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Japanese Art of Balance
Words: 3502 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63411414
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Japanese Art of Balance

In Japanese culture there is a balancing act taking place. There is a definite ebb and flow, wax and wane to life. Here several aspects of the culture will be considered and addressed in an effort to show how the art of balance is created and how significant it is in the Japanese culture and lifestyle. It is not just art, not just food, not "just" anything when it comes to where the balance is seen and how much it has to offer to the Japanese people. It seems as though balance has always been part of their culture, from the earliest times right up until the present day. People who are not part of that culture, or who do not focus on the many ways in which balance can be achieved in life, may not realize the significance of some of the things Japanese people…


Cwiertka, Katarzyna J. (2007). Modern Japanese Cuisine: Food, Power and National Identity. New York: Reaktion Books.

Dale, Peter N. (1990). The Myth of Japanese Uniqueness London: Routledge

Diamond, Jared (1998). "Japanese Roots." Discover Magazine 19 (6).

Goldstein-Gidoni, Ofra (1999). Kimono And The Construction of Gendered and Cultural Identities. 38. The University of Pittsburgh. pp. 351-370.

Tuna Harvest and Production Describe
Words: 1013 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 58082671
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According to the recently released Stock Status Ratings -- 2012: Status of the orld's Fisheries for Tuna, which was compiled by the International Seafood Sustainability Foundation (ISSF), "there are 23 stocks of the major commercial tuna species worldwide (6 albacore, 4 bigeye, 4 blue-n, 5 skipjack and 4 yellow-n stocks) ... (and) globally, 52% of the stocks are at a healthy level of abundance, 39% are over-shed and 9% are at an intermediate level" (3). The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species has found that because "this species has been intensively fished since the early 1950s "estimated (that) spawning stock biomass has declined approximately 85% over the past 36 years (1973 -- 2009) and there is no sign that the spawning stock is rebuilding" (1). Today, the majority of canned tuna purchased by consumers is sourced from commercial "fish farms" and industrial fisheries that…

Works Cited

Fonteneau, Alain. "Species composition of tuna catches taken by purse seiners." Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Division. 22 Aug 2008: Web. 5 Apr. 2013. .

Greenberg, Paul. "A Tale of Two Cans: Why Canned Salmon Is Better Than Tuna." The Atlantic. 12 Aug 2011: Web. 4 Apr. 2013 .

Sepulveda, C.A.; Dickson, K.A.; Bernal, D.; Graham, J.B. (2008). "Elevated red myotomal muscle temperatures in the most basal tuna species, Allothunnus fallai." Journal of Fish Biology 73(1): 241 -- 249. Web. 4 Apr. 2013. .

United States Department of Agriculture. The USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 2011. Web. .

Economics Major First and Foremost I Intend
Words: 612 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16043647
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Economics Major

First and foremost, I intend to major in Economics. From quite an early age, I have grown up admiring successful business leaders. I envisaged such individuals as living relatively fulfilling lives based on the wealth they had amassed from investments. One of my main personal heroes in business and investments has always been Benjamin Graham, an astute investor and economist who passed on in 1976. Graham who in my opinion remains one of the most rational investors of all time came up with some of the most priceless yet simple investment principles. Having developed a keen interest in the investments field at an early age, I have been an avid reader of any available literature on Ben Graham. Based on these readings, I remain convinced that to make sound investment decisions; the need for a well-founded understanding of economics cannot be overstated. Further, over time, I have come…

Hardship Letter - Nutritional Analysis
Words: 1376 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30738672
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Subject should also increase fat intake to better balance his diet.

Subject's fiber consumption was so far in excess of DV that negative digestive consequences cannot be ruled out.

Salt intake was more than the DV, but could be easily corrected with some minor dietary changes.

The Food Standards Agency has developed the Eat Well Plate as an easy to follow nutritional guideline.

The Eat Well Plate is a visual display and quick reference for consumers to better balance their diets in compliance with the DV's. Analysis revealed a shortfall in fruits and vegetables as well as bread, rice and pasta - the two largest sections of the plate. Subjects fat consumptions were well below the DV's, but per the Eat Well Plate are the smallest category recommended.

ecommendations for Subject's improved nutritional balance would include increased caloric intake, weighted heavily in the fruits and vegetables, breads, rice and pasta…


Nutritional Analysis Tool 2.0, created July 1999, retrieved January 31, 2009

Media Advertising
Words: 1054 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 65495124
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Media Advertising: Posting an Ad on Facebook

Social media advertising provides a great platform for enhancing a brand message's reach and influencing prospects at the buying cycle's middle-of-the-funnel or evaluation stage. Facebook presents a unique marketing plan for advertisers; one that entirely focuses on middle-of-the-funnel offers as a way of influencing buyer decisions. This is quite logical since it is at the evaluation stage that a buyer i) clarifies exactly what they need, and then embarks on the search for a satisfying provider, and ii) is most likely to share information through their established network though a 'like' (Social Media Today, 2013).

In order to take advantage of this aspect, Sushi Fashions, a dealer in ladies wear, handbags and accessories intends to put up an ad regarding its Super Bowl sale, in which buyers could get up to 50% off on the conventional prices - over the entire product range.…


Catholic Democrats. (2008). Step-by-Step Instruction to Place a Facebook Ad. Catholic Democrats. Retrieved from 

Social Media Today. (2013). Enhance your MOFU: 10 Ways to Advertise on Social Media. Social Media Today Community. Retrieved from >

VanHoose, D. (2011). E-Commerce Economics (2nd ed.). New York: Taylor & Francis.

Apply Tipping Point Theory
Words: 655 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 95279129
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Tipping Point Theory

Apply Tipping Point Theory

Applying tipping point theory: Salespersons

As articulated by Malcolm Gladwell, tipping point theory suggests that small changes can make an enormous difference, in terms of the ways they create waves of change that eventually affect the rest of the surrounding environment, much like one carrier of a 'disease' that spreads an illness from person to person can create an epidemic. Although the disease metaphor is an example of a negative manifestation of tipping point theory, positive reforms can also be spread from person to person very quickly. Another good example of this is that of the 'meme' or Internet phenomenon that 'goes viral' as more and more people share the image or video with their online acquaintances.

