Third World Countries Essays (Examples)



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Third World relations with other worlds

Words: 899 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64166680

Contingency or, How Might Things Have Been Different
The WWII brought with it significant changes to the political and administrative structures and trends across the globe. Even as the world strong and influential nations realized the political changes and military supremacy over other, the third world, majorly the African nations also had a shift in the political trends internally. It was during this time that the African nations the vulnerability of the European nations even in war yet they are the ones that colonized them. What followed was a mass scramble for the emancipation and decolonization of the African nations in the 1960s. the mere fact that the European could stand scared under the gun fire as opposed to the usually seen commanding and towering colonialist was enough motivation for the African nations to start pushing for self-governance and self determination.
At this point, the different nations of the first…… [Read More]

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Third World Development What Are the Growing

Words: 4296 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75221729

Third World Development

What are the growing problems of ethnic tensions and violence in the developing world?

It is impossible to state all of the growing problems of ethnic tension and violence in the developing world, because old tensions are constantly being revived. Because most instances of ethnic tension do not lead to large-scale violence, when violence does erupt, it can be a surprise, even to seasoned observers. Of course, it is not always a surprise. Currently, Africa is the area most plagued by ethnic tension and resultant violence. Africa's conflict death tolls far surpass those on other continents, despite the minimization of violence in Africa (Shah, 2010). Moreover, Africa has a huge number of refugees and internally displaced people (Shah, 2010). The legacy of colonialism and the artificial boundaries it established among different ethnic groups make Africa ripe for growing ethnic tension (Shah, 2010). Moreover, the fact that many…… [Read More]


The African Center for Women. (2002). The African gender and development index and the African women's report 2002/2003. Retrieved from

Bage, L. (2001, May 15). The challenge of ending rural poverty. Retrieved July 10, 2011, from the International Fund for Agricultural Development website:

Cartwright, P., Delorme, C., and Wood, N. (1985). The by-product theory of revolution: Some empiral evidence. Public Choice, 46(3), 265-274.

Conan, N. (2011, February 7). The elements of a successful revolution. Retrieved July 11,
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Interrelationships Between Nutritional Deficiencies in the Third World

Words: 861 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88302584

Health is one of the major problems in third world countries such as India. One of the many reasons why this occurs is because of poverty. Poverty will eat you slowly till you die; it is one of the reasons why most of the babies were not vaccinated, there were poor support from the government about the health of the people and some of the medicines were not provided and usually the cost is unaffordable.

The nutritional deficiencies affect child's health such as insufficient vitamins, iron and iodine. And it is not only the child that are affected but also women particularly those who are pregnant. Lack of Vitamin A leads to blindness and can lead to death for severe infection. Lack of Iron leads to anemia because iron supplies the red blood cells and if this cannot be supplied white blood cells will increase thus will lead to anemia…… [Read More]


Benti, D., et al., Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) in Developing Countries"

Deen, T., "Poverty, the number one killer worldwide, warns UN" Third World Network (2001)

Eliason, B., et al., "Gastroenteritis in Children: Principles of Diagnosis and Treatment" American Family Physician (1998)
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Uneasy Relationship Between Tourism and Third World Rulers

Words: 1855 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4628090

Politics & Tourism

The Impact of Politics on Tourism

In 1989, Linda Richter emphasized the largely unrecognized role tourism plays on the world's political stage. Some of the examples mentioned to support her argument were the U.S. boycott of the 1980 Moscow Olympics in the aftermath of the Soviet invasion of Afganistan and the banning of Aeroflot flights over U.S. territory following the downing of a commercial Korean airliner over Soviet territory (1). There are exceptions to the rule, however, including women's and church groups who view tourism as a viable target in host countries that continue to deny its citizens basic human rights. One example given was the protests encountered by the Prime Minister of Japan on a tour of Asian cities, which were fueled by outrage over the sex trade engaged in largely by Japanese businessmen traveling abroad for this purpose. Richter suggested that most citizens of estern…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Britton, Stephen G. "The Political Economy of Tourism in the Third World." Annals of Tourism Research, 9 (1982): 331-58. Print.

Nyaupane, Gyan P. And Dallen J. Timothy. "Power, Regionalism and Tourism Policy in Bhutan." Annals of Tourism Research, 37.4 (2010): 969-88. Print.

Padilla, Art and Jerome L. McElroy. "Cuba and Caribbean Tourism after Castro." Annals of Tourism Research, 34.3 (2007): 649-72. Print.

Richter, Linda. The Politics of Tourism in Asia. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press, 1989. Print.
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Genetically Engineered Crops and the Third World

Words: 1331 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95979525

genetically engineered crops, or genetically modified (GM) foods, as they are often called. Specifically it will discuss why genetically engineered crops will help residents of the Third World. Ultimately, each year the world is generating too many people to feed adequately. Without the use of genetically engineered food, some people simply will not be able to survive. genetically modified foods offer an alternative for many people of the world, and many studies have shown they are not as harmful as some people imagine them to be. Genetically modified foods are the wave of the future, they offer numerous benefits, and they should be available to Third World countries who hope to produce more food, live healthier lives, and improve their farming techniques to help them survive and thrive in a new millennium.

Genetically modified foods are not fresh technology they have existed for many years. In fact, studies into genetically…… [Read More]


Bongaarts, John. "Seeds of Contention: World Hunger and the Global Controversy over GM Crops." Population and Development Review 28.3 (2002): 576.

Editors. "Genetically Modified Foods." World Health Organization. 2005. 7 Nov. 2005.


Goldstein, Myrna Chandler, and Mark A. Goldstein. Controversies in Food and Nutrition. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2002.
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Country of Sudan Dependency Theory

Words: 3574 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86745026

However, in the case of Sudan, it may be said that none of the above theories applies. This is largely due to the fact that there are specific internal factors which determine the orientation of the economy in a certain direction. These are most of the times related to the historical evolution of the country under discussion.

In the Sudanese case, the end of the war and the independence from the British rule marked the slow evolution of an autonomous economic system. However, the lack of experienced personal and the poor investment plans made these attempts fail. Also, the internal turmoil and conflicting situation between the North and the South aggravated the rift between the two regions of the country. Therefore, a sustainable development plan could not have been set in place because there was no cohesion both at the level of the political authority and the social one. (Country…… [Read More]


BBC. Country profile: Sudan. BBC World. 2007. Retrieved 4 September 2007, at

CIA. The World Factbook. Sudan. 2007. Retrieved 4 September 2007, from 

CIA. The World Factbook. United States. 2007. Retrieved 4 September 2007, from 

Country Studies. Sudan: Agriculture. N.d. Retrieved 4 September 2007, at
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World Nutrition

Words: 1035 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77229653


Food and dietary habits vary from region to region; mostly guided by cultural preferences, access to resources and income levels. It has often found that western countries rarely ever complain of malnutrition problem, while it persists in third world countries. The reason for this is grounded in income levels and access to resources. Most developing countries heavily rely on pulses and beans for calories while most western-nations exhibit a greater taste for meat and poultry. This demonstrates on the one hand, cultural tastes while on the other it also says a great deal about income and poverty. In a report and survey revealed in 1980s, it was found that there existed noticeable differences in per capital supply of calories and protein in different regions of the world (see Table 1). It was observed that developing countries had calories intake 9% lower than the world average. The developed countries on…… [Read More]


1. Food and Agriculture Organization, 1996a The sixth world food survey. Rome: FAO.

2. Food and Agriculture Organization, 1996b. Food balance sheets 1961-1994. Rome: FAO.

3. Grigg, D. 1995 The nutritional transition in Western Europe. Jl Hist. Geogr. 21: 247-61.

4. Grigg, D. 1996 The starchy staples in world food consumption. Ann. Ass. Am. Geogr. 86: 412-31.
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Country of Burundi

Words: 1819 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6118066


The Republic of urundi is a small country in central equitorial Africa facing many challenges including a growing population of individuals with AIDS and an ongoing problem with tribal warfare. With an inflation rate of over 12% and the constant upheaval from internal turbulence, urundi faces many challenges as it attempts trade with the rest of the world.

urundi's population was about 6 million people in 2003 (CIA, 2003), with a high death rate due to AIDS and infant mortality. One population factor affecting urundi's economy is that nearly 50% of the population is 14 years old or under (CIA, 2003). The birth rate is markedly high at nearly 40 per 1,000 population (CIA, 2003). The death rate is just under 18 per 1,000, giving a rapid growth in the number of children. Partly because of AIDS, which over 8% of the adults have, life expectancy is about 43…… [Read More]


CIA. 2003. "Burundi," in World Fact Book, last updated Dec. 18. Accessed via the Internet 2/23/05.

