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Trifles as Feminist Literature
American drama studies often neglect the influence of female writers and focus primarily on writers such as Eugene O'Neill, Tennessee Williams, and Arthur Miller. However, women often worked in collaboration with their male playwright counterparts, and in fact, helped to establish and propagate various dramatic movements in the United States. Among these influential women playwrights was Susan Glaspell, who along with Eugene O'Neill, George "Jig" Cram Cook, John eed and Louise Bryant, Max Eastman and Ida auh, and Edna St. Vincent Millay helped to establish the Playwright's Theatre in Cape Cod (euben, 2011). The Playwright's Theatre produced and presented 16 of O'Neill's plays, 11 of Glaspell's plays, and a total of 93 works by more than 50 writers during six seasons spanning from 1916 to 1921-1922 (euben, 2011). One of Glaspell's plays performed during this time was "Trifles" (1916) which is not only based on a…
Glaspell, S. (1916). Trifles. Retrieved from http://www.one-act-
Reinhardt, N.S. (1981). New Directions for Feminist Criticism in Theatre and the Related Arts. A Feminist Perspective in the Academy: the Difference It
Makes. Ed. Elizabeth Langland and Walter Gove. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 25-51.
In Trifles, the country house where the plot takes place is also the scene of a murder. Mrs. right kills her husband over a "trifle," because he has killed her canary. The bird, as the house itself, symbolizes entrapment and prison-like life. The lonely country woman feels trapped in her role as a country farm wife, whose only concern must be the trifles of daily life, such as the preserves, and all her other chores. The signs of "incomplete work" that are seen on the scene, show that Mrs. right felt imprisoned by her daily joyless life: "Mrs. Hale: (looking about.) it never seemed a very cheerful place. County Attorney. No -- it's not cheerful. I shouldn't say she had the homemaking instinct."(Glaspell, 40)
After killing her husband however, she will only go to another kind of prison, to an actual jail. Probably this is why she wants her apron…
Glaspell, Susan. Plays by Susan Glaspell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Poe, Edgar Allan. The Masque of Red Death. New York: Booksurge Classics, 2004.
Trifles" and "Fences"
While both "Fences" by August Wilson and "Trifles" by Susan Glaspell depict the stresses and strains upon a group of people who are marginalized by mainstream society, the dramas deploy different narrative techniques to do so. "Trifles" describes the difficulties women face in male-dominated society on stage, while "Fences" makes its African-American characters the center of the dialogue and staging, and white influence occurs in the margins, off-stage and between acts.
Although men talk through much of the short play's "Trifles'" duration, female utterances gain significance when they are made because of their pointed nature in contrast to male verbosity. Over the course of the play, the women of the play examine the accused protagonist's home and collect her things for her stay in prison. The drama of "Trifles" is created by the contrast created between mainstream, male society's expressed views, through the representative voices of the…
Trifles Add Up to a Big Case
One of the greatest lessons in life is the one that things are never how they appear; something else is always going on and it is best to pay attention to those other things to get a clear picture of what is actually going on. In Susan Glaspell's play, Trifles, we see an example of how looking beneath the surface proves to be very critical in figuring out what happened in the right's house. The small trifles, which the men choose to overlook, become the most significant aspects of the case but these men are too prejudice to be open to that fact. Through the seemingly insignificant details the women find, Glaspell is proving a larger point that some people cannot see the truth because of their mindset.
The men in the play seem to think trifles are useless. This arrogant attitude immediately…
Glaspell, Susan. Trifles. The Norton Introduction to Literature. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1991. pp. 1115-25.
El Dorado by Edgar Allan Poe
Susan Glaspell worked as a legislative reporter for Des Moines Daily News between 1899 and 1901, during which time she witnessed and covered the trial of Margaret Hossack, accused of attacking and murdering her husband. Glaspell kept files that recorded the entire investigation throughout several months and wrote Trifles 15 years later. The play has only one act and there are five characters altogether, three men and two women. The central figures in the play -- John and Minnie Wright -- are only referred to.
At the turn of the century, realism had already established itself as a promising direction that rejected the artificialities of romanticism to depict experiences and stories of people rooted in everyday life and relating to the mundane. When Glaspell witnessed the murder trial, as well as when she wrote the play, that was still a time when women's role…
Jones, Ann. Women who kill. New York: The Feminist Press, 2009. Print.
Ben-Zvi, Linda. "Murder: She Wrote": The Genesis of Susan Glaspell's "Trifles." Theater Journal 4.2 (1992): 141-162. Web. 2/12/2014.
Glaspell, Susan."The Hossack murder. " True Crime: An American Anthology. Ed. Harold Schechter. Library of America, 2008. 179-195. Print.
Glaspell, Susan. Trifles. New York: Frank Shay / The Washington Square Players, 1916. Digital File: The Internet Archive.
Murder without mayhem in "Oedipus Rex" and "Trifles"
Both the dramas "Trifles" and "Oedipus Rex" deal with murders that are committed off stage of close family members, in one case that of a husband, in the other that of a father. Although both Mrs. right and Oedipus are guilty of their crimes, however in the first act of "Trifles," gradually it becomes clear as small details are revealed that something was amiss in the relationship of the rights, and that Mrs. right had just grievances against the man who suppressed her soul, indeed against all men. The men do not understand this, nor of the limited nature of Mrs. right's life. For instance, Mrs. Peters says of Mrs. right, "she worried about that when it turned so cold. She said the fire'd go out and her jars would break. The Sheriff scoffs: "ell, can you beat the women! Held for…
Gardner, et al. Literature: A Portable Anthology. New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2004.
They admit that Mr. Wright was difficult and "cheerless," but no one seemed to worry about Mrs. Wright or how it affected her. Perhaps most interesting is how perceptive the women are, while the men are investigating and "in charge." It is the social custom in this area that the men tend to their work, the women tend to theirs, and they do not confer very much. The women find the motive for the murder, and understand how far Mr. Wright pushed his wife, and the men do not have a clue. They simply think the "little women" are quaint for worrying about frozen preserves and quilting. The social custom is for the men to take charge, but it is the women who are perceptive enough to understand what happened and feel remorse for their own lack of friendship and understanding. The moral of this story is that sometimes social…
Doll's House" by Henrik Ibsen, and "Trifles" by Susan Glaspell. Specifically, it will compare and contrast Torvald and his attitude toward Nora in the play, to the men's attitudes toward women in the play "Trifles." Both these pieces show women treated simply as idiotic "things" by the men in the pieces, but the women are clearly smarter than the men are, and it is the men who end up looking idiotic in the end.
MEN'S ATTITUDES TOWAD WOMEN
Trifles" tells the tale of a woman driven to the "end of her rope" by a spiteful, mean-spirited man, but it is also a story for all women, celebrating how they can band together in a crisis. Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters sense immediately what Mrs. Wright was dealing with, and they attempt to protect her when the men begin to criticize her housekeeping skills. They astutely note, "MS. HALE. No, I…
Glaspell, Susan. "Trifles." Virginia Commonwealth University. 2002. 1 April 2003. http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/eng384/trifles.htm
Ibsen, Henrik. "A Doll's House." Project Gutenberg. 2002. 1 April 2003. http://digital.library.upenn.edu/webbin/gutbook/lookup?num=2542
This includes the kitchen and anything related to Mrs. right. Ironically, the clues to the murder are in these places. The women notice the misplaced loaf of bread, the birdcage and the quilt "that's not sewed very good" (1121). The crime scene is all about trifles but the men would never know.
hile women have progressed over the decades, there are still certain areas of life that are directly associated with women. omen are still the primary family members that take care of the household and the family. omen still pay attention to the kinds of details that men tend to overlook - sometimes the most important details of all as Trifles demonstrates.
