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U.S. Airways Conflict between Delivering
Short-term Earnings Vs Long-Term Value
For any company to be able to provide short-term profits short-term thinking, budgeting and planning is required. On the other hand short-term business decisions are often unable to support the long-term viability of the business leading to heavy losses. This conflict of interest in companies like U.S. Airways is common were the company is responsible to shareholders and fund managers.
To be able to provide short-term earnings decisions supporting current market growth are given priority over those that deal with laying the foundations for longer term value creation of the brand or service. This is supported by the employment packages offered to the top notch employees in large corporations. It mostly encourages them to take decisions with short terms company advantage in mind. A similar story is of those company executives who would be retiring within the next few…
Waal, Andre A. Power of Performance Management: How Leading Companies Create Sustained Value.
Gump, Warren wrote Turbulence at U.S. Airways Intensifies. Available at http://www.fool.com/news/1999/foolplate990915.htm . On 28th April 2004
ancolombia: Talent, Culture, And Value Creation Management in Mergers
anco De Colombia
Analysis of case data
Alternative 1-Focus profitability and reducing cost-of-operations
Alternative 2- Recreating source of competitive advantage
Alternative 3- Franchising the rural branches
Analysis of alternatives
Selection of alternative
Manifesto for Integration of anco Colombia, Corfinsura, and Conavi
Non-consolidated financial statements of ancolombia Group
ancolombia Group was successfully led by the outgoing CEO Jorge Londorio until his retirement in January 2011. Required by the terms of governance to get retired on reaching the age of superannuation, Londorio as well as the rest of the organization was anxious as to what direction will the company head towards under the leadership of incoming CEO Carlos Raul Yepes having a background cement industry. Although Londorio led the group into two biggest mergers of…
Cajiao, J. (2011). Bancolombia: Talent, Culture, and Value Creation Management in Mergers. Case Study. Richard Ivey School of Business. The University of Western Ontario.
Clouse, T., Gregson, J., Guerrero, A. & Platt, G. (2012, May). World's Best Banks 2012: Latin America. Global Finance. Retrieved from: [ http://www.gfmag.com/archives/153-may-2012/11748-worlds-best-banks-2012-latin-america.html#ixzz2P1YCF0bw ]
Fullan, M. (2001). Leading in a culture of change. San Francisco, California: Jossey-Bass.
Roark and the Value-Creation Process
Howard Roark feels that value creation and what it requires of the creators is crucially important from a moral perspective because of the value of Ego. Ego is the reason for Rand's hero, the reason for being. It is a value based on Self-Actualization and it is ultimately the same concept that plays into the composer Richard Halley's sense of why he creates/composes music -- because he wants to exercise his mind and meet another individual who appreciates his creation in the same cerebral way: he produces the music and exchanges it for the mental appreciation that the discerning listener gives in return.
The reason that Howard Roark thinks that value-creation is crucial, morally speaking, is because he puts the Ego front and center as the moral purpose of life. One's Ego is the driving force of reality and to be false to the Ego…
Rand, Ayn. The Fountainhead. NY: Penguin, 2005. Print.
Rand, Ayn. "The Nature of an Artist." ARI. Web. 9 Sep 2016.
Promise or Pay's marketing strategy
The aim of Promise or Pay program is to use minor and personal promises to instigate real life and widespread social transformation. It's an accepted fact that self-improvement promises are hard to keep. As matter of fact, 45% of the people finalize New Year resolution from which 8% fulfill them. Last year, the self-help industry compiled a mammoth $11 billion. According to research, goals are achieved by a percentage of 33% when they are openly shared with others. That percentage increases by 72%, when there is money at stake. Promise or Pay unites these two methodologies as they oblige the clients to secure a promise publicly and fulfill it. In case, the clients are unable to fulfill their promise, they have to compensate it to a charity. Promise or Pay guarantees that a win-win situation is achieved as the clients have a satisfied…
Boolkin, 2014, Trep Talks Interview with Jay Boolkin of Promise or Pay, Viewed 5th September 2014, http://treptalks.com/guest-interviews/trep-talks-interview-jay-boolkin-promise-pay/
Danah, MB and Nicole BE, 2007, Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication.
Gordon, K, 2011, How to start a Cause-Marketing Campaign, Viewed 5th September 2014. Retrieved from: http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/217935
Nora, GM and Eric, M 2009, Still Setting the Pace in Social Media: The First Longitudinal Study of Usage by the Largest U.S. Charities, Viewed 5th September 2014 https://www.therightbank.com/files/PUB_WP_NPS_SOC-MEDIA_MAR_2010.pdf
Annotated Bibliography on Value Creation Through Diversification
Glvan, A., Pindado, J., & De La Torre, C. (2014). Diversification: A value-creating or value-destroying strategy? Evidence from the Eurozone countries. Journal of Financial Management, Markets, and Institutions, 2(1), 43-64.
This research is aimed at showing the relationship between company value and product diversification strategy. The study digs deep into the types and levels of diversification to determine the real value addition that can be achieved using this strategy. The method used to calculate the benefits of diversification is regression, and the diversification measures used include the Revenue-based Herfindahl Index and Total Entropy. Other traditional variables that impact firms' value are also included in the function.
The study results showed that diversification impacts the firm's value, but a breakpoint marks the maximum benefits. Going beyond this point drops the value of the company. A more significant section of previous research is based outside the UK…
Glvan, A., Pindado, J., & De La Torre, C. (2014). Diversification: A value-creating or value-destroying strategy? Evidence from the Eurozone countries. Journal of Financial Management, Markets, and Institutions, 2(1), 43-64.
Otero-Serrano, J. (2011). Does Firm Diversification Represent a Value Added for Stockholders? International Journal of Business and Finance Research, 5(4), 99-113.
Schommer, M., Richter, A., & Karna, A. (2019). Does the diversification–firm performance relationship change over time? A meta?analytical review. Journal of Management Studies, 56(1), 270-298.
Setianto, R. H. (2020). Corporate diversification and firms' value in an emerging economy: the role of growth opportunity. Journal of Asian Business and Economic Studies.
value differences between merging with other companies inside of Western Europe vs. investing in merging with companies in BRC nations. Thus, mergers and acquisitions from within Western Europe were gathered. These were then compared to mergers of Western European companies with BRC nations, including Brazil, Russia, ndia, and China. The data set chosen was to include a span of ten years, from 1999 to 2009. First and foremost, there were more mergers within this time frame than past 2009 based on the fact that the economic crisis in Europe had worsened to a degree that made mergers and acquisitions decline overall in the region. Moreover, after 2009, there were actually increasing trends of BRC nations investing in acquiring Western European nations, and not the other way around because of declining financial conditions that were weakening the acquisition and leveraging power of many European companies. The period of 1999 to 2009…
Institute of Mergers, Acquisitions, and Alliances. (2015). Statistics. Mergers and Acquisitions. Web. http://www.imaa-institute.org/statistics-mergers-acquisitions.html
Thomson Reuters. (2013). Mergers & Acquisitions Review: Financial Advisors. Web. http://www.pwc.es/es/servicios/transacciones/assets/thomson-reuters-mergers-and-acquisitions-review-2013.pdf
Wang, D. & Moini, H. (2012). Performance assessment of mergers and acquisitions: Evidence from Denmark. E-Leader Berlin. Web. http://www.g-casa.com/conferences/berlin/papers/Wang.pdf
Creation Business Plan
Creation is an online store that will offer a wide range of unique and beautiful accessories for home. This store is especially for those people who want to decorate their homes with some unique and distinctive things. In addition to this, the store aims at serving those people who do not want to visit shops and then select any particular accessory for their home. Due to this reason, creation is an online store, which deals with its customers through internet. Acceptance of order and payment al are done online while sitting at home and just pressing some buttons.
As far as the internal and external environment of the store is concerned, the external environment is very competitive. It is because of the fact that a number of online home accessories stores are already doing good business and they have a good will among…
Blackwell, E. (2011). How to Prepare a Business Plan: Create Your Strategy; Forecast Your Finances; Produce That Persuasive Plan. London: Kogan Page Publishers.
Botha, J., Bothma, C., & Geldenhuys, P. (2008). Managing E-commerce in Business. Cape Town, South Africa: Juta and Company Ltd.
K2Commerce.com. (2010). ECommerce Business Plan: Planning a Successful Ecommerce Business. London: K2Commerce.
Reynolds, J. (2004). The complete e-commerce book: design, build & maintain a successful Web-based business. San Francisco: CMP Books.
