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Sustainability in Business
Sustainability PowerPoint® Presentation and Paper
Sustainability refers to the capacity of a business to have no significant negative impact on the local or global community, environment, society or the economy. These businesses strive to meet the triple bottom line (TBL) which consists of people, planet and profit. This means that the businesses demonstrate their commitment to CS through catering for people, the planet and profit. For people, it means that the organization has fair business practices that are beneficial toward the employees and the community at large. For the planet, it means that the practices of the business do not bring any harm to the environment. Lastly, in terms of profit, it means that the business has economic value and it creates an economic impact to all stakeholders in it.
Sustainability and financial success
Sustainability is a key element in the achievement of success for a business.…
http://www.bsr.org/reports/BSR_New_Frontier_Sustainability.pdfBSR . (2010). The New Frontier in Sustainability: The Business Opportunity in Tackling Sustainable Consumption. Retrieved from Choi, J., & Wang, H. (2009). Stakeholder Relations and the Persistence of Corporate Financial Performance. Strategic Management Journal, 30(8), 895-907.
Deloitte. (2010). Sustainability in Business Today: A Cross-Industry View. Retrieved from http://www.greencareerpathways.org/uploads/Deloitte-sustainability-survey.pdf
Greenwood, M. (2007). Stakeholder Engagement: Beyond the Myth of Corporate Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics, 74(4), 315-327.
Lacy, P., Cooper, T., Hayward, R., & Neuberger, L. (2010). A New Era of Sustainability. Retrieved from http://www.unglobalcompact.org/docs/news_events/8.1/UNGC_Accenture_CEO_Study_2010.pdf
Sustainability: hat is required to stop global warming and other negative consequences of industrialization?
The need for businesses and governments to be sustainable enterprises is one of the most talked-about subjects in the media today. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): "Sustainability is based on a simple principle: Everything that we need for our survival and well-being depends, either directly or indirectly, on our natural environment. Sustainability creates and maintains the conditions under which humans and nature can exist in productive harmony, that permit fulfilling the social, economic and other requirements of present and future generations" ("hat is sustainability," EPA, 2012). For most of us, we pat ourselves on the back for our sustainable efforts when we engage in relatively simple, low-stress actions such as recycling and buying green products. This demands little 'cost' of us, other than time. However, advocates of the Deep Ecology movement and other radical…
"Demand for SUVs on the rise in China." Truck Trend. 28 Feb 2012. [23 Jun 2012]
Drengson, Alan. "Deep ecology movement." [23 Jun 2012]
It appears there is much riding on the earth's future. Leadership of the next decades must be ready to deal with new challenges that have not been recorded in history. A major issue of this future will be the ability for society to sustain itself amid an illusion of resource scarcity. The purpose of this essay is to investigate the next generations' ability to carry the torch of sustainability as it relates to the five capitals. These capitals include: natural capital, human capital, social capital, manufactured capital and financial capital. This essay will first present some general background about sustainability before summarily addressing each one of the five sub-points and their relation to one another.
Shott (2012) explained that a new attitude must be adopted by the next generations. He explained the onus rests upon these young people due to their circumstances: "the often maligned Y-Generation is growing…
Confino, J. (2011). Will our future leaders be the first sustainable generation? The Guardian UK, 6 Dec 2011. Retrieved from http://www.guardian.co.uk/sustainable - business/blog/sky-sustainability-future-leaders
Ehrlich, P., Kareiva, P., & Daily, G. (2012). Securing natural capital and expanding equity to rescale civilization. Nature, 7 June 2012, 486: 68-74. Retrieved from http://mahb.stanford.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/2012_Ehrlich-Daily-Kareiva - Rescaling-society.pdf
Forum for The Future. 2008. The Five Capitals Model -- a framework for sustainability . [ONLINE] Available at: ttp://www.forumforthefuture.org/sites/default/files/project/downloads/five-capitals- model.pdf.
Shott, R. (2012). Building a Generation of Sustainability Mavericks Because We Can, Or Because We Have to. Forbes, 11 Oct 2012. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/singularity/2012/10/11/building-a-generation-of - sustainability-mavericks-because-we-can-or-because-we-have-to/
Sustainability of Democracy
The objective of this study is to examine the sustainability of democracy including the Health Care Reform of Medicare and Medicaid that is burdening physicians and Durable Medical Equipment Providers to compete for contracts through competitive bidding and the patients not having the option to choose their providers. As well, the government control of the issues of health insurance will be examined and the question answered as to whether the sustainability of democracy will remain given the evidence of government control.
Sustainable democracy is addressed in a report of the Government Commission on Swedish Democracy which states that democracy "is not immutable. The institutions of democracy are fragile in the sense that they take a long time to build up but can collapse significantly more quickly, not least through violence. However, de-democratization can also creep forward, by small but conscious adjustments of important details of the structures."…
Berenson, RA (2003) Health Affairs. At the Intersection of Health, Health Care and Policy. Health Affairs. Retrieved from: http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/early/2003/12/10/hlthaff.w3.586.full.pdf
Nix, K. And Senger, A. (2012) The Promise of Consumer-Directed Health Plans: Studies Show Success at Reducing Costs and Maintaining Quality. The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved from: http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2012/07/promise-of-consumer-directed-health-plans-studies-show-success-reducing-costs-maintaining-quality
Smith, J. (2008) Democracy and Sustainability. Can We Survive in Freedom: The Relationship Between Democracy and Sustainability. Retrieved from: http://www.open.edu/openlearn/society/international-development/environmental-decision-making/democracy-and-sustainability-can-we-survive-freedom
Sustainable Democracy (2000) Policy for Government by the People in the 2000s. Report of the Government Commission on Swedish Democracy. Official Government Reports-SOU 2000:1 Ministry of Justice. Stockholm, Sweden. Retrieved from: http://ilrs.org/budapest/democracy.pdf
Sustainability of Britt Coffee
Sustainability is a huge word in business today. It is an admirable goal for business to make promises to lower their carbon footprint. Yet, it is the businesses that take this mission and align it with strategic financial goals that illustrate the theories of the late Peter Drucker in action. Drucker believed that without taking care of its operations first, there is no way a business could really be socially responsible in any other meaningful way. Thus, for modern businesses to be successful in their sustainability strategies, they must also be successful in their strategic operational strategies. The health of the business always comes first, according to Drucker, and then the health of their social responsibility and sustainability efforts will come after. This can be seen in the strategy of Britt Coffee, a company that in many ways combines its effort to gain a competitive advantage…
Britt Coffee. (2014). Sustainability. Experience Cafe Britt. Web. http://www.cafebritt.com/sustainability
Drucker Institute. (2014). Peter Drucker's Life and Legacy. About Peter Drucker. Web. http://www.druckerinstitute.com/link/about-peter-drucker/
Mok, Karen. (2012). Reinventing Work, Reinventing Organization. Peter Drucker Challenge. Web. http://essay.druckerchallenge.org/fileadmin/user_upload/essays_2012_pdf/S_Karen_Mok_Peter_Drucker_Essay1.pdf
Stallone, Jesse. (2010). Peter Drucker on Sustainability. Sustainability. Web. http://jessestallone.com/2010/09/17/peter-drucker-on-sustainability/
The biggest problem with maintaining sustainable fisheries levels around the world is gaining the cooperation of other counties. Many other countries, such as Japan and some European nations do not comply with sustainable fishery practices, which means they are depleting the fisheries at a more rapid rate than countries who do comply, and they could fish many species into extinction. However, many countries besides the United States understand the importance of creating sustainable fishing practices. Many countries around the globe are working to reduce or control overfishing while still providing popular seafood items to diners around the world.
Overfishing is not the only problem with the world's fisheries that can lead to nonsustainability. Other practices include net and trawling fishing (sometimes called "longline" fishing) that can take up many other species along with the intended catch, such as birds and dolphins. Managing fishing practices to maintain sustainability is also an…
Increase long-term economic and social benefits to the nation from living marine resources."
12. Editors. "Various." International Institute for Sustainable Development. http://www.iisd.org/
Use information from several pages to fill in gaps in information throughout the report. Use in movement examples to show different areas of sustainability and why they are important. Eradicate poverty to create a better lifestyle and reduce dependence on agricultural pursuits that damage the land and ecosystems. "Yet if the rate of greenhouse gas emissions remains at the current level, the world could face an increase in average temperature of between three and 10 oC."
Buildings will be equied to obtain enegy cetification. At the cuent time, constuction enginees ae the most likely candidate fo the job. This being the case, it is estimated that appoximately 12,000 enginees will need to be etained to cay out these functions (Covedale, 2002).
