Family Health History it Is Essay

Download this Essay in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Essay:

Those who happen to be disproportionately affected by hypertension according to Elliot (2007) are African-Americans. Family history of BP also plays a prominent role in the prevalence of hypertension. In the words of Elliot (2007), "data consistently indicate that BP levels are hereditable." What this means is that studies have clearly demonstrated that an individual's risk of high blood pressure is largely dependent on whether or not there is a history of hypertension in his or her family.

Other contributing factors in this case include but they are not limited to education, diet, alcohol and tobacco use. Individuals who ingest high amounts of sodium effectively decrease or lower the ability of their bodies to retain fluid. This in turn triggers an increase in their blood pressure. It is also important to note that high levels of alcohol intake have been associated with increased risk of blood pressure. For this reason, it makes great sense for individuals to limit their alcohol intake to recommended amounts. It should however be noted that currently, the exact reason as to why heavy drinkers have a higher risk of developing hypertension than moderate drinkers is still unknown (Blonna, Loschiavo, and Watter, 2011). According to the authors, it has been suggested that the damage alcohol occasions to the muscles of an individual's heart could be responsible for hypertension. In regard to education, Elliot (2007) observes that in the past, hypertension has been closely associated with lower levels of education. However, as the author further points out, BP's association with education could "be explained by differences in diet and in BMI between less well educated and better educated individuals." When it comes to tobacco use, Blonna, Loschiavo, and Watter (2011) point out that chemicals present in tobacco have been shown to damage a smoker's artery walls. This according to the authors causes the arteries of a smoker to accumulate significant deposits of fat containing cholesterol plaques. A prominent chemical constituent of tobacco, nicotine as Blonna, Loschiavo, and Watter (2011) point out has also been associated with blood vessel constriction.

In regard to my family, a number of risk factors identified above may be at play. The first risk factor likely to be at play in this case is genetics. As I have already pointed out above, a number of studies have clearly indicated that hypertension tends to run in families. For this reason, given my family's history of hypertension, it is likely that many more members of the family are at high risk of high blood pressure. Next, quite a good number of members of my family are smokers. Smoking as I have also pointed out in the text above increases an individual's likelihood of having hypertension. Although they cannot be categorized as heavy drinkers, a good number of my relatives also take alcohol. Four of those in my family having hypertension are also past the age of 75. Three of these are women. This is largely in consistence with findings to the effect that the risk of hypertension increases with age. It is also important to note that most members of my family are in professions that do not involve much physical activity, i.e. banking and teaching. Perhaps, as a result of their inactivity, quite a good number of my family members could be regarded overweight. As I have already pointed out elsewhere in this text, sedentary lifestyles have been blamed for increased risk of hypertension. Further, obesity is another well-known risk factor for hypertension. In the final analysis, these factors join to increase my family's predisposition to high blood pressure.

The relevance of identifying and reducing the risks of hypertension identified in this text cannot be overstated. This is more so the case given that individuals with hypertension also tend to be at a higher risk of developing a myriad of other health complications including but not limited to stroke, kidney failure, and heart disease (Blonna, Loschiavo, and Watter, 2011). For this reason, I remain convinced that as a health professional, I have an obligation to work with my family in an attempt to reduce or bring down the risk of hypertension in the family. The first step I could take in this case is to advise my family members to embrace physical exercise. Aerobic type exercises would in this case come in handy as they seek to keep their body weight in check. Secondly, I could elect to encourage those in my family who smoke to cease the habit as it leaves them more exposed to high blood pressure. This is more so the case given the harmful effects of some of the chemicals found in tobacco.

Although moderate alcohol intake has not been linked to hypertension, members of my family would be better advised to stop taking alcohol altogether especially given that they are already exposed to hypertension given the family history of the same. Those who find it particularly challenging to "quit the bottle" must ensure that they stick to the recommended levels of alcohol intake. Women according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010) must not exceed a single drink per day. On the other hand, men must limit the alcoholic drinks they take per day to two (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010). Diet is yet another issue members of my family need to focus on. In addition to ensuring that they lower or reduce their intake of sodium or salt in their diet, it would also be prudent for them to enhance their potassium intake. According to the American Heart Foundation (2012), the inclusion of natural sources of potassium in the diet helps in the control of blood pressure. According to the authors, potassium is particularly effective when it comes to lessening sodium effects (American Heart Foundation, 2012).


