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strategy for the Time Warp 3 was formulated based on careful analysis of the results of Time Warp 2, which provided insight into buyer behavior at different price points for the three tablets. The strategy was set to optimize the profits for all three products at pre-set levels of R&D allocation. There may be better R&D levels, but for Time Warp 3 these were not explored. The strategy for this Time Warp was as follows:
The results were as follows. In the first year, the X5 sold 1.859 million units and delivered a total profit of 151.182 million. The X6 sold 1.237 million units and delivered a total profit of 217.837 million. The X7 sold 0.740 million units and delivered a loss of around $4.8 million. The total income was 364.210 million for the year. The market saturation of the X5 is 54%, for the X6 it is 37%…
2012: 1/2/2012, beginning Time Warp 3. You completed analysis revised strategy years a breather. Just time, enter predetermined decisions year collect data future analysis.
The time wrap experience comes to an end and makes way to resume the normal activities. Still, before doing so, it is necessary to review the decisions made in each of the two scenarios, and draw the adjacent lessons. The table below was created to offer a more integrated look at the two scenarios, with the two sets of decisions and the two sets of results. The lines following the table explain the differences and use the CPV analysis to shed more light.
Decrease in &D allocations from 33% to 20%, coupled with price stagnation
Stagnation of the market; the product enters the decline phase
X5 -- &D costs capped at 20 per cent and prices slightly decreased to attract more customers…
Blocher, E., 2005, Cost management: a strategic emphasis, 3td edition, McGraw-Hill. Irwin Hansen, D.R., Mowen, M.M., Guan, L., 2007, Cost management: accounting and control, 6th edition, Cengage Learning
Jalan, P.K., 2005, Encyclopedia of economic development, Volume 3, Sarup & Sons
Sadler, P.., Craig, J.C., 2003, Strategic management, 2nd edition, Kogan Page Publishers
CTC Time Warp
Time warp 2 provided for increased knowledge regarding the market and the way in which CVP could be used to improve decision regarding prices. Time has reset and the CVP along with the results may be used to develop a more effective strategy. Adjustments to the strategy will be made learning from time warp 2.
The assessment from the past time warp indicated that the X5 has only a limited life, it is well into the product lifecycle, and it may be argued that the reluctance to discontinue this item until 2015 may not have been an optimal result; while the X5 was available there was less likelihood that the customers buying the firms tablets would move to the more profitable models of the X6 or the X7. The X5 may be producing some revenue, but with most sales being replacement due to…
Comparison of Time Warp 2 and Time Warp
Time warp has begun and the plan to make changes to the prices with the aim of optimizing the performance of Clipboard Table Co (CTC). The planned changes that were made at the end of time warp 2 will not be implemented, and the results of time warp three can be compared directly with time warp 2. The third time warp appears to have been more successful, with an accumulative profit of $1,970,217,066 compared to time warp 2 where there was an accumulative profit of $1,752,777,185, so the changes made during time warp increased the profit for CTC by a total of $217,49,881. To compare the changes each year will be compared.
Comparing results for 2012
In time warp 2 the price for the X5 was $270, with R&D cut to zero, the X6 was priced at $440, and R&D…
Time warp 3 was more successful, the strategy of keeping prices low to sell more products and make a higher overall profit appears to work. The exception to the better performance of time warp 3 was 2013, when time warp 2 had a better performance. It is possible that the X5 was discontinued to early, and the lowering of the X7 price at an earlier point may also provide some benefits, however, the overall performance wit the firm gaining more market share on a lower profit per unit, but a higher overall profit has been a good strategy.
Diagnosis, SLP: Time Warp
The analysis below is of the recorded results as achieved in Time Warp 2 decisions. We will derive a separate strategy after evaluating the results which will give an explanation of what the fresh strategy ought to be. Different theories will be evaluated so as to arrive at the eventual strategy as concerns the implementation and operationalization of the idea just arrived at.
Here is a scenario: the day is the first day of January 2016. After the New Year's Eve celebration and the conclusion of the analysis exercise of the performance of the Clipboard Tablet Company, there is no other plan but to welcome the New Year (Module 4 - SLP Guidelines). On turning the television on, a strange thing is noticed. You hear the newscaster say that it is actually 2012 New Year's Day all over again and you are surprised that you got…
warp, Clipboard Tablet Company had the ability to look back and use data based on previous known financial performance in their decision making. The company made decisions regarding pricing strategies along with the allocation research and development resources following the analysis of past performance. During the second warp period, the company used CVP to make critical financial decisions not only based on the past performance but also the present and future perfomances (Baye, 2007). Though the use of these strategies during the first and second warp were beneficial to the company, the decisions they helped in making led to the decline of sales of both the X5 and X6. In addition, these strategies concentrated only on the pricing and increasing the contribution of the computers. The company also resorted to maximizing the profit without further investment and setting the price of the X7 higher to make it competitive, including decreasing…
Baye, M. (2007). Managerial Economics and Business Strategy. McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Bodie, Z., Kane, A., & Marcus, A.J. (2004). Essentials of Investments. McGraw Hill Irwin.
Groppelli, A.A., & Ehsan, N. (2000). Finance. Barron's Educational Series Inc.
Clipboard Tablet Company - Comparing the Time Warps
Finally 2016 has arrived and after moving through the period 2012-2015 twice due to Groundhog Day, the results of the different strategies can be compared.
In time warp 1, the first consideration was the X5. As the price was noted as being higher than competing products the price was lowered to $220. As the product was already established in the first time warp it was decided that the research and development (&D) budget should be reduced to 10%, as a higher level of investment may not gain sufficient returns in a maturing product. The X6 was different; this was a product that was being sold to a market which was not price sensitive. The initial strategy was to increase the price to take advantage of this lack of prose sensitivity and increase the revenue per unit, with the…
Carter, M, (2014, Feb 22), Why Whole Foods Market May Have a Big Problem, Motley Fool, accessed 22nd Feb at http://www.fool.com/investing/general/2014/02/22/why-whole-foods-market-may-have-a-big-problem.aspx
Lambert, T, A, (2008), Four Lessons from the Whole Foods Case, CATO Institute, accessed 22nd Feb at http://object.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/serials/files/regulation/2008/2/v31n1-4.pdf
MacKey, J; Robb, W, (2013). Letter to Stakeholders, accessed 22nd Feb 2014 at http://www.wholefoodsmarket.com/sites/default/files/media/Global/Company%20Info/PDFs/WFM-2013-Letter-to-Stakeholders.pdf
Meador, Don; Britton, Mike; Phillips, Paige; Howery, Andrew, (2007), Case Analysis -- Whole Foods Market, accessed 22nd Feb 2014 at http://pnphillip.asp.radford.edu/whole%20Foods%20Case.pdf
The best way to approach this situation is to understand some basic concepts. First, each product has fixed costs. Thus, the fixed costs are going to exist in every year a product is sold. This has ramifications for the X5 in the final year.
