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Engineering Materials
Words: 2830 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3334199
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Engineering Materials: High Strength Steel and Bus Seat Frames

The purpose of this paper is to conduct research and the review the findings. This paper seeks an understanding of the engineering material of high strength steel, the process in which it is made and the items it is used to build specifically that of bus seat frames. Over the course of the research, it is has been determined that high strength steel is effective when used in building lightweight yet safe and sturdy bus seat frames. This construct lends to the overall safety of buses using this material, specifically in existing models found in buses designed by a company called Fainsa located in Barcelona, Spain. This paper explores the process and design of these seats by looking at the process in which high strength steel is created. By understanding how high strength steel is made, one can better understand its…


(2005). "Compartmentalize." (Sept. 21, 2005).

(2005). "Steels for Strength." (Sept. 21, 2005).

Basta, E., and Hoon, G. (2004). "Slitting ultrahigh-strength steels: Are you ready to process these coil types?" Stamping Journal 8,

Corrosion in Reinforced Concrete Structures
Words: 3216 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 83828077
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" (U.S. Department of Transportation, 2000 P. 3). In the United States, the average bridge deck in a snow-belt state generally shows the spalling shortly after 7 to 10 years of construction, and requires rehabilitation after 20 years of construction. Typically, the repair of the damaged caused by corrosion is invariably expensive. A crack is one of the major damage caused by corrosion. Although structural cracks could be attributed to pure tension, torsion, pure bending, bond failure, and concentrated load, however, non-structural crack is attributed to the chemical process that occurs within the concrete or steel structure, and the damage include shrinkage, expansion process, and thermal movement.

Mackechnie & Alexande, (2001) argue that corrosion could lead to a distress in a concrete capable of causing spanning and cracking to the surrounding concrete. The expansion associated to hydrated oxides is that the steel may swell ten times of its original position…


Arya, C. & Wood, L.A. (1997). Relevance of Cracking in Concrete to Corrosion of Reinforcement. The Concrete Society. Technical Report, No 44.

Atkins, C. Brueckner, R. & MacDonald, M. (2013).Corrosion Monitoring. Technical Note No: 14. Corrosion Prevention Association.

Koch, G. H, Brongers, M.P.H. Thompson, N.G. et al. (2001). Corrosion Costs and Preventive Strategies in the United States. FHWA-RD-01-156. 2001. Springfield, VA, National Technical Information Service.

Lambert, P. & MacDonald, M (2013). Reinforced Concrete-History, Properties, & Durability. Technical Notes No: 1. Corrosion Prevention Association.

Nucor Discuss the Trends in
Words: 1522 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 18585749
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This is a delicate balance for any organization to attain, and Nucor has been able to keep the variation in production process balanced with the need to keep employees motivated while changes in their business model are implemented.

Based on your recommendation for related or unrelated diversification, identify the organizational structure issues that the company would need to address to implement that diversification.

With related diversification the recommendation, organizational and structural issues are minimized, as this strategy will integrate companies whose structures and management philosophies are comparable to Nucor. This will also minimize resistance to change and make the integration of companies much more effective over time. Finally, this approach will make it systems and processes much more efficient and economical. All of these factors will ensure Nucor continues to succeed against larger and slower-to-respond competitors globally.


Brian Denton, Diwakar Gupta. (2004). Strategic inventory deployment in the steel industry.…


Brian Denton, Diwakar Gupta. (2004). Strategic inventory deployment in the steel industry. IIE Transactions, 36(11), 1083-1097.

Shirley a Lazo. (2008, December). Steely Resolve at Nucor. Barron's, 88(50), 50.

Business Review: Special HBS Centennial Issue, 86(1), 78-93.

Rajesh Kumar Singh, HR Murty, SK Gupta, AK Dikshit. (2008). Integrated environment management in steel industries. International Journal of Management & Decision Making, 9(2), 103.

Business Plan Improvements the Financial
Words: 800 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Business Plan Paper #: 10195574
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Supplier power

Suppliers tend to have a moderate power on the steel industry. This situation is mostly determined by the switching costs of firms in the industry. Another factor of influence on this situation is represented by the importance of volume to suppliers.

Entry barriers

It is difficult for companies to enter the steel industry. This is because of the great investments that are required in order to produce steel products or to purchase them. The limited success to distribution is another factor that increases the difficulty of addressing this industry.

3. Market analysis

This industry is characterized by an increasing demand for steel. The business sectors that report such significant demand increase of steel are represented by: the construction, the infrastructure, and automobile sectors. Producers of steel and organizations in the field tend to focus on developing user friendly steel products. This can be achieved by developing light weighted…

Reference list:

1. Porter's Five Forces (2010). QuickMBA. Retrieved February 10, 2012 from .

2. Steel Industry Analysis (2010). EconomyWatch. Retrieved February 10, 2012 from .

Light Gauge Residential and Commercial
Words: 938 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 53275973
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These are just some of the innovative techniques introduced in manufacturing the steel.

One of the biggest innovations that may interest engineers is the development of software and manufacturing machinery that is used with the steel making and engineering in order to guide design and structure.

