Regression Analysis Essays (Examples)

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Regression for HR a Look

Words: 849 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19671397

In short, it's the veteran employees, who seem to not be using their vacation time, that are creating the perceived problem.

By taking a regression that analyzes length of tenure vs. vacation time taken in the most recently completed calendar year (2005), we can see if employees are taking more time off as they accrue more vacation days. Our hypothesis is that they are not and that there will be no correlation between length of tenure and time off taken.

The main statistic we will analyze is the coefficient of determination. According to Aczel and Sounderpandian, the coefficient of determination measures the strength of the regression relationship on a scale of zero to 1; the closer the figure is to 1, the stronger the relationship (p.457). As Aczel and Sounderpandian indicate, it is difficult to state definitively how close to 1 our coefficient of determination must be before we declare…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Aczel, Amir D. And Sounderpandian, Jayavel. Complete Business Statistics, 6th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin, 2006.
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Analysis of Survey on Job Satisfaction

Words: 2577 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56631159

Job Satisfaction

The main objective of this research is to examine the various factors affecting job satisfaction given that satisfaction is a dynamic phenomenon that includes a person's attitudes and behaviors. The author also seeks to examine organizational injustices and how they affect job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Organizations in the modern business environment consider job satisfaction as a legitimate factor that has strong impacts on organizational commitment. In light of this significance, it's important for organizations to evaluate and identify factors that affect job satisfaction. Therefore, this research primarily seeks to study the various factors affecting job satisfaction.

Data Analysis Methodology

To achieve the aims of this study, the researcher conducted 26 surveys on 26 different employees to determine issues that are affecting the job satisfaction in their different working environments. The researcher developed surveys with open ended questions that act as a framework of understanding what employees want…… [Read More]


Lumley et al. 2011, Exploring the Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment of Employees in the Information Technology Environment, Southern African Business Review, vol. 15, no. 1, pp.100-118.

Research Methods Knowledge Base 2006, Deduction & Induction, Research Methods Knowledge Base, viewed 22 April 2016

Satterfield, LM 2015, Factors Affecting Job Satisfaction of Radiologic Sciences Faculty: Implications for Recruitment and Retention, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, viewed 21 April 2016,

Soiferman, LK 2010, Compare and Contrast Inductive and Deductive Research Approaches, Institute of Education Sciences, viewed 22 April 2016,
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Analysis of Null Hypothesis Significance Testing

Words: 1259 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97193202


Compare and Contrast Null Hypothesis Significance Testing (NHST)

The most commonly used statistical technique for testing the impact of the factor being discussed on observations is Null Hypothesis Significance Testing (NHST). Consequently, NHST is the famous approach to inferential statistics, especially when conducting quantitative research. Despite being the dominant approach, NHST has also become increasingly controversial given the belief by a considerable number of people that it is a flawed statistical method. The controversy and consideration of Null Hypothesis Significance Testing as a flawed statistical approach has contributed to the development of alternatives whose proponents consider more beneficial or advantageous unlike NHST. However, an understanding of Null Hypothesis Significance Testing requires correct interpretation of p values.

Meaning of p = .05

P value is commonly used across statistical approaches including regression analysis and t-tests because it determines the statistical importance or significance in testing a hypothesis. According to Frost…… [Read More]


Carver, R.P. (1978). The Case against Statistical Significance Testing. Retrieved November 30, 2015, from

Frost, J. (2014, April 17). How to Correctly Interpret P values. Retrieved November 30, 2015, from

Gliner, J.A., Leech, N.L. & Morgan, G.A. (2002). Problems With Null Hypothesis Significance Testing (NHST): What Do the Textbooks Say? The Journal of Experimental Education, 71(7), 83-92.

Levine et al. (2008). A Critical Assessment of Null Hypothesis Significance Testing in Quantitative Communication Research. Human Communication Research, 34, 171-187.
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Effect of IQ on GPA Regression and Correlation

Words: 1658 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66246136

egression, Correlation: Effect of IQ on GPA

Effective teaching begins with understanding the thinking and reasoning abilities of one's students and devising ways to ensure that the classroom setting is accommodative of the inherent differences in cognitive capabilities and that all students get to benefit from the learning process. One way of measuring a child's intellectual ability is by administering the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children -- Forth Edition (WISC-IV), which measures IQ on the basis of a child's processing speed, working memory, perceptual reasoning, and verbal comprehension skills. Children below the average range in IQ are thought to have lower understanding, thinking, and reasoning abilities compared to their peers. It is the instructor's duty to follow up such children's class activities with therapeutic interventions to ensure that they remain at par with the rest of the class. This text presents the hypotheses, regression results, and descriptive statistics of a…… [Read More]


Duckworth, A.L. & Seligman, M.E. (2005). Self-Discipline Outdoes IQ in Predicting Academic Performance of Adolescents. Psychological Science, 16(12), 939-944.

Jackson, S. (2011). Research Methods and Statistics: A Critical Thinking Approach (4th ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.

Rubin, A. & Babbie, E. (2009). Essential Research Methods for Social Work. Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning.

Thorndike, R.M. & Thorndike-Christ, T. (2010). Measurement and Evaluation in Psychology and Education (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Inc.
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Regression vs Correlation Correlation Is Used to

Words: 1038 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12052463

egression vs. correlation?

Correlation is used to test whether two variables covary, the strength of the relationship, and the direction of the association. A correlation calculation will generate a P-value and a correlation coefficient (r). By comparison, regression will generate the slope and intercept for a best-fit line that can be used to predict unknown values for the dependent variable.

What percentage of depression is not associated with Facebook usage?

The coefficient of determination (r2) is 0.661, which means that 66.1% of the variance in depression is due to the amount of time spent on Facebook; therefore, 33.9% of the variation in depression cannot be explained by time spent on Facebook.

Q3: Variables that could be contributing to the variance not explained by time spent on Facebook?

The unexplained variance in depression scores is the amount of error between measured levels of depression for a study subject and what was…… [Read More]


Klengel, T. & Binder E.B. (2013). Gene-environment interactions in major depressive disorder. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 58(2), 76-83.
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Economic and Quantitative Analysis Topics Roughly Six

Words: 2136 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7590088

economic and quantitative analysis topics, roughly six in total. Those topics, in order, are focus on a non-core variable (and model) for the country of Nigeria, analysis of the World Bank World Development Indicators (WDI) model, comments on regression and the validity questions rising from within, the general problems and issues with regression analysis in general, whether any of the variable in the author's personal model have problems related to non-stationarity, and finally a suggestion of any changes to the models mentioned previously based on the outcomes that came about and the policy implications that can be garnered from this analysis.

Nigeria Non-Core Variable

The government and economics of Nigeria heavily focuses on exports of its vast mineral, petroleum and natural gas resources. An industry that has been a microcosm as compared to those exports over the recent years and decades has been the service sector (Nigeria, 2012). In many…… [Read More]


Government of Nigeria. (2012). Nigerian Economics. Available: Last accessed 31st Dec 2012.

