Afterlife Essays

Filter results by:


View Full Essay

Homer and Virgil Essay

Words: 355 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69200133

afterlife in two philosophers' representations. Specifically, it will explain and compare conceptions and representations of the afterlife in Homer and Virgil.

Homer and Virgil

Homer and Virgil both described Hades and their versions of the afterlife in their works, and they were far different views. In Homer's Hades, the area looks much like Earth, but it is barren and twisted, the geography is definitely warped and there is little scenery, it is more like a dreamland. Homer sees suffering far differently than Virgil. His residents of Hades do not really seem to suffer much, although he does indicate some tortures inflicted on some poor souls. Mostly, his Hades is filled with people who are there because of personal trials and tribulations, and the Devil does not deem it necessary to place them on display as a warning to others. Virgil's view of Hades is more traditional, with fire erupting out of the River Styx, and a massive gate barring entry (or exit). In addition, Virgil's underworld is also devoid of individuality, which is quite frightening…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Satyricon Litterae Thesaurum Est the Essay

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14510414


As a result of their religious beliefs, even though not routinely practiced, the Romans, by contemporary standards, were highly superstitious. Tri-malchio routinely took extreme precautions to attempt to ward away bad luck. On the other hand, Encolpius appears less superstitious, in fact, sarcastic in regard to the posting of a slave to ensure no one trips over the dining room threshold (sec. 30) (Ruden, 2000, p. 169). Animal sacrifice, another religious practice in/or Roman religion, reportedly helped secure divine favor in exchange of a gift. The animal sacrifice was generally an inedible piece of the animal. Sometimes the religious person would withhold his gift until he was assured he had his gift or that it was on the way. Encolpius, for example, does not automatically make a sacrifice, but names animals he will sacrifice to Priapus "once he gets his virility back (sec. 133)" (Ruden, 2000, p. 169). When he regains his manhood, Encolpius, proclaims: "The great gods of higher heaven it is have made me a man again!." When one received what he had petitioned the gods for, he as Encolpius, would readily attribute credit to them.

During particular set aside times of the year, those who were religious, developed general benevolence on the part of particular deities. Basically, however, although ancient ritual initially evolved strong emotions and deeply held convictions, the religion portrayed in this account revealed the religion to depict the act of doing, not personally believing. A number of Ro-mans were not, as presented in The Satyricon, were not devout in their belief in the gods, yet they con-tinued ritual observance as others apparently did; failing to recognize any con-flict existed.

Religion Not Regularly Practiced

From historical accounts, along with the demonstrations in The Satyricon. Romans and early Christians were on different wave-lengths in regard to religion. Christianity, then as now, favored belief over performances/practices without belief. During the story, from abundance of rude, crude behaviors, it appeared that most people portrayed in the…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Mediumship in His Trade Book Essay

Words: 1253 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43015139

Schwartz happens to be a Gemini, but John had a one in twelve chance of getting that one right. John continues to take stabs at guessing more about Gary Schwartz's family, guesses that are completely and probably deliberately vague. Not only could the mediums be making wild and general guesses but they could have also acquired information through traditional sources or nonverbal cues. For example, the medium might have known beforehand that Schwartz's birthday fell during the Gemini month, and that his mother's name contained the letter "S" in it. Barring such obvious fraud, guesswork seems as plausible an explanation as any other.

Schwartz fields accusations of fraud at several points in his book. One of his rebuttals is that "mediums need not be perfect," they just have to be better than everyone else (54). In fact, Schwartz designed all of his studies with this premise in mind, using a control group of mostly undergraduate students who had no mediumship experience. Schwartz claims that "mediums are neither frauds nor freaks," and that the experiments presented in the book proves this is that case.

Hyman states that a true control group would more closely resemble the mediums; they would have had similar life experiences and similar demographics. Although Schwartz conducted a series of experiments, each more strident than the next, only the last experiment he conducted was a double-blind study. Schwartz boasts about his double-blind study, indicating that if it doesn't prove the existence of life after death, nothing will. In the double-blind study, Schwartz claims that there was no possibility for sensory leakage or any other potential flaw in the research design.

Hyman, however, accuses Schwartz of "just another blatant attempt to snatch victory out of the jaws of defeat," stating that the author twisted and spun negative results to make them appear positive, and that the results were no better than chance. Hyman further notes that Schwartz's studies and their results are deliberately vague and far too simple to be taken seriously by the scientific community.