Creation Myth Analysis
Case Study of the History of iblical Creation Narratives
What Is Myth?
What Is History?
Is Genesis 1:1-2:4 Myth?
Is Genesis 1:1-2:4 History?
Is Genesis 1:1-2:4 oth Myth and History?
An Analysis of the iblical Creation Narrative of Genesis 1:1-25 and Egypt's Possible Influence on the Historical Record
God created the world in just six days, and rested on the seventh, but scholars have not rested at all over the millennia in their investigation of its account in the historical record, particularly Genesis 1:1-25. Given its importance to humankind, it is little wonder that so much attention has been devoted to how the universe was created and what place humanity has in this immense cosmos. Indeed, the creation of the universe and the origin of mankind are the subject of numerous myths around the world, with many sharing some distinct commonalities. According to S.G.F.…
Aldred, Cyril. The Egyptians. London: Thames & Hudson, 1961.
Andrews, E.A.. What Is History? Five Lectures on the Modern Science of History. New York:
Macmillan Co., 1905.
Austin, Michael. "Saul and the Social Contract: Constructions of 1 Samuel 8-11 in Cowley's 'Davideis' and Defoe's 'Jure Divino,' Papers on Language & Literature 32, 4 (1996),
A Comparison of the Biblical Creation Narrative and the Babylonian Enuma Elish: Substance vs. Form
Every culture known has some sort of explanation for how the world and the universe as we know them came into existence. Creation stories have helped cultures to make sense of natural phenomena that they did not understand, and also in many instances demonstrate the perspectives and basic instructions for how ongoing human civilizations are meant to interact with the world. Many early creation myths appear to have a high degree of commonality, and it has even been suggested that at times the creation myth of one culture was simply taken by another culture and adapted to suit its own needs and purposes. This paper will examine one such instance and the two creation myths at stake, revealing that while the form of the myths may be highly similar, the purpose and substance…
Henry, M. (2011). Complete Commentary. Accessed 13 March 2011. http://www.studylight.org/com/mhc-com/view.cgi?book=ge&chapter=001
Jamieson, R. (2011). Biblos.com. Accessed 13 March 2011. http://bible.cc/genesis/1-1.htm
King, L. (1902). Enuma Elish. Accessed 13 March 2011. http://www.sacred-texts.com/ane/enuma.htm
New International Version. (2011). Accessed 13 March 2011. http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Genesis+1&version=NIV
Values Portrayed eality TV
The modern day media has recently found out that profits can be higher if reality TV shows are produced. Based on these reasons, there is a long list of reality TV shows that are being produced. Not all of these shows are successful, but the one that are successful have achieved great deal of profits, cultural prominence and popularity. The question that arises here is that if these shows should be produced or should they be aired for the audience.
Many definitions have been given for reality TV but one of the most important definitions is a show that showcases situations that have actually happened. Apparently, there is no scripting in these shows as in the case of dramas and serials. A small group of people are showcased in these shows who are not trained actors but these are chosen as they face unusual situations.
Deery, J. (2004). Reality TV as Advertainment. Popular Communication: The International Journal of Media and Culture 2, pp. 1-20.
Murray, S., and Ouellette, L. (2009). Reality TV: Remaking Television Culture. Edition 2. NYU Press.
Olivera, M.B. (1994). Portrayals of crime, race, and aggression in "reality-based" police shows: A content analysis. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media 38, pp. 179-192.
Papacharissi, Z., & Mendelson, L.A. (2007). An Exploratory Study of Reality Appeal: Uses and Gratifications of Reality TV Shows. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media 51, pp. 355-370.
The use of various artifacts as symbols is also important in showing the transference and transformation of values in many texts. In Whale ider, a whale's tooth that has been cast into the ocean serves as a symbol of leadership, and the protagonist's retrieval eventually cements her ascendance to the role of a tribal leader. Her positive arc moving away from traditional values is shown in her appropriation of certain physical symbols of this traditional value system. In this way, the protagonist both literally and symbolically adopts and yet transforms the traditional values of her tribe in order to achieve her own identity.
Artifacts are out to a much different use in Franz Kafka's the Metamorphosis. Of course, the arc that the protagonist of this story travels is also markedly different from that of the protagonist in Whale ider; Gregor Samsa is quite happy his traditional role of a grown…
Caro, N. (2003). Whale rider. Buena Vista.
Kafka, F. (1915). The metamorphosis. New York: Penguin.
Lahiri, J. (2003). The namesake. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
Consumers and the Co-Creation of Meaning in Online Settings: Practices and Implications for Online Business
To say that the Internet has changed the way in which business is conducted would be to grossly understate the transformation that has taken place in the last decade or so due to the spread of Internet technologies and the growth in online capabilities for both businesses and consumers. Price comparisons, shopping with companies around the world from the comfort of one's own home, and a host of other consumer activities that greatly increase consumer power and thus business competitiveness in almost any industry. On the business side of the equation, Internet capabilities enable faster communication between warehouses/suppliers and factories/retailers, meaning business processes that are leaner and more efficient are now possible, quality and consistency across networks are more controllable, and a variety of other processes can be enhanced in many ways. These new…
Hatch, M. & Shcultz, M. (2010). Toward a theory of brand co-creation with implications for brand governance. Journal of Brand Management 17: 590-604.
Katz, J. & Sugiyama, S. (2005). Mobile Phones as Fashion Statements: The Co-creation of Mobile Communication's Public Meaning. Mobile Communications 31(1): 63-81.
Maglio, P. & Spohrer, J. (2008). Fundamentals of service science. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science 36(1): 18-20.
Payne, A., Storbacka, K. & Forw, P. (2008). Managing the co-creation of value. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science 36(1): 83-96.
Production of Value using SDL:
Service-dominant logic is a mindset or model that has emerged as the world continue to be increasingly interconnected and turbulent. This logic emphasizes on the relations of the producer and consumer as well as other partners in the supply and value network in their co-production of value through collaborative procedures. The logic is driven by an intrinsic purpose of carrying out an activity with other parties making it to be customer-centered and responsive. Actually, service-dominant logic considers service as the application of knowledge through actions, procedures, and performances for the advantage of the entity itself or another entity. Therefore, the concept leverages the strengths of the company to meet the needs of customers and accomplish both organizational and societal objectives (Lusch & Vargo, n.d.). Consequently, is generates competitive advantage and long-term customer loyalty through aligning the firm's capabilities with the needs of customers.
Abela, A.V. & Murphy, P.E. (2007), "Marketing with Integrity: Ethics and the Service-dominant
Logic for Marketing," Journal of the Academy of Marketing Service, vol. 36, pp. 39-53,
Calin, G (2009), Strategies for Increasing Marketing Flexibility: An Application of the Service
Dominant Logic, University of Oradea, viewed 10 August 2012,
In other respects, however, the evidence does not readily conform to theoretical predictions. For example, if gross job turnover is taken as a rough proxy for labor market flexibility -- and since stringent EPL reduces both hiring and firing -- it is quite surprising to find that job turnover rates are very loosely related to EPL rankings. Most remarkably, not only are the estimates for Italy and France, at 21 and 24 per cent respectively, very high in absolute terms (one in every five jobs is either created or destroyed each year), but they are also extremely close to the estimates for the United States and Canada despite the much heavier regulation of dismissals in the European labor markets." (Bertola, Boeri, & Cazes, 2000)
Once the company settled into the Canadian market they faced the new challenges regarding labor. The Canadian business philosophy continued to be pro-union. In Canada, Wal-Mart…
Bertola, Giuseppe, Boeri, Tito, & Cazes, Sandrine (2000). Employment Protection in Industrialized Countries: The Case for New Indicators. International Labour Review, Vol. 139.
Chicago Bureau Chief Weber (2002, July). The Lingering Lessons of Andersen's Fall. Business Week Online. Retrieved on January 18, 2005, at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/02_26/b3789017.htm
Clements, Jonathan. "Wipe Those Bear Market Worries Away." The Wall Street Journal [New York] 6 Mar. 2001. Retrieved on January 18, 2005, from http://www.s-t.com/daily/03-01/03-11-01/b04bu056.htm .
Cutlip, Scott M. The Unseen Power: Public Relations, a History. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates, 1964.
To survive, further market segmentation within the La-Z-Boy family must be created, to engage in risk management through diversification. This can ensure that regardless of how the economy does, some market segment will want to buy some of the company's products, from one of its brands or companies. The corporation can create value-based, low-cost products to compete with al-Mart, for example, offering slightly more customization than the giant retailer, but with fewer styles and fabrics currently offered. Speed might be less of a focus than value for England, Inc. In the future.
England, Inc. Or other brands can stress customization and even further market segmentation in style -- hip, trendy sofas and other furniture in a limited array of bright and eye-catching fabrics could target young people in dorms and apartments who want to buy customized furniture, even if they cannot afford to move into their own homes. Other brands…
Morse, Dan. (2002, November 19). Fast furniture: Tennessee producer tries new tactic in sofas.
Wall Street Journal.
As these preferences are determined, the algorithm then determines the best invitations to treat to present to the consumers. Today, these processes are powerful and can drive business at these websites, but they do not yet constitute bona fide interaction between the travel provider, the agent (website) and the consumer. Rather, the algorithms merely produce smarter sales pitches. At such a point when algorithms can literally cater to consumers' needs based upon the consumers' interactions the travel industry will be on the cusp of experiencing genuine co-creation. Co-creation at this point, however, is not an automated process. It must be conducted by humans. Given that more people are purchasing travel online than ever before, this would point to a decline in co-creation. It may be, however, that this technology will emerge in the next few years and truly transform the travel industry into one where co-creation is the norm.
Binkhorst, E. (no date). The co-creation tourism experience. Unpublished. In possession of the author.
Prahalad, C. & Ramaswamy, V. (2004). Co-creation experiences: The next practice in value creation. Journal of Interactive Marketing. Vol. 18 (3) 5-14.
Porter, M. (1980). Porter's five forces. QuickMBA.com. Retrieved May 1, 2010 from http://www.quickmba.com/strategy/porter.shtml
WTO. (2009). Tourism highlights, 2009 edition. United Nations World Tourism Organization. Retrieved May 1, 2010 from http://www.unwto.org/facts/menu.html
Services Marketing Mix
Assessing the Value of the Services Marketing Mix
The Services Marketing Mix is comprised of people, process and physical evidence. All three of these components of the services marketing mix are critical for ensuring customer's experiences meet or exceed expectations. There is a continual conflict in many services businesses between the expectations set with customers relative to the experiences delivered. The combining of people, process, and physical evidence is crucial for experiences to meet or exceed expectations on a consistent basis. Services create value by providing a clear indication of what they are going to deliver, and then measuring over time how effectively customers' expectations have been met or not (Gronroos, avald, 2011). People, process and physical evidence are critical for the expectations and promises created in services marketing to be fulfilled and value created for the customer.
Analysis of People, Process and Physical Evidence
Chesbrough, H.. 2011. Bringing Open Innovation to Services. MIT Sloan Management Review 52, no. 2, (January 1): 85-90.
Christian Gronroos, and Annika Ravald. 2011. Service as business logic: implications for value creation and marketing. Journal of Service Management 22, no. 1, (January 1): 5-22.
Hopkins, M., and L. Brokaw. 2011. Matchmaking With Math: How Analytics Beats Intuition to Win Customers. MIT Sloan Management Review 52, no. 2, (January 1): 35-41.
Robert Johnston, and Xiangyu Kong. 2011. The customer experience: a road-map for improvement. Managing Service Quality 21, no. 1, (January 1): 5-24.
Tredegar Industries Analysis: Connecting With the Value Chain
Summary of the Case
Tredegar Industries has emerged as a conglomerate that has the potential to expand globally in the plastics, aluminum and vinyl, and energy segments they compete in today predominantly in the U.S. The case study indicates that they have also had extensive investments throughout technology early-venture funds including their Tredegar Investments. The intent of this fund is to invest in communications, IT and life sciences technologies. Molecumetrics Ltd. Is another acquisition that also adds to the conglomerate-based approach Tredegar is taking to growth. The case study indicates that profitability as measured by Net Income continues to increase, yet there is little progress in the more niche-based markets the company initially invests in yet sees only small to non-significant growth. The reset on strategies is a step in the right direction yet not enough, as the conglomerate still lacks a…
Porter, Michael E.. (1986). Changing Patterns of International Competition. California Management Review, 28(2), 9.
David Walters, Jyotirmoyee Bhattacharjya, & Judith Chapman. (2011). Drivers of falling interaction costs in global business networks. Competitiveness Review, 21(1), 9-28.
Valuation and Financial Statements
The question of shareholder interest as it pertains to a takeover bid is dependent on a variety of factors, not the least of which is the valuation of the company as determined by the board of directors and executive management. While current stock price plays a relevant role, valuation depends on analysis conducted in key areas including but not limited to: earnings multiple times EBITDA, price to book ratio, forward looking earnings guidance, and perhaps most crucial enterprise value. The current scenario of ABC Company pursuing the acquisition of XYZ Company for $35.00 a share, a $10.00 premium over the current $25.00 stock price, allows for an explication of these valuation techniques.
XYZ management believes that the $35.00 offer price is undervaluing the company and as such is not in the shareholder's interest. In identifying the rationale for this position a logical place to…
In terms of environment, British Airways has a rather opaque policy and they have yet to implement measures which safeguard the well-being of the environment. elative to the competition, the British operator strives to regain its strength through a merger with Iberia.
3. ecommendations for Improvement
Before presenting the recommendations for improving the operations management at British Airways, it is necessary to reveal some of the challenges presented by the modern day environment. This endeavor is necessary as the recommendations for improvement will be tailored to the need to satisfy the identified challenges. In this order of ideas, the difficulties raised by the current context include the following:
safety and security issues changing role of employees pollution, global warming and the general impact on the environment intensifying competition
Safety and Security
This threat has always been present within the airline industry, but never at levels as high as today. Flying…
Boyd, C., 2003, Human Resource Management and Occupational Health and Safety, Routledge, ISBN 0415265908
Solon, D., June 4, 2007, Airlines Are Defending Their Record Over Pollution, the New York Times
2009, Official Website of British Airways, http://www.britishairways.com last accessed on October 30, 2009
2009, British Airways Plc., Hoovers, http://hoovers.com/british-airways/--ID__41761 -- /free-co-factsheet.xhtml last accessed on October 30, 2009
The significance of the nurturance is normal in this phase, it is thus a formative phase suitable for imposing the principles of reformulation that are taking place in the business world. The nurture capital indicates a new strategy for wealth generation. It is a strategy that generates value for the firm and for the society that it serves. The nurture capital strategy redefines priorities and entails a language for addressing such priorities. With application of such principles of nurture capital, efforts can be exerted so as to restructure the game of business, creating and clarifying mutually supporting relationships to construct a sustainable future. (Nurture Capital -- a New Paradigm for Business)
To conclude it may be pointed out the conscious business is on the rise. The differences can better be benefited out of the wise shopping, supporting green business and starting the own enterprises that makes our planet a healthy…
Caldwell, Roger. C. "Paradigms - the Big Changes and Shifts in Society" Retrieved from http://ag.arizona.edu/futures/era/paradigmsmain.html . Accessed on 2 February, 2005
Jeantheau, Mark. "Paradigm Shift-How Some Try to Win by Changing the Rules of the Game" Retrieved from www.learnthis.info/articles/trivia/paradigm-shift -- how-some try-to-win-by-changing-the-rules-of-the-game.html http://www.learnthis.info/articles/trivia/paradigm-shift -- howsome try-to-win-by-changing-the-rules-of-the-game.html Accessed on 2 February, 2005
McNamara, Carter. (1999) "New Paradigm in Management" Retrieved at http://www.mapnp.org/library/mgmnt/paradigm.htm . Accessed on 3 February, 2005
Paradigm Shift" Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved at http://abyss.uoregon.edu/~js/glossary/paradigm.html . Accessed on 2 February, 2005
Prison Term Policy ecommendation
Bills are passed or rejected all the time, and some that are passed do not provide any real benefit. The goal is to lower the number of bills that are not beneficial, and raise the number of bills that actually make a difference in society. One of the ways to pass better bills is to carefully consider criminology and the statistics regarding it (Barak, 1998). When a bill offers exactly what it claims to, and when that offering is needed by society, the bill can have a higher degree of expected success and can provide more of what society needs. Addressed here is a bill that is focused on armed robbery and prison terms. The objectives and goals of the bill will be discussed, along with possible solutions for the bill and whether it should or should not be approved in its current form.
Barak, G. (ed.). (1998). Integrative criminology (International Library of Criminology, Criminal Justice & Penology.). Aldershot, UK: Ashgate/Dartmouth.
Deflem, M. (ed.) (2006). Sociological theory and criminological research: Views from Europe and the United States. NY: Elsevier.
lesson plan, which deals with aspects like value of play activities and developmental implementations in a chosen teacher-directed classroom task. Tailoring of lessons to meet individual student's needs in keeping with developmentally-suitable practices will also be addressed.
Grade Level: 5th
Art, Language Arts, Science
Activity Name: Word Play Fun/Teacher-Directed
Learning Domain/Educational Standards
110.15.b English Language Arts & eading Knowledge & Skills (Word Play Fun ... Not Your Ordinary Literary Masterpiece, n.d.)
Comprehension/eading of Sensory Language/Literary Text.
Students grasp, arrive at conclusions, and make deductions regarding the way in which sensory language of an author constructs imagery in texts by offering textual evidence to substantiate understanding. They are required to recognize the application of metaphors and similes, by the author, for creating imagery.
Students make use of writing elements (conception, outlining, revision, proofreading, and publishing) for composing text.
16) Writing/Literary Texts.
Students compose literary texts for…
Adkins, M. (n.d.). ESL Teachers Board, English as a second language, ESL job overseas, ESL teachers, free ESL materials, free list of international ESL schools. Learn English free. Assistive Technology Tools for ESL Students. Retrieved October 8, 2015, from http://www.eslteachersboard.com/cgi-bin/tech/index.pl?read=49
Brantley, H., & Washington, S. (n.d.). ERIC - Education Resources Information Center. ERIC - Using Higher Level Questioning as a Method To Improve Evaluation of Language Skills, 1990. Retrieved October 8, 2015, from http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED315772
(n.d.). California Lutheran University. Adaptations for English Learners. Retrieved October 8, 2015, from http://public.callutheran.edu/~mccamb/adaptationsforELs.htm
(n.d.). Free Lesson Plans For Teachers, By Teachers -- LessonPlansPage.com. Word Play Fun ... Not Your Ordinary Literary Masterpiece!.Retrieved October 8, 2015, from http://lessonplanspage.com/word-play-fun-not-your-ordinary-literary-masterpiece/
Employee Training and Development
Peter Senge and learning organizations:
How feasible is the creation of a 'learning organization' for businesses?
First published in 1990, Peter Senge's concept of a 'learning organization' has become increasingly important in the modern business world, although achieving this ideal can be challenging. Senge defines such organizations as entities in which "people continually expand their capacity to create the results they truly desire, where new and expansive patterns of thinking are nurtured, where collective aspiration is set free, and where people are continually learning to see the whole together" (Senge 1990: 3, cited by Smith 2001). The whole is greater than the sum of its parts and 'learns' to be adaptive to market forces, even while all individuals strive to achieve their potential. Although this sounds quite idealistic, a number of organizations are putting such ideals into practice.
A good example of a learning…
11 amazing things that Google employees can learn for free. (2014). Business Insider.
Retrieved from: http://www.businessinsider.com/google-11-amazing-classes-that-google-employees-can-take-2012-3?op=1#ixzz3Ri0107eA
Cropper, B. (2014). Five learning disciplines. The Change Forum. Retrieved from:
Spanglish is a combination of Spanish and English, with each of these two languages having more or less of an influence on the final product depending on the circumstances. The speech of Spanghlish users involves them bringing together the two languages and creating a dialect that is not native to the country they inhabit. Spanglish is widely used in Hispanic communities in North America, as they prefer it as an intermediary dialect assisting them to connect with the English-speaking community.
Living in two cultures can have a strong impact on a person, as he or she gradually comes to switch back and forth between cultural values promoted in each of these respective environments. This is perfectly demonstrated by individuals speaking Spanglish, taking into account that they need to concentrate on adopting attitudes that enable them to improve their relationship to both English and Spanish-speaking communities.
Although Spanish plays an integral…
Betz, Regina M., "Chicana "Belonging" in Sandra Cisneros' The House on Mango Street," Retrieved November 23, 2013, from http://rmmla.innoved.org/ereview/SI2012/Betz.pdf
Canas, Alberto, "Spanglish: The Third Way," Retrieved November 23, 2013, from http://www.hokuriku-u.ac.jp/jimu/kiyo/kiyo25/209.pdf
Cisneros, Sandra, "The House on Mango Street," (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2004)
Johnston, Bethany, "Code Switching as Spanglish," (GRIN Verlag, 14 Jan 2011)
Women in Aztec Creation
Compare and Contrast
Women in Aztec creation story and women in the Book of Genesis (The Holy Bible) creation story
Compare and Contrast the women in Aztec creation story and women in The Book of Genesis (The Holy Bible) creation story
Women have been the part of arts, philosophy, and theology since the history. Women and their creation has been a subject of interest and many myths and stories are affiliated with the creation of women. The paper compares and contrasts between the women in Aztec creation story and women in the Book of Genesis. There are a few universal roles of a woman. Like giving birth to children, raising kids and feeding them and taking care of the husband and his house. However, beyond this conventional role, there is a lot more than that a woman does and that she is expected to do. The…
Anne, J., (2013), "Judaism 101: Creation Stories," Retrieved from:
Aztec Creation Story, (2012), Retrieved from:
One relevant example in this sense is represented by the organizational investment in the brand value.
In order to ensure a successful management of the brand, it is necessary for the economic agents to engage in a series of steps which maximize their strengths and minimize their chances of failure. All in al, the recurrent trait in the recommendations is that of adapting the branding strategy to the features of the customer base and ensuring that the product promoted has a high quality and ability to serve customer needs; continuous research and adaptation is the key success factor to maintaining a powerful brand.
Glynn, M.L., 2009, Business-to-business brand management: theory, research and executive case study exercises, Emerald Group Publishing
Jones, E., 2011, the dos and don'ts of reputation management, Trackur.com, http://www.trackur.com/the-dos-and-donts-of-reputation-management last accessed on April 23, 2012
Knowles, a., So what are the do's and don'ts for choosing a…
Glynn, M.L., 2009, Business-to-business brand management: theory, research and executive case study exercises, Emerald Group Publishing
Jones, E., 2011, the dos and don'ts of reputation management, Trackur.com, http://www.trackur.com/the-dos-and-donts-of-reputation-management last accessed on April 23, 2012
Knowles, a., So what are the do's and don'ts for choosing a brand? WIPO, http://www.wipo.int/sme/en/documents/brand_choosing.htmlast accessed on April 23, 2012
Weib, C., 2007, the influence of brands and images on the financial performance -- an empirical investigation on the EuroStoxx 50, GRIN Verlag
Sub- Financial strategies creation Analyse case ImmuLogic pharmaceutical corporation - a consultant .Write report/analysis & 3 pages calculation
ImmuLogic Pharmaceutical Corporation
ImmuLogic Pharmaceutical Corporation is a relatively novel firm, with only four years of experience within the market. The organization nevertheless possesses increased potential and has decided in favor of going public in an effort to generate an expected $80 million in capital. Still, in a context in which the firm does not yet have a commercially viable product -- and this would take an additional four years -- a question is being posed relative to the future sustainability of the initial public offering. In other words, the company's executives now wonder whether or not they should proceed with the IPO, or whether they should withdraw it.
The offering of such an answer is an intricate endeavor, and it would be based on a multitude of aspects. At the initial…
Balnaves, M., Caputi, P., 2001, Introduction to quantitative research methods: an investigative approach, SAGE, ISBN 0761968040
Lerner, J., 1992, ImmuLogic Pharmaceutical Corporation, Harvard Business School
2011, Asset turnover definition, Asset Turnover, http://www.asset-turnover.org / last accessed on February 6, 2012
2012, Investopedia, http://www.investopedia.com / last accessed on February 6, 2012
Measuring IT Value
The progression of how enterprises measure information technologies' (IT) performance has been a progression from inward-centric metrics of performance to advanced analytics that capture contributions to strategic objectives. Chief Information Officers (CIOs) often measure their performance by cost reduction and system consolidation while Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) measure IT by the contribution to new business growth (Trkman, McCormack, de Oliveira, Ladeira, 2010). There are many strategic frameworks that enterprises use to map the contribution of IT, with the Porter value chain being the most prevalent (Porter, 1986). The intent of this analysis is to evaluate the most critical metrics that an enterprise can use to measure the effectiveness and efficiency of IT. These metrics also fuel the methods used to measure toe economic value of an IT department to a given enterprise as well. This aspect of measuring IT value will be defined in addition to evaluating…
Barrett, J. (2007, November). Demand-Driven is an Operational Strategy. Industrial Management, 49(6), 14-19,5.
Columbus, L.. (2008, June). The Perfect Order Meets Customer Expectations. Supply & Demand Chain Executive, 9(4), 37-38.
Jeffrey H. Dyer, & Kentaro Nobeoka. (2000). Creating and managing a high-performance knowledge-sharing network: The Toyota case. Strategic Management Journal: Special Issue: Strategic Networks, 21(3), 345-367.
Debra Hofman (2004, September). The HIERARCHY of SUPPLY CHAIN METRICS. Supply Chain Management Review, 8(6), 28-37.
Liberal States Values
When curtains fell to mark the end of the cold war, countries like the United States who were the protagonists in the cold war era resorted to promoting international spread of democracy. This became guiding principle in the formulation of foreign policy (Lynn-Jones, 1998). Democratization therefore became America's next mission because it was believed liberal democracy would benefit the citizens of new democracies, promote international peace, and serve America's interests abroad. This paper supports the notion that liberal states like the United States are obliged to promote their values abroad.
United States of America is a country that is credited for having an open democratic space where anybody can air out their grievances without the fear of being shut up by the government. It is the hallmark of almost every person migrating to the U.S. To experience the liberal approach to almost everything, the liberal approach to…
Hoffman, S. (1986). Liberalism and International Affairs. New York: West view Press.
Karatnycky, A. (1997). Freedom on the March. Freedom Review, 28(1), 7, 11.
Lynn-Jones, S.M. (1998). Why the United States Should Spread Democracy. Retrieved from http://belfcenter.ksg.harvard.edu/
Sartori, G. (1987). The Theory of Democracy Revisited. Chatham, N.J.: Chatham House.
How well the client's value was understood.
Normally the client's values are not understood well or possibly at all. This often results in many delays or modifications because if the values are not understood then the quality is unlikely to meet the end-users expectations. There are many ways to try to mitigate these risks in a project during the planning phase. However, there are often a wide variety of different stakeholders that may have different expectations for the project. Therefore, it is important to incorporate as many viewpoints as possible to get something of a comprehensive account of the stakeholder's values. Furthermore, in many cases stakeholders do not realize what their own values and expectations for a project actually are. Thus it is important for a project manager to try to tease out as much critical information from the stakeholders as possible so that they know how to…
McGrath's comments above suggest periods of conceptual adjustment as observers of the Christian faith worked to make explanations for the presence, even the commonality, of sin as it exists in spite of God's innate goodness.
So again, to the idea that Christianity's incredible facets couldn't rationally be reached by outsiders to the faith with some guesswork does not hold up against the process by which we know Christianity came to be. McGrath points out that in this discussion on how best to reconcile sin with God's innate goodness, Christianity was in a place of coming into its own identity. Answering questions such as this quandary on the dualism of good and evil would be very much a part of 'guessing' the structure of Christian faith as it were, but directly within the framework allowed by the basic tenets relating to God, man and the universe.
The text by Lewis demonstrates…
Lewis, C.S., Mere Christianity. Harper San Francisco, 2001.
McGrath, A.E., Theology: The Basics, Wiley-Blackewell; 1st edition, 2004.
Polkinghorne, J., Belief in God in an Age of Science. Yale University Press, 2003.
Big Bang vs. Six-Day Creation Theory
Man knows that the universe exists; however, his curiosity has not allowed him to dwell on this knowledge alone. Throughout his brief history on this planet, man has struggled to understand his "place in this universe, and furthermore, the place of the universe itself" (Laocco & othstein, n.d.). For ages, he has attempted to find answers on the age of the universe, as well as on the origins of matter and the greater universe. In his quest, man has moved from the mystical beginnings of earth's origin to the development of scientific theories, some of which have only made the subject more complex and intriguing. Man's continued interest in the subject has led to the emergence of two cadres of creationists - the young earth creationists, who posit that earth was created by a supernatural being, over a span of six days, thousands of…
Dean, D. (2003). Is the Truth Out There: A Journey through Critical Thinking that Spans Man's History, Origin, and Place in the Universe. Lincoln, NE: iUniverse.
Landgraf, K. (2011). No Bones about It: The Truth about Fossils and Other Science Myths. Mustang, Oklahoma: Tate Publishing
LaRocco, C. & Rothstein, B. (n.d.). The Big Bang: It Sure was Big. University of Michigan. Retrieved 23 June 2014 from http://www.umich.edu/~gs265/bigbang.htm
Taylor, B. (2008). The Late Great Ape Debate. Santa Rosa, CA: Standard Publishing.
Shareholder Value, Branding, and Value-Based Marketing
Madden, Fehle and Fournier (2006) argue that the creation of shareholder value through the use of branding can be empirically demonstrated. Prior to their study, marketing executives lacked the ability to establish the value of branding in unequivocal financial terms, placing them at a disadvantage. Finance researchers have been primarily interested in the creation of shareholder value, while marketing research has focused on the creation of customer value. Given that senior management has been more aligned with financial metrics, shareholder value assumed a higher priority than customer value.
Madden et al. used a financial analysis tool to research the relationship between branding and shareholder value. They selected the Fama-French model to investigate the effects of branding on a stock's performance. They determined a portfolio of firms with established brand value using Interbrand brand valuation estimates. They then built a portfolio that included the world's…
Cross, V. (2012). The goals of values-based marketing. Heart Communications. Available at: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/goals-valuesbased-marketing-21639.html
Madden, T.J., Fehle, F., & Fournier, S. (2006). Brands matter: An empirical demonstration of the creation of shareholder value through branding. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 34(2), 224-235.
Zambito, T. (2011). Buyerology trend: Think value-based marketing vs. needs-based marketing. Available at: http://www.buyerpersonainsights.com/2011/12/buyerology-trend-think-value-based-marketing-vs.-needs-based-marketing.html
Nathaniel Bacon, a wealthy planter staged an uprising, which eventually developed into a rebellion, against Sir William Berkeley's corrupt regime. His manifesto opens with how perverted the morality of the colony has become. Bacon enumerates corruption, where the quality of the lives of their colonizers have greatly improved but the welfare of the colony has stagnated and downgraded, the administration's protection of their" darling Indians," where the interest of the people have not been protected but these "darling Indians" have been, as crimes of the Berkeley's administration. In return, the manifesto suggests the need to expatriate all Indians as well as to extinguish all forms of commerce and trade with them. Even though the rebellion failed, it has had some positive effects: the reduction of taxes as well as the end of rule of the "grandees" (Virginia Magazine of History and Biography in oner, 2008).
In most societies where unjust…
Foner, E. (2008). ed. Voices of Freedom. A Documentary History. W.W. Norton & Company: New York.
Lepore, J. (2000). Encounters in the New World. A History in Documents. Oxford University Press: New York.
Rushforh, B. & Mapp, P.W.. (n.d.). Colonial North America and the Atlantic World. A History in Documents. Pearson Prentice Hall: New Jersey.
Article 38 of the International Court of Justice indicates that courts have the function of deciding which disputes can be solved by referring to international conventions implying that international conventions have legal value in the nation-states that are party to it (ICJ). The Universal Declaration of Human ights being one of such international conventions derives its legal status from this article thus obtaining the legal value.
The Universal Declaration of Human ights is a very significant convention since it protects the very existence of mankind which is vital to the development and prosperity of any state. Despite this significance its legal value was debatable due to the fight for superpower status and further debates have come up due to the difference in religious and cultural beliefs and the declaration has received criticism from groups such as the Muslim community who felt that the context of Muslim countries was not…
Bernstorff, J., (2008). The changing fortunes of the universal declaration of human rights:
Genesis and symbolic dimensions of the turn to rights in international law. The European Journal of International Law, 19(5):903-924.
Faiz, P.M., (2007). The International Court of Justice, Law Journal retrieved on October 1, 2010
The use of physical suffering as a symbol for emotional and spiritual suffering is also well-known in the estern tradition. Centuries later, men and women would disappear into the desert in search of God. They would live apart from all human companionship, and deprive themselves of all physical comfort. Gilgamesh does the same. Gilgamesh is also like the lover who pines away for his beloved and wastes away in body, as well as in heart. The message is that the eternal truths of the universe are not easily discovered, and again that these truths are largely hidden from humankind. Humanity's lot is to suffer even in the face of our greatest happiness. Unlike the gods, we cannot know joy eternally. Enkidu was a dear friend, but he could not be by Gilgamesh' side forever. The joy and love that the hero had known were foreordained to be short. Even if…
Abusch, Tzvi. "The Development and Meaning of the Epic of Gilgamesh: An Interpretive Essay." The Journal of the American Oriental Society 121.4 (2001): 614+.
