352+ documents containing “nature vs nurture”.
The general public has come to accept the sway of almighty genes in the human personality and destiny (De Waal).
Studies of the behaviors of chimpanzees and bonobos illustrate striking similarities to human behaviors and suggest evolution and kinship (De Waal 1999). These range from politics, child rearing to violence and morality. There is no place for a blank slate. Human beings are naturally selfish and aggressive or they have evolved into cooperative and loving creatures. At the same time, the resemblance rejects genetic or biological determinism. Genes are merely biological inputs into the personality, powerless to dictate the course of its development. And the environment contributes passing stimulations, which eventually fade out. Oncoming researches promise to integrate developmental, genetic, cultural and evolutionary approaches into one integrated perspective. These developments will incline students and advocates of animal behavior towards environmental effects on human behavior, as in the case of primates….
Nature vs. Nurture
ADHD as an Example of Nature vs. Nurture
There are several schools of thought that address the way in which human beings develop their personality and behavioral traits. Some psychologists believe that traits tend to be innate, written into the individual's genetic code and thus inborn and largely predicted from conception (Gonzales-Mena, 2009). On the other hand, other psychologists believe that while individuals have genetic traits that may predispose them toward certain conditions and behaviors, the demonstration of those traits is the result of the way in which they were raised, and the way in which they interacted with the world at a young age (Gonzales-Mena, 2009). Both theories are based in observational and clinical data, and both seem to have equal support in the scientific community (Lippa, 2002). It seems likely that neither nature nor nurture are, in and of themselves, responsible for human behavior. Rather, a mixture….
Bateman, B., Warner, J., Hutchinson, E., Dean, T., Rowlandson, P., Gant, C., et al. (2004). The effects of a double blind, placebo controlled, artificial food coloring and benzoate preservative challenge on hyperactivity in the general population of sample of preschool children. Archive of Disease in Childhood, 89, 506-511
Gatzke-Kopp, L., Beauchaine, T., (2007). Central nervous system substrates of impulsivity:
Implications for the development of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and conduct.
In Donna Coch, Geraldine Dawson & Kurt W. Fischer (Ed.), Human behavior, learning, and the developing brain: Atypical development (pp 239-263). New York: Guilford Press.
The process of problem solving is therefore enhanced whenever the learner is able to gain access to, and manipulate, concepts and knowledge representations of problem-solving procedures. According to Lee, Baylor and Nelson (2005) "Potential instructional uses of external knowledge representations include the following: (a) clarification or elaboration of a learner's own conceptual understanding of a problem space…(b) communication of a learner's conceptual understanding to others… and, (c) evaluation of a learner's conceptual understanding. The focus here is the first use: that is, the learners' use of external representations to aid in their interpretation and understanding of concepts and procedures, as a way to facilitate problem solving" (p. 118).
Structures vs. Processes: Memory Models And Processes
The term "structures" refers to the contents attributes and products of the human brain, while the term "processes" denotes the manners in which knowledge is absorbed and recalled. Studies of memory processes are usually divided into….
Carney, R.N., Levin, M.E., & Levin, J.R. (1993) "Mnemonic strategies: Instructional techniques worth remembering," Teaching Exceptional Children, 25, 24-30.
Chen, P. & McGrath, D. (2003). Knowledge construction and knowledge representation in high school students' design of hypermedia documents. Journal of Multimedia and Hypermedia, 12, 33-61.
Flavell, J.H. (1999). Cognitive development: Children's knowledge about the mind. Annual Review of Psychology, 50, 21-45.
Garcia, C. & Garcia, L. (2006) A Motor-development and motor-learning perspective: How do the organism, the environment, and the task affect motor learning? The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 77, 31-33
Since personality disorders are inherited, it can be assumed that overall personality traits are inherited from parents. Generally, people with similar characteristics have similar personalities since it's hereditary.
The question on whether people are born with self-confidence or they are taught on developing this aspect is a fundamental issue about the nature vs. nurture debate. In the view of self-confidence being developed from environmental influences, it's basically stated that an individual's psychological traits that form confidence are developed mostly by parenting (William, 2009). Some of the parenting attributes that contribute to self-confidence are the parents' beliefs, expectations, and modeling. Moreover, the initial efficacy experiences are usually based on the family as peers become increasingly important to a person's development of self-knowledge of their capabilities as their social world expands in their growth processes. However, self-confidence is regarded as more of a genetic predisposition than a state of mind and can….
Tomasic, T. (2006, February 23). Personality: Nature v. Nurture or Something in Between.
