Unethical Practice Essays (Examples)

Filter results by:


View Full Essay

Unethical Labor Practices in the

Words: 1810 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37241202

Over 100 of that group will be allowed to participate in a special training session that both teaches and tests medical preparation and fire suppression skills, and which will allow those who pass to gain entrance into the department (eese 2011). Those who are not selected will be eligible to partkae in a $30 million dollar monetary award that was largely facilitated by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. The fact that such a venerable organization had to become involved with this particualr grievance of African-American firefighters is largely indicative of the fact that such unethical practices of hiring -- which directly influence the amount of those promoted -- are based upon discriminatory measures against African-Americans.

In conclusion, it has been conclusively demonstrated that there is a history of unethical practices in regards to the promotion of African-American firefighters that continues throughout contemporary times. In some respects,…… [Read More]


Cosgrove, Maurenn. (2011). "Federal appeals court reinstates African-American firefighter discrimination suit." Paper Chase News Burst. Retrieved from http://jurist.org/paperchase/2011/08/federal-appeals-court-reinstates-african-american-firefighter-suit.php

Moran, C. (2011). "HFD exam lawsuit settled for 7 black firefighter." Houston Chronicle.  http://www.chron.com/news/houston-texas/article/HFD-exam-lawsuit-settled-for-7-black-firefighters-1687065.php 

No author. (2011). "Organization History." Stentorians of L.A. County. Retrieved from  http://lacostentorians.org/about.htm 

No author. (No date). "African-American Firefighters: Our Brothers Under Fire." Wisconsin Black Historical Society. Retrieved from  http://wbhsm.homestead.com/brothers_under_fire.html
View Full Essay

Unethical Business Research Practices What Unethical Research

Words: 939 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21824562

Unethical Business esearch Practices

What unethical research behavior was involved?

The antitrust case brought by Wal-Mart and other retailers against Visa and MasterCard in the U.S. Eastern District court, was settled in 2003 for $3 billion and primarily involved a dispute concerning the efficient pricing of access to payment information, including security data that confirmed or refuted the transactional identities of cardholders (oberds & Schreft, 2009). In their pleadings, Wal-Mart and other class action litigants argued that third-party providers such as Visa and MasterCard required them to accept both debit and credit cards issued by MasterCard but the interchange fees were higher for debit cards (Ulzheimer, 2012). In sum, the suit filed by Wal-Mart and other large retailers claimed that Visa and MasterCard "required all merchants who accept their credit cards to also accept their signature debit cards [which] constitutes an illegal tie-in in violation of antitrust law" (Peterson, 2002,…… [Read More]


An introduction to ISO 27001. (2012). The ISO2700 Directory. Retrieved from http://www.


Azola, M. (2011). The Reconciliation Project: Separation and integration in business ethics research. Journal of Business Ethics, 99, 19 -- 36.

Binning, D. (2012). Top five cloud computing security issues. ComputerWeekly. Retrieved from:
View Full Essay

Unethical Behaviors in Enterprise the

Words: 347 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68150476

Other reasons may be institutional -- a harried employee may cover up mistakes, for fear of losing a job or a client in a pressured situation. or, an employee may be asked use unethical accounting practices to cover up business losses, ostensibly to protect shareholders and employees with a vested interest in the company's success. An accountant may feel pressured by a client not to use generally accepted ethical accounting practices and rationalize the fact he is saving an important client money, thus his behaviors are 'good' despite being technically illegal or unethical. As during the Enron crisis, workers may feel pressured to comply with top-level management's unethical behaviors for fear of losing their jobs and also because of the 'bunker' mentality that 'everyone is doing it' at the company so it must be 'okay.' Groupthink, guilt, even a desire to help others may all be as much of a…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Unethical Management Practices Have on

Words: 2890 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13270444

These benefit the local company as well as the entire region.

Leverage financial and other investments in the community. ecause nonprofit organizations mobilize vast reserves of goodwill, corporate investment in the community can have tremendous reach in building a better corporate profile and in strengthening public support of the private sector. (Kanaga, 1998)

The work of Nae and Grigore (nd) entitled: "An Overview of European Multinational Corporations" the social and political changes brought about by globalization have raised new questions as well as expectations about governance and social responsibilities. More and more companies of all sizes and sectors are recognizing the importance of their role in society and the real benefits of adopting a proactive approach to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)." (Nae and Grigore, nd)


The work of Young (2007) entitled: "Fiduciary Duties as a Helpful Guide to Ethical Decision-Making in usiness"…… [Read More]


Charoenpong, Kittiyaporn (nd0 Technology Effect on Ethics in the Workplace. Dusit Thani College Academic Resource Center. Web Opac. Online available at  http://lib.dtc.ac.th/article/dtc/0007.pdf 

Okpara, J.L. (2003) Can Corporate Ethical Codes of Conduct Influence Behavior? (an Exploratory Study of Financial Managers in a Developing Economy. XI International Conference Brussels, Belgium July 11-13, 2003)

Kanga, W.S. (2004) Corporations Must Act Ethically CIPE's Board of Directors, delivered in Bucharest in 1998 at a conference on the "Role of the Corporation in Today's Society. Economic Reform Today. No. 1 19999. Economic Reform Today. http://www.cipe.org/publications/ert/e31/e31_1.pdf

Fiduciary Duties as a Helpful Guide to Ethical Decision-Making in Business (2007) Journal of Business Ethics 74:1-15 DOI 10.1007/s10. Springer 2007.
View Full Essay

Unethical Business Research Conduct Business Research Is

Words: 1012 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11875704

Unethical Business esearch Conduct

Business research is conducted for many reasons that are dependent on intended recipient of the research. For business marketers, research might include customer surveys of focus groups. When the research is for the development of a product, it can have a scientific basis and when it comes to stakeholders the research may include financial projections. This paper will therefore look at an article that focuses on some of the unethical business research conduct. The paper will clearly highlight some of the unethical research behavior that is involved and the people who are affected by these unethical research behaviors. The paper will further highlight how the unethical behavior has affected the organization, individuals and society at large. Finally a conclusion will be made on how the unethical behavior can be avoided or resolved.

The article "The case of Neurontin; Skewed esearch in service selling" is an example…… [Read More]


Ramirez de Arellano, A.B. (2009). The Case of Neurontin: Skewed Research in the Service of Selling. Retrieved November 27, 2012 from  http://www.citizen.org/Page.aspx?pid=2887
View Full Essay

Unethical Leadership

Words: 2942 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76607720

Unethical Leadership

Leadership is not an inherited gift or a family heritage. Becoming a leader is a deliberate and planned process of personal and professional development that must be carried out experientially. It requires one to have the courage to say both "yes" and "no' to an everlasting chain of large and small tests. In order to become a true leader, one must be prepared to define his/her values, character, and leadership style. The resilient, tough leaders make this process a way of life, not only in business, but within their families, communities, and the world (Chandler, 2009).

Leadership can be described as "a process of social influence through which an environment is provided where personal, professional, and/or organizational goals can be successfully achieved" (Bahreinian, Ahi & Soltani, 2012). In today's rapidly-growing and spirited industry, efficient management is the major cause of making an organization superior to the other. If…… [Read More]


Atkins, P.W., & Parker, S.K. (2012). Understanding Individual Compassion in Organizations: The Role of Appraisals and Psychological Flexibility. Academy of Management Review, 37(4), 524-546.

Bahreinian, M.R., Ahi, M.A., & Soltani, F. (2012). The Relationship between Personality Type and Leadership Style of Managers: A Case Study. Mustang Journal of Business & Ethics, 3, 94-111.

Brown, M.E., & Mitchell, M.S. (2010). Ethical and Unethical Leadership: Exploring New Avenues for Future Research. Business Ethics Quarterly, 20(4), 583-616.

Chandler, D.J. (2009). The Perfect Storm of Leaders' Unethical Behavior: A Conceptual Framework. International Journal of Leadership Studies, 5(1), 69-93. Retrieved January 9, 2013, from http://www.regent.edu/acad/global/publica
View Full Essay

Unethical Experimentation Issues and Concerns

Words: 4124 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77212600

(Freyhofer 104)

Globalizing clinical research has reportedly proven to be one solution for America's pharmaceutical paradox. Doctors prescribe more than 10 prescriptions for the average American each year. Only one person in 350, however, will submit themselves to be a participant in experimental drug testing. On the other side of the globe, however a profusion of under-treated, poor, physician-trusting patients who live in Latin America, Eastern Europe, and Southeast Asia provide the rapid, positive results needed for new drugs to receive quick approval. One review noted that 99% of controlled trials published in China netted positive results upon the drug/treatment being investigated. (Shah 23) In Nigeria during 2002, thirty Nigerian families filed a class-action suit against Pfizer, who allegedly violated the Nuremberg Code in 1996 as they presided over an experiment on Nigerian children suffering with meningitis. esearchers reportedly forced a risky, unapproved, experiment on unsuspecting subjects who, as a…… [Read More]

References www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002068015

Bagley, Margo A. "Patent First, Ask Questions Later: Morality and Biotechnology in Patent Law." William and Mary Law Review 45.2 (2003): 469+.

Chapter 14: The Federal Policy for Human Subject Protections (The Common Rule)." Retrieved 28 November 2006 at http://www. the.doe.gov/ohre/roadmap/achre/chap14_2.html.

Embryonic stem cell research fails in many ways to reader," The Times Leader, October 27, 2006.

Fence Post." Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL) 27 Aug. 2005: 16.
View Full Essay

Unethical Best Practices Ethics and Morality

Words: 864 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93669602

Unethical 'Best Practices'

Corporate Governance Case Study: Enron

Enron, the seventh-largest American corporation, collapsed in December 2001 in what most people refer to as the 'New Economy's first major failure'. Following its collapse, Congressional committees immediately embarked on inquiries to determine the cause(s) of its bankruptcy. Once investigations were complete, it was evident that the corporate governance mechanisms employed by the company had contributed to its downfall. The company employed the Anglo-American model of corporate governance, which places substantial emphasis on shareholder rights as opposed to stakeholder rights, and which, in addition, is management-dominated and has a unitary board structure with a single powerful leader. Driven by an urge to keep shareholders appeased by paying them more even when the company's resources were strained, Enron's managers employed off-balance sheet transactions with SPEs, and were able to hide huge amounts of debt that was often collaterized with the company's stock. The…… [Read More]


Hartman, L.P., DesJardins, J.R., & MacDonald, C. (2013). Business Ethics: Decision-Making for Personal Integrity & Social Responsibility (3rd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Pies, I., Beckmann, M. & Hielscher, S. (2010). Value Creation, Management Competencies, and Global Corporate Citizenship: An Ordonomic Approach to Business Ethics in the Age of Globalization. Journal of Business Ethics, 94(1), 265-278.

