SIDS - Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Essays (Examples)

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Buddhism Compare and Contrast Siddhartha Gautama's Buddha's

Words: 1302 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6870726


Compare and contrast Siddhartha Gautama's (uddha's) "going forth" into the monastic life with that of Maechi Wabi, based on the reading of "Journey of One uddhist Nun."

In his account of the story of uddha, Jonathan Landaw writes "As Siddhartha stood alone in the forest, ready to begin his great adventure, he thought, "From today onwards I am no longer a prince. Therefore, it is not right that I continue to look and dress like one." (Story, p 14). So began Siddhartha's journey of knowledge and enlightenment which would lead him to learning "the way to end all suffering" and becoming a uddha.

Like, Siddhartha, the uddhist nun, Maechi Wabi, also began her journey into uddhism from a background that otherwise would not shun, and not expect her to change her way of life so drastically. As a woman, Wabi's decision to become a nun was not initially acceptable…… [Read More]


Brown, S. The Journey of One Buddhist Nun: Even

Against the Wind

State University of New York Press, 2001

Gyatso, T. Dalai Lama My Land and My People
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Proj Management 7 2A There Are Several Symptoms

Words: 942 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80684127

proj Management 7.2a

There are several symptoms of cultural communications problems. The first is that Sid did not want to be honest with Judy right away; she had to pry the information out of him. The second is that the hours were way more than was needed. The third is that Randy had added hours to the estimate that Sid had originally provided. The fourth is that Sid indicated that if he failed to meet the target for any reason, there would be neverending negative consequences. The fifth is that Sid is juggling many projects at once -- programming is the sort of work that requires intense concentration on a single task juggling multiple such projects simultaneously is not desirable for programmers.

The first step to changing the culture in the department is that the problem needs to be clearly identified so that everybody knows what the current culture is…… [Read More]

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Balance Scorecard for Fatura Business Organizations Operate

Words: 1071 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92844668

Balance Scorecard for Fatura

Business organizations operate with the sole objective of effectively utilizing the input factors in order to maximize on the output. For this case, output is measured in terms of performance, which, essentially relates to the profits or customer satisfaction. In the industrial age, most managers relied heavily on conventional financial metrics as the only strategic measure to align the activities of the organization to the goals and objectives of the same organization. However, this perspective has gradually shifted in the information age. Balanced scorecard is the most recent strategic tool that most organizations currently use in their planning and management activities. It is crucial as far as the alignment of the business activities to the objectives of the firm, boost both internal and external communications, and assess the organization performance relative to strategic goals. BSC is classified into four quadrants that include customer, financial, internal business…… [Read More]


Kaplan, R.S., & Norton, D.P. (1992). The Balanced Scorecard: Measures That Drive Performance. Retrieved June 18, 2008, from

Kaplan, R.S. & Norton, D.P. (2004). Measuring the strategic readiness of intangible assets. Retrieved May 17, 2010, from

Niven, P. (N.D.) Learning and Growth perspective. EPM Review. Retrieved May 17, 2010, from

Gumbus, A. & Johnson, S.D. (2003, July). The balanced scorecard at Futura Industries. Strategic Finance. 85(1). 36-42. Retrieved May 17, 2010, from
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Social Psychology Both as an Academic and

Words: 817 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10558303

Social psychology, both as an academic and a professional practice, is extremely useful for elucidating the phenomenon of high rates of suicide within the military, and within the United States in general. The frequency of the occurrence of suicide within the military is explicitly denoted within Brewin's article (2013), in which there are record rates for suicide in the armed services in 2013 and the "number of military suicides has more than doubled since 2001" (p. 1). Sweeping phenomena such as the high incidence of suicide within a specific population setting validates social psychology as a discipline, since it is apparent that such problems are indicative of social concerns. Such problems will not simply go away, and require psychological means to address this issue.

This fact is widely alluded to within the aforementioned article. One of the chief reasons for suicide is the general perception that seeking counseling or psychological…… [Read More]


Brewin, B. (2013). Military suicides are up, despite 900 prevention programs. Retrieved from

Furuya, S. (2013). Social psychology differs when applied in different cultural contexts.

Furuya, S. (2013). Journal of Experimental Social Psychology: Morality and Group Relations: Possible Bias Part I.

Furuya, S. (2013). Social Psychology View: What ensures that Women are Treated Fairly in Office Settings in the United States?
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Infant That Is Under One-Year-Old

Words: 779 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76344360

For example, when mothers smoke during pregnancy they not only put toxins in their own bodies, but into the bodies of their babies as well. In addition to these toxins, the maternal smoking often deprives the babies of the oxygen that it needs, and this can result in abnormalities that can lead to SIDS. Metabolic disorders are also a consideration for babies that die of SIDS, although this has not been proven (,1997).

As for treatment or prevention, there is little that can be said. Naturally, there is no treatment for SIDS, since by definition it results in the death of the infant. Prevention is also not something that can be accomplished, since there is no definite way to prevent SIDS. However, there are ways to reduce the risk, such as making sure that the baby sleeps only on its back and not on its stomach, keeping the baby's environment…… [Read More]

Works Cited Fact Sheet: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Retrieved 8 February 2005 at

A What is SIDS? Retrieved 8 February 2005 at
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Adoptive Parents Face When Adopting

Words: 2862 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61604364

Adopting a special needs child also presents strong demands on time and energy that "normal" families do not usually have to deal with. According to Cloud and Townshend (2001) "As a rule, children don't know what they are doing. They have little idea how to handle life so that it works right. That's why God gave them parents - to love them, give them structure and guide them into maturity" (p. 40). Special needs children often require additional nurturing, stricter discipline and setting of limits, and markedly more attention than traditional children. This can sometimes seem overwhelming for the parents, especially if this is there first experience raising a child. Even if there are other siblings, these extra demands can cause great amounts of stress for the entire family system. If the parents are spending too much time dealing with the needs of one child, then the other children may…… [Read More]


Babb, a. & Laws, R. (1997) Adopting and advocating for the special needs child: A guide for parents and professionals, Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey.

Brodzinsky, D.M., Schecter, D.E., Braff, a.M., & Singer, L.M. (1984). Psychological and academic adjustment in adopted children. Journal of consulting and Clinical Psychology, 52, 582-590

Clinton, T.E. & Sibcy, G. (2006) Loving your child too much: How to keep a close relationship with your child without overindulging, overprotecting, or overcontrolling, Thomas Nelson, Inc.

Cloud, H. & Townshend, J. (2001) Boundaries with kids. Zondervan Publishing
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Pharmacologic Treatment of Fear and

Words: 4199 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2973543

e., they became helpless). Furthermore, other behaviors of the dogs were adversely affected (e.g., the dogs appeared apathetic and had poor appetites) (Hitzemann, 2000). In his essay, "Animal Models of Psychiatric Disorders and Their elevance to Alcoholism," Hitzemann (2000) reports that, "Both fear and anxiety are alerting signals that warn the individual against impending danger and enable the individual to take defensive measures. For animals, the distinctions between fear and anxiety are vague" (p. 149). The distinctions between fear and anxiety are clearly irrelevant for humans who encounter such stressed animals, though.

According to Hodge and Stull (2000), dog bites cause an average of 17 human deaths, 6,000 hospitalizations, and 330,000 emergency room visits every year in the Untied States and a like number of people probably do not seek treatment or report the incident, but may nevertheless experience psychological trauma, anxiety, and missed work or school. Furthermore, dog bites…… [Read More]


Becker, M.G., Chew, G.L., Correa, J.C., Hoepner, L.A., Jusino, C.M., Kinney, P.L., Miller, R.L., & Perzanowski, M.S. (2003). Distribution and determinants of mouse allergen exposure in low-income New York City apartments. Environmental Health Perspectives, 111(10), 1348.

Boone, J.S., & Tyler, J.W. (2001). Transferable residues from dog fur and plasma cholinesterase inhibition in dogs treated with a flea control dip containing chlorpyrifos. Environmental Health Perspectives, 109(11), 1109.

Chang, Y., Cohen, J.H., Hennon, D.L., LaPorte, R.E., & McMahon, J.E. (1997). Dog bite incidence in the City of Pittsburgh: A capture-recapture approach. American Journal of Public Health, 87(10), 1703-5.

Duke, M.L., & Swain, J.L. (2001). Recommendations for research on ethics in public policy from a public administration perspective: Barking dogs and more. International Journal of Public Administration, 24(1), 125.
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BP Crisis

Words: 2866 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55103452

Evidence of this can be seen with the company being slow to provide information, on the total amounts of oil that are leaking into the ocean and the various restrictions that they have placed on media coverage. (Lack of Transparency Afflicts Oil Spill Response 2010) This problematic, because when there are restrictions and the company is slow to release information, it appears as if they have something to hide. At which point, the public will become furious with the company, from their perceived unwillingness to cooperate. This could have negative political fallout, as various Congressional Committees and regulators will demand all documents relating to the spill. Once this take place, it sets the stage for an ugly showdown with Congress and the White House. Where, they could seek to force the company to disclose more documents and engage in criminal investigations, as these actions give the appearance that executives are…… [Read More]


'Boards of Directors Need to Oversee Corporate Sustainability more Effectively', 2010, PR Newswire, Available from Proquest. [19 June 2010]

'BP Engineer Called Deepwater Horizon Nightmare Well Days Before Blast', 2010, Huffington Post, Available from: [21 June 2010].