Many of these innovations can be applied to all types of steel, particularly since manufacturers can add bends, ribs, and stiffeners to steel in order to create more strength, weight, and durability. (tructure.

- What are the methods for mitigating thermal bridging ? i.e. what is the best way to keep temperatures from increasing/decreasing across a stud due to conduction- will a thin piece of plastic help?

ome stud manufacturers have been putting slits in their studs to cut down on the thermal heat transfer; others have used stiffened holes for the same reason.

ome candinavian manufacturers employ a clinching technique that rolls…




Macerewich, M. Framing with light guage steel

Structure. Innovations in Cold-Formed Steel Framing

Homestead 1892
Words: 984 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6059899
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Homestead Strike

Carnegie Steel Co. is one of the largest manufacturing companies in the world and it's success is largely dependent upon the workers who manufacture the best steel anywhere. It is not Andrew Carnegie, or his lapdog Henry Frick, who toil in the difficult conditions with intense heat and compounded by dangers that would make those men cringe. It is the worker who risks his life so that men like Carnegie and Frick can sit in the lap of luxury enjoying the fruits of other men's labor. The owners may have invested their money, but we the workers invest our lives and souls into the company and deserve more than to be used and discarded as though we're just another piece of machinery. Not only are the we an instrumental part of the factory, we are the most important aspect of the manufacturing process and Carnegie and Frick are…

Works Cited

"1892 Homestead Strike." AFLCIO: America's Union. Web. 6 Oct. 2013. -


Brecher, Jeremy. "The Homestead Strike, 1892.", 12 June 2013. Web. 6

Integrated Project Management the Project Articles Are
Words: 1447 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35166279
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Integrated Project Management

The project articles are about the processes of making good and verifiable decisions. Though writers like Goatham (2009) often focus on the uniqueness of IT circumstances, the reality is that most sophisticated management practices have common elements. These can be seen in both the building of an army and a society or in the rolling of steel.


In the Afghan army and nation-building project (uhm, 2006), a number of complex and interwoven tasks had to be developed and coordinated at the same time while allowing for effective personnel and situational changes. The key successes of this case study can be best attributed to three basic factors: the use of an Acquisition Program Baseline (APB), the identification of a qualified program manager (PM), and reliance on standardized military decision-making, training and related tools and tactics.

Acquisition Program Baseline: The chief coordinating entity for this effort,…


Degnitu, W. (2000). PROJECT Management: A Case study of Zuquala Steel Rolling Mill. Journal of the ESME, Vol. III, No. 1. Retrieved December 2011 from

Goatham, Robert. (2009). The Story Behind High Failure Rates in the IT Sector. Retrieved from .

Krigsman, M. (2007). UK Rural Payments Agency (RPA): IT Failure and gross incompetence screws farmers. Retrieved December 2011 from .

Ruhm, Brian C., Marsh, A., and Cooley, W.T. (2006). Building an Army - Program Management in Afganistan. Retrieved December 2011 from .

Elijah Baley's Character an Analysis
Words: 1058 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 85387636
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Baley was capable enough, efficient enough, but he lacked something that Enderby had. Enderby fit the administrative machine perfectly. He was one of those persons who was born for a hierarchy, who was just naturally comfortable in a bureaucracy" (Asimov 37). Enderby worked within the status quo, he did not challenge the closed-minded ways of society within the caves of steel. On the other hand, Baley at his best moments was much more capable than Enderby. However, he represented change and a challenge to the social order.

Moreover, there is a certain uneasiness that Baley experiences in front of Olivaw that shows his overall lack of confidence in himself and his abilities. Baley is afraid that Olivaw might surpass him in terms of his ability to solve crimes and prove himself as a good officer. To a certain extent, Baley is afraid of being outshined by a robot. If this…

Works Cited

Asimov, Isaac. The Caves of Steel. Random House. 1991.

Rise of Business and the New Age
Words: 1562 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11553680
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rise of business and the new age of industrial capitalism forced Americans to think about, criticize, and justify the new order -- especially the vast disparities of wealth and power it created. This assignment asks you to consider the nature and meaning of wealth, poverty and inequality in the Gilded Age making use of the perspectives of four people who occupied very different places in the social and intellectual spectrum of late nineteenth-?century America:, the sociologist William Graham Sumner, the writer enry

George, a Massachusetts textile worker named Thomas O'Donnell, and the steel tycoon

Andrew Carnegie.

For Andrew Carnegie, wealth was a good thing. In his "Gospel of Wealth," Carnegies talks about the problem of "our age" which is the proper administration of wealth. e has his own philosophy of how wealth has come to be unequally distributed with the huge gap existing between those who have little and those…

Henry George, Progress and Poverty, Major Problems, pp. 20-?22.

Thomas O'Donnell Testimony before a U.S. Senate Committee, 1885 U.S. Congress,

Capital (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1885

Trade Act of 1974 on Euro Exchange
Words: 5980 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 94103994
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Trade Act of 1974 on Euro exchange rates?