Gladwell divides the disseminators of ideas into three categories: that of mavens, connectors, and salespersons. Mavens know a great deal about a topic and have the…

Excutive Summary Popularizing Sakae Foods Singapore Is
Words: 1079 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99523128
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Excutive ummary

Popularizing akae Foods

ingapore is a multicultural society where many types of cuisines are available, such as Islamic-Halal, Indian, Chinese, Western, vegetarian and low-calorie meals. In order to attract and retain customers, akae will have to develop unique brands and menus that are available nowhere else. In order to be competitive, it will also have to provide a wide variety of foods at reasonable prices to appeal to various demographic groups. Each product has a life cycle of introduction, growth, maturity and decline, which is why the menu will have to be changed every two months, so that customers will not become bored with the same items. New foods will constantly be introduced during each decline phase.


akae uses only the best quality sushi from highly-rated suppliers and has had relationships with the same ones throughout its 20-year history. Its competent and experienced chefs…

Sakae should also expand its franchises overseas, including Western nations, where Japanese food has increasing appeal, and this become a true global brand. Over time, it could develop into the leading international chain of Japanese restaurants.


Sakae Sushi is a well-known Japanese food company that started in 1996 and has now evolved into a global brand, with more than 100 distributors and partners all over the world. Sakae has numerous competitors but it retains its advantages among its customer base of all ages, and its appeal for restaurants. Their product is not Western food, but traditional Japanese cuisine, and this is exactly what consumers want. In the future, the company is going to expand on the global level and give customers the opportunity to experience real Japanese food.

Applying to the Making Meaning Summer
Words: 875 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65682380
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applying to the Making + Meaning summer program is to enhance my understanding of, and ability to create, interesting, thought-provoking, and purpose-driven design. To that end, I am particularly interested in learning more about the tenets of earth sheltering and its practical applications in our modern world.

While in many respects we have become divorced from the sustainable design practices of the earliest humans, earth sheltering remains a viable means of situating a home or other building in its environment. Earth sheltering is a means of leveraging a building's natural surroundings in order to provide insulation. Typically constructed on a hillside, an earth-sheltered home uses earth and soil to insulate a home or building. Given that below the frost line the temperature is remarkably stable, such a "soil wrap" reduces temperature fluctuations in the building's internal temperature, providing a stable environment conducive to human living.

An earth-sheltered home is very…

Wore on Earplug for a
Words: 729 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 83986958
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It was a bit frustrating. My friend actually asked me if I was feeling okay. She said I seemed distracted, so I ended up telling her about the earplug. We were going into the movie anyway then.

Because it was quiet in the cinema, I had an easy time hearing the film. A few words were lost here and there, but for the most part, it was an okay experience. Because I am used to the surround sound at the cinema, I felt like I wasn't hearing that as much and I missed the full effect of going to the movies.

Wearing the two earplugs was a completely different experience from wearing the one. I went to a cardio class at my gym and because the routines are always different, I was having a very hard time following because I couldn't hear what the instructor was saying. I had to…

Consumer Behavior- Processed Ham Ham
Words: 851 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 41596035
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From the author's analysis and historical narrative, it became apparent that food is also a commodity, not unlike manufactured objects or things sold and available commercially. Food is likened to a commodity because it is culture-specific and responsive to the economic state of societies at the time it became popular or highly patronized by the elite, the working class, and the peasants.

An interesting finding from Pilcher's investigation on the history of nouvelle cuisines is a detailed account of how popular food such as sushi and coffee became staples not only in Japan and Western countries, respectively, but also influenced the "landscape" that nouvelle cuisines currently dominate. Coffee and coffeehouses are examples of how a gastronomic product such as coffee became a 'commodity,' in the sense that it became a social habit that both elite and working classes cannot live without everyday (38). In the same vein, sushi became popular…


Badami, a. (October 2000). "Turkey and tamarind chutney: the spices of one's birthplace can cast a magic spell over immigrants to the land of Thanksgiving turkey, muses." The Globe and Mail.

"Globalization of the Processed Foods Market." (October 1996). United States Department of Commerce. Available at .

"Ham and Food Safety." (March 2007). United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service. Available at:

(Pilcher text). "Nouvelle cuisines."

Marian Keyes Evoking Ireland The
Words: 2759 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17583321
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She is so vulnerable, confessing that she "bloomed under the warmth of [Adam's] interest" (Keyes 111). Her family is so kooky we wonder if they will actually help her regain her crushed self-esteem. Yet, we somehow know that Claire will bee all right. She is too funny, too optimistic, and too likeable for Keyes to destroy by giving her anything but a happy ending. As readers, we may not be able to guess how the book will end, but we feel confident that the ending will be a satisfying one and that Claire's problems will be brought to resolution.

This Charming Man is a foray into the problem of domestic violence. The character who gives the book its title is Paddy de Courcy, a political figure who may call to mind John F. Kennedy -- handsome, charming, and popular with ladies. It is a departure from atermelon in that the…

Works Cited

Keyes, Marian. "Eleven Things About Marian." 2009. Web. 2 May 2011.

Keyes, Marian. "Laid Low." January 2010. Web. 2 May 2011.

Keyes, Marian. This Charming Man. New York: Harper Collins e-books. n.d. Kindle edition.

Keyes, Marian. Under the Duvet [book review]. nd. Web. 5 May 2011.

RFID the Use and Potential
Words: 2550 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99138526
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etail Applications

The wide diversity and large benefit of FID technology implementation and application in the warehousing, distribution, and general wholesaling operations of the supply chain, as well as in other less related settings, makes it difficult to explain the relative dearth of the technology's usage in retail settings. There are many different ways in which these technologies can be used to assist customers, employees, and managers at point-of-sale retail locations, may of them direct extrapolations of current uses of the technology in supply chain management that takes place further up the chain. The cost of rolling out retail FID applications on a wide basis has been prohibitive for much of the past decade, with initial costs of FID tags running at more than a dollar in their first uses, but as the cost of the technology continues to decline -- tags are currently available for as low as fifteen…


Garby, S. (2012, February 15). RCD Technology Announces the Sentry ast Product Line of Application Specific RFID Tags. PR Web. Retrieved from .

