Ratio Analysis Essays (Examples)

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Financial Ratios Analysis of a Prospective Borrower

Words: 588 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46751238

Financial atios of a Prospective Borrower

Financial ratio analysis is a quantitative tool used to analyze financial standing of a business entity. The ratio analysis can also be used to compare financial capabilities of companies in different industries. This paper discusses how financial ratios can be used to answer questions about the management, marketing, and production capabilities of a prospective borrower. The paper also identifies ratios that demonstrate management competency and are mandatory to a financial services regulator.

atios demonstrating Production, Management, and Marketing Capabilities of a prospective Borrower

In the contemporary business environment, firms rely on loans from banks to improve their business operations. However, before a bank or other financial institutions can offer loans to organizations, they have to evaluate management competency, production, and marketing capabilities of a prospective borrower. The bank uses different financial ratios to analyze production efficiency of a prospective borrower.

An efficiency ratio is…… [Read More]

Reference

Investopedia (2015). Ratio Analysis: Using Financial Ratios. Investopedia Inc.

Morning Star. (2016). Apple Inc. AAPL. Morning Star Inc.
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Ratios in Order to Evaluate

Words: 1323 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53951459



In Liz Clairborne's case,

Debt Ratio = Total Debt/Total asset value = 78%.

In Kenneth Cole's case,

Debt Ratio = Total Debt/Total Asset = 77%

As we can see, the debt ratio value is similar in the two companies and shows a reasonable financing of the business with outside financial sources.

The Times Interest Earned value (TIE) shows how much income can decrease in the company without financial problems appearing, as an incapacity to pay the annual interest rates.

At Kenneth Cole, TIE = Earnings efore Interest and Taxes/Interest Expense = 32,890,000/40,000 = 822 times. The value itself may appear ludicrous, but the reason is quite simple. If we look at the statement of cash flows, the cash paid for interest in 2003 is only $40,000, similar to the previous years.

In Liz Clairborne's case, TIE = 392,072/30,509 = 12.85

The large difference between the two companies can be explained…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Halpern, Paul. Weston, Fred. Brigham, Eugene. Canadian Managerial Finance. Harcourt Brace & Company. Fourth Edition. 1994. http://finance.yahoo.com/q/co?s=KCP

3. Annual Reports for Kenneth Cole and Liz Clairborne

Halpern, Paul. Weston, Fred. Brigham, Eugene. Canadian Managerial Finance. Harcourt Brace & Company. Fourth Edition. 1994.

Ibid.
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Ratios Are One Way to Help Assess

Words: 698 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17906892

atios are one way to help assess the relative financial strength of an organization. Just as there are numerous ways that organizations can be organized, there are numerous different ratios that can be used to evaluate an organization's working capital and cash. ichard Loth breaks these various ratios into six different broad categories: liquidity measurement ratios, profitability indicator ratios, debt ratios, operating performance ratios, cash flow indicator ratios, and investment valuation ratios (2013). Liquidity ratios are focused on the company's ability to pay off short-term debt and compare a company's liquid assets to its short-term liabilities. Profitability indicator ratios help reveal how well the company is using its assets to generate profit. Debt ratios basically compare a company's debt to its equity or assets, which can help determine the financial strength of the company, indicate its creditworthiness, and warn of impending financial problems. Operating performance ratios focus on specific areas…… [Read More]

References

Cleverly, W., Song, P., & Cleverly, J. (2011). Essentials of Health Care Finance (7th ed.).

Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Zions Business Resource Center. (2005). How to analyze your business using financial ratios.

Salt Lake City: Zions Bank. Retrieved September 24, 2013 from Zions Bank website:  https://www.zionsbank.com/pdfs/biz_resources_book-6.pdf?q=
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Ratios in Order to Estimate the Profitability

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39009974

Ratios

In order to estimate the profitability of companies, several measures have been worked out which can lead investors to right decisions. Liquidity analysis ratios include current ratio, quick ratio and net working capital ratio and they reflect the current or short-term situation within company finances. Profitability analysis ratios include return on assets, return on equity and return on common equity, profit margin and earnings per share and are more mid-term ratios reflecting pricing company strategy and ability to generate earnings. Asset turnover ratio, accounts receivable turnover ratio, inventory turnover ratio are measures of activity analysis for companies. Capital structure analysis ratios include debt to equity ratio and interest coverage ratio. There are also capital market measures. We shall incorporate some of each segment of financial performance measures to compare operations of two companies and draw our conclusions as for possible investment opportunities.

The story of one of the greatest…… [Read More]

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Ratios in General East Coast Yachts Has

Words: 709 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1212964

atios

In general East Coast Yachts has below average financial performance compared to its industry peers. With respect to solvency and liquidity, the company has a current ratio of 1.12 and a quick ratio of 0.66. Both of these lie below the median for the industry but are comfortably above the lower quartile. The debt ratio is 35.8% and the debt/equity ratio is 91.9%. These figures are also in the second quartile for the industry, with the debt ratio just above the cutoff for the lower quartile. Interest coverage is 7.95 times, again putting the company between the median and the lower quartile.

In terms of efficiency, total asset turnover is 1.51 times, inventory turnover is 19.2 times and receivables turnover is 30.6. The latter is in the upper quartile, indicating that the company has a good collections system. Total asset turnover is just above the lowest quartile while the…… [Read More]

References

Loth, R. (2012). Financial ratio tutorial. Investopedia. Retrieved February 12, 2012 from  http://www.investopedia.com /university/ratios

Malkiel, B. (2003). The efficient market hypothesis and its critics. CEPS Working Paper No. 91. Retrieved February 12, 2012 from  http://www.vixek.com/Efficient%20Market%20Hypothesis%20and%20its%20Critics%20-%20Malkiel.pdf
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Ratios A Protek Is in

Words: 573 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69540533

The strong declining trends -- especially in the cash conversion cycle and in liquidity -- are cause for concern because those trends are leading to disaster within a year or two. That the company has gone from being about average in its industry for financial performance to generally underperforming the industry is also cause for significant concern. A deterioration in financial condition vs. its peers indicates that Protek's problems are firm-specific, not attributable to general industry weaknesses or the business cycle.