As one can see, the EPBD will place a stain on the constuction industy in tems of knowledge and the manpowe needed to cay out the task. This eseach will play a significant ole in the ability of the industy to moe closely identify its futue needs in tems of education, pesonnel, cost and othe challenges that ae a esult of the new enegy legislation. This eseach will play a significant ole in assessing the needs of the constuction industy and the actions that they need to take in ode to be eady fo the changes and challenges that the EPBD bings. It will identify…
references to those wishing to learn more about the implementation of sustainable practices in the construction industry. These books are likely to become essential in the library of the construction engineer. Many of them include the principles contained in this research study, but they put in more precise terms that can be used to develop sustainable practices in the industry, These guides include:
Batty S, Davoudi S. And Layard a (Eds.) Planning for a Sustainable Future (London: Spon Press, 2001).
Cox J, Fell D. And Thurstain-Goodwin M. Red Man, Green Man (London: RICS (Foundation, 2002).
I will have to send this in two parts, the document was too big to send at once. If there are any changes that need made, I will do them immediately upon receipt.
Financial Sustainability Imagine work a business consultant. Companies governmental entities hire firm make recommendations streamlining business operations, make companies fiscally sound. You asked supervisor present a local business conference subject financial sustainability
Financial sustainability: Mathematical models
Sustainability is one of the top 'buzzwords' today in terms of marketing products, but what does it actually mean? One definition of sustainability provided by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is that "everything that we need for our survival and well-being depends, either directly or indirectly, on our natural environment. Sustainability creates and maintains the conditions under which humans and nature can exist in productive harmony, that permit fulfilling the social, economic and other requirements of present and future generations" (What is sustainability, 2012, EPA). Sustainability requires a long-term focus by the individual and corporate entities, but in the interests of making a quick profit, sustainability is often put on the shelf. Consumers…
CFOs seek boldness and shareholder value in sustainability. (2012). Environmental Leader.
Energy. (2012). Interface. Retrieved:
Edwards (2005) writes, "This principle asks businesses to use foresight in the development of new products and processes and, if these are deemed potentially dangerous to society, to refrain from further action" (p. 55). This ethical concept shifts responsibility from the consumer and regulators to the business itself. The burden lies with the company to prove that technologies, chemicals, or practices are sustainable and safe. This is important because many companies view the requirement of proving non-hazards as an obstacle to technological advancement.
Maybe the most important concept in sustainability is that economic development is human development. This view integrates culture and economy. "The economy represents our societal metabolism; it processes resources and information and circulates the resulting products throughout" (Goerner et. al., 2008, p. 157). Prosperity is a function of human capital and local networks of collaboration. This is important since it reverses top-down notions which promote material means…
Edwards, a.R. (2005). The sustainability revolution: portrait of a paradigm shift. Gabriola Island, BC: New Society.
Goerner, S.J., Dyck, R.G., & Laterroos, D. (2008). The new science of sustainability: building a foundation for great change. Chapel Hill, NC: Triangle Center for Complex Systems.
Hawken, P., Lovins, a., & Lovins, L.H. (1999). Natural capitalism: creating the next industrial revolution. Brown: Little, Brown, and Company.
SU specifically gained support for implementing the STARS model by doing two things. The first was that the sustainability office contacted the top administrators before applying to be a pilot site. This step is important to initiating organizational change, but does not constitute best management practice. For any initiative to succeed, senior management buy-in is essential, but so is their vocal support (Mackenzie, n.d). The rest of the organization sees senior management commitment as a sign of an initiative's perceived worth to the organization. The sustainability department at SU received permission from senior management but the initiative did not have a senior management champion. This manifested in problems downstream, such as the lack of serious support from members of the faculty.
The second thing that SU did to gain support was to send e-mails to mid-level administrators to gain their support for the project. This was not good…
BalancedScorecard.org. (2011). Balanced scorecard basics. Balanced Scorecard Institute. Retrieved August 17, 2011 from http://www.balancedscorecard.org/BSCResources/AbouttheBalancedScorecard/tabid/55/Default.aspx
Mackenzie, M. (no date). Senior leadership's role in the change process. Townsend School of Business. Retrieved August 17, 2011 from http://www.dowling.edu/faculty/mackenzie/docs/change.pdf
STARS (2011). Website, various pages. Retrieved August 17, 2011 from https://stars.aashe.org/
Analysis of the Field
Sustainability is a concept that is receiving attention in numerous industries—from auto manufacturing to accounting (Bouten & Hoozee, 2015; Kwangeson, 2014). Companies like Tesla, Porsche, GM, Audi, Volkswagen and others are finding ways to become more sustainable by creating electric vehicles (EV) that consumers can buy in place of gas-powered cars to avoid polluting the earth. Sustainability concepts focus mainly on green energy and protecting the environment, but they also focus on managing waste more efficiently and promoting social goals and values that are important to communities. Lago, Kocak, Crnkovic and Penzenstadler (2015) examine the environmental dimension of software performance, for instance, and discuss how one of the main problems of “current software engineering practice with regard to sustainability is that the technical and economic dimensions are taken into account while the environmental and social dimensions are not” (p. 70). By focusing attention on how products…
Anderies, J. M. (2014). Embedding built environments in social–ecological systems: Resilience-based design principles. Building Research & Information, 42(2), 130–142. doi:10.1080/09613218.2013.857455
Baue, B., & Wood, R. (2015, Aug-Nov). 11/30 - Leveraging integral leadership to shift sustainability mindsets into a ThriveAbility paradigm. Integral Leadership Review, 279–284.
Baumgartner, R. J. (2014). Managing corporate sustainability and CSR: A conceptual framework combining values, strategies and instruments contributing to sustainable development. Corporate Social Responsibility & Environmental Management, 21(5), 258–271. doi:10.1002/csr.1336
Bouten, L., & Hoozée, S. (2015). Challenges in sustainability and integrated reporting. Issues in Accounting Education, 30(4), 373–381. doi:10.2308/iace-51093
Dovleac, L. (2015). The role of new communication technologies in companies’ sustainability. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Brasov. Series V: Economic Sciences, 8(1), 33–40.
Kwangseon, H. (2014). Sustainability, new economics and policy: Greening pathway for the auto industry. International Journal of Technology Management & Sustainable Development, 13(1), 3–14. doi: 10.1386/tmsd.13.1.3_1
Lago, P., Kocak, S. A., Crnkovic, I., & Penzenstadler, B. (2015). Framing sustainability as a property of software quality. Communications of the ACM, 58(10), 70–78. doi:10.1145/2714560
Lubin, D. A., & Etsy, D. C. (2010). The sustainability imperative. Harvard Business Review, 88(5), 42–50.
United Parcel Service (UPS) was founded in 1907 and is the world's largest package delivery company. As a provider of transportation and logistics services, UPS operates globally, using airplanes and trucks to move goods around the world. The company's ground-based shipping business has long been its mainstay, but after the arrival of FedEx, UPS entered into the overnight courier business as well. This move began the company's transformation into more of an integrated logistics provider from being simply a package delivery company. It now has a retail operation, as well as package delivery and specialized logistics services.
Background of its Sustainability Practice
Perhaps the earliest component of UPS corporate social responsibility platform is the UPS Foundation. This is the company's charitable works foundation, and is focused on building communities, and on projects like the Global Forestry Initiative, both in terms of finances and in terms of volunteer work. It…
This essay is on Sustainable design within retail spaces store design (including the physical space of the store, as well as the merchandising fixtures, and products). This paper will explore some different brands that utilize this sustainable design concept.
Introduction & Defining the Concept
The concept of sustainability is, for the most part, in the eye of the beholder. In theory, sustainability reflects consumption that can be sustained indefinitely, implying that no non-renewable resources are used. In practice, the term sustainable is applied more broadly along a spectrum where the actual amount of sustainability in the subject is moderate to high, though usually not total. As applied to design, the concept of sustainability is focused on using a variety of tools, techniques, and designs that are sustainable. It is rare that a building will be 100% sustainable, but concepts that contribute to sustainability have become the leading trend in building…
Contreras, J., Roth, H. & Lewis, M. (2011). Toward a rational framework for sustainable building materials standards. Standards Engineering. Vol. 63 (5)
Farr, D. (2008). Sustainable Urbanism. Wiley.
Fuerst, F. (2009). Building momentum: An analysis of investment trends in LEED and Energy Star-certified properties. Journal of Retail and Leisure Property. Vol. 8 (2009) 285-297.
Kreider, J., Curtiss, P. & Rabl, A. (2010). Heating and Cooling of Buildings: Design for Efficiency. Taylor & Francis: Boca Raton, FL.
Krygiel, E. & Nies, B. (2008). Green BIM: Successful Sustainable Design with Building Information Modeling. Wiley: Indianapolis
Nidumolu, R., Prahalad, C. & Rangaswami, M. (2009). Why sustainability is now the key driver of innovation. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved March 10, 2015 from https://hbr.org/2009/09/why-sustainability-is-now-the-key-driver-of-innovation
Ogle, J., Hyllegard, K. & Dunbar, B. (2004). Predicting patronage behaviors in a sustainable retail environment. Environment and Behavior. Vol. 36 (5) 717-741.