Malone, M. (2012, February 14). Did Wal-Mart love RFID to death? Smart Planet. Retrieved from .

Nusca, a. (2010, March 29). Nano RFID tags could replace barcodes; smart groceries, bandages coming. Smart Planet. Retrieved from

Tetsuya Wakuda Famous International Chef Tetsuya Wakuda
Words: 700 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89187597
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Tetsuya Wakuda

Famous international chef Tetsuya Wakuda came from the Japanese town of Hamamatsu. Wakuda came to Australia at the age of 22 with "nothing more than a small suitcase and a love of food" (About Tetsuya 2012). His first job was working as a kitchen hand at Fishwives in Surry Hills. Wakuda then went to work for Tony Bilson at Kinsela's. Bilson was seeking a Japanese cook to make sushi. However, at Kinsela's, Wakuda went far beyond being a sushi chef; that is where he learned classical French techniques. It was also there he began his fusion of French/Japanese cuisine.

However, Wakuda's success as a chef did not immediately translate into success as a restaurant owner. Wakuda and the former head waiter at Kinsela's went into a partnership together and opened Ultimo's. Ultimo's was essentially a failure, but it gave Wakuda some experience as a restaurant owner, preparing him…

Reference List

About Tetsuya, 2011. Available from: . [24

January 2012].

Paskin B. 2012, 'Q&A: Tetsuya Wakuda of Tetsuya's,' The Worlds 50 Best Restaurants 17

January. Available from . [24 January 2012].

Dk's Bbq Restaurant Improving Sole Prop Business
Words: 3035 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96954632
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DK's BBQ estaurant

Improving Sole Prop Business

DK's BBQ estaurant

DK's BBQ estaurant

Business organizations have to keep themselves abreast of the changes in their business environment. In order to sustain in a challenging environment and achieve competitiveness in the industry, they have to ensure operational excellence and superior financial performance with each passing day (Attaran, 2004). With the evolution of Globalization and rapid advancements in the field of Information Technology, businesses find it quite harder to compete with the other industry participants with the help of their traditional business operations and processes (Kurtz & Boone, 2011). It has become a need of the present times to institute latest technological processes and systems in the business so that a traditional stone-age firm can operate like a competitive firm (Diorio, 2002). From purchase of raw material to the production, marketing, and sale of final products; each and every step in the…


Attaran, M. (2004). Exploring the relationship between information technology and business process reengineering, Information & Management, 41(5): 585-596.

Diorio, S.G. (2002). Beyond "e": 12 ways technology is transforming sales and marketing strategy, 1st Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

DK's Restaurants, (2012). About. Retrieved on October 3rd, 2012, from

Indulska, M., Green, P., Recker, J., & Rosemann, M. (2009). Business Process Modeling: Perceived Benefits, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 5829 (1): 458-471.

Small Business Management and Entrepreneurship
Words: 7031 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19110372
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mall-Business Management & Entrepreneurship

The fruition of many years of dreaming and planning will be realized through the opening of a restaurant in the Tri Cities area. Opening any business requires serious planning and calculations, yet the special needs of a restaurant are particular to the idea that many restaurants have gradual and long-term returns on investment. tart-up costs are often very significant with hard goods and food costs making up a very large output, not to mention procuring a location and either a purchase or lease and either building or remodeling space to meet the needs of the business and procuring the real estate.

Breaking even is often a guiding light at the end of a very long tunnel, between six months and two years depending on the region, and turning a profit often takes much longer. Another consideration is of coarse that restaurants usually do not provide a…

Service Business." Retrieved February 20, 2003, Website: ( , restbind)

Sanson, M. (December, 2002). Will It Come to a Smoking License for Restaurants?

Restaurant Hospitality, 86(12), pg. 8.

American Demographics The Next 25
Words: 810 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18837119
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" Every town now has Thai, Japanese, and Indian restaurants to complement the Chinese and Italian fare. Consider the supermarket shelves that carry multicultural products such as Campbell Hispanic-style Fiesta soup, sushi platters, wasabi and seven different taco salsas. Burger King and McDonald's sell their millions of burritos to somebody!


In July 2001, Campbell's Soup Company announced a program to recreate the company and restore its growth track. In practice this included introduction of new ethnic product lines. Campbell's new Select Harvest () Mexican-Style Chicken Tortilla Soup was the principal new introduction that followed this reinvention.

It was a smart move. Select Harvest () soups were ranked the top new food and beverage product of 2009, according to a report released by Information esources Inc. (II). II's annual New Product Pacesetters (TM) report showcases the most innovative and successful new products of the year in…


Poverty Status of People by Family Relationship, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1959 to 2006. U.S.

Census Bureau Web site. Accessed March 26, 2010.

Toosi M. Labor force projections to 2016: more workers in their golden years. Mon Labor Rev.

2007; 130(11).

Hospitality Consumer Wants the Consumers
Words: 833 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59130361
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Pubs on account of operating costs, food prices, and the increase in minimum wages have therefore changed to the tenanted model. Some regulations have also curbed customer choice like ban on smoking in public places, and other interventions on customer freedom have resulted in the closure of two thousand pubs. Changing customer habits have resulted in the decline of the UK restaurant by three percent as a result of poor consumer spending. (Deoitte, 2011)

In England these different entities are representative of the fact that consumers have grown in variety and as well have begun to explore all that the hospitality industry has to offer. Apart from the changes in the eating habits of the natives, the demands from the tourists, and the peculiar tourist out for gastronomic experience has given birth to a new industry -- Gastronomic tour. There are many types of consumers of hospitality including the current…


Bowers, Simon. 2011. Mayfair Hotel: RBS Sells Top Mayfair Hotel to Indian

Billionaire. The Guardian, p. 6.

