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Walton Business Ethics Business Ethics
Words: 1569 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41561633
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They have achieved gripping solutions to the two main questions put by the stakeholder's theory that underline the moral presupposition of running a business - which are regarding purpose and human relationships.

Stakeholder theory initiates with the supposition that values are necessarily and unequivocally a part of performing business and shuns the separation hypothesis. This hypothesis of separation starts with the assumption that ethics and economics can be clearly and stridently de-linked. A lot of advocates of a shareholder, solitary objective view of the enterprise differentiate the economic from the ethical outcomes and values. The resulting theory is a constricted view which cannot probably do justice to the panoply of human actions which is creation of value and trade. (Stakeholder Theory and the Corporate Objective evisited)


Business Ethics. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. etrieved at Accessed on 5 July, 2005

Expanding the Value Horizon: Stakeholders as Source of Competitive…


Business Ethics. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved at . Accessed on 5 July, 2005

Expanding the Value Horizon: Stakeholders as Source of Competitive Advantage. 2004. Retrieved at Accessed on 5 July, 2005

Freeman, Edward, R; Wicks, Andrew C; Parmar, Bidhan. Stakeholder Theory and the Corporate Objective Revisited. Organization Science. Vol. 15, No. 3, May-June 2004, pp. 364-369. Retrieved at Accessed on 5 July, 2005

Murphy, J.J. The Concepts of Vision and Mission Revisited: Case Histories Wal-Mart, Hewlet Packward, Matsu*****a Appliances and the Body Shop. Retrieved at . Accessed on 5 July, 2005

Strategy and Decision-Making
Words: 1589 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87554391
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Strategy & Decision Making


Wal-Mart has become a global corporation. The company's primary vision focuses on a more global presence and promotion of the organization's ethical culture across global stakeholders. The company's concept of a vision statement focusing on a culture of ethics is vital in globalization. The company has embraced diversity and culture in their global operations thus leading to a competitive advantage and good reputation. By promoting a culture of ethics, Sam Walton has assisted stakeholders and customers to make informed decisions thus doing the right thing (Griffin, 2012).

Wal-Mart's mission statement focuses on quality customer service, striving for excellence and respect for individuals. Therefore, based on their core beliefs and values, the mission of the company emphasizes on the provision of daily low prices and exceptional services to customers. The company has managed to uphold their business for long because the top executives and managers work…


Griffin, R.W. (2012). Fundamentals of management. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage


Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. (2009). Strategic management: Competitiveness and globalization. Mason, OH: South-Western

Husted, B., & Allen, D.B. (2011). Corporate social strategy: Stakeholder engagement and competitive advantage. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press

Business Profiles Hershey's Milton Hershey
Words: 1663 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27973070
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While at J.C. Penney, Walton read extensively about retailing theory and principles. He also had the insight to consider the importance of proximity to his merchandise suppliers and he took full advantage of his ability to turn around merchandise so fast that he could leverage his short-term debts to suppliers into capital for investment and growth.

6. Who is in charge of the company now?

Michael Terry Duke, became the Chief Executive Officer and President of Wal-Mart tores Inc. In 2009. Previously, he was the Executive Vice President of Wal-Mart tores Inc., and before that, he served as Executive Vice President of Administration, and Executive Vice President of Logistics, enior Vice President of Logistics at Wal-Mart tores Inc., and enior Vice President of Distribution of Wal-Mart tores Division (UA).

7. Describe any "barriers of entry," competition or marketing challenges the Entrepreneur overcame.

The principal barrier of entry faced by Walton…

Sources Consulted

Kennon, J. (2011) Sam Walton (aka Samuel Moore Walton)

Innovation for Leaders in Organizations
Words: 775 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18496599
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While the logistics, supply chain execution, management and optimization along with exceptional control over pricing is what Wal-Mart is known for today, it was Sam Walton who initially defined the supply base as strategic partners (Friedricks, 1995). Being partners, the concept of collaborative supply chain planning and execution could easily drive greater value and lower cost for the core Wal-Mart customer base, the Price Value Shopper (Blanchard, Comm, 2008). According to Wal-Mart executives, Sam Walton believed heavily in the vision and mission of his stores as being the necessary foundation for America's middle class to make ends meet (amanathan, Gunasekaran, Subramanian, 2011). His focus on managing price as aggressively as he could, in collaboration with suppliers, set a new foundation for low-price retailing while also creating a foundation for middle class families to afford to live within their means (Blanchard, Comm, 2008). This is one of the core precepts of…


Blanchard, C., & Comm, C.L. (2008). Adding value to service providers: Benchmarking Wal-Mart. Benchmarking, 15(2), 166-177.

Friedricks, W.B. (1995). Wal-mart: A history of sam waltons retail phenomenon. Business History Review, 69(4), 574-574.

Krishnamurthi, M. (2001). Forecasting using data warehousing model: Wal-marts experience. The Journal of Business Forecasting, 20(3), 13-17.

Ramanathan, U., Gunasekaran, a., & Subramanian, N. (2011). Supply chain collaboration performance metrics: A conceptual framework. Benchmarking, 18(6), 856-872.

Employment Discrimination at Wal-Mart Foundation of the
Words: 5383 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45363162
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Employment Discrimination at Wal-Mart

Foundation of the Study

This study examines the legislative and judicial climate that enables corporations like Wal-Mart to engage in practices that violate workers' rights. The popular consensus is that Wal-Mart, the largest retail store in the United States, displays an inordinate disregard for the human dignity and morale of its employees and, despite continual litigation, continues to blatantly violate the legal rights of its employees. Wal-Mart faces charges of violating The Federal Fair Labor Standards Act (2011) by asking management to adjust time sheets so that overtime will not need to be paid, and so that all employees will work under the hourly limit required by the union in order to obtain membership. Employees were insured, without their knowledge, against their death by Wal-Mart. The company was named beneficiary; following death of an employee, the entire benefit amount was retained by the corporation. Not a…


Business Day, Companies. (2011) The New York Times. Retrieved 


Byrne, T.P. (2009). False profits: Reviving the corporation's public purpose. Discourse, 57 UCLA L. Rev. Disc. 25, UCLA School of Law, UC Berkeley, (Associate, Chadbourne & Parke, LLP). Retrieved 

Clifford, S. (2011, March 29). Where Wal-Mart failed, Aldi succeeds. The New York Times. Retrieved

Fortune 500 Company Wal-Mart Is Known as
Words: 1130 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28856156
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Fortune 500 Company: Wal-Mart

Wal-Mart is known as a "super store" and a place to engage in one-stop shopping for the home and individual. For example, the store sells groceries and pet supplies, health and beauty items, crafts and school supplies, home repair tools and products, electronics, furniture for the home and yard, health and beauty supplies and has an in-store pharmacy, among many other products. However, the perspective of Sam Walton might be slightly different. Sam Walton might feel as though the goal and overall objective of Wal-Mart is to give the customer exactly what they want. As Walton said, "The secret of successful retailing is to give your customers what they want. And really, if you think about it from your point-of-view as a customer, you want everything: a wide assortment of good-quality merchandise; the lowest possible prices; guaranteed satisfaction with what you buy; friendly, knowledgeable service; convenient…


Bangs, D. (2002). Market Planning Guide. New York: Dearborn Publishing.

Hollis, N. (2008). The Global Brand: How to Create and Develop Lasting Brand Value in the World. New York: The Global Brand. (2012). Sam Waltom. Retrieved from  

Retail Sales
Words: 355 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70650440
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Retail Sales

In 1962 Sam Walton opened his first store in Rogers, Arkansas. y the year 2000, Wal-Mart had been named "Retailer of the Century." It is the world's largest retail store with $244.5 billion in sales last year (Walmart website, 2005). It is natural to ask, how did Sam Walton do that? He started with a vision of a store that would feature competitive prices, the best prices anywhere. That, combined with generic products (cheaper still), additional services such as pharmacy, groceries, hair dressing, optometrist, and auto maintenance, promotional display of products, and advertising have made Wal-Mart very popular indeed with the buying public. People complain that they go to Wal-Mart for one or two items and come out with a whole basketful of bargains they "just couldn't resist."

Not all retail shops can have the lowest prices in town, of course, nor would this be desirable. Many small…


"About Retail Industry,"  / 'The Motivation Show,"

'Walmart at a Glance,"

Wal-Mart and Its Global Supply
Words: 1773 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 35504234
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Over the next five years, they are working on increasing this amount to as close to: 100% as possible. With the company estimating that such a move would cut logistics costs between $4 billion to $12 billion, over the course of 5 to 15 years. (Cassidy, 2010) This is significant because it shows that the ability of Wal-Mart to seek out ways to reduce logistics costs, are helping to improve the overall cost structure of the company. At which point, this allows their profit margins to increase and they can begin expanding into other areas.