This is critical because although the company has seen its ROE and ROA increase, this should result in an improved financial condition. Thus, while the company is doing some things right, it has not been able to translate such minor successes into significant financial condition improvements. Protek's financial condition is not as good as it should be, given recent margin and ROE/ROA improvements.

b) The DuPont ratio is based…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Investopedia. (2011). DuPont Analysis. Investopedia.com Retrieved November 17, 2011 from  http://www.investopedia.com /terms/d/dupontanalysis.asp#axzz1dzKFeXq4
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Financial Analysis and More Specifically Financial Ratios

Words: 862 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59341766

financial analysis and more specifically financial ratios has been noted by Finkler, Marc and Baker (2007, p.253) to be important to managers since it can help them in making informed decisions. In this paper, we present the concept of ratio analysis as applied to healthcare facilities.

The concept and purpose of ratio analysis

Financial statement analysis is noted by Flex Monitoring Team (2005) to be very important to managers, boards, payers as well as lenders for them to effectively make the right judgments on the financial health of their organizations. atio analysis is one of the most accepted methods of assessing the financial health of an organization. The data that is used for ratio analysis is derived from income statements and balance sheets. It is a fact that most health care systems, hospitals as well as various other healthcare organizations routinely employ ratio analysis in evaluating their financial condition and…… [Read More]

References

Eichler HG, Kong SX, Gerth WC, Mavros P, Jonsson B. (2004)Use of cost-effectiveness analysis in health-care resource allocation decision-making: how are cost-effectiveness thresholds expected to emerge?. Value Health. 2004 Sep-Oct;7(5):518-28.

Finkler, SA.,Ward, DM ] and Baker, JJ (2007).Essentials of Cost Accounting for Health Care Organizations. Jones & Bartlett Learning,

Flex Monitoring Team (2005). Financial Indicators for Critical Access Hospitals. Available online at http://www.flexmonitoring.org/documents/BriefingPaper7_FinancialIndicators.pdf
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Financial Ratios

Words: 1946 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44461589

ratio analysis of Google and Microsoft. The initial component of the paper is a rundown of some key ratios and their definitions. Then, the ratios of the companies are calculated and discussed.

atio analysis is a tool by which companies in the same industry can be compared. The use of ratio analysis helps to offset the differences in size between companies -- for example one company may have a larger profit number, but a smaller profit margin, than a competitor. The ratio -- profit margin -- may be a better indicator o which company is actually more profitable. In this analysis, Microsoft and Google will be compared. Microsoft has a variety of multi-billion dollar businesses, including servers, Office and Windows, while Google makes most of its money on advertising sales. Yet, both companies are wildly profitable, and both have similar situations with regards to excess cash flow. They are also…… [Read More]

References

Goldman, D. (2012). Microsoft's $6 billion whoopsie. CNN Money. Retrieved November 18, 2014 from  http://money.cnn.com/2012/07/02/technology/microsoft-aquantive/index.htm 

Google 2012 Annual Report. Retrieved November 18, 2014 from  http://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1288776/000119312513028362/d452134d10k.htm 

Microsoft 2012 Annual Report. Retrieved November 18, 2014 from  http://www.microsoft.com/investor/reports/ar12/download-center/index.html 

MSN Moneycentral (2014). Microsoft. Retrieved November 18, 2014 from  http://www.msn.com/en-us/money/stockdetails/financials/fi-MSFT?ocid=qbeb
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Financial Analysis of Chevron From the Perspective

Words: 4187 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57760

financial analysis of Chevron from the perspective of a potential creditor. The issue surrounds primarily the creditworthiness of Chevron rather than the type of credit that would be issued. Specifically, the issue is whether "we" would lend Chevron 10% of its net assets. The net assets for Chevron are $209.474 billion, so the amount in question is $20.9 billion in new debt. The report will first analyze the financial statements of Chevron in general terms, focusing on trends and ratios, and drawing conclusions about the overall financial health of the company based on that analysis. The second part of the paper will outline some of the criteria that a lending institution would have for lending to a company, and then that criteria will be applied to Chevron specifically.

Chevron operates in the hydrocarbon industry, where it is one of the world's largest companies with sales of $241.9 billion and net…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

2011 Chevron Annual Report. Retrieved February 25, 2013 from http://www.chevron.com/annualreport/2011/

Chevron. (2013). Corporate officers. Chevron.com. Retrieved April 20, 2013 from http://www.chevron.com/about/leadership/corporateofficers/

MSN Moneycentral. (2013) Chevron. Retrieved February 25, 2013 from http://investing.money.msn.com/investments/stock-price?symbol=CVX&ocid=qbes

Moffat, M. (2013). What is the price elasticity of demand for gasoline. About.com. Retrieved February 25, 2013 from http://economics.about.com/od/priceelasticityofdemand/a/gasoline_elast.htm
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Finance Financial Analysis of Morrison's PLC Morrison's

Words: 1595 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12484523

Finance

Financial Analysis of Morrison's PLC

Morrison's, the UK supermarket may be assessed as a potential investment. The firm may be considered by looking at the way that the share price is performing, comparing it to its past performance as well as benchmarking the performance against the industry

The share price will reflect the market expectations, so as well as looking a past performance it is also necessary to look to the potential future; this is often achieved by looking at the financial ratios of the firm considering the performance both vertically and horizontally.

Morrison's appears to have had a relativity mixed year; the share price stands at 277.60, closing price on the 24th August, 2012 (FT, 2012). The share price has been volatile, increasing and decreasing, over the last 52 weeks the high has been 340.00 and the low has been 261.00 (Yahoo Finance, 2012). Over the year the…… [Read More]

References

Baye Michael, (2007), Managerial Economics and Business Strategy, McGraw-Hill/Irwin

Elliott B, Elliott J, (2011), Financial Accounting and Reporting, London, Prentice Hall.