Rhode, D.L. (Ed.). (2006). Moral Leadership: The Theory and Practice of Power, Judgment, and Policy. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons.
View Full Essay

Nhs Corporate Social Responsibility Practice in a

Words: 2377 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46226002

NHS Corporate Social esponsibility Practice

In a contemporary business environment, organizations are struggling with the new roles to meet the needs of present generation without compromising the needs of future generation. Within a business environment, stakeholders are calling upon corporate organizations to implement operations that will meet the societal values and the natural environment. Organizations are also being called upon to apply principles of corpo-rate social responsibility (CS) in the business operations. Corpo-rate social responsibility (CS) is the process where corporate organizations demonstrate the inclusion of social responsibility and environmental concerns in their business activities. (D'Amato, Henderson, & Henderson, 2009). It is no longer acceptable for a firm to conduct business without demonstrating societal concern.

The objective of this report is to evaluate the current Corporate Social esponsibility practice of National Health Service (NHS). The report uses Carroll's pyramid models to demonstrate the effectiveness of NHS Corporate Social esponsibility practice,…… [Read More]


Bowie, N.E. (1999). Business Ethics and Normative Theories. Black well Publishing. UK.

Burton, B.K., Farh, J.L. & Hegarty, W.H. (2000). Comparison of a Cross-Cultural Corporate Social Responsibility Orientation: Hong Kong vs. United States Students. Teaching Business Ethics, 4(2):151-167.

Carroll, A.B. (1999). Evolution of a Definitional Construct of Corporate social responsibility Business and Society, 38(3): 268-295.

D'Amato, A. Henderson, S. & Henderson, S.(2009).Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Business. CCL Press. USA.
View Full Essay

Ethical Practices Within Business

Words: 1481 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47205201

Ethical Practices ithin Business

BP Struggles to Resolve Sustainability Disaster

Over the past 20th century and in the 21st century, ethics has neither been an option nor a luxury. It has not only become a moral or legal responsibility, but has also been an organizational priority within all sets of work groups, including both public and private institutions, organizations and companies. Ethical practices have also become the only strategy to combat the growing impatience within the society, as well as their responsible competitions and/or actions. These ill and unethical acts may in the long run impoverish a section of the regional economy through various organizations while enriching the crafty economies. Organizational leaders must thereby keep abreast of the rapidly changing technological advancements together with their possible effects on globalization, competitor products and services, opportunities, and threats that their organizations may face. Over a century, BP, the formerly Anglo-Persian Oil Company…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Carl, Safina. BP Struggles to Resolve Sustainability Disaster. Annual Report and Form- Case

4, 32:2, (2012),342-352.
View Full Essay

King Jewels Ethical Leadership in Practice

Words: 958 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90124998

King Jewels: Ethical Leadership Case

Leadership style may have contributed to unethical behavior because:

a) There was no leader providing guidance and keeping a watchful eye on employees for last three years.

b) Andy Wong had been busy travelling and expanding business and hence failing to provide the much-needed guidance and supervision

c) Company had become overly ambitious and leadership was more interested in excessive expansion and big plans than in checking quality,

d) Ho like most other Chinese and Hong Kong leaders mainly had a dictatorial style of leadership. He would dictate terms without engaging in meaningful dialogue with his key personnel

e) Setting huge sale targets without consulting employees had led to this unethical behavior by Clement Tam

Excessive meshing of duties and responsibilities was one of the key reasons for generating such wrongful behavior. Proper segregation of duties could have prevented this problem. This is because division…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Unethical Event Participation and Its Analysis

Words: 1019 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39918208

Ethics can be defined as standards employed by people to make a determination of what is the right course of action to undertake in a given situation. Ethics are reliant on a logical and rational set of principles to come to a decision, which in essence, is a cognitive procedure or practice. Ethical dilemmas come about pretty much on a daily basis. It is imperative to take note that situations or circumstances that are uncomfortable or tough, but that do not necessitate a choice are not considered ethical dilemmas (Allen, 2013).

The first aspect for an ethical dilemma is that there has to be an agent or person who has to make a decision on which the best or ideal course of action is to undertake. Secondly, there has to be numerous courses of action that one can select from. Finally, regardless of what course of action is undertaken, there…… [Read More]


Allen, K. (2013). What Is an Ethical Dilemma? The New Social Worker. Retrieved 17 September, 2015 from: http://www.socialworker.com/feature-articles/ethics-articles/What_Is_an_Ethical_Dilemma%3F/

Robison, W. L., & Reeser, L. C. (2000). Ethical decision making in social work. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
View Full Essay

Business Research the Unethical Research Behavior Discussed

Words: 908 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31374141

Business Research

The unethical research behavior discussed was conducted by yeth, and is symptomatic of the systemic issues that the pharmaceutical industry has with respect to research. The article details a case involving yeth that resulted in class action litigation. The ethical issue in this case is fraudulent research. The allegation is that yeth fabricated research by using "vendors to produce ghostwritten manuscripts and place them into medical journals." The research produced was therefore entirely fraudulent, but passed off in medical journals as legitimate research. The objective of placing this research in the journals was to legitimize the new drug that yeth was about launch, Prempro, a menopausal hormone therapy.

The larger issue is publication planning, described by Fugh-Berman (2010) as "the process by which pharmaceutical, biotech and medical device companies produce and release articles in medical journals and posters at meetings to establish key marketing messages." These companies use…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Fugh-Berman, A. (2010). The haunting of medical journals: How ghostwriting sold "HRT." PLOS Medicine. Vol. 7 (9) Retrieved October 31, 2012 from http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pmed.1000335
View Full Essay

Criminal Justice Policy Practice Determine Morality Higher

Words: 2487 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88567007

Criminal Justice Policy Practice Determine Morality

Higher Than Utilitarianism

The passing and reformation of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act, also known as the so-called "crack law," is one of the most controversial pieces of legislation to be considered within the criminal justice system and its policy during the past two years. There are several aspects of this legal mandate that present a plethora of interesting situations and questions in regards to the morality of this particular issue, which has been at the forefront of mass media outlets ever since there were significant amendments passed to it in 2010. Interestingly enough, a fair amount of those changes may be attributed to the notion of morality revolving around this legal code, which was largely responsible for the rapid and prolonged imprisonment of minorities -- particularly African-Americans and Latino offenders. One of the most efficacious means of determining whether such a law may be…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bentham, Jeremy. "Offenses Against One's Self: Paederasty Part 1." Journal of Homosexuality. Volume 3 (4). 389-406. 1978. Print.

Benthan, Jeremy. An Introduction To The Principles Of Morals And Legislation. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Kosman, Maxwell Alie Halpern. "Falling Through The Crack: How Courts Have Struggled to Apply The Crack Amendment To "Nominal Career" And "Plea Bargain" Defendants." Michigan Law Review. Volume 109. 785-812. 2011. Web. http://www.michiganlawreview.org/assets/pdfs/109/5/kosman.pdf

Hartley, Richard., Maddan, Sean., Spahn, Cassia. "Prosecutorial Discretion: An Examination of Substantial Assistance Departures in Federal Crack-Cocaine and Powder-Cocaine Cases." Volume 23. Issue 3 382-407. 2007. Web. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07418820701485379
View Full Essay

Current Ethical Practices in Mentoring Coaching

Words: 1707 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45170050

Ethical Practices in Mentoring/Coaching

Ethical Practices

Effective mentoring and coaching are strengthened through nine major principles. The nine principles inform and guide the mentoring and coaching practice. Ethical practice is one of the nine principles of effective mentoring and coaching, and it enhances and safeguards mentoring and coaching. When ethical principles guide and inform the practice of mentoring and coaching, the client is safeguarded. Ethical principles include faithfulness, respect for the autonomy of the client, acting in a manner that is advantageous to the client, acting fairly and preventing harm. When these values are employed in mentoring and coaching, transparency and openness is achieved. Ethical mentoring and coaching are guided through professional practice codes and legal requirements.

Operating within agreed boundaries and limits makes the client to feel secure. Sheena requires upholding ethical principles while mentoring the new teachers in her school (Connor and (Pokora, 2012, p.226). However, she finds…… [Read More]


Connor, M., & Pokora, J (2012). Coaching and mentoring at work: Developing effective practice. London: McGraw-Hill International.

Crawnwell, J. (2004). Mentoring: A Henley review of best practice. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hawkins, P., & Smith, N. (2007). Coaching, mentoring and organizational consultancy: Supervision and development. London: McGraw-Hill International, Jan 1, 2007

Moberg, D., & Vekasquez, M. (2004). The Ethics of mentoring. Business Ethics Quarterly, 14 (1), 95-122.
View Full Essay

Ethics Foreign Corrupt Practices Act the Main

Words: 948 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60340578

Ethics: Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

The main thrust of the readings

The readings focus on the U.S. statutes prohibiting U.S. companies, citizens, and employees from issuing any valuable thing to foreign government executives for securing business benefits. The underlying thrust of the readings is twofold: first, that corruption must be deterred and second that government officials must promote economic relationships between their companies and foreign firms through the promotion of ethical foreign investment.

The rigid enactment of the FCPA has placed these two thrusts in a state of tension. Law enforcers and courts could interpret the readings broadly. For instance, any valuable thing includes not just payments in cash but also meals, gifts, entertainment and drinks. This element is not associated with any de minimis value and makes companies uncertain when they are expected to comply with the FCPA. From the readings, the FCPA has been enforced and institutes criminal…… [Read More]


Brenkert, G.G., & Beauchamp, T.L. (2010). The Oxford handbook of business ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cory, J. (2005). Business ethics: The ethical revolution of minority shareholders. New York: Springer.

Kumar, B.N., & Steinmann, H. (2008). Ethics in international management. Berlin, Ge: Walter de Gruyter.

Pastin, M., & Hooker, M. (1980). Ethics and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act. Business Horizons, 23(6), 43
View Full Essay

How the Internet Has Changed the Practice of Public Relationships PR

Words: 2360 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56044124

Internet Has Changed the Practice of Public Relationships

The objective of this study is to examine how the Internet has changed the practice of public relationships.

The Internet is reported to have made it "easier to find media contacts and form relationships with journalists, but more importantly the rise of social media and online PR has meant by passing the media and going directly to your audience." (Thaeler, 2012) Online PR is reported by Thaeler to have "changed the PR industry" and according to Thaeler "it's not going back." (2012)

Ways that Online PR Has Changed the Role of the PR Person

The work of Thaeler (2012) reports that there are several ways that online PR has changed the PR person's role including those as follows:

(1) The Line etween PR and SEO Continues to lur -- and the question presented is who should handle PR, the online marketing company,…… [Read More]


Malikpr, Abby (2012) In a Nutshell: How the Internet Has Influenced PR. Retrieved from: http://abbymalikpr.com/tag/how-internet-has-changed-pr/

Mulvihill, Kathy (2007) Changes in Public Relations Work (nd) Universal Accreditation Board. The Practice Analysis of the Public Relations Profession. 27 Aug, 2007. Retrieved from:

Red Bull Website (2012) Retrieved from: http://www.redbullusa.com

Swallow, Erica (2010) The Future of Public Relations and Social Media. Mashable Social Media. Retrieved from:  http://mashable.com/2010/08/16/pr-social-media-future/
View Full Essay

Following Military Orders That May Be Unethical

Words: 2804 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10534110

Military Orders That May be Unethical

Military orders are seen as non-optional when they are given. In other words, they cannot be ignored or discarded by those they are given to if the person does not want to follow them for any reason at all. They are not negotiable in any way, under any circumstances. But, are these orders always ethical? In some cases, it would seem as though these orders are not ethical. However, that depends on the person who has been asked to follow those orders and what he or she sees as being ethical. People have very different opinions about ethics, and they are more guidelines than rules when they are looked at by the majority of people. Because ethics are not completely static across a lifetime and because they can change from person to person, it is important to realize that ethics, as a concept, can…… [Read More]


Baghramian, M. (2004). Relativism, London: Routledge.

