1000 results for “Third World Countries”.
The State of Education in Third World Countries
Third World countries, by definition, include the poorest and the most underdeveloped. Most of them, therefore, are severely lacking in most development indicators including education and literacy levels. So even though, it is now universally recognized that education is the most cost-effective factor in improving the quality of life, both at the individual and at the collective level, millions of people in poor, third world countries still do not have access to even basic, primary education.
The Education for All (EFA) Initiative: ealizing the need for a comprehensive international program to help achieve the goals of extending the benefits of education "to every citizen in every society" the international community made an important commitment called Education for All (EFA) in Jomtien, Thailand in 1990. In response to slow progress over the decade, the commitment was reaffirmed in Dakar, Senegal in April…
Education and Development." (2007). World Bank Website. Retrieved on December 7, 2007 at http://go.worldbank.org/F5K8Y429G0
Education for all: Literacy for Life." (2006). UNESCO Global Monitoring Report, 2006. Retrieved on December 7, 2007 at http://www.unesco.org/education/GMR2006/summary_eng.pdf
Frequently Asked Questions: Education." (2006). World Bank Website. April, 2006. Retrieved on December 7, 2007 at http://go.worldbank.org/B2LD7NHT70
Hough, J.R. "Educational Cost Benefit Analysis." (1993). Department for International Development, London. Retrieved on December 7, 2007 at http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/1a/97/73.pdf
Women in the Developing World
When one goes back in time we see that women have always been the target of the male gender. They have tried to control their thoughts, actions and feelings. Their opinions and ideas have not mattered and to the male gender, women were nothing but an object of pleasure and were considered to be their possession. With time the civilized part of the world realized that women are no one's possession and are just as humans and have feelings just like the males do. However even today when the world has become a global village, there are some third world countries where women are subjected to the same old ideas and their voice is suppressed. They are not allowed to do a number of things and their role as described by the males is limited to taking care of the household and the kids. They…
(1) BBC -- Women's health fuelling poverty. [Online website] Available from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/4331996.stm [Accessed on 18/10/2005]
(2) UN -- FWCW Platform for Action Women and Health. [Online website] Available from: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/beijing/platform/health.htm [Accessed on 18/10/2005]
(3) Anonymous -- Reuters -- Focus on Women and Development. [Online website] Available from: http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/NEWS/0,,contentMDK:20174172~menuPK:34457~pagePK:64003015~piPK:64003012~theSitePK:4607,00.html [Accessed on 18/10/2005]
(4) Elisabeth Anne Aron, M.D. -- Women's health in the new millennium. [Online website] Available from: http://medicalreporter.health.org/tmr1299/newmillennium.html [Accessed on 18/10/2005]
This case study is about how the tobacco industry has been selling their products to third world nations. After returning from Italy, my mother told me that while eating in an Italian McDonald's restaurant she noticed that not only did they sell those artery clogging deep fried apple pies no longer available in the United States; they were also using Styrofoam packaging that has been outlawed in the U.S. due to the unacceptable pollution levels they created. What does an Italian Big Mac wrapping have to do with the tobacco industry? Both scenarios are examples of what I feel are unethical behaviors? This paper attempts to provide insights into the social and ethical dilemma the tobacco industry is facing. Here in the United States, the tobacco industry has been forced to publicly admit that their products are addicting and that they have been lying about the dangers of…
Chapman, Simon, & Leng, Wong Wai (2004). Tobacco Control in the Third World- A Resource Atlas. Penang Malaysia: IOCU.
Gene R. Laczniak and Jacob Naor, "Global Ethics: Wrestling with the Corporate Conscience," Business, July-September, 1985.
Economic Development in Developing Nations
The content of the 14th chapter in Todard and Smith's Economic Development details the effects of foreign aid on the economies and overall development of developing economies. The author's consider the results of such aid at both a macro and micro level by outlining general principles and identifying how they subsequently play out for individual countries (particularly those in Africa). The chapter begins with the authors (2012) denoting the various forms of foreign aid and the ways in which they flow in and out of developing countries. The most prominent of these is that associated with the presence of multinational companies (MNCs), although other forms of foreign aid involve public funds from other governments, a variety of stock options (portfolio investment), and even a contribution of the portion of earnings of individuals in a developing nation that have travelled abroad to earn money (p. 684-685).…
DiRienzo, C.E., Redington, D.B. (2014). Political management and corruption in developing nations. Global Journal of Business Research. 8(2), 1-11.
Arthur-Mensah, N., Shuck, B. (2014). Learning in developing countries: implications for workforce training and development in Africa. New Horizons in Adult Education & Human Resource Development. 26(4), 41-46.
Todard, M.E., Smith, S.C. (2012). Economic Development. New York: Addison-Wesley. Retrieved from http://eco.eco.basu.ac.ir/BasuContentFiles/57/57304a77-1269-4081-bd5b-4c66b84b06a4.pdf
Zaman et al. (2015)
The title of the quantitative study by Zaman et al. (2015) was a bit long, but the wording eliminated any ambiguity about the focus of the study. The title first defined the study population as "newly diagnosed sputum positive tuberculosis patients in Dhubri district, Assam, India" then alluded to the key variables with the phrase "factors influencing their compliance to treatment" (p. 415). Most readers would probably assume that there were too many factors to be listed in the title. The nature of the study was also made explicit with the words "epidemiological study." The title could have been shortened by a few words, but not many; therefore, the title is a good one.
The abstract clearly and concisely summarized the main features of the report (Zaman et al., 2015). Tuberculosis (TB) compliance is an important issue in India and the abstract makes this claim…
Carlsson, M., Johansson, S., Eale, R.P., & Kaboru, B.B. (2014). Nurses' roles and experiences with enhancing adherence to tuberculosis treatment among patients in Burundi: A qualitative study. Tuberculosis Research & Treatment, doi: 10.1155/2014/984218. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25215232 .
Suwankeeree, W., & Picheansathian, W. (2014). Strategies to promote adherence to treatment by pulmonary tuberculosis patients: A systematic review. International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, 12(1), 3-16.
Zaman, F.A., Sheikh, S., Das, K.C., Zaman, G.S., & Pal, R. (2014). An epidemiological study of newly diagnosed sputum positive tuberculosis patients in Dhubri district, Assam, India and the factors influencing their compliance to treatment. Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine, 5(2), 415-20. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25097426 .
However, in the case of Sudan, it may be said that none of the above theories applies. This is largely due to the fact that there are specific internal factors which determine the orientation of the economy in a certain direction. These are most of the times related to the historical evolution of the country under discussion.
In the Sudanese case, the end of the war and the independence from the British rule marked the slow evolution of an autonomous economic system. However, the lack of experienced personal and the poor investment plans made these attempts fail. Also, the internal turmoil and conflicting situation between the North and the South aggravated the rift between the two regions of the country. Therefore, a sustainable development plan could not have been set in place because there was no cohesion both at the level of the political authority and the social one. (Country…
BBC. Country profile: Sudan. BBC World. 2007. Retrieved 4 September 2007, at http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/country_profiles/820864.stm#facts
CIA. The World Factbook. Sudan. 2007. Retrieved 4 September 2007, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/su.html#Intro
CIA. The World Factbook. United States. 2007. Retrieved 4 September 2007, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html
Country Studies. Sudan: Agriculture. N.d. Retrieved 4 September 2007, at http://www.country-studies.com/sudan/agriculture.html
Food and dietary habits vary from region to region; mostly guided by cultural preferences, access to resources and income levels. It has often found that western countries rarely ever complain of malnutrition problem, while it persists in third world countries. The reason for this is grounded in income levels and access to resources. Most developing countries heavily rely on pulses and beans for calories while most western-nations exhibit a greater taste for meat and poultry. This demonstrates on the one hand, cultural tastes while on the other it also says a great deal about income and poverty. In a report and survey revealed in 1980s, it was found that there existed noticeable differences in per capital supply of calories and protein in different regions of the world (see Table 1). It was observed that developing countries had calories intake 9% lower than the world average. The developed countries on…
1. Food and Agriculture Organization, 1996a The sixth world food survey. Rome: FAO.
2. Food and Agriculture Organization, 1996b. Food balance sheets 1961-1994. Rome: FAO.
3. Grigg, D. 1995 The nutritional transition in Western Europe. Jl Hist. Geogr. 21: 247-61.
4. Grigg, D. 1996 The starchy staples in world food consumption. Ann. Ass. Am. Geogr. 86: 412-31.
The Republic of urundi is a small country in central equitorial Africa facing many challenges including a growing population of individuals with AIDS and an ongoing problem with tribal warfare. With an inflation rate of over 12% and the constant upheaval from internal turbulence, urundi faces many challenges as it attempts trade with the rest of the world.
urundi's population was about 6 million people in 2003 (CIA, 2003), with a high death rate due to AIDS and infant mortality. One population factor affecting urundi's economy is that nearly 50% of the population is 14 years old or under (CIA, 2003). The birth rate is markedly high at nearly 40 per 1,000 population (CIA, 2003). The death rate is just under 18 per 1,000, giving a rapid growth in the number of children. Partly because of AIDS, which over 8% of the adults have, life expectancy is about 43…
CIA. 2003. "Burundi," in World Fact Book, last updated Dec. 18. Accessed via the Internet 2/23/05. http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/by.html
Clark, David. 1998. "Interdependent Urbanization in an Urban World: An Historical Overview." The Geographical Journal, Vol. 164.
