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Computerization of production in recent years has become quite common, and there are now four versions of the application of computer technology in the production of computer-aided design (CAD) involves the use of computers to design parts and products, which increases efficiency, because it exempt the creation of prototypes. Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) involves the use of computers for planning and controlling the production process. It is useful if the product or parts are bought frequently, because the computer can provide a better control over the ordering, receiving, assembly and product structure.
Integrated computer-aided manufacturing (CIM) is the result of joining the CAD and CAM, where the computer system that controls the production, receives information and provides the appropriate setting on the machines; when production process starts. All activities for the design, verification and manufacturing are controlled by the computer. Organizations use computer operated systems to develop a layout of equipment…
Boyne, George a., and Kenneth J. Meier. "Environmental Change, Human Resources and Organizational Turnaround." Journal of Management Studies Vol. 46 (2009): 835-863.
Caliskan, Nemli E . "The Impact of Strategic Human Resource Management on Organizational Performance." Journal of Naval Science and Engineering, Vol. 6 (2010): 100-116.
Feinsod, Roselyn R., and Thomas O. Davenport. "The Aging Workforce: Challenge or Opportunity?" World at Work Journal 15.3 (2006): 14-23.
Kingston, Jeremy. "Technology in the Workplace." Futurics 29.3 (2005): 82-3.
The price is at its level of five years ago, when the external environment was much more favorable for Starbucks. The price of arabica has increased significantly and while Starbucks is a major buyer, it is not the largest buyer and does not have significant pricing power. The competitive pressure that has been applied by McDonald's, Dunkin Donuts and a host of imitators has not eased. Given this, margins can be expected to remain at current levels. While the company can still achieve more improvements with respect to its internal metrics, those are unlikely to drive the stock much beyond its current level. The key driver for Starbucks' stock in the coming years is going to be more dependent on foreign market growth than any other single factor. Foreign market indicators are not a cause for intense optimism. Dubai's default calls into question the long-term growth potential of the Middle…
MSN Moneycentral: Starbucks. (2010). Retrieved June 6, 2010 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/invsub/results/statemnt.aspx?Symbol=SBUX
Monga Bay.com: Coffee, Arabica price chart (2010). Retrieved June 6, 2010 from http://www.mongabay.com/images/commodities/charts/chart-coffee_arabica.html
Starbucks 2009 Annual Report. Retrieved June 6, 2010 from http://phx.corporate-ir.net/External.File?item=UGFyZW50SUQ9MjczNTB8Q2hpbGRJRD0tMXxUeXBlPTM=&t=1
Sanchanta, M. (2010). Starbucks plans major China expansion. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 6, 2010 from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702304604204575181490891231672.html
The projected growth rates are of 7% for 2009, 7% for 2010, 8% for 2011 and 9% for 2012 (Hoovers). Wyeth is expected to increase at higher rates due to its being taken over by Pfizer.
3. Stock Price Analysis
The Wyeth stock is being currently (September 16th, 2009) traded at $47.70, revealing a 0.23 (0.48%) decrease relative to the previous trading session, which closed at $47.93. The day's high value so far is of $47.94, with a low of $47.64. The highest value for the past twelve months is of $48.30, with the lowest of $28.06 (Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Company Website). Compared then to the evolution of the past year, it is obvious that the price of the Wyeth stock option increased. The highest price in its trading history was of $69.75 and it was achieved on the 12th of April 1999. The lowest price was registered on the 17th…
2009, Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Hoovers, http://www.hoovers.com/wyeth-pharmaceuticals/--ID__104566 -- /free-co-factsheet.xhtml last accessed on September 16, 2009
2009, Wyeth, Reuters, http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/ratios?symbol=WYE.N last accessed on September 16, 2009
2009, Wyeth, Forbes, http://finapps.forbes.com/finapps/jsp/finance/compinfo/CIAtAGlance.jsp?tkr=WYE last accessed on September 16, 2009
2009, WYE, Deep Market, http://www.deepmarket.com/stock/wye last accessed on September 16, 2009
Financial esearch eport
This is a review of Caterpillar, Inc.. The report is broken down into three sections -- company overview, ratio analysis (which includes a trend analysis), stock price analysis -- that are designed to give a thorough overview of the complete company.
Caterpillar is one of the best known name brands, around the world for its manufacture of heavy machinery made, primarily, for the construction industry. The company began operations in 1925 under the name Caterpillar after a merger was formed between Holt Manufacturing and C.L. Best Tractor (USSEC, 2011). The company has set the standard in its industry becoming the largest manufacturer of hauling machines in the world.
Caterpillar operates primarily as a manufacturer of heavy equipment, but, with the realization that they needed to be able to finance purchases of their products and help maintain them, the company has also diverged into financial services…
Caterpillar. (2011a). About us. Retrieved from http://www.caterpillar.com/company/strategy
Caterpillar. (2011b). Stock chart. Retrieved from http://www.caterpillar.com/investors/stock-information/stock-quote/stock-chart
Caterpillar. (2009). Sales and Revenue. Retrieved from http://producttour.cat.com/Microsites/U.S./ARSR2009/AR2009/sales-profit.html
USSEC. (2011). Caterpillar for 10K. United States Securities and Exchange Comission.
Globalization on Terrorism
The Impact of Globalization on Terrorism: esearch eport
Terrorism has been a serious global concern for decades, with researchers now warning that globalization has had a hand in fueling terrorist activities in the recent past. This text is intent on examining the impact of globalization on terrorism. It begins with a definition of terrorism, its drivers, and reasons for its increased incidence.
The Impact of Terrorism through Globalization
9/11 remains one of the darkest days in American history. On that day, two commercial passenger jets were hijacked by suicide bombers and flown into the World Trade Center in New York, killing thousands of innocent citizens. Multiple attacks of a similar nature have occurred in different countries across the world, with the most famous ones being the bombing of the American Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998, and more recently, the killing of 130 innocent citizens in…
Cronin, A. K. (2003). Behind the Curve: Globalization and International Terrorism. International Security, 27(3), 30-58.
Gomez, J. M. (2010). A Financial Profile of the Terrorism of Al-Qaeda and its Affiliates. Perspectives on Terrorism, 4(4).
Grothaus, N. (2011). Types of Terrorism. Hand of Reason. Retrieved February 5, 2016 from http://handofreason.com/2011/featured/types-of-terrorism
Guillaume, G. (2004). Terrorism and International Law. International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 53(1), 537-548.
Research Report on Apple Inc.
Apple Inc. -- Introduction
The Mission and Vision Statement of Apple Inc.
Apple CEO -- Tim Cook
SOT Analysis of Apple Inc.
The Four Functions of Management:
Apple -- Sales for the Year 2008 & 2007
Comparison and Analysis
Apple Inc. -- Introduction:
Apple Inc. is an American Multinational Organization engaged in the manufacturing, marketing, and sales of personal computers, cell phones, music players, software, networking solutions, and computer accessories. It was established in 1976 by Steve Jobs, Steve ozniak, and Ronald ayne as a simple computer manufacturer with a former name of Apple Computers Inc. ith the passage of time, it enhanced the range of its product offerings and the size of its business operations to all the attractive markets of the world. The company has seen various rises and falls in…
Apple. Apple Info. 2012. Web. 3rd July, 2012.
Apple. Apple Leadership -- Tim Cook. 2012. Web. 3rd July, 2012.
Apple. Schedule of Revised Quarterly Income Statement Information. 2012. Web. 3rd July, 2012.
Ferrell, O., & Hartline, Michael. Marketing Strategy, 5th Edition. Australia: South-Western Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.
There are a number of medical maladies and conditions that are ravaging a large swath of the populations of countries like the United States. Among them are diabetes, heart disease and hypertension. The last of those three will be the focus of this report. The PICOT question that shall be posed for this report centers on the reactions and perceptions of those men in their 30's or older that are newly diagnosed with high blood pressure. Beyond the gravity of such a revelation, the interventions and changes that could be made to diet, lifestyle or drug intake are all on the table and it is presumably a good idea to gauge what is the most attainable and reachable by the patient in partnership with the medical professionals that help them.
The problem in question is pretty basic. It is the solution that is rather vexing and…
Healthline. (2017). Just the Essentials of Essential Hypertension. Healthline. Retrieved 29 April
2017, from http://www.healthline.com/health/essential-hypertension
Mayo. (2017). High blood pressure (hypertension) Causes - Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic.
Retrieved 29 April 2017, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/basics/causes/con-20019580
com. (2006) Nutritional information database retrieved 13 Dec
Fitday.com. (2006) Nutritional information database retrieved 13 Dec 2006
Severson, Kim. (13 Dec 2003) "New York Gets Ready to Count Calories."