Crisp, R. & Slote, M. (1997). Virtue Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Darwall, S. (2003). Virtue Ethics. Oxford: B. Blackwell.

Devettere, R.J. (2002). Introduction to Virtue Ethics. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.
View Full Essay

Ethical or Unethical Ground Rules Manifested in

Words: 821 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30394391

ethical or unethical ground rules manifested in the situation (ethical theory that is broken) as well as which ethics theories should be applied to remedy the situation.

The Murdoch incident involved various leading British newspapers, specifically the 'News of the World' but also other tabloids all published by News International, all of which were a subsidiary of News corporation .The owner of News corporation was upert Murdoch hence the alias The Murdoch phone hacking scandal. Essentially, employees of the corporation were accused of employing improper means in their endeavor to gain new stories such as telephone hacking and bribing police officers during the years 2005-2007, and their targets for these stories almost always involved celebrities, members of the oyal family, and politicians. On 6 July, British prime minister David Cameron announced that a special investigation commission would investigate the incident. Lord Justice Levesonas named chairman of the inquiry on 13…… [Read More]


Davies, N. (8 July 2009). Trail of hacking and deceit under nose of Tory PR chief. The Guardian (UK). http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2009/jul/08/murdoch-newspapers-phone-hacking. Retrieved 8/23/2011

O'Carroll, L. (20 July 2011). Phone-hacking inquiry extended to include broadcasters and social media. The Guardian (UK). http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2011/jul/20/phone-hacking-inquiry-broadcasters-social-media.

Straubhaar, Joseph, LaRose, R., & Davenpor, Lt. (2010). Media Now: Understanding Media, Culture, and Technology. 6th ed. Boston, MA: Wadsworth

Heawood, J. (13 July 2011). A new manifesto for media ethics.. The Guardian. UK. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011/jul/13/media-ethics-investigation-david-cameron.
View Full Essay

Bribing Unethical and Illegal or Just a

Words: 1334 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9597877

bribing" unethical and illegal or just a cost of doing business?

Bribery is unethical and illegal in some societies and a regular part of business in others. Whether or not an activity is unethical is largely dependent on the culture, customs, norms, values, and laws of the country where the activity takes place. It's a matter of perspective. When you consider that the act of bribery is intended to supplement the income of underpaid officials or increase the power of a nation's governments, the outcome of the bribe is a negative one. Most economists and ethicists agree that bribery's effects are largely detrimental (Weber and Getz, 2004). If the effect of the act is detrimental, then it can be argued that it is unethical to engage in bribery even if it is only a cost of doing business.

There are different types of corruption: bureaucratic corruption where officials take bribes;…… [Read More]


ABC News Productions (2002, November 20). Inside the Kingdom: Saudia Arabia. [Television broadcast]. New York: Nightline.

Gerasimova Ksenia. (2008). Can corruption and economic crime be controlled in developing countries and if so, is it cost-effective? Journal of Financial Crime, 15(2), 223-233. Retrieved January 13, 2011, from ABI/INFORM Global. (Document ID: 1472787421).

Daniels, John, Radebaugh, Lee, Sulliven, Daniel (2010) International Business: Environments and Operations (13th Edition). Place of Publication needs to be inserted here: Prentice Hall.

Weber, J., & Getz, K. (2004). BUY BRIBES OR BYE-BYE BRIBES: THE FUTURE STATUS OF BRIBERY IN INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE. Business Ethics Quarterly, 14(4), 695-711. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
View Full Essay

Rebranding Sustainable Practices Nike's Sustainability

Words: 1551 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59197872

As employees have expertise in manufacturing products, they should be paid for that expertise. Low labor figures for manufacturing can question the quality of the products the company is selling to consumers. Not to mention that if Nike has recalls of products, consumers may view this as bad management practices that produce low quality products for high prices.

here marketing takes a big portion of expense dollars, manufacturing labor expense should be balanced with the marketing expense. Unbalancing in these areas can bring questions of integrity and quality of products. It could also place a bad taste with investors in determining the ethics of the company's management team. Nike should spend less on marketing and more on manufacturing labor costs to show a higher quality of products manufactured. Nike should also evaluate the marketing expenses and ensure that waste is eliminated in the process. These changes in the business processes…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Boggan, Steve. Nike Admits to Mistakes Over Child Labor. 20 Oct 2001. Article. 13 June 2013.

Brown, Carolyn M. How to Successfully Rebrand Your Business. 2013. Article. 13 June 2013.

Goldberg, Eleanor. On World Day Against child Labor 2013, Activists fight to Keep Kids in School and Out of Factories (What You Can Do). 12 June 2013. Article. 13 June 2013.

McKenna, Luke. Child Labor Is Making Disturbing Resurgence Around the World. 6 Jan 2012. Article. 13 June 2013.
View Full Essay

Hostile Takeovers Unethical Why 2 What

Words: 714 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93602919

hostile takeovers unethical? Why ? 2. What strategies turbulent, high-Velocity markets?

Do you think hostile takeovers are unethical? Why or why not?

A hostile takeover, unlike a willing merger or acquisition, is a takeover of one company by another company that is openly resisted by the board of directors of the targeted firm (Hostile takeover definition, 2011, Investopedia). The problematic ethics of hostile takeovers can be seen in the recent war between the American-based Kraft Foods and old, stalwart British chocolate manufacturing company Cadbury. Cadbury's chief executive criticized Kraft's takeover bid, citing the lack of ethics of "large, heavily indebted firms" like Kraft that were in stark contrast to Cadbury's independent spirit (Carrell 2010). Cadbury's CEO said "principled capitalism [was] woven into the very fabric" of his company, in contrast to Kraft (Carrell 2011). Without upholding long-standing corporate principles "you risk destroying what makes Cadbury a great company" (Carrell 2011).…… [Read More]


Carrell, Severin. (2010, January 20). Cadbury takeover raises doubts over Kraft's business ethics.

The Guardian. Retrieved January 29, 2011 at http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2010/jan/20/cadbury-kraft-takeover-fair-trade

Hostile takeover definition. (2011). Investopedia. Retrieved January 29, 2011 at  http://www.investopedia.com/terms/h/hostiletakeover.asp 

Kuzmicki, Jana F. (2011). Tailoring strategy to fit specific industry and company situations
View Full Essay

Ethical Views Affect the Practice

Words: 1747 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85628237

At which point, the attorney could face ethics charges because of this ethical conflict. To prevent such situations from occurring, it is advisable that all attorneys become passionately involved in their clients cases. This will ensure that they are always following the most ethical standards, by looking out for their client's best interests first. These points are significant, because the literature that was reviewed highlights the challenges that all attorneys are constantly grappling with, in regards to the issue of ethics. In some cases, the attorney may not be aware that they are in violation of an ethical standard, because of the delusion of impunity that exists. As a result, those attorneys who are constantly aware of the role that their ethics will play in this field will avoid such issues. This is why it is imperative that all attorneys understand their ethics, so that they can augment them to…… [Read More]


Graham, R. (2004 ). Legal Ethics. Toronto, on: Montgomery.

Luban, D. (1999). Reason and Passion in Legal Ethics. Stanford Law Review. 51 (9), 122 -- 129.

Rhode, D. (2000). Ethics in Practice. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Rubin, P. (1994). The Changing Role of Lawyers in Changing the Law. Journal of Legal Studies, 23 (2), 807 -- 831.
View Full Essay

Ethical Practice the Foundations of

Words: 2674 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51767911

The foundational ideas of the limits of science and medical ethics goes back a very long way and as it has evolved over the centuries, certain laws, rules, regulations and taboos have been put in place to protect the human race from that sometimes blurred line between scientific discovery and human existence. Medical ethics created a system, bound by the ideals of many that came before them to control this blurring and attempt to stand between sciences desire to discover and the public and individual's desire to remain safe and in control of one's own body. A long time medical ethicist discusses the history of medical ethics as one that was founded on the principles of the ancients, but that has now become one where medical ethicists are demanding concrete answers, even laws to guide and demand decisions regarding medical ethics be enforced. "My new colleagues were polite enough, to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Adler, Robert E. Medical Firsts: From Hippocrates to the Human Genome. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2004.

Harvey, William. Lectures on the Whole of Anatomy: An Annotated Translation of Prelectiones Anatomiae Universalis. Trans C.D. O'Malley, F.N.L. Poynter, and K.F. Russell. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1961.

Jecker, Nancy S. "Knowing When to Stop: The Limits of Medicine." The Hastings Center Report 21.3 (1991): 5.

Marble, Annie Russell. The Nobel Prize Winners in Literature. New York: D. Appleton, 1925.
View Full Essay

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Ethics Foreign Corrupt

Words: 701 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1044551

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act


Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: How this affects U.S. business interests overseas

Simply because United States corporations do business in nations with different ethical standards does not mean that U.S. companies get a free legal 'pass' regarding how they comport themselves abroad. "The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, 15 U.S.C. § 78dd-1, et seq. ('FCPA'), was enacted for the purpose of making it unlawful for certain classes of persons and entities to make payments to foreign government officials to assist in obtaining or retaining business" (FCPA, 2012, DOJ). Even if bribery is an accepted aspect of doing business in the developing world, a U.S. business will still run afoul of the FCPA if it complies with this type of 'cultural tradition.' The "payment of money or anything of value to any person, while knowing that all or a portion of such money or…… [Read More]


Adkins, Robb & Segal, Dina. (2012). Is FCPA Enforcement in Russia the Next China? Law.com.

Retrieved: http://www.law.com/jsp/cc/PubArticleCC.jsp?id=1202563354894&Is_FCPA_Enforcement_in_Russia_the_Next_China

Barstow, David. (2012). Vast Mexico bribery case hushed up by Wal-Mart after top-level struggle. The New York Times. Retrieved:

View Full Essay

Ethics the Best Practices for

Words: 392 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34390662

There are a couple of reasons for this. One is that outcomes are what the public sees. Therefore, it is the potential outcomes that should be the guiding ethical principles. Ethics are mainly a problem in business when a company is perceived as unethical. Monsanto is a great example - few people have any ethical problems with this company, so their lack of ethics does not impact their business prospects.