Glaspell, Susan. Trifles. The Norton Introduction to Literature. New York .. Norton and Company. 1991. pp.…
Glaspell, Susan. Trifles. The Norton Introduction to Literature. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1991. pp. 1115-25.
Symbols in Trifles of a Woman’s Oppression
As Ben-Zvi notes, “women who kill evoke fear because they challenge societal constructs of femininity—passivity, restraint, and nurture” (141). For this reason, Susan Glaspell couched her play Trifles in comedic irony show as to show the real effects of oppressed womanhood that finally explodes in a way that would get the point across to the audience without frightening it to death. After all, the play was written at a time before women had even received the right to vote in 1920. It was conceived decades before the Feminist Movement came into existence during the 1960s following Betty Friedan’s landmark work The Feminine Mystique. Trifles contrasts sharply with the view of womanhood that had emerged by the end of the 20th century, at which point women had entered into the workforce, were running large companies, and were no longer expected to stay in their…
Nature of omen
In many ways, the relationship between the female characters in Edith harton's "Roman Fever" and Susan Glaspell's "Trifles" is diametrically opposed between the two stories. Although there is a degree of amicability prevalent in the relationship in each tale, the principle characters in harton's narrative are largely antagonistic towards one another, whereas the principles in Glaspell's play seem to grow closer towards one another the more time they spend together. hat is significant about this fact is that the reason for the animosity in the former work and the growing sense of unity in the latter is relatively the same -- the nature of women. The conflict in "Trifles" presents a number of facets about the nature of women that allows for solidarity in the face of adversity, whereas the conflict in "Roman Fever" illustrates aspects of womanhood that is indicative of disunity and antagonism.
Wharton, Edith. "Roman Fever." Classweb.gmu.edu. Web. http://classweb.gmu.edu/rnanian/Wharton-RomanFever.html
Glaspell, Susan. "Trifles." One-Act-Plays.com. 1916. Web. http://www.one-act-plays.com/dramas/trifles.html
Wright indicated her dead husband was after being questioned by Mr. Hale. Notwithstanding the close spatial relationship of husband and wife sleeping in the same bed, the murder took place without Mrs. Wright's knowledge. The upstairs area is clearly delineated from the downstairs kitchen where women "ruled the roost" when the men laugh at the women for their interest in quilting styles rather than the crime at hand. In addition, Glaspell also draws on the spatial relationships that exist between women in terms of their geographic proximity as well as their natural camaraderie and fellowship. Indeed, Mrs. Hale admits, "I might have known she needed help! I know how things can be -- for women. I tell you, it's queer, Mrs. Peters. We live close together and we live far apart. We all go through the same things -- it's all just a different kind of the same thing."
As mothers, wives and housekeepers women can hardly enact their sensibility: "Not having children makes less work -- but it makes a quiet house, and right out to work all day, and no company when he did come in."(Glaspell)
Men do nothing but laugh at the trivialities that women are preoccupied with, preserving their belief that the sensibility is something exaggerated and that women always make a fuss over the most banal things:
My, it's a good thing the men couldn't hear us. ouldn't they just laugh! Getting all stirred up over a little thing like a -- dead canary. As if that could have anything to do with--with -- wouldn't they laugh!"(Glaspell)
Glaspell's play therefore is truly enlightening in many respects, and is worthy of being represented on stage as it manages to pinpoint the way in which the interior world and the sensibility of the women is for…
Glaspell, Susan. Trifles. http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/eng384/trifles.htm
Williams, Tennessee. The Glass Menagerie. http://staff.bcc.edu/faculty_websites/jalexand/Williams -- The_Glass_Menagerie.htm
Susan Glaspell. Trifles.
Then after Homer disappeared, she gave china painting lessons until a new generation lost interest, and then "The front door closed...remained closed for good" (Faulkner pp). Emily's depression caused her to become a recluse.
All three female protagonists are so dominated by male authority figures that their loneliness leads to severe depression, which in turn leads to madness, then eventually acts of violence. None of the women have active control of their lives, however, each in their own way makes a desperate attempt to take action, to seek a type of redemption for the misery and humiliation they have endured by the male figures in their lives.
Curry, Renee R. "Gender and authorial limitation in Faulkner's 'A Rose for Emily.'" The Mississippi Quarterly. June 22, 1994. Retrieved July 28, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library eb site.
Faulkner, illiam. "A Rose for Emily." Retrieved July 28, 2005 at http://xroads.virginia.edu/~drbr/wf_rose.html…
Curry, Renee R. "Gender and authorial limitation in Faulkner's 'A Rose for Emily.'" The Mississippi Quarterly. June 22, 1994. Retrieved July 28, 2005 from HighBeam Research Library Web site.
Faulkner, William. "A Rose for Emily." Retrieved July 28, 2005 at http://xroads.virginia.edu/~drbr/wf_rose.html
Gilman1, Charlotte Perkins. "The Yellow Wallpaper (1899)." Retrieved July 29, 2005 at http://www.library.csi.cuny.edu/dept/history/lavender/wallpaper.html
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. "Why I Wrote The Yellow Wallpaper" 1913. Retrieved July 28, 2005 at http://www.library.csi.cuny.edu/dept/history/lavender/whyyw.html
Subjective truth forms our perception of reality when regarding people, cultures, religion, or any other differentiating factor, and this is true of the male gender-perception of women. Plausibility structures, which govern our perspective and control how we perceive the Other, are part and parcel of every culture, gender, religion, and community. In fact, they are directly responsible for our ability to believe the seemingly unbelievable about others. For example, for a very long time, members of hate groups (which they would call patriotic organizations) have created a culture in which its members are convinced of the reality that all people who are not white are so different from them as to be rendered unimportant. Men have, for millennia, subjected women to a 'reality' that tells them they are inferior of mind and body, are unable to engage in the kinds of activities that men can, and that their contributions to…
Glaspell, Susan. "Trifles." Literature and the Writing Process, 6th Edition. Elizabeth McMahan, Susan X. Day, Robert Funk [Editors]. New York: Prentiss Hall, 2001. pp977-986.
Hwang, David. "M. Butterfly." Literature and the Writing Process, 6th Edition. Elizabeth McMahan, Susan X. Day, Robert Funk [Editors]. New York: Prentiss Hall, 2001. pp706-750.
Pygmalion -- George Bernard Shaw
George Bernard Shaw -- one of the most well regarded playwrights -- wrote this comedy and first presented it to the public in 1912. He took some of the substance of the original Greek myth of Pygmalion and turned it into a popular play. In Greek mythology Pygmalion actually came to fall in love with one of his sculptures, and the sculpture suddenly became a living human. But in this play two older gentlemen, Professor Higgins (who is a scientist studying the art of phonetics) and Colonel Pickering (a linguist who specializes in Indian dialects) meet in the rain at the start of this play.
Higgins makes a bet with Pickering that because of his great understanding of phonetics, he will be able to take the Covent Garden flower girl -- who speaks "cockney" which is not considered very high brow in England -- and…
Bennett, A. (2008). The History Boys. London, UK: Farber & Farber.
Glaspell, S. (1921). Inheritors: A Play in Three Acts. Berkeley, CA: University of California.