The New York Times. Retrieved 13 Dec 2006 at
Schlosser, Eric. (2005) Fast Food Nation. New York: Harper Perennial.
"Supersize Me." (2004). Directed by Morgan Spurlock.
"Overweight and Obesity."(2006) CDC: Council for Disease Control.
Retrieved 13 Dec
It also requires conscious effort at objective because of the inherent of the method applied. Sampling plans narrows its frame to that particular sample, this to shows the group of people who are participating in the study. It samples can be selected through probability and non-probability (Mack & Woodsong, 2005).
In most cases research design is used in the education sector and it takes different meaning depending with how it's applied. it's normally used interchangeable with the term research method. However, according to Berliner (2002) research design should reflect the whole process of research, starting from the conceptualizing main problem to the question of the research, methods and the conclusion. Identifying a study's research design is important because it communicates information about key features of the study, which can differ for qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods. However, one common feature across research designs is that at one or…
Berliner, D. (2002). Educational research: The hardest science of all. Educational Researcher, 31(8), 18 -- 20.
Harwell M, (2000). Research Design in Qualitative/Quantitative/MixedMethods
Morgan B, (2008). PTC 604 - Communication Theory and Research
Fritz K, (2008). Ethical Issues in Qualitative Research MPH Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Department of International Health
(Health Insurance Coverage, 2009). This is just a little higher than what was reported in the state of Pennsylvania over the last two-year period, which was at 25% (Krawczeniuk, 2009). "The number of uninsured rose 2.2 million between 2005 and 2006 and has increased by almost 8 million people since 2000" (Health Insurance Coverage, 2009).
Most Americans are provided with health insurance coverage through their employers. But in today's society employment is no longer a guarantee of health insurance coverage. "As America continues to move from a manufacturing-based economy to a service economy, and employee working patterns continue to evolve, health insurance coverage has become less stable. The service sector tends to offer less access to health insurance than the manufacturing sector does. Further, an increasing reliance on part-time and contract workers who are not eligible for coverage means fewer workers have access to employer-sponsored health insurance" (Health Insurance Coverage,…
Descriptive Statistics. (2006). Retrieved May 5, 2009, from Research Methods Knowledge Base
Web site: http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/statdesc.php
Health Insurance Coverage. (2009). Retrieved May 5, 2009, from National Coalition on Healthcare Web site: http://www.nchc.org/facts/coverage.shtml
Krawczeniuk, Borys. (2009, March 26). Study Finds Health Care Gaps. Times-Tribune, The
It is helpful for oth the author and the readers. The literature review must identify works that have een pulished on the topic in case y accredited scholars and researchers (Taylor, 2010). Usually, the literature review is an introduction to the research project.
The purpose of the literature review consists in introducing the readers into the knowledge and ideas referring to the selected topic for the research project in case, and to help the readers adjust to the research topic. Also, a good literature review should not only list these issues, ut also identify and explain their strengths and weaknesses in order for the readers to e ale to develop a more clear idea on the researched topic.
As mentioned aove, conducing the literature review also helps the author of the research report to develop new directions that the research process can follow. This helps the author to develop more…
bibliography is more of a summary, focusing on presenting bibliographic information referring to each source used in the research project. Also, each source is briefly described, in order to provide the readers information on the issues they can find when accessing that source.
1. Sridhar, M.S. (2008). Research Methodology. ISRO Satellite Center. Retrieved March 4, 2010 from http://www.scribd.com/doc/1016595/Research-Methodology-Part-3-Research-Design-Plan .
2. Taylor, D. (2010). The Literature Review: A few Tips on Conducing it. University of Toronto. Retrieved March 4, 2010 from http://www.writing.utoronto.ca/advice/specific-types-of-writing/literature-review .
H3: Credit historical data is prevalent in the available IB systems for SMEs.
Additionally, we find that the primary concern for banks is the trend of SME's short-term lines of credit.
H4: Among the SME credit history, the usage level of their short-term lines of credit represents their main determinant.
The financial structure as well as its effects is never the only determinants of the default probability as measured by rating systems. The profitability performances plays a relevant role in the credit evaluation process of a given (Edmister, 1972, Pagliacci,2006). This statement is then verified by the 5th hypothesis:
H5: An increase in profitability of an SME improves its rating.
The variables that plays a role in the failure prediction
The failure prediction models are based on a standard set of variables/indicators. Extant literature indicates that these variables can be divided into there main categories (Altman,1968; Caouette et al., 1998;…
Altman, E.I. (1968). Financial ratios, discriminant analysis and the prediction of corporate bankruptcy. Journal of Finance 23, 589-609.
Berger, a.N., & Udell, G.F. (1995). Relationship lending and lines of credit in small firm finance. Journal of Business 68, 351-382.
Beaver, W.H. (1967). Financial ratios as predictors of failure. Empirical research in accounting: Selected studies. Supplement to Journal of Accounting Research 4, 71-111.
Berry, a., & Robertson, J. (2006). Overseas bankers in the UK and their use of information for making lending decisions: Changes from 1985. The British Accounting Review 38, 175-191.
esearch Caveat - esearch surrounding undocumented workers can often be problematic and unreliable. Primarily this is due to the nature of the subject matter -- individual on both sides of the issue are unwilling to talk because of the volaltility of the subject, language barriers, legal issues, access issues, fear of anything that even remotely feels governmental, and the validity of responses. Briefly, we can view these issues and the mitigating circumstances:
Language barriers -- Any viable research study will need to be dual language based; therefore it must be translated into the appropriate lanage and level (typically Spanish), with an emphasis on clarity, removal of hidden meanings or linguistic variations. In addition, the person or persons administering any research questionnaire would likewise need to be bilingual.
Mistrust -- Undocumented workers are often reluctant to particpate in any project that has a written component; they are mistrustful of the system,…
Effects of Immigration on Natives' Earnings. (1995, December 11). Retrieved from Immigration - the Demographic and Economic Facts: http://www.cato.org/pubs/policy_report/pr-immig.html#contents
Difficult Moral Questions Surounding Undocumented Workers. (2006, March). Retrieved January 2011, from twotj.org: http://www.twotlj.org/G-3-171.html
U.S. Immigration Debate. (2007, June 28). Retrieved from BBCNews.com: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4850634.stm
Immigration Act of 1924. (2009, December). Retrieved from United States History.com: http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1398.html
Marketting research class.Design a survey a question interest. ( make ). The survey 5 questions. You administer survey 20 people. ( make answers). Inpreparing research report-based survey, answer . 1. Who target population? 2.
With the holidays approaching, the marketers seek to identify the spending intentions of their customers in order to stock their stores and complete the financial projections. The expected behavior of the customers during the 2012 holiday season would be assessed through the development and implementation of the following questionnaire:
How many gifts do you intend to purchase this year?
a) Less than five
b) Between five and ten
c) More than ten
Question 2: Comparative to the gift budget of the previous year, how is the budget for this year?
Question 3: Would you be buying Christmas presents only for the immediate friends and family, or for more…
Calculating sample size. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://bphc.hrsa.gov/policiesregulations/performancemeasures/patientsurvey/calculating.html accessed on December 11, 2012
This decision to self-regulate dove tails with the recommendations of the taskforce report of 1995 and provides the consumer with the ability to have some control over his or her health care choices (Lunstroth, 2006).
Although formal continuing education (CE) in physical therapy is one part of professional development, its value for renewing licensure is not shared by all states (Glovinsky, 2005)." recent study conducted in Utah targeted physical therapists and their various methods of obtaining state mandated ongoing and continuing education requirements.
Although formal CE is not the only way to stay abreast of new knowledge, skills, and scientific information, it has been shown to be an effective conduit for positive change in professional practice and patient health outcomes. Thomson O'Brien et alts included 32 randomized or quasi-experimental studies in their systematic review of the literature investigating the effect of CE meetings on the clinical practice of health…
Policy Considerations for the 21st Century
Report of the Taskforce on Health Care
Lunstroth, John (2006) Voluntary self-regulation of complementary and alternative medicine practitioners. Albany Law Review
Problems and risks related to contracted a new company relate both to cost, safety measures and legal liability. The primary consideration is cost, as this is the major problem related to the issue mentioned above. The first requirement for the new company would then have to be a cost that is as close as possible to the price to date charged by Walkers Ausgas before the increase. Being a transport company, safety is also of utmost importance. Hence, it has to be ensured that the new company will deliver a service either of similar or higher quality than Walkers Ausgas. Pricing and quality therefore have to be in optimal balance in order to minimize the risk of legal liability.
pecifically then, the risks include the following:
afety is one of the most important issues at Kingsgrove. Ensuring that proper testing and certification measures are in place minimizes the…
Australian Institute of Petroleum. Petroleum Topic Fact Sheet. Retrieved June 18, 2006 at http://www.aip.com.au/industry/fact_alt_fuels.htm .
