Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly
Patriotism and Okada's No Boy
The current war in Iraq has brought out displays of patriotic fervor throughout the country. People proudly display the American flag on their homes and cars. Even Major League Baseball has replaced the traditional seventh inning song "Take Me Out to the Ballgame" with a stirring rendition of "God Bless America."
However, for the people protesting the war, these surface displays are an inadequate indicator of patriotism. Though currently in the minority, the protesters locate their patriotism in speaking out against the war and in shielding their country from the winds of war.
Though both camps differ in their definitions of patriotism, they both share an important concept. The ebster Dictionary defines patriotism as "love or devotion to one's country." Despite their difference in views, both protesters and those who support the war in Iraq are motivated by a strong devotion to the interests of…
Patriotism." Oxford English Dictionary. Ed. Simpson, John A.. 3.0 ed. London: Oxford University Press, 2002..
Patriotism." Webster's Third New International Dictionary. Ed. Gove, Philip Babcock. 3 ed. New York: Merriam-Webster, Inc., 2002..
Okada, John. No Boy. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1976.
Roosevelt, Theodore. "Presidential Criticism." Questions of Theodore Roosevelt. March 2003. Theodore Roosevelt Association. 26 March 2002 http://www.theodoreroosevelt.org/life/quotes.htm.
The vast majority of human beings never ventured beyond the local region of their birth and knew very little, if anything, about human affairs elsewhere, much less in other nations. In fact, many people may never have known what country they lived in. The Enlightenment brought technology that increased communication and travel to distant regions. As nation states developed from many previously isolated communities, monarchs and oligarchies tended to promote the concept of patriotism and loyalty to royal families for the purpose of suppressing rebellion, maintaining power and authority, and funding major expenses such as wars for territory and resources fought against other nation states. That mechanism probably culminated in World War I when millions of young European men known as the "lost generation" died fighting one another, many of them without any understanding of the reasons why, let alone any personal animus for their battlefield enemies. Ultimately, the reality…
It is, therefore, the duty of everyone living on that chosen spot to fight, kill, and die in the attempt to impose his superiority upon all the others."
On the other hand, as we have seen in America, there is also a patriotism which is aimed at a sense of belonging and only aggressive in defense of this feeling of identity, and from invasion or destruction by outside elements. This positive form of cultural patriotism and the desire to protect what is specific to a society is also seen in countries like China. An example of this is the recent call by Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao for a patriotic stance against the increase of the SARS virus epidemic in the country. "Premier Wen Jiabao... called for solidarity and a reliance in science in the ongoing battle against severe acute respiratory syndrome." (Chinese Premier Calls for Patriotism in SARS Fight)
Chinese Premier Calls for Patriotism in SARS Fight. August 25, 2003. http://english.people.com.cn/200305/05/eng20030505_116244.shtml
PATRIOTISM: A MENACE to LIBERTY. August 25, 2005. http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives/goldman/aando/patriotism.html
Patriotism. August 24, 2005. http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Patriotism
patriotism start?...Most likely, as in many cases, it should begin with a definition of this term, as asserted by the Webster online dictionary. According to it, patriotism is "love for or devotion to one's country." As we can notice, this definition includes two similar, but not identical terms: love and devotion. he second term introduces a higher level of love, because devotion implies an ardent feeling, that is, "a fervent love," as mentioned on the site of American patriotism.
We should thus agree from the very beginning that there are several different levels of love that one can provide (not necessarily towards one's country, but generally speaking) and that somewhere on the way, one's love for one's country is not sufficiently ardent for it to be considered patriotic. We can thus line up several terms that may constitute themselves in a graded scale for patriotism, terms like "love," "ardent love,"…
The journalists, through the work they do, deem an opinion, a personal opinion that reflects some of their beliefs. Some of their beliefs may not be in concordance with the governmental policies. This does not necessarily make them unpatriotic, as long as patriotism is a vague notion (as I have written here above), a notion that is hard to define and that never stays within certain boundaries. More so, it is a subjective notion. Had we had a list of things that would make someone a patriot or not, them we could have easily looked over it and tick whatever conditions that person had. But we do not and so far as we do not, nobody can actually be deemed unpatriotic. It is a matter of personal belief and opinion and, as in any democracy, especially the world's strongest and most respected, personal opinions are not enough to make someone white or black.
As presented on the website of the Webster Dictionary at http://www.webster.com/cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=patriotism&x=18&y=16
http://www.usa-patriotism.com / http://www.sustainourfuture.org/Patriotism
Patriotism, Democracy and Freedom
Karl Marx, Woody Guthrie, and Martin Luther King may have had more in common than it may first seem. Karl Marx, the author of the famous Communist Manifesto, that laid the groundwork for the formation of the Soviet Union wanted order and a civil society. Karl Marx felt that freedom lied in the needs of the worker being met. The worker would work for the joy of working and would be "free" from the stress of having to compete with others. In this social structure workers were regarded by the ruling class and corporate structures as no more than a piece of machinery. In Karl Marx's society, the worker should gain a sense of "freedom" from structure.
Woody Guthrie had a different sense of freedom. His version of freedom meant having no boundaries, being able to go where one wanted. He believed that freedom represented a…
The great American writer Henry David Thoreau wrote an essay that has become very well-known called "Civil Disobedience." In the essay Thoreau said "That government is best with governs least" and then he clarified himself by adding: "That government is best which governs not at all." Thoreau admitted that governments need a standing arm, but that is only "an arm of the standing government," he said. But he disagreed in the American army being involved in the Mexican ar. Thoreau was an intellectual and a very talented writer, but he was probably not an "average" citizen based on the way he saw American and how he related to the government. There will "never be a really free and enlightened State until the State comes to recognize the individual as a higher and independent power," Thoreau said. hat he meant by that is after the United States broke away from England,…
CNN. "Obama Fights Back on Questions About His Patriotism." Cable News Network.
Retrieved December 11, 2009, from http://www.cnn.com/2008/politics/02/24/obama.patriotism/index.html. (2008)
Rereading America. "Civil Disobedience." pp. 836-847.
USA Today. "What is Patriotism?" Retrieved December 11, 2009, from http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2005-06-29-patriotism-side_x.htm .
Patriotic Themes in American Literature
Patriotism is essentially a bond among countrymen as expressed concisely by Oliver Wendell Holmes, when he wrote, "One flag, one land, one heart, one hand, One Nation evermore!"[footnoteRef:1] Love for America is fortified by poetic images such as a tattered waving flag or a black and white photo of John Junior's salute. These images stir the heart and reinforce the bond that comes from having a common experience. However, just as romantic love is not all hearts and roses, so too love of country is not all banners and parades. In time, poems become dusty and old photos fade, making room for new images and experiences, such as empty ships, that may not be as moving. Seeing one's dreams of yesterday fall can lead to a pessimism that believes all the good is in the past and there is nothing but darkness awaiting the future.…
Yukio Mishima's "Patriotism"
Japanese society has always been bound by tradition, and many of the traditions that are utilized influence the feeling of nationalism the Japanese people have. This was especially true in Japanese society before the Second World War and this paper looks specifically at the code of the samurai, seppuku, and arranged marriage. Other issues that will be touched upon included the historical background, cultural context, imagery, symbolism, character type, and stylistic devices that Yukio Mishima utilizes in his short story "Patriotism." These are all very important issues to look at, as Mishima's story gives a strong indication of what type of patriotic beliefs individuals had during this time. This was not only true of soldiers and other individuals that were expected to have these feelings, but of these soldiers families as well. In "Patriotism," Yukio Mishima used many different Japanese traditions to show how they influenced the…
Benedict, R. 1946. The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture. Boston, Mass: Houghton Mifflin, 98-117.
Hughes, H.J. 2000. Familiarity of the strange: Japan's gothic tradition. Criticism, 42.1: 59-89.
Jackson, K. 2004. Shock and awe; Colonel Kilgore in 'Apocalypse Now'. Peter O'Toole as Lawrence of Arabia. The bombing of Baghdad. Few of us have experienced war first- hand. So why, asks Kevin Jackson, are we addicted to its imagery? The Independent Sunday: London, England.
Lebra T. 1984. Japanese Women, Constraint and Fulfillment. Honolulu, Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press, 295-315.