'BP Establishes a $20 Billion Claims Fund', 2010, BP, Available from: . [21 June 2010].

'Estimating Cleanup Costs for Oil Spills', 1999, Cutter Information Corporation, Available from: . [19 June 2010].
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Starwood Hotel Chain Today Businesses

Words: 3157 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49015747

S.S.. This has resulted in a renewed tourist enthusiasm to visit these countries. The imaging process involved a portrayal of conformity to the European paradigm, a projection of a safe and friendly environment, and the development of niche tourism products to attract visitors. These efforts have culminated in countries such as Hungary and Poland becoming very attractive tourist markets. This creates a favorable climate for hotel chain expansion.

In a writing that dates ten years later, Hughes and Allen (2009: 188) also indicate this. Factors in favor of CEE countries and the tourist demand for travel in these countries include their EU membership and associated publicity, as well as the above-mentioned increase of "Europeanness," as opposed to communism, in these countries. Indeed, Hungary and Poland ranked 15th and 17th respectively in the world when surveyed for their international tourist arrivals (Hughes and Allen, 2008). Croatia, Estonia, and Lithuania also showed…… [Read More]


Bartl, H (1999) The hotel market in the former Eastern Bloc -- An overview. Journal of Vacation Marketing, Vol 3, No 4. Internet  Accessed on 06/11/2010.

Chasan, E (2010) Extended Stay accepts Starwood reorganization bid. Reuters, 17 March. Internet Accessed on 06/11/2010.

De Lollis, B (2008) CEO Profile: Starwood, Van Paasschen both on the move. USA Today, 23 June. Internet Accessed on 06/11/2010.

Drohan, R and Foley, A (2009) Towards A Resource-Based View Of The Firm Perspective On Enhancing Customer Relationships In The Hotel Industry. Internet . Accessed on 06/11/2010
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Safe Sleep and Sleep Patterns for Children Under 18 Months

Words: 2311 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79125388

Infant Sleep Patterns

People sleep nearly one third of their lives and infants sleep significantly more than adults (Franken, Kopp, Landolt, & Luthi, 2009). The function of sleep has hypothesized by different researchers; however, surprisingly there is no general consensus as to what the function and purpose of sleep actually is. It is known that sleep deprivation can have some serious consequences, especially in infants. The reason for this is that growth cycles as well as other developmental and functional processes occur in both the brain and body during sleep (Franken et al., 2009). Since getting adequate sleep is vital in infants it is important to understand their sleeping needs and patterns. In order to understand how to establish safe sleep patterns for children less than 18 months of age is important to understand the stages of sleep, the hypothetical functions of sleep, and the needs of infants regarding sleep…… [Read More]


Carpenter, R., McGarvey, C., Mitchell, E.A., Tappin, D.M., Vennemann, M.M., Smuk, M.,

Carpenter, J.R. (2013). Bedsharing when parents do not smoke: Is there a risk of SIDS?

An individual level analysis of five major case-control studies. British Medical Journal Open, BMJ Open 2013;3:e002299. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002299

Franken, P., Kopp, C., Landolt, H.P., & Luthi, A. (2009). The functions of sleep. European Journal of Neuroscience, 29(9), 1739-1740.
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Lyme Disease Differential Diagnosis

Words: 1324 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32812087

Mr. Robinson is a 46-year-old man presenting with a four-day history of right ear pain. He described the pain as a constant, dull, burning pain radiating to the neck and face, associated with a feeling of congestion. The patient also stated that the right side of his face had felt numb for about one day.

Three days earlier, Mr. Robinson was seen by PCP, who told him that his ear looked normal and free of infection. The day before his current presentation, however, he noticed what he described as an "acne-like" rash on his ear lobe. Shortly before coming to the ED, the patient also developed numbness over his right upper lip, which he likened to the effects of procaine during a dental visit. He reported drooling from the right side of his mouth while drinking water and difficulty blinking his right eye.

He denied any tinnitus, fever, headache, or…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Blahd, W. (2015, May 27). Chronic Sinusitis. Retrieved from WebMD Symptom Checker:

CDC. (2015, March 4). Lyme Disease. Retrieved from Center for Disease Control and Prevention:

Kucherov, V. (2016). Ear Pimple. Retrieved from Heal Cure:

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2014, January 2). Ramsay Hunt Syndrome. Retrieved from Mayo Clinic:
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Patriot Act Throughout American History

Words: 3395 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25860760

The bill before me takes into account of the new realities and dangers posed by modern terrorists. It will help law enforcement to indentify, to dismantle, to disrupt and to punish terrorist before they strike." (Marcovitz, 2008) This is significant because it allows for the effective tracking of suspected terrorists activities. As a result, the overall quality and amount of intelligence gathered will allow law enforcement to determine what is taking place, before a tragedy occurs.

A third benefit of the Patriot Act is: it allows for improved coordination. A 2005 study conducted by the Justice Department showed that the Patriot Act helped intelligence / law enforcement officials to identify over 40 different terrorist organizations operating in the United States, they were able to successfully arrest 500 suspected terrorists with ties to different organizations around the world and a total of 57 people were convicted of raising money for terrorist…… [Read More]


Alarm Sounds and CIA Wakes Up in Nightmare Alley. (7 August 1977). NY Times, pg. E1.

Excerpts from Court Ruling on Justice Departments Broad Powers. (19 November 2002). NY Times., pg. A 19.

Warns of Dangers to Dams in West. (1943). NY Times, pg. 6.

Bhonsle, R. (2007). South Asian Security Trends. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers.
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Geriatric Right to Die the

Words: 2635 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10740441

One solution of this issue can be that the closest most guardians is given the permission and right to take the decision about the life of the patient who is not able to communicate or express his wish. The guardian who should be responsible to take this decision should be the one who will be having direct impact of the death of the patient.

Community & Health Care esolution

Different communities have varied opinions in regard to right to die for geriatric. Although few of the countries have legalized this matter and have given the right to patient to decide whether he wanted to live more or not, but still there are campaigns in those countries that do not support the way patients should be given death and is also considered another way of committing suicide. Communities think if the right is legalized it will give doctors the right do…… [Read More]


Gastmans C. & Lemiengre. J. (2007). Development and communication of written ethics policies on euthanasia in Catholic hospitals and nursing homes in Belgium (Flanders), Centre for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Faculty of Medicine, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium. Vol 63, Issue 1. pp 188 to 195, retrieved March 16, 2011 from

Kenny, R.W. (2007). An effect of communication on medical decision making: answerability, and the medically induced death of Paul Mills., Department of Public Relations, Mount Saint Vincent University. Vol 22, issue 1, pp. 69 -- 78, retrieved March 16, 2011 from

Lemiengre K. (2008). How do hospitals deal with euthanasia requests in Flanders (Belgium)? A content analysis of policy documents. Health Promotion/Education, retrieved March 16, 2011 from

Levett, C. (2011). Dying with dignity -- the case for end of life choices, Australian Nursing Journal, vol. 18, issue 8, pp. 48, retrieved March 16, 2011 from
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1950s Advertisment One of the

Words: 1646 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22259453

It is also interesting that, somewhat differently from the first advertisement, we are no longer looking for efficiency, productivity increase and lower costs. Since consumerism is the key to this advertisement, the word of order now is spending. This is why this is the "costliest process on Earth."

The three advertisement are very interesting, because, despite still reflecting well the period of time in which they were created, they are somewhat different. On one hand, we have a society that stresses the importance of higher productivity rates and lower costs to be able to face the current challenges. On the other hand, we have individuals simply enjoying their existence, despite the existent challenges.



2. May Tyler, Elaine. Homeward ound: American Families in the Cold War Era. asic ooks, 1990. Page 91.



May Tyler, Elaine. Homeward ound: American Families in the Cold War…… [Read More]



2. May Tyler, Elaine. Homeward Bound: American Families in the Cold War Era. Basic Books, 1990. Page 91.


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Inclusion of Students Diagnosed With

Words: 1470 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87036536

The academic and behavioral challenges presented by students with EBD affect the nature of their interactions with their teachers. Aggressive behavior patterns increase the likelihood that children will develop negative relationships with their teachers. Indeed, problematic relationships in kindergarten between students with behavior problems and teachers are associated with academic and behavioral problems through eighth grade. Henricsson and ydell (2004) report that poor teacher -- student relationships tend to be stable over time and have a negative effect on school adjustment. These problematic relationships with teachers may contribute to the documented low rates of positive teacher attention, such as academic interactions and teacher praise in classrooms for students with EBD. Teacher -- student interactions in classrooms for students with EBD have been described both in terms of negative reinforcement and as reflecting the transactional nature of social interchanges.

