The Understanding and Application of Knowledge in Organizational Development
The understanding and application of knowledge in organizational development is very important. Organizations want and need to grow and develop if they are to remain viable and relevant in their marketplace (Argyris & Schon, 1978; Carter, 2004). In order for them to do that, they must be ready for the future and willing to embrace change (Sullivan, 2010). Not all businesses feel good about change. Many of them want to see things left alone because they do not want to make changes if they do not feel that there is a reason for the change (Sullivan, 2010). In short, if things are not broken, why would the business try to "fix" them? For this particular study, there will be three issues addressed. The ability to apply OD knowledge to organizational situations must be developed and demonstrated, the systems issues…… [Read More]
Fortsworth Manufacturers designs and sells personal computers, software, related services, peripherals, and network solutions. The company also develops and markets portable digital music devices along with accompanying accessories such as an audio book, third party music, short films, music videos, and television shows. Primarily, this company operates across Japan, America and Europe with its headquarters in California.
The current vision of Fortsworth Company is to ignite the revolution in personal computers. Fortsworth has a commitment to bring the create the best personal computer experience for educators, professionals, students and consumers across the world via innovative software, hardware and internet networks. Looking at this vision statement, it appears to be poor and needs change as it fails to illustrate how the company will achieve this vision. For the realization of this vision, the company must modify it to elicit the specified objectives. This is achieved through…… [Read More]
That is why it is critical to go into OD strategies with clients who have a readiness for change mindset.
In terms of actually implementing the many strategies that are part of a broader OD strategic plan it is also critically important to focus on creating trust within the teams implementing them as well (Seidman, McCauley, 2009). In the case of team members from varying demographic and socio-economic backgrounds, the need to create shared ownership of a common objective is critical. The advantages of working with team members from varying demographic backgrounds is that many different perspectives are taken into account in solving OD challenges, there tend to be greater levels of empathy for the associates going through the significant change required to make the organization more effective, and there is greater levels of debate of which approach is best to attain OD strategic objectives. The disadvantages or drawbacks include…… [Read More]
There is also friction and a struggle for control between the teachers and the 'mean girls' of the title.
Films that depict business organizations also show organizational development. In Wall Street, working with Gordon Gecko changes the character of the young and less corrupt traders who are influenced by his greed and his dictatorial yet charismatic style of management. The film depicts how the character of the leader of a business organization can corrupt all of the members of the organization from the top down.
Finally, one must remember that wars originate from political decisions. Many films, particularly during the crisis of Vietnam in the 1960s and 1970s portray the corrupt nature of organizational development in politics. In the Candidate, Robert Redford's candidate changes from a renegade outsider figure to an insider because of the insidious nature of the electoral process and media organization. His campaign's organization shifts from an…… [Read More]
Businesses rely on Organizational Development in order to pull themselves out of slumps and maintain a sense of activity and productivity within the market environment. The concept of Organizational Development focuses on the study and understanding of change factors that lead to successful development steps. It is an area of study that can provide executives with a powerful stance in their position of facilitating organizational change.
Development can mean a lot of things, yet in terms of Organizational Development it is the act of planning and implementing strategies for progressing. The concept of Organizational Development relies on planning as a major foundation for future success (ouda & Kusy, 1995). Planning is even important in generating interventions to hinder potentially damaging factors impacting the overall success of the change activity planned. Moreover, the frame for inclusion of Organizational Development revolves around designing a major change that will impact the…… [Read More]
This led to an entirely new, and often less manageable, organizational structure becoming more prevalent in Accenture. As a result of the individualized intervention not completely working, Accenture focused on re-defining teams based on the customer groups they served. This was different than industry-based vertical practice segments including banking, manufacturing, or services and instead sought to re-define knowledge workflows based on customer centricity. The use of business process management (BP)-based interventions to create more of a customer-centric mindset is critically important for re-orienting a culture to be more accountable in the use of knowledge (Kok, Biemans, 2009).
Interventions are also made more difficult when it investments must be aligned to process workflows that are re-designed to allow them to be more efficient and cost-effective. Interventions that involve the re-alignment of it and processes so they can become more customer centric run a higher risk of failure as a result (Lee,…… [Read More]
Organizational Development: Driving Change
In the 1960's, Organizational development (OD) emerged as a field identifiable with survey research, action research, T-groups, open system theory, humanistic psychology, building team and channeling process consultation. The methods and ideas have thus broadened and enriched its range and approach. Since the 80's, these methods and ideas have converged in a form of OD which begs to vary from the OD of the 60's in both theory and practice. This new development has been labeled as 'Dialogic OD' and compared with many shapes of 'Diagnostic OD', founded on previous held ideas and practices (Bushe and Marshak, 2009, Marshak and Bushe, 2013). The aim of this chapter is to introduce Dialogic OD and examine waysit's similar to and begs to diversify from OD. There are some practices and methods related to it and proper implementation period to use it. eferences are made to information from Dialogic…… [Read More]
The position of the school is such that it requires complete collaboration between the family members, school personnel, community representatives and the students of the school through the formation of a Collaborative Action Team. Any progress in the development of the school requires the direct assistance from all these groups and the assistance from the group has to continue for a period of years for the school to really get into a better situation. The collaboration required from them is continuous adherence to the CAT process and attending the majority of the meetings and agree to continue the collaboration in the future. (Collaborative Action Team Process: Bringing home, school, community, and students together to improve results for children and families)
In earlier cases this process has been taken up in 23 project sites in the Southwestern egion and in those experiments, a number of specific targets…… [Read More]
This is a look at two types of schools: a high performing and a low performing school district.
