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Online Giants
Words: 1989 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88573820
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Yahoo vs. Amazon

This report will present a compare and contrast between Yahoo and Amazon. The core business and histories of the two businesses will be discussed. Following that, there will be a description of the key strategic differences between the two and how the respective strategies have impacted the relative success of each form. Two specific examples of these strategies will be covered. The manner in which each company's core competencies help shape their strategies will be described. One functional-level strategy will be recommended for each term. At least three references will be used to describe things along the way. While Yahoo and Amazon are in the same general online portal sphere, how precisely they address the genre and the offshoots they tend to branch into are entirely different.


Some information technology companies have been around for a while but most of the Internet-reliant and information firms have…


FoxNews. (2015, January 12). Easter ruined? Creme Egg recipe redo has chocolate lovers hopping mad. Retrieved January 13, 2015, from 

GoogleFinance. (2015, January 13). Google Finance: Stock market quotes, news, currency conversions & more. Retrieved January 13, 2015, from 

Kleinman, A. (2013, April 9). Marissa Mayer Finally Addresses Work From Home Ban.

Retrieved January 13, 2015, from

New Product Development Created Equity
Words: 1136 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 75830913
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Brand equity is becoming a necessity within the modern day business climate, when economic agents compete not only for market shares, but also for the best employees, the best technologies or the best resources. In this setting, brand equity provides competitive advantages and points of differences and is essential.

The creation of brand equity varies across industries, across economic agents and it depends on various elements. In other words, there are no secret recipes to creating brand equity, but Yahoo! has to devise its own strategies based on its own specifics. Some of the features which can impact the brand equity strategy would include the size of the company and its resource availability, the marketing expertise it possesses, the features of the market it addresses or the nature of the items it sells.

In terms of the items commercialized, it could be argued that brand equity is created differently at…


Tonnis, R., International branding -- an internationalization approach on the marketing level, GRIN Verlag

Nworah, U., Nigeria as a brand, Brand Channel,  last accessed on November 11, 2011

Brand and organizational development, Q and A Consulting, last accessed on November 11, 2011

Yahoo!: managing an online brand,  last accessed on November 11, 2011

2005 John Ellsworth Father of Deceased Soldier
Words: 1142 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1430515
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2005, John Ellsworth, father of deceased soldier Justin Ellsworth, made national news when he asked to be granted access to his deceased son's e-mails. Twenty-year-old Justin had been killed in Fallujah on November 13, 2004, by a roadside bomb. The least, Mr. Ellsworth could do, the father felt, was to collect these e-mails that his son had written whilst in Iraq and fashion them into some sort of memorial. Yahoo! refused. They had promised privacy to their clients and they could not break the promise regardless of the situation. It was only after a Michigan probate court ordered them to release the e-mails that Yahoo complied.

The case reveals two types of ethics. Yahoo! On the one hand epitomized the deontological way of thinking that norms of right and wrong exist and cannot be breached regardless of the situation. The judge, however, took the family's happiness into account and, by…


Ferrera, JJ & Darrow GF (2005) WHO OWNS A DECEDENT'S E-MAILS:



HU, J. (Dec. 21, 2004) Yahoo denies family access to dead marine's e-mail

Does Marissa Meyer Follow the Eight Step Path to Large-Scale Change
Words: 1232 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Application Essay Paper #: 25709746
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Management Theory

Case Summary: In 2013, when new Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer overturned the flexible work at home policies, it created a maelstrom of media response. Public responses fell on both sides of the issue, while it seemed most Yahoo employees were outraged. The disruption to personal lives became a pivotal point in the discussions -- arrangements that enable parents to work-at-home, for instance, are not easily changed. But, more central was the message communicated to Yahoo employees: The CEO (and likely a slew of other managers at the organization) did not trust telecommuting employees to efficaciously conduct their professional duties outside of the direct oversight of their managers. Note that many of the telecommuting Yahoo employees worked at home only one or two days per week. Women particularly took issue with the workaholic Mayer's decision: she came on board when she was five months pregnant and took a…

References. Please focus on analyses and recommendations, not on retelling the chapter or describing what happened in unnecessary detail.

Paper criteria:

Terms and Conditions
Words: 1665 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68898619
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Internet revolution has touched the lives of almost everyone on the world regardless of their nationality and geographical location. Anybody with a phone connection can access the entire network of the globe and stay connected with the rest of the world. The free service providers and the search engine providers play a great part in giving the much-needed services of free web-based mail and other services. Yahoo has been one of the pioneers in the area. While the Internet is accessible to anyone, the service provided by yahoo attracts both bona fide and male fide consumers. The terms of service under which Yahoo agrees to provide their help in the internet make it clear to all the honorable intentions with which they provide the service and require the consumers also to agree to these terms before embarking upon the use of the service. This is a paper on the terms…


Terms of Service, accessed 2003 and available at 

Yahoo Privacy policy accessed 2003 and available at 

Spam Policy, accessed 2003, and available at

Information Technology IT Project Closure
Words: 881 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 69201406
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Yahoo! Concedes Australias Online Auction to Ebay

The article this paper will review, in relation to project closure and I.T. management, is Keith Regan's Yahoo! Concedes Down-Under Auction Market to Ebay.

Recently, Yahoo! announced to its customers its decision of closing down the Australian online auction site The announcement was posted in the auction site itself (currently, the auction site is already owned by Ebay). Yahoo! handed down to its auction giant rival Ebay.

Yahoo! bought two years ago from Fairfax at the price of AU$24 milllion. That time, the auction site was making a sale profit of AU$12 milllion. However, for Yahoo!, Australia's online auction was not able to establish more customers and did not give the dot-com giant enough profit.'s performance in the Internet auction market seemed to be far from Down Under's achievements, an online information portal in which Yahoo! remains a…


Regan, Keith. Yahoo Concedes Down-Under Auction Market to Ebay.

E-Commerce Times. 18 Sept 2003. 

Last Hurray as Yahoo! Folds Sold Auction Site to Join Ebay.