Clark, David. 1998. "Interdependent Urbanization in an Urban World: An Historical Overview." The Geographical Journal, Vol. 164.

Ngaruko, Floribert, and Nkurunziza, Janvier D. 2000. "An Economic Interpretation of Conflict in Burundi

Journal of African Economies, Vol. 9.
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Creation of the Third World

Words: 2320 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4705782

Origins of the Modern World

The old biological regime describes the way people made their livelihoods and achieved their status through their interactions with the land. In the 1400s, the global population was about 350 million people, 80% of whom were peasants. Consider that that figure represents about six percent of the current global population of about 6 billion people. In the years between 1400 and 1800, the population doubled, reaching about 720 to 750 million people. With so many people dependent on farming to make a living, producing crops for subsistence and selling the agricultural surplus to people who were non-agricultural, growth was constrained. The amount of arable land that was available determined the productivity of the land, with both factors working in tandem to influence population size. The people living on the land adapted to their environment, with population growth serving as an indicator of adaptive success. The…… [Read More]


Marks RB "The Origins of the Modern World." Second edition. Rowman & Littlefield

Mintz S. 1985 Sweetness & Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History, 1985
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Third World Cities Development

Words: 1741 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71698767

New Delhi:

Bazaar City Extraordinaire

Few people can imagine India without calling to mind its vast cultural, spiritual, and natural splendor. So, too, few non-Indian's can bring to mind the nation without imagining sprawling squalor, chaos (to the western mind), and the history of Gandhi. However, there is much more to India today that few non-Indians understand -- that is that the nation, once one of the most disadvantaged in the world, is now rising as one of the nations "most likely to succeed" educationally, economically, as well as politically.

New Delhi, the capital of modern India is an excellent representation of India as a whole. Sprawling over the Yamuna River, it has long held great governmental, political, and historical importance as the "seat of power" of several dynasties over the centuries. However, just where it "fits in" in the "taxonomy of cities," referred to in the work, "hat is…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fodor's. "Delhi." Retrieved from Web site on October 15, 2004, from<

GNTD. Government of National Capital Territory, Delhi. "Delhi's History." 2004. Retrieved from Web site on October 15, 2004, from
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Poor Countries Are Somehow Different Than Wealthy

Words: 652 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92240578

poor countries are somehow "different" than wealthy countries seems absurd. Of course they are different, and their differences are incredible. The people in wealthy countries are generally able to afford a better quality of life and have better access to education than people in poorer countries. Both of these innovations give people in wealthier countries greater access to leisure time, which can result in them being more political and more philosophical. As Sousken points out, "For many people, the alternative to work is starvation. This is particularly true in underdeveloped nations" (2010). When one is concerned about sustenance living, it can be difficult, if not impossible, to find the time and energy to devote to political or philosophical issues. This marks a huge difference between poorer and wealthy countries. It can also change the moral approach that people in poor countries take to certain issues. For example, to many Westerners,…… [Read More]


Skousen, M. (2010). Economic logic, 3rd Ed. Washington, DC: Capital Press.
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Origins of the 3rd World

Words: 1554 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28615426

This adds to the understanding of development of the Third World- which is shown in reality as a result of a combination of factors and not just climate changes or other 'natural' causes.

Central to the argument in the article by Davis is the view the ritish colonial empire in the 1800s, as the dominant economic power, influenced and affected other less-developed countries negatively and resulted ion the creation of the Third World. As the author states, the logic of Capitalism and the susceptibility of colonized nations led to the origins of the present division between the developed and less-developed countries. There is a certain moral criticism of these events in the Davis' article. "The route to this "new world order" is thus paved with the bodies of the poor" (Davis 29).

While there are of course many other aspects and answers to the question of the origins of the…… [Read More]


Davis M. Late Victorian Holocausts: El Nino Famines and the Making of the Third World. Verso: London and New York. 2001.
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International Trade for Developing Countries

Words: 929 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34187298

The orld Hunger organization ( assertsthat there is a bias in international trade rules that favor developed nations. hy? Developed nations control the orld Trade Organization, according to the orld Hunger organization; and as to export items like pharmaceuticals, developed countries have shown "reluctance" to allow developing countries "to produce or import low cost generic drugs for major illnesses, such as AIDS" (

Another example of this alleged unfairness can be viewed in light of the U.S. Sugar Tariffs and Brazil. In the ashington Post (Jeter, 2003) it is explained that though the U.S. extols the greatness of free trade, it does not always live up to that rhetoric. The U.S. imposes a tariff of 244% on sugar imports "...above a small quote of duty free sugar imports" (Jeter, 2003). "hile Brazil has both plentiful and fertile land and available workers, the 244% tariff that the U.S. Government levies on…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Jeter, John. "Brazilians Soured by U.S. Sugar Tariffs." Washington Post 10 September 2003. Retrieved March 3, 2009, at

Nogues, Julio J. "Unequal Exchange: Developing Countries in the International Trade

Negotiations." Murphy Institute Conference (2002). Retrieved March 4, 2009, at

Office of the United States Trade Representative. "The Benefits of Trade for Developing
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Changing World Map

Words: 4723 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99360523

Governments make and break alliances, treaties, and agreements for financial and political gains, as well as for power and control, all in a constantly fluid manner. Such changes have been taking place as long as there have been countries, so the maneuverings should not be of any surprise; what this paper seeks to do is determine how those ongoing changes reflect the current environment as well as how the alliances will influence governments over the next several years, and decades.

Historical Context -- World War I (1914 -- 1919)

A recent historical report states that "with deliberate deceptions, lies and attempts on all sides to appear as the wronged, it is little wonder that, after a hundred years, there is still no consensus on why the July Crisis escalated into the First World War" (Mombauer, 2014, p. 23). World War I was known as the war to end all wars,…… [Read More]


Bilefsky, D. & Baumejan, M.; (2015) Terrorists strike Charlie Hebdo, newspaper in Paris, leaving 12 dead, NY Times accessed on February 27, 2015 at /2015/01/08/world/europe/charlie-hebdo-paris-shooting.html

Bogdanor, V.; (2014) The shadows lengthen, History Today, 64(8)19-25

Bosco, D.; (2014) Assessing the UN Security Council: A concert perspective, Global Governance, 20(4) 545-561

Brinkley, J.; (2013) Islamic terror, World Affairs, 176(2) 43 -- 55
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Iceland Is a Country Most

Words: 2444 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25426466

However, the country recovered well and has improved its GDP considerably in the past decade.

The economic performance of Iceland has been good in recent years, with a growth in GDP over the past decade of 4% per annum, significantly bettering OECD growth over that period. Because of this, per capita GDP has recovered most of the ground lost in a preceding period of sluggish growth, making the country the fifth-wealthiest in the OECD on that benchmark:

Most of the rise in trend growth reflects productivity gains following the implementation of widespread structural reforms, which opened the economy and enhanced competition. Financial-market liberalization and privatization have unleashed entrepreneurial dynamism. Many companies have expanded abroad, and the country now plays a role that belies the small size of its economy. Labor markets have been increasingly opened to foreign participants, helping to reduce labor market tensions. ("Economic survey of Iceland 2006" para.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Economic Survey of Iceland 2006." April 23, 2007. /document/39/0,2340,en_2649_201185_37217255_1_1_1_1,00.html.

