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Marketing Baseball
Words: 1090 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Marketing Plan Paper #: 61821621
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San Diego Padres have two marketing segments, the B2C segment and the B2B segment. The Padres sell packages to the consumer segment which include a selection of game tickets and also events outside of games as well. The Padres appeal to the emotional ties that consumers have with their team in order to sell these memberships. The Padres have a feature demographic, the 35-50 white male, so a lot of marketing targets that demo, but they are also looking to get younger in general, as baseball has something of an aging fanbase.

When the Padres market to business, it is entirely different. There is no emotional connection, so they must rely on analytics. The Padres have to offer value to their corporate customers. They are selling everything from advertising in the stadium to luxury boxes to the corporate clients. The marketing environment is challenging, and the Padres are forced to…


Schwab, D. (2014). Plans taking shape for new Padres season. San Diego Downtown News. Retrieved April 2, 2015 from

Battle of San Pietro by
Words: 1633 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Film Review Paper #: 42718556
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"After shots of soldiers' dog tags nailed to rough wooden grave markers, we see survivors smiling wearily, but the voice-over undercuts the relaxed moment: 'Many among those you see alive here have since joined the ranks of their brothers-in-arms who fell at San Pietro.... Ahead lay ... more San Pietros, greater or lesser, a thousand more.'" the shot of the dog tags as grave markets could be interpreted, in their raw form, as a poignant statement about the soldier's sacrifice, but Huston's statement that these dog tags once represented living human beings with camera shots of real soldier's faces is used to remind us that many American soldiers will never again smile or set foot on their native soil. The question as to whether their sacrifice is worthwhile and worthy is left for the viewer to ask him or herself (Schoenherr 2005).

The images of ordinary civilians, poor, dirty, and…

Works Cited

Erickson, Hal & Mark Deming. "The Battle of San Pietro." All Movie Guide. February 11, 2010. 

Schoenherr, Steven. "The Battle of San Pietro." UC Sand Diego. Film History.

November 7, 2005,

Globalizing L
Words: 1209 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40024886
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San Diego Can Emulate Los Angeles and Become a orld Player

The political leadership holding the reins of power in San Diego -- which touts itself arrogantly as "America's Finest City" -- has not put a very impressive foot forward when it comes to the stewardship of the city's fiscal, infrastructural, moral, and public assets over the last ten to fifteen years. There is a new scandal breaking out every few months, it seems, including the messy corruption trial in session at the present time, in which three city councilmen are accused of taking bribes (cash under the table) from the owner of seedy strip clubs.

Meanwhile, beyond the political scandal which recently forced the mayor to resign and has brought in federal investigators to review the mishandling of millions of dollars in public funds it appears that, as author Steven P. Erie writes in Globalizing L.A., San Diego has…

Works Cited

Erie, Steven P. Globalizing L.A.: Trade, Infrastructure, and Regional Development. Stanford:

Stanford University Press, 2004.

The CalTrade Report. "San Diego Needs an Airport to Compete Globally, Experts Say." May

30, 2005, Accessed from

Entry Level Officer Minimum Requirements
Words: 775 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 34249747
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The San Diego Police Department (SDPD) is the municipal police department in charge of the city of San Diego. It is one of several law enforcement agencies with jurisdiction over San Diego. SDPD has a seven-step hiring process for entry-level police officers. Each step in that process introduces baseline requirements for applicants seeking a position with the SDPD. The seven-step process includes: (1) a written test; (2) a physical abilities test and pre-investigative questionnaire; (3) a background investigation; (4) a polygraph examination; (5) an interview with the appointing authority; (6) a psychological evaluation; and (7) a medical evaluation (SDPD, How to join, 2014). An applicant who meets the minimum requirements at each step will be eligible to proceed to the next step in the hiring process, and those who meet all of the minimums will be eligible for, but not guaranteed to receive, a job offer with the SDPD.…


San Diego Police Department. (2014). Background investigation. Retrieved April 1, 2014 from the City of San Diego website: 

San Diego Police Department. (2014). How to join SDPD. Retrieved April 1, 2014 from the City of San Diego website: 

San Diego Police Department. (2014). Polygraph examination. Retrieved April 1, 2014 from the City of San Diego website: 

San Diego Police Department. (2014). Physical abilities test and pre-investigative questionnaire. Retrieved April 1, 2014 from the City of San Diego website:

Humanities Art
Words: 874 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 54188416
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San Diego Museum of Art: The European Masters Collection to 1900


1450 El Prado,

Balboa Park,

San Diego, California

Hours of Operation:

Tuesday through Sunday

to 6 p.m.


to 9 p.m.

Closed on Mondays

Choosing the permanent European collection of art hanging at the San Diego Museum of Art reflects my personal interest in European Art and specifically Spanish art.

Additionally, cultural representation through timed and temporary events is a clear expression of the ability for culture to mold and change to meet the needs of the attending public, yet in the fast paced current to explore and attend as many of these events as possible for our own personal growth we sometimes neglect those cultural offerings that are represented within our communities all the time and need our support.

Overall Impressions and Reactions

The idea that a cultural offering that offers so much complexity and history is…

Works Cited

San Diego Museum of Art, "European Old Masters Selections from the European

Collection." retrieved July 15, 2003. 

San Diego Museum of Art, "European to 1900." retrieved July 15, 2003. 

San Diego Museum of Art, "The Penitent St. Peter." Retrieved July 15, 2003.

Organizational Profile of a Community Organization The
Words: 819 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58623399
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Organizational Profile

Profile of a Community Organization: The Kiwanis Club of Ocean Beach San Diego

There are many different ways that a social organization can influence and impact a community, and a great many moral and ethical implications and effects on society of the existence of these organizations and the actions that these organizations take. From gathering and consolidating funding towards various charitable causes to actually engaging in direct service to the community, these organizations are often more important in providing for the basic needs of some of the most disadvantaged members of a community than the governmental organizations in that community. Exploring one such organization in the San Diego community, and more specifically in the Ocean Beach neighborhood of San Diego, will help to illuminate the importance of these community organizations generally.

The Kiwanis Club of Ocean Beach, San Diego meets twice a week in order to plan a…


Kiwanis Club. (2012). Accessed 6 May 2012. 

