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Three human resources management tactics that can help to address these issues are the fostering of corporate culture, the integration of new companies and JVs and lastly the path of promotion in the company. The corporate culture is essential to the success of a company like Nucor, which must attract talented individuals from throughout the industry in order to maintain its leadership position. In addition, in an industry focused on low cost production, corporate culture is often a key driver of cost reductions (as at al-Mart, Southwest Airlines, Costco and other low cost providers). In order to implement a low cost strategy, the culture must support that strategy (Mindtools.com, 2010). The integration of new companies and joint ventures into the Nucor fold is partially a strategic issue, but it is one with many HRM applications, from integration of compensation policy to establishing company-wide training programs and the aforementioned cultural initiatives.…
2008 Nucor Annual Report. Retrieved March 24, 2010 from http://media.corporate-ir.net/media_files/irol/10/107115/2008AnnualReport.pdf
No author (2003). Nucor Corp's organizational culture. ICMR. Retrieved March 24, 2010 from http://www.icmrindia.org/Casestudies/catalogue/Human%20Resource%20and%20Organization%20Behavior/Nucor%20Corp%20Organizational%20Culture-Human%20Resource%20Management-Case%20Studies.htm
Campbell, P., Blejde, W., Mahapatra, R. & Wechsler, R. (2004). Recent progress on commercialization of Castrip direct strip casting technology at Nucor Crawfordsville. Metallurgist. Vol. 48 (9-10) 507-514.
No author. (2010). The cultural web. Mindtools.com. Retrieved March 24, 2010 from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newSTR_90.htm
As the world is more thoroughly explored, social scientists seem to find that the words social and science are largely contradictory and an oxymoron. Even rational choice theory bases its conclusions upon statistics and upon a costs and benefits analysis to come up with their conclusions in a more logical manner. Simply put, rationality can not be directly tested. Rather, social scientists that base their ideas upon rational choice theory build dependable and testable models.
In Guns, Germs and Steel, there are no testable models. There are no alternative models whatsoever. The determinism of Mr. Diamond's theory makes his reasoning circular, and therefore not able to be tested. This is what makes his effort amateur history. It is possible that the book due to its apparent originality garnered some awards. However, while Mr. Diamond's efforts to put the science in social science is laudable, it is largely amateurish in its…
"Ancient Greece: Sparta." Ancient Greece. Available from http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/GREECE/SPARTA.HTM. Internet; accessed 1 May 2010.
1997. Guns Germs and Steel. New York: WW. Norton.
One of the most important HRM issues that must be addressed is represented by the fact that the company does not use job descriptions. Although the practice of Nucor and the appreciation of both managers and employees have revealed that this system seems to be working, the situation must be changed in order to increase and to maintain efficiency.
The company's motivational system is another area of interest in relation with HRM practices. This is because the company admits to not believing in a formal motivational system that would refer to formal rewards and punishments. The company's managers consider that a formal motivational system would be less efficient than the one implemented by Nucor. Also, employees probably feel more at ease with an informal system rather than with a formal one.
Another HRM issue is represented by the company's intention of creating an egalitarian culture within the company,…
Guns, Germs, and Steel is the documentary film version of Jared Diamond's Pulitzer Prize winning book of the same name. Like the book, the documentary is divided into three separate sections. This allows for the logical development of Diamond's ideas, and for the application of the underlying thesis to different time periods, themes, and human populations. Although extensive ground is covered in the three episodes, the premise and themes are straightforward enough so that the documentary never becomes complicated or clunky. The title explains the primary three issues that have impacted human history, allowing some people to have a strategic advantage over others. When these advantages occur in groups, the results can be dramatic to the victors and devastating to the losers.
Developing guns and other armament depends not only the availability of resources to manufacture weapons of mass destruction, but more importantly, the political situations that warrant their use.…
Guns, Germs, and Steel. PBS Documentary. Retreived online: http://www.pbs.org/gunsgermssteel/show/index.html
hat are the symbols of group identity in the United States? Are they good or bad in your opinion?
Symbols of group identity often pertain to foodstuffs (such as the critical evolution of wheat, corn, and the animals consumed) and cultural symbols such as literacy. hat one eats, where one lives, and how one expresses one's self-reflects one's cultural associations -- whether a society was a hunter-gatherer or agrarian in ancient times, and in the United States today. For example -- is a person prosperous and can select a variety of foods from the local market, like a sushi-eating urbanite, or is he or she forced to eat cheap fast food? Is he or part of a particular ethnic group striving to recreate his or her culture in the United States, or striving to assimilate by serving hamburgers and French fries? Apparently functional items like clothing styles, sizes of cars,…
Diamond, Jared. Guns, Germs, Steel. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 199
The company has chosen to make a substantial investment in the Easy Pay Enterprise (EPE) platform that acts as an Enterprise Application Integration (EAI) layer that serves to integrate the many processes areas where accounting and human resources are required to complete internal tasks. EPE is actually an integration layer suite of applications that is tailored only to shared common corporate functions. To date, Smorgon has found this a useful integration suite for their Shared Business Services architecture. Batch-oriented integration of key system updates and financials from operations must be consolidated, analyzed and stored on the SAP /3 instance first. The integration between EPE and the SAP /3 instance is not considered reliable due to the strict formatting and naming convention features SAP uses and that the EPE cannot exactly match on all transactions. As a result, Smorgon continues to spend heavily on consulting and integration projects between EPE and…
Resources Conference. Smorgon Cash Flow and Corporate Growth. Accessed from the Internet on October 6th, 2006: http://www.smorgonsteel.com.au/content/speeches/docs/SSX_UBS_resources_190606.pdf
Demand Driven Supply Network: Striving for Supply Chain Transparency. AMR Research.
Thursday January 22, 2004. John Fontanella, Vinay Askegar, Bill Swanton. Boston, MA
Master Data Management Framework: Begin with the End in Mind. Bill Swanton. Report published by AMR Research. Boston, MA Tuesday September 27, 2005.
Manufacturing Snapshot 2006: Information Architectures for Operations Intelligence Are Still a Work in Progress Report published by AMR Research. Boston, MA. Thursday, August 31, 2006
Iron and Steel
The refining of the heavy metal element iron can be considered as one of the technologies with the greatest impact on today's society. This is primarily because iron makes a series of modern products, particularly commercial iron that is commonly known as steel (which is rich in carbon). Iron and steel are increasingly used to make several modern products and items such as cars, skyscrapers, tractors, rails, guns, bridges, ships, and trains. The increased use of iron and steel in the manufacturing of these products is attributable to the fact that they make them strong. However, the importance of iron can be traced back to the Iron Age period where primitive societies learned how to refine it and use it in making several products, tools, and items. The significance of iron and steel in today's manufacturing processes can be understood through examining these metals with regards to…
British Broadcasting Corporation. (n.d.). Extracting Metals and Making Alloys. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved May 2, 2015, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/science/aqa/metalsanduses/extractingmetalsrev8.shtml
Clark, J. (2015, July). Iron and Steel. Retrieved May 2, 2015, from http://www.chemguide.co.uk/inorganic/extraction/iron.html
Woodford, C. (2015, August 21). Iron and Steel. Retrieved May 2, 2015, from http://www.explainthatstuff.com/ironsteel.html
The work of Aoude, Cook, and Mitchell (2009) reports a studying which "a series of 13 full-scale axial compression tests was conducted on reinforced concrete (RC) and steel fiber-reinforced concrete (SFRC) columns." (p.1) Results of the study are stated to indicate that "the addition of steel fibers can partially substitute for the confinement reinforcement in columns, thereby improving constructability while achieving significant confinement." (p.1) The work of Klemens (2004) entitled: "New Fibers Add Flexibility: Precast Concrete is an Ideal Use for the Product" states that the idea for steel fiber reinforcement for concrete emerged through research at the University of Michigan more than a decade ago. The resulting product, which greatly increases the effectiveness of steel fibers, is just now becoming commercially available." (p.1) It is related in this study that a screw type shape is used to reinforce the steel and that this serves to increase the bonding strength…
Vilkner, G., Meyer, C. And Shimanovich, S. (Date Unknown) Properties of Glass Concrete Containing Recycled Carpet Fibers. VILKNER, Glass Concrete with Carpet Fibers. Civil Engineering Columbia University. Online available at: http://www.civil.columbia.edu/meyer/publications/publications/84%20GLASS%20CONCRETE%20CONTAINING%20RECYCLED%20CARPET%20FIBERS.pdf
Aoude, Hassan, Cook, William D, Mitchell, Denis (2009) Behavior of Columns Constructed with Fibers and Self-Consolidating Concrete. ACI Structural Journal 1 May 2009. Online available at: http://www.allbusiness.com/science-technology/materials-science-technology/12325335-1.html
Klemens, Tom (2004) New Fibers Add Flexibility: Precast Concrete is an Ideal Use for the Product. The Concrete Producer. 1 April 2004. Online available at: http://www.allbusiness.com/manufacturing/nonmetallic-mineral-product-manufacturing/772172-1.html
Hwai-Chung Wu, Yun Mook Lim and V.C. Li (2004) Application of Recycled Tyre Cord in Concrete for Shrinkage Crack Control. Journal of Materials Science Letters. 22 Oct 2004. Vol. 15. No. 20 reprint of 1996 journal article. Online available at: http://www.springerlink.com/content/m0173h022117q500/
Strengths of Author's Argument
On their face, the author's main arguments seem to make sense. The way different societies developed depended largely on the natural resources available to them. Greater resources led to larger and more complex societies that both permitted and promoted subsequent technological development and advancement. By the time Western societies encountered and dominated tropical societies, the means through which they did so were result of earlier (natural) causes rather than the result of inherent differences in ability.