Frank, a.G. Capitalism and underdevelopment in Latin America; historical studies of Chile and Brazil. New York, Monthly Review Press, 1967.

Gilbert, Alan and Josef Gugler. Cities, Poverty, and Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Iceland." The CIA World Fact Book. April 24, 2007.
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Management How Does Today's World

Words: 320 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80236754

It is certainly easier to alert the general public to these incidents when they occur.

he result is that the fiscal practices of companies have to be like Caesar's wife: not only honorable, but above any reasonable suspicion. Companies must be more open and more forthcoming with their business practices.

Companies must also be more careful about with whom they do business because of such media scrutiny. Most people remember when Kathy Lee Gifford came under criticism for not knowing that her clothing line was sown by sweatshop workers in third world countries. Such media attention can seriously depress the bottom line, as Martha Stewart found out when she lied about insider trading.

In 2001 it is harder to keep secrets in business, and more important than ever that business practices be…… [Read More]

The result is that the fiscal practices of companies have to be like Caesar's wife: not only honorable, but above any reasonable suspicion. Companies must be more open and more forthcoming with their business practices.

Companies must also be more careful about with whom they do business because of such media scrutiny. Most people remember when Kathy Lee Gifford came under criticism for not knowing that her clothing line was sown by sweatshop workers in third world countries. Such media attention can seriously depress the bottom line, as Martha Stewart found out when she lied about insider trading.

In 2001 it is harder to keep secrets in business, and more important than ever that business practices be conducted with integrity.
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Politics Some Say That World

Words: 3064 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33301639

yan Dawson (2011) helps illustrate the way ideology shapes foreign policy by digging into Project for a New American Century files and showing how the PNAC reports are basically a lobbying tool for Israel. Dawson refers viewers of his documentary to PNAC many times in his attempt to show how the papers lay out the blueprint for American foreign policy post-9/11: "The policy of 'containment' of Saddam Hussein has been steadily eroding over the past several months. As recent events have demonstrated, we can no longer depend on our partners in the Gulf War coalition to continue to uphold the sanctions or to punish Saddam when he blocks or evades UN inspections." Such reports coupled with the yellow cake uranium story and the WMDs hoax, and of course the "harboring terrorists" myth, and the American public was read to back a war against Iraq -- even though Iraq was no…… [Read More]

Reference List

1962-Year in Review. (2011). Retrieved from

BusinessMate. (2009). Max Weber's Theory of Bureaucracy.

Retrieved from 

Chayevsky, P. [writer]. (1976). Network. Los Angeles: MGM.
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Looking Into Debts of Countries

Words: 1628 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20385264

External Debt Crisis of Developing Countries

Past studies on external debts have been done for two reasons. First, is that while borrowing from external sources can increase a nation's access to funding, borrowing from internal sources only transfers the existing resources within a country from one party to another, thus, only external borrowing can result in a 'transfer' problem (Keynes, 1929). Second, is that since financial regulatory authorities cannot just print hard currency that is required to repay debt from external sources, only external borrowing is associated with the vulnerabilities that may bring about debt crises. In terms of external debts, most countries don't know who specifically holds their debts, and thus, they categorize all debts from the international market as external, and all debts from internal markets as domestic (ECESAUN, 1999), thus, so-called external debt is, but a poor proxy for the transfer of financial resources between nations.

Foreign…… [Read More]


Chowdhury, A. R. (2001). "External Debt and Growth in Developing Countries; A Sensitivity and Causal Analysis." WIDER Discussion Paper No. 2001/95

Cunningham, R.T. (1993): "The Effects of Debt Burden on Economic Growth in Heavily Indebted Nations," Journal of Economic Development, pp 115-126

ECESAUN, 1999. ISBN: 92-1-121239-1 Finding solutions to the debt problems of developing countries. Chile: United Nations Publications United Nations.

ESCWA, 2008. Consultative Preparatory Meeting For The Follow-Up International Conference On Financing For Development. Doha: Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia United Nations.
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Denial in Today's World Weber

Words: 657 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60587637

And by the fouth paagaph on page 2, eades become awae that Webe is also blaming the Jewish community fo the toubles Ameicans ae expeiencing. An objective eview of Webe's essay cannot avoid seeing (by page 2) that Webe is anti-Semitic and that he blames Jews and immigants fo Ameica's decline. He attempts to mask some of his antipathy fo Jews and immigants in his hetoic. Fo example, on page 2, Webe says "no establishment politician, no matte how eloquent o seemingly sincee," can change the couse of the downslide, because Ameica's political, intellectual and cultual life "has been systematically skewed to seve alien inteests" (p. 2). What ae those "alien inteests"? Webe doesn't say but the implication is Jews and immigants, especially Latino immigants, have bought the county down.

He gives a pitch fo Saah Palin, who he says is "a souce of hope fo the futue." She would…… [Read More]

references Richard Nixon's anti-Semitism and asks the reader (or the listener) to accept that Nixon, "the most powerful man in the world," could not do anything about the "Jewish stranglehold" on the U.S. media.

Weber ends his essay -- more of a diatribe than a traditional essay -- by asking readers to "support" the IHR, and to accept that the "impact of Holocaust propaganda" is "corrosive." The media personalities on television are nothing more "than entertainers," he asserts; hence, the "crying need in our nation today is candor, courage and truthfulness," he concludes.
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Economics Country's Economy Is Driven

Words: 1028 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83619600

These decisions necessarily entail that some potentially productive opportunities are sacrificed in order to make what is estimated as the most productive choice.

Supply and demand refer to specific products and services, the ability to provide these, and the level at which they are desired by the target market. uyers desire a product or services, and therefore demand a certain quantity of these at a certain price. The relationship between the price and quantity of desirability is the demand relationship. Supply is the actual quantity of the product or service that the market can provide. The concept of supply relationship is the correlation between supply and the price received by the supplier, who is willing to supply a certain amount of products at the price received.

The dynamic in the relationship between demand and supply has a direct influence on the efficient allocation of resources within an economy, as well…… [Read More]

Bibliography (2002-2007). Production Possibility Frontier. 

The Times 100. (1995-2008). Demand and Supply. -- 239.php

Schenk, Robert. Scarcity and Choice.
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Globalization Poor Countries Containing the

Words: 1476 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35401439

In fact it is large companies and the inequities of international trade which are the root causes of rainforest destruction." Consider the following facts:(1)M millions of hectares of primary rainforests are being destroyed in South East Asia by logging, and the driving force in this industry is not the local population but international demand for timber; (2) in Central America, 40% of all the rainforests have been cleared or burned down in the last 40 years, mostly for cattle pasture to feed the export market; (3) "Latin American environment groups have cited skewed land distribution as the most important factor frustrating the conservation and sustainable use of rainforest areas; and (4) the economic exploitation of poorer countries by the world's industrialized nations underlines much of the over-exploitation of tropical ecosystems by populations without land or employment.

This inevitably calls for reform in relation to both bilateral and multilateral aid policies…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Developing Countries Miss Out in Trade Globalization International Labor Organization Press Alert 1997 November 6 Tuesday Edition Online available at:

The Causes of Tropical Deforestation" Revington (1991) New Renaissance magazine Vol. 3, No. 2.