The first school district I worked for was a gossipy, poor performing district in which there was a great deal of open resentment throughout the organization. The Superintendents were rarely in attendance at regular school events, and there presence was little known. After three years of employment, I would not be able to recognize the Superintendent by face, much less remember his name. Such a relationship, or complete lack thereof, constitutes a bitter environment amongst the teachers and support staff toward the upper levels of management. The poor performance of the district was not purely a result of the lack of academic achievement with the students, but it stems directly from a poorly driven upper management with absolutely no trust with its employees. Negative gossip was the topic in the teacher's lounge…… [Read More]
The following chart reveals the percentages assigned to each of these reasons. Key is detection at this stage of any symptoms that the organization is experiencing something akin to dryrot.
Source: Buccino and Associates; Seton Hall University Stiffman School of Business.
As reported in August 25, 2003, Business Week.
The phase of renewal is one in which the challenge of "preventing decline or reducing its affects" is critical. According to Johannssen (2005) "One way to reverse dry rot is through the use of training as a way of injecting new knowledge and skills. One may, however initiate a program that will with the injection of new training and skills provide an opportunity for the organizational culture to become transformed. Many organizations experience business failure due to factors that could have been controlled. Failure often results in acquisitions and mergers by larger organizations or failure may result in bankruptcy.
Summary and…… [Read More]
Organizational Development and Change
Organizational development is something that contributes to a stronger organization. People can receive more skills that will allow them to make better decisions and play a bigger role in the organization's strategy. This can also have a positive effect on organizational change programs as well, because more talented people are more likely to buy into change as they are less threatened by the nature of change and have a better chance to define their role in the change process. There are also other benefits to organizational development in public sector organizations.
Organizational development is the conceptual infrastructure of the organization, designed in a way to increase overall organizational effectiveness. It is comprised of the set-up of divisions and roles within the organization, and the flows of communication and reporting that go along with the divisional/unit structure. Organizational development will influence how an organization performs its tasks…… [Read More]
The combined hospital system in the southeast region has been mandated to consolidate its resources and integrate the larger Metropolitan hospital with the five smaller rural hospitals. The terms of this merger has not been decided and the organizations are have been left to themselves to try to reach an agreement. If an agreement is not reached by the leadership of these organizations then a special administrator could be appointed who has the authority to decide and impose the conditions of the arrangement.
The primary problem is not each individual organization does not support the mandated integration. The smaller hospitals have voiced resistance while the larger Metropolitan hospital has said they support the move.
One of the primary root causes is that there are disagreements and different perceptions over funding. The smaller hospitals are all self-sufficient and are free of debt. They have achieved this through…… [Read More]
Organizational Development at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
Today, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has been a cabinet-level agency since 1989 that is tasked with providing an array of services to eligible veterans and their families (VA fact sheet, 2016). In recent years, the VA has experienced a number of organizational development-related problems including most especially delays in patient scheduling that demand viable solutions. To this end, this paper provides an overview of the VA and a description of an intervention project that can help this organization overcome its current constraints to the provision of high-quality administrative and healthcare services to the nation's veterans and their families. Finally, the paper concludes with a description of who would be contacted at the VA by an external organizational development (OD) consultant to coordinate a contract to address these problems.
Background information on the organization
At present, with nearly 280,000 workers…… [Read More]
According to Weiss and Kolberg,
"In the 1960s, a breakthrough in sharing the assessment results came from the Peace Corps when the psychologists who were working with the volunteers used surveys that were geared to expand the volunteer's self-knowledge, under the assumption that expanding self-knowledge would help a volunteer better deal with culture change. This was the first time that this type of assessment was done for the primary benefit of the person being assessed" (2003, p. 73). Therefore, the original intent of the 360-degree feedback method was to provide the individual being evaluated with the type of feedback they needed to formulate an informed opinion concerning what others thought of them and how this information could be used to good effect in the workplace rather than for selection or salary increase purposes. The original focus of the 360-degree feedback approach continues to characterize most of its applications today as…… [Read More]
The demand for homes that reflect a growing position of status and power is on the rise. Smarter investment options and the ability to gain research and insight into money management is not longer the privilege of only the upper class.
Where Europe and other older societies has class distinction to define position in society, the U.S. uses "square footage" of their homes as their status symbol. It is established that most homeowners in the U.S. move on to a larger home in about 7-10 years. Homeownership is also linked to the employment rates in the region and the type of industries and income sources that can be obtained. For example, New York and San Francisco always experience a high demand for housing due to their proximity to industry and jobs. It is observed that even section of New York City like the ronx, have been experiencing a rising trend…… [Read More]
Application OD Interventions -- Case Study the purpose section develop analytical skills apply OD intervention concepts contemporary issues organizations. Organization structural design deals ways work organized divided subunits distributed task completion.
Organizational Development Case Study
The complexity and efficiency of the change process determined the author to identify and analyze success factors, and to determine how this objective can be achieved. In addition to this, the case study is intended to offer practical advice that can be used by managers in organizations that require transformations.
