1000 results for “Portfolio Management”.
Joy Global's success is tied to the cyclical mining industry. The firm's current P/E is 12.38, indicating a mature operating environment. As commodities markets begin to improve, growth in the mining business will pick up. Increased growth will improve Joy's multiple, perhaps up to 15 times. This will give the company a stock price of $64.95.
CTrip has a P/E of 77.21, very high but supported by the firm's high growth rate. Interest in China tourism will continue to grow at a faster rate than overall economic growth. As a result, the multiple is justified. Earnings will continue to improve at their historic rate, given the company an expected future share value of $143.61.
Gerdau's success is tied to industrial development in Brazil. The P/E is currently 64.40, which indicates a high level of growth. The Brazilian has performed well in recent years, but its growth is volatile. Gerdau's growth…
The projects portfolio was handled by a head that had the people who concentrated fully in projects implementation, the Human esource department on the other concentrated on rewards like benefits, compensation and pensions, resourcing, organizational development and design, employee relations and development and learning. However, over the years, many organizations have been continually undergoing alignment, which means integration of the decisions about the employees with the decisions about the results that the organization is striving to achieve.
Jeff Sacht, (2010) points out the fact that many organizations have moved to the consultative partnering roles rather than the autonomous departmental confines. This alignment has integrated almost all departments into the firms planning process, stressing on each departments engagements and activities that contribute to the wider mission and goal of the firm as well as make stronger the ties and relationships between the departments and the management, one of them being the…
Jeff Sacht, (2010). Integrated Line Management and HR Planning. Retrieved August 30, 2011
Plan View Inc., (2011). Enterprise Portfolio Management. Retrieved August 30, 2011
portfolio management "ensures that projects have a set of objectives, which when followed brings about the expected results" (Project portfolio management, 2013, Tutorials Point). Some of the tools of project management include the following: cost and benefits analysis; progress reports; planning of resources; deploying systematic methods of evaluating and scheduling projects; and creating a continual loop of communication within the organization. To facilitate this process requires organizational leadership that can establish a clear vision and overall goals, yet also is able to communicate with every level of the hierarchy regarding changes in the environment. The development of systematized processes for planning and resource allocation are essential, given that the planning of projects (which are often contingent upon one another and use overlapping resources) is just as important as the selection of high-quality projects.
"Organizations that have achieved best practice have a clear understanding of the value creation process. They have…
Best practices portfolio management. 2013. Priority System. Available from:
http://www.prioritysystem.com/reasons6b.html (21 September 2013)
Kerzner, H. 2010. Project management: Best practices: Achieving global excellence, 293 -- 296
Project portfolio management. 2013. Tutorials Point. Available from:
Portfolio Management Project
Selected 10 companies
purchase date purchase price
Industry/Sector: Technology/Personal Computer -- Investment Style: Large Growth
Communications Systems Inc.
Industry/Sector: Technology/Data Storage -- Investment Style: Small Growth
Joy Global Inc.
Industry/Sector: Farm/Const/Mach -- Investment Style: Large Growth
Industry/Sector: Consumer Services -- Investment Style: International
Industry/Sector: Steal & Iron -- Investment Style: International
Aereas Inteligentes SA
Industry/Sector: egional Airline -- Investment Style: International
Coffee oasters Inc.
Industry/Sector: Processed Pkgd gds -- Investment Style: Small Growth
io Tinto PLC
10/21 / 2009
Industry/Sector: Steal & Iron -- Investment Style: International
Industry/Sector: Steal & Iron -- Investment Style: International
Industry/Sector: estaurants -- Investment Style: Small Growth
Investing today is about taking advantage of growth from a broader…
Reference Model (OSI) Layer 2-3 switches and routers, which enable the use of bandwidth-intensive network business applications and digital entertainment on local area networks and wide area networks. Its Application Delivery Controller segment offers OSI Layer 4-7 switches that allow enterprises and service providers to build network infrastructures to direct the flow of traffic, as well as provides file area network products and associated management solutions. The company's Global Services segment includes break/fix maintenance, extended warranty, installation, consulting, network management, related software maintenance, and telecommunications services that assist customers in designing, implementing, deploying, and managing networking solutions, as well as post-contract customer support and customer support services. It offers its products and services to end-user customers directly and through various distribution partners, including original equipment manufacturers, distributors, systems integrators, and value-added resellers in the United States, western Europe, Japan, and the greater Asia Pacific region. The company was founded in 1995 and is headquartered in San Jose, California. (Yahoo Finance)
Industry: Data Storage Devices
BRCD SECTOR / INDUSTRY MEMBERSHIP
In fact, an incoherent approach to it can lead to negative effects such as escalation of costs and lowering of efficiencies. It portfolio management addresses this key issue right from the conceptual stage of projects. The portfolio approach ensures that it projects are implemented with shared commitment, within the statutory framework. Some of the important measures implemented are:
Collaborative decision making for key and large scale projects
Stakeholder commitment and support for successful implementation of it projects
Internal stakeholders justify the it projects to external stakeholders and accountable for successful implementation
Stakeholders offer expertise and grant resources to address and overcome the project challenges at various stages
Specific project requirements are in line with the common-user, shared, state it infrastructure
Strategic value of it portfolio management: Four investment categories have been identified in the portfolio approach, within which every it investment can be measured in terms of strategic value to…
Bicknell, D. (9 July 1998) "Clark Kent holds Keys to Project Success" Computer Weekly
Chaffey, D; Bocij, P; Greasley, a; Hickie, S. (2003) "Business Information Systems" Financial Times: Prentice Hall
Department of Information Services. "Characteristics of Portfolio-based it Management" available at http://www.dis.wa.gov/portfolio/html_files/itportfoliomanagementpolicy.htm. Accessed on 10 October, 2004
James, J. (August 20, 2004) "Portfolio Management Courts CIOs" CIO Information Network. Available at www.cioupdate.com/trends/article.php/3397761Accessed on 10 October, 2004
Having wealth is one thing; managing hat wealth in an effective manner such that it produces more wealth at an efficient rate is quite another. As a great deal of wealth ends up in the stock market -- where wealth can be quickly created and even more quickly eroded -- understanding how to conduct a comparison of stocks is essential for proper portfolio management. There are many different considerations that should be taken into account when selecting stocks, but one simple and straightforward method of analysis is to simply compare the past performance of stocks that are being considered. Both the price changes and the volatility of past stocks performance can be an indicator of the risk and rewards associated with a given stock, especially in comparison with other potential investments, and this can lead to a better decision regarding which investment to select for the…
During the aftermath of current corporate scandals, administrators and scientists have directed their focus to concerns towards management of ethical values. We determine 3 popular misconceptions about organization integrity and offer responses which are grounded theoretically, groundwork, and organization cases. Even though the study of organization ethics is fairly brand new, theory and groundwork can be found that may direct professionals who're attempting to better handle their workforce and their very own moral conduct (Corina and oxana, 2011). We suggest that moral behavior be handled actively by way of specific honorable leadership as well as informed administration of the company's ethical culture.
The current century has taken business ethics scandals which have damaged countless workers as well as shareholders, and delivered shock waves all through the business community. The scams have created "perp walks" as well as regulation backlash, and company ethical values are yet again a popular subject.…
Corina, G., & Roxana, S. (2011). Comparative study on corporate governance. Annals Of The University Of Oradea, Economic Science Series, 20(2), 674-680.
Fouchet, R., & Keramidas, O. (2010). Organizational morality: The ecosystem of public utilities. Journal Of U.S.-China Public Administration, 7(9), 1-14.
Hanford, M.F. (2007). Establishing portfolio management governance: key components. Portfolio management governance, White paper.
Othman, Z., & Rahman, R. (2011). Exploration of Ethics as Moral Substance in the Context of Corporate Governance. Asian Social Science, 7(8), 173-182.
management has to do with the knowledge of the resources a company uses in running their daily affairs. It also involves effective projection of additional resources that could be needed along the way, and the maximization of the available resources. Maximizing the efficiency of the available resources and the ability to put some of them in reserve are part of Cost Management. Some scholars define cost management as the of cost setting up systems of accounting and models for the provision of guidance in relation to current and future operations in order to achieve specified objectives. They also believe that analyzing and interpreting cost information is vital and aids the processes of decision making. Basically, between a client and a contractor, cost management refers to the final cost of a construction project (Dubois, 2003).
