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Olympics a Waste of Money?
Over the years, the Olympic Games have withered many trials including but not limited to boycotts, wars and poor organization. Further, there have been claims that the benefits derived from the Games do not justify the costs. In that regard, some continue to view the Olympic Games as a waste of money. Those of a similar opinion are convinced that the money 'wasted' in seeing the Olympics through would rather be used to help the poor. Despite the challenges as well as criticism that has been leveled against the Olympic Games over time, the relevance of the Games from both an economic and social perspective cannot be overstated.
Are the Olympics a Waste of Money?
In the words of Humphreys and Howard (2008), "sporting events produce two types of economic benefits: direct and indirect." In the opinion of the authors, direct economic benefits in this…… [Read More]
" (Toohey, 27) Since then the Olympic Games have gradually grown in international, political, as well as economic significance. The documentary does a good job of comparing the ancient games to the modern games. Since the ancient games had a restricted number of events, the comparisons are made between similar events, and modern events are not mentioned. But the different ways the games were operated are discussed, for instance the discus used in the past was as much as three times the weight of the modern discus. Ancient athletes also were allowed to use weights when performing the long jump, allowing for jumps that were as much as 20 feet longer than the modern record. ("The First Olympics," 20:00-23:00) And the ancient games were performed in the nude, which the documentary explains in detail in order to remove the modern "shock value" of such a discussion.
hile the documentary The…… [Read More]
Olympics, being one of the world's biggest sporting events, is a natural fit for social media. The Olympics are already a media circus, and social media adds several extra dimensions for this. First, social media is a low cost form of media, but one where there is potential for vast reach. It is popular with consumers, and the accounts of both media and athletes attract a large number of followers. With each successive Olympics since the advent of social media, the use of social media has grown larger and more significant. In Sochi, social media reached a new apex, in part because of a high level of athlete participation, and in part because of the strength of social media networks in other countries -- both ussia and China have their own social networks that are arguably stronger than American ones (Laird, 2014).
The way that Olympics unfold is naturally built…… [Read More]
United States Deaf Olympics
While sport is vital in anyone's life, it may be even of great significance to the individual with a disability. This is due to sport's rehabilitative power to affect persons especially power based on prestige and because sport may be a means of including an individual into society. The American Athletic Association of the Deaf recognized this and began a new approach to rehabilitating people with hearing impairment (Deaf People) by means of establishing and introducing the Deaf Olympics and other sporting events.
With the introduction of Deaf games, it later developed to recreational sport, and afterwards led to competitive games like the Deaf Olympics. The Deaf Olympics gave individuals with hearing impairment an equal opportunity or fair chance to excel in sport often means a complete transformation of lifestyle and attitude.
Presently, the inclusion of athletes with a disability within one competitive sports…… [Read More]
hosting the Olympics
Boston is under consideration as a possible Olympic site in 2024. Although the bid is still in its beginning stages, already an intense debate is emerging about the potential benefits this might yield for the city. Obviously, hosting the games is considered a great honor in the eyes of the world and many cities lobby to have this chance for years, spending huge amounts of time and money to persuade the Olympic Committee to give them a chance. But a number of differing viewpoints are at war within the city: some opposed to hosting the games altogether, others strong proponents, and still others suggesting that a 2026 winter rather than a summer bid might be better suited to Boston's climate and infrastructure. egardless, despite the naysayers, the overall consensus is that Boston should make a bid, even though whether the summer or the winter bid is more…… [Read More]
Advertising, Public elations, 2008 Beijing Olympics
Public relations are an image-shaping tool for an individual, a group, firm or country that wishes to penetrate a certain market. The need for public relations continues to grow and evolve, as the field becomes a stronger discipline. Notably, public relations are not marketing tools but rather they are essential for fostering successful marketing. In 2008, Beijing got the award to host the famous Olympics event (Brady, 2009). However, the joyful china did not expect the road to the summer of 2008 would be bumpy as they found. Politics marred the games after the awarding, through organizing, to the events and the after event period. China surprised the international community by hiring western-based public relations firms to organize events.
Why Chinese government hired a western public relations firm to organize 2008 Beijing Olympics
The awarding of the opportunity to Beijing to host, the Olympics…… [Read More]
sensational images in the media, especially as social media has led to the instantaneous reproduction of memes in popular culture. Even before social media and even the Internet, sensational images could spread relatively rapidly via film and television as well as print media such as daily newspapers or weekly and monthly magazines. These images convey various meanings and mean different things for different audiences. A perfect example of how one image can convey different meanings and semantics to different audience groups is the 1968 image taken of the Olympian athletes from the United States using the Black Power "salute." The original image by John Dominis has left an indelible mark on the American public and has even caused an international sensation. It came in the era of Civil Rights and at the time when celebrity black athletes were using their fame to spread awareness about racism and unfair treatment in…… [Read More]
Gender ias in TV Coverage at the Olympics
International Olympic Committee figures reveal that the latest Olympics at Rio had a record 4,700 female athletes competing -- which makes up nearly 45% of all participants. Many countries including the U.S. and Australia broke records with regard to female participation -- the former nation's delegation included 292 female athletes, which is the greatest number of women ever, from a single nation, to have participated in any Olympics, whereas the latter's delegation had more women competitors than male (Hunt, 2016). Despite this progress in women participation, numerous instances can be found during the Rio Olympics when commentators have been slammed for the use of sexist language when referring to female athletes. Sarah Grieves -- Cambridge University Press's language researcher -- recently completed a research which reveals that this issue is graver than mere commentating blunders. Several viewers have raised this issue on…… [Read More]
Although there are no statistics to actually show the impact of the Games on the population, assumptions can be made, based on the potential impact the event might have had. According to analysts however, it appears that the impact the Olympics had on the job market was different from the expectations of the organizers. In this sense, "between 1987 and 1991 the number of jobs created in the construction sector were only 33.000, a figure much lower than was expected considering that three quarters of the total investment went towards the construction sector" (Games Monitor, 2007). There is no clear account on why the issue of job opportunities took such a turn especially taking into account the importance of the construction works that were undergone.