Owns Your Email Who Has
Words: 946 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 60907294
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Essentially, by taking such a strong stance against breaking their own regulations, even in cases of death, Yahoo! was upholding utilitarian principles in order to benefit the community as a whole. Thus, the company was focused on upholding a commitment to privacy for all of its members. It was unfortunate that Justin Ellsworth lost his life in the line of battle, but that could not jeopardize the promise Yahoo! made to its millions of users. If the company was to just give up one user password, it could have the potential to do so again, thus risking the privacy rights of others. Moreover, there are also deontological considerations against the internet company giving up private account information, even after death. In this sense, the company had an obligation to Justin Ellsworth to uphold its promise of protecting his personal information. The marine had himself agreed to the terms and conditions…


Leach, Susan Llewlyn. (2005). Who gets to see the e-mail of the deceased? The Christian Science Monitor. Web.

Justin Ellsworth Many for Are Uneasy With
Words: 953 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23455830
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Justin Ellsworth

Many for are uneasy with the rapid pace of changing technology in today's contemporary environment. There are now issues to whether or not information sent through these technologies is safe in terms of privacy concerns. For example, there is the case of Justin Ellsworth who died serving the country at war; yet whose parents demanded access to his e-mail. Ellsworth's information should still be protected under Internet privacy laws which he himself agreed to while he was alive. Therefore Yahoo should be responsible for only acting to release e-mail content that would have been related to the cause of death and could've helped an investigation.

Justin Ellsworth's case is a controversial one. On one hand, the case is not one where the individual was murdered or kidnapped. Ellsworth was a military soldier and unfortunately lost his life during combat, dying in Al Anbar. His parents then wanted more…


Associated Press. (2005). Yahoo Will Give Family Slain Marine's e-Mail Account. USA Today. April 21. Retrieved May 4, 2011 from 

Spring, T. (2010) Good-Bye to Privacy? Learn about major new threats to your privacy, from social networks to advertisers to yourself. PCWorld. May 23. Retrieved November 25, 2010, from 

Vijayan, J. (2010) Obama may toughen Internet privacy rules, report says; Watchdog planned for online privacy. Computerworld. November 12. . Retrieved November 25, 2010, from

Is it Legal for Your Family to Read Your E-Mail
Words: 1220 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 79820605
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Justin Ellsworth's parents should not have been given access to his e-mail account on their request alone, as it would have violated nearly every privacy act in existence at the time of the case, the Yahoo agreement terms with Justin, and set a dangerous precedence for invasion of digital assets of the deceased. Yahoo relented and only provided the e-mail account access on court order, which preserved the digital rights and privacy of its millions of customers using Yahoo mail and other online e-mail applications in the process (Leach 2005). Yahoo argued successfully that providing access without court order would have violated the Stored Communications Act (SCA), 18. U.S.C. § 2701. This has become an often-cited precedent by all other Internet e-mail providers who must retain the trust of their customers to stay in business. The case has a multifaceted ethical aspect to it, which is analyzed from a…


Carroll, A.B. (1990). Principles of business ethics: Their role in decision making and an initial consensus. Management Decision, 28(8), 20.

Gustafson, A. (2013). In defense of a utilitarian business ethic. Business and Society Review, 118(3), 325.

Irene, V.S. (2007). Beyond utilitarianism and deontology: Ethics in economics. Review of Political Economy, 19(1), 21.

Leach, Susan L. (2005). Who gets to see the e-mail of the deceased? Christian Science Monitor, May 2, pg. 12.

Capital Decision Making a Decision as a
Words: 794 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85363415
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Capital Decision

Making a decision as a venture capitalist, whether as a director/adviser for a venture capital firm or as an individual investor looking for a substantial investment opportunity, requires a great deal of consideration on various levels. Before a decision to invest is made, a careful consideration of the quantitative and qualitative aspects of a company must be undertaken, and the potential payoff of any investment must be weighed against the risks identified both within the company and in its operating environment. The following paragraphs will present a brief analysis of two publicly traded companies that are well-established, yet are also potentially large investment opportunities for an entity with an appropriate amount of capital. The risks and current states of these companies will be assessed along with other details and information in order to determine which company represents the best investment.


pSividia Corp., founded in 1987, specializes in…


Yahoo Finance. (2011). PSVD. Accessed 2 June 2011. /q/pr?s=PSDV+Profile

Yahoo Finance. (2011). SMED. Accessed 2 June 2011.

Licensing and Laissez Faire in Viewing the
Words: 733 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23168713
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Licensing and Laissez Faire

In viewing the case study at hand, one can begin to fully understand the pros and cons of occupational licensure in viewing each in the context of the study. Occupational licensure -- the requirement that one obtain a license from a recognized authority in order to engage in any occupation -- restricts entry into the field of medicine as noted within the case study at hand (Shaw, 2010, p. 157). In viewing the pros and cons of such licensure, one can see that the debate largely comes down to one of economics vs. safety concerns.

In first understanding the pros of such occupational licensure, one can understand -- and oftentimes be relieved -- by the fact that professionals in fields that follow licensing standards have therefore asserted themselves to be capable of practicing within their field at a level which has been deemed acceptable by the…


Shaw, William. (2010). Licensing and laissez faire, in Business ethics: a textbook with cases, 7th ed. pp. 157-159. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing. Print.

Shaw, William. (2010). Yahoo in China, in Business ethics: a textbook with cases, 7th ed. pp. 196-198. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing. Print.

Case Study Analysis

Equity Analysis the Industry That
Words: 922 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 51395600
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The firm's balance sheet, however, is very healthy, with great liquidity and no long-term debt.

The fourth largest company in the industry by market cap is Builders FirstSource. This company has a stock price of $5.31. It has no P/E, since it is losing money. The company is focused on products for residential construction in the southern and eastern states, so the housing recovery needs to be in those regions for this company to benefit. The consistent losing of money, however, makes this company a risky investment, as does the high level of long-term debt. The beta is 2.3, which is highly volatile.