This study is intended to determine how the complexity of the transformational process was efficiently managed by the company. The study also intends to identify how this process was supported by all levels within the organization. This refers to management structures, but also to employees working on different processes and activities.
The preferred methodology in this case is represented by ethnographic fieldwork. The…… [Read More]
City of Carlsbad has a population of 75,000 people that was just rising from the recession. The recession had been the worst in the city's history. The city decided to reorganize and adopt an organizational structure similar to those of businesses (Cummings & Worley, 2014). They decided to adopt functional organization. The department of public works was brought to a structure represented by the exhibit below after consolidating 6 departments that had been previously autonomous.
esults of interviews of employees reveal that job satisfaction has increased. However, 'fear' has risen, given the fact that employees were not adequately involved in the reorganization. Many of the employees say that their opinion was not sought during the reorganization. Other problems that could arise include the City Engineer preferentially treating workers, lack of teamwork due to high cohesion in the individual teams, and performance problems because the roles and responsibilities are not clearly…… [Read More]
Every organization yearns to undergo what is commonly referred to as organizational development, however, not many organizations are in full comprehension of what organizational development (OD) really means and how it can be achieved in an organization. According to Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2016) the OD is an area of research, theory and practice which aims solely at expanding the effectiveness as well as knowledge of people to be able to achieve higher performance as well as successfully execute organizational change. OD is said to be continuous diagnosis of the organization, action planning, implementation of plans and evaluation all with the aim of equipping the organization with the requisite skills and knowledge to increase their capacity for problem solving as well as effectively handling future changes within the organization. Organizational development (OD) principles are very important tools that the organizations need for both sustainability and effectiveness. Organization development…… [Read More]
Organizational development describes an area of study which is concerned with how an organization manages change and performance within its area of operation. It involves concepts, studies, and practice geared to improve the efficiency with which to manage change and performance. It can be described as a proactive process by which an organization identifies problems and their causes, makes plans for action to be taken, puts these plans into action, examines the outcomes, and improves procedures through an established feedback mechanism. The process is aimed at helping organizations acquire the relevant information and the ability to handle problems in efficiently.
It was recognized in the 1930s when studies done on the behavior of workers and the things that motivated them discovered that the structure of the organization was one of the biggest stimuli to foster efficiency. Focus was mostly on the social process that was involved in organizational development. However…… [Read More]
Organizational Development (OD)
The field of organizational development incorporates theory, research, and practice aimed at enhancing the efficiency and knowledge of personnel to achieve more effective company performance and change. The organizational development process entails ongoing analysis, action planning, execution, and appraisal, with the objective of transmitting skills and knowledge to firms for improving their problem-solving skills and their capability to manage future change. The discipline arose from human relations works of the 1930s, through which psychologists came to understand that company processes and structures influence motivation as well as behavior of employees. The work of Lewin from 1940s to 1950s further helped in proving that one beneficial tool for dealing with social processes is feedback. Of late, studies about the area of organizational development have expanded in scope to cover, and concentrate on, aligning firms with their complex and fast-evolving environments by means of knowledge management, organizational learning, and…… [Read More]
Business -- Organizational Development Cases Study
The organizational entity involved in this case study is a component of the largest Office of Inspector General (OIG) of any United States federal government agency. Specifically, the entity is the Office of Audit Services (OAS) of the Inspector General of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). That organization maintains its headquarters in Washington, DC and regional field offices in all eight federal regions throughout the country. Its primary responsibilities relate to conducting financial audits within all of the federally funded programs under the authority of HHS, in conjunction with which it issues formal reports detailing any federal funds improperly claimed or received and pursuant to the lawful authority of the Inspector General (IG), under the Inspector General Act of 1978, to order the return of those funds (Edwards, Wattenberg, & Lineberry, 2009).
Because all eight regional field offices conduct audits…… [Read More]
Bounce Fitness development needs and objectives are influenced by the current status of its operations and strategic plans. The strategic plans for the organization include enhancing customer satisfaction and standardizing operations. The development needs and objectives based on these strategic plans include using the existing systems to standardize operations of its Centers that function as independent units to enhance customer satisfaction. In addition, the firm needs to develop suitable measures for involving the Centers, staff, and clients towards improved operations and success.
There are several groups involved in the operations of Bounce Fitness including staff, personal trainers, and clients. In light of the current issues, the organization's culture does not seemingly promote collaboration between staff and the management as well as practices that meet clients' needs. Therefore, Bounce Fitness may not be ready for development unless enhanced interaction and communication is established in the organization.
3. The most…… [Read More]
Organizational Development and Change at FunTime Snacks
Summarize the major problem(s) at FunTime. Choose the most appropriate diagnostic model for this particular case (organization, group, individual job as illustrated in the text) and apply it to this situation.