Schwartz's ultimate response to critics such as Hyman rests on…… [Read More]

Hyman, Ray. "How Not to Test Mediums: Critiquing the Afterlife Experiments." Sceptical Inquirer. Jan 2003. Published online by Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal. Retrieved 26 Nov 2004.

Schwartz, Gary. The Afterlife Experiments. New York: Pocket, 2002.
View Full Essay

Differentiating Between Religions Essay

Words: 1954 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48854000

Religious Studies

The world's spiritual traditions and religious practices have major groupings. However, in these groupings there is no uniformity of practice. Various religions have different culture and ways of practice. This practice began in the 18th century as developing civilized societies. Different cultures of the world have had an influence on the religious beliefs of the people. For example, Hinduism borrows from the Indian culture, Islam from Muslim culture and Taoism from particular cultures in china. Traditionally, scholars of religion recognized the fact that, different religious beliefs have the same philosophy of searching for the truth. It may argue that religion is an act of worship given to God irrespective of religion.

Overview of Christianity and Islam

Christianity as a religion teaches salvation from sin. The religion also teaches issues of eternal life, physical death as well as the resurrection of Jesus Christ the messiah. The religion began as a missionary religion to its current widespread all over the world. Christians use the bible as their religious book. The bible has two parts, one representing the old, and the other the New Testament (Voorst, 2006). The New Testament came into use after the death of Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ's teachings, therefore, have tremendous effect on current church rituals, teachings, ethics, and the organization of different missions. Although different Christian denominations exist, the important thing that all such denominations share is the New Testament. Christians differ in terms of their language, organization, method of teaching and culture all over the world.

Islam as a religion confesses, "There is no God but God." The religions further proclaim Mohamed as the prophet of God. Believers of this religion perceive Muhammad as a prophet who came to spread Islam. The act of this religion teaches on obedience and submission to only one God. Muslims throughout history belief that angel Gabriel revealed to Muhammad the Qur'an for a period of 20 years (Voorst, 2006). Since the Qur'an is the word spoken by God through Prophet Muhammad,…… [Read More]

Van Voorst, R.E. (2006). Anthology of world scriptures. Belmont: Cengage Learning.
View Full Essay

Egyptian Art Glory in Death Essay

Words: 1794 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82216989

On viewing extensive amounts of Egyptian art, the similarities between the subjects and styles is somewhat astounding to a Western eye, which is more trained to notice the different signs of individual artists. It easily becomes clear that though the Egyptians saw aesthetic value in art and material things, most of the artwork they left behind -- especially in tombs and funerary chapels -- serve a much higher purpose through representation.

Mummification is only the most prominent sign of the Egyptians' beliefs regarding the after life and the preparations necessary for it. Their art was consumed with the same ideals, and in many ways their culture could be said to be a sort of death cult -- this life was primarily used to celebrate and represent the next.… [Read More]

Applegate, Melissa Littlefield. The Egyptian Book of Life. Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications Inc., 2000.

David, Ann Rosalie. The Experience of Ancient Egypt. New York: Routledge, 2000.
View Full Essay

Hume and the Lack of a Causal Essay

Words: 1750 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19784168

Hume and the Lack of a Causal Link Between Our Known Experiences and the Existence of a Supreme Being

The "here and now": That is what concerns David Hume. There is simply no value in discussing such amorphous intangibles as one can infer from "the course of nature." More precisely, humans -- of them, philosophers -- cannot and should not be enticed to "regulate" their "conduct" by parameters such as the afterlife or God. Hume grounds his thinking in causality -- specifically the lack of causal link between "the experienced train of events" and the existence of a perfect being.

To understand Hume's view that contemplations of God are "uncertain and useless," one has to begin with Hume's philosophical methods. Hume is an empiricist philosopher. Hume works to bring the rigors of scientific methodology to the otherwise more fluid process of philosophical reasoning. The critical lynchpin here is Hume's distinction between matters of fact and relations of ideas.

Hume explains that anything one can say about the world is a matter of fact -- as in, experiences. However, these matters of fact can be denied without contradiction, as someone else's experiences are entirely different. Relations of ideas can teach us about mathematical or scientific truths and principles but cannot teach us about ourselves, the existence of an external world or afterlife, or God. Hume's belief here differs starkly from rationalist philosophers'.