The fifth-largest company by market cap is Orchard Supply Hardware Stores, which is a California-based competitor to Home Depot and Lowe's. Its stock is priced at $10.11. The company lost $8.08 per share last year and is on a downward trend in revenue, gross income, operating income…

Works Cited:

No author. (2012). How to value stocks. Motley Fool. Retrieved November 11, 2012 from 

No author. (2012). Stock-picking strategies: Introduction. Investopedia. Retrieved November 11, 2012 from 

Skariachan, D. (2012). Permanent fix of U.S. housing to take time: Home Depot CEO. Reuters. Retrieved November 11, 2012 from 

Yahoo! Finance. (2012). Home improvement stores. Retrieved November 11, 2012 from

Email Privacy Times Change and'so Do
Words: 1829 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91428055
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Email Privacy

Times change and so do social institutions. When the laws protecting our privacy were originally drafted there was not even the notion of email. Such a concept was so futuristic as to be well beyond the most imaginative of the Founding Fathers. Today, however, emails have become a regular course of communication between members of society and, as such, they deserve attention. Do they fall within our expectation of privacy or does their digital nature make them automatically public?

The legal case that brought this issue to the forefront was that of a young marine, Lance Corporal Justin Ellsworth of Michigan (Chambers, 2009). Ellsworth was killed in action in Iraq in 2004 but prior to his death he had written emails to this family and friends. After his death, his family requested the email provider, Yahoo, to grant them access to Ellsworth's account but Yahoo refused to honor…


AOL. (2003). AOL Information. Retrieved April 25, 2011, from AOL Legal Department:

Benson, P. (2007). The Theory of Contract Law. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Chambers, J. (2009, April 21). They win right to see late son's messages. The Detroit News, p. 1.

Kozyris, P.J. (2007). Regulating Internet Abuses: Invasion of Privacy. London: Kluwer Law International.

Finance Such as Present Value
Words: 2876 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 28062634
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This in turn gives the financial professional better idea of the stock's risk behavior.

The equation used in this security market line relationship is as follows:

Mathis, CAPM, par. 3)

The measure of systematic risk is considered Beta or bi while E[Ri] is equal to the expected return on asset I and Rf is the risk-free rate. E[Rm] is the expected return on the market portfolio and E[Rm] - Rf is the market risk premium for the stock. Once the Beta is known then the risk and rate of return can be found.

APT is different because not only can forecast for the long-term, it can also work for the short-term scenario. This fact makes it the better of the two theories because it gives the financial professional more tools to assess risk and the rate of return. APT does this by using a model that captures all the data.…

Works Cited

Anonymous. "Risk and Return." The Economist (1991): 1-2.

APT: Risk Models and Portfolio Analytics. 22 Dec 2004

Capital budgeting needs vision." Business Line. Islamabad: Jul 21, 2003. pg. 1.

Johnson and Johnson Financial Summary. Yahoo Finance. 22 Dec. 2004 /q?s=JNJ&d=t..

Home Depot
Words: 1379 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 62422402
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Home Depot

In order to answer the main question of the price to be paid within one year time for 100 shares of the company, it is important to know the price of one share at that point of time based upon the past performance of the shares and its' expected movements. If compared the price and performance of the Home Depot shares since 1984, which is the time since when the sahres were actively traded on the market, with the performance of the Standard & Poors index, the shares sometimes were outperforming the market while sometimes were underperforming.

Simplistic examination of the chart of the perfromance of the shares compared with the index perfomance can leas us to the conclusion that the company beta is greater than zero and in case of further positive market performance and strengthening investment opportunities, the company is expected to be doing well which…


1. Brealey and Meyers, Fundamentals of Corporate Finance, 3rd Edition, p. 289

2. Yahoo Finance,

3. Yahoo Finance, Banking section,

Brealey and Meyers, Fundamentals of Corporate Finance, 3rd Edition, p. 289

Beta of Csx Railroad Find the Beta
Words: 650 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38936056
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eta of CSX Railroad

Find the eta of CSX

What is the estimated beta coefficient of CSX? What does this beta mean in terms of CSX to include them in my overall portfolio?

The estimated beta coefficient on CSX is 1.24. It is used to determine the underlying volatility in the stock. In general, when you see a beta factor greater than 1.0 this is an indication that the security is more volatile than the stock market average. In the case of CSX, the reading of 1.24 indicates that the stock is 24% more volatile than the major stock market averages. This will increase the overall amounts of volatility in the portfolio. While providing, a way to see above average returns, because of the increased volatility. ("eta," 2010)

Given the beta of CSX, the present yield to maturity on U.S. government bonds maturing in one year (currently about 4.5% annually)…


Beta. (2010). Investopedia. Retrieved from: 

Capital Asset Pricing Model. (2010). Investopedia. Retrieved from: 

Cost of Equity. (2010). Investopedia. Retrieved from: 

CSX Corp. (2010). Yahoo Finance. Retrieved from: /q/ks?s=CSX+Key+Statistics

Competitors PC Bang - PC Bang Is
Words: 1707 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5737094
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PC BANG - PC Bang is a Korean Internet cafe with 21460 outlets across Korea.

Kinko's - Kinko's is a copy centre chain with 1100 stores across the United States and overseas.

Office Max - Office Max is a retail chain which also has a major online presence. Office Max offers a full range of business services.

Staples - Staples is a retail chain providing office supplies and services. It also has services available online.

Local Coffee Shop - Local coffee shop providing food and drinks to local customers.


PC BANG - PC Bang provides Internet services, specializing in entertainment. Its main service is providing an online gaming venue.

Kinko's - Kinko's operates from a store front, offering a full range of office services. Those services include photocopying, scanning, printing, mailing and fax services, FedEx drop boxes, videoconferencing, electronic document transfer, paper and office…

Quantum Technologies A Non-Financial Analysis
Words: 1015 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80021946
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The company is itself a major driver of innovation in this area, and the efficiency of renewable energy engines and power generators will decrease the cost of operations for the company even as the same products and efficiency increases will enhance and increase its sales (Quantum 2011). Twnety years from now, it is expected that major utility grids will at least be in the beginning stages of being capable of handling energy input from renewable sources, and this will increase industrial demand for many of Quantum Technology's products enormously ( 2011).