" By getting married to Takeyama, Reiko knows that she is expected to die at the same time as her husband. Also, when reading the short story, one must consider that in early twentieth century Japan, arranged marriages were predominant. Japanese social order in which women were secondary is also illustrated by the fact that when describing the two suicides, Mishima emphasizes the lieutenant's act and ritual whereas the wife's act is rather minimized: "His wife, Reiko, followed him, stabbing herself to death." (Mishima 93)
Patriotism" can be hard to read because of its graphic language and imagery. Furthermore, the story attempts to provide the reader with a definition of the concept of patriotism. However, readers must keep in mind that the plot is written from the perspective of an Easterner who strongly believes in honor and duty. For Mishima, nothing - not even love - can ever become more…
Abelsen, Peter. "Irony and Purity: Mishima." Modern Asian Studies 30. 3 (1996): 651-679.
Hume, Nancy G., ed. Japanese Aesthetics and Culture: A Reader / . Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1995.
Pollack, David. Reading against Culture: Ideology and Narrative in the Japanese Novel. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1992.
Mishima, Yukio. "Patriotism." Trans. Geoffrey W. Sargent. In Death in Midsummer, 93-118. New York: New Directions, 1966.
Privacy vs. Patriotism: Ethical Considerations and Practical ealities of the U.S.A. PATIOT Act
The balance between security and privacy has long been a concern for governments and private citizens, and was an explicit source of worry and contention in the formation of the United States as an independent nation. Though no right to privacy as such is explicitly guaranteed or even mentioned in the Constitution, the Fourth Amendment directly forbids the government from searching a person's property without considered authorization or clear probable cause (the definition of which has itself been the subject of much debate), and other elements of federal and state laws and court rulings can be seen as affirmations of freedom from government surveillance to a certain degree. Though always a contentious issue, then, the line between what the government is allowed to do in order to promote national security and what private citizens are…
ACLU. (2003). Your right to privacy. Accessed 15 July 2012. http://www.aclu.org/technology-and-liberty/your-right-privacy
FinCEN. (2012). USA PATRIOT Act. Accessed 15 July 2012. http://www.fincen.gov/statutes_regs/patriot/index.html
Linder, D. (2012). The right of privacy. Accessed 15 July 2012. http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/rightofprivacy.html
Verite, M. (2012). The U.S.A. Patriot Act and Phone Tapping - A Threat to Civil Rights? Accessed 15 July 2012. http://ezinearticles.com/?The-USA-Patriot-Act-and-Phone-Tapping-A-Threat-to-Civil-Rights?&id=890891
For Li & Brewer, the foremost different between nationalism and patriotism is that patriotism is "love of the country" and "attachment to national values based on critical understanding" (Adorno et al. As cited in Wei, oy, Wells, ethen and Huang, 2006). Meanwhile, McConnachie (2003) believes that the main difference between the two is that "a patriot is one who expressed emotion - love. A patriot loves his country whereas a nationalist is someone who expresses his love or concern for his nation in an active political way - someone who takes a hands-on political approach."
McConnachie, a. (2003). Understanding Patriotism and Nationalism. Sovereignty, October 2003. etrieved March 4, 2009 from www.sovereignty.org.uk/features/articles/edit1/html.
Nationalism (n.d.) in Merriam-Webster Online. etrieved March 4, 2009 at http://www.merriam-webster.com.
Patriotism (n.d.) in Merriam-Webster Online. etrieved March 4, 2009 at http://www.merriam-webster.com.
Wei, L., oy, S., Wells, J., ethen, M., & Huang, C.T., (2006). Patriotism or Nationalism?: The…
McConnachie, a. (2003). Understanding Patriotism and Nationalism. Sovereignty, October 2003. Retrieved March 4, 2009 from www.sovereignty.org.uk/features/articles/edit1/html.
Nationalism (n.d.) in Merriam-Webster Online. Retrieved March 4, 2009 at http://www.merriam-webster.com .
Patriotism (n.d.) in Merriam-Webster Online. Retrieved March 4, 2009 at
Roger Wilkins presents perhaps the most complete picture of the Founding Fathers in his book Jefferson's Pillow: The Founding Fathers and the Dilemma of Black Patriotism. It is Wilkins' argument that Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, James Madison and George Mason were not the idyllic seekers-of-justice and equality that we have been taught, but rather they were wealthy slaveholders with political powers that were not always exercised is an "American" way. In light of this newly presented information, our former ideals need to be reevaluated against the ideas of black patriotism, as well as against our thoughts on patriotism in general. How could all men have been created equal, when African-Americans were not considered to be men at all? Indeed, Americans cannot fully come to understand themselves until they are able to understand who the aforementioned individuals were - no matter what the results.
Slaveholders were great politicians in our nation's…
The Rangers eventually located the battery of cannons that had been moved by the Germans and destroyed them with thermite grenades and helped secure the adjacent beaches for the rest of the D-Day invasion forces.
President Ronald Reagan and the Rebirth of Patriotism
President Reagan may have been a "B movie" actor who was best known for his roles in movies such as "Bedtime for Bonzo," but he was also enormously patriotic and served his country admirably during World War II by making a series of training films and helping raise funds for the war effort. As noted above, he was also a captain in the Army Air Corps, but his poor eyesight precluded his serving in combat. Nevertheless, his moving tribute to the men of the 2nd Ranger Battalion helped fuel a rebirth of patriotism in the U.S. that Brinkley suggests continues to the present day. Indeed, President Reagan…
It might be said that, had Lincoln not been elected, the war might have been put off by a few years, and then a solution might perhaps have been reached. However, as has been demonstrated, the country was moving inexorably toward war and no other solution would work. If the war had been put off by a few years, the result would more than likely have been even more terrible and bloody than it was. General Grant was of the opinion that the war was inevitable. "The Southern rebellion was largely the outgrowth of the Mexican war," he wrote in his Personal Memoirs, in accord with his belief that the Mexican-American War was the result of the South's attempts to extend slavery into Mexican-controlled Texas, "Nations, like individuals, are punished for their transgressions. We got our punishment in the most sanguinary and expensive war in modern times." Grant would then…
[…] With the U.S. now mired in a Mesopotamian morass because of what is described as a 'unilateralist' foreign policy, the UN's multilateralist approach is gaining unearned prestige and unwarranted credibility" (Grigg, 2006). While the UN might not have masterminded the war, they certainly participated in the events that led up to the invasion, so they did play an important role in arguments for the invasion, and now they are benefiting, which does not seem right, somehow.
Many members of NATO, including France, Germany, and Belgium opposed the war, and they protested sending any NATO troops into Iraq for any cause. Another writer notes, in July during a trip to Washington, obertson told U.S. lawmakers that NATO would not go beyond providing logistical support for the Polish-led force in Iraq" (Dettmer, 2003). The Polish forces were peacekeepers sent in to assist British and American forces. While NATO seems to have…
Dettmer, J. (2003). NATO suffering from identity crisis. Retrieved 7 May 2010 from the FindArticles.com Web site: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1571/is_2003_Sept_16/ai_107543546/ .
Editors. (2004). The invasion of Iraq. Retrieved 7 May 2010 from the Frontline Web site:
Grigg, W.N. (2006, January 9). Bring 'em home! The New American, 22, 12+.
Andre Malraux's novel, Man's Fate reflects the human realities and costs of war that have been depicted throughout Chinese literature. In his depiction of characters like Ch'en, Ferral, Old Gisor, Kyo and Katov, Malraux gives life to the terrible realities of war that have been seen in humanity as a whole, and are represented in almost any time of war. Ch'en's struggles with the dehumanizing effects of war reflect the struggles of many men throughout history, as Kyo's unfailing patriotism reflects the Moral Law of warfare written over 2,000 years ago in Sun-Tzu's The Art of ar. Similarly, Chinese Poet Tu Fu's "Ballad of the Army Carts" describes the agony of losing loved ones that is seen again within Man's Fate.
In Man's Fate, Malraux expertly exposes human emotions and conflicts that are universal to any time of war. A powerful novel that depicts human loss, difficult decisions, and the…
Malraux, Andre. 1990. Man's Fate. Vintage.
Sun-Tzu. 1990. The Art of War. Vintage.