That is why Hume distrusts arguments for God's existence based on causality. Hume writes, "The great source of our mistake in this subject, and of the unbounded license of conjecture, which we indulge, is, that we tacitly consider ourselves, as in the place of the Supreme Being, and conclude that he will, on every occasion, observe the same conduct, which we ourselves, in his situation, would have embraced as reasonable and eligible." (100)

This is not so at all, according to Hume. We only know facts and experiences; we cannot extrapolate from them to predict future experiences or happenings. To use his example, just because an observer sees a half-finished building with bricks and mortar around it, one cannot assume that the building will…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Solaris God and Ineffability the Essay

Words: 1420 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56581753

It can be argued that they have no way of knowing the outcome of their reactions. And indeed, nor does Chris. What differentiates Chris from the rest of the crew is the love he feels for Rheya. Love in the end is the essential force that enables him to forgive both Rheya and himself, and in the end love both redeems and kills him. This dichotomy furthers the ineffability of both death and the god force symbolized by Solaris.

Chris chooses to remain on the doomed station rather than face further life without Rheya on earth. He has no way of knowing what the outcome will be and most likely believes that he will simply die. His "redemption" is therefore not based upon faith, but rather upon the love emotion. Emotion in this case takes the place of faith in redemptive force. Furthermore, his "afterlife" entails life with his love rather than a religious god force. As such, Chris's love comes to symbolize the deepest force of contemporary humanity. Love redeems humanity from its sinful coldness and cruelty towards each other. It redeems Chris from his unforgiving and inexcusable reactions that led to Rheya's death. Furthermore, both Chris and Rheya receive a second life in their essence as beings created from their own memories. Some may argue that this is no life at all; that they are merely ghosts of their former selves. This is true, but the counter-argument might also hold: Rheya was physically dead, and Chris was emotionally so. In their afterlife, they survive on much better terms than they would have had Chris made the choice for physical life. They are happy and surrounded by their love.

3) the film therefore appears to elevate love to the level formerly occupied by religious faith. The actions and emotions behind Chris's love is what ultimately redeems both himself and Rheya. There are no scriptures or formal leaders to help Chris come to his conclusions. The foundations of his afterlife only becomes clear…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Allah and Brahman Perhaps the Essay

Words: 1894 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89442419

Modern Protestantism tends more to suggest that salvation is purely the work of God, and that the human need only accept salvation and all past and present sins will be forgiven, requiring them to do nothing more to be saved. In this schema, good works are merely acts of devotion. In either case, the death of Christ provides forgiveness for sins, and the soul which has been forgiven is upon death taken into heaven where it is purified and allowed to live eternally in luxury thereafter. The only downside, here, is that one has only one life in which to accept Christ. Anyone failing to do so in that time, is sentenced to never-ending punishment and pain.

The Buddhist idea or Enlightenment, on the other hand, leads to a Nirvana which is the cessation of pain and suffering and one-ness with the universe. This enlightenment comes from the individual learning how to let go of attachments and slowly come to perceive the pattern of the universe and aligning him or herself with it. Being righteous is not a requirement for Enlightenment, rather it is an affect of it -- as one is aligned with the pattern and becomes detached, one begins to behave righteously. This path to Enlightenment is not one upon which anyone can be helped by an outside savior, and hence it may take many lifetimes before the soul understands it. (Robinson, "Comparison of Buddhism and Christianity")… [Read More]

Chandra, Summet. "Allah and Krishna are the Same Person." Prabhupada Hare Krishna News Network,

Names of Paradise," Al-Islam.
View Full Essay

Religion Anselm Aquinas and Hume Essay

Words: 2500 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24187463

Thus, Sam argues that although the world often seems unjust (and is filled with innumerable instances of evil), yet P. is solved through the belief that every condition (good, in this case) necessitates an equal and opposite condition (evil, as it were.) However, Gretchen counters by asking whether those who behave in an evil way are ever punished for their transgressions, and whether there is any motivation for people to not simply act in their own best interests, whether or not this involves behaving in an immoral manner. Sam's rejoinder appeals to the afterlife as the site in which the importance of morality becomes manifest: "But the doctrine of an afterlife, in whatever form, says that this isn't the whole story" (47). However, Sam disregards the fact that God is purported to pardon many sinners, which would ostensibly mean that he regularly pardons instances of injustice.

The dialogue between Sam and Gretchen involves the attempt to locate God's existence empirically, with some indexical proof that he has removed injustice from the world. However, this is ultimately impossible, which is why the book does not constitute a successful attempt proving His existence. However, if Sam had read Anselm, he might have been able to use the material gleaned from the Proslogion to respond to problem P. Specifically, Anselm does not attempt to prove God's existence through attempting to locate indexical ways in which he has affected the world. Rather, Anselm argues that because God represents a greater figure than anything that can be conceived, He must exist. Anselm states that when discussing God, everyone knows who He is, even without any empirical proof scientifically testifying to his presence. Thus, the very fact that God is so enigmatic only strengthens the argument that he exists.