SWOT Analysis

Quantum Technology's diversification is a major strength of the company, as it is somewhat shielded from major changes in any one application or industry in which its products are used. A weakness can be found in its dependence on external business contract and a lack of direct-to-consumer sales. A large opportunity exists for the company in the…

References (2011). Quantum Technology. Accessed 21 February 2011. 

Google. (2011). Quantum Technology. Accessed 21 February 2011. 

Quantum Technology. (2011). Accessed 21 February 2011. 

Yahoo. (2011). Quantum Technology. Accessed 21 February 2011. /q;_ylt=AhaLdmQNG8PmBjKzPsLwg2bxVax_;_ylu=X3oDMTFiNnU5dWY1BHBvcwMxMgRzZWMDeWZpU3ltYm9sTG9va3VwUmVzdWx0cwRzbGsDcXR3d2Q-?s=QTWWD

Navigating the World Wide Web
Words: 566 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 44910203
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PDF to the phrase Tenured & Post-tenure review models yielded an entire page of links to PDFs on the subject. This is especially useful when doing research. A limitation of Bing in this area however is the lack of citation support provided however that is found in EBSCO Host or ProQuest, two excellent academic databases. In conclusion, the iterative nature of Bing is very effective in targeting content of interest and the use of specific operands or qualifiers including .PDF work well. The only limitation however is the amount of content indexed at this point by the search engine.

The site was also evaluated using the search term Tenured & Post-tenure review models both in exact phrasing and also in Boolean search. This search engine provides an estimated time for the search to be completed which for this specific phrase when configured as a Boolean search, took .49ms. Just…

E-Commerce Web Sites Specifically it
Words: 742 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 13872331
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Many of the auctions do not include photos, which is a disadvantage for the buyer. The actual item page is uncluttered, but Overall, Amazon's auction site is not nearly as satisfying as eBay's, and it would benefit from a redesign to enhance the buying experience. is more pleasing to the eye than the Amazon site, but still not as compelling as eBay's. It is arranged similarly to eBay's site, with categories on the left of the home page, and other information throughout the page. Quick searches of basic items indicate the Yahoo site is not nearly as popular as eBay, as there is not nearly as much merchandise listed for sale. The site is also extremely slow to load search results, even on a broadband connection, which could drive some buyers away. The actual item page is quite crowded and difficult to navigate, it is confusing and does not…


2007). Retrieved from the Web site:  April 2007.

2007). Retrieved from the Web site:  April 2007.

2007). Retrieved from the Web site:  April 2007.

Changing Corporate Structure to Respond
Words: 1694 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 25511245
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Safeway will drastically expand its market by taking over Sobeys. It will grow to expand the entire Canadian geography as well as almost double the number of stores it owns. In addition to this Safeway will have one less competitor in the marketplace, and be larger which will make it easier to stand against the other competition in the marketplace. The decision for a company to acquire another company is a massive and critical decision. The company acquiring must be ready to undertake the challenges involved, as well as the target company needs to be a proper fit with the other company. All of these changes mean many years of possible turbulence for the company and its employees, but if done carefully and mindfully the company will come out of the situation with a large financial and market gain.

This assignment had great value and the learner was able to…


Safeway. Safeway 2010 Annual Report Fact Book. Retrieved June 7, 2011 from Safeway Investors Web Site: 

Sobeys. Sobeys Annual Report. Retrieved June 7, 2011 from Sobeys Corporate Web Site: 

United States. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved June 7, 2011 from U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Web Site: 

Yahoo. Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved June 7, 2011 from Yahoo! Finance Web Site:

Dhl the History of International
Words: 1172 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 40564549
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By acquiring Airborne Express, a new ranking for this year would likely move them up the chain a spot or two. The second table looks simply at the domestic market share for 2002, and it can be seen that DHL does not rank very highly. This was likely due to the fact that the merger with Airborne Express was not yet completed and therefore the abilities that DHL had on the ground in the domestic market were not strong. Although no new data has yet been presented, it would be interesting to see whether DHL's ranking is higher now than it was then, now that the merger with Airborne Express has been completed.

Table 2: U.S. domestic expedited cargo market share

Third quarter 2002

U.S. Postal Service

FedEx Express/Ground


All others

Includes domestic air and ground parcel.

Source: DHL/Airborne, 2003.

Driving Factors

One of the reasons that DHL does…

Works Cited

DHL: Once upon a time in America. (2004). Commentwire. Retrieved 13 December 2004 at 

DHL signs agreement with 1,200 mail centers. (2004). Florida Business Briefs. Miami Herald. Retrieved 12 December 2004 at 

DHL/Airborne deal could shake up U.S. express market: billion-dollar deal will give Deutsche Post subsidiary the No. 3 U.S. market position for overnight air shipments. (News & Analysis). (2003). Logistics Management.

DHL Scoops Awards in Operations, Employee Innovation and Brand Advertising. (2002). Retrieved 13 December 2004 at

Flex Work Literature Review Gone Are the
Words: 3129 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45131688
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Flex Work Literature eview

Gone are the days of single-income households being the norm. The costs and other economics of today basically mandate that many families have both parents working and this leads to the need for day care, school transportation plans and other arrangements for things like doctor visits and school events. This can present a challenge if neither parent has a workplace situation has a job that is forgiving and understanding and allows for somewhat frequent (if not very frequent) quick breaks and extended lunch periods to deal with family affairs. Combine that with the fact that many employers are actively or hostilely resistant to flexible work arrangements under the auspices that it allows for or even encourages waste and misuse of time, then the problem is exacerbated even more. However, the author of this paper would assert that employers should be as understanding as they reasonably can…


Kolhatkar, S. (2013, February 28). The Excessive Uproar Over Marissa Mayer's Telecommuting Ban - Businessweek. Businessweek - Business News, Stock market & Financial Advice. Retrieved October 9, 2013, from 