Free Trade has been a key agenda for the past three presidents. In an expanding global market, tariffs and trade policies are more important today than they have been in the past. More and more countries are forming alliances such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the Asian Alliance, and the European Union (EU). These trade agreements are meant to level the playing for all countries, both industrialized and emerging countries.

President Bush's trade policy is aimed at helping to generate American jobs, open markets to American products, and provide economic growth. Sometimes massive increases in imports can have a devastating effect on U.S. industries. [This has been the case for the U.S. steel Industry and is the issue addressed in Section 203 (B) (1) of the Trade Act of 1974. Foreign steel makers have had the luxury of government…

Works Cited

Arnold, James. Steel sector stares into the abyss. BBC March 6, 2002. . Accessed April,


Arnold, James. Steel spat could mean wider worries. BBC March 6, 2002.

Foreign Exchange Risk Management in
Words: 5032 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 86866079
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In addition, a series of joint ventures in which West German steel firms joined with East German firms and Krupp, Klockner, and Thyssen of Germany was pursuing other developmental initiatives in eastern Europe as well. Likewise, Arbed of Luxemburg was involved in steelmaking facilities in the former East Germany. According to Mangum et al., "The rising market for improved galvanizing for automobiles, appliances, canning, and other uses is producing a rash of joint ventures throughout the world. Some of these are internal to various countries and others involve international partners" (p. 74).

As a result, nearly 30% of the world's steel supply is now produced by plants belonging to companies that did not exist just 3 decades ago (Ahlberg, Pitkanen & Storsch 1999). As these authors point out, "Such upstarts have entered a global market that since 1980 has grown by less than 1% a year -- an average combining…


Ahlberg, J., A. Pitkanen and L.L. Schorsch. 1999. "Forging a New Era for Steel." The McKinsey

Quarterly 83.

Altunisik, M.B. And O. Tur. 2004. Turkey: Challenges of Continuity and Change. New York:


Posco Originally Called Pohang Iron
Words: 1019 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 13569061
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The crisis compelled the company to accept the government's offer of privatization and so, in 2001, POCO became a privatized company.

Enduring several scandals and plunges, POCO also managed to lift itself up and continue through its challenges through the late 1990s and into the millennium. Its success came about by eliminating ventures in other fields and investing only in projects that were in line with its objectives as well as by merging subsidiaries. In 1999, therefore, it merged Pohang teel Industries and Pohang Coated teel into Pohang teel Co. As well as starting three machinery units in the POCO Machinery Company. A few years earlier too (in 1994), its first two subsidiaries were created - POTEEL and POTGRADE.

In order to cut prices and make their organization more lean and effective, they also formed partnerships with former competitors such as with Nippon teel and China's Baoshan Iron & teel…

Sources Metals. Company Profile: POSC

Fundign universe. POSCO 

World Steel Association. "Worldsteel top producers 2010."

Product Manufacturing the Objective of
Words: 1582 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 87305271
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However, there are changes in customer tastes, which influence steel demand. Moreover, the new technology is increasingly influencing the production of steel and many companies are gaining competitive edge using the latest technology in the steel manufacturing. Moreover, the cost cutting is another trends happening within the industry because organizations are increasingly source for high quality materials at lower costs to produce at low costs thereby offering the product at low prices in the market. More importantly, many steel companies have taken the advantages of internet technology to offer their products online. Using the internet method to offer products to consumers, many companies have been able to offer their products internationally.

Nucor Corporation and AK Steel are our primary competitors because the companies use the retail outlets to sale its products to both retailers and consumers. Moreover, in a steel industry, brand is a powerful tool that organizations employ to…


Clinton, B.D. Van der Merwe, a. (2006). Managerial Accounting: Approaches, Techniques, and Management Processess. Cost Management . New York: Thomas Reuters RIA Group.

Garrison, R.H. Noreen, E.W. & Brewer, P.C. (2012). Managerial Accounting, 14/e. McGraw-Hill.

Shim, J. & Siegel, J.(2011). Schaum's Outline of Managerial Accounting, 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill.

Nucor There Are Several Trends
Words: 1286 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Assessment Paper #: 49973199
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The second HRM issue is that of training. The steel industry being characterized by mature firms, often supported by government, can breed complacency. Nucor needs to ensure that management at its acquisitions and joint ventures has a high level of training in the systems and techniques that Nucor uses to drive its innovation. This training needs to be diffused throughout the organization. This increases risk, however, in the joint ventures because Nucor's management systems are a source of competition advantage and they are disseminating those systems to firms with whom they compete on the global market.