Plevoets, B. & Van Cleempoel, K. (2012). Creating sustainable retail interiors through the reuse of historic buildings. Interiors: Design, Architecture, Culture. Vol. 3 (3) 271-293.
Milton Friedman’s quote gets to the heart of the conflict between shareholder theory vs. stakeholder theory. Shareholder theory posits that a corporation’s sole responsibility is to maximize the return on investment (ROI) for shareholders. Stakeholder theory posits, on the other hand, that a company owes a duty to all stakeholders (not just shareholders)—members of the community, workers, consumers; in short, anyone who is part of or who is impacted in some way by the company. The question is: Do corporations exist only to serve the interests of shareholders or do they also have a responsibility to serve stakeholders as well? This paper will answer that question by looking at the nature and essence of business social responsibility from the standpoint of the four major sources of ethical values in business: Law, Culture, Philosophy, and Religion. It will show that in today’s business environment, stakeholder theory needs to be pursued…
In this regard, Green and her colleagues emphasize that, "The corporate wealth of logging giant Gunns, Ltd. (which controls over 85% of the state's logging, is the world's largest hardwood woodchip exporter, and is worth over one billion dollars) has not trickled down into the state's economy" (2007, p. 95).
Despite the enormous range of wood products, particularly its valuable hardwoods, that could be produced from Tasmania's forests, more than 90 per cent of the country's hardwood timber is simply processed into woodchips annually, representing 5,000,000 tons of Tasmanian native forest which are then marketed to paper mills in Asia, primarily in Japan but in South Korea and increasingly China as well, accounting for around 70 per cent of Tasmania's total woodchip export production (Green et al., 2007). The sustainment practices used by the forestry industry, though, have been insufficient to replenish what is being extracted.
Forestry Tasmania. The Board…
Australia. (2010). CIA world factbook. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library / publications/the-world-factbook/geos/as.html.
Brown, B. (2001). Revelations of a green senator. In H. Gee (ed.), for the forests: A history of the Tasmania Forest Campaigns. Hobart: The Wilderness Society, 2001, p. 334 in Owen
Carter, N. (2007). The Politics of the Environment. Ideas. Activism. Policy. 2nd Edn. Cambridge:
As the new Senior Vice President for Sustainability I believe the company should institute an Eco-Efficiency strategy. This innovative approach to the greening of our company, in a nutshell, is basically our firm doing more with less and becoming profitable at the same time.
Let me first say that a company should never seem to be "going green" just to look good or to give the impression of jumping on the bandwagon of the current wave of environmentalism and conservation. The idea of a company working towards sustainability is a noble idea, and while I realize there is a sense of caution within the executive management of our company, I trust that given careful thought and analysis, we can proceed in a sensible approach that will be beneficial financially and environmentally.
Eco-Efficiency in frank ordinary language simply means developing a sustainability program that clearly saves money…
Sustainability in Iceland
It is essential that modern businesses of all sizes focus on putting the planet into the bottom line. An article from The Economist suggests that all businesses, including small businesses like the bed-and-breakfast, should focus on implementing a triple bottom line. The first two are more traditional, with the first being profit or the bottom line of the profit and loss measurements. The second is people, thus being able to be socially responsible and take care of not only the organization of society as a whole. According to this article, "The third is the bottom line of the company's "planet" account -- a measure of how environmentally responsible it has been" (The Economist, 2009). The idea here is that we must take into account our environmental impact within our balance scorecard and other business operational practices. It is crucial not only to think of a profit and…
Corbin, M. (2001). Geothermal energy. Iceland Adventure Website. Web. http://iceland.ednet.ns.ca/schedule.htm
Emil, Siggi. (2013). How heothermal energy is used in Iceland. Water and Fire. Web. http://waterfire.fas.is/GeothermalEnergy/GeothermalEnergy.php
National Energy Authority. (2013). Geothermal energy. Geothermal. Web. http://www.nea.is/geothermal/
The Economist. (2009). Triple bottom line: It consists of three Ps, profit, people, and plant. Idea. Web. http://www.economist.com/node/14301663
Federated funding is a financing option used by non-profits whose mission and vision are more clearly defined and easier to implement. An example of a federated fund is the March of Dimes charity. The benefits of using a federated fund include the ease of making and accepting employee contributions via the inclusion of payroll deductions. Charitable dollars can also be aggregated to more than one group or to target more than one issue associated with the operations of the charitable group. Therefore, a level of flexibility is associated with the designation of a federated funding arm.
The disadvantages of a federated funds is that its use is not common to major medical research facilities and other charitable organizations that have large, temporary budgets for programs that may not exceed 3 years in duration. Typically speaking, the use of a federated fund is the optimal solution for a service-based charity and…
Sustainability Balanced Scorecard
The balanced scorecard is a tool for management that supports the positive execution of strategies instigated by the corporation. This report makes the aim to assist Wave Master Limited Company (WML) with the further analysis of sustainability. In particular, the report comes up with a strategic map for the company's objectives and thereafter creates a scheme for the formation of a sustainable balanced score card (SBSC). These strategic objectives are categorized in accordance to the perspectives of the SBSC that is suggested. The study goes on to further offer justification as to why such strategic objectives were classified and categorized in that particular manner. In concurrence with assignment two, we make the assumption that the sustainability reports and analysis made previously are appropriate and suitable to be used for this study. In developing the sustainable balance score card, the approach used in this study is that of…
Armitage, H.M., & Scholey, C. (2006). Using Strategy Maps to Drive Performance. CMA Canada.
Butler, J.B., Henderson, S.C., & Raiborn, C. (2011). Sustainability and the balanced scorecard. Management Accounting Quarterly, 12(2), 1-10.
Esau, G., & Malone, M. (2013). CSR in natural resources: rhetoric and reality. Journal of Global Responsibility, 4(2), pp. 168-187.
Figge, F., Hahn, T., Schaltegger, S., & Wagner, M. (2002). The sustainability balanced scorecard -- linking sustainability management to business strategy. Business strategy and the Environment, 11(5), 269-284.
Phase 4 Discussion Board
The article that I will be reviewing is "Key competencies in sustainability: a reference framework for academic program development." This article was published in the journal Sustainability Science and directly covers the development of the academic discipline. The authors note that as the discipline matures into a full-fledged academic discipline, there is a need to understand the nature of sustainability science and what the key competencies are going to be to understand the discipline. The authors have studied a number of journal articles on the subject to make a determination about what competencies are required: systems thinking, anticipatory, strategic, interpersonal and normative.
The authors have a good understanding of what sustainability science is. They point out rightfully that systems thinking is critical, because sustainability science is about the systems that support human life. Strategic competencies is required because interventions are required to save us…
Coca-Cola 2011/2012 Sustainability Report. Retrieved October 29, 2014 from http://www.coca-colacompany.com/sustainabilityreport/world/water-stewardship.html
Engelman, R. & LeRoy, P. (1993). Sustaining water: Population and the future of renewable water supplies. Population Action International Retrieved October 29, 2014 from http://www.popline.org/node/331603
Saal, D. & Parker, D. (2011). Productivity and price performance in the privatized water and sewerage companies of England and Wales. Journal of Regulatory Economics. Vol. 20 (1) 61-90.
Wiek, A., Withycombe, L. & Redman, C. (2011). Key competencies in sustainability: a reference framework for academic program development. Sustainability Science. Vol. 6 (2011) 203-208.
" (Traventec, Ltd., 2005) Market saturation is possible according to Traventec, Ltd., due to the constant "influx of new entrants into the low cost carrier and regional space and continued expansion of existing players. When and whether market saturation is actually reached in specific regions of the world depends on how mature regional and low cost air transport is in the first place and the size of the yet under-served demographic area." (Traventec, Ltd., 2005) There is stated to be a potentially huge regional aviation market in South East Asia yet untapped with more than half of the population of the entire world within six hours flying radiuses from "Kuala Lumpur and a five hour flying radius from angkok." (Traventec, Ltd., 2005) the airports in this area have only recently been liberalized with the "international bilateral agreements and vested in the development of airport capacity." (Traventec, Ltd., 2005) When this…
The Impact of Low Cost Carriers in Europe (2003) Online available at http://www.icao.int/icao/en/atb/ecp/CaseStudies/Europe_LowCost_En.pdf .