Islam, N. (1995). Growth Empirics: A Panel Data Approach. The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 110 (4), 1127-1170.

Mankiw, N.G., Romer, D., & Weil, D.N. (1992). A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth. The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 107 (2), 407-437.
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Communicating the Results of a Multiple Regression

Words: 929 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55825478

Communicating the Results of a Multiple Regression Analysis

usiness Theory: "Communicating the Results of a Multiple Regression Analysis"

This report has the stated objective of examining the communication of the results of a multiple regression analysis and as such, a multiple regression analysis is described both in theory and in form demonstrating the progression of such an analysis. The multiple regression in this study examines bivariate factors in predicting the success of sales people for XYZ corporation.

The presentation of a multiple regression analysis is addressed in the work of Kuiper (2008) that the goals of multiple regression analysis are to: (1) describe or develop a model that describes the relationship between the explanatory variables and the response variable; (2) predict or use a set of sample data to make predictions; and (3) confirm in that theories are reported as often developed about individual variables including confirmation of which variables…… [Read More]


Gaasbeck, V. (nd) Presentation of Regression Results. California State University. Retrieved from: 

Kuiper, S. (2008) Introduction to Multiple Regression: How Much Is Your Car Worth? Journal of Statistics Education. Vol. 16. No.3. Retrieved from: 

Multiple Regression (1997) SABLE Virginia Tech. Retrieved from:
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Correlation and Simple Linear Regression

Words: 666 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 946175

Correlation, Simple Linear egression

In this paper, we perform a linear regression analysis on previously collected data related to the number of daily e-mails received () and sent (S) by a particular user (the author). We have depicted the original daily e-mail data as a time series, incrementing N. By 1 for each day's measurement. The computed regression coefficient r is the slope of the regression line.

A time series consists of sequencing successive data points at uniform time intervals. As such, this exercise represents a meaningful statistical analysis to determine whether a natural temporal ordering is inherent in the data. It should be recalled that the collection of data for each of . And S. consisted of 15 daily samples, which were collected during two exercises spanning 10 and 5 days respectively. This factor will be noted in the analysis to follow. Table 1 illustrates the predicted values and…… [Read More]


Breyfogle, F.W. (2003). Implementing Six Sigma: Smarter Solutions Using Statistical Methods (2nd ed.). John Wiley & Sons.

Waner, S., & Costenoble, S.R. (1999). Simple Regression Page. Retrieved December 18, 2011, from
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Linear Regression Examples

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66685519

Linear egression

Predictions and Hypothesis Testing

What benefit does a variable provide when developing and examining models?

Statistics can be used to describe a phenomenon or conduct hypothesis testing, but statistics can also used to predict outcomes (Hanneman, Kposowa, & iddle, 2012, p. 7). To enable predictions to be made, variables are required in the statistical model. Variables allow researchers to model the mathematical relationship between two or more phenomenon. For example, the relationship between tree circumference and the number of leaves could be described by the two variables girth and leaves. This relationship may or may not be causal, but it could be correlational. If a causal relationship is suspected, then maybe reducing the number of leaves inhibits expansion of tree girth. In this case, leaves would be the independent variable and girth the dependent variable. If the model is valid, then the tree girth could be predicted for…… [Read More]


Atmospheric pressure and other state variables. (n.d.). Retrieved 6 May 2014 from .

Hanneman, R.A., Kposowa, A.J., & Riddle, M.D. (2012). Research Methods for the Social Sciences: Basic Statistics for Social Research. Somerset, N.J.: Jossey-Bass.

Journal of Tropical Pediatrics. (n.d.). Chapter 2: Simple linear regression. In Research Methods II: Multivariate Analysis. Retrieved 6 May 2014 from .

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2011). What are the coronary heart disease risk factors? Retrieved 6 May 2014 from .
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Correlations and Regression

Words: 625 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10442438

Correlation & Regression

A fifth grade science teacher wants to know if there is a relationship between final exam scores and overall coursepoints after adjusting for a quiz score.

In order to determine whether there was a significant relationship between overall coursepoints and final exam scores, after controlling for quiz scores, a hierarchical regression was run. All assumptions were assessed using SPSS. There was independences of residuals, as assessed by a Durbin-Watson statistic of 1.08. An examination of various scatterplots indicated a general linear relationship between variables of interest, although perfect linearity was not observed.

Overall Scatterplot

Partial Regression Plot: Final Exam Score & Quiz Score

Figure 3. Partial Regression Plot: Final Exam Score & Course Points

The assumption of homoscedasticity was violated, as the scatterplot in Figure 1 demonstrates (i.e., the values were not evenly spread across the scatterplot). There was no evidence of multicollinearity as evidenced by no…… [Read More]

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ANOVA Analysis Is Derived From Analysis of

Words: 490 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92264523

ANOVA analysis is derived from ANalysis of Variance and is used bets where the dependent variable is categorical. In the field of science, this type of analysis is frequent where samples from two or more subjects are analyzed for the inherent properties that they have (Explorable, 2012).

In this case, the size of the maple leaves being dependent on the location of the tree will be used. Maple trees under the shades of taller trees are smaller than the maple leaves from the trees out in the open and even smaller are the maple tree leaves from the median of parking lots. In order to put such a hypothesis to test, 5 groups of 10 maple leaves from the three locations will be collected.

Group I will be the leaves from the shade, group II will be the leaves from the open fields and group III will be those from…… [Read More]


Explorable, (2012). ANOVA. Retrieved December 8, 2012 from

Statrek, (2012). Simple Linear Regression Example. Retrieved December 8, 2012 from
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Managerial Assessments of the Applications of Regression

Words: 834 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16739508

Managerial Assessments of the Applications of egression


The commentary of the article begins with the subject of the research in the article: Organizational Politics within Academic Departments. This subject is valid of research as it is a factor of which many students are unaware, yet are apart of and by which they are affected. Uninformed views or stereotypes of academia may not include the order of politics evident among faculty and staff within each department, yet they exist. Therefore the first piece of criticism is to validate the subject matter of the study. Furthermore, the authors argue for the importance of their study as there is little research in the area, for reasons that some of which are obvious and self evident.

The specific behavioral focus for the article is conflict. The authors wish to understand the nature of conflict within organizations and the impact conflict has upon perceptions.…… [Read More]


Darr, W.A., & Johns, G. (2003) Political climates: Theoretical processes and multi-level antecedents. In Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Administrative Sciences Association of Canada, Organizational Behavior Division, 24(3)., 36 -- 50. Halifax, Nova Scotia. Retrieved from 2012 April 14.

Garson, G.D. (n.d.). Regression statnotes: Topics in multivariate analysis. Retrieved from 2012 April 10.
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Multiple Regression it Is Hypothesized That Self-Efficacy

Words: 696 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45052876

Multiple egression

It is hypothesized that self-efficacy, appraisal, challenge and resources will negatively predict perceived stress whilst avoidant strategies will increase levels of perceived stress.

