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Negligence in Hospital Care?
The Case of Jenny Wants a Penny
Duty of care is defined in different ways depending on the specific circumstances involved in any one case, according to precedents set in various tort cases. In one of the most famous of these cases, Donoghue v Stevenson  UKHL 100, Lord Atkin set out the principle that all members of society owe a duty of care to their "neighbors" -- anyone who might be reasonably be affected by any action taken or omitted -- to avoid causing them injury. In Bolam v Friern Hospital Management Committee  1 WLR 582, it was determined that doctors -- and by extension other individuals in skilled professionals, with professed expertise and greater-than-average knowledge and/or skill -- have an extra duty of care to maintain actions that are in accordance with the standard and reasonable practices of that profession. Simply…
I agree with the statement that English is the world's most important language. The importance lies in the breadth of English spoken, rather than the depth. In addition, English is already understood to be the world's de facto second language. Removing English from dominance would require the emergence of another language whose prominence could match it. Lastly, English is the most important language and will continue to be because of its flexibility. There are no other languages in the world that meet these criteria and as such there are no serious threats to the use of English today. This paper will outline these arguments in explaining why English is the most important language in the world today, and refute some of the counterarguments in support of other languages.
The first advantage that English has over all other languages is the breadth of its spread. Languages like Hindi or Mandarin…
CIA World Factbook. (2012). GDP by purchasing power parity. [online] Retrieved November 26, 2012 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2001rank.html
English Civil ar as a Background for Milton's Paradise Lost
Political Foundations in Milton's Paradise Lost: Ties to the English Civil ar
Paradise Lost is an epic tale of defeat and the consequences which come from breaking with the proper form of divine rule. In his work, John Milton pits Satan and his army against God in Heaven, illustrating the notorious Christian battle within particularly political contexts. The English Civil ar did play a large role in the creation of Milton's infamous work, Paradise Lost. In fact, the work itself is a political allegory, in which its thematic structures invoke the political tension through character allusions, which is most evident in Milton's description of the battle for Heaven and the tension between God, the supreme ruler, and the rebel figure of Satan; moreover, the stylistic structures mimic Milton's political prose, thus further connecting Milton's political activism in the period to…
Forsyth, Neil. The Satanic Epic. Princeton University Press. 2003.
Milton, John. Paradise Lost. CSF Publishing. 2011.
Online Library of Liberty. "The Political Thought of John Milton." The Forum. 2012. Web. Retrieved 27 Apr 2012 from http://oll.libertyfund.org/readinglists/print/138-the_political_thought_of_john_milton
Roberts, Gabriel. "Milton's Political Context." Darkness Visible. Christ's College at Cambridge University. 2008. Web. Retrieved 28 Apr 2012 from http://www.christs.cam.ac.uk/darknessvisible/politics.html
ENGLISH FOR ORAL COMMUNICATION -Problems faced oral presentation ways overcome problems Sales Marketing staffs.
Problems faced in oral presentation and how to overcome them
Many a time sales and marketing staff members are required to give oral presentations to existing and potential clients. These presentations may range from short to long while others include visual aids and are in slide format, they can also be done individually or by a group of sales team members. In the normal course of studies, students have the chance to deliver tutorials, assignments and other presentations. However, one important thing is that practice leads them to have to become more experienced and give killer presentation. However, before they gain this experience, there are several problems that are faced by sales and marketing professionals when giving presentations to a live audience and using spoken language which need to be overcome for them to be able…
Haber, R.J., Lingard, L.A. "Learning Oral Presentation Skills: A Rhetorical Analysis with Pedagogical and Professional Implications" Journal of General Internal Medicine. 16.5 (2001): 308-314. Print.
Magin, D., Helmore, P. "Peer and Teacher Assessments of Oral Presentation Skills: How reliable are they?" Studies in Higher Education. 26.3 (2001): 287-298. Print.
The problem regarding racial equality can be traced as far back as the African-American slave trade of the 1400s. But even after the Civil War and the econstruction of the United States, there is no denying the fact that a racial tension still exists between "whites" and "blacks." Many authors, artists, and poets have portrayed this tension, sometimes even going as far back as inspiring their audience through language akin to the spirituals found during the time of slavery. Maya Angelou, renowned American poetess and author, is but one of many who voices the plight of racial inequality. In her works "I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings" and "Still I ise," she portrays the struggle of African-Americans throughout the centuries of racial oppression and segregation.
To be able to understand the historical contexts derived from the two works of poetry, one should delve into the origin and…
Angelou, Maya. (1969). "I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings." Retrieved from
Angelou, Maya. (1978). "Still I Rise." Retrieved from < http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/still-i-rise/ >
Bentley, Rosalind. (2011, February 20). Lifting its voice, and community, for 100 years: Glee club masters classic spirituals. Pressure, pride in lyrical embodiment of Morehouse's mission. The Atlanta Journal - Constitution, p. E.1. Retrieved April 1, 2011, from ProQuest National Newspapers Expanded. (Document ID: 2271394841).
Hood, L. (2010). The Trans Atlantic Slave Trade and the U.S. Underground Railroad. International Congregational Journal, 9(1), 47-57. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Dovring makes a good point when she says that it is difficult for a person to free their self of their own communication realm (Dovring, 115). However, Dovring goes on to say that individuals who are required to learn a language other than their own for purposes of communicating with others, can cause them to become victims the language they acquire (Dovring, 115-116). It can, Dovring says, alter not just their language, but their personality too (Dovring, 116). Dovring equates forcing a second language upon another culture as cultural annihilation, and suggests that it is tantamount to suppression and oppression as was experienced under communism (Dovring, 115-120).
Again, when we consider the need to overcome the obstacles that are facing the world today - and they are very serious obstacles - Dovring's arguments are weak. Developing English as a universal language is possible, and it is possible to do this…
Ammon, Ulrich, ed. The Dominance of English as a Language of Science: Effects on Other Languages and Language Communities. New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 2001. Questia. 15 Nov. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=112917290 .
Dovring, Karin. English as Lingua Franca: Double Talk in Global Persuasion. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1997. Questia. 15 Nov. 2008 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=10065007 .
Whereas California law requires instruction to take place in English except for the immersion classrooms, Colorado only provides a funding limitation for non- and limited-English speakers that expires after two years (Colorado Statute 22-24-104). That is, a student may receive instruction in languages other than English for longer than two years, but no institution, district, or facility will receive state funding for that student after the two-year period until they are moved to English-only classrooms. Thus, not only does Colorado provide for twice the amount of time for a student to learn English at the expense of the public education system, but they are also not prohibited from continuing at their own cost (as they are in California).
New York actually has some of the most liberal laws regarding education in languages other than English. The state's education code also mandates that instruction generally takes place in English, but allows…
California Education Code Section 305. Accessed 5 August 2009. http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/displaycode?section=edc&group=00001-01000&file=305-306
Colorado Statute 22-24-104. Accessed 5 August 2009. http://www.michie.com/colorado/lpext.dll?f=templates&fn=main-h.htm&cp=
New York Education Code Section 3024.2. Accessed 5 August 2009. http://law.onecle.com/new-york/education/EDN03204_3204.html
Through the events of the war, Kip gazes in on the Western World's changing, growing in political and military stature, and its attempting to control and colonize others. The gap between West and East that was exacerbated by World War Two is addressed by Ondaatje in the English Patient, but not by Heller, Hemingway, Barker, or Remarque in their novels.
When Kip hears about the atomic bomb toward the end of the English Patient, his attitude grows cynical. He feels a striking sense of ethnic identity, an issue that is not addressed in a Farewell to Arms, Catch-22, Regeneration, or All Quiet on the Western Front. Moreover, the atomic bomb is not alluded to in the other four books. Ondaantje's decision to include the bomb in his novel underscores his commitment to providing a global and universal perspective on the war.
The ethnic and national identities of both Kip and…
English Only Policy is an issue of hot debate throughout the country. Many states have passed "English Only" laws, and more still are considering. Although opponents list several reasons for their position, the proponents of the policy by far present the most logical causes.
Bilingualism is a hindrance to learning English and a detriment to a child's short-term and long-term academic advancement, therefore it should be the only medium of instruction for second-language learners in public schools (Mora pp).
Using English exclusively is not only advantageous, but it does not harm the students in any way (Mora pp). Student should be weaned from their first language to ensure that they do not become "tethered" to their native language, for using the child's first language basically create a "cycle of native language dependency" that must be countered by English-only instruction, thus, parents should only speak English to their children at home…
Mora, Jill Kerper. "Comparison of Philosophical Assumptions of English-only L2
Instruction vs. Bilingual Education." San Diego State University
Debate on English Only Legislation. U.S. House of Representatives.
English as a Global Language
Languages provide the ease of communication that either make them highly rich or leave them severely deprived of depth. The success and popularity of a language is dependent on many factors including the ease with which it can be acquired and the richness which allows for better comprehension. Some of the world languages that are quickly losing their power and are at the brink of extinction are not the ones less spoken but the ones who cannot find new speakers of the language because it is difficult to acquire and doesn't have enough depth of vocabulary. English and Arabic are examples of languages which are very easily understood, easily acquired and are immensely rich borrowing from various languages and offering a wide choice of words for complete expression. For this reason they are global languages and English is certainly a global language which has a…
Crystal, D. (1997) English as a global language. Cambridge University Press. de Haan, P. (1998) How native-like are advanced learners of English? In A. Renouf, Explorations in corpus linguistics . Amsterdam: Rodopi. 55 -- 65.
Kachru Braj B. (1985) 'Standards, codification and sociolinguistic realism: the English language in the pouter circle' in English in the World: Teaching and Learning the Language and Literature, (ed) Randolph Quirk and H.G. Widdowson, Cambridge University Press.
Gupta Nolini Kanta (1970) Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta, Volume Two, Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education, Pondicherry.
This approach is useful as long as the teacher possesses wide theoretical knowledge and is able to fill in the gaps and offer additional explanations. If however the teacher is less experienced in the field of the English language, the efficiency of the textbook is relatively limited.
Also, the system of reduced theoretical input could work if the teacher has a complementary textbook, specially designed for the professor. This book would have to contain all theoretical information relevant to a respective unit, with examples and exceptions to the rules presented. Another alternative would be for the teacher and student to use the same textbook, with both practical and theoretical information. This would however pose the risk of being difficult to understand by the pupils. Ultimately then, the second solution seems to be the most viable one.
Another specification to be made in concluding the analytical findings is that the drawings…
Lee, J., Grammar in Current Hog Kong ESL Textbooks: A Critical Appraisal, 2005, Paper presented at the 30th Linguistics Association of Australia Conference
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education Limited
2008, Countable and Uncountable Nouns, the English Club, http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/nouns-un-countable.html . Ast accessed on December 15, 2008
Primary Longman Express
English Structure vs. Russian Translation
This report is about the structure of the English and Russian languages as they pertain to the unique skill of translation. Language translation has always been made difficult by the fact that languages are in constant flux. The English and Russian languages have had to remain current with new fads and technologies like that of the internet and computer technology. Consider that a word like 'cookie' now has taken on an entirely new meaning since the advent of the internet. But other events also influence the structure of languages.
The Russian language has gone through recent dramatic changes as the former Soviet Union and post-Soviet era now dictate a tremendous amount of modernization and broadening which obviously have profound effects on the Russian language and lexicon. Also, language structures of modern English and Russian create noticeable effects on each other whenever translating the Russian language…
( History of Russian Instruction in North America after WWIIrussnet.org) The History of Russian Instruction in North America after WWII. Ed. russnet.org. Sher's Russian Index. Retrieved on 2 Nov. 2004, from .
(ComrieBernardPolinskyMariaStoneGerald Russian Language in the Twentieth Century1996)Comrie, Bernard, Maria Polinsky, and Gerald Stone. The Russian Language in the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1996.
(Judith Armstrong responds to Robert DessaixJudith Armstrong) Judith Armstrong responds to Robert Dessaix. Ed. Judith Armstrong. Australian Humanities Review. Retrieved on 2 Nov. 2004, from .
(OgdenCKRichardsIA Meaning of Meaning: A Study of the Influence of Language Upon Thought and of the Science of Symbolism1946)Ogden, C.K., and I.A. Richards. The Meaning of Meaning: A Study of the Influence of Language Upon Thought and of the Science of Symbolism. 8th ed. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1946.
English Class System
Jane Austin's novel Persuasion, Director Michael Caton-Jones' movie Scandal, and T..C. Banning's Oxford History of Modern Europe each portray the English upper class and English class system in a largely unflattering manner. Persuasion shows the pre-Victorian British upper class to be superficial and obsessed largely with appearance over substance. Similarly, Scandal shows a more modern Britain as a society that bases class on superficial constraints, and is quick to vilify and condemn those who dare to aim above their class. In contrast, T.. C Banning's accounting provides a more balanced accounting of Britain's class system from the late 1700s to the present. Ultimately, these three readings reveal that while Britain's class system has changed dramatically in the past centuries, the ingrained idea of class dominance remains very real within modern Europe.
Persuasion is a deeply romantic novel that satirically examines the social pretensions of the English upper…
Austen, Jane. Persuasion. Signet, 1996.
Banning, T.C.W. 2000. Oxford History of Modern Europe. Oxford Press; 3rd edition.
Scandal. 2000. Director: Michael Caton-Jones. Starring: John Hurt, Ian McKellen, Bridget Fonda, and Joanne Whalley. Studio: Anchor Bay Entertainment.
This also hinders me in finding the most appropriate words to write in order to accurately express my thoughts. Secondly, every now and then, I still make mistakes with my spelling. There are a good number of words which I hear in a certain way but they happen to be correctly spelled differently. Thirdly, being someone who is not a native of this land and not as deeply immersed with its culture, I find it difficult to understand the context of some English phrases/structures. I believe this is a difficulty shared by many other foreigners. Sometimes, we tend to use the language in our very own cultural context only to find ourselves lost in translation. This makes writing particular ideas which strong cultural entrenchment quite hard.
But overall, I find the language fun and interesting. Its wide use in media: print, television, radio makes it easier to understand and learn.
The accord between the clauses of a phrase is often an issue which generates mistakes. However not often, it has occurred throughout Bisin's article. In this instance, she says: If positive messages about HIV / AIDS are carried by young people, it will reach out to young viewers. This sentence is written in passive voice, with the logic subject different from the grammatically correct one. To better explain, the logic subject is young people, who will deliver the message. The grammatical subject on the other hand is the noun the messages, which will be delivered. Therefore, the accord must be made with this subject and the following clause. Given then that the subject is plural, the pronoun in second clause should be they instead of it. Ultimately, the phase should be formulated as follows: If positive messages about HIV / AIDS are carried by young people, they (the messages) will…
Lee, J., Inflectional Morphology
Lee, J., Verbs, Tenses, Aspect and Mood
Lee, J., Basic Clauses
Capital Letters, the Owl at Purdue, http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/592/01/last accessed on December 9, 2008
English Methods K-2
Teaching English in Grades K-2
There are four components of instruction in English language learning for children in the primary grades. The purpose of this paper is to discuss each of these components -- phonemic awareness, phonics, spelling, and reading -- and present learning activities suitable for grade levels kindergarten, first grade, and second grade. Some options for differentiation will be provided to accommodate different ability levels and learning styles in the regular education classroom.
upley (2009) noted that a number of studies over the past seventy years underscore the important role played by the teacher in students' learning to read. That may seem obvious, but upley refers to the benefits of direct/explicit instruction with respect to the components of language learning. Direct/explicit instruction is "active, reflective teaching in which the teacher recognizes that reading is an interactive process and that students can be effectively taught to…
Adams, M.J., Foorman, B., Lundberg, I., & Beeler, T. (1998). Phonemic awareness in young children. Reading rockets. http://www.readingrockets.org/article/408
Retrieved December 27, 2010.
Biemiller, A., & Boote, C. (2006). An effective method for building meaning vocabulary in primary grades. Journal of Educational Psychology 98 (1), pp. 44-62.
Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.
English writer humanist, illiam Hazlitt, famously wrote "prejudice child ignorance." The works class read summer, Snow August Zeitoun, themes related dangers prejudice. In a -written essay analyze Dave Eggers Pete Hamill criticize prejudice work.
Prejudice and hate in New York City and New Orleans:
Snow in August vs. Zeitoun
"Prejudice is the child of ignorance."
-illiam Hazlitt, English writer and humanist
The essence of prejudice can be found in the word's etymology. To be prejudiced is to 'pre-judge' something, based upon assumptions that are not based in the here and now. To be prejudiced against someone because of his or her race or religion is to judge the individual by pre-existing suppositions, often based in ignorance and what is falsely considered 'common sense' knowledge. In the case of Snow in August, the Irish-American residents of the neighborhood where the protagonist Michael Devlin lives pre-judge the Orthodox Jewish Rabbi Hirsch because…
Eggers, David. Zeitoun. New York: Vintage, 2010.
Hamill, Pete. Snow in August. New York: Vision, 2008.
As attitudes of literacy help students succeed in school, this is an important development to encourage. Thus, students should be encouraged to interpret "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" for themselves, learning that no right or wrong answer exists, and that literature is a conduit through which one can have a personal response. The following lesson plan can stand by itself or follow the teaching of the poem as history.
Activity 1: Ask the students to take out an index card and write for five minutes about what toasted marshmallows make them think about. Teachers should tell the students that they can write about whatever pops into their head, giving them hints such as family memories, advertisements, funny conversations, or delicious treats.
Activity 2: Ask students to share some of their memories with the rest of the class. Make sure to point out how each student has a different…
Cummings, E.E. "Snow." Famous Poets and Poems.com. 2006-2008. 18 November 2008.
Compiling Collections and a Working Definition of Poetry." Read Write Think.Org. 18
November 2008. 18 November 2008. http://www.readwritethink.org/lessons/lesson_view.asp?id=354
The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock Eliot, T.S.: Introduction." Contemporary Literary
In their opinion, a strictly penalizing system would be the best solution to put an end to crime. Recidivism is one of the main topics which go against the concept that it is best for the criminal justice system to adopt programs which are mainly intended to punish people.
Prisons are of great importance to society, as they succeed in holding, punishing, and rehabilitating the persons that pose a threat to the general public. hile punishment is very effective in dealing with the ones that have done severe crimes, the people that are guilty for causing minor offenses are most probably destroyed by their incarceration time. Even more frustrating is the fact that it is these people that end up becoming criminals after the experiences that they come across in prison. Such a person, their crime insignificant in comparison to much greater crimes committed by people already in prison, are…
1. Krom Fournier, Angela; Geller, E. Scott; Fortney, Elizabeth V. "Human-animal Interaction in a Prison Setting: Impact on Criminal Behavior, Treatment Progress, and Social Skills," Behavior and Social Issues 16.1 (2007).
2. Sanders-Park, Elisabeth H. "Working with Difficult Clients," Career Planning and Adult Development Journal 31.4 (2009)
3. Sisco, Stephen. "A Look at Restorative Justice: What Are We Going to Do With All These Ex-Offenders?." Retrieved April 24, 2010, from the National Career Development Association Web site: http://www.associationdatabase.com/aws/NCDA/pt/sd/news_article/5523/_PARENT/layout_details/false
4. "Inmate Skills Development." Retrieved April 24, 2010, from the Federal Bureau of Prisons Web site: http://www.bop.gov/inmate_programs/placement.jsp
Participation in this course has provided for a vocabulary expansion and greater capabilities in the use of digital communications technology, and through practice a greater understanding of what is necessary to communicate to different people of different backgrounds and in different settings has also been achieved. The coordination of language, vocabulary to facilitate more effective and persuasive speech with laypeople, professionals, colleagues, or strangers was a significant learning outcome in this course, as it is useful not only in the classroom but in many areas of life beyond the classroom, as well. It is essential to develop this skill for a career in the military, as communications that are standard among service members are often incomprehensible to civilians while civilian communications may be too imprecise for military needs. Differentiating between the need for specialized terminology and more general and broadly understandable terms -- and being able…
Previously, telephones were all hard-wired and (like the family television) were located in the family room or kitchen.
Today, many children and nearly all adolescents have their own cellular phones that enable them to maintain much more privacy from their parents than their parents ever enjoyed at home.
In previous generations, parents were often the main source of financial support for their children's extracurricular interests; typically, parents paid children an allowance to do household chores. Today, many more adolescents have the opportunity to hold part-time jobs close to home. Likewise, whereas in previous generations relatively few adolescents had their own cars, many contemporary adolescents start driving while still in high school. This combination of reduced financial dependence on parents and increased ability to pursue their own interests outside the home at an earlier age have altered many aspects of the parenting and family relationships.
Today's adolescents often come and go…
Non-eunuchs may express sympathy for anyone incapable of appreciating sexual intimacy and romantic love; but it is the eunuchs who pity the rest of us outright for the emotional roller coaster that our lives sometimes resemble, purely by virtue of the interrelationship of joyfully highs and proportionally miserable lows in our personal lives.
Let alone the issue of physical intimacy that is equally perplexing to eunuchs, the very notion of any purposeful urge to pair up with another specific individual to the exclusion of any element of relationships with other individuals is incomprehensible to them, even in the best case or ideal scenario involving partners who are both generally healthy psychologically and compatible in more ways than not. However, anecdotal observation would suggest that the "typical" couple is somewhat less likely to represent healthy relationships than to represent troubled relationships. In that regard, perhaps no better evidence exists of the…
When Forrest Gump says, "Life is like a box of chocolates; you never know what you're going to get," he iterates his views on fate, destiny, and freewill. Although he exercises his freewill by choosing which chocolate to take from the box, the outcomes of all his choices are beyond his control. Therefore, both Forrest and his mother espouse a belief in predestination and fate. Mrs. Gump, who gave Forrest so much of his basic wisdom, encourages Forrest to make the most of what life delivers. Her positive affirmations and her inspiring confidence in her son help him to achieve the many great feats he does throughout the story. Forrest is forced to overcome great physical difficulties as a child, including being beaten up by other kids. However, he takes the cards that fate dealt him and reworks his destiny. The message here seems contradictory: on the one hand…
The Da Costa ruling, however, determined that any ruling of the European Court of Justice must necessarily apply to all national courts when interpreting Community Law (Craig 2001). In this way, the law is guaranteed to be applied evenly in and in the same manner in all member nation courts when deciding Community Law issues, whereas prior to this ruling differing interpretations of the same facets of Community Law could be applied to the same issue.
It is important to note that this ruling does not affect the various national courts of the member nations of the European Union when interpreting national law, and in fact the European Union and its various courts, including the European Court of Justice, have no sway over such interpretations, as the European Union is not a true federal entity (Craig 2001). In this way, while ensuring the equitable interpretation of Community Law in all…
Craig, P. (2001). "The jurisdiction of the community courts reconsidered." In the European Court of justice, de Burca & Weiler, eds. New York: Oxford University Press.
Freestone, D. & Davidson, S. (1988). The institutional framework of the European Communities. new York: Oxford University Press.
Slapper, G. & Kelly, D. (2006). The English legal system. New York: Routledge.
A appreciate the fact that this English course also included sections on writing effective narrative papers. I found narrative papers to be fun to write because they involve storytelling and rich descriptive language. I feel more creative writing narrative papers, which is why I prefer writing them, as opposed to research papers. When we write narrative papers, I can draw from personal experience, which makes the writing process easier than it is during the process of writing a research paper. Also, the techniques of writing narrative papers differ from the techniques of writing research and persuasive papers. Organization and focus is important, but the paper can be less formal in a narrative essay.
A found literary analysis papers to be among the most difficult to write. I found it very helpful to encounter some of the common techniques for approaching literary criticism. Learning about the different formats such as MLA…
Even physical relationships are prone to dissolution -- as ebster shows: the lovers are murdered one by one. ebster and the other Jacobeans appear to pine for an era of old world spirituality -- for the new modern world, while full of scientific inquiry and triumph (see Bacon), lacks that sensitivity of soul that could effect true and real humility.
3. For, however, a complete and masterful representation of the many facets of human nature in all its strengths and failings, one need look no further than to the works of Shakespeare, which span both Elizabethan and Jacobean eras. For the folly of kingly pride, there is Lear. For the bitterness of ambition on the murdered conscience, there is Macbeth. For the nature of love and the relationship between man and woman there are the marvelous sonnets 116, 129, and 138: all three of which tackle the subject from a…
Eliot, T.S. "Whispers of Immortality." American Poems. Web. 27 July 2011.
Elizabeth I. "The Golden Speech." The Norton Anthology of English Literature, Eight
Edition. (M. H. Abrams, ed.) W.W. Norton, 2006.
Shakespeare, William. "Sonnets 116, 129, 138." The Norton Anthology of English
The Norman conquest had forever altered the face of history and the face of the English language.
The period thought of as the Middle English period roughly from 1150-1500 is a period that is demonstrative of the massive changes associated with the Norman conquest. Though there is some evidence that French did not completely overtake English in common or official use the language had a great influence upon English via the Normans and the elasticity of the language at its source.
The Middle English period (1150-1500) was marked by momentous changes in the English language, changes more extensive and fundamental than those that have taken place at any time before or since. Some of them were the result of the Norman Conquest and the conditions which followed in the wake of that event. Others were a continuation of tendencies that had begun to manifest themselves in Old…
Baugh, Albert C. A History of the English Language. 2nd ed. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1959.
Emerson, Oliver Farrar. The History of the English Language. New York: Macmillan, 1894.
McCrum, Robert & MacNeil, Robert. The Story of English: Third Revised Edition. New York: Penguin, 2003.
Spreading the Word; Restore VOA's English-Language Broadcast Funds." The Washington Times 15 Feb. 2006: A19.
Language continually reminds one (or not), and underscores and reinforces (or not) one's roots, identity, and authentic self. That is, I believe, the real reluctance of those who would cling, too stubbornly, it has been argued by Hayakawa and others, to their first, original tongue. That is also why much of the intimacy, energy, comfortableness, and fun instantly evaporated from the Rodriguez family atmosphere the afternoon one of Richard's teachers suggested to the children's parents that the family speak more English, and less Spanish, at home.
Along with one's language of birth (whatever it is) come feelings of being understood and accepted; and from those spring a sense of one's own selfhood and identity. In my opinion, that is the main, underlying, reason why 'English Only' Legislation is not a particularly practical solution to multilingualism in the United States (if multilingualism needs a "solution"). This is not because such legislation…
Crawford, James. "Introduction." Language Loyalties: A Source Book on the Official English Controversy. James Crawford (Ed.). Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1992. 1.
Hayakawa, S.I. "The Case for Official English." In A Meeting of Minds: A Brief Rhetoric for Writers and Readers. Patsy Callaghan and Ann Dobyns
Eds.). New York: Pearson Longman, 2004. 446-452.
Headden, Susan, et al. "One Nation One Language: Only English Spoken
It is more likely that there will continue to be many varied and constantly changing definitions of the American family, and this will continue to confuse those learning English as they attempt to make concrete connections between words and concepts from their own language and those of the new -- and constantly developing -- culture and language they have adopted.
hen making cultural comparisons, it is important to refrain from qualitative judgments, and I do not mean to imply any here. The Korean concept of the family and its responsibilities is more concrete than the American cultural and linguistic definitions, but this does not necessarily make it better. The American ideals of freedom and self-determination lie at the root of the American family, and lead to very different cultural and linguistic perspectives. It is the difference in vantage point, and not in any perceived difference in quality, that proves a…
Graff, E.J. "What Makes a Family?" Frame Work. Ed. Gary Columbo, Bonnie Lisle, Sandra Mno. Boston: Bedford, 1997, 26-38.
New York Daily News. "American Role Models." 6 November 2008. Editorial: pg. 32
Tan, Amy. "Four Directions" Frame Work. Ed. Gary Columbo, Bonnie Lisle, Sandra Mno. Boston: Bedford, 1997, 124-127.
Wetzstein, Cheryl. "American Family Needs Some Help." Washington Times, 8 March 2009, M15.
" (Stoyle, 2005)
While the hope was that following the retreat of the Scots was the "...resurgence of English power" would ensue, these hopes were in vain because in October 1641 "Ireland - whose inhabitants were simultaneously appalled by the prospect of a puritan Parliament achieving political dominance in England...burst into rebellion." (Stoyle, 2005) Resulting was that in just a few weeks the power of the English in Ireland "had been reduced to a handful of coastal enclaves." (Stoyle, 2005)
The English government was "paralyzed by internal quarrels" and nothing was left that could remedy the situation. Stoyle writes that "by early 1642 both Scotland and Ireland had achieved a de facto independence, and English power in the Atlantic archipelago was weaker than it had been for centuries." (2005) the self-confidence of the English is stated to have "crumpled beneath the impact of these successive hammer-blows and, as they watched…
Ashton, Robert and Parry, Raymond Howard (1970) the Civil War and After, 1642-1658. University of California Press, 1970.
Donogan, Barbara (2008) Civil War in Three Kingdoms: Huntington Library Quarterly. Vol. 71 No. 3, September 2008.
Gelderen, M.V. And Skinner, Q. (2002) Classical Liberty and the English Civil War. Cambridge University Press 2002.
Hughes, Ann (1998) the Causes of the English Civil War. Macmillan, 1998.
The argument surrounding the recent conflict in Iraq was two sided: one favored ridding Iraq of Saddam Hussein; the other did not. Arguments of the anti-war sides bordered on accusing the United States of being an imperialist and colonialist power. That America had become an occupying force that sought to impose its will on a weaker nation found favor among most of the Middle Eastern Islamic countries. Though this argument might prove philosophically and intellectually disingenuous; there is historical precedence to colonialist ambitions. The Dutch, Spaniards, French and ritish and to a lesser extend the Danish colonized most of the world for more than five hundred years. The legacy that we see today in the world's lingua franca, the English language, is testament to that fact that the ritish were largely victors in the intra-imperialist wars. "ritannica" ruled the world for several centuries. Over the last century, most…
Chatterjee, Partha. The Nation and Its Fragments: Colonial and Postcolonial Histories. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993.
Ferguson, Niall. Empire: The Rise and Demise of the British World Order and the Lessons for Global Power. New York: Basic Books, 2003.
Hiatt, L.R. Arguments About Aborigines: Australia and the Evolution of Social Anthropology. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Kearney, Milo. The Indian Ocean in World History. Themes in World History. New York, NY: Routledge, 2003.
English -- the CV
Professional communication skills in English
Looking back over your portfolio and the course as a whole, what have you learned (about yourself/your strengths/weaknesses/the job application process/employer expectations/interviews etc.), and what ideas/information will you use in future internship and job applications? Why? (If you feel you have not learned anything, please explain why you feel that is, and explain what would have changed that).
One of the most important things I have learned this semester is the difference between casual and professional English. When communicating with English language speakers on a casual level, I often find it easy to be understood, provided that my intention is sincere. Friends are willing to overlook bad grammar and poor choice of vocabulary. I can restate what I mean, use body language and gestures, and laugh at my own lack of comprehension. During a job interview, however, an employer is assessing…
Namely, Aboriginal populations have tended to be more likely to be experience over-crowding, squalor, high rates of infectiousness, poor nutrition and hygiene and faulty infrastructure. All of these increase vulnerability to disease, the spread of disease and the susceptibility to illness. In combination with a comparatively limited excess to healthcare professionals or healthcare facilities, this places Aboriginals at a considerably higher risk of illness and mortality.
Indeed, this vulnerability results in myriad medical conditions that prove to be ethnically affiliated. According to a study by Cook (2005), "It is well established that Aboriginal Australians suffer significantly more health and welfare problems than non-Indigenous Australians. This disproportionate suffering can be evidenced in the rising rates of end-stage renal disease." (Cook, 1) This is just one of a wide array of medical vulnerabilities that appear to be specific to the Aboriginal population and which can severely diminished mortality projections. This denotes a…
Cook, P.S. (2005). Medical Marginalization of Aboriginal Australians: Renal Translplantation and Xenotransplantation. TASA Conference.
Hayman, N.E.; White, N.E. & Spurling, G.K. (2009). Improving Indigenous patients' access to mainstream health services: the Inala experience. Medical Journal of Australia, 190, 10, 604-606.
Marmot, M. (2005). Social Determinants of Health Inequalities. Lancet, 365, 1099-1104..
McIntyre, P.B. & Menzies, R.I. (2005). Immunisation: Reducing Health Inequality for Indigenous Australians. Medical Journal of Australia, 182(5), 207-208.
"O Sylvan ye! thou wanderer thro' the woods, / How often has my spirit turned to thee!" (http://www.uoregon.edu/~rbear/ballads.html) Now, the poet wishes to "transfer" the healing powers of nature that he himself has experienced to his sister. By stating."..Nature never did betray / the heart that loved her" (http://www.uoregon.edu/~rbear/ballads.html) ordsworth assures his sister that she will also find peace in the middle of nature if she believes in the communion with nature. This prediction is an artifice of the poem and is not simple. "ordsworth's ability to look to the future to predict memories of events that are happening in the present is ingenious and complicated. But ordsworth beautifully clarifies this concept by using nature as the ideal link between recollection, foresight, and his relationship with another."(Eilenberg, Susan. Strange power of Speech: ordsworth, Coleridge, and Literary Possession. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).
Moreover, by imagining the future of his…
Bronte, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. Ed. Beth Newman. Boston: St. Martin's, 1996.
Baudelaire, Charles. Selected Writings on Art and Literature. London:
Spector, Jack the State of Psychoanalytic Research in Art History. The Art
" (Frankel, 1963, pg. 122) This is important, because it show how studying Holocaust literature can teach everyone something about themselves that they may not have been fully aware of.
Choose one of the short stories you've read during this lesson and explain how it meets or does not meet the requirements of a modern short story, as explained in your text. Your response should be at least three paragraphs long, explain the criteria you used to evaluate the story, and explain whether or not the story meets the criteria
The story that was evaluated was Mans Search for Meaning. Technically, this fits the definition of short story by: talking about events that actually occurred (in an investigative format). This is important, because it show how this piece of literature would follow pattern of many authors, by discussing various events that had an impact on their lives. (Frankel, 1963)
Frankel, V. (1963). Mans Search for Meaning. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.
(Fisher & Frey, 2003, p. 396)
There is little that demands that all the instruction be given by a single teacher. In fact the supplementation of writing instruction directly from a teacher by a timeline program that guided progress of a package/driven writing assignment could be very fruitful.
Fisher & Frey point out that students often benefit in unexpected ways from processes such as journaling, (Fisher & Frey, 2003, p. 396) which can bee seen as a first brainstorming session, where students express their ideas and then narrow their ideas to a single topic. (Steele, 2008, NP) if the process of writing was more guided and offered both intrinsic and extrinsic rewards, such as the scoring and direct interaction functions of the Steele proposal more writing would likely take place in a functional way. Another manner in which to motivate students in a systematic writing style is through the utilization…
Campbell, N. (2002). Getting Rid of the Yawn Factor: Using a Portfolio Assignment to Motivate Students in a Professional Writing Class. Business Communication Quarterly, 65(3), 42.
Fisher, D., & Frey, N. (2003). Writing Instruction for Struggling Adolescent Readers: A Gradual Release Model Because New Accountability Systems Focus on Writing, Struggling Students Need Daily, Coordinated Instruction That Is Meaningful. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 46(5), 396.
Kuriloff, P.C. (2004). Rescuing Writing Instruction: How to Save Time & Money with Technology. Liberal Education, 90(4), 36.
The Mayfield Handbook of Technical and Science Writing (2001) "The Writing Timeline" Retrieved April 12, 2008 at http://www.mhhe.com/mayfieldpub/tsw/wt.htm
English 1540 EL 10 Take-Home Exam:
Please read the short essay called "Something from the Sixties" reproduced for you below. Feel free to make notes as you read if this helps you to understand it. Then, complete the following questions in complete sentences and paragraphs.
Something from the Sixties
About five o'clock last Sunday evening, my son burst into the kitchen and said, "I didn't know it was so late!" He was due at a party immediately -- a sixties party, he said -- and he needed something from the sixties to wear. My son is almost fifteen years old, the size of a grown man, and when he bursts into a room glassware rattles and the cat on your lap grabs on to your knees and leaps from the starting block. I used to think the phrase "burst into the room" was only for detective fiction, until my son…
Women's issues in Renaissance England
What are activities today that we still consider more appropriate for men than for women or for women more than men? Why do you think this is the case?
Gender equality is something that has been debated for many years. There are two sides to the argument about the equality of men and women. There are those that believe that men are superior to women, while on the other side there are those that believe that women can do anything that men can. In the reading Female Orations by Margaret Cavendish she tries to show both sides of this argument. She points out that women shouldn't do certain things because it is men's work, but that women do some things better than men because that is the way nature is.
There are many activities today that are still considered as things that are…
Diplomacy is the key to achieving success at the workplace and relationships are even likely to be stronger among employees as long as individuals refrain from getting emotionally attached to conditions in the workplace.
By hiring employees that they believe will be effective throughout their stay with the company, employers have the guarantee that the company as a whole and customers are going to go through a positive experience as a consequence of the employee's level of productivity. Even with the fact that employers are very important because they are in charge of particular segments of a company, employees are also significant because they are the backbone of the respective company and because they have the power to make its products more or less appealing to a wide public.
Hiring the best employees available is the solution to a company's problems. Employers thus need to employ an objective attitude in…
2002, 108)." By 1996 the teaching of English in Thailand was compulsory for all primary children from the first grade.
Teaching English as a Second Language in Thailand
Although the teaching of English as a second language has been present in Thailand for quite some time, there are still many issues that arise as it pertains to teaching English in Thailand. In some ways it may appear that English language pedagogy is still in its infancy. For instance many people in Thailand have low degrees of proficiency in English (Laopongharn & Sercombe, 2009). This is particularly true as it pertains to the speaking and writing of English. The problems present in Thailand as it pertains to Teaching English as a foreign language has many different causes (Laopongharn & Sercombe (2009). For the purposes of this discussion, Thai culture will be explored as an impediment to the teaching of English as…
Adamson, J., 2003. Challenging beliefs in teacher development: potential influences of Theravada Buddhism upon Thais learning English. Asian EFL journal, 5 (3), 1-21.
Adamson, J., 2005. Teacher development in EFL: what is to be learned beyond methodology in Asian contexts?. Asian EFL journal, 7 (4), 74-84.
Chou, C. 2000. Chinese Speakers' Acquisition of English Conditionals: Acquisition Order and L1 Transfer Effects. Second Language Studies, 19(1), pp. 57-98
Forman R. (2008) Using notions of scaffolding and intertextuality to understand the bilingual teaching of English in Thailand. Linguistics and Education 19-319 -- 332
It is also more likely to create a constructive rather than a destructive outcome, it is a process of conflict resolution that may aim to arrive at the truth of a given situation rather than simple victory for one side and it is the only technique of struggle that is consistent with the teachings of the major religions (eber and Burrowes, n.d.).
Nonviolent action is a method by which people who reject passivity and submission, and who see struggle as necessary, can have their conflict without violence. Nonviolent acts are not seen as an attempt to steer clear of or ignore conflict. They are one reaction to the problem of how to act effectively in politics, particularly how to wield powers effectively. It consists of acts of protest and persuasion, noncooperation and nonviolent intervention designed to undermine the sources of power of the opponent in order to bring about change…
Burstein, Stanley M. And Shek, Richard. 2005. "World History Ancient Civilizations." Texas:
Holt, Rinhart and Winston
Jones, Chris. 2008. "Analysis of Martin Luther King Jr.'s Letter from Birmingham Jail."
Web. 27 April 2010.
In this light. Dee represents the most successful fulfillment of the material side of the American Dream (Whitsitt). On the other hand, she is unsuccessful at preserving what is most beautiful about her culture by no longer honoring it in any practical sense. In this, she represents the tragedy of loss in terms of meaning, culture, and heritage in blind pursuit of material gain and social success.
The Red Convertible" by Louise Erdrich
The story by Louise Erdrich similarly demonstrates a dichotomy between the past, the potential of the future, and the scars that cannot be healed as a result of trauma and tragedy. The American Dream and its destruction in this story is represented by two brothers and their initially healthy relationship (boosh). As young men, Henry and Lyman are happy-go-lucky and somewhat irresponsible. Their relationship is healthy and close, represented by a red convertible that they buy restore,…
Powell, Rachel. Character Analysis and Symbolism in Alice Walker's Everyday Use. Dec 03, 2007. Associated Content. http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/462096/character_analysis_and_symbolism_in.html?page=2&cat=38
Sboosh Academic Article Library. Loss of Innocence in Louise Erdrich's the Red Convertible. 2008. http://www.sboosh.com/articles/201_1/Loss-of-Innocence-in-Louise-Erdrich-the-Red-Convertible/
Walker, Kristen. Symbolism in the Red Convertible by Louise Erdrich. Jul 15, 2008. Associated Content. http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/815075/symbolism_found_in_the_red_convertible.html?page=2&cat=37
Whitsitt, Sam. In Spite of it all: A reading of Alice Walker's "Everyday Use." African-American Review, Fall, 2000. Database: FindArticles. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2838/is_3_34/ai_67413399/pg_12
There must a connection between the teacher and the student beyond the traditional system of work. As stated by Ozer, there are several levels for implementation ranging from class/teacher level to the community level (2006); more precisely, a particular system of teaching must be set in place because preventing school crimes is a complex issue which takes into account both the school environment and the community one.
Research analyses have shown that results in these programs vary. On the one hand, several programs which included the development of a violent prevention curricula registered positive results in the sense that there was a clear reduction in the use of violence in hypothetical conflict situations, "frequency of use of violence in the past thirty days, and frequency of physical fights in the past thirty days" (Scheckner, 2002). More importantly however, the research conducted showed that the conflict resolution programs were more effective…
Gottfredson, D., G. Gottfredson. (2002) "Quality of School-Based Prevention Programs:Results From a National Survey." Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. Vol. 39, no. 1.
Ozer, E. (2006) "Contextual Effects in School-Based Violence Prevention Programs: A Conceptual Framework and Empirical Review" the Journal of Primary Prevention. Vol. 27, no. 3.
Scheckner, S. (2002) "School violence in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis of the effectiveness of current interventions." Journal of School Violence.
Sherman, W. et al. (1998) "Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn't, What's Promising." U.S. Dept. Of Justice.
I am simultaneously jealous of the people at the front of the line, especially when it is obvious that they realize they will be in the next group to ride.
As I finally make it to the same coveted spot at the end of the line, my heart begins to race once again, only this time, it seems to be twice the rate it was racing on the walk over to the ride. My stomach feels like it has constricted to a fraction of its normal size as though sucked out by a vacuum pump and I wonder whether the obese lady in front of me could possibly be experiencing the same thing considering all the cotton candy she just swallowed. I remind myself to take a seat far enough from her to avoid coming off the ride in shades of pink, just in case. The few seconds between the…
Without some degree of academic skepticism, one would be influenced by whichever analysis or interpretation happened to be presented first, even though it might be incorrect. In ordinary non- academic life as well, skepticism is an appropriate perspective because the beliefs and claims of others are often ignorant, biased, or questionable in their motivation. The old adage "if it seems too good to be true it probably is" is an example of prudence in ordinary life that is an expression of healthy skepticism..