Financial Times, (FT), (2012), WM Morrison Supermarket PLC, retrieved 25th August 2012 from  http://markets.ft.com/Research/Markets/Tearsheets/Summary?s=MRW:LSE 

Financial Times, (FT), (2012), Tesco PLC, retrieved 25th August 2012 from  http://markets.ft.com/Research/Markets/Tearsheets/Financials?s=TSCO:LSE
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Financial Management Weaknesses of Ratio

Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6584274

e. they ignore other key indicators and measures of financial performance. Other equally important measures and/or indicators of performance in this case include but they are not limited to employee morale, client service and satisfaction, quality of goods or products, etc.

Another key limitation of ratios is that they are only useful when it comes to the comparison of firms operating in the same industry. Utilizing ratios in the analysis of financial statements of companies in different industries could lead to a distortion of the information desired. This is more so the case given that entities in different industries are more often than not exposed to different regulations, market conditions, etc. In practice, finding two companies that are identical in every way is impossible.

atios could also be affected by changes in price levels. According to Lasher (2010), financial statements are often distorted by inflation. In the author's words, "during…… [Read More]

References

Lasher, W.R. (2010). Practical Financial Management (6th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Siegel, J.G. & Shim, J.K. (2006). Accounting Handbook (4th ed.). New York: Barron's Educational Series, Inc.
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Fundamental Analysis of Coach Inc

Words: 4440 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84591380

Economy (Maket) Analysis

Industy Analysis

Company Analysis

Bief Histoy of the Company

Analysis of Financial Statements (Ratio analysis)

Liquidity Ratios: Cuent atio

Opeating Efficiency: Asset Tunove

Opeating Pofitability Ratios: Net pofit magin, Retun on Equity, and Du Pont

Risk Analysis: Business Risk and Financial Risk, Vaiability, and Debt/Equity

Application of CAPM and Analysis

10F.Estimating the Value of the Company and Analysis

EPS

10• P/E

11• Sustainable Gowth Rate

11• PEG

12• Investment Decisions

13G.Additional Measues of Relative Value and Analysis

13• P/BV

14• P/CF

14H.Measues of Value Added and Analysis

14• EVA

15• MVA

15I.Comments and Conclusion

Refeences:

1.Economy (Maket) Analysis

Consume spending poved vey esilient against the challenge of gadually ising enegy pices, as indicatos of sales in the etail secto show. Howeve, the difficulties caused by huicanes Katina, Rita and othe topical stoms, as well as tensions in oil-ich aeas might lead to ecod-high enegy pices.

Howeve, the…… [Read More]

references:

1. Morningstar report on Coach Inc.- www.morningstar.com

2. Investopedia - www.investopedia.com

3. Value-Based Management www.valuebasedmanagement.net

4. The Coach 10k form, publicly available (including the Internet)
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Financial Comparison Financial Analysis Is a Tool

Words: 1718 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41879325

Financial Comparison

Financial analysis is a tool that allows third parties to analyze corporate financial statements. One of the main reasons that the Securities and Exchange Commission requires that statements are compiled and presented in a consistent manner is to ensure that third parties will be able to use the statements to compare different companies. These comparisons can, among other things, help with investment decisions. This paper will compare PepsiCo and Coca-Cola Company, the two leading soft drink marketers in the world. PepsiCo is actually the larger of the two companies, because it is more diversified, with its snack food properties. These properties also alter the company's finances, creating certain points of difference between the two companies. This report will cover a number of different forms of financial analysis, arriving at a conclusion about which company has the stronger financial position.

PepsiCo

The first set of ratios to be studied…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

FTC. (2010). FTC puts conditions on PepsiCo's $7.8 acquisition of two largest bottlers and distributors. Federal Trade Commission. Retrieved May 19, 2012 from http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2010/02/pepsi.shtm

Leckey, A. (2010). Coca-Cola Co. outlook strong after big acquisition. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 19, 2012 from  http://articles.latimes.com/2010/oct/31/business/la-fi-leckey-20101031 

Loth, R. (2012). Financial ratio tutorial. Investopedia. Retrieved May 19, 2012 from    http://www.investopedia.com /university/ratios/ #axzz1vG92KPwm 

MSN Moneycentral: PepsiCo. (2012). Retrieved May 19, 2012 from http://investing.money.msn.com/investments/stock-income-statement/?symbol=PEP
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Financial Analysis of Bestwish Limited Company Overview

Words: 4573 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99500463

Financial Analysis of Bestwish Limited

Company Overview

Bestwish Limited produces extensive range of quality products such as gift dressing, greetings cards, and plush merchandise of more than 50,000 stocks. The production of different categories of products involve between 2 and 15 processes. The company produces standardized products and custom designed products ordered from customers on contract basis. However, Bestwish Limited is facing challenges to control the costs because of varying production process, reliance on indirect costs and large number of stock keeping units.

Bestwish Limited has just closed the 2010 fiscal year account and the company is finalizing the 2011 budget. Bestwish intends to analyze the 2010 financial statement to present the accurate picture of the company financial performances.

Objective of this report is to analyze 2010 financial statements to assess the viability of Bestwish Limited.

Task

Attn:

Audit Committee of the Board

Finance Director

Subject: Financial statement Analysis

Date:…… [Read More]

References

Drury, C. (2009). Management Accounting for Business, 4th Edition (Cengage Learning EMEA, ) ISBN 1408017717.