Minkler, M. (2005). Community Organizing and Community Building for Health. Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Pacific Southwest Airlines PSA Flight
Words: 3262 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73454523
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Hans Wendt, a staff photographer with the San Diego County's public relations office, who was covering an outdoor press event in North Park at the time of the accident, took two dramatic post collision still color photographs of the falling Boeing-727 trailing blue-and-white smoke streaking from its right wing while plunging towards the ground. They appeared in several publications around the world including the cover of Time magazine. Another television cameraman, covering the same event in North Park, also managed to capture footage of the falling Cessna wreckage.

Cause of the Crash

Probable Cause: According to the official majority findings of the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), the probable cause of the accident was:

the failure of the flightcrew of Flight 182 to comply with the provisions of a maintain-visual-separation clearance, including the requirement to inform the controller when they no longer had the other aircraft in sight. ("Aircraft Accident…


Aircraft Accident Report." (1979). National Aircraft Safety Board. Retrieved on July 25, 2006 at

CVR transcript: PSA Boeing 727." (n.d.) Retrieved on July 25, 2006 at

Shess, T. (1998). "This is it!" San Diego Magazine online. Retrieved on July 25, 2006 at 

Stich, R. (2005). Unfriendly Skies: 20th and 21st Centuries. Reno, Nevada: Diablo Western Press

La Posta Pluton
Words: 1559 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84742535
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La Posta pluton is the biggest recognized pluton inside the batholith known as the Peninsular Ranges. The location of La Posta Pluton is near the American and Mexican border. It is near San Diego, California. La Posta pluton as well as the outer Japatul Valley pluton both have elliptical, roughly round, or elongate/irregular shapes. This could have resulted from renewed contraction in the Late Cretaceous.

ithin the Peninsular Ranges lies a series of big, concentrically zoned plutons that show distinct similarities in rock type, age and geochemistry. In fact, several areas have various formations of mineral placement. Another interesting aspect to this area is the "Magnetite-Ileminite line running down the middle of the Peninsular Ranges batholith closely marks a change in virtually every measurable property of the eastern and western zones." (Johnson 136) The change and transitions within the rock show the rich history of the region. It allows those…

Works Cited

Barth, Andrew. Contributions to Crustal Evolution of the Southwestern United States. Boulder, Colo.: Geological Society of America, 2002. Print.

Farquharson, Phillip T, David M. Bloom, and Carole L. Ziegler. Geology and History of Southeastern San Diego County, California. San Diego: San Diego Association of Geologists, 2006. Print.

Johnson, Scott E. Tectonic Evolution of Northwestern Me-xico and the Southwestern USA. Boulder, Colo.: Geological Society of America, 2003. Print.

Morton, Douglas M, and Fred K. Miller. Peninsular Ranges Batholith, Baja California and Southern California. Geological Society of Amer, 2014. Print.

Sociology Whether or Not to
Words: 847 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65440825
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everal authors like ullivan (2001) point out the hypocrisy in drawing arbitary lines around certain classes of drugs. In fact, all drugs are potentially harmful. Even caffeine is bad for health when abused. Legally acquired pharmaceutical drugs can be lethal, whereas marijuana has no known cases of overdose. The discrepancy in laws and sentencing policies should be eradicated in order to create a more just society. As Walsh & Hemmens (2008) point out in the chapter on "Law and ocial Change," the prohibition on drugs is no different than the prohibition on alcohol. Both have caused the proliferation of organized crime and neither solved the underlying issues related to mental and physical health. One of the main reasons to legalize drugs is to reduce the market power of organized crime syndicates. Prohibition of alcohol "literally kick-started organized crime in the United tates, and ushered in a decade of gang wars…

Sullivan, a. (2001). The Distinction betwen legal and illegal drugs is arbitrary. In Rolleff, Tamara L. 2004. The War of Drugs: Opposing Viewpoints. San Diego: Greenhaven Press.

Walsh, a. & Hemmens, C. (2008). Law and Social Change. Walsh & Hemmens.

Wisher, R. (2001) Illegal Drugs Should Not Be Legalized. In Rolleff, Tamara L. 2004. The War of Drugs: Opposing Viewpoints. San Diego: Greenhaven Press.

Border Agents Will Be Allowed to Make
Words: 992 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27591548
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Border agents will be allowed to make arrests on city streets, by Gregory Alan Gross, San Diego Union Tribune, August 16, 2003.

An order that angered many San Diego-Based Border Patrol agents and caused a firestorm of public outcry from conservatives, anti-immigration activists, and "law-and-order" advocates, has been rescinded by higher-ups in Washington, D.C. It is now legal again for the 1,600 Border Patrol agents who work for the San Diego office to stop and question suspected illegal immigrants on city streets - in San Diego and in outlying suburban neighborhoods. On August 8, San Diego Border Patrol Sector Chief William T. Veal issued a memo which ordered the agents to cease their policy of stopping suspected illegal immigrants on the streets. The order stated that agents were barred from "any interior enforcement or city patrol operations in or near residential areas or places of employment." Why?

On August 2,…


Gross, Gregory Alan. "Border Agents will be Allowed to make Arrests on City

Streets." San Diego Union-Tribune (2003).

Lipsky, Michael. Street-Level Bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the Individual in Public

Services. New York: Russell Sage Foundation,1980.

International Rescue Committee Is a
Words: 1904 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16008088
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On the other hand, the International Rescue Committee focuses on promoting human rights as one of the core of every innovative programs carried out by the organization. This major focus on human rights through the restoration of safety, hope and dignity to millions of refugees is one of the major relations of this organization with the ISCOR major at San Diego University.

Finally, the third major relation of the organization with the ISCOR major is that it serves as an opportunity where graduates of the program can apply their knowledge in helping IRC to accomplish its mission. This is largely due to the fact that students completing the major are prepared for careers that relate to international security and conflict resolution. Since the International Rescue Committee hits the ground in places with conflicts across the globe, graduates of this program can be used to help provide a way from harm…

Works Cited:

Graubart, Jonathan. "Program Information." San Diego State University: International Security and Conflict Resolution. San Diego State University, 27 Oct. 2010. Web. 15 May 2011. .

"History of the International Rescue Committee." International Rescue Committee: From Harm to Home. International Rescue Committee. Web. 15 May 2011. .

"International Rescue Committee." Action Without Borders, Jan. 2011. Web. 15 May 2011. .

"International Security and Conflict Resolution." San Diego State University: SDSU 2011-2012 Catalog. San Diego State University. Web. 15 May 2011. .