The third HRM issue that may arise is that of compensation. It is difficult to attract top talent in low-cost mature industries because sometimes the pay is not as high due to cost control measures -- particularly at Nucor where perks are few -- and because steel is simply not a sexy industry. Developing…

Works Cited:

World Steel Association 2008 Yearbook (2009). Retrieved March 24, 2010 from 

Gray, M. (2010). Steel industry seeks review of iron ore pricing. Global Competition Review. Retrieved March 24, 2010 from 

Lococo, E. & Kumakura, T. (2010). Nucor to acquire half of Mitsui's steel unit. Business Week. Retrieved March 24, 2010 from 

No author. (2009). Steel industry in a consolidation mode. China Daily. Retrieved March 24, 2010 from

Nucor Corporation
Words: 1038 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 69356588
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Nucor Corporation

Steel industry is one of the oldest industries and has been the backbone of many industries. In the 19th century, advent of steam engines, cotton gins and mechanized farming led to the strength and growth of steel industry. Between 1875 and 1920, the production of American steel increased to 60 million tons. In 1900s, the annual growth of the U.S. steel industry was 7.0%. Following the post World War II, the American steel industry experienced a new impetus where there was high demand for steel because of the post-war construction and ever expanding economy. Apart from the domestic demand, global demand also contributed to the growth of the steel industry in the United States. However, with advent of new technology, the demand for the U.S. steel experienced a tremendous decline and this has had impact on the strategic growth of Nucor Corporation.

Nucor Corporation is one of the…


Achtmeyer, W.F. (2001). Nucor Corporation (B).Trustees of Dartmouth College.

Boyd, B.K., & Gove, S. (2000). Nucor Corporation and the U.S. steel industry. In, Strategic Management: Competitiveness and Globalization, 4e, Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D., & Hoskisson, R.E. Southwestern Publishing

Lopes, T.S.(2005). Diversification Strategies in the Global Drinks Industry. UK.

Nucor Annual Report (2010). Nucor Corporation. USA.

Bright Light The Story of
Words: 1155 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12543542
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As Nick grows older, his symptoms grow worse, and he becomes more and more depressed, even when times are "good." This is also common with the disease. Nick's brain did not see things the way others do, and he was like a confused child in many ways. Lithium helped the disease, which is also common, but it constantly has to be controlled, and so Nick endured highs and lows as the medication altered. He simply could not contend with the lows. The book very accurately portrays the life of a manic-depressive. It is clear to see how difficult it was for Nick, in the middle of it. It is also an accurate depiction of the progression of the disease, and how it affects everyone, from friends to family, and how difficult a disease it is to successfully treat.

Steel clearly indicates how difficult it is to live with this illness,…


Steel, Danielle. (1998). His bright light: the Nick Traina story. New York: Delacorte Press.

Growth and Development World Inequality
Words: 1442 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87272264
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Then, in 1000 a.D., Polynesian farmers colonized New Zeeland -- the group would break into two tribes, the Maori and the Moriori, who would later on collide (Diamond).

In 1500 a.D., Portuguese explorer Pedro Alvares Cabral discovered Brazil and claimed it as a territory for his country. The period also represented an ascension in arts, as numerous works, such as sculptures and cathedrals, had been completed. Books were being printed; advancements were being made in literacy and more focus was being placed on the learning process, with the opening of learning institutions; diplomatic services and approaches were gaining momentum; more inventions were being made and the first forms of copy right and patents emerged (Timeline). All these developments were however occurring in the more developed states, such as Spain, France, the Netherlands or Portugal.

Given this situation, as well as Diamond's theory of world evolution, it could be argued that…


Diamond, J.M., 1997, Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies, W.W. Norton

2009, Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies, Barnes & Noble Website, last accessed on September 25, 2009

Guns, Germs and Steel, About the Book, Jared Diamond, PBS, accessed on September 25, 2009

Jared Diamond: Why Is the World so Unequal? Yonsei University, Retrieved from on September 26, 2009

Pittsburgh the City of Pittsburgh
Words: 3553 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28280014
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Carol Tenny wrote in a recent study that, "Verbs describing psychological states often form passive structures in the English spoken in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania." (Tenny 1998-page 591) She also states that there is no prohibition on verbal passives for non-agentive psych verbs produced by universal grammar principles, but English verbal passives are more felicitous as the verb becomes more eventive.

By speaking in a more verbally passive style, Pittsburghers are quite distinct in their word usage. Pittsburghese includes words that may or may not be recognized in other locales or by people traveling to or through Pittsburgh. ords such as; gesundheit, a word used to express goodwill to a person who has sneezed, or gumband, another word for rubberband are examples of Pittsburghese.

ords that are included in Pittsburghese but are also used throughout the area surrounding Pittsburgh (eastern Ohio and northwest est Virginia) includes; berm, which is the shoulder of…

Works Cited

Andrus, J., Johnstone, B., Danielson, a.E., (2006) Mobility, Indexicality, and the Enregisterment of "Pittsburghese," Journal of English Linguistics, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 77-104

Bodnar, J.E., Weber, M.P., Simon, R.D. (2000) Lives of Their Own: Blacks, Italians, and Poles in Pittsburgh 1900-1960, Springfield, Illinois: University of Illinois Press

Creative Host opens City of Bridges Cafe at Pittsburgh Airport, (2005) Nation's Restaurant News Vol. 39 Number 32, p. 28 From General Reference Center Gold

