIVE FOCES Analysis: Miley Cyrus

PESTLE is a mode of analysis which refers to the Political, Economic, Sociological, Technological, Legal, Environmental (cipd.co.uk). Essentially, it is a means of assessing a given entity's impact in a comprehensive and nuanced manner so that this entity can engage in the best decision-making and strategy to achieve all objectives. On the other hand, Michael Porter's Five Forces offered a framework for an entity to determine the models of industry and the forces which shape them: supplier power, threat of substitutes, threat of new entrants, buyer power and rivalry. It's useful to determine how these methods of analysis can manifest themselves in the music industry as that is a professional arena where artists experience extreme rivalry and competition and where it's extremely difficult to determine who will be gone tomorrow and who will not. Forging a lasting career in the music industry is…… [Read More]

References

Cipd.co.uk. (2013). PESTLE analysis. Retrieved from CIPD.co.uk:    http://www.cipd.co.uk/hr-resources/factsheets/pestle-analysis.aspx   

Knopper, S. (2013, October 16). On the Charts: Miley Cyrus' 'Bangerz' Finally Kicks In. Retrieved from Rollingstone.com:   http://www.rollingstone.com /music/news/on-the-charts-miley-cyrus-bangerz-finally-kicks-in-20131016
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Jamaican Music a Cultural Evolution

Words: 4850 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47790806

Jamaican Music

It is never just about the music.

No matter how great the musician, music is always the expression of an entire culture, of a moment in history, of a particular place in time. The genius of a particular musician, the synergy of a particular group - these are both essential to the success or failure of a particular group. But that success or failure is never intrinsic to a single song, to a single album. Music that succeeds - both in its own time and later - does so because it has the ability to express something important about that moment in time. eggae has been able to provide just such an expression of the beliefs of a particular people at a moment in history for the last two years - and it has been able to do so because of its ability to change with larger political…… [Read More]

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RIAA and Music Piracy Despite

Words: 311 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63599883

5 billion and 71,060 jobs in the U.S. (according to one of the country's most conservative think tanks that refuses to release information regarding its corporate sponsors)(RIAA par. 9). Though this might be the value of the music pirated, many illegal downloads are for songs tat people simply would not buy if forced to choose between paying and not having a particular song, meaning that little value is actually added to the music industry by ending piracy. In addition, the lack of ISP providers stepping up to assist the RIAA is both contrary to the RIAA's statements and further evidence of the industry's failure to effectively curb pirating online (RIAA par. 13; Sandoval).

orks Cited

RIAA. "For Students Doing Reports." 2009. Accessed 10 October 2009. http://www.riaa.com/faq.php

Sandoval, Greg. "Six Months Later, No ISPs Joining RIAA Piracy Fight." Cnet. 3 June 2009. Accessed 10 October 2009.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

RIAA. "For Students Doing Reports." 2009. Accessed 10 October 2009. http://www.riaa.com/faq.php

Sandoval, Greg. "Six Months Later, No ISPs Joining RIAA Piracy Fight." Cnet. 3 June 2009. Accessed 10 October 2009. http://news.cnet.com/8301-1023_3-10256481-93.html
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Society and Culture -- Music

Words: 1732 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1194585

However, it is already clear that the music industry had been irrevocably changed as the revenue potential shifts from traditional sources to those corresponding to the way music is typically enjoyed and shared by youthful consumers today (Halbert & Ingulli, 2007).

Conclusion

egardless of the many ways that modern technology and societies have changed the way music is produced, in many respects, music still provides many of the same functions as it always has. Music continues to be featured prominently in cultural and religious expression and it continues to be an important part of adolescent development and self-expression. Ultimately, music will likely always continue to change in superficial ways and in the manner in which it is produced and disseminated, but in its most fundamental character, it remains unchanged in it significance to human society and culture..

eferences

Brownlee S. "Baby Talk" U.S. News & World eport; June 15, 1998:48-55.…… [Read More]

References

Brownlee S. "Baby Talk" U.S. News & World Report; June 15, 1998:48-55.

Dennet D. (1997). Consciousness Explained. New York: Little Brown & Co.

Gerrig R. And Zimbardo P. (2008). Psychology and Life. Upper Saddle River, NJ:

Pearson.
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Illegal Music Downloading Ethics and

Words: 1867 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96332589

Downloadable, inexpensive music gives more power to listeners they had during the CD age, in which CDs were getting increasingly expensive, and consumers felt forced to purchase them, even if they liked only a few songs on the album. Technology can be empowering.

The music industry did have a point: the nature of downloadable music is not like a cassette tape or VHS, given the ease of recording and mass distribution. Its actions prosecuting individual violators in retrospect, however, were a public relations disaster and accomplished no social good. From a utilitarian standpoint and in terms of the general good, monitoring and legally sanctioning suppliers rather than focusing on the demand side of the industry seems to be the best way to ensure that file sharing is conduced in an ethical manner.

