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" Organizations need to be prepared for all possible worst case scenarios, and have communication strategies in place if and when such an incident occurs. A good leader can make all the difference in the world when it comes to crisis action planning. The Harvard Business eview quotes a lesson that Continental airlines learned during its crisis situation: "Strategic direction is never more crucial than during a crisis. Leaders must find the most leveraged plan of action, stick with it and continually monitor the company's performance against it" (pp. 117-118). So, while it is important to have good leadership and strategic planning in times of non-crisis, nowhere is it more important that a leader knows how to lead than when a crisis has actually occurred. This means being able to remain cool under pressure, being able to convince others not to panic, and being prepared to develop and implement a…
BSR - Business for Social Responsibility (2003) Overview of corporate responsibility, http://www.dcp.ufl.edu/ckibert/Poland/MiscMaterials/CSR-Overview-bsr.htm
Campbell, J.L. (2007) Why would corporations behave in socially responsible ways?" Academy of Management Review 32, 946-67
Fink, S. (2000) Crisis Management: Planning for the Inevitable. Blackprint Harvard Business Review on Crisis Management (2000) Harvard Business Press
The first, main ethical issue at stake in "The Case of Nutritional Foods" is the question of what happens when ostensibly 'good foods' go wrong? In the scenario, the county health departments of Seattle and Southern California have reported a possible link between acute food poisoning of children and un-pasteurized apple products produced by Nutritional Foods. The decision makers in question are the President of Nutritional Foods which is a $50 million manufacturer of healthful foods and John Healy, the company's vice president for production. They first must take into consideration their personal economic stake in the company, their shareholder's interests in keeping the company profitable, and the potential health risk of the issue. At first since no batch numbers have been identified, the ethical issues of informing the public are murky -- no one wants to cause a health scare for no reason, but no one wants…
The book Food First: Beyond the Myth of Scarcity makes a clear argument against the existence of "a world hunger crisis." Lappe and Collins support their main thesis that rather than a "global food shortage," we are facing an unequal distribution system. The book discusses the development of our current food production and distribution systems. It supports the idea that there is in reality enough food production to supply everyone on earth with an adequate amount of calories, but that there is much wasted energy in the production, packaging and distribution of food to certain parts of the world. The main thesis of the book is that there is actually no real food shortage, just an unequal distribution to certain parts of the world.
Lappe and Collins open Chapter four with the idea that in order to meet the nutritional needs of a society, a food production system…
Lappe. Franics Moore and Joseph Collins. Food First: Beyond the Myth of Scarcity. New York:
Random House, 1981.
There are many different perceptions that people have towards their food. On one end of the spectrum "people live to eat" and they place a high value on the quality, taste, presentation, and the environmental factors that enhance or detract from their experience of their favorite meals. However, people on the other side of the spectrum, take more of an "eat to live" approach to their personal nutrition. People in this camp are focused more on the quantity, convenience, and potentially some of the health consequences of their meals. In my opinion, these two perspectives represent the poles of the spectrum in which there may be a variety of points that exist in between these two extremes. One article written by David Sedaris, "Tasteless," exemplifies something I believe is close to one end of the spectrum while another article written by Anthony Bourdain, "Food is Good," is in…
Bourdain, A. (N.d.). Food Is Good. Retrieved from The New Yorker.
Sedaris, D. (2007, September 3). Tasteless. Retrieved from The New Yorker: http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2007/09/03/070903fa_fact_sedaris
Food Menu and Nutrition
Food Menu Overview
The objective of this study is to create two food menus as follows: (1) one healthy food menu; and (2) one unhealthy food menu, from a local fast food restaurant. Following the creation of these menus, this work will write a nutritional analysis of the meal created, discuss the reaction of the writer to this information and describe how this will affect the food choices of the writer in the future in terms of food choices from fast food restaurants.
The food choices that one makes when dining at fast food restaurants make a great difference in the amount of nutrition received from dining at fast food restaurants as well as the total calories that are consumed and the other factors that make foods either healthy or unhealthy for consumption. One might assume that dining at a fast food restaurant is in general…
McDonald's USA Nutrition Facts for Popular Menu Items (nd) Nutrition McDonalds. Retrieved from: http://nutrition.mcdonalds.com/getnutrition/nutritionfacts.pdf
Nutrition Calculator (nd) McDonalds. Retrieved from: http://www.mcdonalds.ca/ca/en/food/nutrition_calculator.html
Food Served in Public Schools
he school nutrition environment, consisting of school meals and competitive meals, has actually properly gotten terrific attention due to the fact that kids eat, usually, one-third of their everyday calorie consumption at school (Briefel et al., 2009).
Improving the dietary consumption of our country's kids is of crucial value given that one-third of school-age kids are obese or overweight (Ogden et al., 2010).
Paper's Scope and significant areas:.
his research will clarify Kid Nutrition Reauthorization from FRAC. he research addresses school meal quality and gain access to (Hartline-Grafton, 2010). Moreover, the present research concentrates on competitive meals, which are extensively readily available in schools, mostly exempt from federal nutrition criteria, and have an unfavourable influence on the wellness and health of all pupils, particularly pupils from low-income households.
he semi-structured type of interview is utilized in the research in addition to the standardized…
Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Delva, J., & Johnston, L.D. (2009). The school food environment and student body mass index and food consumption: 2004 to 2007 national data. Journal of Adolescent Health, 45(3 Supplement), S45-S56.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; and U.S. Department of Education. (2005). Making It Happen! School Nutrition Success Stories. FNS-374. Available at: http://www.fns.usda.gov/TN/Resources/makingithappen.html . Accessed April 20, 2013.
Wharton, C.M., Long, M., & Schwartz, M.B. (2008). Changing nutrition standards in schools: the emerging impact on school revenue. Journal of School Health, 78(5), 245-251.
However, fruit juices, consumed in moderation, can be a healthy addition to a diet, as long as they are not consumed in lieu of actually eating any whole fruits.
My nutritional analysis revealed that I am not eating a balanced diet. I am consuming too much protein and too little fiber, issues that plague the diets of many Americans. To remedy these problems, I need to increase my intake of fruits, vegetables, and grain products, while reducing my intake of meat products. In addition, because my intake of milk products was also low, I need to look at how to increase my milk intake without increasing protein intake.
Here is the food displayed for jjohn90 on 9/10/2008
Select your serving sizes and specify how many servings you consumed for each. When you are done, click Save & Analyze to save your food entry information and to analyze your food…
Nutritional Approach to Sun Protection by Niva Shapria
This article titled "Nutritional approach to sun protection: A suggested complement to external strategies' by Niva Shapria, is an extensive review of recent research evidence on the efficacy of a simple, natural, dietary model in protecting against harmful UVR exposure and related skin cancers. Through this article, the author clearly points out that a dietary or internal method of sun protection is a very effective complementary approach to preventing skin cancer due to solar radiation for the more susceptible light skinned population living in very sunny regions.
At the outset the author highlights that there is a growing incidence of melanoma around the globe with a significant number of new cases diagnosed among U.S. women. Projections indicate that the rates of melanoma will literally double over the next 2 decades with the increase in UVR exposure due to global warming as well…
1) Niva Shapria, (2010), 'Nutritional Approach to Sun Protection: a suggested complement to external strategies', Nutrition reviews, Vol 68(2) 75-86
These biologically-based practices of alternative medicine include the use of vitamins, herbs, and food supplements found in nature, chief among which are probiotics: the living, beneficial bacteria found in the intestines. These benign bacteria counteract the presences of the malignant variety, which often cause digestive problems if allowed to overpopulate. Probiotics can be obtained as supplements or found in certain foods, and have been known to prolong periods of remission in ulcerative colitis patients, with no sever side effects.