API What Is the Definition of API
Words: 1397 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46239438
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What is the definition of API? Use the Information Guide pdf posted on the website for your answer. 2011/12 Academic Performance Index Reports - Information Guide, May 2012

The API is the method used within the California school system to measure academic performance relative to peer schools. The API is a scale that ranges from a high 1000 to a low of 200. Placement between these two metrics indicates the overall performance of the school relative to peers. Within the state of California, the target API score is 800. The API is based on an improvement model. The API from one year is compared to the API from the prior year to measure improvement. This is important as schools that are lagging will not have high scores at the beginning of the assessment. However, over subsequent years, the school should be better able to improve its score to become…

Attend the Art Institute of California --
Words: 571 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4779384
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Attend the Art Institute of California -- San Diego

I have always been interested in music recording and reproduction. Indeed, from a social perspective, music recording remains one of my favorite pastime activities and for this reason, I own a portable Tascam DP-03 Digital Portastudio that a group of friends and I regularly use to record and share music. I would like to pursue this pastime activity at a more professional level. In my own informed opinion, the Art Institute of California -- San Diego remains the best institution to attend for anyone who has the drive, passion, and desire to stand out in the audio engineering marketplace.

My reason for wanting to join the Art Institute of California -- San Diego is largely hinged on the desire to become a successful audio professional. Indeed, as the old adage goes; it is by standing on the shoulders of giants that…

Ethical Issue Business Discusses Questions Mayor Bob
Words: 533 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 140464
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Ethical Issue Business discusses questions Mayor Bob Filner San Diego sexually harassing staff. • hat basis issue? • Identify ground rules manifested situation. He mayor San Diego sexually harassing staff, terminated city council .

Ethical behavior in the context of Bob Filner's sexual harassment charges

There is much controversy concerning San Diego Mayor Bob Filner on account of the public official being accused of having sexually harassed several of his employees. hile Filner claims to be innocent and believes that his current condition resulted from a series of rumors involving unspecified individuals. In spite of the fact that several female staff initially preferred to remain anonymous, evidence seemed credible and Filner was called out to respond to these allegations. Filner apparently abused his position and attempted to exploit female employees he was in charge of thinking that he would escape without being penalized as a result of this act.


Works cited:

Montoya, K. Bob Filner Apologizes, Resigns as Mayor of San Diego -- Kacey Montoya Reports. Retrieved August 30, 2013, from .

Wicks, D. Small Business > Business & Workplace Regulations > Workplace Harassment Ethical Implications of Sexual Harassment in the Workplace. Retrieved August 30, 2013, from

Flight Crew Resource Management
Words: 4295 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 18349321
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Flight crew resource management is the science of training flight crews to interact and communicate in a highly authoritarian environment while at the same time making use of the intelligence and professional resources of all the members of a flight crew. In the cockpit, the captain is in unquestionable control of the airplane because he is ultimately responsible for all aspects of the flight, including hardware, equipment and personnel on board. However, Each member of the crew can make important contributions, especially during in flight crises, and their input can be thwarted because of the highly authoritarian command culture. This paper examines the issues of fright crew resource management, and seeks to expand the definition of crew resource management to include personal communication style in order to further facilitate professional, accurate and open communication between the flight staff and commander.


According to Wilson (2001) aviation accidents and mishaps…


Alkov, R.A. (1991). U.S. Navy aircrew coordination training -- A progress report. In R.S. Jensen (Ed.), Proceedings of the 6th international Symposium on Aviation Psychology (pp. 368-371). Columbus: Ohio State University.

Alliger, G.M., Tannenbaum, S.I., Bennett, W., Jr., & Traver, H. (1997). A meta-analysis of the relations among training criteria. Personnel Psychology, 50, 341-358.

Baker, D.P., Prince, C., Shrestha, L., Oser, R., & Salas, E. (1993). Aviation computer games for crew resource management training. international Journal of Aviation Psychology, 3, 143-156.

Butler, R.E. (1993). LOFT: Full mission simulation as crew resource management training. In E.L. Wiener, B.G., Kanki, & R.L. Helmreich (Eds.), Cockpit resource management (pp. 231-259). San Diego, CA: Academic.

Hard Rock Cafe Hotels and Casinos
Words: 2730 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 2164355
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Not surprising to see concerts by Dave Matthews, Green Day, and other top groups since Live Nation recently purchased Ticket Master.

A recent article in the LA Times reports that 48% of consumers are "eating out less often now than they did six months ago" (Hallock, 2009). John Self, a professor at Cal Poly Pomona in Los Angeles County, who has published a study of why restaurants fail, estimates that about 1,100 restaurants open in L.A. County annually; and among those, 24% close the first year and within three years 50% of those 1,100 have closed. But given the sluggish economy, Self asserts that up to 50% of new restaurants may be expected close in the first year, double the number that close in good economic times.

Data are not available as to how the recession has affected HRC, or Planet Hollywood, Johnny Rocket's or other theme-centered restaurants, but it…

Works Cited

Brand Strategy. (2008). Hard Rock: Not only rock 'n' roll. Retrieved May 2, 2009, from .

Funding Universe. (2000). Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc. Company History. Retrieved May 1, 2009, from .

Hallock, Betty. (2009). Recession takes big bite out of L.A. restaurant business. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 2, 2009, from .

Hard Rock. (2009). Corporate / History. Retrieved May 2, 2009, from .

Buongiono J Gilless J 2003
Words: 737 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3092214
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, 2003).

The combintion of the complexity of the forest model nd economic needs from forest products results in the need for greter mrrige of ecology, sttistics, economics, nd lnd nd forestry mngement. There re severl connections between forest nd ecosystem mngement. By plnning nd reserching forest growth nd forest stnd tending this industry cn form the bsis for vrious politicl guidelines nd policies to ensure tht timber resources re vilble for future genertions. The forests lso provide hundreds of benefits to mny people living in forested res cross the world. These include thousnds of jobs, lumber, pper products, clen ir, wter filtrtion nd mny recretionl opportunities. In order to ensure tht these benefits will exist for future use, studies of the growth rtes of tended nd untended trees re crried out. For exmple, trees cn be thinned out (removing unwnted or less desirble trees) llowing the best trees to…

and Applications. Burlington, MA: Elsevier Academics.

Buongiono, J., Gilless, J. (2003). Decision Methods for Forest Resource Management.

San Diego: Academic Press.

Life I Have Been a Go-getter I
Words: 991 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Admission Essay Paper #: 3783791
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life I have been a go-getter. I graduated from high school at 16 because I was eager to begin my college education. Currently I am working on dual Bachelor degrees. One will be in Biochemistry and the other will be in Psychology. The same personality trait that has allowed me to graduate from high school early, pursue a dual degree program and many other accomplishments, is what will turn me into a service orientated and dedicated dentist.

