Global Leadership Essays (Examples)

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Leadership Models Literature Review of Situational Leadership

Words: 1331 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11741068

Leadership Models


Situational leadership is a leadership paradigm proposed by Hersey and Blanchard as an alternative to the simplistic trait theories of leadership in vogue at the time. The main feature of the situational leadership theory of Hersey and Blanchard is that leaders are able to adapt their leadership styles to the level of readiness of the followers (Bovee et al. 1993). Employee readiness is a function of the ability and willingness of employees to engage in certain behaviours while leadership styles range from telling and selling styles to participating and delegating styles. These styles reflect varying emphasis on task and relationship behaviour by the leader. The telling style involves explicit instructions to the followers when they experience low levels of ability and willingness either due to a lack of information or confidence. The selling style is used when employees are unable to do the task but are motivated to perform it. The participating style is used when employees are able to perform the task but are not sufficiently confident in their abilities. Finally, the delegating style is used when employees are both willing and able to perform the task required. This shows that the…… [Read More]


Arvidsson, M., Johansson, C.R., Ek, A., & Akselsson, R. (2007). Situational leadership in air traffic control. Journal of air transportation, 12(1), pp. 67-86. Accessed from EBSCO Business Search.

Bovee, C.L., Thill, J.V., Wood, M.B., & Dovel, G.P. (1993). Management. (International ed.). McGraw-Hill.

Cubero, C.G. (2007). Situational leadership and persons with disabilities. Work, 29, pp. 351-356. Accessed from EBSCO Business Search.

Hersey, P. (2002). Paul Hersey defines situational leadership terms. Telecommuting in the 21st century, 8(4), p. 87. Accessed from EBSCO Business Search.
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Global Mindsets Importance of the Global Mindset

Words: 1507 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68273946

Global Mindsets

Importance of the Global Mindset

I agree with the assertion made by Cohen that possessing a global mindset is a key and integral part to being successful in business, particularly if global expansion is an organizational goal or aspiration. To be successful in today's marketplace, leaders must understand that the world is no longer made up of only local/regional/national customers and competitors. It has been shaped by the digitized age we live in. Customers come from everywhere, for just about everything. Similarly, competition does too. This means to be truly successful, business leaders must know how to integrate a number of geographies, cultures, demographics, tastes, preferences, and business strategies from across the globe (Gumbel 2008). Leaders need an appreciation for diverse business relationships and more specialized skills to achieve their goals.

Universal cooperation is a daily business reality. The vast majority of this is due to technological advancement and the new virtual world we live in, but globalization has also created new layers of complexity for organizational leadership. Challenges may include the co-mingling of diverse partners and workers, language barriers, faster and more routine crossing of cultural boundaries, more stakeholders, a need for more knowledge, and a need…… [Read More]


Beechler, S, & Baltzley, D 2008, 'Creating a Global mindset', Chief Learning Officer, 7, 6, pp. 40-45, Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 17 May 2013.

Cohen, SL 2010, 'Effective global leadership requires a global mindset', Industrial & Commercial Training, 42, 1, pp. 3-10, Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 17 May 2013.

Gumbel, P 2008, 'Big Mac's Local Flavor', Fortune, 157, 9, pp. 114-121, Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 17 May 2013.

Massingham, P 2013, 'Cognitive Complexity in Global Mindsets', International Journal Of Management, 30, 2, pp. 232-248, Business Source Elite, EBSCOhost, viewed 17 May 2013.
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Global Context Would Have to Have a

Words: 939 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63091077

Global context would have to have a starting point, in order to give the evaluation some context. For a company engaged in international business, the answer is quite a bit different than for an NGO, or the average worker. In general, understanding how the world works is important, and one of the critical elements of that is the pattern of globalization. Numerous theories have been put forth about this, including "flat," "spiked" and "clustered," metaphors that require further definition in order to be understood. The idea of the flat world comes from Thomas Friedman, who argued that advances in technology, communications, and transportation are reducing the importance of location in terms of competitive advantage. This is surely a vision of the future, or at least a direction in which the world is trending, since there remains significant differences and barriers between locations that prevent the world from being truly flat, at least today.