FunTime is going through a very disruptive time in their business model as larger, more well-financed competitors are challenging them at a local and regional level, undercutting the FunTime differentiated approach of using local, high quality suppliers and selling. The diagnostic model that best fits the FunTime case study is the organization. Bill Richardson, CEO and founder had been able to keep the entire organization focused on customer satisfaction and the pursuit of high quality snacks when the company had not been challenged by stronger, more focused competitors at the regional levels. Yet as the case study continues it's clear the distribution and pricing strength of competitors is beginning to force each…… [Read More]
Instead of slowing down the time spent he accelerates it with offers of trips to Chicago and San Francisco. In conjunction with this development, the relationship was beginning to move closer to a physical dimension with the Ropes Challenge Field Day and photographs of her there too. The apex of confusion for this relationship is his visit to her duplex which showed just how confused he was about the relationship and how he had let it get out of hand. His shock of her dating Ben shows he was having an affair with her in his mind already, and the comment in the car about "jumping her bones" while said in jest and negatively foreshadows what he is really thinking. He wants to consummate the relationship and have sex with Vicki Collins, and the pleas to stay with her education is actually part of his need to keep her close…… [Read More]
Organizational Development and Change Management
In delineation, organizational development is an endeavor that is planned, organization-wide and managed from the top of the entity to increase organization efficacy and proper status through planned interventions in the processes and practices of the organization. Organizational development plays a fundamental role in facilitating organizational change. Organizational development is the use of organizational resources to develop effectiveness and increase productivity. It can be used to resolve difficulties within the organization or as a way to examine a process and find a more effective way of doing it. The process of organizational development ascertains areas of company processes where change is required. Each need is examined, and the possible effects are planned into a change management plan. Imperatively, the plan shapes the precise ways in which the change will advance and enhance company practices and operations, which will be impacted by the change and the…… [Read More]
The purpose of organizational development and change is to provide sustainable pathways to achievement and success by helping the organization to be more effective at all worker levels as well as at systematic and infrastructural levels. The tools required to enable organization development and change are numerous: they include the relationship-building tools, communication tools, culture-promoting tools, leadership tools, and so on. This paper will describe and discuss the tools needed to make organization development and change possible.
Theory and strategy are two primary tools needed for organization development and change. Theory and strategy provide the support and framework for the change management and culture building process, and they can consist of various approaches to the issue: there theories like appreciative inquiry, experiential learning theory, intentional change theory, and more; there are strategy development techniques that strategic swarming and Three Horizons (Camp, 2012). Theory helps to give a basis of understanding…… [Read More]
What unique challenges if any do OD practitioners face when dealing with a public sector intervention rather than a private sector one? Explain thoroughly.
Certain concepts of organizational development are common to all organizations, such as the idea that people function differently in groups and the need to motivate individuals to perform their essential organizational functions with transformational as well as purely transactional rewards. But not all organizations are created alike. It is important for organizational development (OD) practitioners to keep this in mind when assisting organizations in the public versus private sector. Public sector entities are not constructed to make a profit but, as their name suggests, exist to serve the needs of the public. They have different accountability structures and often have very different organizational cultures.
In fact, according to Stupak & Moore (1987), one of the first challenges of any organizational development practitioner dealing with a public…… [Read More]
In this area the facilitators are the human resource personnel. The contribution of HM to ethics in organization is widespread. Human resource management serves with models and theories to implement an ethical environment for the development of organization. First and foremost relates to performance management. This is a sort of theory that involves performance appraisement, compensation, selection and training. The improvement through this process leads to motivation in employees. Therefore performance management leads the way to effective ethical performance that helps in the advancement of people's ethical conduct or behavior. The HM establishes the performance management with help from popular tool such as 'ethical values matrix'. This is just to show the importance of establishing ethical values and its implementation. This conveys a message that achieving productivity without ethics would put your job at risk. The most important effects of going by ethical values are it provides long-term profits, productivity…… [Read More]
Management and Organizational Development
CHAPTE V - SUMMAY ESULTS
Fresno County Department of Children and Family Services emancipates twenty and thirty eighteen-year-old foster children each month. These children face many challenges as they work through a transition into the adult, working world. Children in a foster care setting have not had the stability needed for them to develop the life skills necessary to adjust to life on their own. Many of the emancipated youth have either not graduated from high school, nor hold a G.E.D. certificate. In addition, they do not have adequate basic living skills.. The youths typically do not have employment, nor have they built a history during their teen years of successful part time entry level jobs.
The housing experiences of these children, as they have moves from home to home, have not taught them the basic skills needed to keep a home, or apartment. These young…… [Read More]
Transitioning to EP: Organizational development and change
Summary of the case
The DuPoint Chemical Company is in the middle of changing its software implementation system by transferring to an enterprise resource planning (EP) system. The DuPoint Chemical Company, being a large organization and the complexity of the scheme being massive, the organization took its project piece-meal dividing it into four consecutive terms starting with January 2004 and ending with August 2004. The change management and communications itself were conducted in three steps so as to ensure smooth incorporation of the system. The three steps involved appointing individuals to responsible positions; trips to each of the 15 major plants in order to communicate the importance of the project to plant personnel; and precautions to deal with potential negative implications of change.
Statement of the problem
Transition to EP involves a tremendous amount of work, specifically since EP is a software system…… [Read More]
Theory Management Organization Development
Theory and Management of Organization Development
I work for a medium-sized company that provides services to more than 500 clients. The company was founded by the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the company and has been in operation for more than a decade now. In particular, I work for the IT department of my organization as an IT/network administrator. In essence, my main task is to ensure that different devices across different departments in the organization are connected together to create networks that are not only fast, but also efficient. More so, I am accountable for maintaining the links and solving any issues that might come about with regard to computer networks.
