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Several of Sudiata's features make him stand out as a uniquely Malian hero. He achieved his goals through the necessary assistance of shamans and sorceresses whose traditions are time-honored. Those shamanic references rest comfortably beside Muslim mythos and tradition. Religious belief, practice, and moral discourse in the Sundiata is a complex hybrid of shamanic and Muslim faiths. The blend is also evident in the diverse cultures of Western Africa that gave rise to the epic.
Muslim references and messages also add nuances to the epic, revealing much about the evolution of West African culture. The Sundiata is therefore a window into Malian and Ghanese cultures. For example, polygamy is one of the most salient themes of the Sundiata, one of the social trends that unite traditional African and Muslim cultures and which sets them apart from European, Greek, and Christian influences. The jealousies and betrayals that emerge within the polygamous…
born with a handicap and worked to overcome it in order to gain back his lordship. He was brave and willing to work for what was rightfully his.
SUNDIATA THE EPIC
There are several versions of Sundiata the Epic, but most of the stories are basically the same. Sundiata was the son of the Buffalo. Sundiata had many names and fit the characteristics of each of those names. Sundiata was born with a handicap, but he worked to overcome it and to gain back his throne. The character of Sundiata is one of bravery and courage. The story of Sundiata is one that entertains the reader rather he/she is a child or an adult.
The story begins with Sundiata's father telling him that he was destined to be a leader. The father died after telling the son what he expected from him. Sundiata and his mother are banished from the…
Epic in Africa -Sundiata" Passage for Study Epic Poetry: Epic in Africa - Sundiate" Available Online at http://newman.baruch.cuny.edu/digital/2000/c_n_c/c_01_epic/sundiata.htm
Sundiata" Available Online at: http://www1.enloe.wake.k12.nc.us/enloe/CandC/thegirls/storypl.html
The Real-Life, Historical Sundiata" Available Online at http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Aegean/3872/sunstroy.html
When Sogolon is brought to the king by two hunters, he marries her despite her ugliness. When Sogolon becomes pregnant, she is treated with a great deal of favorability because of the prophecy. Maghan's first wife, Sassouma Berete, became jealous of Sogolon's and fears that her child will displace her own eight-year-old son. Sassouma later affects Sogolon's and Sundiata's lives when, following the king's death, she maneuvers to have her son placed on the throne, forcing Sogolon and Sundiata to flee in exile ("Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali").
From reading this document, it is very clear that the society had similarities to today's culture as far as the roles of men and women are concerned. It is believable that in American culture, women appeared to be weaker while maintaining a mental strength, which is the strongest of strengths.
With that, slavery was another issue that American culture had very…
est African Griots played highly significant roles in traditional est African societies, and were charged with a number of responsibilities that rivaled even those of kings. Although kings were responsible for the safe-keeping and custody of their subjects on a daily basis, griots were charged with the preservation of the knowledge and the history of those people, and that of their ancestors. Griots were responsible for remembering and disseminating -- at prudent times -- information from generations gone past that could both advise kings and provide benefit to the people that those kings governed. Griots simultaneously encompassed the role of advisor, historian, and guardian of worldly and sorcerous knowledge that was equivalent to the sum of the wisdom attained through particular tribes of people, which an examination of D.T. Niane's story, Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali, sufficiently demonstrates.
In a literal sense, griots were masters of the oral tradition…
Niane, D.T. Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali. Edinburgh Gate, Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. 1965. Web. http://clio.missouristate.edu/jabidogun/niane1965.pdf
Christianity and Islam both facilitated the growth of sub-Saharan African kingdoms, both in the East and West. In Aksum, trade was "essential" to the kingdom's development in northwestern Ethiopia, as it was strategically located geographically on a major trade route linking India with the rest of Africa, the Mediterranean, and Arabia (p. 205). Unlike many other kingdoms in Africa, the Aksum fully embraced Christianity within the first few centuries of the religion's dissemination. Aksum was in fact one of the earliest Christian empires, operating fully independently from ome, where Christianity would take root and become the hub of European cultural, economic, and political life. In its heyday, the kingdom of Aksum depended on the Christian mythos and ethos to sustain its centralized power under King Ezana, who declares his power to be God-given in his stele: "he has given me strength and power and favoured me with a great name…
Sources of World Societies. Second Edition. Bedford/St. Martin's.
e must canonize our own saints, create our own martyrs, and elevate to positions of fame and honor black women and men who have made their distinct contributions to our history." (Garvey1, 1)
Taken in itself and absent the implications to African repatriation that we will address hereafter, this is a statement which seems to project itself upon both Martin Luther King and Malcolm X, mutually driven as they would be by a belief that African men had been deprived of a humanity which it was their duty to see restored. But it is here that we can also begin to observe the elements of Garvey's rather poetic and frequently biblical rhetoric as producing multifarious responses in its future champions. Certainly, the greatest and most daunting common ground between King and Malcolm X in this instance is in their mutual 'creation' of 'martyrs.' They would both sacrifice themselves to the…
Associated Press (AP). (1963). MALCOLM X SCORES U.S. And KENNEDY; Likens Slaying to 'Chickens Coming Home to Roost' Newspapers Chided. New York Times.
Edward, W. (1996). "A Lunatic or a Traitor" by W.E.B. DuBois. African-American Political Thought, 1890-1930: M.E. Sharpe.
Edward1, W. (1996). "The Negro's Greatest Enemy" by Marcus Garvey. African-American Political Thought, 1890-1930: M.E. Sharpe.
Garvey, a.J. (1967). The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey. Routledge.
The Modernization approach and industrial policy in the period of Park Chung-Hee were considered to be much influenced by the South Korean social learning and accepting of Japanese ideologies and institution. The colonial modernity, localization of division of labor, government assisted bilateral cooperation were considered detrimental to the strategic parameters of economic development and industrialization, modernization strategy and industrial policy replicated the emulation of Japanese ideologies and institution.
Most of the Koreans believe Japan to be a perennial evil. The colonial domination by Japan over the Korea have led to massive economic exploitation and also called upon the national dignity severely. However, ever since 1980 a revisionist thought was initiated to being formed around the concepts of the perspective of colonial continuity, the notion of horizontal division of labor, and the movement towards the export led growth. The influence of the ideology of 'Fokoku Kyohei' and the emerging Modernization strategy…
Between Learning and Policy Innovation: Japanese Economic Institutions and South Korea's
Economic Policy in the 1960s. Prepared for presentation at the annual convention of the International Studies Association. New Orleans Marriot Hotel. March 24-27, 2002. Retrieved at http://www.isanet.org/noarchive/moon_nishino.html. Accessed 16 September, 2005
Lee, Grace. The Political Philosophy of Juche. Retrieved at http://www.stanford.edu/group/sjeaa/journal3/korea1.pdf . Accessed 16 September, 2005
Sigmund Freud (1932): Lecture XXXV-Philosophy of Life. Retrieved at http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/at/freud.htm . Accessed 16 September, 2005