Glaspell, S. (2008). Trifles. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan
Hellman, L. (2013). The Children's Hour. Whitefish, MT: Literary Licensing, LLC.
" (Line 19) Her art creates joy but she still has to exist in the mundane world of everyday strife and problems.
e also find this concern with the strife and woes of the world in the second poem "The eary Blues." In this poem the art form is music and particularly 'blues' music, which echoes the suffering, problems and anxieties of human life and existence. The sense of being tired and troubled is emphasized through repetition and by the refrain " O. Blues!." The state of mind of the blues player is clearly depicted in the language of the poem; for example, the way that the blues swinger sways to the music.
Both these poems show how art forms such as music and dance can express the feelings of the soul of mankind. Both also suggest that art is also a way of transcending or going beyond the problems…
Mckay, C. If We Must Die, Web. 27 April, 2012.
( http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/if-we-must-die/ )
McKay, C. The Harlem Dancer. Web. 27 April, 2012. (http://www.poetry-
Ibsen's side note is a emakably astute and honest appaisal of the ealities of patiachy. The statement was cetainly tue of Noa and he society. Even as she ties to negotiate some semblance of powe in the domestic ealm, the baies to women achieving genuine political, financial and social equality ae too entenched in the society.
The cental theme of patiachy is played out though the motif of the doll house itself, which is a metapho fo the domestication and subjugation of women. A woman is pevented fom acting outside of he ole in the domestic sphee. She cannot "be heself" in the way a man can, which is to say, pemitted to pusue any level of education she pleases o acquie any type of pofessional cedentials she would like. Women ae beholden to men and become financially dependent on them, as they ae lauchned into caees of domestic sevitude.…
references to the need to subvert patriarchy in whatever means possible. Patriarchy has a literal and symbolic stranglehold over society. It chokes the ability of women to be happy, as the story of Mrs. Wright shows. Her neighbors muse about the way Mrs. Wright used to be happy, "She used to wear pretty clothes and be lively, when she was Minnie Foster." This shows how marriage can kill the spirit of a woman. The play is an outcry against gender inequity and injustice, not a murder mystery.
Mrs. Peters shows this belief when she says, "But Mrs. Hale, the law is the law." (Glaspell, 16.)
Many of the laws that govern society are based on maintaining society. This includes criminal laws, which are easily justified, they protect everyone's safety. It also includes business laws, which again protect society by clarifying how businesses can operate. Everyone has a responsibility towards society simply because they are part of it. This means that individual freedom is restricted in favor of the freedom of society.
The question that "Trifles" raises, is when is it all right to overlook this responsibility to society in favor of responsibility to an individual. In life, this question is raised often. Stealing is a crime, but is it acceptable to steal food if a child's life depends on it? In the play we see that a criminal crime of 'suppression of evidence' occurs where Mrs. Peters…
women are "limited" from the very beginning of the play even in the sense that nearly a third of the drama passes without any role from the women whatsoever -- they are minimized in the background as the men do their work. The men carry on their official business in the house and the women are simply there to gather up things for Mrs. Wright while the men attempt to solve the crime. The men dominate the conversation and it is not really until they go upstairs to leave the women to themselves that the women come to the forefront. Though, before they leave their wives downstairs, there is a primary indicator of social roles that takes place in the kitchen. When the County Attorney discovers the mess of the fruit preserves, Mrs. Peters explains that Mrs. Wright was worried about the jars breaking. The underlying theme to the play…
As in the first story, culture is not just a sub-theme; it is defined in the setting, in the conflict, in the characters and the tone of the story. In this case it involves leaving one culture (low income) and joining the high-tone community of wealth. Mrs. Jordan did not have to start suckling babies for a living, although when her son Leo, her own flesh and blood, becomes wealthy, and shuns his mother. Leo leaves his poor mother just a thousand shillings a month for her subsistence. It is obvious that Leo -- due to his rise into the cultural stratosphere of great wealth -- has become aloof, selfish, and lost his interest in family matters, or perhaps his humanity per se; he's been giving his aging mother a thousand shillings for twenty years without a raise to cover inflation. Notwithstanding the shabby treatment, Mrs. Jordan is in denial…
Bachmann, Ingeborg. "The Barking." In German Women Writers of the Twentieth Century,
E. Herrmann & E. Spits, Eds. London: Pergamon Press, 1978, pp. 78-86.
Devi, Mahasweta. "Breast-Giver." In Other Worlds: Essays in Cultural Politics, G.
Spivak, Ed. New York & London: Metheum, 1987, pp. 222-240.
The image of the law arises, but like the woman, the captain has already experienced a kind of internal, moral shift. Like the woman the captain cannot bear to morally condemn the murderer, or reveal the fact that Leggatt is on his ship when the authorities arrive. Captain Archbold wants to act according to the law, like the men of the Glaspell tale, but Leggatt's protective captain pretends the ship is empty and points out that Leggatt's actions helped save the ship during a storm.
The captain, from a law-abiding man, has suddenly become a man who will evade the law, because he mysteriously perceives himself to be the same as another man. Unlike the feminist identification or mirroring that occurs in the Glaspell tale, the Conrad tale's sense of a "mirror image" of two psychologically united selves is far more mysterious. Eventually, the captain agrees to allow Leggatt to…
Conrad, Joseph. "The Secret Sharer." Project Gutenberg e-text. 9 Feb 2008. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/220/220.txt
Glaspell, Susan. "A Jury of Her Peers." Learner.org. Full text. 9 Feb 2008. http://www.learner.org/interactives/literature/story/fulltext.html
The eighteenth century is often thought of a time of pure reason; after all, the eighteenth century saw the Enlightenment, a time when people believed fervently in rationality, objectivity and progress. However, Moll Flanders by Daniel Defoe also shows an era of chaos, depicted by a sort of wildness inside of people. Moll Flanders, the protagonist of Defoe's story, has been an orphan, a wife, mother, prostitute and a thief. Paula Backscheider (65) urges that Moll Flanders symbolizes the vicissitudes that were frequently experienced by many people in what was supposed to be an enlightened age. This is an obvious juxtaposition in Defoe's work. Defoe depicts a world that is not very compassionate, despite it being the Enlightenment period. Moll should have been better taken care of as an orphan, but she wasn't and this shows a complete lack of social responsibility on the government's side. There seems…
Backscheider, Paula R. Moll Flanders: The Making of a Criminal Mind. (Twayne's
Masterwork Studies). Twayne Publishers, 1990.
Defoe, Daniel. The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders. Oxford University Press, 2009.
Dupre, Louis K. The Enlightenment and the Intellectual of Modern Culture. Yale University Press, 2005.
Changing Role of Women in the Late 1800s
In "A azard of New Fortunes," William Dean owells explores a number of themes through the interaction of the major characters in the novel. Much of his focus revolves around the women in the book and the interaction of these women with each other and with men. owells writes about issues contemporary to the time of the book's publication in 1890. Not coincidentally the 1880s marked the beginning of a significant upsurge in the women's movement. "A azard of New Fortunes" presents women who abide by the old values in contrast to women who have begun to adopt the values that eventually lead to full suffrage for women, more education opportunities for women, and more career choices for women. Women would become increasingly vocal about their opinions and begin to organize themselves for a direct assault on the institutions that were so…
Howells illustrates the crosscurrents of the late 1800s in the United States by conceiving two conflicting characters, Mrs. March and Alma Leighton. Mrs. March represents the traditional good wife who is her husband's confidant and who supports him in every way. Alma represents the petulant "new woman" who has no sense of compromise and no sense of responsibility except to her. Howells portrayal of Mrs. March is much kinder than his portrayal of Alma. With the wave of social change yet to crest, Howells is more inclined to the traditional than to the radical. Ultimately though the ideal situation would be a balance between the traditional and the radical.