Students with and at risk for developing EBD are uniquely influenced by…… [Read More]


Cooley, E, L., Triemer & D.M. (2002, December) Classroom behavior and the ability to decode nonverbal cues in boys with severe emotional disturbance. Journal of social psychology. Vol. 142, Issue 6, 741-751. Retrieved November 19, 2011 from

Henricsson, L. & Rydell, A. (2004, April) Elementary scholl children with behavior problems: Teacher-child relationns and elf-perception. A prospective study. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly. Vol. 50, Issue 2, 111-138. Retrieved November 19, 2011 from

Lewis, T.J., Jones, S.E.L., Horner, R.H. & Sugai, G. (2010, April - June) School-wide positive behavior support and students with emotional/behavioral disorders: Implications for prevention, identification, and intervention. Exceptionality. Vol. 18, Issue 2, 82-93. Retrieved November 19, 2011, from

Solar, E. (2011, September/October). Prove them wrong. Teaching exceptional children. Vol. 44, Issue 1, 40-45. Retrieved November 19, 2011, from
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Parenting Co-Sleeping Has More Advantage

Words: 1257 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52363471

More Care Giving to Babies:

One of the biggest advantages of co sleeping is increase in breast feeding (McKenna, 1994; Richard et al., 1996). This is admitted even by the most conventional American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) that co-sleeping has the most advantage of breast feeding. According to the research, mothers who co-sleep breast feed an average of twice as long as non-co-sleeping mothers. Moreover, the act of sucking in breast feeding increases oxygen flow, which is useful for both baby's growth and immune functions (McKenna, 1994).

In addition, co-sleeping infants also get more notice and protective care. The studies have shown that mothers who co-sleep provides five times the number of care like as adjusting the baby's blanket, stroking or cuddling as compared to those mothers who were non-co sleepers (Mosko, 1997).

Long-Term Benefits of Co- Sleeping in Children as adults

Higher self-esteem:

Those boys who co-slept with their…… [Read More]

Works Cited

La Leche League International, Inc. (1997). The Womanly Art of Breastfeeding. (6th rev. ed.)

Schaumberg, IL: Author

Davies, L. (1995). Babies Co-sleeping with Parents. Midwives: Official Journal of the Royal

Heinig, M.J. (2000). Bed sharing and infant mortality: Guilt by association? Journal of Human
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Supplier Service Quality the Importance of Supplier

Words: 2583 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44346073

Supplier Service Quality


Suppliers are an integral part of the value chain as they provide the raw materials, components and parts that are needed to manufacture a finished product. Their strategic value in the value chain has traditionally been obscured because of lower visibility and poor specialization and integration among suppliers. Firms have traditionally put increasing pressure on suppliers to offer supplies at lower prices, frequently switching over to competing suppliers, thereby leading to the erosion of loyalty in the supplies market. On the other hand, newer approaches to supplier-buyer relationships have shed light on the impact of strategic supplier-buyer relationships on reduced time-to-market and enhanced quality for manufacturing firms.

The Role of Supplier Service to Business Success

With the development of a globalized economy that has made national and geographic boundaries irrelevant for competition, the importance of strategic supplier-buyer relationships has become recognized.…… [Read More]

Ad Straub, "Competence of Maintenance Service Suppliers Servicing End-Consumers," Construction Management & Economics, 28, no. 11 (2010): 1187-1195, 10.1080/01446193.2010.500672. (accessed August 20, 2012).

Ram Narasimhan, Sriram Narayanan, and Ravi Srinivasan, "Explicating the Mediating Role of Integrative Supply Management Practices in Strategic Outsourcing: A Case Study Analysis," International Journal of Production Research, 48, no. 2 (2010): 379-404, 10.1080/00207540903174916. (accessed August 20, 2012).

Fred Morgan, "Product liability obligations of component parts suppliers: JPP&M JPP&M JM & PP," Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, 18, no. 2 (1999): 189-96.
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Emotional Drivers of Consumer Toward Swarovskis Brand

Words: 5791 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39300258

Emotional Drivers Swarovski

The motives behind consumer decisions to purchase luxury brands like Swarovski have been studied in a number of researches. The general findings of these studies have been that these motives are largely emotional, and that they are evolving as the composition of the luxury market segment changes. De Mooij (2005) defines emotion as an "interaction between cognition and physiology." The characteristics of emotion that or of greater concern to luxury brand managers are that emotions are learned and that they vary from culture to culture.

The mode of expression of emotion also varies by culture. In capitalistic societies, consumption has evolved into a unique mode of expression of self-satisfaction, self-esteem and self-pleasures. These buying motives shape the perceptions of various brands among consumers, along with brand loyalty and brand image. De Mooij (2005, p. 116) explains luxury brand buying motives in terms of collectivism/individualism and masculinity/feminism. Conformance…… [Read More]


Chevalier, M., & Mazzalovo, G. 2008. Luxury Brand Management. John Wiley & Sons.

De Mooij, M. 2005. Global Marketing and Advertising. Sage Publications, Inc.

Fionda, A.M., & Moore, C.M. 2009. The Anatomy of the Luxury Fashion Brand. Journal of Brand Management, 16(5/6), 347-363. doi.10.1057/bm.2008.45.

Fog, K., Budtz, C., Munch, P., & Blanchette, S. 2010. Storytelling: Branding in Practice. 2nd ed. Springer.
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Sexual Liberation in Addition to Sexual Intercourse

Words: 1334 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51575450

Sexual Liberation

In addition to sexual intercourse and its variations, sexual liberation refers to the universe of human issues affecting all genders. America was propelled from the sexual enslavement of the 1950's to considerably increased sexual liberation of the 1980's and beyond. Two significant events of the 1960's that contributed to sexual liberation were the FDA approval of The Pill and the birth of the omen's Liberation Movement.

Sexual Suppression of the 1950's

An examination of liberation should begin with the sexual slavery of the 1950's. By current standards, sexual suppression was a numbing fact of 1950's America, particularly for women. For example, the legendary "Good ife's Guide" (Housekeeping Monthly, 1955) spouts standards that are otherworldly by today's norms. Perhaps its most oppressive statement is "A good wife always knows her place" (Housekeeping Monthly, 1955), though the guide serves up plenty of other now-hilarious goodies. "Assisting" housebound married women in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dekkers, O. (1971, December 12). National Women's political caucus. Retrieved on June 15, 2012 from Web site:

Henry, A. (1978, February 28). Reproductive thinking. Retrieved on June 15, 2012 from Web site:

Housekeeping Monthly. (1955, May 13). The Good Wife's Guide. Retrieved on June 15, 2012 from Web site:

Jansen, L. (1979, September 30). National women's political caucus convention. Retrieved on June 15, 2012 from Web site:
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Olmec Ancient Civilization

Words: 6598 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83782582


4. Social and Political Life

There is a general paucity of information about the actual societal and political structure of the Olmec. While there is not much evidence to build a comprehensive picture of the daily and social life of these people, there is enough available data from certain archeological sites to provide some reasonable speculations.

One of the assumptions that is derived from the excavation of sites at San Lorenzo and then at La Venta is that the society was very centralized. This in turn has led to the view that the society was highly structured, with a hierarchical basis of order and class stratification. This also implies the existence of a ruling elite and a system of power and control, which was possibly based on religious beliefs. This view of the structure of the society is summarized as follows: "Olmec society was & #8230;highly centralized, with a…… [Read More]


Griffin Gillett G., the Olmec World: Ritual and Rulership, / (accessed 8 November, 2010).

Jones, David M. Mythology of the Aztecs and Maya, New York: Lorenz, 2007.

Lemonick M.D., Mystery of the Olmec,( Time Magazine, July 1, 1996, Volume 148, No.
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Prenatal Care and Health Care

Words: 8616 Length: 32 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42857868

In the twenty-first century, women should have easy access to available resources to assist them in their pregnancy. In addition, available technology to detect difficulties during pregnancies is widespread in the medical field; however, disadvantaged women in Atlanta, Georgia do not benefit from these resources. Each year, maternal care expands in resources and knowledge. Equipped physicians can diagnose birth defects long before a mother gives birth. Absurdly, poor twenty-first century mothers in Atlanta lack access to this prenatal care, which would play a vital role in the reduction of infant mortality. Without prenatal care, mothers endanger not only their lives but also the lives of their unborn infants." (2005) proposed solution provision of adequate access to prenatal care for women in Atlanta by the Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and local hospitals has been stated for free monthly screening however this provision will depend on the ability of groups in Atlanta…… [Read More]


Allan M. Brandt (1985) "Racism and Research: The Case of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study," in Judith Walzer Leavitt and Ronald L. Numbers, eds., Sickness and Health in America; Readings in die History of Medicine and Public Health, second edition, revised (Madison, 1985), 331.

Ashman, Rene L. (2005) Infant Mortality Rates and Financial Stability. Pace University - DigitalCommons. Online available at

Bandura, a. "Human agency in social cognitive theory," American Psychologist (44), 1989, pp. 1175-1184.

Bandura, a. "Self-Efficacy: Toward a Unifying Theory of Behavioral Change," Psychology Review (84), 1977, pp. 191-215.
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Movies Ratings Television Shows Ratings Currently Area

Words: 1449 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8288243

movies atings television shows atings. Cuently aea numbe shows television potaying negative aspects ace, class gende. Fo, show "Family Guy" a show played "pimetime" mateials show "kid-fiendly.

