Stock Market Essays (Examples)

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Stock Comparison Portfolio Management Having Wealth Is

Words: 598 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80670602

Stock Comparison

Portfolio Management

Having wealth is one thing; managing hat wealth in an effective manner such that it produces more wealth at an efficient rate is quite another. As a great deal of wealth ends up in the stock market -- where wealth can be quickly created and even more quickly eroded -- understanding how to conduct a comparison of stocks is essential for proper portfolio management. There are many different considerations that should be taken into account when selecting stocks, but one simple and straightforward method of analysis is to simply compare the past performance of stocks that are being considered. Both the price changes and the volatility of past stocks performance can be an indicator of the risk and rewards associated with a given stock, especially in comparison with other potential investments, and this can lead to a better decision regarding which investment to select for the future.

A comparison of Lloyds Banking Group and HSBC demonstrates the manner in which this type of stock comparison can be conducted. The prices for each stock on the 1st of January (or the closest date for which an active price was available) for each year from 2007 to 2011…… [Read More]

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Market Segmentation and Product Positioning

Words: 1207 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28872749

Conduct a SWOT (strengths, weakness, opportunities and treats) analysis for the company;


In the current economy, the economic downturn has hurt the horse industry. "With the loss of jobs, additional money that people used to care for their horses has gone down...You have to feed your family before you feed your horses" (Powers 2009). The availability of second-hand goods will be helpful to address this issue. On the other hand, one of the most untouched segments by the recession was that of high-end, luxury goods. Consumers who do not primarily live off of their salaries as less impacted by the upturns and downturns of the unemployment rate, and the stock market has been less affected than employment by current economic figures. They will have more money to buy customized saddles and to pursue their hobby.


The market for horse items is very specific, and not all areas of the country have high levels of equestrian participation. Additionally, there is a great deal of loyalty amongst brands because of the 'traditionalism' of the market. Finally, the brand would be geared more towards riders and showing than people who keep their own farms, as these individuals might be more inclined…… [Read More]


Clifford, Stephanie. (2011). Even marked up, luxury goods fly off shelves. The New York Times.

Retrieved October 21, 2011 at

Powers, Martine. (2009). Horse farms and riders tighten their belts. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.

Retrieved October 21, 2011 at
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Stock Track Analysis Over the

Words: 2239 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71818345

It is expected that the bond will mirror the performance of the S & P. 500. ("Transaction History," 2010)

November 24, 2010

On November 24th several more new purchases would take place to include: General Motors, Berkshire Hathaway, the Fidelity Immediate Government Fund and the Strategic Advisors Income Fund.


General Motors was selected, because it could help to provide the portfolio with above average growth. The results were that that stock would see an increase of 1.4%. ("Transaction History," 2010)

Berkshire Hathaway was purchased to provide the portfolio with stability and diversification. This investment is expected to outperform the major market averages. The results were up .96%.( "Transaction History," 2010)

Mutual Funds

The Fidelity Intermediate Government Fund was selected because of their focus on medium term Treasury investments. This is expected to underperform the market averages. The results were that the position declined by 2.55%. ("Transaction History," 2010)

The Strategic Advisors Income Fund was selected to provide the portfolio with additional income investments (as the fund invests in emerging market debt). This is expected to underperform the major market averages. The results were that the fund would decline by 1.30%. ("Transaction History," 2010)

Summary Analysis

Overall, the S&P 500…… [Read More]


Account Details. (2010). Stock Trak. Retrieved from:

Ford Posts 68% Rise in Third Quarter Income. (2010). MSNBC. Retrieved from:

Transaction History. (2010). Stock Trak. Retrieved from:

Kavilanliz, P. (2010). Black Friday. CNN Money. Retrieved from:
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Market Efficiency Is the Concept That Markets

Words: 1627 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61002687

Market efficiency is the concept that markets have synthesized all available knowledge into the prices. Thus, the prices reflect that knowledge. By extension of this, there is little that an investor can do to "beat" the market -- that is to outperform market returns on a risk-adjusted basis. The theory of market efficiency is best encapsulated in the Efficient Market Hypothesis. This paper will explain market efficiency in detail and outline how understanding market efficiency can help investors to maximize shareholder wealth.

Heakal (2009) explains that Eugene Fama first proposed the efficient market hypothesis (EMH) in 1970. The EMH is based on the idea that "at any given time, prices fully reflect all available information on a particular stock and/or market" (Ibid). A perfectly efficient market will account for all publicly available information that can have an impact on the stock price. This information can be about the stock -- details about the performance of the firm, for example. The information can also be about the circumstances in the external environment that affect the company. Thus for example when something happens in the macroeconomic, political or regulatory environment that can impact on the price of the stock, that information will…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Heakal, R. (2009). What is market efficiency? Investopedia. Retrieved August 8, 2011 from
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Stock Contribution Portfolio Risk and

Words: 786 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 428663

That being said, the overall risks to the portfolio will vary, depending upon the type of stock that is purchased and how much diversification is being utilized. ("What are the Main Types of Stock.," 2010)

How much does a stock contribute to the return of a portfolio?