Another aspect marked the social issues concerning the arcelona Games and their impact on the job market which is the lack of consistency for the…… [Read More]
International Marketing of the Winter Olympics
Properly planned and executed, hosts of the Winter Olympic Games stand to gain a great deal in terms of investments in infrastructure, the multiplier effect of travel and tourism, and the enhanced prestige on the global stage that goes hand in hand with hosting these international games. Improperly administered, though, hosts and corporate sponsors of the Winter Olympic Games are faced with some staggering economic losses, as well as the damage that failures cause to the hosts' prestige and legitimacy in the international community. Therefore, identifying opportunities for improving the marketing of the Winter Olympic Games represents a timely and valuable enterprise. To this end, this paper provides a review of the literature concerning the marketing of the Winter Olympics Games drawing on a relevant case study as well as peer reviewed and other scholarly sources. A discussion concerning the key international market entry…… [Read More]
celebrates the Winter Olympics. There is an ad of page 19 with a hockey goalie guarding a Bank of America open safe. The slogan is "Bank of America does not embrace ambiguity." There are several subliminal messages in this ad that can be deciphered by cultural theories that certain writers have applied to "pop" culture. Not only does this photo promote a false sense of patriotism, capitalizing on the Olympics and the recent 9/11 events, but also it condones the uniformity of banking institutions.
Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno coined the phrase "the culture industry" to describe the processes and products of mass culture. They state that it is uniform, predictable, and, to the trained eye, transparent. In their essay, "The Culture Industry: Enlightenment As Mass Deception," Horkheimer and Adorno expound on the elements of the culture industry, and their observations can be applied to the Bank of America…… [Read More]
Williams needs to optimize on a number of different dimensions. The Olympic Committee wants to maximize total ticket sales, but also needs the revenue that is generated. However, the Committee also has motives for ensuring that tickets are affordable for locals, and that fans of the various sports can get tickets to events should they so desire. There are other sources of revenue, but the public relations dimensions of not selling out events or locals not being able to access tickets were both considerable concerns for the Organizing Committee. Empty seats on global television would look terrible for London, the Olympics and the Organizing Committee. Ensuring that the public could afford the tickets was important for PR for the Games, something the Committee needs in order to obtain public support, local media support and political support. Thus, maximizing revenue was seen as less important, despite the importance of…… [Read More]
Macur points out that the IOC recently decided to use testosterone testing to determine whether an individual entering a competitive event can compete as a woman. Several political and ethical issues are raised as a result of this decision, including the right to privacy and what constitutes a fair competition. As Macur notes, using testosterone as the benchmark for determining gender can be problematic. This is because "the upper range of a woman's testosterone level and the lower range of a man's do not overlap, and between them is 'a huge no man's land,'" (p. 2). Thus, a woman with highly elevated testosterone enters this "no man's land," or "no woman's land," and is disqualified from competing. This entails outright discrimination against individuals who do not conform to set standards of what it means to be biologically male or female. Even intersex conditions, which create elevated testosterone levels for…… [Read More]
Construction of London Olympic Stadium
Within the management-orientated system, the solution proposed is Construction Management (CM). Under the CM system, the Client employs an Architect and a Construction Manager, who oversees the works of individual Contractors (Smith, 2003). The system ensures that the Contractor and the Architect are put on an equal footing before the Client, and that the Construction Manager is able to provide design advice, particularly in regards to buildability. Compared to the Management Contracting (MC) system, the Client still enters in a contractual relationship with the Contractors (Masterman, 2002). This relieves some of the risk from the Construction Manager, and also allows the Client to better control the hiring process and the performance of the Contractors. This may be a key element in ensuring the timely and quality delivery of the Stadium project (Turner, 2005).
The organizational structure proposed is summed up below:
Project-level management…… [Read More]
Gender Bias in Coverage of the 2016 Rio Olympics
Over the past centuries, gender bias has been one of the dominant issues in the Olympic games. hile there has been a noticeable increase in the women participation in the Olympic games, nevertheless media bias has been largely remarkable where men receive more media attentions than female counterparts. In the recent 2016 concluded Olympic game in Rio, media have been found using the sexiest languages to refer the female athletes. Based on the tone of the commentators, it is clear that women athletics are treated differently compared with the male counterpart in sport. The commentators lay emphasize on clothing and physique rather than their abilities and performances.
Analysis of more than 160 million words from academic papers, newspapers, and social media reveals that men are three times mentioned than women referring men as big, strong, fastest, or real. However, women are…… [Read More]
Outstanding student athletes are undoubtedly viewed as potential value added to a college team. At that point, sports cease to be played just for fun. Missing a practice is like missing a day at work. The student who receives an athletic scholarship understands that his or her performances is directly correlated with career success. Fun is only an afterthought. As with all amateur athletes, sports as fun begins after the day's serious practice has ended.