SKEPTICISM vs. CYNICISM: OUTLINE and NOTES
Difference between Skepticism & Cynicism
Skepticism is more objective
Open-mindedness vs. preexisting negative expectations Cynicism:
Cynicism is subjective
Bias vs. Blank Slate Concept
Skepticism and Literature Analysis:
Appropriate academic perspective
Alternative would mean accepting first analysis of everything
Skepticism in Ordinary Life:
If it seems too good to be true it probably is
In fact, most lawyers practice neither criminal law nor personal injury law; they assist individuals prepare wills, set up their businesses, protect themselves from financial risks, purchase homes, patent inventions, and respond to IS tax audits. Most lawyers spend long hours working at their desks and never actually see courtrooms or accident victims (Haskell 1998). Certainly, some lawyers are dishonest people without moral scruples or ethics who will do almost anything to make money. But more often than not, that is a function of the type of person they are, just as some schoolteachers, postal carriers, and even members of the clergy are dishonest and immoral.
Telemarketers suffer from common stereotyping as being dishonest, rude, inconsiderate liars who care only about making a sales pitch. As with other stereotypes, some telemarketers may fit those negative characterizations, but assuming them to be true about everyone who happens to earn a…
Conlon, Edward. (2004) Blue Blood. New York: Riverhead
Gerrig, R.J., Zimbardo, R.G. (2005)
Psychology and Life 18th Ed.
New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Instead of engaging in a conflict with Tartuffe immediately, the pious members of Orgon's family purposely avoid conflict even when it is to their own detriment.
However, having Mariane married to such a fraud is too much and Orgon's family devise a plan to expose Tartuffe as the true fraud he is while still avoiding any serious conflicts. The plan is to trap Tartuffe into confessing to Elmire, Orgon's wife, his true desire for her. The thought is that a truly pious man who comes to stay as a guest in another man's house would have anything but sexual feelings for the other man's wife. The plan goes according to plan, with Tartuffe seducing Elmire, until the eavesdropping Damis cannot stand the scene anymore and prematurely confronts Tartuffe himself. Suddenly, the conflict between piousness and fraud is ignited, threatening to carry both parties further away from what a pious life…
Hartnoll, Phyllis. Ed. (1983): The Oxford Companion to the Theatre. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Moliere, Jean-Baptiste. (1988): Tartuffe. Dramatists Play Service, Inc.
Roy, Donald. (1995): "Moliere." The Cambridge Guide to Theatre. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Scott, Virginia. (2000): Moliere: A Theatrical Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Scout and Jem are likewise tormented by their classmates because of their father's courageous decision to defend an obviously innocent man. Scout already hates school and feels like a persecuted mockingbird in its controlled, conformist environment. She would rather be playing with her brother and her best friend Dill. School is yet another example of the ways in which society can be cruel and persecutory of people who are 'different.'
Scout is not above hurting other people, however. When she is humiliated by her teacher because she explains why a poor boy named Walter cannot afford even to borrow money for lunch and her teacher reprimands her, Scout turns against Walter by beating him up during lunchtime. Before she is saved by Boo, she is frightened of him and she and her friends make up stories about him, because they fear what they do not understand. It is this misunderstanding…
Jacob's Unique Mission / Position/Opponent
Perhaps one of the most useful ways to understand the unique position and mission of Jacob, rather than merely thinking of him as someone who could simply do what they wished without consequence, and to think that he was "wrestling" with a merely human opponent, is to look deeper into why Jacob was indulged by God as he was.
If one thinks about a modern situation, such as the deployment of American troops in Iraq, in comparison to Jacob, the issue becomes much clearer. Like the Iraq soldiers, Jacob is playing by rules that no one else is using, against a sort of invisible enemy that may or may not exist. Also like the Iraq situation, Jacob, it seems, is waging more of a symbolic than concrete type of war; in Jacob's case, it appears that a struggle with faith is taking place, while God…
Alter, R. Genesis: Translation and Narrative. New York: WW Norton and Company, 1997.
Similarly central to Woolf's aesthetic is the tension between the individual's public personae and his or her 'private' self. Through a range of biographical, autobiographical, and fictional strategies, Woolf explore the extent to which the private self can be conceptualised as a fixed, unitary, and bounded identity. ("eflections on the Self," Page 44)
The looking-glass or mirror represents, in a way, the self, and it also is a device by which the self can be explored and articulated. The voice of the narrator is one that is blended. The narrator is both the narrator and the character that is being described. The narrator is also the voice of the author. The blending of these voices into one voice, not always necessarily coherent and smooth, is a technique that underscores the content and the themes of "The Lady in the Looking-Glass: A eflection." eflection upon one's life is not always positive,…
Howard, Stephen. "The Lady in the Looking-Glass: Reflections on the self in Virginia Woolf." Journal of International Women's Studies, Vol. 8, No. 5, 44 -- 54, 2007.
Squier, Susan. "Mirroring and Mothering: Reflections on the Mirror Encounter Metaphor in Virginia Woolf's Works." Twentieth Century Literature, Vol. 27, No. 3, 272 -- 288, 1981.
Woolf, Virginia. "The Lady in the Looking-Glass: A Reflection." Provided.
One example of this is the "famous egg box metaphor of international society (in which states were the eggs, and international society the box), one might see this unevenness as a pan of fried eggs. Although nearly all the states in the system belong to a thin, pluralist interstate society (the layer of egg-white), there are sub-global and/or regional clusters sitting on that common substrate that are both much more thickly developed than the global common, and up to a point developed separately and in different ways from each other (the yolks)" (Buzan and Gonzalez-Pelaez, 2005: 6).
For example the EU and North America, for example are "sub-global interstate societies that are more thickly developed within themselves. Lesser attempts to create thicker, liberal, regional interstate/international societies by cultivating joint economic development can be found in...various other regional economic cooperations," such as OPEC (Buzan and Gonzalez-Pelaez, 2005: 6). "Above some of…
Armstrong, David. (2007). Order and Justice in International Society. Retrieved 20 Aug 2007 at http://www.leeds.ac.uk/polis/englishschool/readarmstrong.doc
Bania-Dobyns, Sarah. (2005, Aug). The Contribution of the System Concept to the English School: Clarifying the System Concept by Means of Methodological
Pluralism. Paper for the Panel 'ES Theory Debates' WISC Conference Istanbul. Retrieved 20 Aug 2007 at http://www.leeds.ac.uk/polis/englishschool/papers.htm
Buzan, Barry & Ana Gonzalez-Pelaez. (2005, Aug). The Middle East Through English
The machines were used to create vertical and horizontal movements which had not been done before. In other words, a god could be pictured using the machine as floating down onto the stage, or boats moving across it. Night or dawn could appear, or ghosts (Lawrenson 92). Most of these machine-plays were produced at the Theatre du Marais. There is a difference here, too. The French machine plays reached the public, whereas the English masques of the early century were performed mainly for royalty. Certainly the stage sets for court ballets and opera were more elaborate and special than the public designs since they were subsidized by the royal coffers.