Historically the average return of the S&P 500 has been 9.8% a year. (Swedroe, 2009) However, the overall impact of the return will depend upon: the underlying amounts of growth and dividends that are received. These two factors are important, because they can cause the total return of the portfolio to vary. As a result, the overall contribution of stocks, on the return of the portfolio; will depend upon the type of equity securities that are being purchased and the holding period.

Clearly, the underlying amounts of risks and rewards will depend upon a number of different factors. As far as risks are concerned, the biggest issues would be: the amount of diversification that is used and the type of stocks that are purchased. These are important, because they will determine the possible risk that different stocks will have upon the portfolio. As those equity securities that are more income orientated, will have…… [Read More]


Diversification. (2010). Invest Words. Retrieved from: 

How Far Have We Fallen. (2009). Ritholz. Retrieved from:

What are the Main Types of Stock. (2010). MSN Money. Retrieved from:

Swedroe, L. (2010). Are Stocks a Good Buy. Money Watch. Retrieved from:
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Market Efficient Respect Set Information Impossible Makes

Words: 2918 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63233798

Market Efficient Respect Set Information Impossible Makes Abnormal Profits

Market Efficient

In his work, Fama argued that given the massive use of resources by the brokerage firm to conduct studies on trends in the industry, the effects of changes in interest rates on corporate balance sheets and expectations of managers and/or political analysts of the companies should be able to systematically beat a generic portfolio with the same risk characteristics.

Since, according to Fama, professional in every situation, the analyst has a fifty percent chance of beating the market; although its specific capabilities did not exist he would beat a lot of the market. The analyst did "help" the market to be efficient if all the investors, in fact, would hold portfolios composed of stock indices, would open up significant opportunities for professional traders to take advantage of the situation. But the movement of traders to that "new market" would mean that the advantage disappears, confirming once again, thus the "Efficient Market Theory" of Fame.

The analysis of Fame tended to confirm, then, the "Random Walk Theory" of stock prices already investigated by authors such as Louis Bachelier in 1900, Holbrook Working in 1934, Alfred Cowles in 1937, Clive Granger…… [Read More]


Arrow, K.J., 1959. 'Toward a theory of price adjustment', in M. Abramovitz (ed.), The Allocation of Economic Resources, and Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 41 -- 51.

Aumann, R.J., 1964. "Markets with a Continuum of Traders," Econometrica, Vol. 32, No. 1/2, Jan. - Apr., pp. 39 -- 50.

Clifton, J.A., 1977. "Competition and the evolution of the capitalist mode of production," Cambridge Journal of Economics, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 137 -- 151.

Frank, R., 2008. Microeconomics and Behavior 7th ed. (McGraw-Hill) ISBN 978-007-126349-8.
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Stock Stats Statistics in the World of

Words: 819 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27785137

Stock Stats

Statistics in the World of Stocks

Many students at various levels in mathematics at times find themselves asking the question, why do I need to learn this? It is admittedly true that many people will never really use algebra in their daily lives, and the complex world of statistics and probability also goes unutilized by many. Algebra, probability, and statistics can all be useful to everyone, in actuality, and more importantly there are specific instances where these areas of mathematics prove absolutely invaluable. When it comes to the stock market, many people try to use statistical models to predict when certain stocks are good values, or when they are poised to skyrocket investors to new fortunes, but there are also more sensible applications of certain probability and statistics concepts that are reasonable means of influencing stock-buying decisions. Applying a few basic methods of analysis to some elements of various business and stock performance can yield probabilities for future success.

Specifically interested in buying the stock of an automotive company, I first assessed what relevant information I had available that probability and statistics concepts could be applied to. After identifying this information as current financial data on several automotive…… [Read More]

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Stock Repurchasing Has Become a

Words: 3221 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59504727

("Gates, Bill," 2007) the company is in fact considered a regional financial backbone, in the Seattle-Redmond area where its world headquarters are. The whole region and to some extent the whole world takes notice when Microsoft announces financial strategies and changes or when stocks rise or fall.

