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The poet Pablo Neruda was a favorite poet for many and his works continue to be popular today. Neruda is best known for two things: his original use of imagery and his use of nature in his poems. It is these two qualities, combined with his themes, that make his poems original and significant. By his original use of imagery, his poems are both startling and effective and by his incorporation of nature theme's he offers poems that clearly communicate with all people. These issues will now be investigated in more detail, in an attempt to determine what makes Neruda such a successful and popular poet. This will begin with a consideration of the themes of his work. hile it is true that the themes are not what Neruda is recognized for, it is still important to have an understanding of them, since ultimately, his success as a…
Anderson, D.G. On Elevating the Commonplace: A Structuralist Analysis of the Odas of Pablo Neruda. Spain: Albatros Hispanofila, 1987.
Baldick, C. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.
Duran, M.E. "Britannica Guide to the Nobel Prizes: Neruda, Pablo." Encyclopedia Britannica Online, 1997. Retrieved November 7, 2002. URL: http://search.eb.com/nobel/micro/420_43.html
Duran, M., & Safir, M. Earth Tones: The Poetry of Pablo Neruda. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1981.
Pablo Neruda's Search For Identity
The theme of the insubstantial nature of identity in Pablo Neruda's poem "Too many names" calls to mind a popular song that is still listened to even by many members of my generation, that of "Imagine," by John Lennon. Neruda's words summon up a vision of a world in which conventional notions of identity, such as nationality and ethnicity, have no meaning. The vision of the religious, mystical writer Eckhart Tolle from A New Earth is also suggested in Neruda's haunting verses. Over the course of his short work, Neruda states that he believes that paradoxically human beings can only realize their true identities by celebrating their oneness with the universe. They must cease in their search for an individualistic sense of division between themselves and the natural world.
Neruda states that the constructions we call names are meaningless, using the metaphor of 'ashes to…
Neruda, Pablo. "Too many names." [10 Dec 2011]
Tolle, Eckhart. A New Earth. New York, Penguin, 2008.
I'm drawn to poems that are discursive and difficult to comprehend (I'm a big fan of John Ashbery). I must have read it thirty times and I still have yet to agree on how each line, each word is connected. It's a challenging poem in this regard, and I like a challenge.
I have a personal connection to the poem because, quite simply, I like wine. Now, I don't know if I agree with the Speaker regarding wine's eternal (can never be contained in one glass) and critically important qualities (the community of man), but I do like a fine wine every now and again.
Lastly, as for two poetic elements, I would argue that what makes this poem memorable is its structure and its metaphors (as previously mentioned, comparing women to wine and wine to women).
The structure of the poem is like a purling stream of wine flowing…
Poetry and Politics: Pablo Neruda
In her article “Colored by Passion,” Becker (2010) describes the poetic career of Pablo Neruda and how his work gradually intersected with politics. Neruda was always a poet first, as Becker (2010) indicates, but the nature of his poetry—its focus on passion and love—eventually led him to sympathize with the Communist Party and become a member of the Party. However, Neruda’s style often focused on a kind of mystical eroticism, in which love-making between a man and a woman was like communing with the universe and being one with nature. This poetic sense helped to lead him to a political affiliation that also communicated a kind of universal oneness in which all people were part of one big family, as Neruda saw it.
In “The Great Ocean,” Neruda’s style can be seen clearly. He describes his love and himself when they are entwined about one…
Becker, E. (2010). Colored by passion. Retrieved from http://pitjournal.unc.edu/article/colored-passion-political-poetical-intersect-life-and-work-pablo-neruda
Despondent for the loss of his daughter, Neruda returned to Chile in 1943 where he spent time becoming familiar with the folk history of Chile - with Machu Picchu in particular. He began to see connections between the ancient ncan and Mayan empires and modern day Chile that he expressed in a book-length poem of twelve parts called "The Heights of Machu Picchu" in what would become considered as one of the great political poems of the twentieth-century. n the Heights of Machu Picchu, he connects the constancy of the earth to the destructibility of life, in drawing upon the remains of the city without finding the remains of the people - "Thrones toppled by the vine. / Regime of the entangled claw." (Canto 9). n so doing, he also called attention to the constancy of the people - the constant need for the farmers, the laborers, and all those…
In 1939, while Hitler was invading Eastern Europe, Neruda was appointed to manage the emigration of Spanish refugees to Chile through France. In this role, he was able to shepherd more than two-thousand refugees out of squalid camps in Southern France to Chile. It was in this work that Neruda finally shifted his entire political self-concept to that of a communist. While he was continuing to write along a socialist agenda, and while Hitler remained in control of Europe, Neruda was given the post of Consul General to Mexico in 1940. He spent the next four years in Mexico City during which he divorced his wife, lost his daughter to disease and became a staunch Stalinist.