The use of fish oils is another alternative medicinal treatment for ulcerative colitis. Fish oils contain omega-3 fatty acids, which are known for their anti-inflammatory properties (Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, 2011). Omega 3 fatty acids are found in certain green vegetables and in nuts, salmon, sardines and herring, as well as in oral supplemental form and are used to treat intestinal inflammation when ulcerative colitis is active. Aloe Vera…
1. Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America. (2011). Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Retrieved March 15, 2011, from http://www.ccfa.org/frameviewer/?url=/media/pdf/FactSheets/CAM.pdf
2. Life Extension. (2011).Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Retrieved March 15, 2011 from http://www.lef.org/protocols/gastrointestinal/inflammatory_bowel_disease_01.htm
3. National Digestive Diseases Clearinghouse. (2006) Ulcerative Colitis. Retrieved March 16, 2011 from http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/colitis/
4. Street, Erin. (2010, December). Nutritional Therapy for Ulcerative Colitis. Livestrong.com Retrieved March 15, 2011 from http://www.livestrong.com/article/335380-nutritional-therapy-for-ulcerative-colitis/
3. Make three specific recommendations to yourself.
1. Restrict my total fat intake to no more than 40 grams per day.
I would like to restrict my daily intake of fat to a maximum of 40 grams per day by restricting my diet to low-fat foods such as proteins and complex carbohydrates.
2. Reduce consumption of all foods that do not have detailed nutritional information.
To accomplish my first recommendation, I would like to stop eating out or eating any pre-prepared foods because it is too difficult to monitor fat content accurately without the benefit of detailed nutritional information labels on packaged foods.
3. Prepare portable snacks and meals to help me stick to Recommendations 1 & 2.
To avoid succumbing to snacking temptations during the day or overeating at mealtime, I would like to start preparing healthy snacks and even portable meals so that I can stay on my…
Food Log to Monitor Calorie Intake
Introduction/Purpose/Statement of Problem
Many Western nations are experiencing an obesity epidemic while at the same time many consumers are suffering from eating disorders that adversely affect their ability to consume sufficient calories and nutrients in their diets. Therefore, it is important to determine if individual eating patterns are providing the appropriate amount of nutrition while avoiding too many fats and excess proteins. It was the hypothesis of this study that the author receives an appropriate amount of calories (target goal 2,000 calories/day) in his diet based on the use of a food log maintained for each meal during this time frame to track consumption patterns.
The dietary analysis was conducted over the course of 3-day period (May 24 through May 26, 2016) because these days represented typical mid-week consumption patterns. Using the food log and food groups and calorie reports shown in Table…
Food Choices in Australia Today
Consumers in many developed nations are experiencing a veritable epidemic of obesity, a trend that has been exacerbated both by an increasingly sedentary lifestyle as well as the types of foods that are consumed. Fast food and high fat content have also contributed to these trends, and the healthcare costs associated with treating obesity are enormous. Furthermore, unhealthy food choices during the formative years in early childhood can also result in a lifetime of weight-related problems, making the need to identify factors that influence food choices in a given setting a timely and important enterprise. To this end, this paper provides a discussion concerning three of the most important factors that have been identified by researchers as potentially influencing food choices in Australia households, which are food availability, individual preferences for flavor and taste and, increasingly, the environmentally responsible manner in which foods are produced.…
Bellisle, F. (2012, January 3). The determinants of food choice. EUFIC Review. Retrieved from http://www.eufic.org/article/en/expid/review-food-choice/ .
Craig, L. (2005). The money or the care. Australian Journal of Social Issues, 40(4), 521-523.
Introduction. Contributors: Emma Costantino - author, Sian Supski - author. Journal Title: Journal of Australian Studies. Issue: 87. Publication Year: 2006. Page Number: 1+.
Grainger, C., Senauer, B. & Runge, C.F. (2007). Nutritional improvements and student food choices in a school lunch program. Journal of Consumer Affairs, 41(2), 265-267.
vegetable oil and fried foods. There are two references used for this paper.
There are a number of foods which are causing health concerns today. It is important to examine whether foods fried in vegetable oil contain a toxic compound.
Frying foods in vegetable oil is a common practice throughout the United States, and has previously been considered good for the heart due to the oil's high concentration of linoleic acid.
However, researchers are discovering this can result in the formation of a toxic compound. "University of Minnesota researchers A. Saari Csallany, a professor of food chemistry and nutritional biochemistry, and graduate student Christine Seppanen has shown that when highly unsaturated vegetable oils are heated at frying temperature (365 F) for extended periods -- or even for half an hour -- a highly toxic compound, HNE (4-hydroxy-trans-2-nonenal) forms in the oil. Csallany and her colleagues have found three…
The Exotic Blends Co.: R & D. (accessed 03 May, 2005). www.theexoticblends.com/research/research.html).
Unknown. "Food Fried in Vegetable Oil May Contain Toxic Compound."
Science Daily. 02 May, 2005. University of Minnesota. (accessed 03 May, 2005). www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/05/050502190054.htm).
consumer issues concerning health and nutrition that have an impact on planning food service operations? Why? How do these concerns impact menu planning and trends in the industry?
From the perspective of operators of a food service organization, the rise of food intolerances and allergies has the clearest, immediate impact on their day-to-day work and planning. Clearly labeling foods for common allergens, particularly foods which do not obviously contain the offending substance (like foods fried in peanut oil, for example) is essential to avoid liability concerns. It is also important to have a variety of options for consumers with food-related issues, such as dairy-free options and nut-free options. Having proper practices in place such as hand-washing and wearing gloves is also essential. Even if customers do not have to go gluten-free, dairy-free, wheat-free, or meat-free for life-threatening reasons, many are doing so because of the perception (real or imagined) that…
Aubrey, A. (2014). Want a calorie count with that? FDA issues new rules for restaurants. NPR.
Retrieved from: http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2014/11/24/366405949/want-a-calorie-count-with-that-fda-issues-new-rules-for-restaurants
Baskin, K. (2014).With more patrons with food allergies, restaurants cater to every need.
The Boston Globe. Retrieved from:
Opportunities and Threats in Order of Importance for a Food Truck Company
Discussions on Opportunities and Threats
Opportunities and Threats in Order of Importance for a Food Truck Company
Multiple expansion avenues - Many avenues of expansion that include expanding service hours, menu and packaged service
Change in Perception: A new and emerging food truck market that is driven by changing consumer taste and perception about street food and truck food
Low Competition - Being part of an industry that is unorganized on one hand and with not much competition on the other ("Company Background/SWOT," 2012).
Low Entry Barriers - A relatively new industry with low entry level barriers which can lead to sudden increase in competition
Weather - Outdoor service area means business is always under threat from inclement weather
Stricter egulations - Stricter regulations pertaining to health and quality standards of food served by local…
Company Background/SWOT. (2012). The Fuss; Food Truck Company. Retrieved 7 March 2016, from https://kevinod24.wordpress.com/company-backgroundswot/
Food Trucks Are a Win-Win. (2012). The Huffington Post. Retrieved 7 March 2016, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/food-truck-regulations-dc_b_1266866.html?section=india
Food trucks enjoy unfair advantages as they scoop up lunch business. (2012). www.minnpost.com. Retrieved 7 March 2016, from https://www.minnpost.com/community-voices/2012/07/food-trucks-enjoy-unfair-advantages-they-scoop-lunch-business
This is important because many people, including the elderly are aware that they need to eat better but are not sure how to begin. These recipes give them a jump start into the types of meals that they can prepare.
Using these recipes can serve as a foundation to build new recipes using low sodium products and fresh foods as is demonstrated by the recipe section of the site (Nutrition and Aging Well (http://agingwell.state.ny.us/eatwell/index.htm#articles).
This site has one significant weakness and that is in the way the information is presented. It is important to keep things simple and short so that the everyday reader can understand the information however, in this particular site there is little to no information about why it is necessary to eat nutritional meals. A site that explained more about the process and how each type of food benefited the body would give the readers confidence…
Nutritional Analysis Project
The nutrition of the body is essential for the balanced growth of the body and efficient functioning of the mind and organs. However, most people seldom scrutinize what they take on regular basis as a routine diet and often presume that their diets are fine and balanced, which is not the case in many incidences. This paper is essentially a simple analysis of the nutritional intake of a sample individual and the discussion on the value of those foods taken and whether the quantities are sufficient.
According to the analysis of the food intakes of the individual, there are four categories of the daily food groups, and apparently none of the requirements of the daily food group targets was met. In the grains category, the target is 10 oz and yet the individual takes 3 1/2 oz, the vegetables required are 4 cups and yet the subject…
Reader's Digest, (2016). 25 Vitamin Rich Foods you Should be Eating. Retrieved May 22, 2016 from http://www.rd.com/health/diet-weight-loss/25-vitaminrich-foods-you-should-be-eating/
United States Department of Agriculture, (2016). Super Tracker. Retrieved May 22, 2016 from http://www.choosemyplate.gov/
The orld Bank is a likely source of support for such an initiative. Recent research has focused on the promise of rural development through a restructuring of agri-business (Jarosz, 1996) and the results are promising. Rural labor practices are subject to change and some of those changes do not require a global revolution. Instead of waiting for the IMF to collapse or fertilizer companies to go bankrupt, sustainable agricultural development advocates should focus on the community level.