Weakness of Author's Argument
Frankly, it is difficult to critically assess the writing and argument of a writer who is profoundly more qualified in his area of professional expertise than this reviewer. Nevertheless, his characterization of tropical native hunter-gatherers as being more intelligent (because of natural selection) than Western people seems tenuous and speculative, unlike the rest of his arguments that are based on objective evidence and reasonable inferences.
Guns, Germs and Steel vs. Culture Sketches: Case Studies in Anthropology
As indicated by the title of Jared Diamond's book and the films based on his text Guns, Germs and Steel, Diamond takes a relatively fatalistic view of how the environment impacts human culture. From Diamond's perspective, history is shaped through the influences of biological phenomena and changes in technology. For example, the fact that the native inhabitants of Central America had no immunological resistance to the diseases like smallpox carried by the conquistadors, the history of the world was changed. Europeans had some immunological resistance because they lived in close proximity to their livestock while the Incas did not. They also had superior technology: "political competition within Europe fueled a medieval arms race. Pizarro's conquistadors were armed with the latest and greatest in weapons technology -- guns, and swords. The Inca, by comparison, had never worked iron…
Diamond, Jared. "Episode Two: Conquest." Guns, Germs, and Steel. PBS. Transcript. 2005.
Web. 8 Dec 2015.
Peters-Golden, Holly. Culture Sketches: Case Studies in Anthropology. New York:
According to Montgomery (2003), "Higher floors of buildings tended to rent at a substantial discount, due to the need to climb several flights of stairs to reach one's workplace or residence. Otis's invention of the safety elevator at mid-century heralded the end of this constraint on vertical real estate development" (495). Likewise, Masden notes that the increasingly confident use of the relatively new ' elevators' also fueled demand for more steel frame structures; such new steel-framed buildings were known during this early period as "elevator buildings" instead of skyscrapers, a term that was first coined in 1883 (Marsden 78).
The underlying theory behind steel frame construction during its early use, though, fueled some well-intentioned but misguided efforts that adversely influenced future applications, selection of building materials, site selection and other salient factors involved in construction. In this regard, Mumford (1959) reports that, "Unfortunately, the skyscraper was an almost automatic response…
Code of Standard Practice. 2006. American Iron and Steel Institute: Committee on Framing Standards. Steel Framing Alliance Practice Guide CF06-1.
Fanjoy, Rob. 2006. "As an alternative to lumber, cold-formed steel framing has advantages and disadvantages. Here's what you need to know." Steel Framing Solutions. 18 Nov. 2006 http://forpros.lowes.com/articles.cfm?aid=103.
Marsden, Donald. 2005, January 1. "How Chicago Got All High and Mighty." The Daily Mail 78.
Montgomery, M.R. 2003. "Keeping the Tenants Down: Height Restrictions and Manhattan's Tenement House System, 1885-1930." The Cato Journal 22(3):495.
They could have ranged from being between 8% and 30% and would have been applied on a wide variety of American goods ("Q&a: U.S.-EU Steel Dispute," Dec. 4, 2003). The exports potentially being affected ranged from Harley Davidson motorcycles to citrus fruit ("EU slaps $200m tariff on U.S. imports," Nov. 5, 2003).
The basis upon which the EU selected goods to impose duties on was the political damage they would cause Bush during his 2004 re-election bid. The majority of affected goods were produced in states that were vital to Bush's success in the election. They included the southern U.S. where items such as citrus fruits, clothing, shoes, tobacco, rice, yachts, paper, and cardboard were produced. They also included many states in the Midwest, where watches, spectacles, hand tools, and steel products were produced (Q&a: U.S.-EU Steel Dispute," Dec. 4, 2003).
The Bush administration finally repealed the steel tariffs for…
EU slaps $200m tariff on U.S. imports" (November 5, 2003). Retrieved April 7, 2007 from BBC Website: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/3243423.stm
Q&a: U.S.-EU steel dispute" (December 4, 2003). Retrieved April 7, 2007 from BBC Website: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/3291675.stm
Statement by AFL-CIO President John Sweeney on President Bush's decision to lift steel tariffs" (December 4, 2003). Retrieved April 7, 2007 from AFL-CIO Website: http://www.aflcio.org/mediacenter/prsptm/pr12042003.cfm
This product may provide "long-term electrochemical protection" against the deterioration of the steel rebar in the concrete, the article states. When this "pressure-sensitive" zinc-hydrogel solution is applied an "iconic current" is conducted. Wires run through the rebar grid once the concrete is covered thoroughly with the adhesive gel. The bottom line here is the zinc slowly corrodes rather than the rebar. Ironically, the 3M companies developed this zinc hydrogel anode in Minneapolis in the year 2,000 -- seven years before I-35 crashed into a river in Minneapolis.
A study conducted by Korean civil engineers Hyo-Gyoung Kwak and Young-Jae Seo puts forward, in short, another methodology in terms of predicting the life expectancy of a concrete bridge. The authors suggest the behaviors of "pre-stressed concrete" (PCS) girders can be predicted fairly accurately. This is because the PCS girders are constructed by placing in-situ concrete decks on the girders "at time intervals."…
Advanced Materials & Processes. Zinc hydrogel anode protects against rebar corrosion. 158(6)
Advanced Materials & Processes. (2007) Xion Corp. Develop Coating Technology for Bridge
Repairs. 165(11), 101.
Winston "Spree" Simon is credited with crafting the first convex, tuned steel pan instrument (Berre). Steel pans are now custom-designed from lead and other materials.
Steel drum music flourished in Trinidad and Tobago during and after World War Two. Since their original development in the early 20th century, steel drum sounds have come to characterize Caribbean music in general. Since the 1960s, steel drum bands flourished not only on Trinidad and Tobago but throughout the Caribbean islands.
The influence of steelpan extends far beyond the Caribbean as well, as steelpan music integrates well with other types of world music and jazz, lending an its distinctive sound to any band arrangement. Hundreds of steel drum bands perform regularly worldwide, but Trinidad and Tobago remain the epicenter of steel drum music.
Berre, M. Steel Pans: A Brief History. Latin American Folk Institute. etrieved June 26, 2007 at http://www.lafi.org/magazine/articles/steel.html
Guppy, a. About…
Berre, M. Steel Pans: A Brief History. Latin American Folk Institute. Retrieved June 26, 2007 at http://www.lafi.org/magazine/articles/steel.html
Guppy, a. About Steelpan. Official Website of Anthony Guppy. Retrieved June 26, 2007 at http://tonyguppy.com/steelpan.htm van Onselen, S. (2002). Steelpan Science. Science in Africa. Retrieved June 26, 2007 at http://www.scienceinafrica.co.za/2003/september/steelpan.htm
Lower quenching temperatures create microstructures that demonstrate a greater elasticity, with smaller and less brittle connections forming between microstructures.
12) Martensite is a high-carbon steel formed from the rapid cooling of austenite in a process that does not allow carbon to diffuse out of the heated metal. Tempered Martensite has reduced hardness but increased toughness, and the metal is partially decomposed into ferrite and cementite by the tempering process.
13) Yes; there are some limited applications where the brittleness of quench-hardened steel will not pose a significant barrier to use. In most applications, however, tempering is required after quench hardening in order to reduce brittleness and increase the toughness of the steel.