Tu Fu. Ballard of the Army Carts. Du Fu Poetry (Tu Fu). 25 May 2004. Available at http://www.chinapage.com/poet-e/dufu2e.html
Wikipedia. Andre Malraux. 24 May 2004. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andre_Malraux
Samuel atkin's Diary
Patriotism and Misery in the Narrative of Samuel atkins
The writings of Samuel Rush atkins are considered one of the best personal accounts of the Civil ar. His writings document the actions and activities of Co. H., First Tennessee Regiment, which coincidentally was the title for the first edition of the book. The book is a biased perspective, as the author was a soldier for the southern states. Throughout his book he speaks out against northern doctrine and promotes the southern cause. However, his perspective being put aside, this book stands as one of the best documentaries that chronicles the conditions of the soldiers and citizens during the Civil ar. This research will explore two wartime circumstances that affected atkins experience. The first circumstance is that atkin's social class and that he fought for the South affected his experiences and works. The second circumstance is the terrain…
Watkins, Samuel Rush. "Co. Aytch" Maury Grays, First Tennessee Regiment
or, A Side Show of the Big Show. Reprinted from Project Gutenburg. < http://www.gutenberg.org/catalog/world/readfile-fk_files=1490660 >. Accessed July 24, 2012.
Censorship and Freedom of the Press
In 2009, Frank ainimarama, the self-appointed Prime Minister of Fiji said that freedom of speech causes trouble and is to blame for his country's political turmoil (AC News, 2009). This is only a small portion of controversial remarks and actions made by ainimarama surrounding the announcement made by President Iloilo stating the abrogation of Fiji's constitution, the dismissal of the judiciary, and the deferral of democratic elections until 2014 (Puppet show, 2009). Iloilo's decision, given its relationship to ainimarama's interim regime, which took power in a coup in 2006, being declared illegal by ruling of the Court of Appeals demanding that a neutral leader replace ainimarama immediately with dissolution of the existing government and elections to commence as soon as possible (Puppet show).
ainimarama expressed his grievance towards this decision by the Court and did not hesitate to ignore it as he showed up…
ABC News. (2009). Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/
Alley, R. (2010). Fiji Under Bainimarama. Journal of Pacific History, 45(1), 145-153. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier.
Dikotter, Frank. (1996, Winter). Culture, race, and nation: The formulation of national identity in 20th century China. International Affairs, 49(2), 592.
Evans, M. (2011). Exacerbating social cleavages: The media's role in Israel's religious-secular conflict. Middle East Journal, 65(2), 235-251.
Freud Concepts of Instincts, Drives
Desires, instincts, and drives are central to Freud's psychoanalytical theory. Although Sigmund Freud altered his theories throughout the course of his career, the core concepts of instincts and drives remain relatively constant. Freud first expressed the basic human instincts as being hunger and sex. Later, his theories matured, and Freud deeply analyzed the nature of human sexual drives. In his writings, Freud focused much on the conflicts that generally arise between the individual's innate instincts and the rules and mores of the society. All human beings continually struggle through various stages of their psycho-social development to restrain and express their desires, drives, and instincts. Freud framed these conflicts between desire and civilization into two major groupings: the conflict between sexual drives and civilization; and the conflict between self-serving happiness and civilization.
Freud's views on human sexuality are notorious and controversial. His Oedipus complex and other…
Stier, Marc. "Civilization/Eros." Online at < http://www.stier.net/teaching/ih52/notes/freud/eros.htm>.
Stier, Marc. "Civilization/Happiness." Online at < http://www.stier.net/teaching/ih52/notes/freud/happiness.htm>.
Stier, Marc. "Instincts/Drives." Online at < http://www.stier.net/teaching/ih52/notes/freud/drive.htm>.
Stier, Marc. "Nature of Happiness." Online at < http://www.stier.net/teaching/ih52/notes/freud/happy.htm>.
Thompson "Disenchantment or Default?: A Lay Sermon," The Romantics.
In the article "Disenchantment or Default?: A Lay Sermon," author E.P. Thompson explores the restoration of literary works by Wordsworth and Coleridge. Specifically, Thompson is interested in the moment when the poet became politically aware and disenchanted with the environs around him, turning his distaste into pieces of literature. While making his argument, Thompson delves heavily into the possible psychological profile of the author and his break with Godwinism. By doing this however, Thompson makes a critical mistake which all literary scholars and critics are meant to watch out for: that is confusing the narrator of the literature with the author himself.
Remarkably, Thompson determines that the change in Wordsworth's writings came at a time when he stopped writing towards an ideal and instead directed his writings at a real person. He writes, "It signaled also -- a central theme of…
To wit, in Socrates' day, there were no official government prosecutors (commonly referred to in modern America as "District Attorneys"); in effect, any citizen could bring an indictment against any other citizen, and call for a trial. And that's basically what happened to Socrates.
Here in America, in 2006, notwithstanding what Vice President Cheney said, President George . Bush stated, "I will never question the patriotism of somebody who disagrees with me." Bush was responding to a reporter's question on August 21; Bush was asked if he believed, according to http://mediamatters.org, that the "Democrats advocating for U.S. withdrawal from Iraq 'embolden Al Qaeda types' as...Cheney similarly stated. Bush's answer was, "I will never question the patriotism of somebody who disagrees with me... [although] leaving [Iraq] before the job would be done would be to send a signal to our troops that the sacrifices they made were not worth it...this has…
Allen, R.E. (1980). Socrates and Legal Obligation. Minneapolis: University of Minneapolis
American Sociological Association. (2006). "Statement...on Creationism and Related Religious
Doctrines in U.S. Science Education." Retrieved 18 Oct. 2006 at http://www.asanet.org .
And had Bucke never read any of hitman's earlier poetry (Leaves of Grass, for example) "we might think that words could not convey greater passion" than they did in Drum-Taps (p. 171). "But now we know better," he went on. The "splendid faith" of hitman's earlier poems is "greatly dimmed" in Drum-Taps, he insists. Bucke writes that he was told by a person "who knew the poet well, and who was living in ashington when 'Drum-Taps' were being composed, that he has seen alt hitman…turn aside into a doorway or other out-of-the-way place on the street…" (p. 171).
Once out of the bustle of the busy street, hitman would take out his notebook, Bucke continues, write some lines to Drum-Taps "…and while he was so doing he has seen the tears run down [hitman's] cheeks. I can well believe this, for there are poems in Drum Taps that can…
Allen, Gay Wilson. A Reader's Guide to Walt Whitman. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux,
Bagby, George William. "Walt Whitman in Dixie." The Southern Literary Journal 22.2 (1990):
Meanwhile in the journal Du Bois Review (Parker, et al., 2009, p. 194) the authors point to racism and patriotism as key themes for the 2008 Democratic primary election. "Race was a consistent narrative" used by those opposed to Obama, Parker explains (p. 194). Both Clinton and the Republicans "used racial references" to attack Obama, including the attacks on Obama "for his perceived inability to connect to 'real working Americans'" (p. 194).
The Republican sideshow called "Joe the plumber" attacked Obama with the charge that Obama was "seeking to take money from hardworking 'real Americans' to give it to 'those people'" (p. 194). Clinton questioned Obama's patriotism suggesting that he was not a "real" American. Parker notes that when Governor Dukakis ran for president as a Democrat, he was attacked but no one questioned whether he was "a real American as they did with Obama" (p. 195).
The authors present…
Alter, Jonathan. "Leading Democrats to Bill Clinton: Pipe Down." Newsweek. (2008).
Retrieved March 17, 2010, from http://www.newsweek.com.
Balz, Dan, and Johnson, Hanes. The Battle for American 2008: The Story of an Extraordinary
Election. New York: Viking, 2009.
Unpublished Works of Mark Twain: A iographical
Historical, New Historical Criticism and Account
On the night Samuel Langhorne Clemens was born - the 30th of November 1835 - Halley's comet was blazing spectacularly across the autumn sky. And although he was born two months prematurely, a frail little runt, and his mother said, "I could see no promise in him," she nonetheless expressed a hope that Halley's comet was a "bright omen" for her baby boy. Her wish came true in a sensational way. Little could Jane Lampton Clemens have known that her sickly newborn would become a blazing superstar sensation in his own right, a literary luminary and the unchallenged supernova of American society, the likes of which had never been seen - and may never be witnessed on this planet again.
Samuel Clemens fashioned his own creative - and often chaotic - cosmos wherever he went, and he…
Budd, Louis J. Our Mark Twain: The Making of his Public Personality. Philadelphia:
University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.