The major reason for the analysis of cost management is to find a more effective final…
Ansari, S., Swenson, D., Bell, J. And Kim, W. (2003): Best Practice in Target Costing. Management Accounting Quarterly, Winter 2003, Vol.4, No.2, pp.12-17.
Baker, W. (2002): Eliminate Non-Value-Added Costs. Industrial Management, May/June 2002, Vol.44, Issue 3, pp.22-27.
Carr, D. And Smith R. (2000): Change Management. In: Brinker, B. (ed.): Guide To Cost Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York, pp.128-143.
Cokins, G. (2001): Activity-Based Cost Management: An Executive's Guide. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
teaching profession in order to help students achieve various things.
Goals for students are for example assessed in terms of problem solving, critical thinking, lifelong learning, and thinking independently. Further goals may include personal traits such as persistence, flexibility, motivation, and self-confidence. Portfolios are also helpful to reveal the work processes of students. Teachers can then help students to develop processes through which to monitoring their own learning, and be able to perceive when there is a need to adjust.
Portfolio assessment is also valuable to the teacher in communicating value to the students. Classroom values are those things that are important to the teacher, and the teacher should communicate this adequately to the students. Through portfolio assessment then, both teachers and students receive information from each other about the situation in class and about what can realistically be expected.
Assessment should be integrated with instructions to reflect current instruction…
Adams, Dennis, and Mary E. Hamm.(1992). "Portfolio Assessment and Social Studies: Collecting, Selecting, and Reflecting on What Is Significant." Social Education 56.2,103-105.
Arter, J.A. (1995). "Portfolios for Assessment and Instruction." ERIC Digest. http://www.ericfacility.net/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed388890.html
Broad, Bob. "Reciprocal Authorities in Communal Writing Assessment: Constructing Textual Value within a'New Politics of Inquiry.'"(1997). Assessing Writing 4.2,133-167.
Yancey, K.B. (1992). Portfolios in the writing classroom. Urbana, Illinois: National Council of Teachers of English.
The performance of each team member depends on the performance of all others, this being a team project. Constraints include time and financial resources; as such improvement requires permanent improvement effort.
isk Management. No risk has been identified related to the project's completion.
Monitoring and Controlling Mechanisms. The data analysts will develop a metric system to measure each member's performance on a weekly basis. This weekly performance will be submitted to the project manager for potential adjustments.
V. Operations management plan
Operations Strategy. An easy way to understand the meaning of operations strategy is to break the word into the two separate words: operations and strategy - these words being the opposite of each other (Slack & Lewis, 2002). 'Operations' is about the functions and procedures regarding the day-to-day processes, while 'strategy' is about the direction and scope of an organisation over a long period of time. The operations strategy…
Aberdeen Group. 2008. Operational KPIs and Performance Management -- Are Your Daily Decisions Based on Fact?, http://www.aberdeen.com/
Cooper, M. & Lambert D. 2000. Issues in Supply Chain Management. Industrial Marketing Management, vol. 29: pp. 65-83.
Johnson, J. C. And Wood, D.F. 1996. Contemporary Logistics, N.J.: Prentice Hall Upper Saddle Creek.
Keah C.R.K. And Handfield, R.B. 1998 .Supply Chain Management: Supplier Performance and Firm Performance. International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management: pp.2-9.
The World ank model centers on a five-person team called the Performance Advisory Service or PAS (Yandrick 1995). PAS trains supervisors to analyze work performance and personality problems. The supervisor first determines if a skill deficiency is involved or there are personal and environmental factors. He does this by reviewing the employee's records in search of troubled behavioral patterns; consulting with work team leaders, colleagues and support staff in investigating possible problems within the organization; and/or directly exploring the employee's work performance and conduct.
In the last option, the supervisor may ask or remind the employee about the consequence of poor performance; if he or she is being rewarded for poor or nonperformance; if performance matters to him or her; if there are health or stress factors conducing to his or her poor or low-level performance; or if there are external stimuli behind it. Armed now with the different angles…
Brown, J. (1992). How Would You Handle These Prickly Management Problems? Medical Laboratory Observer: Nelson Publishing. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3230/is_n11_v24/ai_13806643
Business Wire. (1999) a.M. Best Company Says Technology Can Solve Insurance Management Problems. Gale Group 2000. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3MKT/is_n78_v97/ai_56542486
Day, CM. (1987). Three Diagnostic Clues to Management Problems. Medical Laboratory Observer: Nelson Publishing. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3230/is_v19/ai_5118836
Heisler, DL. (1989). The Wrong Response to Today's Problems. American Metal Market. Reed Business Information. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3MKT/is_n78_v97/ai_7565287
By using this type of planning, any company can simulate what would take place in a crisis, and can determine what would be done if it were to actually occur. The old adage of "practice makes perfect" may seem very cliche, but there is some truth to the statement. Even though no company wants or expects to have a crisis in it or technology, the companies that are truly prepared for just about every eventuality will be the companies that have the smallest amount of damage based on the significance of the crisis that takes place (Dezenhall & Weber, 2007). A contingency plan has to stipulate who will perform what activities, so that there is no confusion about that issue during a crisis. This is especially true with a spokesperson, because there should only be one person who is designated to speak for the company and who will provide information…
Barton, L. (2007). Crisis leadership now: A real-world guide to preparing for threats, disaster, sabotage, and scandal. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Dezenhall, E. & Weber, J. (2007). Damage control: Why everything you know about crisis management is wrong. New York, NY: Portfolio Hardcover.
Ulmer, R.R., Sellnow, T.L., & Seeger, M.W. (2006). Effective crisis communication: Moving from crisis to opportunity. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Innovation in its simplest form can be termed as something new or newly introduced into the market. Innovation in the business field is quite necessary since it forms the backbone of a company's growth and that of the economy as a whole. Innovation is the success of every business and must be managed effectively and efficiently (Limerick, 2002).
The ever changing technology and instant global communication have made it easier for companies to find answers to some problems they encounter and more so come up with innovations to improve on the current ones. Companies are also faced with pressures arising from global competition and by this; most of them are seeking the need to manage their innovations. Companies are nowadays attracting and managing innovations by having rewards or prizes for individuals within the company who manages to come up with brilliant and innovative concepts. This will give the…
AFUAH, A. 2003. Innovation Management: Strategies, Implementation, and Profits, New York and Oxford, Oxford University Press.
ALEXY, O. & REITZIG, M. 2012. Managing the business risks of open innovation. McKinsey Quarterly, 17-21.
BROWN & HELEN 2008. Knowledge and innovation: a comparative study of the U.S.A., the UK, and Japan London Routledge.
DANNEELS, E. 2002. The Dynamics of Product Innovation and Firm Competences. Strategic Management Journal, 23, 1095-1121.
1 billion and operating ratio improving to 71.1%, both being all-time annual records" (CSX 10-K Filing. 2010).
Perhaps most critical in the MD&A section is the dissection and explication of the financial condition of the company. Management speaks to investors on all aspects of financial performance covered by the disclosure in the 10-K of financial statements including: balance sheet, income statement, statement of cash flows, and statement of stockholder's equity. This detailed explanation of financial performance allows management to discuss company operations in terms of financial condition and health both in the present and in future reporting periods. For CSX the management cites improving economic conditions, cost controls, and infrastructure development as crucial to increases in operating income.
While it is crucial for investors to understand that the "MD&A section is unaudited" (Investopedia. N.D.), it is also an investor's best tool for digging into the fundamentals of the company's operations…
CSX 10-K Annual Filing. (2010). CSX. CNBC. Retrieved June 27, 2011 from http://apps.cnbc.com/resources/asp/getReportPdf.asp?docKey=169-11623193-7SOUFPJJC7GS3DFL664UC89PI7&docType=PDF
In October 2005, EXXON had to pay a $8.7 million civil penalty, while at the same time spending $9.7 million on community environmental projects. In my opinion, these are unnecessary costs that can be eliminated in the future with an adequate financing for research and development in environmental protection and pollution reduction.