The Inevitable Convergence of Regional and Low Cost Carriers (2005) Traventec - the Travel Technology People. July-August 2005. Traventec Ltd. Galway Business Park, Dangan, Ireland Online available at http://www.sourceit-travel.com/directory/downloads/traventec/trav entec_publication_july2005.pdf
Sean D. Barrett (2004) the sustainability of the Ryanair model 1 Dec 2004. International Journal of Transport Management Volume 2, Issue 2, 2004, Pages 89-98. Online available at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6W83-4FHJYDN-1&_user=10&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000050221&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10&md5=6c4406b7409fa7b9f01b15b1ae584273
Europe's Airports (2006) Mintel International Group Ltd. Published: Feb. 1, 2006 - Online available at http://www.marketresearch.com/map/prod/1224216.html
Like many companies today, Cadbury Chocolate started issuing case studies in 2008 over concerns raised over chocolate picked in the Ivory Coast that made use of child slave labor. However, in addition to the issue of the child labor, it opened a wicket of other issues that many corporations have to deal with in terms of dealing with ethical issues, sustainable technology and taking into consideration the opinions of people who were not considered stakeholders previously (such as customers and employees).
To the outside observer, this may seem to have been unnecessary. However, one must examine the issues of sustainability and responsible corporate management to understand Cadbury's strategy.
Polling and incorporating those opinions is critical to establishing a basis for establishing and executing company plans. Without considerations of sustainability, it is now becoming impossible for companies to continue with anything resembling what could be considered normal. In such…
but, one must wash the towel. The cycle continues and the family member has to choose the way of washing this cloth towel. it's embodied net energy is less than that of the paper towel. Another way of reducing the amount of energy a house expends in the window setup in that house. The larger the windows, the more light that comes into the home, and the less lighting is need to keep the house comfortable. (Steffen)
There are many ways in which humans could quicken -- in a humane way -- reindustrialization from the petroleum based overshoot industrial society of the present to a more diverse, efficient and flourishing society based on energy sources such as solar, wind geothermal, water, resource production, and creativity, as well as on such values as compassion, altruism and fairness.
Rainwater harvesting, a well-known practice in the poor economies of the world, is catching…
In fact, San Francisco now puts $100,000 toward how-to-worshops, rebates and discounts on rainwater catchment tanks. Such efforts, furthermore, help alleviate the mess of storm runoff. Asphalt covered roads, sidewalks and parking lots repel storm water, leading it down storm drains and into creaks instead of into soil -- big flushes of storm water in water treatment systems can force raw sewage into the ocean. Overloaded streams can lead to flooding which damages salmon habitats.
Water catchment tanks may be key to a new, sustainable way of life for families. The California drought is anticipated to be the worst in modern times. Already thousands of acres of crops are fallow, with no sign of slowing. Furthermore, the Northern Sierra snowpack for the winter of 2008 turned out to be 51% lighter than usual. According to the Los Angeles Times, the state is nearly out of water, leaving it with prayers of rain and a dwindling Northern California supply. Los Angeles has already begun allocation of water. (Thill)
Cultures across time and space saw their relationships with nature in a myriad of ways, many of which succeeding so much in their niche as to improve the environments they inhabited. What follows, is a quick look at how other cultures have interacted with nature. There are many examples from South America of indigenous living harmoniously off their landbase. The Kayapo, for example, subsist primarily on the produce of their gardens and managed forests. Their societies, despite their subsistence methods, were discovered to be large and complex and their ceremonies plentiful and rich. One Kayapo family, it was found, in its fifty-year lifetime, may clear just ten hectares of forest. A Kayapo swidden, furthermore, will remain fecund throughout its fallow, and once the land does finally return to canopy forest it will have been enriched by the process. A Kayapo swidden
There are several issues with respect to the Kennecott Eagle Mine proposal. The first is the rights of the Ojibway people of the area. These rights have been granted to the people in law -- the Native Americans Freedom of eligion Act of 1979, and in a treaty made between the Ojibway and the federal government in the 1840s. So there is a legal issue at play, as well as a moral issue. There is the appearance that the state's elected officials are ignoring the native claims because they are "in bed" with in the mining company, which raises the specter of corruption.
A second issue with the Kennecott Eagle Mine, there is a key environmental issue. The land has been very useful and productive land with animals and plants. Thus, environmentalists, anglers and hunters alike are in opposition to the mine. The type of mining as well is…
Miningfacts.org http://www.miningfacts.org/Environment/How--?can--?mining--?become--?more--?environmentally -- ?sustainable/
Specific target of our donor strategy is the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The foundation provides funding to non-profit organizations via grant funding from RFP submissions. Funding opportunities exist for such activities as Early Learning, Family Homelessness, High Schools, Libraries, Postsecondary Education, and Scholarships. The success of this program is a function of receiving additional year over year funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates foundation. We feel our strategy going forward is consistent in its efforts to realize this strategy and meet or exceed our required funding requirement.
Additional funding opportunities exist with the Rockefeller Foundation, the Ford Foundation, and the Prudential Foundation. The Prudential Foundation enables funding to meet our educational goals for children and therefore are in-line with our organizational mission and vision. Further commitments from the Annie E. Casey Foundation will enable the organization with additional funding to maximize the experience of our children served.
Sustainability in Fashion
This study seeks to answer the question of how the concept of sustainability applies to local fashion production and to explain the connection between global fashion industries and fast fashion business to the sustainability fashion products.
The Designers Speak
Sustainable fashion is defined differently depending on who is asked to define the concept. Freda Giannini, Gucci creative director defines sustainable fashion as, "Quality items that stand the test of time -- it is the concept of sustainability, symbolized by a timeless handbag that you wear again and again, and can pass on…" (Friedman, 2010, p.1)
Oscar de la Renta, designer and brand founder stated that sustainable fashion "…implies a commitment to the traditional techniques, and not just the art, of making clothes." (Friedman, 2010, p.1) Oscar de la Renta designer stated that today, she worked in the same manner that she learned first "in the anteliers of…
Friedman, Vanessa (2010) Sustainable Fashion: What Does Green Mean? Style. Retrieved from: http://www.ft.com/international/cms/s/2/2b27447e-11e4-11df-b6e3-00144feab49a.html#axzz1vQqZoWId
Sustainable Fashion (2011) More Intelligent Life. The Economist, Retrieved from: http://moreintelligentlife.com/content/lifestyle/intelligent-life/sceptical-shopper-sustainable-fashion
Sustainable Fashion and Textiles: Design Journeys (2008) Kate Fletcher Sustainability Design Fashion. Retrieved from: http://katefletcher.com/publications/books/sustainable-fashion-and-textiles-design-journeys/
Sustainable Road Action Plan (2010) Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Feb 2010. Nobel House, London. Retrieved from: http://www.defra.gov.uk/publications/files/pb13206-clothing-action-plan-100216.pdf
sustainability equated with no growth?
The central analogy of treadmill represented in the 'Treadmill of Production' was a type of running in place as in a typical treadmill without moving forward. It symbolizes a gradual decrease in the efficiency of the productive system. The post Second World War USA's economic system was a type wherein every unit of ecosystem involved in the production system produced less support for the country's workers and their families. However for the investors, it was quite favorable as it helped in the speedier growth towards profits and returns on investments made. Its results worked wonders for the investors but spelled doom for the workers and hence sustainability is equated with zero growth. (Gould; Pellow; Schnaiberg, 2003)
Workers suffered lay-offs in the capital-intensive form of production because of the growing treadmill and the most important perspectives that they were forced to accept was that taking on…
Ayres, Robert U; Jeroen C.J. M; Bergh, van den; Gowdy, John M. (n. d.) "Viewpoint: Weak
versus Strong Sustainability" Retrieved 4 May 2012 from http://www.tinbergen.nl/discussionpapers/98103.pdf
Boughey, Joseph. (2000) "The Cutting Edge 2000: Environmental valuation, real property and sustainability" Liverpool John Moores University. Retrieved 4 May 2012 from http://www.rics.org/site/download_feed.aspx?fileID=2477&fileExtension=PDF
Gould, Kenneth. A; Pellow, David N; Schnaiberg, Allan. (2003) "Interrogating the Treadmill
This will save students the cost of printing off materials, while also saving on the amount of paper wasted in the school. In addition, providing more books and resources online, instead of in a traditional library, will cut back on paper usage and waste.
The failure to initialize this "modernization" will have severe negative effects, the largest of which will be a limited access to research materials. Library supplies are an excellent resource, but there is far more information available on online databases and journals. These online resources, however, can only exist as long as there is a demand from students and professors, and schools continue to pay for them (Williams, 2010). Staying with the traditional library form of paper-bound books will result in less funds being allocated to online databases, which would in turn cut off revenue and limit the database's expansion; e-journals will not be able to pay…
Werbach, a. (2009). When sustainability means more than green. McKinsey Quarterly, (4), 74-79. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Williams, P., Nicholas, D., & Rowlands, I. (2010). E-Journal Usage and Impact in Scholarly Research: A Review of the Literature. New Review of Academic Librarianship, 16(2), 192-207. doi:10.1080/13614533.2010.503645
sustainability foods eaten humans impact environment. hich foods highest impact environment? hich foods smallest? hy? How, individuals, make decisions-based data? Should information shape public policy? If, ?.