The concepts of spikes and clusters are similar. Spikes typically reflect cities -- the larger the city the bigger the spike (Florida, 2005). The concept of clustering is related, in that clusters of spikes make up key economic areas. Examples of clusters can be found, for example,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Feiock, R., Moon, M., & Park, H. (no date). Is the world flat or spiky? Rethinking governance implications of globalization for economic development. Florida State University. Retrieved May 4, 2013 from 

Florida, R. (2005). The world is spiky. The Atlantic. Retrieved May 4, 2013 from

Florida, R. (2008). In praise of spikes. Fast Company. Retrieved May 4, 2013 from
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Leadership Few Leaders'so Overtly and Ostentatiously

Words: 1195 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61324556


Few leaders so overtly and ostentatiously embody the concept of transformational leadership as Sir Richard Branson. Branson heads the mega company Virgin Group. The leader's unconventional personality has been described as "vocal and flamboyant," ("Management and Leadership of Richard Branson at Virgin Group Ltd.," 2010). Although Branson is known for his personal charisma, he does not limit himself to a charismatic leadership style. Charismatic leaders operate on the assumption that "Charm and grace are all that is needed to create followers," ("Leadership Styles," Changing Minds).

From his charismatic character flows a natural leadership style that encourages personal freedom of choice at the managerial level. Thus, Richard Branson can be best appreciated as a transformational leader, and one who has extraordinary vision. Transformational leadership is characterized by the empowerment of workers to make decisions that promote organizational goals, visions, and values. Transformational leaders aim "to achieve an articulated vision of the organization, leading to increases in productivity, employee morale, and job satisfaction as well as greater personal and professional growth," ("Leadership" n.d.). Within the transformational leadership rubric, Richard Branson also exhibits a notably and surprisingly laissez-faire approach towards management.

Branson is a leader who de-emphasizes managerial control. Branson demonstrates qualities…… [Read More]

"Management and Leadership of Richard Branson at Virgin Group Ltd." (2010). UPX Success. Retrieved online:

"Most Recognized Organizational Leadership Models." Retrieved online:

Murray, A. (n.d.). Leadership styles. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved online:
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Leadership True Leadership a Leader Is Someone

Words: 648 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65815312


True leadership

A leader is someone who has the ability to influence others in order to achieve a common goal. A true leader for that matter is one who does not have selfish interests but the interests of those whom he or she relates with (Dr. Woodroffe Noel, 2012). This best describes John Wesley, the founder of 'youth with a mission'.

Considering the fact that the organization mostly dealt with people from all walks of life and in a foreign land; which meant having to cope with language and cultural barrier, John Wesley with the help of his professional team managed to bring the youth together in an effort to eradicate abuse of drugs which was quite rampant in that society among other vices. Not even his retirement has deterred his team from pursuing to accomplish the core mission of zero tolerance on the mentioned vices. This is true to Myles Munroe teaching on leadership which he stated that, "the mark of a true leader is seen when even in his absence, things go on as usual."

Assessment Approach

Having been founded on the basis of empowering the youth from less privileged homes into becoming an influence of change…… [Read More]


Dr.Woodroffe Noel, (2012). Global Leadership Interlink: Welcome. Retrieved February 15, 2012 from 

Mindtools, (2012). Leadership styles: Using the right one for your situation. Retrieved February 15, 2012 from
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Global Business Leadership

Words: 1320 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37027031

Global Business Leadership

When I first registered for the global leadership class, I thought "isn't all business the same?" In the sense that I really wasn't sure what distinguished global leadership from any other type of leadership. Having never held a management position in the workplace, I was perhaps at a disadvantage to understand the nuances of the question of global business leadership. The course has broadened my understanding of leadership on a global scale.