Beer, T., Grant, T., Brown, R., Edwards, J., Nelson, P., Watson, H., and Williams, S. (2000). Life-cycle Emissions Analysis of Alternative Fuels for Heavy Vehicles - Stage 1 CSIRO Atmospheric Research Report C/0411/1.1/F2 to the Australian Greenhouse Office, March 2000.
Hill, R. (2000). Converting $12.4 million into Improved Greenhouse Performance. Media Release. Leader of the Government in the Senate. Minister for the Environment and Heritage. August 21, 2000. Retrieved June 18, 2006 at http://www.deh.gov.au/minister/env/2000/mr21aug00.html.
Werner, C. (2006). National Clean Bus Update. Environmental and Energy Study Institute. Retrieved June 18, 2006 at http://www.eesi.org/publications/Newsletters/Clean%20Bus%20Update/March%202006.htm
namely, evaluating the structure of the research upon which scientific conclusion are drawn. More specifically, the function of a research report (article) is to inform readers about the problem being investigated, the methods used to solve the problem, the results of the investigation, and the conclusions being inferred from the results. The printed manuscript is to inform the reader, as expeditiously as possible, what was done, the outcome of the doing, and the investigator's conclusion.
In addition to the above, research reports must be succinct, objective, and crystalline. The ultimate test of an excellent research report is in its ability to be replicated by those who read it. If this criterion cannot be met, then the report is inadequate. The remainder of this review will be an analysis of a particular professional article wherein a group of nurses were interviewed and questioned with respect to their knowledge about promoting sun…
Speaking of esearch
It was surprising to read the details of everything that goes into research in order to get the final wanted product. It was also surprising to read about all of the statistics that are taken out of context in order to prove a particular point. However, as shocking as it was to read that most statistics are portrayed in an incorrect fashion, it was not that surprising to read that this is done so that readers could believe the point-of-view that the reporter of these statistics is attempting to make. The entire reasoning behind stating statistics is to convince the readers of a particular issue. Although the website was attempting to open people's eyes concerning the truth about how statistics can be reported in an incorrect manner, I also found that this website was in itself biased in the information that it was portraying (Lovell-Badge, 2013). However,…
Federal Trade Commission. (2011). Reebok to pay $25 million in customer refunds to settle ftc charges of deceptive advertising of easytone and runtone shoes. Retrieved from http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2011/09/reebok.shtm
Lovell-Badge, R. (2013). Nine out of ten statistics are taken out of context. Retrieved from http://speakingofresearch.com/2013/01/23/nine-out-of-ten-statistics-are-taken-out-of-context/
Majid, K.A. (2012). Statistics taken out of context may be misleading. Retrieved from http://www.btimes.com.my/Current_News/BTIMES/articles/noots/Article/index_html
McMullen, T. (2010). Dannon to pay $45m to settle yogurt lawsuit. Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/Business/dannon-settles-lawsuit/story?id=9950269
Freuds work and researches which clearly indicate that they were developed through researches involving case studies. In a case study every aspect of the subject is researched and analyzed so that obvious and notable patterns and behaviors can be identified so that particular causes for behaviors and psychology in some cases can be identified. The main purpose is to learn what can be learned from one subject and some basic points in this way can be generalized and applied to others as well (Yin. 1984). However case studies happen to be very subjective since they are mostly based on one area of focus, so it makes there points or even them very hard to generalize and apply their results to a larger proportion of subjects.
Types of Case Studies
Explanatory: These types of case studies are used for investigations which are casual in nature.
Exploratory: these types of case studies…
Powell, R.R. (1985). Basic research methods for librarians. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Simons, H. (1980). Towards a science of the singular: Essays about case study in educational research and evaluation. Norwich, UK: University of East Anglia, Centre for Applied Research in Education.
Stake, R.E. (1995). The art of case study research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Swisher, R., & McClure, C.R. (1984). Research for decision making, methods for librarians. Chicago: American Library Association.
Baxter P. & Jack S. Qualitative Case Study Approach: Design and Implementation for Inexperienced Researchers. The Qualitative Report, 13(4), 544-559
This paper treats case study as an approach in research. A qualitative case study approach avails tools for research in complex phenomena in context. If appropriately applied, the methodology is a valuable tool for health sciences in evaluating programs, crafting interventions and developing theory. This paper seeks to guide the inexperienced researcher in picking out the important elements for purposes of design and implementation of qualitative case study research tasks. There is a summary of the available designs of case study. The generalized recommendations for drafting the research questions, crafting propositions, binding the case, determination of the case in focus, triangulation and discussion of the sources of data are also availed. In order to apply the principles, there must be clear samples of research questions, propositions of study and various…
If they fail to anticipate a high sales year, they will not be able to provide good customer service by having the product that the consumer needs, when they need it. They may lose even further sales using this tactic. If they forecast sales too high, they will run into higher production costs, and may risk losing money. Production requires capital and if companies do not realize a return on their investment then they may run the risk of losing production money spent. Decisions regarding production levels are one of the most important decisions that a company can make if they wish to remain solvent into the future.
The tax rebates and the economic stimulus plan, mentioned in the market report may be a factor for some consumers in the buying decision. However, in order to make an accurate forecast, one must look at the other variables that surround the…
Labia, P. (2008) CNBC - Driving into the New York Auto Show. Behind the Wheel. CNBC. Retrieved March 26, 2008 at http://video.msn.com/?mkt=en-us&fg=rss&vid=269d9ac2-2433-4c6e-ac13-de63fd17db65&from=34
Vlasic, B. (2008) Dismal Year Is Forecast for Car Sales. March 20, 2008. New York Times. Business. Retrieved March 26, 2008 at http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/20/business/20auto.html?_r=1&oref=slogin
The Help Desk has grown from being a stand-alone service strategy to one that is leading many organizations to support a multi-channel and in some instances, multi-channel based approach to delivering service.
Examples of TSS options across different service industries include on-demand service and support through guided solution applications on websites, guided help on telephone systems, (ATMs), electronic kiosks for baggage check in or a boarding pass at airports as well as for room check out at hotels, and service computers with internet connection at airports (Dabholkar 1994, 1996; Kotler 2000; Meuter, Ostrom, Roundtree, and itner 2000; Carlin 2002; Harler 2002; Wright 2002).
The transformation of service options from the Help Desk to multi-channel strategies that are technology-based service can be viewed in terms of the relationships between employee, customer and technology components (Figure 1). Note that a single strategy of just using a Help Desk fails to support the…
Bibliography of all resources to be used in qualitative research and literature review
Anitsal, Ismet, Mark a. Moon, and M. Meral Anitsal (2002b), "Technology-Based Self-Service: Toward a New Retail Format," Marketing Advances in Pedagogy, Process, and Philosophy, Beverly T. Enable (Ed.), Vol. Greenville, North Carolina: Society for Marketing Advances, 146-151.
Bates, Albert D. (1989), "The Extended Specialty Store: A Strategic Opportunity for the 1990s," Journal of Retailing, 379-388. Bateson, John (2002),
Bitner, Mary Jo, William T. Faranda, Amy R. Hubbert, and Valarie a. Zeithaml (1997), "Customer Contributions and Roles in Service Delivery," International Journal of Service Industry Management, 8 (3), 193-205.
Carlin, Mary (2002), "Technology Tamed: The New Future of Self-Service." Randolph, New Jersey: Kiosk Business, the Magazine for Customer-Activated Solutions.
Over the years, given the awareness and exposure that came with the advent of media and the internet, human societies and cultural norms across the globe have evolved from being very conservative to moderate to liberal. With apparent increases in literacy rates, standards of living and awareness in general, people around the world have reconsidered many of their notions and have adopted more liberal approaches towards social norms and myths. That said, despite of moving towards liberal broad minded cultural notions, the practice of Abortion still attracts intensive debates in both developed and less developed societies. This paper particularly focuses on the degree to which poverty is related to the practice of Abortion and how this relationship does implicates on the lives of poor women. The paper also aims at proposing a policy that would help in tackling the said problem.
As medical sciences evolved and progressed for…
Bachiochi, E. (2011). Embodied Equality: Debunking Equal Protection Arguments for Abortion Rights. Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, 34(3), 889+.