Deoitte. 2011. Issues and Trends. [Online] Available at:

Proof to the Fact That
Words: 3292 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 48362439
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Previous to Darwin, it has been considered that animals had nothing in connection with humans, since their brutish behavior had been very different from the sociable and civilized one displayed by people. French philosopher Rene Descartes apparently thought of animals to be nothing but machines that acted in conformity to the same laws to which inanimate matter had functioned. Quite the reverse happened when concerning humans, as, in spite of the fact that their bodies reacted similar to those of animals, they possessed a soul given to them by a divine being.

Darwin believed that there had been several similarities between the thinking of an ape and that of man. However, even he accentuated the fact that there had been great differences in cerebral power between the most primitive man and the most intelligent ape. It seems that Bambification firstly appeared as a result of people being inclined to anthropomorphize,…

Works cited:

1. Berger, John (1980), 'Why Look at Animals?' In About Looking, London: Writers & Readers. (book)

2. De Waal, Frans. (2001). "The Ape and the Sushi Master: Cultural Reflections by a Primatologist." Basic Books. (book)

3. Marks, Johnatan. (2002). "What It Means to Be 98% Chimpanzee: Apes, People, and Their Genes." University of California Press. (book)

4. Mezo, Richard Eugene. (1993). "A study of B. Traven's fiction: the journey to Solipaz." Edwin Mellen Press. (book)

Club IT Part One Club
Words: 1072 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47624549
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The founders state that they want to create a community, but the question remains open as to what type of community. The Club could target a specific population of young people, like college students. Yet in the absence of a very large nearby college or youth-dominated district nearby, differentiation seems to be a questionable policy given that too narrow a focus might alienate all but one or two narrow sections of the youth market.

Operational effectiveness is a difficult strategy for any restaurant or bar to pursue, given that these venues operate on economies of scale, and often need to run 'in the red' for some time before they establish a core customer base. A customer orientation strategy is also difficult, given that the experience of going to a club cannot be customized for each and every club-goer. Thus, given that its target prices are already low, pricing Club IT…

International Business CH15 DQ 2 --
Words: 584 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 17883271
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But price discrimination does not necessary imply dumping and is a common legal practice to match the income demographics of certain countries.

Ch 16 (DQ#1) An ethnocentric approach can help host countries that lack qualified individuals fill senior management positions, instill a unified corporate culture and transfer parent-country nationals who have competency knowledge to foreign operations. The disadvantages are that it can lead to resentment, lower productivity, increase turnover for host-country nationals and lead to cultural myopia. A polycentric approach can reduce cultural myopia and be less expensive to implement, but it limits career mobility and isolates headquarters from foreign subsidiaries. A geocentric approach makes good use of human resources, creates a staff that can work in a number of cultures, reduces cultural myopia and increases local responsiveness. However, immigrations laws limit its use and it can be expensive to implement. An ethnocentric approach is suitable for an international strategy,…

Mercury in Seafood Are High
Words: 3633 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9940392
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The Food and Drug Administration has published recommendations that warn pregnant women, nursing mothers, women who might become pregnant, and children not to ear swordfish, shark, tilefish, and king mackerel due to high methylmercury content. They also warn women and children to limit their consumption of tuna (DHHS/EPA, 2004). However, if guidelines are followed, these women and children are told that they can eat limited amounts of low mercury fish.

What Levels of methylmercury are safe?

There are many factors that help to determine how much mercury is considered to be safe. The EPA reference dose (fD) is the amount of mercury that a person can be exposed to on a daily basis over a lifetime without appreciable risk of effects from it. The EPA fD is 0.1 ?g mercury per kg body weight per day. This level translates into a blood mercury level 5.8?g/L or 5.8 parts per billion…


Budtz-Jergenson, E., Grandjean, P., & Weihe, P. (2007). Separation of Risks and Benfits of Seafood Intake. Environmental Health Perspectives. 115 (3); 323-327

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2000). National toxics inventory. Washington, DC: Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Environmental Protection Agency.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2001). Mercury Update: Impact on Fish Advisories. EPA-823-F-01-011. Retrieved November 5, 2007 at 

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2002). Estimated per Capita Fish Consumption in the United States. EPA-821-C-02-003. Retrieved November 5, 2007 at

Purely Superficial Level Sarah K 's
Words: 732 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 36247441
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' Sometimes, if Lindsay's dad wanted some quality alone with his girlfriend, Lindsay was allowed to stay his apartment alone and order in whatever she wanted, watch whatever she wanted on TV, surf the Internet, and talk for as long as she desired on the phone.

Lindsay celebrated Hanukah with her dad and Christmas with her mom, so she got tons more presents than Sarah. She was going to have a Bat Mitzvah and a Sweet Sixteen -- Sarah and Lindsay were already planning these things. If Lindsay ever had a fight with her mom, Lindsay would say that she was going to hop on the train and go straight to Manhattan, and then her mom would cry and let her have her way. If she got in a fight with her dad (which was rare, because she only saw him two days a week during the school year) Lindsay…

Codeswitching Code Switching -- How
Words: 3716 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 45990159
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The most proficient language users, namely bilinguals, favor inter- and intrasentential CS which "require most knowledge of both languages" (Poplack 1980:606) whereas tag-switched sentences are preferred by less proficient and non-bilingual speakers who, in comparison to their first language, are less competent in their second language.

3. Grammar of Intrasentential Code Switching

As already mentioned in chapter 2.2.1 the switching of languages within a single sentence is no random occurrence. As many researchers observed that "bilinguals tend to switch intra-sententially at certain (morpho) syntactic boundaries and not at others" (Poplack 2004:1). According to Poplack (2004:1) the government of grammatical constraints on CS has become a largely accepted fact. "Though, there is little consensus on what they are or how they should be represented" (Poplack 2004:1). The question arises in which way two separate grammars merge to one grammatically correct sentence and which grammar governs the switching. The following chapter gives…

Works Cited

Cantone, Katja Francesca (2005). Evidence against a Third Grammar: Code-switching in Italian-German Bilingual Children. ISB4: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Bilingualism edited by James Cohen, Kara T. McAlister, Kellie Rolstad, and Jeff MacSwan. Cascadilla Press, Somerville, MA.