There is presently much controversy regarding sustainability and the diverse strategies people could use with the purpose of getting actively involved in helping the environment. The modern society has seven billion individuals and it is important for the authorities to be able to provide for the needs of these people. A great deal of crops and livestock are raised around the world and dominate most rural landscapes. However, the masses know very little regarding how these resources damage the environment as a result of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and methane gas.
Traditional agriculture has developed into industrial agriculture as society started to express more and more interest in experiencing progress when considering food production. Scientists have started to introduce additives as a means…
Koch, Bernhard A., and Askeland, Bjarte, "Damage Caused by Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Survey of Redress Options for Harm to Persons, Property, Or the Environment," (Walter de Gruyter, 14.10.2010)
"the issues," Retrieved October 15, 2012, from the Sustainable Table Website: http://www.sustainabletable.org/issues/
An Interest in Sustainability
To many the term sustainability is the new buzzword, a fad which will dissipate in the complexities of the global community, and to others the concept is foreign. In either case however, the necessity of reaching out and providing information on sustainability is crucial to the amelioration of environmental, societal, and economic problems. To advance the sustainability concept it becomes necessary to limn the discussion in the context of an interconnected world in which resources are finite and demand will steadily increase. Individual countries are no longer capable of isolation to the effects of global activity. To present and teach sustainability requires a focus on interdependency and connectivity, a realization that the global environment is a central commonality to all humanity.
A conclusion which concatenates the three articles on sustainability is that existing political, social, and economic agents are not fully capable of initiating or…
Holmes, R. (2007). Critical Issues in Future Environmental Ethics. Ethics and the Environment.12, (2) pp. 139-142. 2007.
Leiserowitz, a. & Fernandez, L. September October 2008). Toward a New
Consciousness: Values to Sustain Human and Natural Communities. EnvironmentMagazine.org. Vol. 50 Number 5. pp. 62-69
Simola, S. (2007). The Pragmatics of Care in Sustainable Global Enterprise. Journal of Business Ethics. Vol. 74. pp 131-147.
Another concept that arises in the discourse on sustainability is what responsibility one generation has for the next in terms of caring for the environment and preventing problems like pollution or climate change. Thus, there are ecological, economic, and social issues as well as political problems at stake. The author also points out the legal and institutional issues involved in sustainability discourse as well as the technological implications.
Sustainability is at once a theoretical and practical concept. Both abstract and concrete, sustainability has different implications depending on the field of application. Therefore, an engineer will conceive of sustainability differently from an attorney or a consumer. The author outlines the various ideological underpinnings of sustainability discourse and presents a comprehensive model for a systems approach to sustainability science. Sustainability represents the intersection between science, philosophy, economics, ethics, and politics. Therefore, sustainability must be understood as a multi-dimensional and multi-disciplinary issue.
Hansa, a.M. (2010). Sustainability classifications in engineering: discipline and approach. International Journal of Sustainable Engineering, 3:4, 258-276, First published on: 14 September 2010.
Sustainability has been defined in many different ways, depending on the needs of the individual, organization and their ideological orientations. One common definition is: "living within the limits; understanding the interconnections among economy, society, and environment; [and] equitable distribution of resources and opportunities" ("Definitions of sustainability," Sustainable measures, 2012). Taking only what you need from the planet and giving back as much as you can in the form of recycling, reusing, and giving careful consideration to the stress that you put upon the earth's resources are all part of living a sustainable lifestyle.
From the perspective of my profession as a marketer, it is important for me to take note of concerns about sustainability because if customers are worried about their environmental impact, than I must be worried about it. Customers are attracted to the idea that they can both consume and be 'green' the same time. However,…
"Definitions of sustainability." Sustainable measures. [9 Sept 2012]
Business sustainability is about realizing the pathway to preserving and protecting profits, people, and the planet. It is expressed through a company’s focus on the triple bottom line, also defined as the management of financial, social and environmental risks, duties and opportunities. Firms that engage in sustainable practices typically have some form of corporate social responsibility (CSR) program or policy in place that allows them to support and promote initiatives that are considered to be important either to the communities in which the firm operates or else good for the overall environment as a whole. Sustainable practices that businesses focus on can include anything from “going green,” reducing one’s environmental footprint, protecting water supplies, promoting scholarships in communities where economic disadvantages are high, and so on. Engaging in sustainable practice is the essence of maintaining a commitment to culture and to one’s core values. This paper will define the term…
They want to maintain that livelihood. And for 90% of the world, being sustainable is a matter of life and death (Agnew n.d.)." To that end in 2007 they Architecture for Humanity launched the Open Architecture Network "an online, open source community dedicated to improving living conditions through innovative and sustainable design" where designers, engineers, and anyone else, professional or otherwise can share their ideas, designs and plans, collaborate, manage design projects from concept to implementation and build a more sustainable future (Open Architecture Network n.d.)
In addition to Sinclair and McDonough there are a wide range of architects and designers who are beginning to understand that their role is not simply to satisfy their own egos or curiosities but rather to help facilitate the sustainability of communities and human society at large. The New York-ased consulting firm Terrapin right Green, for example, was started by four architects who recognized…
Agnew, Singeli. "India: Design Like You Give a Damn Interview." Front Line. http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/india705/history/extended.html (accessed April 15, 2010).
Alter, Bonnie. "Sustainable Futures Exhibition Asks Can Design Make a Difference?" Treehuger.com. April 14, 2010. http://www.treehugger.com/files/2010/04/sustainable-futures-design-difference.php (accessed April 15, 2010).
-- . "Yves Behar and Puma Roll Out The Clever Little Bag." Treehugger. April 14, 2010. http://www.treehugger.com/files/2010/04/yves-behar-and-puma.php (accessed April 15, 2010).
Braungart, Michael, and William McDonough. Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things. North Point Press, 2002.
Airlines Strict Policies: Beneficial or Not
he airline industry is back to the 5% long-term growth rate, after facing impact of economic crunch and downturn along with other industries (Boing). It is becoming difficult for airline companies to survive and sustain in this changing and challenging conditions. he growth or sustainability of any business is directly linked to the satisfaction level of the customers. Same goes with the airlines, the sustainability and growth of any airline is dependent on the passengers' satisfaction level (Borenstein, & Rose, 2007).
It is expected that there will be a 6% increase in the passenger traffic in the following year. Apart from this it is also expected that there will be one billion fliers per year in 2021 (Pawlowski, 2011). his expected growth in the passenger traffic on one hand raise growth opportunities for airline industry but at the same time reflects the increasing competitiveness…
The customers pay money for the products or services and want value and quality against it and have a certain level of expectations which if are not fulfilled then they are not happy and this decrease the customer satisfaction level (Mason, 2001).
EFFECT OF AIRLINES STRICT POLICIES ON PASSENGERS' SATISFACTION:
The strict policies of airlines are negatively affecting the satisfaction level of passengers. The passengers who have already paid for the ticket are bothered by the
As Lisa Mastny, an expert for the Worldwatch Institute, argues that sustainable tourism has been a new approach that forces many within the tourism business to take positive steps to "become more environmentally and socially responsible" (Mastny, npg). Eco-tourism has become a modern trend not only because of pressure towards greater environmental initiatives, but that having such a practice will ensure the future sustainability of the industry itself. Mastny argues that current eco-tourism measures has restructured management and operations along environmental lines (Mastny, npg). Principally that new measures are being instituted to reduce the damage to local environments and cultures by changing the way they use water, energy and resources to reduce consumption and efficiently dispose of waste. echnologies are being developed in the past ten years to provide renewable energy use, and ecologically sound chemical management practices. he general trend of the industry is to modify its behavior to…
Tourism. Retrieved January 25, 2007, at http://www.gdrc.org/uem / eco-tour/jburg-etour.html
Geis, D. (n.d.). Developing Sustainable Communities: The Future is Now.
Retrieved January 25, 2007, at http://www.smartcommunities.ncat.org / articles/develop.shtml
Social esponsibility and ISO 26000
Sustainability has emerged as one of the most important aspects of project management, which implies that project managers need to assume leadership roles and demonstrated vested interest in the organization and society. While project managers should not necessarily be the smartest people in a project, they need to be competent and innovative with regards to exploring ideas or generating alternative solutions to lessen or rework waste, job elimination, and harmful pollutants. Given their role in providing technical expertise in projects, project managers play an important role in sustainability.
The role of project managers in sustainability is defining and implementing projects in a responsible and holistic manner as possible. According to Vrecko & Lebe (2013), project managers and project team members are faced with the need to define and execute projects in a holistic and responsible manner since they are responsible drivers in project implementation (p.562).…
Todorovic, M., Mitrovic, Z. & Bjelica, D. (2013). Measuring Project Success in Project-Oriented Organizations. Management: Journal for Theory and Practice Management, 68, 41-48.
Vrecko, I. & Lebe, S.S. (2013). Project Management Supports (Requisitely) Holistic: Socially Responsible Action in Business Systems. Systemic Practice & Action Research, 26(6), 561-569.
Sustainability More About Politics Than Science?
The environment is a word which refers to the natural effects around us including the atmosphere, seas and oceans, rocks and mountains, plants, ice formations, human beings, stars and several others. These effects are best left in their natural state because when they get disturbed, they could have serious consequences on the atmosphere, electricity, water, weather, fire and the earth's magnetism. Sadly, this is the situation of things now and these consequences are real. Several problems are facing the environment causing global adverse effects and putting the people in it at risk. This research studies these problems and determines if the scientific and political measures put in place are effective in mitigating them
Environmental issues facing the world
The disturbances in the environment have brought about noticeable changes in climate and high frequencies of natural disasters. Take for example; the problem of global warming…
Abraham John et al. The Importance of Science in Addressing Climate Change. Climate science. 2011. Print
Scorce Jason. The Role of Government in Environmental Protection. Grist. 2006. Online journal
Burns Steven. Environmental Policy and Political Tends in Public Debate. Natural resources and environment. Vol 23. No. 2. 2008. Print.
Rinkesh. Current Environmental Issues. Conserve energy future. 2017. Online journal.
Food security is a critical issue for any food & beverage company. It is self-evident that food is the business for such a company, so any macro-level issue regarding food is inherently important, but there are specific considerations that drive the relevance of food security.
First, food security reflects on the long-run sustainability of the business. It may sound silly to say it, but food companies need food in order to survive. They need to grow it, process it, package it and sell it. So at the supply chain level, threats to food security need to be taken seriously. The world today is just now starting to legitimately look like a zero sum game with respect to many resources, food being one. If the world needs to produce much more food than what has been produced in the past, but as much as a quarter of agriculture land is already…
AP (2011). UN: Farmers must produce 70% more food by 2050 to feed population. The Guardian. Retrieved December 11, 2014 from http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2011/nov/28/un-farmers-produce-food-population
Satran, J. (2013). Water scarcity must be addressed urgently to avoid food shortages, Nestle CEO Paul Bulcke says. Huffington Post Retrieved December 11, 2014 from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/26/water-scarcity-nestle-ceo-paul-bulcke_n_2768390.html
Wheeler, T. & von Braun, J. (2013). Climate change impacts on global food security. Science. Vol. 341 (6145) 508-513.
Sustainability of the Water Supply in the Caribbean
Water sustainability is not merely an environmental problem. It is a political and social issue as well. esearch articles such as "Challenges to manage the risk of water scarcity and climate change in the Mediterranean" by Iglesias (et al. 2007) focus on issues which specifically impact environmental changes such as global warming but do so in a manner to suggest specific policy prescriptions to scientists attempting to curtail crises created by the phenomenon. The paper suggests a different framework to cope with water scarcity that emphasizes preparation and prevention rather than taking a crisis management approach only after scarcity is in evidence. "The importance of local management at the basin level is emphasized, but the potential benefits depend on the appropriate multi-institutional and multi-stakeholder coordination" (Iglesias et al. 2007: 775). Stakeholder analysis is still required: something can be feasible on a technical…
Iglesias, A., Moneo., M, Garrote, L., & Flores, F. 2007. Challenges to manage the risk of water scarcity and climate change in the Mediterranean. Water Resources Management, 21 (5): 775-788
Rijsberman, F. n.d., Water scarcity: Fact or fiction. Agricultural Water Management, 80 (1)
Xu, Z., Takeuchi, K., Ishidaira, H., & Zhang, X. 2002. Sustainability analysis for Yellow River.
Sustainability and the benefits derived from its implementation have become a contentious issue within the hotel industry. Populations, particularly in emerging markets, continue to expand at a very rapid pace. In fact, it is estimated that the population will grow to nearly 10 Billion people by the year 2050. This rapid expansion of population, although exciting, will require sustainability practices that meet present needs without compromising the needs of future generations. As such, resources, and their subsequent management will be paramount to the overall success of the hotel industry. Sustainability practices, to a large extent will require hotels to reevaluate how they operate. Through proper implementation, hotels can benefit both financially and from a customer loyalty perspective. As indicated above, the overall population is increasing rapidly. As such, the tourism market will expand alongside it. According to the article, tourism is already the largest industry in the world, with nearly…
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Sustainability in Pharmaceutical Pricing
How Can Pharmaceutical Public-Private Partnerships Help to Achieve the Dissemination of affordable medicines - The Case of Anti Malaria Drugs in Nigeria?
Many individuals from developing countries who could benefit from pharmaceuticals products do not receive them due to high costs. Antiretroviral therapy's failure in reaching more than scant numbers of individuals in developing nations, suffering from AIDS, has drawn extensive publicity. However, even far cheaper medications that can be delivered easily aren't reaching numerous individuals who require them. Over a fourth of children all over the world and more than half of the children in a few nations do not receive vaccines, which come under the World Health Organization's (WHO's) Expanded Program on Immunization. Even though these vaccines only cost a family under a dollar a dose, they still cannot afford the medicine. The lack of access to beneficial pharmaceutical products and the…
AUSPA 2012, Policy & Advocacy, Western Australian Council of Social Service Inc., viewed 10 June 2017,
Buckley, J & Seamus, T 2005, International Pricing and Distribution of Therapeutic Pharmaceuticals: An Ethical Minefield. Business Ethics, pp.127-141.
Hussein, A 2015, The Use of Triangulation in Social Sciences Research: Can Qualitative and Quantitative Methods Be Combined? Journal of Comparative Social Work, vol. 4., no.1.
Lampard, R & Pole, C 2015. Practical social investigation: qualitative and quantitative methods in social research. Routledge: Abingdon, UK.
Summary of the purpose of Corporate Sustainability Reporting
Reporting corporate sustainability is one of the best ways to ensure that a company is not only doing well financially in the present but also in securing a better and more certain future. The reporting of corporate suitability ensures that the current needs of the organization are effectively met without comprising future needs of the organization. Reporting on corporate sustainability also ensure that organization are able to keep up with all changes in the industry, with ensuring that new innovations have been developed, maintained and employed in the daily operations of the organization. Corporate sustainability is developed on a grid developed to ensure that the future is secure, and that the organization will survive for a long time.
Corporate sustainability also encompasses the assessment of current and future risks that the organization is likely to endure. As such, a majority…
Chee Tahir, A., and Darton, R. C, 2010, "The process analysis method of selecting indicators to quantify the sustainability performance of a business operation." Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 18, 1598 -- 1607.
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Fassin, Y, August 2012. "Stakeholder Management, Reciprocity and Stakeholder Responsibility." Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 109 No.1, 83-96.
Pryor, M, Humphreys, J, Oyler, J, Taneja, S. And Toombs, L, December 2011, "The Legitimacy and Efficacy of Current Organizational Theory: An Analysis." International Journal of Management Part 2, Vol. 28 No.4, 209-228.
As the organization attempts to sell cheap and expensive brands an exact identity may not be apparent and disillusion many customers that don't know what to expect. As mentioned before, the retail industry is squarely opposed to sustainable practices and this in itself is a blaring weakness that needs to be addressed if the company expects to be successful in the long-term.
Another step in a retail SWOT analysis is identifying key opportunities in the market.
In this case, the demand for sustainable practices are at an all time high. If Woolworths can somehow master this transition, the opportunity for domination within this industry is possible. Introducing new technologies that promote sustainable practices will surely help in exploiting many of these opportunities.
The internet and wireless shopping has provided many new threats to the retail industry. This threat is more serious because online shopping appears to be more…
Dowse, J. (2012) a view on Woolworths' corporate responsibility report, the Sustainability Report: Integrating ESG for Risk and Return at http://www.thesustainabilityreport.com.au/a-view-on-woolworths-corporate - responsibility-report/3137/: Accessed 10 May, 2013
Dwivedi, a., Merrilees, B., Miller, D. And Hemington, C. (2012) Brand Value and relationship equities and loyalty intentions in the Australian Supermarket Industry, Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, Vol.19, Iss.5, pp.526-536
Hampl, N. And Loock, M. (2013) Sustainable Development in Retailing: What is the Impact on Store Choice?, Business Strategy and Environment, Vol.22, pp.202-216
Iles, a. (2007) Seeing Sustainability in Business Operations: U.S. And British Food Retailer Experiments with Accountability, Business Strategy and the Environment, Vol.16, pp.290-301
Lewis Group Sustainability Model:
The Lewis Group is a retail furniture company operating in South Africa that sells its furniture to low-income customers. Notably, approximately 60% of the company's merchandise is being imported from some countries in Brazil and China. As the leading retailer of household furniture, home electronics, and electrical appliances, The Lewis Group sold its products mainly on credit through Best Home and Electric, the Lewis, and My Home Brands. The success and profitability of the Lewis Group is associated with the scope of its business and its business model. Currently, the company has more than 600 stores throughout the main metropolitan areas and has a strong presence in the rural areas in South Africa. Moreover, 56 of the firm's stores are located in the neighboring southern African nations like Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland, and Lesotho.