The global food system is unjust by almost every measure. Billions of people are starving to death while another billion are suffering the ill health effects of too much food. Our domestic and international institutions have not only created this reality, but are situated now to support policies that perpetuate this reality. Change will not be easy and transformation will be even harder. Small, locally-led reform can begin in any community that…
Holt-Gimenez, Eric. 2008. The World Food Crisis: What's Behind it and What We Can
Do About it. Policy Brief #16. Institute for Food and Development Policy:
Jarosz, Lucy. 1996. Working in the Global Food System: A Focus for International
Most canned versions of prepared foods are not as good as the same dish freshly prepared. For example, a can of soup tastes nothing like a freshly cooked soup, and canned spaghetti is mushy. Because canned foods often contain preservatives or added salt or sugar, they also taste different than that same food purchased fresh.
Convenience is a core difference between canned and fresh foods. Fresh foods are convenient for people who have a local produce market nearby, or who can visit a farmer's market regularly enough to stock up their produce bin. People who live in urban centers often have access to fresh food, and people who live in rural regions sometimes live near local farms or grow fresh vegetables themselves. Anyone who lives near a fishing center can procure fresh fish. However, buying fresh food is not always an option. Fresh foods are not always local foods and…
Apovian, Caroline M. "Foods -- Fresh vs. Frozen or Canned." Medical Encyclopedia. Oct 2007. Retrieved Mar 8, 2009 at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002095.htm
Davies, Rhianon & Barrett, Amanda. True or False: Fresh Food Is Better Than Frozen or Canned Food. Health Library/EBSCO. Retrieved Mar 8, 2009 at http://healthlibrary.epnet.com/GetContent.aspx?token=a4c1f00b-d245-44f2-a90e-20b047f84a6a&chunkiid=160561
There is some hope within some countries but maybe no hope between countries. As long as there are disparities within the economic balances of different countries there will always be food being used as a political weapon. Those countries that do have adequate supplies of food though, have a hope to balance their food politics out within themselves. There is the possibility of providing more food for the poor within countries in order to better balance the accessibility across the nation.
Food Security and Political Stability in the Asia-Pacific. (n.d.). etrieved July 29, 2010, from Web site: http://www.apcss.org/Publications/eport_Food_Security_98.html
Kassem, Yara. (2005). Food: A Political or Nutritional Tool? etrieved July 29, 2010, from Panorama Web site:
Political Economy of Food. (2010). etrieved July 29, 2010, from Answers Web site:
Smyth, Paul. (2009). Michael Pollan Makes Food Political. etrieved July 29, 2010, from City
Beat Web site: http://www.citybeat.com/cincinnati/article-18861-michael-pollan-makes-food-political.html
Food Security and Political Stability in the Asia-Pacific. (n.d.). Retrieved July 29, 2010, from Web site: http://www.apcss.org/Publications/Report_Food_Security_98.html
Kassem, Yara. (2005). Food: A Political or Nutritional Tool? Retrieved July 29, 2010, from Panorama Web site:
Political Economy of Food. (2010). Retrieved July 29, 2010, from Answers Web site:
Fast food is a phenomenon that has become part of the American way of life during the past few decades. However the convenience of fast foods has resulted in major health issues in the country, as well as in the rest of the world. The prevalence of fast food in American society is evident from the fact that "Americans now spend more money on fast food than they do on higher education, personal computers, software or new cars. They spend more on fast food than on movies, books, magazines, newspapers, videos and recorded music ? combined." (Schlosser Eric. 1998)
It is now become common news that obesity has become a major health concern in both developed "Westernized" and less developed countries around the world. One of the major factors that have been blamed for this increase in obesity and obesity related diseases is fast food -- often termed 'junk food."…
Adams. M. The real reason why processed meats are so dangerous to your health. 2005. Accessed August 25, 2005. http://www.newstarget.com/011148.html
(This is an extremely useful article as it covers some of the main reasons why fast food products are detrimental to health. The article was particularly good at outlining the negative aspects of processed foods.)
Berlau, John. "Big Food Fight: When Big Tobacco Was Taken Down by a Rash of Lawsuits, Consumers Were Assured That Other 'Bad' Products Wouldn't Be Targeted. But the Fast-Food Industry Appears to Be Next." Insight on the News 15 July 2002: 12+. Questia. 27 Aug. 2005 .
(An important article that deals not only with the health issues facing the fast food industry but also with the legal aspects and the comparison between the tobacco and fast food industries.)
98 million farmers. It is reported that in a review of sustainable agriculture projects findings show that "average food production per household increased by 1.71 tons per year (up 73%) for 4.42 million farmers on 3.58 million hectares, bringing food security and health benefits to local communities. Increasing agricultural productivity has been shown to also increase food supplies and raise incomes, thereby reducing poverty, increasing access to food, reducing malnutrition and improving health and livelihoods." (Independent Science Panel, 2003) Sustainable agriculture results in low-cost and readily available food resources being gained by consumers since organic food is safer. Specifically it is reported that: "Sustainable agricultural approaches draw extensively on traditional and indigenous knowledge, and place emphasis on the farmers' experience and innovation. This thereby utilizes appropriate, low-cost and readily available local resources as well as improves farmers' status and autonomy, enhancing social and cultural relations within local communities." (Independent Science…
What Are Transgenic Plants? (2010) Transgenic Crops: An Introduction and Resource Guide.
Department of Soil and Crop Sciences, Colorado State University 1999-2004. Online available at' http://www.cls.casa.colostate.edu/TransgenicCrops/what.html
Melton, Margaret and Rissler, Jane (2009) Environmental Effects of Genetically Modified Food Crops -- Recent Experiences. Union of Concerned Scientists: Food and Agriculture. Online available at: http://www.ucsusa.org/food_and_agriculture/science_and_impacts/impacts_genetic_engineering/environmental-effects-of.html
Raney, Terri ( 2006) Economic Impact of Transgenic Crops in Developing Countries. Opinion in Biotechnology 2006, 17:1-5. Online available at: http://www.agbioworld.org/pdf/raney.pdf
Tesco UK food department
a.) Legislative risks: The decision to provide healthier food by labeling the ingredients on the packages to include the calories, sugar, fat, sodium, and saturated fat content needs to also comply with the U.K. food and labeling law. According to the Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, The University of eading, "In most cases, ingredients have to be listed in weight descending order determined as at the time of their use in the preparation of the food. This is commonly referred to as the 'mixing bowl stage'. The following exemptions are however permitted" (A Guide to UK egulations, 2011)
Water and volatile products used as ingredients have to be listed in order of their weight in the finished product. The weight of water is calculated by subtracting from the weight of the finished product the total weight of the other ingredients used.
If an ingredient is…
CSPI Reports International (1998) Functional Foods: Public Health Boon or 21st Century Quackery? http://www.cspinet.org/reports/functional_foods/uk_regltry.html
Feindt, P.H. & Flynn, A. 2009, Policy stretching and institutional layering: British food policy between security, safety, quality, health and climate change, Palgrave Macmillan.
Food Labels: A Guide to the UK Regulations. Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, The University of Reading. http://www.reading.ac.uk/foodlaw/label/index2.htm
Lacey, R. 1992, Scares and the British Food System: Problems and Policies in Relation to Food-Related Health Issues, Emerald Group Publishing, Limited.