Ngaruko, Floribert, and Nkurunziza, Janvier D. 2000. "An Economic Interpretation of Conflict in Burundi
Journal of African Economies, Vol. 9.
poor countries are somehow "different" than wealthy countries seems absurd. Of course they are different, and their differences are incredible. The people in wealthy countries are generally able to afford a better quality of life and have better access to education than people in poorer countries. Both of these innovations give people in wealthier countries greater access to leisure time, which can result in them being more political and more philosophical. As Sousken points out, "For many people, the alternative to work is starvation. This is particularly true in underdeveloped nations" (2010). When one is concerned about sustenance living, it can be difficult, if not impossible, to find the time and energy to devote to political or philosophical issues. This marks a huge difference between poorer and wealthy countries. It can also change the moral approach that people in poor countries take to certain issues. For example, to many Westerners,…
Skousen, M. (2010). Economic logic, 3rd Ed. Washington, DC: Capital Press.
This adds to the understanding of development of the Third World- which is shown in reality as a result of a combination of factors and not just climate changes or other 'natural' causes.
Central to the argument in the article by Davis is the view the ritish colonial empire in the 1800s, as the dominant economic power, influenced and affected other less-developed countries negatively and resulted ion the creation of the Third World. As the author states, the logic of Capitalism and the susceptibility of colonized nations led to the origins of the present division between the developed and less-developed countries. There is a certain moral criticism of these events in the Davis' article. "The route to this "new world order" is thus paved with the bodies of the poor" (Davis 29).
While there are of course many other aspects and answers to the question of the origins of the…
Davis M. Late Victorian Holocausts: El Nino Famines and the Making of the Third World. Verso: London and New York. 2001.
The orld Hunger organization (www.worldhunger.org) assertsthat there is a bias in international trade rules that favor developed nations. hy? Developed nations control the orld Trade Organization, according to the orld Hunger organization; and as to export items like pharmaceuticals, developed countries have shown "reluctance" to allow developing countries "to produce or import low cost generic drugs for major illnesses, such as AIDS" (www.worldhunger.org).
Another example of this alleged unfairness can be viewed in light of the U.S. Sugar Tariffs and Brazil. In the ashington Post (Jeter, 2003) it is explained that though the U.S. extols the greatness of free trade, it does not always live up to that rhetoric. The U.S. imposes a tariff of 244% on sugar imports "...above a small quote of duty free sugar imports" (Jeter, 2003). "hile Brazil has both plentiful and fertile land and available workers, the 244% tariff that the U.S. Government levies on…
Jeter, John. "Brazilians Soured by U.S. Sugar Tariffs." Washington Post 10 September 2003. Retrieved March 3, 2009, at http://www.washingtonpost.com .
Nogues, Julio J. "Unequal Exchange: Developing Countries in the International Trade
Negotiations." Murphy Institute Conference (2002). Retrieved March 4, 2009, at http://www.ctrc.sice.oas.org/geograph/south/nogues.pdf.
Office of the United States Trade Representative. "The Benefits of Trade for Developing
Governments make and break alliances, treaties, and agreements for financial and political gains, as well as for power and control, all in a constantly fluid manner. Such changes have been taking place as long as there have been countries, so the maneuverings should not be of any surprise; what this paper seeks to do is determine how those ongoing changes reflect the current environment as well as how the alliances will influence governments over the next several years, and decades.
Historical Context -- World War I (1914 -- 1919)
A recent historical report states that "with deliberate deceptions, lies and attempts on all sides to appear as the wronged, it is little wonder that, after a hundred years, there is still no consensus on why the July Crisis escalated into the First World War" (Mombauer, 2014, p. 23). World War I was known as the war to end all wars,…
Bilefsky, D. & Baumejan, M.; (2015) Terrorists strike Charlie Hebdo, newspaper in Paris, leaving 12 dead, NY Times accessed on February 27, 2015 at http://www.nytimes.com /2015/01/08/world/europe/charlie-hebdo-paris-shooting.html
Bogdanor, V.; (2014) The shadows lengthen, History Today, 64(8)19-25
Bosco, D.; (2014) Assessing the UN Security Council: A concert perspective, Global Governance, 20(4) 545-561
Brinkley, J.; (2013) Islamic terror, World Affairs, 176(2) 43 -- 55
However, the country recovered well and has improved its GDP considerably in the past decade.
The economic performance of Iceland has been good in recent years, with a growth in GDP over the past decade of 4% per annum, significantly bettering OECD growth over that period. Because of this, per capita GDP has recovered most of the ground lost in a preceding period of sluggish growth, making the country the fifth-wealthiest in the OECD on that benchmark:
Most of the rise in trend growth reflects productivity gains following the implementation of widespread structural reforms, which opened the economy and enhanced competition. Financial-market liberalization and privatization have unleashed entrepreneurial dynamism. Many companies have expanded abroad, and the country now plays a role that belies the small size of its economy. Labor markets have been increasingly opened to foreign participants, helping to reduce labor market tensions. ("Economic survey of Iceland 2006" para.…
Economic Survey of Iceland 2006." April 23, 2007. http://www.oecd.org /document/39/0,2340,en_2649_201185_37217255_1_1_1_1,00.html.
Frank, a.G. Capitalism and underdevelopment in Latin America; historical studies of Chile and Brazil. New York, Monthly Review Press, 1967.
Gilbert, Alan and Josef Gugler. Cities, Poverty, and Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.
Iceland." The CIA World Fact Book. April 24, 2007. https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ic.html#Intro.
It is certainly easier to alert the general public to these incidents when they occur.
he result is that the fiscal practices of companies have to be like Caesar's wife: not only honorable, but above any reasonable suspicion. Companies must be more open and more forthcoming with their business practices.
Companies must also be more careful about with whom they do business because of such media scrutiny. Most people remember when Kathy Lee Gifford came under criticism for not knowing that her clothing line was sown by sweatshop workers in third world countries. Such media attention can seriously depress the bottom line, as Martha Stewart found out when she lied about insider trading.
In 2001 it is harder to keep secrets in business, and more important than ever that business practices be…
The result is that the fiscal practices of companies have to be like Caesar's wife: not only honorable, but above any reasonable suspicion. Companies must be more open and more forthcoming with their business practices.
Companies must also be more careful about with whom they do business because of such media scrutiny. Most people remember when Kathy Lee Gifford came under criticism for not knowing that her clothing line was sown by sweatshop workers in third world countries. Such media attention can seriously depress the bottom line, as Martha Stewart found out when she lied about insider trading.
In 2001 it is harder to keep secrets in business, and more important than ever that business practices be conducted with integrity.
yan Dawson (2011) helps illustrate the way ideology shapes foreign policy by digging into Project for a New American Century files and showing how the PNAC reports are basically a lobbying tool for Israel. Dawson refers viewers of his documentary to PNAC many times in his attempt to show how the papers lay out the blueprint for American foreign policy post-9/11: "The policy of 'containment' of Saddam Hussein has been steadily eroding over the past several months. As recent events have demonstrated, we can no longer depend on our partners in the Gulf War coalition to continue to uphold the sanctions or to punish Saddam when he blocks or evades UN inspections." Such reports coupled with the yellow cake uranium story and the WMDs hoax, and of course the "harboring terrorists" myth, and the American public was read to back a war against Iraq -- even though Iraq was no…
1962-Year in Review. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.upi.com/Audio/Year_in_Review/Events-of-1962/Cuban-Missile-Crisis/12295509437657-6/
BusinessMate. (2009). Max Weber's Theory of Bureaucracy. BusinessMate.org.
