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San Gorgonio Wind Farm Is One of
Words: 1238 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 37771251
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San Gorgonio ind Farm is one of three major wind farms that provide 95% of California's wind generating capacity (and 30% of the world's wind generating capacity). This amounts of 4258 million kilowatt hours of electricity, or 1.5% of the state's total electricity production (California Energy Commission, 2011). ind energy is considered to be one of the 'clean' energy sources, as opposed to fossil fuel production and nuclear energy production in particular. However, wind farms have their own drawbacks as well from an environmental perspective. ind farms can be devastating to the local environment as they have a massive footprint. This is especially troublesome in desert environments such as that occupied by San Gorgonio. There are also visual impacts, noise produced by rotor blades and potentially high degrees of avian/bat mortality (INDEIS, n.d.). This paper will analyze the benefits and impacts of the San Gorgonio ind Farm, in particular with…

Works Cited:

California Energy Commission. (2011). Overview of wind energy in California. California Energy Commission. Retrieved September 24, 2011 from 

ECW. (2000). Wind power and the environment. Energy Center of Wisconsin. Retrieved September 24, 2011 from 

Palm (2011) Palm Springs wind energy. Palm Retrieved September 24, 2011 from 

Pasqualetti, M. (2011). Opposing wind energy landscapes: A search for a common cause. Annals of the Association of American Geographers. Vol. 101 (4) 907-917.

San Fran Court Observation Court
Words: 474 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 98261551
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5% of capacity. The court condemned California governor Brown for insisting that mental health services were not compromised in California prisons due to prison over-crowding.

Your Remarks: Largely a continuation of a prior event, but a worthwhile development nonetheless. Basically, it's a matter of some people in California government having a spat with the courts regarding whether inmates are being treated and otherwise processed effectively given the significant overcrowding in California prisons.

Court Visited: Northern California District Court

Day/Time: April 11th, 2013

Judge: Robert Seeborg

Plaintiff: Joe Quirk

Defendant: Sony Pictures

Issue: Copyright Infringement Accusation

Holding: Summary judgment was given to Sony Pictures and Mr. Quirk's accusations about copyright infringement was dismissed. The ruling was justified on the grounds that Quirk's claim was inherently flawed and that copyright pertains to "expression, not ideas."

Your Remarks: Pretty common nowadays for an obscure/starving artist to claim that a big-time motion picture was…

Bay Area Mural Mona Caron's
Words: 1930 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83857620
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"The type of future I'm showing is one that makes use of structures that are there, subverting their function and turning them into something else. People were asking me, 'Are you gonna do flying saucers, hovercrafts?' But I was really intent about not making a future that's just about technology. it's not off-the-wall; it's about technology repurposed in a way that everybody participates in." (Zwickel 2004) This future is directly related to the way she presents community activists, close, realistic, and not glorified. "I do wish for a radical change in society, but I don't envision it happening in a 'revolution.' "... This society could be gradually supplanted by a different one, redundant of the one that exists, being built at the same time. Everyone will do whatever they have to do to survive, but at the same time they could put energy towards building relationships based on different logic.…

Works Cited

Bernstein, J. (2004, June) Market Street in 38 Feet. San Francisco Observer. Retrieved February 27, 2005 at

Caron, M. (2005) the Market Street Railway Mural. Mona Caron Illustration & Murals. Retrieved February 27, 2005 at 

MSR. (2004) the 'Market Street Railway' Mural. Market Street Railway in San Francisco. Retrieved February 27, 2005 at 

Pomerantz, J. (2004, May) Mural of the past roars up Market Street and into the future. Articles & Essays. Retrieved February 27, 2005 at

Leadership in International Schools
Words: 29649 Length: 108 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 20990082
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Leadeship Skills Impact Intenational Education


Pactical Cicumstances of Intenational schools


What is Effective Leadeship fo Today's Schools?

Challenges of Intecultual Communication

Challenges of Diffeing Cultual Values

Impotance of the Team

Leadeship Style


Cuent Leadeship Reseach

Tansfomational Leadeship


Contingency Theoies


Wagne's "Buy-in" vs. Owneship

Undestanding the Ugent Need fo Change

Reseach confims what teaches, students, paents and supeintendents have long known: the individual school is the key unit fo educational impovement, and within the school the pincipal has a stong influence upon the natue of the school, the conditions unde which students lean, and upon what and how much they lean. Despite this ageement about the cental ole of the pincipal, thee is little eseach concening the chaacteistics of pincipals associated with effective leadeship and with pupil accomplishment, and even less insight…


Allen, K.E., Bordas, J., Robinson Hickman, G., Matusek, L.R., & Whitmire, K.J. (1998). Leadership in the twenty-first century. Rethinking Leadership Working Papers. Academy of Leadership Press.

Bennis, W.G. (1997). "The secrets of great groups." Leader to Leader, No.3. The Peter F. Drucker Foundation for Nonprofit Management.

Crowther, F., Kaagan, S., et. al. (2002). Developing Teacher Leaders. Thousand Oaks: Corwin Press.

Tales of the City Mary Ann in
Words: 713 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68638192
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Tales of the City

Mary Ann in the City

Early on in Armistead Maupin's Tales of the City, Connie tells Mary Ann, "Relax hon… Give it time. This city loosens people up." (6) The message being that the setting of San Francisco in the 1970s and 80s was a place of loose social and cultural standards. An analysis of the city, even in retrospect supports the idea that many aspects of San Francisco are in fact associated with free thought and action, especially with regard to sexuality and homosexuality. Mary Ann as a character realizes in many ways the reality of this early statement, of a loosening of character, as her traditional cultural standards are stretched by countless happenings in Maupin's fabled City.

Maupin's Tales of the City, in many ways, was an opening to the broader world the context of the 1960s, 70s and 80s ideal San Francisco, where…

Works Cited

Billingham, Peter, Sensing the City through Television: Urban Identities in Fictional Drama. Portland, OR: Intellect Books, 2003.

Grunenberg, Christoph & Jonathan Harris. Summer of Love: Psychedelic Art, Social Crisis and Counterculture in the 1960s. Liverpool, UK: Liverpool University Press, 2005.

Maupin, Armistead, Tales of the City New York, NY: Harper Collins 1996.

Understanding the Impact of Diversity in Adult Arts Education
Words: 2758 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 39954679
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Learning Objectives for Adult Education

Managing and Exploiting the Impact of Classroom Diversity in Adult Arts Education

As the American population becomes increasingly diverse, so goes classroom diversity (Cooper, 2012). By the end of the current decade, a White majority will no longer exist among the 18 and under age group. This rapid progression towards a plurality has already impacted primary schools, but the trend toward increasing diversity is beginning to affect adult education classrooms as well. If educators simply ignore this trend, not only will the academic success of students be harmed, but also the professional skills of educators. The solution, according to Brookfield (1995), is not the adoption of an innocent or naive attitude towards the diverse needs and abilities of racially and ethnically diverse students, but to engage in a process of critical self-reflection. Such a process would help educators uncover their own hidden motives and intentions,…


Berry, J.W. (1971). Ecological and cultural factors in spatial perceptual development. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 3(4), 324-36.