The other reason why outcomes should be the guiding principle is because one of the most significant sources of ethical problems for companies is front-line managers. These low-level managers face strong pressure from above, but are generally not the firm's best decision-makers. As a result, they make poor decisions in response to pressure. If these managers were guided by duty as their main ethical principle, they would respond to pressure by doing whatever they feel senior management wants them to…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Marketing - Deceptive Practices Deceptive

Words: 1200 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74859496

The captions read "2 Months Later" and, of course, to ensure that the copy was not untruthful, Viator added the advertised product to his regimen in-between the two photographs (Lightsey 2006).

Since the Tryptophan disaster of the 1980s, the Ephedra incidents, and then the steroid scandals among Olympic athletes and well-known American professional sports figures in the late 90s, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has increased regulation of health food products, such as by prohibiting the outright claims to treat or cure any human disease without classification of the product as a drug subject to lengthy clinical trials and proof of safety and efficacy (Halbert & Ingulli 2000).

As a result, all supplement products sold (legally) in health food stores now bear a statement ensuring that "This product is not intended to treat or cure any disease." The problem is, everything else on the label purposely contradicts that…… [Read More]


Belch, G, Belch, M. (1998) Advertising and Promotion: An Integrated

Marketing Communications Perspective. New York: Irwin/McGraw-Hill.

Friedman, L. (2005) a History of American Law. New York: Touchstone.

Halbert, T., Ingulli, E. (2000) Law & Ethics in the Business Environment. Cincinnati: West Legal Studies. Lightsey, D. (2006) Muscles, Speed & Lies: What the Sport Supplement Industry Does Not Want Athletes or Consumers to Know. Guilford, CT: Lyons
View Full Essay

Identification and Analysis of Unethical Criminal Conduct Following Equities Market Crash 2000 to 2002

Words: 15769 Length: 57 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41711937

Unethical/Criminal Conduct following the Equities Market Crash 2000 to 2002

This paper is a discussion of the identification and analysis of unethical and criminal conduct following the equities market crash from 2000 to 2002. The paper begins with an Introduction to the problem in Chapter One that also contains the hypothesis for the paper, the definition of terms section, and other valuable information. This information sets up the rest of the paper and gives rise to the belief that there was a great deal of unethical and criminal conduct in this country following this event.

A review of the literature follows in Chapter Two where information available about the issue will be presented and discussed. At least 60 sources will be analyzed in order to receive a complete picture of the issue. Chapter Three will then set up the methodology for analyzing this literature and determining what, if any, decision…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Arkes, R. 1991. Costs and Benefits of Judgment Errors." Implications for Debiasing, 110 PSYCHOL. BULL. 486, 486-87

Arlen, J. 1998. The Future of Behavioral Economic Analysis of Law, 51 VAND. L. REV. 1765, 1769

Arlen, J., Spitzer, M. & Talley, E. (2002). Endowment Effects Within Corporate Agency Relationships, 31 J. LEG. STUD. 1, 31

Bainbridge, SM. (2000)Mandatory Disclosure: A Behavioral Analysis, 68 U. CINN. L. REV. 1023, 1027
View Full Essay

Eradicating the Practice of Corruption in Businesses

Words: 1665 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42319495

Upholding Ethical Business Practices in an Organization

The Volkswagen emissions scandal has been dubbed the "diesel dupe" and the corporation may face charges of manslaughter over their rigged tests of diesel emission. This charge will be applied if the legal advice suggests could be successful. It has been raised that thousands of people who die from diesel vehicles as the main cause is air pollution due to the release of nitrogen oxide (NOx). The lab tests produced dramatically less NOx pollution of Volkswagen and the management admitted that it added "defeat devices" to millions of its vehicles (Saarinen). The latest news about the scandal confirms that the vehicles fitted with EA288 engines of Euro 5 and Euro 6 were not affected by the scandal emissions.

The report of Germans suggests that older versions of 1.6-litre and 2.0-litre with EA288 engines, which is a derivative of EA189 affected engine, were built…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Anand, Vikas, Ashforth Blake and Joshi, Mahendra. "Business as Usual: The Acceptance and Perpetuation of Corruption in Organizations." Academy Of Management Executive, 2005. Vol. 19 (4):9-23

Bazerman, Max and Tenbrunsel Ann. Stumbling Into Bad Behavior. The New York Times, 2011. Print.

Carter, Stephen. The Insufficiency of Honesty

Hotten, Russell. "Volkswagen: The Scandal Explained." BBC News, 7 Oct. 2015. Web. 28 October 2015.
View Full Essay

Ethical Eugenics Unethical Pgd There

Words: 1708 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72060914

There are too many factors that cannot be controlled. Children may develop inferiority feelings regarding their own specialness due to the choices of their parents. Many people who may be able to make contributions to society will more than likely be aborted. There is also the possibility that just because someone has a genetic trait for a malady, they may not even manifest such a condition. Additionally, the lack of clear boundaries in this field leaves the potential for catastrophes, such as that which happened during orld ar II.

orks Cited

Abraham, Carolyn. "Unnatural Selection: Is Evolving Reproductive Technology Ushering in a New Age of Eugenics?" The Globe and Mail, 7 January 2012.

Appel, Jacob M. "Toward an Ethical Eugenics: The Case for Mandatory Preimplantation Genetic Selection." JONA's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 14:1, 2012, 7-14.

Gattaca. Dir. Andre Niccol. Perf. Ethan Hawke, Uma Thurman, Jude Law. Columbia, 1997. Film.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Abraham, Carolyn. "Unnatural Selection: Is Evolving Reproductive Technology Ushering in a New Age of Eugenics?" The Globe and Mail, 7 January 2012.

Appel, Jacob M. "Toward an Ethical Eugenics: The Case for Mandatory Preimplantation Genetic Selection." JONA's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 14:1, 2012, 7-14.

Gattaca. Dir. Andre Niccol. Perf. Ethan Hawke, Uma Thurman, Jude Law. Columbia, 1997. Film.

King, David S. "Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis and the 'New' Eugenics." Journal of Medical Ethics, 25, 1999, 176 -- ?182
View Full Essay

Ethical Unethical Dilemma There Has Been

Words: 641 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46038972

Use of information technology has also led to job replacement in many businesses. This has led to unethical dilemmas by some companies who are forced to employ less man power and hence reducing their workforce. This has also led to other companies giving their employees more roles hence bringing about an increase in the work pressure to the employees. The forcing of employees out of their work or even giving them more tasks with no extra benefits tied to them is an unethical business practice. Incase the employees have lost their jobs they should be compensated adequately but this is quite difficult for small businesses since they lack the sufficient resources and funds to compensate them.

Software Piracy is another ethical dilemma that is posed by use of information systems in businesses. This especially comes in when it affects small scale producers of software's as they will incur big losses…… [Read More]


Williams, R. (2012). Ethical Dilemma in the Use of Information Technology. Retrieved December 3,2012 from  http://smallbusiness.chron.com/ethical-dilemma-use-information-technology-18366.html
View Full Essay

How Companies Use Unethical Technologies in the Workplace

Words: 597 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87559772

Ethics in Technology

There has been a rapidly increasing use of technology in the workplace, but while some technological advances have benefitted companies, other technologies have raised serious concerns about employee privacy.

Consequentialism and Privacy Abuses

One of the issues that arises often in the workplace when it comes to employee privacy and employer technological overreach is when employers use certain electronic surveillance practices (monitoring personal phone calls and voice messages) to basically eavesdrop on their employees (Findlaw). In fact personal privacy laws affirm that an employer may not monitor an employee's personal phone calls; albeit the company can monitor a personal call if the employee knows it is being monitored and agrees (Findlaw). One ethical theory that applies to this situation is the consequentialism, which posits that the consequence of an action determines its moral value.

One complicating aspect of this is that a manager may believe that it…… [Read More]

Works Cited

FindLaw. (2010). Privacy in the Workplace: Overview. Retrieved February 8, 2015, from  http://employment.findlaw.com .

Velasquez, M., Andre, C., Shanks, T., and Meyer, M.J. (2000). Ethical Relativism. Markkula Center for Applied Ethics, Santa Clara University, Retrieved February 8, 2015, from http://www.scu.edu.
View Full Essay

Investigate Unethical Illegal Business

Words: 1364 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37562624

companies operating inside the United States attempt to conduct this business legally have become far and few between. The issues that will be investigated will include outsourcing the work offshore by these to places such as Pakistan, the Ukraine and the Philippines, the legal and ethical issues facing the students who use the service and the mechanics of the term paper writing industry. Frankly, due to these legal and cost issues, it is becoming less and less profitable for stateside companies to exist and this as much as legal pressure is propelling the offshore exodus. hile the laws may have not been totally effective, the lure for these companies for cheaper operating costs overseas is making the decision to leave the borders of the U.S. easier and making student term-paper cheating an international phenomenon.


Detection Tools

Simple cut and paste plagiarism is an issue that technology has dealt with…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Costello, Carol, perf. CNN American College Students Outsource Their Essays to India, Pakistan and the Philippines . You Tube, 2009. Film. .

"The Plagiarism Checker." Dustball. Dustball.com, 2010. Web. 13 Dec 2011. .

"S1940-2011: Relates to the Unlawful Sale of Dissertations, Theses and Term Papers ." New York Senate. Nysenate.gov, 02 March 2011. Web. 13 Dec 2011. .

Shvartsman, Shulamit. "Term Papers for Sale Text Size:." Lawyers.com. Education-law.lawyers.com, 2011. Web. 13 Dec 2011. .
View Full Essay

Ethics to Practice Analysis of 'End of

Words: 2858 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41901193

Ethics to Practice: Analysis of 'end of life' decision making

The foregoing discussion is an incursion into nursing ethics. Implication(s) to 'omission' of information as a customary practice within our healthcare institution is reviewed in relation to best practices pertaining to 'informed consent,' and hospital policy is not definitive. Directed at the evolution of ethical decision making, the general query to the study focuses on the parameters of informed consent where individual practice is concerned.

In the nation of Canada where I am a nurse the number of situations where patient informed consent decisions might be subject to our national code of nursing ethics is many. e face critical ethical dilemmas every day, as emergency procedures and critical care interventions are standard practice. Complexity in decision making is furthered in the conduct and approaches made by international colleagues on contract in our institution by way of exchange.

The primacy of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bullough, B. ed. The Law and the expanding nursing role. New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1980.

Callahan, Joan, ed. Ethical Issues in Profesional Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Canadian Medical Protection Association (CMPA), 2010. Web.

Finlay and Fernandez. Failure to report and provide commentary on research ethics board approval and informed consent in medical journals is discussed Journal of Medical Ethics, 34.10 (2008), 761-764. doi:10.1136/jme.2007.023325.
View Full Essay

Ethics Values and Decision-Making in Nursing Practice

Words: 1664 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60942488

Ethics, Values and Decision-Making in Nursing Practice


A nurse's primary tasks are monitoring the patient's vital signs, administering medications, and helping doctors treat and perform procedures (Williams, 2012). Oftentimes and in many cases, these technical skills must be guided by certain and pertinent moral and ethical principles. This ethical and moral component of her overall responsibility is so important and critical that a code of ethics was created by the American Nurses Association to guide her in inevitable ethical dilemmas (Williams). These ethical dilemmas can include the clash between the principle of confidentiality and the concept of reasonable limits, between two or more ethical principles involving confidentiality, and the influence of culture on values.

