10 results found for "Argumentative Essays"

Filter results by:


argumentative essays

In an argumentative essay, a student is asked to take a position on a topic and then defend that position.  This generally requires the student to investigate the topic, evaluate the evidence, present the evidence that supports the position, and explain why conflicting evidence does not require you to take an alternative position.  Failure to address conflicting evidence or arguments against your position weaken an argumentative essay, so it is critical to research positions other than the one you have chosen.  Argumentative essays frequently focus on hot-button issues that are easily politicized like abortion, the death penalty, and gun control.  However, you can write argumentative essays about lesser-known topics, which can be more impressive in an academic setting.  

View Full Essay

Argument Analysis of the Cohabitation Epidemic Essay

Words: 764 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86252483

Cohabitation Epidemic

Argument Analysis" "The Cohabitation Epidemic"

In "The Cohabitation Epidemic," Neil Clark Warren argues that cohabitation between unmarried couples is an unhealthy situation that is decreasing the livelihood and well being of people in the contemporary context. Warren's argument is based on the idea that [state here the most important premises or assumption of the argument, or the basic strategy of his argument]. More specifically, in a part of his argument Warren assumes that [or something like this] [state problematic assumption]. I will argue that this move is problematic. In particular, is will show that ... [state main idea of your disagreement].

I will begin by explaining Warren's argument. He argues for this main thesis: that cohabitation rates are increasing, changing the nature of society, which is essentially endangering the health and welfare of future generations of Americans. Warren is essentially documenting a major rift in the structure of our contemporary society. This is one element of his argument that does have a logical foundation to it. After all, society and culture is always evolving to meet new environmental and technological demands. In the article, he states "make no mistake: We are witnessing a major societal shift before our very eyes" (Warren 2003). To document this shift and attest to its significance within societal structure, Warren does turn towards using statistical figures to augment his argument that cohabitation rates are increasing. Warren uses credible sources, like the U.S. Census Bureau to highlight the increasing number of individuals opting to cohabitate with their partners outside of the confines of marriage.

Warren sees this sociological shift in residency patterns in an incredibly negative light. He believes that cohabitation is bad for the health and livelihood of the individuals involved. Warren claims that in such situations, children are in much less stable environments. The increasing rate of cohabitation has coincided with increasing rates of children being born and raised illegitimately, or in single parent households.

He proposes the solution on advocating marriage to help alleviate such instability within the American society. Therefore, Warren…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Warren, Neil Clark. (2003). The cohabitation epidemic. Physicians for Life. Web. http://www.physiciansforlife.org/content/view/771/2/
View Full Essay

Argument From Scripture Essay

Words: 645 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3457265

Scripture Argument

Argument from Scripture: God's existence cannot be proven by the presence of the concept of God within the text of the Holy Scriptures

Does God exist? Some would argue that this is the most fundamental question posed by any religion. However, even this assertion is somewhat problematic, since this assumption of God as a unified, theologically cohesive being that intervenes, but sometimes does not intervene in worldly affairs is itself problematic and a cultural construction of the major Western traditions of religious thought. There are those who would appeal to scripture for a proof of God's existence, such as the Catholic theologian and saint Anselm, who said that because scripture and the human mind could conceive of a 'something greater' existing, therefore it must exist. In other words, because the higher ideal of God was recorded in the Bible, filtered through the less perfect collective consciousness of the human animal, some higher being must be manifest, and must be true.

But this premise quite simply, is unsound.

Assailants of this [Anselm's] argument should remember that all minds are not cast in one mould, and it is easy to understand how some can feel the force of arguments that are not felt by others." (Kent, 2004) In other words, many faith traditions of the world, as well as many nonbelievers disagree with the Bible. The existence of the word of God, as recoded within a specific set of texts and cultural constraints does not prove the existence of that being.