Retrieved from http://www.businessmate.org/Article.php?ArtikelId=30
Chayevsky, P. [writer]. (1976). Network. Los Angeles: MGM.
External Debt Crisis of Developing Countries
Past studies on external debts have been done for two reasons. First, is that while borrowing from external sources can increase a nation's access to funding, borrowing from internal sources only transfers the existing resources within a country from one party to another, thus, only external borrowing can result in a 'transfer' problem (Keynes, 1929). Second, is that since financial regulatory authorities cannot just print hard currency that is required to repay debt from external sources, only external borrowing is associated with the vulnerabilities that may bring about debt crises. In terms of external debts, most countries don't know who specifically holds their debts, and thus, they categorize all debts from the international market as external, and all debts from internal markets as domestic (ECESAUN, 1999), thus, so-called external debt is, but a poor proxy for the transfer of financial resources between nations.
Chowdhury, A. R. (2001). "External Debt and Growth in Developing Countries; A Sensitivity and Causal Analysis." WIDER Discussion Paper No. 2001/95
Cunningham, R.T. (1993): "The Effects of Debt Burden on Economic Growth in Heavily Indebted Nations," Journal of Economic Development, pp 115-126
ECESAUN, 1999. ISBN: 92-1-121239-1 Finding solutions to the debt problems of developing countries. Chile: United Nations Publications United Nations.
ESCWA, 2008. Consultative Preparatory Meeting For The Follow-Up International Conference On Financing For Development. Doha: Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia United Nations.
And by the fouth paagaph on page 2, eades become awae that Webe is also blaming the Jewish community fo the toubles Ameicans ae expeiencing. An objective eview of Webe's essay cannot avoid seeing (by page 2) that Webe is anti-Semitic and that he blames Jews and immigants fo Ameica's decline. He attempts to mask some of his antipathy fo Jews and immigants in his hetoic. Fo example, on page 2, Webe says "no establishment politician, no matte how eloquent o seemingly sincee," can change the couse of the downslide, because Ameica's political, intellectual and cultual life "has been systematically skewed to seve alien inteests" (p. 2). What ae those "alien inteests"? Webe doesn't say but the implication is Jews and immigants, especially Latino immigants, have bought the county down.
He gives a pitch fo Saah Palin, who he says is "a souce of hope fo the futue." She would…
references Richard Nixon's anti-Semitism and asks the reader (or the listener) to accept that Nixon, "the most powerful man in the world," could not do anything about the "Jewish stranglehold" on the U.S. media.
Weber ends his essay -- more of a diatribe than a traditional essay -- by asking readers to "support" the IHR, and to accept that the "impact of Holocaust propaganda" is "corrosive." The media personalities on television are nothing more "than entertainers," he asserts; hence, the "crying need in our nation today is candor, courage and truthfulness," he concludes.
These decisions necessarily entail that some potentially productive opportunities are sacrificed in order to make what is estimated as the most productive choice.
Supply and demand refer to specific products and services, the ability to provide these, and the level at which they are desired by the target market. uyers desire a product or services, and therefore demand a certain quantity of these at a certain price. The relationship between the price and quantity of desirability is the demand relationship. Supply is the actual quantity of the product or service that the market can provide. The concept of supply relationship is the correlation between supply and the price received by the supplier, who is willing to supply a certain amount of products at the price received.
The dynamic in the relationship between demand and supply has a direct influence on the efficient allocation of resources within an economy, as well…
In fact it is large companies and the inequities of international trade which are the root causes of rainforest destruction." Consider the following facts:(1)M millions of hectares of primary rainforests are being destroyed in South East Asia by logging, and the driving force in this industry is not the local population but international demand for timber; (2) in Central America, 40% of all the rainforests have been cleared or burned down in the last 40 years, mostly for cattle pasture to feed the export market; (3) "Latin American environment groups have cited skewed land distribution as the most important factor frustrating the conservation and sustainable use of rainforest areas; and (4) the economic exploitation of poorer countries by the world's industrialized nations underlines much of the over-exploitation of tropical ecosystems by populations without land or employment.
This inevitably calls for reform in relation to both bilateral and multilateral aid policies…
Developing Countries Miss Out in Trade Globalization International Labor Organization Press Alert 1997 November 6 Tuesday Edition Online available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/inf/pr/2001/47.htm
The Causes of Tropical Deforestation" Revington (1991) New Renaissance magazine Vol. 3, No. 2.
Brown, Lester R., and others. Vital Signs 2003. W.W. Norton, 2003, 158
The Worldwatch Institute documents the trends that are shaping our future in concise analyses and clear tables and graphs.
Underdeveloped Societies with More Equal Distribution of WealthIntroductionThe idea that a country is developed or underdeveloped can be a deceptive one. For instance, most people imagine that developed nations or first world nations have succeeded at promoting human development. Yet what people do not often realize is that in developed nations, there can typically be found a large segment of the population that is underdeveloped or living in extreme poverty when compared to what the wealthy class possesses in that same country. In other words, wealth equality is not necessarily going to be found in a country that is considered a developed society. As Boushey (2019) points out, in the US, the very richest householdsthe top 1 percentsave 51 percent of their income, while those in the bottom 20 percent save just 1 percent (p. 144). Equal distribution of wealth is not a feature or characteristic of life in the…
ReferencesAnghie, A. (2004). Imperialism, Sovereignty and the Making of International Law. CUP.Ayyash, M., Sek, S. K., & Sadeq, T. (2020). Income and Consumption Inequalities in Palestine: a Regression-Based Decomposition Approach. STATISTIKA, 100(1), 1.Boushey, H. (2019). Unbound: How Inequality Constricts Our Economy and What We Can Do About It. Harvard University Press.Mandel, M. (2007). The Real Cost of Offshoring. Business Week, 18, 29-34. Sustainability for All. (2022). Top countries on economic equality. Retrieved from https://www.activesustainability.com/sustainable-development/top-countries-economic-equality/ World Population Review (2022). Third World Countries 2022. Retrieved from https://worldpopulationreview.com/country-rankings/third-world-countries Wright, E. O. (2019). How to Be an Anticapitalist in the Twenty- First Century.
Workers are employed in fisheries, mining, and defense industries while the farmers work in the agricultural collectives. Standards of living are defined by the family background as to the political and ideological heritage. The children of revolutionaries (those who died in the Korean War) are given special educational opportunities at an elite school called the Mangyndae Revolutionary Institute. However, the children and descendants of those who were in collaboration with the Japanese or the "exploiting class" are considered to be 'bad elements' in the society.
North Korea supports equality in aspect of the genders. The employment of women is expected and demanded by the South Korean government and those working with children under the age of four are expected to put the children in permanent nurseries if there is no family to take care of them while the mother works. However, the women are paid less than are men and…
Edgell, Alvin G. (2003) Globalization and Cultural Encounters 2003
International and Third World Studies Journal and Review Vol. XIV 2003 Dept
Political Science Kent State University.
Opondo, Patricia a. (2000) Cultural Policies in Kenya 2000 May 1 Arts
tourism reduce poverty?
The only risk factors involved in writing this paper are coordinating time so that I am not stretched too thin for any one class. At the same time I must balance school work with class work and so that is another factor to consider. udgeting time incorrectly is the greatest risk factor. To mitigate this risk, I will devise my schedule for the next month at work so that there are no surprises in this area and everything will be clear.
The only other apparent risk factor is in not finding sufficient material to help me collect data, comprehensively understand the subject area, or find enough information on the topic to provide for clear analysis. However, from a survey of databases, it appears that this subject has been researched in the past, so a literature review should yield strong results.…
Hummel, J., Gujadhur, T., Ritsma, N. (2013). Evolution of tourism approaches for poverty reduction impact in SNV Asia: cases from Lao PDR, Bhutan, and Vietnam. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 18(4): 369-384.