Watching Toy Stoy is likely to influence many adults to believe that it would be wong fo them to allow thei childen to view the animated comedy. I believe that it is wong fo the Motion Pictue Association of Ameica film ating system to povide it with a G. ating, taking into account the violent scenes that the animation contains. Andy's next-doo neighbo, Sid, is a hoible peson and he is obsessed with mutilating toys. While it would be pefectly nomal fo childen to occasionally beak toys, an individual who wants to mutilate toys and who ceates mutant toys consequent to doing so is actually deanged.

Poviding childen with the image of a deanged individual is pobable to have a negative effect on…… [Read More]

references and profanity, but violence is practically absent and adolescents are shown in ways that are characteristic to teenagers in general.

This film has an inappropriate rating and it should have been provided with an R. rating or even with a PG-13 rating. By labeling it NC-17, the Motion Picture Association of America virtually fails to acknowledge that teenagers are capable of putting across behaviors that are not socially acceptable. The reality is that many teenagers are likely to identify with characters in the film and that the most activities shown are actually perfectly normal for teenagers.

The chart is meant to emphasize the rating that each film should be provided with when concerning particular aspects like violence, sexuality, and drug use:

2 stands for G -- general audience

4 stands for PG -- parental guidance suggested
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Hospital Management Concepts Great Lake Memorial Hospital

Words: 1132 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11005881

Hospital Management Concepts

Great Lake Memorial Hospital has just entered into a five-year contract with Springville General Hospital to deliver quality care without duplication of services. e now have a new CEO who will be meeting with a current CEO. Dan Smith, the new CEO, has certain management options for dealing with inevitable key problems arising from merger. In addition, the CEO of Springville General Hospital must deal with inevitable issues arising from merger. Both CEOs will also require the cooperation of their hospitals' Board of Trustees and Medical Directors to ensure a smooth transition and consolidation of resources.

The key problems that Mr. Dan Smith will be Facing in his New Role

hile a change in CEOs does not affect hospital performance per se (Li-Ping Tang & Timmer, 2008, p. 11), Dan Smith must deal with the large issues involved in mergers and acquisitions. Fundamentally, he must establish a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bellou, V., & Thanopoulos, J. (2006). Enhacing service quality in a hospital setting. Retrieved on May 20, 2012 from Web site:

Choi, S., & Brommels, M. (2009). Logics of pre-merger decision-making. Retrieved on May 20, 2012 from Web site:

Groff, J.E., Lein, D., & Su, J. (2007). Measuring efficiency gains from hospital mergers. Retrieved on May 20, 2012 from Web site:

Li-Ping Tang, T., & Timmer, L.S. (2008). All in the name of change: Effects of organizational change on performance measures of customer service in the health care industry. Retrieved on May 20, 2012 from Web site:
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Accounting Systems Their Tradeoffs and Discusses the

Words: 936 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32923663

accounting systems, their tradeoffs, and discusses the differences between countries in their approaches.

Each of the cost accounting systems discussed in the articles accomplishes some management goals better than other systems, but there are tradeoffs involved with each. Different nations approach their cost accounting systems differently due at least in part to differences within cultures. For instance, GP is more suited to countries where the culture is one of uncertainty avoidance, one of the five dimensions of Hofstede's taxonomy. GP offers the most uncertainty avoidance because there is relatively little ambiguity in the assignment of costs; GP is characterized by narrowly defined cost centers and strict cost center criteria. Cultures such as Germany's are characterized by a management environment that includes highly skilled workers and technical expertise among managers. This is in contrast to the U.S. where workers tend to have more generalist skill sets and managers have been educated…… [Read More]

Krumwiede, Kip & Suessmair, Augustin, (2008). A closer look at German cost accounting methods: a survey of the cost management systems used by companies in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. Management Accounting Quarterly. Retrieved July 26, 2010, from bxcra.2.a.55

Lockhart, Julie & Taylor, Audrey, (2007). Environmental considerations in product mix decisions using ABC and TOC. Management Accounting Quarterly.

Portz, K. & Lere, J.C. 2010. Cost Center Practices in Germany and the United States: Impact of Country Differences on Managerial Accounting Practices. American Journal of Business. Muncie: Spring, 2010. Vol. 25, Iss. 1; pg. 45.
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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Words: 1172 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38822122

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. The articles explore separate studies about the topic. The author of this work discusses various aspects of each article and their merit. There were two sources used to complete this paper.

Each year in America thousands of parents walk into their infants room and discover that the child has died from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. The tragedy shocks and baffles the medical community as it continues to search for answers not only to what causes the syndrome but also what parents can do to reduce the risk of it striking their child. Studies around the globe have been conducted to this end with mixed results.

The determination of factors that influence the existence of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is vital to the ability to stop its occurrence.

Study one

The first study examined whether the temperament of an infant has a bearing on whether that child…… [Read More]


Temperament ratings do not predict arousability in normal infants and infants at increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome. (Original Articles).

Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics; 10/1/2002; Adamson, T. Michael

Cosleeping in young Korean children.

Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics; 6/1/2002; Hahn, Hong-Moo
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Analyzing State Healthcare Database for Research and Analysis

Words: 707 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47130268

Healthcare Database for esearch and Analysis

South Carolina is amongst states that take part in the Health Cost and Utilization Program (HCUP). Sandra Kelly, the person to contact regarding all matters pertaining to the program is the Operations Manager in the Demographics and Health department. The evenue and Fiscal Affairs of South Carolina under which it operates is situated on 1919, Blanding Street in Colombia, SC 29201. (803) *** is her phone number and (803) *** her fax number. One can also contact her online through Sandra.- --, her official email-id. The data from South Carolina entails stays by inpatients from hospitals offering care for acute health. The data recorded from the hospitals does not cover a whole calendar year as some experience technical defects (SID File Composition - South Carolina, n.d.), while others close at some point in the year.

The HCUP is the state's main source of gathering…… [Read More]


Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). (n.d). Retrieved July 10, 2016, from

HCUP Partners. (n.d.). Retrieved July 10, 2016, from

SID File Composition - South Carolina. (n.d.). Retrieved July 10, 2016, from
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Gestational Surrogacy Even Though it

Words: 2181 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56425393

A also consider that a proper legislation should protect the surrogate mother, in order to avoid situations in which her rights would not be respected. Therefore, she should be paid her medical expenses and, as a sort of benefit for her act, she should be granted a free medical insurance and the right to free medical analyses. Moreover, the legislation should stipulate that the surrogate mother should be of the same nationality - American in this case - as the future parents, in order to avoid situations as those which occurred in the Indian women case, who have thought to have been abused, a thing they have accepted because of their poor material status.

All in all, it seems that gestational surrogacy is not among the best surrogacy practice, and this is because of the ethnic, legal and cultural misunderstandings it might generate. In addition, I consider it should be…… [Read More]


Ciccarrelli, John K., and Janice C. Ciccarrelli. "The Legal Aspects of Parental Rights in Assisted." Journal of Social Issues 61 (2005): 127-137. Tufts Library. 17 Mar. 2007.

Baker, Brenda M. "A Case for Permitting Altruistic Surrogacy." Hypatia. Bloomington 11.2 (1996): 34. Alt-Press Watch. Tufts Library. 17 Mar. 2007. tId=28972&RQT=309&VName=PQD>.

Ciccarrelli, Janice C., and Linda J. Beckman. "Navigating Rough Waters: an Overview of Psychological Aspects of Surrogacy." Journal of Social Issues 61 (2005): 21-43. Tufts Library. 17 Mar. 2007.

Douglas, Carol Anne. "Women as Wombs." Off Our Backs Jan. 1994: 12. Alt-Press Watch. Tufts Library. 17 Mar. 2007, at
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Tom Sawyer Chapter Exegesis Scene

Words: 994 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47141769

Fighting fair, Tom still shines despite his aggression, particularly in light of Alfred's cowardly stone throwing when Tom's back is turned.


This first chapter in Tom's adventures is of cleverly constructed form; sharing all key elements needed to know in order to follow the story, identify with the protagonist, despise the multiple antagonists, and fondly recognize the doddering aunt as a 'straight man' to Tom's antics. The reader is immediately engaged in the story because Twain's style opens with dialog - known as a 'hook' in publishing parlance. The reader is instantly curious; why is this person named Tom being so vocally pursued? Who is doing the shouting? Why is this Tom character not responding?

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is a snapshot of reality with which all readers can identify; it is not necessary to live in the backwaters of Mississippi to recognize sincere affection and security, sneaky…… [Read More]

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Gw Bush Less Than Six

Words: 1386 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42547438

hen a president of the United States begins incorporating religious rhetoric into his speeches, alarm bells must sound. hen that same president allocates taxpayer monies to religious groups, then citizens should be experiencing widespread panic.