Brown, Lester R., and others. Vital Signs 2003. W.W. Norton, 2003, 158

The Worldwatch Institute documents the trends that are shaping our future in concise analyses and clear tables and graphs.
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Non-American Culture the World Outside

Words: 2709 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15001249

Workers are employed in fisheries, mining, and defense industries while the farmers work in the agricultural collectives. Standards of living are defined by the family background as to the political and ideological heritage. The children of revolutionaries (those who died in the Korean War) are given special educational opportunities at an elite school called the Mangyndae Revolutionary Institute. However, the children and descendants of those who were in collaboration with the Japanese or the "exploiting class" are considered to be 'bad elements' in the society.

North Korea supports equality in aspect of the genders. The employment of women is expected and demanded by the South Korean government and those working with children under the age of four are expected to put the children in permanent nurseries if there is no family to take care of them while the mother works. However, the women are paid less than are men and…… [Read More]


Edgell, Alvin G. (2003) Globalization and Cultural Encounters 2003

International and Third World Studies Journal and Review Vol. XIV 2003 Dept

Political Science Kent State University.

Opondo, Patricia a. (2000) Cultural Policies in Kenya 2000 May 1 Arts
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How Does Tourism Help to Reduce Poverty in Developing Countries

Words: 1234 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26160361

tourism reduce poverty?






Risk Factors:

The only risk factors involved in writing this paper are coordinating time so that I am not stretched too thin for any one class. At the same time I must balance school work with class work and so that is another factor to consider. udgeting time incorrectly is the greatest risk factor. To mitigate this risk, I will devise my schedule for the next month at work so that there are no surprises in this area and everything will be clear.

The only other apparent risk factor is in not finding sufficient material to help me collect data, comprehensively understand the subject area, or find enough information on the topic to provide for clear analysis. However, from a survey of databases, it appears that this subject has been researched in the past, so a literature review should yield strong results.…… [Read More]


Hummel, J., Gujadhur, T., Ritsma, N. (2013). Evolution of tourism approaches for poverty reduction impact in SNV Asia: cases from Lao PDR, Bhutan, and Vietnam. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 18(4): 369-384.

Manyara, G., Jones, E. (2007). Community-based tourism enterprises development in Kenya: an exploration of their potential as avenues of poverty reduction. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 15(6): 628-644.

Spenceley, A., Meyer, D. (2012). Tourism and poverty reduction: theory and practice in less economically developed countries. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 20(3): 297-317.
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Why Human Trafficking Occurs in the World

Words: 2186 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48147556

Peril of Human Trafficking

All over the world, human beings are bought and sold like slaves: this is known as the scourge of human trafficking. Human trafficking can take many forms. There is trafficking of persons involved in forced labor, forced prostitution, child labor, migrant smuggling and manipulation. No matter the form, the outcome is always the same -- trafficking is a violation of human rights. The United Nations has issued a very clear and stark warning to the world regarding the severity and seriousness of human trafficking: "Virtually every country in the world is affected by these crimes" (UNODC, 2015). To put a stop to it, the UN has partnered with six organizations "committed to combating human trafficking" (UNGIFT, 20015). This paper will discuss the nature of human trafficking, how and why it violates human rights and international law, and how it can be stopped.

At Its oot Human…… [Read More]


ACT. (2015). The Children Market. ACT. Retrieved from 

Become a Partner. (2015). LOVE146. Retrieved from 

Coalition. (2015). Against Trafficking in Women. CAT. Retrieved from 

End Trafficking. (2015). UNICEF. Retrieved from /end" target="_blank" REL="NOFOLLOW">
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The World Bank and the UN Promote Programs to Lift People Out of Poverty

Words: 698 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72622864

Economics & Global Health

Economically deprived nations are places where poverty is widespread, and poverty almost always leads to some form of hunger; facts show that people who do not have enough nutrients become ill. This is the deadly cycle that many developing countries face. "Poverty is the principal cause of hunger," according to the UN's Education Service; and the principal underlying cause of " ... poverty and hunger" is poorly administered economic and political systems. Control over those systems is often based on "military, political, and economic power that typically ends up in the hands of a minority"; those in power often live quite well while those at the bottom of the ladder " ... barely survive" ( This paper delves into the problem of poor economics, poverty, and global health issues.

Hunger: The United Nations / orld Bank Programs

The United Nations and the orld Bank have programs…… [Read More]

Works Cited

The World Bank. (2015). Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger by 2015. Retrieved

December 9, 2015, from .

World Hunger Education Service. (2015). 2015 World Hunger and Poverty Facts and Statistics. Retrieved December 9, 2015, from
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Country China and Foreign Policy With Reference

Words: 2535 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83583773


China and Foreign Policy

With reference to any ONE country you have studied, how far does interdependence shape its foreign policy and in what ways

A Brief History of Chinese Foreign Affairs

China eforms

Current Foreign Policy

Foreign elations and Interdependency

China is an emerging force in the world, and it seems only to be natural, as the Chinese civilization is one of the ancient civilizations of the world. In fact theorists seem to question the reasons for its downfall, as it is the largest and has historically been the cultural and educational center for the world.

As far as its foreign policy is concerned, the Chinese government deals with it in a unique way, where the foreign affairs are the business of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which falls under the ambit of a department called the "Foreign Affairs Leading Small Group of the Communist Party of China."…… [Read More]


Barboza, D. 2011. Entrepreneur's Rival in China: The State. New York Times .

Chen, J. 1979. China and the West . Hutchinson.

China. n.d. [Online] Available at: (26 January 2012)

China's Foreign Affairs and International Relations. 2012. . [Online] Available at: (26 January 2012)
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World War II Also Marked

Words: 2272 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99236996

The demonstration in Tiananmen Square showed that there were alrge semgnets of the population that wanted change, but Deng's response was to crush the movement with violence and to assert the supremacy ofm centalzied rule once more..

These actions show some of the difficulties of independence and of developing a new political structure when many adhere to older political structures and ideas. One response is to try to wipe out the old with violence, but regimes tend to become reactionary about their own ideas as well and to crush any opposition, real of perceived.

9. Arab unity has not materialized for a number of historical reasons related to the different ways in which the countries of the region have developed so that the leaders of some of the states are wary of other leaders, because of differences in economic structures in the various countries, and because of different reactions to…… [Read More]

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World Geography and Economics

Words: 915 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91149918

Geography & Economics

Common Market of the South: "Mercado Comun Sur"

This work intends to explore Mercosur and understand the goals and objectives, economic significance as well as the advantages and disadvantages for the countries involved and to identify the method used in dispute resolution. Finally, to identify future plans and objectives of Mercosur.

Mercado Comun Sur" or, Common Market of the South in English, is a marketing structure composed of four Latin American Countrys who have through complementation agreements, a type of trade agreement, managed to find cohesiveness together. Argentina and razil have long been rivals in the world of trade. However, along with Uruguay and Paraguay established an environment of cohesive streamlined trade and the reward is having a competitive edge in today's volatile and troubled global market. Officially established in 1995, the Common Market of the South operates under the established guidelines of the Assuncion Treaty.

I.…… [Read More]


The Mercosur" [Online] available at

EU Talks Deadline in Doubt" [Online] available at

Castilo. Marta R. (2004) "EU - Mercosur FTA: An Evaluation of the Vulnerability of Mercosur Imports" Chaire Mercosur" de Sciences Po [Online] available at paper_4.pdf

O'Keefe, Thomas Andrew "Dispute Resolution in Mercosur" [Online] available at
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Country Evaluation

Words: 2038 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7685590

Country Evaluation

Pakistan is the South Asian country and was established in 1947. It shares border with India, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Iran and China. It has a coastline spanning of 1,046 km with Arabian Sea. The country has highest peaks in the world that are K2 and Nanga Parbat of Karakorum and Pamir in the northern and western highlands of Pakistan. Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi provide the major by air gateways to Pakistan. India and Iran also provides the way to reach Pakistan by train.