Harris, R. And Sollis, R. (2003).Applied Time Series Modelling and Forecasting (John Wiley and Sons) ISBN 0470844434

Glynn, J. Perrin, J. Murphy, M. And Abraham, A. (2003).Accounting for Managers, 3rd Edition.(Thomson Learning) ISBN 186152904X

The Times 100, (2012). Financial statements and reporting A Cadbury Schweppes case study. The Times 100 Business Case Studies.
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Financial Health Hyundai Company Analysis Finance Is

Words: 1699 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25931410

Financial Health

Hyundai company analysis

Finance is a critical function in any business. It acts as an indicator for the health of a company, as well as determining its growth. When a company realizes new investment opportunities and other future aspirations, finance enables such ventures. Thus, finance reflects the performance of an organization (Gruen & Howarth, 2005). Measurement of performance takes place over a period of time. Organizations practically present their financial performance on a quarterly and yearly basis while others carry out a monthly exercise of tracking their performance. The government requires that all companies present an annual assessment of their performance. The information is featured in the form of financial transactions of sales, investments, savings and others. The information is part of a document called the Annul eport. Investors are informed by the annual report of companies before deciding on whether to invest in the company (Mclean, 2003).…… [Read More]

References

Cleverly, W.O., Cleverly, J., & Song, P. (2011). Essentials of health care finance. Sudbury:

Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Gruen, R., & Howarth, A. (2005). Financial management in health services. New York: Open

Mclean, R. (2003). Financial management in health care organizations. Clifton Park: Delmar
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Foot Locker Financial Analysis Company

Words: 3016 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57864291

The use of FID in this industry also has been more tactical and focused on the scanning and inventory management systems as opposed to automating an entire supply chain and creating auditabiluity and therefore increasing performance of the entire chain. This is one of the shortcomings of how the industry is shortchanging itself in terms of technology adoption. In addition, the majority of spending in this industry is going to most likely be centered on marketing (Bourdeau, 26) in addition to merger and acquisition activity. The dual strategy of driving for greater differentiation but also acting as the consolidator are the most likely strategies of market leaders in this industry looking for growth strategies going forward. As a result of all of these factors, Foot Locker faces a very challenging future.

Tables 5 and 6 provide analysis of the footwear industry by comparing Foot Locker's performance relative to their top…… [Read More]

References

Annette Bourdeau. "Scent of a... How big players like Samsung and Foot Locker are taking their brand identities to the next level. " Strategy

May 2006: 36. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 28 Apr. 2008. www.proquest.com

Foot Locker, Inc. 2008. Access to the Hoover's database of companies. 2008. Hoover's Company Records. ProQuest. 28 Apr. 2008. www.proquest.com

Mark Sullivan. "A Powerful Hook. " Sporting Goods Business 1 Sep. 2004: 20.
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Business Analysis on Foot Locker

Words: 2383 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60338309

Foot Locker

Company Evaluation

Foot Locker is one of the global leaders in the athletic footwear, apparel and multichannel retailing market., with 3,500 stores globally operating in 21 countries. The company operates retail outlets across a variety of brands including Foot Locker, Lady Foot Locker, Kids Foot Locker, Champs Sports, Footaction and CCS. As of this writing the company employs just over 38,007 employees with the majority being part-time (approximately 25,000) (Foot Locker Investor elations, 2012). Top-line revenue growth continues to be strong with Foot Locker recording $5.049B in their latest full fiscal year ended in January, 2011 (FY2011). This represented a 4% increase over the previous year. As of the latest financial reporting Foot Locker has provided, their revenue is $5.6B and operating profit is $443M. This compares to previous fiscal periods where the company earned an operating profit of $262M in FY2011 and $80M in FY 2010 (Foot…… [Read More]

References

By, A.C. (2012). Foot locker unveils expansion effort, targets $7.5 billion in 2016 sales. Dow Jones DBR High Yield,, n/a.

Chapman, M. (2011, Apr 04). Foot locker pushes converse range with underground ad. Marketing Week (Online),, n/a.

Holmes, S. (2007, Feb 07). Can Nike do it? Business Week (Online),, 1.

Foot Locker Investor Relations (2012). Investor Relations. Retrieved March 25, 2012, from Foot Locker Investor Relations and Filings with the SEC Web site:  http://www.footlocker-inc.com/investors.cfm?page=investor-relations
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Financial Analysis of Mcdonald a Financial Analysis

Words: 2657 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25254279

Financial Analysis of Mcdonald

A financial analysis McDonald's Cor

Company Overview

McDonald Corporation is a global company that conducts business in 117 countries. McDonald operates 32,737 restaurants and 26,338 franchises in the highly competitive fast food industry. Since 1940, McDonald has built a loyal customer base by continuing dedicating to customer service and providing high quality fast food for customers. Presently, McDonald could boast of over 60 millions customers and the company serves average of 64 millions customers daily. In the United States, and other countries where McDonald is operating, fast food business is very competitive. Despite the competition that McDonald is facing, the company has been able to record revenues of more than $16 billions in restaurants and revenues of more than $7 billions in franchise restaurants business. McDonald operates in six geographical locations. The company business operations are in the U.S., Europe, Middle East, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and…… [Read More]

References

Infinancials (2011). McDonald's Corp. Market valuation multiples. Infinancials.

Mizen, P. (2008). The Credit Crunch of 2007-2008: A Discussion of the Background, Market Reactions, and Policy Responses. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review. 90(5):531-67.

Putilina, I. (2010). A Financial Analysis of McDonald's Corporation. Economic Research Center.

Stapleton, R.C & Subrahmanyam, M.G.(2009). Interest Rates and Foreign Exchange Risks: An Overview of Hedging Instruments and Strategies. University of Lancarster.UK.
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Managerial Analysis Managers Use Various Analysis for

Words: 604 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54710917

Managerial Analysis

Managers use various analysis for various reasons. The comparative analysis compares line items in statements to past statements that detects changes in the accounts, which could indicate problem areas in operations. The ratio analysis detects emerging trends, weaknesses, and strengths of the business. The cost-volume-profit (CVP) analysis evaluates cost factor behaviors and shows how profits can be affected by the factors.

The comparison analysis is especially important to keep expenses in check. y comparing line items on the financial statements against previous period statements, changes can be detected and investigated. For example, where labor is one of the highest expenses, if labor is higher for this period with approximately the same sales volume, it shows a sign of wasted labor hours that would need to be investigated. Labor may not be being utilized in ways to prevent waste, which cuts into the profits. Another high area of waste…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Brewer, P.G. (2010). Introduction to Managerial Accounting. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
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Financial Analysis of Lehman Brother

Words: 2992 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52231514

Financial Analysis of Lehman rother

Lehman rothers

The history has been full of financial collapses and financial scandals and one of the biggest financial collapses that a company has ever seen was that of Lehman brother. The collapse of a firm as huge as Lehman rother and a firm which has such great experience of over a hundred years lead the world into a shock. It created doubts in the minds of people regarding the condition of other financial institutions. The history of Lehman rother is rich which is further discussed.

The history of Lehman rother dates back to 1844, when a boy named Henry who was a 23-year-old son of a cattle merchant who immigrated to the United States from Germany and he settled in Alabama State of the United States where he opened dry goods store. In 1847, when Henry Lehman's elder brother arrived to Alabama, the firm…… [Read More]

Bibliography

1. Bebchuk, L.A., Cohen, A., & Spamann, H. (2010). The Wages of Failure: Executive Compensation at Bear Stearns and Lehman 2000-2008. Yale Journal on Regulation,27(2), 257+.

2. Blake, D. (2000). Financial Market Analysis. New York: Wiley. Cetorelli, N., Mandel, B.H., & Mollineaux, L. (2012). The Evolution of Banks and Financial Intermediation: Framing the Analysis. Federal Reserve Bank of New York Economic Policy Review, 1+.

3. Dwyer, G.P., & Tkac, P. (2009). The Financial Crisis of 2008 in Fixed Income Markets.Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Working Paper Series, 2009(20), 1+.

4. Fitzpatrick, T.J., & Thomson, J.B. (2011). How Well Does Bankruptcy Work When Large Financial Firms Fail? Some Lessons from Lehman Brothers. Economic Commentary (Cleveland), (2011-23), 1+.
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Accounting Ratios the Financial Statements

Words: 2089 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78170223

An unaware analyst may think the second company to be better but in reality its low encouraging level is due to the fact that it is unable to secure additional funding. The companies may possess different capital structures and to attempt comparison of performance when one is all equity financed and another is a geared company may not suffice for a good analysis. The chosen application of government incentives to several companies may also twist the inter-company evaluation. There may be the possibility of providing a company with the tax holiday while the other within the same line of business not, and evaluation of such two enterprises may be misleading. (Session 15: Limitation of atio Analysis)

As a matter of principle, the accounting strategies are required to be applied persistently. Changes are required to be emphasized and the influence of variations from an original policy revealed. This is applicable when…… [Read More]

References

Accounting and decision making - Ratio analysis. Retrieved from http://www.learn.co.uk/cima-mc/lesson4/page4.htm Accessed on 22 April, 2005

Basic Financial Statement Analysis: Objective 3: Explain the limitations of ratio analysis. Retrieved from http://www.wu-wien.ac.at/usr/h93/h9352467/Limitations%20on%20Ratio%20Analysis/limitationonra.html Accessed on 22 April, 2005

Cars, Andreas. 2002. The Dynamic Current Ratio. 3 September. Retrieved from   http://www.investopedia.com /articles/02/090302.asp  Accessed on 22 April, 2005

Covers Information from Accounting 200 and 201. Retrieved from http://www.everettcc.edu/emplibrary/Financial%20Ratios.pdf Accessed on 22 April, 2005
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Sony Ratios and Analysis of

Words: 799 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65318267

This measure is -3.34% for FY 2009, compared to 10.66% in FY 2008 and 3.75% in FY 2007.

2.1.1.8 a quick ratio or liquid ratio measures the ability of a company to use its near cash or quick assets to immediately extinguish or retire its current liabilities. The higher the quick ratio, the better the position of the company. Sony's quick ratio has fallen to 0.14 in FY 2009 down from 0.24 in FY 2008 and 0.19 in FY 2007.

2.1.1.9 a high debt/equity ratio generally means that a company has been aggressive in financing its growth with debt. This is important to examine because it can result in volatile earnings as a result of the additional interest expense. Sony's debt/equity ratio has increased to 3.05 in FY 2009 versus 2.62 in FY 2008 and 2.47 in FY 2007.

2.1.1.10 Growth as measured by sales is horrible for Sony in…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Beers, S. And Lund, M. Corporate finance: Using financial ratios. http://www.cooperativegrocer.coop/articles/index.php?id=223

Documents submitted to the SEC (EDGAR) Form 20F and others.  http://www.sony.net/SonyInfo/IR/library/sec.html
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Financial Analysis Both General Motors

Words: 1582 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65405024

Ford's value in 2007, was 0.01, compared to GM's value of 0.64. Comparatively, GM is using its assets in a much more efficient manner than Ford is.

V. Conclusions

oth General Motors and Ford have shown specific problems in their operational activity, as this is reflected in the financial ratios that have been analyzed. The most important problem that Ford seems to have was reflected by both the asset management and profitability ratios. Indeed, from our investigation, we were able to determine that not only Ford is not using the assets it has efficiently in order to generate higher revenues and sales for the company, but the values in 2007 were almost error-like small (0.01 in most cases).

At the same time, General Motor's asset management and profitability ratio values were somewhat higher and, generally, showed an ascending trend, but I don't think we can go as far as saying…… [Read More]

Both General Motors and Ford have shown specific problems in their operational activity, as this is reflected in the financial ratios that have been analyzed. The most important problem that Ford seems to have was reflected by both the asset management and profitability ratios. Indeed, from our investigation, we were able to determine that not only Ford is not using the assets it has efficiently in order to generate higher revenues and sales for the company, but the values in 2007 were almost error-like small (0.01 in most cases).

At the same time, General Motor's asset management and profitability ratio values were somewhat higher and, generally, showed an ascending trend, but I don't think we can go as far as saying that General Motor is doing a good job in this area, simply because it is only a comparative approach and the fact that it is outperforming Ford does not necessarily mean that, on an absolute scale, it is actually managing its assets efficiently. Additionally, the values usually are much smaller than 1 and generally to small to draw a positive conclusion from this.

One of the significant problems that General Motors seem to have, and this was reflect both in the liquidity ratios and in some of the asset management ratios, is the very high levels of inventory. This shows a complex set of problems at General Motors. First of all, it production is not being efficiently sold and it is being stocked up rather than launched on the market. Such a policy shows either that there is no interest on the market for General Motors products or that the policy is wrong. In both cases, high levels of inventory lead to additional costs and to the risk that the company will not be able to sell these products at the current price levels.
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Financial Analysis Mcdonald's Like Many

Words: 2973 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87490352



Conduct a benchmarking analysis

As explained by Prasnikar, Debeljak and Ahcan (2005) benchmarking depends on comparing between two activities of an organization and another. In our case, we shall compare McDonald's activities and those of its competitors, Burger King and Wendy's.