Howells, William Dean. A Hazard of New Fortunes. Aug 2002. Produced by David Widger for The Project Gutenberg Etext. 23 Feb 2002.
The Negro race has a rather large share of the last mentioned class" (Woodson 96). While he may feel he is being honest about the Negroes reaction to a white-dominated society and education, it does not seem to serve his race well to call a majority of them fools; in fact, it may help flame racial stereotypes that already exist. He continues, "Hundreds of employees of African blood frankly say that they will not work under a Negro" (Woodson 99). Again, he is reducing his race to stereotypes, and shows is own "educated" prejudice against his fellows. While his book is interesting, thought-provoking, and well researched and explained; Woodson's own tendency toward prejudices removes some of his credence and makes the reader wonder about some of this other conjectures and arguments.
The author's theories on mis-education are well thought out and he gives numerous examples and arguments that back up…
Woodson, Carter G. The Mis-Education of the Negro. Grand Rapids, MI: Candace Press, 1996.
Edna St. Vincent Millay's "Love is Not All"
Scansion and Analysis
Edna St. Vincent Millay utilizes a traditional sonnet form in "Love is Not All" that is reminiscent of a Shakespearean sonnet, with an ABAB, CDCD, EFEF, GG rhyme scheme. It also contains a "turn," in that the argument that the poet appears to be making throughout the first half of the poem is suddenly turned in a different and unexpected manner so that the last lines of the poem surprise the reader and lead him to a contradictory or opposite conclusion. In this case, the first part of the sonnet is set to giving negative reasons for what love is not and why it is not so important in practical terms. And yet the poet concludes that in spite of all these practical reasons, love is still, in fact, everything -- that is, it is worth more than all…
His life became a constant dread, a horrible fear that German militia would kill him or his family.
On June 16, 1941, the Nazis ordered his father to report to the militia. "I looked out the window for hours on end," David wrote in his diary (p. 17). He thought his parents would return soon but "…the hours went by and still no sign of them…in the end I didn't know what to think." On the 17th of June, the Nazis came into David's village and searched other houses but not David's. One day a Nazi (David always referred to them as "militiamen") pushed a motorcycle into David's house after the motorcycle had broken down. hile the Nazi was still in the neighborhood, some Jews came along; the Nazi checked their papers and then administered "…a severe beating" to an innocent man (p. 18).
"Nowadays a person can be arrested…
Boas, Jacob. (2009). We Are Witnesses: Five Diaries of Teenagers Who Died in the Holocaust.
New York: Macmillion.
CBN News. (2009). Amid Protests, Iran President Denies Holocaust. Retrieved Nov. 10, 2010,
From http://www.cbn.com .
Henry James is a plot that is replete with symbolism both in its overarching theme and in its subcomponents.
The Aspern Papers devolves around the plot of a man who would stoop at almost nothing to procure and publish the papers of Jeffery Aspern a famous poet. The character, this nameless narrator, goes to Venice to locate Juliana Bordereau, former lover of a famous, now dead, American poet. He erreoneously believes that Juliana has papers written by this poet and is prepared to court her niece Miss Tita, an unappealing and simple woman, in order to catch a glimpse of these 'Aspern papers'. Miss Tita agrees to help him. Juliana later offers to sell a miniature portrait of Aspern to the narrator for an exorbitant price, but shortly after catches the narrator rifling through her room searching for the alleged papers. Juliana calls the narrator a "publishing scoundrel," collapses, the…
James, H. The great short novels of Henry James, New York, Dial Press, 1944
Kaplan, F. Henry James: the imagination of genius: a biography . New York: Morrow, 1992.
He shows her as generous, but acts as if that is a negative quality, and about the only good thing he has to say about her is that she handled herself well in exile and that she was extremely pious. He is unemotional and detached when he writes about her death, yet he worked with her husband closely and admired him a great deal. He does not even discuss the Emperor's reaction to her death, which indicates how little he thought of the woman. He writes of Zoe's death, "So the gold was squandered with all the uncontrolled profusion of a flood, and Zoe, after a short and painful illness, but little change in her outward appearance, departed this life at the age of seventy-two."
It seems that even in death, he cannot bring himself to say something positive about anything but her appearance, which may show his bias toward…
Psellus, Michael. Fourteen Byzantine Rulers. Penguin Books: London, 1966.
Michael Psellus. Fourteen Byzantine Rulers. Penguin Books: London, 1966, 157.
That he was not the reason that her cheeks were glowing might have been something for him to investigate and improve their marriage; however, she was just a woman and why would he bother himself with such trifles.
In short, the duke can commit murder if he feels that his wife does live up to his expectations. Obviously, there are no ramifications for his behavior as he brags about the event and is very pleased to display the new and improved version of his wife that is under his complete control. e can see how women are also treated as objects in this poem. hen the Duke could have her the way he wanted her, decided to make her into something that would entertain him. e cannot say that the Duke did not love his wife. He is like Othello in that he loved her too well but she had…
Browning, Robert. "My Last Duchess." The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Vol. II. Abrams, M. H, ed. New York W.W. Norton and Company. 1986.
Diaz del Castillo has an undoubted ideological bias in stressing how that the small band of Spanish soldiers, barely numbering in the several hundreds, could never have defeated the mighty Mexican army, but his account gives the reader pause. Diaz del Castillo's account, even if one allows for a certain amount of exaggeration here and there, to have a ring of authenticity, as he portrays his own people as well as the Aztecs warts and all, including their squabbling about gold: "now all men covet gold, and the more we have the more we want, yet several recognizable pieces were missing from the heaps" (Del Castillo 274)
Morally speaking, can the Spanish conquest be 'wrong' and yet the way of life of the conquered morally abhorrent? The Conquest of New Spain raises many troubling ethical questions for a critical reader, reading with a post-colonial, post-modern mindset. Although it was not…
Actually, it turned out that Burke was right all along, and by rejecting his ideas for peace - and the others who were in his camp - England cut it's own throat. The colonies were not to be denied in this matter, and no amount of taxation or bullying on the part of the Mother Country would succeed.
At this point Burke points out that after all, the Colonies are populated with people with British names. This is Burke bringing it all down to linkage with the family unit. Basically he is saying, the Colonies are a new nation made up of family, relatives, friends of the Mother Country. "My hold of the Colonies is in the close affection which grows from common names, from kindred blood..." And Burke is saying that these people that the leadership wants to go to war with are cousins, aunts, grandparents, nephews and nieces.…
Burke, Edmund. "Edmund Burke's Speech on Conciliation with America." May, 2004.
EBook #5655, Project Gutenberg.