One of the things I have pursued as a University of California, San Diego student, is my membership in the campus "For Los Angelitos" club. One of the things we did as a club was to travel to poverty stricken areas and provide lessons about oral hygiene. Equipped with small bags filled with oral care products, we traveled to Tijuana, Mexico where we provided oral care education to the children of the area.…

Social Policies in Community Agencies
Words: 1036 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76423770
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Social Work
Social Policies in Community Agencies

Hall (2013) opines that social workers practicing from a community organizing or development perspective try to tackle systemic problems that lead to negative social issues. Social policy attempts to study how society promotes individual and family welfare. Also, the policies tend to be consistent with what the government of the day views to be the most optimal way to help those who are disadvantaged and can't help themselves. A number of these social policies are incorporated in the works of community agencies. They include availing supportive services to the vulnerable members of society and coming up with long-term policies handling care services so as to help this disadvantaged demographic.
Serving Seniors Agency
Social Problems, Social Policies, Target Population and Services Provided

From 1970, Serving Seniors, a program based in San Diego County, has been one of the leading service providers to seniors with…

Symbol in Frost Welty Symbol of Journey
Words: 2868 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60831847
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Symbol in Frost, Welty

Symbol of Journey in Frost and Welty

Welty's Journey is Transcendental/Social

Frost's Journey is Satirical/Inspirational


Both Frost and Welty Use Satire in a Gentle Way

Welty's Style Moves From Satire Towards Compassion

Frost's Style Moves From Satire Towards Self-Awareness

Thematic Structure

Welty eflects all of life in her Thematic Structure

Frost eflects a simple event, losing one's way

Form and Content

Frost's poetry

Allows for many interpretations

The content can be read in varying ways

Welty's short story

Allows a more intimate connection with characters

The story can be read as allegory, social commentary, or realism


Welty and Frost use the same symbol to reflect different facets of life

B. They initiate a journey for the reader, but the reader's destination is of his own choosing

An Analysis of the Symbol of the Journey in Welty's "Worn Path" and Frost's

"oad Not Taken"


Reference List

Baym, N. (1998). Eudora Welty. The Norton Anthology of American Literature, 5th ed.

NY: W.W. Norton & Company.

Frost, R. (1920). The Road Not Taken, Journey into Literature. [ed. By Clugston]. San

Diego, California: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.

Kc but My Friends and Family Call
Words: 887 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58163663
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KC but my friends and family call me Mary. I was born in the Philippines, on the island of Luzon in 1965. I lived in Philippines for roughly 22 years and then moved to Los Angeles, in 1992. My first few years in the United States were difficult. I had to come up with different strategies to get over my homesickness and to make it in the land of opportunity. The adjustment to American culture, clothes, language, and food were the most significant challenges of my life, but I overcame those them. Today, I have two children and they blessed me with four grandchildren whom I adore. Living alone in strange world made me who I am today. After all, I believed that our determination/dedication dictates our future.

After long years of school, I completed a baccalaureate degree in nursing few years ago. I have had been in practice for…

Opportunity Create Evaluate Impression Evidence As Read
Words: 699 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1991404
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opportunity create evaluate impression evidence. As read textbook, pattern evidence, part, examined naked eye. Select learning activities base assignment. a. Create impression patterns choice.

Impressions: Footprints and tire marks

The first of the forensic impressions I selected for my analysis consisted of footprints. "Impressions occur when two objects come in contact with one another, and one object leaves behind distinguishing markings on or in the other" (Gaensslen & Larsen 2013: 213). A footprint is classified as an impression because it has depth (three-dimensional character) in material space (Gaensslen & Larsen 2013: 213). "A positive impression is identical to the object that made it, whereas a negative impression is its mirror image. The shoe prints left in the mud are negative impressions; they are negatives of the shoes' soles. In this scenario, the positives would be the shoes' soles" (Gaensslen & Larsen 2013: 214). In this instance, the impression of the…


Gaensslen, R.E., & Larsen, K. (2013). Introductory forensic science. San Diego, CA:

Bridgepoint Education, Inc.

Murray. (n.d.). Footprints can play an important role in solving crimes. Footprint lab.


Billboards and the First Amendment
Words: 1881 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39645306
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First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution guarantees to us freedom of speech - promises to each citizen and resident of the United States that the government will not tell us what we can or cannot say. Right?

ell, mostly. hile in general Americans are protected by the First Amendment so that we can say whatever wise or witty or stupid or offensive thing that we like. However, there are important exceptions to this general condition: Not all speech is equally protected. This paper examines one of those arenas in which greater-than-usual restrictions are placed upon what people may say and the way in which they may say it. Billboards, as a very public example of commercial speech, are restricted in ways that a person standing on a street under a billboard talking to her friend is not.

Advertising is indeed protected by the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. Advertising…

Works Cited

Leadership Theories Comparing and Contrasting
Words: 1470 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 89786237
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In contrast, a "selling and coaching" (S2) approach is demanded when the leader knows the follower may be uncertain about how to perform the task, but the subordinate has a high level of commitment, as in the case of an intern or a new hire. S2 is a motivational or mentoring approach. The employee craves direction, but will be motivated more by personality and praise than 'carrots and sticks' versus the S1 situation (Straker 2004).

A "participating/supporting" leadership situation (S3) is when the leader knows that the employees can complete the task but the manager wants more of an emotional investment or a higher level of excellence. An example of this approach might be a manager of a fast food establishment with a teenage, low-skilled workforce. The employees can do the job, but needs more motivation to perform at a high level rather than task-specific direction. Finally, an (S4) situation…


Avolio, B.J., & Yammarino, F.J. (2002). Transformational and charismatic leadership: The road ahead. San Diego, CA: Emerald.

DISC. (2010). Retrieved July 1, 2010 at 

Homrig, Mark a. (2001, December 21).Transformational leadership. Retrieved July 1, 2010 at

Straker, David. (2004). Hersey and Blanchard's situational leadership theory. Changing Minds. Retrieved July 1, 2010 at

War Against Drugs in America
Words: 1157 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1519902
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Society answer is to throw them back behind bars for even the smallest infraction of the law. This is why examining the policies for drug crimes needs to be carefully examined. There is no one size fits all in these situations and each needs to be judge separately.