Violations will likely continue to occur, given that many nations, especially in the developing world, have a less…… [Read More]

References

Crews, Kenneth D. (2001). Case study a&M Records, Inc. v. Napster, Inc.: Implications for the Digital Music Library. Retrieved March 30, 2011 at  http://dml.indiana.edu/pdf/AnalysisOfNapsterDecision.pdf 

Fisher, Marc. (2007, December 30). Download uproar: Record industry goes after personal use.

Washington Post Staff Writer. Retrieved March 30, 2011 at  http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/12/28/AR2007122800693.html
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Program Music

Words: 2543 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42920861

Program Music

oles of The Program Music

Program music refers to a form of music which tries to deliver an additional musical story musically. This story involved could be rendered to its audience as program notes, causing imaginative comparisons with its music.

This concept of program music enjoys more fame and application in the European classical music world, especially during the height of romantic works in the 1800s. Program music was a very common concept in those times. It was commonly used in reference to solely instrumental music works which are music pieces that doesn't have any lyrics. However, it was also used to describe the lieder and opera music type (odgers, 2009).

The single progression orchestral program music works are symphonic poems and the complete works is produced to be enjoyed and heralded without any external references. The Hector Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique is a suitable instance of program music…… [Read More]

References

'2016 Summer study: Teaching Music's annual listing of summer music programs' 2016, Teaching Music, 4, p. 51, Academic OneFile, EBSCOhost, viewed 27 June 2017.

Blom, D, Bennett, D, & Stevenson, I 2016, 'The Composer's Program Note for Newly Written Classical Music: Content and Intentions', Frontiers in Psychology, Academic OneFile, EBSCOhost, viewed 27 June 2017.

Garrett, S 2010, 'The Role of Community Music in Helping Disadvantaged Young People in South Wales to Confront Social Exclusion', International Journal Of Community Music, 3, 3, pp. 371-377, ERIC, EBSCOhost, viewed 27 June 2017.

Moss, PJ 2017, 'Program Music', Notes, 3, p. 550, Academic OneFile, EBSCOhost, viewed 27 June 2017.
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Social Impact of Music Social

Words: 1745 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59519462

This is because the majority will spend several hours a day watching these images through: various movie channels and those they can download from their cable / satellite TV provider. At the same time, the music is influencing them towards anti-social activity. This is based on the fact that 9 out of 10 individuals owns an I Pod or an MP3 player.

As a result, the various statistics are indicating that this is leading to a rise in disruptive behavior. The reason why, is because they are highlighting how the underlying trends are becoming worse with the changes in technology. This is leading to more incidents of criminal activity in relation to the rest of the population. Once this occurs, it means that society will have more issues to deal with: surrounding teenagers imitating what they are seeing and hearing. This is despite the claims that are made by: the…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Statistics on Teens. (2011). Sound Vision. Retrieved from: http://www.soundvision.com/Info/teens/stat.asp

Holland, B. (1999). Government Reports on Drugs. Billboard, 73 -- 76.

Neale, T. (2009). Pediatricians Fault Media Violence. ABC News. Retrieved from:  http://abcnews.go.com/Health/MindMoodNews/media-violence-sex-threaten-kids-pediatricians/story?id=8866443 

Nichols, S. (2004). America's Teenagers. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
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Spiritual Gospel Music Once Thought

Words: 1914 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42802293

Jim Cleveland introduced the nation to the 'Gospel Choir' and in 1968 organized the Gospel Music orkshop of American and due to his success has received three Grammy Awards and a star on the Hollywood alk of Fame (Moore Pp).

Leading a movement inside the Gospel music industry to go mainstream was Edwin Hawkins, who in 1969 recorded 'Oh Happy Day' which rose to number one on the Top Fifty Chart, and a new generation of Gospel was born (Moore Pp). Then other artists such as Andrae Crouch followed Hawkins' crossover success by writing gospel lyrics for more popular secular songs (Moore Pp). Beginning in the late 1980's, contemporary gospel groups such as Take 6 and the inans began to take the gospel message to an even wider audience (Moore Pp). Both groups could easily fill a concert hall as they played their new style to the sacred and the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

The Roots of Gospel Music

http://hem.passagen.se/daveo/roots.htm

Petrie, Phil. "The History of Gospel Music." http://afgen.com/gospel1.html

African-American Music: Spirituals and Gospel Music. http://www.sbgmusic.com/html/teacher/reference/styles/spirituals.html
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Midwest Research a Music Downloading

Words: 1227 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81982188

Vargas outlines a broader pattern in the consumer world which informs the proposal here, indicating that there is a splintering of all marketplaces between online and retail outlets which is changing the way that the latter must conduct business. These are ideas that direct the strategy here suggested for Midwest University.

Accordingly, key terms which will be considered in the proposal are those of 'file-sharing,' 'intellectual property,' and 'online piracy.' In the current online file-sharing context, everyday university students have essentially become bootleggers, according to legal research and assertion by both the music industry and the United States Congress. These are sources which appear to favor the music industry institutions, but in actuality, take a narrow perspective that is damaging to compromise for all parties. The program proposed here will be informed by a desire to overcome this hindrance to cooperation through a carefully constructed mediation whereby the university determines…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Borland, J. (April 9, 2003). Music Industry: Piracy is choking sales. CNET News. Online at http://news.com.com/2100-1027-996205.html.