One of the issues perceived within the job realm is compensation handed towards the employees within the IT department. It is imperative to point out that the IT department is well structured and fitted…… [Read More]
eal World Application of Organizational Development Principles
Organizational development (OD) principles are very important tools that the organizations need for both sustainability and effectiveness. Organization development in itself is a broader term that does not have a clear definition but in simple terms it can be defined as the planned systemic change effort through the use of knowledge and skills among other equally important tools to help improve or sustain a unit within the organization or the organization as a whole (Gary N. McLean, 2005).
Organization development is guided by several principles that have to be adhered to in order to realize efficiency and effectiveness within the organization. Following the announcement by the company to relocate to Mexico, there are several challenges that lie ahead that have an impact on the company's performance. Taking into consideration the organizational development principles, some of these challenges can be handled to ensure that…… [Read More]
Organizational Change in the Public Sector
This research proposal explores the feasibility of management in the public Sector as an organizational paradigm and new model in organizational development. The literature review reviews numerous journal articles that explore on the key concepts of change management strategies from a public sector project management perspective. The authors suggest that employee's participation, effective feedback across the board, and empowerment of subordinate staffs is a major step in transforming public organizations. This proposal further hypothesis that establishment of long-term and productivity advantages are crucial throughout the organization.
SCOPE AND PURPOSE
Factor 1: Need for change
Factor 2: implement a Plan for change
Factor 3: create political internal environment for Change
Factor 4: Support and Commitment from managers
Factor 5: enhancing External Support
Factor 6: Provide Resources for change
Factor 7: establish Change
Factor 8: ascertain comprehensive Change
Determinants of implementing…… [Read More]
The larger social implications of successful human resources development practices and perspectives have not been lost on researchers in the area, either. Altering human resource management practices to better address labor issues faced by non-management employees both ithin the organization and in their lives at large creates both a more satisfied and a more productive orkforce and can also lead to reduced levels of underemployment and improve the general quality of life of orkers (Worrall et al. 2010). Thus increasing profitability through human resource development also creates benefits for society at large.
The ide array of different approaches, both theoretical and methodological, that have been brought to bear on an understanding of human resource development and its role in overall organizational development and adaptability provide both specific instances of mechanisms and practices that can be utilized for such development, as ell as a general understanding of the role of human…… [Read More]
Competitive Advantage through Human esource Management Practices
Human esource Management Practices
Competitive Advantage through Human esource Management Practices
HUMAN ESOUCE Management
Human esource Management involves all those activities which are related to the management of workforce or employees of an organization. It is also one of the core functions which managers perform at the workplace. Human esource Management entails activities like recruitment and selection, training and development, performance assessment, compensation, leadership, and motivation at large (Chadwick & Dabu 2009). Basically, Human esource Management focuses on recruitment, management, guidance, and motivation of employees in an organization. In the past, HM was just restricted to two core functions: employee management and motivation. Now, it has emerged as one of the biggest strategic issues in the business world (Kandula 2007).
With the passage of time, the scope and functions of Human esource Management have also increased. Now, it also involves employee…… [Read More]
In terms of the organizational development style to be used throughout the change process, this should best be the pathfinder style. Despite the complexity of this approach, fact remains that it combines the benefits of other styles, while reducing their limitations. The pathfinder style virtually focuses on both high levels of organizational effectiveness, as well as high levels of member satisfaction (Harvey and Brown, 2001). This means that the approach will focus on improving senior-junior communications, for the satisfaction of the employees, as well as the increase in the performances of the overall entity.
Given that the process of change cannot be structured onto a strict plan, but that the plan has to be tailored to the unique features of the Mobile Mine Assembly Group, the levels of formalization at this stage are reduced. Nevertheless, throughout the actual implementation, or the time in which the change strategy comes into direct…… [Read More]
Organizational Diagnosis and ecommendations
Imagine studying an organization in more depth in order to determine what needs changed. This is not an easy task because it could take days or months to achieve success. Businesses also have to stay up with current technology, and this means staying present with various leadership theories in order to make the business better. Systems thinking is used as a means in which to fully understand what needs monitored. Through using transactional leadership theory, one is able to grasp what one can do as a means of making recommendation for improvement.
One needs to perform a preliminary review to ensure that he or she obtains information related to organizational leadership, culture, effectiveness and productivity. "Synergy Technical Solutions Corp. (Syntechs) is a leading national technical service solutions provider with over 1,500 highly skilled professionals" (Syntechs, 2011). Many of these individuals work on "desktop and notebook computers…… [Read More]
Organizational Diagnosis of Palm
Palm Computing had reinvented the hand held computer market overnight with the line of PalmPilot and similar devices geared to the mobile gadget industry. According to Clancy (1999), "Palm Computing ultimately sold faster than the videocassette recorder, the color TV, the cell phone, even the personal computer that was its great-grandfather. Introduced in April 1996, within 18 months Palm Computing had shipped more than 1 million units of the handheld and some estimate there were 2 million Palm devices shipped in 1998 alone." (Clancy, 1999)
Such incredible demand for Palm Computing's products were a function of the brilliant and innovative management and design team that launched and built the company. The two prominent executives of the company, responsible for developing product and marketing, and product releases, were Jeff Hawkins and Donna Dubinsky.