. Importance of Ethical Theory to Nursing

In 1991, the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations or JCAHO expressed the mandate that institutions shall address ethical issues in patient care and requires…… [Read More]


Badzek, L.A. et al. (1998). Administrative ethics and confidentiality/privacy issues. The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing: American Nurses Association. Retrieved on June 14, 2012 from http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/ANAMarketplace/ANAPeriodicals/OJIN/tableofContents/Vol131998/NO3Dec1998/PrivacyIssues.aspx

Kotak, D and Lawson, a. (2008). Patient confidentiality and the intensivist. Vol 9 # 2

Journal of the Intensive Care Society: the Intensive Case Society. Retrieved on June

15, 2012 from http://www.journal.ICS.ac.uk/pdf/0902178.pdf
View Full Essay

Generating a Positive Workplace Culture

Words: 1617 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71638383

Unethical Practices at Enron

Enron was a company that imploded in the early 2000s after a public scandal involving its accounting books and organizational leaders. The unethical practices at Enron were essentially accounting fraud. LAX market regulation laws were exploited by these leaders and corruption ensued as these activities quickly paved the way for real fraudulence, as losses and unprofitable investments were virtually "erased" from the books and stashed in entities where they could remain hidden, like a rotting corpse in a cellar. However, this trick did not last for long. Inquiring minds soon wanted to know how Enron was able to rise so quickly -- and what it would take to make it fall.

Enron's management team, led by Skilling and Fastow, was a dynamic, "likeable" force, which lacked two important elements of good leadership -- transparency and accountability. Enron was changing as an organization, moving from being simple…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Anand, V., Ashforth, B., Joshi, M. "Business as usual: The acceptance and perpetuation of corruption in organizations" Academy of Management Executive, 19, no. 4 (2005): 9-23.

Bazerman, M., Tenbrunsel, A. "Stumbling into Bad Behavior." The New York

Times. 2011. Web. 21 Oct 2015.

Carter, Stephen. "The Insufficiency of Honesty." Atlantic Monthly. 1996. Web. 21 Oct
View Full Essay

Banks Improper Foreclosure and Mortgage Practices in

Words: 2595 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65893364


Improper Foreclosure and Mortgage Practices in the Banking Industry

Efficient Market Hypothesis

Real Estate Bubble

Sub-Prime Mortgages

Overview on the Value of Banks

Arguments against Financial Intermediaries

Ethical Violations

This research paper aims to shed light into what led to the global financial collapse that, for the most part, began in the U.S. housing market and the ethical implications that followed. Many researchers agree that the primary drivers that led to the real estate crisis was the lifting of the Glass Steagall Act, the fostering of sub-prime lending, and the creation of derivatives and credit default swaps which were used as complex financial instruments. This offered the big five banks an entire new range of operating opportunities. All of these financial tools were justified by the efficient market hypothesis and as a consequence provide evidence for the lack of a truly efficient market. As a result of the financial…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ball, R. "The Global Financial Crisis and the Efficient Market Hypothesis." CFA Digest (2010): 44-45. Web.

Bauman, S., M. Conover and R. Miller. "Growth vs. value and large-cap vs. small-cap stocks in international markets." Financial Analysis Journal 54.2 (1998): 75-89.

Beers, B. "End the Fed, Save the Dollar: Ron Paul." 7 September 2009. CNBC. Web. 19 March 2012.

Chen, B. And F. Kaboub. The Repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act and the Subprime Mortgage Crisis. 8 February 2012. Web. 19 March 2012.
View Full Essay

Ethical Theory and Moral Practice

Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64542278

Ethics and Morals

Measures of validating morals and ethics

Comment by Sabina:

Measures of Validating Morals and Ethics

Ethics and morals are essential parts of our society. We rely on members of our society to practice and provide service with an adequate level of moral and ethical values. Ethics is the conviction within each individual that determines good or evil, it is not always a matter of legal or illegal, it is a matter of right and wrong. Morals is a set level of standard that we hold for ourselves, it helps us to make decisions about good and bad, right and wrong and helps us to differentiate the difference between right and wrong. Every different profession in today's world is governed by different ethical bodies that help to regulate professional ethics. Scholars and researches utilize different methods of validating ethics and morals in their profession. In this paper I…… [Read More]


Arnold, D.G., Audi, R. & Zwolinski, M. (2010). Recent work in ethical theory and its implications for business ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly. 20 (4) 559-581.

Bannigan, K., Watson, R. (2009). Reliability and validity in a nutshell. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 18 (23) 3237-3243.

Fisher, C.B. (2003). Decoding the ethics code: A practical guide for psychologists. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Shao, R., Aquino, K. & Freeman, D. (2008). Beyond moral reasoning: A review of moral identity research and its implications for business ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly. 18 (4) 513-540
View Full Essay

Supply Chain Practices for Future Projects

Words: 3673 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70519540

Poject Management at Boxe Pumps Limited

Poject management is a cucial undetaking in evey oganization. It implies the application of methods, pocesses, expeiences, skills and knowledge in a bid to achieve the objectives of the poject. A poject is intentional and geaed towads the achievement of cetain specifications. A poject efes to a tansient and unique endeavo that is done to meet the planned objectives. These objectives ae definitive and could be in the fom of outputs, benefits, outcomes, all with figuative measuements. While seeking to achieve these meits, the poject has to be put into diffeent sections in the fom of depatments, which will wok hand-in-hand like a system since simila objectives bind them. All the depatments have to meet the equiements that compise a poject like a scope, the costs of poduction, the time, and the quality of the pocesses and poducts. This study has exploed on the…… [Read More]

references of the customers while lowering the costs under control. Second, the company should create a modern, supply chain organization that is end-to-end (Bolstorff & Rosenbaum 2007).

The company should not manage the supply chain in separate tiers as it has been doing. Instead, it should use sophisticated data analysis in real time. For instance, the company should appoint one person to carry out end-to-end performance for delivering improvements for the projects between different tiers and its traditional functions like procurement, marketing, and manufacturing. Finally, (Pei et al. 2016) has stated explained that Boxer Pumps Limited needs to set standards of performance. With this strategy, it should allocate incentives to the supply chain to deliver the most value for the business while checking on the risks involved. In such a case, the company should learn how to use not just capital, service and cost, but should include the needs of the business, the market segments, and the product.

Reference List

Allen, M, Herring, K, Moody, J, & Williams, C 2015, 'Project Procurement: Impact of Contract Incentives and Penalties', International Journal Of Global Business, 8, 2, pp. 1-26

Bolstorff, P., & Rosenbaum, R. 2007. Supply Chain Excellence a Handbook for Dramatic Improvement Using the SCOR model. New York, AMACOM.
View Full Essay

APA in Proper Practice

Words: 684 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39791890

American Psychological Association citation standard. The first question is how the author of this report would improve the author's APA skills and the covered concepts. The other main question asks the author the main sources that will be used as a means to learn these important topics. Another topic that will be covered heavily, by necessity, will be the subject of plagiarism because there is a fine line between research and plagiarism. While many people think that plagiarism is about intent, people that mean no ill will can still plagiarize.

As far as a strategy that the author of this report would use to avoid any appearances of plagiarism and write in a scholarly way, it would include a few things. First of all, there needs to be a definition of what "common knowledge" is and what "accepted knowledge" is. There is also the need to define what needs to…… [Read More]


Bartzis, O.L., & Hayner, A. (2009, April). 'Cheating' or 'sharing'? Academic ethics across cultures. Slides presented at the AACRAO Conference, Chicago, IL.

Retrieved from http://handouts.aacrao.org/am09/finished/


Di Maria, D.L. (2009). Plagiarism from a cross-cultural perspective. Retrieved from http://www.al-jamiat.com/college-lifestyle/plagiarism-crosscultural-perspective/# iParadigms, LLC. (2014). Plagiarism.org. Retrieved from http://www.plagiarism.org
View Full Essay

Bio Ethics in Practice

Words: 1574 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26320327


Dr. Paul Hunter's efusal

The Case of Dr. Lukwiya

Justification of the Pressure of health Care

Dr. Paul Hunter's efusal:

Dr Hunter was very straightforward about admitting that he was afraid to treat the patient with monleypox. He did not mince words in saying that he was concerned that if he touched the patient he might get infected with the disease and in turn would end up infecting his children who were under the age 11. He was in fact happy that when the patient tasked himself to be transferred. The doctor tried and stayed away from the patient as much as possible and hence he did not even touch the patient even though he made regular visits to the isolation ward of the hospital. His primary concern was the safety and the life of his children because being doctor he very well knew the threat to life that…… [Read More]


Boylan, Michael. Basic Ethics. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 2000.

Boylan, Michael. Medical Ethics. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2000.

Edward Freeman, R., Gianfranco Rusconi, Silvana Signori, and Alan Strudler. 'Stakeholder Theory(Ies): Ethical Ideas And Managerial Action'. J Bus Ethics 109, no. 1 (2012): 1-2.

Graham, Gordon. Eight Theories Of Ethics. London: Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group, 2004.
View Full Essay

Arthur Anderson Questionable Accounting Parctices Arthur Anderson

Words: 1276 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2375147

Arthur Anderson: Questionable Accounting Parctices

Arthur Anderson: Questionable Accounting Practices

Arthur Andersen LLP was founded in 1913, and for over 90 years, the company would have become one of the "Big Five" largest accounting and auditing firms in the United States with the same standard comparable to PricewaterhouseCoopers, Deloitte & Touche, KPMG and Ernst & Young. In the 80s, Arthur Anderson name was synonymous with integrity, trust, and ethics. Such values are critical to the success of firms charged with auditing and firms confirming a company's financial statement, whose accuracy of a company's financial statements generally influence investor's investment decision. (Ferrell, Linda, 2012).

In the 1990s, Arthur Anderson became one of the fastest growing accounting and auditing firms in the United States with huge financial success during the period. However, starting from 2001, the company faced several lawsuits for accounting irregularities. In May 2001, "the company paid $110 million to…… [Read More]


Ferrell, O.C. Linda, J.F. (2012). Business Ethics: Ethical Decision Making and Cases: 2009 Update. Cengage Learning

Fraedrich, J. Ferrell, O.C. Ferrell, L.(2011). Ethical Decision Making for Business. Cengage Learning.

McGlynn, M (2010). Arthur Andersen Case Studies in Business Ethics. Carnegie Mellon Temper School of Business.
View Full Essay

Business Ethics 9224 the Waiter Rule What

Words: 2566 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66623929

Business Ethics 9224

The Waiter ule: What Makes for a Good CEO?

Is character an essential ingredient in ethical leadership? Is it especially important in managers? In leadership, especially among CEOs, is character important?