Furniss, Charlie.(2007) "Modern languages: more than half of the world's languages could be extinct by the end of the century, and many may not last beyond 2050. But an unikely saviour is at hand: far from bringing about cultural homogenisation, as many had predicted, the internet seems to be keeping endangered languages alive" Geographical, Vol 79 Number 4, pp 53-62

Project Management Case Study in Managing a
Words: 14774 Length: 55 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 16606153
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Project Management: Case Study in Managing a Complex Shipyard Project in Singapore

Background of Complex Shipyard Construction Project

Company background

Project Overview and Objective

ork Process of Building Construction

Issue Analysis in Shipyard Construction Project Management

Literature Review of Project Management

Issues in Scope Management

Methodology of Scope Management

Lessons Learned from Scope Management

Issues in Cost Management

Methodology of Cost Management

Lessons Learned from Cost Management

Issues in Human Resources

Methodology of HR Management

Lessons Learned from Human Resource Management

Case Study in Managing a Complex Shipyard Construction Project in Singapore


This paper introduces the special features of a completed shipyard project, together with its construction and human resource management processes as well. The organization of the paper provides an introduction to the topic, an overview and background of the In the first part, this project illustrates overview of the complex background of a complex ship-building project as…

Works Cited

Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge. Best Practices for Project Scope Planning. [Online]. Available: .

About Us. (2004). Keppel Shipyard. [Online]. Available:

Badiru, Adedeji Bodunde. Quantitative Models for Project Planning, Scheduling and Control. Westport, CT: Quorom Books, 1993.

BP awards U.S.$20 million follow-up job to Keppel yard. (July 26, 2004). Keppel Corporation. [Online]. Available:

Trinidad Carnival The Greatest Show
Words: 2718 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 34173480
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Like other aspects of
Trinidad Carnival, the political and social circumstances of the times
played a role in influencing the Carnival.
In more recent times in the 20th century, the Carnival has continued
to play its role as a social and political commentator. In orld ar I and
ard ar II Carnival was suspended, yet it did not stop the calypsonians
from singing against whites or the upper classes (Gilkes 2003). Even
today, "ol mas" played during Jour Ouvert morning, allows the writer to "to
parody negroes who have this sickening obsession with aping everything
hite" (Gilkes 2003). This means that despite the entertainment value and
international acclaim of Carnival, there still remains social and political
commentary that has been a tradition of Carnival since its inception. In
the 1960s and 1970s, for example, there was great pride in Africa expressed
through images of Black Power and African Glory, by…

Works Cited

"Carnival: The Greatest Show on Earth." Trinidad & Tobago Official Website.
2001. 28
Feb 2007. <  > .

Cowley, John. "Carnival in Trinidad" The Magazine for Traditional Music
throughout the world.

Battle of Okinawa on Cultural Treasures the
Words: 2954 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 30543796
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Battle of kinawa on Cultural Treasures

The research paper is about the impact of battle for control of kinawa fought between Allies and Japan during world war two, on the cultural heritage and valuables of the Ryukyu Kingdom. The paper starts with a general introduction of the topic and building a stance that humans have been involved in wars and battles from the start in order to gain control over resources and in order to prove their supremacy over one another and in struggle of survival. During these wars of survival of the fittest, the humans neglect the dreadful impacts and effects these wars leave on the mankind, environment, and culture.

The research paper provides a general history and background related to the situation, describes the valuable cultural resources of the Island, examines the impact and influence of the battle of kinawa on the cultural heritage and valuables of the…

Ota, Y. (2008). Cultural authenticity as entropic metanarrative: a case from ryukyuan studies. Central Issues in Anthropology, 9(1), 87-94.

Selden, M. (1971). Okinawa and American colonialism. Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars, 3,

Tolliday, S. (2000, February). Review of Embracing Defeat. Japan in the Wake of World War Two, (review no. 90). Retrieved March 4, 2011, from

New Pattern of Integration Through Governmental Coordination European
Words: 7020 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 96921841
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New Pattern of Integration Through Governmental Coordination: European Perspective

The beginning of the European Union was with the coalition of six nations (namely France, Germany, Italia, Belgium, Holland, and Luxembourg) who entered into a treaty back in the year 1951 to determine the ECU Coal and Steel Community. The next signed treaty was in the year 1957 to determine the ECU Economic Community. The Coal and Steel Community were also built with a firmer incentive to improve political stance as oppoed to the economic goals: to attain a peace settlement mainly between the countries of France and Germany. The treaty creating the ECU Economic Community was more motivated towards the achievement of the economic objectives, on the other hand, but had strong political stance as well. It basically aimed to determine a typical or single market by which goods, capital, services, amongst other things could move freely inside the European…


Begg, Iain et al., 2001, Social Exclusion and Social Protection in the European Union: Policy Issues and Proposals for the Future Role of the EU, South Bank University Working Paper,

Ben-Gera, M. (2009). Coordination at the centre of government for better policy making. Conference Paper for Conference on Public Administration Reform and European Integration. SIGMA.