Vargas, M. (2005). Cyberspace vs. Parking Mall Space. About the Retail Industry. Online at http://retailindustry.about.com/library/weekly/aa001101b.htm.
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Sony Music India

Words: 1816 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72238322

Sony Music India or SMI, is a solely retained subsidiary of SME, Sony Music Entertainment. The company initiated set-up in India from 1996 to 1997 in order to market both international and national music titles in India. Because of its success and use of state-of-the-art technologies, SMI has become one of the most advanced music companies India. Customers value the added services SMI offers especially if they decide to launch a digital platform for their music and other projects. India has already experienced a boost in sales thanks to the growing E-commerce in the country. The music industry overseas with iTunes and SoundCloud provide consumers with a variety of choices for music making companies like SMI feel a need to compete and therefore generate their own presence within the music industry. Therefore SMI began an "e-initiative" that enabled music lovers along with other users to visit the website, www.sonymusicindia.com, to…… [Read More]

References

Mani, D. (2013). Case Summary: Sony Music (India). ISBInsight. Retrieved 9 December 2014, from http://isbinsight.isb.edu/case-summary-sony-music-india/

Sony Music India,. (2014). Case Study -- Sony Music India. Retrieved 8 December 2014, from http://www.idealake.com/pdf/CaseStudy/CaseStudy-SonyMusic.pdf
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What Impact Social Media Has Had on Music Marketing

Words: 1271 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42043868

Social Media on Music Marketing

The objective of this research is to examine and analyze how music artists have social media for marketing purposes. Examples will be used to illustrate the major points made in this report.

The music world has entered into a new era in marketing. Social media such as Facebook, MySpace, and others bring together individuals who are like-minded. Dave Allen reports in the work entitled: "Social Media, logs and Music: Some Philosophical Thoughts" the marketing world of music is electrified with "phrases such as "Social Media, Social Advertising, Facebook Ads, Mass Media Networking Advertising." (Allen, 2008, p.1) Allen, a panelist attending the LISA Service Seminar in Portland and the Hawaii MusicTech Conference in Honolulu. Reported is: "L.I.S.A., which is an acronym for Lessons In Social Advertising, was aimed at marketers and advertisers who [for some reason] don't understand social networks or haven't yet worked out how…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Allen, Dave Social Media, Blogs and Music: Some Philosophical Thoughts. Music Think Tank. Retrieved from: http://www.musicthinktank.com/blog/social-media-blogs-and-music-some-philosophical-thoughts.html

Buskirk, Elliott (2009) Social Media Networks are Music's Curse and Salvation. EPICENER. WIRED.com. 9 Apr 2009. Retrieved from: http://www.wired.com/epicenter/20Pampelmoose.com and founding member Gang of Four.

Peters, Jackie (2008) The Effect of Social Media on Music. 8 June 2008. Heavybag Media. Retrieved from: http://heavybagmedia.com/blog/2008/06/08/the-effect-of-social-media-on-music
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The Connection Between Music and Politics

Words: 1470 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95692951

music is not always a vehicle for political or social commentary, it has become increasingly more so in the past several generations. Music serves often as a vehicle for community and cultural self-expression, or as a means to communicate social and political ideals as with the spirituals and blues songs of African-Americans bemoaning slavery and racism. Since the 1960s, however, music and its lyrical component has become a means by which to understand the zeitgeist of the historical epoch. Music in the 1960s was often directly and overtly political, particularly the songs of American folk musicians like Bob Dylan. It is almost easier to single out songs from the late 1960s that did not have political overtones versus those that did, because there were so many artists who used music to convey political messages. One of the most notable such songs is John Lennon's "Give Peace a Chance." This song…… [Read More]

References

Britton, L.M. (2015). Times they are a changin': Indie's apathy v pops political pursuit. The Guardian. 8 June, 2015. Retrieved online: http://www.theguardian.com/music/2015/jun/08/times-they-are-a-changin-indies-apathy-v-pops-political-pursuit

Burns, C. (n.d.). Lady Gaga: Performer, persona, and political advocate. Retrieved online: http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1195&context=comssp

Gavish, E. (2009). Music has always been a tuneful force for political change. New York Daily News. 10 Act, 2009. Retrieved online: http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/music-arts/music-tuneful-force-political-change-article-1.381154

Hughes, D. (2013). Hip-hop in politics. ABC News. 14 Feb, 2013. Retrieved online: http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/OTUS/hip-hop-politics-difference-generation-makes/story?id=18495205
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Two Musical Groups or Music Styles

Words: 629 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53482762

ands

The ritish Invasion: The eatles v the Rolling Stones

Two of the most influential rock bands of all time emerged from England in the 1960s during the ritish invasion. Although they came to prominence around the same time, The eatles and The Rolling Stones each developed a style that was unique to their bands. Though the two bands were opposites in many ways, they helped to establish a new sound, both in England and the United States, which would revolutionize rock and roll.