Retrieved from Bryn Mawr College website: http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/bb/neuro/neuro06/web1/ttomasic.html
Williams, R.B. (2009, July 11). Self-Confidence: Nature or Nurture. Retrieved March 26, 2012, from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/wired-success/200907/self-confidence-nature-or-nurture
Nature vs. Nurture:
The modern field of psychology has been characterized by various significant questions including the concern regarding nature vs. nurture. This concern can also be described as the determination of the extent with which biology influences an individual's psychology as compared to cultural constructs or factors. Based on his analysis, Herdt (2004) presents an evaluation of Freudian and development psychology in which he explains the progression of adolescent development through a more culturally-informed means. To support his claims, article states that traditional theories of adolescent development have focused on the person and the formation of adult self on the basis that it existed outside of culture as presented in Freudian and biological discussions of psychology. The article consists of several important points including the following
Isolation of Adolescent Development from the Community:
According to historical analyses on sexuality, policies have constantly focused on the individual not culture to the extent that….
Herdt, G. (2004, January). Sexual Development, Social Oppression, and Local Culture. Sexuality Research & Social Policy Journal of NSRC, 1(1), 39-62. doi: 10.1525/srsp.2004.1.1.39
Kriepe, R.E. (n.d.). Sexual Development. Retrieved February 29, 2012, from http://www.actforyouth.net/health_sexuality/adolescence/sexual.cfm
Levy, S. (2009, February). Physical and Sexual Development. Retrieved February 29, 2012, from http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/childrens_health_issues/adolescents/physical_and_sexual_development.html
Nature vs. Nurture
This paper argues that my affinity for basketball is the result of both heredity and environment. Being good at the playing basketball requires certain traits, including physical agility, speed, strength, hand-eye coordination, and so forth, as well as intangible characteristics such as mental toughness, work ethic, basketball IQ etc. There is ongoing debate as to whether the influence of heredity or environment is greater in determining basketball skill, and this paper examines that debate from the perspective of genetics and evolution.
My genetic heritage, or genoytype, includes DNA contributions from both parents. These coded instructions determine my phenotype, the observable characteristics I display. Together they account for my basketball abilities.
While it seems straightforward to argue that genetics determine many physical basketball skills, my environment was also a factor. I grew up watching basketball games with my father, and shooting hoops in the driveway and at the park. So my….
Harden, K.P., Turkheimer, E. & Loehlin, J.C. (2006). Genotype by Environment Interaction in Adolescents' Cognitive Aptitude. Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 1, doi:10.1007/s10519-006-9113-4
McInerney, J. (2008). What is behavioral genetics? Human Genome Project Information. Retrieved March 30, 2011 from http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/behavior.shtml#2
The Nature of Nurture. (2010). Association for Psychological Science. Retrieved March 30, 2011 from http://www.psychologicalscience.org/convention/program_detail.cfm?abstract_id=12506
They should not just give them toys, they should also play with them. There are age-appropriate toys available in the market. For instance, Lego is an excellent toy for developing attention and concentration. However, if you leave a child alone with a Lego set, he will probably just throw the pieces around, as he will not understand what he is supposed to do with them. Parents should demonstrate how to use Lego to their children and also show their keenness towards the toy. If parents are going to sit around and watch movies and expect their children to play on their own, there is no point. Children need parental involvement and guidance."
In conclusion, whether nature or nurture influences intelligence remains a matter of debate between scientists. However, it appears that nurture outweighs nature when it comes to intelligence. Changes in our environment early on may effect gene expression and….
Mehrotra, S. (2004). Intelligence - Can it be improved? Interview with Dr. Sushma Mehrotra, Child Psychologist. India Parenting Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved from the Internet at http://www.indiaparenting.com/articles/data/art09_003.shtml .
Moore, David S. (2001). The Dependent Gene: The Fallacy of "Nature vs. Nurture." Times Books.
Pittman, K. (2003, October). "On Nature vs. Nurture, Success and Failure." A condensed version of this article appears in Youth Today, October 2003, 12(9), 24.
Powell, Kimberley. (October 9, 2003). Nature vs. Nurture: Are We Really Born That Way? About.com. Retrieved from the Internet at http://genealogy.about.com/cs/geneticgenealogy/a/nature_nurture_2.htm . Sticht, Tom. (September 26, 1997). Functional Context Education: Making learning relevant. San Diego Consortium for Workforce Education and Lifelong Learning.
Nature vs. Nurture
Upon researching the issue of nature vs. nurture both elements direct influence upon human development, it is clear that there is no definite way to argue if one plays a greater or not. Upon further understanding it is only fair to propose that both play a significant role in human development and shaping his or her character. At this point in discovery, it is only safe to comment that there are a number of different factors that come into play given the randomness of our society. The paragraphs below establish a strong argue for equal influence in one's development. However, there is one important detail to note at this time in that throughout human development there are periods of time where one may play a greater emphasis than the other depending on the stage. There are times in one's life where nurture will be more important and nature….
Bower, B. "Kids adopted late reap IQ increases." Science News 24 July 1999: 54.