14) Furnace: All heat shields must be in place, and the area in and around the furnace must be kept clear of all dust, debris, and other equipment. Ventilation paths must be substantial and remain free from blockages,…
Askeland, T. & Phule, P. (2006). The science and engineering of materials. Ontario:
The selected industry I am entering is the steel industry. This industry is a robust one which is involved in enormous monetary transactions every year, practically since the formula for rendering steel (the Bessemer process) was discovered by Thomas Bessemer (Misa, 1995). The steel industry closely coincides with the manufacturing industry, since steel is utilized in the manufacturing of a number of different products and services (Ruddick, 2016). Therefore, those who work in this industry oftentimes do so in a manufacturing capacity. This industry is also intrinsically related to the supply chain industry, for the simple fact numerous companies need steel.
I am interested in joining this industry for a number of different reasons. Most likely the capital reason is that I have long been enamored with steel. In particular, I am attracted to its most salient qualities. It is light yet durable, and able to provide the foundation…
United States Steel Industry and its current status on the world market. First, this paper will look at briefly the history of the Steel Industry. Second, this paper will provide an overview of how the industry is doing currently. Third, the paragraphs below will include a SOT Assessment of the Steel Industry. This means that the industry's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats and trends will be evaluated.
History of the Steel Industry
For as long as the United States has been a nation, steel has been an important industry. It began with iron mining in Virginia and Massachusetts and by the year 1700 the Americas were producing 2% of the world's iron. Demand grew and as a result so did production the a specific iron called pig iron. "In 1723 only fifteen tons were exported, all from Virginia and Maryland" (Gordon, 2004, par. 3). By the Revolutionary ar, the United States…
Gordon, J.S. (2004). The Reader's Companion to American History: Iron and Steel Industry. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
Smith, V. (2005, June 29). Steel Industry shrinks, brings profits, pain and pondering. The Miami Herald.com. Retrieved June 29, 2005 from the World Wide Web: http://
SWOT Analysis. Retrieved June 29, 2005 from the World Wide Web: http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/SWOT/.
Are steel-framed buildings more sustainable than concrete-framed buildings -- or vice versa? This is a question many have asked, resulting in in quite a number of comparisons. The debate was reignited following Larry Silverstein's comments regarding the new WTC enhanced safety measures. Silverstein, the Ground Zero Developer, announced that concrete (2-foot-thick) would encase the core of the building as a measure to provide a higher level of protection in the case of a terror attack or fire. The core houses the building's power systems and elevators. So, from a sustainability perspective, which of the two frames (concrete -- frame and steel-frame) scores higher? Sustainability, as an adjective, will in this context be defined as the innate or intrinsic ability to be defended/upheld. It is important to note that although each material has its own unique benefits, there is need to address which of the two frames will better address future…
As compared to carbon steel, the development of high speed steel has many advantages over carbon and is therefore more popular in high speed applications (lack, 2010).
This type of steel works due to several very important factors such as the type of metals used, high treatment temperatures and its ability to melt metals. eing an alloy that combines several metals, high speed steel can be kept hard even under extreme temperatures because the steel can provide heat resistance. The steel also remains hard even under intensive high temperatures due to the high temperature treatment.
This steel is an alloy which combines several metals such as tungsten, molybdenum, chromium, cobalt and others. The most commonly used type of steel in high speed steel products is tungsten. Nonetheless, various types and designations of high speed steel exist with each of these steels having their own special combinations. Due to its ability…
AllBusiness.com (1999), Growth of High Strength Steel In Auto Industry Outpacing Other
Materials, Association says, AllBusiness.com, viewed 4 April 2010
Autospeed.com (n.d.), High Performance Gearbox Steels, Autospeed.com, viewed 4 April 2010,
Government Intervention in the Steel Industry
The Bush administration announced the imposition of sweeping tariffs of up to 30% on steel imports to the United States for a period of 3 years in March 2002 purportedly to save the ailing steel industry from collapsing. Predictably, the action has invited particularly harsh criticism from the U.S. trade partners that have been directly affected by the tax, i.e., the European Union, Japan, and China. Domestically too, the proponents of a free market economy have been no less critical of the measure, although the U.S. steel industry, in general, has welcomed the move.
This research report will focus on various aspects of the U.S. government's imposition of steel tariffs. It will discuss the benefits and costs of tariffs in general, and include a history of government's support of the U.S. steel industry, details of the steel tariff 2002, why it was imposed, and…
Anderson, William L. "A History of Privileges." (January, 1999). The Free Market. Retrieved on July 8, 2002 at http://www.mises.org/freemarket_detail.asp?control=43&sortorder=articledate
Anger over steel." (March 6, 2002). From Economist.com Global Agenda. Retrieved on July 9, 2002 at http://www.economist.com/agenda/displayStory.cfm?Story_ID=1022220
Arnold, James. (March 6, 2002). "Steel Sector Stares into Abyss." BBC News Online Business Report. Retrieved on July 8, 2002 at http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/business/newsid_1857000/1857914.stm
Bartlett, Bruce. "Suffering Steel Tariff Side Effects." (April 22, 2002). The Washington Times. Retrieved on July 9, 2002 at http://www.washtimes.com/commentary/20.htm
The costs of raw materials continued to escalate as well, further impacting profitability.
More environmental regulations - There are many industrial regulations on the steel industries including the Kyoto doctrine that concentrates on green-based government initiatives to save the environment. All of these regulations further increase the costs that Tata must incur to continue operating.
Jaimy Lee. (2008, April). Humana engages public on health-sector solutions. Pweek, 11(17), 2. etrieved February 28, 2009, from ABI/INFOM Trade & Industry database. (Document ID: 1629703111). http://www.prweekus.com/Humana-engages-public-on-health-sector-solutions/article/109416/
Chad Terhune. (2008, August). THEY KNOW WHAT'S in YOU MEDICINE CABINET. Business Week,(4094), 48. etrieved February 28, 2009, from ABI/INFOM Global database. (Document ID: 1542853581). http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_31/b4094000643943.htm
Brandi White. (2007). A eport Card for 32 Payers: Not Making the Grade. Family Practice Management, 14(6), 43-9. etrieved February 27, 2009, from ABI/INFOM Global database. (Document ID: 1295595111). http://www.aafp.org/fpm/20070600/43arep.html
Tata Steel eferences (Amit, Mukherjee, Tridibesh, 1995)
Chatterjee, Amit, Mukherjee,…
References (Amit, Mukherjee, Tridibesh, 1995)
Chatterjee, Amit, Mukherjee, Tridibesh. (1995). Staying ahead of global competition: The Tata Steel strategy. Journal of General Management, 21(1), 71. Retrieved February 25, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 6986348). http://www.tata.com/aboutus/articles/inside.aspx?artid=m4rLPokLVbc=
T.V. Mahalingam. (2008, July). India Inc. On a steely voyage:Since the landmark acquisition of Corus by Tata Steel, Indian steel companies seem to have developed a hunger for acquiring steel companies and raw material assets across the globe.. Business Today. Retrieved March 1, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1518967231). http://www.businesstoday.intoday.in/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=6101
In retrospect, the industry failed to respond appropriately by lobbying for federal restrictions on imported steel instead of recognizing the need to embrace a newer technology in the form of modern oxygen furnaces as an improvement over the open-hearth furnaces that replaced the Bessemer process almost a century earlier.
Similarly, steel industry leaders like the infamous U.S. Steel Company continued to ignore the reality of decreased quality of North American iron ore; instead of importing higher quality foreign raw material, they invested unwisely in the expensive refinement processes required by the use of lower grade American iron ore.
Management issues and worker relations also contributed to the decline of Pennsylvania steel. Traditionally, the ranks of steel industry management consisted of former steel workers who rose into leadership positions after decades of first-hand experience. In the post-industrial age, industry management followed the general
American big business trend of hiring management candidates…
Nevins, J., Commager, H.S. (1992) a Pocket History of the United States.