Manyara, G., Jones, E. (2007). Community-based tourism enterprises development in Kenya: an exploration of their potential as avenues of poverty reduction. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 15(6): 628-644.
Spenceley, A., Meyer, D. (2012). Tourism and poverty reduction: theory and practice in less economically developed countries. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 20(3): 297-317.
Peril of Human Trafficking
All over the world, human beings are bought and sold like slaves: this is known as the scourge of human trafficking. Human trafficking can take many forms. There is trafficking of persons involved in forced labor, forced prostitution, child labor, migrant smuggling and manipulation. No matter the form, the outcome is always the same -- trafficking is a violation of human rights. The United Nations has issued a very clear and stark warning to the world regarding the severity and seriousness of human trafficking: "Virtually every country in the world is affected by these crimes" (UNODC, 2015). To put a stop to it, the UN has partnered with six organizations "committed to combating human trafficking" (UNGIFT, 20015). This paper will discuss the nature of human trafficking, how and why it violates human rights and international law, and how it can be stopped.
At Its oot Human…
ACT. (2015). The Children Market. ACT. Retrieved from http://www.againstchildtrafficking.org/
Become a Partner. (2015). LOVE146. Retrieved from https://love146.org/
Coalition. (2015). Against Trafficking in Women. CAT. Retrieved from http://www.catwinternational.org/
Economics & Global Health
Economically deprived nations are places where poverty is widespread, and poverty almost always leads to some form of hunger; facts show that people who do not have enough nutrients become ill. This is the deadly cycle that many developing countries face. "Poverty is the principal cause of hunger," according to the UN's Education Service; and the principal underlying cause of " ... poverty and hunger" is poorly administered economic and political systems. Control over those systems is often based on "military, political, and economic power that typically ends up in the hands of a minority"; those in power often live quite well while those at the bottom of the ladder " ... barely survive" (worldhunger.org). This paper delves into the problem of poor economics, poverty, and global health issues.
Hunger: The United Nations / orld Bank Programs
The United Nations and the orld Bank have programs…
The World Bank. (2015). Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger by 2015. Retrieved
December 9, 2015, from http://www.worldbank.org .
World Hunger Education Service. (2015). 2015 World Hunger and Poverty Facts and Statistics. Retrieved December 9, 2015, from http://www.worldhunger.org .
China and Foreign Policy
With reference to any ONE country you have studied, how far does interdependence shape its foreign policy and in what ways
A Brief History of Chinese Foreign Affairs
Current Foreign Policy
Foreign elations and Interdependency
China is an emerging force in the world, and it seems only to be natural, as the Chinese civilization is one of the ancient civilizations of the world. In fact theorists seem to question the reasons for its downfall, as it is the largest and has historically been the cultural and educational center for the world.
As far as its foreign policy is concerned, the Chinese government deals with it in a unique way, where the foreign affairs are the business of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which falls under the ambit of a department called the "Foreign Affairs Leading Small Group of the Communist Party of China."…
Barboza, D. 2011. Entrepreneur's Rival in China: The State. New York Times .
Chen, J. 1979. China and the West . Hutchinson.
China. n.d. [Online] Available at: (26 January 2012)
China's Foreign Affairs and International Relations. 2012. . [Online] Available at: (26 January 2012)
One of the most peculiar but significant changes to the global economic and political landscapes of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries is the shift in manufacturing output. hereas China and India had once been the manufacturing hubs for many centuries, North America and the Europe experienced the Industrial Revolution and became the global leaders in manufacturing. This change also resulted in a gap in GDP between Asia and the est. The shift in manufacturing to North America and Europe also belied the population growth rate patterns. As a result, China and India became poor and underdeveloped compared with Europe and North America.Japan plays a more nuanced role in these changes. Japans imperialism led t its eventual defeat and radical shift in focus after orld ar Two. hat would have been another Asian economic backwater had become an industrial powerhouse through systematic dedication to technological advancements and investments in emerging…
Works CitedMarks, Robert B. The Origins of the Modern World. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2015.
The demonstration in Tiananmen Square showed that there were alrge semgnets of the population that wanted change, but Deng's response was to crush the movement with violence and to assert the supremacy ofm centalzied rule once more..
These actions show some of the difficulties of independence and of developing a new political structure when many adhere to older political structures and ideas. One response is to try to wipe out the old with violence, but regimes tend to become reactionary about their own ideas as well and to crush any opposition, real of perceived.
9. Arab unity has not materialized for a number of historical reasons related to the different ways in which the countries of the region have developed so that the leaders of some of the states are wary of other leaders, because of differences in economic structures in the various countries, and because of different reactions to…
Geography & Economics
Common Market of the South: "Mercado Comun Sur"
This work intends to explore Mercosur and understand the goals and objectives, economic significance as well as the advantages and disadvantages for the countries involved and to identify the method used in dispute resolution. Finally, to identify future plans and objectives of Mercosur.
Mercado Comun Sur" or, Common Market of the South in English, is a marketing structure composed of four Latin American Countrys who have through complementation agreements, a type of trade agreement, managed to find cohesiveness together. Argentina and razil have long been rivals in the world of trade. However, along with Uruguay and Paraguay established an environment of cohesive streamlined trade and the reward is having a competitive edge in today's volatile and troubled global market. Officially established in 1995, the Common Market of the South operates under the established guidelines of the Assuncion Treaty.
The Mercosur" [Online] available at http://www.falkland-malvinas.com/Detalle.asp?NUM=4296
EU Talks Deadline in Doubt" [Online] available at http://www.falkland-malvinas.com/about.asp?TEMA
Castilo. Marta R. (2004) "EU - Mercosur FTA: An Evaluation of the Vulnerability of Mercosur Imports" Chaire Mercosur" de Sciences Po [Online] available at http://chairemercosur.sciences-po.fr/discussion_papers/discussion_ paper_4.pdf
O'Keefe, Thomas Andrew "Dispute Resolution in Mercosur" [Online] available at http://www.mercosurconsulting.net/Articles/article10.html
Pakistan is the South Asian country and was established in 1947. It shares border with India, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Iran and China. It has a coastline spanning of 1,046 km with Arabian Sea. The country has highest peaks in the world that are K2 and Nanga Parbat of Karakorum and Pamir in the northern and western highlands of Pakistan. Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi provide the major by air gateways to Pakistan. India and Iran also provides the way to reach Pakistan by train.
There are several favorable characteristics that make Pakistan an ideal country for an international business. However, the country is facing imbalanced economic, societal and political conditions since independence due to which investors gets reluctant to invest in the country. This report reviews the favorable and unfavorable aspects of Pakistan for U.S. investors.
Investors need to consider various factors before making investment for an international business. First…
Dawn. (2012, May 27). Taxation and Foreign Investment. Retrieved July 23, 2012, from Dawn: http://dawn.com/2012/05/27/taxation-and-foreign-investment/
Khan, A.H. (2012, January 31). Instability and Economy. Pakistan.
Mahmood, J. (2012, 07-16). Pakistani Stock Market, Rupee Exchange Rate Rise. Karachi, Pakistan.
Masood. (2010, June 3). Foreign Direct Investment in Pakistan. Pakistan.
Third Way Supply Chain Strategy
VF Supply Chain Strategy
This paper examines VF rands global supply chain strategy as it transitioned to its "Third Way" sourcing strategy. Until 2009, VF's sourcing had followed the more traditional model that was typical of the industry. As with many other apparel companies, VF's supply chain strategy was focused on chasing low cost labor from one country to the next. The industry had evolved to the point that apparel was produced just about "everywhere on Earth," and they, like many of their competitors, had run out of new "low cost" places to source production. This situation led to the conclusion by Chris Fraser, the president of Supply Chain International for VF rands, that it was time that start finding cost savings by managing their supply chain more efficiently.
