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Leadership Models Literature Review of Situational Leadership Essay

Words: 1331 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11741068

Leadership Models

LITERATURE REVIEW OF SITUATIONAL LEADERSHIP

Situational leadership is a leadership paradigm proposed by Hersey and Blanchard as an alternative to the simplistic trait theories of leadership in vogue at the time. The main feature of the situational leadership theory of Hersey and Blanchard is that leaders are able to adapt their leadership styles to the level of readiness of the followers (Bovee et al. 1993). Employee readiness is a function of the ability and willingness of employees to engage in certain behaviours while leadership styles range from telling and selling styles to participating and delegating styles. These styles reflect varying emphasis on task and relationship behaviour by the leader. The telling style involves explicit instructions to the followers when they experience low levels of ability and willingness either due to a lack of information or confidence. The selling style is used when employees are unable to do the task but are motivated to perform it. The participating style is used when employees are able to perform the task but are not sufficiently confident in their abilities. Finally, the delegating style is used when employees are both willing and able to perform the task required. This shows that the leader needs to be quite flexible in his or her behaviour.

Cubero (2007) states that situational leadership styles can play an important role in organizational environments where a number of people with disabilities make up the workforce. Physical or mental disabilities affect the level of employee readiness according to Hersey and Blanchard's theory. Therefore, the flexibility of the leader's style of leadership plays a more significant role than physical or personality traits. Cubero (2007) identified a number of benefits including positive work environments that situational leadership theory can have in organizations where people with disabilities constitute the workforce.

Hersey (2002) describes an essential feature of the situational…… [Read More]

Resources:
Arvidsson, M., Johansson, C.R., Ek, A., & Akselsson, R. (2007). Situational leadership in air traffic control. Journal of air transportation, 12(1), pp. 67-86. Accessed from EBSCO Business Search.

Bovee, C.L., Thill, J.V., Wood, M.B., & Dovel, G.P. (1993). Management. (International ed.). McGraw-Hill.
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Global Mindsets Importance of the Global Mindset Essay

Words: 1507 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68273946

Global Mindsets

Importance of the Global Mindset

I agree with the assertion made by Cohen that possessing a global mindset is a key and integral part to being successful in business, particularly if global expansion is an organizational goal or aspiration. To be successful in today's marketplace, leaders must understand that the world is no longer made up of only local/regional/national customers and competitors. It has been shaped by the digitized age we live in. Customers come from everywhere, for just about everything. Similarly, competition does too. This means to be truly successful, business leaders must know how to integrate a number of geographies, cultures, demographics, tastes, preferences, and business strategies from across the globe (Gumbel 2008). Leaders need an appreciation for diverse business relationships and more specialized skills to achieve their goals.

Universal cooperation is a daily business reality. The vast majority of this is due to technological advancement and the new virtual world we live in, but globalization has also created new layers of complexity for organizational leadership. Challenges may include the co-mingling of diverse partners and workers, language barriers, faster and more routine crossing of cultural boundaries, more stakeholders, a need for more knowledge, and a need for new business functions and capabilities (Rabotin 2008). Leaders need the same skills as they have always needed -- organization, passion, delegation, efficient communication, bravery, and honesty (Massingham 2013). However, the context in which those skills are applied is much different on a global scale.

According to Rabotin, leaders striving for success today must be able to master three new levels of global competence (2008). Global mindset is the capacity to work in ways that transcend geographic, cultural or demographic boundaries in order to take advantage of global opportunities (Beechler & Baltzley 2008). It boils down to having the natural curiosity, vision and cognitive…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Beechler, S, & Baltzley, D 2008, 'Creating a Global mindset', Chief Learning Officer, 7, 6, pp. 40-45, Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 17 May 2013.