Character: An essential Ingredient in Ethical Leadership:

Character is an essential component in an employee's personality. It shows integrity, honesty, and loyalty of that employee with the organization. When it comes to top leadership, the need to have a sound character in the personality of top managers, CEO's, and directors is highly essential for the success of the organization. In addition to performing their assigned duties and responsibilities, it is also expected from these higher officials that they would exert full efforts in achieving the organizational goals without taking any undue advantage from its public image or resources. In the past, numerous ethical scandals have been pointed which have made the organizations think twice while hiring…… [Read More]


Carroll, A.B. & Buchholtz, A.K. (2012). Business Ethics, 1st Edition. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Del, J. (2006). "CEO Vouch for Waiter Rule: Watch How People Treat Staff." USA Today, B1.

Morrow, R. (2011, 01, 04). A Critical Analysis of the U.S. Causes of the Global Financial Crisis of 2007-2008. Retrieved on October 31st, 2013, from

Shaw, W.H. (2011). Business Ethics, 7th Edition. Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
View Full Essay

Business Ethics Issues a Company's

Words: 1800 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66593039

On the other hand, applicable laws do have authority and under the concept of moral relativism, it may be justified that any duly passed law be complied with (Svensson & Wood, 2008).

One lesson from this case might be that laws between entities in different sovereign nations can be much harder to enforce than laws between entities within the same nation. In the future, Pakistan and other nations might want to make sure that their contractual agreements contain mechanisms that make them enforceable across international borders. On a broader level, another lesson might be that ill-gotten gains should not be promoted by governments in the first place. Those who believe in the supremacy of divine law might consider the position in which Pakistan found herself to be an example of God's reminding us of the obligation to conduct ourselves ethically toward our fellow man.


Creffield, Lisa. "Why you can't…… [Read More]


Creffield, Lisa. "Why you can't block Skype." (August 14 -- 2006).


Halbert, Terry and Ingulli, Elaine. (2009). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment.

Cincinnati: West Legal Studies.
View Full Essay

Humans Information Technology It Managers

Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21880258

Managers may engage in fraudulent activities by selling company information or details of customers. The manager improperly accesses the company's it system to alter values for citation issued. raud is an illegal activity, and the manager that is choosing the bribing vendor over the other vendors is just very wrong. "Most commonly used types of bribes are cash, travel and entertainment rewards," as noted by Dillon (2008, p. 37). Once the it managers are affiliated with the unscrupulous vendors, the vendors do not need to be concerned about remaining competitive because they will be almost certain to be awarded new contracts or continuations of existing contracts, and they may even raise the prices that are charged to the organization in order to cover the costs of paying off the managers, a practice that is particularly commonplace in larger organizations. In this regard, Dillon (2008) adds that, "In very large firm…… [Read More]

Financial crisis pertaining outsourcing it projects

Fraud can affect organizations in a number of negative ways, including diminished bottom-line profits, negative publicity and the erosion of customer goodwill and shareholder confidence (Neural Technologies- the Home of Risk Management, 2010). An increasingly prevalent practice involves so-called "phantom vendors" that persuade purchasing managers that they offer they most competitive prices for superior products and services. Phantom vendors may even convince purchasing managers that they are already working with other large it firms and have a proven track record of reliability and trustworthiness. Without exercising due diligence early on, purchasing managers may be swayed by such presentations and award a bid (Podgor & Ellen, 1999). Once the bid is approved, the phantom vendors demand a hefty down payment and then simply disappear with their profits. Another version of phantom vendor fraud that can have enormous financial implications for it firms involves the purchasing managers themselves. In some cases, purchasing managers have fabricated vendors on paper and awarded contracts to these firms. Thereafter, invoices are processed as normal but the purchasing manager pockets the profits and the organization never receives the contracted goods or services (Podgor & Ellen, 1999).

Yet another way purchase managers can become involved in fraudulent practices involved product substitution. In those cases where vendors have paid bribes to purchasing managers to secure a contract, they may attempt to cover their costs by providing organizations with inferior goods or services that do not meet the contract specifications. In the case of software vendors, they may provide software that is replete with errors and technical difficulties to the extent that it is unusable. A vendor that involves in fraudulent activity means his business is also not in
View Full Essay

Deceptive Marketing

Words: 1595 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64814341

Deceptive Marketing

Unethical Practices in Marketing: Deceptive Marketing

Business ethics requires that business organizations should act in a manner that is morally and ethically upright. One of the areas where ethical behavior is crucial is marketing. Marketing is one of the major functions within an organization. It is basically concerned with communicating and reaching out to customers in an attempt to promote products, services, and/or brands. Nonetheless, unethical behavior in marketing is not a rare phenomenon. There are often instances of misleading or deceptive advertising, exaggerated claims, using fear tactics, spamming, exploitation, and other practices that fit the unethical tag. If not addressed, these practices can in the long run affect an organization's reputation. Deceptive marketing is one of the common forms of unethical behavior within the marketing realm. This paper discusses this practice. Following a definition of deceptive marketing, the paper pays attention to regulations for deceptive marketing and…… [Read More]


Competition Bureau. (2015). False or misleading representations and deceptive marketing practices. Retrieved from http://www.competitionbureau.gc.ca/eic/site/cb- bc.nsf/eng/03133.html

DeMers, J. (2017, May 17). 5 common unethical marketing practices: are you guilty. Forbes. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/jaysondemers/2017/05/17/5-common- unethical-marketing-practices-are-you-guilty/#385ba03c2f27

Federal Trade Commission (FTC). (n.d.). Truth in advertising. Retrieved from https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/media-resources/truth-advertising

Ferrell, O., & Hartline, M. (2014). Marketing strategy: text and cases. 6th ed. Boston: Cengage Learning.
View Full Essay

Ethics in Technology

Words: 1965 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70350510

Ethics in Technology

Business - Management

The purpose of this paper is to highlight and present the ethical issues that are involved in using modern technology. The paper highlights some of the current ethical issues faced by computer users that are due to unethical practice and lack of proper ethical policies by different businesses. The paper pinpoints the causes and gives recommendation on how the current issues can be minimized. A portion of this paper also consists of lawsuits that have recently occurred due to unethical practices adopted by businesses.

Ethics in Technology

We live in a modern era, the era of modern technology and innovation. Our lives are encircled by modern creations. These technology and advancement have surely brought comfort and ease in our life but unfortunately, the use of modern technology has also given rise to many ethical problems out of which few are a topic of discussion…… [Read More]


Anderman, E.M., & Burton Murdock, E. (2007). Psychology of academic cheating. (p. 1). California, USA: Elsevier Academic Press.

Morley, D., & Parker, C.S. (2009). Understanding computers: Today and tomorrow, comprehensive. (12th ed., p. 712). Boston, USA: Course Technology Cengage Learning.

Rogozea, L. (2009). Towards ethical aspects on artificial intelligence. Manuscript submitted for publication, Transylvania University of Brasov, Romania. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/1044129
View Full Essay

Marketing Research Ethics in the

Words: 3027 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23068959

Cigarettes became popular among World War soldiers as "soldier's smoke (Randall 1999)." Camel held 45% of the U.S. cigarette market by 1923 while Philip Morris produced women's cigarette, described as "mild as May." The American Tobacco Company produced Lucky Strike for women and captured 38% of the market. The number of female teenage smokers increased three times between 1925 and 1935 alone. In the spirit of competition, the American Tobacco Company in 1939 launched Pall Mall, which made it the largest tobacco company in the U.S. Cigarette sales went up higher during World War II when cigarettes even became part of soldiers' C-rations with food. Tobacco companies sent free cigarettes to soldiers at war. When they went home, they were a steady source of income to these companies. Alongside in the 50s, more and new evidence about the link between smoking and lung cancer was turning up. Tobacco companies first…… [Read More]


AMA. Ethical Norms and Values for Marketers. American Marketing Association, 2010.

Retrieved on October 20, 2010 from http://www.marketingpower.com/About AMA/Pages/StatementofEthics.aspex

Clay, Rebecca A. Advertising to Children: Is It Ethical? Vol 3 # 8 Monitor on Psychology: American Psychological Association, 2000 Retrieved on October 20,

2010 from http://www.apa.org/monitor/sep00/advertising.aspx
View Full Essay

Understanding Business Ethics

Words: 839 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82200164

Business Ethics

A corporate ethics officer is a relatively new position in terms of modern corporate structure. However, in an age of such ethical uncertainty, this position is becoming more necessary than ever thought of. Overall, the ethics officer has three major roles in the corporation: company security, counselor, and compliance officer.

First and foremost, ethics officers are a major part of any corporation's security force. Essentially, "an ethics officer is the first line of defense for the firm as it relates to company security" (Stanwick & Stanwick, 2013, p 243). From this position, ethics officers must have both technical and business experience to be able to understand security issues as they arise and respond with swift and efficient actions. Breaches in security and ethics are thus tied in the modern work environment. Thus, "the ethics officer is responsible for making sure that appropriate actions are taken if unethical activity…… [Read More]


Stanwick, Peter & Stanwick, Sarah. (2013). Understanding Business Ethics. SAGE Publications.
View Full Essay

British American Tobacco Company Business Ethics the

Words: 2883 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27657950

British American Tobacco Company: Business Ethics

The British American Tobacco company is a multinational company with over 200 brands that they have developed under the guidance; the company is staggeringly successful, selling 694 billion cigarettes in 2012 (bat.com). The worldwide company sees itself, and many would argue, rightfully so, as a powerful forces that has stimulated economies all over the globe in lasting and measurable ways: in 2012, the company's "subsidiaries enabled governments worldwide to gather more than £30 billion in duty, excise and sales taxes on our products, more than seven times the Group's profit after tax" (bat.com). Being a stimulus to the economy and a pillar of economic stability is something that company prides itself on: British American Tobacco has 44 factories in 39 countries, employing 55,000 people worldwide in a massive multicultural workforce (bat.com).

The company claims that it gives each local factory a tremendous amount of…… [Read More]


Bat.com. (n.d.). Homepage. Retrieved from  http://www.bat.com/servlet/SPMerge?mainurl=/group/sites/UK__3MNFEN.nsf/vwPages 


BBC. (2000, September 20). Uk tobacco firm targets african youth. Retrieved from  http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/933430.stm 

Irin. (2007, November 9). Nigeria: Govt hits tobacco companies with whopping law suit.
View Full Essay

Code of Silence Breeding Ground

Words: 1255 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5775811

In their examination of whistle-blowing practices -- i.e. instances where the code of silence was willingly and voluntarily broken -- in law enforcement agencies, othwell & Baldwin (2007) identified several factors that appear to have a large effect on individual officers' adherence to the code of silence. Surprisingly, tenured officers are more likely to report misconduct to superiors and others, largely because they have less to fear in the way of occupational and career-affecting reprisals (othwell & Baldwin 2007).

At first, this appears to be an encouraging sign -- officers that hold higher positions within the various law enforcement agencies are more likely to ensure that their peers and the officers underneath them adhere to the ethical practices expected of them. Yet these findings also show that younger or less tenured officers still perceive the code of silence as a way of getting ahead, suggesting that this code still provides…… [Read More]


Fletcher, C. (1995). Breaking and entering: Women cops break the code of silence to tell their stories from the inside. New York: Pocket Books.