Some say that the mandatory minimum sentences for illegal drug offences is fair while critics say that these sentences are too harsh, especially for first time offenders whose crimes are of low severity. Proponents say that if the sentences are too lenient it has the effect of increasing the crime rate (Thompson, 1998). Again, each case needs to be looked at on an individual basis. The severity of the crime as well as the perpetrators past record should play a large factor in the punishment handed down. Also, rehabilitation efforts should play a factor in the sentencing. Instead of putting these individuals…


Bobo, L. And Thompson, V. (2006). Unfair by design: The war on drugs, race and the legitimacy of the criminal justice system. Social Research, 73(2), 445-472.

Hemmens, C., & Walsh, a. (2010). The Law and Social Control. Law, Justice, and Society: A Sociolegal Introduction (2 ed., pp. 211-240). New York: Oxford University Press, USA.

Pettit, B. And Western, B. (2004). Mass imprisonment and the life course: Race and class inequality in U.S. incarceration. American Sociological Review, 69(2), 151-169.

Thompson, S.P. (1998). Which policies are working in the war on drugs? The war on drugs: Opposing viewpoints (pp. 102-141). San Diego, Calif.: Greenhaven Press.

Academic Interests Personal Perspectives and
Words: 691 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 30359190
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I am amused when I remember my first dance lesson, and the pressure I felt until then because I was practically afraid of interacting with people I did not know. Gradually I learnt that my fear had not been justified and I even became a very sociable person thanks to the fact that I entered the world of break dancing. Not only did I learn how to dance consequent to having become accustomed with this new style of living, but I have also learnt how motivation can be a great helper in any situation. In addition to constantly improving my dance techniques, I also began to get better grades and to become more interested in accumulating information.

It is very probable that break dancing has also gotten me to apply and to be accepted at the University of California San Diego's California State Summer School for Mathematics and Science (COSMOS).…

Blackwater the Private Contractor Dilemma
Words: 3059 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 67030567
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Vermont's Junior Senator, Bernard Sanders introduced to the Senate the Stop Outsourcing Security Act S. 2398. The Stop Outsourcing Security Act will help solve the lack of oversight of contractors in Iraq by requiring that by June 2008, "the President shall submit to each specified congressional committee a report on the status of planning for the transition away from the use of private contractors for mission critical or emergency essential functions by January 1, 2009, in all conflict zones in which Congress has authorized the use of force" (s 2398). This bill will examine contractor activities and ensure that renewals will only happen if the president certifies that contractors have undergone background checks and are clear of any crimes that could lead to additional problems with their work in the future. It will also allow congress to have access to information of private military companies including, the number of persons…

Works Cited

Addicott, Jeffrey F. "Contractors on the "Battlefield": Providing Adequate Protection, Anti-Terrorism Training, and Personnel Recovery for Civilian Contractors Accompanying the Military in Combat and Contingency Operations." Houston Journal of International Law 28.2 (2006): 323. Questia. 16 July 2008 .

Broder, John M. "Report critical of guard firm; Blackwater sought to cover up Iraq shootings, study finds." 3 October 2007: 4. Lexis Nexis 13 June 2008. 

Greenwald, Robert "Iraq for Sale" (Documentary Film) 2005 Information Website:

Krugman, Paul. "Hired Gun Fetish." The New York Times. A29. 28 September 2007. Proquest. 5 July 2008.

E-Communities' Impact the Impact of
Words: 4918 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52542696
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Twelve ESL learners who participated subsequently found that participating in text-based online chat rooms promoted a noticeable difference in their face-to-face conversations, particularly in noticing their own linguistic mistakes.

Psychologists stress little if any learning occurs without attention. "Text-based online chat, a particular form of synchronous computer-mediated communication (CMC) involving written oral-like conversation, has the great potential of increasing noticing for two reasons:

1. Compared to face-to-face conversations, CMC allows conversations to flow at slower speeds than face-to-face; consequently permitting "speakers" to have longer times to process receiving and producing the target language.

2. CMC can save texts (previous messages) in format that users may later access. (Lai and Zhao)

The following copy of "ESL Online Talk Community" illustrates concept Lai and Zhao present.

Practice makes perfect, but many ESL students do not have opportunities to practice speaking English. This Website is trying to establish an online community to enable…





4. Anderson, B. (1983). Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.

Old Living Away From Home for the
Words: 497 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38502771
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old, living away from home for the first time in an apartment in San Diego when I decided to attend college and maintain myself in an apartment without taking any financial assistance from my parents. Since I was not a California resident I had the additional expense of paying out-of-state tuition. I had a football scholarship that would pay fifty-percent of my tuition but I needed a job to pay my living expenses and the remaining tuition.

Although the time required for school and football was a fulltime job in itself, my financial needs said I needed to work between thirty and thirty five hours per week to make ends meet. With that as my motivation, I took a job at Federal Express as a package handler on the graveyard shift.

The summer before starting my sophomore year of college, just two weeks before the beginning of football camp in…

Using my newfound knowledge I spent three months doing intensive rehab in the swimming pool and in lifting soup cans for weights. At the end of that time, I gained enough use of my arm to be able to work in a restaurant. Meanwhile I continued my rehabilitation for an additional eight months.

During that time of rehab and unemployment, I resided in the comfort of my 1966 VW Bug. I lived off my savings, ate canned goods, and showered at the pool after two workouts a day. Living in my VW Bug for eleven weeks and two days was an experience that will shape my life forever. It taught me the importance of resilience, humility, diligence, and the power of optimism. I know now that life gives us many obstacles we do not expect or want, but it is not what is dealt to us that is important. It is how we deal with what we are given.

I learned how to handle many obstacles at the same time and perform all to the best of my ability. I found I can handle and even appreciate adversity at different times, and sometimes at the same time, while maintaining the tenacity and vision to accomplish daily responsibilities and pursue future goals. Having learned those things will serve me well in a career with the FAA.

Intergroup Contacts the Study of
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Finding exception to this presumption, a study for a doctoral dissertation by Christina Edmonds on the influence of perceptions of parent racial attitude and intergroup contact on adolescent cross-race relationships, published this year, demonstrates that, in spite of the perception that groups have considerable weight in the area of peer attitudes in preteens and adolescents, parental attitudes actually had the larger effect. In research on cross-race-relationships in Edmonds' study, one group members' evaluations of their parental and personal attitudes towards who should make the rules for adolescents' dating and friendship choices showed that parents evaluated cross-race friendship differently, but also that their attitudes had a significant effect on the actual experiences of the participants. (2006)

One group study by Eduardo B. Andrade and Teck-Hua Ho demonstrates how knowledge about the incidental affect of others may have a strong influence on one's strategic decision. Moreover, they found this effect is…


Andrade, E.B. And Ho, Teck-Hua. (2005) How is the boss's mood today? I want a raise. New York: Journal of Consumer Research, 32, 355-362.