Gardner and Maier. FULL CITATION NEEDED www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000950008
Jager, Bernd. "The Birth of Poetry and the Creation of a Human World: An Exploration of the Epic of Gilgamesh." Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 32.2 (2001): 131+.
This test is useful because it can bring to light certain aspects of anxiety that are manifested somatically, even if the student is unwilling to admit about worrying about test performance on the more overt questions. Then, if a strong correlation was shown between high levels of test anxiety amongst African-American students and a lower-than-expected performance on the SAT when compared with their white counterparts, more qualitative work could be done to do a deeper examination of why this might be the case.
Final note: while certain other racial and ethnic groups have also shown less of a correlation between college performance and SAT I scores, only African-Americans and Caucasians would be compared in this study, as certain other factors (such as first-generation Latinos and Asian immigrants) might come into play other than stress, such as language acquisition, regarding test results (SAT I: A faulty instrument for predicting college success.,…
Bodas, Jaee, Thomas H. Ollendick, & Anuradha V Test anxiety in Indian children: A cross- cultural perspective. (2008, December). Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International
Journal. 21(4). 387-401.
Lowe, Patricia a., Steven W. Lee, Kristin M. Witteborg, Keri W. Prichard, Megan E. Luhr,
Christopher M. Cullinan, Bethany a. Mildren, Jennifer M. Raad, Rebecca a. Cornelius,
United Parcel Service (UPS)
Tough competition and soaring costs
United Parcel Service (UPS)
United Parcel Service (UPS) is an American multinational corporation that operates in three major industry sectors i.e. logistics service, freight forwarding service, and courier express service. UPS is services-based company and is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia. The company has worldwide operations. Being a public limited company, it is traded on New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) having the ticker symbol UPS. Scott Davis currently serves as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the company. The company operates through a structure of several subsidiaries operating worldwide. Some of the main subsidiaries of the company are The UPS Store, UPS Capital, UPS Logistics, UPS Express Critical, UPS Professional Solutions, and UPS Supply Chain Solutions. Total revenues of UPS for the fiscal year FY 2012 were $54.1 billion with an operating income of $5.874…
Barr, A. (2013, Jul). Analysis: New e-commerce strategies threaten UPS, FedEx. Yahoo Finance. Retrieved from: http://finance.yahoo.com/news/analysis-e-commerce-strategies-threaten-130257773.html
Levitz, J. & Sechler, B. (2012, Mar). FedEx's European Dilemma. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702303812904577293863574322698.html
MSN Money. (2013). United Parcel Service Inc. CI B (NYSE: UPS). Retrieved from: http://investing.money.msn.com/investments/stock-price/?symbol=UPS
NASDAQ. (2013). UPS Company Financials. Retrieved from: http://www.nasdaq.com/symbol/ups/financials?query=ratios
S. (Levine, 2008).
One of the paradoxes of modern medical science and technology is the blurring of the line between life and death, something that was never an issue before modern medicine (Griniezakis, 2007; Levine, 2008). That was the case even before the most recent revelations in 2009 that many patients previously diagnosed as being in long-term persistent vegetative states actually remained conscious throughout their ordeal and that several patients considered to be brain dead according to accepted criteria eventually recovered consciousness (Halpern, az, Kohn, et al., 2010). The obvious concern is that inaccurate diagnoses of persistent vegetative states and the premature declaration of death could result in the procurement of organs for transplant from patients who could still recover from their medical predicament. That issue, unlike religious objections to scientific research remains a valid bioethics concern.
The other principal ethical issue in relation to organ transplantation is in connection…
Griniezakis AM. "Legal and ethical issues associated with brain death." Issues in Law & Medicine (September 22, 2007).
Harrison TR, Morgan, SE, and Di Corcia MJ. "Effects of information, education, and communication training about organ donation for gatekeepers: clerks at the Department of Motor Vehicles and organ donor registries" Progress in Transplantation (December 1, 2008).
Halpern SD, Raz a, Kohn R, Rey M. Asch DA, and Reese P. "Regulated Payments for Living Kidney Donation: An Empirical Assessment of the Ethical Concerns"
Annals of Internal Medicine (March 16, 2010).
The absence of these however does not detract from the general value of the article, or from the proof of the premise. Furthermore, it could also be acknowledged that the factors described, other than EVA, are already well-known in accounting, and do not need a clear explication of both strengths and weaknesses.
Another factor in favor of the article and its premise is the fact that the authors acknowledge the shortcomings of EVA itself. The article for example includes a "Limitations" section that address these limitations. EVA for example does not take into account the current market value of assets, which could be misleading. Hence, it is difficult for EVA to project the future success of strategic goals and plans. Other factors such as market share and sales growth could better determine such future success. Furthermore, EVA only provides a global, one-year view of the operational performance of a company,…
BNET Editorial. 2009. Assessing Economic Value Added. Stern Stewart & Co. http://www.nait.org/jit/Articles/walk0299.pdf
Girotra, Arvind and Yadav, Suretra S. 2001. Economic Value Added (EVA): A New Flexible Tool for Measuring Corporate Performance. Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management, Jan-March Issue. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa4012/is_200101/ai_n8931782
Walker, H. Fred. 1999. Cost Justification of Capital Equipment Using "Economic Value Added" Analysis. Journal of Industrial Technology, Vol. 15, No. 2, Feb-April.
This in turn gives the financial professional better idea of the stock's risk behavior.
The equation used in this security market line relationship is as follows:
Mathis, CAPM, par. 3)
The measure of systematic risk is considered Beta or bi while E[Ri] is equal to the expected return on asset I and Rf is the risk-free rate. E[Rm] is the expected return on the market portfolio and E[Rm] - Rf is the market risk premium for the stock. Once the Beta is known then the risk and rate of return can be found.
APT is different because not only can forecast for the long-term, it can also work for the short-term scenario. This fact makes it the better of the two theories because it gives the financial professional more tools to assess risk and the rate of return. APT does this by using a model that captures all the data.…
Anonymous. "Risk and Return." The Economist (1991): 1-2.
APT: Risk Models and Portfolio Analytics. 22 Dec 2004 http://www.apt.com/..
Capital budgeting needs vision." Business Line. Islamabad: Jul 21, 2003. pg. 1.
Johnson and Johnson Financial Summary. Yahoo Finance. 22 Dec. 2004 http://finance.yahoo.com/q?s=JNJ&d=t ..
Shared value as a business approach is integral in conducting business because it both creates economic value and societal benefit. Businesses create shared value when they can make profit while also meeting important social needs like improving environmental performance, reducing health related problems, improving nutrition, reducing disability among other factors. When businesses create shared value to make profit and meet societal needs. Shared value should not only be thought of in the context of doing more good. It also encompasses aspects of capitalism (Driver, 2011). Capitalism has relegated many important aspects of society like improvement of environmental performance, safety, and focus on the local community to the periphery of the business operations because of a notion that these are social and not business related activities. The shared value concept includes all these social items into capitalism. For profit firms that engage in these social activities stand to gain a lot…
Driver, M. (2011). An Interview with Michael Porter: Social Entrepreneurship and the Transformation of Capitalism. Retrieved from http://amle.aom.org/content/11/3/421.full
Gibson, P. (2011). Shared Value. Business and the Environment, 22(3), 1-4.
Porter, M.E. & Kramer, M.R. (2011). Creating Shared Value: How to reinvent Capitalism-and
Unleash a Wave of Innovation and Growth. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from http://www.hks.harvard.edu/mrcbg/fellows/N_Lovegrove_Study_Group/Session_1/Mich
It provides health-related advice on its website that all readers can benefit from, not simply those who use its services. As well as reaching out to the wider population of patients, it honors those within its fold who serve the organization with nights such as its "Celebrating Our Talent" ceremony designed to honor organizational members who have shown excellence in their duties (Boyd 2012).
The climate at the organization stresses valuing employees as well as clients, and serving the needs of its employees is included in the organization's statements of its critical functions. This acknowledges the need for caregivers to be cared for as well as patients. There is also a commitment to technological change to facilitate care: the organization was praised in 2003 for completely reconfiguring the way in which it kept track of patient data, switching to an entirely online system, to comply with changes in regulation and…
Boyd, Tracey. (2012). VNSNY home care agency praises nursing talent. VNSNY. Retrieved:
Mission and vision. (2013). VNSNY. Retrieved:
Customer Value Funnel Approach. The reference appends four sources in APA format.
The "customer value funnel approach" (p. 153) is a highly significant implement for clearly comprehending and evaluating business mechanisms and other marketing-related critical situations. esides a priceless strategic marketing framework, this approach focuses on the satisfaction of customers, the main marketing target of various giants in the business industry to reap the benefits of high productivity and massive volume due to broad clientele. As Stanley Slater states "As marketers, we should be committed to the proposition that the creation of customer value must be the reason for the firm's existence and certainly for its success" (p. 153).
Hence for effective business practices and performance, customer values play a vital role and therefore all focal organizations must take into consideration all the four levels of the Customer Value Funnel approach just like Southwest Airline did when it began…
Designing and Delivering Superior Customer Value. Part 2: Customer Value Cases. Case 17: Southwest Airlines- Value Added Customers. Pages: 153- 311
American Heritage Dictionary, Fourth Edition
Spend Less = Make More. That's The Marketing Equation Driven by ADP's CRM Solutions (2001). Retrieved February 11, 2003 at http://www.adpcrm.com/pages2/cust.html
Price Optimization System (2002). Retrieved February 11, 2003 at http://www.nationalanalysts.com/marketing/pricing-strategy-research/price-optimization.asp
Marketing, according to obert A.S. (2005) is "an organizational function and a set of processes for creating, communicating, and delivering value to customers and for managing customer relationships in ways that benefit the organization and its stakeholders." It gives a lot of emphasis on marketing as being part of the organization structure and inalienable pat. This means that it is the central focus for the customers as well as the stakeholders.
For the customer, marketing will help in identifying the product and the source of the particular item and differentiating it from the other various products in the market hence making it easier for the customer to make a choice and form brand loyalty, the creation of a buyer value is the ultimate goal of this marketing focus (John C. & Stanley F., 1989).
One aspect of marketing is branding, and in the long run, branding helps set…
Business Dictionary, (2011). Market Orientation: Definition. Retrieved June 7, 2011 from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/market-orientation.html
John C. & Stanley F., (1989). The Effect of Market Orientation on Business Profitability.
Retrieved June 7, 2011 from http://www.msi.org/publications/publication.cfm?pub=244
Robert A.S. (2005). A New Definition of Marketing. Retrieved June 7, 2011 from http://www.universitybusiness.com/viewarticle.aspx?articleid=425
Music on American Culture and Values
Over time, music has molded the American culture and its values in a variety of ways. In this text, I will highlight the various ways in which both music and radio have shaped American values and culture. In so doing, I will identify my favorite genre/type of music in an attempt to highlight the impact the music I listen to has had on American culture and social behavior.
How the American Culture and Its Values Has Been Shaped by Music and adio
In the words of Eldridge (2008), "by the close of the 1930s, twenty-eight million households (and seven million cars) boasted at least one radio set, with most tuned-in to a network or local station for an average of five hours a day." In that regard, it would be correct to point out that radio has played a critical role in the growth…
Bob & Hanger, J. (2012). The Silent Generation: 1925 -- 1945. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse.
Eldridge, D.N. (2008). American Culture in the 1930s. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Keith, M.C. (2008). Radio Cultures: The Sound Medium in American Life. New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.
This way, the U.S.-lead NGO can collaborate with other NGOs in order to determine an action plan, discuss issues of importance, and foster cooperation. According to alsh, the international community has entered a new era in which entities must work together in order to affect change. hile alsh specifically discusses the partnership that for-profit companies can have with NGOs, his point is more generally applicable. Indeed, it is the very definition of global civil society. Global civil society is an international community that functions and works together in order to solve shared problems. By entering the NGO arena by working with other arenas, the director and advisors of Obama's U.S.-sponsored NGO will represent its willingness to enter that global civil society.
After meeting with other NGOs, the U.S.-sponsored NGO must decide on a series of bylaws that will mold its behavior. First and foremost must come the development of a…
Korten, David C., Perlas, Nicanor, and Shiva, Vandana. "Global Civil Society: The Path
Ahead." The People-Centered Development Forum. http://www.pcdf.org/civilsociety/default.htm
McDonald, Chris. "Ethics for NGOs & Charities." The Business Ethics Blog. 5 April 2008. http://www.businessethics.ca/blog/2007/04/ethics-for-ngos-charities.html
Walsh, Brian. "Making Business-NGO Partnerships Work." On Philanthropy. 06 July http://www.onphilanthropy.com/site/News2?id=6551&page=NewsArticle
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), its creation and the different roles it plays. The duties of the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) are also highlighted in the paper. The paper also highlights the Intelligence eform Act of 2004 and the amendments that were made after the date of enactment. Lastly, the paper discusses the major components of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the roles played by them in order to guarantee the efficient running of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Central Intelligence Agency
The CIA is an independent agency, whose functions are not disrupted by the United States government without any necessity. This agency is dedicated towards providing national security intelligence to the senior policy makers of the United States of America. ("CIA vision, mission," 2013)
The Central Intelligence Agency, (CIA), is responsible for collecting and analyzing information in relation to the plans and strategies of the enemies…
About CIA. (2013, January 10). Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/about-cia/index.html
Canon, D. (1980). Intelligence and ethics: the CIA's covert operations. The Journal of Libertarian Studies, 4(2), 198-199. Retrieved from http://mises.org/journals/jls/4_2/4_2_6.pdf
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), (2003). National strategy for combating terrorism. Retrieved from Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) website: https://www.cia.gov/news-information/cia-the-war-on-terrorism/Counter_Terrorism_Strategy.pdf
Cia.gov (2009). Components of the CIA -- Central Intelligence Agency. [online] Retrieved from: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/additional-publications/the-work-of-a-nation/cia-director-and-principles/components-of-the-cia.html.
Wal-Mart and the Delivery of Superior Customer Value
The paper will identify Wal-Mart's value proposition and their strategies for optimizing communications and delivering superior customer value.
esearches will be made on the Wal-Mart, the history of Wal-Mart and their status on customer service, market and organizational responsiveness and how they create/deliver superior customer value.
The paper will review the strategies and methodologies, which are used by the management of the Wal-Mart regarding the delivery of the customer values.
The findings and researches will be used to identify the methodologies, which the Wal-Mart's management follow in delivering the superior customer value.
The analysis of the Wal-Mart's success history and its relative background will be further presented in the paper, a conclusion will also be added in order to provide the reader with the overall analysis of the study.
In order to comment on the strategies of Wal-Mart's management regarding superior customer…
As retrieved from WAL-MART.COM: A Case Study in Managing Technical Transitions
Managing Technical Transitions Prof. Michael Lawless February 24, 2001 Prepared by:
Andrew Bender Ann Howell Amy Lavin David Torgerson
http://www.duke.edu/~dat6/Wal-Mart.htm . On May 7,2004
assist the line managers and their employees on the correct approach for the creation of individual development plan (IDP). The document provides a step by step guide, aiming to support both the employee and the supervisor in the process. The IDP is a focus on the needs and career aspirations of the employee, but should be considered a strategic tool not only for the employee to realise their ambitions, but also for the employer, who will benefit from the implementation of the plan. Not only will the employer benefit from the additional skills and knowledge gained by the employees that they can use in the workplace, the provision of the support, longer training development will also support motivation (Buchanan and Huczynski, 2011). Employees who feel the employer cares are more likely to be motivated, and the provision of training development may also satisfy some elements present on Maslow's hierarchy of…
Since the 1990s, criticism has mounted regarding the IMF's narrow construction of a 'one size fits all' economic policy. "Policies of privatization and deregulation may work better in developed countries in the est, but, maybe more difficult to implement in the developing world" (Pettinger 2009). There is also alarm that the IMF is excessively directive when extending loans to nations -- for example, mandating user fees for health care, an important issue in the current struggle for Jamaica to borrow funds from the IMF. Jamaica charges no user fees in its system of nationalized care, although the IMF argues that charging money, according to classical economic theory, enables more effective use of scarce healthcare resources. Yet "there is compelling evidence of a link between user fees and poverty. In a study that shows the 'poverty impact' of out-of-pocket payments (OOP), 78 million people in 11 low/middle income countries in Asia…
Bluestein, Paul. (1998, December 3). World Bank turns up criticism of IMF. The Washington
Post. Retrieved September 11, 2009 at http://www.globalpolicy.org/component/content/article/209/43528.html
Cooperation and reconstruction: 1944 -- 71. (2009). IMF History.