• Best practices

McDonald's as a main player in the fast food industry is concerned with best practices with the industry. To this end, the corporation has adopted some best practices that include sustainability, nutrition and well-being, employee experience ad environmental responsibility. Accordingly, McDonald's protects the environment by going green and using methods that protect and conserve the environment. McDonald's also encourages its suppliers to uphold effective environmental. The company treats it employees well and offers them good working conditions as a way retaining them. Employees are offered training and promoted accordingly. McDonald's also adheres to ethical conduct its operations and food items are produced ethical. Similarly, the company…… [Read More]

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Accounts Analysis of Next PLC

Words: 1732 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64857262

PLC

Accounts Analysis of Next plc

It must be determined whether to invest in Next plc or not. This report examines the performance of Next plc from an investment perspective and assesses the likelihood of future above average performance.

To make a recommendation on investing in Next, this report reviewed their past performance as a basis for judging their ability to deliver future profitability and growth. The report discusses the economic environment as a context for understanding the challenges that Next must manage. The report reviews the Next plc annual report for the year to January 2011 to evaluate the company's performance and also analyses investor and financial ratios. The annual report provided a summary of Next's performance during the previous fiscal year, including a discussion of their achievements as well as shortfalls. The report also provided insights into management strategies to counter the threats of global inflation, erosion to…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Next plc, 2011. Next plc results for the year to January 2011. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 January 2012].

Retail Think Tank, 2011. What are the prospects for UK retail in 2011? [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 January 2012].

Reuters, 2011. Next PLC (NXT.L) [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 January 2012].
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Financial Ratio Report

Words: 1078 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98924988

Financial Analysis

Understanding how a company operates within any industry is dependent upon comprehension of many financial properties. Assessing the financial stability of a company is essential in determining the company's strengths and weaknesses as well as ultimately assessing its profitability. Financial ratios should be considered a useful tool when examining the profitability and efficiency of any company. Some companies are certainly more successful and profitable than others, and pharmaceutical companies in particular seem to have a distinct advantage when measuring financial ratios.

When assessing any organization, for terms of this paper are as follows: Johnson & Johnson, Pfizer and Merck it is important to consider the profitability and efficiency of the company. This is among the first information investors will explore before "investing" in a company. atio analysis is a critical analysis of the financial structure of an organization. There are four categories of ratios that need to be…… [Read More]

References

http://www.investor.jnj.com/trading_stats.cfm?page=ratios

Calculating and Interpreting Financial Ratios. http://aolsearch.aol.com/redir.adp?appname=MS&query=Pfizer%20efficiency%20and%20profitability%20ratios&url=http%3a%2f%2fwww%2efool%2ecom%2fportfolios%2frulemaker%2f2001%2frulemaker010531%2ehtm&datasource=Google&partner=Google&clickedItemRank=2&requestId=cns92890&component=websearch.google.http.tcl&searchType=MS

MBA 681, Fall 2002. "Financial Analysis." http://aolsearch.aol.com/redir.adp?appname=MS&query=Merck%20profitability%20and%20efficiency%20ratios&url=http%3a%2f%2fwww%2emgmtguru%2ecom%2fmgt499%2fTN4%5f3%2ehtm&datasource=Google&partner=Google&clickedItemRank=5&requestId=cns41327&component=websearch.google.http.tcl&searchType=MS
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Coca-Cola Company Analysis Coca-Cola Company

Words: 4104 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86498262

0

11,088.0

11,374.0

10,406.0

8,164.0

Gross Profit

22,426.0

19,902.0

20,570.0

18,451.0

15,924.0

Selling/General/Administrative Expenses, Total

13,158.0

11,358.0

11,774.0

10,945.0

9,431.0

Research & Development

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Depreciation/Amortization

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Interest Expense (Income), Net Operating

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Unusual Expense (Income)

0.0

0.0

Other Operating Expenses, Total

0.0

0.0

0.0

Operating Income

8,449.0

8,231.0

8,446.0

7,252.0

6,308.0

Interest Income (Expense), Net Non-Operating

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Gain (Loss) on Sale of Assets

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Other, Net

5,185.0

40.0

39.0

Income Before Tax

14,243.0

8,946.0

7,506.0

7,919.0

6,578.0

Income Tax - Total

2,384.0

2,040.0

1,632.0

1,892.0

1,498.0

Income After Tax

11,859.0

6,906.0

5,874.0

6,027.0

5,080.0

Minority Interest

-50.0

-82.0

-67.0

-46.0

0.0

Equity in Affiliates

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

U.S. GAAP Adjustment

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Net Income Before Extra. Items 11,809.0

6,824.0

5,807.0

5,981.0

5,080.0

Total Extraordinary Items…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Coca-Cola Company. Heritage Timeline. < http://heritage.coca-cola.com / > Accessed 16 February 2011.

"Coca-Cola Company." <  http://www.wikinvest.com/stock/Coca-Cola_Company_%28KO%29/Data/Debt_to_Equity?ref=ataglance  ?X??\??Y M??X??X\?H ? LK???????KP??H????????????X[?[\?\?[???] ?T?K???\[?K????KP??KP???66W76VBbfV''V'?#?6?66????F??%F?R6?6?6??V?G?7?7FV??"??GG???wwr?6?6?6????F??6???V?G??Fb??fW'f?Wu?vFVf??B?Fb??66W76VBbfV''V'?#?WV?G??fR?$6?6?6??6????GG???WV?G???fR?6???????&W?'B?sR?4?4?4???4??'B??66W76VBbfV''V'?#?f?&&W2?%&F???2?"??GG???f??2?f?&&W2?6???f??2??7?f???6R?6????f??&F??2??7?F?#????????????????????????()?????)??????
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Condition vs Statement Analysis in

Words: 656 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18366505



Ratio analysis is a useful way of gaining a snapshot of an organization. It is a transparent system of analysis reporting. These ratios can then be analyzed to identify an organization's strengths and weaknesses as well as useful insights. One thing that is important to realize is that the ratios lack the backing of financial theory. Theory says what should be the case or value. In the case of financial ratios, there is no way to identify a "theoretically best" value for any of these ratios. Essentially, financial ratios are simply nothing more measures that have been developed and evolved over time. They are therefore imperfect measures and need to be treated that way. It is usual that financial ratios are grouped together by their purpose in the ledger. There are a host of different classifications. However, the most commonly used classifications are liquidity, debt, activity. Typically one would not…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dollery, B., & Crase, L. (2006). A comparative perspective on financial

sustainability in Australian local government. (pp. 1-27). Armidale. New South Wales: Centre for Local Government,.

