Al Qaeda Essays

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Al QA'ida Trans-National Terrorist Network' Essay

Words: 3610 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14718642

"Muslims from Algeria, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Southeast Asia, and beyond fought side by side, forging relationships and creating a cadre of veterans who shared a powerful life experience, a more global view,..."

Jenkins 3)

This experience was bolstered by the victory over the Soviet Union, which consequently strengthened the organization. However, the Afghan veterans, on returning to their various homes, were viewed with suspicion by the different governments and regimes and were often seen as a political threat. Due to this factor, these veterans were susceptible to new campaigns and ideologies.

Jenkins provides a clear outline of the motivational genesis of Al Qa'ida after the Afghan resistance.

There were ample reasons and opportunities to continue the fight: the Gulf War and the consequent arrival of American troops in Saudi Arabia; the continued repression of Islamic challenges to local regimes; armed struggles in Algeria, Egypt, the newly independent Muslim republics of the former Soviet Union, Kashmir, the Philippines, and Bosnia; the forces of globalization that seemed threatening to all local cultures; and the continuing civil war in Afghanistan.

These initial members subsequently joined the ideological view of the "pan-Islamic Caliphate" throughout the world. Their ideology, simplistically stated, was to overthrow regimes and governments in the region which were seen to be essentially non-Islamic in nature. In this context the organization also saw Western influence as part of the problem that they were fighting against and Westerners and Western interests in Muslim countries such as Saudi Arabia became targets of terrorist attacks. The organization issued a statement in February 1998 against all non-Islamic influence in the region and stressed that "...it was the duty of all Muslims to kill U.S. citizens -- civilian or military -- and their allies everywhere." (al-Qa'ida. The Base)

The organization also merged with other pro-Islamic and anti-Western groups, including Egyptian Islamic Jihad (Al-Jihad) in June 2001. (ibid)

11. Doctrine

The doctrine that acts as an impetus for the organization's activities is obviously Islam. However the practical doctrine is one of revolutionary ideology and in coined in terms of a holy war against the infidels who would destroy the development of the Islamic world view. It is important that this underlying doctrine be understood in terms of non-secular and…… [Read More]

References:
Abuza, Zachary. "Funding Terrorism in Southeast Asia: The Financial Network of Al Qaeda and Jemaah Islamiya." Contemporary Southeast Asia 25.2 (2003): 169+. Questia. 1 July 2005 http://www.questia.com/.

AL QAEDA'S GRAND STRATEGY: SUPERPOWER BAITING. 2004. Accessed June 30, 2005.  http://globalguerrillas.typepad.com/globalguerrillas/2004/05/al_qaedas_grand.html 
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Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi Essay

Words: 1268 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5560053

Al Zarqawi

Who is Al-Zarqawi, and why is he today one of the world's most hated terrorists? What are his activities and why is he wanted by the various Intelligence Agencies not only of the U.S.A., but also of the world? Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi is today one of the world's most wanted terrorists, said to be capable of overshadowing even the 'Enemy Number 1', as he is referred to in the United States of America, Osama bin Laden, and whose value, for capture, offered by the U.S. State Department, is said to be at par with that of Osama bin Laden, that is, an astronomical amount of $25 million. However, Al-Zarqawi has not been put on the 'Most Wanted' list of the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the United States. This terrorist has been at times described as an 'Osama Associate', and also, at times, an individual who is capable of challenging even the leadership and the position of the Enemy Number 1, Osama bin Laden. (Who is Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi?)

There are some reports that state that Al-Zarqawi is an independent worker, and that he has absolutely no links to the terrorist organization that was responsible for the attacks carried out on the World Trade Centers on September 11, 2000, namely Al-Quaeda. It is said that he belongs to a family based in Palestine in Jordan, with no terrorist links or any other contact with important people, unlike Osama bin Laden, who had established a number of contacts within the CIA. The CNN describes Al-Zarqawi as a 'lone wolf', operating and thinking alone and independently, but the fact is that this same person is known to have operated from Iraq, as well as from certain places in Western Europe, which is quite surprising because he manages to be in more than one place at one time, thereby outwitting even the most intelligent and astute of Intelligence operatives based in the United States of America. In Iraq, the people state that Al-Zarqawi is preparing to start a virtual Civil War between two different Muslim factions, the Sunnis and the Shiites.

The…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Chossudovsky, Michel. Who is Abu Musab Al-Zarqawi? 11 June, 2004. Retrieved From

http://www.globalresearch.ca/articles/CHO405B.html Accessed on 10 June, 2005
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Execution of Al-Awaki The Obama Administration Has Essay

Words: 1067 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4368557

Execution of al-Awaki:

The Obama Administration has increased the use of killer drones in lieu of putting the country's boots on the ground. In one of the most debatable issues, the Obama Administration killed, Anwar al-Awaki, a suspected al-Qaeda member, in 2011. The suspected al-Qaeda member had been accused of being a significant organizer in various terrorist attacks, and was identified as one of the main al-Qaeda leaders. The controversy associated with this murder is attributed to whether the Obama Administration had the right to sanction the execution of the suspect without a court trial. This issue is further complicated with various set of factors that surround the case including the fact that al-Awaki was an American citizen before his death. As an American citizen, he was granted due process rights by the U.S. Constitution. According to the provisions of the due process, a suspect has the right to a trial before an unjust judge and jury and access to a lawyer. The main controversy surrounding the issue is that al-Awaki was not granted these rights before the Yemen attack that resulted in his death.

Obama's Authorization of the Execution of al-Awaki:

President Obama took an extraordinary step in authorizing the targeted murder of an American citizen, Anwar al-Awaki who was a radical Muslim cleric. According to intelligence and counter-terrorism officials, the suspect is believed to have moved from encouraging attacks on America to directly engaging in them. The suspect was born in New Mexico and spent his early years in America as an imam before going to hide in Yemen (Shane, 2010). As a result, al-Awaki had been the focus of strong scrutiny because of his links to Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan and Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab.

While al-Awaki is believed to have become a recruiter for the al-Qaeda terrorist network, it's very rare and unprecedented for an American citizen to be approved for targeted…… [Read More]

References:
Goldberg, Jonah. "Goldberg: Obama's Terrorist Dilemma," Los Angeles Times, April 4, 2013.

 http://articles.latimes.com/2011/oct/04/opinion/la-oe-goldberg-terrorists-20111004