As this meme passed down through generations, it became more pervasive and it also became more complete. When slavery in the New World began, both blacks and whites were enslaved, black slaves could gain freedom, and slavery was not a condition of birth. However, as that changed, the memes surrounding African-Americans also changed. Not only were blacks seen as not equal to whites, but they were seen as incapable of becoming equal to whites. Therefore, when Jim Crow segregation was first challenged under the Fourteenth Amendment, the Supreme Court determined that separate facilities were not inherently unequal, despite overwhelming evidence that the facilities provided for African-Americans were factually inferior to those provided for whites. While this meme has been challenged by newer ideas and has, generally, not stood up to scientific, moral, and religious challenges, vestiges of it remain in almost every American person. As a result, many Americans, of…
Corrales, J. (1999) the politics of education reform: bolstering the supply and demand; overcoming institutional blocks. Retrieved January 19, 2008 from the World Bank
Web site: http://www1.worldbank.org/education/globaleducationreform/pdf/corrales.pdf
Catalano, J. (1996) Review: Richard Dawkins: books: the selfish gene. Retrieved January 19, 2008 from the World of Richard Dawkins
Web site: http://www.simonyi.ox.ac.uk/dawkins/WorldOfDawkins-archive/Dawkins/Work/Books/selfish.shtml
The actual construction was the work of ast (Villa ast). Similar to his previous creation, classicism is captured within the "fluted pillars" and "lateral projections." Numerous ornaments, such as pearl, egg-and-dart, and leaf moldings, are incorporated. Notable sculptures include one by Anton Hanak, above the tall windows on the right side of the house. Hoffmann's geometric motifs are also detected through the verticals and latticework. The furnishings also bear geometric grid patterns. Specific features include square flowers and lozenge patterns with complementary colors of white and black (white and gold is used as well). An overall impression of lightness is also achieved, with high stairwells, freestanding marble columns, and decorative glasswork. Notably, the design of the garden was intended to give off an exclusive impression. The terraces (some semi-cylindrical, some not) and ground level disparities instigate a conservative sense. In contrast, freedom is also employed with the rich modulations of…
He reflects that the: "wonderful thing about porter was the way it made you stand aside, or rather float aloft like a cherub rolling on a cloud, and watch yourself with your legs crossed, leaning against a bar counter, not worrying about trifles but thinking deep, serious, grown-up thoughts about life and death." The disapproving comments of the "shawlies" or women watching the boy get sick voice the reader's likely feelings about the incident: "isn't it the likes of them would be fathers?"
The narrator's voice from then on, also by necessity, is more coherent than the interior voice of a tipsy child, but he still tries to convey the child's physical sense of discomfort, like the child's anger that he does not feel "grand" like his father assures him that he will after he is ill, or when his father's friends tell him he will feel right in a…
O'Connor, Frank. "The Drunkard." 14 May 2007. Short Story Classics. Last updated 11
Feb 2000. E-Text available at http://ee.1asphost.com/shortstoryclassics/foconnordrunkard.html
Fou Stoies and thei Elements
A peson eads fiction fo many easons. Often times, as Richad Wight suggests, one chooses to escape one's life, and discove new ealities and states of being. Fiction is pehaps the most poweful medium that can tanspot a peson outside of eveything peviously known, as fiction challenges not only one's intelligence, but also one's imagination. Due to this eason, fiction is hee to say, so to speak, unchallenged in its complexity by such things as television o othe eceational activities, as compute o video games. The following pages will engage fou stoies in ode to descibe just how inticate a witten wok of fiction can be, and will examine vaious pats of these stoies in ode to link them to ways of thinking and daily existence.
An Act of Vengeance by Isabel Allende
This shot stoy by Isabel Allende is tuly a melange of…
references were taken from the documents which you provided, which included the four stories above, as well as the short segment on fiction by Richard Wright. No outside sources were utilized.
Linde: Come, come-
Nora: - that I have gone through nothing in this world of cares.
Mrs. Linde: But my dear Nora, you have just told me all your troubles.
Nora: Pooh! -- those were trifles (lowering her voice) I have not told you the important thing (20).
We see Torvald's side of the deception in Act Three after he learns of Nora's forgery and Krogstad's ability to expose her. The conversations Thorvald has had during the previous two Acts show us that he is really only attracted to Nora because of her beauty and the social status that will glean him in society. He notes, "From now on, forget happiness. Now it's just about saving the remains, the wreckage, the appearance," showing us that all he really cares about it he own social status and reputation, naught for Nora. Essentially, Nora's forgery is the epitome of their disenfranchised and…
Ibsen, H. A Doll's House. Clayton, DE: Prestwick House, 2005.
Unwin, S. Ibsen's A Doll's House: Page to Stage Study Guide. London: Nick Hern Books,
Katharine, what Montaigne means is that inanity which we human beings are full of is one of those things that makes life worth living. The absurdism and comedy in life and in each other are the things that make life so unique and so worthwhile. In returning to your life, your children, your family and friends, I feel you will be able to rediscover this absurdism, the silliness in yourself and in the people around you. I truly believe that is something which will help you to find joy once again in life, as you were someone who, in the past, appreciated jokes and the inane more than anyone else I knew.
More than anything, Katharine, I ask you to look for courage within yourself. What you're currently trying to work through and live with is not easy by any means. Most people we know have not had to suffer…
Bakewell, S. How to Live: Or a Life of Montaigne in One Question and Twenty Attempts at .... Essex: Random House, 2011. Web.
Dim through the misty panes and thick green light,/as under a green sea, I saw him drowning./in all my dreams before my helpless sight / He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning./if in some smothering dreams, you too could pace/Behind the wagon that we flung him in,/and watch the white eyes writhing in his face,/His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin,/if you could hear, at every jolt, the blood/Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs/Bitter as the cud / of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues, -- / My friend, you would not tell with such high zest/to children ardent for some desperate glory,/the old Lie: Dulce et decorum est / Pro patria mori. (Owen)
This is not how Owen "might" respond to patriotism this is a direct assault upon it. The words of Dali ring true as the toll of war is counted up among the youthful wasted…
Owen, W, Anthem for Doomed Youth, at http://www.englishverse.com/poems/anthem_for_doomed_youth
On Seeing a Piece of Our Artillery Brought into Action, at http://www.poetryconnection.net/poets/Wilfred_Owen/1215
Dulce et Decorum est at http://www.potw.org/archive/potw3.html
Remarque, E.M. (1958). All Quiet on the Western Front. Boston: Little Brown.
Everyman must lose this false confidence, and lose his life, to truly understand the higher purpose of the human soul and existence, as Everyman prepares himself for the final passage -- and so must we all, good and bad.
But in "Peter Pan" there is a lack of moral apportioning to children along the lines of the laws of adult life. endy, who seems to be the most thoughtful and responsible of all the Peter Pan characters, pays with her youth and takes on adult responsibility unlike the title protagonist, who also transgresses but never feels remorse and never pays for any hurt he does to the girl. Thus, loss, both plays suggest, is an inevitable part of human life, but Barrie is far less positive about what this loss leaves. Loss for Barrie means the loss of carefree and amoral youth and the loves of youth, while loss in…
Abrams, M.H., a Glossary of Literary Terms: Fourth Edition Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1981.
Barrie, J.M. Peter Pan. Online Literature Library. Updated 29-Jun-1999. www.literature.org/authors/barrie-james-matthew/the-adventures-of-peterpan/chapter-01.html
Barrie, J.M. "Peter Pan." London: Routledge, 1950.