Rothwell, G. & Baldwin, J. (2007). "Whistle-blowing and the code of silence in police agencies." Crime & delinquency 53, pp. 605-32.

Smith, B. & Yarussi, J. (2007). Breaking the code of silence. Washington, D.C.: American University College of Law.
View Full Essay

Psychiatry Electroconvulsive Therapy Electroconvulsive Therapy

Words: 4067 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34718744

Evidence has been cited suggesting that ECT is particularly efficacious with psychotic depression. Experimental research and reviews of the literature tend to conclude that ECT is either equal or superior to antidepressant medication in the treatment of severe depression. In one study both depressed men and women were helped by ECT, but women tended to improve more with ECT than with imipramine, a tricyclic antidepressant. Men tended to improve more with imipramine. Both men and women improved more with ECT than with phenalzine, a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI). It has been suggested that MAOIs and serotonin-specific reuptake inhibitors (SSIs) may be less clinically effective than heterocyclic antidepressants for severe depression. Thus, ECT's favorable comparison with imipramine is a strong endorsement.

Adverse Effects

The side effect of ECT that has received the most attention is memory loss. ECT results in two kinds of memory loss. The first involves quick forgetting of…… [Read More]


Breggin, P.R. (n.d.). Electroshock: Scientific, ethical, and political issues. Retrieved from http://www.sntp.net/ect/breggin1.htm

Electroconvulsive therapy. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.minddisorders.com/Del-


Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). (2011). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/electroconvulsive-therapy/MY00129
View Full Essay

Accounting Industry Has Been Facing Increasing Amounts

Words: 622 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72068034

accounting industry has been facing increasing amounts of scrutiny. This is because a number of high profile scandals (i.e. Enron and World Com) were brought to attention of regulators (based upon the need for increasing oversight in this area). As a result, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 was implemented. However, since this law was first enforced, a number of firms are claiming that its restrictions are an added burden (for large multinational corporations). This is creating situations where individuals could still engage in unethical practices. To fully understand what is happening requires looking at potential conflicts. Once this takes place, is when it will highlight the impact of these activities on firms.

The Effect of Sarbanes-Oxley on Financial Statements

The effect of Sarbanes-Oxley on financial statements is that it is forcing firms to provided added disclosures to investors. This occurs with the CEO and CFO certifying under oath that the…… [Read More]


Sarbanes-Oxley Act 2002. (2006). SOX Law. Retrieved from:  http://www.soxlaw.com/ 

Frankel, A. (2012). Wal Mar's Sarbanes-Oxley Problem. Reuters. Retrieved from: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/04/23/us-frankel-walmart-idUSBRE83M1GQ20120423
View Full Essay

Sustainability and Peter Drucker

Words: 1192 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86790958

Sustainability of Britt Coffee

Sustainability is a huge word in business today. It is an admirable goal for business to make promises to lower their carbon footprint. Yet, it is the businesses that take this mission and align it with strategic financial goals that illustrate the theories of the late Peter Drucker in action. Drucker believed that without taking care of its operations first, there is no way a business could really be socially responsible in any other meaningful way. Thus, for modern businesses to be successful in their sustainability strategies, they must also be successful in their strategic operational strategies. The health of the business always comes first, according to Drucker, and then the health of their social responsibility and sustainability efforts will come after. This can be seen in the strategy of Britt Coffee, a company that in many ways combines its effort to gain a competitive advantage…… [Read More]


Britt Coffee. (2014). Sustainability. Experience Cafe Britt. Web. http://www.cafebritt.com/sustainability

Drucker Institute. (2014). Peter Drucker's Life and Legacy. About Peter Drucker. Web. http://www.druckerinstitute.com/link/about-peter-drucker/

Mok, Karen. (2012). Reinventing Work, Reinventing Organization. Peter Drucker Challenge. Web. http://essay.druckerchallenge.org/fileadmin/user_upload/essays_2012_pdf/S_Karen_Mok_Peter_Drucker_Essay1.pdf

Stallone, Jesse. (2010). Peter Drucker on Sustainability. Sustainability. Web. http://jessestallone.com/2010/09/17/peter-drucker-on-sustainability/
View Full Essay

Global Cultural Analysis Nigeria

Words: 5263 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25995575

Global Business Cultural Analysis


Nigerian History

Synopsis of Nigerian government

Nigerian monarchy to presidential system

The evolution of Nigeria from British control to a civilian democratic government

Nigerian major commodities



The major elements and dimensions of culture in Nigeria

Cultural dimensions


Power distance



Model of culture

Universalism or Particularize

How is the integration of elements and dimensions that Nigerians doing business in the country?

The effects of governments on the prospects for its business around the world

How the elements and dimensions compared with the United States, culture, and business?

The role of women in the workplace

Business visitors must be dressed in an elegant and tie (for men!)

Cross-cultural business transactions between the United States and Nigeria




Thurstan Shaw and Steve Daniels, who are the founder for archaeological research proved in their research that Nigeria has been developed since 9,000…… [Read More]


Afolayan, T.E. (2011). Coming To America: The Social and Economic Mobility of African Immigrants in the United States. Inquiry (University of New Hampshire), 6-11. Retrieved from EBSCO host.


Alutu, O.E., & Udhawuve, M.L. (2009). Unethical Practices in Nigerian Engineering Industries: Complications for Project Management. Journal of Management in Engineering, 25(1), 40-43. Doi: 10.1061 / (ASCE) 0742-597X (2009)25:1(40)

View Full Essay

Partnership Allows Some of the Inestors to

Words: 608 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28561685

partnership allows some of the inestors to limit their liability. In modern organizations, a limited partnership may allow some of the partners or investors (stakeholders) to limit their liability. Under this arrangement, one of more stakeholders are given designated titles as General Partners and have unlimited liability for the organization (debts, assets, etc.). The other stakeholders are titled limited partners and have an overall liability that equals only their initial contribution. This makes different stakeholders liable for different amounts. Limited partners, however, are typically prohibited from being active within the firm. By-laws of the partnership and state law of incorporation also influence the legal maximum liability of stakeholders (Unifom Partnership Act, 1997).

When does insider trading occur? What government agency is responsible for protecting against the unethical practices of insider trading? Insider trading occurs when an individual trades a stock or security and has access to non-public information about that…… [Read More]


Uniform Partnership Act. (1997). University of Pennsylvania Library. Retreived from:


Baker, K. And Powell, G. (2005). Understanding Financial Management. New York: Wiley.

Eisen, P. (2007). Accounting. New York: Barron's.
View Full Essay

Human Resources Planning

Words: 3223 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80601533

Human esource ecruitment

Human esources Planning


Organization's strength is based on the quality of its employees an aspect that places high relevance to the human resource departments and the practices used (Ume, 2008). MSCG concerns in consultancy targets to, direct clients towards adopting the best practices in their recruitment process. This will guarantee recruitment of ideal candidates, professionalism in H practices, employee and talent retention and productivity in optimal deployment of the workforce (Loosemore, 2003).

Staffing Methods

One of the main activities of human resource management is staffing. Staffing is important because it provides a supply of individuals needed to fill the jobs within an organization necessary to achieve business objectives. Once H professionals have done job analysis a job description can be prepared. This job description is used when recruiting individuals. Online, ground recruiting, talent search from fresh graduates, employee pouching, use of profession agents and temporary placements…… [Read More]


Belcourt, M. (2006). Outsourcing the benefits and the risks. Human resource management Review, 16(2), 269-279.

Fey, C.F., Morgulis-Yakushev, S., Hyeon Jeong, P., & Bjorkman, I. (2009). Opening the Black Box of the Relationship between HRM Practices and Firm Performance: A Comparison of MNE Subsidiaries in the U.S.A., Finland, and Russia. Journal of International Business Studies, 40(4), 690-712.

Harrison, E.E. (1986). The Managerial Decision-Making Process Boston, U.S.A.: Houghton Mifflin.

Kolodinsky, R.W., Madden, T.M., Zisk, D.S., & Henkel, E.T. (2010). Attitudes about Corporate Social Responsibility: Business Student Predictors. Journal of Business Ethics, 91(2), 167-181.
View Full Essay

How Is Bad Behavior Dealt

Words: 678 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48275799

Internal Disciplinary Practices

How bad behavior is dealt with Critique the criticism of internal disciplinary practices. Discuss which criticism seems illogical and why? Building on this, discuss the external methods of police accountability and consider which monitoring strategy seems the most reliable and why.

Because of the internal culture of the police department, it is argued that effective self-regulation and discipline is very challenging, because police officers will always sympathize with fellow officers. Issues pertaining to police misconduct are rarely clear-cut, and the natural impetus is to give the officer, rather than the civilian, the benefit of the doubt. Officers know the tremendous strain involved in police work, and are inclined to give fellow officers some leeway so they are able to be as safe as possible when enforcing the law.

Having external internal affairs departments that are separate from the rest of the police force is one way to…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Siemens AG Scandal Siemens AG Had Over

Words: 2649 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13053505

Siemens AG Scandal

Siemens AG had over one hundred fifty years of experience making business deals internationally by the time it became embroiled in several bribery scandals in 2006. Beginning in the mid-1800s, the company set up products such as telegraph networks and maintenance and initiated business practices such as fixed-hour workdays and employee career training that helped it get ahead. ith a long and solid history as a leading company in Germany and internationally, the accusations against it might seem surprising, but investigators turned up plenty of evidence that Siemens AG had made frequent bribes of foreign officials and businessmen in order to turn business its way. It was also accused of embezzlement and tax evasion. The resulting scandal, which involved authorities in Germany, Switzerland, Greece, the U.S., and other countries, cost Siemens billions of dollars, landed some managers in legal trouble, and harmed Siemens AG's reputation. The Siemens…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Agence France-Presse. (July 30, 2008). Siemens Posts Strong Results. Retrieved from the IndustryWeek.com website:  http://www.industryweek.com/articles/siemens_posts_strong_results_16938.aspx 

Deresky, Helen. (2010). International Management: Managing Across Borders and Cultures, 7th edition. Boston, MA: Prentice Hall.

Kaylan, Merlik. (March 24, 2009). Fork Over That Bonus Money. Retrieved from  http://www.forbes.com/2009/03/23/aig-taxpayers-outrage-opinions-columnists-bonus-payments.html 

Vanhonacker, Wilfried R. (2004). Guanxi Networks in China. The China Business Review, May-June, 2004, 48-53. Retrieved from: http://www.lombardglobal.com/attachments/Guanxi_Networks_in_China.pdf
View Full Essay

Ethics and Promoting Your Site Ethical Research

Words: 1450 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93835528

Ethics and Promoting Your Site

Ethical esearch

Search Engine Optimization -- SEO techniques is the methodology of making a website and its content more relevant for search engines and eventually for the user community who search them through 'keywords' and 'phrases' for getting appropriate results. The entire process includes making strategies to enhance web pages so that they are able to gain a higher ranking in actual search engine results. The ideal scenario is the particular enterprise's website to get listed on the first page of search engine results when the targeted keywords and phrases are searched and for this the enterprise's website needs to be optimised for these terms. (Majchrzak, 2008)

Unethical marketing techniques used in e-business:

An ongoing debate often encountered is what is "unfair" or "unethical" in promoting website for e-business. Essentially the objective of SEO is to manipulate the search engines into ranking the particular site…… [Read More]


Dunford, Terry. (2008) "Advances Search Engine Optimization: A logical Approach"

American Creations of Maui.