There are several favorable characteristics that make Pakistan an ideal country for an international business. However, the country is facing imbalanced economic, societal and political conditions since independence due to which investors gets reluctant to invest in the country. This report reviews the favorable and unfavorable aspects of Pakistan for U.S. investors.

Investors need to consider various factors before making investment for an international business. First…… [Read More]


Dawn. (2012, May 27). Taxation and Foreign Investment. Retrieved July 23, 2012, from Dawn:

Khan, A.H. (2012, January 31). Instability and Economy. Pakistan.

Mahmood, J. (2012, 07-16). Pakistani Stock Market, Rupee Exchange Rate Rise. Karachi, Pakistan.

Masood. (2010, June 3). Foreign Direct Investment in Pakistan. Pakistan.
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Third Way Supply Chain Strategy in VF

Words: 3205 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71044916

Third Way Supply Chain Strategy

VF Supply Chain Strategy

This paper examines VF rands global supply chain strategy as it transitioned to its "Third Way" sourcing strategy. Until 2009, VF's sourcing had followed the more traditional model that was typical of the industry. As with many other apparel companies, VF's supply chain strategy was focused on chasing low cost labor from one country to the next. The industry had evolved to the point that apparel was produced just about "everywhere on Earth," and they, like many of their competitors, had run out of new "low cost" places to source production. This situation led to the conclusion by Chris Fraser, the president of Supply Chain International for VF rands, that it was time that start finding cost savings by managing their supply chain more efficiently.

Rockford Consulting Group (2009) defines a supply chain as a stream of processes of moving goods…… [Read More]


Blanchard, D. 2009, Top nine supply chain challenges for 2009, Industry Week, [Online] Available at:

Butcher, D.R. 2010. A new year of supply chain challenges and opportunities. Industry Market Trends, [Online] Available at:

Carter, P.L., Monczka, R.M., Ragatz, G.L., & Jennings, P.L. 2009, Supply Chain Integration: Challenges and Good Practices, CAPS Research, [Online] Available at:

DeAngilis, S. 2011. IBM's top five supply chain challenges, [Online] Available at:
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World War Turning Point Europe Significant Change

Words: 2238 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90985032

World War Turning Point Europe, Significant Change Occurred Emergence Legitimate evolutionary egimes

Self-Determination in Cuba

There are few who would dispute the fact that following the conclusion of World War II and prior to its revolution (which began in 1953 and concluded on January 1 of 1959) Cuba was a prosperous region of the world that was certainly worth fighting for. The country's leader prior to the ascendancy of Fidel Castro, Fulgencio Batista, had cleverly manipulated the assistance of a number of external forces, primarily that of the United States, to assist the country in achieving a degree of economic gain and modernity the likes of which were comparable to, if not surpassing, those of other parts of the world.

Its economic prowess may be demonstrated from the following quotation. "Cuba in 1958, prior to the government of the Communist Fidel Castro, paid its employees an average of $3.00 per…… [Read More]


Epperson, R.A. (1985). The Unseen Hand. Arizona: Publius.

Guevara, C. (2005). Cuba: Historical Exception or Vanguard in the Colonial Struggle? Retrieved from

Kapur, T., Smith, A. (2002). "Housing Policy In Castro's Cuba." Retrieved from

Jones, L. (1966). Home. New York: William Morrow and Co.
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Country of Origin Effect on

Words: 6167 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86751866

With this in mind communications strategy has to be developed and implemented. The central debate remains that of degree of uniformity. The pros and cons are obvious, i.e. economies of scale, consistent message across markets, centralized control, different market characteristics, media availability and costs and government regulations (alabanis & Diamantopoulos, 2011). The stronger argument appears to be that different strategy appears to work in different situations, rather than a totally standardized campaign. Once these geographical issues are decided upon then the scope of the campaign, objectives and elements of strategy can be worked on. If the organization develops a message for one market and then transposes this intact into others or if it develops a message with a number of markets in mind from the start, it may be centrally conceived in both cases (Han, 2009; Wills & Ryans, 1977).

This is popular because of co-ordination and control providing the…… [Read More]


Ahmed, S.A., a. d'Atrous and M.E. Adraoui. 1994. 'Country-of-Origin Effects on Purchasing Managers Product Perceptions.' Industrial Marketing Management 23 (July): 323-332.

Keller, Kevin Lane. 1993. Conceptualizing, Measuring, and Managing Customer-Based Brand Equity. Journal of Marketing, Vol. 57, No. 1. pp. 1-22

Shirin, Khosrozadeh; Kambiz, Heidarzadeh Hanzaee. 2011. The Effect of the Country-of-Origin Image, Product Knowledge and Product Involvement on Consumer Purchase Decisions. Chinese Business Review, August Vol. 10, No. 8, 601-615

Bailey, W. And S.A. Gutierrez de Pineres. 2007. 'Country of Origin Attitudes in Mexico: The Malinchismo Effect.' Journal of International Consumer Marketing 9 (3): 25-41.
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Country Report Spain This Report

Words: 2642 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25618498

An interesting trend has been registered in the service industry, especially in the field of tourism. One of the main engines of Spanish economy in the past, now tourism in this country faces fierce competition from Eastern Europe countries. The beautiful resorts in Palma del Majorca and Costa rava must compete with low cost sea side resort, which offer similar services at incredibly low prices. Another field which needs reforms and reformulation policy is the agricultural and fishery one, which accounts only 4.1% out of GDP, although the important political forces attached to this sensible sector.

In order to be able to face the challenges and the opportunities on the regional and global market, Spain needs reforms in most fields of activity. Unemployment level is one of the highest in EU 9.2% at the end of 2005, while the rate of inflation was around 3.4 per cent in 2005, which…… [Read More]


1) Carol Matlack and Joan Tarzian - 'Spain: Immigrants Welcome', Business Week, May 21, 2007

2) 'Plain sailing no longer', the Economist print edition, 3rd of March 2007.

3) 'Spanish property - the pain in Spain', 26th of April 2007.

4) Human Development Index report, for the year 2006
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World Is Flat A Brief

Words: 2218 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16365082

Friedman considers insourcing to be flattener number eight, because it allows small companies to compete like major supply-chain companies. Insourcing refers to hiring another company to handle a company's supply chain. UPS is the major supplier for insourcing services in the United States. Friedman believes that insourcing flattens in three ways: by letting little companies compete in the global market; by dissolving barriers between companies; and by standardizing business practices across companies.

Finally, Friedman looks at a group of flatteners that he refers to as the steroids. These are small flatteners that have the effect of amplifying the other flatteners. Mobile steroids are those technologies allowing people to work in non-traditional environments and include cellular phones, laptops, and wireless internet access. Personal steroids are those things that give power to the individual, and include personal computers, search engines, and peer-to-peer file sharing. While these flatteners are not powerful enough to…… [Read More]


Friedman, T. (2007). The world is flat: a brief history of the twenty-first century. New York:

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Country Husband by John Cheever

Words: 701 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39952481

Country Husband

The author John Cheever is a suburbia novelist. However, in his short story The Country Husband, Mr. John Cheever has exposed suburbia's murky and dark side, which traps its people in a conformity web. The main character and leading role of the story Francis Weed is a winning, middle-aged man, working in New York City where his life is of genteel satisfaction and who lived in the suburbs. The whole story and plot revolves around this main character.

Analysis of the story

Rising Action:

As The Country Husband opens, the author brings Francis Weed in a conflict with his own mortality; when the plane due to bad weather flying from Minneapolis to New York made an emergency landing. Thus, Francis experience begins in terms of thinking of his life in more heroic terms than he was familiar to do before.