The second factor that needs to be considered is cost-volume-profit analysis. This technique is used to determine the contribution to fixed costs that each product makes. Thus, CVP is used to find the price point at which the profit is maximized. The key point to remember is that as the price falls, volume increases. The company cut sell all the product by cutting the price to the variable cost level, but that will not deliver any profit. But there is a point at which profit is going to be maximized, and that is the point at which the company should price each product. Then,…
Investopedia (2014). Definition of cost-volume-profit analysis. Investopedia. Retrieved December 4, 2014 from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/cost-volume-profit-analysis.asp
While the contribution margins of the X6 and X7 appear to be maximized, that only holds for the levels of R&D investment. A shift in the R&D investments levels, therefore, is critical to maximizing profit over the four years. his requires a greater understanding of how R&D affects demand for the two products. he X6 clearly benefits from a high level of R&D, but this impact may wane as it reaches total saturation. he X7 sales still have potential as well, and they benefit from R&D investment. Consumers love getting a great product for cheap.
here will not be a next step, but if there was, a shift in the R&D strategy would need to be conducted in order to deliver even greater success. However, the current strategy was a strong one. he use of the contribution margin analysis provided the basis for this assessment because it allowed for more…
The company's initial performance was terrible. At first, simply cleaning up the glaring mistakes of the Joe Schmoe regime was enough to succeed. The company stabilized, and made money in 2009. The price points set for the X6 and X7 were a better match for the positioning in the market that the company was trying to achieve. Leaving so many millions of potential X7 sales on the table because of the $200 price point was a key issue that needed to be addressed right away.
But from there the real work of maximizing contribution began. Cost-volume-profit analysis helps the CEO to understand how much money is made per unit of sale. Profit derives from both this figure and the number of sales. The optimal profit point is not the same as the point at which sales are highest -- a selling price of $1 would have sold all 15 million X7s right away, but the company would have been bankrupt. Thus, the CVP analysis strikes the balance between price and sales. In finding this balance for the two key products that drive profit, the company's performance improved with each time warp.
Given a different starting point of R&D allocations, the results could have been better, but the strategy developed was strong and can be applied in the future as well to continue to deliver strong results to the company even as it moved into the X8 and X9 products in the next couple of years.
Figure 1 provides a graphical representation of the effects of consistently high levels of &D investments spread evenly across all product lines.
Figure 1: Outcome of Initial &D and Pricing Analysis
For the implications to Total Income based on these decision points, see Table 2. Note that consistently high &D spending, not price declines, are what is fueling the overall sales growth. At the end of the second iteration, Sales Volume is up 36% and evenue Volume is up 40%. The lesson learned is that when there is a rapidly expanding market, investments in &D and more powerful than price in driving sales (Chwelos, Berndt, Cockburn, 2008)
Total Income Based on Second Iteration Assumptions
Throughout the simulation, market data is periodically provided in addition to market lifecycle stage of each of the products in the company. By the third iteration it is apparent that the X5 is maturing…
Bayus, Barry L, Jain, Sanjay, & Rao, Ambar G. (1997). Too little, too early: Introduction timing and new product performance in the personal digital assistant industry. JMR, Journal of Marketing Research, 34(1), 50-63.
Chwelos, P., Berndt, E., & Cockburn, I.. (2008). Faster, smaller, cheaper: an hedonic price analysis of PDAs. Applied Economics, 40(22), 2839.
Peter Denno, & Thomas Thurman. (2005). Requirements on information technology for product lifecycle management. International Journal of Product Development, 2(1,2), 109-122.
Mike Edwards. (2008, January). PDA design a collaborative effort. DPN: Design Product News, 36(1), 1,7.
In this case, we have a base logic for R&D allocations -- the X6 needs to be feature-rich in order to attract buyers. The X7 needs only to be current in its features. The X5 is more or less locked into a particular sales, revenue and profit trajectory. Adjustments made at this point in the product life cycle may impact total company profitability by a few million in either direction, but the real profit potential lies in the X6 and X7. Under Joe Schmoe the X6 had a contribution margin of $400 -- 250 = $150. I hypothesized that if the features were improved I could raise the price and therefore the contribution margin. I delivered a margin of $450 - $250 = $200 or $50 more contribution margin than the Schmoe strategy. This came at a cost of a $6.6 million increase to the R&D cost. In 2007 for…
It should also be noted that the idea do the Big Bang is also included to some degree into the other two theories.
What makes the two theories based of string theory so compelling is that they are multidimensional and provide a more appropriate and fitting understanding of the universe. Another aspect is that many critics have stated is that the Big Bang theory does not answer the vital question of what occurred or existed prior to the Big Bang. Theories such as the Ekpyrotic Theory tend to provide us with a better understanding of the universe as it may have existed before the Big Bang.
In conclusion, an answer to the question, what are the origins of the universe has not been as yet conclusively reached by modern science, What modern science has realized is that a simplistic and logical explanation for the origins of the universe…
God, Genesis and the big bang: The Origin of the Universe. Retrieved August 23,
2009, from http://www.hpcisp.com/~kls/page4.html
Origin of the Universe Theories. Retrieved August 23, 2009, from http://web.cecs.pdx.edu/~danr/ph367u/report.pdf
Scientific Origins of the Universe. Retrieved August 23, 2009, from http://www.infoplease.com/cig/theories-universe/scientific-origins-universe.html
The Lord will lead one to safety always. One can simply believe in something higher to get the meaning of this; it doesn't have to be Jesus. Psalm 127, contrarily is confusing because it states that unless the Lord builds the house, it is built in vain. This seems to be more literal, but I do get the idea. Unless the people building the house are doing it with the love of the Lord in their hearts, or building it for him, then what is the point?
Didactic poetry can be quite comforting as seen in Psalm 23 or it can be much too literal and seen as both confusing and condescending. Psalm 127 isn't very instructive spiritually speaking, unlike Psalm 23.
Updated Proverb: A broken toe can hurt, but a broken heart can kill.
Metaphors: Obscure or Illuminate? Didactic literature with its use of metaphors can sometimes obscure the…
By connecting the awarding of a peace prize with the concerns of a world in which terrorism has become a constant threat, Obama makes clear the exigency of his message when he says: "I do not bring with me today a definitive solution to the problems of war."
Nobel laureates are given few formal constraints in terms of their responses but Obama faced the more general constraints of trying to meet very high expectations and the conflicting expectations of the peoples of different nations. I believe that he did a good -- though not perfect -- job in meeting these differing expectations, and so crafted a speech that served as a fitting response to the occasion.
Whether or not one believes that Obama achieved the Aristotelian concept of ethos -- the ability to make a credible ethical appeal -- depends probably more on one's own politics than the speech itself.…
profit analysis was introduced, but the execution was lacking. One of the important factors is that CVP analysis requires a number of data points so that the elasticities of demand for the product can be determined. There is still going to be the wild card of R&D investment, but setting prices is an important determinant of demand. Working on theory rather than data last time, the results were perhaps less than stellar. The key, however, is to learn from the mistakes that we make and build a better company next time.
Last time out, the prevailing theory was that the X5 should be cheaper, the X6 more expensive and the X7 should be much cheaper. The X5 is going to sell out anyway, so whatever we do with that product is only going to make a few million in difference. Nevertheless, we know that the X5 has to…
The Market Lifecycle
The best way to see into the future is precisely the one that we have been allowed to experiment with for this exercise: A time machine that takes us to an assigned point, lets us look around at the things that are the most relevant to us, and then returns us safely to our chronological point of departure without having undermined the entire space-time continuum. The analysis that we have performed for this assignment has provided us a model for the ways in which a product can realistically be assessed, even when our time machine is in for repairs.
This analysis is specific to the data that we have been given for this exercise; however, the overall dynamics of the market explored here are relevant to the sale of electronics in general and to a not-insignificant degree to all markets that are keyed to novelty, which…
Evans, M. (2012). The PLM Debate. Retrieved from http://www.cambashi.com/the-plm-debate-outsourcing-upsets-the-it-integration-pillars .
