Pepsico Annual Report Analysis Company Overview Pepsi Essay

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PepsiCo Annual Report Analysis

Company Overview

Pepsi Beverages Company (PBC) is a global beverage company popularly known as PepsiCo. The company operates in several countries in North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa and Middle East. Founded in 1898, the company operates with diverse portfolios, which include some of the world's widely recognized brands such as Pepsi, Dr. Pepper, Mountain Dew, Aquafina, Lipton, Muscle Milk and ROCKSTAR.

Objective of this paper is to carry out the analysis of PepsiCo annual report. The paper uses 2012 and 2011 financial data for the analysis.

Analysis of PepsiCo Annual Report

Answer to Question 1.

The amount of PepsiCo property and equipment on the company balance sheet for the 2012 and 2011 are $19.1 Billion and $19.69 Billion respectively. The amount of the depreciation expenses are $2.48 Billion in 2012 and $2.47 Billion in 2011. Amount of cash flow relating to depreciation was $2.68 billion in 2012 and $2.73 Billion in 2011. Table 1 presents the overall answers to question 1.

Table 1

PepsiCo ($Million)



Property, Plant and Equipment (Net)



Depreciation Expenses






"Amounts on the cash flow relating gains and sales of property and equipment."



"Amount of cash flow relating to Depreciation"



"Amounts permitted for inclusion in the capitalized cost of property and equipment"



2. The individual components of property and equipment are as follows:

Answer to Question 2



Land and Improvements



Buildings and Improvements



"Machinery and equipment (Including fleet and Software)"



Construction in progress






Accumulated Depreciation





Depreciation expenses



The company accounts for nonmonetary disposition and exchange of property and equipment based on the fair value of the property and equipment. By using fair value, the company recognizes the gain or loss immediately.

3. Yes, the company has intangible assets. The company intangible assets are as follows:

Answer to Question 3

Intangible assets ($Millions)



Net Amortizable Intangible Assets.



Non-amortizable intangible assets




"Other non-amortizable intangible assets"



Total Non-amortizable Intangible Assets



Amortization expense

Amount of the most recent cash flow statement that relates to the purchase and sale of intangible assets was $900 Million, which relates to the acquisition of distribution and manufacturing rights from DPSG in 2010.

Amortization expense for 2012 fiscal year was $119 Million while amortization expense for 2011 fiscal year $133 Million.

The intangible assets differ from property and equipment because property and equipment are tangible assets, which are the assets that an individual can see and feel. However, intangible assets are assets that nobody can see, and lack physical substance; however, they provide long-term benefit to the company. The intangible assets are the assets that the company has acquired over the years. Example of intangible asset is Goodwill. The costs of intangible assets are called amortization. The cost of intangible is the allocation of expenses to the assets during assets useful life. The straight-line method is used to amortize intangible assets. PepsiCo net cost of intangible assets for 2012 fiscal year was $1.78 Billion. While the net cost of intangible assets for 2011 fiscal year was $1.88 Billion.

Answer to Question 4

4. Yes, PepsiCo has goodwill. Over the years, PepsiCo has developed brand names under the PepsiCo. The company also develops its brand by acquisitions, business combination and these brands are recorded as goodwill. The company determines the fair values of its brand through product life cycles, consumer awareness and amount of future cash flow. PepsiCo believes that goodwill and perpetual brands are not amortized and could be assessed annually for their impairment.

The company evaluates goodwill "using a two-step impairment test at the reporting unit level. A reporting unit can be a division or business within a division. The first step is to compare the book value of a reporting unit, including goodwill, with its fair value, as determined by its discounted cash flows. Discounted cash flows are primarily based on growth rates for sales and operating profit which are inputs from annual long-range planning process." (PepsiCo, 2012 P5).

By December 29, 2012, the worth of the company goodwill was $31.7 billion, which was primarily related to the acquisitions of PAS, PBG, and WBD. The table below reveals the disclosure of the company goodwill.