The premises of the existence of God in scripture thus presuppose because God is spoken of as such, such a higher power exists and all such contradictions that are manifest are simply indications and proofs of the lower state of human mentalities, in relation to the divine. The contrary or skeptical philosopher would have to note that fundamentally, the argument of God from scripture is tautological, assuming because God can do…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Arguing for the Legalization of Marijuana in Washington State Essay

Words: 2434 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59214750

Legalization of Marijuana in Washington State

The legalization of Marijuana would allow for the government to have more regulation over the drug and its users. This of course does not come without rules and blankets like how cigarettes and alcohol come with warnings when purchased. If Marijuana were to be legalized, it can be sold with a list of active ingredients, purity levels and warnings like those of pharmaceutical drugs; this would let people know more about the drug. Marijuana does not have any harmful effects besides for the user, who is willing to accept those risks when in taking the drug. Countries that have legalized Marijuana, such as Amsterdam, have had positive results. The legalization of Marijuana has more benefits for the state of Washington than negative aspects.

The state of Washington has enacted laws on the legalization of medical Marijuana. This is due to modern research which suggests that Marijuana can help with the treatment of a lot of clinical applications, and can ease pain (Bock 2000, null7). Additionally, this treatment includes relief from nausea, glaucoma, spasticity and movement disorders. Because Marijuana is a very strong appetite stimulant, research suggests that it could protect the body from a variety of medical conditions such as some types of malignant tumors (Bock 2000, null7). This was effective on July 27, 2007, Chapter 69.51A RCW Amendments (Stiley and Cikuvitch, n.d.). The act states that only patients who are terminally ill, with the approval of a licensed physician can benefit from the medical use of Marijuana. Medical professionals are to exercise their best judgment in approving for patients who they believe would qualify as a benefactor of this drug. In the state of Washington, an individual caught with the possession of Marijuana which is less than 40 grams will be punished up to 90 days in jail, and will be fined up to $1,000, depending on the amount on person. A greater punishment is for those who are in possession of over 40 grams, penalties can be up to five years in prison and they can be fined up to $10,000 (Stiley and Cikuvitch, n.d.). The delivery, cultivation or sale of Marijuana is considered a felony and a fine of up to $10,000 will be charged, plus it is punishable up to five years in prison. Penalties double if the sale was to a minor who…… [Read More]

Alan W. Bock, The Politics of Medical Marijuana (Santa Ana, CA: Seven Locks Press, 2000), null7, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=98432636.

Erich Goode, The Marijuana Smokers (New York: Basic Books, 1970), 211, http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=99522922
View Full Essay

Arguments Against Affirmative Action Essay

Words: 1103 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98903848

Against Affirmative Action

Contrary to the common perception, not all opponents of "Affirmative Action" are white males. Many African-Americans are also opposed to its continued application. For example, Ward Connerly, University of California Regent is black and a leading opponent of Affirmative Action. He believes that:

Affirmative action is an undesirable "crutch" for the black people on which they have started to depend believing that it is not possible to achieve anything without this "crutch."

The original intent of Affirmative Action was to eliminate discrimination rather than having different standards for blacks and whites for university admissions and hiring in government jobs. Connerly views such "preferences" as discriminatory.

Affirmative Action poisons the relationships between different groups and builds resentment because of the wide-spread perception among the white males that it works to the advantage of the minorities at their cost.

Connerly believes that preferences in jobs and admissions unnecessarily marginalize blacks, Latinos, and females who lose their sense of accomplishment by the "stigma" of having been given something instead of competing for it fairly in a level-playing field. (Montgomery, "Poison Divides Us.")

Walter E. Williams, Professor of Economics at George Mason University, writing in the Cato Journal (Vol. 17, No. 1-Spring/Summer 1997) points out that:

It is ironic that initially, civil rights organizations fought against the use of race in hiring, access to public schools, and university admissions while today, they fight for the use of race in the very same areas.