Karniel, A. & Reich, Y. (2011). Managing the dynamic of new product development processes. A new product lifecycle management paradigm. New York: Springer.
performance of Joe Schmoe was improved upon significantly. However, in some ways this was easy because Mr. Schmoe made a number of glaring errors in his analysis. Much of the success of the past four years is attributed to simply rectifying those mistakes. The next four years will be more challenging. There is still room for improvement, however. To analyze the performance of the past four years and decide on a strategy for the next four years, the same basic tools will be used as before.
The X5 is the safest performer. It is in the maturity stage of the product life cycle at the beginning of 2006 and will head into maturity for 2008. This product does make a few million in 2008, so as long as that slim margin of success is maintained, there is no reason to discontinue the X5 prematurely. Indeed, because the R&D allocation is…
Marketing Teacher.com (2011). The product life cycle. Marketing Teacher. Retrieved July 30, 2011 from http://www.marketingteacher.com/lesson-store/lesson-plc.html
eNotes (2011). Cost-Volume-Profit analysis. eNotes. Retrieved July 30, 2011 from
Your answer should be at least five sentences long.
The Legend of Arthur
Lesson 1 Journal Entry # 9 of 16
Journal Exercise 1.7A: Honor and Loyalty
1. Consider how Arthur's actions and personality agree with or challenge your definition of honor. Write a few sentences comparing your definition (from Journal 1.6A) with Arthur's actions and personality.
2. Write a brief paragraph explaining the importance or unimportance of loyalty in being honorable.
Lesson 1 Journal Entry # 10 of 16
Journal Exercise 1.7B: Combining Sentences
Complete the Practice Activity on page 202 of your text. After completing this activity, read over your Essay Assessment or another journal activity you've completed.
* Identify three passages that could be improved by combining two or more sentences with coordinating or subordinating conjunctions. Below the practice activity in your journal, write the original passages and the revised sentences you've created.
* Be sure to…
First, when he becomes depressed because ita rejects him, he becomes depressed and even tries to commit suicide numerous times. He isolates himself, and thinks only about his own problems. Later, he reacts to what is happening and uses reaction formation to recreate his life and thereby change the outcome of each Groundhog Day. He goes through several stages, and uses defense mechanisms to cope with each stage as he makes it through to the next stage.
One of the coping mechanisms Phil used was suicide as a way out of his problem. That did not work so he had to find another way to deal with his dilemma and his stress. He also uses manipulation as he tries to get to know ita and make her fall in love with him. He manipulates her day after day to learn everything about her and become the "perfect" man for her.…
Blaney, Paul H. "Stress and Depression: A Personality-Situation Interaction Approach." Stress, Coping, and Depression. Eds. Sheri L. Johnson, Adele M. Hayes, Tiffany M. Field, Neil Schneiderman, and Philip M. McCabe. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2000.
Groundhog Day. Dir. Harold Ramis. Perf. Bill Murray, Andie MacDowell, Chris Elliott. Columbia Pictures, 1993.
Kupfer, Joseph H. Visions of Virtue in Popular Film. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1999.
Stress, Coping, and Depression. Eds. Sheri L. Johnson, Adele M. Hayes, Tiffany M. Field, Neil Schneiderman, and Philip M. McCabe. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2000.
And Sellers plays the repressed social engineer Strangelove, the timid Merkin Muffley, and the persevering Mandrake -- all with mechanical precision. Kubrick's unflinching camera acts as a character, too, slyly observing the exposition of humanity in all its grimly humorous glory.
This film belongs to a culture that has rejected the status quo -- the quaint picturesque comedies of the 1940s and 1950s; it belongs to a culture that is bordering on nihilism, anarchy, revolution -- anything that will help it to get away from the culture that has brought us the faceless, nameless idiots running the ar Room in Dr. Strangelove. The film offers no solutions -- it only asks us to present ourselves to world with fresh eyes, a pure soul able and willing to laugh at its human foibles and failings, and begin to meditate upon a new direction, a new solution perhaps to the problem of…
Aristotle. Poetics. Sacred-texts. 13 May 2013. Web. < http://www.sacred-
Bergson, Henri. Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic. NY: MacMillan,
There was a conspicuous lack of cigars, however, perhaps a nod to modern American views on smoking in restaurants.
To finish the meal, it is an essential part of the experience that one has Cuban coffee. This can be obtained at your table, but Versailles also has a coffee counter outside, which is a more authentic experience. The coffee counter is a take-out window at which Cuban coffee can be ordered. The intent is that it is consumed on the spot. If one watches the locals, there is an entire system and lingo for ordering Cuban coffee at Versailles that can be difficult to penetrate without a strong working knowledge of Spanish. However, a simple shot can be ordered. The cost is absurdly cheap compared with espresso in most coffee shops, but the coffee counter at Versailles has very low overhead and high turnover. The coffee is thick and very…
This was done so that the flag would stand out from the flagpole... The bar was also not quite the full width of the flag, so that it was slightly furled to give a 'wave look' to it." (Red Zero, 2003) Other complaints, such as mismatched shadows in the moon-landing photographs also seem to have simpler explanations. While having a photo being faked does seem to simply explain multi-angled shadows, allowing that the rough ground alters the lay of shadows is even simpler. So it would be possible to generally apply Occam's Razor and say that evidence points to the moon landings being real, even though faking the landing would be easier than actually doing it.
Cosnette, D. (2003) the faked Apollo landings. Retrieved September 30, 2004 at http://www.ufos-aliens.co.uk/cosmicapollo.html.
Easton, K. (2002) Occam's Razor. Paranormality.com: the a to Z. Of paranormal, supernatural and unusual phenomena. Retrieved September 30, 2004…
Cosnette, D. (2003) the faked Apollo landings. Retrieved September 30, 2004 at http://www.ufos-aliens.co.uk/cosmicapollo.html .
Easton, K. (2002) Occam's Razor. Paranormality.com: the a to Z. Of paranormal, supernatural and unusual phenomena. Retrieved September 30, 2004 at http://www.paranormality.com/occam's_razor.shtml
Kaku, Michio. (1995) Hyperspace: a scientific odyssey through parallel universes, time warps and the tenth dimension. New York: Anchor.
Marrs, J. (1997) Alien agenda: investigating the Extraterrestrial presence among Us. New York: HarperPaperbacks
Crime in Literature and Film
"Red Dragon" by Thomas Harris and "Manhunter" by Michael Mann
The original version of the novel red dragon was written by Thomas Harris in 1981. In the words of est, only few authors have risen to the level of relevance and success as Thomas Harris, who authored just five novels, beginning from 1975. The Red Dragon, with other fictional works in the same series, is a famous fictional book built around a crime thriller. The book was later adapted in the 1986 Michael Mann movie, Manhunter. Some key actors that played key roles in these movie series are Brain Cox, the first ever actor to play the role of Dr. Hannibal Lecter, the manhunter antagonist, who became the Red Dragon's protagonist. However, some other actors like Anthony Hopkins in the movie, the Silence of the Lamb and Red Dragon, Hannibal's Mads Mikkelsen and Hannibal Rising's…
Vest, Jason P. "Dissecting Hannibal Lecter: Essays on the Novels of Thomas Harris." Journal of the Fantastic in the Arts (2009): 297-300.
Vlastelica, Ryan. Tracking Hannibal Lecter, from Manhunter to Red Dragon. 25 August 2015. 17 February 2016 .
Williams, Nicholas. "Eating Blake, or an essay on Taste: The Case of Thomas Harris's Red Dragon." Cultural Critique (1999): 137-162.
Alternatively, the person or group acknowledged as a legitimate representative may wish that the museum could continue to hold an object for the benefit of the other party." (oyd, nd; p. 196) in this instance there should be clarity in the "terms and responsibilities of such holding..." (oyd, nd; p.196) oyd relates that in a museum that is 'collection-based' deaccession is an issue that is "exceedingly contentious" (p. 196) in nature, and in fact "much more so than the decision to acquire." (p. 196)
IV. DEFINITION of a MUSEUM & REFINEMENT of COLLECTIONS
oyd relates that museums are "more than repositories; they are places where collections are interpreted for the public through exhibits and related educational programs." (oyd, nd; p.199) it is important to note the statement of oyd that the museums interpretation of their collections "changes over time with the emergence of new 'techniques, scholarship, and viewpoints.'" (oyd, nd;…
Coutoure, Carol (2005) Archival Appraisal: A Status Report. Archivaria 59.
McKemmish, Sue, Gilliland-Swetland, Anne, and Ketelaar, Eric (2005) Communities of Memory: Pluralizing Archival Research and Education Agendas. Archives & Manuscripts 33 no. 1. 2005.
Bunch, Lonnie G. (1995) Fighting the Good Fight: Museums in an Age of Uncertainty. Museum News (March/April 1995): 35.
Bowker, G.D. (2005) the Local Knowledge of a Globalizing Ethnos - in 'Memory practices in the Sciences' Cambridge Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 2005. 207.
Formally, 'Aparthied' may have been dispersed inside the United States and South Africa. On the other hand, there is still the illegal version, in every way that is still bad, every bit as evil and just as belittling as all segregation was destined to be.
In "Little Rock Central: 50 Years Later," HBO's 2007 which was a documentary concerning the present-day Little Rock Central High School, a teenage girl mentions, "You [Caucasians] have it all fed on a silver spoon from the day you were born." The writer Jonathan Kozol makes this affirmation in his statement that was in a 2005 article from Harper's Magazine: "The current per-pupil expenditure level in the New York City [public] schools is $12,700, which can be linked with a per-pupil expenses equal in the additional of $23,000 in the wealthy suburban region of Manhasset, Long Island." Furthermore, he mentions that New York City schools…
6 Baer, Frances Lisa. Resistance to Public School Desegregation: Little Rock, Arkansas, and Beyond. 2008. 328.
7 Beals, M.P. "Warriors don't cry: A searing memoir of the battle to integrate little rock's central high." Simon & Schuster, 1994. 17
8 Reed, Roy. Faubus: The Life and Times of an American Prodigal (1997)
drama is tragic not only because of Willy Loman's suicide, but because he has left his family with nothing, and his sons with no hopes and abilities of their own.
Brief overview of the play
Argument for tragedy
Pro argument for tragedy
Con argument against tragedy
What the critics say
Death of a Salesman as Tragedy
This paper analyzes the play Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller. Specifically, it discusses the definition of tragedy by Aristotle, and research if it is correct to label the play as a tragedy.
Death of a Salesman is indeed a tragedy of epic proportions. The drama is tragic not only because of Willy Loman's suicide, but because he has left his family with nothing, and his sons with no hopes and abilities of their own.
Arthur Miller wrote Death of a Salesman in 1948,…
Adamczewski, Zygmunt. The Tragic Protest. The Hague: M. Nijhoff, 1963.
Amsden, Robert. "Aristotle's Definition of Tragedy." Ripon College. 2002. 29 Aug. 2005.
Bloom, Harold. Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House, 1988.
In conjunction with this is the need to put more interactive media on the site, including video of a tour of the kitchen, which is one of the best equipped for creating pastries in Orange County. The e-marketing changes also need to include a customer forum area where the cafe's management asks for ways to improve and make their business more attractive to younger families. In keeping with the idea of making the cafe more accessible to younger families and students, offering free WiFi is a must-have. Students would stop in before classes started at the local high school to finish up homework, bringing their families for breakfast. In keeping with the change in image to being more innovative, free WiFi would attract a younger and more affluent customer base over time. Free WiFi would also be heavily promoted on the website as well.
The greatest measure of a successful…
Josh Bernoff, Charlene Li. "Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web" MIT Sloan Management Review 49.3 (2008): 36-42. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest 12 Jun. 2008
Roderick J. Brodie, Heidi Winklhofer, Nicole E. Coviello, Wesley J. Johnston. "Is e-marketing coming of age? An examination of the penetration of e-marketing and firm performance. " Journal of Interactive Marketing 21.1 (2007): 2. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 9 Jun. 2008
Mike Cooke, Nick Buckley. "Web 2.0, social networks and the future of market research. " International Journal of Market Research 50.2 (2008): 267.
ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest 7 Jun. 2008
X7 is also very sensitive to the price, thus when its price is cut down, the price would automatically raise the figures of product's unit sales. Therefore there is a requirement for the price to be lowered so that the unit sales figure to be raised. The product price and the profit which is being targeted into CVP are put under &D to sum up the total sales capacity to assist in the realization of the set target profit. This is done again in the year 2007 before stopping the manufacturing since it's almost known that X5 has reached the stage of maturity and will not be able to generate much profit for long.
The above table indicates that the sales volume which is required in order to achieve a $100 M. profit at a price of $245 with an &D investment of 30% is 1,676,190 units. This is calculated…
Cafferky, M and Wentworth, J (2010.Break Even Analysis. Business Expert Press, 2010
Horngren, CT., Datar, SM., Foster, GM (2006).Cost accounting: A Managerial Emphasis, Twelfth Edition, Pearson Education, Inc.
The performance of the company last time through was not bad, but with the application of proper management techniques, it could be improved. One such technique is cost volume profit analysis. This is the technique that will be applied to the company in this upcoming simulation. This paper will analyze how CVP analysis contributes to the strategy, including an analysis of its strengths and weaknesses.
Cost volume profit analysis is defined as "a method of cost accounting used in managerial economics. It is based on determining the breakeven point of cost and volume of goods (Investopedia, 2012). There are three products in this scenario, each with its own set of fixed and variable costs. hat CVP analysis can help us to do is understand decisions like pricing and when to discontinue a product.
It has been determined that, by and large, the performance of the X5 is…
Investopedia. (2012). Cost volume profit analysis. Investopedia. Retrieved May 9, 2012 from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/cost-volume-profit-analysis.asp
Profit (CVP) analysis is noted by Cafferky and Wentworth (2010) to be an important decision making tool for managers. CVP helps managers in understanding the connection between the cost and volume with organizational profits in mind.In our previous exercise, we contemplated going back in time and then coming up with the best choices regarding the manufacture of the three handheld devices- X5, X6 and X7. In this study, we use CVP analysis in guiding our decisions on the manufacture of the three product ranges.As Harngren, Datar and Foster (2006) noted, CVP analysis is important in the formulation of product strategy and policy. Our reliance of CVP analysis is based on the fact that it can help in the making of the right choices on our 3 product ranges since the year 2006.This is done without the need for concentrating on the beginning and end of each and every year's product…
Cafferky, M and Wentworth, J (2010.Break Even Analysis. Business Expert Press, 2010
Horngren, CT., Datar, SM., Foster, GM (2006).Cost accounting: A Managerial Emphasis, Twelfth Edition, Pearson Education, Inc.
The product to be discontinued is however X6 due to its low OI.