MacSwan, Jeff (2000). The Architecture of the Bilingual Language Faculty: Evidence from Intrasentential Code Switching. Bilingualism Language and Cognition 3(1), 37-54.

Myers-Scotton, Carol (2006). Codeswitching as a Social and Grammatical Phenomenon. An Encyclopedia of the Arts. 4:8 (800-805). Web 16 May 2011.

Technology Has Evolved a Great
Words: 13130 Length: 43 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 42093143
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Again, Mc Donald's has managed to deal with competitive threats posed by both these market players due to the fact that the prices that Burger King, Starbucks and Costa Coffee charge are much higher than that charged by Mc Donald's. The primary reason behind higher prices of Costa Coffee and Starbucks is the fact that their target market is much stronger and niche as compared to that of Mc Donald's. The recent economic crunch however, has benefitted Mc Donald's as many people who prefer sophisticated ambience, due to their lower purchasing power and increased inflationary pressures now prefer Mc Donald's over the likes of Starbucks and Costa Coffee. As a result, Mc Donald's is the strongest market player in the Global region today.

Mc Donald's target market includes all the people who travel for leisure and/or business purposes and prefer to have a luxurious accommodation. The cafe provides best possible…


Afuah, A. 2009, Strategic innovation: new game strategies for competitive advantage. UK,

Taylor & Francis.

Akhter, S 2003, Strategic planning, hyper competition, and knowledge management. Business Horizons.

Black, J. (2004). Integrated Marketing Communications. College and University, 80(1), 53+. Retrieved September 2, 2011, from Questia database:

Biology of Species Extinction --
Words: 984 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92898851
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Without the mass extinction of the dinosaurs, is doubtful that human beings would ever have evolved in the first place. By comparison to the effects of the that meteorite, all of the human activity in the world that has ever occurred since the first human being who hunted for prey or started a fire is infinitesimally small and utterly insignificant.

More importantly, human concern for animal species extinctions seems to be largely predicated on our anthropomorphic impulses: that is, we have the greatest empathy for animals that remind us of ourselves or that seem appealing or "cute" to us. Consider the different way that we regard tuna and dolphin for just one example. We hunt the former so aggressively that we are on the verge of having to maintain wild tuna populations artificially if we hope to continue eating as much sushi and tuna fish sandwiches as we wish. Other…

Firm Loss Why a Firm Operate Experiencing
Words: 2055 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87468384
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Firm loss why a firm operate experiencing a loss. Explain law diminishing returns economics. Give a personal diminishing utility. Give summary economic costs. In short-run, a firm operates a loss. How McDonald's operate a competitive market.

Why would a firm still operate when they are experiencing a loss?

Logically speaking, it might seem intuitive that a firm would not wish to continue to operate within a given market if it was experiencing a loss of profits. An example of such an inevitable 'loss' occurs when a firm is operating in a perfectly competitive market. In such a market, market entry and exit is extremely fluid. Producers must price products extremely low, giving consumers a great deal of flexibility over choice. To secure valuable consumer dollars, producers will have to fight aggressively for market share, including slashing prices to the point that their profits do not cover their overhead.

A firm…


Kaplan, Jay. (1999). Chapter 9. Principles of economics. . Retrieved March 19, 2011 at 

Law of diminishing marginal utility. (2011). Investopedia. Retrieved March 19, 2011 at 

Law of diminishing returns. (2010). Economics help. Retrieved March 19, 2011 at 

Piana, Valentino. (2003). Cost: A key concept in economics. Economics Web Institute.

Bind Chaos in a Pair
Words: 1201 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 92372475
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What is the significance and quality of his life? He is a little like a force of nature, a little like a trickster god, a little like a criminal... his activities make his like and that of all those around him at once interesting and uncomfortable, and every day he challenges those around him to change and renew their lives.

To understand how his behavior itself is and creates chaos, one can just glance at a few of his reported activities. I wrote to him just a few days ago, asking him to tell me a few of his newest stories -- as always, they were full of humor and insight. Once upon a time, he said, not long ago, this little girl came up to him. "Are you a boy or a girl?" He grinned at her, leaned in close, and said: "I'm a radical gender*****." "What's that?" He…

Business Book Review Lundin Steven C Harry
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Business Book Review

Lundin, Steven C., Harry Paul, and John Christensen. (2000) Fish! A Remarkable Way to Boost Morale and Improve Results. New York: Hyperion.

The book Fish! A Remarkable Way to Boost Morale and Improve Results by Steven C. Lundin, Harry Paul, and John Christensen, depicts happy goldfish frolicking across the white surface of its cover -- however, the toddler-pacifying goldfish cracker is not the primary remedy offered by this business self-empowerment text for a potentially toxic and energy-draining work environment. Rather than first delineating a series of principles, Fish tells the story of Mary Jane Ramirez, an exemplary 'can-do' supervisor who is always ready to cover for a colleague with a sick child. (17) She is promoted, however, to the dreaded Third Floor of First Operations. She receives better pay and more responsibilities but must cope with an often-unpleasant work environment. Mary Jane first accepts her position because…

Ten Forces That Flatten the
Words: 2745 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 53856468
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There, they get the work done their way, with their tools and in their own space, but with much lower costs that in their native country.

Friedman is a firm believer in offshoring and states that such a process is a strong stimulant for fair and international competition. He criticizes the countries that did not yet adopt it saying that all countries should be members of the international market, regardless of their social or economical background.