Brookfield, S.D. (1995). Becoming a Critically Reflective Teacher. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Brookfield, S.D. (2012). Teaching for critical thinking: Tools and techniques for helping students question their assumptions (1st ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Brookfield, S.D. (2013). Powerful techniques for teaching adults. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishing.

Caged Geo From Stamps to
Words: 1773 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 14264988
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San Francisco is a place of greater opportunity than anywhere in the South offered her; there are fewer freedoms than she discovered in Mexico or in the junkyard, perhaps, but these restrictions are attendant on the opportunities afforded her. Angelou's ability to imagine those opportunities carried on the sea breeze or just over the crest of each successive hill of the San Francisco marks her successful journey in the book to a woman of confidence.


I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings tells a true tale, but it does so in such a way that each of the elements is just as important as they would be in a work of fiction. The setting of each scene in Angelou's life story neatly matches the plot points and the character development, not through literary contrivance but through necessity -- it is how the story happened. Had her story unfolded in…


Angelou, Maya. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. New York: Random House, 2009.

Boyatzis, Chris. "Let the Caged Bird Sing: Using Literature to teach Developmental Psychology." Teaching of psychology 19(4), pp. 221-2.

Ingman, Heather. Mothers and Daughters in the Twentieth Century. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1999.

Walker, Pierre. "Racial Protest, Identity, Words, and Form in Maya Angelou's I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings." College Literature 22(3), pp. 91-108.

Taiwanese Chinese Person and a College Graduate
Words: 554 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97528454
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Taiwanese Chinese person and a college graduate. Included in the completion of my degree are a B.S. In International Business and a B.S. In Computer Information Systems. In terms of my future goals, I believe a postgraduate degree from the San Francisco State University will equip me adequately for what I have in mind.

I am currently employed as a Garment Quality Control Assistant Manager in Singapore. While this is a fulfilling job, I would like to expand my horizons to better suit the studies I have already completed, as well as the further studies I intend to pursue. If I successfully complete my postgraduate studies, future job prospects will prove more promising. My knowledge in International Business and Computer Information Systems will in this way help me to further my career either at my own company, a new company, or indeed at a company that I start on my…

Online Escort Services and Their
Words: 2783 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9121935
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, 2001). Based on the proliferation of the Internet and the near-ubiquity of personal computers in many affluent homes, these rates can reasonably be expected to have increased even further in subsequent years.

In fact, it would appear that the more people of both sexes are using the Internet for these purposes, the more ways they are finding to do so. In this regard, Green and her associates point out that, "The fact that one can access sexually related materials and interact with others anonymously on the Internet has opened the doors even wider. Using anonymous screen names, individuals can explore and express their sexual interests with little fear that friends, coworkers, or even spouses will discover their activities" (2001, p. 303). Furthermore, the individuals who participate in these encounters can do so with other anonymous individuals without the risks typically associated with face-to-face relationships; if an anonymous online relationship…


Benotsch, E.G., Cage, M., & Kalichman, S. (2002). Men who have met sex partners via the Internet: Prevalence, predictors, and implications for HIV prevention. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31(2), 177.

Giuseppe, R., Tiziana, T., & Anolli, L. (2003). The use of the Internet in psychological research: Comparison of online and offline questionnaires. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 6(1), 73.

Green, A., Katelyn, S., Mckenna, Y.A., & Smith, P.K. (2001). Demarginalizing the sexual self. The Journal of Sex Research, 38(4), 302.

Hill, R.J. (2005, Spring). Poz-itively transformational: Sex workers and HIV / AIDS education. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education, 105, 74.

Adult Education Within Human Resources Development the
Words: 4195 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 46117124
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Adult Education

Within Human esources Development

The literature which describes and analyzes the important aspects of adult education - within the Human esources Development genre - is vitally important in relating to today's employees who seek - and deserve - learning opportunities within their workplace environment. It provides a point of reference, it offers stimulating ideas for digestion and analysis, and it zeros in on the issue at hand, which is that learning should be encouraged and facilitated by employers, and it should be done in such a way that gains in individual learning and knowledge will transfer to competency on the job, and ultimately, profitability for the employer.

An exceptionally useful article by Theodore J. Marchese, entitled, "Insights from Neuroscience and Anthropology, Cognitive Science and Work-Place Studies": e.g., the brain is "remarkably plastic across the lifespan..."

Early experiences and genetic inheritance are very important," Marchese writes in his piece,…


Glastra, Folke J; & Hake, Barry J.; & Schedler, Petra E. "Lifelong Learning as Transitional Learning." Adult Education Quarterly 54 (2004): 291-306.

Hodkinson, Phil; & Hodkinson, Heather; & Evans, Karen; & Kersh, Natasha; & Fuller,

Alison; & Unwini, Loma; & Senker, Peter. "The significance of individual biography

In workplacelearning." Studies in the Education of Adults 36, (2004): 6-26.

Communicable Disease HIV
Words: 1160 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90527718
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Communicable Disease - HIV

Since its discovery as a wasting disease, "gay-related immune deficiency" and "slim" in the mid-1980's, HIV has posed a significant health problem for the United States and the World. Initially considered mysteriously devastating, HIV ultimately caused the deaths of hundreds of thousands, yet failed to attract sufficient funding and attention. hrough the efforts of health professionals and activists, HIV was finally accorded the funding and attention it deserved. oday, HIV is addressed globally, federally and locally through multiple well-funded programs/groups and agencies.

History of HIV

According to the AIDS Healthcare Foundation, blood analysis showed that the HIV virus existed in humans as early as the 1940's and that HIV-1 -- the most common viral strain -- was transmitted from chimpanzees to humans at some point in the early to mid-20th Century (AIDS Healthcare Foundation, n.d.). In the early 1980's medical professionals noticed that a "wasting disease"…

The nurse's role in education about and prevention of HIV stems from his/her core value of becoming a knowledgeable, effective advocate for the highest attainable quality of patient care. This core value requires several key activities by nurses, presented here numerically but in equal order of importance. First, the nurse must become educated about HIV-related issues (Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 2012). Secondly, the nurse must make his/her voice heard. Nurses can make their voices nationally and regionally heard by: joining professional organizations that exert greater impact on the response to HIV / AIDS issues (Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 2012); contacting public officials (Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 2012); calling media attention to HIV / AIDS to the epidemic and in pressuring for a more aggressive governmental response (Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 2010, p. 4); taking a clear-cut stance on effective education and prevention (Association of Nurses in Aids Care, 2012). Nurses can make their voices locally and specifically heard by: participating in community programs, organizations and support groups dedicated to education, prevention and high quality treatment. In their professional lives, nurses can contributed to prevention by educating patients about the causes, prevention, treatment and day-to-day aspects of living with of HIV / AIDS. Some use a widespread approach, such as published materials like What nurses know…HIV and AIDS (Farnan & Enriquez, 2012); others directly address those issues with their individual patients, such as forming an alliance with the patient to enhance adherence to treatment (Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 2010, p. 47).