Jenkins, Sue. (2007) "Web Design: The L. Line, The Express Line to Learning"

Wiley Publishing.
View Full Essay

Ethical Principles in Government Policy

Words: 2214 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62663009

Even more generally, there are other examples of equally basic contradictions that qualify under the adherence-to- governing-law standard. Despite the official upreme Court interpretation of the Establishment Clause in the First Constitutional Amendment, U.. currency still features the words "In God We Trust." imilarly, several states still enforce unday blue laws such as prohibiting the sale of alcohol on the Christian "abbath." Many legal experts suggest that both violate the Establishment Clause (Dershowitz, 2002).

However, the unethical practices in connection with special interest lobbying of political representatives are a much more important problem in modern American society and politics. The traditional excuse used to justify the lobbying process is that monetary contributions to election funds merely provide access to legislators but not influence. In theory, no lobbyist has any greater influence on political decisions than any private citizen who e-mails members of Congress or the White House; in reality, that…… [Read More]

Sources Cited

Dershowitz, A. (2002). Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. New York:

Little Brown & Co.

Schmalleger, F. (2008). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st

Century. Hoboken, NJ: Prentice Hall.
View Full Essay

Business in an Ethical Way

Words: 598 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8518464

The sales representative reiterated what the signage stated, that the sale ended that coming Sunday. Deciding to wait on the purchase, I came back two weeks later to find the set no longer $400 off, but instead 15% off, which just happened to be about a $400 savings. A new salesperson pushed the fact that this sale was ending, again on Sunday. Once more I waited and came back a few weeks later. This time, the set included the two arm chairs for free, an approximately $400 savings. I finally asked a salesperson about these 'sales' and she admitted that their sales change, because people like to think they're getting a 'deal', but they always are about the same amount off, all of the time.

This unethical behavior hurts the company in a variety of ways. First, they lost my potential business, not only on the dining room set but…… [Read More]


Corporate crackdown: Enron. (No date). [Motion picture]. United States: McGraw-Hill Irwin.

Villanova, M., Lozano, J., & Arenas, D. (2009). Exploring the nature of the relationship between CSR and competitiveness. Journal of Business Ethics, (87). p. 57-69.
View Full Essay

Subprime Loans Are Said to Be Among

Words: 1545 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71238431

Subprime loans are said to be among the biggest reasons for the most recent financial crisis which hit the world economy at the end of year 2008. Had the lenders considered the level of income and repaying abilities of the borrowers before lending them money, the World's financial sector would not have seen such critical circumstances. The consequences of subprime loans have not ended yet; economists and researchers in the field of International Finance are of the view that they may further get worsen in the coming five to ten years period. Beside the criticism regarding the approval of subprime loans to low income borrowers, the lenders have also been strongly criticized for using unethical business practices in their customer dealings and transactions (Mandal, 2010).

This paper investigates the consequences and risks that were caused by subprime loans in the World's financial sector and their impact on the lenders, borrowers,…… [Read More]


Donath, L.E., & Cismas, L.M. (2009). The Current Financial Crisis Revisited -- Causes and Remedies, the Romanian Economic Journal, 31 (1): 85-92.

Goldmann, P. (2010). Financial Services Anti-Fraud Risk and Control Workbook, 1st Edition. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.

Jennings, M. (2012). Business Ethics: Case Studies and Selected Readings, 7th Edition. South-Western Legal Studies in Business. Australia; Mason, OH: South-Western.

Magdoff, F., & Foster, J.B. (2009). The Great Financial Crisis: Causes and Consequences. N.Y: Monthly Review Press
View Full Essay

Enron Scandal A Security Professional's

Words: 2869 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85245652

Later in the year, this same task force, including Cheney, recommended Enron as a company that was upstanding and endorses its many proposals. This further complicated the Enron image giving it further clout to conduct business in an unethical manner. By the end of this year, many of Enron's top executives, including Skilling, begin selling off their shares of company stock. This occurs before it is revealed to shareholders that Enron had a $618 million dollar loss in the fiscal year. This behavior, to a senior security specialist, represents severely unethical and corrupt decision making and helps to show prior knowledge of the Enron scandal involving Fastow's shell companies and the manipulation of the energy markets in their favor.

Within the company itself, it would have been rather clear to the security professional working there that the senior management knew things were amiss. A security professional could have been tipped…… [Read More]


NewsMax Wires. (2002). "Enron: A Pattern of Abuses?" Retrieved March 4, 2011, from http://archive.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2002/3/21/60605.shtml.

Open Secrets.org. (2002). Enron and Andersen. Washington, DC: The Center for Responsive

Politics. Retrieved October 27, 2005, from http://www.opensecrets.org/news/enron

Ortmeier, P.J. (2005). Security management: An introduction (2nd
View Full Essay

Leni Riefenstahl Ethics

Words: 2111 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14726905

Leni Riefenstahl. The writer explores the topic of Riefenstahl and her unethical art. The writer examines the catastrophic consequences and her lack of integrity that lead to horror for millions. There were nine sources used to complete this paper.

Leni Riefenstahl: Her Unethical Art and The Catastrophic Consequences

The reign of Adolf Hitler is one that history will never forget. Under his terrorist reign of terror millions of people died. Those who did not die suffered from the loss of loved ones, loss of privacy and loss of financial stability. It was a time in which the world was introduced to the dangerous side of charismatic politics. While there were many who were fooled in the beginning by Hitler's manipulation tactics they soon learned his true motivations and spent the rest of their lives working to unseat the inhumane dictator. There is one person however, who admired him from the…… [Read More]

JANE SUMNER / Staff Critic, The Riefenstahl riddle: At age 100, famed Germanfilmmaker Leni Riefenstahl still stirs an enigmatic cocktail of emotions., The Dallas Morning News, 08-18-2002, pp 1C.

John Anderson, Leni Riefenstahl, Film's Queen of Denial., Newsday, 03-16-1994, pp 65.

Author not available, THE WONDERFUL HORRIBLE LIFE OF LENI RIEFENSTAHL; DIE MACHT DER BILDER., Magill's Survey of Cinema, 06-15-1995.
View Full Essay

Business Ethics Every Company Has Corporate Governance

Words: 2062 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61999328

Business Ethics

Every company has corporate governance initiatives in place. Consider that corporate governance simply refers to how the company is run and controlled. The current usage of the buzzword derives from the issues that a few companies had where executives or managers were not subject to appropriate levels of governance. Thus, the guidelines issued recently by the OECD, the ASX, the Combined Code and in Sarbanes-Oxley serve to institutionalize stronger corporate governance policies in order to strengthen public confidence in capital markets. Most companies would already be following these guidelines.

For example, the first category covered by the Combined Code is about the Board of Governors. Boards of Governors have always been responsible for corporate governance -- for our company not to have any governance policy would imply that it does not have a Board. hat is recommended is that the Board has specific features and structures. One recommendation…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

ASX: Corporate governance. (2011). Retrieved November 30, 2011 from http://www.asx.com.au/governance/corporate-governance.htm

Friedman, M. (1970). The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. New York Times Magazine. Retrieved November 30, 2011 from  http://www.colorado.edu/studentgroups/libertarians/issues/friedman-soc-resp-business.html 

No author. (2011). Management compliance guide. Sox Toolkit. Retrieved November 30, 2011 from  http://www.soxtoolkit.com/sox-govern.htm 

OECD principles of corporate governance. (2004). Retrieved November 30, 2011 from http://www.oecd.org/document/49/0,3746,en_2649_34813_31530865_1_1_1_1,00.html
View Full Essay

Ethics Contribute to Employee Commitment

Words: 1223 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95289121

There is a ripple affect that ensues from this as well, reaching out to affect jobs, which affect incomes, which again affect economical aspects.

5. The ethical decision-making framework includes the concepts of ethical issue intensity, corporate culture, and individual factors. Discuss how these concepts influence the ethical decision-making process.

The ethical issue intensity concept is truly foremost in determining the degree by which the decision-making process is extended. When the degree of intensity regarding the ethical issue at hand is substantial, the decision making process is likely to be handled with either more care in its concern or more hastily in its chaos. Factoring in corporate culture, the decision making process will be sensitive to the exact nature of the ethical issue in connection to specifics outlining the concept of corporate culture. Individual factors will contribute to the decision-making process according to the various manners of the specific individual…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Diffusion of Product Innovation Through

Words: 16573 Length: 55 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65231417

Moreover, CoPs develop their practice through improving the diffusion of innovation within their active networks; the benefits of such interactions are countless especially in the field of healthcare. One can assume that specialty doctors' communities would present the perfect example for CoPs because they share the same practice, interest and professionalism. It would be interesting to study if those CoP networks exist in United Arab Emirates, whether they are active or not and whether leaders can be identified. Collecting such data will enable this project to measure if the rate of diffusion of new innovation can be improved and hence be used by pharmaceutical companies in UAE to improve their resource allocation; all within healthcares' ethical framework.

Overview of Study

This dissertation used a five-chapter format to achieve the above-stated research purpose. To this end, chapter one introduced the topic under consideration, a statement of the problem, the purpose and…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Ethical and Moral Issues in Business a

Words: 860 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13405058

Ethical and Moral Issues in Business

A situation or problem requires an organization or a person to choose between some alternatives. These are evaluated as ethical (right) or unethical (wrong). Involvement of a difference of belief is a moral issue. A slight difference between moral issues and ethical issues is about "preference." Such issues play an important role in business dealings. This essay discusses various ethical and moral issues in business. Also difference between personal ethics and business ethics is discussed.

Ethical and Moral Issues in Business

Ethical and moral issues play an important role in the field of business. In areas such as pricing, contracts, personal selling, suppliers and advertising, several examples of business ethical dilemmas and decisions can be found. There is a clear difference between ethical issues and moral issues; they are discussed in the following paragraph.

Considering the area of "suppliers"; if unethical practices of the…… [Read More]


DeGeorge, R.T. (2010). Business Ethics. London: Pearson.

Donaldson, T., & Werhane, P. (1983). Ethical issues in business. Retrieved June 11, 2012, from, http://www.google.com.pk/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=9&sqi=2&ved=0CIoBEBYwCA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.karlknapp.com%2Fresources%2Fethics%2Fethicsinbiz_donaldson.doc&ei=idDVT9WZL-uUiAfb-NytAw&usg=AFQjCNHymMfF0ux6YKkPDZMZvtYuDvv4gw&sig2=wqU4iq3BdWGNtP5U42TbAw

Kappel, K. (2001, March 12). The Morality of Euthanasia. University of Copenhagen. Retrieved June 11, 2012, from http://www.staff.hum.ku.dk/kappel/tekster/pdf/The%20morality%20of%20euthanasia.pdf