The software maker said it would buy back $20 billion through a tender offer set to be completed on Aug. 17. The company said that its board of directors has also authorized the company to buy back up to $20 billion worth of stock through June 2011. The company said it has completed the $30 billion stock buyback announced two years ago. "With our share repurchase programs announcement today, we reaffirm our confidence and optimism in the long-term future of the company and continue to execute on our strategy of returning capital to shareholders," Microsoft Chief Financial Officer Chris Liddell said in a statement. For its tender offer, Microsoft is using what is known as a modified Dutch auction, in which those who want to sell shares can indicate how many shares they want to sell and at what price. Microsoft said it will pay no more than $24.75 per share and not…… [Read More]


Bolten, S.E. (2000). Stock Market Cycles: A Practical Explanation. Westport, CT: Quorum Books. Retrieved August 29, 2009, from Questia database:

Fried, I. (July 20, 2006) Microsoft plans massive stock buyback, CNET News

Gates, Bill. (2007). In the Columbia Encyclopedia (6th ed.). New York: Columbia University Press. Retrieved August 29, 2009, from Questia database:
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Market Economics Discuss the Role

Words: 1657 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68191483

To ensure that none of this was taking place, many state regulatory commissions would set prices and monitor the industry. Then, during the 1980's is when deregulation would occur, as many economists felt that they were stifling economic growth. As a result, the different laws were changed, allowing for electric producers to have greater freedoms in: setting prices and determining how it would be distributed. With a host of electric companies, beginning to own others producers in different states and they began to actively trade it. This is important, because it shows how the overall level of government regulation would be reduced. Yet, the various state regulatory commissions would still be able to maintain oversight and control inside their borders. As a result, there was a reduction in the overall amount of regulations, while allowing certain controls to remain in place. When you put these different elements together, this meant that market economy was adjusting to demands for reducing the way different natural resources are allocated. The below diagram highlights the new structure that is occurring between: the government and how various resources are allocated in the economy. (Griffin 2005, pp. 2- 5)

Diagram 1.2: Limited Government Involvement in the…… [Read More]


Aharoni, Yair, 1997, 'Government Intervention in Services,' Changing Roles of State Intervention, State University of New York Press, Albany, pp. 3- 24.

Griffin, James, 2005, 'Electricity a Natural Monopoly,' Electricity Deregulation, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, pp. 2-5.

Klein, Jeffrey, 1996, 'Shall the Elite Inherit the Earth,' Mother Jones Magazine, pp. 3 -- 6.

Harvard Format.
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Stock and Bonds Now That

Words: 403 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44544161

Regardless of one's appetite for risk, it is essential that some diversification of assets is used to prevent 'losing' money by saving money in a bank account alone, although noninsured investments should not be concentrated on one area of the economy, to protect against potential losses.

Even in today's economic climate, investors should allocate some of their funds in safe, but higher-interest bearing sources. These might include certificates of deposits or CDs, which can be allocated into different accounts so the CDs mature at different times, to free up more of the saver's money. These safer investments may also include government bonds of stable governments and corporations, as well as preferred stock for companies that offer this option. Unlike CDs less than $250,000 in value, however, bonds and preferred stocks are not insured by the government.

The concept of the future value of money underlines the importance of saving in general. When money is saved, it can 'work' for the investor, through the process of accumulating interest and returns. Money, if properly invested, should make money for the saver, although the scope of uninsured investments should not exceed the appetite for risk of the…… [Read More]

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Market Values UK Listed Companies Evaluate Companies

Words: 1445 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82046240

market values" UK Listed Companies evaluate companies Investor Ratios Profitability Ratios. With reference statement: require critically appraise importance market balance sheet UK listed companies critical assess a relevant range investor profitability ratios measuring performance.

Market value

Market value and balance sheet value

A British firm listed on the market is generally traded at its market value, regardless of its balance sheet value. At a simplistic level, the balance sheet value represents the value of the firm as it is computed within the organization and in terms of the company's resources, revenues and other internal values. The market value on the other hand is the value of the company as it is assigned by the multitude of players in the market, and which is often computed based on elements intrinsic to the market, such as profitability of the company, risks and so on.

At a more specific level, the two concepts can be defined as follows:

Market value: "(1) The current quoted price at which investors buy or sell a share of common stock or a bond at a given time. Also known as "market price." (2) The market capitalization plus the market value of debt. Sometimes referred to as "total…… [Read More]


2010, Investor ratios, Bized, last accessed on December 15, 2010

2010, Profitability ratios, Morningstar, last accessed on December 15, 2010

2010, Investopedia, last accessed on December 15, 2010

Investment tips: what are key investment ratios? Essortment, last accessed on December 15, 2010
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Market Driven Management

Words: 25695 Length: 75 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32150042

Pharmaceutical industries have to operate in an environment that is highly competitive and subject to a wide variety of internal and external constraints. In recent times, there has been an increasing trend to reduce the cost of operation while competing with other companies that manufacture products that treat similar afflictions and ailments. The complexities in drug research and development and regulations have created an industry that is subject to intense pressure to perform. The amount of capital investment investments required to get a drug from conception, through clinical trials and into the market is enormous. The already high-strung pharmaceutical industry is increasingly investing greater amounts of resources in search of the next "blockbuster" drug that can help them gain market position and profits. Laws, regulations and patents are important to the industry while spending billions of dollars in ensuring the copyright of their products.

It is the intention of this thesis to study the ability of Sanofi-Synthelabo-Dubai, an affiliate of Sanofi-Synthelabo a French multinational pharmaceutical company, in creating an effective and productive market for the products of the company in the Persian Gulf region. The company first desires to concentrate its efforts in the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) is first…… [Read More]


Ansoff, H.I. (1957). Strategies for diversification. Harvard Business Review, 35(5), 113-124.