The Lewis Group Business Model:
The Lewis Group business model basically revolves around…
Chamberlain, T. (n.d.). Sustainable Development -- Retailing. Retrieved August 25, 2012, from http://www.enviropaedia.com/topic/default.php?topic_id=272
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Sustainability in Leadership
Current global occurrences have posed a great challenge to the continued existence of living things on earth. At this stage in the history of man, humanity is struggling with a lot of challenges; and these challenges are not restricted to region or race. Problems associated with climate change, increased rate of poverty, inconsistent democracy, and lack of justice and fairness in society are common to all nations. At this critical moment, there becomes a vacuum to be filled with urgency by leaders whose sole desire and purpose is to salvage the earth from total destruction. The world needs leaders who possess strategies to effectively combat these challenges and lead their followers into lifestyles that are self-sustaining. Leaders who could bring about this much needed sustainability to our environments are regarded as Sustainability Leaders.
Purpose of Sustainable Development in Modern Leadership
Leadership in the traditional setting is,…
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Project Management, Sustainability and Whole Lifecycle Thinking
ITT Project Management - Sustainability and Whole Lifecycle Thinking
Although the sustainability movement has been advocated predominately in response to the irresponsible expansion of inefficient infrastructure by industrialized nations, with the United States and Japan now making significant efforts to embrace "green" growth practices, a growing movement has emerged that promoting sustainability throughout developing nations presents the most productive path. Even as the most modernized nations continue to update their consumption patterns to better suit the technological age, seeking efficiency and effectiveness that is sustainable for the foreseeable future, rising powers like China, India, and Brazil are expanding their spheres of influence at the expense of the natural environment. To address the threats posed by developing nations repeating the mistakes of prior generations, mistakes which run the gamut from China's reckless damming of its nation's natural waterways to India's inability to address its…
Carroll, J. (2009). Project management for effective business change in easy steps. UK: In Easy Steps, Ltd.
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Collyer, S. (2009) Project management approaches for dynamic environments. International Journal of Project Management, 27 (4), p.355-364. Retrieved from website http://espace.uq.edu.au/eserv/UQ:175094/Project_Management.pdf
Finkbeiner, M. (2009). Carbon footprinting: Opportunities and threats. The Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 14, 91-94. Retrieved from http://www.lifecycleinitiative.org/wp - content/uploads/2012/12/Carbon-Footprinting-opportunities-ans-threats.pdf
P&G is looking to make the Supplier Environmental Sustainability Scorecard methodology a global standard (P&G, 2010). To support this effort to make the scorecard a global baseline of sustainability measurement, P&G freely distributes Microsoft Excel models of the methodology and baseline analysis tools from their website. The foundations of the methodology can be seen in Figure 2: Procter & Gamble's Supplier Environmental Sustainability Scorecard Methodology. The key metrics measured include energy, emissions, waste, water and an environmental management system performance ranking that can be used for evaluating supplier performance within and across product categories.
P&G has also differentiated this model by rewarding excellent business performance as measured by the key performance indicators (KPIs) first, while also using the methodology to evaluate areas where performance can be improved. The use of incentives and rewards for the top 400 suppliers at P&G have been announced and are actively being applied to supplier…
Jacobs, B., & Jordan, M. (2011). Green is the new color of the supply chain. Area Development Site and Facility Planning, 46(4), 29-31. Retrieved from http://www.areadevelopment.com/logisticsInfrastructure/July2011/collaboration-it-green-supply-chains-33638.shtml
Joseph, D. (2010, Score two for sustainability. Fast Company, (150), 54-54. Retrieved from http://www.fastcompany.com/magazine/150/score-two-for-sustainability.html
Keyes, B.A., & Sykes, B. (2009). Sustainability's triple bottom line. Chief Executive, (243), 43-45,50. Retrieved from http://www.allbusiness.com/environment-natural-resources/pollution-monitoring/13877640-1.html
P&G launches supplier environmental sustainability scorecard. (2010a, May 12). PR Newswire, pp. n/a. Retrieved from http://news.pg.com/press-release/pg-corporate-announcements/pg-launches-supplier-environmental-sustainability-scorecard
The management was also supportive shown by will to take part in extensive inquiry. In order to attain sustainability, there is the need to incorporate holistic integration because it can lead to a sustainable enterprise. Some of the sustainable companies include such elements all around in certain aspects of development sustainability such as concern for environmental stewardship (Wirtenberg, Harmon & Fairfield, 2006).
Making sustainability the core of business strategy and the Human esource may act as fundamentals to achieving sustainability. Sustainability may also be realized by having a strategic focus, and having initiatives, around the development of the organization and management of talents in the company. The top management or the HM sees the initiatives and talents nurtured. Companies should spend time to strengthen their organizational capabilities instead of worrying about the losses incurred in a day. The acknowledgement of the H as leaders is also a key step to…
Aggerholm, H.K., Andersen, S.E., & Thomsen, C. (2011). Conceptualizing employer branding in sustainable organizations. Corporate Communications: An International
Journal, 16: 105 -- 123
Liebowitz, J. (2010). The Role of HR in Achieving a Sustainability Culture. Journal of Sustainable Development, 3(4). Retrieved from www.ccsenet.org/jsd
Wirtenberg, J., Harmon, J. & Fairfield, K.D. (2006). HR's Role in Building a Sustainable
sustainability and reviews the implications and impact of various sustainability modes, all of which appear to be positive. To begin this review requires coming to an understanding of what sustainability is. As the Interface (2008) website describes it, "Sustainability can be many different things -- a motto, an ideal, a way to do business, a way to live your life or a call to action." Because this seems an appropriate way to view the many aspects of sustainability, this paper adopts this viewpoint as well.
Raven (2002) discusses how we got to this point facing the difficult challenges of human sustainability. Over the course of 400 generations, or about 10,000 years, the human population has grown from several million to over 6 billion. Humans continue to depend on a series of ancient, genetically and socially determined habits and attitudes which seem dysfunctionally inappropriate for modern society. As a consequence then,…
United Nations. 1987. Our Common Future, Chapter 2: Towards Sustainable Development Retrieved on May 5, 2011 from http://www.un-documents.net/ocf-02.htm
What is Sustainability. 2008. Retrieved on May 5, 2011 from http://www.interfaceglobal.com/Sustainability/What-is-Sustainability-.aspx
Whiteman, G. 1999. Sustainability for the planet: a marketing perspective. Conservation Ecology 3(1): 13. Retrieved on May 5, 2011 from:: http://www.consecol.org/vol3/iss1/art13/
Global sustainability can be defined as "meetings the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." (Oskamp, 2000, p. 373) This can be interpreted to mean that the present generation must not overuse resources, or created problems which will effect future generations. Many see the problem with humans abusing the Earth's resources as a human behavior problem, and therefore psychologists, sociologists, and other social scientists have a role in altering destructive human behavior. Both George Howard and Stuart Oskamp have identified the problems and proposed several ideas on how psychologists can play an important role in designing non-destructive human behavior.
Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing the human race and it's ability to sustain itself. It is important to discuss human behavior that can contribute to climate change, as well as the psychological drivers of these behaviors. For instance,…
Oskamp, Stuart. (2000). Psychological Contributions to Achieving an Ecologically Sustainable Future for Humanity. Journal of Social Issues, 56 (3), 373-390. Retrieved from http://126.96.36.199/scholar?q=cache:fELgfd3ftmMJ:scholar.google.com/&hl=
Oskamp, Stuart. (2002) Environmentally Responsible Behavior: Teaching and Promoting It Effectively. Analysis of Social Issues and Public Policy, 2(1), 173-182. Retrieved from http://www.asap-spssi.org/pdf/asap034.pdf
Swim, Janet., Howard, George, et al. (2010) A Report by the American Psychological Association's Task Force on the Interface Between Psychology and Global Climate Change. American Psychological Association. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/science/about/publications/climate-change.pdf
These tiny particles are poison and damage the green effect. For the reason that they reflect solar energy back into space they have a preservation result on the world.
Ocean current is a problem because it has an effect on the greenhouse. Also, ocean currents are something that has been able to move vast amounts of all heat all over the planet. Also, winds are what push horizontally towards the sea surface and then also drive the ocean current patterns. There are as well interactions among the ocean and atmosphere can likewise create phenomena for instance El Nino which happens every 2 to 6 years.
Graph 4 a low greenhouse gas emissions in the UK
Earth orbital changes have an effect on the greenhouse management. The organization has been able to find out that earth makes one full orbit around the sun every year. The earth is tilted at an…
Baue, B., 2013. Threading the Needle: How BT Integrates Climate Stabilization with Economic Prosperity (Economics). [Online]
Available at: http://www.sustainablebrands.com/news_and_views/new-metrics/bt-climate-stabilization-economic-prosperity [Accessed 30 March 2014].