Still, the term "to play sports" underscores the inextricably enjoyable nature of the game. Professional and amateur athletes alike enjoy the physical exercise, skill, and coordination that sports entail. Many athletes also thrive from the opportunity to socialize with peers during game play. Sports, even when they are big business, will always be about playing and having fun.
Berlage, Gai Ingham (1982). Are children's competitive team sports socializing agents for corporate America? Chapter 19…… [Read More]
normal I offer. hy? Because I potential a false flag attack London Olympics worth researching. Okay,'s deal. You write a paper length normal extra credit assignment explained Extra Credit Unit.
Conspiracy theory or terrorism? -- The 2012 London Olympics
There has been a lot of controversy in the recent years regarding conspiracies and how some of the world's most influential individuals are actively engaged in a plot to exploit mankind. False flag attacks are believed to be attempts performed by these individuals with the purpose of justifying their intervention in particular areas that they are interested in. This year's London Olympics represents one of the most intriguing opportunities for certain actors to put their strategies into work, considering that the world's attention is focused on the event and that the number of people present there would surely draw significant responsiveness from an international public concerned in penalizing individuals and groups…… [Read More]
Olympic Games were incredibly popular, sold out events that ran every four years for twelve centuries. That they were so popular and so long-lived indicates that the Olympic Games held a vital place in Greek society. As Perrottet () notes, the Greek writer Epictetus saw the Games as a metaphor for human existence. As noted, the Games were a difficult experience, fraught with heat, crowds, dirt, clamor, insect infestations and other hassles. Yet, despite these hardships, they were "an unforgettable spectacle" (p. 11). Life itself has always been full of difficulty, born of our environment and the human condition, yet we persevere because we want to experience life as richly as we can. The metaphor holds well, because just as Olympic champions are those who overcome the most, estern society in particular also places emphasis on heroes and champions, those who overcome all of the challenges in order to triumph.…… [Read More]
Four of his movies are still amongst the top 20 earners of all time. Making of Schindler's list and setting up Shoah foundation; which filmed disturbing tales from Holocaust survivors portrayed Spielberg as an ultra Zionist by most. The view after Munich has somewhat changed and most American and Israeli Jews criticized the movie and labeled it as portraying Israeli's as murderers while popular belief amongst Jews is that of retaliation. There is the hit squad, Bombs used in beds, in cars and even in phones with gruesome gun fights and cold blood executions by Mossad operatives representing Jews as killers.
A neutral viewer may argue that the movie lacked details on Palestinian terrorists portrayed only as targets rather than human beings with feelings.
Spielberg managed to deliver what the news media missed. No spice but reality, mistakes and regrets by both sides. He managed to explain what impact this…… [Read More]
The challenges for the project managers relative to protecting the digital rights of the book are tough to counter, outside of creating a special ink that cannot be accurately photographed digitally or scanned. To attempt this strategy of creating ink that is not easily duplicable would have significantly increased the production costs, squeezing margins on the book as it moved through distribution channels. The risks of electronic duplication at this point can only be met with litigation against those distributors who violated the embargo, thereby making it possible for those fans wanting to gain notoriety by posting pages before the book was available to get the attention they want, even if it means ruining to books' value. In summary, the project managers did assess and respond to the risks they could foresee, and outside of significantly increasing the production cost, they did mitigate the larger risks of the books being…… [Read More]
The Wimbledon Tennis tournament as a hallmark-sporting event creates these social and cultural impact of the community. This is because according to theory transient and recurring events act as important methods of collecting identification of host communities. They present opportunities of asserting, reproducing, reinforcing, and contesting prevailing cultural values and beliefs and social norms (Quinn 2009). Hallmark events are identified as functions that support and reinforce the image of established social and cultural norms.
PR Newswire (2012) indicates the unpredictability of the effects of Olympics as its impact may be difficult to evaluate. However, in the case of London's 2012 Olympics, the games left a lasting impression on the socio-cultural context of ritain. According to Dhar (2012), the games led to the unification and social spirit of unity among the ritish during 2012, as compared to the divided and lawlessness associated with urban riots in 2011. The games increased the…… [Read More]
ather than functioning solely as a sporting event, the '84 Summer Games delivered a broader scope of entertainment never before seen or attempted. The event encompassed entertainment not only in the form of sporting competition, but also in music and arts (Masterman, 2004). It is now understood that special events possess a powerful role in the society.
2012 Olympic closing ceremony will be a mega event as it will have a large effect on the entire economy of the UK. The event is going to get huge media coverage that is why it is important to adopt right marketing strategy for this event.
Issues of human resource management
Human resource management is vey important aspect of this grand event. The better evetn mangers and event management organizations understand the labor force and employs hired for the event the better resources can be allocated to effective recruitment and retaining strategies.
Workers…… [Read More]
history of Olympic posters. The author explores five of the previous Olympic posters and comments on the use of color and art within the era that they were developed. The author explores the history of the Olympic poster, focusing on the artistic element with respect to the economic and social conditions that prevailed at that time. There were four sources used to complete this paper.