American Heart Foundation. (2012, April 4). Potassium and High Blood Pressure. Retrieved April 23, 2013, from:

Blonna, R., Loschiavo, J. & Watter, D.N. (2011). Health Counseling: A Microskills Approach for Counselors, Educators, and School Nurses (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). How to Prevent High Blood Pressure. Retrieved April 25, 2013, from:

Elliot, W.J. (2007). Clinical Hypertension: A Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Health Sciences.

U.S. National Library of Medicine/National Institutes of Health. (2013,…[continue]

Cite This Essay:

"Family Health History It Is" (2013, April 29) Retrieved December 4, 2016, from

"Family Health History It Is" 29 April 2013. Web.4 December. 2016. <>

"Family Health History It Is", 29 April 2013, Accessed.4 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Health Care it Health Care Information Technology

    Health Care IT Health Care Information Technology The days of paper-based records in health care are fading. It is widely believed that the broad adoption of clinical applications such as computerized physician order entry (CPOE) can lead to major health care savings, help eliminate medical errors, and improve healthcare outcomes for patients (Lynn, 2011). Because of such benefits, the Obama administration included automated adoptions in health care as a part of its

  • Health History Examination Fundamental in Adult Care

    Health History Examination FUNDAMENTAL IN ADULT CARE Individual Client Health History Examination of an Older Adult Client/Patient Initials LNP Sex: F. Age Occupation: free-lance researcher- journalist Health History/Review of Systems Neurological System -- the patient seldom suffers headaches or dizziness. She has no difficulty speaking or swallowing. She only takes vitamin and mineral supplements on a daily basis. She sits long hours before a computer because of her work, however. And thus experiences numbness in the

  • Health History This Health History Involves the

    Health History This health history involves the health needs and characteristics of a 23-year-old Caucasian male. Reason for Care The reason this patient is seeking care is multi-fold. He bears all the signs of an intravenous drug user and has an infection in his arm, clearly from injecting substances into his body with unclean needles or in unsanitary manners. The patient demonstrates an extreme shortness of breath, dry mouth, constricted pupils and

  • Health Promotion

    Nursing Exercise The health promotion model was initially created by Nola J. Pender and her concept was to be a matching complement to other models of health protection. The model helps define ways to increase health through living in a complete healthy atmosphere that is also disease free. The goal is to help individuals live more in harmony with themselves. This model tells the many aspects of a person's nature through his

  • Telemedicine Healthcare it Telemedicine Is

    Patients also benefit as they can now access healthcare and treatment without having to visit the hospital physically. Telemedicine is cost effective as patients reduce their visits to hospitals. A hospital visit will involve travelling, and having to wait in lines for long hours, but using telemedicine a patient can record their symptoms and forward them to the healthcare professional. The patient will then continue with their daily routine as

  • Female Health History Interview Biographical Data Born

    Female Health History Interview Biographical Data Born: July 15, 1961 in Denver, Colorado Age Gender: Female Marital Status: Widow Occupation: Writer Race/Ethnic Origin: Caucasian (European) Employer: Self-Employed Source and Reliability: Phyllis is honest and her information is reliable Reason for Seeking Care: She has several health issues that concern her Present Health or History of Present Illness: She is overweight and has high blood pressure Past Health In general Phyllis has been healthy but she has had high cholesterol, skin cancer, a peptic

  • Assessing Measures for Evaluating Patient Health History

    nursing . I requesting NURSING KNOWLEDGE ON COMPREHENSIVE HEALTH HISTORY TAKING TECHNIQUES on PATIENTS TO PLEASE DO THIS WORK. PLEASE INCLUDE CITED SOURCES IN THIS ESSAY. PREPARE THIS ESSAY ACCORDING TO APA GUIDELINES. Comprehensive Health History Taking Techniques on Patients Patient's health history stands out as paramount towards patient's treatment despite all the advances resulting to technological sophistication in medicine practices (Lloyd & Craig, 2007). In the recent past, medical advances

Read Full Essay
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved