Filter By:

Sort By:

Reset Filters

Upton Sinclair Essays (Examples)

Having trouble coming up with an Essay Title?

Use our essay title generator to get ideas and recommendations instantly

How Sinclair Helped to Clean Up the Stockyards in Chicago
Words: 642 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34063308
Read Full Paper  ❯

Meatpacking Industry: Progressive Reforms and the Shaping of National Policy

In 1906 the Pure Food and Drug Act was passed in the United States. This was the culmination of a furor that had reached tipping point with the success of Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle, a story based in the meat packing industry published in 1905. The novel explored the lives of a group of immigrant workers as they struggled to survive in the "jungle" of early 20th century.

The story was, however, merely the straw that broke the camel's back. The Pure Foods Movement had actually begun thirty years earlier in the post-Civil War years when Industrialization was already underway and the landscape of America was rapidly changing. It was the Pure Foods Movement that was really the driving force behind the Pure Food and Drugs Act of 1906.[footnoteRef:1] [1: Wallace Janssen, "The Story of the Laws behind the…

Bibliography

Blackwell, Jon. "1906: Rumble over 'The Jungle'." Capital Century. Web. 12 Nov

2015.

Janssen, Wallace. "The Story of the Laws behind the Labels." The Food and Drug

Administration. Hauppauge: Nova Science, 2003.

Moral Behavior Community Is Impossible
Words: 1797 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61208735
Read Full Paper  ❯

The money he earns doesn't go to his relatives but to drink. Teta Elziebta and Marija also give up their hopes of a successful marriage, of family. They become whores. Like Jurgis, they spend their earnings on themselves and not their family: they become heroine addicts (310).

Sinclair's contention that community can't exist in a society that makes immorally-based decisions persists through to the end of the novel. Despite their attempts to become a part of a community after leaving their family, Jurgis, Teta Elziebta, and Marjia all fail. The "communities" they find -- whorehouses and gangs of thugs-- because they are based on an immoral standards, do not function. For example, though he earns the criminal underground money and participates well in their endeavors, Jurgis is kicked out (300). Marija realizes that the community she lives in keeps her a prisoner by keeping her addicted to heroine and forever…

Works Cited

Sinclair, Upton. The Jungle. New York, Barnes and Noble Press, 1995.

Life of an Immigrant Explored
Words: 1126 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 15255440
Read Full Paper  ❯

Jurgis is filled with grief and despair when thinks of how "they had put their very souls into their payments on that house, they had paid for it with their sweat and tears -- yes, more, with their very lifeblood. " (Sinclair). Perhaps the most dreadful of all things is Ona's death. Her death marks a brand new low for Jurgis. Personal hardship is the backdrop for Jurgis' dream. He is learning that things do not always turn out the way we expect them to turn out. Jurgis is realizing that hard work and a good heart do not always lead toward wealth and a better life.

Jurgis also sees his American Dream die to the ways of socialism. As he begins to learn more about socialism, he gains a different sense of self. He is not shy about it and, in fact, he is very vocal about his beliefs.…

Works Cited

Sinclair. The Jungle. The Literature Network Online. Information Retrieved April 07, 2009.

Jensen Communications Studies Professor and
Words: 1342 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 78951435
Read Full Paper  ❯

After World War Two, Carson realized the extent to which the government was permitting the use of toxic chemicals and wrote a book to expose the practice. That book was called Silent Spring, and it "challenged the practices of agricultural scientists and the government, and called for a change in the way humankind viewed the natural world."[footnoteef:8] Jensen includes an excerpt from Silent Spring to show that Carson was up against one of the most lucrative industries in the world, and that although her work is unfinished, Carson made a huge impact on raising awareness and eventually her work got DDT banned. [8: "The Life and Legacy of achel Carson," Accessed May 3, 2013, http://www.rachelcarson.org/Biography.aspx#.UYOWMCshKII]

Malcolm X's autobiography was arguably not a project undertaken as a form of muckraker journalism. The author started writing when he was in prison, and he comes to learn the power of the written word…

References

Carson, Rachel. "Silent Spring." Excerpt in Stories that Changed America, edited by Carl Jensen, 117-123.

Daily Censored. "Carl Jensen." Accessed May 3, 2013, http://www.dailycensored.com/writers/carl-jensen/

The Daily Show. "The Daily Show With Jon Stewart," Accessed May 3, 2013,  http://www.thedailyshow.com/ 

Jensen, Carl. Stories that Changed America. New York: Seven Stories, 2002.

History 1865-1960
Words: 2544 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13218699
Read Full Paper  ❯

American history as a radical and revolutionary society. Specifically, it will discuss the works of "The Jungle," by Upton Sinclair, and "Coming of Age in Mississippi," by Anne Moody. Radical reform and revolutionary ideas are at the very foundation of our freedom in America, and this tradition of freedom of speech and rebellion has continued from 1865 onward in our society. There has always been dissention and disagreement in our history, however, our freedom gives us the right to disagree, rebel, revolt, and share our radical ideas - which often lead to reform, understanding, and a better life for all Americans.

RADICAL SOCIETY

In 1865, the nation had just lived through a Civil ar that divided the nation, families, and races. Now, America was ready to move on, but there were still issues dividing the nation - issues that would continue to foster revolution and radicalism, and bring out the…

Works Cited

Moody, Anne. Coming of Age in Mississippi. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1968.

Sinclair, Upton. The Jungle. New York: Doubleday, Page & Company, 1906.

Story Continuation
Words: 640 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Creative Writing Paper #: 65999460
Read Full Paper  ❯

Jungle (Upton Sinclair)

(This could fit after chapter 6)

Jurgis was determined to have Ona as the wife even if it meant going through the extensive difficulties that they were already facing. They banked on nothing more than the love between them and the hopes within them. They had to make quick plans to have maters rolling in terms of logistics of taking the dowry to the parents and the maiden visit to the home of Ona to have the matters officiated and finalized. It was not going to be an easy task since the odds against them were a lot.

The fact that they had bought a home for themselves was an indication of the optimism that was a binding factor and now they had to pull in the same direction in order to have the entire deal fall together. It seemed having the dowry in place was harder…

References

Page By Page Books, (n.d). The Jungle (Upton Sinclair). Retrieved September 27, 2014 from  http://www.pagebypagebooks.com/Upton_Sinclair/The_Jungle/index.html

Political Science the Jungle the
Words: 700 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 97999253
Read Full Paper  ❯

The company has many different levels of organization, and oversees the lives of the people it employs, in that they spend most of their lives there, and receive a wage in return. They are supposed to be loyal to the company, and stand behind it in times of stress. The company supports others in the community, as well, in the form of taxes, bribes, and workers spending their income in businesses throughout the community. Thus, the company is a political institution with community influence, and the power that goes along with that influence. Political institutions all have several items in common, from group membership to support and influence in the community, as well as representing a large aspect of that community, and the packinghouses all meet these requirements.

Finally, the theme of Socialism that the author weaves through the book is representative of politics and political institutions the world over,…

References

Sinclair, Upton. The Jungle. New York: Doubleday, Page, 1906.

Meatpacking Industry Safety and Immigrant
Words: 1061 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79970959
Read Full Paper  ❯

It is interesting to note that most of the workers in the Chicago stockyards in 1906 were immigrants, just as today, and they had their rights trampled in much the same way many of the plants are accused of violating rights even today. Thus, the safety and human rights issues may have improved, but certainly not as much as one would think they would have. I believe many of the corporations are still mired in greed and corruption just as they were at the turn of the 20th century, and they will never change unless they are forced to change by the people and stricter laws. It is clear that reports and sanctions do not make a difference; they simply dispute them and continue to subjugate and mistreat their workers. They may think they have advanced from the time of Sinclair's powerful novel, but indeed they have not, which is…

References

Editors. "Meatpacking Safety Rules Miss Mark, Workers Still Face Risks, Study Says." Lincoln Star - Herald. 15 Nov. 2006. 1 Dec. 2007.  http://www.starherald.com/site/index.cfm?newsid=17473175&BRD=484&PAG=461&dept_id=553250&rfi=8 

Gonzalez, Cindy. Group Criticizes Packers: Meat Industry Officials Dismiss Human Rights Watch Report Recommendations. Omaha World - Herald. 26 Jan. 2005. 01.B.

Sinclair, Upton. The Jungle. New York: Doubleday, Page, 1906.

Motivated Progressives and How They Began to
Words: 674 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18923709
Read Full Paper  ❯

motivated progressives and how they began to use the government as a moral agent for change and the impact of Progressivism upon society and government during the early decades of the 20th century. The central question that will be addressed will be to answer to what extent he Progressive Era was actually progressive. In particular, we will pay attention to the limits of progressive reforms in the history of the United States. Progressives fought for such issues as women's suffrage and better labor and health regulations (Rodgers, 1982, 115).

Progressivism in America was a broad-based movement for reform that reached its apogee in the early 20th century. hile reformist in nature, it was middle class. It grew in response to the changes brought on by industrialism, modernization (for example the rise of the railroads) and corruption in American politics. Largely, it grew in response to tragedies such as the Triangle…

Works Cited

Muckrakers. (2011). Retrieved from  http://www.ushistory.org/us/42b.asp  .

Rosa, P. (2010). The triangle shirtwaist fire. Retrieved from http://www.historybuff.com/library/refshirtwaist.html.

Rodgers, D.T. (1982). The promise of american history. Reviews in American History,, 10(4), 113-132.

How American Corporations Harnessed the Media to Further Their Goals Between 1890 and 1940
Words: 1850 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 36473651
Read Full Paper  ❯

American Corporations and the Media, 1890-1940

American corporations have never been reticent to use available media to reach their goals, and in the years between 1890 and 1940, there are impressive examples of how U.S. corporate interests have utilized various media to realize additional profit and power -- sometimes employing unorthodox and unethical methods. This paper delves into instances of corporate use of media, and points to the dynamics that allowed those associations to flourish.

"Today's critics of media conglomerates fail to grasp the reality that corporate power, in league with the state, [has] made a mockery of prospects for a democratic global media system… [and it's vital to recognize that] the U.S. radio industry subsequently followed a similar pattern of monopolization in the 1920s…" (Peterson, 2004, p. 86).

Author James Schwoch points to the fact that the American radio industry had a profound impact on Latin American activities between…

Works Cited

Belrose, John S. (1994). Fessenden and the Early History of Radio Science. The Radioscientist,

5(3), 1-19.

Forrest, Wilbur. (1925). Political Notes: Ford Speaks. Time Magazine. Retrieved June 17,

2011, from  http://www.time.com/time/printout/0,8816,720534,00.html .

Meat Inspection Theory and Reality Gabriel Kolko's
Words: 889 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41506748
Read Full Paper  ❯

Meat Inspection: Theory and Reality

Gabriel Kolko's revealing article, Meat Inspection: Theory and Reality, attempts to debunk the myth that President Theodore Roosevelt was a champion of progressive reforms meant to benefit the working class -- particularly the major meat and food regulation laws passed during his presidency. It wasn't that meat and food regulation didn't have benefits for the common man, but that the driving force behind their passage was never the welfare of the lower classes. Instead, while these reforms were trumpeted and won approval as boons for the common man, in reality they were promoted by and intended to help big business. During the struggles for reform, it was not the people and Roosevelt against big business, but rather big business trying to persuade Roosevelt to take a stand. In general, despite the image he projected, Roosevelt preferred to remain conservative with respect to any reforms benefitting…

PR Public Relations in Society
Words: 2114 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 29205910
Read Full Paper  ❯

Coombs and Holladay (2007)

Coombs and Holladay use the support of the professional literature to find an explanation to the importance stakeholders came to play in their role with the management. Their next movement is back to history, this time deeper to the times where there was no such field as public relations. They start in their investigation with the Anti-Slavery Society, formed by Arthur and Lewis Tappan in 1831. They were among the first to discover the role of using various ways of disseminating information to the public they targeted by using the printed word or by assembling in "meetings, sermons and public lectures." Coombs and Holladay (2007, p. 62). Further examples show how tools specific to the PR industry nowadays were discovered and put to use by simple people who succeeded to start major changes in society: Carry a. Nation, the first woman who made an "event" in…

Works Cited

Coombs, W.T and Holladay S.J. it's Not Just PR: Public Relations in Society. Blackwell Publishing. 2007

Schlosser Fast Food Nation
Words: 2025 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31701015
Read Full Paper  ❯

Schlosser: Fast Food Nation

The fast food industry has been infused into the every nook and corner of American Society over the last three decades. The industry seen to have originated with a few modest hot dog and hamburger of Southern California have been perceived to have extended to every nook and corner of the nation, marketing an extensive range of food products to which affordable customers are found widely. Fast food is presently provided at restaurants and drive-through, at stadiums, airports, zoos, high schools, elementary schools and universities, on cruise ships, trains, and airplanes, at K-Marts, Wal-Marts, gas stations, and also at hospital cafeterias. As per an estimate the total expenditure of Americans on fast food during 1970 was about $6 billion. (Introduction: Fast Food Nation - The Dark Side of the All-American Meal)

The expenditure had a massive increase to about $110 billion in 2000. Americans presently perceive…

References

Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser: A Book Club Reading Guide. Retrieved from  http://www.bookbrowse.com/reading_guides/detail/index.cfm?book_number=769  Accessed on 25 May, 2005

Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-American Meal by Eric Schlosser. Retrieved from  http://www.readinggroupguides.com/guides3/fast_food_nation1.asp  Accessed on 25 May, 2005

Introduction: Fast Food Nation - The Dark Side of the All-American Meal. Retrieved from  http://www.nytimes.com /books/first/s/schlosser-fast.html Accessed on 25 May, 2005

Rosenberg, Matt. T. Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser. February 2, 2001. Retrieved from  http://geography.about.com/library/misc/blffn.htm  Accessed on 25 May, 2005

Individuality and Community Ethics How Self Is
Words: 3829 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86534541
Read Full Paper  ❯

Individuality and Community

Ethics

How Self is Integrated into the Global Whole as an Ethical Entity

The ethics of social justice is wrapped in the ideas of how individuals within a society are trained as ethical beings, and how they regard other outside of their immediate society (Jackson, 2005). Appiah uses the final two chapters of his book The Ethics of Identity to discuss how individuals are given an ethical soul and also how people are members of something larger than either their nations or themselves. This paper is designed to give the reader an understanding of one person's understanding of the four concepts of social justice, soul making and rooted cosmopolitanism, and how all of those concepts tie into one another.

Four Conceptions of Social Justice

Like most other concepts, social justice is not the purview of a single theoretician or set of ideas. Many people, beginning in ancient…

References

Akhtar, S. (2011). Liberal recognition for identity? Only for particularized ones. Politics, Philosophy, Economics, 10(1), 66-87.

Appiah, K.A. (2005). The ethics of identity. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Clark, A. (1995). Hobbes' theory of human nature: A warning to libertarians. Philosophical Notes, 35, 1-2.

Freedman, J. (2005, June 12). 'The Ethics of Identity': A rooted cosmopolitanism. The New York Times. Retrieved from  http://www.nytimes.com /2005/06/12/books/review/12FREEDMA.html?pagewante d=all

Economics the Keynesian Would Argue
Words: 777 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17997396
Read Full Paper  ❯



4. The role that the FDA plays in setting food safety requirements is inherently costly to the economy. The function is not based on economic concerns but rather public health concerns -- the FDA's mandate dates to Congressional concern about the Elixir sulfanilamide disaster and traces its roots to Upton Sinclair's The Jungle, which documented meat production in Chicago at the turn of the 20th century (FDA.gov, 2009). Thus, decisions about FDA regulations are not made on the basis of economic good, but rather public good. Increased regulations would impose increased costs on business. In classical economics, these costs would act as a form of tax, increasing risk and discouraging investment. Eliminating these requirements would lower these costs, which would allow for an expansion of the food business. It could be argued that the threat of litigation today would counterbalance the need for regulations, but that claim has not been…

Works Cited:

Roubini, N. (1997). Supply side economics: Do tax rate cuts increase growth and revenues and reduce budget deficits? Or is it voodoo economics all over again? Stern School of Business. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://pages.stern.nyu.edu/~nroubini/SUPPLY.htm

No author. (2010). Classical economics. TheShortRun.com. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://www.theshortrun.com/classroom/doctrines/classicals.html

McCallum, B. (2008). Monetarism. Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from  http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/Monetarism.html 

FDA.gov. (2009). FDA history part I. Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from  http://www.fda.gov/AboutFDA/WhatWeDo/History/Origin/ucm054819.htm

Social and Cultural Movements That
Words: 694 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61175463
Read Full Paper  ❯



The rise of the middle class and the Industrial Revolution brought forth a demand to render this emerging class in fiction, and not simply relegate it to the sidelines of prose narratives in the United States. Realism in the United States is often said to stretch from the Civil ar to the end of the 19th century. The interest in Realism was also spawned by the crisis of national confidence that occurred after that bloody battle. Mark Twain, Stephen Crane, and later Henry James are all classified as Realistic writers who "wrote fiction devoted to accurate representation and an exploration of American lives in various contexts" (Campbell 2008). Also as the United States grew rapidly after the Civil ar, "the increasing rates of democracy and literacy, the rapid growth in industrialism and urbanization, an expanding population base due to immigration, and a relative rise in middle-class affluence provided a fertile…

Works Cited

Campbell, Donna M. "Realism in American Literature, 1860-1890." Literary Movements.

Last modified July 2008. February 16, 2010 at .

Literary realism. Art and Popular Culture. February 16, 2010.

 http://www.artandpopularculture.com/Literary_realism

American History Early 20th Century
Words: 1597 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 11498247
Read Full Paper  ❯

Architect Frank Lloyd right went beyond even Ives's achievements. Sharing affection for the organic ideas of the American Renaissance before the Civil ar and asserting that form and function were one, right developed the Prairie school of architecture. This tried to integrate the design of housing and the land it used and forced Americans to think more carefully about rapid urbanization. In terms of the impact that he had abroad right's work still influences architects and city planners today (Progressive Movement, 2010).

A lot happened during the reform movement all which had some effect on the way that we live today. It changed things in this country on a political, social and economic level that helped this country to progress forward and become what it is today. History provides a wonderful building block upon which we can grow and expand. It gives us the insight into what worked and what…

Works Cited

"Progressing into the 20th Century the Progressive Movement." (n.d.). 14 February 2010,



"Progressive Movement." (2010). 14 February 2010,

Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
Words: 2212 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 65853290
Read Full Paper  ❯

Once again, research reveals a healthcare setting where professionals are supposed to be trained to help those with mental deficiencies. But something is wrong here. This is not comparable with Cuckoo's Nest, but it reflects bad management, which leads - at the very least - to poor service at the patient level, and at worst, brutal abuses of the kind that were seen in Cuckoo's Nest.

Doctors, nurses and medical students in nursing and doctor training are pivotal actors in the fight to detect, prevent, and somehow manage substance abuse among patients; that is a given when it comes to mental health services across the board. But in London a recent study reveals that "...many doctors and nurses can have a negative attitude towards the management of drug and alcohol problems" of patients and of their own community of professionals (O'Gara, et al., 2005, p. 328). Doctors themselves "are at…

Works Cited

Associated Press. (2008). "Chinese paper: Gov't critics sent to mental wards."

International Herald Tribune. Retrieved December 7, 2008, at  http://www.iht.com .

Gold, Stanley. "One flew over the cuckoo's nest." Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 37.1 (2003): 115-118.

O'Gara, Colin, Keaney, Francis, Best, David, Harris, Jennifer, Boys, Annabel, Leonard,

Functions of Public Relations Public
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5704541
Read Full Paper  ❯

he function of marketing communications is also the integral part of any new product introduction process in a company as well. In fact, oshiba America, known for their laptop computers, has the product launch and introduction managed as a project inside marketing communications to provide for greater coordination and synchronizing with other departments. Marketing communications acts in many companies as the activity hub for all strategies, as this department is often serving the sales force, product management, product marketing, service, finance, and very often the executive managers who are the spokespeople for strategies and products.

Societal functions of Public Relations

In a sense government agencies and their constituents, the citizens of a given region or nation, are "customers" of the services of the societal institutions and governments. he only difference is of course that to shop between governments is to have to move, while consumers can choose between organizations by…

Two functions that define the societal role of public relations are consumer relations and community relations.

Perhaps no other set of nations in the world has a more thorough set of laws to protect its citizens from shoddy and unsafe merchandise, services schemes that defraud them or foods that don't pass certain health criteria than the United States and several other westernized nations. The reason is that the laws surrounding products, services, foods, drugs and even transportation have been created to protect the consumer. In the context of public relations, the societal function that influences the most amounts of people is consumer relations.

From a societal context, consumer relations fulfills the role of both coordinator of information flow between manufacturers, the government, and the consumer, ultimately looking out for what's best for the consumer and their well-being. This is a critical step in many countries as the function can expose risks to consumers of unsafe products. During the 19th century for example, Upton Sinclair (2002) and his classic book, the Jungle, showed the many practices in the meat processing and packing industry that needed overhauling to

Unifies and Permeates an Entire
Words: 1176 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91474170
Read Full Paper  ❯



Short story -- A brief story where the plot drives the narrative, substantially shorter than a novel. Example: "Hills like White Elephants," by Ernest Hemingway.

Allusion -- A casual reference in one literary work to a person, place, event, or another piece of literature, often without explicit identification. It is used to establish a tone, create an indirect association, create contrast, make an unusual juxtaposition, or bring the reader into a world of references outside the limitations of the story itself. Example: "The Wasteland" by T.S. Eliot alludes to "Paradise Lost" by John Milton.

epetition -- The repeating of a word or phrase or rhythm within a piece of literature to add emphasis. Example: The story of Agamemnon in The Odyssey by Homer.

Blank verse -- Unrhymed lines of ten syllables each with the even-numbered syllables bearing the accents, most closing resembling the natural rhythms of English speech. Example: "The…

References:

Wheeler, Dr. L. Kip. "Literary Terms and Definitions." Web.

"Word List of Literary and Grammar Terms." Web.

Should Classical Works Be the Emphasis of the High School Literature Curriculum
Words: 1740 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43562786
Read Full Paper  ❯

Teaching classic literature as the focus of a language curriculum for high school is an issue that has enjoyed considerable attention. ome critics feel that there is little purpose in focusing on ancient works of literature when attempting to cultivate a love of reading in children. Others again feel that an important part of human history and culture is lost when these works are ignored. According to the latter group, the way in which literature is taught determined whether it is useful or not, rather than the content of the literature as such. An argument stemming from the same basis relates to some negativity towards the way in which classics are taught. ome critics claim that authors such as hakespeare are being used to further dogmatic political goals. These views will be examined to determine whether using the classics as a focus for language education is a valid educational tool.…

Sources

Cantor, Paul A. "Shakespeare-"for all time"? - politicizing the teaching of Shakespeare's works." In Public Interest, Winter 2004. The National Affairs, 2004.

Donelson, Ken. "The Student's Right to Read."  http://www.ncte.org/about/over/positions/category/cens/107616.htm 

Kern, Andrew. "Teaching Classical Literature Classically." Memoria Press, 2004.  http://www.memoriapress.com/articles/classicallit.html 

La Vigne, Michelle. "Firing the Canon: Teaching Literature in Secondary Schools." Notes from the Hartland, 2004.

Drug Policies Major Policies History
Words: 3387 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8012701
Read Full Paper  ❯

14). Soon, Congress passed the Marijuana Tax Act, which was signed into law in 1937. Like the Harrison Act, the Marijuana Tax Act placed marijuana into the same category as the cocaine and opium drugs. It was now illegal to import marijuana into the United States (McWilliams, 1991). However, this law was ineffective in curbing marijuana use (Brecher, 1986, p. 14).

By the early 1940s narcotic addiction had significantly reduced in the United States (Harrison, Backenheimer and Inciardi, 1999). However, this was not the result of legislative initiatives. Instead, it was because World War II was cutting off the "supplies of opium from Asia and interrupt the trafficking routes from Europe" (Inciardi, 1992, p. 24).

Several other legislative efforts in the supply reduction department served to establish more severe penalties for violations of drug laws, and tighten controls and restrictions over legally manufactured narcotic drugs (Harrison, Backenheimer and Inciardi, 1999).…

References

1999). Recreational Drug Information. History of Drug Use U.S. Retrieved from the Internet at www.a1b2c3.com/drugs/.

Brecher, E. (1986). Drug Laws and Drug Law Enforcement: A Review and Evaluation Based on 111 Years of Experience,' Drugs and Society 1:1.

Drucker, Ernest. (1999). Harm Reduction: A Public Health Strategy. Current Issues in Public Health, 1: pp. 64-70.

Drug Policy Alliance. (February 17, 2005). Harm Reduction: Options that Work. Retrieved from the Internet at  http://www.drugpolicy.org/news/021705harm.cfm .

Muckrakers a Group of Journalists Emerged During
Words: 319 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41614632
Read Full Paper  ❯

Muckrakers

A group of journalists emerged, during the early twentieth century, who were committed to exposing the social, economic, and political ills of industrial life, and in 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt dubbed them the "muckrakers" (Muckrakers pp). The name comes from John Bunyan's story, Pilgrim's Progress, which told of a man with a "muck-rake in his hand" who raked filth rather than look up to nobler things (Muckrakers pp).

Muckraking emerged from two developments of the era, a changing journalism and the impulse of reform (Muckraking pp). Distinct from earlier journalist who wrote polemical, sensationalized news, muckrakers were a new class of educated reporters who saw themselves as scientists objectively reporting the conditions and ills of modern industrial society (Muckrakers pp). They focused their articles on business and political corruption, such as Standard Oil, scandals in city and state politics, the horrors of the meat-packing industry, insurance and stock manipulation,…

Work Cited

Muckrakers. The Reader's Companion to American History. Retrieved August 18, 2005 from:

http://college.hmco.com/history/readerscomp/rcah/html/ah_062000_muckrakers.htm

Muckrakers1. The Columbia Encyclopedia. Retrieved August 18, 2005 from:

 http://www.bartleby.com/65/mu/muckrake.html

Business Law During the Consumer Movement of
Words: 1307 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49860033
Read Full Paper  ❯

Business Law

During the consumer movement of the 1960s and 1970s, Congress enacted a substantial amount of legislation to protect "the good of the people." There is only one problem with consumer protection laws -- they are slow to react and even harder to enforce. As a result of this situation, corporations are allowed to profit at the expense of consumers' health. The resistance comes in a number of stages. The first is denial of the problem, wherein the corporations argue that there is not enough evidence to link their products with the negative outcomes that are being reported. Then there is the lobbying that causes politicians to defer action until a later date, or ignore the call to action altogether. Too often, when statutes are enacted, corporations fight them to the end, resulting in flawed legislation that either has loopholes, require interpretation from the judicial branch or is difficult…

References:

Bray, G., Nielsen, S. & Popkin, B. (2004). Consumption of high-fructose corn syrup in beverages may play a role in the epidemic of obesity. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Vol. 79 (4) 537-543.

Goldberg, C. & Zimmerman, R. (2011). What's making us fat? Researchers put food additives on suspect list. Common Health. Retrieved April 11, 2012 from  http://commonhealth.wbur.org/2011/08/food-additives-obesity 

Hellmich, N. (2009). Rising obesity will cost U.S. health care $344 billion a year. USA Today. Retrieved April 11, 2012 from  http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/weightloss/2009-11-17-future-obesity-costs_N.htm 

Miller, R. & Jentz, G. (2010). Business law today: 9th edition. South-Western/Cengage Learning.

Reforms Who Were the Progressives and What
Words: 2485 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77252285
Read Full Paper  ❯

eforms

Who were the Progressives and what were they trying to reform? How and why did the Progressive era end?

Several different Progressives include: Upton Sinclair, Teddy oosevelt, David Thelen, ichard McCormick and Samuel Hayes just to name a few. Their basic goals were to rectify many the social ills that were occurring from the rapid industrialization of the nation. This was creating a tremendous shift in the population, with more people leaving the country and moving to the cities. As a result, there were a number of different problems that emerged in the wake of these transformations. Most notably: unsafe working conditions, the use of child labor, wages and the number of working hours. The combination of these objectives was to give the people a voice in issues of government and society. This would limit the influence of the special interests during this process. (Sage) (Gilmore F-42 -- F-68)…

References

Divine, Robert. The American Story. New York: Pearson, 2007. Print.

Gilmore, Glenda. Who were the Progressives? Boston: Bedford Publishing, 2002. Print.

Harris, Richard. A History of the U.S. Political System. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2009. Print.

Murphy, Robert. The Great Depression and the New Deal. Washington: Regenry Publishing, 2009. Print.

Ethics the Employee Is Faced With Ethical
Words: 2667 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85270894
Read Full Paper  ❯

Ethics

The employee is faced with ethical requirements throughout their workday that must be met with knowledge and a trained attitude. Workplace ethics is one of the most crucial elements whether the person involved in an ethical dilemma is a high-level manager or an entry-level employee. An ethical stance is important because it is what guides the interactions that the employees will have with each other, their management, and the customers that patronize their products. It is also important that the business leaders follow an internal and external ethical stance so that the culture generated within the company is one that promotes positive ethical practices. This paper begins by talking about the way that the business leaders view the external world of ethics through accounting practices and how they deal with other companies. The discussion then moves inside the company and how the management treats its employees. Employee to employee…

References

Brandt-Rauf, S.I., Brabdt-Rauf, E., Gershon, R., Li, Y., & Brandt-Rauf, P.W. (2011). Genes, jobs, and justice: Occupational medicine physicians and the ethical, legal, and social issues of genetic testing in the workplace. Ethics & Medicine, 27(1), 51-55.

Dinkins, C.S. (2011). Ethics: Beyond patient care practicing empathy in the workplace. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 16(2), 1-8.

Embse, T.J.V.D., Desai, M.S., & Ofori-Brobbey, K. (2010). A new perspective on ethics safeguards: Where is the clout? SAM Advanced Management Journal, 75(3), 4-13.

Klimek, J., & Wenell, K. (2011). Ethics in accounting: An indispensable course? Academy of Educational Leadership Journal, 15(4), 107-113.

Ginsberg Lowi Weir Spitzer Identify Ongoing Conflicts
Words: 1290 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77244680
Read Full Paper  ❯

Ginsberg, Lowi, eir, Spitzer identify ongoing conflicts American politics a debate included "e People."

Definitions of Americans

There is little doubt that contemporary conceptions of who is and what makes an American have changed considerably from their origins during the initial founding of the United States. In fact, these changing definition are frequently a point of contention within both historical and modern politics, as an analysis of e The People: An Introduction to American Politics readily demonstrates. One of the most fundamental notions that the U.S. was founded upon was the idea that with the establishment of a democratic form of government, the people of the U.S. ultimately formed and influenced the future of this nation. The surrounding controversy and arguments about who the people and the citizens of America truly are, therefore, is an attempt to determine who is worthy of the rights and privileges of living within U.S.…

Works Cited

Ginsberg, B., Lowi, T.,Weir, M., Spitzer, R. We the People: An Introduction to American Politics. New York: Norton, W.W. & Company. 2010. Print.

No author. "The Constitution of the United States." U.S. Constitution.net. 1787. Web.  http://www.usconstitution.net/const.html

Decision to Purchase Use or Consume the
Words: 2869 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47197822
Read Full Paper  ❯

decision to purchase, use or consume the product of a particular brand is not simply a utilitarian decision that focuses on what goods a consumer wants, it is also a matter of the consumer's self-image. The customer asks himself, perhaps subconsciously, is he "the type of person" who eats at McDonald's, or uses Bayer aspirin? From there, the customer makes a decision to use, or not use, the product. However, the answers to these questions are less than simple. They are intricately and intrinsically connected to brand image and perception. Consumers are willing to put more money and resources into things that make them feel good about themselves. Companies want to leave their customers feeling good about their purchasing decision, with a raised self-image. However, what makes a person feel good about herself changes as values and society change. More than any other industry, this may be true about food…

References

Adamson, R. 3 May 2002. "Fast Food Nation." Salon Magazine. Accessed 23 February, 2011

Design Woo. (5 October 2010) McDonald's Redesign: a New Era for Fast-Food Restaurants. Design Woo. Accessed 23 February 2011

Gino F, Norton, MI, & Ariely D. (2010). The counterfeit self: The deceptive costs of faking it. Psychological Science, 21(5), 712-20

HEHER, A. 6 October 2009. Burger King plans "edgy, futuristic" remodel of restaurants. The Huffington Post. Accessed 23 February 2011

Entrepreneurship Is Social by Carl
Words: 893 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56879801
Read Full Paper  ❯

Schramm cites clothing as an example, but there are thousands of good examples. As companies had the ability to reach larger markets, they could invest more into their businesses. The result of those investments was a dramatic increase in the variety of goods available to the public, many of which contribute to better lives, if not longer. Advances in scale, Schramm notes, have resulted in the real cost of staple products being significantly lower today. He cites the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas: "In 1919, an American had to work 10 hours to afford a basket of 12 food items. By 1997, the work time required to purchase their food basket had fallen to two hours."

Schramm mentions at this point that there have been other contributions, in both science and in the development of public service to protect things like water supply, that have also contributed to increased health…

Work Cited:

Schramm, C. (2010). All entrepreneurship is social. Stanford Social Innovation Review. Retrieved May 3, 2013 from  http://www.ssireview.org/articles/entry/1571

Securing the Electronic Frontier the Paradox of
Words: 591 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20187412
Read Full Paper  ❯

Securing the Electronic Frontier

The paradox of how to secure individuals and organizations' right to access the Internet vs. securing personal and corporate data and identities is a particularly complex and challenging issue. The ethicacy of this paradox is most present in the differences between encryption and Pretty Good Privacy (PGP). Too open of standards and governance policies on these areas will often lead to large scale data breaches, as many organizations presume they have greater security over their data than is actually the case (Mikko, 2010). When security guidelines and initiatives are too restrictive, organizations cannot accomplish their objectives either. Making this paradox complex is the ethicacy of asking people and organizations for passwords and access to their accounts (Spinello, 2004). The ethics of trespass vs. legitimate access becomes all the more critical when the complexity, pace and severity of computer fraud perpetrated by globally-based gangs that are well-financed…

References

Hypponen, Mikko. (2010). Fighting Viruses Defending the Net. Retrieved on June 16, 2012 at  http://www.ted.com/talks/mikko_hypponen_fighting_viruses_defending_the_net.html 

Miller, A.R., & Tucker, C.E. (2011). Encryption and the loss of patient data. Journal Of policy analysis & management, 30(3), 534-556.

Spinello, R.A. (2011).Cyberethics - Morality and Law in Cyberspace (4th ed.). (4th Ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning. Chapter 6

Spinello, R.A. (2004). Reading in Cyber ethics (2nd ed.). (4th ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning. Chapter 5

Progressive Movement in America Changed the Way America Worked and Lived
Words: 1345 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72295502
Read Full Paper  ❯

Progressivism began as a social movement and evolved into a political movement, according to materials published by George Washington University (www.gwu.edu). Early in the social movement progressives were concerned about poverty, racism, greed and "class warfare," and they believed that those problems could be best addressed through education, a safer environment, and a workplace that was fair and safe (www.gwu.edu). Who were those considered to be progressives? The George Washington University narrative explains that they live "mostly in the cities," they had graduated from colleges and universities, and their beliefs included the belief that "…government could be a tool for change" -- and among the most vocal and visible social reformers / progressives were Jane Addams and journalists Jacob Riis and Ida Tarbel (www.gwu.edu).

Progressive journalists wrote investigative pieces that exposed "the evils of corporate greed" and they presented a balanced view of immigration and ethnicities, all the time "…urging…

Positive Effects of CSR
Words: 4374 Length: 16 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 32336805
Read Full Paper  ❯

Corporate social responsibility and business ethics have become the focus of an increasing amount of attention from the business sector and academicians following the scandal-ridden era of Enron and others during the 1990s. Although the findings from the research to date are mixed, there is a growing body of research in this area that has lent support to the notion that ethical business practices and corporate social responsibility initiatives have a positive impact on companies in terms of profitability as well as other less quantifiable areas. This review of literature examines these issues systematically to identify current trends and to describe the positive impacts that ethical business practices and corporate social responsibility programs can have for companies of all sizes and types.

The Positive Impact of Business Ethics and Corporate Social esponsibility on an Organization

To act in a socially responsible way requires organizational leaders to consider the effect of…

References

Creel, T. (2011, Summer). Corporate social responsibility: An examination of practices in the retail industry. Management Accounting Quarterly, 12(4), 23.

Fisher, R. (2007, September). In touch: Comment on corporate social responsibility. New Zealand Management, 11.

Jewe, R.D. (2008, Spring). Do business ethics courses work? The effectiveness of business ethics education: An empirical study. Journal of Global Business Issues, 1-5.

Jones, A. & Jonas, G.A. (2011, February). Corporate social responsibility reporting: The growing need for input from the accounting profession. The CPA Journal, 81(2), 65-69.

Development of Ideas in American Literature Since 1900
Words: 706 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13497228
Read Full Paper  ❯

American Literature

The development of the major ideas and attitudes expressed in Modern American literatures since 1900 can start with the realist school of literature, which focused on representing in naturalistic terms and concepts the life of the world around. Thus, Theodore Dreiser wrote Sister Carrie about a bumpkin country girl who moves to the big city and becomes a mistress. Stehpen Crane also portrayed the street life and Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle about what it was like to work in the meat packing plants at the time and how difficult it was for immigrant life. The ideas here were focused on revealing real American life -- not in broad comedy like a Mark Twain novel -- but in serious terms.

F. Scott Fitzgerald reflected the concept of "wasted youth" and the obsession with riches and power that was all so meaningless in the greater scheme of things in…

References

Piercy, M. (2009). What's That Smell in the Kitchen? Poetry: A Pocket Anthology.

NY: Pearson.

Rich, A. (n..d.). Living in Sin. Retrieved from  https://www.naic.edu/~gibson/poems/rich1.html

Seaworld Blackfish Documentary Essay
Words: 1395 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Paper #: Array
Read Full Paper  ❯

Blackfish: The Documentary That Exposes SeaWorld
 
Abstract
When the documentary, Blackfish was released in 2013, SeaWorld officials initially responded by blaming falling attendance on negative media attention, but the falloff in attendance on the part of the general public confirmed that there was widespread outrage over the conditions in which orca whales were maintained. The documentary focused on Tilikim, a wild-caught orca whale that was subjected to medieval conditions that caused him to turn on his human trainers and kill several. This essayprovides an analysis concerning the decline in attendance at SeaWorld following the Blackfish documentary release and a discussion concerning SeaWorlds announced plans to discontinue their orca whale captive breeding program, followed by a personal reaction to this important but disturbing documentary.
Captive marine mammals frolicking and doing tricks for crowds of humans--it's a make-believe vision of what the ocean might look if it were designed by Walt…

Labor Unions
Words: 927 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64466104
Read Full Paper  ❯

American History after 1865: Labor Unions

As technology and the Industrial Revolution advanced following the end of the Civil War, more and more factories opened and more and more workers of all ages were being hired to fill the demanding schedules that factory owners required. Various industries—such as the meat packing industry of the 1900s (memorialized by Upton Sinclair in The Jungle)—were notorious for unsafe working environments. There were no child labor laws in effect nor any wage laws. Workers were often expected to put in long workdays, which led to overwork and an increase in workplace accidents (Schultz, 2018). From 1865 to 1940, the development of labor unions was generally a positive force leading to economic stability and the implementation of necessary laws that made businesses safer and promoted job growth.

By 1871, workplace conditions in factories were already terrible. Whitaker (1871) showed as much in his treatise “The…

Industrialization and Social Reformers African-Americans
Words: 1533 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 43787487
Read Full Paper  ❯

Many Americans insisted on moralizing poverty and housing conditions.

One of the responses to the revelations was to build company towns, like Pullman, Illinois which provided decent housing and amenities to workers in the Pullman train car factory. This project appears to have been successful initially, but a debilitating strike caused by high rent and low wages destroyed the town and other companies were no longer willing to follow this model (Ibid. At 134). Still a bigger obstacle to widespread reform was the ubiquitous American reverence for private property rights. Notwithstanding the early New York measures, Americans were loath to deny the landlords unfettered control over their private property (Ibid. At 135).

Although the progressive era as a whole saw great advancement in public health and safety requirements, there was only marginal success regarding housing reform. Many reforms that affected how people lived were undertaken in the name of public…

Works Cited

Buhle, Paul. The Legacy of the IWW. Monthly Review, Vol. 57, Issue 2 (06/2005), pp.: 13 -- 27.

Chudacoff, Howard P. And Judith E. Smith. The Evolution of American Urban Society. Prentice Hall, Inc.: Upper Saddle River, NJ (2000).

Hoffman, Alexander von. The Origins of American Housing Reform. Joint Center for Housing Studies, Harvard University (August 1998).

Indenture Servants and Company Towns
Words: 598 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 24680893
Read Full Paper  ❯

environment strictly controlled by its owning company, woman often found difficulty obtaining any kind of role outside of domestic duties. ork in company towns was generally reserved for males, which granted them the responsibility of providing for their families while restricting their wives to the duties at home. omen's lives within company towns, aside from placing them in a position of dependence on their husbands, were quite dull. In addition to leaving their previous positions in a life that revolved around an active family unit, they had also left their social lives behind. Because of the lack of freedom experienced within company town limits, women often found difficulty creating any new relationships. According to Jenny Higgins, "Unlike men, women were largely confined to the domestic sphere and had no coworkers who could help ease their entry into the community." (Higgins, 1)

If employment was obtained, it was often low-end work.…

When compared to life as an indentured servant, although still repressed and underprivileged, the life of a company town woman carried a larger amount of freedom. Although often bound to the company town because of marriage to a worker or due to financial reasons, woman did not risk legal penalties if they were to leave. In addition, especially with the coming of World War II, women saw their first opportunities to negotiate their working conditions with their employers, something that was unheard of for indentured servants.

 http://www.heritage.nf.ca/society/womens_roles.html 

 http://www.enotalone.com/article/9691.html

American Politics
Words: 1888 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13772449
Read Full Paper  ❯

Food Nation is the kind of book that you hope young people read because it demonstrates far better than any social studies class the need for government regulation, the unchecked power of multinational corporations and the importance of our everyday decisions.

USA Today

Despite international concerns with the Cold War and Senator McCarthy's accusations, the 1950s were an exciting change for many Americans. A large number headed out to the suburbs to newly designed housing. National roads started sweeping across the cities and towns. Soon, another change came about on these roads: the arrival of fast-food restaurants, which have epitomized America ever since. People just have to is drive up to the window and order their meals; within minutes they are fed and content. Yet, there are always two sides to an issue, especially when big money is involved. According to the book Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser, fast-food…

Reference

Schlosser, Eric. Fast Food Nation. New York: Harper Collins, 2002.