The marketing segment also needs an increased attention in 2006. For example, on the gasoline market, EXXON brands such as Mobil or Esso are already well-known throughout the world. Nevertheless, the specificity of the industry brings about the necessity to constantly promote these brands. How is an Esso gas station different from a Shell or Texaco one? EXXON needs to think out marketing campaigns deemed to bring out the main competitive advantages over other companies on the market: excellent service, better quality gasoline (going hand in hand with the spending in research and development in this segment, previously…
1. Exxon Mobil to spend $571m upgrading refineries. Reuters. October 2005. On the Internet at http://www.financialexpress.com/fe_full_story.php?content_id=105423
2. Blum, Justin. Exxon Mobil's first quarter earnings shoot up. Mail Tribune. April 2005. On the Internet at http://www.mailtribune.com/archive/2005/0429/biz/stories/04biz.htm
In Discussions week, project portfolio management selecting projects. Explain meaning statement. The books suppose additional resources: Kerzner, H. (2010) Project management practices: achieving global excellence.
"Project portfolio management is more than selecting projects"
Managing a project portfolio can be analogized to managing an investment portfolio. While the selection of the component entities of the portfolio are certainly important, it is not enough to merely select good investments -- these 'investments' or projects must be managed. "By optimizing, balancing and continually fine-tuning their portfolios, active investors try to maximize short- and long-term returns and reduce overall risk, thereby achieving larger financial and/or business objectives" (Hays 2011). Similarly, the managers of the project "can identify, evaluate and rank investment opportunities. They can direct resources to the highest-payback projects and cull marginal ones. They can target expenditures more effectively to the most worthwhile initiatives and optimize their performance and execution" (Hays…
Hays, Ian S. (2011). Managing the project. Consulting Services. Retrieved:
Kerzner, H. (2010) Project management best practices: achieving global excellence. 2nd ed.
Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.
Mapping technologies ensures that all technologies in the call center are geared towards achieving a specific goal. Having identified the needs of the call center, mapping the required technologies ensures that mechanisms are in place to meet these needs.
Using technology road mapping, the call center is able to plan and coordinate any technological developments. This way any technology developments will have a specific purpose, and unnecessary developments can be avoided. This will save the call center revenue as only required technologies will be developed. Mapping technologies also assists in identifying technologies that have become obsolete. Obsolete technologies could be costing the call center in terms of profits as their maintenance and support does not contribute to the call center's performance. Obsolete technologies, or technologies that are not been used would then be removed, and only required and relevant technologies would be used within the call center.
Butler, D.L. (2004). Bottom-Line Call Center Management. Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4SB: Taylor & Francis.
Loader, D., & Biggs, G. (2002). Managing technology in the operations function [electronic resource]. Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Maizlish, B., & Handler, R. (2010). It (Information Technology) Portfolio Management Step-by-Step: Unlocking the Business Value of Technology. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Millett, S.M., & Honton, E.J. (1991). A manager's guide to technology forecasting and strategy analysis methods. Columbus, OH: Battelle Press.
Project schedule and risk management are some of the most important components of project management. These components play a crucial role in project planning, which is a process used to organize various areas of a project such as workloads and management of the project team. Project schedule basically refers to a listing of the activities or tasks, milestones, and deliverables of a project that includes the expected start and finish dates ("Project Scheduling," n.d.). isk management is a process through which a project manager and team predicts risks, estimates impacts of these risks on the project, and describe reactions to these issues. This process usually involves the preparation of a risk management plan or outline in order to accomplish these goals.
Definition of What Needs to be Done:
One of the most important aspects to consider when developing a project schedule is all the work that needs to be completed.…
Harris, S. (n.d.). How to Implement An Effective Risk Management Team. Retrieved January 23,
"Project Schedule Development." (n.d.). Mind Tools -- Essential Skills for An Excellent Career.
Retrieved January 23, 2014, from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newPPM_71.htm
In my opinion, this is one of the most important and difficult phases of the process and UMT has developed an unique tool, a tool which represented a significant part of its success on the market. Selecting the projects is not only an economics activity where a company is limited by a set of constraints and it needs to work out which projects it should best work on within these limitations. It is also a matter of choosing the projects that best maximise the company's value by having the greatest impact on the company's strategic drivers. The scope is thus two-fold: first of all identifying a set of strategic drivers for the company and, second of all, choosing, in conditions of economic constraints, the projects which have greatest impact on these drivers.
The UMT Portfolio Optimizer has been developed using algorithms that the three partners have developed in the 90s…
A project is defined as a temporary endeavor, usually where a group of people and resources brought together to tackle a specific problem. Project management is necessary in order to ensure that the problem is solved, on time and on budget. Project management is often very task oriented, in particular placing emphasis on how to move through the different stages of the project in order to bring it to fruition. A given project will have a number of specific, finite objectives and a defined time frame. Success for the project will typically reflect whether or not the project's objectives, including that relating to the time frame, where met, which would define a successful project. If they were not met, then perhaps the project would be deemed unsuccessful (Githens, 2011). Where a project manager deals with conflict, it is usually interpersonal conflict or communication issues between members of the…
Githens, G. (2011). Eight distinctions between portfolio management & program management. Leading Strategic Initiatives. Retrieved May 17, 2015 from Discuss the definition, similarities and differences between Project Management, Program Management and Portfolio Management.
Usmani, F. (2012). Project management vs. program management vs. portfolio management. . PM Study Circle. Retrieved May 17, 2015 from http://pmstudycircle.com/2012/03/project-management-vs.-program-management-vs.-portfolio-management/
Strategic Management Analysis of Maersk Shipping Company
Maersk Shipping Company is a largest global shipping company operating more than 600 ships, recording more than 23,000 bookings daily and 2.2million containers. Maersk can boast of 14.5% of market shares globally because their vessels arrive at ports every 15 minutes. Established in 1904, Maersk operates in more than 130 countries with over 110,000 employees. The company market capitalization was $27.6 billion at the end of 2015 fiscal year. Maersk facilitates the transportation of 14% of global seaborne containers coupled with Damco and APM Terminals, the company offers infrastructure with global demand for energy and global trade. The company offers different services that include Reefer Cargo, Verified Gross Mass, Special cargo, Dry Cargo, and Routenet. However, Maersk derives 40% of their revenues from container business. Despite the superior market advantages that the company has enjoyed in the last few decades, the global economic…
Portfolio diversification as a form of risk management is one of the cornerstones of modern investment theory. According to the theory, the ideally-diversified portfolio is 'deeply diversified' within each asset class and also 'broadly diversified' across all the asset classes within the portfolio (Simon 2010:2). Asset classes consist of "stocks, bonds, real estate, commodities, precious metals and collectibles;" forms of market capitalization (micro-, small-, mid- and large-cap); style; sectors; industry types; and geography (Portfolio diversification, 2012, Investing in mutual funds). The objective of diversification is that "risk has virtually been eliminated within each class" by combining lower and higher-risk assets (Portfolio diversification, 2012, Investing in mutual funds). Theoretically, the perfectly diversified portfolio should incur no additional risks to the investor greater than what is posed by the general market conditions. There is always risk in investment, but portfolio management is designed to minimize the risk.
To achieve this objective,…
Buffet, Warren. 1965. Letter to partners. Value Investing World. Accessed:
Calmar ratio definition. 2012. Investopedia. Accessed:
Portfolio theory is a venture advance that permits investors to approximate both the expected risks and returns, as calculated statistically, for their investment portfolios (Investment Portfolio Management and Portfolio Theory, 2011). This is a very good technique that those in the investment field use in order to get the most out of their investments. This technique can also be used in the human resources arena in order for a company to get the most return on their employees.
H professionals in today's business world act as a partners with line management in order to resolve vital issues and add optimistically to the organizations bottom line. This H-business unit partnership guarantees that H goals are in line with the companies' general plan. The position of the human part of the company and its strategic goals makes sure that the company sustains its competitive edge by dealing with key matters…
Frederickson, Valerie. (n.d.). Risk Management and the HR Executive. Retrieved from http://www.vfandco.com/resources/PDFs/Risk_Management.pdf
Investment Portfolio Management and Portfolio Theory. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.greekshares.com/index-6.php
Ropella, Patrick B. (2009). The competitive advantage.(Human Capital Management). Retreived
investment management in the financial sector. The paper highlights the world's present macroeconomic situation. It further details the macro economic situation and the way it affects investment decisions in several investors. In addition, the paper describes a sample investment programme and provides critical decisions to investors as well as investment vehicles used by the investment moguls. The paper summarises practical exercises in compound investment management growth and the use of capital investment.