Bush's No Child Left Behind Act is no less frightening than the faith-based initiative. Hiding behind good intentions, the No Child Left Behind Act fails to take into account a major factor: reality. Jim Donlevy notes, "It simply is not reasonable to continue to identify thousands of failing schools throughout the United States and then to see through to completion the sanctions written into the Act." The Act includes provisions for annual testing for schools, with progress requirements in core subjects such as English, math and science. "The idea is to be sure that all students are learning at higher standards," (Donlevy). However, the Act demands too much too soon. Forcing some schools to shut…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anders, Christopher E. 2001. They must remain separate. The World & I. Washington: Jul 2001.Vol.16, Iss. 7; pg. 55

Dobbins, James. 2005. Iraq: Winning the Unwinnable War. Foreign Affairs. New York: Jan/Feb 2005.Vol.84, Iss. 1; pg. 16

Donlevy, Jim. 2003. Teachers, Technology and Training: No Child Left Behind: Failing Schools and Future Directions. International Journal of Instructional Media. New York: 2003.Vol.30, Iss. 4; pg. 335, 4 pages

Patterson, Thomas E. We the People. 5th edition. McGraw-Hill.
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T Boone Pickins My Case for Reagan 1984

Words: 972 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99371043

Boone Pickins, My Case for Reagan (1984)

Boone Pickins, "My Case for Reagan" 1984

During the 1980 presidential campaign Republican Ronald Reagan suggested that Americans ask themselves whether or not they better off financially than they were four years earlier, at the beginning of President Jimmy Carter's administration. This became a key issue in the 1984 presidential campaign when President Reagan sought another four years in the hite House. Even though there was a recession during 1982 Reagan won a landslide victory over the Democratic nominee alter Mondale.

The economy was a key issue in the 1984 presidential race because the Reagan Administration's policy of cutting taxes and reducing spending on social programs were much more beneficial to some segments of American society than others. Businessman T. Boone Pickins made a case for the reelection of Reagan based on the economic conditions of the time. Pickins argued that more than…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Abramowitz, Alan L., David J. Lanoue and Subha Ramesh. "Economic Conditions, Casual Attributions, and Political Evaluations in the 1984 Presidential Election." Journal of Politics. Vol. 50, Issue 4. November 1988: 848- 863. 7 May 2012.

Kinder, Donald R., Gordon S. Adams and Paul W. Gronke. "Economics and Politics in the 1984 Presidential Election." American Journal of Political Science. Vol. 33, No. 2. May 1989: 491- 515. 7 May 2012.

Pickins, T.B. My Case for Reagan. (1984). 7 May 2012.

Qualls, John H. "Outlook for 1984: Politcal Economicsin an Election Year." Vital Speeches of the Day. Vol. 50, Issue 10. 1 March 1984: 314-317. 7 May 2012.
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Health Care Environment That Impacts the Nursing

Words: 1135 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59470988

Health Care Environment that Impacts the Nursing Profession

Natural Disasters

The objective of this work in writing is to examine the issue of natural environment in terms of impacts on the nursing profession in the health care environment. Questions answered in this study include the question of what steps should the nursing profession take to prepare the profession for provision of health care during natural disasters.

It is the opinion of the writer of this work that special preparations should be undertaken by those in the nursing profession to prepare them to properly assist those in the health care environment seeking treatment during such as natural disasters.

rief Outline

Following this section in this study will be a brief introduction followed by a literature review in this area of study and next following will be an analysis of the information reviewed and then stated will be a conclusion to the…… [Read More]


Global Relief Efforts in Natural Disasters (2010) Canadian Nursing Student's Association. Jan 2010. Retrieved from:

Olivia, F. et al. (2009) Nurses' Perception of Disaster: Implications for Disaster Nursing Curriculum. Nurse Education. Journal of Clinical Nursing 15, Nov. 2009. Retrieved from:

Public Health -- Community Health Nursing Practice in Canada: Roles and Activities (2010) Canadian Public Health Association. 2010. Retrieved from: 

Sebastian, SV (2003) Resiliency of Accomplished Critical Care Nurses in a Natural Disaster. Clinical Article. 1 Oct 2003. Vo. 23, No. 5. Critical Care Nurse. Retrieved from:
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Educational Philosophies Richard D Mosier

Words: 1516 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61437982

Synthesize traditional and progressive education for today's students. Education digest. Vol. 68, Issue 7, 4-8. etrieved January 17, 2011, from:

Cohen, L.M. & Gelbrich, J. (1999). Philosophical perspectives in education. Oregon State University, School of Education. etrieved January 17, 2011, from:

Moser, .D. (1951, July). The educational philopophy of William T. Harris. Peabody Journal of education. Vol. 29, No. 1, 14-33 etrieved January 17, 2011, from http://www. Jstor, org/stable/1489104

Nehring, J.H. (2006, February 1). Progressive vs. traditional: eframing an old debate. Education week. Vol. 25, Issue 21, 32-33. etrieved January 17, 2011, from:

Neil, J. (2005, January). John Dewey: Philosophy of education. Experimental learning. etrieved January 17, 2011, from

Sternberg, J., & Zhang, L. (2005, Summer). Styles of thinking as a basis of differntiated instruction. Theory into practice, 44(3), 245-253. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. etrieved January 17, 2011, from:… [Read More]


Ackerman, D.B. (2003, March). Synthesize traditional and progressive education for today's students. Education digest. Vol. 68, Issue 7, 4-8. Retrieved January 17, 2011, from:

Cohen, L.M. & Gelbrich, J. (1999). Philosophical perspectives in education. Oregon State University, School of Education. Retrieved January 17, 2011, from: 

Moser, R.D. (1951, July). The educational philopophy of William T. Harris. Peabody Journal of education. Vol. 29, No. 1, 14-33 Retrieved January 17, 2011, from http://www. Jstor, org/stable/1489104

Nehring, J.H. (2006, February 1). Progressive vs. traditional: Reframing an old debate. Education week. Vol. 25, Issue 21, 32-33. Retrieved January 17, 2011, from:
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New Education the Current Crisis

Words: 2519 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67813096

esearch was the first to feel the effects. The shift in the material base of the university leaves the humanities entirely out in the cold. Corporations don't earmark donations for the humanities because our research culture is both self-contained and absurd. Essentially, we give the copyrights of our scholarly articles and monographs to university presses, and then buy them back, or demand that our libraries buy them back, at exorbitant markups. And then no one reads them. The current tenure system obliges us all to be producers of those things, but there are no consumers." (Donoghue 2008)

The idea in education is one of operating as a business. The academic partners within the university setting are essentially in competition with one another for funding and other resources. If the students with stellar marks from certain departments are highly recruited by business and academia, the department is heralded and viewed upon…… [Read More]


Bassett J. 2008. The Future of Humanities Education, or Ahab and His Humanities.. Interdisciplinary Humanities. Retrieved January from:

Bell D. 2010. Reimaging the Humanities. Proposals for a New Century. Dissent (00129846) Retrieved January from:

Pokrovskii N.E., 2007. What Is Happening to Humanities Education? Russian Education & Society. Retrieved January from:

Woodward K. 1980. The Humanities Crisis. Newsweek. Retrieved January from:,1&docsInCategory=11&csi=5774&docNo=3
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Hurd Undertook in Order to

Words: 982 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58674259

The tactics that HP adopted were congruent with the company's strategy. HP wanted to continue to thrive as a mass market differentiated player. The firm's industries -- PCs, servers and more -- had become commoditized, but HP realized that its brand still had value as a premium product. Part of that recognition has allowed it to move into China, where no-name brands are common and local brands dominate the market. HP realized that its brand was strong enough to enter that market despite the challenges.

HP also realized that the matrix structure was inappropriate for the company. Its businesses rely on innovation and marketing in order for the company to thrive. As a result, the company needs a streamlined organizational structure with direct lines of communication and accountability. This will focus managers on results, including innovation and cost control. The company always had the talent to succeed -- such as…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Burrows, P. (2005). HP Says Goodbye to Drama. Business Week, New York, September 12, 2005, Issue 3950,-Page 83-86

Burrows, P. HP's Ultimate Team Player (2006). Business Week. New York: Jan 30, 2006, Issue 3969,-Page 76

Einhorn, B., Kharif, O., Roberts, D. (2007). Grudge Match in China; HP and Dell are exporting their rivalry and starting to challenge Lenovo. Business Week. New York. April 2, 2007, Issue 4028,-page 42.
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Red Tides on the Gulf

Words: 3219 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19411407

brevis blooms are not a new phenomenon, and fish kills that result from red tides caused by K. brevis in the Gulf of Mexico have been described in the scientific literature since 1960 or so and have been reported anecdotally for more than two centuries (Naar et al. 2002). In this regard, Backer and her associates (2005) emphasize that, "The human health effects from consuming shellfish with high concentrations of brevetoxins in their tissues have been well documented. However, there is very little information describing human health effects from environmental exposures. It is ironic that we know the least about the aspects of the Florida red tide problem that poses the greatest public health hazard in terms of number of people affected" (645). Today, K. brevis blooms are monitored closely in order to mitigate the foregoing health hazards that are related to the consumption of shellfish and shellfish harvesting is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Aguirre, A. Alonso, Richard S. Ostfeld, Gary M. Tabor, Carol House and Mary C. Pearl.

Conservation Medicine: Ecological Health in Practice. New York: Oxford University

Press, 2002.