Ashmore, R.D., Jussim, L., and Wilder, D.(2001) Social Identity, Intergroup Conflict, and Conflict Reduction. Rutgers Series on Self and Social Identity. Boston: Praeger; 2nd edition, 1994.

Brown, R. And Hewstone, M. (2005). An integrative theory of intergroup contact in Zanna, M.P (Ed), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 37, pp. 255-343). San Diego, CA U.S.: Elsevier.

Edmonds, Christina Maria, (Advisor: Killen, Melanie in Ph.D.) (year: 2005), the influence of perceptions of parent racial attitude and intergroup contact on adolescent cross-race relationships. dissertation for the University of Maryland, College Park. (June, 2006)

Welty's Story Is the Suaveness of an
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Welty's story is the suaveness of an elderly woman. Often stereotyped as helpless, foolish, or dim-witted, the woman in Welty's tale makes us look beyond stereotypes to see the person underneath. The topic of this essay, therefore, is that externals -- in this case, elderliness -- can be misleading. People should learn to look beyond in order not to fall into the error of stereotyping.

The story starts off by describing the woman's plodding style, reminiscent of a religious pilgrimage (Saunders, 1992). We are brought into our customary ways of feeling impatience for the woman and of viewing her as someone who needs our help rather than as someone who can help herself. Welty, therefore, deliberately prolongs and elaborates on the description using character and setting as aids (Clugston, 2010; Pollack, 1997) to portray the woman.

Use of character for instance includes the following:

She wore a dark striped dress…


Welty, E. A Worn Path. The Atlantic Monthly | Feburary 1941 

Clugston, R.W. (2010). Journey into literature. San Diego, California: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.

Pollack, H. (1997). Photographic convention and story composition: Eudora Welty's use of detail, plot, genre, and expectation from "A Worn Path" through "The Bride of the Innisfallen." South Central Review, 14(2), 15-34. Retrieved from

Marketing Management Customer Value Equation of the
Words: 2623 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53298138
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Marketing Management

Customer Value Equation of the Product

Product Marketing Mix

Product Promotion Process

Environmental Analysis

Target Market Analysis

Competitive Analysis

Global Ethical Marketing Considerations

The globe and its entire human race in the twenty first is witnessing revolution in many facets of life and technological boom in communication is one of the immense transformations that have changed the standard and ways of living. Quite a few of the technological brands and products are surging ahead even to the leading economies as well as underdeveloped and developing nations. Apple iPhone is one of those brands that have become widely accepted and well-known, and has captured numerous consumers ranging from U.S. To Europe to Asia (White, 2012).

Apple iPhone is one of the U.S. based brands that offers hi-tech communication product (mobile phone) to its customers with a wide variety of features such as games, music, videos, web connectivity and many…


Baum, B., Hackstein, M., & Mehling, M. (2012). Strategic Marketing: Assessment of why the Sony Walkman brand lost out to iPod in terms of its position and level of demand in the marketplace. USA: GRIN Verlag.

Campesato, O. & Nilson, K. (2010). Web 2.0 Fundamentals: With AJAX, Development Tools, and Mobile Platforms. USA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Ferrell, O.C., & Hartline, M.D. (2010). Marketing Strategy. 5th Edition. Mason, Oh, USA: Cengage Learning.

Kline, J.M. (2010). Ethics for International Business: Decision-Making in a Global Political Economy. 2nd Edition. New York, USA: Taylor & Francis.

Human Resource Management Is a Practice of
Words: 2438 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60336011
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Human esource Management is a practice of managing human skills, capacities and talents, to ensure their effective usage in the attainment of organizational goals, objectives and overall competitiveness (Youssef, 2012). Every Human esource manager performs various functions of recruiting, hiring, selecting and training competent employees. In addition, the manager offers competitive compensation and benefits packages, which attract, motivate and retain qualified employees. However, it is the function of the Personnel manager to devise ways, which will increase the employee effectiveness in performing the jobs. These ways include training, offering education and developing the capacities of the employees. As a result, there is an improvement of the employee contribution towards the attainment of organizational effectiveness and efficiency.

Effective management of employees' productivity is a crucial element in attaining organizational success (Youssef, 2012). High levels of productivity enable the organization to offer high compensation and benefits packages, which do not affect its…


Edwards, P. (2003). Industrial Relations: Theory and Practice. Oxford: Blackwell Pub.

Kreitner, R. (2009). Management. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.

Sims, R.R. (2007). Human resource management: Contemporary issues, challenges and opportunities. Greenwich, Conn: Information Age Publ.

Youssef, C. (2012). Human resource management. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education.

Forensic Case Study Enrique Camarena the Abduction
Words: 1293 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79150009
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Forensic Case Study

Enrique Camarena

The abduction of Enrique Camarena

The abduction of Enrique Camarena presents numerous interesting and unusual features regarding the gathering of forensic evidence. Many of obstacles that arose over the course of the investigation can be traced to the fact that the DEA Special Agent was apprehended in Mexico, where U.S. laws about preserving evidence did not apply. The Mexican police force (at least at the time of the abduction in 1984) was much more prone to corruption and bribery by persons engaged in illegal drug trafficking than U.S. law enforcement. ather than seeing to assist the DEA in bringing the murderers of Camarena to justice, the Mexican police often acted as obstacles, not assistants.

The real perpetrators of the murder of Camarena concocted a scheme with certain select members of the Mexican policy whereby Camarena's body (and the body of Capt. Alfredo Zavala, a Mexican…


Collecting evidence from human bodies. (2001). CA Department of Justice. Retrieved: 

Gaensslen, R.E., & Larsen, K. (2013). Introductory forensic science. San Diego, CA:

Bridgepoint Education, Inc.