Sample Description

The sample consisted of 100 participants, 27 males and 73 females. Forty percent of the participants were not students, 30 were studying as part time students and 29% were studying as full time students. Fifty-five percent of the sample was employed full time, 25% were employed part-time and 20% reported being unemployed. Participants in the sample ranged from 16 to 70 years of age, with an average age of 35.6.

The assumption of normality was met for each individual variable. All of the variables included in the regression analysis displayed relatively normal distributions. The distribution for Self-Efficacy has a slight negative skew, but not one that should influence the interpretation of the results. An examination of scatter plots also revealed no problems with…… [Read More]

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Economic Analysis of the Operating Cost That

Words: 4358 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6894998

economic analysis of the operating cost that are incurred in the running of a metro station. The paper also reveals the variables that are tied to the cost efficiency of the whole process of running a metro station. The cost of operating the stations is however grouped under the semi-fixed costs that are involved. This is because these costs do not vary proportionately with the output of the metro business. This paper seeks to shed light on some of the main factors that affect these costs. Empirical analysis reveals that very strong system specific factors influences costs but it is worth mentioning that there are other station specific details that also influences the costs. These include the number of platforms in the station, the length of the passageways, the interchange demand, availability of toilet facilities etc.We also discover that presence of air-conditioning has a great effect in the propulsion of…… [Read More]


Bookbinder, J., and W. Qu. "Comparing the performance of Major American

Railroads." Transportation Research Forum

Cantos, P.,Pastor J, and Serrano L. "Cost and revenue inefficiencies in the European railways." International Journal of Transport Economic (2002)

Caves, D.W.,Christensen ., L.R., and Swanson J.A.. "Economic performance in regulated and unregulated environments: A comparison of U.S. And Canadian railways." The Quarterly Journal of Economics (1981)
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Correlation and Regression Using an

Words: 332 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72723108

For example, children whose last names end with a vowel may have a statistically higher chance of manifesting type II diabetes. The reasons for this might be the poverty and discrimination faced by many Latinos, the letters of whose names more often end with a vowel than other ethnicities. Poverty often leads to a poorer diet, less access to places to exercise safely, less access to healthcare, and a lack of opportunities to become educated about how to live a healthy lifestyle. It is poverty that is the causative factor to the child's ill health, however, not the child's name, and changing the child's name will not affect the outbreak of type II diabetes in the Latino community.


Sykes, Alan O. An introduction to regression analysis. University of Chicago Law School.

etrieved February 8, 2010 at… [Read More]


Sykes, Alan O. An introduction to regression analysis. University of Chicago Law School.

Retrieved February 8, 2010 at
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Qualitative and Quantitative Data Analysis

Words: 1832 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78985915

.....employee data to answer some human resources related questions using the SPSS software. The screenshots of the entire data are presented in the Appendix 1 and Appendix 2. The report provides the findings for the HR (human resources) issues after carrying out the data analysis of employee's data. The outcome of the analysis reveals that workers between 25 and 55 years of age form the largest percentage of employees in the organization where the mean age of all the entire workforce is 39.19 years. However, workers between 18 and 29 years of age consist of 30.4% of the workforce. However, workers between age of 30 and 40 consist of 23.2% of employees within the organization. Employees between 41 and 50 years of age consist of 23.2% of the workforce while employees between 51 and 63 of age consist of 21.7%.

The findings also reveal the proportion of the employees belonging…… [Read More]

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Correlation Statistics V Regression Statistics

Words: 646 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11472357

Correlation and regression are two important test statistics that are utilized in a study that focuses on understanding the relationship between two variables and/or the effect of one variable on another. In correlation statistics, there are two variables that are related to each other whereas in regression, and explanatory variable and a response variable are utilized ("Introduction to Correlation and egression Analysis," 2013). Generally, the main aim of correlation statistics is to examine whether two measurement variables co differ and determine the strength of the link between variables. On the contrary, regression statistics focuses on expressing the relationship between two measurement variables using an equation. As a result, of the difference in focus, correlation statistics and regression statistics are suitable for different circumstances.

egression statistics is suitable for situation where the problem of interest or issue being examined is the nature of relationship between a dependent variable and an independent…… [Read More]


Cheatham, M.L. (2015). Correlation and Regression. In A practical guide to biostatistics (chap. 8, pp.47-52. Retrieved from

"Introduction to Correlation and Regression Analysis." (2013, January 17). Multivariable Methods. Retrieved from Boston University School of Public Health website:
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Statistical Analysis in Reaching Their

Words: 1866 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68362904

The median is the mid-point of a given data set; rather than the mean, which produces a single number that takes into account the extremes of the data set as well as the middle, the median tends to be more stable, finding the half-way point between extremes rather than directly incorporating them. For wage comparisons, especially over time, the median is useful and an excellent choice of statistical tool precisely for this stability and lack of influence by extremes that are exceptions to the general findings of the data set.


The examinations of the statistical tools herein have been brief, but hopefully effective. Understanding the different methods of analysis and presentation that are at one's disposal is essential in order to carry out effective research in a way that is meaningful to other researchers and practitioners, in the filed of human resource management and in all other areas of…… [Read More]


Edwards, C. (2009). "The pursuit of happiness (human resource management)." Engineering & technology 4(4), pp. 76-9.

Gill, G. (2004). "Perception of safety, safety violation, and improvement of safety in aviation: Findings of a pilot study." Journal of air transportation 9(3), pp. 43-55.

Hwang, J. & Chang, H. (2009). "Work climate perception and turnover intention among Korean hospital staff. International nursing review 56(1), pp. 73-80.

Mathuaer, I. & Imhoff, I. (2006). "Health worker motivation in Africa: the role of non-financial incentives and human resource management tools. Human Resources for Health [NLM - MEDLINE] 4, pp. 24-36.
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A Cat Statistical Analysis Report

Words: 3105 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66525207

Statistical Analysis eport for the A-CAT

A-CAT was one of the Indian leading producers of electrical appliance within the medium-scale industry. The A-CAT manufactured and distributed domestic appliance to the rural population India. Moreover, A-CAT had two medium-sized manufacturing units in a small town of Gondia located at the remote district in Vidarbha, a less develop area in India. The company primary flagship product was 500 kilovolt amps voltage regulator branded with V-500 tag. Established in 1986, the company could boast of 40 employees. A-CAT had established a partnership alliance with Jupiter Inc. and Global Electricals for the production of cabinets and TV signal boosters respectively. Since 1986, the A-CAT had been in operation and the company budget between 2010 and 2011 provided the annual sales of s. 9,800,000 ($147,128). The functional company department are design department, manufacturing department, purchasing department, and sales and service department. Contrary to other companies…… [Read More]


Dhoot, A.V. (2015). Opportunities and Challenges in Consumer Electronics & Home Appliances. CEAMA. Consumer Electronics and Appliances Manufacturers Association.

Ernst & Young (2015).Study on Indian electronics and consumer durables segment (AC, refrigerators, washing machines, TVs). Ernst & Young Pvt. Ltd.

Heale, R. & Twycross, A.(2015). Validity and reliability in quantitative studies. Evid-Based Nurs:1-3.