Anselm 9 and 10 would be particularly helpful to Sam in his attempt to convince Gretchen. In 9, Anselm states that:

Truly, then, you are compassionate even because you are just. Is, then, your compassion born of your justice? And do you spare the wicked, therefore, out of justice? If this is true, my Lord, if this is true, teach me how it is. Is it because it is just, that you should be so good that you can not be conceived better; and that you should work so powerfully that you can not be conceived more powerful? For what can be more just…… [Read More]

Anselm. Proslogium. Trans. S.N. Deane. Internet History Sourcebook. Fordham University, Aug. 1998. 10 Sep. 2012. Retrieved from

Aquinas, T. Summa of Theology. Trans. B.P. Copenhaver. Publisher Unknown, 2005.
View Full Essay

Dante One of the Great Ironies of Essay

Words: 1556 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62615346


One of the great ironies of Dante's Inferno is the centrality of earth-bound fame, moral reputation, praise and blame. The importance of reputation would seem to contradict Virgil's efforts in leading Dante through Purgatory to impart a more meaningful moral message. Yet it is important to remember that Dante travels alive; Virgil's lessons are instructive in a direct and practical manner. Dante ascertains life lessons from those he encounters in the afterlife, so that he may improve his prospects for earthbound fame. The importance of fame seems paradoxical when considered in light of the transitory nature of existence. However, Purgatory presents the consequences of a poor public relations scheme. Investment in moral reputation has the potential to strengthen The Divine Comedy's overarching pretensions, by linking the importance of one's earthly life to the life beyond.

Dante makes it clear that reputation does not necessarily have to be pristine to be good; in fact, it is far better to have a bad reputation than no reputation at all. For example, in Canto III:

"This miserable fate Suffer the wretched souls of those, who lived / Without or praise or blame, with that ill band Of angels mix'd, who nor rebellious proved, Nor yet were true to God, but for themselves Were only," (lines 35-38).

Those who "lived without praise or blame" suffer a particularly "miserable fate," and are described as "wretched souls." What Dante means by this is that neutrality and mediocrity are signs of a spiritual sickness. It is as if the person is dead inside, if someone lives "without praise or blame." That person would have gone through life asleep, not awake and dead to the vicissitudes that challenge one to reach the pinnacle of human existence.

It is ironic that a journey through Purgatory to teach a spiritual lesson, and…… [Read More]

Alighieri, Dante. Inferno. Retrieved online: 
View Full Essay

Roman Catholicism According to Many Essay

Words: 3414 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31312233

Catholic Philosophy

Unlike some other Christian faiths, Catholics can approach the concept of evolution from a scientific standpoint. For example, Catholics can believe in evolution as a scientific hypothesis which "seeks to determine the historical succession of the various species of plants and of animals on our earth... [and, which] does not consider the present species of plants and of animals as forms directly created by God." (Knight). However, this scientific theory does not concern itself with determining the origin of life, and leaves room for people to believe that life originated with a supreme being. Therefore, the scientific theory of evolution is not incompatible with Catholicism, with regards to plants and non-human animal life. However, Catholics believe in the creation of man by God, and do not believe that man could have evolved from brute animals, because, unlike other animals, humans have souls. (Knight).

Catholicism, like many of the major world religions, should be a lived religion. According to Catholics, their religion is integral to the purpose of life: "Catholics believe that the purpose of life is to have life and have it more abundantly. For this reason we follow to love God with all your heart, mind and soul and your neighbour as yourself." (the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane). A central reason for existence is to "learn to love ourselves and others as God loves us...In this way, we are gradually transformed into persons who can live and love like God does, becoming ready to live and love with God forever, which brings about an internal change and a conscious relationship with God." (the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane).

Who is Catholic?

Catholicism is a very widespread religion. In fact, the Catholic Church is the world's largest religious body. (

Many nations are composed almost entirely of Catholics. These nations include Vatican City, Ireland, Luxembourg, Brazil, Mexico, the Philippines, Italy, France, Spain, Poland, Columbia, and Argentina. ( The United States, which many think of as a protestant country, is over one-quarter Catholic. ( Because the Catholic Church is so vast, it is impossible to give a profile of the average Catholic. In the United States, devout Catholics run the gamut from recent impoverished Hispanic immigrants along the Mexican-American border to the powerful and wealthy Kennedy family.…… [Read More]

Resources: "The Largest Catholic Communities." Largest Religious Communities. 2005. 13 Aug. 2008 .
View Full Essay

Learn'so Little About These Ancient Eastern Essay

Words: 582 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5086656

learn so little about these ancient Eastern civilizations?