Bridges, K.M. (2009). Quasi-Colonial Bodies: An Analysis of the Reproductive Lives of Poor Black and Racially Subjugated Women. Columbia Journal of Gender and Law, 18(2), 609+.
Kopaczynski, G. (2011). No Higher Court: Contemporary Feminism and the Right to Abortion. Scranton, PA: University of Scranton Press.
Kumar, A. (2012, February 2). House votes to ban subsidies for poor women who abort fetuses with birth defects. The Washington Post. Retrieved from The Washington Post Database.
It is worthwhile to mention that they invested large sums of money into the development of a powerful technological infrastructure, which now sits at the basis of their fruitful operations and positive results. Additionally, they also invested large sums of money into the adequate training and professional formation of their staff members.
3. Relative Position in the Industry
Jiangxi Copper is an industry leader at a national level as they possess the largest copper processing base, but they are also an important global player, and this is proven by the fact that they directly collaborate with 30 countries. The strength of their position within the industry is proven by the numerous awards they received throughout their existence, such as the National Gold Medal or the National May-first Work Award.
4. International Operations
Jiangxi Copper operates at an international level by distributing its products, technologies and services to 30 global destinations.…
This chapte descibes how to conduct eseach and compose witten epots such as business lettes o memoanda, including the basic guidelines of eseach and the specific steps that ae involved in the accounting eseach pocess.
Pepaatoy to beginning the eseach pocess, it is fequently useful to map out a eseach plan o design to guide the pocess. Detemining whee to locate elevant mateials and how to use them appopiately is discussed next.
Electonic Souces of Infomation. These include Intenet- and compute-based souces (such as CDs o DVDs). These have become inceasingly available and eliable in ecent yeas.
Pinted Souces of Infomation. Despite the need fo physical visits to epositoies such as libaies, eseaches should consult pinted souces of infomation to supplement what is located electonically.
Note Taking. Taking notes of the eseach that is eviewed as it pogesses is an impotant steps, and this can be…
references should follow a standard format such as Turabian or The Chicago Manual of Style.
Critical Thinking and Technical Accounting Research
The conclusion to this chapter emphasizes the importance of critical thinking skills in accounting research and states that the research process steps that involve critical thinking include:
1. Identifying the issues or problems;
2. Identifying alternative solutions;
Keeping a research journal can be incredibly helpful. It allows for reflection on the process of research, not just on the results. Although the journal can include ideas related to theory and practice, the purpose of the journal is to improve the overall quality of research over time. According to the authors, a journal encourages the good habit of documenting work in real time. It also helps to create opportunities to develop and reflect on questions, concerns, and ideas about the research as they emerge in real time. A stream of consciousness style of writing enables the free flow of ideas related to research concerns, visions, and ideas. Another benefit of the research journal is to keep and critically engage with literature encountered during the course of investigation. Many of the thoughts and feelings that arise during the process of investigation and reading may help guide the research and report…
The Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice
Evidence-based practice is a cornerstone of effective patient care (Mateo & Kirchhoff, 2009). The robustness of any existing body of evidence is only as useful as the ability of advance practice nurses to access, retrieve, and implement that knowledge in the practice environment. Therefore, nurses need systematic and comprehensive strategies for making information available to colleagues. Nurses also need their administrators to invest in the latest tools and technologies that promote evidence-based practice including networks and information systems. Policies and procedures should not only uphold the tenets of evidence-based practice but also make it easier for nurses to find and share knowledge specific to developing practice behaviors in their care environments. Methods of finding knowledge specific to developing practice behaviors include utilizing proprietary databases, interviewing experts in the field, and utilizing online digital resources. Combining these three methods of knowledge acquisition can make research more…
Caring for ody and Soul
Critiquing Research Report
Modern nursing practice has focused more and more on treating the whole person, through four domains (Chan, 2009). These are physical, mental, social, and spiritual. Of the four, the spiritual domain is the most neglected. A retrospective study recently found that nurses with religious beliefs are more likely to extend spiritual care. The greater their spiritual perceptions, the more frequently they include a spiritual dimension to their care of patients (Chan). However, not many nurses are able to extend care in this domain.
Jean Watson's Theory of caring is applied as theoretical framework. Her concept sees caring as a process of transpersonal caring. It is something exceeding the self and recognizing the relationship as "mutual and reciprocal (Goliath, 2008)." It is in this environment that the nurse connects with the patient under his specific circumstances. Watson uses 10 carative factors in applying…
Chan, MF. (2009). Factors affecting nursing staff in practicing spiritual care. Vol 19
Journal of Clinical Nursing: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Deal, B. (2010). A pilot study of nurses' experience of giving spiritual care. Vol 15 # 4
The Qualitative Report: Nova Southeastern University. Retrieved on May 18, 2011
China - United States Trade Analysis
Chinese Economic Development
China's Growing Resource Needs
China and Globalization
Protecting Intellectual Property
orking with Government Bureaucracy
International Management Considerations
Modes of Market Entry into China
Recommendations for International Expansions
China financial integration has significantly developed over the past three decades. The total of U.S.-China trade balances grew from $5 billion in 1980 to $409 billion in 2008. Both economies were significantly affected by the global financial crisis and the 2008 balance was reduced by a little over ten percent in 2009. However, the United States is still the world biggest importer of Chinese goods and the Chinese market as represent the third largest importer of U.S. exports. The total amount of trade between these two financial powerhouses is enormous. Furthermore, the Chinese population is already staggering and it is developing economically in historical rates. Thus China also represents a key strategic…
Asia Water Project. "Water supply and demand gap." The Asia Water Project. December 2009. http://www.asiawaterproject.org/water-crises/why-water/water-gap / (accessed August 29, 2011).
Gallagher, P. "CHINESE TRADE GROWTH IN HISTORICAL, REGIONAL CONTEXT." Trade & Public Policy . June 14, 2005. http://petergallagher.com.au/index.php/site/article/chinese-trade-growth-in-historical-regional-context (accessed August 30, 2011 ).
Inocencio, R. "The 'American Age' to end in 2016?" CNN Business. April 27, 2011. http://business.blogs.cnn.com/2011/04/27/the-american-age-ends-in-2016 / (accessed August 29, 2011).
Mankiw, G. "China's Trade and U.S. Manufacturing Jobs." Havard Economics. October 2003, 2003. http://www.economics.harvard.edu/files/faculty/40_testi_hcwm.pdf (accessed August 29, 2011).
Halcomb, Peters, and Mclennes (2015) aims at examining pre-registration nurses' experiences in community clinic assignments as well as the effect such assignment has on their education. The authors have determined that clinical assignments to community facilities may offer nursing undergraduates important opportunities for learning. The research was conducted using a qualitative study design.
The research work attempts at examining pre-registration nurses' experiences in community clinic assignments as well as the effect such assignment has on their education.
Statement of Purpose
For promoting the profession of primary healthcare, comprehending pre-registration pupils' experiences within primary care contexts at the time of clinical assignment is vital.
In spite of the observable advantages such assignment have for pupils, poor supervisor-student relationships, work climates that do not foster a sense of belonging, and the absence of adequate guidance and monitoring are proven to have strong links to exacerbated anxiety and stress levels, greater pupil attrition…
Reduced treatment mistakes and patient falls, together with patient perceptions of being better informed during shift change, was witnessed by researchers. The intervention incorporated a 3-hour nursing pupil handoff practicum, 2-hour clinical staff training, and a formative student assessment and feedback in the course of clinical experiences all through the 3rd semester. The pupil practicum was integrated into clinical orientation and clinical lab experience. Best practices in bedside hand-offs were addressed as well. All through the course of the practicum, emphasis was placed on the handoff receiver's active participation in safety communication (Avallone & Weideman, 2015). Numerous favorable results were recorded with regard to combined bedside nurse shift reporting practice, with a small number of downsides. Nursing outlook towards reporting during final data acquisition proved to be more favorable as compared to their outlook at the start of program implementation. If put into proper practice, bedside nurse reporting may improve patient safety results and nurse and patient satisfaction. But it is imperative to ensure nurse involvement in practice implementation and to continually check both report format uniformity and process support on nurses' and patients' part (Jecklin-Sand & Sherman, 2014).
Avallone, M., & Weideman, Y. (2015). Evaluation of a nursing handoff educational bundle to improve nursing student handoff communications: A Pilot Study. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 65 - 75.
Jecklin-Sand, K., & Sherman, J. (2014). A quantitative assessment of patient and nurse outcomes of bedside nursing report implementation. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 2854 - 63.