Regardless of what is going on in the world, the Olympic games bring nations together for a time of fellowship, competition and peace. Nations can be fighting each other at the United Nations, in the fields of war, or with regards to NATO but the Olympic games is a neutral zone for all involved. Each year Olympic posters grace the world as the games draw near and each poster reflects the social and economic era of that time. The Olympic posters, throughout their history, present…… [Read More]
In a democratic system, whose underlying foundation is a philosophy of independence and equal representation, giving somebody the power to buy political power or interest is unethical. For this reason, must governing boards have codes of ethics that specifically prohibit bribery.
The mayor's proposed plan to lure tourism to igtown is akin to the illegal bribery committed by the SLOC. In other words, what the mayor proposes is to give convention planners government contracts for coming to igtown, which is essentially giving the planners political power not available to the city's citizens. According to the governing rules, this form of political bribery is illegal. If the mayor does go through with this plan, he could be punished with such actions as fines or an impeachment from his position.
15 United States Code Sec. 78. (2006): The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.
Longman, Jere. (1999): "Olympics: 2 Officials Quit in Salt…… [Read More]
Business Source Premier (Nielson Library) deals marketing issues. The article current ( month). efer text chapter titles heading topic suggestions. Make include article attachment include UL I refer article.
Business Article Analysis
The article that is reviewed in this paper is titled "Off and unning: Professors Comment on Olympics" and presents certain important opinions on the Olympic games. The article presents the comments and opinions of important specialists that focus on marketing and business administration, like Stephen Greyser, John Macomber, and John Gourville. These are some of the most important professors at the Harvard Business School. The most important points of this article refer to the explanations these experts try to provide on the marketing success of the Olympics in comparison with other sports competitions. In addition to this, they try to identify some of the factors that determine the success of the organizers (Greyser et al., 2012). The pricing…… [Read More]
The final decision will be made at the IOC general assembly in eptember in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Politics may also have played a part in pushing out the sport. Modern pentathlon, for instance is even less popular than wrestling, but it remains largely due to the fact that its sport was invented by Baron Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Games and that it is supported by Juan Antonio amaranch Jr., son of a former I.O.C. president and a member of its executive board.
The IOC is correct: Olympic style wrestling does not have the same luster as the other events possess. It lacks the celebrities and, in the U..A., is suppressed by the staged allure of professional wrestling. Other more contemporary sports such as rock climbing, rollerblading and wakeboarding have also climbed in to demote it.
On the other hand, wrestling also has its advocates. And many…… [Read More]
Vienna and Paris
in the Decade 1900-1910
Vienna and Paris in the Decade 1900-1910
Europe of 1900 -- 1910 saw the rise of several cultural meccas, including Vienna and Paris. Vienna was a center of literary, cultural and artistic advancement in "middle" Europe, enjoying booming population and innovative developments in all those spheres, even as it endured the rising tide of anti-liberal, anti-Semitic Christian Social forces. In keeping with this innovation, Vienna's music enjoyed avant garde developments of Art Nouveau from Paris, notably represented in Vienna by the works of composers Gustav Mahler and Arnold Schonberg. As Vienna became the literary, cultural and artistic center of "middle" Europe, Paris became the literary, cultural and artistic center of the orld. Drawing exceptionally gifted people from the entire globe, Paris boasted the first Olympics to include women and the orld's Fair of 1900. Reveling in its invention of Art Nouveau, Paris also…… [Read More]
Ambush Marketing: Should Tough ules be introduced to Protect Sports Sponsors?
This is a paper that describes the concept of ambush marketing and outlines how it can be detrimental for the official sports sponsors of events such as the World Cup, Tournaments etc. It argues whether there should be laws for curbing this marketing tactic. It has sources.
Lack of business ethics is a problem that is of growing concern in the field of business today. Many individuals and organizations either easily forget or ignore ethical codes when they see business opportunities. This is an issue of immense concern because of the fact that millions of dollars can be jeopardized easily on the part of rightful contractors. Speaking more specifically, this refers to the manner in which sports sponsors at major events are denied their total rights over an event due to interfering investors. These rights are denied as the…… [Read More]
In a reversal, which is worth two points, the prone person comes from underneath and gains control. A near fall is worth 2-3 points and is a 'near pin.' The points awarded for a 'near fall' are based upon how long the 'near pin' lasts. Points are also awarded based upon the opponent's infractions. These may include illegal holds, technical violations (like leaving the mat), grabbing clothing, the mat, or the opponent's headgear, locking or overlapping hands, improper or illegal equipment, "stalling," "unnecessary roughness" and "unsportsmanlike conduct" ("Overview of wrestling rules," est Virginia resting, 2010). Scholastic wrestling is scored as a team sport as well as individually.
The issue of women in wrestling has proved to be a controversial issue. On the Olympic level, women competed in wrestling for the first time in 2004. "omen from 21 nations competed in four freestyle weight classes. Medals were awarded to wrestlers from…… [Read More]
His coaching resume includes serving as head coach of the orld Team in 1977, 1978, 1979, 1983, 1994, and 1999, according to www.cstv.com. It also includes the fact that he was the head coach of the Goodwill Games' wrestling team in 1981; his team won the Bronze medal. He retired from coaching in 1997, ESPN writes, because after a dozen knee and back surgeries, he was no longer physically able to get down on the mat in order to "…demonstrate holds and escapes" (ESPN).