Ansoff, H.I. (1965). Corporate Strategy. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Ashour, M.F., Obeidat, O., Barakat, H., & Tamimi, A. (2004). UAE Begins Examination of Patent Applications. Retrieved January 18, 2004, from the World Wide Web:

Bain, J.S. (1954). Economies of scale, concentration, and the condition of entry in twenty manufacturing industries. American Economic Review, 44, 15-36.
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Stock Brokers Discount vs Full Service

Words: 1019 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40503916

right or wrong answer when it comes to evaluating discount vs. full-price stockbrokers. What is right for one individual is based on his or her needs, and the context of the situation. In general, though, the discount brokers are probably a better value when considering a number of variables, including: free stock information provided on the World Wide Web, capital gains taxes, and stock brokers' motivations (Investitor website).

In order to understand why the discount brokerage firms are "generally" better, one has to understand the difference between the two. Discount brokerage houses are essentially "order takers." You tell them what trades you want to make, and they execute them for a very small commission (usually somewhere around $5-$7 dollars a trade) (FoolU website).

In many cases, signing up for one of the online discount brokerages will earn individual free trades, as will large-scale trading. The reason why these brokerage houses charge so little per trade is that they simply "execute" the trade, and do not actively advise the investor on the right stocks to pick.

When choosing a brokerage house, this is the primary issue one has to rationalize -- do they want a stockbroker's advice, or can they make…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Discount Vs. Full Price Brokers." FoolU Website. Accessed June 4, 2003. 

Investing in the Stock Market." Investitor Website. Accessed June 4, 2003.

Lewis, Roy. "Capital Gains Tax Rates." Tax Center Website. Accesssed June 4, 2003.
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Financial Market Watch

Words: 1276 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42835658


stock markets struggled towards the end of the month in April. Yousuf (2012) reports that the Dow Jones Industrial Average was flat for the month, the S&P 500 posted a minor loss and the NASDAQ dropped 1.5%. All three indices were down for the final week of the month. One of the reasons why the markets struggled during the week was that a report revealed that the GDP grew at 2.2%, a slower rate than was expected by some observers (Censky, 2012). The report also noted that the GDP was being dragged down by government spending cuts. There was a report on Thursday from the Boston Consulting Group that investment banks would need to cut employees in order to achieve profitability targets, in part because the market for deals is generally down, and expected to stay that way (Reuters, 2012).

Despite the economic weakness, there were some deals that helped to buoy markets last week. Barnes & Noble opened the week by announcing that it sold a 17.6% stake in the Nook e-reader to Microsoft. In another deal, Energy Transfer Partners announced the purchase of Sunoco for $5.3 billion.

In general, the markets did not have any major new…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Campbell, E. (2012). Fat pigs mean pork bust as record herd ends rally. Bloomberg. Retrieved May 1, 2012 from

Censky, A. (2012). GDP: Recovery slows in first quarter. CNN. Retrieved May 1, 2012 from 

Dow Jones. (2012). Vale sees iron ore prices in transition after contract changes. Fox Business. Retrieved May 1, 2012 from

Dreibus, T. (2012). Kansas wheat growth boosts yields as glut may erode price. Bloomberg. Retrieved May 1, 2012 from
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Establishing Market Equilibrium Points

Words: 783 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48949219

Market Equilibrium Process

Good luck finding a market that does not have some sort of government interference. Is there some sort of tax-free product, produced by an unregulated business, that I don't know about? Economic models are never based in reality, just a hypothetical world in which all external factors are stripped away, so that simple models can be built to understand how specific critical elements within these models relate to one another. So let's dispense with the silliness and get to work, looking at hypothetical products in a hypothetical free market. We are talking about the market for widgets.

The law of demand states that as the price of widgets increases, demand for widgets decreases. The law of supply states that as the price for widgets increases, the supply of widgets increases. The determinants of demand for widgets are price, the availability and price of any substitutes, and the availability and price of competing widgets. The determinants of supply are the price, the availability and price of inputs, and the opportunity costs of producing something other than widgets.

Efficient markets theory holds that the price of a good is at the equilibrium point in an efficient market. The aggregate…… [Read More]


Economics Online (2015). Equilibrium. Economics Online. Retrieved June 1, 2015 from 

St. Louis Fed (2015). Market equilibrium -- the economic lowdown. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Retrieved June 1, 2015 from
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Market Model Patterns of Change Market Model

Words: 1216 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89375879

Market Model Patterns of Change

Market Model Pattern of Change

The market model industry I research on is the rental movie industry, which the Blockbuster video was the dominant product. This industry has undergone through gigantic market change over many years. Hollywood video is the national competitor; however, they often compete with the local and regional movie rental industries. The use of the new technology has significantly led to the competition among different companies. The market model pattern of change shows that the industry has competitors or not, also, the costs in the company.