1/2/2014 input decisions for 2014
The performance of the 3 products still indicates a periodic variation over the 5 years. The customers would pay more for the product X7 than for the rest of the products in the same category. The X7 sales are noted to be in the growth phase of the product lifecycle. The X5 is noted to be is lower quality as well as performance than the rest of the products. The product to be discontinued is therefore X5 to its low profitability and OI.
1/2/2015 input decisions for 2015
The performance of the 3 products still indicates a periodic variation over the 5 years. The customers would pay almost the same price for all the competing products in the same categories. The X6 tablet has fewer features in comparison with X5 and X7.…
Having examined the performance of Joe Schmoe, it is believed that some attention to the fundamental principles of cost-volume profit analysis and to the product life cycle will immediately allow Clipboard ablet Co. o perform better, since it is getting the chance to re-do history. his paper will outline the basic strategies, along with their outcomes, and an analysis of why these strategies delivered better (or worse, as the case may be) performance vs. that of Joe Schmoe.
here are six decisions to be made each year. hese are the percentages allocated to R&D and the price for each product. First, the price. For any given price, there will be a pricing curve that determines how much of a product will be sold, given a certain price. In general, the higher the price, the lower the volume of sales, and vice versa. he key concept here is price…
This shows us two things. The first is that the math on the X5 was wrong. It should have been cut. The second is that the X9 never got off the ground. Cutting the price in 2014 was simply too little, too late. The product was not sufficiently compelling for consumers. The CVP analysis will give us a chance in the future, now that we have a sense of what the elasticities of demand are for these products, to determine the optimal price point for each. While $145 seems low, we do know that the X7 can be priced lower, because the variable costs are $55 per unit. Basic economic theory holds that any price above the variable cost will generate a contribution to fixed costs. We now that we are going to incur those fixed costs, so finding the right point at which optimal total contribution will be generated is essential. We now have the data to run a proper CVP analysis and find that point.
The R&D remains a wild card. It did not seem to help the X7 much, but maybe the X7 just needs more. The R&D did help the X6, but that product finished with 88% saturation, when perhaps it might have been better to have 100% saturation. It is worth considering that price is more important to the X5 than R&D is, and some reallocation would be beneficial.
All told, the company earned poorly, and the net profit declined in both 2014 and 2015. I should probably be fired, but I am certain that I was on the right track. If the numbers are refined, now that we have better data, there seems little doubt that we can improve on our profit totals.
The above table indicates that the sales volume which is required in order to achieve a $100 M. profit at a price of $245 with an &D investment of 30% is 1,676,190 units. This is calculated by dividing the total revenue accrued by the unit price.
The product X6 has been in the market for a total of 2 years. Unlike the product x5, the customers take great consideration of the product quality while making the purchase decision. The provision of a better quality can be achieved by increasing the &D investment for the product. There is also a need for a price increase in order to take advantage of the investment. The expected target profits is considerably higher than the one for X6 due to the fact that the product would soon reach its peak moments and then roll into maturity phase.
The X6 product will attract a…
Cafferky, M and Wentworth, J (2010.Break Even Analysis. Business Expert Press, 2010
Horngren, CT., Datar, SM., Foster, GM (2006).Cost Accounting: A Managerial Emphasis, Twelfth Edition, Pearson Education, Inc.
Last time, strategies were developed for the different products, the X5, X6 and X7. The strategies were based on cost-volume-profit analysis, the product life cycle and different pricing strategies. This report will highlight the results of those strategies, and explain why they occurred, based on the underlying theories. The X5 analysis showed that increasing the price would deliver lower sales volume, but higher overall profit. The same showed for the X6. With the X7 there was maybe not as much data. The elasticity was not known. But we do know the following about the X7: It is a low-priced good that was not selling well at $195. Thus, it stands to reason, even without knowing the elasticities, that the X7 will benefit from a lower selling price. The tactics are therefore
Year by Year Decisions: Pricing & &D Allocations
Education Portal, (2014) Pricing Strategy in Marketing: Definition, Types & Examples Retrieved 23 November 2014 from http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/pricing-strategy-in-marketing-definition-types-examples.html#lesson
Friesner, T., (2014) The Product Lifecycle (PLC) Retrieved 23 November 2014 from http://www.marketingteacher.com/the-product-life-cycle-plc/
Investopedia, (2014) Cost-Volume Profit Analysis Retrieved 22 November 2014 from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/cost-volume-profit-analysis.asp
There are a number of different things that need to be taken into consideration when formulating a strategy for the next four years. The first thing is the product life cycle. Based on how long each of these products has been on the market, and the sales trajectory for the products, each is in a different stage of the product life cycle. Arguably, the X5 is headed towards the maturity stage, the X6 is in the growth stage and the X7 is in the introductory stage (QuickMBA, 2010). This has implications for pricing strategy in particular, but also for R&D strategy. A dollar of R&D investment today will have more years of impact with the X7 than it will with the other products.
ith respect to pricing strategy, the X7's poor performance thus far implies that the product's current price might be a little too high. Sales are…
Berry, T. (2012). The power of product positioning. MPlans.com. Retrieved March 22, 2012 from http://articles.mplans.com/the-power-of-product-positioning/
QuickMBA. (2010). The product life cycle. QuickMBA. Retrieved March 22, 2012 from http://www.quickmba.com/marketing/product/lifecycle/
" The differences in these two lines seem to be only a matter of syntax but in actuality, it also differs in the meaning. The King James Bible version makes it seem like the Lord is making the individual do something, as if by force or obligation, while the Puritan version states that the Lord causes the individual to do something, as if out of their own will. This alone relays the message that faith itself is driving the action, not a perceived obligation.
Another distinction between the two translations can be found with the lines "Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: / and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever" (King James Bible) and "Goodness and mercy surely shall / all my days follow me. / and in the Lord's house I shall / dwell so long as days…
Tablet SIM III
The results of the last analysis were promising, but ultimately there are strict limitations as to the usefulness of cost-volume-profit analysis.
With the X5, the results were successful for the most part, and the X6 also sold to saturation. The X7 sold nowhere near saturation, and therefore money was left on the table. This is where the bulk of the analysis will be conducted. A few extra dollars can be squeezed out of the X5, and the X6 has some room for profit enhancement as well.
The strategy that I had formulated was as follows:
The X5 sold out and was highly profitable. The biggest question here is whether or not the X5 will sell out in 2014 at a higher price, from which greater profit can be derived. Using data collected from multiple simulations, the demand curve for 2014 has the following results. At a…
The analysis that was conducted revealed a few recommendations for Clipboard Tablet Company that were different from the company's choices under the Joe Schmoe regime. With the opportunity having presented itself to take the company in a different path, the following strategy was enacted:
The results of this strategy were as follows. For the X5:
These figures indicate that the performance was better than that of Joe Schmoe. Some of the improvements were low-hanging fruit. Whereas Joe Schmoe lost money on the X5 in 2015, discontinued it, saving the company that loss. However, some of the other tactics were based on sound analytical techniques, leading directly to financial improvement.
With the X5, realized that 2012 would be the last good…
I believe that the analytical approach that I took is something that can be built upon. There are a few ways in which this can be done. The first is to be more immediately responsive. I had set out a strategy and refused to deviate from it. When the X7 did not sell well in 2012, I probably should have lowered the price right away, but I wanted to see what would happen at that price point. I was disappointed with the overall result, but next time more flexibility might be required.
In addition, I believe that by analyzing these results, I can enjoy better success in the future. If we look at where the X7 is positioned, it is now a very good product at a low price, and this product is picking up steam. If I am CEO at the end of 2015, I am very optimistic about the next two or three years with this product and looking forward to introducing the X8 to recapture some of the magic at the high end of the market.
I also believe that with careful analysis, the optimal price points for the X7 can be determined. But studying how the product responded to the price drop, we can make a more accurate determination of the optimal profit point for the X7. This might be lower and it might be higher, but only through more careful evaluation of this product's price elasticity of demand can that determination be made.
Genji's courtship of Murasaki is an example of Genji's overall trend towards using sexual and romantic conquests as a means by which to retain power and status. Having lost his official status and being demoted to Minamoto, Genji needs to maintain his personal power and one of the ways he does so is by seducing a long string of women. His behavior lasts throughout his life. Although Genji does not rape or cause any direct harm, it is clear that women serve subservient and passive roles in the culture depicted in The Tale of Genji. One of the prime examples of the extent of patriarchy in The Tale of Genji is when Genji meets and begins to court Murasaki. First, Genji only wants to see "Pretty little girls," a pedophiliac statement that foreshadows the courtship with his chosen favorite of the "four little girls…very pretty indeed," (p. 23).…
Shikibu, Murasaki. "The Tale of Genji."
Eve celebration. You finished analyzing performance Tablet Development a great report turned a days early Sally Smothers.
At the new beginning of 2012, decisions are made at three specific levels:
esearch and development allocations
Product pricing, and Potential product discontinuation.
The advantage at this stage is that the future evolution of the market is already known and safer decisions can be made. In such a context then, the main decisions include the following:
The increase in the funds allocated to research and development
The maintenance of the product pricing
The maintenance of all three tablets -- the X5, the X6 and the X7 market tablets.
In the traditional scenario, the decisions regarding these three issues were taken differently. In this order of ideas:
esearch and development funds were reduced as they represented a too large portion of the overall organizational costs
The prices of the products were increased in order…
Lindsay, J.D., Perkins, C.A., Karanjikar, M.R., 2009, Conquering innovation fatigue: overcoming the barriers to personal and corporate success, John Wiley and Sons
Schwartz, R.A., 2008, Competition in a consolidating environment, Springer
Mr. Schmoe's performance over the past four years has been quite poor. Essentially, Mr. Schmoe made no changes to the strategy, and while that worked initially, the company's performance has deteriorated, and is at present in a bad state, where our best products are entering decline and we have no new products in the pipeline, as we still have older models on the market that are making no money. This report will go over each year to investigate the company's performance under the Schmoe regime.
Overview of Key Concepts
The first key concept that should drive decision-making is cost-volume-profit analysis. Each product we make has a fixed cost, and therefore it needs to sell a certain volume in order to be profitable. This will help us to make decisions with respect to what products to keep in the lineup, and when to drop them. Another key concept is…
Preliminary Conclusions for Kid-Energy Drink
1. Potential market is smaller than current GangBuster market.
2. Fast acceptance rate.
3. Approximately 80% of focus group responded favorably to concept.
Based on current trends in beverage packaging, it is also reasonable to suggest that further innovations in nanotechnology will provide manufacturers with the ability to produce truly interactive beverage containers that can provide a wide range of product information (including the history of the temperature of which the beverage has been maintained), display different graphics and messages that change (like a slideshow), and perhaps even respond to individual questions from the consumer (Buzby 2010). In fact, according to this industry analyst, "In the beverage packaging sector alone, worldwide sales of products using nanotechnology grew almost six-fold in two years from $150 million in 2002 to $860 million in 2004" (Buzby 2010, p. 529). While much of this investment in nanotechnology has…
Buzby, J.C. (2010). 'Nanotechnology for Food Applications: More Questions than Answers.'
Journal of Consumer Affairs, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 528-530.
Chao, R. & Kavadias, S. (2007, November 15). 'United Beverages: Product Development
Genius or One-Hit-Wonder?' Darden School of Business: UV0900-PDF-ENG.
HSPA+ is expected to be commercially available in 2008 through [the introduction] of incremental investments and backward and forward compatible handsets. HSPA+ doubles the data capacity and increases voice capacity by three times enabling operators to offer mobile broadband at even lower cost" (elease 7 HSPA+, 2007, p. 3). Likewise, Housami (2008) reports that, "HSPA+ is a manifestation of the evolved HSPA philosophy where the existing HSPA implementation is pushed to its limits by introducing various improvements to increase the efficiency of the system while maintaining backward compatibility" (p. 2).
The term "HSPA+" is the name assigned to the set of HSPA enhancements that are defined in 3 GPP elease 7 (7) and later; the enhanced downlink (HSDPA) was defined in 3 GPP 5 and provides three times the data capacity of WCDMA 99 (using a rake receiver and a single UE receive antenna) (elease 7 HSPA+).
Some of the…
Chiu, C.S. & Lin, C.C. (2004). Comparative downlink shared channel evaluation of WCDMA release 99 and HSDPA. IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control, 2(2), 1165-1170.
Hazlett, T.W. (2006). Rivalrous telecommunications networks with and without mandatory sharing. Federal Communications Law Journal, 58(3), 477.
Herman, B.D. (2006). Opening bottlenecks: On behalf of mandated network neutrality. Federal Communications Law Journal, 59(1), 103.
Housami, H. (2007, January 4). Advanced cellular technologies episode 4: Evolution of UMTS/HSDPA. [Online]. Available: http://housami2.blogspot.com/2007/01/advanced-cellular-technologies-episode_04.html .
It is so much a copy that one could call it a clone of the original; in other words, it is a second original. If matter were to be thus transported, then we would have two of the original objects, should one be transported.
Alternative theories, based on the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, would be best followed up, if matter is the stuff which one wants to transport. The Heisenberg Principle states that it is impossible to know where any part of a physical object is at any point in time. Therefore, to know where every atom of our body is at any given time is impossible. If your blood is moving through your veins, then the atomic particles which make up your blood are moving rapidly from one part of your body to another and it is impossible to know at any particular moment where one of these atoms may…
About.com. Quantum teleportation. IBM Research, 1995. Website: http://inventors.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?zi=1/XJ&sdn=inventors&cdn=money&tm=40&gps=118_695_796_789&f=10&su=p554.2.150.ip_&tt=3&bt=0&bts=0&zu=http%3A//researchweb.watson.ibm.com/quantuminfo/teleportation/.
Bennett, Charles H.; Brassard, Giles; Crepeau, Claude; Jozsa, Richard; Peres, Asher and Wootters, William. Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and EPR channels. Phys. Rev. Lett. Vol. 70, pp 1895-1899. 1993.
Costello, Tom. 'Beam me up, General!' Could 'Star Trek' technology help transport troops? NBC News, Wednesday, Feb. 9, 2005.
O'Connor, Peter. Scientists report 'teleported' data. Associated Press. 17 Jun 2002. AO Australia and Antarctica. Found at: http://inventors.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?zi=1/XJ&sdn=inventors&cdn=money&tm=2098&gps=289_697_796_789&f=10&su=p554.2.150.ip_&tt=3&bt=0&bts=0&zu=http%3A//www.timeenoughforlove.org/saved/YahooNewsScientistsReportTeleportedData.htm.
Pierre Bourdieu, "The Field of Cultural Production" from David Finkelstein and Alistair McCleery, the Book History Reader, London: Routledge, 2002.
Bordieu's work is interesting in terms of analyzing contemporary media production. It is interesting that a person's profession defines and narrows is or her perspective. To wit: Bourdieu spoke about 'culture'. Now, even though his intention was culture in the conventional sense, fields including science (which in turn includes social science), law and religion, as well as expressive domains such as art, literature and music, when he spoke about culture he onerously focused on the expressive-aesthetic fields, namely literature and art. These were his occupations and this is what the man thought about. It is possible that another, perhaps a scientist, writing about culture, would extract th scientific aspect of it. Since Bourdeau was an author, he approached it form that tangent and, thereby, gave culture his own p-articular meaning.…
If his father had been violent with him, Jeremiah would have that experience to draw upon in order to solve problems. He may have seen violence as the only way out of the situation. Moreover, Jeremiah's extreme insecurity led him to be fully engaged in conditioned thinking, which compelled him to assert the validity of his worldview by any means necessary. In this instance, that meant resorting to murder in order to prove that he was right.
Where do these feelings of insecurity originate from? According to POM, insecurities are not a result of circumstances or life events. On the contrary, POM suggests that the source of insecure feelings exists within the mind of the offender and occurs as a function of different mood states (Kelley, 1996). The reason why a certain person may have feelings of insecurity in one instance but not in another, even under identical circumstances, stems…
Adams, M.S., Robertson, C., Gray-Ray, P., Ray, M. (2003). Labeling and delinquency. Adolescence, 38(149), 171-86.
Dishion, T.J., Nelson, S., Bullock, B., Winter, C. (2004). Adolescent friendship as a dynamic system: entropy and deviance in the etiology and course of male antisocial behavior. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32(6), 651-63.
Doucette, P.A. (2004). Walk and talk: an intervention for behaviorally challenged youths. Adolescence, 39, 373-88.
Flom, P.L., Friedman, S., Kottiri, B., Neaigus, A., Curtis, R. (2001). Recalled adolescent peer norms towards drug use in young adulthood in a low-income, minority urban neighborhood. Journal of Drug Issues, 31(2), 425-43.
Gender and Identity
Perhaps the most important question facing any human, be they male or female, is that of the discovery of their own identity. The majority of child development theories, from Freud onward, have dealt with the way in which children must learn to disengage their own identity from that of their parents (mothers in particular) and discover who they are as adults. Yet this process is far from over when one reaches physical maturity, and one may even see many other psychological theories, from Maslow to the existentialists, as exploring the stages through which one continues to define one's true identity as distinct not only from one's parents but also from one's biological and social circumstances. It is somewhat ironic that the word identity which was originally used to note categories of same-ness and unity (Connell 2002) is now so vitally bound up with defining distinctness. At the…
Bessant, J. And Watts, R. (1999) 'Sex and Gender in Australia' (Chapter 7) in J. Bessant and R. Watts (eds) Sociology Australia, Sydney: Allen and Unwin, pp. 164-193
Connell, R.W. (2002) Gender, Oxford: Blackwell. (Chapters 1, 2 and 5).
Connell, R.W. (1995) 'The Social Organization of Masculinity' (Chapter 3) in R.W. Connell (ed) Masculinities, Sydney: Allen and Unwin. pp. 67-86.
Kidd, W. (2002) 'Feminism, Gender, and Sexuality' (Chapter 11) in W. Kidd (ed) Culture and Identity, New York: Palgrave. pp. 171-189.
The major concern is the effect of violence, due once again, to studies that show a connection between watching violence and participating in it. For example, Bushman and Anderson (2002) conducted as study in which they determined that playing violent video games can "engender hostile expectations, leading one to expect that others will respond aggressively" (p. 1679).
The Grand Theft Auto series of video games has undoubtedly been a major instigator in the backlash against the gaming industry. Not surprisingly, most parents are not too thrilled about the idea of their children taking on the persona of a character who commits crimes to earn rewards, and runs over prostitutes so he doesn't have to pay them. There was also a major parental backlash against the PS2 game Bully before it was released, because parents assumed that it would glorify bullying. The frenzy turned out to be unfounded as the game…
Bushman, B.J., & Anderson, C.A. (2002). Violent video games and hostile expectations: A test of the general aggression model. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 1679 -- 1686.
Gunter, B., Harrison, J. & Wykes, M. (2003) Violence on television: Distribution, form, context, and themes, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
Rekulak, J. & Spangler, B. (2006) Let's Paint the '90s, Quirk Books
The common guiding principles of economics provide little direction. As a consequence, U.S. international tax policy is a clutter of rules with a diversity of political and economic reasons. It is frequently described as a concession that strikes a balance. Policy leans toward tightening foreign tax rules and putting foreign income on equal footing with U.S. income when it is thought that foreign investment hurts the U.S. economy. Then policy leans toward relaxing the rules and giving foreign income favorable treatment if it is thought that foreign investment promotes U.S. interests (Sullivan, n.d.).
Due to the fact tat every government charges taxes by its own process and at its own rates, the ensuing system of international taxation often warps investment and adds to reductions in international economic well-being. The environment of these alterations depends on the way of taxing profits from international investment. If investment earnings are taxed only at…
The advent of modernity has wrought massive changes in human society. New forms of transportation and communication, for example, have changed the way people work, learn, conduct business and organize into communities. Technological advances in medicine have resulted in new forms of treatment for disease and longer life spans. Upheavals such as the women's movement and the civil rights movement have challenged prevailing norms and transformed social relations.
The field of architecture is no exception. The modern architecture movement is also largely a response to the availability of new technologies and the changing social needs. The first part of this paper looks at the various definitions of what constitutes "modern" architecture. The next part then looks at how the various styles sought to take advantage of new material and to address changing social needs.
In the last part, the paper examines how modern architecture is responding to new concerns,…
Cannon-Brookes, Peter. "Modern architecture, modern materials and modern technology." European Business Review. 14(3). Proquest Database.
Kuipers, Marieke. "The modern movement." The Unesco Courier. September 1997. Proquest Database.
Lacayo, Richard. "Buildings that breathe." Time Magazine. August 26, 2002. Proquest Database.
Larkin, David. Frank Lloyd Wright: The Masterworks. New York: Rizzoli, 1993.
Two, countries or world leaders might act with selfish motives. For instance, genocide might be ignored if that country is a valuable trading partner or a member of a strategic alliance.
Non-Violent Civil Disobedience
Discussion 1: Mahatma Ghandi, Martin Luther King, Jr. And Nelson Mandela all organized massive movements based on non-violent solutions to major social crises. In each of these cases, non-violent solutions resulted in positive social change. Ghandi secured India's independence from British colonial rule; King bolstered the Civil Rights movement and helped break down institutionalized racism in the United States; and Nelson Mandela fought against apartheid even from within his prison cell. Each of these cases demonstrates the effectiveness of non-violence as a means to secure social change. Moreover, in each of these cases the non-violent movement brought the cause into the public arena. Ghandi, King, and Mandela garnered tremendous support for their causes by refraining from…
To him, his approach was perfectly acceptable, while my place in the social group was such that I did not associate with strange people like him.
Some examples of applied symbolic interaction are creating reality, naming, and self-fulfilling prophecy. According to Erving Goffman, social interaction is like a dramaturgical performance where we are all actors, and all constantly negotiating with everyone else to publicly define our identity and the nature of the situation. "the impression of reality fostered by a performance is a delicate, fragile thing that can be shattered by minor mishaps." (62)
Baal has actually identified himself as that mishap which shatters the impression of reality. He rather specifically chooses to ignore the definitions that other people are trying to achieve, which is part of why he dresses so strangely and takes on an odd demeanor. Because he did cooperate with me or my associates to sustain the…
" After effectively damning her to a life as a vampire, Ibrahim, himself abused by the man who made him one of the undead, tries to 'make good' on his promise to himself to help Lina: "Despite the many shortcoming of Ibrahim's moral probity, he had known from the start that he would live his life as a vampire much the same way he had lived his life as a normal human -- trying to be good, even if he failed miserably most of the time." This is, Taylor suggests, not unlike that of a terrorist who rationalizes his conversion of another man (or woman) to the cause, that he is at least trying, and saving the new convert from a worse fate.