Despondent for the loss of his daughter, Neruda returned to Chile in 1943 where he spent time becoming familiar with the folk history of Chile - with Machu Picchu in particular. He began to see connections between the ancient Incan and Mayan empires and modern day Chile that he expressed in a book-length poem of twelve parts called "The Heights of Machu Picchu" in what would become considered as one of the great political poems of the twentieth-century. In the Heights of Machu Picchu, he connects the constancy of the earth to the destructibility of life, in drawing upon the remains of the city without finding the remains of the people - "Thrones toppled by the vine. / Regime of the entangled claw." (Canto 9). In so doing, he also called attention to the constancy of the people - the constant need for the farmers, the laborers, and all those that make society function - without whom life would cease to work.
When, in 1945, Stalin defeated Germany along the Eastern Front of the war, he became an icon that would be central to Neruda's life and politics for several decades. The left-leaning literati and philosophers of Chile came to greatly admire Stalin for his achievement of not only bringing victory to the Soviet Union over Fascism, but also to the realization of Lenin's goals of creating a communist state.
" The extra break enjambs the phrase and forces the reader to come to a pause, slow, and consider the totality of the poem. Poignant diction in "Armitage Street" includes the neologism "Englishless," to refer to the immigrant parents. The poet also incorporates multi-sensory imagery as in the " rice and bean smells" that "roamed the hallways."
Pablo Neruda relies heavily on imagery in both "I emember You as You Were" and "Poetry." Just as Hernandez makes use of graphic format to convey central themes, Neruda utilizes the end stop in "I emember You as You Were." The poem is about death, and the poet suitably ends nearly each line with the finality of punctuation. Many of the lines end with a period, paralleling the end of life. Moreover, the extended metaphor of autumn corresponds with the end of life as does the imagery of twilight. The color gray and…
Unsettling America. Ed. Gillan. New York: Penguin, 1994. Print.
The Vintage Book of Contemporary World Poetry. Ed. McClatchy. New York: Vintage Books, 1996. Print
This first collection of poetry relates of these experiences of dislocation, refuge and identity crisis, as Abinader, one of the reviewers of Handal's work, points out: "Nathalie Handal's new collection of poetry, the Lives of Rain, places us in gritty scenes of exile, occupation, dislocation, refuge, and solitude -- scenes that are often associated with poets of Palestinian background."(Abinader, 256) These themes are obviously common with Palestinian poets due to the fact that they generally experience violence and political conflict more closely and therefore more poignantly. As Abinader emphasizes, the people who are depicted in Handal's poems are invariably the victims of history itself and the pressure it puts on the individual: "Handal's heroes are the survivors not only of war but of the mutability of time and the volatility of history."(Abinader, 256) One of the very significant poems in this collection is Gaza City, a text which describes a…
Abinader, Elmaz. "The Lives of Rain.(Book review)." MELUS 31.4 (Winter 2006): 256(3)
Dao, Bei. "Bei Dao and Modern Chinese Poetry. http://www.lingshidao.com/hanshi/beidao.htm
Handal, Nathalie. "Gaza City." The Literary Review 46.2 (Wntr 2003): 330(2).
James, a. Bei Dao. "The Answer and Declaration." The Democracy Reader (Edition 1992): 270(2).
Huges in week five, tell us about one of Neruda's poems. Don't tell us about teme or ow you relate to it. Tell us about te form of te poem. Name and define some of te elements of te form. Tell us about its attributes and istory, wat are Neruda's influences in tis poem, and so on. Can you find Witman's influence? How is it revealed in ways comparable to Huges? You'll ave to do some researc and attribute it in MLA style. You'll ave to make specific references to Neruda's poem to clarify and exemplify wat you are saying about is form. You'll need a tesis.
Neruda was a politician, social activists and poet and is poetry often follows many of tese influences. In fact, is politics - were e espoused Communism and sougt to free te Cilean people - was often confused wit love poetry were is love…
Nature and the Beloved: Pablo Neruda's Exploration of Love through Natural Metaphor and His Environments
Sweetness refers to the universal and direct flavor of a poem, not to a mandatory tone. The narrator reminds the reader that verses should speak both "the bites and kisses of love," (line 15). The extended metaphor of sweetness also symbolizes the nourishing aspect of poetry, as the narrator longs for "eatable sonnets," (line 16).