Hoffman, Andrew. Inventing Mark Twain: The Lives of Samuel Langhorne Clemens.
New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1997.
The Aryan Nations Web site describes edfearin as "an individual of cunning mind, violent tendencies and radical outlook who aided in the evolution of the Aryan Nations worldview as the organization moved into a future which was very different than that perhaps originally envisioned by the Aryan activists of past generations."
Aryan Nations as a Terrorist Organization
Setbacks since the 1990s has largely left the Aryan Nations a "shadow of its former self," (Hoffman 2006, 110). However small its membership might be relative to the population as a whole, the Aryan Nations remains a formidable force. The organization's Web site indicates a slight ideological change, towards more radical and violent approaches to creating a constant state of "revolution" to dismantle the current social and political order (Aryan Nations). The Aryan Nations remains committed to racial purification but "it is prerequisite and indeed necessary that 'the System' be disrupted and broken…
Al-Khattar, Aref M. 2003. Religion and Terrorism; An Interfaith Perspective. Westport, CT: Praeger.
Aryan Nations. http://www.aryan-nations.org / (Accessed Nov 11, 2009).
Borgeson, Kevin, and Valeri, Robin. 2009. Terrorism in America. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Federal Bureau of Investigation. "Aryan Nation." http://foia.fbi.gov/foiaindex/anation.htm (Accessed Nov 11, 2009).
Dim through the misty panes and thick green light,/as under a green sea, I saw him drowning./in all my dreams before my helpless sight / He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning./if in some smothering dreams, you too could pace/Behind the wagon that we flung him in,/and watch the white eyes writhing in his face,/His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin,/if you could hear, at every jolt, the blood/Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs/Bitter as the cud / of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues, -- / My friend, you would not tell with such high zest/to children ardent for some desperate glory,/the old Lie: Dulce et decorum est / Pro patria mori. (Owen)
This is not how Owen "might" respond to patriotism this is a direct assault upon it. The words of Dali ring true as the toll of war is counted up among the youthful wasted…
Owen, W, Anthem for Doomed Youth, at http://www.englishverse.com/poems/anthem_for_doomed_youth
On Seeing a Piece of Our Artillery Brought into Action, at http://www.poetryconnection.net/poets/Wilfred_Owen/1215
Dulce et Decorum est at http://www.potw.org/archive/potw3.html
Remarque, E.M. (1958). All Quiet on the Western Front. Boston: Little Brown.
Sun Tzu understood that if a country or a culture is to go to war against an enemy, then the leader of that country or culture must have the total support of his people and particularly of his warriors. He describes this phenomenon as the "Moral Law" which he asserts it the first of five "constant factors" in the art of going to war.
Do morality, ethics, or the moral law cause people to be enthusiastically supportive of their leader? First, the answer is yes to the question. Secondly, as to why this is a true statement, when the topic of "moral law" is raised -- in the sense that citizens (and soldiers) are in "complete accord with their ruler…undismayed by any danger" -- it should also be understood that there is another concept very similar to moral law. It is called "nationalism," and according to iconic author…
Dumm, Thomas L. (2006). George W. Bush and the F-Word. South Atlantic Quarterly, 105(1),
Lyon, Grant. (2011). Patriotism vs. Nationalism in a Post 9/11 World. HuffPost. Retrieved February 16, 2012, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com .
SourceWatch. (2008). Treating Dissent as Treason. Retrieved February 16, 2012, from http://www.sourcewatch.org .
The USMC has established an immediate, direct, and clear relationship between recruiting and socialization." (Baker & Jennings, 2000, p. 369) by "socialization," the United States Marine Corps (USMC) means the precise functioning of each individual Marine in relation to the entire corps. Every marine, like every soldier in the regular army, and every sailor in the Navy, is destined for a specific purpose. hile military personnel may possess wide training in many different areas, there is nonetheless, a definite "military culture." Each and every member of America's Armed Forces - and those of all other nations as well - must fully understand how it is that they contribute to the organization tyo which they belong. The above-mentioned advertising campaigns focused mostly on very personal reasons for considering a military career. Unfortunately, personnel reasons do not always add up to the realities of military service, neither in terms of what the…
Military Recruitment and Management
American National Character
America can almost be thought of as a massive experiment in culture. Here we have a nation inhabited almost entirely by immigrants; all with different languages, customs, beliefs, and appearances who are forced to somehow reach a common understanding and identity. Through the over two hundred years of American history many differences have threatened to unravel our diverse nation, but still, many commonalities have ultimately held it together. Amidst such a range of economic, political, and racial mixtures it is a daunting task to identify what characteristics are uniquely American.
Yet, what can be considered "American" can also be traced to the roots of the nation. The place now called the United States was founded by puritan settlers who valued the notion of all men's equality in the eyes of God. Accordingly, the authors of the U.S. Constitution included equality under the law as one of its…
Bellah, Robert N., et al., eds. Habits of the Heart. Los Angeles, California: University of California, 1985.
Cochran, Thomas C. The Puerto Rican Businessman: A Study in Cultural Change. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania, 1959.
Hacker, Andrew. The End of the American Era. New York, New York: Atheneum, 1968.
Klausner, Samuel Z. "A Professor's-Eye View of the Egyptian Academy." The Journal of Higher Education, Vol. 57, No. 4 (Jul.-Aug., 1986): 345-369.
" (Rand National Defense Research Institute, 2009)
It is reported by Rand National Defense Research Institute that when service members and their spouses were polled for the purpose of making an assessment of the readiness of the family for the most recent deployment. Findings state as follows:
65% of service members and 60% of spouses indicated (Rand National Defense Research Institute, 2009)
The way that family readiness was defined is stated to however vary and that there are three specific readiness categories were cited including:
(1) financial readiness;
(2) readiness related to household responsibilities; and (3) Emotional or mental readiness. (Rand National Defense Research Institute, 2009)
It is critically important that knowledge be gained concerning how families prepare for deployment of the service member. It was found in the study conducted by Rand National Defense Research Institute that "…like readiness, coping meant different things to different families." (2009)
Castaneda, Laura Werber (2008) Deployment Experiences of Guard and Reserve Families: Implications for Support and Retention. Rand National Defense Research Institute. Online available at: http://www.litagion.com/pubs/monographs/2008/RAND_MG645.sum.pdf
How Can the Military Best Support Guard and Reserve Families During Deployment? (2009) Rand National Defense Research Institute. Online available at: www.rand.org
CHAPTER FOUR: Results (4-5 pages)
Pisano, Mark C. (2008) Military Deployment: How School Psychologists Can Help. NASP Communique, Vol 37 #2. October 2008. Online available at: http://www.nasponline.org/publications/cq/mocq372deployment.aspx
S. citizenship (Bloemraad 2002). Given the ongoing need for qualified recruits by the U.S. armed forces, it just makes sense to determine the extent of enlistment in the armed forces by immigrants to identify their personal reasons for doing so. To the extent that these reasons are directly related to their desire to obtain American citizenship rather than a sense of patriotic responsibilities is the extent to which military service may represent a viable alternative to more time-consuming, expensive and complication naturalization procedures. It is important, though, to ensure that these immigrant recruits are provided with accurate information concerning how military service will affect their naturalization status and efforts to secure ultimate citizenship.
Rationale of Study
Military recruiters typically experience increases in enlistments during periods of economic downturn because of limited employment opportunities elsewhere in the private sector. Nevertheless, recruiting adequate numbers of high-quality and motivated service members is more…
Anbinder, Tyler, 2006. "Which Poor Man's Fight? Immigrants and the Federal Conscription of
1863." Civil War History 52(4): 344-345.
Black's Law Dictionary. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1990.
Bloemraad, Irene, 2002. "The North American Naturalization Gap: an Institutional Approach to Citizenship Acquisition in the United States and Canada." The International Migration
As Margaret Atwood points out, Americans have as much to be ashamed of as to be proud of.
When Barbara Kingsolver claims "The values we fought for and won there are best understood, I think, by oil companies," she refers to the way the American flag has been distorted. The issues the flag symbolizes, such as freedom and liberty, are myths for many people. As Kingsolver points out, the American flag has been used to justify many evils including wars like Vietnam and Iraq. Instead of delivering true freedom, liberty, and democracy, the American flag really brought economic dependence. Instead of associating the American flag with negativity, death, and intimidation, Kingsolver suggests that Americans reclaim it. The red stripes do not need to symbolize war. They can also symbolize "blood donated to the ed Cross."