Korb, K. (2012). Conducting Educational Research. Validity of Instruments. 2012. Korbed. Psychology
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Quantitative and Qualitative Data Analysis Essay

Words: 4222 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Array

This essayconsists of two parts. Part A is an analysis of quantitative data and Part B is an analysis of qualitative data. We will give you the data in both cases. Each part should consist of data analysis, commentary and interpretation. You should write well-structured report of between 750 and 1000 words for each part plus any diagrams and charts you produce and a list of references.
Part A
The report carries out the data analysis of employee data to answer some human resources related questions using the SPSS software. The screenshots of the entire data are presented in the Appendix 1 and Appendix 2. The report provides the findings for the HR (human resources) issues after carrying out the data analysis of employees data. The outcome of the analysis reveals that workers between 25 and 55 years of age form the largest percentage of employees in the…… [Read More]

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Final Term Paper State Health Systems and Regressional Analysis

Words: 1061 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51500927

knowledge management system would be beneficial in helping the SH administration with the patient data. This system is important because solving problems and making ideal resolutions on health care is heavily reliant on admission to knowledge. In today's progressively difficult environment, it quickly turns out to be vital for healthcare organizations to successfully achieve both internal knowledge and externally produced knowledge, so as to provide the best likely health care, attain operational superiority, and nurture innovations.

This would offer the best solution for the problem that SH is having for the reason that it assists with managerial competencies. When individuals in an organization experience information overload or lack the knowledge needed for decision-making, such as in the case of the incorrect prescriptions, adverse drug reactions, identical or needless lab tests, and misdiagnosis by the doctors, they become chaotic (Ashton, 2009). Form SH, without having this system, clinicians and managers can…… [Read More]


J.L. Arthur, K. L. (2009). A multiple goal capital flow model for a chemical and pharmaceutical company. The Engineering Economist, 30 (2), 121-134.

A. Arbel, Y. O. (2011). An application of the AHPto bank strategic planning: The mergers and acquisitions process. European Journal of Operational Research, 48 (8), 27-37.

D.J. Ashton, D. A. (2009). Atkins, Multicriteria programming for financial planning,. Journal of the Operational Research, 30 (3), 259-270.

G. Barbarosoglu, D. P. (2012). Capital rationing in the public sector using the analytic hierarchy process. The Engineering Economist, 40 (4), 315-341.
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Linear Regression Models Meier Chapter

Words: 1293 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14245927

g. with the same group being tested on a pre- and post-test).

Variations between t-tests are the following:

a. T-test on independent samples that have unequal variance. The problem here is determining sampling error in order to accurately determine whether two samples are or are not really different. This test is also used when the number of cases in each sample is different or when the number of cases in one or both the samples is small.


1. Hypothesis is formulated. Means and SD for groups are worked out

2. Standard error for each group is calculated as is overall standard error

3. The t-score for the difference of means is calculated

4. The t-score is looked up and probability result applied to hypothesis.

B. T-test for independent samples with equal variances.

Since you want to avoid a Type 1 error, it is important to ensure that both groups…… [Read More]


GAO case study evaluations (1990)

Steinberg, P. Causal assessment in small-N policy studies, Policy Studies Journal, 35,
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Behavioral Finance and Analysis of American Financial

Words: 2311 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42185362

Behavioral Finance and Analysis of American Financial Crisis

Financial theories are the cornerstone of the modern corporate world. They lay the foundation for most tools used in areas like asset pricing and investment banking. Most theoretical concepts like general equilibrium analysis and information economics are planted in the field of microeconomics. There are several different financial theories based on both consumer behavior, as well as how they impact decisions made by financial managers.

One financial theory that many business managers use is The Modern Portfolio Theory,

or MPT. It suggests how investors use diversification to enhance their portfolios, as well as how to price an asset based on the risk, in relation to the market as a whole. Modern portfolio theory displays the return of an asset as a variable, and the portfolio as a combination of all of the assets. The return of a portfolio is also a random…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Klier, Thomas H. "From Tail Fins to Hybrids: How Detroit Lost its Dominance of the U.S. Auto Market." Economic Perspectives 33.2 (2009), 2-17. Web.

Heakal, Reem, 2008. Macroeconomic Analysis: Retrieved on May 10, 2012 from: 

Krumm, Paul, 2007. How Money is Created Retrieved on May 10, 2012 from:
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Statistical Analysis and Forecasting of

Words: 2045 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75065596

Their pricing approaches, while in the boundaries of solid statistical analysis, are somewhat opportunistic. For Zillow to be more accurate, the use of a range of valuations for each property could be included. This would be more realistic to the true conditions of the market. Finally, the methodology used for this analysis is based on the latest 30 home sales; therefore the data itself and analysis are much timelier in reflecting the market conditions..

Zillow Analysis

In evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of, it is immediately apparent that this website is much more navigable than, and also gets away from the troublesome opt-in screens realtors use before allowing properties to be sold. The mash-up with Google Maps is also very well done. In summary, the strengths and weaknesses of are provided here:


Excellent mash-up using Google Maps and their own pricing databases to provide an easy-to-navigate…… [Read More]

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Multiple Liner Regression to Determine the Time

Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17924272

multiple liner regression to determine the time taken to dispatch daily subscription newspapers from the New York Times Printing Plant to several offices and homes in New York City and its neighborhood. The newspaper delivery routes are to be the shortest and most efficient in terms of conserving fuel that would otherwise be wasted on traffic jams. The Logistics Manager suggested that the variables that are most crucial are the distance to be traveled by the delivery vans and total number of newspapers to be delivered in any particular area. The logistics Manager pooled observations from 25 offices and homes on the average newspaper delivery times. This data was then used to model the econometric model and an analysis carried out.

This paper concludes with recommendations to the New York Times CTO on the most important changes on the logistics department of the firm. This paper prescribes the best possible…… [Read More]

Bibliography /

Step 4. Model relationship coefficient determination
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U8D1 Regression Discontinuity and Correlation

Words: 753 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79663064

Predictors of stress included being male, young, Hispanic, living in a rural residence, and not belonging to any religious institution. Also being male and young were associated with high burnout rates, whilst involvement in religious activity were associated with lower burnout rates.

The child worker whose job status was that of professional was more likely to show burnout and compassion fatigue than another not of that status.

The variables here were dependent variable -- burnout and stress, independent variable -- status of the worker as well as personality and environmental characteristics (namely those described above).. Explain how the research exemplifies regression discontinuity or correlation research, and identify the specific design, if appropriate.

This is an example of correlation research. The researchers wished to see whether any specific factors were associated with burnout and stress and whether the occurrence of these variables showed positive association (or negative association) with an increase…… [Read More]

Sprang, G et al. Secondary Traumatic Stress and Burnout in Child Welfare Workers: A Comparative Analysis of Occupational Distress Across Professional Groups Child Welfare, 90, 149-168

Urban Institute. Impact Evaluation: Regression Discontinuity.
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Run Linear-Linear and Log-Log Regression

Words: 610 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46474065


The effectiveness of using display as a marketing mix variable is average. It has a coefficient of 0.253. This is in regard to all of the brands.