Community Programs / Organizations / Support Groups

As HIV / AIDS awareness increased, the numbers of community programs, organizations and support groups also increased. Given San Francisco's large at-risk gay/bisexual male population, for example, there are several key programs, organization and support groups. There is, of course, the San

Motion of Water In the Ocean There
Words: 760 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23280738
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motion of water. In the Ocean there are three major types of currents; Tidal, Coastal, and Surface Ocean.

Coastal currents are movements of water that are located near the coast and are influenced by wind, waves and land formations. Surface Ocean currents are currents that are located throughout the oceans, involve much more complex influences like global wind systems, the spin of the earth, salinity, and water temperatures.

Normally wind patterns on the earth follow a cycle of circulation between the equator and the poles. But because the earth rotates on it's axis, these normally north and south wind patterns develop a slight curve, called the Coriolis effect. In the northern hemisphere this effect causes the winds to curve to the right, in the southern hemisphere, to the left. s the winds blow on the surface of the oceans, it drags the surface of the water in the same direction…

A. The predicted high tide is to take place at 09:51 GMT, and be 1.67 meters. The low tide is to take place at 16:42 GMT, and be -0.16 meters. This is not the same time as 5/8/2011, primarily due to the moon's influence on the tides and the fact that the moon will not be in the same position relative to the earth two days in a row.

B. On 5/9/2011 the actual high tide was 1.702 meters, .035 meters higher than predicted, while the actual low tide was -0.035 meters, 0.125 meters less than predicted. Meaning the tide was supposed to go to - 0.160 meters, but only dropped to -0.035 meters. This could be explained by wind patterns pushing water toward shoe, increasing water levels during high tide, but reverse winds could push the water away from shore during low tide, making low tide even lower. Increased and decreased movements of coastal currents can also keep water moving away from the shore, decreasing tide levels, or they could keep more water available for use in tides, increasing tide levels.

7. In the past 100 years, the sea level, according to the measurements at the San Francisco Station Number 9414290, the sea level has risen 0.66 feet, or 20,11 cm. This is a rate of 2.01 mm (+/- 0.21 mm) per year. One possible factor that could have had an effect on sea levels generally increasing over the past 100 years could be increased global temperatures melting more of the polar icecaps, increasing the total amount of water in the sea. Another could be the increase in fresh water in the salt water oceans. This can have an effect of the global conveyor belt system of ocean currents; slowing them down. A slow down in the overall ocean current will allow more water to be present near the shores, making increased tide levels more pronounced.

Authors Comparisons of the Costs of Cities
Words: 1217 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83689260
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There must be few citizens of the 21st century - at least few who are citizens of both the 21st century and the First orld - who do not view the city as a problematic accomplishment of humanity. Certainly, cities are the highest expression of human civilization, at least in some ways: They support the flourishing of the arts and culture, of haute cuisine and high-tech medicine, of universities and research labs. But cities are also the expressions of the worst that humans have created, both in terms of how we treat each other and in terms of how we treat the planet, as the readings that we are examining for this paper argue. The city is many things, but it is and always has been essentially a site of commerce, and the basing of relationships upon commercial grounds is never unproblematic.

Gary Brechin, in his examination of the…

Works Cited

Brechin, Gary. Imperial San Francisco: Urban Power, Earthly Ruin. Brechin Berkeley: U. California P, 2001.

Foster, John Bellamy. The Vulnerable Planet: A Short Economic History of the Environment. New York: Cornerstone Books, 1999.

Pena, Devon. The Terror of the Machine: Technology, Work, Gender, and Ecology on the U.S.-Mexico Border. Austin: U. Of Texas P, 1997.

Management and Decision Sciences From
Words: 25680 Length: 90 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 55501983
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76). As automation increasingly assumes the more mundane and routine aspects of work of all types, Drucker was visionary in his assessment of how decisions would be made in the years to come. "In the future," said Drucker, "it was possible that all employment would be managerial in nature, and we would then have progressed from a society of labor to a society of management" (Witzel, p. 76). The first tasks of the manager, then, are to coordinate an organization's resources and provide a viable framework in which they can be used to produce goods and services effectively and efficiently. The second set of tasks concern guidance and control. In Drucker's view, this role is almost entirely proactive: "Economic forces set limits to what a manager can do. They create opportunities for management's action. But they do not by themselves dictate what a business is or what it does" (Drucker,…

Persona Christi an Analysis of the Priesthood
Words: 5507 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24012181
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Persona Christi

An Analysis of the Priesthood "in persona Christi" and "in nominee ecclesiae"

The questions that surround the functions of the priesthood and the diaconate today appear to be part and parcel of the greater uncertainty that surrounds ancient Church customs. This paper will attempt to analyze the meanings of the phrases "in persona Christi" and "in nomine ecclesiae" as they have reflected the functions of the ministers of the Church both in the past and in today. The conclusion of this research is that while the traditional Church maintained a clear definition (and reverent propriety regarding the mystery of the priestly aspect), today's Church is less sure of the role and function of the minister in relation to Church hierarchy and Church laity.

In Persona Christi

Historical Background: the Vestments

Pius XII's (1947) encyclical Mediator Dei describes for us the aspect of the priest in relation to Jesus…

Staley, V. (1894). The Catholic Religion. London, UK: Mowbray.

Tanner, N.P., ed. (1990). Decrees of the Ecumenical Councils. London: Sheed

and Ward.

Conflict Our Interpretations Mediation Strategies and Communication
Words: 4710 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 22152596
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Our interpretations, Mediation Strategies and Communication Types

The Nature of Conflict -- an introduction

hat is Conflict?

Conflict as Perception

Conflict as Feeling

Conflict as Actions

hat causes conflict?





Positive Communication

Interpersonal Conflict

Intrapersonal Conflict

Link between Interpersonal Conflicts and Effective Communication

Mediation and Dispute Resolution

The Nature of Conflict -- An introduction:

Conflict is a naturally existing problem in our society and the world as a whole. Conflict exists at all levels and it is so a certain extent quite natural and inevitable. ith a functionalist approach, it can be said that the existence of conflict is somewhat important for the society. It is however an understatement to say that we live amidst conflict. Conflict is present at every level in society and people at every second are reassuring each other as to how they are having a "discussion" instead of a conflict when…

Work Cited:

Bellafiore, Donna. 2010. Interpersonal Conflict and effective communication. Journal.