Since, after his arrival at home none of…… [Read More]

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Third Parties Third Party Politics

Words: 1557 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26896831

Conclusion: The Benefits of a Third-Party Friendly System

hile both proponents and those in opposition to a two-party system have well-founded arguments, the third-party friendly system is the system that most makes sense in today's modern democracy. As presidential candidates John McCain and Barack Obama have made clear, the American people are ready for change. They are tired of the same old formula Republicans and Democrats, and they want to be represented by candidates whom they can truly feel represented by. A coalition government consisting of third parties would accomplish that change. Although this government may take longer to arrive at decisions, it would ultimately come up with the decisions that the majority of the Americans want, while still including the opinions of the minority. These coalitions would pass laws that were more representative of what America wants. Instead of retreating into the old, tired formula of choice a or…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Evolution of American political parties from the Revolution to Reconstruction." 23

August 2003. Everything2. 26 October 2008. Everything2.

What is the history of 'third parties' in the United States?" This 2008. This 26 October 2008. .
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Country Study China International Trade and Finance

Words: 2462 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28415886

Country Study: China

International trade and finance



China Economic Issues with Trade

Suggestions for improving trading practices




China, officially the People's epublic of China (PC), is considered to be a sovereign state located in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population that has over 1.35 billion. The People epublic of China is a single-party state which is supervised by the Communist Party, with its seat of government in the capital city of Beijing (Naughton, 2012). It handles a regions that is over some 22 provinces, five of them are autonomous districts, four are direct-regulated cities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two typically self-governing special administrative districts (Macau and Hong Kong ). (Snyder, 2011)The PC People epublic of China likewise makes the claim that Taiwan -- which is mostly controlled by the epublic of…… [Read More]


Lin, Cai and Li, The China Miracle. (2003, September 26). Retrieved from Chinese University Press:,+Cai+and+Li,+The+China+Miracle,+Chinese+University+Press,+2003&hl=en&sa=X&ei=8CRCUqmkFaTx2QX01oGwDg&ved=0CDEQuwUwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false

Penn World Tables. (2013, September 7). Long run time series of comparable main economic aggregates for many countries in the world.

World bank World Development Indicators. (2013, September). Time series of economic and social indicators for every country in the world (annual frequency). .

Assem Reda, A.H. (2012). Exploring egypt-china bilateral trade: Dynamics and prospects. Journal of Economic Studies, 39(3), 314-326.
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How the US Became a World Power

Words: 750 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35120453

U.S. As a World Power

The United States became a world power between 1890 and 1974 through the winning of World Wars and through economic growth and stability. By 1890, the U.S. economy was the best in the world, and American industry was producing double what Britain was. During that time, though, the U.S. was not strong militaristically or diplomatically, as these were areas on which it needed to work. In the meantime, the U.S. was focused on its industry and on helping poorer nations that were considered "backward" at the time and that were struggling in an effort to grow and develop into countries with stronger economies that were better able to help take care of their citizens. While the U.S. was engaged in humanitarian efforts at home and around the world, it also began to develop more on a diplomatic level. This was needed as the tensions that…… [Read More]

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Globalized World in the Modern

Words: 3488 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6249351

This is the risk countries take by entering the world economy.

China is an emerging economic power in the world. This has come about due to the enormous market there -- almost two billion people -- and their gradual movement into the global economy. China, Malaysia, and Singapore are all entering the last stage of economic development and much of their success has been a result of foreign direct investment. "Foreign direct investment has played an important role in many -- but not all -- of the most successful development stories in countries such as Singapore and Malaysia, and even China," (Stiglitz 67). Advocates of the world economy suggest that the third world nations in sub-Saharan Africa and Central America follow these examples.

However, the relative "success" of the second world nations has come about through cooperation with tyrannical governments and the exploitation of the working class. By making a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bush, George W. "The National Security Strategy of the United States of America." Speeches delivered September 17 and June 1, 2002.

Downing, David. Capitalism: Political and Economic Systems. Chicago: Heinemann Library, 2003.

Friedman, Thomas L. The Lexus and the Olive Tree: Understanding Globalization. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1999.

Greenspan, Alan. "Banking in a Global World." Chicago: Delivered to the Conference on Bank Structure and Competition, May 6, 2004.
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Arms Sales to the Third

Words: 1297 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46952975

S.S.R.'s collapse have left America as the only global Super Power, but burdened with a $4/5 trillion deficit, declining economic- military resources and uncertain leadership. America's internationalism will increasingly rely on closer cooperation with the United Nations and the West to foster international stability and stronger Western solidarity (2).

Chinese arms sales to the Middle East became controversial, particularly in the United States, because of China's willingness to export tactical and strategic missiles, regardless of the consequences to regional stability. In response, the United States began to pressure and to restrain its ballistic-missile exports. Chinese leaders maintained that their country had adopted a prudent and responsible policy on arms sales, selling only a limited quantity of weapons. Nevertheless, China's attempts to use the international security framework to its own advantage were contradictory. China's withdrawal from the Perm Five arms-transfer talks, sale of M-11 missile components to Pakistan, undercut the credibility…… [Read More]


Keller, William W. & Nolan, Janne E., the Arms Trade: Business as Usual?. Vol. 109, Foreign Policy, 12-01-1997

Rimanelli, Marco, East-West arms control and the fall of the U.S.S.R., 1967-1994: radical change or expedient accommodation?. Vol. 29, East European Quarterly, 06-22-1995pp 237(37).

Sismanidis, Roxane D.V., China and the Post-Soviet security structure.. Vol. 21, Asian Affairs: An American Review, 04-01-1994 pp 39.

Author not available, arms trade., the Hutchinson Dictionary of World History, 01-01-1998
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United States Still the World's

Words: 3011 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27607486

Models of Media and Politics

A review of media / political models sheds some light on why the United States' cultural themes have been such a dominant dynamic in Europe, among other global venues. In describing the three models of media and politics, Daniel C. Hallin and Paolo Mancini report that the media in Southern Europe (the "Mediterranean" or "Polarized Pluralist Model") is "an institution of the political and literary worlds" more than it is market-driven (Hallin, et al., 2004 90). The North and Central European model is called the "Democratic Corporatist Model" -- and is certainly more market-driven and far less politically driven; and the third model is the "North Atlantic" or "Liberal model" of media and politics (Hallin 87).

The North Atlantic or Democratic Corporatist model, according to Mark a. aker II encompasses Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the "Low Countries" and Scandinavia, and can be broken down into three…… [Read More]


Arango, Tim, 2008, 'World Falls for American Media, Even as it Sours on America. The New York Times, Retrieved Nov. 24, 2010, from .

Artz, Lee, and Kamalipour, Yahya, 2007, the Media Globe: Trends in International Mass Media. Rowman & Littlefield: Landham, MD.

Baker, Mark a., 2010, 'Hallin & Mancini, the North / Central European or Democratic Corporatist Model by: Mark a. Baker II', Global Media. Retrieved Nov. 24, 2010, from .

Hallin, Daniel C., and Mancini, Paolo, 2004, Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics. Cambridge University Press: New York.
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Theodore Levitt the World and Consumers in

Words: 2855 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74937228

Theodore Levitt, the world and consumers in particular are moving towards having similar likes, preferences, and tastes and these have caused people to prefer the same products the world over. These products that are given preference are those that are liked by everyone else. "Everyone in the increasingly homogenized world market wants products and features that everybody else wants." Levitt, 1984.

This statement is true in the world that we currently see, and this should be the focus of all marketing campaigns whether they are aimed at building brand awareness, changing the attitudes of consumers, or just trying to increase sales of a product. By simply creating a product that will become the preference of many, it is remarkably easy to capture and penetrate the market and thus boost sales by a large margin.

Levitt also argues that "different cultural preferences, national tastes and standards, and business institutions are the…… [Read More]


BELK, R.W., GER, G. & ASKEGAARD, S. 2003. The Fire of Desire: A Multisited Inquiry into Consumer Passion. Journal of Consumer Research, 30, 326-351.