New York: Pocket Books
Hoerr, J. (1988) and the Wolf Finally Came: The Decline of the American Steel Industry. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press
Till the period up to 11,000 BC every individuals remained Stone Age hunters/gatherers. Nearly that time, the roads of growth of human societies on various continents started to move away in a large scale. (Guns, Germs, and Steel- the Fates of Human Societies: (www.2think.org) During that period, when Stone Age hunter-gatherers comprised the total human population, a big segregation happened in the proportion that the human societies progressed. In Eurasia, several regions of Americas, and Africa, agriculture started to be the existing pattern of livelihood when domestication of aboriginal wild plants and animals were done by the prehistoric planters and herders. Diamond fairly examines the human history on each continent starting from the Ice Age at a proportion that stresses just the widest traversals of people and concepts. However, his assessment is symmetrical: one eye has rather long-term view of the evolutionary biologist, whereas the other eye and his spirit…
Bradford, DeLong, J. Review of Diamond, Guns, Germs, and Steel. November 1999. Retrieved at http://www.j-bradford-delong.net/Econ_Articles/Reviews/diamond_guns.html. Accessed on 1 February, 2005
Editorial Reviews: Amazon.com. Retrieved at http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/product-description/0393317552/ref=dp_proddesc_0/104-9?%5Fencoding=UTF8&n=283155Accessed on 1 February, 2005
Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. Retrieved at http://www.actionismyreward.com/item-0393317552.shtml . Accessed on 2 February, 2005
Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. Retrieved at http://search.barnesandnoble.com/booksearch/isbnInquiry.asp?isbn=0393317552&itm=1Accessed on 2 February, 2005
usiness Study Nucor Steel
Historical Performance Review vs. Goals
The performance of Nucor Steel has been one of volatility in their earnings and demand for their products. Part of the reason of for this, is because of the sharp contraction in demand for steel (due to the server implosion in economic activity). At the same time, the traditional volatility of industry would cause the company's earnings to become even more unpredictable. A good example of this can be seen by looking no further, than comparing revenues with the net income between 2006 and 2008. Where, revenues would climb from $14.7 billion in 2006 to $22.6 billion in 2008. While the net income, would become more unpredictable during the same period of time going from: $1.7 billion in 2006 to $1.4 billion 2007. At which point, they would begin to climb again, with 2008 net income coming in at $1.8 billion.…
Nucor Corporation. (2009). Scribd. Retrieved from: http://www.scribd.com/doc/21947260/Nucor-Report
Nucor Reports Quarterly Results for the First Nine Months of 2010. (2010). Nucor. Retrieved from: http://www.nucor.com/investor/news/releases/?rid=1485562
Nucor Steel. (2010). Yahoo Finance. Retrieved from: http://finance.yahoo.com/q/co?s=NUE+Competitors
Packard, John. (2010). Nucor Lowers Galvanized Coating Extras. Steel Market Update. Retrieved from: http://www.steelmarketupdate.com/pub/blog/posts/2010/5/28/nucor-lowers-galvanized-coating-extras/
Pirate Steel Ethics Case Study
Three issues are the main challenges in this case study. One is the theory of rights, which is particularly imperative in the existence of an organization. This theory claims that all parties should be well represented and has utmost satisfaction. There should be no violation of rights for any of the parties. In this case study, all the parties should have information on the proceedings of the company. This is to avoid any of them being on the dark on matters of the organization. The top-level management has all the right to know the destination of their finances. Violation for this is when there are unreliable reports on the purchases. There should be transparency in all the issues that deal with the top-level management, as they are the most answerable. The investors also have the right to know all the transparent issues for the company.…
Battaly, Heather. 2011. Virtue and Vice, Moral and Epistemic. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. http://public.eblib.com/EBLPublic/PublicView.do?ptiID=792903 .
Hoffmann-Holland, Klaus. 2009. Ethics and human rights in a globalized world: an interdisciplinary and international approach. Tu-bingen: Mohr Siebeck.
Stammler, Rudolf. 2000. The theory of justice. Union, N.J.: Lawbook Exchange.
In terms of Shultz Steel, it prides itself on its vertical integration demonstrating how all of its products from landing gear structures (for instance) for aerospace (that include commercial and defenses airframes) to the equipment for land-based gas and turbine engines (industrial) are all produced under one roof. In this way, they say, they can guarantee 'unique levels of quality, flexibility, efficiency, and service." (Schultz Steel: www.shultzsteel.com)
Aerspace grade ingots
Ingots forged to Billet stock
Billets cut to Mults for forging
Performs forced to customer requirements
Machining & inspection
Delivered to customer
Stocked in inventory
Shultz 3D modeling design assistance
Performed by Shultz
Schultz rough / finish machining
Ingots punched into 'donuts' 'Donut' saddled or ring rolled
Ring rough machined
Engineering Materials: High Strength Steel and Bus Seat Frames
The purpose of this paper is to conduct research and the review the findings. This paper seeks an understanding of the engineering material of high strength steel, the process in which it is made and the items it is used to build specifically that of bus seat frames. Over the course of the research, it is has been determined that high strength steel is effective when used in building lightweight yet safe and sturdy bus seat frames. This construct lends to the overall safety of buses using this material, specifically in existing models found in buses designed by a company called Fainsa located in Barcelona, Spain. This paper explores the process and design of these seats by looking at the process in which high strength steel is created. By understanding how high strength steel is made, one can better understand its…
(2005). "Compartmentalize." (Sept. 21, 2005).
(2005). "Steels for Strength." http://www.machinedesing.com/BDE/materials/bdemat6/bdemat6_8.html. (Sept. 21, 2005).
Basta, E., and Hoon, G. (2004). "Slitting ultrahigh-strength steels: Are you ready to process these coil types?" Stamping Journal 8,
" (U.S. Department of Transportation, 2000 P. 3). In the United States, the average bridge deck in a snow-belt state generally shows the spalling shortly after 7 to 10 years of construction, and requires rehabilitation after 20 years of construction. Typically, the repair of the damaged caused by corrosion is invariably expensive. A crack is one of the major damage caused by corrosion. Although structural cracks could be attributed to pure tension, torsion, pure bending, bond failure, and concentrated load, however, non-structural crack is attributed to the chemical process that occurs within the concrete or steel structure, and the damage include shrinkage, expansion process, and thermal movement.
Mackechnie & Alexande, (2001) argue that corrosion could lead to a distress in a concrete capable of causing spanning and cracking to the surrounding concrete. The expansion associated to hydrated oxides is that the steel may swell ten times of its original position…
Arya, C. & Wood, L.A. (1997). Relevance of Cracking in Concrete to Corrosion of Reinforcement. The Concrete Society. Technical Report, No 44.
Atkins, C. Brueckner, R. & MacDonald, M. (2013).Corrosion Monitoring. Technical Note No: 14. Corrosion Prevention Association.
Koch, G. H, Brongers, M.P.H. Thompson, N.G. et al. (2001). Corrosion Costs and Preventive Strategies in the United States. FHWA-RD-01-156. 2001. Springfield, VA, National Technical Information Service.
Lambert, P. & MacDonald, M (2013). Reinforced Concrete-History, Properties, & Durability. Technical Notes No: 1. Corrosion Prevention Association.
This is a delicate balance for any organization to attain, and Nucor has been able to keep the variation in production process balanced with the need to keep employees motivated while changes in their business model are implemented.
Based on your recommendation for related or unrelated diversification, identify the organizational structure issues that the company would need to address to implement that diversification.
With related diversification the recommendation, organizational and structural issues are minimized, as this strategy will integrate companies whose structures and management philosophies are comparable to Nucor. This will also minimize resistance to change and make the integration of companies much more effective over time. Finally, this approach will make it systems and processes much more efficient and economical. All of these factors will ensure Nucor continues to succeed against larger and slower-to-respond competitors globally.
Brian Denton, Diwakar Gupta. (2004). Strategic inventory deployment in the steel industry.…
Brian Denton, Diwakar Gupta. (2004). Strategic inventory deployment in the steel industry. IIE Transactions, 36(11), 1083-1097.
Shirley a Lazo. (2008, December). Steely Resolve at Nucor. Barron's, 88(50), 50.
Business Review: Special HBS Centennial Issue, 86(1), 78-93.
Rajesh Kumar Singh, HR Murty, SK Gupta, AK Dikshit. (2008). Integrated environment management in steel industries. International Journal of Management & Decision Making, 9(2), 103.
Suppliers tend to have a moderate power on the steel industry. This situation is mostly determined by the switching costs of firms in the industry. Another factor of influence on this situation is represented by the importance of volume to suppliers.
It is difficult for companies to enter the steel industry. This is because of the great investments that are required in order to produce steel products or to purchase them. The limited success to distribution is another factor that increases the difficulty of addressing this industry.
3. Market analysis
This industry is characterized by an increasing demand for steel. The business sectors that report such significant demand increase of steel are represented by: the construction, the infrastructure, and automobile sectors. Producers of steel and organizations in the field tend to focus on developing user friendly steel products. This can be achieved by developing light weighted…
1. Porter's Five Forces (2010). QuickMBA. Retrieved February 10, 2012 from http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/porter.shtml .
2. Steel Industry Analysis (2010). EconomyWatch. Retrieved February 10, 2012 from http://www.economywatch.com/world-industries/steel-industry/analysis.html .
These are just some of the innovative techniques introduced in manufacturing the steel.