The American flag is a flexible symbol that is often used in ways that manipulate…
Atwood, Margaret. "A Letter to America." Published on Friday, April 4, 2003 by the International Herald Tribune. Retrieved July 29, 2008 at http://www.commondreams.org/views03/0404-07.htm
Kingsolver, Barbara. "And Our Flag Was Still There." Published on Tuesday, September 25, 2001 in the San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved July 29, 2008 from Common Dreams at http://www.commondreams.org/views01/0925-08.htm
Streufert, Duane. "Evolution of the United States Flag." Evolution of the United States Flag. Retrieved July 29, 2008 at http://www.usflag.org/history/flagevolution.html
Tim O' rien, Wilfred Owen & "Saving Private Ryan"
The theme of disillusionment in war as reflected in the works of Tim O'rien, Wilfred Owen, and the film "Saving Private Ryan"
More than being a mirror of everyday life, literature has also been a venue for expressing messages that are political in nature. This was evident in literary works that address humanity's experiences in different world wars soon after the 20th century had emerged. With the declaration of the first, then eventually the second, world wars, human, particularly American, society had also been involved in the Cold War. This long history of wars fought by the Americans may have shown the patriotism and courage of its people, but praise and glorification of the war was given in the midst of numerous criticisms from the civil society. Criticisms against war efforts were expressed by the civil society because they were the…
O'Brien, T. (1990). The Things They Carried. NY: Broadway Books.
Owen, W. E-text of "Dulce et decorum est." Available at: http://www.englishverse.com/poems/dulce_et_decorum_est .
"Saving Private Ryan." Directed by Steven Spielberg.
Duong Huong's novel entitled Novel without a Name tells the story of one young man's experience during the Vietnam ar. In the United States, most people only know and understand the war from the perspective of the Americans. Similarly, citizens of the United States know and understand the First orld ar only through the perspective of narratives told from this country. Both Novel without a Name and Erich Maria Remarque's novel All Quiet on the estern Front discuss how young men are forced to engage in battle because of the demands of their government. The governments make appeals to the citizens of their country in order to get them to fight and die for the goals of that government. One of the most potent ways that the government gets their young soldiers to perform is by appealing to the nationalism of its citizenry. Each of the mentioned novels uses the…
Hun-ng, and Phan Huy. Duong. Novel without a Name. New York [etc.: Penguin, 1995. Print.
Remarque, Erich Maria. All Quiet on the Western Front. New York: Ballantine, 1982. Print.
8%) and all were s-commerce users. 58.2% were Korean natives, 14.6% were Chinese and 10.8% were American. 9.7% were European and 6.7% were Japanese. The majority used s-commerce to purchase tickets for entertainment (44.5%) and 67% had been using s-commerce for more than two years.
The study shows that transaction safety (.480) and reputation (.450) both at the .01 level of significance, most contribute to trust in an s-commerce platform. The combination of all seven factors explains .784 of all variation in the sample with regard to trust in s-commerce. This is statistically significant at the .05 level of confidence and shows that purchase intentions can be explained by the seven-factor model the researchers created (Kim, Park, 2013). The model of s-commerce security and reliability therefore is statistically sound and applies to the South Korean social e-commerce industry. Study limitation include the lack of cross-sectional design definition and the development…
Baird, C.H., and Parasnis, G., (2011). From Social Media to Social Customer Relationship Management, Strategy & Leadership, Vol. 39 Iss: 5, pp. 30 -- 37.
Rosa Diaz, I.M. (2013). Price assessments by consumers: Influence of purchase context and price structure. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 37(1), 13-20.
Hollenbeck, C.R., & Kaikati, A.M. (2012). Consumers' use of brands to reflect their actual and ideal selves on Facebook. International Journal of Research in Marketing, 29(4), 395.
Kim, S., & Park, H. (2013). Effects of various characteristics of social commerce (s-commerce) on consumers' trust and trust performance. International Journal of Information Management, 33(2), 318.
Quaker Oats as a Symbol and Icon of American Colonialism
Identity is important to everyone and everything; it is how we connect with an element in our mind. It is the identity that inspires the first impression of any object or even a person. For that matter; it is through identity that a connection is formed between the object and the subject and a strong connection in this regard can play an instrumental role in determining the future of such a connection.
Therefore, it is not surprising that Product Branding and Imagery have always been a vital part of any product development and launch. The image of the product is highly significant in creating the much that will be used to recognize the new product. It is this image that would play a part in creating a strong brand identity -- an image that would come to be associated with…
Advertising Mascots - People. (n.d.). Retrieved Sept 10th, 2011, from TV Acres: http://www.tvacres.com/admascots_quakeroats.htm
Brief History of William Penn. (n.d.). Retrieved Sept 11th, 2011, from U.S. History: http://www.ushistory.org/penn/bio.htm
Business Glossary. (n.d.). Retrieved Sept 10th, 2011, from All Business: Your Small Business Advantage: http://www.allbusiness.com/glossaries/product-image/4955835-1.html
Colonial Revival in America: Annoted Bibliography. (n.d.). Retrieved Sept 10th, 2011, from http://etext.virginia.edu/colonial/#f029
Shi Jianqiao became a media sensation in Nationalist China during the 1930s for shooting the ex-warlord Sun Chuanfang, a leading member of the Tianjin Qingxiu lay-Buddhist society (jushilin). She shot Sun three times on November 13, 1935 in prayer hall (congregation site) on Nanma Road. Although she was prosecuted for murder, the courts returned a controversial final verdict of judicial leniency, and the Nationalist (Guomindang) regime overturned this final verdict by issuing a state pardon. These events led to a public debate on the merits and demerits of filial revenge, although contemporary accounts do not examine the larger sociopolitical implications the case may have had. Shi Jianqiao represented the female assassin's singular and violent expression of filial sentiment (xiao), as well as the female warrior code of "chivalrous virtue" (xia), and helped give rise to a new communal form of ethical sentiment - "public sympathy" (tongqing). For liberal…
Lean, Eugenia. Public Passions: The Trial of Shi Jianqiao and the Rise of Popular Sympathy in Republican China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007.
European and American imperialism from 1900-1918
Empire is the term from which the word imperialism is carved. Government implies the act of mastery of one nation by another one, with the sole intention of expanding region, power and impact. It conveys with it the thought of social prevalence from the radical, judging the lifestyle, cultures and convictions of those colonized as sub-par and in need of changeover (Encyclopedia, encyclopedia.com).
Nonetheless, Imperialism normally posits as a political control and making monetary subservience. In Europe, the time of dominion coincided with patriotism and unification when prior political units were assembled under governance that asserted the privilege to keep rule over them. "I rehash that the elite races [European] have a privilege in light of the fact that they have an obligation. They have the obligation to socialize the downtrodden races [non Europeans] (South Africa History, n.d.)"
Ashley Smith the journalist isolated hypotheses…
Encyclopedia. "Imperialism." Encyclopedia.com. HighBeam Research, 1 Jan. 1968. Web. 25 Jan. 2015. http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/imperialism.aspx
Grafs History. Word War 1: Consequences of the Great War. (2014). Retrieved from: https://grafshistory.wordpress.com
Humbold. Goal. The American Quest for Empire. Retrieved from:
This free essay discusses the National Anthem Protest which was first started by Colin Kaepernick in the NFL and has now spread to many players both in the NFL and other major sports. We will provide you with example titles, related topics, an outline as well as all the major parts of an essay (thesis statement, essay hook, introduction, body, conclusion, works cited). This can be used as a template/guideline/reference in helping you write your own paper. If you need help writing, please review our "how to write an essay" tutorial.
In 2016, a football player with the NFL named Colin Kaepernick made the decision to stop standing for the National Anthem as a means of protesting the fact that unarmed African Americans are killed by police in disproportionate numbers, usually without any repercussions for the officers who engaged in the killings. After hearing from a veteran that he found…
This similarly encourages modest investment in ussia, a market of 150 million, even in the face of continuing economic difficulties and political uncertainty (Saunders, 105).