BELK, R.W., GER, G. & ASKEGAARD, S.R. 1997. Consumer desire in three cultures: Results from Projective Research. Advances in Consumer Research Volume, 24, 24-28.

HOLLIS, N. 2009. Global Brands, Local Cultures. Research World, July/August.

KOSTERA, M. 2006. The Narrative Collage As Research Method. Storytelling, Self, Society, 2, 5-27.
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The World Population and Urbanization

Words: 980 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88515881

Dasgupta (2018) shows in his article on urban growth around the world, that by the year 2050 approximately 70% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. This means that cities are going to have a major impact not only on the lives of human beings but also on the planet, as there will be a concentrated amount of energy and activity in these urban parts of the world. Moreover, aside from environmental concerns there are likely to be social issues that emanate from this intense localization of the population into vast cities. As Coleman and Kerbo (2009) point out, how these areas are socially organized will be very critical to how well they are maintained and how well the inhabitants of these areas are striving to take care of their world: “Young people may be inadequately socialized because of problems in the institution of the family, or society…… [Read More]

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Second World by Parag Khanna

Words: 1932 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94316399

The lack of coverage of Russia just becomes more noticeable when one considers the invasion of Georgia earlier this year. For Russia, their partnerships are more about military domination. The author does not discuss their being a world power in their own right. Second, another shortcoming of this book is the lack of just how China will be able to manage to get out of being just a manufacturing center. Third, the author tries too hard to cover too many countries at times and the points he is trying to make lose focus.

Implications of the Book on International Business

There are major implications for international business from this book. First, there is the challenge to companies operating in each of the three super powers on how to expand into second world nations where other super powers are already competing for resources. An example of this would be an American…… [Read More]

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Policy Formulation in a World

Words: 5010 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31469771

This balkanization is partially driven by the lack of integration between various segments of itself, and this is primarily a technological limitation. Yet the far broader and more difficult challenge in this regard is the segregating of knowledge not just for profit, but for lasting competitive advantage between nations. On the one hand there is the need for competitive differentiation in company's offerings, yet in others including the sharing of primary research in medicine and biomedical fields and stem cell research there is the ethical responsibility to share these insights gained to foster solutions to the world's most pressing medical problems. M. Van Alstyne and E. Brynjolfsson, researchers on the growth patterns and threat of Internet balkanization from MIT, remark in their conference paper from a 1996 conference that the balkanization of science is a significant threat. The two MIT researchers cite the studies they have completed showing how despite…… [Read More]


ESRI (2006). Environmental Systems Research Institute. Retrieved from the Internet on July 14, 2006. (

Gates Technology Foundation (2005). Interviews and on-site visits with GIS planners and network technicians while donating servers, laptops, and desktop computers for a major PC manufacturer. Onsite interviews in Seattle, Washington. April, 2005.

HHS (2006). Federal Register Data on Poverty Line Statistics by size of household. January 24, 2006. See table 1 of this document.

Pew Center for Internet Research (2006). Key statistics downloaded from the Internet on February 14, 2006.
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Strategic Reasons Why Countries Undertake Protectionist Measures

Words: 2676 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81201891

Protectionist Strategies

Strategic easons why countries

Protectionist Theories and Measures


Import Quotas

Administrative barriers

Anti-dumping laws

Direct subsidies


Exchange ate Manipulation

International patent systems

Protectionism is a concept through which governments and states exercise control over the trading patterns of the country and use measures that in turn are expected to help the domestic industry develop.

The main argument that we shall be following for this essay is that Free trade can only be "free" when nations and states are at the same level. Forcing economies to open up can only cause chaos and ruin for those economies. Therefore some measures of protectionism are valid and should be allowed to countries without there being any penalizing measures.

The notion behind this theory, since earlier day's lies in the fact, that government officials have long been of the opinion, as explained by the following paragraph (Lighthizer, 2008):

"For almost…… [Read More]


Bartlett, B. 1998, July. The Truth about Trade in History. Retrieved November 22, 2011, from CATO Institute Web Site:

Gwartney, J.D., Stroup, R.L., Sobel, R.S., & MacPherson, D. 2008 . Economics: Private and Public Choice. Mason: Cengage Learning.

Kaempfer, W., Tower, E., & Willett, T. 2002. Trade Protectionism. Encyclopedia of Public Choice .

Lipsey, R.G., & Chrystal, K.A. 2007. Economics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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Ecofeminism Attracting the World's Attention

Words: 6366 Length: 19 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94121518

Women and water in India. In the villages of North Gujarat in India, so much groundwater has been removed that water supplies are now becoming scarce, according to hawana Upadhyay, writing in the journal Agriculture and Human Values. Women in North Gujarat are basically looked upon as "…domestic water users while men are seen as productive water users, despite the fact that women make significant use of water for productive purposes as well"

(Upadhyay, 2005, p. 411). Domestic water usage in India goes well beyond drinking and cooking, Upadhyay writes. Dalit women in Nepal for example grow commercial vegetable crops with the water they draw; they utilize a drip system, which costs just $12 to install, and it results in a profit of around $80 annually. Without a source of safe water, the livelihood of these women would disappear. Still, women's use of water tends to be classified as domestic,…… [Read More]


Buckingham, Susan, 2004, 'Ecofeminism in the Twenty-First Century', the Geographical Journal, Vol. 170, No. 2, 146-154.

Crow, Ben, and Sultana, Farhana, 2002, 'Gender, Class, and Access to Water: Three Cases in a Poor and Crowded Delta', Society and Natural Resources, Vol. 15, 709-724.

Dobscha, Susan, and Ozanne, Julie L. 2001. 'An Ecofeminist Analysis of Environmentally Sensitive Women Using Qualitative Methodology: The Emancipatory Potential of an Ecological Life', Journal of Public Policy & Marketing, Vol. 20, No. 2, 201-214.

Eaton, Heather, 'Ecofeminism and Globalization', Feminist Theology, Vol. 8, No. 41, 41-55.
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Management of Technology in Developing Countries Such as Iran

Words: 3432 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23736333

Management of Technology in Developing Countries Such as Iran

Technology management arrangements of developing countries vary from those of first world ones. The requirement for skill in these states is not growing from within, but somewhat cropping up from new wares imported from first world countries. Technological growth in addition does not consequence from inner data and research, but resulting upon the technology transmission from abroad. In these environments, technology management by customary way is barely effective. These are troubles facing the Islamic epublic of Iran these days and as a consequence organizations controlling the technology management endure non-compliance, then technological development does not trail an accurate trend (obertson, 2002).

Lack of distinctive management, vagueness of technological precedence's, misunderstanding of policy-making roles and inter-organization implementation and management, tremendous government involvement in all fields and lack of specialist manpower are amongst the vital troubles of the topic (Sveiby et. al 2001).…… [Read More]


(1.) Abou-Zeid, E.S. "A Knowledge Management Reference Model." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(5), 2002. pp. 486-499.

(2.) Bender S. And Fish A. "The Transfer of Knowledge and the Retention of Expertise: The Continuing Need for Global Assignments." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(2), 2008. pp. 125-135.

(3.) Beveren, V.J. "A Model of Knowledge Acquisition that Refocuses Knowledge Management." Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(1), 2002. pp. 18-22.

(4.) Bhatt, G. "Organizing Knowledge in the Knowledge Development Cycle." Journal of Knowledge Management, 4(1), 2009. pp. 15-26.
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Science and Technology Assisting Third

Words: 361 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93117349

I would also argue that these donations were not expenses; they are investments in these economies and their growth. It is in furthering the standard of living for these nations that the corporation I was leader of fulfilled its mission as an organization. In any organization capable of this level of philanthropy there is also the ability to invest in new product development. Concentrating on partnering with these nations and with other companies is critical for the long-term viability of their economies and for the growth of CS programs globally in the pharmaceutical industry (Wechsler, 2006). While there is not an ethical requirement to do this, there is the moralistic one and more importantly, the need to do well by doing good and enriching others less fortunate.