To explain this idea, the author makes an exaggerated comparison. He says: "Every morning in Africa, a gazelle wakes up. It knows it must run faster than the fastest lion or it will be killed. Every morning a lion wakes up. It knows it must run faster than the slowest gazelle or it will starve to death. It doesn't matter whether you are a lion or a gazelle. When the sun comes up, you…


Thomas L. Friedman, the World is Flat, Chapter two: The Ten Forces that Flatten the World, pages 48 to 172

The Official Web Site of the University of Tennessee, University Libraries, Ready for the World, Thomas Friedman's flatteners, by Martha Rudolph, posted on March 2, 2006 , last accessed on October 5, 2006

James Berry, Review on the book the World is Flat, posted on April 19, 2006,last  accessed on October 5, 2006

Howard Rheingold, Seven Ways to See What's Next, winter 2005

Japanese Culture Japan Is Home
Words: 1185 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15606947
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Japanese popular culture has a unique aesthetic, and is completely modern as befits a wealthy industrial society. Comics, known as manga, and cartoons, known as anime are two of the more immediately recognizable elements of Japanese popular culture. oth are long-established entertainment forms in Japan and cover all genres of fiction, not just the children's genre. Indeed, some anime and manga are exceptionally graphic and brutally violent.

Whereas manga and anime are decidedly Japanese in character, fashion and music in Japanese popular culture borrow more heavily from Western elements, but meld them with a uniquely Japanese character. Traditional Japanese music is reminiscent of western classical music and features distinctive Japanese instruments such as lutes, taiko drums and percussion and was played before imperial courts. Today's Japanese music takes on European forms, albeit almost always in the Japanese language. The most popular form is pop, known as J-Pop. There are also…

Beech, Hannah. (2005). The Wasted Asset. Time Asia. Retrieved June 10, 2008 at 

No author. (2007). Geisha. Retrieved June 10, 2008 at 

No author. (2007). The Samurai. Retrieved June 10, 2008 at

Globalization -A Effects of Globalizatio Globalization Is
Words: 4099 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 92498666
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Globalization -A

Effects of Globalizatio

Globalization is the global alliance in matters of the trade, economy as well as the culture, in the literal sense; globalization is the transformation of a regional phenomenon into a global ones. It can also be described as the process in which people around the world get unified to form a one society that functions together. Globalization heavily banks upon worldwide by its expansions and integration. Due to advancement in the field of technology, today, the world at large has shrunk into a village, given that globalization has swept all the boundaries in politics. Globalization in general is the combination of technological, economic, socio-cultural and the political forces. This paper hence analyzes the effects of globalization while comparing the cultural differences in the Middle East, the Europe and America as well as analyzing a SWOT analysis on how to develop the country market entry strategy.…


Barndt, D. (2008). Tangled routes: women, work, and globalization on the tomato trail (2nd ed.). New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Haugen, D.M., & Mach, R. (2010). Globalization. London: Greenhaven Press.

Huynen, M., Martens, P., & Hilderink, H. (2005). The health impacts of globalization: a conceptual framework. Globalization and Health, 1(1), 20.

Kellner, D. (2002). Theorizing Globalization. Sociological Theory, 20(3), 285-305.

Attitude Change and Persuasion
Words: 1338 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94801485
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Attitude Object Evaluations

Current Influences of Attitude Object Evaluations

Objects can elicit a variety of emotional and cognitive responses from an individual (reviewed by Giner-Sorolla, 2004). The emotional and cognitive components of a response together define the summary attitude taken towards the object. The degree to which an object can influence behavior appears to be linked to the 'rate' with which an individual develops a summary attitude, such that faster appraisals are more influential because they elicited a stronger attitude. Strack and Deutsch (2004) attempt to merge numerous dualistic models in an effort to delineate the elements that influence an evaluative process. Based on their reflective-impulsive model, motivation is the primary driver of behavior, but the interval between the sighting of an attitude object and the resulting behavior varies depending on whether a person reacts primarily in a reflective (cognitive) or impulsive (emotional) manner.

Findings by Giner-Sorolla (2004) suggest that…


Giner-Sorolla, Roger. (2004). Is affective material in attitudes more accessible than cognitive material? The moderating role of attitude basis. European Journal of Social Psychology, 34, 761-780.

Rannazzisi, Danielle Marie. (2009). Appraisal processes and emotion: An examination of the influence of relative standards on the evaluation of negative situations. (Doctoral dissertation). ProQuest Dissertations and Thesis. (Accession 2009-99220-267).

Strack, Fritz and Deutsch, Roland. (2004). Reflective and impulsive determinants of social behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 8(3), 220-247.

Multicultural Psychology
Words: 648 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 46195784
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Multicultural Psychology

Japanese Culture

Culture is commonly understood as a set of shared beliefs, values, goals and other such common ideas practiced by a group. It is an integration of art, architecture, language, food, music, lifestyle, religion and other such facets which are the defining feature of every culture. Amongst the several varying cultures of the world, this paper would focus on the Japanese culture thereby highlighting its practices and also linking it with the traditional psychological theories.

The Japanese culture is a complex system which is seen to go through a number of transformations. The initial establishment had an influence from the Chinese and Korean practices. As a matter of fact, it was the military that actually ruled the country. However, apart from going through several military conquests, instabilities and isolation, the Japanese culture took a new turn under the influence of the Western presence ultimately making Japan the…


Berg M. (2011). Racism in the Modern World: Historical Perspectives on Cultural Transfer and Adaptation. Berghahn Books. USA.

James B. (2005). Asian Culture Brief: Japan, National Technical Assistance Center, Vol. 2, No. 6. Hawaii.

Immigration Bureau (2005). Statistics for Foreign Residents in Japan. Ministry of Justice. Japan Immigration Association

Ritts, V. (2000). Culture and aging. Retrieved on 7th September, 2011, from

Managerial Accounting
Words: 3959 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 32541705
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Dick and Mac McDonald opened their first restaurant in 1940 in San ernadino, California. These men were among the first to introduce the concept of "fast food," and made dining fun for children. McDonald's went on to enjoy over 60 years of growth, which has only tapered in the last year due to a failure to expand successfully into places such as olivia. Despite these recent setbacks, it is notable that only the third world could thwart McDonald's is a testament to its brand name and its revenue model. There are currently over 28 thousand McDonald's Restaurants in over 120 countries. McDonald's global sales in 2000 were over 40 billion, and the company could boast 16 billion customers that year.