Learning Needs Assessment and Analysis the University
Words: 1825 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12900591
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Learning Needs Assessment and Analysis

The University of San Diego Counseling Center (USDCC) has been established to provide enrolled students with access to quality counseling and healthcare services. Employing a diverse selection of the university's most accomplished psychiatrists, psychologists, medical doctors, registered nurses, and other healthcare professionals, the USDCC operates a high-volume Critical Intensive Care Unit with the assistance of a 50-member nursing staff. Although the USDCC has built a reputation for delivering competent and qualified critical care services across a number of years, the organization's management structure has become concerned that educational priorities have not been updated to reflect modern advancements in the field. To that end, the USDCC recently elected to conduct a comprehensive Learning Needs Assessment and Analysis to identify the paramount educational needs in place, and the institutional forces working to facilitate or impede the implementation of these needs. Empirical research on the efficacy of various…


Lewin, K. (1939). Field theory and experiment in social psychology: Concepts and methods.

Journal of Sociology, 44, 868-896. Retrieved from discover/10.2307/2769418?uid=3739552&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=7


Morrison, G.R., Ross, S.M., Kalman, H.K., & Kemp, J.E. (2011). Designing effective instruction (6th ed). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Global Cultural Analysis Nigeria
Words: 5263 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25995575
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Global Business Cultural Analysis


Nigerian History

Synopsis of Nigerian government

Nigerian monarchy to presidential system

The evolution of Nigeria from British control to a civilian democratic government

Nigerian major commodities



The major elements and dimensions of culture in Nigeria

Cultural dimensions


Power distance



Model of culture

Universalism or Particularize

How is the integration of elements and dimensions that Nigerians doing business in the country?

The effects of governments on the prospects for its business around the world

How the elements and dimensions compared with the United States, culture, and business?

The role of women in the workplace

Business visitors must be dressed in an elegant and tie (for men!)

Cross-cultural business transactions between the United States and Nigeria




Thurstan Shaw and Steve Daniels, who are the founder for archaeological research proved in their research that Nigeria has been developed since 9,000…


Afolayan, T.E. (2011). Coming To America: The Social and Economic Mobility of African Immigrants in the United States. Inquiry (University of New Hampshire), 6-11. Retrieved from EBSCO host. 

Alutu, O.E., & Udhawuve, M.L. (2009). Unethical Practices in Nigerian Engineering Industries: Complications for Project Management. Journal of Management in Engineering, 25(1), 40-43. Doi: 10.1061 / (ASCE) 0742-597X (2009)25:1(40)

Basal Ganglia
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Basal Ganglia

The control of motor movement progresses from mastery of gross movement to fine motor control as humans develop (Wilson, 2013). This progression depends on the maturation of the extrapyramidal motor system, followed by the maturation of the pyramidal motor system. The extrapyramidal motor system incorporates multiple areas of the brain that are involved in controlling gross motor movements, including the cerebellum and basal ganglia. The cerebellum functions to coordinate muscle movement in response to sensory stimuli generated by muscles, tendons, the reticular formation, and the vestibular system. By comparison, the role of the basal ganglia in regulating muscle movement is still being investigated. In general terms, the basal ganglia serve as an information relay center for various centers within the cerebral cortex; however, researchers seem to agree that one of the functions of the basal ganglia is to inhibit muscle movements before they can begin.

esearchers have also…


Rieger, Martina, Gauggel, Siegfied, and Burmeister, Katja. (2003). Neuropsychology, 17(2), 272-282.

Shohamy, D., Myers, C.E., Onlaor, S., and Gluck, M.A. (2004). Role of the basal ganglia in category learning: How do patients with Parkinson's disease learn? Behavioral Neuroscience, 118(4), 676-686.

Stocco, Andrea, Lebiere, Christian, and Anderson, John R. (2010). Conditional routing of information to the cortex: A model of the basal ganglia's role in cognitive coordination. Psychological Review, 117(2), 541-574.

Wilson, Josephine F. (2013). Biological Basis of Behavior. San Diego: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. ISBN: 978-1-62178-103-5.

System Design Oahu Base Area Network
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System Design: Oahu Base Area Network

The aim of this paper is to examine and discuss the Navy's decision to build the largest local area network (LAN) connecting the U.S. Pacific Fleet using information-gathering techniques and design methods. The system has the capacity to connect sailors and marines within the 102-million square miles of the Pacific Fleet's command coverage. Moreover it will provide the indispensable access for supplying and training the U.S. Navy. The Oahu Base Area Network (OBAN) will be the largest LAN in the world when all the phases are complete. It was started way back in 1998. It is the supporting network for the six naval commands in the Pearl Harbor, Hawaii area. Phase one has been completed. Other phases have begun in San Diego, the Pacific Northwest and the Pacific Far East, following the original business model (Kaylor, 2000). The uniqueness of this system is in…

Casinos and How They Lure Customers Various
Words: 1386 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80273961
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Casinos and how they lure customers [...] various ways casinos try to trick, manipulate, and lure their players to stay longer in their casinos. Casinos are in business to make money, and they make money by keeping gamblers glued to the tables and slots. They use a variety of ploys to keep people inside, from removing clocks so they do not know what time it is to feeding them free drinks and inexpensive food to keep them in the building. Casinos use a variety of ways to keep gamblers gaming, and knowing how they do it can give insight into the greed, corruption, and sheer arrogance of an industry that makes its living on other people's money and addictions.

Casinos lure gamblers to make money, and they do it any way they can, without regard for anything but their own maximum profit. How do they do it? The many ways…


Popkin, James. "Casino Tricks Encourage Heavy Gambling." Gambling: Current Controversies. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven Press, 1995. 103-108.

Hills, Chad. "The National Gambling Impact Study Commission (NGISC) Report." 26 Nov. 2003. 3 May 2004.

Visual Aids Including Powerpoint Presentations Are the
Words: 1263 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80816107
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Visual aids, including PowerPoint presentations, are the most powerful way to convey information. My message is related to helping employees with robust training materials. With the slide show presentation on PowerPoint, the employees have multimedia materials they can use for learning. For example, this presentation can teach employees how to incorporate PowerPoint presentations in their work. Using PowerPoint to teach PowerPoint is an ideal training program. Audio and video dimensions help all employees master the material. Moreover, the employees can take home the PowerPoint slides for reinforcement. The method of using PowerPoint is itself important because all workers need to create or interact with PowerPoint presentations at some point in their career.

However, not all PowerPoint presentations are equal. Some make their audiences fall asleep, while others convey information in ways that are both entertaining and informative. The intended audience for the presentation is management. With this target audience in…


Andrew, J. (n.d.). The importance of font in a presentation. Small Business Chronicle. Retrieved online: 

"Effective Presentations in Engineering and Science," (n.d.). PennState. Retrieved online: 

Microsoft (2013). Choose the right colors for your PowerPoint presentation. Retrieved online: 

Ryan, W. (2012). Visual Literacy, Learning to See. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.