The effectiveness of using feature as a marketing mix variable is noted to be the most efficient for all of the brands. This is due to its high level of significance (0.315).This means that it is the variable which should be perfected by all of the brands

(c) Store 4 is the largest store in the market with more than 40% of market share (see "Statistics"). As a brand manager for Coca-Cola, you are not happy about the fact that sales of Coca-Cola lag behind Pepsi, your major competitor, in the store. Can you explain why this happens? Also, can you recommend how to stimulate sales in store 4 by marketing more effectively? It would be useful to provide some numerical…… [Read More]

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Sorting and Regression-Discontinuity Design in

Words: 1274 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64404669

However, their measurable test gains may be less than students who do not have such challenges. Quality of instruction is also an issue: perhaps good instructors and smaller class size is best, but what is 'better' -- an average teacher with a small class or a good teacher with a large class? Baker suggests the former scenario is superior, given that smaller class sizes can increase the need for teachers -- good or bad -- leaving many students in the hands of less competent teachers. However, at some threshold class management becomes impossible, even for a good teacher, and the line is difficult to draw. Benefits may be different based upon student's gender, preparation level of the student, social class, and also the preparation level of the teacher. More experienced teachers may be better able to cope with larger classes, and also more adept at using smaller class size to…… [Read More]

The benefits of small class sizes may be cumulative, even if the overall, measured year-to-year effects are small. That would explain such problems as the discrepancies between different grade levels in measured effects of class sizes. But Baker sees such shifts as based on micro rather than macro concerns "the increase in test scores is offset by other test score fluctuations that occur between enrollments of 20 and 25. The positive ratio for third grade students (rather than negative as for second graders) is likely due to the fact that increases in test scores to the right of enrollment threshold are smaller for third than for second graders and, on the average, are offset by other fluctuations" (Baker 2009, p.13).

Even in light of her research hypothesis and skeptical conclusions Baker admits there are some indications that class size has a demonstrable effect upon student achievement. "Findings of school non-participation and creation of enrollment cutoffs [merely] demonstrate the unanticipated consequences that a class-size reduction program based on financial incentives can create, and should be taken into account when designing future class-size reduction policies" (Baker 2009, p. 5; 3). Baker's research highlights a number of questionable policies of California school districts, such as shuttling excess students to overcrowded districts. It is arguable that given the population and financial challenges of California at this time, mandatory class limitations may not be feasible, because the policies they spark to meet compliance are worse than higher levels of enrollment. It is also arguable, based on Baker's research that because of districts' methods of achieving such benchmarks are often underhanded that the class size limits are not serving the populations the programs were designed to help. But that does not mean that class size reduction is not a laudable aim. At very least, the fact that larger class sizes may cause problems for some students should be more fully explored on a qualitative rather than a purely quantitative level, given the generalized categories of Baker's research, which only takes into consideration socioeconomic categorizations.

Baker admits that previous literature indicates that small class size has been supported for some children: it is possible to hypothesize that for ESL learners and students with learning disabilities, large classrooms do not serve their needs, and the poor and disadvantaged may get 'lost' in large districts. The parts of Baker's research indicating that the overall effect of class reduction is not as large as one might expect on a general level often point to a failure of implementation, rather than a failure of class sizes to deliver upon their original pedagogical promises. Analysis of the benefits of class sizes for specific populations is still required, given the differentiation that exists in any school district and California in particular. The degree to which school districts can enforce smaller class sizes without busing 'overflows' of students elsewhere must also be examined, to see if class size reduction benefits students if it is done fairly.
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Statistical Analysis Is Recession Raises

Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98976336

The author did not apprise the reader of the measure of poverty, so it is assumed that the way poverty is measured is the same over the decades. This may not be true so in this instance the comparison can be misleading.

The use of the median as a measure of income level is a consistent use of a statistical measure. The median is a more robust measure of national income than the mean since it is not as susceptible to the influence of outliers in the data (Gravetter & Wallnau, 2008). The use of the median provides a more precise measure of the middle class challenge. The conclusion that the middle class is stagnating is a legitimate conclusion based on the lack of income growth within that group. In this instance, the statistics were used appropriately.

The use of data to show increases while legitimate can provide an inaccurate…… [Read More]


Eckholm, E. (2010). Recession raises poverty rate to a 15-year high. New York Times. Retrieved from

Gravetter, F.J., & Wallnau, L.B. (2008). Statistics for the behavioral sciences 8th ed. California:

Wadsworth Publishing.
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Genome Wide Association Study Analysis for OCD Complications

Words: 2050 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12779863

Genome-Wide Association Study for OCD Complications

The OCD (Obsessive -- compulsive disorder) is referred as repetitive behaviors and thoughts experienced by individuals. (Visscher, Brown, McCarthy, et al. (2012). Typically, the genes' characteristics of twins and families have revealed that the OCD has the feature of multifactorial familial condition involving both environmental and polygenic factors. (Moran, 2013). Genetic studies have revealed that the interaction of the glutamatergic, serotonergic, and dopaminergic systems and genes affecting them play a crucial role in functioning of the circuit. (Yang, Lee, Goddard, Mand et al. 2011). Meanwhile, the environmental factors that include psychological trauma, adverse perinatal effects and neurological trauma may modify the risk genes, which can consequently manifest the compulsive-obsessive behaviors. (Visscher, Brown, McCarthy et al. 2012). The OCD is a frequent and, relative common debilitating neuropsychiatric disorder affecting 2% of the U.S. population. (Arnold, Sicard, Burroughs, et al. (2006). Typically, the OCD is obsessions…… [Read More]


Arnold, P., Sicard, T., Burroughs, E. et al. (2006). Glutamate Transporter Gene SLC1A1 Associated With Obsessive-compulsive Disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 63(7), p.769.

Baxter, A., Scott, K., Vos, T. and Whiteford, H. (2012). Global prevalence of anxiety disorders: a systematic review and meta-regression. Psychological Medicine, 43(05), pp.897-910.

Barrett, P., Healy-Farrell, L. & March, J. S. (2004). Cognitivebehavioral family treatment of childhood obsessive-compulsive disorder: a controlled trial. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry . 43, 46-62.

Cantor, R., Lange, K. and Sinsheimer, J. (2010). Prioritizing GWAS Results: A Review of Statistical Methods and Recommendations for Their Application. The American Journal of Human Genetics, 86(1):.6-22.
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Logistic or Simple Linear Multiple Correlation Regression

Words: 1157 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72105443

Linear, Logistic or Multiple Correlation/Regression Proposal

Objective of this paper is to use the statistical test to investigate whether the middle income earners in developing countries are capable of becoming home owners. The paper uses Nigeria as a case study. Unlike the developed countries such as the United States and United Kingdom where middle income earners can become house owners, however, the issues are different in developing countries because various factors prevent middle income earners from purchasing housing units compared to middle income earners in developing countries. Typically, a level of income plays a critical role in homeownership. While different governments in developing countries have implemented various policies in assisting people to become homeowners, nevertheless, factors such as corruption, inflation, and poor implementations have made the policy non-realizable. In Sub-Sahara African countries, nearly 62% of people live in slums, and per capital income of most developing countries are less than…… [Read More]

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Statistical Analysis with SPSS Linear Regression Models

Words: 1150 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32200733

Run a linear regression of time spent studying (Study; independent) predicting time spent watching TV (TV; dependent). Copy and paste your output and answer the following questions.