In the fourth stanza, the narrator reminds the reader of the corruption of poetry. The fourth stanza therefore alludes to the first. "Vanity," notes the narrator, leads to "deep and useless" endeavors (lines 18; 20). In attempting vainglorious works of art, a poet forgets "the joyous / love-needs of our bodies," (lines 22, 23). The body's love-needs refers to all the visceral desires felt by the everyday person. Furthermore, the poet who relies on the "harsh machinery" mentioned in the first stanza is also "not feeding the world," (line 25). Here, the narrator reiterates the…
Ode to Wine-Neruda
"Ode to Wine"
Pablo Neruda was a Chilean poet whose influential works helped to garner him a Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971. Pablo Neruda's "Ode to Wine," from Full Woman, Fleshy Apple, Hot Moon, uses allusions, imagery, and the theme of love and admiration to compare his love of wine, and the pleasure he derives from it, to the sensuality and sexuality of a woman.
Neruda structures "Ode to Wine" from a free verse approach; like traditional odes, Neruda praises an object, in this case wine, and draws inspiration from the wine's essence as well as the wine's container, to explain how wine makes him feel. Furthermore, Neruda is able to use wine to express his love of women, or a specific, albeit unnamed, woman. It may be argued that "Ode to Wine" follows a modified ode structure that helps to introduce the object of his…
Neruda's Sonnet XVII uses very interesting imagery that is vague enough to allow for multiple interpretations. There is however a strong theme that runs through it that illustrates a contrast between light and dark. The contrast between light and dark is a central theme in many works of literature, spirituality, and many parts of life. In my interpretation of the sonnet, I think Neruda choses words that illuminate, such as salt-rose, topaz, carnation, and fire, and says that his love is "not that" is incredibly interesting. I got the feeling that he is trying to say that his love is steady, indefinite, or lasting. For example, the arrow of carnation the fire shoots off could represent the type of love that burns bright at first but then fades quickly -- like the small blazes that leave the fire as it burns that are bright at first then die…
The one-time immigration lawyer moonlighted as an editor at the Latin American Review Press and was impressed with her boss, a 90-year-old woman. This experience has inspired Mahler, who eventually wants to have her own journal or press.
This independent streak dates to her upbringing. "I was a very latchkey kid," she explains, and was raised by her siblings. As a result, she was a bit of a neighborhood terror as well. "I even had my own army of 1st graders that I made do push-ups and if they didn't, I sent them to jail, which was the jungle gym."
For now, however, her focus is on Emory and her family. She married her high school sweetheart, Andrew Mahler, and the couple now reside in Stockbridge. Anna wants to focus on building bonds with her students as well. "I hope to make lasting personal and professional relationships and contribute to…
Robert Bolano is the writer of the novel "By Night in Chile" published in 2000. Urrutia is the narrator of the novel and entire novel is narrated in the first person. Starting lines of the novel are "I am dying now, but I still have many things to say," and from this point the novel starts describing how Urrutia was able to enter the Chilean literary world.
The narrator of the novel, Urrutia Lacroix used the image of "the wizened youth," for himself which showed how much he struggled with his conscience, during the time when he was trapped in Opus Dei. The narrator has described his life as distorted because of the struggle he made throughout his life.
Narrator has used different styles to engage the readers. At time it was simple, lofty, intense, and believable however on occasion the narrator used harsh and imposing style to describe the…
Hence, the model of preparation applies to Guevara's situation and choices perfectly because all of the prior knowledge and experience he had through his medical visits across Latin America motivated him to be absolutely prepared for a long battle, hence he not only stayed in the area where he could learn the most, he associated with people who had been pursuing the same goal longer then him and knew more about the things that he wanted to be aware of .
Domain knowledge that Guevara gained by staying in Guatemala and preparing was also of significant importance to sharpen the technical skills he needed to possess to succeed. Two of the most important aspects that Guevara aimed to gain through the domain knowledge were:
To familiarize himself with the rules with which a revolution or change within different societies operates in differing environments and the practical wisdom to compete in…
Anthony DePalma. The Man Who Invented Fidel: Castro, Cuba, and Herbert L. Matthews of the New York Times. New York: Public Affairs, 2006.
Barron, F. And Harrington, D.M. "Creativity, intelligence, and personality," Annual Review of Psychology, 1981, 32: 439-476.
Che Guevara. "Colonialism is Doomed" speech to the 19th General Assembly of the United Nations in New York City, 1964.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. Creativity: Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention. New York, NY: HarperCollins, 1996.
oneself through poetry can often prove to be a difficult task, and may be even harder to interpret. In this paper, the writer is able to successfully by creating a general theme of personal growth, transformation, and the confusion that may accompany this change. The writer is able to successfully and clearly explain why he chose the poets and the poems he chose, and clearly demonstrates their influence on the new poem.