According to Sunders, the strategy developed to "globalize" ussia was known as "shock therapy." And its implementation began with the January 1, 1992 elimination of price controls on most goods. The objective of "shock therapy" was, in essence, to create a market economy in ussia as quickly as possible. Sunders claim that this was to be achieved by freeing prices and liberalizing trade policies, which would stimulate competition; and by privatization, which would create private property with all its attendant behavioral incentives for enterprises. At the same time, it was essential to make the ruble convertible and ensure that its value remained relatively stable. This meant controlling inflation and, therefore, keeping tight control of currency emissions and government spending.
Consequently, Saunders appreciates that successful economic…
Batygin, G. S. 'The Transfer of Allegiances of the Intellectual Elite'. Studies in East
European Thought 53 (2001)
Boris Yeltsin quoted in Urban, M. Re-mythologizing the Russian State. Euro-Asia Studies
50/6 (1998): 969
Red is known as a symbol of intensity. he clouds, sky, and even water are strewn in various shades of red. hough the Statue of Liberty still shines bright among the color, even she is strewn with this dominant shade. It could be interpreted as a representation of blood and violence; however, red can also be a representation of love and passion. he explanation of the color depends on the subject matter and where it has come from: "Color is important in art and in various cultures around the world. People of the world see color differently," (http://www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/lessons/middle/color2.htm). Considering the subject matter is based in the western world, the color red more than likely represents "power and aggression," since this is the typical view of western culture. With the bright reds dominating the entire picture, the impression is that the freedom and hope, which the Lady of Liberty offers, is…
The color red acts as a strong representation of turmoil for this album cover. Red is known as a symbol of intensity. The clouds, sky, and even water are strewn in various shades of red. Though the Statue of Liberty still shines bright among the color, even she is strewn with this dominant shade. It could be interpreted as a representation of blood and violence; however, red can also be a representation of love and passion. The explanation of the color depends on the subject matter and where it has come from: "Color is important in art and in various cultures around the world. People of the world see color differently," ( http://www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/lessons/middle/color2.htm ). Considering the subject matter is based in the western world, the color red more than likely represents "power and aggression," since this is the typical view of western culture. With the bright reds dominating the entire picture, the impression is that the freedom and hope, which the Lady of Liberty offers, is made at a high price. People's liberty have been won through violence or force. Despite the color of red overwhelming the picture, throughout the sea and skies of this hue, the Statue of Liberty still stands with the glow of the sun behind her back.
Since the sun is the only part if the picture that brightens the album cover, the illumination of Lady Liberty gives great importance to this picture. The sun is brilliant and acts as a symbolism of glory and power. Some say the sun, "…represents happiness, life, and spirituality. The rising sun is a symbol of hope," ( http://www.houseofnames.com/xq/asp/keyword.sun/qx/symbolism_details.htm ). Since the sun is magnifying Lady Liberty by keeping her bright among the sea and standing out from the red foreground, the Statue of Liberty could still be depicting a symbolism of hope among all of the burden and disappointment that the rest of the scene bares. Although things seem bleak, America is still striving against adversity. Despite the struggles of immigration laws and the imperfections of the country, Lady Liberty is still standing strong and shining as a beacon of hope and freedom, which means that America is still trying to stand strong and live up to the initial principals this nation was founded on, though it is now struggling to break through the violence and pressure previously discussed.
Although the name of the album, "Zeitgeist," acts as a further form of explanation of the album cover, a methodical interpretation of the album's art work is clear enough. The definition of the word, zeitgeist, which is, "the spirit of the time" ( http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/zeitgeist ) show the contradiction of the statue's symbolism of freedom. Likewise, the characteristics of the rest of the artistry on the album cover show that the musical artists belief that times have changed. What the Statue of Liberty used to represent, what our great nation used to stand for, has now been tainted over the years by the grievances that have been formed with numerous immigration laws and ongoing racism; however, our nation is still trying, despite it all.
Research questions asked in this present study include the following stated questions:
(1) What role does Internet technology (Web 2.0) play in the international student's development and maintenance of a sense of belonging in a new home country?
(2) What role does length of residence play in the international student's development and maintenance of a 'sense of belonging' in a new home country?
(3) Are there any differences in the adaptation of the international student to the new home country when the individual is a high volume or a low volume user of the Internet?
This research study has as its aim to discover how it is that international students develop a sense of belonging to a new country, culture, and ultimately a new home. This is little studied in theory that focuses on how it is that individuals maintain a connection to their home country. This…
Adelman, M., Parks, M., & Albrecht, T. (1987). Beyond close relationships: Support in weak ties. In T.L. Albrecht & M.B. Adelman (Eds.), Communicating Social Support (pp.126-147). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Alorunnisola, Anthony A. (2000) African Media, Information Providers and Emigrants as Collaborative Nodes in Virtual Social Networks. African Sociological Review, 4 (2) 2000, pp.46-72. Online available at: http://www.codesria.org/Links/Publications/asr4_2full/olorunnisola.pdf
Bakardjieva, M. (2003). Virtual togetherness: An everyday-life perspective. Media, Culture & Society, 25 (3), 291-313.
Baym, N.K. (2001). Interpersonal life online. In S. Livingston & L. Lievrouw (Eds.), The Handbook of New Media (pp. 62-76). London: Sage Ltd.
" One of those characteristics is being obese, and the stigma of being way to overweight leads to being "...sort of a screen through which all aspects of the person are viewed" (Henslin, 141).
FOUR: What Maher has stated over and over in his book is that there need to be changes made at the highest level of government. That's not likely of course with Bush but seeing Barack Obama's surge in the polls gives those wanting change new hope.
But in fact, talking about Obama's ascendancy, it has been true through the years that making those important changes upset the apple carts of powerful people. In The Social Reality (Chapter One) it is explained that when changes are needed that appear to threaten the powerful (such as demanding the use of clean energy instead of oil) those powerful interests "attack" back. On page 3 of The Social Reality it…
Pearson/Allyn & Bacon.
Maher, Bill. (2002). When you ride ALONE you ride with bin Laden. Beverly Hills:
New Millennium Press.
His impetuous style however drove him in a series of aviation accidents that often caused the concern of his close ones. In this sense, he experienced three close calls from having a plane crash, once during practice run in Texas, the second time because of flying too low in Spain, and the third one in Virginia. Although these experiences point out a sense of carelessness, they are also relevant for a courageous and free spirit.
There are certain moments that are defining for establishing the true nature of one's character. Often these moments come at a time of great need and suffering and underline the best qualities in an individual. The early adulthood of John McCain was deeply marked by the war in Vietnam, as that of many young people in the 1970s America. Due to his abilities as a good aviator, he became involved in the war, motivated by…
Keepandshare. John McCain biography. 2007. Accessed 23 February 2008, at http://www.keepandshare.com/doc/view.php?u=63650
McCain. Ready from day one. 2008. Accessed 23 February 2008, at http://www.johnmccain.com/About/
McCain, John. Why Courage Matters? New York: Random House, 2004.
McCain, John, Character is Destiny. New York: Random House, 2005.
At the same time, the socialist views of Karl Marx and Frederic Engels came to be known in Russia and offered the intellectuals a new consideration of the relation between work, remuneration, and the relationship between the worker and its employer. This in turn created a new sense of national unity and a reconsideration of what nationality really meant.
Taking all these perspectives into account, it is essential that the precise reason for the revolution. First and foremost, there was a need for change and the socialist views considered that change cannot occur through evolution, but rather revolution. In this sense, at the time, it was considered that the tsarist rule had brought the Russian empire to its ruin through the constant attempts to support social exclusion and differentiation. Thus, "for more than a century Russia's progressive forces stubbornly and tirelessly labored for the destruction of the most despotic governmental…
Basil, John. "Russia and the Bolshevik Revolution. Russian Review." The Editors and Board of Trustees of the Russian Review, 1968.
Don Levine, Isaac. The Russian Revolution. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1917.
Hobsbawm, Eric. The Age of Empire 1875-1914. Oxford: Abacus, 1995.
Jahn, Hubertus. Patriotic Culture in Russia During World War I. Ithaca,.: Cornell University Press, 1995.
The free election of Hitler as a ruler was soon adopted by the Nazis' philosophy and Hitler was presented as a man of the people. The Nazis inoculated into people's mind the idea that since they had chosen Hitler as their ruler, he must be the right man.
All in all, the Gleichschaltung philosophy was aimed at subjugating and controlling the people and it was done through the manipulation of people into achieving the Reich's goals. As such, the Gleichschaltung philosophy was that of eliminating all individual features and unifying the population's objectives in the direction desired by the Nazis.