International Ship and Port Security (ISPS) Code on Maritime Security
The study will be based on the question that "What is the impact of the International Ship and Port Security (ISPS) Code on Maritime Security." Answers will be sought to have this question addressed adequately.
The study feels that the ISPS Code has some impacts upon the Maritime Security in the world. Thus, the study seeks to uncover the various impacts that are realized by the Maritime Security as offered by the ISPS.
The influence and functionality of the existing ISPS Code run globally. Its effects, as part of its usefulness and importance, are felt by the Maritime Security among other agents of security in the world. Thus, the study will uncover the impacts caused by the ISPS Code on the Maritime Security in various parts of the world. The study will seek further knowledge from different materials; research…
.....mission of the Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) exerts upon the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)
The Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) was established with the main purpose of addressing and coming up with resolve for current issues being faced by professionals in the accounting field, which were not addressed by announcements of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB). Prior to the establishment of ETIF in 1984, the FASB constantly faced challenges of not being able to offer well-timed and sensible solutions to developing practice problems. The EITF was therefore designed to disseminate and propagate carrying out guidance within the structure of the Accounting Standards Codification to decrease multiplicity when it comes down to it on a well-timed basis. In their field of profession, accountants experience a wide range of issues that are not comprehensively addressed in accounting pronouncements, and, which necessitate prompt resolve. In addition, such professionals insist that…
Review of Student PowerPoint
The paper evaluates a PowerPoint summarizing a workshop given at Murdoch University by Dave Palmer in 2009. The workshop addressed the community building movement, an initiative that has gained popularity in Australia.
Slide three stated introduces a group of four students, although while these are presumably the authors of the PowerPoint, this is never explicitly stated and should be explained clearer. Slide 5 ("Introduction by Dave), which discussed the impetus for Mr. Palmer's presentation (the Aboriginal emphasis on the land and the need to return to this state) also included a picture of the presenter, which usefully allows one to connect the information with the face of the person delivering the material. Still, there was an almost excessive amount of text in this slide, and it would have been helpful for it to have been condensed. This set the standard for a dynamic in which…
Adams, David, & Michael Hess. "Community in Public Policy: Fad or Foundation," Australian Journal of Public Administration, 60, No.2 (2001). 13-23.
Archer, David, & Wearing, Stephen. "Interpretation and marketing as management tools in national parks: Insights from Australia," Journal of Retail and Leisure Property, No.2 (2009). 29-39.
Birnbaum, David J., & Frey, Barbara A., "Learners' Perception on the Value of PowerPoint in Lectures," Publisher Unknown, (2002).
Craig, Russell J., & Amernic, Joel H. "PowerPoint Presentations and the Dynamics of Teaching," Innovative Higher Education, 31, No.3 (2006). 147-160.
Interview with the Managing Director of Human Resources at Weill Cornell Medical Center; A Reflective Report
Perspectives on the role of the head of HR
Lessons from the Interview
Potential for collaboration
The role of HR in nursing is of paramount importance as the profession relies on the skills and knowledge of the employees, as well as the motivation and care of the staff (Keem and ruvold, 2003). The aim of this paper is to assess the role of the head of HR in a medical setting, examining their role and tasks, reflecting on the role and the way HR and nursing departments should or do collaborate to create value. This was undertaken using an interview with Patrick Gallagher, the Managing Director of Human resources and Housing at New York Presbyterian Weill Cornell Medical Center in New York
Patrick Gallagher did not study HR, he was…
Baye, M. (2007) Managerial Economics and Business Strategy. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Buchanan, D. and Huczynski, A. (2011) Organisational Behaviour. Harlow: FT/Prentice Hall.
DiCicco-Bloom, B. and Crabtree, B. F. (2006) 'The qualitative research interview', Medical Education, 40(3), pp. 314 -- 321.
Keem, H. C. and Bruvold, N. T. (2003) 'Creating value for employees: investment in employee development', International Journal of Human Resource Management, 14(6), pp. 981 -- 1000.
Terrorist Threat to California through Mexican Drug Trafficking
The immigration challenges across all the United tates borders often invoke varied responses from both the average citizens and the law enforcement agencies. The cross border migration that has been of greatest concern is the Mexico to UA migration due to the myriad challenges this migration presents to the U..A. The Mexican population residing to the outh of the U.. has had a strained relationship with its northern neighbor over a long period of time owing to the inconsistency of its immigration policies, the distinctly lower socioeconomic status afforded to Mexicans on both sides of the border and the ravages afflicted upon both sides of the border by the U.. sponsored War on Drugs. Though all of these aforementioned factors are relevant, it is the war on drugs that forms the central concern of this research proposal since it has proven persistent…
Astorga, L. (2003). Drug Trafficking in Mexico: A First General Assessment. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Online at http://www.unesco.org/most/astorga.htm
DeMelo, D. (2005). Merton's Strain Theory. Criminological Theory. Online at < http://home.comcast.net/~ddemelo/crime/mert_strain.html >
Imperial Valley News (IVN). (2008). Mexican Drug-Trafficking Organization Members Indicted in Operation Money Train. Imperial Valley News.
Jeffrey, T.P. (2009). Drug Cartels Control Crossings. The Washington Times.
1. An operational definition helps the researcher maintain both internal and external validity. The researcher clearly defines terms, and shows how each variable is measured. In this way, concepts that are otherwise abstract like intelligence can be operationalized.
Intelligence needs to be operationalized because the researcher needs to show what specific type of intelligence is being measured, and how. An operational definition is “the particular method that we use to measure a variable of interest,” beyond the theoretical definitions that can be applied later (“Conducting Research in Social Psychology,” n.d., p. 1). Whereas the theoretical definitions of intelligence can be broad, like “the capacity to acquire and apply knowledge,” operational definitions are narrower in scope because they need to be easily measured (Legg & Hutter, 2006, p. 2).
For example, if mathematical intelligence is being measured, then an established mathematical skills test needs to be administered to research participants. Social skills intelligence…
Air Force Brake Case
The Air Force was providing a contract that featured the manufacture of brakes to be implemented in an aircraft. The B.F. Goodrich Wheel and Brake Plant in Troy, Ohio won the contract, on June 18, 1967, and the organization agreed to supply wheels and brakes for the new Air Force light attack aircraft.
However, the clause in the contract was that the testing that was to be done before the product was accepted must adhere to the stipulated standard. On failure of the trial test done on the provided products a controversy arose. A former employee, Kermit Vandivier, took the role of a whistle blower and it was claimed that the organization falsified reports undermining the ethical codes of the contract. A full investigation was conducted under governmental supervision and it was realized that the Air Force A7D Aircraft Brake Problem was the tip…
nnotated Bibliography: The Effects of Religious Exemptions on Pertussis and Other Diseases
brevaya, J. & Mulligan, K. (2011). Effectiveness of state-level vaccination mandates: Evidence from the varicella vaccine. Journal of Health Economics 30(5): 966-76.
Longitudinal data on the use of varicella immunizations was used to determine the real effects o immunization requirements mandated by various governmental entities within the United States. Significant increases in vaccination rates are found to be the result of such mandates within the first year of adoption, peaking within two years of adoption, and with minimal effects on the rate thereafter. pproximately twenty percent of short run increases in immunization adoption is attributed to mandates, and no differences were found in different socioeconomic groups when it comes to adoption rates. Though this research does not deal with exemptions specifically, it provides context and some direct implications for a discussion and examination of such exemptions.…
A seven-year population-based retrospective cohort study of individuals aged five to nineteen years old was used to create a mathematical model of risk associated with measles vaccination, exemption, and infection, and to determine if other patterns could be observed. Exemptors were determined to be thirty-five times more likely to contract measles than those that had been vaccinated, and populations of exemptors tended to be found within certain geographic pockets of close proximity which contributed to outbreak behavior. The model also suggests that a large-scale outbreak was experienced in exemptor populations one year earlier than in the broader population, which has direct implications on the effects of religious exemptions on overall public health and safety.
Siegel, A. & Salmon, D. (2001). Religious and philosophical exemptions from vaccination requirements and lessons learned from conscientious objectors from conscription. Public Health Report 116(4): 289-95.
In addressing both the legal and the practical implications of vaccination mandates and exemptions, the authors assert that states are not actually required to allow religious exemptions for public school entrances. Their findings also suggest that individual educational counseling for parents that object and stringent belief ascertainment by the state can limit the number of exemptions significantly in states that allow them. These recommendations are grounded in commentary on the effects of exemption that is of direct and contextual use to the research at hand.