One of the biggest innovations that may interest engineers is the development of software and manufacturing machinery that is used with the steel making and engineering in order to guide design and structure.
Many of these innovations can be applied to all types of steel, particularly since manufacturers can add bends, ribs, and stiffeners to steel in order to create more strength, weight, and durability. (tructure. http://www.structuremag.org/article.aspx?articleID=467)
- What are the methods for mitigating thermal bridging ? i.e. what is the best way to keep temperatures from increasing/decreasing across a stud due to conduction- will a thin piece of plastic help?
ome stud manufacturers have been putting slits in their studs to cut down on the thermal heat transfer; others have used stiffened holes for the same reason.
ome candinavian manufacturers employ a clinching technique that rolls…
Kohler, JT. INSULATING STEEL STUD FRAMED WALLS http://www.kohlerandlewis.com/pdf/SteelStuds.pdf
Macerewich, M. Framing with light guage steel http://bestdrywall.com/files/Switchingto%20Steel.pdf
Structure. Innovations in Cold-Formed Steel Framing
Carnegie Steel Co. is one of the largest manufacturing companies in the world and it's success is largely dependent upon the workers who manufacture the best steel anywhere. It is not Andrew Carnegie, or his lapdog Henry Frick, who toil in the difficult conditions with intense heat and compounded by dangers that would make those men cringe. It is the worker who risks his life so that men like Carnegie and Frick can sit in the lap of luxury enjoying the fruits of other men's labor. The owners may have invested their money, but we the workers invest our lives and souls into the company and deserve more than to be used and discarded as though we're just another piece of machinery. Not only are the we an instrumental part of the factory, we are the most important aspect of the manufacturing process and Carnegie and Frick are…
"1892 Homestead Strike." AFLCIO: America's Union. Web. 6 Oct. 2013.
Brecher, Jeremy. "The Homestead Strike, 1892." libcom.org, 12 June 2013. Web. 6
Integrated Project Management
The project articles are about the processes of making good and verifiable decisions. Though writers like Goatham (2009) often focus on the uniqueness of IT circumstances, the reality is that most sophisticated management practices have common elements. These can be seen in both the building of an army and a society or in the rolling of steel.
POJECT SUCCESS FACTOS
In the Afghan army and nation-building project (uhm, 2006), a number of complex and interwoven tasks had to be developed and coordinated at the same time while allowing for effective personnel and situational changes. The key successes of this case study can be best attributed to three basic factors: the use of an Acquisition Program Baseline (APB), the identification of a qualified program manager (PM), and reliance on standardized military decision-making, training and related tools and tactics.
Acquisition Program Baseline: The chief coordinating entity for this effort,…
Degnitu, W. (2000). PROJECT Management: A Case study of Zuquala Steel Rolling Mill. Journal of the ESME, Vol. III, No. 1. Retrieved December 2011 from http://africantechnologyforum.com/ESME/prjmgmt/Zuquala.htm.
Goatham, Robert. (2009). The Story Behind High Failure Rates in the IT Sector. Retrieved from http://www.maxwideman.com/guests/failure_rates/intro.htm .
Krigsman, M. (2007). UK Rural Payments Agency (RPA): IT Failure and gross incompetence screws farmers. Retrieved December 2011 from http://www.zdnet.com/blog/projectfailures/uk-rural-payments-agency-rpa-it-failure-and-gross-incompetence-screws-farmers/536 .
Ruhm, Brian C., Marsh, A., and Cooley, W.T. (2006). Building an Army - Program Management in Afganistan. Retrieved December 2011 from http://www.pmforum.org/library/cases/2006/08.htm .
Baley was capable enough, efficient enough, but he lacked something that Enderby had. Enderby fit the administrative machine perfectly. He was one of those persons who was born for a hierarchy, who was just naturally comfortable in a bureaucracy" (Asimov 37). Enderby worked within the status quo, he did not challenge the closed-minded ways of society within the caves of steel. On the other hand, Baley at his best moments was much more capable than Enderby. However, he represented change and a challenge to the social order.
Moreover, there is a certain uneasiness that Baley experiences in front of Olivaw that shows his overall lack of confidence in himself and his abilities. Baley is afraid that Olivaw might surpass him in terms of his ability to solve crimes and prove himself as a good officer. To a certain extent, Baley is afraid of being outshined by a robot. If this…
Asimov, Isaac. The Caves of Steel. Random House. 1991.
rise of business and the new age of industrial capitalism forced Americans to think about, criticize, and justify the new order -- especially the vast disparities of wealth and power it created. This assignment asks you to consider the nature and meaning of wealth, poverty and inequality in the Gilded Age making use of the perspectives of four people who occupied very different places in the social and intellectual spectrum of late nineteenth-?century America:, the sociologist William Graham Sumner, the writer enry
George, a Massachusetts textile worker named Thomas O'Donnell, and the steel tycoon
For Andrew Carnegie, wealth was a good thing. In his "Gospel of Wealth," Carnegies talks about the problem of "our age" which is the proper administration of wealth. e has his own philosophy of how wealth has come to be unequally distributed with the huge gap existing between those who have little and those…
Henry George, Progress and Poverty, Major Problems, pp. 20-?22.
Thomas O'Donnell Testimony before a U.S. Senate Committee, 1885 U.S. Congress,
Capital (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1885
Trade Act of 1974 on Euro exchange rates?
Free Trade has been a key agenda for the past three presidents. In an expanding global market, tariffs and trade policies are more important today than they have been in the past. More and more countries are forming alliances such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the Asian Alliance, and the European Union (EU). These trade agreements are meant to level the playing for all countries, both industrialized and emerging countries.
President Bush's trade policy is aimed at helping to generate American jobs, open markets to American products, and provide economic growth. Sometimes massive increases in imports can have a devastating effect on U.S. industries. [This has been the case for the U.S. steel Industry and is the issue addressed in Section 203 (B) (1) of the Trade Act of 1974. Foreign steel makers have had the luxury of government…
Arnold, James. Steel sector stares into the abyss. BBC News.com. March 6, 2002.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/business/newsid_1857000/1857914.stm . Accessed April,
Arnold, James. Steel spat could mean wider worries. BBC News.com. March 6, 2002.
In addition, a series of joint ventures in which West German steel firms joined with East German firms and Krupp, Klockner, and Thyssen of Germany was pursuing other developmental initiatives in eastern Europe as well. Likewise, Arbed of Luxemburg was involved in steelmaking facilities in the former East Germany. According to Mangum et al., "The rising market for improved galvanizing for automobiles, appliances, canning, and other uses is producing a rash of joint ventures throughout the world. Some of these are internal to various countries and others involve international partners" (p. 74).
As a result, nearly 30% of the world's steel supply is now produced by plants belonging to companies that did not exist just 3 decades ago (Ahlberg, Pitkanen & Storsch 1999). As these authors point out, "Such upstarts have entered a global market that since 1980 has grown by less than 1% a year -- an average combining…
Ahlberg, J., A. Pitkanen and L.L. Schorsch. 1999. "Forging a New Era for Steel." The McKinsey
Altunisik, M.B. And O. Tur. 2004. Turkey: Challenges of Continuity and Change. New York:
The crisis compelled the company to accept the government's offer of privatization and so, in 2001, POCO became a privatized company.
Enduring several scandals and plunges, POCO also managed to lift itself up and continue through its challenges through the late 1990s and into the millennium. Its success came about by eliminating ventures in other fields and investing only in projects that were in line with its objectives as well as by merging subsidiaries. In 1999, therefore, it merged Pohang teel Industries and Pohang Coated teel into Pohang teel Co. As well as starting three machinery units in the POCO Machinery Company. A few years earlier too (in 1994), its first two subsidiaries were created - POTEEL and POTGRADE.
In order to cut prices and make their organization more lean and effective, they also formed partnerships with former competitors such as with Nippon teel and China's Baoshan Iron & teel…
About.com. Metals. Company Profile: POSChttp://metals.about.com/od/suppliersaz/a/Company-Profile-Posco.htm
Fundign universe. POSCO
World Steel Association. "Worldsteel top producers 2010."
However, there are changes in customer tastes, which influence steel demand. Moreover, the new technology is increasingly influencing the production of steel and many companies are gaining competitive edge using the latest technology in the steel manufacturing. Moreover, the cost cutting is another trends happening within the industry because organizations are increasingly source for high quality materials at lower costs to produce at low costs thereby offering the product at low prices in the market. More importantly, many steel companies have taken the advantages of internet technology to offer their products online. Using the internet method to offer products to consumers, many companies have been able to offer their products internationally.