Moen, P., Kelly, E.L., & Hill, R. (2011). Does enhancing work-time control and flexibility reduce turnover? A naturally occurring experiment. Social Problem,58(1), 69-98. Retrieved from

Wong, V. (2013, July 09). At Best Buy, flex time failed to boost family time. Retrieved from

Retail Fashion Marketing on J C Penney
Words: 1680 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 74687556
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Further the fair pricing strategy which Yousuf refers to as "a permanent discount of at least 40% on all items" could also effectively defend the company's market share from both existing competitors and new entrants. Next, J.C. Penney's move to embrace a new management team could end up yielding some positive results as such a move will inevitably change the way things are done at the firm. Indeed, in the opinion of Heller, the incoming management team possesses some radical new ideas. This can be gleaned from the background (as highlighted earlier on in this text) of some of the key executives who have joined J.C. Penney in recent times. I am also convinced that J.C. Penney's new logo will give the company a brand identity that is largely unique. The same in my opinion could in addition to having the effect of repositioning J.C. Penney's brand in its clients'…

Works Cited

Heller, Laura. "Why J.C. Penney Will Be the Most Interesting Retailer of 2012." Forbes. N.p., 26th January 2012. Web. 3rd April 2012.

Hitt, Michael a., R. Duane Ireland and Robert E. Hoskisson. Strategic Management: Competitiveness & Globalization. 3rd ed. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning, 2010. Print.

Mattioli, Dana and Russell Adams. "Martha's Deal Miffs Macy's: Sale of Stewart Stake to Penney Leads Rival to Review Changes to Its Stores' Line." The Wall Street Journal. N.p., 8th December 2011. Web. 4th April 2012.

Yahoo Finance. "J.C. Penney Company, Inc. (JCP) -- NYSE." Yahoo Finance. N.p., 3rd April 2012. Web. 3rd April 2012.

Evolution of Email and Internet
Words: 4193 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 88531163
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This problem was solved in the following way: the program uuencode which is used by email-clients transforms its binary code (code of bits and bytes) into text code using ASCII table principle and it's send in the form of text character set in the following form (begin file name reports text translated binary body end). The recipient's email-client executes uudecode program and transforms it to binary primary code.


Telnet is a program for computer networks that use TCP/IP, for example Internet. It allows terminal emulation, as it connects user's computer to a networks' server. This program which works in console mode allows to manage the controll over server as if the commands were executed on the server computer initially, as well as it allows to control, communicate and do data exchange with other computers and servers. Telecom uses identification policies as username and password and allows control of web…


Hahn, Harley Hahn Teaches the Internet 2nd ed., Que 2002

Kasser, Barbara Using the Internet, Fourth Edition,

Que. 2000

Gralla, Preston How the Internet Works, Fourth Edition, Que. 2001

Google Inc
Words: 683 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 91169613
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Google is one of the most known search engines available today. Started up in 1999, Google slowly began to gain a high ranking among search engines and ad revenue vehicles. Through an analysis of Porter's five forces, one can begin to understand how Google became one of the most used search engines used today.

The first force to be analyzed is the threat of new entrants to the market. Currently, the threat of new entrants is low as people have already grown comfortable with the search engine choices presently available. Furthermore, Google has demonstrated that it has a strong foothold on the search engine market. In November 2009, Google "enjoyed a 65.6% share of all U.S. searches…[and outside] the United States Google's lead was even larger, exceeding a 90% share of search queries in numerous countries."

The second force that needs to be analyzed is the threat of substitutes. Presently,…

Works Cited

Chang, A. (2012, July 17). It's official: Social media users happier with Google+ than with Facebook. Wired. Accessed 16 September 2012, from

Cost of Equity Facebook
Words: 916 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: A-Level Outline Answer Paper #: 97144720
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equity at Facebook is to use the capital asset pricing model. The formula for CAPM is as follow:

Rj = RF + ?j [RM - RF]

The first step to determining the cost of equity is to gather the different variables go into CAPM. The risk free rate is the first such variable. The risk free rate reflects the rate of return that an investor can earn on an investment that has no risk The only investments that are deemed to have no risk are Treasury securities. This is because the U.. Treasury prints money, so there is zero risk that these will not be repaid. There is risk that the payment will not have the same real value, but it will have the same nominal value as expected.

According to the U.. Treasury webpage, a one-year Treasury bond carries with it a rate of 0.13%. This is the risk…


Campbell, H. (1995). The CAPM - WWWFinance. Retrieved May 2012 from (2012). Financial concepts: capital asset pricing model (CAPM). Retrieved May 2012 from 

Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved November 18, 2013 from /

Products Are Made How New
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Both of these are just the beginning of contextual-based innovation in information management. The use of contextual taxonomies for example that manage all areas of potential interest in real-time from a smart phone such as the iPhone for example are coming. The personalization of content according to each person's interest is arriving today and will be pervasive soon. Thinking of this from a Business-to-Business (B2B) standpoint with suppliers, the speed of supply chains could be greatly increased if this type of knowledge were made available throughout a supplier network (Wagner, 2010).

What Apple does extremely well in this area however is convergence of innovation, from the operating systems on their laptops to the continually updated iTunes platform and the latest iTouch, iPad and iPhone, Apple has successfully created an ecosystem that generates not only innovation but tacit knowledge as well (Augustine, Yadav, Jain, athore, 2010). The next major breakthroughs are…


Augustine, M., Yadav, O., Jain, R., & Rathore, A.. (2010). Concept convergence process: A framework for improving product concepts. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 59(3), 367.

Wagner, S.. (2010). Supplier traits for better customer firm innovation performance. Industrial Marketing Management, 39(7), 1139.