According to Clancy (1999), "In Hawkins, Silicon Valley has one of its most independent,…… [Read More]
Organizational Theory #2
What core competences give an organization competitive advantage? What are examples of an organization's functional-level strategies?
Core competencies are those capabilities that are critical to a business achieving a competitive advantage in the marketplace. Typically, core competencies can be identified by certain common characteristics -- offering a benefit to the customer, difficult to imitate, uniquely identify the organization and easily leveraged to create many products or operate in many markets (Kern, 2010). The organization that is best able to use its resources to create value is in an ideal position to outperform the competition, thus creating advantage (Jones, 2010). Core competencies tend to change in response to changes in the environment. They are flexible, evolve over time and enable the company to enter apparently different markets with a clear and distinctive brand proposition. Examples of core competencies include manufacturing, research and development, new technology or organizational design…… [Read More]
ABC Aviation has managed to capture the attention of international organizations and NATO members due to the high quality of their helicopters. However, to be able to complete the signed contract, the organization must first resolve their internal disputes and must implement a strong organizational culture which embraces and promotes cultural diversity.
Aghazadeh, S. (2004). Managing workforce diversity as an essential resource for improving organizational performance. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 53, 521-531.
Ayoko, O.B. (2007). Communication openness, conflict events and reactions to conflict in culturally diverse workgroups. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 14, 105-124.
Chuang, Y.T., Church, ., & Zikic, J. (2004). Organizational culture, group diversity and intra-group conflict. Team Performance Management, 10, 26-34. etrieved February 28, 2008, from Emerald database.
Elmuti, D. (2001). Preliminary analysis of the relationship between cultural diversity and technology in corporate America. Equal Opportunities International, 20, 1-16.…… [Read More]
Analysing Organisation: Using relevant theoretical perspectives frameworks, critically analyse organisation choice.
Analyzing organization is the process of assessing the organizations systems, functionality and capacity so as to increase the organizations performance, efficiency and overall output. This is done by using various theories and models whose aim is to understand the structure of the organization, technology and behavioral relationships Bate, Khan, & Pye, 2000.
This should be a periodic and detailed activity that assists the organizations management to identify any inefficiency or problems that may have risen and have not been dealt with the management will then come up with strategies to deal with them.
Compulyzed Telecommunications is a telecommunications company dealing with telephone, cabling, and internet provision services for both home and corporate clients. Compulyzed Telecommunications had an increase of 1.7% operating profit in the fiscal year 2011 as compared to the previous year this was…… [Read More]
Businesses constantly face the need to update, the need to innovate. With these businesses come its leaders who feel the same bombardment at all levels. The speed at which change arises causes the lifecycles of typical businesses and the products they sell to last just a short time unless they learn to successfully adapt. As Keen (2000), explains: "Change is seen as necessary merely to survive; transformation is required to thrive and a constant need for reinvention is needed to secure long-term success (Keene, 2000, p. 15). In order to meet those demands, sometimes businesses may use a method or theory to help them.
Complexity science is a recently examined field of study. It is fast-growing, in use across all dimensions of business. Complexity science is a term typically used to signify an increasing body of interdisciplinary studies about the structure, behaviour and dynamics of change in a particular category…… [Read More]
" (Simon, 188) the fundamental perspective here is that leadership and the ability to apply actions based on culturally driven decisions are central to helping members of the organization learn in a concrete manner how best to accord with the reigning culture.
In order for this to occur though, there must be a certain initial scrutiny and selectiveness where leadership and personnel are concerned, endorsing an organization-wide emphasis on the quality of personnel. This implicitly brings us to consideration of the application phase in terms of learning organizational culture, which is inevitably associated to all actionable aspects of an organization's structure and operations. The correlation between recruitment, personnel makeup and leadership personalities is perhaps threaded by the common string of day-to-day responsibility within an organizational culture. And quite certainly, we see the stamp of organizational culture on so many of the most important applicable indicators. Schein, to this end, points…… [Read More]
Organizational Change and Development in Public Sector
Additional points are in red per
Rewrite Edition April 6, 2012
Organizational Change and Development in the Public Sector
One of the most challenging aspects of organizational change is defining a compelling enough vision for associates and employees to concentrate on so they see the value of changing how they work and why. Empirically-based studies indicate that transformational leaders are the most effective at clearly defining and executing a compelling vision that leads to long-term change in an organization (Pardo-del-Val, artinez-Fuentes, Roig-Dobon, 2012). The following proposal for a capstone project focuses on the qualitative factors that contribute the most to successful change management strategies that lead to long-term, permanent change occurring throughout an enterprise. Transformational leadership is essential for the development of an organizational culture that values long-term learning, which is the foundation of long-term productivity gains in an enterprise (Pardo-del-Val, artinez-Fuentes, Roig-Dobon,…… [Read More]
The chosen case studies are those of Pfizer and Intel. The two case studies are much similar because they are founded on the basis of organizational capability being improved through better H practices. They show that H practices are important in ensuring success in organizations and ensuring better performance. As stated by Ulrich et al. (2009)
, the case studies show that it is important to think about organizational capability and H practices and how they impact performance and not the other way around. Organizational capability as a source of competitive advantage is also highlighted in the case studies which show that by looking at the organization from an inside-out perspective, rather than an outside-in perspective is important in ensuring sustainability of change and that the change is based on effective reasoning Zhang, 2010()
In the case of Pfizer, the organization's capabilities are seen in how it organizes…… [Read More]
This will allow for collaboration, additional suggestions for the action plans to come, corrections and so forth.