Explain the industry and outline the overall wave of change of the specific market structure

The Blockbuster video once dominated the movie rental industry; this has changed enormously due to the competition in the entertainment market. The evolution of the new technology has led to multiple competitions and has changed the consumers' purchase of the rental movie and other video. Many once considered a monopoly; the Blockbuster Video has fight pressures affecting mortar stores and brick today. The industry had many stores, which eventually resulted to high costs. When the industry started evolves with the use of the new technologies, stores became dashed costs for retailers.…… [Read More]


Blockbuster LLC, 47). Company Overview. Blockbuster Corporate.

Michael, R.J. (2011). Transaction and Strategies; Economics for Management. Mason, USA

The Motion Picture Association of America. (2011). Mpaa statement on strong showing of support for stop online piracy act. The Motion Picture Association of America. Washington, D.C.

Ford, A.(2009). Modeling the Environment, Second Edition.New York: Island Press
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Market Model Changes the Medtech or Medical

Words: 865 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11539350

Market Model Changes

The medtech, or medical technology, industry is a large and intensely competitive industry that produces highly innovative medical devices for hospitals and other healthcare facilities in the effort to save lives and improve health for patients (Research, 2012). It is spread across different segments including, cardiology, oncology, neuro, orthopedic, and aesthetic devices. It relies largely on aging baby boomers, high unmet medical needs, and increased incidence of lifestyle diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, and obesity.

The industry is being challenged by pricing concerns, hospital admissions and procedural volume, uncertainty concerning healthcare reform, Medicare reimbursement issues as agencies are looking for cost reduction measures, and regulatory overhang. There is a rise in patients deferring treatment in elective procedures. "One factor aligning economic and clinical forces: in the U.S., the number of medical practices owned by hospitals grew from 25% in 2005 to 50% in 2008" (practice, 2011). Where hospitals are gaining more clinics in their portfolios, they have more of the decision making processes on what equipment they purchase and at what value and costs. Clinical differentiation is diminishing where valued innovation is rising, especially in product categories representing the largest profit pools: cardiac rhythm management, cardiovascular,…… [Read More]


Blog, I. (2012, Mar 12). MedTech Industry Stock Outlook. Retrieved from Financial Content:

practice, B.G. (2011, Feb 9). Creating a new commercial model for the changing medtech market. Retrieved from Bain & Company:

Research, Z.E. (2012, June 15). MedTech Industry Stock Outlook-June 2012-Zacks Analyst Interviews. Retrieved from Nasdaq:
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Stock Strategy Over the Years

Words: 798 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99994752

As a result, we received an execution price of $65.08.

First Energy was chosen, because it can provide the portfolio with stability. As, the company is focused primarily on: the distribution and production of electricity. These two elements are important, because this resource is always in demand regardless of shifts that are occurring in the economy. I selected this stock, because it can provide the portfolio with earnings stability and consistent dividends. During times when the markets are becoming very volatile, this will ensure that the value remains steady.

Time Warner was chosen due to the fact that: they own a large cable operation and they can benefit from the shifts to digital cable. This will ensure that the company is able to take advantage of the changes in how consumers want to be entertained. As, they are: demanding more services at home and they want them to be bundled together. The company has been at the forefront for these changes, which is indicating that the stock is a long-term buy. I selected Time Warner, because it can provide consistent long-term growth and dividends. This will add balance to the portfolio.

Autozone was selected, because they are one of the…… [Read More]


Wang 93's Portfolio, 2011. Print.

Wang 93's Portfolio NYX, 2011. Print

MLA Format.
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Market Audit

Words: 4086 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29648303

Market Audit

The first point that has to be looked into is the health of the company, Colorado Australia. The company is passing through a bad phase and this is not the time for a product launch as generally no new introduction can make money for a period of time after launch. When the company launching the product is itself in a relatively poor condition of finances, then it is less likely to take risks that will be required for the successful development of the new product. Here the situation is likely to be of a new brand in a new market, rather than a totally fresh launch. The company is already exporting substantial quantities and it is possible even the same item is being exported for sale by another organization under a different brand name. It may be possible that expansion of sale of quantities under that arrangement may be more profitable for the company then taking the risk for the launch of a totally fresh brand. At the same time, the market chosen is one in which the company may be helped by its major shareholders. That is a matter to be settled between them.