In Gable's book, Coaching restling Successfully, he covers many issues that of course revolve around wrestling, but he also delves into subjects that coaches may need to know no matter what sport they are coaching. For example, the skill of communicating is important for a coach, so he recommends starting "in small groups" that a person feels comfortable with. Once a coach's confidence is built up,…… [Read More]
Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon
The film, documentaries and the last docudrama are exceptional production pieces by notable directors and producers. Crouching tiger-hidden dragon defies the usual mantra of strength only attributed to men. Jen effectively acts as person having higher morals. The martial arts performance was exceptional, an unusual feature in Hollywood. Islam, the empire of faith is another documentary made on the rise of Islamic empire and the life of Prophet Mohammad having a great impact on establishment of religion. 'Gandhi' also remains an unquestioned production classic that eloquently portrays Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the unquestioned leader of India. The film sheds light on Hinduism as a religion and its faith and dogmas. Lastly, Kundan is a docudrama based on life of Dalai Lama. 'Kundan' might not have justified the stature of Buddhism in history of mankind but the piece of production remains an earnest effort on part of Martin…… [Read More]
Production of Caps and Shirts
A part written report assignment-based forthcomming olympics produce a company I production shirts caps named company GLOBAL SUCCESS PLC.
Global Success PLC is a company that deals with event planning marketing and organization. In the forth coming Olympics, the company wishes to venture in the production of Shirts and caps for corporations. The forthcoming Olympic Games present an opportunity for firms to gain recognition on an international scale. Global success intends to take this opportunity to provide services to willing corporations to capitalize on the event and build their company and product reputation.
Global success tag line in the campaign for production of the shirts and caps is "create a long lasting impression on potential consumers"
According to Brynard P.A. & Hanekom S.X., 2006()
branding is a measure targeting to make known a product, service or company to a market or potential…… [Read More]
Global Sporting Events Market
There is little doubt that international sporting events are the acme of sports. Although it is possible that sports in the United States -- such as basketball, baseball, and football -- might draw in more overall revenue, this fact is attributed to the reality that not only do these sporting events take place year after year, but they also are able to gain media exposure and advertising money over the course of an entire season. Truly international sporting events, such as the Olympics, the orld Cup, and to a lesser extent, the European Cup, are able to generate comparable hype and money in a shorter period of time. The Olympics lasts less than a month and the orld Cup lasts approximately a month. hen attempting to calculate approximately how much bigger such international sporting events might grow in the years to come, there are several considerations…… [Read More]
The culture associated with the religion has become very popular all over the world, and has spread to many regions of the globe.
Religion has also influenced several artistic manifestations in Jamaica. Music is undoubtedly the most prominent example. Reggae is the most well-known style of music coming from Jamaica, but there are many other styles which were generated by Jamaican folk music which in turn, was a result of African influence which has always been present on the island. Dancehall is another popular style. Dance is also a very important local cultural product; celebrations and are oftentimes accompanied by dance and costumes.
However, one cannot talk about Jamaica without referring to sports. There are several popular sports on the island such as football, cricket and basketball, to name just a few. Nonetheless, Jamaicans excel at track and field; Jamaica's success started in 1948 when Jamaica's first track Gold Medalist,…… [Read More]
Zionism is even being identified with Christianity, with evangelicals uniting themselves to Israeli interests. Need we remind ourselves that Zionism is a politico-religious belief that is diametrically opposed to Christian values? The post-war propaganda that followed II even helped obliterate the notion of Jesus Christ as Holocaust and replace it with the Shoah, the Jewish holocaust. At the heart of Zionism is the eradication of Christian culture and the elevation of Zionist policies like the one currently being enacted on the Gaza Strip. Israel is an apartheid state and has been murdering Palestinians for years -- and now it has convinced millions of Christians and evangelicals that they must destroy the Arab before he destroys them. hat kind of value is this? It is a diabolical one.
Refusing to embrace diplomacy also undermines our prosperity. Rather than attacking and occupying countries in the Middle East, we should be working with…… [Read More]
Currently, I am working as a surgical technologist in two hospitals in Arkansas - Arkansas Children Hospital and the VA Hospital. I do surgical scrub on various cases of all surgical services, general, orthopedics, vascular, ENT, neurology, urology, and burns. To update and enhance my skills, I attended different medical training courses.
Since my youth, I had been in the scene of medicine. At the age of seventeen I was diagnosed with diabetes. Hence, in y sophomore years in college, I did a presentation on diabetes where I provided information on the symptoms, complications, and how to cope with diabetes. During my Junior year, I had family members that were diagnosed with breast cancer, glaucoma, heart attacks and thyroid problems.
Such experiences are my motivations in becoming a Physician Assistant. The feeling that I get from providing medical services is unfathomable and cannot be measured by anything.… [Read More]
Bob Hayes -- Sports Hero
One of my all-time inspirational heroes is Bob Hayes, known as the only athlete to win a gold medal in the Olympics and also a Super Bowl ring. Hayes as a young man with a great deal of athletic talent grew up in a segregated community in Jacksonville, Florida, but he went on to dazzle the world with his accomplishments. This paper details that rise to fame.
Bob Hayes struggled from childhood on to become what he knew he could become, and his career should serve as a positive role model for any young man caught in a socioeconomically underserved neighborhood with odds against him because of the color of his skin and because of racial stereotyping.
Bob Hayes' Life and Times
Hayes was born to Mary (Green) Hayes and George Sanders on the 20th day of December, 1942 in a ghetto on the east…… [Read More]
The effectiveness of promotional strategies is highly dependent on their ability to resonate and be relevant to the target audiences over time (Reference). This is the basis of the research being undertaken; to determine which promotional tools and strategies are the most effective in attracting, training and retaining the most talented and motivated volunteers for the London 2012 Olympic Games.