Biagi, Marco, 2000: -- The Impact of European Employement Strategy on the Role of Labour Law and Industrial Relations --, International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations, vol. 16, No. 2, Summer 2000, 155-73

Browne, Matthew, 2003: -- La methode ouverte de coordination et la Strategie europeenne pour l'emploi: Modele ou faux-semblant ? -- in Renaud Dehousse (ed.), L'Europe sans Bruxelles ? (forthcoming)

Popular Literature the Purpose of
Words: 2509 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43520046
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A very sad supposition that we could make is that he will punish her for her choice. This may not be a rational and voluntary choice on his behalf, but only an instinctual, subconscious one. However the case, the situation does not change and the denouement of the story remains the same. She achieves success outside of the context which seems to have determined her value and her identity entirely (wife of & #8230; and mother of…). y doing this she demonstrates her independence, the trust in her own forces, etc. however, her fact is also perceived as causing a shift in the dynamics referring to the power relation within a couple. In other words she is perceived as becoming stronger than her partner. The consequence is that the partner will want to reacquire his previous status and punish her for her unexpectedly brave behaviour. In this manner what he…


Eagly, a.H. Sex differences in social behaviour: a social role interpretation. Psychology Press, 1987

Bungalow 2 by Danielle Steel, Review by Publishers Weekly, retrieved February 23, 2010 from

Lindsey, L.L. Gender roles: a sociological perspective (5th edition). Prentice Hall

Valenzuela, Anna, Raghubir, P. Male -- Female dynamics in groups: a filed study of the weakest link, published in Sage Journals, Small Group research. 2010.

Ethics and Corporate Governance Strong
Words: 996 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 39628737
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In such situations, "especially if the comments have been made repeatedly" the employer may not be able to fire the employee at will. This seems to be the case with Joe, given the statements he received from his supervisors (Nolo, 2010). In the future, it would be wise for the Strong Steel Company to be careful about making such sweeping statements to employees, to protect the company's interests should the employee use such statements as evidence that they could only be fired with a 'cause.'

Even if the employer argues that there was no implied contract about his employment status, Joe's firing seems clearly linked to his ADA-qualified disability, given that he was told, after he returned to his employment after his operation that his employer felt that Joe was not doing a good job because of his heart problems. Joe, however, had only taken part-time leave for a relatively…


The Americans with Disabilities Act: Title II Technical Assistance Manual. (2010). Americans

with Disability Act. Retrieved February 7, 2010 at

Employment at will: What does it mean? (2010). Nolo. Retrieved February 7, 2010 at 

Facts about age discrimination. (2010). Equal opportunity Commission (EEOC).

Sammy Glick Hollywood and the
Words: 859 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12222883
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The need to go forward and to be in sync with the fast-paced life that characterizes modernity was the main objectives of people like Sammy Glick. These individuals, in fact, are considered the modern individuals of Schulberg's time. What made Sammy became the embodiment of an archetype was because, among the "runners" in his time, "Sammy was just a little bit faster, that's all..." Combining ambition, cunning, and disregard for morals, Sammy was able to achieve the high standard of success modern individuals in the 20th century American society sought to achieve and have.

From the persona of Sammy, audiences will realize that archetypes are developed and patronized because they mirror the realities of human society in a specific time period and place. This realization was echoed in Abramowitz's interviews and analyses in the book, "Is that a gun in your pocket?" In it, the author elucidated on how during…

Scaling Techniques the Following Concepts
Words: 1338 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 28861725
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Whatever time duration is arrived at, the researcher should at least determine (preferably from the respondent) the time duration that the respondent will use as a reference, so it is clearer whether the proportion or percentage given is more or less than the eight-hour period provided as an example earlier.

When did you first start chewing gum?

While this is a simple and good enough question to ask about the respondent's first usage and consumption of a chewing gum, there is a possibility that s/he might not recall the first time s/he chewed a gum. This would leave the respondent unsure that it would take time for him/her to answer the question, and could even lead to an unanswered question in the survey. To account for this uncertainty, the question could be phrased, "Based on what you can recall (or based on your recollection), when did you first start chewing…

Tariffs Describe a Specific Tariff an Ad
Words: 898 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35852281
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Describe a specific tariff, an ad valorem tariff, and a compound tariff. hat are the advantages and disadvantages of each?

A specific tariff is a fixed amount of taxation, placed by a government, per physical unit of an imported product. (Carbaugh, 2004). This enables the government of the importing nation to target certain goods from other countries that might be competitive with the nation's major, domestically produced goods. However it also reduces price competition internally within the nation for those goods and services for its citizens and makes its citizens pay more for those goods. An ad valorem tariff is a tax on imports that is specified as a percentage of the value of the good or service being taxed. (AmosEB, 2004). This tends to penalize luxury or more expensive imported goods, making them even more prohibitive in terms of cost. A compound tariff is a combination of an…

Works Cited

AMOS Web. (2003). Online Glossary. key=ad+valorem+tariff

AYSCUDA. (2004). Automated System for Customs Data. 

Carbaugh, Robert J. (2004). International Economics. Ohio: Southwestern, a division of Thompson Learning.