The eatles were made up of John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr. There were many early versions of the band including the Quarreymen, which was formed in 1959, then Johnny and the Moondogs, and then the Silver eatles, the name that the band adopted before formalizing their line-up and becoming known as The eatles.[footnoteRef:1] One of the first things that the band's managers…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Szatmary, David P. Rockin' In Time: A Social History of Rock-and-Roll. Upper Saddle River:

Prentice Hall, 2000.
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MP3 Players Industry Brief History

Words: 5567 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33136762

The initial MP3 founders backed by the open source model coded the MP3 software that speeded up the recognition of the MP3 audio format. (Behind the Files: History of MP3) at the time of writing the code for MP3 format, an array of compression intensities can be programmed. To take an example, an MP3 made with 128 Kbit compression intensity will have enhanced sound reproduction quality and bigger file size compared to a 56 Kbit compression, hence indicating that lesser the compression intensity, the lesser the reproduction of sound quality. (What is MP3, How does it work, what is (MPEG)

This accounts for growing acceptance of the MP3 format music files with the Internet devoted music enthusiasts since it is the perfect medium for receiving music files through the Internet compared to WAV/AIFF files with takes much longer time to get downloaded. (What is MP3, How does it work, what…… [Read More]

References

Allbriton, Christopher. King of All MP3 Players. 2004. Retrieved at http://popularmechanics.com/technology/audio/2002/9/king_of_mp3_players/. Accessed on 30 September, 2004

Apple hits 100 million iTunes mark. July 13, 2004. Retrieved at http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200407/s1152412.htm. Accessed on 30 September, 2004

Blanchette, Kasie. Effects of MP3 Technology on the Music Industry: An Examination of Market Structure and Apple iTunes. April 23, 2004. Retrieved at http://www.holycross.edu/departments/economics/website/honors/blanchette_thesis.pdf. Accessed on 30 September, 2004

Brain, Marshall. How to Break Into the Music Business. Retrieved at http://www.mp3mall.net/php/howto.php?id=9. Accessed on 30 September, 2004
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Internet's Impact on Music & Digital Entertainment in 20 yrs

Words: 2230 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34712761

Microsoft has not yet taken a stand on DRM issues nor have the defined their strategies for dealing with the intricacies of RIAA and NARAS as it relates to the content purchased. As a result, consumers vary of the RIAA and NARAS are taking a much more cautious approach to adopting the Microsoft digital music store as a result. There is a very good chance however that Microsoft will concentrate on an aggressive strategy to eventually attain DRM-free status of their downloads while also appeasing the legal entities that dominate this industry. Their challenges and the series of efforts they will need to make in order for this entire strategy to be successful will be fascinating to watch evolve over the coming years. Yet these two examples illustrate a fundamental fact about the future of Internet-based distribution of music and digital media, and that is only larger, more vertically oriented…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Apple, Investor Relations (2009). Investor Relations. Retrieved May 7, 2009, from Apple Investor Relations and Filings with the SEC Web site: http://www.apple.com/investor/

Anirban Banerjee, Michalis Faloutsos, Laxmi Bhuyan. (2008). The P2P war:

Someone is monitoring your activities. Computer Networks, 52(6), 1272.

Grant Buckler (2006, July). Bull from the entertainment industry. Computer Dealer News, 22(10), 11.
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Recording Industry Association of America

Words: 1799 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37179298

This is because the situational approach reinforces the basic reality that all humans have certain need whose degree varies across geography, size of company and even culture. This type of approach would enable the leader to undergo self-actualization and to develop a set of certain underpinned self-awareness. What follows is a good level of self-awareness and then mutual respect,. A high spirit of participation and democracy soon permeates. These elements are crucial for a leader in order for him/she to develop an effective organization (McGregor:1960).

The second recommendation relates to the change of leadership style at IAA to become one that is based on the motivation (Frederick Herzberg 1960).The motivational factors that are utilized are essential for the members of an organization in order to achieve a n acceptable level of job satisfaction and advancement. This can be achieved through the use of properly formulated company policies and administration. The…… [Read More]

References

RIAA (2010) "Who We Are."

Butler, S (2007).Report: Piracy Has Cost U.S. $12.5 Billion, Billboard magazine. August 21

Chemers, M.M. (2002). Meta-cognitive, social, and emotional intelligence of transformational leadership: Efficacy and Effectiveness. In R.E. Riggio, S.E. Murphy, F.J. Pirozzolo (Eds.)
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Analyzing Strategic Planning Apple Inc and Industry

Words: 3074 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75348774

Strategic Planning:

Apple Inc. and Industry

Apple Inc. is global technological corporation based in California, America. The company's business operations encompass the designing, developing and retailing of computer software, electronics and also provision of online services. In particular, Apple Inc. is set within the technology industry, competing on different fronts such as the mobile sector and computer sector as well. Technology transformation and change has completely altered the mobile industry and the manner in which it used to function. The internet specifically has changed the way in which people view business and make transactions. The current business model of Apple Inc. can be categorized broadly into three sectors: etail, Software Engineering and Hardware Engineering. Apple can be said to be a multinational corporation as it is involved with three major companies; Microsoft, The Gap and Dell which lie in different industries and that makes it even more successful. The software…… [Read More]

References

Blodget, H, 2013, Apple's 'Mission Statement' Is Making People Worry That the Company Has Gone to Hell, Business Insider. Retrieved: http://www.businessinsider.com/apples-new-mission-statement-2013-8

Bohm, A, 2009, The SWOT Analysis. Berlin: GRIN Publishers.