" (Guelph Food Technology Centre, 2008) This report additionally relates four "meta trends" in the packing industry which are those of:
2) Health and wellness;
3) Upscale experiences; and 4) Sustainability. (Guelph Food Technology Centre, 2008)
The work entitled: "Generational Change and Marketing Indicators" states that five decades ago "when supermarkets were 'stores of the future' retailers and manufacturers pretty much knew where to find their customers. Food came from food stores; drugs from drug stores and cooked meals were consumed at drive-in or sit-down restaurants." (Mogelonsky, nd) it is important to know where shoppers intend to buy their food today. Generation Y, at a total population of 72 million, is an important consideration for marketers. Potato chip shopping including tortilla chips and pretzels are stated to "round out the top three snack categories, with household penetration rates of 76 and 62% respectively." (Mogelonsky, nd)) Also noted is…
Ramierz, Andrea (2008)Leveraging Consumer Megatrends National Association of College & University Food Services. Online available at http://www.nacufs.org/i4a/pages/Index.cfm?pageID=4425
Sloan, a. Elizabeth (2005) Top 10 Global Food Trends. Food Technology April 2005 Vol. 59 No. 4.
How to Connect with Generation Y (2007) Times Online. 20 May 2007. Online available at http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/career_and_jobs/recruiter_forum/article1813031.ece
Generation Y: Graduates Who Dare to Demand More (2008) University of Liverpool. Online available at http://www.liv.ac.uk/news/features/generation-y.htm
A good example of this can be seen with Whole Foods discussing how they are meeting these long-term objectives with the firm stating, "We believe that companies, like individuals, must assume their share of responsibility as tenants of Planet Earth. We actively support organic farming, the best methods for promoting sustainable agriculture and protecting farm workers / the environment. We also aim to protect the environment by supporting alternative sources of energy and recycling or compositing our waste. We are actively involved in our communities by supporting food banks, sponsoring neighborhood events and contributing at least 5% of the total net profits to charities. Our vision of a sustainable future means our children and grandchildren will be living in a world that values human creativity, diversity and individual choice." This is illustrating how Whole Foods Markets is dedicated towards specific groups that share similar performance goals and standards.…
Our Mission and Culture. (2013). Whole Foods Market. Retrieved from: http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/careers/our-mission-and-culture
The Congruence Model. (2013). Mind Tools. Retrieved from: http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newSTR_95.htm
Whole Foods. (2013). Yahoo Finance. Retrieved from: http://finance.yahoo.com/q/ae?s=WFM+Analyst+Estimates
Why Work Here? (2013). Whole Foods Market. Retrieved from: http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/careers/why-work-here
Childhood Obesity and Fast Food
The paper is a research based on the topic of "The influence of fast food on child obesity." The study aims to evaluate and identify the root cause of child obesity. The study is based on a scientific approach by developing a hypothesis and then proving it through data collected.
The hypothesis of this research has been developed after a number of general observations. These observations came from generally observing the school friends, cafes and restaurants, and family members. It was observed that children who were eating fast food regularly were fat. Another observation was that when we talk to obese people they often mention that they blame fast food restaurants for their obesity. Since we have developed specific conclusions from general observations, it is an inductive approach.…
Pizza is a better food than burritos due to the flexibility of the food. Pizza can be catered to many different tastes. Exotic combinations can usually be mixed and matched on a pizza with great success. Pizza can be found in most places throughout the world, further demonstrating the mass appeal and flexibility this food offers. Since burritos are considered more of an ethnic food, this food is rarely found in places with little or no Hispanic population., demonstrating the limited appeal of this food. Fast food restaurants do serve burritos across the country but only in a limited fashion.
Not only does pizza taste great, it can also be prepared in a very healthy and personalized matter. Tastes vary significantly throughout the world and what is healthy for one group may not be as healthy for another group. Pizza can be made with many different ingredients, so tailoring the…
Merriam-Webster Dictionary. "Pizza." Viewed 30 June 2013. Web.
Merriam-Webster Dictionary. "Burrito." Viewed 30 June 2013. Web.
Peter Andree entitled "GM Food egulation: An Analysis of Efforts to Improve Genetically Modified Food egulation in Canada." Andree reports on a trade dispute of an ongoing nature over genetically modified organisms occurring between the European Union and the United States and Canada reporting that a "more precautionary approach" has been witnessed recently in regulating GMOs. Andree examines the regulatory approaches toward GMOs.
According to Andree (2006), the regulatory approach in Canada has been influenced greatly by the model in the United States and there have been more than sixty genetically modified foods that Canada has approved upon the basis of "limited sets of compositional and nutritional data" demonstrating the "substantial equivalence to products already on the market." (Andree, 2006, p.377-8) Andree states that there are major differences in the data requirements for GM regulation between that of the European Union and the United States and Canada. The EC regulations…
Andree, P. (2006) GM Food Regulation: An Analysis of Efforts to Improve Genetically Modified Food Regulation in Canada. Science and Public Policy, volume 33, number 5, June 2006, pages 377 -- 389, Beech Tree Publishing, 10 Watford Close, Guildford, Surrey GU1 2EP, England.
nutritional and nutrition-related health problems of adolescent obesity and being overweight. The writer explores the issues of obesity as it relates to adolescence and discusses strategies that have the potential to impact the issue. The writer also reports the effectiveness of some of the strategies. The final section identifies the most effect strategy to combat obesity in adolescents.
"ates of childhood and adolescent obesity have increased dramatically in the past decade. According to a recent article in the Journal of the American Medical Association based on results from the 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), more than 15% of youths ages 6 through 19 were obese, and more than 10% of children ages 2 through 5 were obese (Ogden et al., 2002). The percentages of obese children and adolescents were relatively stable over NHANES I (1971-1974) and II (1976-1980) but doubled to 11% during NHANES III (1988-1994) and…
Psychiatric aspects of child and adolescent obesity: a review of the past 10 years.(Research Update Review)
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; 2/1/2004; Munson, Suzanne
Development of the Australian standard definition of child/adolescent overweight and obesity. (Original Research).
Nutrition & Dietetics: The Journal of the Dieticians Association of Australia; 6/1/2003; Baur, Louise A.
Subject should also increase fat intake to better balance his diet.
Subject's fiber consumption was so far in excess of DV that negative digestive consequences cannot be ruled out.
Salt intake was more than the DV, but could be easily corrected with some minor dietary changes.
The Food Standards Agency has developed the Eat Well Plate as an easy to follow nutritional guideline.
The Eat Well Plate is a visual display and quick reference for consumers to better balance their diets in compliance with the DV's. Analysis revealed a shortfall in fruits and vegetables as well as bread, rice and pasta - the two largest sections of the plate. Subjects fat consumptions were well below the DV's, but per the Eat Well Plate are the smallest category recommended.
ecommendations for Subject's improved nutritional balance would include increased caloric intake, weighted heavily in the fruits and vegetables, breads, rice and pasta…
Nutritional Analysis Tool 2.0, created July 1999, retrieved January 31, 2009 http://www.nat.uiuc.edu/nat.pdl http://www.nutrition-matters.co.uk/misc/1991COMAreport.htm
Legalities of Being a Nutritional Consultant:
The field of nutritional counseling and being a nutritional consultant is one of the significant and serious vocations. The significance of this profession is enhanced by the increase in the number of people with health-related problems or nutritional deficiency because of their diet and lifestyles. Due to the increase in these issues, it's increasingly important for people to learn how to care for their bodies through information they receive from nutritional consultants. Even though good nutrition is regarded as quite easy to understand and execute, it is considerably regulated by both state and federal governments. Therefore, nutritional consulting must be conducted within some guidelines and in respect to the state and federal regulations.
Similar to other parts in the United States, working as a nutritional consultant in the state of California basically involves evaluating signs of nutritional deficiency in an individual and recommending supplements,…
Harrisson, R.N. (n.d.). Protecting Yourself as a Nutritional Consultant. Retrieved May 6, 2013,
Peattie, C. (n.d). Nutrition Consultant Laws. Retrieved May 6, 2013, from http://www.ehow.com/facts_5787836_nutrition-consultant-laws.html
One study indicates that "Although fast food provided one-third of some respondents' daily caloric intakes, those meals included almost no milk, fruit or fruit juices, which are important nutrient sources among key food groups. In fact, as the frequency of fast food consumption increased from zero days to two days, the intake levels of vitamins A and C, carotenes, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium decreased..." ("Fast food consumption increase obesity risk")
We must make it clear that our basic enemies in this case are the fast food companies and not the fast food itself. This is because despite being criticized repeatedly for lack of ethical consideration in preparing food, they have continued offering people with food that contains very high levels of fat and absolutely no real nutritional value. When we ask companies like Enron, Exxon and others to develop code of ethics and incorporate ethical values in way they do…
TV, lots of fast food triple obesity risk. Monday, March 10, 2003 http://www.cnn.com/2003/HEALTH/diet.fitness/03/10/fastfood.tv.ap/
Fast food consumption increases obesity risk (24/05/2004)
Robert W. Jeffery, Judy Baxter, Maureen McGuire and Jennifer Linde. Are fast food restaurants an environmental risk factor for obesity? Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2006
' (EurActiv 2008)
'The traffic light Scheme was shown to be the most effective of by the FSA. hat they also discovered was that consumers wanted product labeling; they liked separate information on 4 key nutrients that include fats, carbohydrates, proteins and salts and sugars.' (EurActiv, 2010) Consumers found traffic color coding easy to understand and use. As a result they wanted numerical information on amount of nutrients in a serving. However they found GDA percentage rather confusing. Also the importance of making nutrition and ingredient labeling mandatory on wines, beers and spirits and having a consistent mandatory labeling system with color codes was emphasized by the NGOs representing different areas of health at the hearing. These products could not be eliminated from the labeling because they were part of the foods that contributed to obesity.