The next question…… [Read More]


"Before You Buy Hiking Boots" Retrieved from

Accessed 12 October 2005

"Colorado dashes hopes of retail recovery" (August 5, 2005) Retrieved from  Accessed 11 October 2005

"Colorado Group Ltd.: (Australian Stock Exchange: CDO)" Retrieved from camp=EC5001& GCID=C15112x004& ovchn=INK& ovcpn=International& ovcrn=onesource-international-1& ovtac=PIB Accessed 11 October 2005
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Stock Research Selected Company Google

Words: 1262 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76741944

Part 8

In regard to the organizational structure, Wal-Mart Stores can be said to be organized by divisions. In this regard, we have Wal-Mart supercentres, Sam's Clubs etc. Currently, the company's president is Mr. Mike Duke. Other key management positions in the firm include the position of chief financial officer, vice chairman, chief executive officer-international operations, and chief executive officer- Wal-Mart U.S.. These key positions are currently held by Mr. Charles M. Holley Jr., Mr. Eduardo Castro-Wright, Mr. Doug McMillon and Mr. William S. Simon respectively.

Part 9

Headline 1

"Stagnant Wages, High Unemployment Slam Wal-Mart U.S. Sales: Domestic Sales at World's Largest Retailer Post Two-Year Slump." (5/17/2011). (MSN n.p.)

Impact and Reason

In my own opinion, the news item above will bring about a decrease in the price of Wal-Mart's Store Stock. My reasoning in this case is that based on a decline in sales, investors will not be so keen on buying the stock hence effectively decreasing its demand. Decease in demand will depress the share price of the stock.

Headline 2

"Wal-Mart has First U.S. sales Rise in Two Years." (Oct 12th 2011). (Rappeport, n.p.)

Impact and Reason

In my own opinion, the news item above will…… [Read More]

Works Cited

LaRocco. L. "Wal-Mart's Quiet Tax Haven." CNBC. N.p. Sept 23rd 2011. Web. 18th Oct 2011.

MSN. "Stagnant Wages, High Unemployment Slam Wal-Mart U.S. Sales: Domestic Sales at World's Largest Retailer Post Two-Year Slump (5/17/2011)." MSN. N.p. May 17th 2011. Web. 18th Oct 2011.

Rappeport, A. "Wal-Mart has First U.S. sales Rise in Two Years." Financial Times. N.p. Oct 12th 2011 Web. 18th Oct 2011.
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Stock Investment Project in Examining

Words: 689 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40366197

Because of this, I would expect that U.S. Energy would have performed better, but that has not been the case. None of the individual holdings are overly dependent upon energy costs, such as we would see in the airline industry, so the performance of the portfolio does not seem to have been overly affected by the rise in energy prices.

The proper approach to investing involves diversifying, not only across different companies, but also across different sectors of the economy. In a given year, one sector of the economy will be up and another will be down. One-year large cap growth stocks will be up and foreign stocks will be down. The next year real estate will be up and large cap growth may be down. If we knew in advance which sectors would be on top, investing would be easy, but we don't. As a result, diversification across different sectors is necessary. Professional investment advisors agree that diversification across 7-10 sectors is adequate for most investors. For larger investors, seeking to reduce risk as much as possible, diversification across up to sixteen sectors can be considered.

Systematic risk cannot be reduced substantially through diversification. This is because these risk…… [Read More]

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Stock Valuation

Words: 613 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56863945

Stock Valuation

Scholastic Corporate (NASDAQ: SCHL) is an educational publishing firm based in the United States. In order to make an investment recommendation on this stock, a number of different techniques can be used to analyze its financial performance. These include ratio analysis, for which three ratios will be chosen, and trend analysis for the past three years. The stock is currently trading at $26.41, its lowest level since August of 2010, but substantially higher than its levels at the depths of the recession in early 2009. The company has a beta of 1.31, indicating that it is more volatile than the market in general. The three ratios that will be examined are the current ratio, which measures liquidity, the net margin, which measures profitability and the return on equity, which measures the ability of the firm to convert its equity into profit.

The current ratio for Scholastic is 2.27. This compares with 2.01 in 2009, 2.07 in 2008 and 2.21 in 2007. This is a very high number, which indicates high liquidity. The trend is that the current ratio dipped during the recession but has now recovered to pre-recession levels. The second ratio is the net margin. The net…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

MSN Moneycentral: Scholastic Corporation (2011). Retrieved May 15, 2011 from
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Stock Analysis the Home Depot

Words: 1721 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48369269

Stocks have fluctuated in exactly the same way. The Home Depot went up 1.46% during the first week, while Lowe's managed to go even further: 1.74%. The situation was quite the same during the second week: 1.41 for the Home Depot, and 1.11% for Lowe. The upward trend was maintained for three weeks, but the growth ratio was only 0.5-0.57. The fourth week was not so good for the two companies. Stocks went down 0.6% and 0.86%, respectively. The fifth week was not better, as the downward trend continued, but the percentage change was not that significant: 0.5%-0.6%. The stocks are currently at higher levels: $41.06 for Home Depot and $65.22 for Lowe's. Morningstar analysts estimate the fair value of the two stocks at $44 and $62 respectively.… [Read More]


1. Morningstar Analyst report on the Home Depot

2. Morningstar Analyst report on Lowe's

3. Information on the business of Home Depot

4. Press article
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Market Leadership Report Final Project

Words: 3168 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9237729

Office Depot started its operation five years after Staples. The company has aligned its business strategy to target increasing its market share through business policies similar to those undertaken by Staples Inc. The company is locally owned and faces difficulties in capital expansion to be able to roll more distribution outlets similar to Staples. This has incapacitated the company in acquiring economic of scale in operation. The company currently controls 27% of the total market shares in regions where Staples operates. Office Max is a foreign company that has been in operation for the last 8 years. The company traces its roots in Australia where it controls the largest proportion of office paper supply. In the region, the company has captured 8% of the market share in distributing paper products majorly. The company targets to acquire the market for paper distribution this being where the larger proportion of stationary demand comes from.