Desmet, D. "The Parable of the Talents in Everyman." Winter 1997 Everyman and the Parable of the Talents at http://virtual.park.uga.edu/~cdesmet/talents.htm
" (Angry Children, Worried Parents: Helping Families Manage Anger) Be certain in prevention and "planned parenting." Look for when certain circumstances are particularly troublesome or disappointing for your child and chalk out a "plan of action" beforehand. For instance, in case your child gets upset while visiting a shop, craving to have every item on the shelves, you can tell the child prior to stepping into the shop, "You are free to choose just one item. Tell me which one which item would you select" (Angry Children, Worried Parents: Helping Families Manage Anger) if at all this type of arrangement does not prove effective, it might be a sign that your child is reluctant to go along with you to the shop. or, in case your child creates a fracas about sleeping and you are engaged for an hour to coax him, it might aid to provide your child a…
References at http://www.cdc.gov/nasd/docs/d001201-d001300/d001281/d001281.pdf . Accessed on 19 April, 2005
During one of her mental breakdowns, Margery said she was visited by Jesus who said, "My daughter, why have you left me, when I never for one moment went away from you?" Unlike the religious writings of Julian, Margery wrote of everyday activities and events. She included accounts of her trips, marriage and gatherings with notable people.
The tale of "Shakespeare's sister" that Woolf tells in "A oom of One's Own" relates to the Middle Ages and enaissance and the status of women and the barriers they faced due to the stereotypes about their gender. Ironically, the world had not changed much in this regard when Woolf wrote. She had foreseen the reaction to "A oom of One's Own" and said in her diary: "I forecast, then, that I shall get no criticism, except of the evasive jocular kind... that the press will be kind & talk of its charm,…
Bynum, Caroline Walker. Fragmentation and Redemption: Essays on Gender and the Human Body in Medieval Religion. New York: Zone Books, 1992.
Norton Anthology of Literature by Women, The tradition in English-- 2nd edition, Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar eds. New York: W.W.
Robertson, Elizabeth. "Medieval Medical Views of Women and Female Spirituality in the Ancrene Wisse and Julian of Norwich's Showings." Feminist Approaches to the Body in Medieval Literature. Linda Lomperis and Sarah Stanbury, eds. Philadelphia: U. Of Pennsylvania Press, 1993: 142-167.
" (Amidon). ith this passage, hite helps parents and educators that children can understand even the saddest things in life, even if they cannot understand or tolerate things like injustice.
ilbur is similar to the children that hite targeted as readers. hen ilbur realizes that he cannot save Charlotte's life or even be with her in death, he takes a step to ensure her immortality. He pesters Templeton to help him, and he retrieves Charlotte's egg sac and takes it back to the barn. Once Charlotte's eggs hatch, ilbur is excited to meet her children, hoping to find the type of friendship he had with their mother. However, ilbur is again reminded that friendship is different, and that he saved the eggs for Charlotte, rather than for himself, when almost all of Charlotte's children leave the barn. However, some of them, like ilbur, are runts, and are too weak to…
Amidon, Stephen. "Caught in the Finest Web." The Guardian. 23 Nov. 2002. The Guardian.
14 Oct. 2006 http://books.guardian.co.uk/reviews/classics/0,6121,844748,00.html#article_continue .
MacPherson, Karen. "At 50, 'Charlotte's Web' Still Enraptures Readers Young and Old." Post-
Gazette. 30 Jul. 2002. Post-Gazette.com. 14 Oct. 2006 http://www.post-gazette.com/books/20020730corner0730p1.asp .
(Higonnet, 1) Quite to the reality of our future, that which he has produced in the defense of the rights of man will not be retracted. Nor will be his association to these accomplishments. Therefore, both to protect ourselves from the righteous indignation of a public who will not bear to see the disgracing of its champion and to serve with justice rather than with arbitrary defensiveness the legacy of Napoleon Bonaparte, this statement is to implore your judgeship to disregard St. Helena as a suitable place to exile any human being so much as one whose may be regarded as having so gracefully served those in his public.
Higonnet, P. (1983). France Under Napoleon. The Journal of Modern History, 55(3).
Rank, J. (2007). The Napoleonic Code. Law Library: American Law and Legal Information. Online at http://law.jrank.org/pages/8702/Napoleonic-Code.html
Higonnet, P. (1983). France Under Napoleon. The Journal of Modern History, 55(3).
Rank, J. (2007). The Napoleonic Code. Law Library: American Law and Legal Information. Online at http://law.jrank.org/pages/8702/Napoleonic-Code.html
Henry Mackenzie's novel "The man of feeling." There are two main issue that we are going to address. The first one is demonstrating that the book under discussion is really a representative example of the sentimental novel genre.
The second one is an attempt to understand what is the novel's place in forming and evoking the concept of "nation."
In order to demonstrate that the book is part of the sentimental novel genre, we ought to be able to recognize the main features which characterize it. Derived from the domestic novel, the sentimental one was a popular genre at the time when Mackenzie wrote it. Meant to be a reaction to the generally diffused idea according to which humanity was depraved, the sentimental novel wishes to demonstrate the fact that human nature is inherently good.
In addition to that this type of novel wishes to provide its readers with a…
Harkin, M. Mackenzie's Man of feeling": embalming sensibility, ELH article, June 22, 1994, retrieved April 20, 2010 from http://www.accessmylibrary.com/article-1G1-16097466/mackenzie-man-feeling-embalming.html
Mackenzie, Henry. The man of feeling. Gutenberg ebook. Retrieved April 20, 2010 http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext04/mnfl10.txt
Toyota culture that culminated in the safety issues and decline of the Toyota company although this is controversial;. ome say that the Toyota culture with its emphasis on family inheritance engendered decline, whilst others say that it was the reign of t he non-family members that culminated in the decline. till others insist that there was no decline at all and that that Toyota still shows profit. Either way, there seems to be unanimous agreement that internal corruption which includes protekzia of family members ruling the organization and promotion and employment acquisition working on connection rather than merit works to destruction of organization and should be eradicated for th e-company's good.
Mr. Toyoda's in-house detractors say the president has created an informal team of loyalists, making it tough for managers trying to communicate through the formal channels. One non-family manager says the current executive structure operates like a "shadow management…
Some may dispute the fact that Toyota has actually slipped, but there is no disputing the fact that Toyota suffers from its internal family feud. There are other factors that are harming the company, but this seems to be a significant element.
Shirouzu, N. (2010). Inside Toyota, executives trade blame over debacle. Wall Street Journal (Eastern Edition), p. A.1. http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=2008216551&Fmt=4&clientId=29440&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Health and Social Sciences
Health, Well Being and Social Care in UK
Sociological Perspective of Health and Well Being in UK
Psychological Perspective of Health and Well Being in UK
Psycho-Social Needs of Service Users in UK
Health and Social Sciences
This report casts light upon the various aspects of physical and mental health of people living in United Kingdom. The selected sample chosen for this study belongs to the settings of people who do not belong to UK from their old generations and they are spending the lives of homelessness there. In other words, the paper is about physical and mental health of people who belong to other areas of the world but are settled in UK for education of job purpose. Since they are outsiders, they do not have permanent place to live in, they make temporal arrangements depending upon their requirements. Their priorities are different…
BBC News, 2011. Archbishop calls for NHS bill to cover spiritual health. [Online] Available at: < http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-15570290 > [Accessed 07 Oct 2012]
Department of Health, 2012. Public Health, adult social care and the NHS. [online] Available at: < http://www.dh.gov.uk/en/index.htm > [Accessed 07 Oct 2012]
International Health Insurance, 2012. 3 Easy Steps to Health Insurance. [Online] Available at: < http://www.international-health-insurance.com / > [Accessed 07 Oct 2012]
Men's Health News, 2012. The Hardest Workout You're not Doing. [online] Available at: < http://news.menshealth.com/the-hardest-workout-youre-not-doing/2012/02/10 / > [Accessed 07 Oct 2012]
Shakespeare's play Macbeth, women play influence Macbeth a brave vibrant soldier, ready die king, a murderer? Discuss witches predictions portrayed Jacobean era ambitious Lady Macbeth husband deranged.
illiam Shakespeare's play Macbeth provides an intriguing account involving concepts like greed, the influence women have on men, and the overall idea of human nature in dubious circumstances. Macbeth is the central character and he comes to employ deceiving attitudes as he becomes more and more overcome by greed. hile it is actually normal to see a person being obsessed with power and coming to act in disagreement with principles he or she previously believed in, Macbeth is also significantly influenced by women who he interacts with and it is only safe to say that they play an important role in making him commit regicide.