Rockford Consulting Group (2009) defines a supply chain as a stream of processes of moving goods…
Blanchard, D. 2009, Top nine supply chain challenges for 2009, Industry Week, [Online] Available at: http://www.industryweek.com/articles/top_nine_supply_chain_challenges_for_2009_18189.aspx?Page=1
Butcher, D.R. 2010. A new year of supply chain challenges and opportunities. Industry Market Trends, [Online] Available at: http://news.thomasnet.com/IMT/archives/2010/01/new-supply-chain-challenges-and-opportunities-for-a-new-year-2010.html
Carter, P.L., Monczka, R.M., Ragatz, G.L., & Jennings, P.L. 2009, Supply Chain Integration: Challenges and Good Practices, CAPS Research, [Online] Available at: http://www.capsresearch.org/publications/pdfs-public/carterp2009es.pdf
DeAngilis, S. 2011. IBM's top five supply chain challenges, [Online] Available at: http://enterpriseresilienceblog.typepad.com/enterprise_resilience_man/2011/04/ibms-top-five-supply-chain-challenges.html
World War Turning Point Europe, Significant Change Occurred Emergence Legitimate evolutionary egimes
Self-Determination in Cuba
There are few who would dispute the fact that following the conclusion of World War II and prior to its revolution (which began in 1953 and concluded on January 1 of 1959) Cuba was a prosperous region of the world that was certainly worth fighting for. The country's leader prior to the ascendancy of Fidel Castro, Fulgencio Batista, had cleverly manipulated the assistance of a number of external forces, primarily that of the United States, to assist the country in achieving a degree of economic gain and modernity the likes of which were comparable to, if not surpassing, those of other parts of the world.
Its economic prowess may be demonstrated from the following quotation. "Cuba in 1958, prior to the government of the Communist Fidel Castro, paid its employees an average of $3.00 per…
Epperson, R.A. (1985). The Unseen Hand. Arizona: Publius.
Guevara, C. (2005). Cuba: Historical Exception or Vanguard in the Colonial Struggle? Retrieved from http://www.marxists.org/archive/guevara/1961/04/09.htm
Kapur, T., Smith, A. (2002). "Housing Policy In Castro's Cuba." Retrieved from http://www.jchs.harvard.edu/education/oustanding_student_papers/kapur_smith_cuba_02.pdf
Jones, L. (1966). Home. New York: William Morrow and Co.
With this in mind communications strategy has to be developed and implemented. The central debate remains that of degree of uniformity. The pros and cons are obvious, i.e. economies of scale, consistent message across markets, centralized control, different market characteristics, media availability and costs and government regulations (alabanis & Diamantopoulos, 2011). The stronger argument appears to be that different strategy appears to work in different situations, rather than a totally standardized campaign. Once these geographical issues are decided upon then the scope of the campaign, objectives and elements of strategy can be worked on. If the organization develops a message for one market and then transposes this intact into others or if it develops a message with a number of markets in mind from the start, it may be centrally conceived in both cases (Han, 2009; Wills & Ryans, 1977).
This is popular because of co-ordination and control providing the…
Ahmed, S.A., a. d'Atrous and M.E. Adraoui. 1994. 'Country-of-Origin Effects on Purchasing Managers Product Perceptions.' Industrial Marketing Management 23 (July): 323-332.
Keller, Kevin Lane. 1993. Conceptualizing, Measuring, and Managing Customer-Based Brand Equity. Journal of Marketing, Vol. 57, No. 1. pp. 1-22
Shirin, Khosrozadeh; Kambiz, Heidarzadeh Hanzaee. 2011. The Effect of the Country-of-Origin Image, Product Knowledge and Product Involvement on Consumer Purchase Decisions. Chinese Business Review, August Vol. 10, No. 8, 601-615
Bailey, W. And S.A. Gutierrez de Pineres. 2007. 'Country of Origin Attitudes in Mexico: The Malinchismo Effect.' Journal of International Consumer Marketing 9 (3): 25-41.
An interesting trend has been registered in the service industry, especially in the field of tourism. One of the main engines of Spanish economy in the past, now tourism in this country faces fierce competition from Eastern Europe countries. The beautiful resorts in Palma del Majorca and Costa rava must compete with low cost sea side resort, which offer similar services at incredibly low prices. Another field which needs reforms and reformulation policy is the agricultural and fishery one, which accounts only 4.1% out of GDP, although the important political forces attached to this sensible sector.
In order to be able to face the challenges and the opportunities on the regional and global market, Spain needs reforms in most fields of activity. Unemployment level is one of the highest in EU 9.2% at the end of 2005, while the rate of inflation was around 3.4 per cent in 2005, which…
1) Carol Matlack and Joan Tarzian - 'Spain: Immigrants Welcome', Business Week, May 21, 2007
2) 'Plain sailing no longer', the Economist print edition, 3rd of March 2007.
3) 'Spanish property - the pain in Spain', 26th of April 2007.
4) Human Development Index report, for the year 2006
Friedman considers insourcing to be flattener number eight, because it allows small companies to compete like major supply-chain companies. Insourcing refers to hiring another company to handle a company's supply chain. UPS is the major supplier for insourcing services in the United States. Friedman believes that insourcing flattens in three ways: by letting little companies compete in the global market; by dissolving barriers between companies; and by standardizing business practices across companies.
Finally, Friedman looks at a group of flatteners that he refers to as the steroids. These are small flatteners that have the effect of amplifying the other flatteners. Mobile steroids are those technologies allowing people to work in non-traditional environments and include cellular phones, laptops, and wireless internet access. Personal steroids are those things that give power to the individual, and include personal computers, search engines, and peer-to-peer file sharing. While these flatteners are not powerful enough to…
Friedman, T. (2007). The world is flat: a brief history of the twenty-first century. New York:
The author John Cheever is a suburbia novelist. However, in his short story The Country Husband, Mr. John Cheever has exposed suburbia's murky and dark side, which traps its people in a conformity web. The main character and leading role of the story Francis Weed is a winning, middle-aged man, working in New York City where his life is of genteel satisfaction and who lived in the suburbs. The whole story and plot revolves around this main character.
Analysis of the story
As The Country Husband opens, the author brings Francis Weed in a conflict with his own mortality; when the plane due to bad weather flying from Minneapolis to New York made an emergency landing. Thus, Francis experience begins in terms of thinking of his life in more heroic terms than he was familiar to do before.
Since, after his arrival at home none of…
Conclusion: The Benefits of a Third-Party Friendly System
hile both proponents and those in opposition to a two-party system have well-founded arguments, the third-party friendly system is the system that most makes sense in today's modern democracy. As presidential candidates John McCain and Barack Obama have made clear, the American people are ready for change. They are tired of the same old formula Republicans and Democrats, and they want to be represented by candidates whom they can truly feel represented by. A coalition government consisting of third parties would accomplish that change. Although this government may take longer to arrive at decisions, it would ultimately come up with the decisions that the majority of the Americans want, while still including the opinions of the minority. These coalitions would pass laws that were more representative of what America wants. Instead of retreating into the old, tired formula of choice a or…
Evolution of American political parties from the Revolution to Reconstruction." 23
August 2003. Everything2. 26 October 2008. Everything2. http://everything2.com/index.pl-node_id=1486844 .
What is the history of 'third parties' in the United States?" This Nation.com 2008. This Nation.com. 26 October 2008. http://www.thisnation.com/question/042.html .
Country Study: China
International trade and finance
China Economic Issues with Trade
Suggestions for improving trading practices
COUNTY STUDY: CHINA
COUNTY STUDY: CHINA
COUNTY STUDY: CHINA
China, officially the People's epublic of China (PC), is considered to be a sovereign state located in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population that has over 1.35 billion. The People epublic of China is a single-party state which is supervised by the Communist Party, with its seat of government in the capital city of Beijing (Naughton, 2012). It handles a regions that is over some 22 provinces, five of them are autonomous districts, four are direct-regulated cities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two typically self-governing special administrative districts (Macau and Hong Kong ). (Snyder, 2011)The PC People epublic of China likewise makes the claim that Taiwan -- which is mostly controlled by the epublic of…
Lin, Cai and Li, The China Miracle. (2003, September 26). Retrieved from Chinese University Press: http://books.google.com/books?id=_OEwbLZ2vYwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Lin,+Cai+and+Li,+The+China+Miracle,+Chinese+University+Press,+2003&hl=en&sa=X&ei=8CRCUqmkFaTx2QX01oGwDg&ved=0CDEQuwUwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false
Penn World Tables. (2013, September 7). Long run time series of comparable main economic aggregates for many countries in the world. https://pwt.sas.upenn.edu/.