Nucor Corporation and AK Steel are our primary competitors because the companies use the retail outlets to sale its products to both retailers and consumers. Moreover, in a steel industry, brand is a powerful tool that organizations employ to…
Clinton, B.D. Van der Merwe, a. (2006). Managerial Accounting: Approaches, Techniques, and Management Processess. Cost Management . New York: Thomas Reuters RIA Group.
Garrison, R.H. Noreen, E.W. & Brewer, P.C. (2012). Managerial Accounting, 14/e. McGraw-Hill.
Shim, J. & Siegel, J.(2011). Schaum's Outline of Managerial Accounting, 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill.
The second HRM issue is that of training. The steel industry being characterized by mature firms, often supported by government, can breed complacency. Nucor needs to ensure that management at its acquisitions and joint ventures has a high level of training in the systems and techniques that Nucor uses to drive its innovation. This training needs to be diffused throughout the organization. This increases risk, however, in the joint ventures because Nucor's management systems are a source of competition advantage and they are disseminating those systems to firms with whom they compete on the global market.
The third HRM issue that may arise is that of compensation. It is difficult to attract top talent in low-cost mature industries because sometimes the pay is not as high due to cost control measures -- particularly at Nucor where perks are few -- and because steel is simply not a sexy industry. Developing…
World Steel Association 2008 Yearbook (2009). Retrieved March 24, 2010 from http://www.worldsteel.org/pictures/publicationfiles/SSY2008%5B1%5D.pdf
Gray, M. (2010). Steel industry seeks review of iron ore pricing. Global Competition Review. Retrieved March 24, 2010 from http://www.globalcompetitionreview.com/news/article/27964/steel-industry-seeks-review-iron-ore-pricing/
Lococo, E. & Kumakura, T. (2010). Nucor to acquire half of Mitsui's steel unit. Business Week. Retrieved March 24, 2010 from http://www.businessweek.com/news/2010-03-03/nucor-to-acquire-half-of-mitsui-s-u-s-steel-unit-update2-.html
No author. (2009). Steel industry in a consolidation mode. China Daily. Retrieved March 24, 2010 from http://en.ce.cn/Industries/Basic-industries/200907/18/t20090718_19567510.shtml
Steel industry is one of the oldest industries and has been the backbone of many industries. In the 19th century, advent of steam engines, cotton gins and mechanized farming led to the strength and growth of steel industry. Between 1875 and 1920, the production of American steel increased to 60 million tons. In 1900s, the annual growth of the U.S. steel industry was 7.0%. Following the post World War II, the American steel industry experienced a new impetus where there was high demand for steel because of the post-war construction and ever expanding economy. Apart from the domestic demand, global demand also contributed to the growth of the steel industry in the United States. However, with advent of new technology, the demand for the U.S. steel experienced a tremendous decline and this has had impact on the strategic growth of Nucor Corporation.
Nucor Corporation is one of the…
Achtmeyer, W.F. (2001). Nucor Corporation (B).Trustees of Dartmouth College.
Boyd, B.K., & Gove, S. (2000). Nucor Corporation and the U.S. steel industry. In, Strategic Management: Competitiveness and Globalization, 4e, Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. Southwestern Publishing
Lopes, T.S.(2005). Diversification Strategies in the Global Drinks Industry. UK.
Nucor Annual Report (2010). Nucor Corporation. USA.
As Nick grows older, his symptoms grow worse, and he becomes more and more depressed, even when times are "good." This is also common with the disease. Nick's brain did not see things the way others do, and he was like a confused child in many ways. Lithium helped the disease, which is also common, but it constantly has to be controlled, and so Nick endured highs and lows as the medication altered. He simply could not contend with the lows. The book very accurately portrays the life of a manic-depressive. It is clear to see how difficult it was for Nick, in the middle of it. It is also an accurate depiction of the progression of the disease, and how it affects everyone, from friends to family, and how difficult a disease it is to successfully treat.
Steel clearly indicates how difficult it is to live with this illness,…
Steel, Danielle. (1998). His bright light: the Nick Traina story. New York: Delacorte Press.
Then, in 1000 a.D., Polynesian farmers colonized New Zeeland -- the group would break into two tribes, the Maori and the Moriori, who would later on collide (Diamond).
In 1500 a.D., Portuguese explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil and claimed it as a territory for his country. The period also represented an ascension in arts, as numerous works, such as sculptures and cathedrals, had been completed. Books were being printed; advancements were being made in literacy and more focus was being placed on the learning process, with the opening of learning institutions; diplomatic services and approaches were gaining momentum; more inventions were being made and the first forms of copy right and patents emerged (Timeline). All these developments were however occurring in the more developed states, such as Spain, France, the Netherlands or Portugal.
Given this situation, as well as Diamond's theory of world evolution, it could be argued that…
Diamond, J.M., 1997, Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies, W.W. Norton
2009, Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies, Barnes & Noble Website, http://search.barnesandnoble.com/booksearch/isbninquiry.asp?r=1&ean=0393038912 last accessed on September 25, 2009
Guns, Germs and Steel, About the Book, Jared Diamond, PBS, http://www.pbs.org/gunsgermssteel/about/jared.htmllast accessed on September 25, 2009
Jared Diamond: Why Is the World so Unequal? Yonsei University, Retrieved from www.yeh.pe.kr/s2/report_down.php?d_uid=160&PHPSESSID on September 26, 2009
Carol Tenny wrote in a recent study that, "Verbs describing psychological states often form passive structures in the English spoken in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania." (Tenny 1998-page 591) She also states that there is no prohibition on verbal passives for non-agentive psych verbs produced by universal grammar principles, but English verbal passives are more felicitous as the verb becomes more eventive.
By speaking in a more verbally passive style, Pittsburghers are quite distinct in their word usage. Pittsburghese includes words that may or may not be recognized in other locales or by people traveling to or through Pittsburgh. ords such as; gesundheit, a word used to express goodwill to a person who has sneezed, or gumband, another word for rubberband are examples of Pittsburghese.
ords that are included in Pittsburghese but are also used throughout the area surrounding Pittsburgh (eastern Ohio and northwest est Virginia) includes; berm, which is the shoulder of…
Andrus, J., Johnstone, B., Danielson, a.E., (2006) Mobility, Indexicality, and the Enregisterment of "Pittsburghese," Journal of English Linguistics, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 77-104
Bodnar, J.E., Weber, M.P., Simon, R.D. (2000) Lives of Their Own: Blacks, Italians, and Poles in Pittsburgh 1900-1960, Springfield, Illinois: University of Illinois Press
Creative Host opens City of Bridges Cafe at Pittsburgh Airport, (2005) Nation's Restaurant News Vol. 39 Number 32, p. 28 From General Reference Center Gold
Furniss, Charlie.(2007) "Modern languages: more than half of the world's languages could be extinct by the end of the century, and many may not last beyond 2050. But an unikely saviour is at hand: far from bringing about cultural homogenisation, as many had predicted, the internet seems to be keeping endangered languages alive" Geographical, Vol 79 Number 4, pp 53-62
Project Management: Case Study in Managing a Complex Shipyard Project in Singapore
Background of Complex Shipyard Construction Project
Project Overview and Objective
ork Process of Building Construction
Issue Analysis in Shipyard Construction Project Management
Literature Review of Project Management
Issues in Scope Management
Methodology of Scope Management
Lessons Learned from Scope Management
Issues in Cost Management
Methodology of Cost Management
Lessons Learned from Cost Management
Issues in Human Resources
Methodology of HR Management
Lessons Learned from Human Resource Management
Case Study in Managing a Complex Shipyard Construction Project in Singapore
This paper introduces the special features of a completed shipyard project, together with its construction and human resource management processes as well. The organization of the paper provides an introduction to the topic, an overview and background of the In the first part, this project illustrates overview of the complex background of a complex ship-building project as…
Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge. Best Practices for Project Scope Planning. [Online]. Available: http://www.tensteppb.com/5.2.02TSProjectScopePlanningTechniques.htm .
About Us. (2004). Keppel Shipyard. [Online]. Available: http://www.keppelshipyard.com/corporate/aboutus.asp.
Badiru, Adedeji Bodunde. Quantitative Models for Project Planning, Scheduling and Control. Westport, CT: Quorom Books, 1993.
BP awards U.S.$20 million follow-up job to Keppel yard. (July 26, 2004). Keppel Corporation. [Online]. Available: http://www.kepcorp.com/press/press.asp.
Like other aspects of
Trinidad Carnival, the political and social circumstances of the times
played a role in influencing the Carnival.