The strategic merging of two companies targets to resolve their challenges and come up with a formidable force to challenge Staples dominance in the market. The two competitions will gain capital advantage and market aspect familiarity. The combination of these two aspects will place the new company inches…… [Read More]


BAYE, M.R. 2010. Managerial economics and business strategy. 7th ed., New York, McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

BORN, G. 2009. International Commercial Arbitration, Netherlands, Wolters Kluwer Law & Business.

CARNEY, W.J. 2009. Mergers and Acquisitions, Aspen, Aspen.

FLEISHER, C.S. & BENSOUSSAN, B.E. 2007. Business and Competitive Analysis Methods: Effective Application of New and Classic Methods, Upper Saddle River, NJ, Financial Times Prentice Hall.
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Market Research for Financial Services

Words: 801 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98942093

There is a very high aversion to risk as a result throughout the primary customer base.

D. Market Segmentation and Targeting

The following pie chart illustrates the market segmentation and need for targeting by service area in this market. Figure 1, Market Segmentation by Outlet and Service illustrates the percentage of revenue by product and service within the financial news market.

Figure 1: Market Segmentation by Outlet and Service





News reporting text


Photographs and graphics








Television (free-to-air)


Cable and satellite TV








Sources: (Buxton, 2005) (Browne, 2006) (Davis, 2009)

E. Competition and Competitive Edges

Competitors in this market are highly fragmented and many have financial services in addition to financial news analysis. Bloomberg has seven lines of business and each addresses the need for a varying approach to delivering financial data. AP is a syndicated news service which strives at broad market research, yet does not concentrate on depth of analysis as much. All competitors have econometrics-based modeling systems for interpolating market direction, and all have specific approaches and formats that serve to differentiate their services. The need for a simply-designed…… [Read More]

Reference: Bloomberg Takes Lead Share. Inside Market Data, 24(34), 1,3.

Andrew Browne. (2006, September 11). China Adds Restrictions on News, Financial Data. Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition), p. A.2.

Philip Buxton. (2005, May). Straight from the source. Revolution,30-34.

Avram Davis. (2009, October). Bloomberg To Buy BusinessWeek. Mergers & Acquisitions Report, 22(42), 14.

Andrew Edgecliffe-Johnson. (2009, April 27). Bloomberg broadens its portfolio. Financial Times,16.
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Market and Behavior Analysis in

Words: 3038 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55317431

" (Krapels, 2007) it is additionally related "For the futures-only report, spreading measures the extent to which each non-commercial traders holds equal long and short futures positions. For the options-and-futures-combined report, spreading measures to the extent to which each non-commercial trader holds equal combined-long and combined-short positions." (CFTC, as cited in Krapels, 2007) Krapels states that there are areas where dismissal of causation should not be the projectory in keeping them consistent with normal economic analysis which include: (1) perfect storm episodes because there is a likelihood of time periods when the physical energy market condition and the trading strategies of financial market participants are aligned so well that the result is 'herding' or 'bubbles' or their opposite, crashes; and (2) Variations on the market power syndrome in which it is possible that the positions of some market participants - index funds as one example - are so large as to constitute witting or unwitting market power. A large-scale infusion or retreat from any of the various positions very large index funds might have price effects." (Krapels, 2007)

Average Annual Oil Prices

Source: Krapels (2007)

Krapels states that it is the responsibility of governments "...the same ones that have surrendered…… [Read More]


Johnson, Toni (2007) Oil Market Volatility. 10 Dec 2007 Council on Foreign Relations. Online available at

Krapels, Edward N. (2007) Financial Energy Markets and the Bubble in Energy Prices: Does the Increase in Energy Trading by Index and Hedge Funds Affect Energy Prices? Testimony Before a Joint Heating of the U.S. Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the Committee on Homeland Security and the Governmental Affairs and the Subcommittee on Energy of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. 11 Dec. 2007 Online available at

Caruso, Guy F. (2007) EIA Short=-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook. Energy Information Administration. DOE/NASEO 2007/08 Winter Fuels Outlook Conference 9 Oct 2007. Washington D.C. Online available at

Levin, Carl and Coleman, Norm (2007) Excessive Speculation in the Natural Gas Market. United States Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations- Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. June-July Hearings 2007. Online available at
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Market Research Use of Secondary