World bank World Development Indicators. (2013, September). Time series of economic and social indicators for every country in the world (annual frequency). http://databank.worldbank.org/data/home.aspx .
Assem Reda, A.H. (2012). Exploring egypt-china bilateral trade: Dynamics and prospects. Journal of Economic Studies, 39(3), 314-326.
U.S. As a World Power
The United States became a world power between 1890 and 1974 through the winning of World Wars and through economic growth and stability. By 1890, the U.S. economy was the best in the world, and American industry was producing double what Britain was. During that time, though, the U.S. was not strong militaristically or diplomatically, as these were areas on which it needed to work. In the meantime, the U.S. was focused on its industry and on helping poorer nations that were considered "backward" at the time and that were struggling in an effort to grow and develop into countries with stronger economies that were better able to help take care of their citizens. While the U.S. was engaged in humanitarian efforts at home and around the world, it also began to develop more on a diplomatic level. This was needed as the tensions that…
This is the risk countries take by entering the world economy.
China is an emerging economic power in the world. This has come about due to the enormous market there -- almost two billion people -- and their gradual movement into the global economy. China, Malaysia, and Singapore are all entering the last stage of economic development and much of their success has been a result of foreign direct investment. "Foreign direct investment has played an important role in many -- but not all -- of the most successful development stories in countries such as Singapore and Malaysia, and even China," (Stiglitz 67). Advocates of the world economy suggest that the third world nations in sub-Saharan Africa and Central America follow these examples.
However, the relative "success" of the second world nations has come about through cooperation with tyrannical governments and the exploitation of the working class. By making a…
Bush, George W. "The National Security Strategy of the United States of America." Speeches delivered September 17 and June 1, 2002.
Downing, David. Capitalism: Political and Economic Systems. Chicago: Heinemann Library, 2003.
Friedman, Thomas L. The Lexus and the Olive Tree: Understanding Globalization. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1999.
Greenspan, Alan. "Banking in a Global World." Chicago: Delivered to the Conference on Bank Structure and Competition, May 6, 2004.
S.S.R.'s collapse have left America as the only global Super Power, but burdened with a $4/5 trillion deficit, declining economic- military resources and uncertain leadership. America's internationalism will increasingly rely on closer cooperation with the United Nations and the West to foster international stability and stronger Western solidarity (2).
Chinese arms sales to the Middle East became controversial, particularly in the United States, because of China's willingness to export tactical and strategic missiles, regardless of the consequences to regional stability. In response, the United States began to pressure and to restrain its ballistic-missile exports. Chinese leaders maintained that their country had adopted a prudent and responsible policy on arms sales, selling only a limited quantity of weapons. Nevertheless, China's attempts to use the international security framework to its own advantage were contradictory. China's withdrawal from the Perm Five arms-transfer talks, sale of M-11 missile components to Pakistan, undercut the credibility…
Keller, William W. & Nolan, Janne E., the Arms Trade: Business as Usual?. Vol. 109, Foreign Policy, 12-01-1997
Rimanelli, Marco, East-West arms control and the fall of the U.S.S.R., 1967-1994: radical change or expedient accommodation?. Vol. 29, East European Quarterly, 06-22-1995pp 237(37).
Sismanidis, Roxane D.V., China and the Post-Soviet security structure.. Vol. 21, Asian Affairs: An American Review, 04-01-1994 pp 39.
Author not available, arms trade., the Hutchinson Dictionary of World History, 01-01-1998
Models of Media and Politics
A review of media / political models sheds some light on why the United States' cultural themes have been such a dominant dynamic in Europe, among other global venues. In describing the three models of media and politics, Daniel C. Hallin and Paolo Mancini report that the media in Southern Europe (the "Mediterranean" or "Polarized Pluralist Model") is "an institution of the political and literary worlds" more than it is market-driven (Hallin, et al., 2004 90). The North and Central European model is called the "Democratic Corporatist Model" -- and is certainly more market-driven and far less politically driven; and the third model is the "North Atlantic" or "Liberal model" of media and politics (Hallin 87).
The North Atlantic or Democratic Corporatist model, according to Mark a. aker II encompasses Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the "Low Countries" and Scandinavia, and can be broken down into three…
Arango, Tim, 2008, 'World Falls for American Media, Even as it Sours on America. The New York Times, Retrieved Nov. 24, 2010, from http://www.nytimes.com .
Artz, Lee, and Kamalipour, Yahya, 2007, the Media Globe: Trends in International Mass Media. Rowman & Littlefield: Landham, MD.
Baker, Mark a., 2010, 'Hallin & Mancini, the North / Central European or Democratic Corporatist Model by: Mark a. Baker II', Global Media. Retrieved Nov. 24, 2010, from http://globalmediastudies.blogspot.com .
Hallin, Daniel C., and Mancini, Paolo, 2004, Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics. Cambridge University Press: New York.
Theodore Levitt, the world and consumers in particular are moving towards having similar likes, preferences, and tastes and these have caused people to prefer the same products the world over. These products that are given preference are those that are liked by everyone else. "Everyone in the increasingly homogenized world market wants products and features that everybody else wants." Levitt, 1984.
This statement is true in the world that we currently see, and this should be the focus of all marketing campaigns whether they are aimed at building brand awareness, changing the attitudes of consumers, or just trying to increase sales of a product. By simply creating a product that will become the preference of many, it is remarkably easy to capture and penetrate the market and thus boost sales by a large margin.
Levitt also argues that "different cultural preferences, national tastes and standards, and business institutions are the…
BELK, R.W., GER, G. & ASKEGAARD, S. 2003. The Fire of Desire: A Multisited Inquiry into Consumer Passion. Journal of Consumer Research, 30, 326-351.
BELK, R.W., GER, G. & ASKEGAARD, S.R. 1997. Consumer desire in three cultures: Results from Projective Research. Advances in Consumer Research Volume, 24, 24-28.
HOLLIS, N. 2009. Global Brands, Local Cultures. Research World, July/August.
KOSTERA, M. 2006. The Narrative Collage As Research Method. Storytelling, Self, Society, 2, 5-27.
Dasgupta (2018) shows in his article on urban growth around the world, that by the year 2050 approximately 70% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. This means that cities are going to have a major impact not only on the lives of human beings but also on the planet, as there will be a concentrated amount of energy and activity in these urban parts of the world. Moreover, aside from environmental concerns there are likely to be social issues that emanate from this intense localization of the population into vast cities. As Coleman and Kerbo (2009) point out, how these areas are socially organized will be very critical to how well they are maintained and how well the inhabitants of these areas are striving to take care of their world: “Young people may be inadequately socialized because of problems in the institution of the family, or society…
The lack of coverage of Russia just becomes more noticeable when one considers the invasion of Georgia earlier this year. For Russia, their partnerships are more about military domination. The author does not discuss their being a world power in their own right. Second, another shortcoming of this book is the lack of just how China will be able to manage to get out of being just a manufacturing center. Third, the author tries too hard to cover too many countries at times and the points he is trying to make lose focus.
Implications of the Book on International Business
There are major implications for international business from this book. First, there is the challenge to companies operating in each of the three super powers on how to expand into second world nations where other super powers are already competing for resources. An example of this would be an American…
This balkanization is partially driven by the lack of integration between various segments of itself, and this is primarily a technological limitation. Yet the far broader and more difficult challenge in this regard is the segregating of knowledge not just for profit, but for lasting competitive advantage between nations. On the one hand there is the need for competitive differentiation in company's offerings, yet in others including the sharing of primary research in medicine and biomedical fields and stem cell research there is the ethical responsibility to share these insights gained to foster solutions to the world's most pressing medical problems. M. Van Alstyne and E. Brynjolfsson, researchers on the growth patterns and threat of Internet balkanization from MIT, remark in their conference paper from a 1996 conference that the balkanization of science is a significant threat. The two MIT researchers cite the studies they have completed showing how despite…
ESRI (2006). Environmental Systems Research Institute. Retrieved from the Internet on July 14, 2006. (www.esri.com)
Gates Technology Foundation (2005). Interviews and on-site visits with GIS planners and network technicians while donating servers, laptops, and desktop computers for a major PC manufacturer. Onsite interviews in Seattle, Washington. April, 2005.
HHS (2006). Federal Register Data on Poverty Line Statistics by size of household. January 24, 2006. See table 1 of this document.