Bolton, R. (1986). People skills: How to assert yourself, listen to others, and resolve conflicts

(2nd ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN: 067162248X

Cesaratto, T., (2006). The Good Will Hunting technique. Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies, 3, 307.328.

Party Machines and Immigration
Words: 1659 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44279848
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Party Machines and Immigrants

For more than a century, party machines dominated the political process in many parts of the United States where William "Boss" Tweed and his Tammany Hall henchmen and their ilk controlled the outcomes of elections in many major American cities by manipulating the immigrant vote. Although these political figures were eventually displaced by other politicians, they left a legacy of corruption, back-scratching and double-dealings that persists to this day. To determine the impact of these events on modern American politics, this paper provides a discussion concerning some of the main actors involved in party machines and immigration in the United States during the 20th century, including Frank Hague, William "Boss" Tweed, Abraham euf, George Cox, ichard Daley and Vito Lopez. A summary of the research and important findings concerning party machines and their implications for immigrants are provided in the conclusion.

eview and Discussion

Frank Hague…


Hamilton, C. (2012, September 4). County party chair remains powerful, if poorly understood, position. WNYC News Blog. Retrieved from -blog/2012/sep/04/powerful-poorly-understood-county-party-chair-seat-have/.

Howe, F.C. (1915). The modern city and its problems. Chicago: C. Scribner's Sons.

Judd, D.E. & Swanstrom, T.R. (2012). City politics. Pearson.

Luthins, R.H. & Nevins, A. (1954). American demagogues: Twentieth century. Boston: Beacon

China Town Idea Analysis The
Words: 1009 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37700019
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There is a romantic charm in the notion that outsiders only 'pass through' while residents are in a kind of stop time, insular and part of the background, not part of the larger cultural narrative. Thus the Chinatown idea is fundamentally that Asia is 'different' -- exotic, of another world, rather than part of 'America.' This has often subverted the ambitions of those residents who do wish to become more a part of American society, who may struggle acquiring English skills, for example. The existence of Chinatown reinforces the perception that Chinese segregation is self-imposed and that a complex array of social factors such as culture and discrimination have no impact upon mobility and advancement.

The persistence of Chinatown also questions the ethics of what it means to tour another culture -- an issue that also arises when an individual contemplates the ethics touring an Amish village, for example. These…

Works Cited

Chinatown San Francisco. April 21, 2009. 

Liu, Eric. "The Chinatown Idea." From Seeing and Writing. Bedford St. Martins, 2009.

Hispanic Soldiers PTSD the American
Words: 3058 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84885304
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Although the absolute magnitude of group differences on measures such as the BDI may appear moderate, the finding that 22% of troops deployed to the Persian Gulf reported at least mild levels of depression on the BDI compared to 9% of those who served stateside within the first year of such military duty is of clinical significance (p. 422)."

Amy B. Adler (1996), writing for Military Psychology, points out that soldiers experiencing the highest levels of combat stress were those exposed to dead troops and civilians, but exposure to their own fallen comrades, people with whom they had bonded, resulted in the highest levels of stress (p. 2).

The goals of the study were to identify the extent of PTS symptomatology following redeployment and to identify the relation between such symptoms and rank and type of traumatic exposure. It was hypothesized that soldiers who had been exposed to the most…

Works Cited 

Adler, Amy B. "Combat Exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Symptomatology among U.S. Soldiers Deployed to the Gulf War." Military Psychology 8.1 (1996): 1-14. Questia. 7 Mar. 2008

Laura Erlauer-Myrah 2006 Entitled Applying
Words: 1332 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22767230
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It must be noted that the students should not only learn from the subject, but they must also enjoy while doing it. Thus, it is strongly recommended for any educators to use a variety of instructional materials that would enhance the quality of teaching. The use of visual aids, over head projectors, power point presentations and even video presentations are some of the most effective instructional materials. These materials are proven able to enhance the students' interest to the subject matter and at the same time proven effective in getting the message across to the students.

Another challenge for the educators is making a right choice on what kind of teaching approach to use: decide theory first, application first, or a mixture. As a teacher, he/she must know how to be flexible in the way he/she teaches. The teacher must know how to adapt with the various qualities and attributes…


Erlauer-Myrah, Laura. 1 December 2006. "Applying brain-friendly instructional practices: one principal's advice: start with a group of motivated teachers to plant the seeds of climate change." American Association of School Administrators

Leadership Analysis Imagine Studying Your
Words: 1567 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34828800
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This is going to get done by means of using email, text messaging and the Internet to interact with my workers in a professional manner. egardless, I am shaping my staff to change and become better people. I will have to maintain an open mind to their various ideas, and see whether or not they are able to get implemented within the Hospice.

As I strive to become a better leader through using humility, freewill and delegation. I know that I can positively impact others through my hard work. They may want to one day become a Nurse Practioner themselves in any setting of their choosing. The decisions I make could become the deciding factor on whether or not they go further in the medical field. I want to set aside my pride, and become a better servant and transformational leader. This will mean that I strive to put others…


Collins, J. (2001). Good to great. New York, NY: HarperBusiness.(Chapters 2).

Collins, J. (2005). Good to great and the social sectors, A monograph to accompany Good to Great. Boulder, CO: Jim Collins.

Goleman, D. Emotional intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ. New York: Bantam


Executive Coaching in the Recent
Words: 1878 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92487048
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Further, it can also be noted that initially, I took coaching to be a critical undertaking in the development of skills as well as talents of leaders and executives. This is a view which has also been reinforced by my recent readings of the relevant texts. Just like I believed in the past, executive/organizational coaching enables executives to respond to various pressures in addition to meeting a wide range of organizational goals in an increasingly dynamic working environment. Hence in a way, one of the main purposes of coaching remains the development of skills and other competencies. This is a view I held in the past and which has further been enhanced or reinforced today.

However, it is important to note that I had a somewhat limited view of the purpose of an executive/organizational coach in so far as nurturing skills and talents of leaders is concerned. In this case,…


Flaherty, J. (2010). Coaching: Evoking Excellence in Others, 3rd Edition. Burlington: Routledge

Goldsmith, M. & Lyons, L. (2006). Coaching for Leadership: The Practice of Leadership Coaching from the World's Greatest Coaches, 2nd Edition. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons.

Hudson, F.M. (1999). The Handbook of Coaching: A Comprehensive Resource Guide for Managers, Executives, Consultants, and Human Resource Professionals. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Peltier, B. (2010). The Psychology of Executive Coaching, 2nd Edition. New York: Taylor and Francis.