Stocks Sherwin Williams One of
Words: 591 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 7502087
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2% (Yahoo 2009). This is significantly under both the industry average and the Standard & Poor 500 Performance Index, but the company remains financially strong and has paid a cash dividend on shares every quarter for the past four years (Yahoo 2009). These dividends have actually increased every year, including 2008 and so far in 2009, despite the worse performance brought on by the recession (Yahoo 2009). At $60.20, the stock is near its high-point for the year, but with things picking up again it is likely to continue rising, though the winter months and the attendant reduction in sales might lead to a more opportune moment to buy.

Sean P. Hennessy is Sherwin Williams Chief Financial Officer, and has been in that post since 2001. He also served as the company's treasurer for a year during that period, and has been with the company since 1984. Such solidity and…


Sherwin Williams (2009). Investor relations website. Accessed 31 August 2009. 

Yahoo! Stcok Screener. (2009). "Sherwin Williams." Accessed 31 August 2009. /q?s=SHW&d=t

Training and Development Website Overviews
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It is focused ROI from a training and managerial perspective in that it also integrates performance reviews and general training into ROI assessment debates and information. However, it is not industry-specific, so some trainers might want to also consult message boards specific to the industry they work in, when looking for information.

This board would be useful to consult if, for example, a trainer wished to defend a critical practice or program in danger of being eliminated to upper-level management. Showing that a practice has a strong ROI is one of the most persuasive tools to encourage a policy to be adopted.

Finding out new ways to show ROI would be especially helpful for managers in 'soft skills' areas as sometimes it can be difficult to demonstrate how certain assessment, measurement, and evaluation tools provide a worthy return on the company's investment, based upon the loyalty or efficiency they foster…

Wal-Mart Was the Brainchild of
Words: 2946 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78455517
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03)(7) = 9.26%. A Target four-year has a yield of 4.757%, which corresponds with the higher risk level (A compared to AA) that Target represents over al-Mart. This will be used as Target's cost of debt. The weightings of debt and equity are 69% debt and 31% equity. This gives us a weighted average cost of capital for Target of:

(4.757)(.69) + (9.26)(.31) = 6.15%

Target represents a higher risk level compared to al-Mart. This is reflected in the bond rating, but also is indicated by the higher degree of leverage. Additionally, the overall stronger financial performance of al-Mart hints at a company that should have a lower cost of capital.

11) Appendix E shows the charts of each of these companies for the past three years (MSN Moneycentral, 2009). al-Mart's stock lost some value in 2007 at a time when Target's stock gained value. They tracked each other for…

Works Cited:

Foundations of Financial Management by Block, Stanley, and Hirt, Geoffrey 12th Edition, McGraw-Hill Irwin

Wal-Mart financials from MSN Moneycentral. Retrieved May 6, 2009 from 

Target financials from MSN Moneycentral. Retrieved May 6, 2009 from 

Wal-Mart history from Wal-Mart website. Retrieved May 6, 2009 from

Managerial Finance as of the
Words: 855 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 62398341
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33% on the 2013s; 27.78% on the 2018s 16.67% on the 2028s and 22.2% on the 2038s.

Using market value the weighted-average cost of debt is 6.798%. The weights are 35.42% on the 2013s; 28.39% on the 2018s; 16.14% on the 2028s and 20.03% on the 2038s. Thus, it does make a difference if book or market value weights are used. In this case, the market value weights skew more towards the short maturities, which have the lowest yields. This gives the weighted-average cost of debt for market value weights a slightly lower figure.

5) by book value, the weight for debt is 30.85% and equity 69.45%. This gives a weighted average cost of capital of:

e (Re) + d (Rd) (1 - T) =.6945(9.94) + (.3085)(6.854)(.65) = 8.277%

By market value, the weight for debt is 7.345% and the weight for equity is 92.645%. This gives a weighted average…

Works Cited

Dell Computer Form 10-Q for Quarter ended October 31, 2008. Retrieved December 26, 2008 at

Dell Computer Form 10-K for Year ended February 1, 2008. Retrieved December 26, 2008 at

Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved December 26, 2008 at /q?s=dell

Dell bond rates from FINRA. Retrieved December 26, 2008 at

Ratio Analysis Etc On Apple Inc
Words: 1666 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 54026532
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Apple: atio and SWOT Analysis

Financial Trend Comparison

atio Category: Liquidity atios

In basic terms, liquidity ratios demonstrate a company's ability to settle its obligations (short-term) if and when they fall due. To begin with, from the computations, it is clear that Apple's current ratio has consistently been less than the industry average. Hence for short-term creditors, this could be an issue of concern as the trend increases their risk. Further, a look at the company's cash ratio shows that the firm could have difficulties settling its current obligations if payment for the same was demanded immediately. Generally, most (if not all) the company's relevant liquidity ratios fall below the industry average. Hence going forward, the company could find it hard accessing short-term-credit from creditors.

atio Category: Asset atios

Asset turnover ratios are basically used as pointers of a company's level of efficiency when it comes to asset utilization. Apple's…


Apple (2010). Business Conduct: The Way We Do Business Worldwide. Retrieved November 10, 2011, from:

Morris, M.H., Kuratko, D.F. & Covin, J.G. (2010). Corporate Entrepreneurship & Innovation. Cengage Learning.

Yahoo Finance (2011). Competitors: Direct Competitor Comparison. Retrieved November 10, 2011, from Yahoo Finance website: /q/co?s=AAPL+Competitors

Value A 'suppose Your Bank Account Will Be
Words: 1917 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35136062
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A."Suppose your bank account will be worth $15,000.00 in one year. The interest rate (discount rate) that the bank pays is 7%. What is the present value of your bank account today? What would the present value of the account be if the discount rate is only 4%?"