Craig Smith. (2009). Bounded goodness: marketing implications of Drucker on corporate responsibility. Academy of Marketing Science. Journal, 37(1), 73.

etrieved March 6,…… [Read More]


Craig Smith. (2009). Bounded goodness: marketing implications of Drucker on corporate responsibility. Academy of Marketing Science. Journal, 37(1), 73.

Retrieved March 6, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1654388551).

Jill Wechsler. (2006, September). New Partnerships Pursue Old Diseases. Pharmaceutical Executive, 26(9), 50,52. Retrieved March 7, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1137181681).
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Today's International Relations and World Politics

Words: 1652 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33969143

Biggest Challenges

The Three Biggest Challenges Facing the International Community & How They Affect International Relations

In my opinion, the three biggest challenges facing the international community are:


Terrorism, and

Nuclear Proliferation

These challenges have assumed crucial importance in recent times and have significantly affected international relations. If the international community fails to tackle these issues satisfactorily over the next few decades, they may become uncontrollable with overwhelming consequences for the whole world. This essay looks briefly at these three issues in turn and explains how they affect the current and future international relations.


Economic and social inequality has assumed grotesque proportions in recent times and the indications are that it is on the rise. For example, the richest 1% in the world (50 million people) have income equivalent to the poorest 57% (2.6 billion people) and four fifths of the world's population live below what countries in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cohn, Marjorie. "Understanding, Responding to and Preventing Terrorism." Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ) (2002): 25+.

Eland, Ivan. "Bush Administration Bluster Exacerbates Nuclear Proliferation." The Independent Institute. May 2, 2005. May 3, 2005.

Elliott, Larry and Charlotte Denny. "Top 1% earn as much as the poorest 57%." Guardian Unlimited. January 18, 2002. May 3, 2005.

"Inequality." World 2005. May 3, 2005.
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Effects of the Post World War II Occupation on Japan's Government and Politics

Words: 3528 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82503553

ar and Occupation: The Effects of the U.S. Occupation on Japan's Government and Politics

The recent change in the American foreign policy direction which has seen the replacement of its traditional anti-colonialist tilt by the neo-conservative belief of guided nation building evokes a lot of interest in the history of United State's occupation of post world war II Japan. Although each such occupation is different -- the political, social and cultural environment as well as the historical context of every war and country being different-- it is interesting to study how the Americans handled the re-building of Japan in the post-orld ar II period.

There is no doubt that the United State government's influence in shaping the future of Japan was overwhelming. In fact it would not be wrong to state that Japan's current political and economic status as a first world power is a direct result of the guiding…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bell, P.M.H. "The World Since 1945: An International History.": New York: Oxford University Press, 2001

Dower, John W. "Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II." New York: Norton/Free Press:, 1999

Dower, John W. "Why Iraq is not Japan." Mercury News. Apr. 27, 2003. July 2, 2003.

Gordon, Bill. "The Allied Occupation of Japan." May 2000. July 2, 2003
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Trafficking in Developing Countries

Words: 3266 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84946528

Dreams Deferred

Trafficking and Prostitution in the Developing orld

The world can be a harsh place, especially if you live in a developing nation, and especially if you are a woman. Lack of food and adequate housing, lack of access to good educational and medical facilities, an oppressive, often male-dominated social system - these are just some of the problems faced by millions of women each and every day of their lives. For most there is no hope of escape. Each new dawn brings with it the same sense of despair; the same feeling that one is a prisoner of one's fate. Change is slow in the developing world. Progress, if it comes at all, comes only very gradually, painfully, and often at a high price. Many of the nations of the Third orld were only recently communist, or colonies of the estern powers. Many still have one foot in…… [Read More]

Works Cited

1. Binder, David. "Country Report: Albania - Country Sends Its Own to Europe and Beyond." MSNBC News., 2002. URL:

2. Binder, David. "Country report: Bosnia - In a Post-War Zone the Sex trade Flourishes." MSNBC News., 2002. URL:

3. Binder, David. "Country Report: Yugoslavia - After Milosevic, Country Still Mired in Crime." MSNBC News., 2002. URL:

4. Binder, David and Mendenhall, Preston. "Sex, Drugs, and Guns in the Balkans." MSNBC News., 2002. URL:
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Post WWII United States Military Strategy

Words: 3377 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72638079

American Way of War

Many people point to an American way of war. The author of this report will explore whether there is any content or credence to that statement. There are some common themes and trends when it comes to American wars and how they are fought. There has also been a lot of variance, even from war to war and in the same arenas. The class for which this essay is being completed focuses on the United States and its military history from 1945 to the present. Even with that tight of a window, the evolution and shifts that have happened in terms of how American has and has not fought wars has been massive. While some themes and trends regarding Americans and war have not changed all that much, many of the tactics, what is deemed acceptable, what is not deemed acceptable and so forth have changed…… [Read More]


2011. "MANUEL NORIEGA 1989-1990: Chasing Pure Evil." MHQ: Quarterly Journal Of Military History 24, no. 1: 28. MasterFILE Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed March 9, 2016).

Bariagaber, Assefaw. 1996. "The United Nations and Somalia." Journal Of Asian & African Studies (Brill) 31, no. 3/4: 162. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed March 9, 2016).

Belloni, Roberto, and Francesco Strazzari. 2014. "Corruption in post-conflict Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo: a deal among friends." Third World Quarterly 35, no. 5: 855-871. Business Source Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed March 9, 2016).

Bin Abdel Aziz, Fahd. 1990. "Iraq invasion of Kuwait." Vital Speeches Of The Day 56, no. 22: 675. History Reference Center, EBSCOhost (accessed March 9, 2016).
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Country Profile Hungry

Words: 1936 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98840944



Hungary is located in Central Europe, northwest of Romania (CIA 2012, EEA 2012). It measures 93,000 square kilometers. It is bordered by Romania, Croatia, Austria, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine. Its capital is udapest (CIA, EEA).


Hungary has a Republican form of government (FCO 2012). Its Constitution was adopted on April 18 last year and took effect in January this year. Its four branches of government are the executive, legislative, judicial and a Constitutional court. The President is the head of state. The Prime Minister is the head of government. A cabinet is also part of the executive branch. The legislative branch consists of a National Assembly of 386 members with a four-year term. The judicial branch is a Curia or a Supreme Court. The President since August 6, 2010 is Pal Schmitt and the Prime Minister since May 29, 2010 is Viktor Orban. Hungary has 19…… [Read More]


BEEA. Hungary. Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs: U.S. Department of State,

2012. Retrieved on March 24, 2012 from

CIA. Hungary. The World Fact Book: Central Intelligence Agency, 2012. Retrieved on March 24, 2012 from

EOE. Hungary. The Encyclopedia of Earth: Central Intelligence Agency, 2012. Retrieved
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world history

Words: 1406 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35178739

Jerry H. Bentley, the word "world history" has different meanings for different societies. While some may define it as a broad analysis of the whole world's history, others believe it implies foreign history. But, this word doesn't actually correspond to either definition. It denotes historical learning which undertakes an overt comparison of experiences beyond individual societal boundaries or studies interactions among individuals hailing from diverse communities or studies broad historical processes and trends which extend beyond discrete communities. Besides highlighting cross-cultural dealings in a historical context, one chief concern of the major part of modern world history deals with constructing alternative approaches to the established Eurocentric perspectives of history.[footnoteRef:1] [1:. Jerry H. Bentley, A Companion to Western Historical Thought, ed. Lloyd Kramer and Sarah Maza (Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, 2002), 393.]

Ever since historical events began to be documented, the element of world history was apparent. The ancient world lacked access…… [Read More]