Investment management is an important part of the global financial sector, which is key in financing vast business empires. Investment management is incorporated under state laws employing several individuals and creating revenue to key players in the financial market. It is the management of several securities and assets to meet specific objectives for the benefit of the investors. The products used known as investment vehicles can be of minimal risks such as government bonds; carry high risks such…
Development Policies and Anaysis Division. (2012). World Economic Situation and Prospects. Retrieved May Friday, 2012, from www.un.org: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/policy/wesp/index.shtml
B.P.Eregha. (2010). Interest Rate Variation and Investment Determination in Nigeria. International Business Management Journal, 41-46.
Blume, M. (1978). Inflation and Capital Markets. Cambridge: Ballinger.
Contrarian Investor's Journal. (2008, July 6). Effects of inflation on value of investment. Retrieved May Friday, 2012, from www.cij.com: http://cij.inspiriting.com/?p=482#
The John Deere Health Pan was conceived of to provide quality health care at reasonable costs for its many employees, and also for its non-employees in Deere and Company in the states of Illinois and Iowa and Tennessee and Virginia. (McCollum, John Deere Health cultivates successful IT Project Management)
What Michael McCollum felt was that his IT department was like the IT Department at many other corporations, with many more projects than appropriate resources for them, and no practical and effective method with which to prioritize them, and to make a definitive analysis of which project would have a greater impact on the company, and which the least. In the same way, the organization lacked the means by which a particular project could be assigned with appropriate resources to the appropriate person, and more often than not, priority was decided on the requestor's persistent efforts, or on his management skills…
A company may be profitable, but not growing, and vice versa, thus affecting leverage (Aggaral and Zhao, 2007).
b. induce a negative relationship between firm value and leverage; conversely, if a firm is perceived with negative or flat growth, leverage is affected. Interestingly enough, new research shows that there are some micro-factors outside of growth that correlate to value and leverage. These include the way a corporation is managed, the size of the Board, the impression of large dividends and lack of focus on shareholder value, and milking of an industry (e.g. yellow pages in the day of the Internet). In addition, certain governmental regulations that are perceived as heavy handed and/or not conducive to growth or -- what is most critical -- perceived growth have considerable negative effects on leverage. Whether this psychological perception is valid or not, the research does not comment -- but it is surprising that…
Iyer, Khwaja, Luttmer and Shue. (2009). Screening in New Credit Markets. Retrieved July 2010, from Harvard University: www.hks.harvard.edu/fs/akhwaja/papers/PeerLending_09.pdf
THe Economics of Financial Intermediation. (2007, January). Retrieved July 2010, from Oswego.edu: http://www.oswego.edu/~edunne/340ch11.htm
Internal Governance. (2009, January). Retrieved July 2010, from IT Business Edge: http://www.itbusinessedge.com/topics/show.aspx?t=542
Stakeholders - Interests and Power. (2009, January). Retrieved July 2010, from Tutor2u.net: http://tutor2u.net/business/strategy/stakeholders-interests-and-power.html
These types of investments are often illiquid, so the investor needs to view them as long-term investments. However, the lack of liquidity also means that for the most part they have low levels of correlation with the broad market.
Derivatives are another possibility, and their potential impact on the portfolio will be discussed in the next question. They can either increase risk or decrease risk, depending on the type of derivative and how it is used.
Overall, the impact of alternative investments is to reduce the degree to which the portfolio is subject to the equity and fixed income markets. Alternative investments are often used as an ancillary component of the portfolio, to reduce the portfolio's overall volatility but with the hopes that returns will not suffer as a result.
3. Derivatives can be used for a couple of different purposes in a portfolio. The first is to increase leverage…
De Santis, R. & Sarno, L. (2008). Assessing the benefits of international portfolio diversification in bonds and stocks. European Central Bank working paper. Retrieved May 6, 2010 from http://www.ecb.int/pub/pdf/scpwps/ecbwp883.pdf
Driessen, J. & Laeven, L. (no date). International portfolio diversification benefits: Cross-country evidence from a local perspective. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved May 6, 2010 from http://www.luclaeven.com/papers_files/Diversification_JBF_final.pdf
Lhabitant, F. (2000). Derivatives in portfolio management: Why beating the market is easy. EDHEC. Retrieved May 6, 2010 from http://www.edhec-risk.com/edhec_publications/RISKReview1055927251987929638/attachments/EDHEC_WhyBeatingTheMarketIsEasy.pdf
Schweizer, D. (2008). Portfolio optimization with alternative investments. European Business School. Retrieved May 6, 2010 from http://www.wbiconpro.com/339-Schweizer, D.pdfYavas, B. (2007). Findings indicate that co-movements among the U.S., Germany and Japan markets are significant. Pepperdine University. Retrieved May 6, 2010 from http://gbr.pepperdine.edu/072/diversification.html
The Case for Diversification
Deltacom/Earthlink is facing a challenging operating environment. As a regional player in an intensely-competitive market, we face an uncertain future. We acquired Deltacom in order to facilitate future growth, but a quick look at our financials indicates that our growth has flatlined and our profits declined to almost nothing last year (MSN Moneycentral, 2013). One of the issues is that there was considerable overlap between Earthlink and Deltacom, and we felt that this would provide us with synergies, in reality it simply made us bigger without enhancing our operations or reducing our risk. At this point, we probably need a new strategic direction in order to ensure our future survival. Diversification is one of the best strategies to achieve this.
In portfolio management, diversification is a strategy where a number of different types of investments are created in a single portfolio (Investopedia, 2013). The…
Theory (MPT) and its role in asset allocation and diversification. The paper reviews arguments in favor of and against MPT, in addition to reviewing how MPT affects portfolio management.
MPT describes a theory on how risk-averse investors can build portfolios that optimize or maximize expected return based on a given level of market risk, while emphasizing that risk is an inherent factor of higher reward. MPT posits that it is possible to construct an "efficient frontier" of optimal portfolios that offer the maximum possible expected return for a given level of risk (Modern portfolio theory, 2011).
Modern Portfolio Theory
Typically, an investor looking for the ideal investment, would choose one whose attributes included high returns coupled with low risk. The ideal investment probably does not exist, but the search for it has caused financial managers and investment analysts to spend time to develop methods and strategies, many of which are…
Bernstein, W.J. (1996). The expected return of precious metals equity. Retrieved May 31, 2011 from http://www.efficientfrontier.com/ef/197/preci197.htm
McClure, B. (2011). Modern portfolio theory: why it's still hip. Investopedia Web site. Retrieved May 31, 2011 from http://www.investopedia.com /articles/06/MPT.asp
Modern portfolio theory: Dynamic diversification for today's investor. Vision Financial Markets. Retrieved May 31, 2011 from http://www.usafutures.com/modernportfoliotheoryinvesting.pdf
Modern portfolio theory -- MPT. (2011). Investopedia Web site. Retrieved May 31, 2011 from
ISK Management - CAPM and APT
Capital Asset Pricing Model and Arbitrage Pricing Theory
The contemporaneous business community is extremely competitive, meaning as such that the organizational leaders strive harder than ever to overcome the competitive forces. Virtually, they have to hire and retain the best skilled staff members; they have to develop and offer the best quality products and services and they must be able to raise the interest of a vast and large customer base. All these constitute competitive advantages.