He terms Affirmative Action a "zero-sum-game" and quotes the example of the UC, Berkeley's affirmative action program for blacks whereby blacks are admitted with average SAT scores of 952 compared to the average white score of 1232 and Asian student average of 1254. He points out that the admissions gains by blacks are exactly matched by admissions losses by white and Asian students,…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Arguments for Limiting Free Speech Essay

Words: 623 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21176640

limiting free speech ID: 53711

The arguments most often used for limiting freedom of speech include national security, protecting the public from disrupting influences at home, and protecting the public against such things as pornography.

Of the three most often given reasons for limiting freedom of speech, national security may well be the most used. President after president, regardless of party has used national security as a reason to not answer questions that might be embarrassing personally or would show their administration as behaving in ways that would upset the populace. Although there are many examples of government apply the "national security" label to various situations, perhaps some of the stories that are associated with the Iran-Contra issue best display what government uses limitations on free speech for. In horrific tangle of lies double and triple dealing that resulted in the deaths of many Nicaraguans, the Regan administration sought to overthrow a popularly elected government because the new government wouldn't behave as the U.S. wanted it to. Our government didn't want to be seen as supporting terrorists so information was suppressed and events re-written to make it seems we were not part of the operations. Journalists were transferred away from the area because of articles they wrote, and government responded to open questions with lies in the name of national security. It is perhaps good to lie to a population that prides itself on believing in freedom for everyone.

The history of limiting freedom of expression to "protect the public from disrupting influences" is also as long as our history as a nation. The purposes of the Alien and Sedition Act of 1798 seem contradictory to the just achieved freedoms.

However, if it was the fear of the new government that criticism and dissent would threaten what they were trying to build, then the Act perhaps makes sense. Zinn…… [Read More]

Curtis, M.K. (1995). Critics of "Free Speech" and the Uses of the Past. Constitutional Commentary, 12(1), 29-65. Retrieved August 5, 2005, from Questia database, http://www.questia.com.

Dan, W. (1989). On Freedom of Speech of the Opposition. World Affairs, 152(3), 143-145.
View Full Essay

Arguing for Theism on Faith Essay

Words: 1832 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65507787

Theism or Atheism?

When humans consider the existence of God, they tend to look outward for evidence and inward for understanding. Humans must process both types of information through a filter that is based on an unwarranted confidence in human reasoning. Or, failing that, humans must fall back to rely on faith. The nature of faith may perhaps be characterized by an absence of definitive criteria other than the absolutes that are sometimes associated with faith. Consider the parameter suggested by the phrase: "Oh, ye of little faith" (Matthew 8:26). A believer can be described as having faith along a continuum: Great faith, little faith, no faith. However, if-then clauses are not attached to faith. It is generally not regarded as acceptable to claim that one will have faith, if something else -- whatever that concept of else may be. To qualify faith in this way transforms belief into bargaining: A person may promise to believe -- to have sufficient faith, going forward, to believe in God -- if only prayers are answered. To the contrary, belief that is grounded in human understanding is fraught with if-then qualifications. Accordingly, theism -- the belief in the existence of God -- can be defended from both a position of faith and a position of understanding.

St. Anselm argued that, "it is one thing for an object to be in the understanding, and another to understand that the object exists" (St. Anselm, n.d.). Rather than conflate conceptualization by using "the word signifying it is conceived" with the phenomenon "when the thing itself is understood," St. Anselm determined that a lexicon may provide a definition, but it does not necessarily evoke understanding. True understanding, according to St. Anselm's argument, is dependent upon the reality of the thing -- the true existence of what is conceptualized. St. Anselm uses the word conceived, which be taken to be a birthing -- a coming into being -- than a perception of what might be. St. Anselm's assertions are derived from his…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Arguing for Egalitarian Societies Essay