Retrieved September 11, 2009 at http://www.imf.org/external/about/histcoop.htm
Language Determines Thought: The Creation of Social Worlds Through Language
As a set of symbols that has specific and shared meanings within society, language is perhaps the most dynamic and oft-used artifact and element of human culture. Through language, humans are able to express their thoughts and emotions, limiting or empowering an individual's thinking process. Language assumes numerous characteristics and functions, which potentially alters and at the same time, develop human thought and expression. As a set of man- made symbols, language is rule-governed, which means that language is uttered not for the mere act of speaking alone, but because there is purpose why a particular word, phrase, or statement is spoken. These rules may be created concerning the order of words, meanings, and manner in which the language is delivered by the communicator/individual. Lastly, language is subjective, which leads to various interpretations and creation of 'worlds' or realities as…
Adler, R. (1998). Interplay: Process of Interpersonal Communication. NY: Harcourt Brace & Co.
Santrock, J. (2001). Psychology. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Book Co.
Strategic Management Class: Corporate Social Responsibility and Value
What are the problems and challenges with creating value in the supply chain?
Supply chain managers face a number of challenges as they strive to create value in the chain they manage. Increasing challenges have hampered ways of creating and maintaining efficient and effective supply chain activities. Cost control occurs as a prominent challenge for most businesses. The escalating operational costs fueled by the rising freight/energy costs, increasing labor rates, and rising commodity prices have made created a major hurdle in the supply chain. Planning and risk management also occur as a challenge in creating value in the supply chain. Redesigns and periodic assessments of risk factors are essential for staying productive and efficient in the business. Creating value implies that customers should be satisfied right from the timing, quantity, and quality of goods and services provided. However, fulfilling the aspects mentioned…
In the self-concept, Cooley's society was able to appreciate the role that society significantly plays in creating the modern individual. Inasmuch as the individual contributes to social change, society, too, contributes to the increased individualism, rationalism and modernism of the individual of the 20th century.
His researches, then, become inevitably linked to the role that society plays in influencing the modern individual. In terms of social organizations, Cooley identified a major, albeit complex, social organization that existed in the modern society, called the primary group. As modernism promoted the idea of individualism, it became more vital for researchers to identify the spheres of influence that prevail in the minds and hearts of modern individuals. Thus, Cooley's determination of the primary group set the trend and generated the finding that, in the period of high level of individualism, there exists a social organization that still plays a major role in socially…
Cooley, C. Human nature and the social order. NY: Scribner's.
____. Social organization: a study of the larger mind. NY: Scribner's.
Woodward, K. (2002). Understanding identity. NY: Edward Arnold Ltd.
There may be dramatic differences in the Beta on other stock exchanges. In this case, one must be certain of what comparison is being made. In addition, differences in currencies may produce different results. The beta, in this case, is not a reliable means of assessing company performance. However, it can be valuable from the standpoint that it reflects the connection between andstad and it dependence on the global economy.
The Shareholder Value Added approach defines value as the corporate value, less the value of debt. It focuses on the change in value over time. It is usually calculated for several periods of time, using he debt and equity in each period. However, like the other methods, it becomes less accurate over the long-term. The more distant it becomes from the event, the less accurate this method tends to be.
Each of the valuation methods mentioned earlier has drawbacks in…
Google Finance. 2009. Randstad Holding nv. [Online]. (Updated June 26, 2009). Available at: http://www.google.com/finance?q=AMS:RAND [Accessed June 28, 2009].
Hoover's. 2009. Randstad Holding. Available at: http://www.hoovers.com/randstad-holding/--ID__93213,ticker__RAND -- /free-co-fin-factsheet.xhtml [Accessed June 27, 2009].
Kanner, J. & Van de Pol, J. 2007. Randstad May Offer to Buy Staffing Company Vedior. November 30, 2007. Bloomberg.com. Available at: http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=ag3CnzqhPf0g&refer=home [Accessed June 27, 2009].
Randstad Annual Report. 2009. Annual Report 2008. Investor Relations. [Online]. Available at: http://www.randstadannualreport.com/investor-relations-randstad-shares.html [Accessed June 25, 2009].
Identify the relevant macro-environmental factors (level 1) in the case study. What impact do these factors have on the focal organization?
To the extent which the customer base and potential customer base of Time Insurance Company (Time) share the concerns of the global business community, these shared concerns serve as a template for appropriate professional behavior. These not only include matters that might (when improperly handled) prompt litigation against Time, but also include factors such as social accountability. Macro-environmental factors, however, are sometimes hard to determine in that they often fail to reflect a consensus. These must be seen as a polyglot of different concerns, some of which pertain to the company while others do not. The "value" system reviewed in the text is a measure of total value, and the market analyst must be careful to examine the total effect of changes. For instance, if prescribed staff…
Trees, plants, animals, wildlife all have benefitted from the clean air act (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2008).
The nutrition and labeling act
Previously, a number of consumers had problems with incorrect information on the product packaging, as well as, advertising. The nutrition and labeling act passed by the American Congress and Senate benefits the American people immensely. It serves as an economic regulation for the food and nutrition producing companies and forces them to be honest about the ingredients inside the product. Today nutrition data about each and every product can be easily found in the department store. The format in which this information is presented is easy to read. The consumers are able to make decisions about their food choices more rapidly than they did before. The packaging contains data on the exact amount of saturated fat; dietary fiber; cholesterol; as well as other nutrients per serving. In addition,…
Autio, E., Sapienza, H. And Almeida, J. 2000. Effects of age at entry, knowledge intensity, and imitability on international growth. Academy of Management Journal, 43(5): 909-924.
FDA Backgrounder, May 1999: The Food Label. Taken at http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/lab-gen.html#general
Lewin, A.Y. And Massini, S. 2003. Knowledge Creation and Organizational Capabilities of Innovating and Imitating Firms. In H. Tsoukas and N. Mylonopoulos (eds.) Organizations as Knowledge Systems, Palgrave: Basingstoke.
Penrose, E. 1959. The Theory of the Growth of the Firm. Basil Blackwell: London.
Nuclear weapons became a tool of American policy that goes far beyond protection of national interests, for American national interests depend on the propagation of American ideals. The United States is, in the words of Harold Lasswell, a "garrison state;" a crusading nation that seeks to combat all enemies real and imagined and to remake the world in its own image. (Flint 86-87) Under the new doctrine, nuclear strategy becomes a means of enforcing an ideology - all dissent, or supposed dissent, is rooted out through the threat of ultimate and complete destruction. Terrorism is made the defining characteristic of immorality. States that support terrorism become the ultimate evildoers. The Bush Administration redefined international relations in terms of an axis of good led by the United States and its allies, and an axis of evil consisting preeminently of Iraq, Iran, and North Korea and their terrorist associates. Alone among these…
Botti, Timothy J. Ace in the Hole: Why the United States Did Not Use Nuclear Weapons in the Cold War, 1945 to 1965. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996.
Flint, Colin, ed. The Geography of War and Peace: From Death Camps to Diplomats. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Hilsman, Roger. From Nuclear Military Strategy to a World without War: A History and a Proposal. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1999.
Hirschbein, Ron. Massing the Tropes: The Metaphorical Construction of American Nuclear Strategy. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2005.
Personal and Organizational Ethics and Values between for-Profit and Not-For-Profit Organizations
For-profit and not-for-profit companies often operate very differently from one another. Here this will be shown with a comparison between the American ed Cross (a not-for-profit company) and the Coca-Cola Company (a for-profit company). The background of each one of them will be addressed, and they proposed solutions and recommendations will be discussed. Each company has its problems, whether it is for-profit or not, but there are unique problems faced by each kind of company. The differences in whether they are for-profit or not-for-profit can have a significant effect on the companies themselves and whether they are able to continue being successful or whether they must make changes in order to see growth and development in the future.
Case Study Analysis of Personal and Organizational Ethics and Values between For-Profit and Not-for-Profit Organizations:
The ed Cross and Coca-Cola
Bennett, A. (2005). The Geneva Convention: The Hidden Origins of the Red Cross. Sutton Publishing, Gloucestershire, England.
Boissier, P. (1985). History of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Volume I: From Solferino to Tsushima. Henry Dunant Institute, Geneva.
Forsythe, D.P. (2005). The Humanitarians: The International Committee of the Red Cross. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Giebelhaus, A.W. (2008). Coca-Cola Company. The New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council.