At the public hearing on efficient food, (Public Hearing on Efficient foods, 2011) Mr.…
DN Sanco, (2011) European Vegetarian and Animal News Alliance (EVANA): Renewed Commitment of stakeholders to Combat Overweight and Obesity Related Health Issues Brussels, Belgium
European Public Health Alliance, (2011) putting citizens' health at the heart of Europe, Brussels, Belgium: Retrieved from www.epha.org/a/3107
EurActiv, (2008) European Food Safety Authority: Food industry, food labeling Retrieved from http://www.euractiv.com/en/cap/smes-hit-cost-eu-food-labelling-proposals/article-174970
EurActiv, (2011) Europe Urged to recognize Chronic Obesity Brussels, Belgium: Retrieved from http: / www / euractiv.com.en/health / Europe
Nutritional claims and labeling are very valuable things for the consumer when deciding if he or she wants to eat the product, and the food industry knows that truth in advertising and package labeling is something that has to be addressed. If the label does not tell the consumer all the facts, it is possible the consumer could be ingesting something he or she really does not want (UK list of health claims, 2010). That is a vital issue with candy, because some people have adverse reactions to things such as sugar and caffeine -- or to artificial sweeteners that may be used to present the candy as something low-sugar and more healthful overall.
The UK Food Standards Agency is very particular about what is sold and how it is represented, so that is one of the most important issues for any new and novel food product (UK list of…
Bass, Frank M. The Future of Research in Marketing: Marketing Science. Journal of Marketing Research 30, 1 (1993): 1-6.
Cateora, P.R., & Graham, J.L. International Marketing 11th Ed. Mc Graw-Hill (2002).
Coughlan et al. Predicting affective responses to unexpected outcomes. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 85(2), 211-225, (2001).
Jain, S.C. International Marketing Management, Wadsworth Publishing Group, Belmont, (1990).
Kimchi in an ancient Korean food made from a pungent mixture of fermented vegetables and its variations amount to 80 kinds of dishes of that period (aymond). For the season's summer and fall it is made in small quantities because the fermentation can go bad, but for winters it is made in large quantities so that it can be eaten for 3-4 months of the winter season. The Kimchi curing for the winter season is called "kimjang" and in usually done in the last days of November (aymond).
In the old times, kimchi was made of greens picked and salt or salt and alcohol mixture. By the end of Unified Shillan and start of Koryo era, pickled sliced radish in brine was made very popular (aymond). Soon after chili was introduced in Korea and it was added in the kimchi making as well. During the late Chosen era, powdered chili…
Armstrong, E. The Importance of Fermentation. 2004. www.treelight.com
Donna. Kimchi: Why This Delicious Korean Staple is Also a Health Wonder food. Body Ecology. 2008
Olsen. How kimchi prevents obesity. Bright Hub. 2009
Owl. The Everyday Benefits of Kimchi. Flu Trackers. 2006
processed foods and diet has had a negative effect upon many populations, particularly contributing to obesity and potential Type-II diabetes and a host of other problems. Medical doctors, scholars, researchers are all in agreement that there is a complete link between what we eat and drink, and the consequences to our overall health. Technology has certainly done wonders for learning, but has also contributed to children preferring video games to outdoor exercise. This, in combination with diet and sugary sodas at school has negatively impacted children's health. Dutch researchers in public health and epidemiology were so alarmed by these trends they developed a study to measure the effects of using fruits and vegetables as an intervention during mid-morning school breaks (Tak, et.al., 2010). These researchers are very well qualified on this topic, as they are professionals in Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Public Health with major universities in Holland. The information contained…
Sample Selection- The study included 705 mixed gender children aged 9-10 years old in 4th grade. Fifty-five schools participated; 31 segmented for intervention and 24 as control. There were schools in five cities that met all participation criteria and there were slightly more girls who completed the study than boys. Enough extra participants were recruited during the initial stages of the study to result in the 705 completed; thus having a large enough population that was statistically viable and longitudinally appropriate. However, the Schoolgruiten research group selected the intervention cities, set the control parameters, and although there were baseline differences between the intervention and control groups, quantitatively speaking there was not necessary adequate adjustments for many demographic or psychographic variables within the study groups. From a quantitative perspective, a more clustering of variables (income, age of parent, educational level, and more) should have been structured into the study as opposed to using governmental mandates for certain groups (Halkidi and Vazirgaiannis, 2001). The research groups provided consent, teachers knew which groups had fruit and vegetable intervention, but the governance of the research was more administrative and political than scholarly in orientation.
Design and Data Collection- The design of the study was quasi-experimental and included a pre -- and post-test. Baseline measurements were conducted prior to the start of the intervention and the first follow-up was 1 year later, the second 2 years later. Both children and their parents completed questionnaires about the child's intake of food. Children completed the questionnaire within one school hour and were guided by teachers. All responses were treated confidentially, tagged and coded by independent researchers, and all had appropriate levels of consent. Questionnaires contained parallel questions for parents and children and a single item focus was done to see what the children brought to school vs. their consumption, then habits over the course of two years. Schools were not obliged to change their school policies, although teachers were asked to encourage students to bring fruits and vegetables and a specific section in a special lunch-box was given to students. The major focus of the intervention was to give a piece of fruit or vegetable (apple or orange slices, sherry tomatoes, baby carrots) free, twice a week during the mid-morning break in their own classroom, supervised by the instructor.
This approach used a mixed method of both qualitative and quantitative interpretation methods. Because the data was self-reported, longitudinal, and some of the groups were chosen by a non-research body, much of the material measured was not precisely quantitative in nature. From a quantitative standpoint, the numeric analysis of this data did show patterns, and was validated through statistical means. It focused more on the aspects of collecting and analyzing the intervention methods than explaining the causative factors influencing the basic hypothesis of the research. Too, while the data
Many food companies have expressed an interest in the concept, Darsch says, although he notes that the material is not in wide use yet (Erickson, at (http://www.mercola.com/artcile/irradiated/irradiated_research.htm).
When Operation Desert Shield and the subsequent Desert Storm erupted, Darsch says, Natick was able to accelerate research on high heat stable chocolate bars. The resulting product, which can withstand temperatures as high as 120°F without compromising quality, arrived in the Persian Gulf prior to the end of the conflict, and Hershey Foods introduced the Desert ar to consumers Memorial Day weekend 1991 (Erickson, at (http://www.mercola.com/artcile/irradiated/irradiated_research.htm).This product's future has many applications in warmer climates, and in areas where air conditioning might not be prevalent.
Another food product developed initially for the military is shelf stable bread. Research indicates that the main ingredients in this product are no different from those found in Wonder read. The only difference is an emulsifier that has been…
Bishai, D. & Naluba, R. "Food Fortification Spurred by Military Purchases." John Hopkins
Public Health Magazine (2003).
Erickson, P. "Trickle Down Technology." New Technologies. 1992. Weeks Publishing
Company. 26 Mar. 2005 http://www.mercola.com/article/irradiated/irradiated_research.html .
S. that is no reason to sue the fast food franchises. These lawsuits "are an embarrassment to our legal system, and an embarrassment to the people who are saying they were so dumb not to know they might get fat" (Abrams, 2004). In fact on the day that Abrams wrote that piece for MSNBC the U.S. House of Representatives passed the so-called "Cheeseburger bill" which was legislation to "protect the fast food industry from frivolous lawsuits." (Abrams).