Both English and French theatre took over the new Italian techniques for changing scenery. The French theatre abandoned triangular prisms used in conjunction with painted backdrops. At the beginning, these were painted simultaneously and dropped over or pulled back to…
English Legal System and the European Courts
The English Legal System is the product of an evolution of a body of laws that has been developed since the 11th century to present day. This body of law includes many organs or institutions that have been mimicked in other nations' legal systems, including the United States. The key legal institutions that make up the English Legal System include Parliament, the Courts, and the Executive institution, which is made up from the largest party in the House of Commons. (Gillespie, A., 2010) These three individual organs of the legal system are balanced against each other, similar to the way that the Judicial, Executive, and Legislative branches are in U.S. law. However, in the English Legal System, the Parliament wields the legislative power under an unwritten British Constitution. Also, the British did not believe in complete separation of powers like the framers of…
English Supreme Court. (2011). "The Supreme Court and Europe." Accessed on ESC Homepage
September 29, 2011. < http://www.supremecourt.gov.uk/about/the-supreme-court-and-europe.html>.
Gillespie, A. (2010). "The English Legal System." IALS Conference Transcripts. Leicester. Pp.
English Civil War of the 17th century. Specifically, it will look at what the most important results of the English Civil War were, and how England in 1700 differed from England in 1600. The results of the English Civil War changed England forever, and altered many cultural aspects, from religious to government. Before the Civil War, England was divided from the inside, and after, it was more united, but stronger too, because of a better working relationship between the monarchy and the Parliament.
The English Civil War was really a series of wars fought during the mid-1600s in England, but also exacerbated by battles with the Scottish, the Irish, and the Welsh. In fact, modern historians often refer to the Civil War by several names, including, "Puritan evolution', 'English evolution', and more recently 'British Civil War(s)'" (Ohlmeyer, 1998, p. 16). It was a result of many things, including despotic rule…
Cannadine, D. (1995). Chapter 2 British history as a 'new subject.' In Uniting the Kingdom? The Making of British History, Grant, A. & Stringer, K.J. (Eds.) (pp. 12-28). New York: Routledge.
Ohlmeyer, J. (1998, November). The wars of the three kingdoms. History Today, 16.
English (Grammar, Spelling) is Important
hy is it important for a student (and any writer) to use proper grammar and spelling? This paper delves into that subject and provides research that is pertinent and helpful.
hy is Grammar Important?
Beverly Ann Chin is professor of English at the University of Montana, and she explains that when papers, letters, essays, journalism and research papers do not use proper grammar those reading those writings may have "…preconceived notions about the value of its contents" (Chin, 2000).
hen the writing shows poor grammar, no one will take it seriously, Chin explains. She also mentions that good grammar helps to "…guarantee clarity" and it also brings "…a level of order and elegance into the language." But why does it really matter? Bad grammar suggests bad writing, she continues, and when a reader sees flaws in the grammar he or she tends not to take…
Aston University. (2012). Graduate Advantage highlights the importance of spelling and grammar for graduates. Retrieved January 12, 2013, from http://www1.aston.ac.uk .
Chin, Beverly Ann. (2000). Why Do We Care About Grammar? Huff Post Teen. Retrieved January 12, 2013, from http://www.uwplatt.edu .
Chin, Beverly Ann. (2008). The Role of Grammar in Improving Student's Writing. Sadlier-
Oxford. Retrieved January 12, 2013, from
For some time, he has indicated to me his interest in obtaining his MBA. I support him in this endeavor one-hundred percent, and believe that he will be an asset to any company that would hire him in the future. He works very hard at learning the English language, and this dedication is something that he carries over into other areas of his life, such as his job, his studies, and his family and friends. He cares very much about people and their struggles, and he has a desire to help others. As a manager, I think that he will always work for the good of the company instead of the good of himself, which is becoming an increasingly rare quality these days. If he were denied the chance to get his MBA and put that to good use in a company, it would be tragic not only for him,…
The poem "I Am of Ireland" refers to dancing and celebration of Ireland as the "holy londe." Even "Sunset on Calvary," which describes the crucifixion of Jesus, has a lilt: "Now gooth sunne under wode: / Me reweth, Marye, thy faire rode."
The simple phrasing and light tone of these four examples of Middle English poetry correspond to their themes and content. "The Cuckoo Song" and "Western Wind" describe nature with spiritual reverence, while "I Am of Ireland" and "Sunset on Cavalry" revere Christianity in terms of almost pagan natural imagery. "The Cuckoo Song" celebrates summer in its fullness and fertility, praising nature's energy and the sound of birdsong. The narrator of "Western Wind" addresses the wind directly in the first line, suggesting reverence of natural forces as equal as the concept of Christ. Emphasis on the pagan roots of Middle English, prayer is equated with dancing in "I Am…
Many Europeans viewed America as the New World. To them this was a world full of new expectations, opportunities and, for others, the chance of a new beginning. The success, or failure, of the early settlers was largely dependant on the motives and expectations that they brought with them, but also on the way in which they dealt with the problems awaiting them in their new land. Just as with the Spanish settlers of the 16th Century, the inhabitants of the first permanent English colonies, at Jamestown in Virginia and Plymouth in New England, came to America with differing motives and an individual set of expectations. Records appear to suggest, however, that in pursuit of their opportunities, the colony at Jamestown adopted an approach that was similar to that of the Spanish, unlike their counterparts in Plymouth.
Those who traveled to America did so for a wide variety…
Ayers, Edward. American Passages: A History of the United States. London:
Harcourt Brace College, 1999.
Brinkley, Alan. The Unfinished Nation: A Concise History of the American People. New York: McGraw Hill, 1993.
Virtual Jamestown. Jefferson Village. 25th September 2002 http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/vcdh/jamestown/ .
After reading the chapter, I have come to understand the significance of journaling. With journaling, I feel free to say what I want and not feel guilty when what I write does not amount to much. Journaling helps me clear my mind and it helps me remember ideas. Reading over my journal entries helps me act on my ideas and keep track of them. I actually have two different journals -- one for ideas, which helps me stay focused and a personal journal that is more for reflecting. I love the journaling concept because an entry can be as short or as long as I want it to be. My personal journal allows me to express my feelings, which helps me feel as though my mind is clear. This is especially helpful at the end of a long, tired day.
What I have learned the most from this chapter is…
English literature texts
Both Rohinton Mistry's "Squatter" and Ngugi a Thiong'o's "Decolonizing the Mind" utilize literature to challenge the idea of a uniform national and cultural identity, primarily through the means of depicting situations in which there are clashes of culture. Both are cautionary tales that warn against the forsaking of one's initial, primary heritage in exchange for a esternized adaptation. The primary difference between the two works lies in the perspectives of both the authors and the events which affect the characters in the stories: Mistry's does so from the perspective of assimilation, while Thiong'o's does so from the perspective of suppression.
That Mistry's short story, definitely farcical in nature, is a warning to those who risk abandoning their culture in favor of willfully assimilating to another, is evident from the subject matter: that of a triumphant Parsi young man settling into Canada to become a fully integrated esterner.…
1. Eds. Gwynn, R.S. Campbell, Wanda. Fiction: A Pocket Anthology. Toronto: Pearson, 2004. Web.
2. Thiong'o, Ngugi wa. Decolonizing the Mind: The Politics of Language in African Literature. 1986. Web.