Words: 993 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81266852

Capitalism vs. Democracy

Curing Neoliberalism with Democracy

Pope Francis, never one to shy away from controversy, attacked contemporary forms of capitalism as not only exclusionary, but also deadly (Downie). To support his claim, Francis notes that the news media regularly report a meaningless one or two percent change in the Dow Industrials, but the death of a homeless person goes unnoticed; or that daily tons of food is thrown into the trash while millions starve. Although some liberty was taking in the paraphrasing of Francis' words, the point is the same; i.e., capitalism today, as it is being practiced, rewards the ruthless and powerful and marginalizes the rest. According to the author of the Washington Post article about Pope Francis' stinging criticism of neoliberalism, James Downie, what separates Pope Francis from earlier papal proclamations of capitalist evils is that Francis talks specifics, such as the destructiveness of trickle-down economics and the market economy. The main tenet of trickle-down theory, according to Downie, is that economic growth through a free market economy will eventually increase social justice and inclusion (para. 4). In addition, neoliberal proponents argue that the nation state should step aside and let the open markets determine our economic fates.

Thomas Pikatty explained in his book Capital in the Twenty-First Century that historically, economic and social inequality and exclusion have always dominated, at least up to the end of World War II (241). During the 18th and 19th centuries, Western societies were stratified economically into incomes derived from capital or labor; the latter at a huge disadvantage. Inherited wealth was everything, since the amount of income that could be expected from labor alone, regardless of the profession, relegated laborers to a life of struggle near the edge of poverty. Increasing one's social status, therefore, could only be accomplished by acquiring a large dowry through marriage or inheriting a fortune. The moral implications of such a system, according to Pikatty, are the lack of economically meaningful work incentives. Instead, ruthlessness would seem to be the best attribute to have.

After the end of World War II there was an apparent…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Socratic Argument in the Apology Socrates Is Essay

Words: 1259 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51851880

Socratic Argument

In the Apology, Socrates is being placed on trial by three of his rivals for different activities that he is accused of being involved in. The most notable include: corrupting the youth of Athens and not supporting the same religious beliefs as everyone else. During the trial, his enemies are utilizing these charges to demonstrate how he knowingly engaged in these actions. They are demanding that he apologize for the crimes that he committed and begin to conform to the most common practices in contemporary society. (Plato, 2000) ("The Apology," 2012) ("Analysis of the Apology," 2010)

However, Socrates uses this as a forum to ridicule these individuals, question the legitimacy of the trial and to defend himself. This is problematic, as these cavalier attitudes will eventually lead to him being found guilty and sentenced to death. To fully understand what is taking place requires carefully examining his key arguments and how they influenced the jury. Together, these elements will highlight the way he presented his case and the lasting impact. (Plato, 2000) ("The Apology," 2012) ("Analysis of the Apology," 2010)

Main Arguments in the Apology

In the Apology, Socrates tells the jury how their minds have been influenced by his enemies. They are focused on destroying him at all costs and are jealous of his success. This is because he is more intellectual and sophisticated than they are. These individuals cannot stand the fact that he is wiser than them and wants to discredit him at any cost. (Plato, 2000) ("The Apology," 2012) ("Analysis of the Apology," 2010)

Evidence of this can be seen with Socrates saying, "There have been many who have accused me for many years now, and none of their accusations are true. These earlier ones, however, are more so gentleman; they got a hold of your from childhood, persuaded you and accused me quite falsely. They are saying that there is a man named Socrates. He is a wise man, a student of all things in the sky and below the Earth who make the worst arguments stronger." This is illustrating how Socrates believes that he is being framed by his enemies. These arguments are based upon the fact that he is questioning their views of…… [Read More]

Analysis of the Apology. (2010). CMU. Retrieved from http://caae.phil.cmu.edu/cavalier/80250/part2/ApologyAnalysis.html

The Apology. (2012). Spark Notes. Retrieved from: http://www.sparknotes.com/philosophy/apology/analysis.html
View Full Essay