Abrams attacked John Banzhaf, the lawyer that has launched some of the suits against the fast food industry. Abrams says that Banzhaf is wrong to link the suits against tobacco with the need to sue junk food companies. In the case of tobacco companies, Abrams continues, "people were misled about what was in cigarettes" but the same deception doesn't apply to fast food. "People should know fast food isn't good for you," Abrams…
Abrams, Dan. "Lawsuits against fast food companies are ridiculous." MSNBC. Retrieved May
18, 2011, from http://www.msnbc.com .
CNN. "House bans fast-food lawsuits." CNN Justice. Retrieved May 18, 2011, from http://articles.cnn.com. (2004).
Ebert, Roger. "Super Size Me." Retrieved May 18, 2011, from http://rogerebert.suntimes.com .
Ethics and Public Policy
This paper discusses the application of the major ethical theories of consequentialism (utilitarianism), deontology, and virtue ethics to a specific policy question, namely how to improve the nutrition of the nation's poor and to reduce the rise in food insecurity. It also discusses the implications of ethical theories such as determinism and moral relativism. First, the theory is discussed in the abstract, followed by an exposition of how the theory relates to real-world practice. The paper concludes with a more general reflection on the implications of ethical theories for public policy-makers. The specific merits of virtue ethics are stressed vs. The more extreme and polarizing views of deontology and consequentialism.
An ethical dilemma: Food insecurity
One of the dilemmas facing public policy-makers regarding food insecurity and the need to improve the diet of poor Americans is the balance between individual liberties and the need…
Athanassoulis, N. (2014). Virtue ethics. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved http://www.iep.utm.edu/virtue/
Alexander, Larry and Moore, Michael. (2012). Deontological ethics. The Stanford Encyclopedia
of Philosophy. Retrieved from:
Convenience rather than creating cuisine is the priority of Kraft ads. Adult tastes are given less of a priority than suiting the palate of children. Nutrition is paid homage to, but only in the sense of giving a family a starch, protein, and vegetable on a plate in the Hormel TV dinner advertisement.
One ad that occurred towards the end of the show, a Domino's Pizza advertisement, seemed to clash with the demographic of the other advertisement. However, the cheapness of Domino's many specials enables a mother to feed a large family quickly.
It is interesting to compare the Martha advertising with the advertising for later-night television programs aimed at a younger demographic, with a larger male audience. These ads favor snack food like sodas, have hipper and more conceptual features, and in the case of many fast food advertisements like KFC and McDonald's, often feature minority actors, even those…
GENETICALLY ENGINEERED FOOD OR ORGANISMS: SCIENCE'S ANSWER TO WORLD HUNGER
The introduction and use of genetically modified or engineered foods or organisms have attracted attention, mostly alarmed in recent years (WHO 2014). These foods are manufactured from organisms by artificially altering or engineering their DNA for nutrition purposes. This is done by infusing an edible plant gene into the organisms for immediate and ultimate purposes. One is to optimize production and increase the resistance to plant disease while tolerating the harmful effects of herbicides. Another is to extract them from genetically modified or GM microorganisms or animals for future use. Still another object or prospect is to alter the nutrients themselves in foods in order to control or prevent allergies they cause (WHO).
The target of the United Nations Organization's Millennium Development goals is to cut down the proportion of hunger this year into half (World Hunger Education Service, 2015).…
Chatsko, M. (2013). Regulatory similarities between GMO foods and pharmaceuticals.
The Motley Fool: Interactive Data Managed Solutions. Retrieved on April 25, 2015
CHGE (2012). Genetically Modified Foods. Center for Health and the Global Environment:
This is only in the case whereby protein introduced possesses allergenic properties and is introduced to the edible part of the particular plant. Due to the difficulty of predicting allergens, there should be careful selection in gene donors so as to avoid widespread consequences.
Bacteria in the digestive tracts can pick up antibiotic resistant genes present in genetically modified foods and it may bring about an increase in the problem of bacteria adapting to antibiotics. It is believed that the dispersal of pollen and seeds from genetically modified crops to other crops and the surrounding environment might result in genetic and biological pollution bringing about a new breed of genetically engineered organisms which will lead to unknown problems. This pollution will eventually spread to the soil and eventually make every plant genetically modified.
Genetically modified foods are seen as a means of solving the problem of food security and…
GM foods. (2002). Retrieved on April 9, 2010 from http://www.princeton.edu/~chm333/2002/spring/GMFoods/impactshumanco sumptionpros.html
Halford, N.G., & Shewry, P.R. (2000). Genetically modified crops: methodology, benefits, regulation and public concerns. Retrieved on April 11, 2010, from http://bmb.oxfordjournals.org
Jefferson, V. (2006). The Ethical Dilemma of Genetically Modified Food.
Retrieved on April 10, 2010, from http://www.thefreelibrary.com/The+ethical+dilemma+of+genetically+modified+food-a0148957139
For example, the possibility exists that one site was a specialized food production area; it remains unknown if the occupants were farmers, herders or involved in a variety of activities. Similarly, another site may be a specialized elite compound. Evidence of food processing in rooms located at the bottom of the mound and storage jars in the center of the building, indicate that the elite may have fulfilled more than one function or specific individuals had access to certain areas of the building for food processing.
In addition, the elite and farmers were dependant on each other. The theory is if one of these sites produced food daily for the other, elites most likely had the means to ensure that food supplies were provided. Thus, it can be supposed, notes Dionne (2002) that the elite power was based on a redistribution system and exchanged services or resources against food. That…
1969 Introduction. In Ethnic Groups and Boundaries, edited by Fredrik Barth, pp. 9-38. Little, Brown and Co., Boston.
1996 the Moche. Blackwell Publishers, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Korean Food Is Salutary
The key question this project will address pertains to the history of medicinal cuisine and dietary therapy and their benefits. The first is: What is Yao shan (?
, shi liao (?
and shi zhi (?
? Yao shan translates as "the food used as medicine by itself." Shi liao (?
or shi zhi (?
are the terms used to describe food therapy or nutritional therapy. These practices are designed with TCM diagnosis to develop, repair and balance the human body to prevent and treat diseases; they also assist in anti-aging and longevity. For several centuries, this tradition has been carried out as therapeutic food for the treatment of disease. It is historically popular in Far East cultures and the traditional cuisines are essentially modified in the individual homes of culinary preparers to treat large varieties of diseases. Since the ancient period, people have maintained a…
) are the terms used to describe food therapy or nutritional therapy. These practices are designed with TCM diagnosis to develop, repair and balance the human body to prevent and treat diseases; they also assist in anti-aging and longevity. For several centuries, this tradition has been carried out as therapeutic food for the treatment of disease. It is historically popular in Far East cultures and the traditional cuisines are essentially modified in the individual homes of culinary preparers to treat large varieties of diseases. Since the ancient period, people have maintained a belief that medicine and foods are from the same origin; thus, they perform the same functions. This supports the time honored saying that "food is the best medicine." This practice is how herbal medicines are integrated with traditional Korean food and lifestyle. The research in this document will rely on primary sources to show how they united and transformed to the Korean over the years with geographic constraints [THIS SENTENCE MAKES NO SENSE]. Also, it explores what kind of medicinal cuisines are still popular in modern Korean society and what beliefs are in people's minds regarding medicinal cuisine. The actual benefits will also be discussed in the research.
In this research, one of the most popular medicinal cuisines, Sam gye tang (Ren shen chicken soup) will be introduced. The paper will also detail scientific research of this food on plasma lipids and glucose levels, and the further possibilities of this medicinal cuisine. It will also explore the theory of medicinal cuisines and the basic principles of how the ingredients combine and interact with the herbal medicine based on TCM treatment principles of food and nutrition. The Korean broadcasting program regarding the various kinds of samgyetang that was introduced by traditional Korean food craftsman of the province who uses traditional Korean medicine regularly is also explicated. Finally, the paper will detail how traditional medicine remains popular and entrenched in the daily lives of people in Korea.
https://youtu.be/4rFwPlRk8_Q These videos compiled and subtitled for this capstone project will introduce the culinary art of the medicinal foods. The author would like to perform the culinary art of medicinal foods at the presentation to give students a taste of it.