McDonald's success didn't occur in an incremental, measured fashion. The company only really took off in 1954 when a mixer salesman, Ray Kroc, discovered the operation and found a way…


Lesson 5: The Wealth Tax of 1935 and the Victory Tax of 1942. Internal Revenue Service. 2002. 


John F. Love. McDonalds; Behind the Arches. Bantam Books, 1995.

The Route to Fast Food Franchising. The Times 100 Case Studies. 2002.

How Culture Is Transmitted From Generation to Generation
Words: 1368 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63920356
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Generation Transmission of Culture

There are a number of ways that a culture may be transmitted to the next generation such as influences from family and parents, religion, and community. This works intends to explore the generation transmission of cultural elements through the methodology of informational research.

One of my earliest memories is the sound of the drums coming down Main Street while the smells of popcorn and coffee drifted through the summer air. That was the 4th of July many years ago as I sat atop my father's shoulders watching the Independence Day parade. Forever, red, white and blue will be associated with drums, popcorn and festivity. This is one example of cultural transmission.

Family & Parents

Cultural Transmission Starts at an Early Age:

In view of the fact that many Americans through generation after generation will ever relate lemonade to summer and hot chocolate naturally is only consumed…


Understanding Racism" {nd} Racism No Way Web site [Online] available at 

Multiculturalism {nd} Webster's Online Dictionary [Online] available at: 

Human Society: Ecological Evolutionary Theory [Online] available at

Ah Ket, William {nd} "Reconciling Occident and Orient in Australia during the early years of Federation" [Online] available at

Google's Antitrust Behavior and the Benefits of Imperfect Competition
Words: 842 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 90090383
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Antitrust Practices and Market Power: Google Antitrust Behavior

Economic theory expresses that competition contributes substantially to the efficient operations of markets, and hence to the improvement of a nation's wealth status. Antitrust laws seek to foster competition in the marketplace and to consequently ensure that the welfare of consumers is maximized through the provision of low-priced high-quality products. This the laws do by preventing the emergence of cartels and monopolies, which impede on competition by creating barriers to entry, with the help of which they are able to obtain market power and consequently drive market prices to favor them. Although monopolies may result from either government action or natural reasons, in which case they are referred to as government and natural monopolies respectively, most monopolies are formed through exclusivity contract arrangements, mergers, acquisitions, and collusion. Antitrust laws work at limiting these.

The Costs of Antitrust Behavior

A number of companies…


Antitrust Laws. (2014). Antitrust Law Examples: Are they Helpful to the Free Marketplace? Retrieved 19 March 2014 from 

Marrs, M. (2012). 30 Facts about the Google Antitrust Case. The Word Stream Blog. Retrieved 19 March 2014 from 

Marrs, M. (2012). 30 Facts about the Google Antitrust Case. The Word stream Blog. Retrieved 19 March 2014 from

Pre-Departure Training There Are a Number of
Words: 2525 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31550023
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Pre-Departure Training

There are a number of different components to pre-departure training for managers who are being sent on overseas assignments. Without pre-departure training, there is considerable risk that the international assignment will be a failure on some level. The assignment will either not meet expectations, or the manager will come home early. There is considerably cultural risk as well, where the manager might perhaps be a poor fit for the assignment from a cultural perspective. So pre-departure training takes into account a number of different factors.

The first component of the pre-departure training is strictly functional: the manager needs to understand the purpose of the assignment. The company is investing considerable money in the manager, and both parties need to have a clear sense of the expectations that arise from this arrangement. The company should have already ensured that the manager is a good fit from a technical standpoint,…


Claus, L., Lungu, A. & Bhattacharjee, S. (2011). The effects of individual, organizational and societal variables on the job performance of expatriate managers. International Journal of Management. Vol. 28 (1) 249-271.

Hurn, B. (2007). Pre-departure for international managers. Industrial and Commercial Training. Vol. 39 (1) 9-17.

Philippart, N. (2014). Global e-mentoring: Overcoming virtual distance for an effective mentoring relationship. Wayne State University.

Rainoldi, M. & Golzner, H. (2014). Mentoring across cultures: Implications in managing expatriates acculturation. Europaische Kulturen in der Wirtschaftskommunikation. Vol. 18 (2014) 147-164.

Trader Joe's Versus Whole Foods
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Whole Foods is a far more experiential store than Trader Joe's, as the smells from the freshly-made foods permeate the store and delight the customer's senses. It encourages consumers to linger and to buy more. Yet, despite the fact that Trader Joe's is cheaper, Whole Foods is also more individualistic. Consumers are given a wide array of choices, to allow themselves to customize their buying experience to their needs. If they wish to buy organic and earthy-friendly products they may, but they can also select expensive imported goods like tinned caviar and various imported olive oils. Whole Foods customers can custom-order cakes and pastries for an occasion, as well as various hot as well as cold foods. Trader Joe's has many prepared goods, but they are all pre-fabricated. A customer seeking to buy nuts in bulk from Trader Joe's cannot even select precisely how much food he or she wishes…

Yotel & Pod 39 51
Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10675664
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Two new pod hotel concepts have arrived in New York, the Yotel concept of Simon Woodroffe and the Pod 51/39 hotels. Both play on the image of the Japanese pod hotels, though in form they differ. The hotels in New York offer very small rooms, rather than actual capsules as one might find in Tokyo. This is a necessary adaptation, and serves to solve a couple of problems in the New York City hotel market (and other major urban hotel markets).