Yet, another element which has to be granted the adequate attention is that of the management of assets. The specialized literature offers a multitude of definitions of the concept of asset, yet the underlying idea is basically the same. Stickey, Weil and Schipper (2009) for instance argue that an asset is "a probable future economic benefit that a firm controls because of a past event or transaction" (p.108).…
Bailey, R.E., 2006, The Economics of Financial Markets, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 052184827X
Cheng, B., Tong, H., 2008, Asset Pricing: A Structural Theory and Its Applications, World Scientific, ISBN 9812704558
Fabozzi, F.J., Markowitz, H., 2002, The Theory and Practice of Investment Management, John Wiley and Sons, ISBN 0471228990
Fabozzi, F.J., Focardi, S., Kolm, P.N., 2006, Financial Modelling of the Equity Market: From CAPM to Cointegration, John Wiley and Sons, ISBN 0471699004
For example, client X required a dashboard where each of the projects' variables would have been automatically calculated and a red-yellow-green would have been awarded to each of the project, in order to determine the project's status at a certain moment of time. Another client using the same product required that the red-yellow-green grades should be noted manually, with comments and motivations in each case. As such, for a product that basically had the same functionality, two slightly different versions needed to be created.
Assistance for implementation refers to all operations required for the client to be able to start using the UMT application. In many cases, the client purchases not one, but several tens of licenses, for all its employees. Implementation first requires the instalment on the server and, subsequently, installing the application on each of the individual computers. The server and network manager needs to fully understand all…
1. United Management Technologies's website at www.umt.com
performance assessments. There will be a determination concerning how it assists in attaining educational goals. Educational assessment background will be presented and information on the way performance assessments are made use of in achieving goals will be analyzed.
Assessing Student Performance
The effect professional development has on improving mathematics instruction was examined in a few studies. The first study was carried out and involved thirty-six teachers who took up professional development for 3 years. The fidelity in learning the professional development hugely affected judgment accuracy (Thieda, et al., 2015). The second study was done with sixty-four teachers drawn from eight schools that had been randomly selected to serve as controls or get professional development. Judgment accuracy was higher in teachers who received professional development and those with better ability to perceive computational skills of students than those teachers who didn't.
For instance, field education is widely appreciated as a key…
1) New Hampshire Physical Education K-12 Assessment Document. (2007, January 1). Retrieved April 7, 2015, from
2) 2015 Educator's Manual for MCAS - Alt. (2014, January 1). Retrieved April 7, 2015, from
3) Thiedea, K., Jesse, D., Brendefura, J., Osguthorpea, R., Carneya, M., Bremner, A., Sutter, J. (2015). Can teachers accurately predict student performance? Teaching and Teacher Education, 49, 36-44. Retrieved April 7, 2015, from
4) Tapp, K., Macke, C., & McLendon, T. (2012). Assessing Student Performance in Field Education. Field Scholar, 2.2. Retrieved April 7, 2015, from
Project Management/Essentials of Project Management
Nearly all businesses require project management. Having held a position as project manager with a reputable company, I have come to learn that the effective project manager is one who comprehends and is aware of the need to provide sound leadership to help deliver projects within the set budget and on time.
Being an Effective Project Manager
While working in a software company, I noticed that an effective manager must know and understand the 'iron triangle' of project management. This approach is also at times referred to as the 'triple constraints' of project management. An effective project manager is capable of taking advantage of all opportunities that present themselves during the course of the project to ensure development of team synergy (Project Smart, 2015).
This is to say that the effective project managers establish a network that is supportive of all people involved. They start…
Brown, K. A., & Hyer, N.L. (2010) Managing projects: A team-based approach. New York, NY: McGraw Hill/Irwin.
Hassan, A. (2006). Project Scheduling (PERT/CPM). CISC 322 Software Architecture. USA: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Huckman, R.S., Staats, B.R., & Upton, D.M. (2007). Team Familiarity, Role Experience, and Performance: Evidence from Indian Software Services. Confidential Draft. Retrieved on 18th September, 2015 from https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://www.hbs.edu/faculty/Publication%2520Files/08-019_0dffce35-4c1d-4ceb-b3ad-d547bc30470c.pdf&ved=0CBkQFjAAahUKEwjevZWxmYHIAhUGcI4KHZBhCfs&usg=AFQjCNER1rq_Bx0886KAtFYW-oI8CetoDg
Jun, L., Qiuzhen, W., & Qingguo, M. (2010). The effects of project uncertainty and risk management on IS development project performance: A vendor perspective. International Journal of Project Management. 29. pp 923-933. Science Direct Database. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2010.11.002
Procurement Planning and Project Management Methodologies
Addressing the internal attributes of service quality of the processes of e-procurement is an important CSF. Companies need to underline the problems associated with the implementation and integration of existing security and infrastructure of the company. Thereby, control the risks that are holding the company back from using e-procurement on a wide scale. In other instances, managerial commitment is a hindrance when it comes to the adoption of e-procurement processes in the company. Therefore, there should be a strong support for relationships between the flow of information process in terms of quality, logistics, the satisfaction of e-procurement, and logistical fulfillment of quality processes.
Politico-legal structural factors need considering and addressing since they are specific to particular administrative and political contexts. For legal and administrative interventions, governments require having political willpower, and the government of India has realized the importance of Business Process…
Panda, P., & Sahu, G. (2012). E-Procurement Implementation: Critical Analysis of the Impact of Success Factors on Project Outcome. IUP Journal of Supply Chain Management, 9 (2): 44-72.
Wells, H. (2012). How Effective Are Project Management Methodologies? An Explorative Evaluation of Their Benefits in Practice. Project Management Journal, 43 (6): 43-58.
Defined contribution plans, such as a 401K, in contrast, are far riskier for the employee although they may yield higher rates of return. "There is no way to know how much the plan will ultimately give the employee upon retiring. The amount contributed is fixed, but the benefit is not" and is dependant upon the performance of the fund," although as with defined benefit and cash balance plans, there are restrictions regarding when these plans can be withdrawn (Defined contribution, 2009, Invesetopedia). The benefit ceases when the account balance is depleted, regardless of the retiree's age, personal circumstances, previous salary and position, or years of service to the company (Defined Benefit Plans (DB) vs. Defined Contribution Plans (DC), 2009).
Cash balance pension plan. (2009). Investopedia. Retrieved March 17, 2009 at http://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/cashbalancepensionplan.asp
Defined benefit plan. (2009). Investopedia. Retrieved March 17, 2009 at http://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/definedbenefitpensionplan.asp
Defined Benefit Plans (DB) vs. Defined…
Ethics and egulation in the Professional Asset Management Industry
Asset management is an operation that involves the diligent management of the investor's funds in a professional way. The asset manager thus is an agent hired to do the job on account of his or her peculiar financial ability. Professional firms that are into asset management thus have duties not only to the investors, but also to the stock market, the financial and government bodies in keeping their activities above board. The managers are often entrusted with the task of dealing with billions of dollars or assets of like proportions. It is when dealing with such a huge cash flow that there comes the problem of ethical dilemmas. The unethical models of behavior has brought forth many regulations and guidelines that have been issued by the government and the financial agencies -- these form the laws and other than that the…
Bines, Harvey E; Thel, Steve. (2004) "Investment Management Law and Regulation"
Boatright, John R. (2010) "Finance Ethics: Critical Issues in Theory and Practice"
John Wiley and Sons.
Obstacles in the Governance of Organizations: Responsibility Delineation
Governance and Management
The concepts of governance and management found in the field of management opens up to the way organizations run. The two concepts explain the running of corporations and establishing contacts with all the necessary fields needed. In most cases, people have utilized either of the two techniques depending on the target result. The role of management delves to establish links with the needed within its scope of control. The two terminologies differ on how to bring the understanding of leadership in every organization. A mention of the term governance resonate the aspects of structures and processes. On the other hand, management relents to the creation of structures and processes that governance seeks to protect and maintain. To effect changes in leadership ranks, one has to witness the better part of the program with dealing with them. As part of…
Altenburg, R 2011, The determinants of roles and responsibilities of boards of directors in subsidiary companies, GRIN Verlag, Munich
Apple Press Info 2011, Apple Names Arthur D. Levinson Chairman of the Board. Available from https://www.apple.com/pr/library/2011/11/15en-U.S.-Apple-Names-Arthur-D-Levinson-Chairman-of-the-Board.html
Dalkir, K 2013, Knowledge Management in Theory and Practice, Routledge, New York
Frey, T 2014, Governance Arrangements for IT Project Portfolio Management: Qualitative Insights and a Quantitative Modeling Approach, Springer, New York
By "spreading these large expenses over decades rather than years," WorldCom's appeared to do the impossible: "cut annual expenses, acknowledge all MCI revenue, and boost profits from the acquisition" (Moberg & omar 2008).