Action planning: At this point, a plan can be developed to remedy the situation being studied; the plans become something that delivers results.
Implementation: The adopted Action Plan is put in place.
Follow up: Lastly, the implementation, as well as the Action Plan itself, is reviewed in order to see if positive results have occurred. If not, the process may need to be repeated or modified.
It is important to note that the way that the Action esearch Process is enacted will vary by organization, the expected outcomes, the stakeholders involved, etc. (Cunningham, 1999).
Stress and Its Consequences
The drive for organizations to constantly improve can, and does, lead to stress for the workers (Buunk & Verhoeven, 1991). This stress can have many consequences, such as increases in employee turnover, absenteeism, lower productivity,…… [Read More]
The theory sees human organizational behaviors and conceptions culturally bound, rather than natural, unlike advocates of systems theory. Systems theory has been more influenced by sociology and linguistics than the natural sciences.
Analyzing symbolic interpretations may be more useful in organizations serving diverse populations: if a public health organization wants to alleviate the prevalence of diabetes in an area, it is not enough to more effectively disseminate information through the existing channels of communication (as systems theory might suggest) or even change the environment to create healthy options for consumption. Rather the people being served may require counseling to change what they consider good foods, a healthy diet, and a positive body image, if their culture tends to reinforce unhealthy practices. An ideological overhaul is necessary to change some behaviors, like the decreased social acceptability of smoking, for example. Organizations are social as well as formal, and cultural in nature…… [Read More]
To avoid such legal problems, comprehensive diversity training programs must be developed and zero tolerance for discrimination must form the core of organizational policies.
Another important aspect of today's corporate world is conflict. Conflict management has thus come to occupy as important a place in organizational policies as diversity training. In fact we must understand that diversity and conflict are inter-linked since it is usually because of the former that latter arises. When people with diverse viewpoints, cultural and social influences enter the workplace, they are bound to clash with each other resulting in conflicts. . oosevelt Thomas Jr. (1996) explains: "With workforce diversity, you have a mixture of people who can vary along an infinite number of lines: age, tenure, lifestyle, sexual orientation, education, experience, geographic origin, race, gender - just to name a few possibilities. If globalism is your immediate concern, you have to deal with a mixture…… [Read More]
Organizational culture change is noted by Kotler et al. .(1996) noted to be a common aspect of every organization. This is due to the fact that change is the only thing that can be said to be constant in any given organization. Organizational change is often met with a lot of resistance. This resistance can undermine the operations and the performance of any given organization. Kudler Fine Foods Virtual Organization recently had a change in the leadership of its accounting department. The first level manager in this department (Senior Accountant) was fired as a result of involvement in corporate fraud as well as nonperformance. He was however liked by the staff in that department since he was an inspirational figure to most of the junior accounting staff. His departure as well as the introduction of a new team leader and procedures (processes) would no doubt be met with a lot…… [Read More]
Building Using Power Organization Start reading Harvard Business eview (HB) article: Pfeffer J. (2010). Power Play. Harvard Business eview, July-August, Vol 88 Issue 7/8, p. 85-92. Based HB article Jeffry Pfeffer (2010), write a paper answer questions: Why gaining power organization important? Does author gaining power workplace a good bad thing? Please support answer evidence article.
Power in the organization: The Pfeffer model
Power has long been viewed as a synonym for something negative in the workplace. Today, the rhetoric of 'teamwork' tends to be favored more than the rhetoric of power. But according to Jeffery Pfeffer, power is a necessary component of doing business. The question is: is the manager using power for the right reasons? Managers may use power with many different motivations, including the need for affiliation (to be liked); for personal satisfaction, or the desire to influence others in a positive way to achieve…… [Read More]
Organization Change Leadership
Every organization has a culture observed in daily operations. Organizational culture oftentimes influences the extent of performance and success (Burke, 2008). For instance, the visit to county jail and federal prison showed a difference in culture. The new federal prison suggested that the management intends to establish tight security. On the other hand, the county jail had established a culture where jailers freely interacting even with staff members. For many organizations, culture should be handed down from before current employees as they join an organization. According to head of OD group in Proctor and Gamble, culture introduced by the founders should be handed down even to future employees.
Cummings and Worley (2005) observed that organizational culture plays a big role in managing an organization. First, it sets the standards for all stakeholders involved in the organization. For instance, the management will always want to encourage a certain…… [Read More]
Business -- Change Management Project
DopplerShift, Inc. is a full-service professional business consulting firm. Our mission is to provide the necessary assistance for successful business organizations to identify their optimal future strategic vision with clarity of purpose and the functional approach to implement the changes through which major shifts can be accomplished. Our goal is always to enable organizations to make significant changes without disrupting the current success of those organizations.
The client, Dr. Pepper Snapple Group is a licensed subsidiary of the Coca Cola Group that has built a two-century-long reputation for success in conjunction with a historic brand recognized worldwide. According to the organization's most recent Annual eport, Dr. Pepper Snapple Group recorded $202 million in revenue in the first fiscal quarter of 2011, representing a $15 million increase in earnings compared with the same quarter in 2010 (DPSGroup, 2011).