The poem created by the author tells a story through his three poet inspirations. In the explanation, the writer states that he used Langston Hughes' "Theme for English B" to help establish the tone and pace of the inspired poem. The writer also states that he used Hughes' poem to develop a theme, which helped the writer to establish parameters. Because the writer successfully established a theme and gave an explanation of his reasoning, and provided a concrete…
However, in line with the Paz prompt at the outset of this discussion, Keats merely uses this tradition as a bridge on which to extend toward motivation on behalf of the evolving form. The subject matter is where this work takes a step toward modernity. The manner in which Keats describes the reality of dying is startling for its time primarily because it lacks religiosity. In describing death, the poet tells, "where youth grows pale, and spectre-thin, and dies; / here but to think is to be full of sorrow / and leaden-eyed despairs; / here beauty cannot keep her lustrous eyes, / or new Love pine at them beyond to-morrow."
The notion of discussing death from a decidedly humanistic rather than spiritual perspective is more daring and innovative than perhaps we are won't to give credit for. It is remarkable that the poet would invert a steadfastly traditional form…
Dickinson, E. (1862). #303 (the Soul Selects Her Own Society). Poets.org.
Eliot, T.S. (1917). The Love-Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. University of Virginia. Online at http://people.virginia.edu/~sfr/enam312/prufrock.html
Keats, J. (1819). Ode to a Nightingale. Arthur Quiller-Couch, ed. 1919. The Oxford Book of English Verse: 1250 -- 1900.
Native American Poetry Reading: Natalie Diaz and Orlando White
Native American culture has traditionally been an oral culture, and although the Native American poets Natalie Diaz and Orlando White are published authors, hearing them speak aloud provides the listener with a critical, additional appreciation of their art. The Aztec-American poet Natalie Diaz's work "I Lean Out the Window and She Nods Off in Bed, the Needle Gently Rocking on the Bedside Table" is a poem that must be heard aloud to be fully appreciated. The poem unfolds in a series of luxurious, sensuous images: "I've brushed glowing halves of avocados/lamping like bell-hipped women in ecstasy. / A wounded Saint Teresa sketched to each breast." The poem paints a picture in words of the woman who is being observed, and Diaz's emotion, the detail with which she describes the figure and the intensity of her inflection give additional weight to every…
Fern Hill (Dylan Thomas)
The "Poetry Explications" handout from UNC states that a poetry explication is a "relatively short analysis which describes the possible meanings and relationship of the words, images, and other small units that make up a poem."
The speaker in "Fern Hill" dramatically embraces memories from his childhood days at his uncle's farm, when the world was innocent; the second part brings out the speaker's loss of innocence and transition into manhood. This explication will identify and critique Thomas' tone, imagery (including metaphors) and expressive language (as it contributes to the power of the poem). ("Fern Hill" uses 6 verse paragraphs; there are 9 lines in each paragraph.)
"Now as I was young and easy under the apple boughs / About the lilting house and happy as the grass was green / the night above the dingle starry / time let me hail and climb / golden…
Bible Meanings. (2011). Lamb. Retrieved December 9, 2012, from http://www.biblemeanings.info/words/animal/lamb.htm.
Cox, C.B. (1959). Dylan Thomas's 'Fern Hill.' The Critical Quarterly, 1(2), 134-138.
Thomas, Dylan. (2012). Fern Hill. Academy of American Poets. Retrieved December 9, 2012,
from http://www.poets.org .
Expressing the despair and despondency of living in an urban center has been the goal of artists since the arlem Renaissance in the early 20th century. Life is different in the city. Life is changed, and as unforgiving as the hardened asphalt on a cool, smelly fall evening. The dreams of youth, and the hopes for a satisfying life are threatened to the brink of extinction in the city, and poets, like Luis Rodriguez, strain to find new metaphors to communicate the mixture of feelings and experiences which the city brings to a life.
In the 19th century, this phenomenon was not as pronounced, because the surrealistic images of television life which was created in the sound studios on the west coast did not exist. In the 19th century, urban life was not as consuming, because most of society was focused on the same task, surviving, and building…
His first response is to ask for the bag again. He wants to go back to the place of hallucinogenic peace. His desire is no longer for the trying to make meaning out of the meaningless of the concrete river. His desire is to return to the place where his life was "licked by the flame"
Luis's description of the meaningless of urban life for a poor Latino could not be more vivid. He says he should be digging his toes in the dirt of a river bank; instead he sucks paint fumes and longs for death.
Espada, M. (ed) 1994. Poetry like Bread. Connecticut:Curbstone press