Pew Center for Internet Research (2006). Key statistics downloaded from the Internet on February 14, 2006. http://people-press.org/
Strategic easons why countries
Protectionist Theories and Measures
Exchange ate Manipulation
International patent systems
Protectionism is a concept through which governments and states exercise control over the trading patterns of the country and use measures that in turn are expected to help the domestic industry develop.
The main argument that we shall be following for this essay is that Free trade can only be "free" when nations and states are at the same level. Forcing economies to open up can only cause chaos and ruin for those economies. Therefore some measures of protectionism are valid and should be allowed to countries without there being any penalizing measures.
The notion behind this theory, since earlier day's lies in the fact, that government officials have long been of the opinion, as explained by the following paragraph (Lighthizer, 2008):
Bartlett, B. 1998, July. The Truth about Trade in History. Retrieved November 22, 2011, from CATO Institute Web Site: http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=10983
Gwartney, J.D., Stroup, R.L., Sobel, R.S., & MacPherson, D. 2008 . Economics: Private and Public Choice. Mason: Cengage Learning.
Kaempfer, W., Tower, E., & Willett, T. 2002. Trade Protectionism. Encyclopedia of Public Choice .
Lipsey, R.G., & Chrystal, K.A. 2007. Economics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Women and water in India. In the villages of North Gujarat in India, so much groundwater has been removed that water supplies are now becoming scarce, according to hawana Upadhyay, writing in the journal Agriculture and Human Values. Women in North Gujarat are basically looked upon as "…domestic water users while men are seen as productive water users, despite the fact that women make significant use of water for productive purposes as well"
(Upadhyay, 2005, p. 411). Domestic water usage in India goes well beyond drinking and cooking, Upadhyay writes. Dalit women in Nepal for example grow commercial vegetable crops with the water they draw; they utilize a drip system, which costs just $12 to install, and it results in a profit of around $80 annually. Without a source of safe water, the livelihood of these women would disappear. Still, women's use of water tends to be classified as domestic,…
Buckingham, Susan, 2004, 'Ecofeminism in the Twenty-First Century', the Geographical Journal, Vol. 170, No. 2, 146-154.
Crow, Ben, and Sultana, Farhana, 2002, 'Gender, Class, and Access to Water: Three Cases in a Poor and Crowded Delta', Society and Natural Resources, Vol. 15, 709-724.
Dobscha, Susan, and Ozanne, Julie L. 2001. 'An Ecofeminist Analysis of Environmentally Sensitive Women Using Qualitative Methodology: The Emancipatory Potential of an Ecological Life', Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, Vol. 20, No. 2, 201-214.
Eaton, Heather, 'Ecofeminism and Globalization', Feminist Theology, Vol. 8, No. 41, 41-55.
Management of Technology in Developing Countries Such as Iran
Technology management arrangements of developing countries vary from those of first world ones. The requirement for skill in these states is not growing from within, but somewhat cropping up from new wares imported from first world countries. Technological growth in addition does not consequence from inner data and research, but resulting upon the technology transmission from abroad. In these environments, technology management by customary way is barely effective. These are troubles facing the Islamic epublic of Iran these days and as a consequence organizations controlling the technology management endure non-compliance, then technological development does not trail an accurate trend (obertson, 2002).
Lack of distinctive management, vagueness of technological precedence's, misunderstanding of policy-making roles and inter-organization implementation and management, tremendous government involvement in all fields and lack of specialist manpower are amongst the vital troubles of the topic (Sveiby et. al 2001).…
(1.) Abou-Zeid, E.S. "A Knowledge Management Reference Model." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(5), 2002. pp. 486-499.
(2.) Bender S. And Fish A. "The Transfer of Knowledge and the Retention of Expertise: The Continuing Need for Global Assignments." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(2), 2008. pp. 125-135.
(3.) Beveren, V.J. "A Model of Knowledge Acquisition that Refocuses Knowledge Management." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(1), 2002. pp. 18-22.
(4.) Bhatt, G. "Organizing Knowledge in the Knowledge Development Cycle." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(1), 2009. pp. 15-26.
I would also argue that these donations were not expenses; they are investments in these economies and their growth. It is in furthering the standard of living for these nations that the corporation I was leader of fulfilled its mission as an organization. In any organization capable of this level of philanthropy there is also the ability to invest in new product development. Concentrating on partnering with these nations and with other companies is critical for the long-term viability of their economies and for the growth of CS programs globally in the pharmaceutical industry (Wechsler, 2006). While there is not an ethical requirement to do this, there is the moralistic one and more importantly, the need to do well by doing good and enriching others less fortunate.
Craig Smith. (2009). Bounded goodness: marketing implications of Drucker on corporate responsibility. Academy of Marketing Science. Journal, 37(1), 73.
etrieved March 6,…
Craig Smith. (2009). Bounded goodness: marketing implications of Drucker on corporate responsibility. Academy of Marketing Science. Journal, 37(1), 73.
Retrieved March 6, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1654388551).
Jill Wechsler. (2006, September). New Partnerships Pursue Old Diseases. Pharmaceutical Executive, 26(9), 50,52. Retrieved March 7, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1137181681).
ar and Occupation: The Effects of the U.S. Occupation on Japan's Government and Politics
The recent change in the American foreign policy direction which has seen the replacement of its traditional anti-colonialist tilt by the neo-conservative belief of guided nation building evokes a lot of interest in the history of United State's occupation of post world war II Japan. Although each such occupation is different -- the political, social and cultural environment as well as the historical context of every war and country being different-- it is interesting to study how the Americans handled the re-building of Japan in the post-orld ar II period.
There is no doubt that the United State government's influence in shaping the future of Japan was overwhelming. In fact it would not be wrong to state that Japan's current political and economic status as a first world power is a direct result of the guiding…
Bell, P.M.H. "The World Since 1945: An International History.": New York: Oxford University Press, 2001
Dower, John W. "Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II." New York: Norton/Free Press:, 1999
Dower, John W. "Why Iraq is not Japan." Mercury News. Apr. 27, 2003. July 2, 2003. http://www.bayarea.com/mld/mercurynews/news/editorial/5728557.htm?template=contentModules/printstory.jsp
Gordon, Bill. "The Allied Occupation of Japan." May 2000. July 2, 2003 http://wgordon.web.wesleyan.edu/papers/alliedoc.htm
Trafficking and Prostitution in the Developing orld
The world can be a harsh place, especially if you live in a developing nation, and especially if you are a woman. Lack of food and adequate housing, lack of access to good educational and medical facilities, an oppressive, often male-dominated social system - these are just some of the problems faced by millions of women each and every day of their lives. For most there is no hope of escape. Each new dawn brings with it the same sense of despair; the same feeling that one is a prisoner of one's fate. Change is slow in the developing world. Progress, if it comes at all, comes only very gradually, painfully, and often at a high price. Many of the nations of the Third orld were only recently communist, or colonies of the estern powers. Many still have one foot in…
1. Binder, David. "Country Report: Albania - Country Sends Its Own to Europe and Beyond." MSNBC News. MSNBC.com, 2002. URL: http://www.msnbc.com/news/736680.asp
2. Binder, David. "Country report: Bosnia - In a Post-War Zone the Sex trade Flourishes." MSNBC News. MSNBC.com, 2002. URL: http://www.msnbc.com/news/736679.asp
3. Binder, David. "Country Report: Yugoslavia - After Milosevic, Country Still Mired in Crime." MSNBC News. MSNBC.com, 2002. URL: http://www.msnbc.com/news/736678.asp .
4. Binder, David and Mendenhall, Preston. "Sex, Drugs, and Guns in the Balkans." MSNBC News. MSNBC.com, 2002. URL:
Hungary is located in Central Europe, northwest of Romania (CIA 2012, EEA 2012). It measures 93,000 square kilometers. It is bordered by Romania, Croatia, Austria, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine. Its capital is udapest (CIA, EEA).