Nevertheless, DopplerShift analyses of the market and wider…… [Read More]
With this approach, consultation psychology focuses on the issues of the group as a whole and therefore typically uses group discussions, interviews and observations as opposed to singling out specific individuals. The result is that, by using consultation psychology in the field of industrial and organizational psychology, the focus is on the group and the roles the individuals who make up the group play. With this focus, industrial and organizational psychology is better able to meet its goals of increasing organizational productivity, well-being and success.
In the case sample cited in the introduction of this paper, the issue was how consultation psychology could be utilized as a method for providing industrial and organizational psychological services to a mental health related organization. From the overview provided in the previous section, it can be seen that utilizing consultation psychology, as opposed to clinical psychology, will be the best method of…… [Read More]
According to the authors, this can be done if employees are given a sense of importance in the organizations. Knowledge workers are already short in supplies and most competing rivals also compete to get the best human resource in terms of knowledge workers. It is therefore essential for any organization to retain this highly skilled part of their workforce and in order to do that organizations must eliminate the autocratic elements and give the employees more say in the organization.
The shortage in supply of specialized knowledge workforce has not only made this type of labor more expensive but also more immobile and difficult to acquire. High employee turnovers with this type of labours can therefore be threatening to organization's sustainable management and long-term success. The company should be more flexible with its bureaucracy. It should allow more decentralization as far as functional and regional departments are concerned (Ireland &…… [Read More]
Chester county hospital organization culture
Chester county hospital is an organization within the public sector. This organization strives to be the best place to work for any of its employees or potential employees. This organization is among Chester County's largest and most well respected employers and this success is attributed to the dedicated employees who are committed to maintaining an atmosphere of excellence. The members of staff are a representation of the development of the hospital patient satisfaction performance standards that are based on the mission, vision and values of the organization. The organization puts the needs of its patients who are their customers first. They strive to ensure that the patients get the appropriate care they need whenever they visit the hospital .The organization recognizes the importance of employees balancing their professional and personal life. Therefore the organization offers numerous opportunities for their advancement, flexible scheduling, a…… [Read More]
The non-threatening approach of the study needs to be expanded upon with top-management visibility and support added to give it even more credibility and credence in the eyes of the workers being effected by the manufacturing operation closure. The support of top management in any change management initiative, including the closure of the plant and the urgent need to get an OD strategic plan created and implemented, is crucial (Hoff, 2008). The study being completed by Dr. Akin from the University of Virginia is just the start and while it shows excellent support for appreciate inquiry, it does not integrate OD and sense-making as well. While sense-making is done well on its own it needs to be part of the broader OD strategy. To accomplish this, I would bring together DuPont senior management for the plant and work to create a strategic plan that ties together all three concepts into…… [Read More]
Further, coercive and reward power are often highly distributed through the more agile organizations and as a result must be applied immediately to behavior to be effective.
In the context of Dr. Edgar Schein's (1983) analysis and presentation of results in his working papers referenced in this document, an industry's growth and culture is well defined in the following quote. In the working papers, Schein (1983) writes:
For an organizational culture to exist, there must be a definable organization in the sense of a number of people interacting with each other for the purpose of accomplishing some goal in their defined environment. The founder of an organization simultaneously creates such a group and, by force of his or her personality, begins to shape the culture of that group. But the culture of that new group is not there until the group has had its own history of overcoming various crises…… [Read More]
Organization Change - Leveraging Power & Influence in Change Management
Leveraging Power & Influence in Change Management
Change is the only inevitable factor within any organization in the contemporary society. The changes that take place in line with the Human esources as well as the technology are so rapid that to stay relevant, each organization must of necessity keep up-to-date with the changes that are relevant to the organization. However, to have effective change, amid all the challenges that come with the attempt to effect change, there must be leadership that leverages power and is in a position to influence change and manage it to the conclusive end. It should be noted that change is not a destination but a continuous process, hence change management must also be continuous and not static. Changes in organizations take place all the time and each and every day which in most cases are…… [Read More]
Recruiting and Retaining Talent
In response to the scenario provided, the scenario represents one of the more extreme examples of organizational change. However, there are three months to prepare for the change which provides for some level of planning and facilitation for the change. This analysis will create a guide for attempting to meet the objectives of employee retention throughout the transition. There will undoubtedly be a great deal of employee resistance to change that manifests as soon as the news of change breaks. The leader will have to have all of the available information prepared including the changes impact on each individual's position, job requirements, and compensation among other factors. The leader will have to have an intimate knowledge of the new organization and its culture. The leader will also need to serve as a source of inspiration and provide a vision for the individuals as well…… [Read More]
The suppliers also threatened to quit spending the materials, subassemblies and supplies critical for making the next generation of products for our company. The new product development efforts underway had to stop for weeks until this systems was straightened out.
Externally to the company suppliers were beginning to talk with the press, wondering out loud in the media if our company was still solvent. Soon, investors were calling our senior management asking if the company was having financial trouble. The accounting and financial organizational systems were nearly responsible for the company being audited when the problem didn't get fixed fast enough. The external impacts of these failed and faulty organizational systems were amplified due to stakeholder's concerns for the company's and their own financial security.
Accounting and financial organizational systems are among the most powerful in any company as they literally propel them to their goals (Busco, Scapens, 2011). Like…… [Read More]