Clearly, one of the biggest elements that contribute to the overall success of Wal-Mart is their ability to control costs associated with their supply chain. This is important because it underscores how Wal-Mart was able to maintain it low cost structure, despite expanding rapidly in size. Where, the elements of: the company owning / operating…


Sam's Club Facts. (2010). Retrieved May 21, 2010 from Sam's Club website:

Cassidy, W. (2010). Wal-Mart Squeezes Costs from the Supply Chain. Retrieved May 21, 2010 from Journal of Commerce website: 

Chandran, P. (2002). Wal-Mart's Supply Chain Practices. Retrieved May 21, 2010 from Mohan Chandran website:

Union Labor Disputes Canada Wal-Mart
Words: 6077 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 74391495
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But when it just recently occurred in 2004 at a store in Jonquiere, British Columbia, the reader must appreciate that a real battle had been won. The original efforts of that particular store for example had the local labor Commission reject certification by a margin of 74 to 65. When the union announced that it won the coveted certification at Quebec, it was quite a blow to the retailer. The Quebec Labour elations Commission issued the order certifying the United Food and Commercial Workers Union (UFCW) as the bargaining agent of employees in Wal-Mart's store in Jonquiere. As noted, the reason a victory of this magnitude is huge is because of the policies and tactics used by Wal-Mart. The retailer works diligently to prevent its workforce from engaging in any collective action and they have consistently shown that they are willing to cross the line to guarantee their position.



Baek, Seung Wook. (2000.) "The Changing Trade Unions in China." Journal of Contemporary Asia: March.

Budd, John W. (1994). "The Effect of Multinational Institutions on Strike Activity in Canada." Industrial and Labor Relations Review.

Corbett, Brian (2002). "Southern hospitality." Ward's Auto World, August.

Delsohn, Gary. (1997.) "UPS Strike May Revive American Labor Movement." Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News: Sept.

Organizational Behavior at Walmart if
Words: 1625 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 16220183
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This level of operations was reached in less than 50 years, making the rise of Walmart one of the truly sensational success stories of the 20th century. The research was also consistent in showing that the company's organizational culture that stresses cost savings at every opportunity to minimize operational costs and increase savings to customers has been responsible in large part for much of Walmart's success to date. Many organizations falter and fail when they lose the leadership of a charismatic individual such as Sam Walton, but the research made it clear that he imbued his retain chain of stores with his own philosophical views about what was important and made these views stick with an organizational culture that still reflects these values today. In the final analysis, Walmart has transformed the American landscape and it is in the process of transforming the global one as well and the day…


About us. (2010). Walmart Corporate. Retrieved from /AboutUs/.

Chen, H., Daughterty, P.J. & Landry, T.D. (2009). Supply chain process integration: a theoretical framework. Journal of Business Logistics, 30(2), 27-28.

Cocheo, S. (2003). Always aggressive, always Wal-Mart: What makes Wal-Mart keep coming back and back to financial services? ABA Banking Journal, 95(5), 29-30.

Foote, S. & Krishnamurthi, M. (2001). Forecasting using data warehousing model: Wal-mart's experience. The Journal of Business Forecasting Methods & Systems, 20(3), 13-14.

Equity Theory of Motivation the
Words: 4137 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 28331334
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Smith School of Business (at the University of Maryland), where she was granted an MBA (Master of Business Administration) and also the courses of the MIT Sloan School of Management, where she received a Master of Science in management.

Professionally speaking, Fiorina occupied various secretarial positions; she was also a teacher of English in Italy and a receptionist. Her fruitful career began in 1980 when she joined at&T, where after various positions, came to be the company's Senior Vice President. In 1999 she joined Hewlett-Packard as Chief Executive Officer, but was forced to leave in 2005. After her departure from HP, Fiorina engaged in personal and political actions, such as the edition of her book Tough Choices: A Memoir, or campaigning with presidential candidate John McCain (Jacoby, 2008).

Carly Fiorina possesses numerous skills which qualify her for the leader's position. First of all, she has extensive knowledge and expertise, backed…


Adams, K., 2009, McLaren Boss Retires, Classic and Performance Car,  accessed on January 21, 2009

Williams, R., December 22, 2007, Why Mosley is Happy with the Season that Had Everything, the Guardian

Wolff, a., June 12, 2007, 'Better than Sex' That's how Formula One Phenomenon Lewis Hamilton Described Winning His First Pole, Sports Illustrated

2007, the FIA's McLaren-Monaco Statement in Full, Formula 1 Website,  accessed on January 21, 2009

Wal-Mart Background Mission Vision Today
Words: 2338 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 84150364
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16; Wilbert, 2006, p. 2)

Strategic process, planning and decision making

As confirmed by Lee Scot's words regarding the aggressive strategy followed by each Wal-Mart store (Mohideen, 2009, p. 9), even if general stream planning and decision making is still largely centralized, being undertaken at the Wal-Mart Headquarters in Arkansas (for elements such as type of products to be sold, stores to be opened or closed, financial results and objectives, etc.), for issues regarding how to battle the local competition and better respond to customer needs, planning and decision making takes place at store level, as mentioned before in the "Functions and roles of managers" chapter.

Managing by objectives is a very much used practice within Wal-Mart, regional objectives being cascaded to store level. As is to be expected, the number one objective at store level and beyond is to reduce costs as much as possible.

Human Resource Management is…


Adubato, S. (2008), Why Wal-Mart's Communication Fell Short, Caucus Educational Corporation, retrieved November 18th 2009 from Caucus website, at 

Carmichael, E. (2008), Motivation and Strategies for Entrepreneurs, Lesson #1: Motivate Your Workers, retrieved November 18th 2009 from Mr. Carmichael website, at 

Klinger, M., Tweraser, S., (NA), Motivating front line staff for bottom line results, McKinsey, retrieved November 20th 2009 from McKinsey website, at 

Mohideen, A. (2009), Wal-Mart, A Corporate Giant or a Corporate Beast? (PowerPoint Slides), retrieved November 19th 2009 from AuthorStream website, at

Motivational Practices at America's Best Managed Companies
Words: 3175 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82189838
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Organizational Behavior -- Walmart

Organizational Behavior - Wal-Mart

Organizational behavior is critical components in a company in order help to determine the effectiveness and efficiency. When we look at organizational behavior, we are looking at how an individual acts or relates to each in a working environment. There are certain key components that as we look at this organization that we focus on, such as this organization's culture and their communication and their diversity. In addition, their efficiency or effectiveness or lack thereof is observed. The organizational structure and OB theories at Wal-Mart are shown as the key success factors influencing employee performance and commitment. Even with the frequent visits by the labor officials in relation to the way it treats employees has not watered down the company's efforts of remaining competitive in the industry. This study has offered some succinct measures that the company has implemented in terms of…


Adams, S. & Neumark, D. (2005). The effects of living wage laws: Evidence from failed and derailed living wage campaigns. IZA Discussion Paper No. 1566. Retrieved May 10, 2014 from 

Bianco, A. (2003). Is Wal-Mart too powerful? Business Week. Retrieved May 10, 2014 from 

Carrigan, M. (2010). Economic uncertainty and the role of organizational development. Journal of Business & Economics Research. Vol. 8 (4)

Cascio, W. (2006) Decency means more than "always low prices" A comparison of Costco to Sam's Club. Academy of Management Perspectives. 26-37.

Wal-Mart's Strategy the Discount Retailing
Words: 2016 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22899280
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However, one of the many ways Wal-Mart has been able to cut costs is by not having large stores of items in back rooms at each of their stores. Instead, the organization has used technology to remain customer focused.

By innovating the use of sharing sales data, via computer, with their major suppliers, Wal-Mart has been able to keep key items in stock, without having to stockpile them. When an item is rung up at the cash register, this information is sent to a data warehouse that then facilitates reordering from that particular supplier ("Wal-Mart Story"). Add this product availability to the fact that Wal-Mart offers such a wide variety of items, and services from: financial services to beauticians to optometry to automotive care, and one can easily see how the company has added convenience to its strategies of success.

Wal-Mart's most recent convenience strategy also comes in the form…


Dollar Prescription Drug Program. No date. Wal-Mart. December 2, 2007 .

Economic Opportunities. No date. Wal-Mart. December 2, 2007 .

Site to Store Program. No date. Wal-Mart. December 2, 2007 .

Wal-Mart Story. 24 Aug 2007. Wal-Mart. December 2, 2007 .