PV at 7%



With a discount rate of 7.00% of the bank account and a span of 1 year, the projected cash flows of my money are worth $0.07 today, and this is less than the initial $15,000.00. The resulting PV of the $15,000 is $14,018.69,

However, PV at 4%




With a discount rate of 4.00% of my bank account with a span of 1 year, the projected cash flows are worth $0.08 today, which is less than the initial $15,000.00 money in the bank in one year. The resulting PV of the money in the…

SPAM Unwanted Email
Words: 2858 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 23774503
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spam has a rather innocuous and interesting background. The name comes from the Monty Python comedy sketch in which a group of Vikings in a restaurant start singing "Spam, spam, spam, spam, lovely spam! Wonderful spam!" They annoy the waiter who tells them to shut up. The interpretation of the 'action' rather than the meaning of the word itself refers to a repetitive act that annoys. In terms of online communication, this annoyance has developed into a crisis, which has powerful consequences for business in particular. The European Commission recently stated that the problem costs £6.4bn a year in connection charges and lost productivity - the equivalent of £16 per Internet user.

Concern about spam and the affect spam is having on the Internet has reached critical proportions. The general concern about combating the increase in e-mail abuse can be seen in the outpouring of articles on the subject on…


Feste, P. Stiff spam penalties urged. CNET NEWS. April 14, 2004. Accesed 14 Arpril, 2004. 

IWANIW. Accessed 14 April, 2004.

Kotadia, M. Sobig blamed for fourfold rise in spam. ZDNET. December 09, 2003. Accessed 14 march, 2004.,39020375,39118369,00.htm 

Olsen, J. Net's New Year resolution: Outlaw spam. January 3, 2003. Accessed 13 March, 2003. ( ) M

KBR Company Profile KBR Kellogg
Words: 3306 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 82452069
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There is no discussion of physical property rights in the annual report, and no insight is provided into physical property rights in a search of online resources either.

Corporate Social Responsibility Efforts

KBR generally has a poor CSR record. In recent years, the company has become embroiled in a number of scandals relating to its operations in the Middle East in particular. In addition to accusations of shoddy workmanship causing deaths, rape and subsequent cover-up, and human trafficking, the company has also committed environmental violations regarding so-called "burn pits" that contained a number of toxic chemicals to which American soldiers were exposed (ise & Olsen, 2010), has come under fire for essentially embezzling $12 billion (Newton-Small, 2007), and has been charged under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act for bribery in Nigeria (CNN, 2009). Over the past ten years, therefore, there is a profound pattern of lacking any semblance of corporate…

Works Cited:

AFP. (2008). Nepalese man sues KBR on human trafficking charges. AFP. Retrieved February 19, 2011 from

Clanton, B. (2009). KBR profit jumps 40% on acquisition, government contracts. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved February 19, 2011 from 

CNN. (2009). KBR charged with bribing Nigerian officials for contracts. CNN. Retrieved February 19, 2011 from

Cooper, L. (2008). KBR completes $550m acquisition of BE&K. Birmingham Business Journal. Retrieved February 19, 2011 from

Finance Portfolio FedEx Corporation NYSE
Words: 3995 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 62871570
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Target's chart, however, shows that the company has tracked the market and GDP fairly closely, indicating that perhaps it does not trade the way a discount retailer should.

Johnson & Johnson

JNJ is a pharmaceutical and consumer products company. It competes in pharmaceuticals, consumer products in the health and beauty segment and in medical devices. The company was founded in 1886 and today is a multinational conglomerate with operations in 57 countries and with approximately 250 subsidiaries.

To a certain extent, JNJ's product line is price inelastic. Pharmaceutical demand is tied to overall consumer demand and the state of the economy, but not to the same extent that many other consumer products are. As a result, JNJ would be expected to have less significant swings in its stock price relative to the GDP, other macroeconomic indicators, or the Dow Jones. The stock, however, has traded roughly in line with the…

Works Cited:

Yahoo! Finance, various pages. (2009). Retrieved November 25, 2009 from 

Federal Reserve. (2009). Money Stock Measures. Federal Reserve. Retrieved November 25, 2009 from 

Bureau of Economic Analysis. (2009). National Economic Accounts. BEA. Retrieved November 25, 2009 from 

Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2009). Employment Situation Summary. BLS. Retrieved November 25, 2009 from

European Union and United States'
Words: 843 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38551709
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' hile in theory this may seem defensible, in practice it is more questionable to carefully watch every second an employee spends online -- if the employee does a bit of Christmas-shopping online, but is otherwise productive, should this be used against the employee? And cannot such objectionable sites be blocked, without violating employee privacy? hat if the employee uses his or her work email to send one or two brief personal emails -- the time 'theft' is quite minimal, yet so easy to do companies are falling prey to this temptation. And the issues of time theft blurs as employees do more work on their home computers for work -- work is taking over the home and ' private time' already. Yet this also means employees can store secret work-related items that they could store and share, if left unmonitored. Finally, RFID (radio-frequency IDs) in the workplace, which track…

Works Cited

EU data privacy directive. (2009). Privacilla. Retrieved September 17, 2009 at

Wmt Equity the Beta for Wal-Mart According
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MT Equity

The beta for al-Mart, according to MSN Moneycentral, is 0.29. According to Yahoo! Finance the yield to maturity on a Treasury bond that is due 15-Mar-12 is 0.296%. e will assume a market risk premium of 7%. ith these figures, the cost of equity for al-Mart can be calculated using the capital asset pricing model (CAPM):

Ra = RF + ? (Rm -- Rf)

Ra = 0.296 + (.29)(7)

Ra = 2.326%

This cost of equity is lower than I had expected. In general, the cost of equity for a firm is fairly high. The reason why al-Mart has such a low cost of equity is that the company's beta is so low. al-Mart has very little correlation with the broad market, and is not very volatile. As a result, al-Mart's cost of equity is low, because it is much less risky than the market as a whole.…

Works Cited:

MSN Moneycentral: Wal-Mart Stores. (2011). Retrieved March 7, 2011 from 

Yahoo! Finance bond screener. Retrieved March 7, 2011 from

Investopedia. (2011). Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT). Investopedia. Retrieved March 7, 2011 from

MSN Moneycentral 2011 the Beta for Wal-Mart
Words: 646 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70245952
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MSN Moneycentral (2011), the beta for al-Mart (MT) is 0.33. This indicates that the company has a very low degree of correlation with the broader market, and is a less volatile investment than the broad market.