Taylor's extended metaphor of Islamic terrorism and fundamentalism and vampirism, of one life as an outsider in real life with life as an outsider in a science…
Ahmad, M.A. "Islam and Science Fiction: Islam SciFi Interview of Pamela Taylor."October
13 th, 2010.
Taylor, Patricia. "50 Fatwas of the Virtuous Vampire." November 1, 2010.
un Tzu informs that we cannot punish people until they feel loyalty to us: namely, until they consider themselves members of our group.
10. Keep them guessing
This quality may be pertinent only to leaders of a business / corporation. Her un Tzu advises keeping one's strategies and plans concealed from one's competitor so that one retains competitive advantage.
The Art of War, maintains un Tzu, is "a matter of life and death, a road either to safety or to ruin. Hence it is a subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected." (pt. 2)
The same goes for the Art of Leadership. It is also "a subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected" and its qualities need to be known and inculcated in order to have maximum success in the field.
'Leader' as term may be inchoate, but as many entrepreneurs have…
Bateman, T.S., & Snell, S. (2009). Management: Leading and Collaborating in a Competitive World, Eighth Edition. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Kotter JP. 1996. Leading Change. Boston, MA: Harv. Bus. School
Schein, E. (1985). Organizational culture and leadership. CA: Jossey-Bass.
Sun Tzu, (2001). The Art of War Wylie, TX: Pickard & Son, Publishers.
Public Health Study on Implications and Ethics of Syphilis
Reverby, Susan. (2003) Tuskegee's Truths: Rethinking the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. Studies on Social Medicine.
One of the most infamous actions (or non-actions) in American medicine was that of the Tuskegee Study of this century. The U.S. Public Health Service, on behalf of the U.S. government, observed the effects of advanced and untreated syphilis on four hundred poor black Alabama men. The experiment lasted until 1972.
How could this have occurred? The reasons are twofold -- the perception of syphilis as an illness and the rampant racism prevalent in America at the time. One of the most culturally and politically significant illnesses in human history has been that of syphilis. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease that has been blamed for taking some of the greatest minds that ever lived, including Mozart's, as well as many other ordinary individuals. It has been…
Like Monte in Rodriguez's Pigeons, Lucia recognizes that immigrant Mexican men feel like failures is they cannot take care of their families once they arrive in America. The author uses this described tension related to income and support to show Lucia's need to be independent and depend on no man.
In these seven passages, I found it interesting that each character maintained personality while focusing on a similar goal. Each of the authors used occupation, unemployment, expectations, or responsibility as a literary vehicle and it was fascinating to see how each story incorporated these conflicts. I enjoyed looking closely at this theme since so many characters seem to become real people when you see them committing to the real life struggle and responsibility of their work or occupation. I found that outlining characters this way connected characters that had few other similar attributes and gave a varied but intimate view…
Cain, James M. The Postman Always Rings Twice, Double Indemnity, Mildred Pierce, and Selected Stories. New York: Random House, 2003.
Fante, John. Ask the Dust (P.S.). New York: HarperCollins. 1980.
Isherwood, Christopher. A Single Man. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2001.
Murray, Yxta Maya. Locas. New York: Grove Press, 1997.
Question 5: 1899 was a difficult year for Gauguin. After a brief period of fortune, he was again destitute, was suffering from a leg injury, and had for all intents and purposes settled in Tahiti and separated himself from the Parisian art world. He painted Two Tahitian Women shortly after a suicide attempt (Walther, 87). Chances are that his audience at this point was himself, though the specter of the Parisian art culture probably still played a role in his decisions. He may still have been seeking ways to break with the Impressionist tradition, but the purity and emotion of the paintings of this period suggest an artist who was using art to experience and internalize the world more than one who was seeking to deliver a message to an audience.
Question 6: Gauguin's Tahitian paintings are strongly representative of the Expressionism movement. Expressionism sacrifices realism for the sake of…
Biscupik, Joan. "Decency' Can be Weighed in Art Agency's Funding." Washington Post. June 26, 1998. Retrieved Aug. 4, 2011. Web.
"Fin de Siecle." Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Retrieved Aug. 4, 2011. Web.
Getlein, Mark. Living with Art, 9th ed. Columbus, OH: McGraw-Hill, 2010. Print.
Turner, Jane. The Grove Dictionary of Art: From Renaissance to Impressionism. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000. Print.
Herodotus admires the practical as well as the religious achievements of Egypt, however. "Now if the Nile should choose to divert his waters from their present bed into this Arabian Gulf, what is there to hinder it from being filled up by the stream within, at the utmost, twenty thousand years... Thus I give credit to those from whom I received this account of Egypt, and am myself, moreover, strongly of the same opinion, since I remarked that the country projects into the sea further than the neighboring shores," (Chapter II) He even gives Egypt this final credit, in comparison to Greek "The Egyptians, they went on to affirm, first brought into use the names of the twelve gods, which the Greeks adopted from them; and first erected altars, images, and temples to the gods; and also first engraved upon stone the figures of animals. (Chapter II)
Nagle, D. Brendan. The Ancient World. Fifth Edition.
Bailkey, Nels M. Readings in Ancient History.
Herodotus. "Histories." Chapter II. Retrieved in total at Internet Classics Archive., http://classics.mit.edu/Herodotus/history.2.ii.html .
" Deborah learns from her fellow inmates on the ward and reacts to their vicissitudes as if they were her own. Basically she internalizes and analyzes everything in a warped way. The author presents the psychosis of schizophrenia not from a clinical perspective but from a subjective one.
Deborah's sister Suzy reacts negatively to the extra attention her sick sister receives. Adding tension to the family dynamic, Suzy is a key character in I Never Promised You a Rose Garden. Family tension and the dynamic between parents and children are a part of the illness. The parents do whatever is in their power to help Deborah but at the same time they feel a deep sense of shame and frequently blame themselves for what they perceive as personal failure. Greenberg shows how parents of mentally ill children might fall into the unfortunate trap of self-hatred.
Dr. Fried helps Deborah explore…
Human emotions and values are detached and unreal in this work, as well. Pynchon paints vivid pictures of the characters, but they are all flawed, somehow. Oedipa is married to a disc jockey junkie, Dr. Hilarius is a psycho afraid of Nazi retribution, the Paranoids really are paranoid, Metzger disappears, and Pierce Inverarity is a dead jokester who may be having the last laugh on Oedipa. The characters, like society, are flawed, and Pynchon portrays them with warped emotions and values as a caustic commentary on modern society in general. In addition, their values and emotions are questionable, as well. Many are detached even from themselves, and others, like Oedipa; seem to read far too much into many situations.
In conclusion, these works are the epitome of postmodernist literature. Convoluted, contrary, inner conscious and full of imagery and social commentary, they are funny and a bit depressing at the same…
Barthes, Roland. "The Death of the Author." North Carolina State University. 2007. 5 March 2007. http://social.chass.ncsu.edu/wyrick/debclass/whatis.htm
Pynchon, Thomas. The Crying of Lot 49. New York: Perennial Classics, 1999.