The most disturbing part of the website is its explanation of the process by which the human colon supposedly "retains" fecal matter and other "coatings" on the walls of the colon. According to the site:
"The colon is the waste pipe of the body. Once the nutrients are taken out and processed, the waste from your food intake is passed through the colon and expelled from your body. What many people don't realize is that this fecal matter can get backed up and solidified in your colon, and without a regular cleansing program can get trapped there for years or decades, slowly releasing toxins into your system. The waste matter hardens, fixing itself to the wall of the colon. Sometimes an unhealthy colon will have attached to it up to 20 pounds of this matter that just won't go away! Ever wondered why you sometimes feel heavy and bloated?"
The study also determined that individuals making such changes could not count on support from friends or relatives and that other barriers to adopting better nutritional practices included the absence of any perceived urgency, and the greater cost and worse taste of foods considered more healthful.
In terms of identifying specific segments of the population studied that might benefit from efforts to increase nutritional knowledge and improve nutritional choices, the study determined that young adults, adult women, men with health problems, all individuals with life-threatening health problems, and the elderly might be encouraged to make better nutritional choices with easier access to nutritional information. Finally, the study suggested that viable approaches for distributing nutritional information to these sub-groups included utilizing churches, neighborhood grocery stores, and local restaurants for that purpose.
Applying the Results to Practice
The results of this study probably apply much more widely to other populations featuring ethnic…
Glanbia is an international nutritional solutions and cheese Group, headquartered in Ireland" (Glanbia.com. About Us. 2011). The company has expanded revenues and profits year over year as a result of intense focus on business models aligned with "U.S. Cheese & Global Nutritionals division and Dairy Ireland division" (Glanbia.com. Strategy. 2011). The company's vision is to "be the leading global nutritional solutions and cheese group" (Glanbia.com. Strategy. 2011) through consistent delivery of value added products and services for their customers. Accomplishing this task though depends on Glanbia executive management navigating the labyrinth of challenges associated with environmental regulatory compliance. Glanbia's efforts in this regard will determine their efficacy in leveraging their core competencies to "deliver attractive and growing returns to shareholders and excellent solutions and service to our customers" (Glanbia.com. Strategy. 2011).
The Glanbia 2010 annual eport cites environmental regulatory compliance as one of its greatest operational risk management…
Glanbia.com. (2011). About Us. Glanbia.com. Retrieved October 31, 2011 from http://www.glanbia.com/about-us
Glanbia.com. (2011). Business Models. Glanbia.com. Retrieved October 31, 2011 from http://www.glanbia.com/business_models
Glanbia.com. (2011). Divisions. Glanbia.com. Retrieved October 31, 2011 from http://www.glanbia.com/division
Glanbia.com. (2011). Strategy. Glanbia.com. Retrieved October 31, 2011 from http://www.glanbia.com/strategy
The latter two can be enjoyed cooked or cut up fresh, in a salad. If she uses spinach instead of lettuce in the salad, the subject can boost fiber even further and add a little more iron to her diet. Current consumption of iron is just under recommended amounts. High fiber fruits, including apples, oranges and pears, will not add significant calories if consumed in moderation (How Do I Get More Fiber).
The subject's intake of saturated fat and cholesterol were both under acceptable limits. ith respect to other nutrients, the subject's levels of Vitamin C, thiamin, phosphorus, iron, zinc, and selenium were all near acceptable levels. Potassium consumption was a bit lower than recommended; this could be remedied with consumption of oranges, already recommended to boost fiber, or bananas. Vitamin C consumption was more than double recommended amounts, but since this is a water-soluble vitamin, there is no harm…
"How do I get more fiber in my diet?" eHealth MD. 2011. Web. 10 Apr. 2011.
"Lactose intolerance." National Digestive Diseases Information Clearing House (NDDIC).
Web. 10 Apr. 2011.
childhood obesity and its correlation to social-economic background. he researchers argued that attention to childhood obesity focuses on genetic and environmental factors, and there is the increasingly prevalent belief that pediatric obesity may be a combination of both. Environmental factors can limit obesity but what -- the researchers wondered - stimulated the influencing environmental factors
Previous study: What has the previous study found out?
A previous study that the researchers had conducted stipulated three prime factors that were environmentally responsible for obesity. hese were: low weekly levels of moderate physical exercise, high levels of daily television viewing, and routine participation in a school lunch program.
he hypothesis of this study was that certain socio-economic backgrounds were more conducive for introducing these factors than were others in that -- and this was their hypothesis - median household income influenced nutrition and recreational activities.
Investigation of this suggestion was the purpose…
The correlation may be there but it pertains just to Massachusetts and indicates correlation rather than causality.
Eagle, T. et al. (2012). Understanding childhood obesity in America: Linkages between household income, community resources, and children's behaviors. The American Heart Journal, 163, 816-837.
consumer who has read Fast Food Nation, I personally believe that I can make an informed choice to NOT eat fast food burgers at McDonald's. However, even as someone who actively solicits information about the food I eat, it can be difficult to know what is good to buy. First of all, in regards to meat, there are many conflicting studies about its health, some proclaiming the superiority of a high-protein, low-fat diet, the others stating that a vegetarian diet is superior. Secondly, many products purport to be healthy because the burgers are said to be organic, or are from grass-fed cows, or because they are 'prime' and 'choice.' These health claims may mean little to consumers. A consumer must be very vigilant about dietary information in today's America. Furthermore, he or she must also continually weigh the merits of one study over others when making decisions.
The average fast…
The safety, or lack thereof, of genetically modified foods is subject to considerable debate in the public sphere. In order to render a reasonable opinion on the subject of feeding GMO foods to my children, I would want to defer to the best available science, and add a dash of reason. The first thing that would need to be established is the methodology by which one assesses the concept of safety. Clearly, there are no safety issues in the sense of GMO foods being poison (i.e. having immediate negative health effects). The question of GMO safety therefore is more a question of long-term impacts on human health.
A major study on the safety of genetically modified foods determined that, based on the traditional human food consumption patterns, there are no safety issues with the consumption of plant-based GMO foods (Konig et al, 2004). Further studies have examined the…
Eat, Swipe and Leave -- The New Smartphone Apps for Diners
The SPREAD of the Smartphone apps for diners has REVOLUTIONIZED eating out all over the world. Through COMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH and OBSERVATION, apps such as Qkr!, Velocity, Cake, MyCheck, Orderella, Uncover, Flypay and Zapper, aim to reduce customer waiting time at restaurants. For example, through one popular app, customers are given a four-digit code which is then given to the restaurant. This code provides the customer a table number as well as the bill. PARTICIPANTS can simply make their payment, or, if dining in a group they can split the bill equally. The app allows̴
3-D printing of food is a new DATA-driven trend of the future which allows users to customize meals and snacks. Despite being in only its early stages, this INVENTION will foster greater efficiency in the production of food and limit waste. RESEARCH shows that food can be created with precise nutritional formulations for people with specific dietary requirements. Furthermore, SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION proves that the 3-D food printer will remove the need for additives and preservatives. This PROCESS may be hard to adapt, leading to a slow RATE OF DIFFUSION as the degree to which people are willing to accept 3-D-printed food may be a problem. INCORPORATING TIME into evaluating this potential solution, the potential for this INNOVATION to generate benefits for users seems strong.
#alhih149 #3Dprinting #sustainable #invention #food
Examining Cultural Influences of Behavioral Nutrition: The Traditional and Nutritional Values of the Chinese Cultural Diet
It is a general belief that adequate nutrition equals healthy living. From time immemorial, human beings have understandably placed a premium on diets. Rightly so as lives have been saved or lost through food. However, while nutrients will always be a significant factor which decides what people eat or do not eat, there are other as worthy elements that influence human eating behavior. One of those other several factors that determine people's choice of food is cultural influences. This explains why food is one of the crucial elements that define people's way of life. People’s culture cannot be holistically discussed without good attention to their diets. One of the world's cultural groups that are very popular for their diet culture are the Chinese people. Of several other components of the Chinese, food is a…
Vitamin deficiency in food can cause different health deficiencies like Pellagra, Scurvy, ickets among others. Most of these negative health outcomes are evidenced in the staple diet of those in the developing and poor countries. We shall understand some diets that cause these deficiencies in this essay.
The characteristics of Pellagra are mental afflictions, diarrhea, and dermatitis. Inadequate quantity of nicotinic acid in the diet that causes niacin deficiency in the body causes Pellagra. Over dependence on maize is an observed cause of Pellagra. Though Maize contains Niacin, it cannot be absorbed in the body in the raw form. It has to be passed through alkaline hydrolysis to be absorbed by the body. Jowar also contains adequate quantities of Niacin. However, the presence of leucine in jowar inhibits the process of absorption of niacin. Additionally, chronic alcoholism is one known cause of lack of ability to absorb of niacin…
Allgrove, J., & Mughal, M.Z. (2014). Calcium deficiency rickets: extending the spectrum of almost forgotten. International Journal Of Dermatology, 45(8), 909-913. doi:10.1111/j.1365-4632.2006.02844.x
Karthikeyan, K., & Thappa, D.M. (2002).Pellagra and skin. International Journal Of 'nutritional' rickets. Archives Of Disease In Childhood, 99(9), 794-795. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2014-306465
Obadina, S. (2014).An overview of anorexia nervosa, bulimia and binge eating disorder. British Journal Of School Nursing, 9(9), 441-446.
Olmedo, J.M., Yiannias, J.A., Windgassen, E.B., & Gornet, M.K. (2006). Scurvy: a disease. Dermatology, 41(8), 476-481. doi:10.1046/j.1365-4362.2002.01551.x
It is often said that 'we eat with our eyes' first, and children are no different. hen hamburgers are in attractive packaging emblazoned with cartoon characters, children will want to eat the burgers more than broiled chicken and whole wheat pasta. Conversely, Cornell's Center for Behavioral Economics in Child Nutrition Programs found that children eat more fruit when the fruit is displayed in attractive baskets rather than in stainless-steel buckets (Aubrey 2011). However, the presence of fast food offerings is too powerful to resist, even when fruit is present. In my own experience, I notice that when children beg to go to McDonald's, they show no interest in the healthier menu. One study of McDonald's located on hospital premises found: "hen apple dippers and milk jugs were on the menu...families rarely ordered them. Apple dippers were purchased by anywhere from 0.3% to 3.6% of kids; milk from 1.1% to 6.6%…
Aubrey, Alison. "Cheap marketing techniques help kids choose more fruit." NPR.
October 3, 2011. [October 4, 2011] NPR. http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2011/10/03/141003800/cheap-marketing-techniques-help-kids-choose-more-fruit
"Fast food linked to child obesity." CBS. January 1, 2004. [October 4, 2011]
Until now, Kraft has rested its marketing strategy for its processed cheese slices on the traditional demographic of Canadian families. As the millennial market grew, the need to reposition Kraft singles became immediately apparent. Moreover, the market for processed cheese itself had been falling and millennials tended towards products that reflected wellness and healthy food—the antithesis of what processed cheese offers. Kraft therefore finds itself in a position of needing to rebrand one of its most iconic products, making Kraft Singles relevant to millennial moms—and their children.
Kraft Singles promotes four core brand attributes overall: health, nutrition, taste, and convenience (p. 7). To retain authenticity, Kraft Singles needs to develop a new marketing campaign that is both relevant to millennial moms while also remaining rooted in these four core attributes or values. Because of the connotation of processed cheese as being less healthy than real cheese, Kraft Singles…
This can contribute directly to human health and development (Agio). orlaug (1999), who won the Nobel Prize in 1970 for his work in developing high-yield wheat and other grains in third-world countries, stresses that genetic engineering is essential due to the worldwide population growth. Other organizations supporting genetically modified foods are the American Medical Association, the International Association of African Scientists, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.
Of course, there are always two sides to every coin, and individuals such as Ronnie Cummins, national director of the ioDemocracy Campaign, a grassroots organization that promotes organic food and opposes genetic engineering in agriculture, states that genetically modified foods can result in production of items that are toxic, carcinogenic, and allergenic. She warns that widespread planting of GM crops could cause unexpected harm to the environment; as crops are engineered to…
AgBio World, Scientists in support of agricultural biotechnology. February 27, 2008 http://www.agbioworld.org/declaration/index.html
BioDemocracy. Hazards of genetically engineered food and crops. Ronnie Cummins. http://www.organicconsumers.org/ge-free.cfm
N. Borlaug, (1999) Biotech can feed eight billion in the next century. New perspectives quarterly 25(1): 129-132
D.A. Christopher. (2000). The Gene genie's progeny. In the World & I. Washington, DC: Washington Times Corporation.
Feeding the orld and the Continuing Problem of Food Insecurity
The objective of this study is to examine the best method of addressing the challenges of feeding the world and the continuing problem of food insecurity.
The work of Brown (2011) entitled "The New Geopolitics of Food" reports that wheat prices rose by 75% in the United States between 2010 and 2011. The U.N. Food Price Index is reported to have risen for eight consecutive months in 2011. Stated to be a more critical problem than the rising prices of food is the lost ability of the world to "soften the effect of shortages" of food. (Brown, 2010, p.2) Since 2007, the world's grain prices are reported to have doubled. (Brown, 2010, paraphrased) Farmers are under increasing pressu8re due to growth of the world's population. hile the United States was at one time able to "act as a global buffer…
Brown, L. (2011) The New Geopolitics of Food. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/04.24/the_new_geo ...
Discovering the Food System A Primer on Community Food Systems: Linking Food, Nutrition and Agriculture (2013) USDA. Cornell University, Retrieved from: http://www.discoverfoodsys.cornell.edu/primer.html
Jensen, J. (2010) Local and Regional Food Systems for Rural Futures. RUPRI Rural Futures Lab. Retrieved from: http://www.rupri.org/Forms/RUPRI_Rural-Futures-Lab_2010_Food_Systems_for_Rural_Futures.pdf
On the Ideology of Nutritionism. (nd) Gyorgy Scrinis. Investigations.
If it is true that you are what you eat, many people do not know themselves very well. Nutritional value of any food is of extreme importance due to the fact of its contribution to the maintenance and overall health of the individual. No one could be expected to operate and learn at a high level if the sources of energy using to fuel this process are of low quality. High quality foods coupled with positive healthy attitudes towards eating and consuming are necessities in today's fast-paced society. The future of the world lies within the next generation and their education. The importance of treating children with respect and honesty cannot be overvalued in today's society. The precious resources that children provide in terms of hope and optimism require educators in today's world to do the best for the betterment of the entire society.
Nutritional policies reflect social…
Dahl, M. & Scholz, J. (2011). The national school lunch program and school breakfast program: evidence on participation and non-compliance. Retrieved from http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~scholz/Research/Lunch.pdfhttp://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~scholz/R esearch/Lunch.pdf
Eisler, P. et al. ( 2009). Fast food standards for meat top those for school lunches. USA Today 9 December 2009. Retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/news/education/2009-12 - 08 school-lunch-standards_N.htm
Kaplan, K. (2011) . Is national school lunch program to blame (in part) for the rise in childhood obesity? Los Angeles Times, 6 April 2011. Retrieved from http://articles.latimes.com/2011/apr/06/news/la-heb-school-lunch-program-obesity - 20110406
School Lunch Program. (2011). British Columbia website 15 April 2011. Retrieved from http://www.gov.bc.ca/fortherecord/lunch/lu_k12.html?src=/k12/lu_k12.html
Small Business Plan
A Business Plan for the Reorganization of a Small Restaurant
Company Overview & Strategy
Revised Statement of Mission and Vision
Product and Service
Target Market & Customers
Business Performance Analysis
The Hometown Grill is considering making changes to its menu to become both healthier and more sustainable. Several lines of investigations were conducted including an industry overview analysis, a PESTEL analysis, as well as a SOT analysis. It is recommended that the Hometown Grill continue with its inquiry and begin integrating changes such as localizing its supply chain and redesigning its menu items.
Company Overview & Strategy
This business proposal has been prepared for a locally owned and family operated restaurant known as the Hometown Grill. The restaurant has…
Bawden, T., 2011. Real household disposable income falls for the first time in 30 years. [Online]
Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2011/mar/29/real-incomes-fall-30-years [Accessed 11 February 2013].
Lascelles, D., N.d.. How Supply Chains Create Shareholder Value. [Online]
Available at: http://www.scp-uk.co.uk/pdf/strategy.pdf