A brief overview of some prominent theoretical models relating to behavior modification is felt to be a pertinent starting point for his study, as many of these aspects can be compared to the actual interviews and case studies of the subjects. Research suggests that the recovery from drug and alcohol addictions is commonly a long-term process and can involve relapses before sustained and permanent rehabilitation is achieved. ehavioral theories have been shown to be effective in this process. Theories such as cognitive behavioral relapse prevention are a method that has been proven to have a sustained success rate. This theory relates specifically to the formations of behavioral changes in that patients are taught ways of acting and thinking that will assist them in avoiding previous addictions.
For example, patients are urged to avoid situations that lead to drug use and to practice drug refusal skills. They…
An Analysis of Behavioral Change and Addiction Recovery. Retrieved April 30, 2005.Web site: http://www.coursework.info/i/67785.html
Borges, G., Cherpitel, C.J., Macdonald, S., Giesbrecht, N., Stockwell, T., & Wilcox, H.C. (2004). A Case-Crossover Study of Acute Alcohol Use and Suicide Attempt. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 65(6), 708+. Retrieved May 2, 2005, from Questia database, http://www.questia.com .
Cisler, R., Holder, H.D., Longabaugh, R., Stout, R.L., & Zweben, A. (1998). Actual and Estimated Replication Costs for Alcohol Treatment Modalities: Case Study from Project MATCH. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 59(5), 503+. Retrieved May 2, 2005, from Questia database,
Domestic and International Human Resources
Adler (1990) emphasizes the importance of the international experience in the business world. The developing technologies between the time of Adler's presentation and 2004 has made this all the more prominent. When distinguishing between domestic and international human resources then, it is important to note that the one seldom goes before the other, while the domestic human resources paradigm has developed over a far longer time than international human resources. Adler (1990) explains that there has been an evolution in the business world from domestic human resources to international or global human resources. This has to be taken into account when business is conducted both on the local and international level.
When a company is domestically orientated, the product or service remains focused on the domestic market. Thus, research and development, as well as marketing occur on the domestic level. With a centralized…
Adler, Nancy J. (1990). "Globalization and Human Resource Management: Strategic International Human Resource Development" Faculty of Management Mcgill University, April 20. http://www.cic.sfu.ca/forum/adler.html
Baumann, M.A. (2003). "Training, rewards help convince workers to stay." Hotel & Motel Management, December 8. Internet Database: Findarticles.com
Bentley, Ross. (2002). "Barriers to flexible working." Computer Weekly, May 30. Internet Database: Findarticles.com.
Berta, Dina (2003). "Human resources: offering more to obtain, retain the best workers: Emphasis on leadership development, team building and diversity" Nation's Restaurant News, August 18. Internet Database: Findarticles.com
Business eport on Dental Prima
The Firm's Specific Advantages for its Internal Environmental Assessment
Accessing Foreign Markets and their Buyers
Key Global Environmental Issues
Political, Economic, Social and Technological Environments
Key Challenges and Opportunities in Foreign Markets
Market Entry Modes
Structure and Control Mechanisms
Logistics & International Business Operations
Prima Dental is based in Gloucester in the United Kingdom and has a legacy of more than 150 years. It is among the oldest of dental companies in the UK (Primadental.com, 2016). The company produces a wide range of high-tech tools that are used for dental treatments the company has business all over the world. The company has been achieving double-digit sales growth in the last few years and considers itself a global leader in precision dental products. The core competencies of the company include its extensive research work that helps it to come up with new and innovative…
Amante Garcia, B. and Martinez Martinez, M. (2014). Internationalization: Changes and challenges chasing internationalization targeting. J. Technol. Sci. Educ., 4(1).
Bateman, I., Lovett, A. and Brainard, J. (2003). Applied environmental economics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Cadle, J., Eva, M., Hindle, K., Paul, D., Rollason, C., Turner, P., Yeates, D. and Cadle, J. (2014).Business Analysis. Swindon: BCS Learning & Development Limited.
Chanakira, M. (2012). Factors Affecting the Choice of Market Entry Modes in the African Telephony Industry. International Journal of Applied Behavioral Economics, 1(2), pp.1-15.
ole Of Leadership And Employees In Organizational Innovation
Organizational success in the current global environment characterized with significant challenges is highly dependent on innovation and creativity. Innovation and creativity contribute to the success of organizational interventions, thereby, contributing to its competitiveness. The current global environment is characterized by rapid adoption of new technologies, reduction in the life cycle of products, and globalization. As such, it implies the need for the organizations to become creative and innovative to compete, survive, lead, and grow in the wake of these challenges. Similarly, significant evidence shows that leadership and the employees play an important role in driving innovation and creativity within the organization. For instance, studies have shown that leadership styles such as transformational and transactional leadership styles, influences innovation, and creativity within the organization positively. However, limited knowledge on the contextual factors under which the effect occurs exists.
Similarly, empirical evidence…
Eisenbeiβ, S.A., & Boerner, S. (2010). Transformational Leadership and R&D Innovation: Taking a Curvilinear Approach. Creativity and Innovation Management, 19(4), 364-372.
Gumusluoglu, L., & Ilsev, A. (2009). Transformational Leadership, Creativity, And Organizational Innovation. Journal of Business Research, 62(4), 461-473.
Hu, H., Gu, Q., & Chen, J. (2013). How and when does transformational leadership affect organizational creativity and innovation?: Critical review and future directions. Nankai Business Review International, 4(2), 147-166.
Liao, S., & Wu, C. (2010). System perspective of knowledge management, organizational learning, and organizational innovation. Expert Systems with Applications, 37(2), 1096-1103.
The Challenges of Dual Credit: A Research Proposal
Dual credit or dual enrollment programs “are designed to boost college access and degree attainment, especially for students typically underrepresented in higher education,” (United States Department of Education, 2017, p. 1). With this lofty goal set, it should seem that dual credit programs would be reducing the educational achievement gap. After all, dual credit programs by definition allow all students the opportunity to potentially shorten the amount of time they spend in college, thereby reducing their tuition fees that enable the completion of a degree program. Yet recent research shows that college enrollment and completion gaps may be getting wider, based both on ethnicity and on socioeconomic class (Gewertz, 2017). The results of the RAND study reported by Gewertz (2017) may not be applicable specifically to the state of Hawaii, and yet educational attainment disparities do continue to exist and…
Upton Sinclair's The Jungle
The Use of Style to Craft an Argument: Upton Sinclair's the Jungle
"Sinclair uses language effectively, and in a variety of ways, to shape his characters and develop his themes" and thus effectively created a novel that outraged the public and created the beginnings of reform in American industry (Oatman 30). Upton Sinclair's most infamous novel, The Jungle, is a story of an immigrant worker forced into a society of extreme exploitation and disregard not only for workers conditions but also for the conditions of the products being made in the factories. Sinclair discusses one immigrants journey, as Jurgis comes in to the working system as an ignorant immigrant worker and nine is transformed into a person demanding social responsibility from the companies who care so little about their workers. In this context, Sinclair uses a number of stylistic devices in order to make his point…
Arthur, Anthony. "Changing America: Upton Sinclair Style." Radio Curious. 2006. Web. 3 Feb 2014. http://www.radiocurious.org/2006/09/06/anthony-arthur-changing-america-upton-sinclair-style-2/
Oatman, Eric F. Barron's Booknotes: Upton Sinclair's The Jungle. Barron's Educational Series. 1984
Olsson, Karen. "Welcome to the Jungle: Does Upton Sinclair's Famous Novel Hold Up?" Slate. 2012. Web. 3 Feb 2014. http://www.slate.com/articles/arts/books/2006/07/welcome_to_the_jungle.html
Sinclair, Upton. The Jungle. 1st World Publishing. 2006.
Mayan calendar has fascinated not only scholars and archaeologists, but also others interested in its mystical and esoteric dimensions. Because the Mayan calendar and associated hieroglyphic texts refer to an "end date" corresponding to 2012 in the Gregorian system, many people believed that the Mayans had predicted the end of the world (Lorenzi, 2012, p. 1). Yet recent archaeological evidence shows that the Mayan concept of an "end date" did not necessarily imply a "doomsday" scenario (Lorenzi, 2012, p. 1). Although the apocalyptic vision never did come to pass and has been disproven, the Mayan calendar continues to captivate and fascinate because of the mystery surrounding its use and its level of sophistication.
One of the most intriguing aspects of the Mayan calendar is its level of sophistication and accuracy. According to the Canadian Museum of History (n.d.), the Mayan calendar originated in the first century BCE but is actually…
Aveni, A.F., Dowd, A.S. & Vining, B. (2003). Maya calendar reform? Latin American Antiquity 14(2): 159-178.