Contract One of the Most Common Forms
Words: 736 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54697545
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One of the most common forms of legal agreements is contracts. These are obligations that allow both parties to receive specific benefits based upon meeting certain conditions. In the last few years, they have become increasingly common as way to spell out the requirements for everyone to follow. To fully understand how this occurs requires carefully examining an example of contract. This will be achieved by looking the five elements and if the results were successful. Together, these factors will illustrate how this is used to create a foundation for conducting business and meeting different obligations. (ogers, 2012)

An Example Contract and the Five Elements

The basic contract that was entered into was a rental agreement. It involved the individual leasing a three bedroom and two bathroom house. The monthly rent was a $1,000.00 per month. The landlord required one month of security and a $500.00 damage deposit. This…


Cortesi, G. (2004). Mastering Real Estate Principles. Chicago, IL: Dearborn.

Rogers, S. (2012). Essential of Business Law. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education.

Kotler's Theory for Change
Words: 1523 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85196802
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Coping Change, people embrace concept. We, part, creatures habit follow daily routines. When change occurs, activities thought patterns disrupted. Describe a situation resistant change identified areas: a.

One of the most well-known quotes from Ancient Greece belongs to Heraclitus who said the "Nothing is constant in life but change." People have a natural tendency to resist change as a means of self-preservation and regard it as having most often a negative impact on one's existence. This is particularly true in changes that occur in the professional life or the personal / emotional environment.

Experience has proven that change always opens a new direction in life and a new path to follow. However, there are situations in which all people do not embrace change and their reluctance in fact represents their most important shortfall. I noticed this several months ago at the workplace, when a new informational system was decided to…


Baack, D. (2012). Organizational behavior. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.

Flexstudy. (n.d.) "Training for a changing workplace" in Complete training course for Managers, available online at 

Penn University. (2008) "Adapting to change at work. Effectively Navigating the Turmoil of Organizational Changes through Adaptation" in Management Resources. Penn Behavioral Health, available online at

Time for (2014) "Kotter's theory of change." available online at

Psychology and Sigmund Freud
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Freud and Psychology

In the field of psychology, Freud's work is a popular topic. Much of what he created is very controversial, and some of it has been discredited and changed (Leahey, et al., 2014). However, there is also a lot of it that is still used today, and that provides information for psychologists and psychotherapists who want to help people live better lives. There are two main areas of Freud's work that are still important today. These are his theory of personality development and his theory of psychotherapy. It is also important to consider why they are valid or not valid in current practice, so one can determine what direction one wants to take with proper techniques. Freud's theory of personality has three components, which are the Id, the Ego, and the Superego (Sulloway, 1991). According to Freud, all of these work together to make up a person's specific…


Leahey, T.H., Greer, S., Lefrancois, G.R., Reiner, T.W., Spencer, J.L., Wickramasekera, I.E., & Willmarth, E.K. (2014). History of psychology. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education.

Pigman, G.W. (1995). Freud and the history of empathy. The International Journal of Psycho-analysis, 76( Pt 2): 237 -- 256.

Sulloway, F.J. (1991). Reassessing Freud's case histories: The social construction of psychoanalysis. Isis, 82(2): 266

Theories of Behavior Applied
Words: 1009 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 37297642
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Behaviorist and Cognitive Theory

Psychology took a center stage and significant change in the early 20th Century when the behaviorism school of thought became dominant. This was a major change from other theoretical perspectives that existed before hence rejecting emphasis on unconscious and conscious mind. Behaviorism strove to see that psychology becomes a more scientific discipline in that focus will be mainly on observable behavior. This approach to psychology whereby the elements of philosophy, methodology and theory are combined. The primary tenet of behaviorism as it was expressed by JohnB.Watson, B.F Skinner in writing is that the primary concern in psychology should be the behaviors that can be observed both in humans and animals and not the unobserved events which take place within the minds of individuals. This school of thought maintains that behaviors can easily be described scientifically without recourse either to any psychological events that occur internally or…


Leahey, T.H., Greer, S., Lefrancois, G.R., Reiner, T.W., Spencer, J.L., Wickramasekera, I.E., & Willmarth, E.K. (2014). History of Psychology. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education. ISBN-13: 9781621785682

Fritscher, L. (2014). Cognitive Theory. Retrieved September 17, 2014 from 

Gonzalez-Prendes, A. & Resko, S. (2009). Cognitive-Behavioral Theory.

Measuring Crime
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Measuring Crime

During the latter half of the twentieth century, evidence-based policing became more commonplace, partly as a means to reduce corruption, but also as a means to make crime fighting more effective. Instruments used to measure crime at the federal level include those that fall under the rubric of the Department of Justice, such as Uniform Crime eporting and National Crime Victimization Service. The FBI also operates legal attache offices, the Combined DNA Index System, and other tools used to measure and empirically track crime (Schmalleger, 2015, p. 147). Likewise, the Department of Justice maintains several major crime reporting programs including the National Incident-Based eporting System. These reporting programs serve several core functions. They boost the effectiveness of criminal justice policy, they ensure policing and other aspects of criminal justice are evidence-based, and they inform the judicious allocation of resources throughout the criminal justice system. As Schmalleger (2015) points…


"Myth v. Reality: Crime has been Steadily Increasing." [CJi Interactive video].

Schmalleger, F. (2015). Criminal justice today: An introductory text for the 21st century (13th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.

Silver, S. (2014). CJ in the U.S.A.: An Introduction to Criminal Justice. San Diego, CA: Curriculum Technology.

Theories of Criminal Justice
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Criminal Justice System

Crime and the law

Crime, from the perspective of the criminal justice system, may be defined as violations of the law. What constitutes a criminal violation in one nation is not necessarily the case in all nations; also, an action may be unethical without actually being criminal. The social determinant of what constitutes crime requires a balancing of the rights of the individual to freedom with the need for society to maintain some sense of social order. Those who seek personal freedoms and civil rights are often at war within the criminal justice system with those who desire social order (Schmalleger 2015: 9). The goals of the criminal justice system are to create a sense of justice or fairness but this ideal must likewise be balanced with the need for order (Schmalleger 2015: 10). For example, it might be necessary to let an obviously guilty person…


Schmalleger, F. (2015). Criminal justice today: An introductory text for the 21st century. (13th

ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.

Silver, S. (2014). CJ in the U.S.A.: An Introduction to Criminal Justice. San Diego, CA:

Curriculum Technology.