BT, 2014. BT Trace. Supply chains that flow. [Online]
Available at: http://www.globalservices.bt.com/uk/en/products/bttrace [Accessed 30 March 2014].
The local community will know that the library and the campus in general support local businesses and local efforts. They have an excellent opportunity to build community support and rapport through purchasing locally as a part of the sustainability plan.
The campus library has many reasons to commit to sustainable building design. Aside from the apparent environmental reasons, the long-term benefits to their financial well-being and contribution to the community also make this an excellent project for the library. Sustainable building design demonstrates excellent community leadership for the library. People come to the library in search of knowledge and enlightenment. esponsible building design promotes the overall goals of the library as an example of what can be achieved and as a community resource.
Sustainable building creates sustainable communities. It only takes a single act to create the need for future buildings to follow sustainable principles. This will spread…
Perryman, J. (2010). The Cost of LEED certification: What budget advice can estimators provide to their Clients for going green. Design Cost Data. Retrieved April 13, 2010 From
Sierra Club (2005). Institutional Sustainability Audit. Sierra Club. January 1, 2005. Retrieved
April 13, 2010 from http://www.sierraclub.org/sustainable_consumption/downloads/institutional-audit.pdf
The waste group contains 3 items:
AS1 -- Storing of Recyclable Household aste and Non-recyclable aste
AS2 -- Building Location aste Management
AS3 -- Composting
Household Recycling facilities
here the following recycling
services are given:
• 3 internal storage bins for recyclable waste with -- min total capacity of 60 ltr
-- no individual bin smaller than 15 ltr
-- all of the bins in a devoted position that is accessible to disabled people
here full recycling facilities
• 3 internal storage bins with -- min total capacity of 30 ltr
-- no individual bin smaller
than 7 ltr
-- all bins in a dedicated position that is accessible to disabled people
• a Local Authority collection scheme for recyclable materials covering at least three streams of waste with sufficient space for…
Agyeman, J., & Evans, B. (2004). 'Just sustainability': The emerging discourse of environmental justice in Britain? The Geographical Journal, 170, 155-164.
Apitz, S.E. (2010). Waste or resource? classifying and scoring dredged material management strategies in terms of the waste hierarchy. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 10(8), 1657-1668.
Babin, R., & Nicholson, B. (2011). How green is my outsourcer? Measuring sustainability in global it outsourcing. Strategic Outsourcing: An International Journal, 4(1), 47-66.
Ball, S., & Abou Taleb, M. (2011). Benchmarking waste disposal in the Egyptian hotel industry. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 11(1), 1-18.
This report will provide analysis and recommendations for Patagonia’s sustainability initiatives. The analysis will examine the current state of the company’s sustainability initiatives. Best practices from the literature will be utilized to them make recommendations for how the company can improve, including what metrics it can utilize, and how it should approach sustainability from a marketing perspective.
The current approach to sustainability combines input and output measures. An input measure, for example, is the percentage of organic cotton that the company uses, based on evidence that shows organic cotton is less harmful to the environment than conventional cotton. Programs like Common Threads also reflect an input-based approach, as are the five Rs. These approaches start with program design, but they also operate largely on the assumption that these plans, if executed, will deliver results. There are fewer means by which the effectiveness of these programs are measured. Having…
Sustainability in Australian Food Exporting
Sustainability is an increasingly important consideration in both built and natural environments, as human endeavors are revealed to be increasingly fragile and enormously dependent on natural resources that could potentially be eradicated through overuse and unsustainable practices. This affects almost all areas of human activity, including many that might seem not directly related to sustainability issues such as import and export levels. When considered from a regional perspective, however, the exportation of resources -- whether purely natural resources or a combination of natural and built procedures -- becomes directly related to certain concepts in sustainability. This paper will examine current features of Australia's food exportation activities and determine their degree of sustainability.
The amount of arable -- i.e. food-producing -- land in the world is diminishing, in some regions at alarming rates, meaning that agricultural products are already becoming increasingly rare (Midmore…
Fresco, L. & Kroonenberg, S. (1992). Time and spatial scales in ecological sustainability. Land use policy July: 155-68.
Midmore, D. (1993). Agronomic modification of resource use and intercrop productivity. Field crops research 34: 357-80.
Midmore, D. (1998). Agriculture and the modern society. Acres 6(2): 33-6.
Shaw, R., Gallopin, G., Weaver, P. & Oberg, S. (1992). Sustainable development: a systems approach. International institute for applied systems analysis status report.
Leadership and Sustainability
Explore form leadership enable organisations respond issues purpose sustainability. Apply relevant theory published case studies develop argument. Please attached short powerpoint presentations cite professors nessecary.
Businesses traditionally seek precision and practicality as a basis to plan in unique efforts for sustainable development. To contribute to the desired sustainable development, leaders in an organization indefinitely committee to the business purpose in the organization and the community around. Changes seen recently in the business world scenario call for leadership strategy that is oriented towards sustainability and purpose. The realized credit crunch puts to test the role of leader and how they align institutional purpose with external purposes. The ensuing debates examine how leadership and purpose are intertwined to relay success to the organization and assure sustainability (Kaptein and Wempe, 2002). For this paper, the 1987 United Nations Brundtland Commission definition of sustainable development is used. Sustainable development meets the…
BASU, K. & PALAZZO, G. 2008. Corporate Social Responsibility: A Process Model of Sense-making. Academy of Management Review, 33, 122-136.
BERGLUND, H. 2007. Risk Conception and risk management in corporate innovation, . International Journal of Innovation Management, 11, 497-513.
KAPTEIN, M. & WEMPE, J. 2002. The balanced company: A theory of corporate integrity Oxford, Oxford University Press.
MERVYN, C., BRAD, J. & STEVE, K. 2011. Leadership as purpose: Exploring the role of purpose in leadership practice, UK, University House, Edgbaston Road, Birmingham.
Joseph Tainter, Sustainability
What does moving toward sustainability really entail? Joseph Tainter's article on "Social Complexity and Sustainability" makes a crucial distinction at the outset, differentiating sustainability from resiliency. Sustainability entails a society's ability to continue along in current patterns or modes of existence, whereas resiliency is a society's ability to adjust and reorient itself during conditions of change. It is possible that unsustainable policies or activities may have put is in a position where drastic changes are to be expected, and where resiliency may be something we all require -- but as Tainter notes, "the goal of human groups is more often sustainability or continuity than resilience" (Tainter 92). Yet the concept of resiliency is important to understand Tainter's insight that "Given the role of complexity in both sustainability and collapse, 'success' consists substantially of staying in the game." I would like to consider Tainter's insight while ultimately pondering…
Attaining a sustainable global environment requires rigorous reevaluation of our energy policies and practices, transformational leadership, creative technologies, and substantial changes in human behavior."
Sustainable improvement, rather than symbolic gestures are the focus of the Plan. In 2009, the university noted a one percent measurable decrease in greenhouse gas emissions by staff, faculty, and students. The operational means used to achieve this reduction were applying "alternative technologies and alternative fuel options to decrease emissions from the central power facility;" expanding "energy conservation through retrofits in existing buildings across campus;" designing "new construction and renovations to use 50% less energy than required by current energy code to at least a LEED Silver equivalency;" and finally including experience in leading-edge sustainable design as a criterion for the selection of architects (Sustainability Plan, 2008, Princeton University). Most radically Princeton has applied an internal voluntary so-called CO2 tax on all operations -- in other…
Sustainability Plan. (2008, February 18). Princeton University. Retrieved November 21, 2009 at http://www.princeton.edu/reports/sustainability-plan-20080219/
The topic for this project is sustainability in the way food is processed and packaged. This paper will investigate the cost effectiveness of processing and packaging food in a sustainable manner over the long-term. Industries are slowly making sustainable changes in the packaging of products, but not necessarily in the processing of the foods (Pollan, 2002). Sustainability has been a major marketing factor in the way food is delivered (Author). Research has demonstrated that the current food system plays an important role in causing climate change and how better food choices could significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This makes the production of the food supply an important factor in sustainability with environmentally and social affects.
The "Our Common Future" report describes sustainability as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (owden, 2011). As the meanings…
Author, U. (2012). Connecting family, community, and health from a food system perspective. Retrieved from Iowa State University: http://www.liopold.iastate.edu/sites/default/files/grants/M2010-30.pdf
Author, U. (n.d.). Soil Association. Retrieved from Feeding the Olympics.
Bowden, C. (2011, Aug 16). Woodbury University. Retrieved from The Sustainability Reading List: Sustainability_Reading_List_2_0-1/pdf.
Davis, A.S. (2012). Increasing cropping system diversity balances, productivity, profitability and environmental health. PloS ONE, 7(10), E47, 149.