William Apess' Bible-Based Arguments Against Racism Essay

Words: 988 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25090364

Biblical Argument

William Apess and the Biblical argument against racism

As a Native American who lived through the end of the 18th century and first 39 years of the 19th century, William Apess was subjected to extreme levels of racial prejudice. Indeed, the years during which Apess was most prolific as an author corresponded with the Presidential term of Andrew Jackson, a figure whose political platform included the mistreatment (and eradication) of Native Americans. As the son of a former slave and a member of the Pequot Native American tribe, Apess was exposed to significant racial injustice. However, he was also an Evangelical Christian, and used his extensive knowledge of the Bible as a platform through which to argue against racism. He also advocated for Native Americans to receive a formal education, and his own writing testifies to the power that education can have in influencing popular belief. Drawing from Apess's 1833 essay "An Indian's Looking-Glass for the White Man" and 1831 memoir "A Son of the Forest," this essay delineates Apess's Biblical arguments against racism.

In "A Son of the Forest," Apess provides a comprehensive description of the injustice that was inflicted upon him by the white race. Additionally, he describes the immoral conduct exhibited by members of his own Native American family as a result of harmful cultural influences instigated by the white race, such as alcohol. Writing about the violent, alcoholic behavior of his own grandmother (who broke his arm in a drunken rage when the author was four years old), Apess states that "this cruel and unnatural conduct was the effect of some cause. I attribute it in great measure to the whites" (7). It should be noted that Apess does not exonerate his grandmother from blame. However, by stating that the violence "was the effect of some cause," Apess's statement implies that people (including Native Americans) are inherently virtuous and therefore should not be targeted as objects of discrimination. By arguing that the Native Americans are not inherently immoral, Apess implicitly suggests that Native Americans descended from Adam and Eve, a claim that he earlier makes explicit through stating that "We are…… [Read More]

Apess, William. "An Indians Looking-Glass for the White Man." Faculty. Texas A&M University-Commerce. 14 Nov. 2012.

Apess, William. "A Son of the Forest." On Our Own Ground: The Complete Writings of William Apess, a Pequot. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1992. 1-99.
View Full Essay

Basil's Argumentation on the Holy Trinity Essay

Words: 1446 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68855844

Holy Trinity


Basil's Argumentation on the Holy Trinity

Basil's argumentation defending the divinity of the Holy Spirit addresses the unity of the Godhead and the eternal associations of the Holy Spirit to the Father and the Son within the Holy Trinity (Basil 60). Not only does this augment his defense of the Holy Spirit, it completes St. Basils' trinitarian theology thereby laying the foundations of Orthodox Christian Trinitarian theology.

The Holy Trinity

The unity of the Godhead is reflected in the works of the Holy Trinity. Whether regarding creation or human redemption, the works of the Holy Trinity are always one, revealing the communion of Father, Son and Holy Spirit. A good example of this unity of action is in the creation of the angels. These pure, spiritual and transcendent powers are called holy because they receive their holiness from the Holy Spirit. In considering the angels, or any other creature, it is best to think of the Father as the cause of all that exists. Then one should think of the Son, Who is their creator, and the Holy Spirit Who is their perfecter. The angels exist, therefore, due to the will of the Father and are brought into being through the work of the Son. They are perfected by the presence of the Holy Spirit since they persevere in the holiness which comes from Him. The Originator of all things is One, creating through the Son and perfecting through the Holy Spirit (Basil 61).

The Father's work is perfect since He achieves all in all. The Son's handiwork is not deficient if not completed by the Holy Spirit. The Father creates through His will alone and needs not create through the Son, but chooses to do so. Similarly, the Son works as the Father's likeness and needs no further cooperation, choosing to complete His work through the Holy Spirit. Psalm 32:6 reveals this divine cooperation, "by the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the Spirit of His mouth." The Word is not mere speech, but He who was with God in the beginning (John 1:21). The "Spirit of His mouth" is not mere exhalation but the Spirit…… [Read More]

Basil. St. Basil the Great: On the Holy Spirit (Trans. David Anderson). New York St. Vladimir's Seminary Press,, 1997. Print.