Canadian Museum of History (n.d.). Maya civilization. Retrieved online: http://www.historymuseum.ca/cmc/exhibitions/civil/maya/mmc06eng.shtml
Jenkins, J.M. (1998). Maya Cosmogenesis 2012. Inner Traditions.
Lorenzi, R. (2012). Mayan calendar discovery confirms a 2012 'end date.' Discovery News. Jun 29, 2012. Retrieved online: http://news.discovery.com/history/archaeology/maya-long-count-calendar-end-date-120629.htm
Nationally, it ranges from the mid-thirty-thousand dollar range to more than twice that amount with a national average of approximately $46,000 (BLS, 2008). Naturally, the highest salaries are available to paralegals and legal assistants who have achieved professional certifications, since there are only approximately 15,000 certified paralegals out of more than one quarter million professionals in the field (BLS, 2008). Additional vocational benefits are similar to other fulltime professional positions in the private sector or in government positions, as the case may be. The U.S. federal government employs thousands of paralegals, with the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), Social Security Administration (SSA), and the U.S. Department of the Treasury (DOT or "USTEAS") being the largest employers of paralegals by agency (Damp, 2007).
The paralegal profession is one that I might consider pursuing for several reasons. First, it is a profession with considerable growth potential at a time when most other…
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook,
2010-11 Edition, Paralegals and Legal Assistants.
Accessed online 25 February
2012 from: http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos114.htm
From the fact that two individuals were able to keep their hands in for 5 seconds longer than that of the other participants it seems as though the motivational approach may be more effective than sensory discriminative in quelling pain. Nonetheless, this study is severely limited in that the sample was extremely small, and that I was a biased facilitator (ideally such a study should be conducted with at least three other experimenters who are unaware of the purpose and hypothesis of the study), as well as in the fact that it was conducted in limiting circumstances (the bathroom near a bathtub).
Also to be considered is the fact that other confounding circumstances may have induced the resilient individual to have kept her hands in for longer. he may, for instance, be thicker-skinned than the others, or have some other physiological characteristic that may make her naturally more resilient to…
Brewer, B.W, & Karoly, P. (1989). Effects of attentional focusing on pain and perception. Motivation and Emotion, 13, 193-203.
Gentle, M.J. (2001). Attentional shifts alter pain perception in the chicken. Consciousness, cognition and animal welfare, 10, S187-S194.
Hackett, G., & Horan, J.J. (1980). Stress inoculation for pain: What's really going on? Journal of Counseling Psychology
Melzack, R. (1993). Pain: Past, present, and future. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 47, 615.
What differences, if any, do you perceive in the approach each organization presents in its annual performance? Is information and data presented clearly so that the reader can make clear inferences about how the organization performed?
I believe the two organizations, Bank of America, and JP Morgan format their annual reports to reflect the culture of the business. Bank of America, due primarily to the negative sentiments prevailing in the marketplace, structures their annual report to dispel myths regarding company performance. The tone of the report isn't overly optimistic nor is it overly pessimistic. The report reports the facts as they stand at that point in time. Conversely, JP Morgan's report is much more candid, truthful and optimistic, reflecting the company's outstanding performance. The report is filled with success stories, future growth prospects and failures along the way. JP Morgan, presents the facts clearly and in a concise…
1) Rappaport, Liz; Fitzpatrick, Dan (October 19, 2011). "BofA Swings to Profit in Muddled Quarter." The Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204479504576638653920110530.html?mod=WSJ_hp_MIDDLETopStories .
2) Son, Hugh (October 18, 2011). "BofA Loses No. 1 Ranking by Assets to JPMorgan as Chief Moynihan Retreats" Bloomberg. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-10-18/bank-of-america-loses-no-1-ranking-by-assets-to-jpmorgan-chase.html .
3) Ellis, David. "JPMorgan buys WaMu," CNNMoney.com, September 25, 2008.
The report provides the comparative analysis of Sun Trust Banks Inc. (STI) vs. U.S. Bancorp. (USB) using the following valuation tools:
Price/Earnings per Share
Price/EBITDA per Share.
The paper also compares these ratios to industry average.
A Price/Book Value is a valuation ratio used to measure the market value of a company after all the liabilities has been deducted from the company assets. In other words, Price/Book Value is a valuation ratio generally used by investors to compare a stock's per-share price (market value) of a company to its book value (shareholders' equity). Typically, it reveals the estimation of value of a company after it has been liquidated showing remaining net assets entitled to shareholders after a company is liquidated.
There are two methods to calculate the Price-to Book Value of a company. First, we can divide the company market capitalization by company's total…
Yahoo Finance. (2013). Sun Trust Bank. (STI). Yahoo Finance Inc.
Yahoo Finance. (2013). U.S. Bancorp (USB) -NYSE. Yahoo Finance Inc.
usiness Report: Adelaide Convention Centre
How Resource Requirements Are Determined
Why resources are acquired and allocated
How resource usage is and reported
The Adelaide Convention Centre was founded in 1987 with an aim to promote tourism and industry related economic activities in the area of South Australia. The center hosts banquets, cocktail functions, conferences, exhibitions, green events, meetings, product launches, school formals, weddings, and corporate events[footnoteRef:1]. [1: Adelaide Convention Center. "Our Green Commitment," Adelaide Convention Center. n.d. (accessed January 14, 2014). http://www.adelaidecc.com.au/planning-your-event/event-types/green-events.]
Part A: How Resource Requirements Are Determined
The current operational plans are mainly targeted towards providing a place for the business and local community to organize their events in the center. The center provides the place for the event including food and beverages. There are various partnering suppliers for floral, lighting, music, and other special arrangements. The resources required for the center can be divided into…
Adelaide Convention Center. "Our Green Commitment," Adelaide Convention Center. n.d. (accessed January 14, 2014). http://www.adelaidecc.com.au/planning-your-event/event-types/green-events .
Collier, Paul M., and Samuel Agyei-ampomah. P3-Performance Strategy: Strategic Level, Performance Pillar. Elsevier, 2009.
Tennent, John. Guide to Cash Management: How to Avoid a Business Credit Crunch. Vol. 109. USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2012.
The Porter Five Forces Model has also shown these strengths and their ability to provide the company with resilience in the face of significant competitive threats. Weaknesses include too much fo a dependence on the iPhone and iPad products, a lack of products at the low-end of the market, and a lack of control of the gray market in China for their products (Apple Investor elations, 2012). The opportunities for Apple are very significant and include selling more iPads and comparable products into the enterprise, greater market penetration into emerging markets including Brazil, ussia and China, in addition to the advances being made with Apple TV. Threats include extreme price competition at the low-end of the market; lack fo control in gray markets over their products, and their high dependence on key suppliers for advanced components for their future products (Apple Investor elations, 2012).
ecommendations for Future Strategies and Conclusion…
Apple, Investor Relations (2012). Investor Relations. Retrieved August 23, 2012 from Apple Investor Relations and Filings with the SEC Web site: http://www.apple.com/investor/
Robert E. Cole, Tsuyoshi Matsumiya. (2007). Too Much of a Good Thing? Quality as an Impediment to Innovation. California Management Review, 50(1), 77-93.
Douglas B. Holt (2003). What becomes an icon most? Harvard Business Review, 81(3), 43-49.
Kawasaki (1990) -- the Macintosh Way. Harper Collins. Reprint Edition. September, 1990
Products Liability esearch:
Mattel Inc. is a company that was founded in 1944 by Elliot and uth Handler that designs, manufactures, and markets a huge range of toy products. The firm is headquartered in California with its core product lines including Hot Wheels die-cast vehicles, Barbie fashion dolls, Disney toys, Fisher-Price preschool toys, and games like Scrabble. While Mattel also manufactures its toy products based on license agreements with movie makers, most of its toys are produced outside its huge market in the United States i.e. Southeast Asia. Actually, the firm's principal manufacturing facilities are located in several countries in Southeast Asia like Malaysia, China, Thailand, Indonesia, and even Mexico. Since its inception, the company has continued to experience significant growth that enables it to generate huge revenues. By 2007, its revenues had grown to $5.97 billion with its three largest customers accounting for 41% of sales across the globe.…
Andersen, M. (2009, October 16). Mattel Settles Lawsuit Over High Levels of Lead in Chinese
Toys. Retrieved June 10, 2012, from http://www.usatoday.com/money/industries/retail/2009-10-14-mattell-lead-in-toys-settlement_N.htm
"CPSC Overview." (n.d.). U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. Retrieved from Consumer Product Safety Commission website: http://www.cpsc.gov/about/about.html
Lacorte, V.L. (n.d.). Mattel, Inc.: The Lead paint Recall. Retrieved from Tuck School of Business
Testimonial and examine the vision and mission statement. Is this business following the specified vision and mission?
To be the favored supplier of vacation ownership and individualized vacation experiences.
To provide memorable experiences that make vacation dreams become a reality.
Marriott Vacations Worldwide Company is the world's leading pure-play public timeshare business. Because getting in the timeshare sector in 1984, the business made its position as a leader and inventor in vacation ownership items. In late 2011, Marriott Vacations Worldwide was developed as a different, openly traded entity from Marriott International, Inc. Concentrating largely on vacation ownership experiences, the brand-new business maintains high criteria of quality in serving its consumers, investors and partners while preserving a special relationship to Marriott International. Marriott Vacations Worldwide provides a varied portfolio of quality items, programs and management proficiency with even more than 60 resorts (Marriott Vacations Worldwide,…
Five Forces Analysis (2009). Accessed from: http://www.marketingteacher.com/Lessons/lesson_fivefoces.htm
MarketLine. (2012). Company Profile: Marriott International, Inc. MarketLine: an informa business.
Marriott Vacations Worldwide. (2012). Fact Sheet.
Marriot, B. (2009). Bill Marriott: Great Leaders Emerge from Difficult Times. Accessed from: http://www.blogs.marriott.com/default.asp?item=2345859
When conducting a research study, the researcher needs to pay particular attention to the reliability and validity of his or her research instruments. These concepts form the basis of the academic acceptability and even excellence in a study. Hence, any researcher should be concerned with maximizing especially the validity of his or her work. In addition to internal consistency, various forms of validity can be identified, including face validity, content validity, criterion validity, and construct validity. All these validity forms form an important component of ensuring the strength of a research project.
Internal consistency refers to the homogeneity of a measure. When a questionnaire is offered to sports apparel customers in one of the countries (United States or Kenya) represented in the study, for example, it should be ensured that all the questions would produce valid scores for specific populations. This can be done by comparing half the items…
Ethics in esearch
For organizations of all types, the last three decades have been crucial in changing the manner in which organizations interact with each other, stakeholders, the government, and themselves. Most of these changes occurred because of the evolution of globalization, which after the Cold War, increased cooperation between nations and regions while, at the same time, increased stakeholder expectations, opened hundreds of new markets, and now requires that organizations operate on a new level. Particularly after the Enron scandal, stakeholders expect more transparency and honesty from organizations. In fact, a recent survey found that 74% want to know more about the ethical stance and nature of a company prior to purchasing from them. At the same time, 92% of FTSE 100 companies provide no metrics, benchmarks, or quantitative measurements within their annual report (Suter, 2012).
Because of advances in technology and communication, this has also bled over into…
Gutman and Thompson. (2004). Why Deliberative Democracy. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
Leedy, P., & Ormrod, J. (2009). Practical Research: PLanning and Design. New York: Prentice Hall.
Robson, C. (2011). Real World Research: A Resource for Users of Social Research Methods in Applied Settings. New York: Wiley.
SA Health Info. (2010, April). Ethics issues in qualitative research. Retrieved from sahealthinfo.org: http://www.sahealthinfo.org/ethics/ethicsqualitative.htm
Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and the erratic responses to the Hurricane Katrina disaster in 2005, critical incident management has become the focus of a growing body of research. In addition, there is an ongoing need for timely and effective responses to manmade and natural disasters, and improved approaches continue to be identified. To gain some fresh insights into current critical incident management, this paper reviews three studies concerning a coordinated multi-disciplinary response to a critical incident as well as the National Incident Management System. A review of a final article concerning response and management of a chemical, biological, radiological and explosive incident is followed by a summary of the research and a description concerning how the research contributes to knowledge in these areas.
eview and Analysis
Coordinated Multi-Disciplinary esponse to a Critical Incident.
In his study, "esponding to Bio-terrorism equires a Concerted Effort," Mughai…
esearch Method and Design Proposal
A research design is the approach utilized for a study used as a guide in gathering and analyzing data. There are two popular methods of research; qualitative and quantitative research methods. Qualitative research is an inductive, holistic, subjective, and process-oriented method technique employed to understand, interpret, describe, and establish a theory on a given topic, phenomena, or setting. Investigators employ this technique when their studies attempt to describe life experiences and give them meaning. In most cases, the method has associations with words, language and experiences, rather than measurements, statistics and numerical figures. When the investigators use this method, they adapt a person centered, and holistic view to comprehend the given phenomenal without focusing on particular concepts. In addition, this method is dynamic and developmental, and it does not employ the use of formal structured instruments (Hodkinson, 2009).
Most importantly, qualitative data methods…
Bickman, L. (2008). Chapter 1 Applied research design: A practical approach. Retrieved from http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/23770_Ch1.pdf
Grimes, A.D., & Schulz, F.K. (2002). Descriptive studies: What they can do and cannot do.
Lancet, 359, 145-149.
Hofferth, S.L. (2005). Secondary data analysis in family research. Journal of Marriage and Family, 67, 891 -- 907.
Unbroken Laura Hillenbrand, report show book read retelling story. A theme selected proven research style writing. Examples details book support ideas. eport double spaced, standard 1" margins 12 size font.
Following her first novel Seabiscuit, many awaited Laura Hillenbrand's second book with nothing less than eagerness and excitement. It will be however nine years after her first non-fiction account before Unbroken: A World War Two Story of Survival, esilience, and edemption is released. Hillenbrand's life took a sudden turn just before her graduation from Kenyon College in Ohio when she fell ill with chronic fatigue syndrome, a disease that has kept her confined from living a normal life. She remains ensnared within the perimeters of her house in Glover Park, Washington which is from where she conducted research and eventually wrote Unbroken, the biographical novel about an Olympic runner whose World War Two experience reflects heroism in a sense of…
Giuliucci, M. (2001). A matter of dignity?: PWC author perseveres, writes best seller. The CFIDS Chronicle. Retrieved from http://www.cfids.org/archives/2001/2001-3-article01.asp
Hillenbrand, L. (2010). Unbroken: A World War Two Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption. New York: Random House.
Steigmeyer, A. (2011). Laura Hillenbrand '89 discusses her new book Unbroken. thekenyoncollegion.com. Retrieved from http://www.kenyoncollegian.com/features/laura-hillenbrand-89-discusses-her-new-book-unbroken-1.1997896?pagereq=3#.UjxR09L0HEq
Mock esearch Experiment: The Generation Effect
This research study plans to look at and analyze the generation effect. The generation effect is the finding that self-generated stimuli will be both recalled and recognize with better performance than for read stimuli. This effect has been demonstrated primarily with words, yet this study uses pictorial stimuli within the experiment as opposed to using words. Because so many studies have been done focusing on the use of words, I decided to compose a study This that examines pictures within the generation effect and whether or not this effect influenced subjects memory. Memory was tested through different methods such as recall, recognition and also two different source monitoring tasks. The data obtained seemed to support the notion that the generation effect can and does occur for pictures.
The phenomenon of the generation effect is one which I have long found very interesting. The…
Richards, M (2000). What scientists know about the generation effect. Psychology Today; Jan 43-57.
Niles, G (1999). The generation effect: studies and sources. Journal of Psychology, 56, 45067.
Huffman, R (2000). Generation effect and its implications. Journal of Psychology 114, 67-78.
There's a substantial gap between the notions presented by the 9/11 Commission on inadequate imagination and its suggested solutions. It's unlikely that the primary modifications can help create analytical solutions in a limited amount of time. The advancement of national intelligence centres is really a pricey solution and idea that rests on impractical belief in the impartiality and just approach of the policymakers. The requirement of a bigger and much more diverse community of experts may, perversely, lower the standard of their work. And there's really no point in anticipating that the DCI could be more in a position to encourage imagination when he's no longer the principal intelligence consultant (ovner and Long, 2005).
More realistic and logical plans within the Commission report are directly and indirectly proportional to the imagination problem; included in this are growing the FBI's intelligence abilities and mandating standardized DOD and DHS risk…
Blin, A. (1968). The United States Confronting Terrorism. Monash University under Part VB of the Copyright Act 1968.
Gatehouse, Jonathan. Are We Having Fun Yet? Macleans, December 10, 2004.
Jasparro, Christopher. Low-level criminality linked to transnational terrorism. Jane's Intelligence Review, 1 May 2005.
Osborne, D. Out of Bounds -- Innovation and Change in Law Enforcement Intelligence Analysis. Joint Military Intelligence College, 2006.