Backer, Lorraine C., Barbara Kirkpatrick, Lora E. Fleming, Yung Sung Cheng, Richard Pierce,
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Guild of America Wga Strike

Words: 2160 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56847699

As USA Today's Bill Keveney recently noted, "The broadcast networks [are airing] fewer than 20 live-action, 30-minute sitcoms, about half as many as five seasons ago.... No sitcom has finished in the top 10 since 'Everybody Loves aymond' in 2005." (Dumenco 2007, NP)

This may lead some to conclude that the writer's strike will actually have less of an effect on the industry than expected, because so much of their work has been replaced by primetime reality television offerings and therefore when they are not working there is always something else to watch. Again, this remains to be seen, as there are still many diehard fans who would rather continue to watch sitcoms and television news broadcasts, though trends show that even these venues are dying off as more and more people seek their news from the ala cart news offerings of the internet. In short it can be argued…… [Read More]


Cooper, M. (2001, April 2). Residual Anger: Hollywood Unions on the Brink.

The Nation, 272, 22.

Dumenco, S. Cheap laughs take bite out of network comedy's bottom line. (November, 12, 2007) Advertising Age, 78, 45 NP Retrieved from Database Business Search Premier:
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Hour vs 8-Hour Work Shifts the Effect

Words: 1008 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29195111

Hour vs. 8-Hour Work Shifts

The Effect of 12 Hour vs. 8-Hour Work Shifts on Health Care in Intensive Care Units

Critical care areas, such as intensive care units (ICUs), may be very demanding and challenging places to work. ICU's are typically populated by very highly dependent patients. This work requires an increased staff to patient ratio, entails periods of high activity, the use of advanced equipment, and the need for multiple and significant decision-making situations. Since the late 1980s, the conventional shift work pattern of 8 hours has been increasingly re-engineered into the 12-hour shift pattern meaning nurses work longer, but fewer shifts. esearch has been conducted on 12-hour shifts for nurses since this practice began, however consensus on the effects of this practice on healthcare and the individuals involved is still highly contentious and problematic.


In general terms, the best kind of shift system to promote maximum…… [Read More]


McGettrick, K.S. & O'Neill, M.A. (2006, July/August). Critical care nurses -- perceptions of 12-h shifts. Nursing in critical care. Vol. 11, Issue 4, 188-197. Retrieved July 14, 2011 from

Richardson, A., Turnock, C., Harris, l., Finley, A., & Carson, S. (2007, November). A study examining the impact of 12-hour shifts on critical care staff. Journal of nursing management, Vol. 15, Issue 8, 838-846. Retrieved July 14, 2011 from

Rossen, B.R. & Fegan, M.A. (2009, Jan/Feb). Eight or twelve-hour shifts: What nursing students prefer. Nursing Education perspectives, Vol. 30, Issue 1, 40-43. Retrieved July 14, 2011 from
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Laptop Implementation Program - Action Plan Ideal

Words: 3072 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80239141

Laptop Implementation Program - Action Plan

Ideal Classroom

The ideal school in the modern era of global education evokes dynamic and progressive thought to what exactly enables a student population to excel and succeed in life's endeavors. Truly, this is central to any discussion regarding educational reformation via school and classroom development. The critical component to these decisions is inherent to the leadership at the school to understand that, according to Cause & Chen, "the children's active use of technology in making decisions, technology resources in writing and drawing, and logical thinking programs to solve problems and illustrate ideas." (Cause, Chen, 2010)

The ideal school will therefore target the way young children learn and teach accordingly. According to Cause & Chen, an appropriate method to educate the young is to "offer pictures and sounds to support the natural ways that young children learn." (Cause, Chen, 2010) The importance of vision…… [Read More]


Katie Ash. (2010, March). Building on a Decade of 1-to-1 Lessons: Sustaining a laptop program at a middle school in Michigan requires a wireless vision and parent purchasing power.. Education Week, 29(26), 12, 14, 15. Retrieved December 20, 2010, from Research Library. (Document ID: 2030552671).

Cause, L., & Chen, D.. (2010). A Tablet Computer for Young Children? Exploring Its Viability for Early Childhood Education. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 43(1), 75-98. Retrieved December 20, 2010, from Research Library. (Document ID: 2134707481).

Dawson, K., Cavanaugh, C., & Ritzhaupt, A.. (2008). Florida's EETT Leveraging Laptops Initiative and Its Impact on Teaching Practices. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 41(2), 143-159. Retrieved December 20, 2010, from Research Library. (Document ID: 1609084841).

Chris Kieffer. (15 September). Tupelo hopes to expand school laptop use. McClatchy - Tribune Business News,***[insert pages]***. Retrieved December 20, 2010, from ABI/INFORM Dateline. (Document ID: 1859409821).
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Continental Airline Has Evolved as

Words: 1743 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52104578

Continental recovered from each event in good time and generated overall benefits worth tens of millions of dollars. ("Continental Airlines wins INFOMS best practices award," 2002, website)

The company has managed against great odds to continue to serve customers, some would say even more effectively than previous to the 2001 disaster, even recently expanding services. (FACTS: A Quarterly Digest of Interesting Information from Continental Airlines 4th Quarter 2004) Though, in the past the Continental has made significant contributions to charities and needy organizations, at this time of economic hardship within the aviation industry in general the company has suspended accepting applications for sponsorships they hope to resume in the near future. ("Continental Airlines: Community Service" website) the historical commitment to community service and customer relationships shows the marketing tactics of Continental Airlines to be some of the best in the world, and current conservation shows the companies ability to weather…… [Read More]


Continental Airlines wins INFORMS best practices award," 2002, website) 

Continental Airlines: Community Service"

1 CF7D48546C68E6E7C6F95C28895

Continental Airlines / Travel Center / Make Reservations"
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E-Business Model

Words: 1877 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54121765


Websites and eBusiness Models: A Comparison of Three Organizations

The features and functions of a website are a reflection of the purpose of that website. In turn, this is a function of the business model. This will now be shown by comparing the websites of three companies: eBay, Lands' End, and Ecolab. For each website, the target audience will be described, the website will be described, and the features of the website will be linked to the business model.

The eBay website is an online bidding site, where the general public can bid to purchase items from sellers. These sellers can either be other members of the general public or can also be retailers. The eBay website has two target audiences. Firstly, there are the consumers bidding on items to purchase them. Secondly, there are the sellers, with eBay needing to attract sellers so that consumers can find items…… [Read More]


Campanelli, M. (2005). Sharing the Wealth: Want to Get a Piece of the eBay Pie? Joining its Affiliate Program can be a Good Way to do Just That. Retrieved May 30, 2005, from Entrepreneur. Web site:,4621,319519,00.html

eBay. (2005). The Company. Retrieved May 30, 2005, from eBay. Web site:

Ecolab. (2005). Company Profile. Retrieved May 30, 2005, from Ecolab. Web site:

Lands' End. (2005). About Lands' End. Retrieved May 30, 2005, from Lands' End. Web site:,,1_36877_36883_37027____,00.html?refer=@2Fcd@2Flanding@2F0@2C@2CnewCoidInd@3Dy@3AstoreNum@3D1@3AnavColor@3D1@3Atabs1Sel@3Dn@3Atabs2Sel@3Dn@3Atabs2StructNum@3D57657@3AmidNavDisp@3Dn@2C00@2Ben@2DUSS@5F01DBC@2Ehtml& sid=6114120827695142630
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Income Gap Hurricane Katrina Stuck

Words: 1621 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64551210

For instance we can take the examples of African-Americans, the events and issues show that some ethnic groups had to struggle hard to stay ahead in the social fabric of American society.


The living conditions of poor and middle segment of the society are main indicators of the health of economy and income distribution. While in developing nations the plight of the poor and even middle segments of society is well-known. Developed nation like United States have not been associated with poverty and the poor treatment of certain segments of society. Recent event have made people argue that over the years issues of poverty and unequal income distribution have hit America in a big way. These issues now can not be brushed under the carpet as the issues are being debated at all forums. People have accepted the grim fact that Income gap exists in American Society and these…… [Read More]


Dovring, F. Inequality: The Political Economy of Income Distribution. Praeger Publishers. New York. 1991.

Kristof. N. The Larger Shame. New York Times. Sep 6,2005

Ryscavage, P. Sharpe. Income Inequality in America: An Analysis of Trends M.E. Sharpe. New York, 1999.

Scott, J. & Leonhardt, D. Class in America: Shadowy Lines That Still Divide; CLASS MATTERS. New York Times. May 15, 2005.
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Uniform Crime Reporting UCR Is a Program

Words: 3052 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39110809

Uniform Crime eporting (UC) is a program that was initiated by the International Association of Chiefs of Police in 1929 in order to provide a reliable and uniform crime statistics for the country. Generally, this program is a cooperative initiative for city, state, county, tribal, and federal law enforcement agencies to provide a country-wide perspective of crime. These agencies basically participate in the program through the provision of summarized reports on several crimes that are known to law enforcement and information regarding arrested people. In addition, these agencies also give reports on the assaulted and killed law enforcement officers as well as information on hate crime.