Wal-Mart's Inputs Nadler & Tushman's
Words: 1621 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 41783703
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The result of this is a company that consistent meets its objectives for cost reduction, growth and profits.

orks Cited

Faletta, Salvatore. (2005). Organizational Diagnostics Models: A Review & Synthesis. Retrieved October 30, 2008 at

Nadler, David; Tushman, Michael & Nadler, Mark B. (1997) Competing by Design: The Power of Organizational Architecture. pp. 28-39 Retrieved October 30, 2008 at

Cawsey, Tupper F. & Deszca, Gene. (2007). Toolkit for Organizational Change. Retrieved October 30, 2008 at

Lundberg, Annie (2002). al-Mart: IT Inside the orld's Biggest Company. CIO Magazine. Retrieved October 30, 2008 at

Bradley, Stephen & Ghemawat, Pankaj. (2002). al*Mart Stores, Inc. Harvard Business School. 9-794-024

Video: Is al-Mart Good for America. PBS. Retrieved October 30, 2008 at

Faletta, Salvatore. (2005). Organizational Diagnostics Models: A Review & Synthesis.

Nadler, David; Tushman, Michael & Nadler, Mark B. (1997) Competing by Design: The Power of Organizational…

Works Cited

Faletta, Salvatore. (2005). Organizational Diagnostics Models: A Review & Synthesis. Retrieved October 30, 2008 at

Nadler, David; Tushman, Michael & Nadler, Mark B. (1997) Competing by Design: The Power of Organizational Architecture. pp. 28-39 Retrieved October 30, 2008 at 

Cawsey, Tupper F. & Deszca, Gene. (2007). Toolkit for Organizational Change. Retrieved October 30, 2008 at 

Lundberg, Annie (2002). Wal-Mart: IT Inside the World's Biggest Company. CIO Magazine. Retrieved October 30, 2008 at

Delivering Superior Customer Value
Words: 2240 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88044909
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Wal-Mart and the Delivery of Superior Customer Value

The paper will identify Wal-Mart's value proposition and their strategies for optimizing communications and delivering superior customer value.

esearches will be made on the Wal-Mart, the history of Wal-Mart and their status on customer service, market and organizational responsiveness and how they create/deliver superior customer value.

The paper will review the strategies and methodologies, which are used by the management of the Wal-Mart regarding the delivery of the customer values.

The findings and researches will be used to identify the methodologies, which the Wal-Mart's management follow in delivering the superior customer value.

The analysis of the Wal-Mart's success history and its relative background will be further presented in the paper, a conclusion will also be added in order to provide the reader with the overall analysis of the study.

In order to comment on the strategies of Wal-Mart's management regarding superior customer…


As retrieved from WAL-MART.COM: A Case Study in Managing Technical Transitions

Managing Technical Transitions Prof. Michael Lawless February 24, 2001 Prepared by:

Andrew Bender Ann Howell Amy Lavin David Torgerson . On May 7,2004

Walmart Company Information
Words: 832 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68743349
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Wal-Mart Company Information

Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. is one of the largest retailers in the world today. In addition to having more than 3,600 facilities in the United States, Wal-Mart has extended its chain to over 1,540 facilities in other countries as well. Other countries that house these facilities are Mexico, Puerto ico, Canada, Argentina, Brazil, China, Korea, Germany, and the United Kingdom ("Wal-Mart facts," 2005).

Wal-Mart has four retail divisions, in the retail industry, which are Wal-Mart Super centers, Discount Stores, Neighborhood Markets and Sam's Club Warehouses. Wal-Mart offers a wide variety of merchandise that tends to appeal to a wide variety of people, such as clothing for men, women, and children, grocery, sporting goods, electronics, toys, beauty aids, etc. Wal-Mart also has specialty divisions within its stores, which often appeal to many, such as Tire and Lube Express, Wal-Mart Optical, Wal-Mart Pharmacy, Wal-Mart vacations, and Wal-Mart Used Fixture Auctions.…


Wal-Mart (2005). Retrieved on July 13, 2005 from Web Site: 

Wal-Mart facts (2005). Retrieved on July 13, 2005 from Web Site:

Knock at Midnight Inspiration From
Words: 742 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51503631
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Walton's leadeship style is vey subtle, he elies on his coe integity and solid beliefs to pomote value within his employees and gains the tust of his customes. Sam Walton's stoes neve had moe than 20% mak up on poducts, because he believed so stongly in the coe of poviding and integating value.

Walton has geatly influenced cuent leades, because his company has become the model company that values ethical and value oiented concens as well as pofit. Walton's stong belief in giving back to society fo instance, has ceated a cultue whee Wal-Mat now demands that all of its manufactues use "geen" methods of poduction to peseve the envionment.

The eason that Walton was such a geat leade was that he always stayed tue to his foundational values, instead of pusuing geate wealth. As a esult, his integity ceated a stong espect within othes that allowed both employees and…

references for the bullet-point literature review.

Leadership Is the Ability of Influencing Individuals
Words: 713 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8358963
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Leadership is the ability of influencing individuals or groups for attainment of particular goals. It is the ability of managing interpersonal behaviour by motivating others. There are a number of approaches to leadership, but these can broadly be categorized as Behaviouristic theory, Traits theory, Charismatic theories of leadership and transformational leadership. For the purpose of this assignment, we have chosen transformational leadership approach.

Transformational Leadership

The process of transforming and changing individuals is termed as transformational leadership. In simple terms, transformational leadership can be defined as the ability to make people improve, change and led. Transformational leadership involves assessment of subordinates' needs, motives and giving them due value. Thus, it can be said that a leader having characteristics of transformational leader has the ability to increase the performance of company by giving due value to the employees/subordinates. (Hesselbein and Cohen 1999)

Transformational leadership has four factors which are commonly named…


Hesselbein, Frances, and Paul M. Cohen. (1999). Leader to Leader. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Northouse, Peter G. (2001). Leadership Theory and Practice, second edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Case Study Wal-Mart
Words: 3414 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 18668473
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Wal-Mart Inc.

Wal-Mart is an American-based multinational discount store, currently operating more than 11,000 retail outlets in 27 different countries, and serving approximately 140 million customers weekly. Headquartered in Bentonville, Arkansas, Wal-Mart grew from a small family-managed retailer in 1945 to the world's largest retailer, and was named the world's largest company by revenues in the 2014 Fortune 500 list. The company operates its retail stores in two forms: i) Sam's clubs, which deal in assorted product lines including jewelry, electronics, hardware, to name but a few; and ii) Wal-Mart stores, dealing in similar product lines in addition to groceries, household appliances, apparel and clothing, beauty and heath products, and so on. In fiscal 2014, Wal-Mart reported a massive $473 billion in sales, more than $80 billion more than Costco, its closest competitor. It is widely believed that the company's corporate governance strategy, codes of conduct, values, mission statements and…


Flannery, M. (2006). Wal-Mart: Case Study. University of California, Santa Cruz. Retrieved 11 December 2014 from 

Ireland D., Hoskisson, R. & Hitt, M. (2011). Understanding Business Strategy Concepts Plus (3rd ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

KPMG. (n.d.). Stakeholder Communications: The Toolkit. KPMG Inc. Retrieved 11 December 2014 from 

Lussier, R. & Achua, C. (2009). Leadership: Theory, Application and Skill Development (4th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning

Walmart Versus Target
Words: 2106 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87383588
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Wal-Mart vs. Target

History of Wal-Mart and Target

(a) History of Wal-Mart:

Headquartered in Bentonville, Arkansas, Wal-Mart is the largest retail company in the world with its core competence being specialization in the operation of mass retailing and running supermarket stores. The company manages through three segments, viz the Wal-Mart stores, Sam's Club and the international segments based in Asia, Europe and S. America. Wal-Mart's revenues for the fiscal year ended Jan'05 was $285.2 billion which is 11.3% up compared to the pervious year with the net income being $10.3 billion for the year. (Wal-Mart Stores Inc.)

Wal-Mart was founded by Sam Walton in 1962, which set the ball rolling for discount retailing. During the same period his small chain of variety stores in Arkansas and Kansas was already encountering competition from the regional discount chains. Founder, Sam traveled the country to research this breakthrough, new retailing concept and could…


"A message from Bob Ulrich, Chairman and CEO" Retrieved from  Accessed 16 August 2005

"Business Summary" Retrieved from 

Accessed 16 August 2005

"Exceeding Customer Expectations" Retrieved from /wmstore/wmstores/[email protected]@@@[email protected]@@@& BV_EngineID=ccchaddfdldmdkfcfkfcfkjdgoodglh.0& pagetype=about& categoryOID=-8276& catID=-8242& subCatOID=-8245& template=DisplayAllContents.jsp Accessed 15 August 2005

How Walmart Meets Its Goals
Words: 2091 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7259691
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Walmart's Delivery Time Cycle

Walmart is the largest discount retailer in the world, and it has a great deal to offer to the people who shop there as well as those who work there. One of the reasons that Walmart is so successful is because of the way it handles its delivery times and supply chain (Barstow, 2012). While all companies have to make certain they have the products their customers want on their store shelves, Walmart has mastered the ability to keep shelves stocked without having a lot of extra inventory setting around (Gereffi & Michelle, 2009). Items come into the stores, and they are placed on the shelves nearly right away. Very little stock is kept in the back room, which means that space does not have to be large. That allows Walmart to have more actual floor space, where the company can place larger numbers of items…


Barstow, D. (2012). Wal-Mart abroad. The New York Times.