Competencies of Executive Coaching and
Words: 1567 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63015124
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Further, failure to understand the client's specific circumstances could end up frustrating the coaching process thus bringing about negative coaching outcomes. Closely related to this is the underestimation or overestimation of the problems or abilities of the client. The application of poor coaching techniques is yet another factor which could bring about negative coaching outcomes. Poor application of coaching techniques has got to do with poor methods selection as well as implementation, inaccurate assessment etc.

Other factors which could frustrate the realization of positive coaching outcomes include but are not limited to failure by the organization to allocate sufficient resources needed to sustain the coaching program, lack of support from top management as well as an organization culture indifferent to coaching.


Based on the discussion above, it can be noted that the relevance of the various key competencies required for coaching cannot be overstated. Indeed, it is these competencies…


Flaherty, J. (2010). Coaching: Evoking Excellence in Others (3rd ed.). Burlington, MA: Routledge

Goldsmith, M. & Lyons, L. (2006). Coaching for Leadership: The Practice of Leadership Coaching from the World's Greatest Coaches (2nd ed.). San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons.

Hudson, F.M. (1999). The Handbook of Coaching: A Comprehensive Resource Guide for Managers, Executives, Consultants, and Human Resource Professionals. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Peltier, B. (2009). The Psychology of Executive Coaching (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.

Warhol and Koons How Does
Words: 3543 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 44192116
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But the cool tone of the images in arhol's works is one reason why a viewer might be tempted to read a kind of backhanded affection for advertising and consumption in arhol's series, as well as satirical parody. hat Hughes calls this affectlessness, a fascinated and yet indifferent take on the object, arhol does not obviously express a point-of-view, rather he simply deploys sameness in different contexts -- advertising in an art gallery, movie stars tinted with flat paints. hether he does this with love as well as humor might be possible, but because there is such a visual parallel between the parody or the art and the real, it is hard to assign a definitive tone, other than coolness, to arhol.

For instance, a viewer might ask, is there, in the repetition of stars' faces such as Elizabeth Taylor, Jackie O. And of course Marilyn, as well as Marlon…

Works Cited

Baker, D.S. "Jeff Koons and the Paradox of a Superstar's Phenomena," Bad Subjects, Issue 4: February 1993.

Eldredge, Charles C. "Warhol, Andy." World Book Online Reference Center. 2005. World Book, Inc. 6 Jan. 2005.

Hughes, Robert. American Visions. New York: Knopf, 1997.

The Jeff Koons Handbook. London: Thames and Hudson, 1993.

Words: 1491 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81710799
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The general method requires developing reliable, valid questionnaires, collecting data from all personnel, analyzing it for trends, and feeding the results back to everyone for action planning

Overcoming esistance to Change

There is a formula, which we can use to decide if an organization is ready for change:

Dissatisfaction x Vision x First Steps > esistance to Change

This means that three components must all be present to overcome the resistance to change in an organization: Dissatisfaction with the present situation, a vision of what is possible in the future, and achievable first steps towards reaching this vision. If any of the three is zero or near zero, the product will also be zero or near zero and the resistance to change will dominate.

Institutionalization Timelines

Leadership Plan Matrix ror Development of a Hybrid Course

Initial Stage

study current state* ask questions* market the idea* develop "buy-in" ask for hybrid…


'Are You a McJob Manager?" (n.d.) Retrieved April 25, 2005 from

Beckhard, R. & Harris, R. Organizational Transitions. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1987

Bennis, W., Organization development: Its nature, origin and prospects. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1969, p. 12

Harvey, D. And R. Brown An Experiential Approach to Organization Development (6th Edition) New York: Prentice Hall; 6th edition (December 8, 2000)

I Am a 26-Year-Old Male Community College
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I am a 26-year-old male community college student. I live in an Francisco, California, but was born in Korea and lived there until I was 22. I am an international student majoring in the Health ciences. I decided that moving to the United tates and pursuing my educational and career goals would offer me a chance to expand both personal knowledge and gain greater insight into a different cultural experience. Certainly, this has been the case. Not only are customs completely different in the United tates, but communication and expectations are as well. While an Francisco is a major city, and at times crowded, it is nothing like the wall-to-wall experience of people in Asia. Additionally, I know from my studies that America is considered a large "melting pot," but I was certainly never prepared for there to be so many different ethnicities and diverse people all grouped together in…

Sources Used:

La Bier, D. (30 November 2010). How Volunteering Affects the Volunteer. Huffington Post. Retrieved from:

Professional Progress My Professional Progress I Am
Words: 1181 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Resume Paper #: 55988634
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Professional Progress

My professional progress:

I am the Manager, etail Management, Wal-Mart, San Francisco. I joined this branch when it was newly launched in San Francisco about two years back. I have served the Wal-Mart group in several cities of USA. With little over two decades of retail management experience, in my core roles as Manager, etail, I have also been associated with traditional marketing roles like public relations, advertising. I was entrusted to run several loyalty programmes for customers from the detail customer database that we have in our Computer Systems and prepared a 'etail eporting oadmap' which helps in evaluating customer data to have importance across the enterprise. From my experience, I have found that customer metrics are crucial measures which are just as important as metrics that measure product, performance of vendor, or channel. (obinson, 2006)

Customer selling information contained in the data warehouse is capable to…


Flaherty, Theresa. B; Mottner, Sandra; Clarke, Irvine. (2001) "Student Perception of Educational Technology Tools" Journal of Marketing Education, vol. 23, no. 3, pp: 169-177.

Microsoft Dynamics. (2006) "A Look Under The Hood Of Navision Retail Management."

Solutions Summit, Retrieved 15 April, 2012 from http//

Overway, Curt; Price, Dan. (2010) "Introduction to Overlay Portfolio Management."

Whirlpool Corporation Deltra Davis Discuss What Factors
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Whirlpool Corporation

Deltra Davis

Discuss what factors emerged at Whirlpool that impacted its talent needs

Since the emergence of globalization in the early 1980s, the Whirlpool Corporation has taken extensive efforts to transform employee relationships and work processes consecutive to shifts in capital and attendant labor forms in the international market. If change management marks the general business trend in strategic organizational growth, human resource management is perhaps the most reflective aspect of this transformation as multi-national enterprises (MNE) seek to optimize production and profitability in the face of environmental pressures.

What has permeated Whirlpool's decision making and leadership practice as result of globalization, is what David Harvey (1987) predicted was the future proposition of MNE; large scale production hinged on new methodologies of outsource production highly reliant technological inputs in the manufacturing sector. In an effort to constrain full cost pricing of its products to market, Whirlpool's global restructuring…


Goldsmith, M., & Carter L. (2010). Best practices in talent management: How the world's leading corporations manage, develop, and retain top talent. San Francisco: Pfeiffer.