Macbeth is somewhat dependent to women, not from a sexual point-of-view, but from a point-of-view involving him wanting…
1. Andersen, Richard, "Macbeth," (Marshall Cavendish, 2009)
2. Bloom, Harold, "Macbeth," (Infobase Publishing, 2005)
3. Bloom, Harold, and Marson, Janyce, "Macbeth," (Infobase Publishing, 2008)
4. Bradley, A.C., "Shakespearean Tragedy: Lectures on Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, Macbeth," (Echo Library, 2006)
This is a fascinating commentary about how modernization and mechanization can impact individuals to taking on the attributes of the technology that they work with. This is definitely thought-provoking in this day and age, making one wonder how one is impacted by the speed and immediacy of the Internet and other forms of technology on this generation.
However, this is one of Vonnegut's more hopeful stories. "Though Vonnegut has a reputation as a black humorist, this is an unusual love story between the most timid of men and a lonely receptionist" (Smith, 274). hile one can interpret this story in a cynical fashion, one can also appreciate it for the positive attributes it has to offer. "Yet, as in other Vonnegut works, art can be redeeming and transformative. Harry, when he is playing a character in a play, becomes larger than life. Helene, speaking with the narrator and Doris Sawyer…
Farrell, Susan Elizabeth. Critical Companion to Kurt Vonnegut. New York: Infobase Publishing, 2009.
Shakespeare, William. Macbeth. New York: DC Heath, 1950.
Smith, Patrick a. Thematic Guide to Popular Short Stories. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2002.
Strom, Hannah. "What Could "Tomorrow" Really Be?" 1 September 2011. Vonnegutclass. Blog. 11 July 2013.
Lao-Tzu and Machiavelli
The Toa-te Ching is a text which was written many centuries ago. The work is attributed to Loa-tzu and functions as a treatise on the Tao religion. The primary purpose of the writing is as a religious tome designed to instruct and also to inform about the basic tenets of the religion. However, its secondary function is to impart knowledge to potential leaders on what is the best way to deal with the population under their influence. Loa-tzu wrote a treatise to all future rulers of the community to practice in order to be more successful in their leadership and to ensure that they keep control of the population even if they are challenged by other such potential leaders. Similarly, in Machiavelli's The Prince, an unnamed narrator dictates an instruction manual to up and coming members of the monarchy about the correct ways for a royal to…
Lao-tzu. "Thoughts from the Tao-te Ching." Print.
Machiavelli, Nicholas. The Qualities of the Prince. 1532. Print.
Baldassarre Castiglione's classic Book of the Courtier was set in the ducal palace at Urbino in the early-16th Century. Because of the Duke's illness, he always went to bed early after supper and his place as head of household and director of the evening festivities was taken by the Duchess Elisabetta Gonzago. This was quite an unusual role for women at the time, since the Duchess and her delegate Lady Emilia set the tone for the entire conservation and chose the topic and the speakers. Almost all of the gentlemen present would have chosen other subjects that they perhaps imagined would have been of more interest to the ladies, such as romantic love, personal and private relationships and the emotions of anger and jealousy so often associated with these. Instead, the Duchess and Lady Emilia seem far more interested in the 'man's world' of politics, diplomacy and military affairs,…
Burke, Peter. The Fortunes of the Courtier: The European Reception of Castiglione's Cortegianno. Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996.
Castiglione, Baldassarre. The Book of the Courtier. NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1928, 1903.
HIV / AIDS on African-American Community in U.S.
Certain diseases occur more frequently within certain communities or ethnic groups. In part, this can be connected to genetics, heritage, environment, or the habits of a given cultural or ethnic group. This phenomenon is no different with HIV / AIDS, an illness which has been aggravated in the African-American community. HIV stands for the human immunodeficiency virus, a virus which can eventually turn into AIDS, also known as the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV / AIDS is believed to have come from a chimpanzee in West Africa: "They believe that the chimpanzee version of the immunodeficiency virus (called simian immunodeficiency virus, or SIV) most likely was transmitted to humans and mutated into HIV when humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat and came into contact with their infected blood. Studies show that HIV may have jumped from apes to humans as far back as…
Cdc.gov. (2013, May 29). What is HIV? Retrieved from cdc.gov: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/whatishiv.html
Impact-dc.com. (2010). A State of Emergency. Retrieved from Impact-dc.com: http://www.impact-dc.com/a-state-of-emergency-hivaids-impact-in-the-african-american-community/
Gelaude, D.J., Sovine, M.L., & Sawxyer, M. (2013). Hiv prevention programs delivered by community-based organizations to young transgender persons of color:
Lessons learned to improve future program implementation. International Journal
Eastward to Tartary, Robert Kaplan takes us on a journey through the wreckage of empires: Soviet, ttoman, and Hellenistic. His path winds from Hungary through Romania and Bulgaria and then on to Turkey, Syria, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. He introduces us to the social and political climates of countries that were shrouded in mystery under communism or largely ignored due to American unfamiliarity with the region. Unlike Paul Thoureaux and other American writers, Kaplan seems to have an interest in the political and demographic situation of the region, and we see these countries portrayed through the eyes of a student of socio-political environments.
Kaplan starts off in Hungary, the most western of the countries he visits, both geographically and psychologically. The Hungarians, Magyar misfits in mostly-Slavic Eastern Europe, have ramped up their economy since the fall of communism. Hungary is eager to join the new Europe and considers itself central European…
One gets the sense that a group to benefit the most from Kaplan's work would be the expatriate community, be it comprised of USAID workers in Romania and Bulgaria or oil industry project coordinators in Baku and other cities of the Caspian region. These people he portrays as living in sheltered, insular communities which are pre-fabricated elsewhere so as to provide a zone of safety and familiarity for executives living and working in the region. If anything, this book is a wake-up call to this group, which is portrayed as being almost completely ignorant of the context in which they operate. Although many of his prescriptions for a perfect world are doctrinaire, Kaplan is not afraid to move outside the comfort zone of the western executive.
The chief strength of Kaplan's work is in the way he portrays broad concepts in his anecdotal interactions with everyday people. This allows makes even the most complex of foreign cultures intelligible to the reader. Stylistically, he is able to portray the region as a romantic enigma, even as it remains one of the poorest, most problematic regions of the world.
Kaplan, Robert. Eastward to Tartary. Random House: 2000.