In most cases, these law enforcement agencies provide the crime reports every month to a common crime records facility within their respective state. Through uniform crime definitions, the state's UC Program transfers the information to the national UC Program in the Federal Bureau of…… [Read More]


Banas, D.W. & Trojanowicz, R.C. (n.d.). Uniform Crime Reporting and Community Policing:

An Historical Perspective. Retrieved from The National Center for Community Policing -- Michigan State University website:

"Crime." (2010). Academic Search Premier. World Almanac & Book of Facts, 123-132.

Retrieved from
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Nuclear Decommissioning Authority Case Study Analysis Hoover

Words: 2440 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70150339

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority: Case Study Analysis

Hoover Dam

The objective of this study is to conduct research and provide a case study of a human-made system and to report on that system. This work will cover technical and operational details and relate these case study specifics to the course content.

It was reported in April 2006 that the United Kingdom had established the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) and that this agency had set out its strategy on how it would address historic nuclear installations in terms of the cleanup and decommissioning of those sites, which includes 20 civil nuclear sites. (Nuclear Engineering, 2006) The strategy was reported to state key principles that included the "accelerated decommissioning wherever feasible and a schedule to create a strong competitive market that aims to achieve value-for-money for the taxpayer." (Nuclear Engineering, 2006) The publication makes identification of increases that are significant in nature of…… [Read More]


Current Dam Decommissioning Activities: The Importance of Making Connections. Dam Decommissioning Workshop, Traverse City, MI. April 2006. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Retrieved from:

Chapter 8 Dam Decommissioning and Sediment Management. Retrieved from:

McCully, P. (1996) Getting Old: Dam Ageing and Decommissioning International Rivers. Excerpt from Silenced Rivers: The Ecology and Politics of Large Dams, Zed Books, London, 1996. Retrieved from:

Pacca, Sergio (2007) Impacts from Decommissioning of hydroelectric dams: a lifecycle perspective. Climatic Change (2007) 84:281 -- 294. Retrieved from:
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Microeconomics Over the Last Few Years it

Words: 2027 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52668040


Over the last few years, it is evident that the airline industry in the U.S. has been experiencing long standing as well as novel challenges (The American Antitrust Institute, 2012). These includes the increase in the price of fuel, slowing demand for air travel and pressures to expand globally. Consolidation among various airlines across the country is the most common remedy that most of the airline firms are applying.

In April 2012, the U.S. Airways made an announcement to move and take over the American Airlines. American airline is the fourth largest airline in the United States while U.S. Airways is the fifth (Plane Buzz, 2013). This merger, therefore, will make the U.S. Airways- American the largest in the United States with a combined share of more than 21% (The American Antitrust Institute, 2012).

The merger is worth 11 billion U.S. dollars and will turn America into the largest…… [Read More]


Carlton, D.W., Landes, W.M. & Posner, R.A 1980 'Benefits and Costs of airline mergers, The

Bell Journal of Economics, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 65-83

Retrieved from

Raper, K.C, Love, A.H. & Shumway, R.C 2007, Distinguishing the Source of Market Power, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 89, No. 1 (Feb., 2007), pp. 78-90 Retrieved from
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Marketing Forces and Diversification

Words: 1062 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83690271

Marketing Forces and Diversification

As American society becomes increasingly ethnically diverse through immigration, relocation, birth rates and other factors, our hospitals must hone their sensitivity to resulting changes in community health needs. In addition, rigorous competition among hospitals requires sensitive, targeted marketing strategies attractive to diverse populations. An excellent example of responsive marketing and health care is given in Noonan's and Savolaine's article. The intelligence and success of the subject community hospital's approach shows that at least a hybrid of its approach should be followed in marketing to and serving a hospital's community.

Analysis with Noonan and Savolaine Article as the Focus

Thoughts about the Market Orientation of the Community Hospital

Focusing on Noonan and Savolaine article's examination of marketing obstetrical services in a diverse Midwestern market, the community hospital showed considerable wisdom in closely examining its prospective patient population by reviewing discharge data for obstetrical patients and asking doctors…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anonymous. (2011, February 16). Nationwide, interactive community need maps guide community health planning. Retrieved on May 28, 2012 from Web site:

Eastaugh, S.R. (2008, May 15). Diversification in the hospital industry. Retrieved on May 28, 2012 from Web site:

Noonan, M.D., & Savolaine, R. (2001). A neighborhood of nations. Retrieved on May 28, 2012 from Web site:
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Maryland Schools and NCLB

Words: 2893 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93901945

No Child Left ehind

Letter of Transmittal

Impact of NCL on Maryland School Systems

Request for specified action

Federal and State Restructuring Options

Maryland State School Improvement Grant udget Application,

Allowable and Non-Allowable Expenditures

No Child Left ehind (NCL) is the re-embodiment of President Lyndon Johnson's Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA). The primary purpose was to raise the standard of education and bridge educational boundaries. NEA certainly supports these aims and works solely in order to provide children equally standardized public schools.

The paper discuses impact of NCL on Maryland schools and what effect the state takeover had on the schools present in the district. Several recommendations and strategies are discussed in order to improve the management of the schools and a detailed request to Mr. Delaney has also been made in the paper to further improve and implement the strategies for the improvement of the schools.…… [Read More]


Dee, T.D., Jacob, B., Hoxby, C., & Ladd, H. (2013). The Impact of No Child Left Behind on Students, Teachers and Schools. U.S.: Brookings Institution Press. Retrieved from: 

Editorial Projects in Education Research Center. (2011, Septmber 19). Retrieved from Education Week: 

Ellis, C.R. (2007). No Child Left Behind -- A Critical Analysis. Excelsior. Retrieved from:

Issues and Actions: No Child Left Behind Act. (2011). Retrieved from National Education Association:
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Media's Stereotyical Portrayal of Blacks

Words: 2333 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57955821

But Martin Lawrence bugs out his eyes a little and he's a coon. It makes no sense.'7

The defense seems somewhat warranted. After all, if all characters in the sitcom Martin were white, and acted the same way, such behavior would be attributed to the standard stupidity showcased on television. Much like the quote earlier about sitcoms and stereotypes leveling things, television in general fails to showcase the brightest and most sublime of human endeavors.

Lawrence is not alone in criticisms aimed at contemporary black actors. In her essay, "Stereotypes of History: Reconstructing Truth and the Black Mammy," Jennifer Kowalski claims, "actors such as Martin Lawrence, Eddie Murphy, and Tyler Perry, have once again recycled the first existence of the Mammy/Aunt Jemima character." The "mammy" stereotype is "represented as full-figured women with strong and defensive attitudes, especially toward men who may bring harm to their loved ones." Lawrence recently starred…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Aristotle. "Poetics." The Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism. Ed. Vincent B.

Leitch. New York. W.W. Norton and Company, 2001, 90-117.

"Blackboard Jungle Fever." Martin. By John Bowman. Martin Lawrence, Tisha

Campbell-Martin, Carl Anthony Payne II, Thomas Mikal Ford. The WB. January
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Federal Deficit and Entitlement Programs

Words: 2565 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20967692


What this shows is how the current financial crisis / recession have placed a drag on both programs that are facing severe challenges from the large numbers of uninsured. Where, the lack of health insurance is indirectly forcing people to turn to both programs, once their condition becomes so severe that it can no longer be ignored. At which point, the costs increase to treat these people which causes the overall levels of the national debt to increase.

However, the current recession is also having a direct impact on both entitlement programs. This is because a large number of aby oomers are approaching retirement age, which means that many will often look to both programs as way to supplement their income and health insurance. Then, when you combine this with the fact that the current recession is causing incomes to decline and health insurance premiums to increase, means that…… [Read More]


Annuity. 2010. Free Dictionary. Online. Available from the Internet, , accessed 7 May 2010.

Estimating the Number of Uninsured. 2009. Medical News Today. Online. Available from the Internet,, accessed 7 May 2010.

Life Expectancy. 2004. Office of National Statistics. Online. Available from the Internet,, accessed 7 May 2010.

Senate Lifts Debt Ceiling by $1.2 Trillion. Fox News. Online. Available from Internet,, accessed 7 May 2010.
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Waves in the Mass Immigration

Words: 1596 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74717418

For instance, most illegal immigrants earn a living that is below the poverty threshold. Towns and cities can enforce legal policy created due to the economic incentive of protecting local schools and hospitals from financial ruin. Therefore, if there is a large population of illegal immigrants living in a town/city and are below a minimal level of income, the most effective policy is to build additional schools and hospitals designed to cater specifically to these populations.

The idea is to create facilities where illegal immigrants can learn and understand how to become an assimilated immigrant into American life. Additionally, these facilities will house programs that enable immigrants to become American citizens through the legal process of obtaining citizenship. The creation of additional schools and hospitals will increase jobs in the community, which can be funded in part through a number of federal programs that provide direct and indirect monetary resources…… [Read More]


Joch. (2010). "Immigration in the United States." New Presence: The Prague Journal of Central European Affairs. July 1, 2010. Retrieved from:

Independent Review. January 1, 2010. Retrieved from:

Independent Review. 2010
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National Council for Accreditation of

Words: 1517 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52004280

It is felt that this action will enhance the value of institutional accreditation and help to better prepare teachers for the reality of the classroom.

orks Cited

Duncan, Arne. "Secretary Arne Duncan's Remarks to National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education." U.S. Department of Education. November 16, 2010. 13 December 2010. <>

"Professional Standards for the Accreditation of Teacher Preperation Institutions." NCATE. (February 2008). 12 December 2010.