Closing a Project Is a
Words: 1298 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 80152251
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The project manager should bring the team together at strategic points during the project cycle to determine what is working and what has to be fixed before moving on to the next phase. Allen recommends that there should be three goals of a retrospective: review the project from a number of different perspectives; capture and record details on what worked and what must be improved; and finally, create an action plan for implementing changes. (Allen, 2007)

Case Studies

Army Program Management in Afghanistan

Three field-grade U.S. military officers collaborated to produce a case study of their nation-building experiences in Afghanistan. (uhm, Marsh & Cooley, 2006) They argue persuasively that the use of program (project) management techniques have been helpful to the military leadership in the rebuilding of Afghanistan's infrastructure, institutions, government and Army. The starting point in managing any project is to establish the "baseline," which serves as the contract…


Allen, Stacy Ann (2007, July), How to Run a Project Retrospective, LDS Tech. Retrieved March 3, 2011 from 

Degnitu, Wondimu (2000, September), a Case Study of Zuquala Steel Rolling Mill, Journal of the ESME, Vol III, No. 1. Retrieved November 10, 2010 from

Elyse (2006, November), Closing Process Group, Anti-Clue. Retrieved March 3, 2011 from

Merron, Jeff (2011), Project Management Best Practices, Studio One Networks, Retrieved March 3, 2011 from

Metro Card Vending Machine Formalism
Words: 1398 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18948449
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Finally, if the user wants a receipt, this bar changes to red, with an arrow pointing down towards where the receipt will be dispersed.

To the right of the black square containing the touchscreen there is a green portion featuring a coin and bill slot along with text listing all of the denominations accepted by the machine. To the lower-right of that is a small yellow area where MetroCards are dispersed (and where old MetroCard may be traded in). elow the screen a blue area features a slot for credit and debit cards alongside a keypad and icons listing all of the accepted cards. The lower portion of the blue credit area and the yellow fare card area slant forward, so that their lower edges once again meet the foremost plane of the machine. Immediately below this, centered in the middle of the machine, is a red area where change…


Cultural anthropological design thought as seen in the new york subway system. 1999. Axis (78):


Heller, Steven. 2001. Masamichi udagawa, experience designer. Print 55, (3): 40 & 114.

MetroCard vending machine. 2000. I.D. 47, (4): 58.

Triumph of Western Civilization in the Book
Words: 790 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22674882
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Triumph of estern Civilization

In the book Guns, Germs, and Steel, the historian and New Guinea anthropologist Jared Diamond argues that the geography and the environment of the est played the major role in determining the dominance of estern civilization of the modern world. According to Diamond, although geography and the environment do not automatically lead to dominance over other civilizations, these two factors do make major contributions to the four factors that are responsible for all historical developments. The first of these factors is the widespread availability of potential crops and domestic animals as a sustainable food source. This first factor's importance is followed by the need for a nation's location near the a continental axis in a way that facilitates the sustenance of year-round agriculture and yields the seasonal and climatic advantages for a variety of foodstuffs. Third in importance to holding sway over other nations is an…

Work Cited

Diamond, Jared. Guns, Germs, and Steel W.W. Norton & Company.1999.

Jared Diamond, Guns, Germs, and Steel, (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1999), pp.93.

Jared Diamond, Guns, Germs, and Steel, (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1999), pp.321-323.

History of Canadian Labour The
Words: 2158 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65406702
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" (Rouillard, 1987) There was a desire to "humanize the economy" based on the value of work being "more important than capital since the individual had to take priority over the accumulation of goods." (Rouillard, 1987)


In 1958 this liberal humanism of the CTCC "manifested itself in a new theme that appeared...economic planning." (Rouillard, 1987) Abuses of the system were corrected by the intervention of the state even though it was symbolic intervention only and it even "further directed the economy toward satisfying the real needs of individuals." (Rouillard, 1987) the CTCC gradually became nondenominational over the years and finally in 1960 the CTCC dropped 'Catholic' from its title and "all direct references to the Church's social doctrine." (Rouillard, 1987)


The work of Calliste entitled: "Sleeping Car Porters in Canada: An Ethnically Submerged Split Labour Market" (1987) states…


Calliste, Agnes (1987) Sleeping Car Porters in Canada: An Ethnically Submerged Split Labour Market. Canadian Ethnic Studies. 1987 Canadian Ethnic Studies Association.

Gindin, Sam (1987) Globalization, Nationalism, and Internationalism (1987) the Modern Era (1960-1990).

Iacovetta, Franca (1987) From Contadina to Workers: Southern Italian Immigrant Working Women in Toronto, 1947-1962. The Modern Era. (1960-1990)

McDowell, Laurel Sefton (1987)the Formation of the Canadian Industrial Relations System During World War Two. Labour/Le Travail 1987 Memorial University of Newfoundland.