Discipline and Punish
In the novel Discipline and Punish, Michel Foucault, have studied the birth of prison in France. The author illustrates that the techniques of punishment, supervision and discipline stretch out well beyond the boundaries of the prison. The novel primarily concentrates on the growth and change of punishment from the seventeenth century to the modern era. Foucault emphasizes on the belief that the concept of discipline, which originally sprung from military eventually, spread out into organizations such as schools, factories, hospitals and prison. Through Foucault's novel, the reader learns that with time prisons have changed its outlook from dark and dingy dungeons into organizations which work towards educating, reforming and surveillance. By making use of the model system of Panopticon, the author elucidates on the notion of discipline and reform via indicated inspection and individualization.
Michel Foucault analyzes the relationship between power and knowledge and explains how both…
Michel F. Discipline And Punish. Paperback Publication. May 1995.
Briefing. Available on the address http://www.olma.vt.edu/psci/courses/5214a/tim663.pdf. Accessed on 5 May 2003.
Tune with the Infinite: Or, Fullness of Peace, Power and Plenty, by Ralph Waldo Trine. Specifically, it will report on the book, giving an overview of the book with some mention of the key ideas in each chapter, and finishing with a positive conclusion.
IN TUNE WITH THE INFINITE
Author Ralph Waldo Trine opens his book with this statement in the Preface:
There is a golden thread that runs through every religion in the world. There is a golden thread that run through the lives and the teachings of all the prophets, seers, sages, and saviours in the world's history, through the lives of all and women of truly great and lasting power. All that they have ever done or attained to has been done in full accordance with law. What one has done, all may do.
This same golden thread must enter into the lives of all who today,…
Author not Available. "Ralph Waldo Trine Biography." Personal Web Page. 2003. 17 June 2003. http://website.lineone.net/~ralphtrine/
Trine, Ralph Waldo. In Tune with the Infinite: Or, Fullness of Peace, Power and Plenty. New York: Dodge Publishing Company, 1910.
Restoration Drama: the Rake as a Symbol of Social Disorder
One of the distinctive features of Restoration comedy is the figure of the rake as romantic hero. The image of the rake-hero is of a witty, cynical, calculating, and self-serving man who pursues his own pleasure above all other considerations. Antagonistic to established rules and mores, the rake rejects conventional ideas of virtue, integrity, fidelity, restraint; above all he adopts a rhetorical position of opposition to the institution of marriage. However, it is significant that in most plays which feature a rake-hero in a prominent role, he becomes reconciled to the concept of marriage and ends up either actually married or firmly committed to marriage. It is the contention of this paper that first, it is overly simplistic to see the rake as irredeemably opposed to marriage, and that the relationship between such figures and the institution of wedlock is…
Birdsall, Virginia Ogden. Wild Civility: the English Comic Spirit and the Restoration Stage. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1970.
Cibber, Colley. Love's Last Shift. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1973.
Clayton, R. & Cordner, M. eds. Four Restoration Marriage Plays. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Dharwadker, Aparna. 'Class, Authorship, and the Social Intertexture of Genre in Restoration Theater.' Studies in English Literature, 37, 3 (1997), 461-82.
Strategic Financial Management
Barriers to entry are situations that make it difficult for rivals to penetrate in market. These are the reasons, which inhibit the entry of business to an industry. Theoretically, if an industry is showing a rising trend of profits, it indicates that demand for it products are well and the goods can be sold at a cost generating profits. Thus there will be an inducement for firms to enter this industry to have share of these profits. With the arrival of new firms in the industry, supply increases resulting in a fall of prices. Hence, competitive environment has been created with demand meeting the requirement and prices falling. Barriers to entry are the main reason for market control and the resulting inefficiencies that creates. Generally, monopoly, oligopoly, monopsony, and oligopsony are dependent on the market control to varied barriers to entry. In contrast, perfect competition, monopolistic competition,…
Bain, J. (1956) "Barriers to New Competition" Harvard University Press: Cambridge, Mass.
Demsetz, Harold (1982) "Barriers to Entry" The American Economic Review. Volume. 72; No. 1, pp: 47-57
Geroski, Paul. Schwalbach, Joachim. (1989) Luxembourg Barriers to entry and intensity of competition in European Markets. Washington, DC: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities; European Community Information Service.
Gilbert, R. And X. Vives. (1986) "Entry Deterrence and the Free Rider Problem" Review of Economic Studies Volume: 53; pp.71-83.
Emotions of Love and Lust in the orks of Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo is easily one of the major figures of world literature. Hugo has been responsible for painting some of the most compelling portraits of the struggle of the human condition and how certain emotional conditions continue to subsist among untold levels of depravity and suffering. One can examine The Hunchback of Notre Dame and Les Miserables as portraits of not only human suffering but as literary demonstrations of how even lust can continue to subsist throughout the human condition even when under intense strain. This paper will examine how Hugo is able to showcase the carnal longings of humanity throughout those works.
The Hunchback of Notre Dame demonstrates two different types of lust, emotional lust and sensual lust (Chris, 2010). Emotional lust in this case is first represented by the words and actions by the gypsy Esmeralda and…
Chris, T. (2010, November 10). Two Kinds of Lust: Lessons from The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Retrieved from Wordpress.com: http://mytwocents.wordpress.com/2010/11/09/two-kinds-of-lust-lessons-from-the-hunchback-of-notre-dame/
Grossman, K. (1994). Figuring Transcendence in Les Miserables: Hugo's Romantic Sublime. Springfield: SIU Press.
Hugo, V. (2010). Les Miserables. London: Courier Dove Publications.
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Pan's Labyrinth: Ofelia's Coping Mechanism
Pan's Labyrinth is one of the most notable fantasy films because it is able to anchor the more mystical motifs within the reality of war while still being able to portray events from the unique perspective of the child. Directed by Guillermo del Toro (2006), the film is not for children even though the heroine of the film is a child. The film in many ways is a rejection of classic stories as it doesn't skirt around the horror which lurks beneath; instead, it addresses the horror head on. As one critic illuminates, it can be challenging to understand a film which can provide fauns, fairies and other fantastical creatures, while still showing the monstrosity and reality of Franco's fascism. However, del Toro is able to marry the two seamlessly. However, given the tragic fate of Ofelia in the film, the ending does beg the…
Nasponline.org (2014). How Children Cope with Trauma and On-going Threat. http://www.nasponline.org/resources/crisissafety/ongoingthreat.aspx
Occupational Health and Safety
As a result of the fact that there is by no means a real sense of equality when it comes to the two genders and discrimination in the American workplace today, it's important to acknowledge that we still have a lot of work to do in terms of fighting for equality. In continuing that fight, it's important to be aware that sexist treatment and gender discrimination are forms of inequality in the workplace and they do add up to a very real occupational hazard for women. This is because such rampant unfairness over one's gender identity can cause tremendous unhappiness, and ultimately lead to anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, insomnia, nausea and headaches.
Balancing work and family tasks can put additional stress on women, who in many families still take primary responsibility for childcare and eldercare. When family and work demands collide, the resulting stress can lead…
Americanprogress.org. (2014). The Gender Wage Gap Differs by Occupation. Retrieved from americanprogress.org: http://americanprogress.org/issues/labor/news/2013/04/09/59698/the-gender-wage-gap-differs-by-occupation/
Brown, G., & Moran, P. (1997). Single mothers, poverty and depression. Psychological Medicine, 21-33.
Cdc.gov. (2013). Work-related health challenges facing women. Retrieved from cdc.gov: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/women/
Kay, K., & Shipman, C. (2014, April 14). The Confidence Gap. Retrieved from Theatlantic.com: http://www.theatlantic.com/features/archive/2014/04/the-confidence-gap/359815/