Dempsey, David, and Philip G. Zimbardo. Psychology & You. United States of America: Scott, Foresman and Company, 1978.
Gardner, Howard. Leading Minds: An Anatomy of Leadership. New York:
BasicBooks Harper Collins, 1995
(Myers, 2006, p. 99)
The clone's adult personality would still likely closely resemble that of the donor, but would not likely be an exact match of the other. The issue of temperament has a great deal to do with decisions, as when certain offerings are made to the individual infant, the individual infant will likely respond in a consistent manner according to his or her temperament. Temperament, according to Myers, is the least variable aspect of the individual, as seen by adoptive studies associated with what adoptive parent's can influence or change and what they can not. (p. 98)
The adult personality of monozygotic twins clearly differs, despite the fact that they share exactly the same DNA and presumably grew up in the same household. Where such individuals grew up in different households, such as is the case in adoptive twin situations the two individuals still share certain basic personality traits,….
Brannigan, M.C. (Ed.). (2001). Ethical Issues in Human Cloning Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives. New York: Seven Bridges Press.
The Case for Human Reproductive Cloning. (2002, November/December). Canadian Speeches, 16, 20.
Mathur, S. (2006). Diasporic Body Double: The Art of the Singh Twins. Art Journal, 65(2), 34.
Myers, D.G. (2006) Psychology Eight Edition in Modules. New York: Worth Publishing
Nature vs. nurture debate has been the center of discussion for many years. Some believe that human behavior is created naturally while others believe that human behavior evolves over time.
The purpose of this discussion is to discuss both sides of issue and to develop an opinion about which side seems more accurate. Let's begin our discussion by explaining the nature vs. nurture debate.
Nature vs. Nurture
The first recorded experiment concerning nature vs. nurture occurred in the 13th Century. The experiment was conducted by King Frederick II who wanted to see what language a child would pick up if they were not spoken to. He wanted to see if they would just naturally learn language. Steen (1996) asserts that the King was curious as to whether children would teach themselves the Hebrew language, which was the oldest language extant in Europe at the time, or one of the more recent languages such….
Dunn, J., & Plomin, R. (1990). Separate Lives: Why Siblings Are So Different. New York: Basic Books. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=98845823
Gould, S.J. (1977). Reflections in Natural History. New York: Norton. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=99473592
Plomin, R. & McClearn, G.E. (Eds.). (1993). Nature, Nurture, & Psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Nature vs. Nurture
An Age Old Debate
Nature vs. nurture is one of the age old debates primarily within psychology but also within other social sciences such as sociology. Intelligence is often one of the aspects in which the argument hinges upon. There has been some evidence that the first born child in any family is more likely to possess traits consistent with intelligence and aptitude. This would suggest that nurture is a key component in the equation since siblings have relatively similar genetic composition. A strong correlation between being the first born and such measurable personality traits as intelligence would indicate that the manner in which one is raised in regards to their status may influence personal development.
However at the same time it is hard to dispute the role that nature plays. Examples will be provided about cases involving eye sight and depth perception in which the biological capabilities that help….
Gibson, E., & Walk, R. (1960). Watch Out for the Visual Cliff. Scientific America, 67-71.
Hergenhahn, B., & Olson, M. (2011). An introduction to theories of personality. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice-Hall.
Powledge, T. (2011). Behavioral Epigenetics: How Nurture Shapes Nature. BioScience, 588-592.
Zajonc, R., & Markus, G. (1975). Born First, Born Smarter? Psychological Review, 74-88.
A personal identity is constructed of the social norms, beliefs, and aesthetic values in the society. Moreover, traumatic and pleasurable memories alike become part of who we are as adults. How a person deals with stress, and what stressors enter their world, are also determined in part by nature and in part by nurture.
It is impossible to escape either DNA or experiences. Both leave indelible marks on human beings. A person can have plastic surgery to change his or her appearance but can never change the underlying cellular structures in their bodies. Similarly, a person can undergo psychological counseling to work on childhood trauma issues but can never extricate the memory from consciousness. The ways nature and nurture interact in the human being does not stop after childhood, either. Even as adults, people continue to absorb their environmental stimuli. Their genes may even determine how well they live and….
For just one example, clinical depression in humans has been linked to early traumatic experiences; it has also been linked to specific genetic markers. esearchers have been able to plot the respective likelihood of developing the disease among individuals with either contributing factor in comparison to individuals with both contributing factors, demonstrating that the combination of biological and environmental influences is a much stronger predictor of depression than either factor on its own (Gerrig
The Significance of Extreme (Deviant) Human Behavior and Identical Twin Studies:
Some of the most dramatic evidence of the significance of external environment and experience on personality development comes in the form of the common experiences that criminologists and criminal psychological profilers have identified as playing a role in the evolution of profoundly deviant human behavior. That evidence is relevant by virtue of its extreme departure from 'normal" human behavior as well as the fact that the….