Water and Plastic Bottle Burden
Words: 1800 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 79110006
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With this information, people can make informed decisions regarding the water they consume. Which additives are healthful? Which are not? These are examples of only some of the questions responsible consumers should have when choosing their water. Regarding the use of plastics, the solution is simple. By simply changing their habits from plastic water bottles to stainless steel or any of the other alternatives, not only is the consumer choosing something that supports of the well-being of the planet, but also supports the well-being of themselves.

This is merely one solution of many meant to work towards a more sustainable lifestyle across the globe. That the consumption of water increased so quickly, all over the world, signifies the impact of advertising on consumer choices. This can be a reason for hope, since just as quickly the use of stainless steel water bottles and clean water can be brought into individual…

7. Fluoride Action Network, Health Effects, ( ...)

8. Fluoridation/Flouride, Toxic Chemicals in Your Water, ( )

9. Worth Health Organization, Water Related Diseases, ( ...)

Dealing Effectively With Organizational Change
Words: 8797 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 50486495
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Factors that affect an organization's capacity and willingness to change need to be examined and exploited. Organizational culture, which is a set of shared values and assumptions that are followed by the members of an organization, plays an important role in affecting the attitude of an organization to change. If an organizational history has been unwelcome to change in the past, it is highly unlikely that an organization will be willing to accept change in the future. Sometimes, core competency can assist in the process of change (Porter, 1980).

Lastly, at the individual level, the process of change is completed when it is implemented within a company. The task of the general manager then becomes of envisioning the future of the change and of facilitating cooperation among the workforce. He is also responsible for implementing change at various levels of production, development and distribution. In particular, what needs to be…


Saunders, M., Lewis, P. And Thornhill, A (2003). Research methods for business students. 3rd Ed. London: Prentice Hall.

Seaman, C.H.C. (1987). Research Methods: Principles, Practice, and Theory for Nursing. (pp. 174) Appleton & Lange.

Sudman, S. And Bradburn, N.M. (1982). Asking Questions: a Practical Guide to Questionnaire Design. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Inc.

Taylor, Aex III (October 12, 2009) Fortune: "Can GM Survive?" 60 (7), 60. Retrieved October 31, 2009, Proquest, ISSN: 00158259

Horseshoe Anno Annotated Bibliography Balch
Words: 716 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 33994422
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Information regarding aluminum shoeing practices and benefits is highly limited, but the research nevertheless presents an interesting and highly specific application for the type of shoe in question. In combination with other research, this study could be used to show the broader medical advantages of aluminum shoes.

uguet, E. & Duberstein, K. (2012). Effects of Steel and Aluminum Shoes on Forelimb Kinematics in Stock-Type orses as Measured at the Trot. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 10 February.

This experimental research article provides the results and analysis of a direct experimental comparison between steel and aluminum horseshoes in terms of how the horses leg and specifically the horses knees move when wearing different types of shoes. The results give clear indicators for which types of performance or typical functions are best accomplished with aluminum shoes, going into a fair amount of technical detail in making this assessment. Generally speaking, a larger…

Huguet, E. & Duberstein, K. (2012). Effects of Steel and Aluminum Shoes on Forelimb Kinematics in Stock-Type Horses as Measured at the Trot. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 10 February.

This experimental research article provides the results and analysis of a direct experimental comparison between steel and aluminum horseshoes in terms of how the horses leg and specifically the horses knees move when wearing different types of shoes. The results give clear indicators for which types of performance or typical functions are best accomplished with aluminum shoes, going into a fair amount of technical detail in making this assessment. Generally speaking, a larger carpal angle and an evident relieving of tension was observed in horses with aluminum rather than steel shoes, suggesting many different performance enhancements can be achieved with the use of aluminum shoes. This source provides very specific information that can be directly used in answering the research question.

Koepsich, W. (1996). Using Aluminum Shoes on Quarter Horses. Anvil Magazine. Accessed 22 March 2012. Perhaps the most directly and entirely on point of the resources selected, this article has a slight failing in that it does not provide direct research data in coming to the conclusions that are drawn. This is not to say that the data does not exist, and the author has been a researcher and practitioner in the field for many years and was a pioneer in the use of aluminum horseshoes (at least in the United States), however he does not present direct research results here. Instead, a brief history and extensive overview of the use of aluminum horseshoes is provided in this article, with a great deal of specific information. More research will be required to substantiate this research, but the claims provide excellent grounds for investigation and the building of a more detailed research question.

Autumn Begins in Martin's Ferry Ohio
Words: 943 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78577957
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James Wright comments on life in an American steel town with his poem "Autumn Begins in Martins Ferry, Ohio." Using free verse, Wright is nonetheless able to imbue the poem with flowing cadence. The poet offers his readers a glimpse into a small segment of Americana, while at the same time delivering universal human truths. Only three stanzas long, "Autumn Begins" is an observation of the crowd and activity at a high school football game. In the first stanza, the narrator muses about the various minority groups in Martins Ferry. The second stanza is devoted to the state of affairs of American family life and the state of mind of the wives at home. Finally, the third stanza depicts the young athletes, who play an aggressive sport that mimics their father's hard work. "Autumn Begins in Martins Ferry, Ohio" combines modern poetic devices and a somber tone to convey life…