Words: 1386 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31950110

With regard to the second article, a Magic Potion?; Wellness drinks from the Economist (2007), the lack of secondary research is so glaring as to make the claims of weight reduction from drinking the new beverage unbelievable. The entire article could have been two sentences, with the first announcing the drink and the second, that the research had not been released. Further, the investment and financial analyst quoted says he does not like the taste, yet is that relevant? It seems as if the data included in the article is to pump up the Coca-Cola stock price and little else. Secondary data as to the size of the market, Coke's relative market share and the fact that Coke is having trouble with the Centre for Science in the Public Interest all underscores how a lack of secondary data can seriously undermine the credibility of any message or article. For Coke, the right strategy would have been to release the actual data and then let the consumers make their own decisions. Yet the approach of not responding to critics and having an institution that has the mission of protecting th4e consumers' interest demand results makes a global company which should be…… [Read More]


Ronald a. Clark, Ronald E. Goldsmith. (2006). Interpersonal influence and consumer innovativeness. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 30(1), 34. Retrieved February 23, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 940732861).

Alistair Davidson, Brian Leavy. (2007). Interview with innovation guru Geoffrey Moore: seeking solutions to intractable problems. Strategy & Leadership, 35(5), 4. Retrieved February 22, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1332933321).

Chris Easingwood, Steven Moxey, Henry Capleton. (2006). Bringing High Technology to Market: Successful Strategies Employed in the Worldwide Software Industry. The Journal of Product Innovation Management, 23(6), 498-511. Retrieved February 22, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1169979871).

Business: A magic potion?; Wellness drinks. (2007, January). The Economist, 382(8510), 52. Retrieved February 23, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1191424611).
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Market Research Because Expansion Is

Words: 834 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41106801

Currently, Kudler has an Asian specialty produce department and a European-style bakery at all of its stores. After reviewing demographic data, Kudler may discover that a location under consideration has a large ethnic population and can use this information to revise the products it stocks to cater to unique ethnic food preferences in the community which may not necessarily be Asian or European.

In Kudler Fine Food's current situation, it already has three successful locations, La JaJolla, DelMar and Encinitas. In addition to looking at completely new tows, Kudler ought to explore whether or not these existing locations can support another gourmet food shop. It needs to consider the demand at its current stores and the potential demand of the entire town, once again based on demographics and competitive analysis. It may be possible to operate a new store in the same town without taking market share away from the existing location.

With demographic and competitive intelligence and analysis, Kudler Fine Foods is well on its way to understanding whether or not a location is desirable. Even so, the gourmet food chain should try to develop an even greater understanding at the customer level by understanding unique psychographics and buying…… [Read More]

references and price sensitivities. This information will be invaluable in formulating the right product lines and services, prices and promotions for its anticipated shoppers. Kudler Fine Foods may find that it needs to fine tune its hours of operations, its access to parking or its promotions techniques for the unique community it is trying to serve. For example, a certain community may prefer to sample wine during the evening as opposed to Saturday morning or a community with a large number of working mothers may require later hours of operation than Kudler's current 6:00 closing time.

In summary, every town is a local market that has its own unique demographic characteristics and a different mix of competitors. Likewise, there is no one single voice of the customer. Customer voices are diverse across geographic locations. In consumer markets, there are a variety of different needs. Market research and analysis of demographic, competitive and customer data is necessary to understand all of these differences. While presenting greater upfront investment costs, market research will ultimately lead to greater sales and profits for Kudler Fine Foods.
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Market Equilibration Process for Computer Peripherals That

Words: 639 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70813341

Market Equilibration Process for Computer Peripherals

That Experience High Level of Cyclicality

The demand for computer peripherals in general for the inkjet and low-end nonimpact printers specifically has continually proven to be highly inelastic, where price reductions are not as effective as a continual stream of new product innovations. Having completed internships with peripherals manufacturers, this observation became very clear as product management and marketing teams continually tested the market equilibration process with price reductions, bundling suppliers and extending the overall warranty period as well. When the law of demand is applied to computer peripherals in general and inkjet printers specifically, the inelasticity of these markets becomes more pronounced and the ancillary process workflows emerge as the primary differentiators.

Analysis of Market Equilibration Process for Computer Peripherals

In the absence of highly elastic product demand and exceptional product differentiation that leads to unitary or highly elastic demand curves for products, the supporting processes and logistics systems become the enablers of pricing elasticity. In the case of consumer electronics globally, and specifically in the areas of high technology-related inkjet printers, the supply chain execution, logistics workflows and orchestration of suppliers, distributors and dealers is more critical than the product's unique differentiating…… [Read More]


Leijonhufvud, A. (2009). Limits to the equilibrating capabilities of market systems. Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, 4(2), 173-182.

Matsushima, N. (2004). Technology of upstream firms and equilibrium product differentiation. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 22(8), 1091-1114.