Cohen, SL 2010, 'Effective global leadership requires a global mindset', Industrial & Commercial Training, 42, 1, pp. 3-10, Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 17 May 2013.
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Global Context Would Have to Have a Essay

Words: 939 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63091077

Global context would have to have a starting point, in order to give the evaluation some context. For a company engaged in international business, the answer is quite a bit different than for an NGO, or the average worker. In general, understanding how the world works is important, and one of the critical elements of that is the pattern of globalization. Numerous theories have been put forth about this, including "flat," "spiked" and "clustered," metaphors that require further definition in order to be understood. The idea of the flat world comes from Thomas Friedman, who argued that advances in technology, communications, and transportation are reducing the importance of location in terms of competitive advantage. This is surely a vision of the future, or at least a direction in which the world is trending, since there remains significant differences and barriers between locations that prevent the world from being truly flat, at least today.

The concepts of spikes and clusters are similar. Spikes typically reflect cities -- the larger the city the bigger the spike (Florida, 2005). The concept of clustering is related, in that clusters of spikes make up key economic areas. Examples of clusters can be found, for example, in the Hong Kong-Macau-Shenzhen-Dongguan-Guangzhou area of China, or in Boston-New York-Philadelphia-Baltimore-DC area of the United States. Clusters are therefore groups of spikes that together form areas where there are broad factor similarities. Where a cluster is entirely within a given country, like the Boston-DC corridor, there is little difference in the factor inputs because they have the same access to labor, capital, education, the same trade policies and so forth. Where there are clusters that span borders, like the one in southern China, they different components of the cluster are typically complementary of each other. Hong Kong is a financial capital and port, while Guangdong Province has spikes focused on manufacturing.

Florida (2008) notes that there are several trends to spikiness that are worth watching. He notes that incomes and power are gravitating towards the spikes -- or perhaps more accurately towards clusters. After all, San Francisco is a spike, but it is the collective spikes of San Jose and the Silicon Valley, Oakland and the rest of the Bay Area that creates a power cluster. Florida notes that within the clusters, there is a high degree of mobility among the world's talented people, and when…… [Read More]

Sources:
Feiock, R., Moon, M., & Park, H. (no date). Is the world flat or spiky? Rethinking governance implications of globalization for economic development. Florida State University. Retrieved May 4, 2013 from  http://localgov.fsu.edu/publication_files/T2P_Feiock%20et%20al%20Final.pdf 

Florida, R. (2005). The world is spiky. The Atlantic. Retrieved May 4, 2013 from  http://www.theatlantic.com/past/docs/images/issues/200510/world-is-spiky.pdf 
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Leadership Few Leaders'so Overtly and Ostentatiously Essay

Words: 1195 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61324556

Leadership

Few leaders so overtly and ostentatiously embody the concept of transformational leadership as Sir Richard Branson. Branson heads the mega company Virgin Group. The leader's unconventional personality has been described as "vocal and flamboyant," ("Management and Leadership of Richard Branson at Virgin Group Ltd.," 2010). Although Branson is known for his personal charisma, he does not limit himself to a charismatic leadership style. Charismatic leaders operate on the assumption that "Charm and grace are all that is needed to create followers," ("Leadership Styles," Changing Minds).

From his charismatic character flows a natural leadership style that encourages personal freedom of choice at the managerial level. Thus, Richard Branson can be best appreciated as a transformational leader, and one who has extraordinary vision. Transformational leadership is characterized by the empowerment of workers to make decisions that promote organizational goals, visions, and values. Transformational leaders aim "to achieve an articulated vision of the organization, leading to increases in productivity, employee morale, and job satisfaction as well as greater personal and professional growth," ("Leadership" n.d.). Within the transformational leadership rubric, Richard Branson also exhibits a notably and surprisingly laissez-faire approach towards management.

Branson is a leader who de-emphasizes managerial control. Branson demonstrates qualities of both participative and delegative styles, with greater emphasis on the latter. With a delegative style of leadership, "the leader allows the employees to make the decisions. However, the leader is still responsible for the decisions that are made," ("Leadership Styles" n.d.). Branson emphasizes the freedom of all managers, which "allows them to excel without the need for micromanagement," ("Management and Leadership of Richard Branson at Virgin Group Ltd.," n.d.). In fact, Richard Branson is frequently "criticized" for being a leader but not a manager; he "holds no regular board meetings, has no business headquarters, and has no idea how to operate a computer," ("Lesson #1: Be A Good Leader" n.d.).