Cole, G, 1994, Strategic Management. New York: Thomson Learning.

Fine, Lawrence, G, 2009, The SWOT Analysis: Using Your Strength to Overcome Weaknesses, Using Opportunities to Overcome Threats, New York: Independent Publishing Platform.
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Culture Industry We Make and

Words: 1547 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91848607

ith the implementation of technology allowing these works to be mass produced mechanically, they are fully engrained within the popular culture of a society as well as the idea of high Culture, (51). Therefore, millions of people believe that these pieces, which they will never be able to obtain in real life, still represent a part of the larger culture which dominants their life.

This strange structure of the cultural hierarchy of estern Culture represents the idea that our society will never stray to far from its roots of class domination based on controlling the society through controlling the means of production. Rather than control the general population through sheer force, estern societies have instead chosen a route of hegemony, in which they control the mind of the individuals within the society. This control ensures the survival of the underlying class divisions and conflicts, while still presenting a united front…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Benjamin, Walter. "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction." Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks. Durham, Meenakshi Gigi & Kellner, Douglas (Eds.). Blackwell Publishers. Pp. 48-70. 2000.

Horkheimer, Max & Adorno, Theodor. "The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass

Deception." Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks.. Durham, Meenakshi Gigi & Kellner, Douglas (Eds.). Blackwell Publishers. Pp. 71-101. 2000.

Marx, Karl & Engels, Friedrich. "The Ruling Class and the Ruling Ideas." Media and Cultural Studies: Keyworks.. Durham, Meenakshi Gigi & Kellner, Douglas (Eds.). Blackwell Publishers. Pp. 39-42. 2000.
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Music Attachment 1 Overall Case Overview 2

Words: 595 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84002316

music (attachment)) 1. Overall Case overview 2. Answer question Case discussion questions Thanks and send mail, (barsbold_ochir@yahoo.

Case overview: "Time to face the music"

The popularity of CDs is on the decline. The ability of consumers to 'burn' CDs make it very easy for them to create their own high-quality music recordings in a manner very different from the traditional, poor-quality cassette mix tapes so popular in the 1990s. CD piracy and illegal Internet music downloading is likewise on the rise. Many music consumers delight in peer-to-peer music sharing and regard it as a social event. They can obtain music for free or nearly free, cutting both the artist and the record companies out of the profitability equation. The number of unlicensed tracks is growing as a result of a confluence of these factors.

Additionally, CD burning allows consumers to 'pick and choose' what tracks they select from a particular…… [Read More]

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Music History

Words: 1075 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6488635

Avant-Garde Jazz

Jazz music might sometimes be difficult to define because of its many movements. As a purely American form of music, jazz cannot be overlooked for its influence in other musical genres. As jazz has evolved over the years, the genre has witnessed many movements that represent African-American moods and attitudes. One significant movement in jazz is the avant-garde movement, which changed the course of traditional jazz. Along with this new movement comes a diverse array of opinions regarding jazz, contemporary forms of jazz, and jazz audiences.

The avant-garde movement of jazz is the often referred to as the bebop era. Lewis Porter asserts that bebop was a "revolt" (Porter 174) from bag band arrangements and the confines of tradition. Characteristics of bebop include a melody that does not last for a long time and many beboppers aimed for dissonance, which means experimenting with new sounds. Porter notes that…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Evans, Bill. "The Jazz Cadence of American Culture. "

Gottlieb, Bill. "The Anatomy of Bop."

Jones, Leroi. "The Jazz Avant-Garde."

Lewis Porter. "Reaction to Bebop."
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Misconception Music

Words: 1012 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37229710

Music

Misconception is a false belief system; an erroneous cognitive construct that leads to a dysfunctional worldview and potentially destructive behavior. In possession of a misconception, a person develops a warped sense of identity and a distorted vision of reality. The media is especially brilliant at crafting stories that create misconceptions in the minds of the public and its consumer sheep, simply by creating a legend or a myth that influences consumer behavior and social norms.

Music can be a media tool to create the misconceptions that shape American social norms and consumer behavior. Most music has the potential to uplift, inspire, and enliven our community; yet some forms of music are having the exact opposite effect, and that negative impact is felt most by young and impressionable consumers. The negative impact can be referred to as misconception. ith regards to music, the wrong types of music can leave deep…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Crouch, Stanley. "Taking Back the Music." Social Responsibility.

Ferrell, Monique. "Go Brooklyn!" Lead, Follow, or Move Out of the Way

Giovacchini, Anthony M. "The Negative Influence of Gangster Rap and What Can be Done about It." Ethics of Development in a Global Environment. Retrieved online: http://www.stanford.edu/class/e297c/poverty_prejudice/mediarace/negative.htm
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Record Industry and Bmg Music

Words: 1245 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22361012

BMG Entertainment

Since the earliest of times, music has become a way for everyone to be entertained, have a sense of closeness and the capacity to connect with each other. Prior to the 18th century, it was focused on the formal printing, arrangements and marketing. However, in 1877, technology changed the industry and the way it was delivered when Thomas Edison first discovered sound recording devices. This led the way for continuous transformations from LP records to digital music players / smart phones. BMG has been experiencing tremendous amounts of volatility in the last 25 years in order to keep up with these shifts. (Rivkin) To fully understand what is taking place requires looking at: these transformations within the industry, BMG's strategic relationships and organizational choices. Together, these elements will illustrate how the sector has influenced changes within the company itself.

Does technological change as a rule unseat the current…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Hull, Geoffrery. The Music Business and Recording Industry. New York: Taylor and Francis, 2011. Print.

Rivkin, Jan. BMG Entertainment. Harvard Business School, 2005.

Standard and Poor's. S&P Stock Guide. New York: McGraw Hill, 2013, Print.

Wiechman, Daniel. The Impact on Online Music Services. Berlin, Grin Verlag, 2013, Print.
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Communications - Pop Music Propaganda

Words: 1867 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18989777

As a result, consumers again have choices. y limiting media exposure, and being aware of media techniques used to brand and market pop stars, we can make educated choices. Rather than choosing what to listen to by turning on the radio and television, we now have the choice to investigate on our own, on the Internet. It will be interesting to see how pop music responds.

ibliography

Daly, Steve. "ritney Spears inside the heart and mind (and bedroom) of America's new teen queen." Rolling Stone, 15 April 1999, 60-70.

Fox, Mark A., and Paul Kochanowski. "Models of Superstardom: An Application of the Lotka and Yule Distributions." Popular Music & Society 27, no. 4 (2004): 507-522.

Larson, Charles U. Persuasion: Perception and Responsibility, 9th ed. elmont, CA: Wadsworth / Thomson Learning, 2001.

Lelanc, Larry. "A Revival At Top 40 Radio rings Wave Of New Teen Acts In Canada." illboard, 17 June…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Daly, Steve. "Britney Spears inside the heart and mind (and bedroom) of America's new teen queen." Rolling Stone, 15 April 1999, 60-70.

Fox, Mark A., and Paul Kochanowski. "Models of Superstardom: An Application of the Lotka and Yule Distributions." Popular Music & Society 27, no. 4 (2004): 507-522.

Larson, Charles U. Persuasion: Perception and Responsibility, 9th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth / Thomson Learning, 2001.

LeBlanc, Larry. "A Revival At Top 40 Radio Brings Wave Of New Teen Acts In Canada." Billboard, 17 June 2000, 75.
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Sound Clash Popular Music and American Culture

Words: 1546 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24252239

Popular Music and Identity

Sound Clash-Popular Music and American Culture

Identifying through music is fantastic and creates social movements. People find music to be liberating, relaxing, and calming. Identifying oneself through music a person is able to have direct experiences in their body. This allows a person to place them self in an imaginary cultural narrative. Popular music has been analyzed as though it is a classical composition, which makes the analysts neglect the improvisational and performative aspects of popular music. Analyzing how audiences respond to popular music and how they identify with this kind of music is vital. This would allow people to better understand how different people identify with certain popular songs. Theodor Adorno viewed popular music as a culture industry, which is designed to appeal to society by creating a false need for entertainment. Simon Frith views popular music as a complex world where that values and…… [Read More]

References

Adorno, Theodor W, and George Simpson. On Popular Music. Institute of Social Research, 1942. Print.

Frith, Simon. "Music and Identity." Questions of cultural identity (1996): 108-27. Print.

Hill, S., and B. Fenner. Media and Cultural Theory. London: Bookboon. Print.

Appendix
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Influence of Music on Consumers

Words: 2573 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95456051

Music on Grocery Store Shopper Habits

Marketers continuously attempt to influence shopper habits by manipulating their environment. It has been known since the early 1970s that factors such as lighting, layout, sounds, colors and temperature invoke emotional responses in consumers (Kotler, 1973). esearch has shown that the amount of time spent in a restaurant was directly related to the amount of money spent (Caldwell and Hibbert, 2002). Musical preferences were found to play a factor in the restaurant experience. However, the tempo of the music was not found to be significant (Caldwell and Hibbert, 2002). Several researchers have focused on the effects of music on consumer behavior (North, Hargreaves, and McKendrick, 1996; Yalch & Spangenberg, 1990; Milliman, 1982).

There have been two types of studies performed regarding the subject of environment and shopper behavior. The first group of studied treats the store atmosphere as a whole. Other studies focused on…… [Read More]

References

Alpert, J.L., & Alpert, M.I. (1990). Music influences on mood and purchase intentions.

Psychology & Marketing, 7, 109-133.

Areni, C.S., & Kim, D. (1993). The influence of background music on shopping behavior. Classical vs. top-forty music in a wine store. Advances in Consumer research, 20(1), 336-340.

Caldwell, C., and Hibbert, S. (2002) The Influence of Music Tempo and Musical Preference on Restaurant Patron's Behavior. Psychology & Marketing, Vol. 19(11): 895-917 (November 2002)
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Popular Music Is the Obvious

Words: 2521 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18950213



These assumptions encapsulate the notion of consumer sovereignty in neoclassical economics of consumption' (Jonathan Scheckter (2006). A Holistic Approach to Consumption Analysis in the Popular Music Market). While the concept is often criticized at an empirical level, or at an intuitive level, the origins of consumer sovereignty are seldom explored with reference to popular music.

The most important advancement of neoclassical economics arose as a sophisticated defense of this assumption of constant preferences. The argument asserts from the outset that, 'tastes neither change capriciously nor differ importantly between people'. (Becker and Stigler, 1977: 76) the starting point is the utilization of a reformulation of consumer theory, first expressed by Becker and Michael (1974). This new theory "transforms the family [consumer] from a passive maximizer of the utility from market purchases to an active maximizer also engaged in extensive production and investment activities," (Becker and Stigler, 1977).

The theory explained various…… [Read More]

References

Adorno, Theodor (1976). "Mediation." In Introduction to the Sociology of Music. New York: Seabury.

Berland, Jody. (1990). "Radio Space and Industrial Time: Music Formats, Local Narratives and Technological Mediation." Popular Music 9(2): 179-192.

Frith, Simon. (1981). "Making Records." In Sound Effects: Youth, Leisure, and the Politics of Rock 'n' Roll. New York: Pantheon, 89-129.

Hall, Stuart. (1973). "Coding and Encoding in Television Discourse." In Culture, Media, Language. Edited by Stuart Hall et al. London: Hutchinson.
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Elvis' Impact on Popular Music Culture

Words: 1327 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64555517

Elvis Presley's Impact On Popular Music Culture

From the time Elvis recorded "That's All Right Mamma" for Sun Records in 1953, to his subsequent and astonishing rise to fame, he reinvented the concept of rock star and has made a bigger impact on popular music culture than any other act. That is saying a lot considering that the Beatles and Rolling Stones and others like Elton John have been huge superstars. But looking at Elvis's impact, as this paper does, one can clearly see that he influenced all of those acts. John Lennon said that "Before Elvis there was nothing…" and the Rolling Stones have indicated that they were hugely influenced by Elvis.

hen Elvis Started Out -- Launching his Career as a Musical Rebel and Icon

An article in the Public Broadcasting Service (KCET) website ("Culture Shock / Music and Dance) traces Elvis's early beginnings in terms of how…… [Read More]

Works Cited

History Today. (2007). Elvis: Rock 'n' Roll's reluctant rebel. Retrieved December 24, 2013,]

From  http://www.historytoday.com .

Kemp, M. (2001). Elvis Presley Biography. Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 24, 2013, from  http://www.rollingstone.com .

Public Broadcast Service. (1956). Elvis Presley, 1956. KCET. Retrieved December 24, 2013,
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Bookselling Industry in Japan Individual Integrative Case

Words: 2208 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94421166

Bookselling Industry in Japan

Individual Integrative Case Study: The Japanese Bookselling Industry

This paper focuses on the Japanese Bookselling industry. Under this, it analyzes two successful firms, Bookoff and Amazon. These firms overcome the implications of Saihan Systems using unique ways, making them to achieve a competitive advantage over other firms.

There is a reduction in the number of firms in the bookseller retailing industry in Japan. This is because of many reasons. First, the Saihan System, which makes it mandatory for publishers to fix prices of books before selling them to the retailers. The effect of this rule is that large retailers no longer push other firms out of the industry due to price.

Despite the imposition of Saihan System on the bookselling industry in Japan, both Bookoff and amazon have overcome its implications. The two are doing so through use of unique methods making them have competitive advantage…… [Read More]

References

Amazon japan may sell other firms' goods. (2006, Jul 27). Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from   http://search.proquest.com/docview/399005127?accountid=35812  

By Yumiko Ono and, Masayoshi Kanabayashi. (2000, Jun 22). Focus on japan: A special background report on trends in industry and finance. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from   http://search.proquest.com/docview/398738784?accountid=35812  

IPO profile: Bookoff corp. (2004, Mar 05). Jiji Press English News Service. Retrieved from   http://search.proquest.com/docview/448498097?accountid=35812  

McClure, S. (2001). Japanese labels retain right to set prices. Billboard, 113(14), 3-3. Retrieved from   http://search.proquest.com/docview/227152099?accountid=35812
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International of Music Under the

Words: 3176 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78362298

Music is something that reaches the soul. In other more pragmatic words we could state that its role is to answer psychological needs. From this pint of view the greatest opportunity that the artist benefits from is the one of making good quality music. Normally the high quality product should sell itself. In reality it will need a bit of promotion and advertising to achieve its purpose of becoming successful abroad.

Now that we have taken into consideration a multitude of strong points and opportunities, we should probably underline the fact that there are important threats that one must take into consideration. The first threat that we must analyze is represented by the competition. It is true that being a male could be an advantage on the international music market.

One may become the idol of the boys and a desired partner for the girls. Especially under the circumstances in…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Belch G.E., Belch M.A. (2008) Advertising and promotion: an integrated marketing communications perspective. McGraw Hill Higher Education

Benbasat, I., Gefen, D., Pavlou, P.A., (2008) "Trust in Online environments," Journal of Management Information Systems, vol. 24, no.4, pp.5-11

Doole, I., Lowe, R. (2008) International Marketing Strategy: analysis, development and implementation. South Western Educational Publishing

Graham, J, Cateora, P. (2008). International Marketing. McGRaw Hill Higher education
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What Is Women's Music Why Is it Women's Music and When Is it Women's Music

Words: 1499 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85010315

women's music? Anyone who is involved in the world of music has some idea of what women's music is, but any attempt to define it is like attempting to define art itself: You know what it is when you hear it - or see it - and that experiential definition suffices. Or rather it may suffice on a personal level but it does not suffice on an analytical one. If we are to examine the history and development - and future of women's music then we must be able, at least to define it. That is the task that this paper sets out to do.

Any investigation into the world of women's music quickly reveals that there is no single vector along which a definition may be constructed, and this is no doubt one of the reasons that an easy definition tends to elude us. omen's music is defined by…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Giroux, Henry. Stealing Innocence: Youth Corporate Power, and the Politics of Culture. London: St. Martin's 2001.   http://www.technodyke.com/features/teresa4.asp  

Hanna, Judith. Dance, Sex, and Gender: Signs of Identity, Dominance, Defiance, and Desire. Chicago: U. Of Chicago Press, 1988.

Kimball, Gayle. Women's Culture: The Women's Renaissance of the Seventies. Los Angeles: Scarecrow, 1981.

Koskoff, Ellen. (ed.). Women and Music in Cross-Cultural Perspective. Urbana: U. Of Illinois Press, 1987.
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Competitiveness of Sustenance Lithographic Printing Industry With

Words: 8843 Length: 31 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16155101

Competitiveness of Sustenance Lithographic Printing Industry with the Digital Printing Industry: A Case Study of the Lithographic Printing Industry in Nigeria

Major Constraints Affecting the Lithographic Printing Industry

The Effect of the Total Quality Management System on Lithographic

Industry and Compliance with a Changing World

Comparison of Lithographic Printing and Digital Printing to Develop

Avenues to Increase the Sale of Lithography

Stakeholder Opinions of the Proficiency of the Lithographic Printing

Industry

Although facing obsolescence from innovations in digital printing technologies, the lithographic industry is faced with several constraints to its competitiveness that form the focus of this study. The overarching aim of this study is to investigate and explore the future of the lithographic printing industry and develop ways on how lithographic printing can be sustained in the changing world of emerging technologies in the printing industry today. In support of this main aim, the study's objectives were to: provide…… [Read More]

References

Avery, C and Zabel, D 1997, The Quality Management Sourcebook: An International Guide to Materials and Resources. London: Routledge.

Beaujon, J 1936, Graphic Arts. Garden City, NJ: Garden City Publishing.

Cohen, P 2007, 'Deming's Fourteen Points,' Deming Articles. [online]. available: http://www.

hci.com.au/hcisite2/articles/deming.htm.
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Netflix the Red Ocean Industry That I

Words: 1629 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6249418

Netflix

The red ocean industry that I decided to cover is video rentals and the company chosen is Netflix. The company has succeeded in overwhelming major competitor Blockbuster through differentiation, in this case the use of the Internet as a distribution mechanism rather than storefronts. According to Kim and Mauborgne (2010), the six paths framework seeks to uncover a new open space for the firm. The six paths are:

"Looking across alternative industries instead of focusing on competing within an industry; looking across strategic groups within industries instead of a company confining itself to established strategic groups; looking across the chain of buyers instead of focusing on the same buyer group as the rest of the industry; looking across complementary products and services instead of a company limiting itself to the scope of an industry's products and services; looking across functional or emotional appeal to buyers instead of accepting an…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Dignan, L. (2011). Netflix's rough weekend: Sign of things to come. CNet. Retrieved October 29, 2011 from http://news.cnet.com/8301-1023_3-20072648-93/netflixs-rough-weekend-sign-of-things-to-come/

Kim, W & Mauborgne, R. (2010). Six paths framework. Blue Ocean Strategy.com. Retrieved October 29, 2011 from http://www.blueoceanstrategy.com/abo/Blue_Ocean_Strategy_Glossary_Lookup.php?Term=six-paths-framework

Kim, W. & Mauborgne, R. (2010). 3 tiers of noncustomers. Blue Ocean Strategy.com. Retrieved October 29, 2011 from http://www.blueoceanstrategy.com/abo/noncustomers.html

Kim, W. & Mauborgne, R. (2010). 4 actions framework. Blue Ocean Strategy.com. Retreived October 29, 2011 from http://www.blueoceanstrategy.com/abo/4_action.html