How Whirlpool's HR Department Got 'Strategic'(2005). HR Focus, 82 (11), 7-11.

HR Zeroes in on Productivity (2005). HR Focus, 82 (11), 1-15.

KyeHyeon, C, Gill, S, Gitonga, K, Seung Won, H, Macias, R, Meyer, J, Sparkman, T, Wetter, S, & Ellinger, A ( 2010). Human resource development, organization development, organizational learning, and organizational effectiveness: all needed more than ever. Human Resource Development International, 13, (4), 487-496.

Slavery Art Robert Calvin Martha and William
Words: 1196 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18849111
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Slavery Art

Robert, Calvin, Martha, and illiam Scott and Mila ended up in the Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco because its owner, Rev. illiam Anderson Scott, was the minister at Calvary Presbyterian Church there in 1853-61. He was originally from the South and because of his sympathy for the Confederate cause in the Civil ar, including offering public prayers for Jefferson Davis, he "had to leave the city for his safety and that of his family" (Smylie 89-90). His son Robert, depicted on the far left of the painting, became a Union Army officer in 1862, although Rev. Scott regretted that he was "on the wrong side" (Acker 79). Mila was a gift to his wife Ann from her father in 1830, and was in charge of caring for the four children. In the painting, the Scott's wished to be depicted as "relatively well-heeled members of Sothern society" even…


Acker, Emma. "Black, White and Shades of Gray: Picturing Identity in Robert, Calvin, Martha and William Scoot and Mila." Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco, 2010.

Manigault Plantation Journal. Southern Historical Collection, University of North Carolina 

Smylie, James Hutchinson. A Brief History of the Presbyterians. Geneva Press, 1996.

Asain Studies

The Chinese people place high regard on tradition, honor, and the ongoing nature of personal relationships to both of these cultural imperatives in order to establish their own identity in the world. When San Francisco was settled by coolie laborers during the 1850's and 1960's, the discrimination which they received encouraged them to band together into a china town settlement. The Chinese were able to create a replica of their homeland in the Chinatown. They were able to maintain their own cultural diversity within the boundaries, and they were able to escape, at least for a short time, the discrimination and harassment which faced them daily in the larger community.

According to the "Letter to Jen An, the writer discusses Chinese personal ethics, and the source of the Chinese identity of a worthwhile personhood. He writes that the Chinese philosophy is built around these 5 tenants:

Self-cultivation is…

Leadership Concepts
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Cultures, Social Networking and SPL Model


The modern business environment has contributed to increased international operations by companies in attempts to enhance global presence and gain competitive advantage. However, international companies experience various challenges with regards to hiring and retaining employees in foreign countries or new cultures. As an individual spearheading a study in an international company, one of the major issues to address is determining the advantage or disadvantage of hiring locals or natives vs. sending present company employees for short periods of time and necessary training for those operations.

For the international company, sending present company employees for short periods of time is more beneficial than hiring locals or natives. This is primarily because the knowledge and skills required in the job in the host country are either in short supply or not present in the locals or natives. Moreover, the existing employees have adequate knowledge of…


Atchison, T.J., Belcher, D.W. & Thomsen, D.J. (2000). International Remuneration. In Internet

based benefits & compensation administration (chap. 22). Retrieved from

Cashman, K. (2008). Leadership from the inside out: becoming a leader for life (2nd ed.). San

Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.

Org Culture Leadership Leadership Learning
Words: 4817 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 5080702
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" (Simon, 188) the fundamental perspective here is that leadership and the ability to apply actions based on culturally driven decisions are central to helping members of the organization learn in a concrete manner how best to accord with the reigning culture.

In order for this to occur though, there must be a certain initial scrutiny and selectiveness where leadership and personnel are concerned, endorsing an organization-wide emphasis on the quality of personnel. This implicitly brings us to consideration of the application phase in terms of learning organizational culture, which is inevitably associated to all actionable aspects of an organization's structure and operations. The correlation between recruitment, personnel makeup and leadership personalities is perhaps threaded by the common string of day-to-day responsibility within an organizational culture. And quite certainly, we see the stamp of organizational culture on so many of the most important applicable indicators. Schein, to this end, points…


Arnold, J., Cooper, C. & Robertson, I.T. (1995). Work psychology: Understanding human behavior in the workplace, Pitman Publishing, London.

Beer, M. & Walton, E. (1990). Developing the competitive organization: interventions and strategies. American Psychologists, 45(22), 154-161.

Bennis, W., & Nanus, B. (1985). Leaders: The strategies for taking charge. Harper and Row, New York.

Bowditch, J.L. & Buono, a.F. (1994). A primer on organizational behavior. John Wiley and Sons Inc. New York.

Executive or Management Coaching Can
Words: 665 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37909396
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It is these elements that give the client confidence to take action based on the ideas sourced during coaching exercise. As Goldsmith and Lyons (2006, p. 146) note, "transfer of knowledge flows from relationships of trust." However, trust cannot be established without first forming a meaningful relationship with the client. Therefore, coaches should see relationships as a foundation for them to effectively share ideas and information and in the process impact on the behavior of others.

Further, it can also be noted that nurturing relationships could be critical for follow-up purposes where necessary. In this case, relationships aid communication and hence the coach can easily make a follow-up of the progress made so as to suggest corrective measures in case actual results deviate from the desired outcomes. Thus follow up is necessary for feedback purposes. In most cases, feedback is critical for both the coach and the organization. As Goldsmith…


Flaherty, J. (2010). Coaching: Evoking Excellence in Others (3rd Ed.). Oxford: Routledge.

Goldsmith, M. & Lyons, L. (2006). Coaching for Leadership: The Practice of Leadership Coaching from the World's Greatest Coaches (2nd Ed.). San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons.

Study Abroad Sometimes in Our Internet Age
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Study Abroad

Sometimes in our internet age it seems that we don't ever need to leave our own homes to experience the world. Google can let us drive in a virtual way down nearly any street in the world. We can chat at any hour of the day with residents from any continent about any subject. We can even craft online selves that allow us to become more interesting, more educated, and more urbane than are our actual personas.

So why -- given the complexities, unavoidable drudgeries and occasional miseries and sometimes even outright dangers of travel -- should we ever venture any significant distance from our homes? Because there is still -- and surely there will never be -- anything comparable to travel to teach us about the varieties of the world. Without meaning to disparage the wonders of either online information acquisition or reading about other places and…

Iraq Under the Reign of Machiavelli's Prince
Words: 1129 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98806582
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Iraq under the reign of Machiavelli's Prince and Socrates' Golden Guardian

"Insurgent groups in Iraq warn that democracy could lead to passing un-Islamic laws, such as permitting homosexual marriage, if the majority of people agreed to it. 'Democracy is a Greek work meaning the rule of the people, which means that the people do what they see fit. This concept is considered apostasy (abandoning what one believed in) and defies the belief in one God-Muslim's doctrine." (San Francisco Chronicle, 31 December 2004, A3).