The following are the aims and objectives of this analysis. The primary objective of this study is to determine which promotional tools are the most effective in recruiting and retaining volunteers. In support of this objective, the following goals are defined:
a. To understand and segment the volunteer population in westernized nations including the UK, and determine the characteristics of these markets as they relate to volunteering for events.
b. To determine the psychographic attributes of each group as they relate to propensity to participate, contribute and assist in keeping…… [Read More]
Marketing Chinese Businesses
Implications and Impact of Olympics 2008
The purpose of this work is to research and render citations in relation to implications and possible impact to local businesses in China's City of Beijing, host city for the 2008 Olympics.
The host city for the 2008 Olympics is Beijing, China. Beijing is China's capital city and was awarded the right to host the 2008 Olympics on July 13, 2001 in Moscow. The opportunities are unbounded and from all reports the Chinese people are excited and honored to be hosting the Olympics. 94.6 of the Chinese people support the hosting of the Olympics in Beijing according to a poll conducted by the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games Bid Committee (BOCOG).
According to a Beijing 2008 Marketing eport: "For Chinese firms, the Olympic Games provide an honorable opportunity to ... demonstrate their strengths in key technologies, products and services. .…… [Read More]
Ethnicity and Tourism
Ethnicity affects many aspects of tourism but is an aspect that is still poorly understood. Ethnicity is a concept that is quite problematic due to its variability and complexity in relation to social structure. Tourism has contributed to the process of the formation of identity in new nations and at the same time may encourage the majority population to reevaluate the perceptions they have on minorities.
Sporting activities have given rise to a new form of tourism. This is what is now known as sports tourism. If we talk of sport as a way of tourism we must first give a definition of sport tourism. Therefore sport tourism includes travelling away from an area where one resides to either take part in a sport for recreation, for competing, traveling to observe sports at grassroots or elite level or travelling to visit a sport attraction like sport hall…… [Read More]
Areas for Additional Research:
The Official Website of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games
August 8-24 2008
From Scholastic [http://teacher.scholastic.com/researchtools/researchstarters/olympics/]
The history of the ancient Greek Olympic Games, including the nature of the competition and the reasons behind the cessation of the games.
The statistics and demographics of the Olympics.
Evidence and impact of nationalism on the Olympic Games.
More Olympic links: •
The Olympic rowing venue must adhere to standards including the incorporation of 20 network points for 20 employees, including cable along with 802.11 Wireless Access within the media centre; availability of internet laptop access and WiFi for visiting media to be able to allowed email, SSH, and internet availability; extended seating with Olympic Games wireless coverage for registered media personnel; coverage network requirements in accord with the installation of…… [Read More]
At the moment, the situation in this region is rather dim and the actions undertaken by the Russian Federation will clearly impact the employment rates.
Another element related to the economic aspect is the current embargo imposed by the Russian Federation. Indeed, it is the sovereign right of every state to take any peaceful measures it considers fit in order to restore a status ante. However, the action undertaken at this level must be proportional to the threat incurred or the damage caused. This case being, it is rather difficult to ascertain the implication of either Chechen terrorists or Georgian intelligence officers. Therefore, for the upcoming summit it is important that this point-of-view is made because the embargo set in place by the Russian Federation has massive repercussions on the well being of both nations. This aspect must clearly be pointed out as the measures undertaken affect innocent people throughout…… [Read More]
management, in particular the management of mega events. It also delves deeply into the positives and negatives of the London Olympic Games and the 2006 orld Cup events in Germany. Those who manage mega events have an enormous task and an almost impossible responsibility to the public, to those participating in the events, and to the countries where mega events take place. Those issues and more are covered in this paper.
Theoretically review the key aspects of event management
Form and Function
Theoretically an event is a kind of convergence, according to Professor Donald Getz (School of Tourism, The University of Queensland); it is a blending of forms and functions, and those in turn converge into a worthwhile experience for the tourist / participant. Getz uses two huge events to illustrate how form and function come together to produce a grand experience for the attendee. He points to the 2012…… [Read More]
In very day life, it is a common occurrence to attend various special meetings to celebrate a given occasion. These meetings can also be for education purposes, promotions or commemorations. The occurrence of such special meetings constitutes an event. Therefore, to make this event happen, a long process of planning and preparing for the event takes place. Thus, this process of applying the skills and structures of project management to create and develop a festival, celebration, conference or social gathering is what makes event management (eid & Bojanic, 2010). Event management is significantly involving for the people who are organizing the event as they have several factors to ensure are in place for the event. Currently, there are several events; world events all over the world such as the Olympics and the world-cup games, which involve not only a portion of the bodies involved, but also the whole country…… [Read More]
As the Summer Olympic Games staged in Rio de Janeiro come to a close, the estimated $50 billion-plus spent on sporting venues has become the source of growing criticism by city residents who maintain that their needs were sacrificed for the political prestige that comes from hosting the Games. Unfortunately, this same scenario has played out in other host cities, but the problem is especially pronounced in developing countries that lack the infrastructure and financial resources required to contract massive sporting venues and support thousands of international athletes for just a 2-week period. In response, there have been increasing calls for the construction of permanent homes for the Summer and Winter Olympic Games. This essayreviews the relevant literature to provide a brief history of the Olympic Games and to analyze the arguments in support of establishing a permanent home for them, followed by a summary of the research and…… [Read More]
Porter, P. & Fletcher, D. (2008). The economic impact of the Olympic Games: Ex-Ante predictions and ex-poste reality Journal of Sport Management, 22, 470-486.