Ancient Greece and Rome are often called the cradles of modern, Western civilization. Greece 'gave birth' to democracy and major philosophic and scientific ideas spanning from the concept of atoms to geometry. Once upon a time, all roads famously lead to Rome, reflecting the importance of Rome in shaping the landscape of the modern globe. But simply because these civilizations were so important in shaping our own worldview does not mean we should discount the contribution of the East.

The recent excavation site of the Dadiwan relics of Qin'an at the Gansu Province is a demonstration of the richness of the early civilizations of the area. The archeological site has yielded some of the earliest findings of agriculture and pottery ever discovered, pushing back the date of the discovery of millet to a far earlier time than originally assumed. New evidence of the existence of the Chinese writing system, elaborate palace-style constructions, and concrete floors are some of the other major findings of the site. In contrast to the hunting, gathering, and relatively transient lifestyle of the Anglos and the Saxons, the inhabitants of the Gansu Province had created a thriving and complex settled civilization.

The reasons for the lack of adequate study of this period of Eastern civilization may not be entirely due to a Eurocentric bias within the school system. Because so many of the ancient Western civilizations were conquered by the Romans and became part of a larger empire, they became much more 'connected' to a larger community than those of the Eastern world, which was not in a constant, extended dialogue with the West. The difficulty of interpreting the textual meaning of the relics without a Chinese…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Typology in Christianity the Author of This Essay

Words: 2483 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22988965

Typology in Christianity

The author of this report is reviewing typology in Christianity with a strong focus on a few particular dimensions. Typology, for the purposes of Christianity, is the translation and transition between the Old Testament and New Testament. Indeed, the different faiths that center on the traditional Christian God usually (but not always) rely on the Bible, or at least part of it, with some sects focusing mainly or solely on the Old Testament while other sects or groups do the same thing with the New Testament. Obviously, since both Testaments are part of the same Holy Bible, it is important to look into how they are connected and how that connection, and the church itself, has evolved over the years. A focus on how typology was done, different groups that engaged in it like the Alexandrin school and the overall history from the time of the Apostles, which paralleled the time of Jesus and a short time thereafter, through the pre-Reformation in the 1500's AD will be assessed and described.

Many historians differ greatly on a lot of the facets of Christianity. Some assert that Christianity did not even exist until the first century AD while others concede clearly that Jesus did in fact exist as a man but perhaps question what is true about him above and beyond his existence. Even if one keep the historical spats about Christianity only within the believers, it is clear that there is a huge divergence between Jews, Muslims and even different sects of Christianity. These internal spats have gone on en masse for more than five centuries and perhaps nothing short of the Bible-foreshadowed Second Coming will answer any of the questions involved to any Christian's, Jew's or Muslim's satisfaction. A lot of (but not all) of the bloodlust that has occurred regarding this dynamic and situation has ended but still stains history (like the Crusades) but a great deal of progress has been made. However, the aforementioned debates still rage on and they shall remain that way for the foreseeable future.

Chapter II - Old Testament vs.…… [Read More]

Barna, G. (1983). Typology offers perspectives on growing Christian market. Marketing News, 17(19), 12.

Brent, Allen. 2009. A Political History of Early Christianity. London: T & T. Clark, 2009. eBook Academic Collection (EBSCOhost), EBSCOhost (accessed September 30, 2013).
View Full Essay

Life After Death From Plato to the Present Essay

Words: 1920 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86814150

Life After Death

Is there such a thing as life after death? This is a question which has attracted the attention of philosophers, scientists, and religions for centuries. The difficulty with the question of life after death is that there exists no genuine persuasive proof on the question one way or another: attempts to prove the phenomenon are seldom universally persuasive. In examining some realms in which the question of life after death has been approached -- by philosophy (exemplified by Socrates and Plato), and by science in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries (exemplified by Sir Oliver Lodge) and by contemporary research (focusing on near-death experience) -- I hope to demonstrate that the persistence of belief in life after death remains, because the alternative is unappealing to the majority of people.