Machiavelli's advice regarding the conflict between the Iraqi insurgents and President Bush would be explicit, regarding the governance of Iraq -- do not leave governance up to the democratic will of the people, for this will only stimulate chaos and revolt and allow minority clerics to stimulate discontent amongst fundamentalist sympathizers in Iraq. Instead, install a New, pragmatically governing Prince who will neither rule by majority rule,…

Works Cited

Machiavelli. The Prince. Maintained: Jon Roland of the Constitution Society

Original URL:  | Text Version | PDF Version. Original date: 1997 July 10 -- Updated: 2003 July 23.

Plato. Republic. Translated by Robin Waterfield. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

San Francisco Chronicle. 31 December 2004. A3).

Diversity in the Workplace
Words: 3815 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 20076138
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Diversity in the Workplace

The increase in globalization has resulted in greater levels of interaction of individuals from diverse cultures and beliefs than ever before in the history of the world. As noted in the work of Green, Lopez, Wysocki and Kepner (2002) "People no longer live and work in an insular marketplace; they are now part of a worldwide economy with competition coming from nearly every continent." (p.1) Diversity is defined as "The variety of experiences and perspective which arise from differences in race, culture, religion, mental or physical abilities, heritage, age, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, and other characteristics." (University of California, San Francisco, 2012, p.1)

Challenges, arriers, and enefits to Workplace Diversity

The Multicultural Advantage website reports that there are specific barriers and challenges to workplace diversity and that these are inclusive of: (1) communication; (2) resistance to change; (3) Implementation of diversity in the workplace policies;…


1. A Diverse Workforce Is Integral to a Strong Economy. Center for American Progress. Retrieved from: 

2. Andrade, R. And Rivera, A. (2012) Developing a Diversity-Patent Workforce: The UA Libraries' Experience. Journal of Library Administration. 51:7-8, 692-727

3. Best Practices in Achieving Workforce Diversity (2010) U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved from: 

4. DuPont, K. (1999) Handling Diversity in the Workplace; Communication is the Key. American Media, Inc. Retrieved from:

Long Project Management
Words: 1579 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19597242
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stereotypical San Francisco nights, when the weather has an edge of cold to it and one can feel the air constantly moving, whispering in one's ear. The clouds were gray, the street was dark, and there was no one walking in the street. The night looked sleepy and it was strangely quiet, almost mute. The peace of the nighttime was deceptive, however; while it seemed sleepy and peaceful, it was actually one of the most hectic weeks of my entire life.

I had just started my fourth semester at the university, and was in a difficult class with a demanding teacher. There was a project due the second week of class, which left me only one week to do the work, as well as to understand not only what the teacher was teaching, but also to try to guess the teacher's expectations for the project. Everyone was working incredibly fast.…

Legislative Acts Against Discrimination
Words: 896 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84288214
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integrate readings Chapters 5 & 6 Pynes, J.E.(2013). Human resources management public nonprofit organizations: A strategic approach (4th ed.). Jossey-Bass: San Francisco response: Case Study: Reeves, Chapter 3: Some Counselors More Equal Others website information http://prezi.

The case study relates to a situation involving state employees being discriminated on account of their gender. Rose Paddock, the central actor in this case, complained with regard to how the Department of Labor was inclined to favor men by providing them with bigger salaries in spite of the fact that their jobs entailed the same duties and qualifications as jobs that were probable to be occupied by women. The job under discussion, an Employment Counselor position in the Department of Human Services, has an equivalent job in the Department of Labor. The latter is paid better and the fact that there are more men in the Department of Labor while there are more…

Works cited:

Pynes, J.E. (2004). "Human Resources Management for Public and Nonprofit Organizations." John Wiley & Sons.

Reeves, T.Z. (2006). "Cases in public human resource management." Thomson Wadsworth.

Power and Moral Leadership Corporate Governance
Words: 1894 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94262310
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Corporate governance failure is a serious threat to the future existence of any organization. The high corporate failure rates witnessed in the first decade of the century brought to the limelight the concept of effective corporate governance, and the core principles of trust and integrity. This text examines Wal-Mart's corporate governance strategy to determine how the company restrains managerial power, and how it aligns the interests of managers and directors with those of the organization.

Corporate governance failure is a serious threat to the future existence of any organization. Following the stream of corporate failures witnessed in the first decade of the century, the investor base has become more aggressive about effective corporate governance based on the core values of trust and integrity. Today, a company's ability to conduct its profit-maximization goal within the ethical boundaries of integrity, honesty, fairness is widely regarded as a source of competitive advantage. Towards…


Arjoon, S. (n.d.). Corporate Governance: An Ethical Perspectives. The University of West Indies. Retrieved 18 December 2014 

Bernstein, D. (2010). Essentials of Psychology (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning

Edwards, F.R. (2003). U.S. Corporate Governance: What Went Wrong, and can it be Fixed? Columbia University. Retrieved 18 December 2014 from 

Rhode, D.L. (Ed.). (2006). Moral leadership: The Theory and Practice of Power, Judgment, and Policy. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons.

Unethical Best Practices Ethics and Morality
Words: 864 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93669602
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Unethical 'Best Practices'

Corporate Governance Case Study: Enron

Enron, the seventh-largest American corporation, collapsed in December 2001 in what most people refer to as the 'New Economy's first major failure'. Following its collapse, Congressional committees immediately embarked on inquiries to determine the cause(s) of its bankruptcy. Once investigations were complete, it was evident that the corporate governance mechanisms employed by the company had contributed to its downfall. The company employed the Anglo-American model of corporate governance, which places substantial emphasis on shareholder rights as opposed to stakeholder rights, and which, in addition, is management-dominated and has a unitary board structure with a single powerful leader. Driven by an urge to keep shareholders appeased by paying them more even when the company's resources were strained, Enron's managers employed off-balance sheet transactions with SPEs, and were able to hide huge amounts of debt that was often collaterized with the company's stock. The…


Hartman, L.P., DesJardins, J.R., & MacDonald, C. (2013). Business Ethics: Decision-Making for Personal Integrity & Social Responsibility (3rd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Pies, I., Beckmann, M. & Hielscher, S. (2010). Value Creation, Management Competencies, and Global Corporate Citizenship: An Ordonomic Approach to Business Ethics in the Age of Globalization. Journal of Business Ethics, 94(1), 265-278.

Rhode, D.L. (Ed.). (2006). Moral Leadership: The Theory and Practice of Power, Judgment, and Policy. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons.