A CPR analysis (context, purpose, research design) of Porter and Fletcher's article on "The economic impact of the Olympic Games" would note that the authors were conducting analyses of two past Olympics that took place in 1996 and 2000 to analyze the overall economic impact of the Olympic Games on two host American cities. The purpose of the research was to examine the common claim that hosting the Olympics is an economic boon to the host nation. Alleged economic benefits are often used to justify the considerable expenses required to construct the necessary facilities and fund the needed city improvements to host the Games. However, the authors found that no such economic benefit was accrued by the host cities of the Olympics of the years they…… [Read More]
Role of Conferences in the trategic Development of the Hotel Industry
Case tudy of Five tar Hotels in Jordan
Jordan has a rich cultural and archaeological patrimony. Many natural wonders and a particularly welcoming people make tourism a natural resource and vehicle for Jordan's economy.
Conversely, the Jordan tourism industry has demonstrated poor performance in past few years relative to the volatile political situation in the region.
Analyzing both the natural potential for success and the historical evidence for failure within Jordan's tourism industry through scientific research methodology may well provide viable alternatives to current widely held practices and beliefs.
This study will delve into the specific revenue producing areas of developing conferences in Jordan, how to conduct them, facility use and maximization, and the issues that surround successful delivery of this medium. This thesis will also provide data on the means of offering the world a safe, beautiful, and…… [Read More]
Sustainable Tourism Development
The aim of the essay is to gain an understanding of the rational and different approaches to tourism planning and development, sustainable tourism, current issues and impacts of tourism.
The aim is to increase awareness of the need to plan and manage tourism destinations within an international, national, regional, and local framework. Investigate current trends in planning for tourism development in a range of destinations. The stages in the planning process are discussed and apply theoretical models to practical case studies and site visits.
Understand the differing approaches to tourism planning and development and understand the rationale for planning in the travel and tourism industry (1000+ words)
Using the EBSCO article: The effectiveness of public policies and structural funds in enhancing tourism development.The case of Romania.
a) Discuss, using appropriate references, why a long-term approach is beneficial to destinations like Romania, and state the advantages to stakeholders…… [Read More]
On the other hand, we might be able to "incubate" a cable network by playing a Thursday night series of cable games, and such a network could be a long-run success that would strengthen our product as well." (Tagliabue, 2004)
Tagliabue states that prior to proceeding with a new package it is necessary to ensure that this new package is based on "sound television premises and that it is structured to complement our other television packages rather than to cannibalize our Sunday and Monday night audiences and move us down the road to commoditization. As previously mentioned, commoditization is ultimately very negative in a 400-channel universe, and the challenge we face is how to balance the need for revenue and viewers to ensure the long-run success of our sport. In theory, greater revenues are available from cable television, which is both advertiser and subscriber supported, than from broadcast television, which…… [Read More]
1980 was, like so many years after and before it, a year full of great and small tragedies, of hope deflated and grief overwhelming. Two weeks before the year started, Pink Floyd's "Another Brick in the Wall" topped the charts, and stayed there well into the new year. The Wall would become a sort of sign for the times, and for the almost surreal year that would follow. This would be the year that the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan and after learning that the U.S. Boxing team had been killed in a plane crash, the American President responded by forbidding all American athletes to compete in the summer Olympics. 1980 would be the year that America sent in troops to save our hostages in Teheran -- only to accidentally kill so many of our own soldiers, through sheer ineptitude and poor planning, that we had to retreat without being fired…… [Read More]
James "Jesse" Cleveland Owens, who lived from 1913 to 1980, and Frederick Carl Lewis, born in 1961, have been two of the United State's greatest track stars. Their lives have some similarities and differences.
Jesse Owens was born in Alabama. His parents were sharecroppers, which means they farmed land owned by someone else. His grandparents had been slaves. Jesse Owens had six older brothers and sisters, and his family lived in poverty in his childhood. His family moved to Cleveland when he was young.
He started setting local track records when he was in junior high, and in high school he won state championships three years in a row and set high school national records.
Jesse chose to go to Ohio State University. This school had no track scholarships at the time, and Jesse worked to support himself and his wife while he attended college. He continued to be an…… [Read More]
One idea could be to use the Olympic rings as cogs in a wheel of motion featuring UPS as one of the cogs.
Their approach to the Chinese public is the right approach and is done in the correct style. The ad appeals to the Chinese national pride and seeks to show that UPS understands that pride and wishes to ensure that the pride is justified. The public will likely show curiosity as to an American product such as UPS and will very likely pick up on the somewhat heavy-handed approach to patriotism used by UPS.
The advertisement also does an excellent job of touting UPS attributes and the many different services the company provides. Using phrases such as; receiving, shipping, packaging, transportation and storage informs the reader of the many services offered by UPS that many consumers may not have previously considered. UPS also does a good job in…… [Read More]
In both the conflicts, the strong will of the athletes help them to overcome the obstacles or conflicts that they faced.
The aesthetic appeal was the main characters Lidell played by Ian Charleson and Abrahams played by Ben Cross. Both the actors had execute their role well and make a big impact on the viewers. The screenplay is also realistic and the story line is strong and powerful. This makes it an all-time great classic for viewers.