Financial ratios. (2010). Retrieved from  http://www.netmba.com/finance/financial/ratios/ 

Fridson, M., & Alvarez, F. (2009). Financial statement analysis: a practitioner's guide. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons.
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Financial Analysis of Nike

Words: 1251 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22148562

Financial Analysis of Nike

Nike Corporation (NKE: NYSE) is a global leader in the research and development, design and global marketing of a series of apparel, accessory, equipment and footwear products. The company is globally recognized for its excellence in marketing with the Nike brand being considered one of the top ten globally every year in consumer surveys where unaided awareness is the basis of analysis (Kwon, Kim, Mondello, 2008). Nike has one of the most extensive supply chains of any global apparel manufacturer, with a series of supplier quality audits and compliance standards including Corporate Social esponsibility (CS) initiatives and programs are enforced across the thousands of companies it sources from (Doorey, 2011). Today Nike operates in 170 different nations, dividing their overall operations into six divisions including China, Central and Eastern Europe, North America, Western Europe and Emerging Markets. Nike has over two dozen product lines it sells…… [Read More]

References

Doorey, D.. (2011). The Transparent Supply Chain: from Resistance to Implementation at Nike and Levi-Strauss. Journal of Business Ethics, 103(4), 587-603.

Kwon, H., Kim, H., & Mondello, M.. (2008). Does a Manufacturer Matter in Co-branding? The Influence of a Manufacturer Brand on Sport Team Licensed Apparel. Sport Marketing Quarterly, 17(3), 163-172.

Nike Investor Relations (2011). Investor Relations. Retrieved December 13, 2011, from Nike Investor Relations and Filings with the SEC Web site: http://investors.nikeinc.com/

Venkat Ramaswamy. (2008). Co-creating value through customers' experiences: the Nike case. Strategy & Leadership, 36(5), 9-14.
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Assetco an Analysis on a Crumbling Company

Words: 1627 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29570773

AssetCo

An Analysis on a Crumbling Company

About the Company

AssetCo is an international fire and rescue services business that operates in the United Kingdom and the United Arab Emirates. The services provided by AssetCo are outsourced, including all fire and rescue services. The company makes use of outsourced personnel, training, and equipment, but partners with the London Fire Brigade in its long-term contract (AssetCo.com, 2010).

A key goal of AssetCo is to meet and advise government policy, industry standards, and risk related to fire and rescue. The company functions within the civil defense, armed forces, aviation, and oil and gas industries in the UK and the UAE (AssetCo.com, 2010).

Company History

AssetCo began its life as a leasing and asset management subsidiary of British Gas. It was built to benefit a 20-year operational asset management contract with LFEPA, London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority. In 2009, the company secured…… [Read More]

References

AssetCo.com. (2010). Assetco fire and rescue. Retrieved November 6, 2010 from  http://assetco.com/ 

Brickell, D. (2011, June 13). Troubled assetco confirms takeover talk speculation.

Retrieved November 6, 2011 from http://www.istockanalyst.com/finance/story/5225339/troubled-assetco-confirms-takeover-talk-speculation

LeasingWorld.Co.Uk. (2011, May 20). AssetCo in cfo shock. Retrieved November 6,
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Wal-Mart Analysis Industry Information in

Words: 3480 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58002131



orporate Mission

As the largest mass merchandiser in the world, Wal-Mart's work in supply chain execution, research, and policies defines best practices for the broader high volume retailing industry worldwide. Wal-Mart is comprised of three operating segments including the Wal-Mart stores, Sam's lub and the International Stores. The typical Wal-Mart discount store as 50 departments or more and a few are offering groceries in addition to apparel, fabrics, stationery and books, shoes, house wares, hardware, electronics, home furnishings, small appliances, automotive accessories, gardening accessories, sporting goods, toys, and pet food. Wal-Mart moved into the Superenter retailing concept in the 1990s and has at this point 1,700 of these Superenters worldwide (Sampson, 2008).

These Superenters range in size from slightly over 90,000 square feet to 260,000 square feet. These are substantially larger than its normal stores, ranging in size from 90,000 square feet to 261,000 square feet. Wal-Mart also runs smaller…… [Read More]

Concentrating on supply chain efficiencies to support is primary messaging of its Low Price Everyday (LPED) value proposition, Wal-mart is differentiating itself by concentrating on the two most critical aspects that consumers consider when purchasing more commodity like products, which are price and availability. The general marketing strategy is to concentrate on what Wal-Mart calls the price value shopper, which comprises 16% of its total customer base, followed by brand Aspirational (29%) and price-Sensitive Affluents (15%). This segmentation strategy is how the company defines its strategic objectives for creating a demand-driven supply chain as well.