Appreciative Inquiry How Does Responsible Conduct Factor
Words: 958 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82528859
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Appreciative Inquiry

How does responsible conduct factor into the use of appreciative inquiry as a vehicle for organizational change? The four components of responsible conduct, which are individual attributes, organizational structure, organizational culture, and societal expectations, all contribute to the structure of an environment that is supportive of ethical conduct (Cooper, 2006). As an approach for organizational change, appreciative inquiry engages all of these components in order to achieve a process characterized by positive change. This change is based in perceptions and experiences characterized by factors such as achievements, assets, innovations, and elevated thoughts, to name a few (Cooperrider & Whitney, 2005).

Appreciative inquiry views organizational functioning from a holistic perspective, in which the whole organization defines the smaller individual parts, rather than the other way around (Hammond 1996). ather than focusing on what is wrong or needs fixing with an organization, the concept underlying appreciative inquiry is to instead…


Barrett, F.J., Fry, R. (2008). Appreciative Inquiry: A Positive Approach to Building Organizational Capacity. Taos Institute Publications. ISBN-13:978-0-7880-2163-3.

Cooper, T.L. (2006). The Responsible Administrator: An Approach to Ethics for the Administrative Role, 5th edition. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass. ISBN-13:978-0-7879-7651-4.

Cooperrider, D.L., Whitney, D. (2005) Appreciative Inquiry: A Positive Revolution in Change. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Hammond, S.A. (1996). The Thin Book of Appreciative Inquiry. Thin Book Publishing Co. ISBN 0-9665373-1-9-2.

Improving Classroom Discipline- Potential Data
Words: 495 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 93610259
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control group as well as potential other study groups (grade level and ability level

DCS2 -- Field Notes/Observational ecords -- Observation of the above classes engaged in either a various lessons; take detailed notes on behaviors observed and current strategies being use to refocus or mitigate that behavior.

DCS3 -- Audiotaped Interviews (Children) -- Interview students about ways they believe behavior or management intervention can be effective. Students innately understand that certain behaviors are acceptable and certain ones unacceptable, within the classroom. Use this to get their view on how they believe a teacher can be effective in classroom management and what that means to them.

DCS4 -- Interviews with experts -- Similarly, interview experts in the field of behavioral psychology, long-term teachers, or specialists in classroom management to discuss appropriate levels of classroom management and intervention techniques.

DCS5 -- Behavioral Scales -- Once literature review and interviews are complete,…


Churchward, B. (2009). 11 Techniques for Better Classroom Discipline. Discipline by

Design. Cited in:

Craig, D.V. (2009). Action Research Essentials. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Elbow Peter Writing With Power
Words: 1858 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 13591361
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The story was filled with factual accuracy, while fictional, and vividly rich with images and characters that she and her father could picture with accurate detail. Romano tells us how Mariana finished the story with a young member of the family holding a roughly cut, wooden pony, and how when she gently finished the tale as he was in tears

Villanueva, Victor. Bootstraps: From an American Academic of Color. Urbana, Ill: National Council of Teachers of English. 1993. Print. This book an unusual book: at one level it is autobiographical, detailing the life of an American of Puerto Rican extraction from his childhood in New York City to an academic post at a university. At another level, Villanueva ponders his experiences in light of the history of rhetoric, the English Only movement, current socio- and psycholinguistic theory, and the writings of Gramsci and Freire, among others.

Zinsser, K. William. On…

Ocean Basins the Oldest Oceanic
Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41099697
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At the American coastline, the estimated age is between 1 and 60 million years. Finally, at the borderline with the Philippine and the Australian Plates, the approximated age is somewhere between 160, up to 180, or even 200 million years.

6) the Atlantic Ocean plate is similar to that of the Pacific Ocean in the meaning that its age differs. Just like with the Pacific crust, the Atlantic crust is younger at one border, to grow older towards the middle of the ocean, and even older as it reaches the opposite border.

7) the spatial pattern of the crustal age is consistent with the theory of the plate tectonics, which argues that -- at one point in time (or even at several times) -- the entire lands on the planet were joined together (ockhounding Arkansas, 1998). The pattern of the crustal age is consistent with this theory as it reveals…


Orfano, F., 2010, Topography of the ocean floor, Bright Hub,  last accessed on January 6, 2011

Patchett, P.J., Samson, S.D., 2003, Ages and growth of the continental crust from radiogenic isotopes, the Crust, Vol. 3

1998, Our changing Earth, Rockhounding Arkansas, last accessed on January 6, 2011

Crustal age, National Geographic Data Center,  last accessed on January 6, 2011

Born to Be Big Childhood
Words: 2102 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85178688
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People can exercise their free choice at the grocery store by choosing organic foods, although because of generally higher costs of organic products, this will not be a solution for everyone. People in lower socioeconomic groups often get food at discount chains or even food pantries where organics are not even a choice at all.

There is no incentive for makers of agricultural chemicals to modify their products in response to charges about obesogens. As the documentary films the Future of Food and King Corn pointed out, the use of pesticides is very big business. Though detrimental effects of pesticides and genetically-modified seeds and food have been shown, further research is needed to prove the link between pesticides and genetic modifications that lead to obesity in infants and children. When and if that link is proven, the public will have to demand that the government take action. Consumer advocate organizations…


Adler, N.E., & Stewart, J. (2009). Reducing obesity: motivating action while not blaming the victim. Milbank Quarterly 87 (1), pp. 49-70. Retrieved from Academic Search

Premier database December 29, 2010.

Baillie-Hamilton, P.F. (2002). Chemical toxins: a hypothesis to explain the global obesity epidemic. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine 8 (2), pp. 185-192.

DOI: 10.1089/107555302317371479. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database December 29, 2010.

Reorganization and Leadership at Happy
Words: 3412 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 75125807
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However, management needs to keep in mind a budget in order to make this possible (Bolman & Deal, 2008).

A way in which to get everyone to work together the organization can form teams under each division. Each team has a leader that reports to the manager and communication improves because of it. They can also have teambuilding activities once a quarter to help bring about unity, which will empower others to come and allow for "Total Quality Management (TQM)" to occur (Bolman & Deal, 2008). Instead of the negative attitude and the lack of people wanting to go to work, each person feels empowered, and they want to contribute positively. As a result, they choose to encourage others and feel good about helping the customers enjoy their stay at Happy Hotel. Management will then advocate as well as inquire to make sure employees are satisfied, which makes all their…


Bolman, L.G., & Deal, T.E. (2008). Reframing organizations. Artistry, Choice, and Leadership.

Fourth Edition. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Coulson-Thomas, C.. (2009, April). Leading and managing change. Management Services,

53(1), 31-37. Retrieved from, ProQuest Database.