Descriptive Statistics



How much time do you spend watching TV per week (in hours)?

How much time do you spend studying per week (in hours)?


How much time do you spend watching TV per week (in hours)?

How much time do you spend studying per week (in hours)?

Pearson Correlation

How much time do you spend watching TV per week (in hours)?

How much time do you spend studying per week (in hours)?

Sig. (1-tailed)

How much time do you spend watching TV per week (in hours)?


How much time do you spend studying per week (in hours)?



How much time do you spend watching TV per week (in hours)?



How much time do…… [Read More]

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Quasi-Experiments Observational and Archival Studies and Secondary Analysis

Words: 1192 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8702595

Illegal Corporate Activities

Clinard's publication concerns corporate violations of stipulated laws by 582 public corporations in the United States of America. In addition, the extent and nature as well as the economic settings the violations occurred are also looked at. The study used data from the firms' sales to calculate their levels of diversification and levels of concentration among other variables. In this paper, the publication in scrutiny used sources of data though they never gave in-depth information on all violations; this makes this analysis lean on one side and may not give the actual results.

Descriptive Statistics

Descriptive statistics is used here to summarize the study sample as well as the observations that have been made. The main summary used is quantitative form of the data. From the data outlined in the first codebook, the five-year mean for corporate sales is 99. This is the logged value for the…… [Read More]


Boies, J.L. (1989). Money, Business, and the State: Material Interest, Fortune 500 Corporations, and the Size of Political Action Committees . American Sociological Review, 821-833.

Clinard, M.B., & Yeager, P.C. (1987). Illegal Corporate Behavior, 1975-1976. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research.
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Widgecorp the Idea Behind Using a Regression

Words: 642 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16641539


The idea behind using a regression model for forecast sales for cold beverages next year is to help the company make a better decision about that industry. The way this is done is to test all the possible influences on cold beverage demand, and apply the results. There are two different approaches we can take -- the simple approach and the complex approach. Which approach is better depends on what the decision we are making is. Obviously there are differences between the amount of time, effort and most importantly money that go into the two approaches.

The simple approach would be useful here if the decision is simply yes/no, should we enter the cold beverage market? In that case, precise demand statistics are probably not required. We can use next year's sales as the dependent variable, and then have a handful of independent variables for the past several years…… [Read More]

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Information Technology Amazon com Situation Analysis

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42484077

Hence the development of the Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) Model which lead to the development of the Internet and the Ethernet standard and the TCP/IP protocol, both of which nearly the entire Internet runs on today.

#9, in what way have phones and computers converged? Why is this convergence occurring?

The personal productivity tasks of communication as it relates to the use of telephones and computer systems has long been an area developers and entrepreneurs have poured time and money into. Now with the concept of the Mobile Web, it's possible to have PDAs and cell phones that make it possible to access any website, any e-mail account, from any location there is a cell phone signal. The impetus is the overlap of personal productivity processes.

Computer Security):

Q.#9, Read the information on the Thawte Web site about how users can be authenticated (Web of Trust). Briefly explain how the…… [Read More]

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A concise Analysis of financial performance of companies

Words: 6238 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65988591

environmental, social and governance (ESG) performance and financial performance of companies

Investors are increasingly recognizing the fact that ESG (environmental, social, corporate governance) elements can substantially affect companies' security rates and financial performance. The aforementioned components' contribution to financial markets has been growing with the rise in number of ESG opportunities and risks within the contemporary international economy. Timely and improved organizational policy-related data access and the effect of organizational policy on communities have made it considerably convenient for customers to express their dissatisfaction by simply quitting a brand. When international brands' images are sullied by ESG-related problems, the resultant instantaneous backlash has the capacity of abruptly and negatively impacting income and demand (Eccles, Ioannou & Serafeim, 2014).

Organizations having a poor reputation when it comes to ESG related matters are vulnerable to monetary risks, including a very genuine threat of facing lawsuits in the future, greater remediation and regulatory…… [Read More]

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Applied Behavior Analysis and Autism

Words: 1092 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17065035

Applied Behavior Analysis and Autism

Applied Behavior Analysis & Autism

Reichow, B. And Wolery, M. (2008, June). Comprehensive synthesis of early intensive behavioral interventions for young children with autism based on the UCLA Young Autism Project model. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39, 23-41. DOI 10.1007/s10803-008-0596-0

The use of applied behavior analysis as a treatment intervention for young children with autism is a frequently used and applauded model. The researcher most commonly associated with applied behavior analysis is Ivar Lovaas of the University of California at Los Angeles. Lovaas work with applied behavior analysis, commonly referred to as ABA, began in the 1960s. Eventually, Lovaas work culminated in the establishment of the early intensive behavioral intervention (EIBI) programs for young children with autism independent of UCLA, but which were based on Lovaas' Young Autism Project (YAP). A comprehensive review of 10 intervention programs by the Committee on Educational Interventions…… [Read More]

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Training Needs Analysis Practices for Managers A

Words: 17400 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42802134

Training Needs Analysis Practices for Managers: A Study of Saudi Arabia Private Firms

Training needs analysis (TNA) is defined by Mabey and Salman (1995:158) as a "process of collecting data which allows an organization to identify and compare its actual level with its desired level of performance." The authors also indicate that this performance could be interpreted as meaning the competencies and attitude necessary for the staff to do the job effectively. Moreover, Armstrong (1996:536) states that "training needs assessment is partly concerned with finding the gap between what is happening and what should happen.. This is what has to be filled by training ." Figure (1.1) depicts this gap.


The training Gap











Source: Armstrong (1996)

Gibson…… [Read More]

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Using Regression to Analyze Business

Words: 1732 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53944766

Business Statistics


Variables Entered/Removeda


Variables Entered

Variables Removed

Income ($1,000), Cups of Coffee per Day, Age, Days per Month at Starbucksb

Dependent Variable: Amount of Prepaid Card $

All requested variables entered.