The value chain for Wal-Mart is integral to its overarching marketing strategy. Only by having a high enough level of inventory turns and logistics, supply chain and operational efficiencies can Wal-Mart support is LPED value proposition. Further, the role of each SuperCenter as a Distribution Center (DC) in the supply chain also underscores the other critical elements of the LPED strategy, which is to focus on price and availability over premium product or pricing positioning. Strategic marketing planning at Wal-Mart centers on the Price Value Shopper Segment, the majority of which are women who shop for their families whose household income (HH) is $40,000 or less per year (Birchall, 2008). Wal-Mart has successfully defined itself as a shopping strategy for making ends meet in the Value-Shopper segment and as a result has been able to sustain strong customer loyalty. In the customer segmentation discussion Wal-Mart's specific approaches to managing each segments' unique requirements is discussed. Market Strategy

The Wal-Mart market strategy concentrates on the Price Value Shopper segment as its top priority followed by the Brand Aspirationals who comprise 29% of their total sales. With the primary
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Starbucks Management Analysis Company Overview

Words: 3274 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57432414

This strategy was combined with the company's focus on CAFE-based compliance and support for Fair Trade-based trading practices with coffee suppliers. This renewed focus on managing their supply chains to tighter levels of profitability and performance metrics including increasing quality standards has led to a significant reduction in operating expenses and control of variable costs (Starbucks Investor elations, 2011). Starbucks was also able to manage costs of closing locations effectively, and when this strategy was combined with supply chain cost savings, greater focus on in-store profitability and faster new product introductions, Starbucks was able to reverse a negative trend on gross margins and profitability. Beginning in FY 2010 and continuing through the current fiscal period, Starbucks continues to see their gross margins and operating profits including Net Margin, Gross Margin and EBITDA Margin. Figure 1, 5-Year Trend Margin Analysis Shows Impact of Strategic Marketing shows the aggregate impact of these…… [Read More]

References

Melanie Godsell (2007)."Starbucks to push food line. " Marketing QSR. June, pp. 34 -- 35.

Jeffrey S. Harrison, Eun-Young Chang, Carina Gauthier, Todd Joerchel, and et al. (2005) "Exporting a North American Concept to Asia: Starbucks in China. " Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly 46.2: 275-283.

Kanter, R.. (2010) "How to Do Well and Do Good. " MIT Sloan Management Review 52.1. 12.

Mintel Research, 2006, A Classy Cup of Coffee, Convenience Store News March 15, 2006. Retrieved November 29, 2011 from http://www.csnews.com/csn/foodservice/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1002158065
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Walmart Corporation Mission and Vision Statement Analysis

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71718077

WalMart Corporation

Mission and Vision tatement Analysis

Linking Wal-Mart's Mission and Vision to Their trategic Goals and Objectives

Assessing the Link Between Wal-Mart's Financial Performance And Its trategic Goals

Wal-Mart Competitive and Marketing Analysis

Wal-Mart Marketing Analysis

Potential Wal-Mart Merger & Acquisition trategy

Incentive and Reward trategies for Wal-Mart Employees

Evaluating How Current trategies Define Ethicacy Levels at Wal-Mart

Wal-Mart Ratio Analysis

Income tatement Analysis, 2007 -- 2012

Analysis of WalMart Corporation

Mission and Vision tatement Analysis

All internal systems, processes, external stakeholder management initiatives, supply chain management, sourcing, quality management and merchandising initiatives in WalMart revolve around the fulfillment of the expectations they create with their customers daily. Their Low Price Everyday (LPED) value proposition permeates their entire value chain, galvanizing it around the mission of delivering exceptional value on a consistent basis to customers. The mission and vision of WalMart rely on LPED as the catalyst and unifying…… [Read More]

Sources: (Wal-Mart, 2012) (Sodhi, Son, 2009) (Gosman, Kohlbeck, 2009)

Selecting the Best Possible Strategy for Maximizing Return to Shareholders

For WalMart to deliver the greatest potential value to shareholders, they need to pursue a mid-tier market strategy that differentiates store product
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Financial Analysis of Home Depot

Words: 2116 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62526988

Home Depot is a retailer of home improvement supplies, and Lowe's is its biggest rival. Both are very large companies, and they have a lot of similarities. Both companies competes only in this one industry, focused on big box retailing of home improvements and home finishings. These are considered to be category killers, in that once they enter a market few other firms can exist in that market selling the same items. Both companies compete with low prices, and Home Depot especially tries to deliver a high standard of service as well. Home Depot is the larger of the two, and it also has international operations, something that Lowe's does not have at this point. This paper will compare the financials of these two companies. The income statements and balance sheet data will be attached in Appendix A.

It should be noted that all -- all -- financial data used…… [Read More]

References

MSN Moneycentral. (2013) Home Depot. Retrieved November 29, 2013 from http://investing.money.msn.com/investments/stock-price?symbol=HD&ocid=qbeb

MSN Moneycentral. (2013). Lowe's. Retrieved November 29, 2013 from http://investing.money.msn.com/investments/stock-price?symbol=LOW&ocid=qbes
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Pepsi vs Coca-Cola Financial Analysis

Words: 2063 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94072306

Financial Analysis of Pepsi and Coca Cola

Synopsis of Companies

Pepsi and Coca-Cola companies boast of having two of the most recognized and preferred or desired beverages in the whole world. These two establishments are very fierce competitors in the beverage industry and incessantly compete with one another with the main objective of becoming the main and top distributor of not just sodas built but other beverages as well. This fierce rivalry that exists between the two companies is referred to as the "Cola Wars" and began in the period leading to the 1980s and has since then continued and become even more intense. In the period leading to the 80's Pepsi boosted and increased its market share, a time which coincided with Coca Cola Company being the top most distributor and supplier of beverages (PepsiCo Annual eport, 2013).. At this point in time, the two companies energetically and dynamically…… [Read More]

References

Goodman, A. (2013). PepsiCo, Re-Energized. Forbes. Retrieved from: http://www.forbes.com/sites/agoodman/2013/06/14/pepsico-re-energized/

O'Toole, B. (2014). Green Mountain stock soars on Coke partnership. CNN Money. Retrieved from: http://money.cnn.com/2014/02/05/investing/green-mountain-coca-cola/

Passport. (2013). Coca-Cola Co The SWOT Analysis, In Soft Drinks (World). Retrieved from: http://www.euromonitor.com/medialibrary/PDF/Coca-Cola-Co_SWOT_Analysis.pdf

PepsiCo, Inc. And Subsidiaries. (February 19, 2013). Form 10-K.