Fishman, C. (2006). The Wal-Mart effect: How the world's most powerful company really works -- and how it's transforming the American economy. New York: The Penguin Press.

Gereffi, G., & Michelle, C. (2009). The impacts of Wal-Mart: The rise and consequences of the world's dominant retailer. Annual Review of Sociology, 35: 573-591.

Lichtenstein, N. (2009). The retail revolution: How Wal-Mart created a brave new world of business. New York: Metropolitan Books.

Book Review of Bethany Moretons To'serve God and Walmart
Words: 3001 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44444114
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Bethany Moreton's "To serve God and Walmart: The making of Christian free enterprise." (Harvard University Press, 2009)

Author Bethany Moreton's work provides an insight into Walmart's corporate history and its swift climb, within 50 years, from a little discount retail chain opened up by Sam Walton to an international retailing giant. The author goes beyond readers' expectations to include Walmart Country's religious, social, and cultural history (the term 'Walmart Country' would refer to its politically charged birthplace and surroundings of East Oklahoma, north-western Arkansas, and south Missouri). It is a place where the retailer's customers, supervisors and staff collaborate with missionaries, evangelical housewives, and pastors, within a doctrine of free enterprise and community service.

Moreton has penned an in-depth and captivating analysis of the popular global retail giant, America's largest private-sector employer, and the largest global public company. Through an elaborate case study, the author has effectively assimilated its cultural…

Negotiation Wal-Mart - Procter and
Words: 3751 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 11724449
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They both serve the purposes of the stakeholder category formed from clients, they just do this with different understanding.

Then, the well-being of the stockholders was constantly on the minds of the negotiating CEOs at Wal-Mart and Procter and Gamble. In this order of ideas, all their endeavors were focused on increasing shareholder value. Basically, this materialized in an ongoing desire to increase profitability. Higher profits would result in larger funds to be distributed in the form of dividends, leading therefore to increased satisfaction from stock owners of P&G or Wal-Mart shares.

The discussions also considered how the legislation would apply to various potential endeavors. Foremost, one important category of stakeholders analyzed was formed from the employees at Wal-Mart and Procter and Gamble. It was known that given the tense past between the organizations, the employees could find it difficult to interact and efficiently collaborate. This was however necessary for…


Egan, C., Thomas, M.J., the CIM Handbook of Strategic Management, Butterworth-Heinemann, 1998

Fisher, R., Ury, W., Patton, B., Getting to Yes: Negotiation Agreement without Giving in, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1991

Fortgang, R.S., Lax, D.A., Sebenius, J.K., Negotiating the Spirit of the Deal, Harvard Business Review, February 2003

Friedman, a.L., Miles, S., Stakeholders: Theory and Practice, Oxford University Press, 2006

Strategic and Business Goal Economic
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Wal-Mart employs over 2 million individual worldwide. The Wal-Mart employees are referred to as associates and this is done out of both a sense of respect, as well as the realization of the important role played by the employees in the creation of organizational success. Wal-Mart argues that one of its goals is that of making the world a better place for its customers, shareholders, but also for its associates. The organization addresses the prospective employees through various channels, including the most recent internet recruiting.

The company lures future associates through the promise of several benefits. These benefits are generally divided into two categories: health and wellness benefits and financial benefits. The first category of benefits includes medical coverage, dental insurance, business travel insurance, disability coverage or illness protection. The financial incentives include a stock purchase plan, a retirement account rollover, discounts on purchases, paid holidays, Wal-Mart profit sharing and…


Greenwald, R., 2005, Wal-Mart: The High Cost of Low Price

Wal-Mart 2009 Annual Report,  

Wal-Mart Analysis Industry Information in
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orporate Mission

As the largest mass merchandiser in the world, Wal-Mart's work in supply chain execution, research, and policies defines best practices for the broader high volume retailing industry worldwide. Wal-Mart is comprised of three operating segments including the Wal-Mart stores, Sam's lub and the International Stores. The typical Wal-Mart discount store as 50 departments or more and a few are offering groceries in addition to apparel, fabrics, stationery and books, shoes, house wares, hardware, electronics, home furnishings, small appliances, automotive accessories, gardening accessories, sporting goods, toys, and pet food. Wal-Mart moved into the Superenter retailing concept in the 1990s and has at this point 1,700 of these Superenters worldwide (Sampson, 2008).

These Superenters range in size from slightly over 90,000 square feet to 260,000 square feet. These are substantially larger than its normal stores, ranging in size from 90,000 square feet to 261,000 square feet. Wal-Mart also runs smaller…

Concentrating on supply chain efficiencies to support is primary messaging of its Low Price Everyday (LPED) value proposition, Wal-mart is differentiating itself by concentrating on the two most critical aspects that consumers consider when purchasing more commodity like products, which are price and availability. The general marketing strategy is to concentrate on what Wal-Mart calls the price value shopper, which comprises 16% of its total customer base, followed by brand Aspirational (29%) and price-Sensitive Affluents (15%). This segmentation strategy is how the company defines its strategic objectives for creating a demand-driven supply chain as well.

The value chain for Wal-Mart is integral to its overarching marketing strategy. Only by having a high enough level of inventory turns and logistics, supply chain and operational efficiencies can Wal-Mart support is LPED value proposition. Further, the role of each SuperCenter as a Distribution Center (DC) in the supply chain also underscores the other critical elements of the LPED strategy, which is to focus on price and availability over premium product or pricing positioning. Strategic marketing planning at Wal-Mart centers on the Price Value Shopper Segment, the majority of which are women who shop for their families whose household income (HH) is $40,000 or less per year (Birchall, 2008). Wal-Mart has successfully defined itself as a shopping strategy for making ends meet in the Value-Shopper segment and as a result has been able to sustain strong customer loyalty. In the customer segmentation discussion Wal-Mart's specific approaches to managing each segments' unique requirements is discussed. Market Strategy

The Wal-Mart market strategy concentrates on the Price Value Shopper segment as its top priority followed by the Brand Aspirationals who comprise 29% of their total sales. With the primary

A Case Study of Walmart Inc Social Networking and Social Media
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Social Networking and Social Media: A Case Study of Walmart Inc.

A Case Study of Walmart Inc.: Social Networking and Social Media

Walmart is an American-based multinational discount retailer operating in over 27 countries. It is the world's largest company by revenues, and the largest private employer in the Fortune 500 list of companies. Walmart has shown steady growth and improvement since 1965, when it was founded as Sam Walton as a general store. This text explores Walmart's organizational culture, structure, and digital media strategy with the aim of determining their role in the company's continued success.

A Case Study of Walmart Inc.

Walmart is the world's largest discount retailer, operating over 11,000 stores in 27 countries, including the U.S. Headquartered in Bentonville, Arkansas, Walmart grew from a family-owned general store in 1965 into the world's largest company by revenues. In 2015, the company ranked 20th in the Forbes list…


Brunn, S. D. (2006). Walmart World: The World's Biggest Corporation in the Global Economy. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.

Forbes. (2015). #20 Walmart Stores. Forbes Magazine. Retrieved from 

Gaspar, J., Kolari, J., Hise, R., Berman, L. & Smith, M. (2016). Introduction to Global Business: Understanding the global Environment and Global Business Functions (2nd ed.).

Keyes, J. (2013). Enterprise 2.0: Social Networking Tools to Transform your Organization. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Wal-Mart Is One of the
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The quest for cheaper prices is pushing manufacturing jobs offshore and affecting the jobs of Americans. This is the trade off involved in globalization.


1) Wal-Mart, 'About Us', retrieved Oct 15th 2010, from,

2) Suzanne Kapner, (2009), 'Changing of the Guard at Wal-Mart', retrievd Oct 15th 2010, from,

3) Michael arbaro, (Mar 2006), 'Wal-Mart shows a Similar Side to Sears', New York Times, retrieved Oct 15th 2010, from,

4) Michael arbaro, (Mar, 2007), 'It's not only about Price at Wal-Mart', The New York Times, retrieved Oct 15th 2010, from,

5) Katherine owers, (Nov 2008), 'Duke rings Global Heft to Wal-Mart', retrievd Oct 15th 2010, from,

6) Keith Naughton, (Mar 2008), 'Arab-America's Store: Wal-Mart stocks falafel, Olives and Islamic greeting cards to attract Dearborn's Ethnic Shoppers', retrieved Oct 15th 2010, from,

7) Lisa aertlein, (2010), 'Factbox: Key Wal-Mart International Growth Strategies', retrieved Oct 15th…


1) Wal-Mart, 'About Us', retrieved Oct 15th 2010, from, /AboutUs/

2) Suzanne Kapner, (2009), 'Changing of the Guard at Wal-Mart', retrievd Oct 15th 2010, from, 

3) Michael Barbaro, (Mar 2006), 'Wal-Mart shows a Similar Side to Sears', New York Times, retrieved Oct 15th 2010, from, 2006/03/31/business/media/31adco.html?_r=2

4) Michael Barbaro, (Mar, 2007), 'It's not only about Price at Wal-Mart', The New York Times, retrieved Oct 15th 2010, from,

Investment Valuation Company Overview Wal-Mart
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41 in the next three years. The current price for al-Mart implies strong growth prospects. The company does have a sound strategy to retain its new customers and refocus growth efforts on less-saturated markets overseas.