Model Summaryb



R Square

Error of the Estimate


Predictors: (Constant), Income ($1,000), Cups of Coffee per Day, Age, Days per Month at Starbucks

Dependent Variable: Amount of Prepaid Card $



Sum of Squares


Mean Square






Dependent Variable: Amount of Prepaid Card $

Predictors: (Constant), Income ($1,000), Cups of Coffee per Day, Age, Days per Month at Starbucks



Unstandardized Coefficients

Standardized Coefficients



Collinearity Statistics


Std. Error


















Days per Month at Starbucks








Cups of Coffee per Day

-2.590…… [Read More]

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Financial Management and Analysis

Words: 4130 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20964033

stock market and the Banks promote economic growth and it provides a critique of their functions in transitional economies. Every country depends on its economy for its growth. For a country to be stable it has to be stable in terms of its economy. Bank and stock market contribute to a great extent to the economy growth of every country where it provides firms with opportunity to get funds thus encouraging more investment from the firms. At the same time they give information on the ways resources should be allocated. The development of a financially sound, market-oriented banking system is always considered to be fundamental to a flourishing transition. Arguably, it is important to macroeconomic stability and to positive long-term growth prospects. As documented, bank intermediation in transition economies continues to be stunted after a decade or addition of reform, mainly where advancement in banking reforms is inadequate. The banking…… [Read More]


Atje, Raymond and Jovanovic, Boyan, (April 1993), "Stock Markets and Development," European Economic Review, 37 (2/3), pp. 632-40.

Bagehot, Walter. (1873) Lombard Street. Homewood, IL: Richard D. Irwin, (1962


Bresharan, T., Milgrom, P., and Paul, J., (1992),"The Real Output of the Stock
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Juvenile Recidivism Rates and Analysis

Words: 12874 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40811758

Dugan: Should be on its own page.

Juvenile recidivism is a prevalent problem in the criminal justice system. Tackling reoffending remains a complex task requiring several strategies and aims. It involves research, acknowledgement of causes, factors, exploration, and evaluation of subgroups to generate long-term, positive changes in the lives of juvenile offenders. From gang violence to Interactive, Constructive, Active, and Passive (ICAP), researchers discover some of the reasons why juveniles reoffend and the kinds of intervention methods that may help or worsen the problem of juvenile recidivism. Intervention philosophies like surveillance, discipline, close monitoring may increase recidivism rates. estorative programs, counseling, skill building programs, as well as multiple coordinated services decrease recidivism rates. Comment by Max Dugan: I would put evaluation at the end of the list vs. first. Comment by Max Dugan: Need to spell out all acronyms before using in APA format.


Juvenile offenders and reoffenders are…… [Read More]


Aalsma, M., White, L., Lau, K., Perkins, A., Monahan, P., & Grisso, T. (2015). Behavioral Health Care Needs, Detention-Based Care, and Criminal Recidivism at Community Reentry From Juvenile Detention: A Multisite Survival Curve Analysis. American Journal Of Public Health, 105(7), 1372-1378.

Baglivio, M. & Jackowski, K. (2012). Examining the Validity of a Juvenile Offending Risk Assessment Instrument Across Gender and Race/Ethnicity. Youth Violence And Juvenile Justice, 11(1), 26-43.

Baglivio, M., Wolff, K., Piquero, A., & Epps, N. (2015). The Relationship between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) and Juvenile Offending Trajectories in a Juvenile Offender Sample. Journal Of Criminal Justice, 43(3), 229-241.

Bates, K. & Swan, R. (2013). Juvenile delinquency in a diverse society (1st ed.). SAGE Publications.
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An indepth analysis of Black Women Diversity and Inclusion Programs

Words: 1782 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30314789

Black Women: Diversity and Inclusion Programs - Are they really assisting?

In the last few decades, researchers, policymakers, economic development experts, and analysts of public policy are increasingly concentrating on the aspect of entrepreneurship in the African-American community, with respect to devising distinct strategies for facilitating economic success. Establishment of set-aside initiatives for minorities (or disadvantaged business initiatives) is one political strategy which serves as an instrument for enhancing small, poor businesses' chances of survival. Several of these businesses were African-American-owned and -run businesses (House-Soremekun, 2007; Chatterji, Chay & Fairlie, 2013). This paper will look into the economics-politics interrelationship, by analyzing the aforementioned disadvantaged business initiatives' effect on African-American businesswomen's economic outcomes.

Policy Background

Set-aside initiatives for minorities first developed during the 1930s, with President oosevelt's Great-Depression-era New Deal initiatives for addressing economic issues (House-Soremekun, 2007). The 1933 Unemployment elief Act prohibited discrimination against people on the basis of color,…… [Read More]


Bardach, E. (2011). Practical guide for policy analysis: the eight-fold path to more effective problem solving, 4th Edition. Sage

Bates, T. and Williams, D. (1995). Preferential Procurement Programs and Minority-Owned Businesses, Journal of Urban Affairs, 17(1): 1-17.

Bates, T. and Williams, D.L. (1993). Racial Politics: Does It Pay? Social Science Quarterly, 74(3): 507-22.

Boston, T. D. (1998). Trends in Minority-Owned Businesses, prepared for the National Research Council Conference on Racial Trends in the United States, Georgia Tech Working Paper.
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Psychoanalytic and Adlerian Therapies Analysis

Words: 1287 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53227913

It assumes a person is in control of their own fate and not a victim to it. Starting at an early age, a unique style of life is created by the person and that life-style stays relatively constant throughout the remainder of life. Working toward success, connectedness with others, and contributions to society are considered hallmarks of mental health, as well as being motivated by goals, dealing with the tasks faced in life, and social interest. Birth order is considered important in understanding a person's current personality, yet the therapy is future-minded, rather than retrospective. (Psyweb Pro, 2006)

In Adlerian therapy, the therapist will gather as much family history as possible. This data will be used to help set goals for the client and to get an idea of the clients' past performance. This will help ascertain whether the goal is too low or high, and if the client has…… [Read More]


Adlerian Psychology, 2006, (Retrieved August 20, 2006)

Corey, Gerald (1991) Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy

Carlson, Neil R. (1995) Foundations of Physiological Psychology

CTA: Cognitive Therapy Associates,
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Growth Rate Slow Model 1992 Is an

Words: 2590 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79942475

Growth ate

Slow model (1992) is an economic tool used to analyze a country economic growth. The principal conclusion of Slow model is that the accumulation of capital could not only account for the growth rate per person. To address the central question of economic growth, it is critical to move beyond the Slow model. Mankiw et al. (1992) incorporate economic tools such as FDI growth rate, trade, inequality, institutional quality and other core variables such as labor and capital to analyze the growth rate across countries,.

Objective of this paper is to use the core economic variables and non-core economic variables to investigate their potential impacts on the United States growth rates.

Overview of the United States Growth ates

The United States is the largest and most powerful economy in the world. Presently, the U.S. has the highest level of output with the country GDP valued more than U.S.$14…… [Read More]


Andrew, W. (2007). The link between institutional quality and economic growth: evidence from a panel of countries. Master's Thesis.

Country Watch (2012).United States Economic Overview. CountryWatch, Inc.

Freckleton, M. Wright, A. & Craigwell, R.(2012). Economic growth, foreign direct investment and corruption in developed and developing countries. Journal of Economic Studies. 39 ( 6):639 -- 652.

Kornecki, L. & Borodulin, V.(2011). Foreign Direct Investment Stock Contributes to Economic Growth in the U.S. Economy. Department of Economics, Finance, and Information System.
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Employee Compensation Plans

Words: 1429 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 601933

Human esources Pay Package

Employee Compensation Plan

Target Job: egistered Nurse (N) in a Hospital

Hillcrest Hospital is a 496 bed hospital located in Mayfield Heights, a Cleveland Ohio Suburb. Hillcrest is ranked in the nation's top 100 in cardiac care. It is part of the Cleveland Clinic system. The mission of the hospital is to provide nationally ranked healthcare to the surrounding community. It holds clinical excellence, safety, ethics, integrity, individual responsibility, respect for diversity and caring for others as key tenets (Hillcrest Hospital, 2012a). Its vision is to service as an example of state-of-the-art medical facility in every department that delivers consistent high quality service to Northeast Ohio (Hillcrest Hospital, 2012b). The Cleveland Clinic system is one of the best renowned systems in the nations in a number of specialties in which they operate.

Hillcrest Hospital strives to put their patients first and looks for enthusiasm in employees.…… [Read More]


Bureau of Labor Statistics. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-2011Edition. Registered Nurses. Retrieved from

Hillcrest Hospital (2012a). Mission. Retrieved from

Hillcrest Hospital (2012b). Vision. Retrieved from

Hillcrest Hospital (2012c). Hillcrest-Hospital-Jobs. Retrieved from
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Managerial and Economics and Globalization

Words: 1382 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41532569

Pizza Shop Demand Forecasting

Pizza Company Entry: Consumer Demand Forecast

There are a number of issues a company needs to think about before entering any particular market. In an industry such as the food service industry, there are even more factors to consider. Entering into any market can be a gamble, yet food service is often even more vulnerable in regards to the already strong presence of successful competitors and the income levels of the consumer markets being served. Within this particular analysis, the data presented in the course shell will be used as a way to determine if the Pizza Company should enter this particular market, and if so, which conditions will be most desirable in order to facilitate the most successful entry into the market.

egression Analysis

One of the best forecasting tools companies can use is regression forecasting in order to determine the potential for consumer demand…… [Read More]


Green, Richard D., Carman, Hoy F., & McManus, Kathleen. (1991). Some empirical methods of estimating advertising effects in demand systems: An application to dried fruits. Western Journal of Agricultural Economics, 16(1):63-71.

Linton, Ian. (2012). How does advertising affect product awareness & use? Small Business Chronicle. Web. 

Schweiger, Irving. (1956). Forecasting short-term consumer demand from consumer anticipations. The Journal of Business, 29(2), 90-100.

Symes, Steven. (2013). The effects of price increase on sales volume. Small Business Chronicle. Web.
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Predictors of the Transition From Experimental to

Words: 971 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83639263

Predictors of the Transition From Experimental to Daily Smoking Among Adolescents in the United States

By reviewing the methodology and analysis sections of the study, I discovered that the quantitative method used was a complex sampling design with restricted-use data. The authors of the study used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health as their focus, so they had the opportunity to study a large amount of data without being required to collect it from survey participants or interviews (Park, Weaver, & omer, 2009). Examined were strata at the individual student level and schools as clusters, as well as the subjects and their unique selection criteria (Park, Weaver, & omer, 2009). There were 134 schools and 90,000 students participating. Each of those students filled out a 45-minute questionnaire regarding expectations for the future, their friendships, and their health (Park, Weaver, & omer, 2009).

I found that the covariates,…… [Read More]


Denzin, N.K., & Lincoln, Y.S. (2011). The SAGE Handbook of qualitative research ( 4th ed.). CA: Sage Publications.

Franklin, M.I. (2012). Understanding research: Coping with the quantitative-qualitative divide. London/New York: Routledge

Gorard, S. (2013) Research design: Robust approaches for the social sciences. London: SAGE

Park, S., Weaver, T.E., & Romer, D. (2009). Predictors of the transition from experimental to daily smoking among adolescents in the United States. JSPN, 14(2): 102-111.
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What Has Led to the Change in Custom Jewelry in Last 5 Years

Words: 13278 Length: 35 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23005687


This study analyzes outsourcing trends in the next decade. The study assesses this by focusing on the past and current trends, problems and issues in outsourcing via semi-structured interviews. Major trends and processes will be revealed and assessed for their relevancy, depth and breadth.

Companies belonging to most industries are very much considered to be the units that are vertically integrated, or so-called usual industrial firms (Stigler, 1951), where activities in all links in value chain have been internally conducted. For example, gasoline of its own is delivered by 7-Eleven and it is also used to make ice and candy, also it had cows for producing milk which it previously used to sell (Gottfredson et al., 2005). At present, it is not delivering gasoline and ice or candy is not being made by it neither does it posses any cows. Contrarily, IBM used to make the computers containing their…… [Read More]


Adams, R.J., 2002. Retail pro-tability and sweatshops: a global dilemma. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services 9, 147-153.

Alexander, C., 1964. Notes on the Synthesis of Form. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

Alexander, M., Young, D., 1996b. Outsourcing: where is the value? Long-Range Planning 29 (5), 728-730.

Ashkenas, R., Ulrich, D., Jick, T., Kerr, S., 1995. The Boundaryless Organization. Breaking the Chains of Organizational Structure. Jossey-Bass Publishers, San Francisco.
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Large Defense Contractor and Am

Words: 2730 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49735990

" To meet the criteria of a "champion," the top, middle and lower management has got to be not only at an advanced level, but also should be extremely valued. The top management should proactively encourage and advance the organizational goals, offering knowledge and assistance. Furthermore, it is vital that these "champions" make sure that employee complaint resolution endeavors are successfully executed. In one study, companies with devoted and advanced "champions" had been twice as probable to account that their organizations had been doing better than they anticipated (Yu, 2001). This shows that with top management support as well as advanced and knowledgeable employees can assist in increasing the organizational performance. In light of the aforementioned facts, we have chosen our third variable as top management support and our third hypothesis is:

Hypothesis three: The stronger the top management support, the higher the employee retention rates.

Collection of variables and…… [Read More]


Conduit, J. & Mavondo, F.T. (2001). How critical is internal customer orientation to market orientation? Journal of Business Research, 51(1), 11

Felps, W. et al. (2009). Turnover contagion: how coworkers' job embeddedness and job search behaviors influence quitting. Academy of Management Journal. 52: 3, 545 -- 561.

James, L.R. (1980). Perceived job characteristics and job satisfaction: an examination of reciprocal causation. Naval Health Research Center. Personal Psychology Center.

Johnston, R. (2001). Linking complaint management to profit. International Journal of Service Industry Management, 12(1).
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Probability Provides a Measurable and Quantifiable Indication

Words: 1056 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97222414

Probability provides a measurable and quantifiable indication of how likely a particular outcome is for an event or experiment. It is expressed as a numeric value between zero and one (inclusive), where an impossible event has a probability of zero and a certain event has a probability of one. Probability is conventionally written using the symbol P, and may be expressed as a percentage by multiplying P. By 100.

The problem at hand related to 1995 gold prices can be set up and solved in the following way, with µ (mu) representing the mean, ? (sigma) the standard deviation, X the target value, and x1 and x2 defining the target value range.

µ = $383; = $12; x1=$394; x2=$399

The probability that the client's gold will be sold the next day is given by:

P (x1… [Read More]