In more recent times in the 20th century, the Carnival has continued
to play its role as a social and political commentator. In orld ar I and
ard ar II Carnival was suspended, yet it did not stop the calypsonians
from singing against whites or the upper classes (Gilkes 2003). Even
today, "ol mas" played during Jour Ouvert morning, allows the writer to "to
parody negroes who have this sickening obsession with aping everything
hite" (Gilkes 2003). This means that despite the entertainment value and
international acclaim of Carnival, there still remains social and political
commentary that has been a tradition of Carnival since its inception. In
the 1960s and 1970s, for example, there was great pride in Africa expressed
through images of Black Power and African Glory, by…
"Carnival: The Greatest Show on Earth." Trinidad & Tobago Official Website.
Feb 2007. <
http://www.visittnt.com/ToDo/Events/Carnival/background/default.html > .
Cowley, John. "Carnival in Trinidad" The Magazine for Traditional Music
throughout the world.
Battle of kinawa on Cultural Treasures
The research paper is about the impact of battle for control of kinawa fought between Allies and Japan during world war two, on the cultural heritage and valuables of the Ryukyu Kingdom. The paper starts with a general introduction of the topic and building a stance that humans have been involved in wars and battles from the start in order to gain control over resources and in order to prove their supremacy over one another and in struggle of survival. During these wars of survival of the fittest, the humans neglect the dreadful impacts and effects these wars leave on the mankind, environment, and culture.
The research paper provides a general history and background related to the situation, describes the valuable cultural resources of the Island, examines the impact and influence of the battle of kinawa on the cultural heritage and valuables of the…
Ota, Y. (2008). Cultural authenticity as entropic metanarrative: a case from ryukyuan studies. Central Issues in Anthropology, 9(1), 87-94.
Selden, M. (1971). Okinawa and American colonialism. Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars, 3,
Tolliday, S. (2000, February). Review of Embracing Defeat. Japan in the Wake of World War Two, (review no. 90). Retrieved March 4, 2011, from
New Pattern of Integration Through Governmental Coordination: European Perspective
The beginning of the European Union was with the coalition of six nations (namely France, Germany, Italia, Belgium, Holland, and Luxembourg) who entered into a treaty back in the year 1951 to determine the ECU Coal and Steel Community. The next signed treaty was in the year 1957 to determine the ECU Economic Community. The Coal and Steel Community were also built with a firmer incentive to improve political stance as oppoed to the economic goals: to attain a peace settlement mainly between the countries of France and Germany. The treaty creating the ECU Economic Community was more motivated towards the achievement of the economic objectives, on the other hand, but had strong political stance as well. It basically aimed to determine a typical or single market by which goods, capital, services, amongst other things could move freely inside the European…
Begg, Iain et al., 2001, Social Exclusion and Social Protection in the European Union: Policy Issues and Proposals for the Future Role of the EU, South Bank University Working Paper, http://www.sbu.ac.uk/euroinst/policyreport.pdf
Ben-Gera, M. (2009). Coordination at the centre of government for better policy making. Conference Paper for Conference on Public Administration Reform and European Integration. SIGMA.
Biagi, Marco, 2000: -- The Impact of European Employement Strategy on the Role of Labour Law and Industrial Relations --, International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations, vol. 16, No. 2, Summer 2000, 155-73
Browne, Matthew, 2003: -- La methode ouverte de coordination et la Strategie europeenne pour l'emploi: Modele ou faux-semblant ? -- in Renaud Dehousse (ed.), L'Europe sans Bruxelles ? (forthcoming)
A very sad supposition that we could make is that he will punish her for her choice. This may not be a rational and voluntary choice on his behalf, but only an instinctual, subconscious one. However the case, the situation does not change and the denouement of the story remains the same. She achieves success outside of the context which seems to have determined her value and her identity entirely (wife of & #8230; and mother of…). y doing this she demonstrates her independence, the trust in her own forces, etc. however, her fact is also perceived as causing a shift in the dynamics referring to the power relation within a couple. In other words she is perceived as becoming stronger than her partner. The consequence is that the partner will want to reacquire his previous status and punish her for her unexpectedly brave behaviour. In this manner what he…
Eagly, a.H. Sex differences in social behaviour: a social role interpretation. Psychology Press, 1987
Bungalow 2 by Danielle Steel, Review by Publishers Weekly, retrieved February 23, 2010 from http://search.barnesandnoble.com/Bungalow-2/Danielle-Steel/e/9780385338318
Lindsey, L.L. Gender roles: a sociological perspective (5th edition). Prentice Hall
Valenzuela, Anna, Raghubir, P. Male -- Female dynamics in groups: a filed study of the weakest link, published in Sage Journals, Small Group research. 2010.
In such situations, "especially if the comments have been made repeatedly" the employer may not be able to fire the employee at will. This seems to be the case with Joe, given the statements he received from his supervisors (Nolo, 2010). In the future, it would be wise for the Strong Steel Company to be careful about making such sweeping statements to employees, to protect the company's interests should the employee use such statements as evidence that they could only be fired with a 'cause.'
Even if the employer argues that there was no implied contract about his employment status, Joe's firing seems clearly linked to his ADA-qualified disability, given that he was told, after he returned to his employment after his operation that his employer felt that Joe was not doing a good job because of his heart problems. Joe, however, had only taken part-time leave for a relatively…
The Americans with Disabilities Act: Title II Technical Assistance Manual. (2010). Americans
with Disability Act. Retrieved February 7, 2010 at http://www.ada.gov/taman2.html
Employment at will: What does it mean? (2010). Nolo. Retrieved February 7, 2010 at http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/article-30022.html
Facts about age discrimination. (2010). Equal opportunity Commission (EEOC).
The need to go forward and to be in sync with the fast-paced life that characterizes modernity was the main objectives of people like Sammy Glick. These individuals, in fact, are considered the modern individuals of Schulberg's time. What made Sammy became the embodiment of an archetype was because, among the "runners" in his time, "Sammy was just a little bit faster, that's all..." Combining ambition, cunning, and disregard for morals, Sammy was able to achieve the high standard of success modern individuals in the 20th century American society sought to achieve and have.
From the persona of Sammy, audiences will realize that archetypes are developed and patronized because they mirror the realities of human society in a specific time period and place. This realization was echoed in Abramowitz's interviews and analyses in the book, "Is that a gun in your pocket?" In it, the author elucidated on how during…
Whatever time duration is arrived at, the researcher should at least determine (preferably from the respondent) the time duration that the respondent will use as a reference, so it is clearer whether the proportion or percentage given is more or less than the eight-hour period provided as an example earlier.
When did you first start chewing gum?
While this is a simple and good enough question to ask about the respondent's first usage and consumption of a chewing gum, there is a possibility that s/he might not recall the first time s/he chewed a gum. This would leave the respondent unsure that it would take time for him/her to answer the question, and could even lead to an unanswered question in the survey. To account for this uncertainty, the question could be phrased, "Based on what you can recall (or based on your recollection), when did you first start chewing…
Describe a specific tariff, an ad valorem tariff, and a compound tariff. hat are the advantages and disadvantages of each?
A specific tariff is a fixed amount of taxation, placed by a government, per physical unit of an imported product. (Carbaugh, 2004). This enables the government of the importing nation to target certain goods from other countries that might be competitive with the nation's major, domestically produced goods. However it also reduces price competition internally within the nation for those goods and services for its citizens and makes its citizens pay more for those goods. An ad valorem tariff is a tax on imports that is specified as a percentage of the value of the good or service being taxed. (AmosEB, 2004). This tends to penalize luxury or more expensive imported goods, making them even more prohibitive in terms of cost. A compound tariff is a combination of an…
AMOS Web. (2003). Online Glossary.
AYSCUDA. (2004). Automated System for Customs Data. http://www.asycuda.org/cuglossa.asp?term=Nominal%20Tariff
Carbaugh, Robert J. (2004). International Economics. Ohio: Southwestern, a division of Thompson Learning.