We must first consider the question from the standpoint of philosophy. In philosophical terms, life after death is generally considered a matter of faith rather than evidence. There is no undisputed proof that such a thing as life after death exists -- instead it is mostly a question of faith, which is (as the New Testament puts it) the "evidence of things unseen." From the standpoint of philosophical investigation, all questions related to life after death are speculative: death is not something which can be subjectively experienced by the self and described afterward. This has not stopped various philosophers from endorsing the idea of the immortality of the soul and even attempting to make arguments for it. Socrates, in Plato's dialogue Phaedo from ancient Greece in the fifth century B.C., offers several different arguments supporting the notion that the soul somehow survives death. One of the most fascinating arguments concerns how the mind itself works -- the mind is capable of imagining all kinds of idealized concepts (perfect justice, perfect beauty, perfect geometrical forms) that do not exist in nature or in reality. Socrates suggests that these idealized conceptions are part of a set of knowledge that exists prior to…… [Read More]

Alexander, E. (2012). Proof of heaven: A neurosurgeon's journey into the afterlife. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Beauregard, M. (2012). Brain wars: The scientific battle over the existence of the mind and the proof that will change the way we live our lives. New York: HarperOne.
View Full Essay

Bread Sara Miles Take This Essay

Words: 896 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83479489

Many may call this pragmatism, and by following in the path of Christ, even unknowingly, is to embrace pragmatism is one's life. Sara Miles spent her time among the poorest people on the planet, similar to Christ's instruction that performing acts of kindness to the "least of these my brothers, you did it to me." (Matt. 25:40)

So when she finally decided to enter a Episcopal church and celebrate the Holy Eucharist, it would seem a natural extension of her life experiences. Food had always been an underlying, but important part of her, and there she was sharing the body and blood of Christ. She had always been involved in social justice, albeit in a secular way, and had not embraced the Christian Liberation Theology that was popular at the same time. This could have been caused by her acquired distrust of theological dogmas. However, it seems that the sharing of food was the connection she needed to recognize the Christian ideology that was already in her heart.

For the first few years, Sara Miles allowed herself to become entangled in the theological and ideological discussions and arguments surround the teachings of Jesus. But when she decided to open the food pantry and not engage in theological arguments, but simply feed the poor, that she finally understood the role that God had chosen for her. And not unsurprisingly, Sara Miles finally received baptism, "the Sunday after the pantry opened." (p. 121) It was through the act of feeding the poor that Sara Miles accepted Christ into her heart, not through the complicated theological studies or discussions.

By finding a simple connection to Christ, Sara Miles can now embark on her exploration of the theological consequences of her actions. By attempting to understand the theology first, she failed to understand that the underlying basis for her conversion was the food connection. When she returned to that ideal, when she opened the food pantry in order to feed the poor, that is when she finally came to realize the basis of her faith; performing good deeds. It was the action of feeding the poor that gave Sara Miles the purpose she was searching…… [Read More]

Good News Bible: The Bible in Today's English Version. New York: American Bible

Society, 1976. Print.
View Full Essay

Religions Throughout the World It Essay

Words: 643 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51100556


In the "Bhagavad Gita, a greatly revered philosophical poem depicting the dialogue between God as Krishna and a devotee, it says: 'All creatures great and small- I am equal to all; I hate none, nor have I any favorites.' This rules out the claim of anyone to be the privileged or 'chosen' agent of God, and thus makes exclusivism impossible in Hinduism (Mugilan)."

One of the largest differences between "Hinduism and other revealed religions is that Hinduism recognizes no prophet as intermediary with exclusive claim over truth. One is not required to acknowledge an intermediary as a prophet or as a chosen agent of God. In a revealed religion, one who denies the authority of this intermediary is called a non-believer, even if one believes in God (Mugilan)."

The Hindus can not conceive "any accommodation of a belief system that denies one's freedom of choice and conscience. Therefore, even an atheist is welcomed in Hinduism. A Hindu is free to question any or all of the scriptures and one does not cease to be a Hindu if he denies the authority of the scripture (Mugilan)."

Hindus look upon scripture as merely a guide, while other religions revere their scriptures as a "book of spiritual and moral authority (Mugilan)." Any Hindu who "believes in the existence of God can follow his or her own path. To follow one's own chosen path calls for a guide and a discerning intellect, thus the scriptures and others are this guide (Mugilan)."


Hinduism has been practiced for thousands of years. By exploring Hinduism and its philosophies, one can gain a better understanding of it and choose whether or not to follow the religion.

Works… [Read More]

Mugilan, Kalai. "Spiritual freedom: The essence of Hinduism." University Wire. (1998): 26 May.

Unknown. "Hinduism." The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. (2004): 22 April.