Who wouldn't want to invest in such a profitable company? Investors, mislead by such accounting data, flocked to buy the stock, Based upon analysts' recommendations, many people used the stock to bolster investment portfolios designated for retirement and college savings. While it is acknowledged that buying stocks always entails some risk, WorldCom's inaccurate financial reporting made an objective evaluation of its policy impossible. Upon acquiring companies, WorldCom management chose also chose to ignore credit department lists of customers who had not paid their bills for a long time, thus discounting the financial drain of non-collectable bills.
Management planning: Contingency planning and corporate social responsibility
The complete lack of contingency planning on the part of WorldCom management was…
Moberg, Dennis & Edward Romar. (2008). WorldCom. Mark Kula Center of Applied Ethics.
Santa Clara University. Retrieved January 3, 2010 at http://www.scu.edu/ethics/dialogue/candc/cases/worldcom.html
Planning function. (2009). Management study guide. Retrieved January 3, 2010 at http://www.managementstudyguide.com/planning_function.htm
Integrating Total Quality Environmental Management Systems - a Critical Study of TQEM
Relevance of TQM to Environmental Management
Scope of Dissertation
Moving from Reactive to Proactive Management
Understanding TQM in Relation to TQEM
History of TQM
Operation of TQM
Quality and Environmental Management Standards
Environmental Management Systems
Weaknesses of EMS Standards
Total Quality Environmental Management
Comparing ISO 9000 and ISO 14000
Integrating the ISO 14000 Environmental Management System
Impact of certification on economic and ecological performances
Research Design and Nature
Integrating a Sustainable EMS with TQM
Steps to Implementing an Effective TQEM Strategy
INTEGRATING QUALITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ManagementS SYSTEMS - A CRITICAL STUDY
ackground and Overview of Study
For decades economic growth has been considered the main indicator of a healthy society (Oliver, 1996). However, only recently has society begun to recognize the environmental cost of this growth. As a result, there is now an…
Bibliography working paper. Winnipeg, MB: International Institute for Sustainable Development, 1996. 58
Bisang, O. (2000), Green Banking - The Value of ISO 14001 Certification
Chattopadhyay, S.P. (2001), "Improving the Speed of ISO 14000 Implementation: A Framework for Increasing Productivity," Managerial Auditing Journal, 16/1, pp. 36-39.
Chinn, R. (March 21, 2001). Roadmap to Realization -- "Getting Started with Your QMS/EMS Integration Process. Alamo Learning Systems.
Clark, D. (1999), What Drives Companies to Seek ISO 14000 Certification, Pollution Engineering, Summer, pp. 14.
Over the last several years, a wide variety of financial institutions have been facing a number of different security challenges. This is because of the information that they are storing has sensitive data about their clients such as: the social security numbers and net worth. Over the course of time, this has become a major target for identify thieves who are looking to steal this material. At which point, the total amounts of attacks against these kinds of organizations have increased exponentially. A good example of this can be seen with a report that was released by the security firm McAffe. They identified 72 remote access threats that were directed against financial and government institutions over a five-year period. What makes this report so disturbing is that the attacks were largely undetected. As they were designed to steal vast amounts of data, without alerting security officials about their presence.…
IBM Systems for Cloud Computing. (2011). IBM. Retrieved from: http://www-03.ibm.com/systems/cloud/
ING Investment Management. (2011). CNBC. Retrieved from: http://www.cnbc.com/id/43890959/ING_Investment_Management_Adopts_Bloomberg_Research_Platform_First_firm_to_use_technology_that_grades_trade_idea_performance
Bourdeau, J. (2011). Cyber Attacks have been Targeting Government and Financial Institutions. Mercury News. Retrieved from: http://www.mercurynews.com/ci_18609064
Knorr, E. (2011). Cloud Computing. Info World. Retrieved from: http://www.infoworld.com/d/cloud-computing/what-cloud-computing-really-means-031
financial assets in order to recommend the appropriate investment vehicle for the client. Analysis of different investment vehicles shows that ETFs are the best investment option for our clients. The ETFs are the basket of securities that combine stocks, bonds, cash, commodities and other securities. The report diversifies our investment options choosing the stocks, bonds and cash from different industries. Based on the historical data, our average annual returns are 38% revealing EU 32,997 as our annual returns from our initial investment capital of EU 100,000. After 3 years, the net worth of our investor will be EU 457,901, which include the cumulative returns and the capital. However, the net worth of our investor will be EU 5.38 Million after 10 years. The report also carries out the sensitive analysis on the investment option assuming that our investment choice is affected by the macroeconomic forces. The report reduces our annual…
Costa, D. (2011). The Portable Private Banker Investing Efficiently through Mutual Funds and ETFs. UK. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
Costa, D. (2011). The Triumph of Intelligence. UK. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
David White & Associates (2011).The Benefits of Diversification. USA.
Justice, P. (2013). ETF Investor Recommendations for commonsense ETF investing. Morningstar Investment Report .
Additionally, the explanatory forecasting technique entails surveying current market activities to explain how and why trends are happening rather than just foreseeing the expected.
Qualitative approach of forecasting
This approach of forecasting tries to employ actual information for identifying qualitative or actual market trends to a specified role or position in the market. This approach of forecasting entails looking for non-numerical data. For example, if we want to know whether a new product will be successful, we are required to review customer surveys undertaken to establish their opinions towards the company or product. Additionally, the qualitative approach of forecasting is not efficient because it is not an actual method. Typically, this approach is mostly utilized when there is a rich portfolio of data on the desired area.
Quantitative technique of Forecasting
Quantitative approach of forecasting is based on the application of numbers including sales numbers, the amount of existing or…
Graphic Freelance Designer
Design professionalism standards and ethics (Discuss how the use of copyrighted materials may or may not be a factor with the portfolio you are preparing and in following proper use guidelines.)
Professional designers aren't entitled to take exclusive credit for any design whose creation has involved collaboration between two or more designers (Crawford, 34). Further, professional designers aren't encouraged to accept projects which are likely to involve conflicting interests and, thus, dispute, without the consent of the client (Crawford, 38).
The American Institute of Graphic Arts' (AIGA's) Design Business and Ethics guideline series delineates crucial professional and ethical challenges faced by professional designers and purchasers of graphic designs. The work explores chief designer concerns when it comes to remaining successful, and directly addresses individual rights protection.
The AIGA's Design Business and Ethics covers norms every designer is required to abide by. The norms aim at guiding workplace…
Aszman, Amanda. What to Expect in 2016: Predictions from Top Creatives. How Design, December 23, 2015. Web. [ http://www.howdesign.com/resources-education/graphic-design-trends-2016/ ]
Bartow, Doug. 29 Things Young Designers Need to Know, How Design, September 11, 2014. [ http://www.howdesign.com/design-career/29-things-young-designers-need-to-know/ ]
Crawford, Tad, ed. Design Business and Ethics. Richard Grefe, AIGA, 2009. Web. [ http://www.makinggood.ac.nz/media/1278/aiga_47555891-design-business-and-ethics-1-.pdf ]
Decker Design, After School Special: Advice for Emerging Designers -- AIGA. AIGA, 2011. Web. [ http://www.aiga.org/contentassets/7334d1c7b46648ef92fe8f73527ff952/aiga-afterschoolspecial.pdf ]
Business Management -- Annotated Bibliography
Eisenberg, J., Lee, H.J., Bruck, F., Brenner, B., Claes, M.T., Mironski, J., and Bell, R. "Can
Business chools Make tudents Culturally Competent? Effects of Cross-Cultural
Management Courses on Cultural Intelligence." Academy of Management Learning & Education. 12.4 (2013): 603-621. Web. 25 July 2014.
Because of the ongoing globalization for businesses and the need to develop management policies and strategies that help the workforce understand and relate to diversity, business schools need to teach management courses on "cultural intelligence"
(CU) Eisenberg and colleagues explain. This article is valuable and the recommendations for business schools should be incorporated because managers working for international firms need skills that allow them to interact with people from a variety of cultures. For students pursuing a business career, the development of cultural intelligence is vital.
Hence, taking courses in cross-cultural management brings knowledge and benefits.
Espedal, B. Gooderham, P.N., and tensaker,…
Scherer, A., Palazzo, G., and Matten, D. "Introduction to the Special Issue: Globalization as a Challenge for Business Responsibilities." Business Ethics Quarterly, 19.3 (2009): 317-
347. Web. 25 July 2014.
This is an article that deals with the ethics of international business relationships. Because national borders are not as politically significant as they once were, global business organizations enter into markets with "ill-defined rules" of conduct (Scherer, et al., 327). Thus, corporations become "political actors" because they make up their own rules as they enter each new market, Scherer points out. The article asserts that global businesses must become accountable democratically and incorruptible as well. The value of this article is in part because it insists that corporate social responsibility (CSR) goes to deeper levels when a firm is operating in a variety of diverse cultures. Also this piece is important to today's business major because ethical behavior in the international market place isn't just recommended, it is imperative for success in terms of profits and accountability as well.
Exchange ate Movements for the U.S. And Australian Dollar and Hedging
On the 9th June 2013 the initial $90,000 investment was worth $94,724.9. Knowing that the exchange rate on that date was AU $1.0525 to the U.S. dollar, meaning that U.S. $1 would purchase $1.0525, it is possible to determine that the total investment had purchased AU $99,697.96 (Oanda, 2013).
On the 7th June the exchange rate has changed to $1.1019, with the given fund value of AU $99,697.96, the change leaves a fund that is worth U.S. $90,478.23 (Oanda, 2013).
It is possible to look at the exchange rate movements over a period of time taking data from Oanda (2013). The tables below present that value for the last week, the last week of 2013 and the last week of 2011.
Table 1; Exchange rates for 1st - 7th July 2013
Bychuk, Oleg V; Haughey, Brian, (2011), Hedging Market Exposures: Identifying and Managing Market Risks, Wiley Finance
Giddy, (2002), Homepage, [online] retrieved from http://giddy.org/giddyonline/index.htm
Oanda.com, (2013), OANDA, the Currency Site, [online], retrieved from http://www.oanda.com/convert/fxhistory
Bank of America: Organizing Function of Management
Bank of America is the leading commercial financial institution of the United States. Founded in 1874, the bank has a long history of offering financial services to large and small businesses and individuals in America and abroad. Bank of America couldn't possibly have been where it is today without an efficient Human resource management system and good and effective use of technology. The company places great emphasis on human resource development right from the start. For starters it has a good hiring policy that ignores differences of race, sex, color and creed. The bank has truly been an equal opportunity employer. BoA has also been focusing on appropriate job design by offering job rotation and enlargement so each individual can get the best out of the position at which he/she is serving. It has been trying to improve its job design so every…
Bank of America. Press Releases.
HRM REPORT. Accessed online 18th May 2011 http://www.hrmreport.com/article/Bringing-Discipline-to-HR/
Customer Satisfaction and Customer PrivacyCustomer relationship management (CM) has become critical for modern business organizations because of the value of potential and current customers. Despite the significance of CM, service providers tend to overlook the contribution to satisfaction from other customers in the service environment because of difficulties in creating a customer mix. Customer mix basically provides insights regarding customer segments currently being serviced by the business organization. Firms can manage the customer mix by determining the desired optimal behaviors from customers. Businesses should determine the behaviors they desire from customers in terms of participation in the service delivery process, customer-to-customer interactions, and the treatment of service personnel (Fisk, Grove & John, 2013). This should be followed by developing a clientele that fits the portfolio. The next step in this process would involve identifying the right customers, customer education, and ensuring compatibility with other customers as part of producing a…
ReferenceFisk, R.P., Grove, S.J. & John, J. (2013). Services marketing: An interactive approach (4th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
budgeting management was most helpful to me, I believe, in the sense that it actually helped clarify the various processes about which I wrote, providing me greater conceptual awareness of budget management planning, processes, and content. Of the essays I completed, I must admit that I like various parts of all of them, but feel that my third essay was the best. By then I was more confident about what I was writing. Overall, what I learned from writing all three essays, an insight that will, I believe, remain with me long after this course, is that one learns a great deal more about a subject from writing about it.
My third essay was the best-focused of the three, and most detailed and specific. It was the end result of much thinking I had done. My best sentence, within that essay was (I feel): "The top management, working with the…
This focus on the key success steps associated with a project is an effective way to concentrate on the most critical problems, rather than focus on every possible potential problem. In addition, while some would say that it is better to prepare for the worst and think of every possible problem, this in itself can be a waste of resources and can reduce the amount of focus on the most important potential problems.
The next important issue is how to manage identified risk. This process is one that requires careful balance. Most importantly, the resources put into a project need to be balanced effectively. For example, consider a project where a potential major risk is identified, but it only has a 1% chance of occurring. Is it beneficial to invest a large amount of resources to reduce the impact of this risk? In most cases, the answer will be no.…
Daft, R.L. (1997). Management. Fort Worth, TX: The Dryden Press.
Department of Information Resources (2003). Process for analyzing and managing project risk. Retrieved April 28, 2005, from Department of Information Resources (Texas). Web site: http://www.dir.state.tx.us/eod/qa/risk/
Focused Performance. (2005). Critical chain and risk management: Protecting project value from uncertainty (part 1). Retrieved April 28, 2005, from Focused Performance. Web site: http://www.focusedperformance.com/articles/ccrisk.html
Robbins, S.P., Bergman, R., & Stagg, I. (1997). Management. New York: Prentice Hall.
Pala Din inc.
Project Management Report
Project Work in Paladin Inc.
Current Situation of "Real Life-Real Faces"
udget Required by Production Team
Risk Assessment of "Real Life-Real Faces"
In today's world, the term project management is used globally, rather frequently in all types and sizes of organizations related to different industries. Studies have provided evidences that more and more companies are turning into project-oriented models as the time passes (Whittington, et al., 1999, ahrami, 1992). Well-planned business endeavors are the work models that organizations seek for. The benefits provided by project management are the reasons why many companies are emphasizing on reaping benefits of this work model through better utilization of resources and increased productivity (Pinto & Kharbanda, 1996, 1).
The purpose of this report is to analyze the risks that Paladin Inc. may face while executing its…
Atkins, J. (2001). Developing Teams Through Project-Based Learning, Gower Publishing Ltd.
Ballard, G. And Howell, G. (1998). Shielding production: essential step in production control. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 124 (1) 11-17.
Ballard, G. (2000). The Last Planner System of Production Control. A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Engineering of The University of Birmingham for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Birmingham
Bahrami, H. (1992). The emerging flexible organisation: Perspectives from Silicon Valley. Califomia Management Rev. (Summer) 35- 52.
OZChild's Board of Directors is actively involved in support of the organization through stewardship of a network of professional contacts as potential donors, and in liaison with the Australian Government in support of the agency's mission and programs. Operations expenses are of course included in the OZChild Strategic Plan designed toward sustainable growth and maintenance of the agency's position within the national and international social services community as a leader in service provision and policy advocacy.
One could effectively argue that where Ife's Australian Government and its utilitarian reductions left off, the growth sector of NPO social services, and especially social work advanced its role in management of a critical national public sector formerly dictated by traditional constraints of the social welfare state. If the overall aim is to interpret the outcomes to the transformation of public administration by way of the "managing out" phenomenon, then OZChild and other agencies…
Allan, J., Pease, B. & Briskman, L., 2003. Critical social work - an introduction to theories and practices. Crows Nest: Allen & Unwin.
Alston, M. & McKinnon, J., eds., 2005. Social work fields of practice (2nd ed.). South Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
Austin, M., 2002. Managing Out: The Community Practice Dimensions of Effective Agency Management. Journal of Community Practice 10.4, 33-48.
Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaHCSIA), 2010. Australian Government. Available at: http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/Pages/default.aspx
Although desirable, it is quite difficult to start with a dictionary definition of project management, mainly because of the complexity involved in the process, a complexity impossible to cover with a simple two-line definition. Hence, it is probably best to describe the process, underlining thus the main characteristics of project management.
A company's strategic perspective may, perhaps, be amply resumed to two strategic concepts around which everything else revolves: objectives and projects. Any company will start building its analysis around a series of drivers and objectives that the company may have for the next few years. These objectives need to be only a couple, because we may assume that if the company had 15 objectives for the next years, its resources will be too split and it will not be bale to fulfill any of them efficiently.
Once the company has defined its list of goals, it needs…
2. Mullaly, Mark E. Project Management: A New Definition. July 2003. On the Internet at http://www.gantthead.com/article.cfm?ID=183068
In order to maintain an equitable state of success in the society, it becomes possible and relevant to be at a forefront in managing the available scales of managing and forecasting on the future trends of performance. Therefore, the experiences and other attendances that have formed part of my life have been a major boost in the general growth and development in the society.
In the future, I believe that I have what it takes to be successful. Success is a feature that is established gradually in the specified field. Therefore, the many attributes of performance in the field are a true reflection of the features that are likely to bring success to my future endeavors. I have learnt many things through education. Education is like a revelation to the happening and understanding of many things in the field. Therefore, I have accessed every channel of managing the available avenues…
Kru-hler, M. (2012). Managing business portfolios effectively: On the explanatory power of the parenting advantage concept. Wiesbaden: Springer Gabler.
Project Management and the Transformation System
In this research paper, the author discussed he concept of project management employing in a construction firm. The author described briefly, the mission of construction organization, i.e. its product and services, intended markets, and how the product or service is distinct from those offered by competitors. The author also analyzed the scope of integration of project management concepts such as; Project Planning, Portfolio, Life Cycle, Team Management, Scheduling and Controlling the Project. Firms can benefit by integrating project management concepts to overcome the issues like team management, planning and managing. A project is considered winning if it completes on time, goes on to follows a pre-set schedule, remain within the provided budget, and finally its customers are pleased. For successful completion and for the satisfaction of costumers, it should have a specific time frame and must achieve the prior set targets by deploying resources…
Bennet F. Lawrence (2003), The management of construction: a project life cycle approach, UK: Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann
Derek Torrington and Laura Hall (2001), Personnel Management HRM in Action, UK: Prentice Financial times
Gail Blackstone (2003), Performance Management in Project Management, UK: Journal of Personnel Management
Gelbard, R. & Carmeli, A. (2009). The interactive effect of team dynamics and organizational support on ICT project success. International Journal of Project Management, 27(2), 464 -470. doi:10.1016/j.ijproman.2008.07.005
The use of Gantt charts for enabling interprocess integration and knowledge management in the A&D industry is a best practice for also managing process-intensive projects (Singh, Keil, Kasi, 2009). These include the development of new computer systems and advanced technologies where the project needs to capture the knowledge to fulfill its objectives. Project management's core set of tools therefore needs to be focused on how to augment and strengthen project performance while also capturing process and product knowledge critical to its success (Besner, Hobbs, 2006). The combining of Gantt charts, progress reports, change requests and the use of kick-off meetings to set objectives is critical in this regard.
ecommendations to Project Managers Using the Product Launch Activity Plan
The pro-forma Product Launch Activity Plan shown in Table 1 of the Appendix is designed to provide project managers with a framework to define a Gantt chart to manage the new product…
Claude Besner, & Brian Hobbs. (2006). THE PERCEIVED VALUE AND POTENTIAL CONTRIBUTION OF PROJECT Management PRACTICES TO PROJECT SUCCESS. Project Management Journal, 37(3), 37-48.
Saumya Bhattacharya. (2009, August). Creating a project plan: The secret sauce of a project is in its planning.. Business Today.
Blackstone, J., Cox, J., & Schleier, J.. (2009). A tutorial on project management from a theory of constraints perspective. International Journal of Production Research, 47(24), 7029.
Michael Burkett. (2005, July). The "Perfect" Product Launch. Supply Chain Management Review, 9(5), 12-13.
Usually, this may happen when the client changes some of his initial requirements and part of the modules need to be changed. In these cases, the resource allocation mechanism is a fundamental instrument of the organizing function.
The directing and control functions of management somehow are connected when it comes to project management. The reason for this is that the directing function provides the necessary supervision for the tasks to be performed, while the control functions ensures the necessary feedback system, which evaluates the performance results and feeds this back into the directing phase for changes.
In the software industry, the directing and control functions of project management are not only operated from within the organization, but also in relation with the clients, who are usually the entities that provide the best feedback as to the capacity of the application to match exactly their requirements. While the quality assurance and…
1. Baars, Wouter. July 2006. Project Management Handbook. DANS - Data Archiving and Networked Services
2. Whitty, Stephen; Schulz, Mark. 2007. The impact of Puritan ideology on aspects of project management. International Journal of Project Management.
3. Thayer, Richard H. And Yourdon, Edward (2000). Software Engineering Project Management, 2nd Ed
4. Heerkens, Gary (2001). Project Management (the Briefcase Book Series). McGraw-Hill
Others feel Five Forces is too cumbersome in its need for data and heavy-duty analysis and does not fit today's rapidly changing, dynamic market.
So where do we go with this thought that some of today's tools may not suffice as the market moves faster and companies need these dynamic, flexible analytical tools to update their strategies?
Where Is the Field of Strategy?
Disruptive Innovation? Four actions framework? Factor conditions? Demand conditions? Preemptive strategies? Five Forces? Ten Schools? Are any of these concepts/theories new and innovative? Do they pave the path toward the future of corporate and competitive strategizing? The answer is probably yes...and no.
It is difficult to find a brand new strategizing tool or model or school that is not just a rehashed version of our current standard, and quite effective, methods to analyze strategies. One innovative strategy to arise out of an existing concept is "lue Ocean."…
Corporate Level Strategy. (2003, January). Retrieved 11-07, 2008, from BNet Business
Day, G., & Reibstein, D. (1997). Wharton on dynamic competitive strategy. Hoboken,
N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Target's chart, however, shows that the company has tracked the market and GDP fairly closely, indicating that perhaps it does not trade the way a discount retailer should.
Johnson & Johnson
JNJ is a pharmaceutical and consumer products company. It competes in pharmaceuticals, consumer products in the health and beauty segment and in medical devices. The company was founded in 1886 and today is a multinational conglomerate with operations in 57 countries and with approximately 250 subsidiaries.
To a certain extent, JNJ's product line is price inelastic. Pharmaceutical demand is tied to overall consumer demand and the state of the economy, but not to the same extent that many other consumer products are. As a result, JNJ would be expected to have less significant swings in its stock price relative to the GDP, other macroeconomic indicators, or the Dow Jones. The stock, however, has traded roughly in line with the…
Yahoo! Finance, various pages. (2009). Retrieved November 25, 2009 from http://finance.yahoo.com
Federal Reserve. (2009). Money Stock Measures. Federal Reserve. Retrieved November 25, 2009 from http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h6/Current/
A Project Support Office (PSO) is different from a project management office. A PSO can be understood as a provisional, or long-lasting organizational unit that provides a range of services to provide support to project teams that are accountable for a defined group of projects (Wysocki, 2011). There are three kinds of PSOs. For starters, there is the directive PSO where project managers are administratively linked to the PSO and are allocated to projects from the PSO. In general, this structure is earmarked for enterprise-wide projects. Second, there is controlling PSO and in this kind, the components, templates, and procedures are all provided by the PSO and all project managers, irrespective of their resident department are expected to utilize them. Lastly, there is the supportive PSO that provides any kind of assistance and specialty the project manager or members of the team might require when requested (Wysocki, 2011; Pemsel and…
sector or industry you would like to specialize in the MBA program? What role do you hope to be able to play in this sector or industry in the medium term?
I am currently the Chief Executive Officer of a company devoted to developing residential housing projects. Our company was founded in 2010 and already has a focused turnover of 10 million Euros. The company acts as a vertically-integrated hub that creates and distributes construction materials. In my previous position I worked as a commercial administrator and assistant to the CEO of a real estate company focused on acquiring high portfolio properties in prime locations from public enterprises, banks and insurance companies.
Given my experience in international commerce I have come to see a wide range of problems which commonly afflict multinational organizations. Many of these issues pertain to intercultural communication. Despite the growing interconnectedness of the economy, old customs…
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