3. The Gleichschaltung philosophy as applied by the Gestapo and the SS
In order to gain control over the people, the Nazi thinkers needed the support of military and police forces. The necessary aid came from the Geheimes Staatspolizei-Amt or Gestapo and from the Schutzstaffel, or the SS. The…
Feuchtwanger, E., Nazi Gleichschaltung, Volume 7, Number 2, History on the Web, http://www.history-ontheweb.co.uk/concepts/concept72_gleichschaltung.htm , last accessed on October 19, 2007
Orlow, D., the History of the Nazi Party: 1933-1945, Canadian Journal of Political Science, Vol. 7, No.3, Sept 1974
Evans, J.R., the Third Reich in Power, 1933-1939, New York, Penguin, 2005
Browder, G.C., Hitler's Enforces: The Gestapo and the SS Security Service in the Nazi Revolution, the American Historical Review, Vol. 103, No. 3, June 1998
The authors go on to say that America has also forced their extreme versions of free capitalism and true democracy on the rest of the world, including into many places where those concepts really do not work. The American corporations that move into those areas control what food is eaten as well as grown there, and the conglomerates in the media bury most of the native culture of these other places under a strong onslaught full of American entertainment.
The authors, Sardar and Davies, address all of these issues with insight and research. The chapters in which they address culture very strongly, however, become somewhat repetitive and almost whiny on occasion. However, the authors are not saying that everyone has to agree with everything that they say. Even without agreeing with them completely, it is very easy to see that there are good reasons why many people do not like…
Sardar, Ziauddin & Davies, Merryl Wyn. (2003). Why do people hate America? Icon Books Ltd.; 2 Rev ed.
For example, he says, "Whatever the dangers of the action we take, the dangers of inaction are far, far greater" (Blair One). Bush's remarks are far harsher and already allude to many of the controversial actions Bush will take to "win the war on terror." He says, "Our response involves far more than instant retaliation and isolated strikes. Americans should not expect one battle, but a lengthy campaign, unlike any other we have ever seen. It may include dramatic strikes, visible on TV, and covert operations, secret even in success" (Bush).
While both men advocate quick retribution and continued action against terrorists, Blair's speech seems far more balanced and humane. He says, "This is the moment to bring the faiths closer together in understanding of our common values and heritage, a source of unity and strength" (Blair Two). Bush attempts to bring the American people together as well, but uses…
Blair, Tony. "Tony Blair's Speech (part one)." GardianUnlimited.com. 2 Oct. 2001. 28 Feb. 2007. http://politics.guardian.co.uk/labour2001/story/0,1414,562006,00.html
Tony Blair's Speech (part two)." GardianUnlimited.com. 2 Oct. 2001. 28 Feb. 2007. http://politics.guardian.co.uk/labourconference2001/story/0,1220,561988,00.html
Bush, George W. "Address to a Joint Session of Congress and the American People." WhiteHouse.gov. 20 Sept. 2001. 28 Feb. 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/09/20010920-8.html
Sledge was instructed during basic training that if fighting "Japs," he should "kick him [a Japanese soldier] in the balls before he kicks you in yours," and was counseled that knives were especially effective fighting the Japanese because of their underhanded tactics. (18) The Japanese enemies were seen as less ethical and more desperate combatants than the Germans, because of their kamikaze warplane tactics. The idea of the Germans as more compassionate adversaries seems ironic in light of the revelations of the Nazi death camps in the aftermath of V-E day, but Sledge's account shows how, at the time, racial views of 'the enemy' permeated even the American side. The eyewitness depiction of this attitude also shows why Japanese-American's patriotism was called into question by the American government over the course of the war, unlike German-American's patriotism.
Sledge's book even contains photographs of dead Japanese soldiers, lying on the fields…
Sledge, E.B. With the Old Breed. New York: Oxford, 1990.
It is noteworthy that most recently the government started soliciting opinions from legal academies, interested groups and the general public when drafting a major piece of legislation, to achieve democratic lawmaking and advance further compliance with the law (Lo, V.I., 2007).
The most important economic event at this stage or in the years following the 1978 economic reform in China is undoubtedly its accession to WTO at the end of 2001. Following 15 years of numerous negotiations and adjustments of policies, China eventually entered the mainstream world economy and started enjoying the benefits and facing the challenges of WTO.
In response to WTO requirements, China underwent a "make-over" in many aspects. A brief summary of China's WTO promises is shown in Figure 9A. According to the WTO agreement, China is subject to reviews by the WTO in the 8 years following its accession. The most recent one was announced in…
Bailey, P., China in the Twentieth Century. 2nd ed. 2001: Wiley-Blackwell. 296.
Brainard, S. Lael, "An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity-Concentration Trade-off between Multinationals Sales and Trade," American Economic Review, Sep. 1997, pp. 520-544.
Chow, G.C., THE IMPACT OF JOINING WTO ON CHINA'S ECONOMIC, LEGAL AND POLICAL INSTITUTIONS, in International Conference on Greater China and the WTO. 2001:Hong Kong.
Clarke, D.C., Legislating for a Market Economy in China. The China Quarterly, 2007(191): p.567-585.
In chapter "Majesty," Colley argues that with George III in the late eighteen-century, the British began to define royal culture as interlinked with patriotism. The royal family became a focus of patriotic attention and George III was beloved by his people. In chapter "Womanpower," Colley brings the readers' attention to the role of ordinary women who became active participants in defining national identity. Women, she argues, were not confined to the household but became increasingly vocal about their role in the society. In "Manpower," Colley discusses how joining the war efforts against foreign invaders became a symbol of patriotism, especially for the Scots and Welshmen who also thought economic benefits in this endeavor.
The final chapter and the conclusion deal with the reforms of the early eighteenth century and the early Victorian era. The British passed the Catholic emancipation, compromising Protestantism's role in cementing British identity (p. 361), but the…
After laying out her thesis in the introduction, Colley dedicates each chapter to a specific theme. In Chapter 1, she argues that Protestantism played an important role in forming the British identity, as the wars against French were increasingly viewed as religious wars. In Chapter 2, she discusses the role of profit and how investing in British patriotism became profitable in a rising commercial economy. In the next two chapters, Colley talks about empire-builders who came together for an imperial project around the world. For example, the Scots contributed significantly to the formation of the British identity by becoming model imperialists. It might be noted here that the role of Irish might not support Colley's overall thesis -- the Irish, like the French, were Catholics, after all -- but Colley does not discuss the Irish much in these chapters.
In chapter "Majesty," Colley argues that with George III in the late eighteen-century, the British began to define royal culture as interlinked with patriotism. The royal family became a focus of patriotic attention and George III was beloved by his people. In chapter "Womanpower," Colley brings the readers' attention to the role of ordinary women who became active participants in defining national identity. Women, she argues, were not confined to the household but became increasingly vocal about their role in the society. In "Manpower," Colley discusses how joining the war efforts against foreign invaders became a symbol of patriotism, especially for the Scots and Welshmen who also thought economic benefits in this endeavor.
The final chapter and the conclusion deal with the reforms of the early eighteenth century and the early Victorian era. The British passed the Catholic emancipation, compromising Protestantism's role in cementing British identity (p. 361), but the British also passed several other reforms, most importantly the abolition of slavery. This allowed the British to see themselves as distinct and superior from the rest of Europe and the United States. Colley concludes that the reforms were possible primarily due to wars the British were engaged. She adds that another set of sweeping reforms would not be possible until the wars of the twentieth century (women's suffrage in 1918 and the establishment of the welfare state in 1950s). Though provocative, her conclusion is convincing.
The novels "Catch-22" and "Something Happened" demonstrates the inevitable presence of black humor, irrationality and immorality that prevails in times of war or conflict in human society, as humans pursue power and superiority -- that is, survival (of the fittest).
Outlining of the three major themes discussed in the paper, namely: black humor, irrationality, and immorality in Catch-22, mainly centering on the characters in the novel. Comparison of "Catch-22" against another Heller novel, "Something Happened."
Illustrations of lack Humor in "Catch-22" vis-a-vis "Something Happened"
Demonstrations of irrationality in "Catch-22" vis-a-vis "Something Happened"
Presence of immorality in "Catch-22" vis-a-vis "Something Happened"
Heller's consistent portrayal of humanity as ultimately irrational and immoral portrays humans' innate need to survive regardless of the means by which they achieve it (survival).