Both hotel chains offer small hotel rooms, which are a solution to the problem that conventional hotel rooms face. A conventional hotel room, being larger than the pods, comes at a higher cost because of the higher square footage. For many travelers, this cost is not justified, particularly in a city like New York where a hotel room might be little more than a place to sleep, shower…

Airport Technology of the Future
Words: 952 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 97044383
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Airport Operation

Challenges for airports today: Moving large groups of people

Airports today are more heavily-trafficked than ever before. This places an unprecedented burden on airport terminals to move people from point A to point B. Efficiency is essential. Modernized airports have been forced to cope with these challenges in unique ways to improve passengers' experiences safely and to expedite their movement for their own sake and the sake of the airport. However, for every problem solved by these new conveniences, problems may arise regarding their use. There is no universal prescription for every airport as to the 'right' way to transport people. But this is still an essential component of good customer service. Without crowd control, flight delays are inevitable. Furthermore, in the case of emergency situations, people must be able to be moved as quickly as possible to safety. The multifaceted, multi-component nature of most modern airports, with…


Alleyne, R. (2009). Using the airport moving walkways actually slows you down. Telegraph.

Retrieved from: 

Heathrow Express. (2014). Travel between terminals. Retrieved from:

Application Essay for a Unique Internship
Words: 1137 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15868776
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young to tell my story, since so much of it has not yet been written, but I will approach this by telling it backwards. I'm pursuing stand-up comedy, and been opener at a comedy club twice this past year, and doing shows wherever and whenever I can find an open mic. There's an improv troupe on Saturdays at a local theater -- I love improv and it makes my stand-up better. I have a real passion for stand-up. I didn't choose comedy; it chose me.

When I came out of the comedy closet, I pursued it aggressively. That's put me in the local newspaper, and I've placed as the only female in a local comedy competition, was part of the best improv comedy group -- in general, things have been working out very well for me. And yet, I've accomplished nothing. I need new ventures, new things to hunt and…

How a Language Changes Over Time
Words: 1206 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39896948
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Language change refers to the process in which a particular language varies in its linguistic levels of analysis by developing or assimilating new forms and/or eliminating and/or totally modifying some of the existing forms (Schukla & Conner-Linton, 2014). Every natural language is subject to change over time even if these changes and alterations do not receive recognition by the individuals that use them. The process of change can be a slow and sure process or certain catch phrases may be incorporated very quickly (Kroch, 1989). Thus, the changes may not always be obvious but by comparing different the same language at different times, comparing different dialects, or how different languages interact, it becomes clear that languages change in all of their qualities including their grammar, syntax, semantics, lexicon, morphology, and phonology (Algeo & Butcher, 2013).

The process of language change is studied both by historical linguists and sociolinguists.

Historical linguists…


Algeo, J., & Butcher, C. (2013). The origins and development of the English language. Boston:

MA: Cengage Learning.

Beckner, C., Blythe, R., Bybee, J., Christiansen, M. H., Croft, W., Ellis, N. C., ... & Schoenemann, T. (2009). Language is a complex adaptive system: Position paper. Language Learning, 59(s1), 1-26.

Hock, H. H., & Joseph, B. D. (2009). Language history, language change, and language relationship: An introduction to historical and comparative linguistics (Vol. 218). Berlin,

Kudler Fine Foods Is an
Words: 974 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 52599441
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The organic nature of the products that the company offers all seems to have a detrimental effect on profitability. Kudler may have to eliminate certain product offerings. This is particularly true if these products are not selling very well. In addition, the owner of the company may have some success in negotiating a lower price for those products that do sell well. The owner should be careful not to settle for whatever price she is quoted.

Another issue is payroll expense. All companies have problems with getting payroll expenses to a reasonable level. However. Kudler seems to have a problem in being able to pay highly specialized workers at the rate of the market. In addition, when on the specialized workers gets sick or quits it is difficult to find a replacement. Some of this will be remedied when the aforementioned problems are handled because it will create greater cash…

Paul Keating's Redfern Speech
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Paul Keating's edfern Speech

Paul Keating's speech at edfern Park provides examples of rhetoric that are discussed below. The speech uses of and the three modes of persuasion: pathos, ethos, and logos. The use of epiphora, particularly in tricolon format, lends both cadence and emphasis. The word imagine is used in this manner and in epiphora convention, as the word is repeated in successive clauses. The connotation of the word confident is made more powerful by its proximity to the word imagine. Further, antithesis is threaded throughout by deliberate distinctions between non-Aboriginal and indigenous Australians, and presumably to use the favored terms of reference for every member of the audience -- as it is a political speech. There is a great divide between the experiences and treatment of the privileged primarily white non-indigenous citizens of Australia and the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island people. Keating does not shy away from…


Cockcroft, R. And Cockcroft S.M. (2005). Persuading people: an introduction to rhetoric. (2nd ed.). Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave MacMillan.

Keating, P. Australian Launch of the International Year for the World's Indigenous People. Redfern Park, Sydney, Australia. December 10, 1992

____. (2011). Communication: rhetoric and reasoning. [Course readings]. Magill, SA: School of Communication, International Studies and Languages, University of South Australia.

Epidemic Theory of Crime
Words: 1279 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80886737
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Smith and Kidron, the end of the Cold War ironically initiated a series of belligerent conflicts across the globe. The international news media reported shocking brutality that ravaged osnia-Herzegovina, Chechnya, and especially in Rwanda, where nearly 800,000 people were slaughtered during the brief six-week period in 1994. Despite the sharp increase in human casualties lost to warfare, states hardly lifted a finger to stop it. udgets for military spending were curtailed, the production of nuclear weapons slowed, and the United Nations embarked on more peace operations than ever before. However, the events of September 11 abruptly terminated the United States' passivity; policymakers quickly approved dramatically increased budgets for military operations while thousands of troops boarded ships and airplanes to be dropped off in the most perilous war zone of the new millennium. Though incessant warfare may seem inevitable in many parts of the world, including Georgia and Iraq, there is…


Baker, Peter. "Called Home to Rebuild, Georgian Led Revolution." The Washington

Post 27 November 2003. http://www.washingt ... / A16312-

2003 Nov26?language=printe. Online Accessed 26 November 2003.

Gordon, Michael. "Nation Building in Iraq: Lessons from the Past." The New York