1. In this review, the critics felt that the movie was much slower than it should have been. But, they still liked the strong concepts and its underlying themes. http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/chariots_of_fire/
2. The critics in this review rate it as one of the best movies that is ideal for children aged ten and up. They critic it as a good family movie that can lay the foundation for kids to understand…… [Read More]
minimum sources... research 1920 sport write ... A thesis, attention catcher, topic sentence?
1920s sport: Swimming
The 1920s was called the 'Roaring 20s' in America. It was accompanied by expanded prosperity for many middle class Americans and the rise of the 'flapper,' the sexually liberated and independent young woman. The rise of the middle class and the larger percentage of Americans with considerable disposable income and leisure time also allowed greater participation in sports. "The 1920s has been called the Golden Age of American Sports. It also has been called the Age of the Spectator" (Summer 2004:1). Thanks to the strength of the U.S. economy, more stadiums for professional and recreational sports were constructed, and radio and newspapers enabled fans to keep abreast of the latest developments of professional teams. "Improvements in roads made it possible for fans to travel to athletic events in distant cities. For the first time,…… [Read More]
a) What type of cultural communication examples AND cultural miscues were made during the visits
Mitt omney seriously offended his hosts in London by making criticism of their preparations for the games, instead of staying positive: According to reporters, he "offended his British hosts by questioning London's preparation for the Olympics." (cited in "Mitt omney's London Olympics Gaffe Sparks Outpouring Of eaction")
omney's attempt humor was immature, misguided, and not even funny. " He raised some eyebrows when his comments that he had enjoyed looking 'out the backside of Downing Street' were lost in translation," (cited in "Mitt omney's London Olympics Gaffe Sparks Outpouring Of eaction").
omney attributed income disparity in Israel to "cultural differences" between Israelis and Palestinians (Hunt & Laub, 2012)
omney called Jerusalem the capital even though USA maintains embassy in Tel Aviv.
omney made analogy between USA and Mexico as well as other neighboring countries…… [Read More]
Review of Saudi Arabia
Muslim culture is one of the religions with the oldest and most extensive histories. It has its impacts on the world's greatest civilizations such as Sultanate of Usmania, Saudi Arabia, and Middle East and in different eras, Muslim rulers have extended their kingdoms to various parts of the world. Muslim culture even has its imprints on various fields of Science and Sociology. Despite all the richness of this culture, it is the one facing major criticism globally. One after another, events are taking place in a sequence which has highlighted the importance of Muslim countries in global Politics and economy.
These days, political decisions taken by the governments of Iran, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and other Muslim countries have become part of daily news headlines. On the other hand, the incident of 9/11 has changed the global scenario of this world. Policies of many western…… [Read More]
1968 Olympics Black Power Salute
Black Power Salute (Dominis, 1968)
Photograph Description and Context
The picture is a black and white photo that was taken at the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City. Two Olympics sprinters stood atop the podium wearing the gold and bronze medals. Their names are Tommie Smith and John Carlos. They are shown holding their first in the air as an expression of solidarity with the Black Power movement. It is argued that they are expressing their disillusionment with a nation that so often fell behind, and still does, relative to racial equality (Dominis, 1968).
The two individuals received significant negative reaction to their expression. For example, they were suspended from the U.S. Track team. They were vilified at home and they even later received death threats for their public display. Yet, the picture has become one of the iconic photographs from this period that deals with…… [Read More]
Licenses and Requirements
CSR and Sustainability
ABC London Events Co. will have many considerations to make before deciding on whether to host an event. One of the initial decisions will undoubtedly be financial as for-profit event management companies must return an adequate return to their investors. However, once the business case for the event is made, this is only the beginning and there are many subsequent decisions to be made. The planning phase of any event is arguably the most important aspect of hosting an effective event. There are many different objectives that events can address and planning for different types of events can take different approaches. This analysis will focus on cultural and sporting events and discuss various considerations that an event manager will have to make in order for the event to be a success. The research found that planning and risk…… [Read More]
However, when it comes to the long-term effects, the policies are exacerbating social problems, by forcing the poor and middle class from their homes. This is because many of these communities are targeted by wealthy developers. Over the course of time, this causes large projects to be constructed that are not economically viable. At which point, many governments are facing the twin forces of having to maintain such facilities, while seeing an increase in social assistance from those who lost their homes. In order to prevent this situation from becoming worse, alternative policies need to be coordinated with members of the community. There also needs to be a long-term economic viability studies conducted in the initial stages of planning, where various members of the community and businesses should play a major role. This will help to determine if such projects are sustainable in the community. If these two elements can…… [Read More]
This has led to reconciliation among the divided states. It is this unifying theme that is also expressed in both the book, Friday Night Lights, as well as the movie, Miracle.
The Unifying Effects of Representative Sports as Demonstrated in Friday Night Lights and Miracle:
In Bissinger's Friday Night Lights: A Town, a Team, and a Dream, the author explores the societal webwork that is Odessa, Texas. An oil town that soars and plummets as oil comes and goes, is held together by the local high school football team -- the Permian Panthers. In the book, Odessa is a town that is both metaphorically and literally divided. There is the racial division of hites vs. Blacks and Hispanics. Reminiscent of a far earlier time in America, hites in Odessa in the late 1980s, on the whole are bigots, who feel Blacks are inferior.
There is only thing Blacks are valued…… [Read More]