In short, while there can be little doubt as to al-Mart's operational excellence, it is not necessarily a great investment. Growth has in recent years been of the slow and steady variety. The company's present valuation may be symptomatic of its status as a safe haven for investors during tough economic times. This means that the growth implied by its current share price may not be justified. Therefore, while al-Mart is a great company to own, it may not be the best investment at its current price and with the market beginning to show signs of recovery. The 0.20 beta and historic low volatility mean that al-Mart shareholders will not reap the benefits of market…

Works Cited:

Wal-Mart 2009 Annual Report. Retrieved June 7, 2009 from /sites/AnnualReport/2009/

Some financial data and ratios from MSN Moneycentral. Retrieved June 7, 2009 from 

Cheng, Adriana. (2009). Wal-Mart needs to prove it's more than a recession play. Marketwatch. Retrieved June 7, 2009 from 

Loth, Richard. (n.d.) Financial Ratio Tutorial. Investopedia. Retrieved June 7, 2009 from

Employment Law
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Organization Behavior

Human esource Management Policies of Wal-Mart

Employment Law Wal-Mart

Human esource Management Policies of Wal-Mart

Wal-Mart is a large scale multinational retailer that employs more than 2.2 million employees in 27 countries. The management of this large workforce requires it to implement effective human resource management and employment relations policies at its workplace. Wal-Mart believes in effective recruitment and selection process in order to fill the vacant job positions with the most talented and skillful employees. It uses one way and two way virtual interviewing techniques in order to minimize its heavy recruitment and administrative costs. Wal-Mart generally fills its vacant job positions from the industry through fresh graduate induction and experienced professionals. It trains them through different methods in order to make them learn the most advanced knowledge related to their job responsibilities.

The Wal-Mart workforce consists of individuals from different cultures, nationalities, and races. In order…


Bergdahl, 2010, How the HR Division at Wal-Mart drives the Company's Success through People. Available at [Accessed November 28th, 2012]

Celentino, J. 2012, Wal-Mart Doesn't Owe Pregnancy Light Duty. Available from [Accessed November 29th, 2012]

Greenwald, J. 2011, Court rules against Wal-Mart in sexual harassment, retaliation case. Available from [Accessed November 29th, 2012]

Hinshaw & Culbertson, 2012, Wal-Mart Follows Properly-Drafted Accommodation Policy, Still Ends Up Potentially Liable for Retaliation. Available from [Accessed November 29th, 2012]

Economics Growth the Retailer Sector Was Lately
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Growth The retailer sector was lately affected by the back-to-school shopping season, which did not start so well, as midprice department stores, discounters and specialty-apparel retailers announced disappointing sales results during August, which reinforced the already much debated concerns that consumers are not comfortable with the current state of the economy and are reluctant to consume, considering the shaky and uneven economic recovery.

However, luxury department-store chains managed to post significant earnings, as they benefited from the help of an important number of upscale shoppers. Still, the effects of higher gas prices and the rising value of grocery bills, combined with lackluster job growth were severely felt by moderate- and lower-income shoppers.

Michael Niemira, chief economist and director of research at the International Council of Shopping Centers feels that "There's weaker-than-expected performance," due to the fact that "there was a slowdown in spending, but some results are exaggerated by…


1. Higher energy prices depress overall economy. Charles Stein.

Knight Ridder Tribune Business News. Washington:

Aug 6, 2004. On the Internet at 

2. Retailers' Sales Come In Weaker Than Expected; Soft Results Reinforce Fears About Consumer Confidence; Discounters Saw Biggest Hit. Kortney Stringer.

Wal-Mart's Mission and Vision Take
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Many other stakeholders are simply not addressed in al-Mart's mission or vision at all. The environment is not addressed. The company's stakeholders in China are not addressed, although the firm's strong relationship with the Chinese government must place that government as a major stakeholder in al-Mart's enterprise. Although al-Mart does have stores in China, it is not nearly the factor for Chinese consumers as it is for American ones, although it is a net creator of manufacturing jobs rather than a net destroyer of them in that country.

al-Mart's vision is that from giving the consumers want they want -- and assuming that low prices is what they want -- that the needs of other stakeholders will be met. The company certainly has its mission set to consumers as one stakeholder group. Indeed, for direct employees of al-Mart its mission functions well also, as the company now employs two million…

Works Cited:, various pages. (2010). Retrieved June 23, 2010 from /AboutUs/8123.aspx

Bianco, a.(2007). Wal-Mart's Midlife Crisis; Declining growth, increasing competition, and not an easy fix in site. Business Week. New York, April 30, 2007, Issue 4032,-page 46. 

Bianco, a., Zellner, W., Brady, D., France, M., France, M., Lowry, T., Byrnes, N., & Zegel. S. (2003). IS WAL-MART TOO POWERFUL? Low prices are great. But Wal-Mart's dominance creates problems -- for suppliers, workers, communities, and even American culture. Business Week. New York: Oct 6, 2003., Iss. 3852; pg. 100

Wal-Mart Outputs Wal-Mart Produces Hundreds
Words: 1461 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 43122
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This is also true for inventory turnover. As significant as the impacts of all of these outputs can be on the organization, when improvements are made to multiple outputs, the impact is magnified.

Furthermore, these outputs all contribute to another crucial output for al-Mart, the profits. Profit is the ultimate output for al-Mart, and all of their other key measures relate directly to this objective. Many other outputs at al-Mart, for example staff turnover, intergroup collaboration, or even customer satisfaction are less directly correlated with improvements to profits. Thus, they are not considered to be outputs of equivalent importance to those described above. Those inputs have a high level of congruence with one another. They support one another and combine with each other easily to improve the bottom line.

In areas where the key outputs do not come together, they complement one another. hile improvements to same store sales will…

Works Cited

Burke, W. Warner & Litwin, George H. (1992). "A Causal Model of Organizational Performance and Change." Journal of Management. Retrieved November 27, 2008 at 

Falleta, Salvatore V. (2005) "Organizational Diagnostic Models: A Review and Synthesis" Leadership Sphere. Retrieved November 27, 2008 at

Wal-Mart International Expansion International Expansion Wal-Mart Company
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International Expansion

International Expansion (Wal-Mart)

Company Background

Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. is the prime retailer in the world, the world's second-largest company after Exxonmobil and the nation's leading nongovernmental company. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. operates retail stores in a variety of retailing layouts in all 50 states in the United States. The Company's selling operations and functions serve its customers mainly through the operation of three segments. The Wal-Mart Stores segments comprise its discount stores, Supercenters, and locality Markets in the United States. The Sam's club segment comprises the warehouse membership clubs in the United States. The Company's subsidiary, McLane Company, Inc. gives products and allocation services to retail industry and institutional foodservice customers.

Layout plan

Industry Analysis

The Threat of New Entrants: The discount retailing market was dominated by large players, which by themselves served as substantial barriers to entry for new players. At the micro-level this was accomplished by:…


About Wal-Mart. (2004). Retrieved March 15, 2011, from .

Anderson, F. (1994). U.S. Discounters Head North and South of the Border. (Cover Story). Discount Merchandiser, 34, (9), p64.

Bianco, A., Zellner, W. (2003). Is Wal-Mart Too Powerful? BusinessWeek, (3852), p100.