Hungary has a Republican form of government (FCO 2012). Its Constitution was adopted on April 18 last year and took effect in January this year. Its four branches of government are the executive, legislative, judicial and a Constitutional court. The President is the head of state. The Prime Minister is the head of government. A cabinet is also part of the executive branch. The legislative branch consists of a National Assembly of 386 members with a four-year term. The judicial branch is a Curia or a Supreme Court. The President since August 6, 2010 is Pal Schmitt and the Prime Minister since May 29, 2010 is Viktor Orban. Hungary has 19…
BEEA. Hungary. Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs: U.S. Department of State,
2012. Retrieved on March 24, 2012 from http://www.sate.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/36566.htm
CIA. Hungary. The World Fact Book: Central Intelligence Agency, 2012. Retrieved on March 24, 2012 from http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/hu.html
EOE. Hungary. The Encyclopedia of Earth: Central Intelligence Agency, 2012. Retrieved
Jerry H. Bentley, the word "world history" has different meanings for different societies. While some may define it as a broad analysis of the whole world's history, others believe it implies foreign history. But, this word doesn't actually correspond to either definition. It denotes historical learning which undertakes an overt comparison of experiences beyond individual societal boundaries or studies interactions among individuals hailing from diverse communities or studies broad historical processes and trends which extend beyond discrete communities. Besides highlighting cross-cultural dealings in a historical context, one chief concern of the major part of modern world history deals with constructing alternative approaches to the established Eurocentric perspectives of history.[footnoteRef:1] [1:. Jerry H. Bentley, A Companion to Western Historical Thought, ed. Lloyd Kramer and Sarah Maza (Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, 2002), 393.]
Ever since historical events began to be documented, the element of world history was apparent. The ancient world lacked access…
The fourth topic "The effect of bonus schemes on staff turnover rates in the countries in which my company operates" is a good topic, as long as the countries are specified. This topic relates directly to the Managing People course as it brings together two human resources fundamentals -- motivation and retention. The linkages between motivation schemes and retention should have a lot of literature.
Since multiple countries are going to be used in this study, the other variables should be kept relatively simple. Presumably one company is going to be studied -- it cannot be your own. A company will need to work with you on a project like this, since motivation schemes and turnover rates are not often made public. If the company is consistent with its motivational strategies, that would make for a better review. Under that scenario the title would be something like "The effect of…
As an intern I would like to be a part of some international business-related aspect of the United Nations' Millennial Development Goals Project. Not only do I want to learn, but I want to help as well. And being able to promote gender equality, not only in my home country, but around the world, is something that I would be proud to be associated with.
As I need to learn to successfully expand my business, a U.N. internship will provide me with the opportunity to learn, as well as make contacts which may help my business. I also want to learn the latest ways to incorporate the idea of gender equality into my business so that when I expand and hire more people, I will be able to give more women of my country a chance to achieve financial security. Finally, I hope to gain some insight into how the…
Portugal 16th Century to Present
Portugal: 16th Century to Present
Portugal: 16th Century to Present
Portugal is a country a part of the continent of Europe. It is on the western coast of Europe sharing a boundary with Spain and the Atlantic Ocean. Portugal's independence and king (now there is a president and a prime minister) received formal recognition since the 12th century AD. The language is Portuguese and the people identify as Portuguese or of the Portuguese epublic (epublica Portuguesa). It is a mostly Catholic country and with mostly female citizens. There are nearly 11 million people living in Portugal according to the Central Intelligence Agency (2012). The capital city is Lisbon and most of the population lives in urban areas rather than rural areas. There are archipelagos, Azores, and Madeira, which are additionally a part of Portugal. The paper will provide insight into the country of Portugal,…
Central Intelligence Agency. (2012). Portugal. Available from: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/po.html . 2012 August 01.
Facts About. (2012) Portugal History and Timeline & Facts. Available from: http://www.facts-about.org.uk/history-and-events-timeline-portugal.htm . 2012 August 07.
HistoryWorld. (2012). History of Portugal. Available from: http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab46 . 2012 August 04.
Migration Policy Institute. (2002). Portugal Seeks Balance of Emigration, Immigration. Available from: http://www.migrationinformation.org/feature/display.cfm?ID=77 . 2012 August 05.
POLITICAL OVERVIEW: The former Persia became present day Iran on April 1st 1979 Before that Persia was a Monarchy and its last ruler was Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi He lost favor with the people and the religious clerics of the country The clerics chose to exile Pahlavi and establish a theocracy Theocracy refers to a government type where majority of decision making and political power is in the hands of a religious leader, in other words a country that adopts religious law as its legal system
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini a Conservative cleric took over the reins of the nation
The government structure is complicated as its Parliament is a mixed bag of elected and unelected members At the top of the hierarchy is the 'Supreme Leader' military, judiciary and foreign policy fall under his command An interesting aspect of Iranian government is the amount of accountability attached to federal…
. Protests against the government continue and the government keeps arresting activists, rebels and revolutionaries, in an effort to stamp the desire for reform out of the masses
. Ahmadi-Nejad and his people are the Neoconservationists and his era is known as the third revolution in Iran. While Khatami and his followers were intellectuals, he and his people are religious and idealistic. It seems that he knows better than Khatami, how to please the public (Ehteshami, A & Zweiri, M, 2007).
NATIONAL GOALS: The country has become synonymous
Over the next three and a half years they grew to over $140 billion" (Lewis 2009, p.1). "By 2006 the average Icelandic family was three times as wealthy as it had been in 2003, and virtually all of this new wealth was one way or another tied to the new investment-banking industry," while the real estate market, so vitally necessary to the lifestyle of most Icelanders, also expanded stratospherically. During the period from 2003-2008, "Icelanders amassed debts amounting to 850% of their GDP, compared with 350% in the U.S. (Lewis 2008, p.1).
Iceland's speculation was more feverish than the U.S. because of the relatively modest circumstances of most Icelanders before, which fueled even more enthusiastic spending with easy credit. Furthermore, the fishing industry had always encouraged speculation and borrowing in the face of an uncertain future -- recklessness was part of the culture, despite the age-old nature of this industry.…
Appendix: Iceland. (2009). Monetary bulletin. Sedla Bank. Retrieved November 29, 2009 at http://www.sedlabanki.is/lisalib/getfile.aspx?itemid=4590
Evans-Prichard, Ambrose. (2009). Iceland's krona proves the magic wand as Europe ails.
Telegraph. Retrieved November 29, 2009 at http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/comment/ambroseevans_pritchard/5912682/Icelands-krona-proves-the-magic-wand-as-Europe-ails.html
Iceland. (2009). Trading Economies. Retrieved November 29, 2009 at http://www.tradingeconomics.com/Economics/GDP-Growth.aspx?Symbol=ISK
With a profound sense of the solemn and even tragical character of the step I am taking and of the grave responsibilities which it involves, but in unhesitating obedience to what I deem my constitutional duty, I advise that the Congress declare the recent course of the Imperial German Government to be in fact nothing less than war against the Government and people of the United States....America is privileged to spend her blood and her might for the principles that gave her birth and happiness and the peace which she has treasured. God helping her, she can do no other." (Woodrow Wilson's war message)
United States' entry bolstered the Allied forces and gave them extraordinary power over the German Imperial army. With America's entry into the war, things suddenly changed as we were was no longer spectators. The response from the public was however not overwhelming since it had been…
President Woodrow Wilson's War message" accessed online 14th April 2005:
John Bach McMaster. The United States in the World War: D. Appleton & Company. New York. 1918
The UK needs to build good economic relationships with emerging markets even more than with its EU neighbors. China is already highly competitive in manufacturing and is gaining competitiveness in high-technology manufacturing. India is a leader in Information Technology and, being an English speaking country, also has the ability to be globally competitive in Professional Services. Latin American and Southeast Asian economies, such as Brazil or Indonesia, will become increasingly competitive in agriculture and energy. The WTO and various other bilateral free trade agreements are reducing the barriers to these types of goods, making them increasingly attractive to the European consumer.
Considering the competition for European markets, the EU's greatest value and likely greatest priority will be the protection of European markets, not the opening of global markets. The UK, because of its focus on global finance and professional services, has little to gain from the protection of its own…
Vicarelli, Claudio & De Santis, Roberta & De Nardis, Sergio, 2008. "The Single Currency's Effects on Eurozone Sectoral Trade: Winners and Losers?," Economics - the Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, vol. 2(17), pages 1-34. P. 13
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Over the next three and a half years they grew to over $140 billion" (Lewis 2009, p.1). "By 2006 the average Icelandic family was three times as wealthy as…Read Full Paper ❯
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