Another reason why Richard Branson's leadership style is primarily transformational rather than purely charismatic is that he establishes "common goals for the company to achieve as a whole," including goals as ambitious as expanding into the space travel market. Branson may be…… [Read More]

References:
Adonis, J. (2010). Richard Branson's leadership tips. The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved online: http://www.smh.com.au/small-business/blogs/work-in-progress/richard-bransons-leadership-tips-20100819-12rcr.html

Cherry, K. (n.d.). Leadership Theories - 8 Major Leadership Theories. About.com. Retrieved online: http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/p/leadtheories.htm
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Leadership True Leadership a Leader Is Someone Essay

Words: 648 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65815312

Leadership

True leadership

A leader is someone who has the ability to influence others in order to achieve a common goal. A true leader for that matter is one who does not have selfish interests but the interests of those whom he or she relates with (Dr. Woodroffe Noel, 2012). This best describes John Wesley, the founder of 'youth with a mission'.

Considering the fact that the organization mostly dealt with people from all walks of life and in a foreign land; which meant having to cope with language and cultural barrier, John Wesley with the help of his professional team managed to bring the youth together in an effort to eradicate abuse of drugs which was quite rampant in that society among other vices. Not even his retirement has deterred his team from pursuing to accomplish the core mission of zero tolerance on the mentioned vices. This is true to Myles Munroe teaching on leadership which he stated that, "the mark of a true leader is seen when even in his absence, things go on as usual."

Assessment Approach

Having been founded on the basis of empowering the youth from less privileged homes into becoming an influence of change in their communities, John made sure that an objective target and assessment process that would drive the organization into quantifiable performance results was followed to the letter. In addition to this, he made sure that his expectations as the leader were clearly communicated and associated with the vision, mission and values of the organization.

In order to maintain the high integral values of the organization, John had the ability to conduct the following with so much ease:

1. An annual performance evaluation: that is, did they achieve their target? And what challenges did they face? Among other things was mandatory as it helped him in establishing precise and quantifiable goals in future.

2. Behavioral assessment; these include, time…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Dr.Woodroffe Noel, (2012). Global Leadership Interlink: Welcome. Retrieved February 15, 2012 from  http://www.glinetwork.org/ 

Mindtools, (2012). Leadership styles: Using the right one for your situation. Retrieved February 15, 2012 from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_84.htm
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Global Business Leadership Essay

Words: 1320 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37027031

Global Business Leadership

When I first registered for the global leadership class, I thought "isn't all business the same?" In the sense that I really wasn't sure what distinguished global leadership from any other type of leadership. Having never held a management position in the workplace, I was perhaps at a disadvantage to understand the nuances of the question of global business leadership. The course has broadened my understanding of leadership on a global scale.

I see leadership as the process of leading people. The latter point is specific to understanding what leadership is -- people. A manager is someone who manages resources, and directs them to tasks, but these resources are not necessarily people -- they can be capital, or equipment. Thus, a manager is someone who determines who and what will perform the different tasks that will bring the organization closer to its stated objectives. Leadership is somewhat different, relating to specifically to people, and specifically to more psychological aspects of managing people. Anyone with sufficient formal authority can determine tasks for people, given a culture such as the military where formal authority trumps all, but leadership is a softer skill. The leader inspires people, and guides them. The types of verbs that are associated with leadership are different from those associated with management, for example a leader motivates, energizes, inspires, influences…in essence a leader is someone who doesn't just tell people what to do, but who engages people, and transforms how they view their role within the organization. A good leader should be able to do this in a way that allows for superior results relative to someone who does not engage in leadership, but merely directs resources. By influencing behaviors and mindsets, a leader performs a critical role that is distinct from managing (Rost, 1998).

Global leadership is a distinct form of leadership, pertaining to a modern business environment where the leadership has to translate across countries and cultures. This is a tricky element of leadership, because leadership is inherently about the way that the leader interacts with the followers -- cultural context can be quite important. In some countries, leadership is uncommon due to high deference for formal authority. In other situations, people from different cultures are motivated by entirely different values. Global leadership is the process of leading in a global environment, something that requires tremendous skill in navigating through different cultures, and seeks…… [Read More]