According to Yahoo! Finance (2011), the rate of return on a one-year U.S. Treasury bond is 0.318%. It is assumed that the market risk premium is 7%. This assumption means that the market rate of return is traditionally 7.318%.

The cost of equity for al-Mart is therefore as follows:

Rj = RF + ?j [RM - RF]

Rj = 0.318 + 0.33 (7)

Rj = 0.318 + 2.31

Rj = 2.628%

The cost of equity is lower than I had expected. al-Mart is a more stable company than I had thought. The beta is very low, indicating that al-Mart does not have much volatility. Most companies, especially retailers, struggled during the past recession and…

Works Cited:

Investopedia. (2011). Dividend discount model. Investopedia. Retrieved July 29, 2011 from 

Investopedia. (2011, 2). Arbitrage pricing theory -- APT. Investopedia. Retrieved July 29, 2011 from 

LaMotta, L. (2009). Wal-Mart scoffs at recession. Forbes. Retrieved July 29, 2011 from 

MSN Moneycentral. (2011). Wal-Mart. Retrieved July 29, 2011 from

Toll Brothers Inc Strategic Plan Toll Brothers
Words: 1555 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36807091
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Toll Brothers, Inc. Strategic Plan


This strategic plan is meant to discuss the reimplementation of Toll Brothers, Inc. For 2012. Toll Brothers, Inc. was founded in 1967 and quickly became the leader in luxury homes and land development. In 1986, the company went public with a public offering totaling $40 million. Toll Brothers is currently in 20 states and has acquired numerous building companies including the most recent acquisitions of Cam West and Gibraltar.

Statement of Forward-looking Information

Certain information included in this presentation is forward-looking within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation eform Act of 1995, including, but not limited to, information related to: anticipated operating results; financial resources and condition; selling communities; home deliveries; average home prices; consumer demand and confidence; contract pricing; business and investment opportunities; and market and industry trends.

Such forward-looking information involves important risks and uncertainties that could significantly affect…


Barnes, R. (2011). Economic indicators: housing starts. Retrieved from 

Cooper, F.N. (2011, December 6). Toll Brothers reports 4th qtr fye 2011 result. Yahoo Finance. Retrieved from /news/Toll-Brothers-Reports-4th-Qtr-pz-3516449679.html

Funding Universe. (n.d.). Retrieved from (2011). SWOT Analysis. Retrieved December 1, 2011 from online website:

Dover Corporation Inc According to
Words: 655 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37540739
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While the firm makes certain claims, which are also backed by its annual reports, we need to see how other objective sources discuss the situation at Dover. Do they really believe that Dover has more to gain than lose from its acquisitions? Are their assessments consistent with the thinking and beliefs of top-level managers at Dover? It appears that the news is good for Dover Corporation. The independent sources indicate that the firm has been able to generate considerable cash flow from its various operations and is in a strong position as market leader. It has also been found that cash flow situation improved tremendously between Dec 2005 and June 2006. The table below shows that increase and it has been derived from the following source:

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

Six Months Ended June 30, 2006

Cash Flows from Continuing Operations (in thousands) 2006

Cash Flows Provided by…


1.) Summary of Dover Corporation: Yahoo Business. Retreived online 6th September 2006 at

Alternatives for Organizational Growth Toll Brothers Inc
Words: 1178 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14059723
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Alternatives for Organizational Growth

Toll Brothers, Inc. is a market leader in the U.S. luxury building construction industry. For more than 40 years, Toll Brothers has performed well, even in economic downturns, expanding its geographic markets as the company grew and growth opportunities were presented. Furthermore, Toll Brothers' management has stated that the company intends to concentrate on continually expanding its niche market into additional areas. Meanwhile, six of the "Top 15" states for U.S. median income remain untouched by Toll Brothers and serious consideration of entry into those states should be considered.

Alternative Strategies

The alternative strategies that Toll Brothers should consider to realize growth are entry into the geographical markets of Maryland, Alaska, Hawaii, ashington, Colorado and Utah. Though Toll Brothers have captured 9 of the top 15 geographical markets in the U.S. per median household incomes, the company has made no forays into the remaining 6 states,…

Works Cited

Cooper, F.N. (2011, December 6). Toll brothers reports 4th qtr and FYE 2011 results. Retrieved from Web site: /news/Toll-Brothers-Reports-4th-Qtr-pz-3516449679.html

Funding Universe. (n.d.). Funding Universe. Retrieved from Funding Universe Web site:

Toll Brothers, Inc. (2011, November 9). Powerpoint presentation at UBS building and building products 9th annual CEO conference. Retrieved from Toll Brothers, Inc. Web site:

Toll Brothers, Inc. (n.d.). Frequently asked questions. Retrieved from Toll Brothers, Inc. Web site:

Leadership Research Models of Leadership and Management
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Leadership Research

Models of leadership and management

Comparison and contrast of leadership models

Application of leadership model: Case of Mark Zuckerberg

Table 1- Leadership Table

Leadership Research

Leadership in public and private sector businesses is important for the growth of these businesses. Of late, many researchers have thoroughly investigated the role leadership in promoting businesses. Researchers have also tried to explore the common characteristics of global business leaders that have led their businesses to successful heights. Different models of effective leadership in corporations have also been drafted. One major aspect of leaders being explored in their ability to inspire people surrounding them and use this inspiration to achieve results that could be achieved without having complete trust of followers. While followers might be hard to make for a leader, and yet harder to retain, few researchers have put forth consolidated models of inspirational leaders that effectively make and retain followers.…


Brio, M.M. (2013). Think like Zuck: How Leadership diversity Sparks Innovation. Forbes Magazine. Retrieved from: [ ]

Forbes. (2013). The World's Billionaires: Mark Zuckerberg. Forbes Magazine. Retrieved from: [ ]

Drucker, P.F. (2004). What makes an effective executive? Harvard Business Review, 58-63.

Goffee, R., & Jones, G. (2001). Why Should Anyone Be Led by You? IEEE Engineering Management Review, 29(1), 94-100.