Answer to Question 4

Disclosure of PepsiCo Goodwill and Intangible Assets ($Millions)



Acquired franchise rights

Reacquired franchise rights




Other identifiable intangibles

Gross Amortizable intangible assets,



Accumulated amortization



Net Amortizable intangible assets,



Reacquired franchise rights



Acquired franchise rights







"Other nonamortizable intangible assets"



Other intangible assets






Intangible assets



Answer to Question 5

5. PepsiCo uses the straight line to calculate the depreciation, and the company plant, property, and equipment is recorded at historical cost. The range of estimated useful live of the company assets was 14 years in 2012 fiscal year and 13 years for 2011 fiscal year. As being revealed in the table below, estimated useful life of the company assets slightly increase from 2011 to 2012.

PepsiCo Plant, Property, and Equipment Ratios




Average age




Estimated useful life (years)




Estimated age, and time elapsed since purchase (years)




Estimated total remaining life (years)




Typically, the company recognizes the depreciation of tangible assets using a straight-line basis over the asset useful life cycle. On the other hand, the intangible assets are amortized. The company depreciation and amortization for 2012 fiscal year was $2.68 Billion and $2.7 Billion in 2011. The company does not use the same depreciation methods for tax returns and financial statements. The company uses deferred tax assets that represent credit in on tax returns and tax deduction for future year. The company establishes valuation of assets based on deferred assets. "Deferred tax liabilities generally represent tax expense recognized in the financial statements for which payment has been deferred, or expense for which have already taken a deduction in the tax return but have not yet recognized as expense in the financial statements" (PepsiCo 2012, P 3). The company income tax expenses are presented below:

PepsiCo Inc. Income Tax Expense ($Million)

Dec 29, 2012

Dec 31, 2011

U.S. Federal






U.S. Federal









Provision for income taxes



Answer to Question 6

6. Impairment is a reduction in a company capital. In other word, impairment is a reduction of par value of a company stock. In 2012, PepsiCo incurs a restructuring charge of $279 million equivalent of $0.14 per share in conjunction to the company Productivity Plan. In 2011, the company also incurred restructuring charges of $383 million equivalent of $0.18 per share. All the expenses represent asset impairment; severance related costs to the company and recorded in the company general, selling, and administrative expenses. "The amount of impairment loss is equal to the excess of the book value of the goodwill over the implied fair value of that goodwill." (PepsiCo 2012, P50). The company assesses its goodwill and perpetual brands annually, and the company recognizes the impairment loss if the amount of perpetual brand is greater that its fair value as being determined by discounted cash flows. The company evaluates goodwill based on a two-step impairment test. The first step is to compare the company goodwill with its fair value as being determined by discounted cash flows. If the book value is greater than fair value, the second step is used to calculate the impairment loss.

Answer to Question 7

7. Current liabilities are the short-term obligations that a company needs to settle within one year. PepsiCo current liabilities are recorded in the balance sheet. The company current liabilities are as follows:

Short-term obligations

Accounts payable & other current liabilities

Income taxes payable

The overall amount of the company current liabilities is presented in the table below:

PepsiCo Current Liabilities ($Million)



Short-term obligations



Accounts payable & other current liabilities



Income taxes payable

Total Current Liabilities



The company does not have contingent liabilities. Contingent liabilities are liabilities that a company may incur based on the outcome of a future event such as court case. The three categories of contingent liabilities are:

Probable: showing that a future event is likely to occur.

Reasonable Possible: The chance of future event likely to occur is less than probable and more than remote.

Remote: The chance of future event occurring is remote.

Answer to Question 8

8. The company long-term liabilities at the end of the 2011 and 2012 fiscal years were categorized as long-term debt obligation, deferred income taxes and other liabilities. The company long-term debt obligations were $23.5 Billion at the end of 2012 fiscal year and $20.5 Billion in…[continue]

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