Biddle, R. (2004, Mar. 28). Wal-Mart:Bully or Benefactor? Megachain an Economic Godsend in Many Areas Daily News, pV1.Financial Report. (2003). Retrieved March 15, 2011 from

Strategic Research Project Wal-Mart Research
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Here we can clearly see a shift in the company's philosophy of just offering lower quality products for a significant lower price. The company is trying to develop into new markets and to succeed. There have been some set-backs of course, such as the failure in Germany, and yet the company is persistent and keeps growing into new markets. al-mart is seeking to increase the market share for present products or services in present markets through greater marketing efforts (props, 2006). The company culture is also well suited for this type of strategy. The management of al-Mart has ingrained in the employee's the core values needed to excel at increasing their market penetration. Again, their Price Rollback campaigns can readily be diffused into markets where they do not have as much of a market share as they want (props, 2006). In regards to product development, al-mart is slowly changing from…

Works Cited

Lever, P. (2008, 12-15). Strategic Busines Planing: Retrieved 04-22, 2010, from Porter's Five Forces Model-Competitive Analysis: props. (2006, 01-30). Case Analysis on Wal-Mart using the IE Matrix, SWOT Analysis and more . Retrieved 04-22, 2010, from Extensive Case Analysis on Wal-Mart: http://www.*****/essay.php?t=28463


Bush, R. (2006, 03-06). Wal-Mart. Retrieved 04-20, 2010, from Research Papers and Essays for All: http://www.*****/essays/Wal-Mart/80737

Lever, P. (2008, 12-15). Strategic Busines Planing: Retrieved 04-22, 2010, from Porter's Five Forces Model-Competitive Analysis: props. (2006, 01-30). Case Analysis on Wal-Mart using the IE Matrix, SWOT Analysis and more . Retrieved 04-22, 2010, from Extensive Case Analysis on Wal-Mart: http://www.*****/essay.php?t=28463

Wal-Mart I The Company That
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Employees and managers have also benefited from al-Mart's approach. In addition to job creation, al-Mart's wealth and might have allowed it to enrich the lives of its employees. For example, the company subscribes to the principles of respect for the individual, service to customers and striving for excellence, each of which allow employees to feel good about their jobs and lives.

The company's suppliers for the most part are also beneficiaries of al-Mart's mission. The suppliers capable of managing a high-volume, low-cost strategy benefit from the tremendous volumes that al-Mart offers them, which allows them the profitability to build their capacity and strengthen their businesses. al-Mart's mission therefore in theory is able to deliver value for all of the company's major shareholders. The strategy is predicated on strong growth that results from pleasing the customer. Not only does this focus the company on delivering value to the customer, but it…

Works Cited:

MSN Moneycentral: Wal-Mart. (2010). Retrieved June 24, 2010 from, various pages. (2010). Retrieved June 24, 2010 from /

Wal-Mart 2010 Annual Report. Retrieved June 24, 2010 from

Wal-Mart Was the Brainchild of
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03)(7) = 9.26%. A Target four-year has a yield of 4.757%, which corresponds with the higher risk level (A compared to AA) that Target represents over al-Mart. This will be used as Target's cost of debt. The weightings of debt and equity are 69% debt and 31% equity. This gives us a weighted average cost of capital for Target of:

(4.757)(.69) + (9.26)(.31) = 6.15%

Target represents a higher risk level compared to al-Mart. This is reflected in the bond rating, but also is indicated by the higher degree of leverage. Additionally, the overall stronger financial performance of al-Mart hints at a company that should have a lower cost of capital.

11) Appendix E shows the charts of each of these companies for the past three years (MSN Moneycentral, 2009). al-Mart's stock lost some value in 2007 at a time when Target's stock gained value. They tracked each other for…

Works Cited:

Foundations of Financial Management by Block, Stanley, and Hirt, Geoffrey 12th Edition, McGraw-Hill Irwin

Wal-Mart financials from MSN Moneycentral. Retrieved May 6, 2009 from 

Target financials from MSN Moneycentral. Retrieved May 6, 2009 from 

Wal-Mart history from Wal-Mart website. Retrieved May 6, 2009 from /AboutUs/297.aspx

Entrepreneurial Development of Walmart Walmart
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This focus on the Price Value Shopper is what keeps Walmart entrepreneurial, as purchasing, supply chain management, logistics and distribution center operations all revolve around earning higher c customer lifetime value from this customer base. Walmart estimates internally that the Price Value shopper is 16% of their entire customer base and well over 30% of total profits (Wal-Mart Investor elations, 2012). Figure 1 is derived from the annual reports and filings Walmart has made with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Figure 1: Psychographic Analysis of the Wal-Mart Customer Base

(Wal-Mart Investor elations, 2012)

(Frazier, 2006)

In terms of scaling globally, Walmart has taken their unique value proposition of the Low Price Everyday (LED) strategy and combined it with regional customer intelligence to find each countries' Price Value shopper. This strategy of globalization has worked well in nations that have a comparable cultural value set and perception as the United States.…


Armbruster-Sandoval, R. (2006). Wal-mart: The face of twenty-first century capitalism. Working USA, 9(2), 251-255.

Mya Frazier. (2006, February). Marketing in Bentonville: Now it's serious. Advertising Age, 77(7), 1,38.

Friedricks, W.B. (1995). Wal-mart: A history of sam waltons retail phenomenon. Business History Review, 69(4), 574-574.

WalMart Investor Relations (2012). Investor Relations. Retrieved March 6, 2012, from Wal-Mart Investor Relations and Filings with the SEC:

Wal-Mart Woeful or Wonderful The
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" In fact, Richard S. Tedlow, Harvard usiness School professor of business administration said in his interview with the LA Times that: "You could argue that some of what Wal-Mart does to cut costs has been win-win."

"What's being squeezed out is waste."

In spite of all that negative effects of Wal-Mart, those that have promise and stick with Wal-Mart are laughing all the way to the bank on payday with store managers earning $95,000 (including bonuses) on an annual basis and managers at Supercenter managers. It should be said that long hours are required in fact, usually over 80 a week and an individual better be ready to relocate if need be.

All of this is good and fine in an idealistic world, where supplies are endless and everyone is the society is in a state of balanced advantage and opportunities. However, in the "real" world where mom and…


The Wal-Martization of America" (2003)


Business Ethics Pattern of Ethical Challenges One
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Business Ethics

Pattern of Ethical Challenges

One company that consistently makes the news because of ethical issues is Walmart. This essay examines business ethics as practiced at Walmart.

Founded in 1962, Walmart has grown to sales of $405 billion and more than 2.1 million associates worldwide. The company is now ranked as the world's largest retail chain. But that explosive growth has also made Walmart an exceptional target. How many companies can boast of their own dedicated watchdog organizations, whose sole purpose is monitoring the company's performance on a wide range of issues related to business ethics? Walmart is such a company, although it would probably prefer otherwise. According to the website of Walmart Watch, it exists solely to "hold Walmart fully accountable for its impact on communities, the American workforce, the retail sector, the environment and the nation's economy" (Walmart Watch, 2011). Launched in 2005, Walmart Watch's stated purpose…


2004 Program Enhancements. (2004). Retrieved June 26, 2011 from /media/resources/legacydocs/2004SuppStandards_3.pdf

Assessing Walmart's environmental impact. ( 2010). Business Ethics. Retrieved June 26, 2011 from 

Gunther, M. (2006). 'The green machine,' Retrieved June 26, 2011 from 

Walmart Watch. (2011). About. Retrieved June 26, 2011 from

Comparing Walmart and Publix
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WalMart v. Publix

Weisbords Six Box Model





Comparison of the Two Firms

Potential Areas of esistance

Weisbords Six Box Model

The analysis of an organization with the use of Weisbords Six Box Model involves looking at the organization from six different dimensions, which are all interdependent (Burke, 1992). The dimensions are purposes, structure, relationships, rewards, leadership and helpful mechanisms. The leadership dimension (or box) is at the centre with the reaming five boxes surrounding. Each organization will be assessed separately.


Purpose; WalMart is a for profit retail operation, with a large number of shareholders. The purpose may be extrapolated as operating successfully as a retail operation, creating profit for the shareholders. The mission statement for WalMart is simple, and positions the firm in terms of its strategy. The mission statement reads "we save people money so they can live better" (WalMart, 2014). The purpose…

Relationships; the company is active in terms of diversity management, and taking on employees from different backgrounds, including prioritization of employment opportunities for those with disabilities (The Able Trust, 2014). This is likely to support good relationships between individuals. However, although the relationships at Publix appear to be better than WalMart, but have not been the same level of employee complaints regarding treatment, but there are still indicators of potentially poor relationships. For example, the disciplinary procedure is no longer include a verbal warning, and three complaints against an employee by a customer within a six-month period is likely to result in contract termination (Anonymous, 2008).

Rewards; formal rewards at Publix are similar to those at WalMart, with hourly paid staff and salaried staff. There are some additional benefits, including support for education and training. A significant different is the private ownership status of the firm which is an employee owned organization, with stock ownership restricted to current and former employees, so rewards are also provided through ownership (Publix, 2014).

Helpful mechanisms; Traditional approaches towards planning are seen which are aligned with the departmental, functional organizational structure. Oasis, a new timekeeping system that helps with the control and

Target vs Walmart Financial Analysis
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Target vs. Walmart Financial Analysis

Synopsis of the Companies

Wal-Mart Store Inc. became originally established in the year 1945 and is in the present day undertaking its operations in retail stores in over twenty-seven countries. The company is split into three key segments. These are Walmart International, Walmart United States and Sam's Club. The business undertaken by Walmart as a company encompasses restaurants, superstores, retail stores and also warehouse clubs. The company also undertakes e-commerce through its website In terms of retail products, the merchandises being sold in Walmart's retail stores include baby products, healthcare products, household goods, electronics, books, automotive products, clothing, furnishings and decor, alcohol, grocery, paper products and so much more. The leadership and control of the company is held by the Walton family, which owns about forty-eight percent of the shares of the company. Walmart was established by Sam Walton and therefore shows why the…


Bloomberg News. (2014). Wal-Mart Report Found Profit Boosted by China Maneuvers, Bloomberg. Retrieved from: 

Financial News Release. (2015). Target Announces Settlement Agreement with MasterCard; Estimated Costs Already Reflected in Previously Reported Results. Retrieved 14 June 2016 from:

Maddox, M. (2015). Should Walmart Be Your Next Bank? WOTW. Retrieved from: 

Mitchell, D. (2015). Why Wal-Mart and Texas Are Headed for an Epic Showdown, TIME. Retrieved from:

Wal-Mart Threats There Are a Number of
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There are a number of threats that al-Mart faces in the external environment. These include intellectual property rights, rising cost of production in China, and the threat that is posed by intense competition in its many spaces.

As al-Mart expands its retail footprint in emerging markets, especially China, it must take into account that the intellectual property protections are different in other parts of the world. In China, for example, one of the major competitors is u-Mart, where name confusion is not only evident but deliberate. Such knock-offs can not only siphon business away from al-Mart, but can also reduce consumer impressions of al-Mart as well, particularly if the knock-off is inferior. Other countries that have potentially high growth also have weak intellectual property protections.

Another threat that al-Mart has is its dependence on China as a source for its goods. al-Mart typically deals with third-party suppliers, but…

Works Cited:

Ketchen, D. & Hult, G. (2007). Bridging organization theory and supply chain management: The case of the best value supply chains. Journal of Operations Management. Vol 25 (2007) 573-580.

Liu, Y.; Li, W. & Yang, Y. (2008). The influence of RMB exchange rate on China's inflation: The view of exchange rate pass-through. Journal of Financial Research. Vol. 3 (2008).

Palmeri, C. (2008). Wal-Mart wins big during downturn. Business Week. Retrieved November 3, 2012 from 

Willcocks, L. & Plant, R. (2001). Pathways to e-business leadership: Getting from bricks to clicks. MIT Sloan Management Review. Retrieved November 3, 2012 from

International Strategies Merger and Acquisition
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Merger, Acquisition, And International Strategies

Google, Inc.:

From a humble beginning in 1998 of responding to about 10,000 queries by offering search engine services, Google, Inc. has grown to a gigantic multinational corporation providing immense and widely used, actually over 30, services with a search engine capacity that responds to more than 200 million queries daily.

Using a combination of personal logging information and other information gathered from its spectrum of services and Google cookies, it is capable of building large dossiers of pertinent information of its individual users. In this essay I wish to examine Google's three most popular and innovative services namely: Ad Sense, Gmail and Google Search in order to show how the huge amount of data gathered from these three services are used to create incredibly big profiles of all its individual users. I will not, however, underestimate the important role its other services like Google…


Bhatia, A., Deep, G., & Sachdeva, A. (2012). Strategic analysis of search engine giant: A case study of googleinc. International Journal of Computing and Business Research. Retrieved from 

Delichatsios, S.A., & Sonuyi, T. (2005). Get to know Google, because they know you. Retrieved from

Dess, L.E.(2012). Corporate level strategy. Retrieved from International Strategic Management: 

Digication.(2014). Google's corporate level strategy. Retrieved from

Wal-Mart Has Grown From a
Words: 788 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 98982766
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Another advantage for Wal-Mart is their brand. They have a reputation for industry leadership, and are widely considered by the public to offer the lowest prices. This message has been consistently reinforced in Wal-Mart's promotions.

Of these advantages, buying power is truly sustainable. Wal-Mart's size gives them this advantage, and there are no serious threats to their size at this time. They were able to achieve their size in an era when the discount retailing business lacked concentration. Now, there is more concentration in the industry and Wal-Mart's size seems defensible over the long-run. Their ability to move volume is not something that their competitors, even large ones such as Target, can match.

Another trait that is a source of sustainable competitive advantage is the Wal-Mart brand. The ubiquity of Wal-Mart means that there are strong associations with the brand. The most important of these is the association with the…

Leadership Three Theories Three Centuries
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e. leadership (Pruyne, 2001, p. 6), but also that "determining how to abstract a set of leadership concepts that apply across contexts without sacrificing an understanding of how the conditions and qualities involved in leadership vary among those same contexts" remained elusive (Pruyne, 2001, p. 7). Experts provided extended series of examples, mostly from the 20th century, demonstrating how leadership characteristics change over time and vary with context. Therefore future, 21st-century leaders should learn from the confused, sometimes contradictory and still evolving historical development of the concept "leadership," in order to distill the useful concepts from mistakes and temporary analytical fads. What seems to persist from the development of leadership theory over the last three centuries, is that leaders can be made rather than born regardless of inherited socio-economic status, and that while certain traits may be more prominent or apparent in those who find themselves in positions of leadership…


House, R., Javidan, M., Hanges, P. And Dorfman, P. (2002). Understanding cultures and implicit leadership theories across the globe: an introduction to project GLOBE. Journal of World Business 37, 3-10. Retrieved from 

Kirkpatrick, K.A. And Locke, E.A. (1991). Leadership: do traits matter? Academy of Management Executive 5(2), 48-60. Retrieved from

Pruyne, E. (2002). Conversations on leadership. Harvard Leadership Roundtable 2000-2001, 1-

78 Center for Public Leadership, John F. Kennedy School of Government. Retrieved from

Wal-Mart Case Study Wal-Mart Faces
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The Price-Sensitive Affluents, Wal-Mart has learned (Wal-Mart Annual eports) is more interested in finding an exceptionally good deal and not necessarily concerned about the shopping experience. This is particularly true as one of the strongest factors influencing the execution of their strategy, the emerging global recession during this timeframe, takes hold. Again as with the Price Value Shopper and the paradoxical purchasing patterns of the Brand Aspirational segment show, the cost savings, accuracy, and quality of products delivered with the Wal-Mart supply chain are much more important in the long run relative to store accoutrements and improvements. Admittedly nearly two dozen superstores are very dated in their decor and layout and do need to be re-vamped (Frazier, 38). Yet as this analysis of the customer segments shows based on Wal-Marts' filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission over time (Wal-Mart Annual eports), the far greater contributing factor to growing same-store…


Richard Appelbaum, Nelson Lichtenstein. "A New World of Retail Supremacy: Supply Chains and Workers' Chains in the Age of Wal-Mart. " International Labor and Working Class History 70.1 (2006): 106-125.

Tom Belden. . "Big-Box Retailers Target, Wal-Mart Strike Early, Deftly in Toy Price War. " Knight Ridder Tribune Business News 10 December 2003 1.

Dave Blanchard. "RFID is off and running at Wal-Mart. " Logistics Today 1

Cherie Blanchard, Clare L. Comm, Dennis F.X. Mathaisel. "Adding value to service providers: benchmarking Wal-Mart. " Benchmarking 15.2 (2008): 166-177.

Wal-Mart -- the Financial and
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In cities, urban dwellers have less room to store large amounts of goods in small apartments, and have more access to smaller, independent stores that offer more boutique services and access to wider varieties of specific goods. Discount shopping is easier for a urban walker, comparing prices on a street, and also an urban bookstore might have a wider selection than al-Mart, as might a grocery store, but only at al-Mart can a customer buy a best-seller and brand name groceries at low prices at the same time. Additionally, partly because of bad press regarding its labor practices, and also because European consumers tend to buy less in bulk, at the same time, than their American counterparts, al-Mart's success in Europe has been less dominant than its home country of America, although its international sales remain strong.

Identify the name of the company's independent accountants (auditors) and explain in your…

Works Cited

Annual Report." (2006) Wal-Mart Official Website. Retrieved 10 Jun 2006 at /Files/2006_annual_report.pdf

Dividend History." (2006) Wal-Mart Official Website. Retrieved 10 Jun 2006 at /GlobalWMStoresWeb/

Form 10-Q for Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.: Quarterly Report." (2006) Yahoo finance. Retrieved 10 Jun 2006 at 

Organizational Leadership." (2006) Wal-Mart Official Website. Retrieved 10 Jun 2006 at

Management - Corporate Social Responsibilities
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"What Katrina showed us was how we can use our size and resources to do something very good." Inspired by its role in helping Katrina victims, Wal-Mart looked at the impact a company its size could have throughout the world on a daily basis if it embraced corporate social responsibility (CS)" (Ferdinand, 2007). But despite of this, a certain level of accommodation continues to exist.


The accusations brought to the supermarket chain are endless and they are likely to continue in the future as well. But the company has fought hard to counteract the harmful effects. Their best defense has been built on arguments such as:

Wal-Mart associate (employee) makes $17,000 per year and he is free to look for another job if he is dissatisfied

The company offers low prices, allowing as such the population to increase its savings and live a better life

The company obeys by…


Anderson, J.W. Jr., 1989, Corporate Social Responsibility: Guidelines for Top Management, Quorum Books

Berkhout, T., January-February 2005, Corporate Gains: Corporate Social Responsibility Can Be the Strategic Engine for Long-Term Corporate Profits and Responsible Social Development, Alternatives Journal, Vol. 31

Cahiles-Magkilat, B., January 9, 2001, Wal-Mart in Talks with Uniwide on Possible Tie-Up, Manila Bulletin

Gary, D., Summer 2004, Imperial Design: Theological Ethics and the Ideologies of International Politics, Cross Currents, Vol. 54

Business International - Wal-Mart vs
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Perhaps they're put off by the cracked floor tiles or the cobwebs on the headless, foam-rubber mannequins. Whatever the reason, the store's rock-bottom prices and helpful service clearly aren't pulling in many shoppers" (Fairlamb and Cohn, 2003).

After nearly a decade of trying to penetrate the German market, Wal-Mart counted its losses and exited Germany. A Wal-Mart spokesman argued that, despite the million dollar losses, the experience was a positive one as it represented a turning point and a lesson for the future. The lesson was that in spite of its national success, Wal-Mart is vulnerable in the international context (Lander and Barbaro, 2006). Similar situations are also encountered in Asia, and the question that is being posed here refers to the future strategies Wal-Mart could implement in order to reduce its vulnerability and increase its position in the global context.

5. ecommendations

Two recommendations are of vital importance when…


Fairlamb, D., Cohn, L., October 6, 2003, a Bumpy Ride in Europe, Business Week

Featherstone, L., December 16, 2002, Wal-Mart Values: Selling Women Short, the Nation, Vol. 275

Featherstone, L., June 28, 2004, Rollback Wages! Will Labor Take the Wal-Mart Challenge? The Nation, Vol. 278

Greenwald, R., (Director), 2005, Wal-Mart: The High Cost of Low Price

Customer Satisfaction and Loyalty in
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2 of the respondents were self-employed and 11.2% of respondent were white-collar workers with 1.2% of respondents being blue-collar workers. The following chart shows the factor analysis results with VARIMAX rotation of traveler's perceptions of hotel attributes in the study of Choi and Chu (2000).

Factor Analysis Results with VARIMAX Rotation of Traveler's Perceptions of Hotel Attributes

Source: Choi and Chu (2000)

The following chart shows a 'regression analysis results of hotel factors according to Asian and Western travellers overall satisfaction levels.

Regression Analysis Results of Hotel Factors According to Asian and Western Travelers Overall Satisfaction Levels

Source: Choi and Chu (2000)

2.3 Loyalty

2.3.1 Definition of customer loyalty

Kandampully and Suhartanto (2000) define a loyal customer as "a customer who purchases from the same service provider whenever possible, and who continues to recommend or maintain a positive attitude toward the service provider" (p. 346).

2.3.2 Loyalty dimensions

There is…


Andreassen, Tor Wallin and Lindestad, Bodil (1998) Customer Loyalty and Complex Services: The Impact of Corporate Imagine on Quality, Customer Satisfaction and Loyalty for Customers with Varying Degrees of Service Expertise. International Journal of Service Management Vol. 9, No. 1, 1998. MCB University Press.

Bowen, John T. And Chen, Shiang-Lih (2001) the Relationship Between Customer Loyalty and Customer Satisfaction. The International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management. 13/5 2001. MCB University Press.

Kandampully, Jay and Suhartanto, Dwi (2000) Customer Loyalty in the Hotel Industry: The Role of Customer Satisfaction and Image. Vol. 12 Issue 6. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management. Abstract Online available at;jsessionid=A7BB20EB4B5CF3B4A2F5E96AD85BD78B?contentType=Article&hdAction=lnkpdf&contentId=867348 

Lindberg-Repo (nd) Word-of-Mouth Communication in the Hospitality Industry. CERS Center for Relationship Marketing and Service Management. Hotel School Cornell University. Online available at

Culminate Learning Achieved Demonstrating Knowledge Organizational Management
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culminate learning achieved demonstrating knowledge organizational management synthesizing information class work life experience. Focus Final Paper Think organization worked familiar.

Organizational management

The business climate of the modern day society is rapidly changing due to emergent pressures in all technological, political, economic, ecologic or social stances. As technology evolves, the business entities are forced to cope with intensifying competition, to allocate new funds and to integrate new technologies that improve organizational operations. Then, in the context of an increasingly global market place, the economic agents have to simultaneously comply with the regulations issued by multiple regulators. In terms of the economic pressures, these refer to changing prices of commodities, but also the internationalization of the economic crisis, which generates changes in customer behavior. Finally, at the level of the social and ecologic environments, the economic agents are faced with more pressure to operate in a means in which they create…


Greenwald, R. (2005). Wal-Mart: the high cost of low price. Documentary Knorr, A. Andreas, A. (2003).Why did Wal-Mart fail in Germany? Institute for World Economics and International Management.  accessed on August 21, 2012

Weiss, J.W. (2012). Organizational change. Bridgepoint Education

Kotter's 8-step change model. Mind Tools.  accessed on August 21, 2012

(2011).The 8-step process for leading change. Kotter International.  / accessed on August 21, 2012

Logistic Processes of Wal-Mart That Can Be
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logistic processes of Wal-Mart that can be improved over a course of short time span. The three processes which are identified for this assignment are discussed in detail with the recommendations to improve performance of the overall organization.

The organization that has been chosen for this project is Wal-Mart. It is an American retail corporation that operates on a global level. Wal-Mart is a large warehouse store and operates a number of large retail chain stores all over the world. Wal-Mart is chosen for this assignment because it is one of the largest public corporations and employs around two million people all over the world. It is indeed the biggest retailer in the world. Wal-Mart is one of the most valuable businesses in the world despite the recent decline in their profits in some of the global operations.

Wal-Mart was founded in the year 1962 by Sam Walton. It was…


Norman, Al (2004). "The Case Against Wal-Mart." Raphel Marketing, p. 7.

Smith, H. (2006). Who Calls the Shots in the Global Economy?. PBS.

Will, G. (2006). "Democrats Vs. Wal-Mart." The Washington Post.

Change Factors Throughput Factors That
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Because of the degree of entrenchment, cultural change is often a slow process but it can also make the change process easier if the culture and the desired change are aligned. At Wal-Mart, the culture is strong, and supports the company's change initiatives. This makes it easy for Wal-Mart to implement new strategies that improve its business.

Another throughput that facilitates or resists change is financial capital. Rarely does money spur change, but the lack of it can make change difficult and a surplus of it can make change easy. Wal-Mart is a well-financed company. This has made many of their change initiatives, from the introduction of Supercenters and Sam's Club to overseas expansion much easier. These types of change initiatives can be difficult, since it involves introducing new ways of doing business and new national cultures to the organization. But for Wal-Mart, their financial clout has allowed them to…

Wal-Mart How the Corporation Affects
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In a controlled market, the monopoly company will be capable of running the business without paying any attention to the affected parties (customers, employees, suppliers). Americans themselves have initiated a movement against the colossal power of Wal-Mart, suggesting that it should change its business conduct. "The truth is that Wal-Mart has let America down by lowering wages, forcing good paying American jobs overseas, and cutting costs with total disregard for the values that have made this nation great. Wal-Mart has needlessly exploited illegal immigrants, faces the largest gender discrimination lawsuit in history, forced workers to work in an unsafe environment, and -- incredibly -- broken child labor laws. America's largest employer must reflect America's values. ut, Wal-Mart will never change on its own. Lee Scott, Wal-Mart's CEO, mistakenly thinks he only answers to a few wealthy shareholders who own Wal-Mart stock. Lee Scott is wrong. Wal-Mart and Lee Scott must…


International Operations," Wal-Mart website, 14th Nov 2006,  

Business Expansion Report on Proposal
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The differences in culture with the American culture will meant the American staff that may go to help open the branches in China will have to take quite some time to learn the culture and the ways of the people there.

The other difficulty will be the language barrier that may exists between the Americans and the Chinese. It may even call for a translator in the initial days as transactions between the American sales people and the Chinese customers, or interaction between the staff themselves may be a big challenge.

On the technical side, the Wal-Mart may have it hard when it comes to acquainting themselves with the market trends and the competition from the older players who are already in operation in China. It will take a lot of research work to be able to know the finer details of the market trends and the ways through which…


Abacus CPA, (2007). Register a company in Hong Kong / Hong Kong Company Formation.

Retrieved June 24, 2011 from 

Center for Creative Leadership, (2009). Developing a Leadership Strategy: A Critical Ingredient

for Organizational Success. Retrieved June 24, 2011 from