Gerrig, R.J., Zimbardo, P.G. (2005) Psychology and Life. New York: Pearson
Hennelly-Kieth, J (2005) Double Visionary. Bostonia (pp.26-9). Retrieved December 2, 2007, at http://www.bu.edu/alumni/bostonia/2005/fall/pdfs/double.pdf
Henslin, J.M. (2002) Essentials of Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach.
Boston: Allyn & Bacon
To deal with the 'fallout' of these neurological particularities may require treating anxiety, depression, and teaching him or her to psychologically compensate for certain deficits through intensive therapy. The fact that autism is not 'caused' by conventional psychological causes like bad parenting or 'refrigerator mothers' as was once assumed does not mean that psychology and orchestrating the child's environment does not have a role in treating the illness.
The two different approaches can also have a vital function in suggesting the source of specific components of what is considered a psychological illness. Autistic children often have difficulty identifying persons based upon their faces in a manner that is 'normal.' A neuroscientist will study the "specific brain systems" which "allow each person to recognize a face… Social psychologists, by contrast, take the ability to recognize faces and their expressions as a starting point and might ask how each stranger uses that….
Corkin, Suzanne. (et al. 1997). H. M.'s medial temporal lobe lesion: Findings from magnetic resonance imaging Journal of Neuroscience, 17(10):3964 -- 3979
Lieberman, Matthew D. & Ochsner, Kevin N. (2001). The emergence of social cognitive neuroscience. American Psychologist, 56 (9). 717-734
Miller, Gregory & Keller, Jennifer. (2000). Psychology and neuroscience: Making peace.
Current Directions in Psychological Science 9:6: 212-216.
nature vs. nurture theory. The author uses two books to draw information supporting the arguments presented in the paper. There were four sources used to complete this paper.
For many years experts in the fields of biology, physics and chemistry have argued the elements of nature vs. nurture. Experts have remained divided on what drives a person to do, think, act and feel the way he or she does.
Those who believe in the nurture theory argue that it is in the raising of the child and the lessons he or she is taught that ultimately shapes the end result. Those who favor the nature side of the argument disagree, and believe that the genetic component is much more important than anyone realizes when it comes to the eventual adult creation.
Two experts in the field of science when it comes to human nature believe that nature is the underlying driving force….
The general public has come to accept the sway of almighty genes in the human personality and destiny (De Waal). Studies of the behaviors of chimpanzees and bonobos illustrate…Read Full Paper ❯
Nature vs. Nurture ADHD as an Example of Nature vs. Nurture There are several schools of thought that address the way in which human beings develop their personality and behavioral traits.…Read Full Paper ❯
The process of problem solving is therefore enhanced whenever the learner is able to gain access to, and manipulate, concepts and knowledge representations of problem-solving procedures. According to…Read Full Paper ❯
Since personality disorders are inherited, it can be assumed that overall personality traits are inherited from parents. Generally, people with similar characteristics have similar personalities since it's hereditary. Self-Confidence: The…Read Full Paper ❯
Nature vs. Nurture: The modern field of psychology has been characterized by various significant questions including the concern regarding nature vs. nurture. This concern can also be described as the…Read Full Paper ❯
Nature vs. Nurture This paper argues that my affinity for basketball is the result of both heredity and environment. Being good at the playing basketball requires certain traits, including physical…Read Full Paper ❯
They should not just give them toys, they should also play with them. There are age-appropriate toys available in the market. For instance, Lego is an excellent toy…Read Full Paper ❯
Nature vs. Nurture Upon researching the issue of nature vs. nurture both elements direct influence upon human development, it is clear that there is no definite way to argue if…Read Full Paper ❯
(Myers, 2006, p. 99) The clone's adult personality would still likely closely resemble that of the donor, but would not likely be an exact match of the other. The…Read Full Paper ❯
Nature vs. nurture debate has been the center of discussion for many years. Some believe that human behavior is created naturally while others believe that human behavior evolves over…Read Full Paper ❯
Nature vs. Nurture An Age Old Debate Nature vs. nurture is one of the age old debates primarily within psychology but also within other social sciences such as sociology. Intelligence is…Read Full Paper ❯
A personal identity is constructed of the social norms, beliefs, and aesthetic values in the society. Moreover, traumatic and pleasurable memories alike become part of who we are…Read Full Paper ❯
For just one example, clinical depression in humans has been linked to early traumatic experiences; it has also been linked to specific genetic markers. esearchers have been able to…Read Full Paper ❯
To deal with the 'fallout' of these neurological particularities may require treating anxiety, depression, and teaching him or her to psychologically compensate for certain deficits through intensive therapy.…Read Full Paper ❯
nature vs. nurture theory. The author uses two books to draw information supporting the arguments presented in the paper. There were four sources used to complete this paper. For…Read Full Paper ❯