The project manager should bring the team together at strategic points during the project cycle to determine what is working and what has to be fixed before moving on to the next phase. Allen recommends that there should be three goals of a retrospective: review the project from a number of different perspectives; capture and record details on what worked and what must be improved; and finally, create an action plan for implementing changes. (Allen, 2007)
Army Program Management in Afghanistan
Three field-grade U.S. military officers collaborated to produce a case study of their nation-building experiences in Afghanistan. (uhm, Marsh & Cooley, 2006) They argue persuasively that the use of program (project) management techniques have been helpful to the military leadership in the rebuilding of Afghanistan's infrastructure, institutions, government and Army. The starting point in managing any project is to establish the "baseline," which serves as the contract…
Allen, Stacy Ann (2007, July), How to Run a Project Retrospective, LDS Tech. Retrieved March 3, 2011 from https://tech.lds.org/forum/showthread.php?2564-How-to-Run-a-Project-Retrospective
Degnitu, Wondimu (2000, September), a Case Study of Zuquala Steel Rolling Mill, Journal of the ESME, Vol III, No. 1. Retrieved November 10, 2010 from http://africantechnologyformum.com/ESME/prjmgmt/Zuquala.htm
Elyse (2006, November), Closing Process Group, Anti-Clue. Retrieved March 3, 2011 from http://www.anticlue.net/archive/000736.htm
Merron, Jeff (2011), Project Management Best Practices, Studio One Networks, Retrieved March 3, 2011 from www.itbusinessnet.com/articles/viewarticles.jsp?id=1384247
Finally, if the user wants a receipt, this bar changes to red, with an arrow pointing down towards where the receipt will be dispersed.
To the right of the black square containing the touchscreen there is a green portion featuring a coin and bill slot along with text listing all of the denominations accepted by the machine. To the lower-right of that is a small yellow area where MetroCards are dispersed (and where old MetroCard may be traded in). elow the screen a blue area features a slot for credit and debit cards alongside a keypad and icons listing all of the accepted cards. The lower portion of the blue credit area and the yellow fare card area slant forward, so that their lower edges once again meet the foremost plane of the machine. Immediately below this, centered in the middle of the machine, is a red area where change…
Cultural anthropological design thought as seen in the new york subway system. 1999. Axis (78):
Heller, Steven. 2001. Masamichi udagawa, experience designer. Print 55, (3): 40 & 114.
MetroCard vending machine. 2000. I.D. 47, (4): 58.
Triumph of estern Civilization
In the book Guns, Germs, and Steel, the historian and New Guinea anthropologist Jared Diamond argues that the geography and the environment of the est played the major role in determining the dominance of estern civilization of the modern world. According to Diamond, although geography and the environment do not automatically lead to dominance over other civilizations, these two factors do make major contributions to the four factors that are responsible for all historical developments. The first of these factors is the widespread availability of potential crops and domestic animals as a sustainable food source. This first factor's importance is followed by the need for a nation's location near the a continental axis in a way that facilitates the sustenance of year-round agriculture and yields the seasonal and climatic advantages for a variety of foodstuffs. Third in importance to holding sway over other nations is an…
Diamond, Jared. Guns, Germs, and Steel W.W. Norton & Company.1999.
Jared Diamond, Guns, Germs, and Steel, (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1999), pp.93.
Jared Diamond, Guns, Germs, and Steel, (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1999), pp.321-323.
" (Rouillard, 1987) There was a desire to "humanize the economy" based on the value of work being "more important than capital since the individual had to take priority over the accumulation of goods." (Rouillard, 1987)
VIII. LIERAL HUMANISM & ECONOMIC PLANNING
In 1958 this liberal humanism of the CTCC "manifested itself in a new theme that appeared...economic planning." (Rouillard, 1987) Abuses of the system were corrected by the intervention of the state even though it was symbolic intervention only and it even "further directed the economy toward satisfying the real needs of individuals." (Rouillard, 1987) the CTCC gradually became nondenominational over the years and finally in 1960 the CTCC dropped 'Catholic' from its title and "all direct references to the Church's social doctrine." (Rouillard, 1987)
IX. ETHNICALLY SUMERGED SPLIT LAOUR MARKET
The work of Calliste entitled: "Sleeping Car Porters in Canada: An Ethnically Submerged Split Labour Market" (1987) states…
Calliste, Agnes (1987) Sleeping Car Porters in Canada: An Ethnically Submerged Split Labour Market. Canadian Ethnic Studies. 1987 Canadian Ethnic Studies Association.
Gindin, Sam (1987) Globalization, Nationalism, and Internationalism (1987) the Modern Era (1960-1990).
Iacovetta, Franca (1987) From Contadina to Workers: Southern Italian Immigrant Working Women in Toronto, 1947-1962. The Modern Era. (1960-1990)
McDowell, Laurel Sefton (1987)the Formation of the Canadian Industrial Relations System During World War Two. Labour/Le Travail 1987 Memorial University of Newfoundland.
With this information, people can make informed decisions regarding the water they consume. Which additives are healthful? Which are not? These are examples of only some of the questions responsible consumers should have when choosing their water. Regarding the use of plastics, the solution is simple. By simply changing their habits from plastic water bottles to stainless steel or any of the other alternatives, not only is the consumer choosing something that supports of the well-being of the planet, but also supports the well-being of themselves.
This is merely one solution of many meant to work towards a more sustainable lifestyle across the globe. That the consumption of water increased so quickly, all over the world, signifies the impact of advertising on consumer choices. This can be a reason for hope, since just as quickly the use of stainless steel water bottles and clean water can be brought into individual…
7. Fluoride Action Network, Health Effects, ( http://www.fluoridealert.org/health ...)
8. Fluoridation/Flouride, Toxic Chemicals in Your Water, ( http://www.holisticmed.com/fluoride/ )
9. Worth Health Organization, Water Related Diseases, ( http://www.who.int/water_sanitation ...)
Factors that affect an organization's capacity and willingness to change need to be examined and exploited. Organizational culture, which is a set of shared values and assumptions that are followed by the members of an organization, plays an important role in affecting the attitude of an organization to change. If an organizational history has been unwelcome to change in the past, it is highly unlikely that an organization will be willing to accept change in the future. Sometimes, core competency can assist in the process of change (Porter, 1980).
Lastly, at the individual level, the process of change is completed when it is implemented within a company. The task of the general manager then becomes of envisioning the future of the change and of facilitating cooperation among the workforce. He is also responsible for implementing change at various levels of production, development and distribution. In particular, what needs to be…
Saunders, M., Lewis, P. And Thornhill, A (2003). Research methods for business students. 3rd Ed. London: Prentice Hall.
Seaman, C.H.C. (1987). Research Methods: Principles, Practice, and Theory for Nursing. (pp. 174) Appleton & Lange.
Sudman, S. And Bradburn, N.M. (1982). Asking Questions: a Practical Guide to Questionnaire Design. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Inc.
Taylor, Aex III (October 12, 2009) Fortune: "Can GM Survive?" 60 (7), 60. Retrieved October 31, 2009, Proquest, ISSN: 00158259
Information regarding aluminum shoeing practices and benefits is highly limited, but the research nevertheless presents an interesting and highly specific application for the type of shoe in question. In combination with other research, this study could be used to show the broader medical advantages of aluminum shoes.
uguet, E. & Duberstein, K. (2012). Effects of Steel and Aluminum Shoes on Forelimb Kinematics in Stock-Type orses as Measured at the Trot. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 10 February.
This experimental research article provides the results and analysis of a direct experimental comparison between steel and aluminum horseshoes in terms of how the horses leg and specifically the horses knees move when wearing different types of shoes. The results give clear indicators for which types of performance or typical functions are best accomplished with aluminum shoes, going into a fair amount of technical detail in making this assessment. Generally speaking, a larger…
Huguet, E. & Duberstein, K. (2012). Effects of Steel and Aluminum Shoes on Forelimb Kinematics in Stock-Type Horses as Measured at the Trot. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 10 February.
This experimental research article provides the results and analysis of a direct experimental comparison between steel and aluminum horseshoes in terms of how the horses leg and specifically the horses knees move when wearing different types of shoes. The results give clear indicators for which types of performance or typical functions are best accomplished with aluminum shoes, going into a fair amount of technical detail in making this assessment. Generally speaking, a larger carpal angle and an evident relieving of tension was observed in horses with aluminum rather than steel shoes, suggesting many different performance enhancements can be achieved with the use of aluminum shoes. This source provides very specific information that can be directly used in answering the research question.
Koepsich, W. (1996). Using Aluminum Shoes on Quarter Horses. Anvil Magazine. Accessed 22 March 2012. http://www.anvilmag.com/farrier/usalsonq.html Perhaps the most directly and entirely on point of the resources selected, this article has a slight failing in that it does not provide direct research data in coming to the conclusions that are drawn. This is not to say that the data does not exist, and the author has been a researcher and practitioner in the field for many years and was a pioneer in the use of aluminum horseshoes (at least in the United States), however he does not present direct research results here. Instead, a brief history and extensive overview of the use of aluminum horseshoes is provided in this article, with a great deal of specific information. More research will be required to substantiate this research, but the claims provide excellent grounds for investigation and the building of a more detailed research question.