Conclusion: Reiteration of the thesis statement
lack Humor, Irrationality and Immorality of Human Society as Portrayed in Joseph Heller's novels (Catch-22…
Cochran, D. (2000). America Noir: Underground Writers and Filmmakers of the Postwar Era. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Coker, C. (2003). Humane Warfare. NY: Taylor & Francis.
Doody, M. (1996). The True Story of the Novel. NJ: Rutgers UP.
Garrett, D. (2001). "Portrait of the Artist, As an Old Man." World Literature Today, Vol. 75, Issue 1.
Mercy Otis Warren "wrestled valiantly throughout her life with the problem of finding time for writing and reflection," Kerber explains on page 256. Warren had four children and a "large, elegant household," and while recognizing that the claims on her time - verses her own desire to write - presented no simple answer for her. That said, Kerber claims that Warren took the issues of republican motherhood "more seriously" than "virtually any other woman of her generation."
What are some of those republican motherhood issues that Warren took so seriously? For one thing, Warren envied unmarried women who, she said, were "...free from those constant interruptions that necessarily occupy the mind of the wife, the mother, and the mistress" (Kerber 256). That said, it was apparent that not only did Warren spend a bit of time being envious of those who didn't have as much domestic work to do as…
He spent most of his life working for the government. fter his combat service, he was became a spokesperson for the Defense Department in the Public ffairs Department (PD) in the 1970s, when the Vietnam War was still brewing. He also became vice commander of the Military irlift Command (MC) in Vietnam and the North merican ir Defense Command (NORD) because of his work at the PD.
To give a sense of what fueled James' ambition, the author James McGovern conducted a number of interviews with people close to the airman's life, including "Chappie's" mother Lillie James, who worked to imbue her son with a strong sense of self, growing up in the segregated South of Pensacola, Florida. It was from her that James learned that individuals should be judged upon their accomplishments and performance, not upon their skin color. James always believed that if he worked hard, and was…
Although James is most famous for his fourth star and his unique role as a prominent black spokesperson for the military during a time when the American government was under increasing fire at home because of the disproportionate number of African-Americans serving in Vietnam, perhaps the most memorable and defining moment of James' career came in the Middle East. In 1967 when James was the commander of the American airbase located in Libya. After Colonel Khadafy assumed power the Libyan leader demanded that the United States turn over the base to his control. James became the chief negotiator with the new, hostile regime. He had to protect his troops without inciting a military or public relations firestorm.
James was in a difficult position in Libya. The United States, because of its support for Israel, was extremely unpopular in the region. Also, much of the international community had turned against the U.S. because of the Vietnam War. Khadafy tried to bait the Americans into a show-down by trying to storm the base, and at one point James and Khadafy, both armed, had a face-to-face encounter that fortunately did not result in an international incident. James' cool management of the base was a decisive factor in his promotion to Brigadier General by President Richard Nixon.
Perhaps James' greatest legacy is to the African-American men and women who serve in the armed forces today. He is often presented as a model of uncompromising patriotism, but his patriotism was not won at the expense of his dignity or ambition. James died of a heart attack in 1977, after retiring because of his poor health, but his legacy lives on.
Charismatic vs. servant leadership
The career of General Colin Powell is by any measure an extraordinary one. Powell was the first African-American Secretary of State and a much-talked about candidate for the presidency in his own right. From the very beginning of his career, Powell eluded conventional definitions of what it means to be black in American politics and created a unique brand of charismatic leadership. Powell self-identified as a Republican but was unafraid to be an advocate for a different point-of-view when debates about the Iraq War raged within in the administration of George ush. Powell saw the involvement of the U.S. In Iraq as a flagrant contradiction of the principles he had learned while serving in Vietnam, which was to have a clear goal for an intervention; to use military force in a rapid fashion; and also to establish the support of the American people for…
Blanken, Rhea. "8 Common Leadership Styles." ASSOCIATIONS NOW, January 2013.
http://www.asaecenter.org/Resources/ANowDetail.cfm?ItemNumber=241962 accessed 26 Aug 2013)
Butler, G. "Humane leadership." Marine Corps Gazette, 96(2012) 8, 21-25. Available:
End Game of Globalization
"Nothing is more insidious than the liberal fain of equality between people who are demonstrably and desperately unequal…American liberalism, in other words, remade itself to fulfill the task that social democracy fulfilled elsewhere. It became a progressive force, absorbing yet dampening the leftward impulse of socialism…a liberalism quite at home with racism and class exploitation, yet one which responded when necessary to political pressure (as in the granting of female suffrage). Liberalism expanded into a bipolar role of co-opting any progressive urge among the multiracial working class while also viciously repressing that same force when it organized too much of a challenge to the power of capital or the liberal state."
There are many countries that perceive the United States of America as an example of imperialism. There are many cultures that adamantly resist western culture, western practices, and western ideals. They are enraged…
Smith, Neil. (2005) The End Game of Globalization. Routledge: United Kingdom.
great wars of the twentieth century can be classified as "total wars" not because of their far-reaching effects, although many of them have been global wars. Rather, the term "total war" refers more to the all-encompassing effect of war on the cultures involved. Total wars alter civilian mentality and ideology in a way traditional wars do not. Patriotism and nationalism are by no means new concepts; nor is taking civilian casualties a new practice. But since World War One, total wars have taken on new meanings and transformed political ideologies.
The term "total war" seems to have originated during World War One, when the idea of a "People's War" gained popularity. As burgeoning nationalism changed the face of European geographical boundaries, national identities fostered a fresh sense of patriotism. The 19th century saw the unification of Germany following a series of battles that incidentally led up to the First World…
History Syllabus Has Us Gasping': History in Canada Schools -- Past, Present, and Future" by Ken Osborne
Canada's history as a nation goes as far back during the 10th-16th centuries, where prehistoric civilization and eventual colonization of its people happened. After the colonial period, Canada finally achieved its freedom from the ritish and French forces in 19th century, where the American Revolution and War of 1812 that occurred in the United States influenced Canada's freedom from colonial rule.
Thus, as the 20th century arrived, Canada is rebuilding its country as a nation. Social institutions were established, which includes the educational system, considered as an essential tool in developing Canada's citizens as future leaders and providers to the country's progress. After two world wars that left the whole world crippled, Canadians had once again rebuilt their nation during the years 1930s-1940s, wherein significant social changes have occurred. These social changes involves…
Osborne, K. (2000). 'Our History Syllabus Has Us Gasping': History in Canadian Schools -- Past, Present, and Future. Canadian Historical Review, 81:3.
culture of hatred and paranoia that currently flourishes in the United States has been festering for generations. As Minutaglio & Davis (2013) show in Dallas 1963, the tenor of political discourse had become thoroughly irrational and beyond comprehension. The Kennedy assassination in many ways epitomizes the culture of Dallas and its compatriot regions throughout right-wing America. acism and bigotries of all types were supported openly, just as they are today and especially in light of there being a black President. A strange and hypocritical brand of hyper-patriotism also swept through the streets of Dallas in the 1960s. ather than propose constructive solutions or add to intelligent political discourse, the antagonists in Dallas chose what can only be called a bellicose course of action in which violence is the consequence.
Minutaglio & Davis open the narrative prior to the election of Kennedy to provide some background and historical and cultural context.…
Minutaglio, B. & Davis, S.L. (2013). Dallas 1963. New York: Hachette.
William Shakespeare and Robert Burns are both iconic figures in the UK. Also known as the Bard of Avon, Shakespeare is often regarded as England’s national poet. Shakespeare is also considered the world’s greatest English writer and dramatist. During his time, Shakespeare authored tens of plays, over a hundred sonnets, and several narrative poems and verses (Marche, 2012). Shakespeare’s work has been translated into virtually all major languages of the world. Also, his work is performed more regularly than any other work. Robert Burns, born close to one and a half centuries after the death of Shakespeare, was also a prominent poet. Similar to Shakespeare, Burns is regarded as Scotland’s national poet (Hogg, 2008). Referred to as the Bard of Ayrshire, Burns is also recognised worldwide for his work (Cairney, 2000). As poets and playwrights, both Shakespeare and Burns have substantially influenced English literature and language as well as…