Sawchuk, Stephen. "Merger lies ahead for Accrediting Bodies of Teacher Preparation." Education eek. Vol. 30, Issue 10. November 3, 2010. 13 December 2010.

Starnes, Bobby Ann, Jon Saderholm and Althea ebb. "A Community of Teachers." Phi Delta Kappan. Vol. 92, Issue 2 (October 2010): 14-18. 13 December 2010.

ise, Arthur E. "National Council for Acceditation of Teacher Education." Gale Encyclopedia of Teacher Education. (2002) in 10 December 2010.… [Read More]

Works Cited

Duncan, Arne. "Secretary Arne Duncan's Remarks to National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education." U.S. Department of Education. November 16, 2010. 13 December 2010. < >

"Professional Standards for the Accreditation of Teacher Preperation Institutions." NCATE. (February 2008). 12 December 2010.

Sawchuk, Stephen. "Merger lies ahead for Accrediting Bodies of Teacher Preparation." Education Week. Vol. 30, Issue 10. November 3, 2010. 13 December 2010.

Starnes, Bobby Ann, Jon Saderholm and Althea Webb. "A Community of Teachers." Phi Delta Kappan. Vol. 92, Issue 2 (October 2010): 14-18. 13 December 2010.
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Identity in the Professor's Daughter

Words: 1461 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83856114

She was greatly disturbed by the hite Buffalo deer hunting party because she identified and sympathised with the deer. Unlike the rash temper Bernard Jr. displayed in times of conflict, Meteke was almost silent in her pain and anguish, to the point that her husband begged her to talk to him, resorting to offers for tea, food, and foot massages to ease her tensions and cheer her (Raboteau, Professor's 72). Professor Lester was fairly clueless about what ailed her, as she chose to steer around his questioning rather than answer him directly. One evening in bed she turned away from him, and when he asked why she seemed upset she responded "I'm tired," rather than confiding in him her fear for the dear (Raboteau, Professor's 83). The reader saw very little of who Meteke was before she married Professor Lester, so her identity was only really articulated in her response…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bardelson, Susanne, and Jackie Gropman. "The Professor's Daughter: A Novel." School

Library Journal Sep 2005: 244-245. Academic Search Premier. 2010. EBSCO

Industries Inc. 4 Dec. 2010
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Parental Involvement Critique of Parent

Words: 692 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88656164

In this way, researchers can control for the effects of socioeconomic status and better extricate the true relationship between parental involvement and academic achievement (Fan & Chen, 2001).

Though the Smith (2006) study seeks in increase parental involvement in the school, it fails to connect the influence increased parental involvement had on had on the academic achievement of the students. The study would be of greater value had if there had been a pre-assessment and a post assessment to ascertain overall student academic gains.

esearch shows that low-income parents want to take part in their children's education. If, however, they perceive that teachers see them negatively, they often feel excluded. Parents identified three essential qualities of teachers they perceived to be good; 1) The teachers displayed respect and love for the children, 2) they communicated frequently with families, and 3) they visited the communities of their students (McCoach et. al.…… [Read More]


Fan, X., & Chen, M., (2001, March). Parental involement and students' academic achievement: A meta-analysis. Educational psychology review, Vol. 13, Issue 1, 1-22. Retrieved November 2, 2010 from

McCoach, D.B., Goldstein, J., Behuniak, P., Reis, S.M., Black, A.C., Sullivan, E.E., & Rambo, K. (2010, Spring). Examing the unexpected: Outlier analyses of factors affecting student achievement. Journal of advanced academics, Vol. 21, Issue 3, 426-468. Retrieved November 2, 2010 from

Payne, R.K. (1996) A framework for understanding poverty. Highland Texas: aha! Process, Inc.

Smith, J.G., (2006, Spring/Summer). Parental Involement in education among low-income families: A case study. The school community journal. Vol. 16, No.1. 43-56. Retrieved October 31, 2010 from
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Horseshoe Crabs According to the

Words: 934 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69527765

In insects, the anterior portion of the heart, located in the abdomen, is extended into a tube, the aorta, which directs the blood forward as it goes out into the body cavity. Arthropods have a well-developed, mesodermal, ventral, solid nerve cord and well-developed sense organs. The body feature from which the phylum takes its name is the jointed appendages, which include antennae and mouthparts as well as walking legs.

Arthropods early ancestors had a number of body segments, each with a pair of jointed appendages and looked similar to a centipede. From there, some of these segments became fused to form a head and some of the appendages became modified to form mouthparts or antennae. Early on, there was an evolutionary split which led to the various modern subphyla and classes. Currently, three living subphyla are recognized, with trilobites representing an extinct fourth subphylum (Carter, 1997).

Horseshoe Crabs belong to…… [Read More]


Carter, J.S. (1997). Phylum Arhropoda. UC Clermont College Biology Home Page. Retrieved September 14, 2010, from

NAI. (1999, February). Horseshoe crabs. National geographic, Vol. 195, Issue 2. Retrieved September 14, 2010, from

NAI. (2009, December 1). Horseshoe crab. Columbia electronic encyclopedia, 6th Edition . Retrieved September 14, 2010, from
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Wal-Mart's Mission and Vision Take

Words: 1103 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99397632

Many other stakeholders are simply not addressed in al-Mart's mission or vision at all. The environment is not addressed. The company's stakeholders in China are not addressed, although the firm's strong relationship with the Chinese government must place that government as a major stakeholder in al-Mart's enterprise. Although al-Mart does have stores in China, it is not nearly the factor for Chinese consumers as it is for American ones, although it is a net creator of manufacturing jobs rather than a net destroyer of them in that country.

al-Mart's vision is that from giving the consumers want they want -- and assuming that low prices is what they want -- that the needs of other stakeholders will be met. The company certainly has its mission set to consumers as one stakeholder group. Indeed, for direct employees of al-Mart its mission functions well also, as the company now employs two million…… [Read More]

Works Cited:, various pages. (2010). Retrieved June 23, 2010 from

Bianco, a.(2007). Wal-Mart's Midlife Crisis; Declining growth, increasing competition, and not an easy fix in site. Business Week. New York, April 30, 2007, Issue 4032,-page 46.

Bianco, a., Zellner, W., Brady, D., France, M., France, M., Lowry, T., Byrnes, N., & Zegel. S. (2003). IS WAL-MART TOO POWERFUL? Low prices are great. But Wal-Mart's dominance creates problems -- for suppliers, workers, communities, and even American culture. Business Week. New York: Oct 6, 2003., Iss. 3852; pg. 100

MSN Moneycentral: Wal-Mart. (2010). Retrieved June 23, 2010 from
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Raising a Sensory Smart Child

Words: 1605 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46233156

" Does the child show impulsiveness, or have problems transitioning from one activity to another activity, or seem rigid and inflexible at times? Moreover, are there signs of carelessness or clumsiness -- and is the child uncomfortable while involved with group situations? All of these behaviors in this paragraph are signs that SI dysfunction may be part of the problem, the authors assert.

And there are several more that the authors point to -- including when a kid has a big problem handling frustration, when he can't smoothly transition from an active state to a "calm, rested state" -- but just because one or more of these behaviors are apparent that doesn't automatically mean the child has SI dysfunction. "Lots of kids show these signs for lots of reasons," the authors explain. And some of the behaviors are quite "appropriate at certain ages" because "most toddlers are pretty impulsive" (note…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Biel, Lindsey, and Peske, Nancy K. (2005). Raising a Sensory Smart Child: The

Definitive Handbook for Helping Your Child With Sensory Processing Issues.

New York: Penguin Books.
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Planning by 2012 Starbucks' Chairman

Words: 974 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77555121

Finally, increasing repeat business through expanded customer loyalty efforts would help to increase sales.

Threats abound. A longer than expected recession could lead to more sagging demand for premium-priced coffee. An ongoing recession will also continue to make it difficult for Starbucks to impose additional price increases at a time when U.S. operating margins are falling because of increased labor and utility costs and increasing coffee prices (MCRoskey, 2008). Dunkin' Donuts and McDonald's are fierce competitors at lower-price points and could always scale up to offer more premium-based products. The company's international expansion plan is extraordinarily aggressive and customers may find that it has failed to meet their cultural expectations for cafes and coffee. This expansion is coming at a time when the company is experiencing problems in its established global markets. Continued growth could further erode the company's brand image and lead to commoditization that threatens the company's ability…… [Read More]


Helm, B. (2007, April 9). Saving Starbuck's Soul: Chairman Howard Schultz is on a mission to take the company back to its roots! Oh, yeah-- he also wants to triple sales in five years. Business Week, 4029, p. 56. e=2&sid=12&Fmt=3&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&VName=PQD&TS=1235501315&c lientId=29440

McRoskey, R. (2008, August 19). Starbucks: Big investors' divorce grounds. Business Week. =2&sid=13&Fmt=3&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&RQT=309&VName=PQD&TS=123

Rae, J. (2006, November 27). The importance of great customer experiences. Business Week, 4011, p. 32.