I see leadership as the process of leading people. The latter point is specific to understanding what leadership is -- people. A manager is someone who manages resources, and directs them to tasks, but these resources are not necessarily people -- they can be capital, or equipment. Thus, a manager is someone who determines who and what will perform the different tasks that will bring the organization closer to its stated objectives. Leadership is somewhat different, relating to specifically to people, and specifically to more psychological aspects of managing people. Anyone with sufficient formal authority can determine tasks for people, given a culture such as the military where formal authority trumps all, but leadership is a softer skill. The leader inspires people, and guides them.…… [Read More]


Rost, J. (1998). Leadership and management. From Leading organizations: Perspectives for a new era. Sage Publications: Thousand Oaks, CA
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Leadership Style Application the Leadership Style Adopted

Words: 671 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43401715

Leadership Style Application

The leadership style adopted by different companies and how these companies motivate their employees should be that which can work in multicultural context. This can enhance employee productivity and job satisfaction. Cross-cultural motivation is imperative in a person's work and personal life. People work for various reasons. Some work so that they can access economic necessities like food, housing, and clothing. Some are motivated by what work provides other than money like achievement, honor, and social contacts (Bedrow & Lane, 2003). Others work because they have some emotional attachment to work. Studies have shown that the higher the mean-work centrality score, the more motivated and committed the workers would be. Maslow's upper level needs are very important at managerial levels. Work related values and needs are similar across nationalities. Maslow and Herzberg motivational categories also apply universally. In fact, there are common clusters of goals and needs across nationalities. The clusters include job goals like working area, work time, physical working conditions, fringe benefits and job security, relationship with co-workers and supervisors, and work challenges and opportunities for using skills.

Companies operating in other countries have had to contend with challenges of having to attend to the…… [Read More]

References List

Bedrow, I. & Lane, H.W. (2003). International Joint Ventures: Creating Value through

Successful Knowledge Management. Journal of World Business, 38(1), 15-30.

Danis, W.M. (2003). Differences in Values, Practices, and Systems among Hungarian Managers

and Western Expatriates: An Organizing Framework and Typology. Journal of World
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Global Leaders as the 21st Century Unfolds

Words: 1427 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46172495

Global Leaders

As the 21st century unfolds, we are told that the world is embracing globalism -- a key change in the economic, political and cultural movements that, broadly speaking, move the various countries of the world closer together. This idea refers to a number of theories that see the complexities of modern life such that events and actions are tied together, regardless of the geographic location of a specific country (political unit). The idea of globalism has become popular in economic and cultural terms with the advent of a number of macro-trade agreements combined with the ease of communication brought about with the Internet and cellular communication.

Would we not logically think, then, that countries in the developing world would be doing their upmost to encourage global thinking? That these same countries would embrace the chance to forge a nation of entrepreneurs and move into a position of self-sustaining economic growth? For globalism to truly work in a robust manner, organizations must have leaders at multiple levels that are trained and capable of global, 21st century, thinking. This new paradigm involves far more than simply producing more MBAs, and in fact, calls for a new initiative in education and…… [Read More]


Committee For Economic Development. (2006). Education for Global Leadership: The

Importance of International Studies and Foreign Language Education for U.S. Economic

And National Security. CED. Retrieved from:

Graham, J.P. (2005). The Globalization of the Small Enterprise. Going Global. Retrieved from:
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Global Marketplace

Words: 646 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28457954

Globalization & Leadership

Leadership itself, even within a single country or other geographical area, is complex enough but it can become all the more complex and wide-ranging when speaking of a firm or organization that spreads into a new country or series of countries. Many countries that have become part of the globalization landscape are completely different and on many levels than the West and this would include Central and South America as well as Southeast Asia. Even so, there are good and commonsense ways to expand in areas like this while not rubbing the local populace the wrong way or abandoning the core values of the home company and home country in question. While avoiding all cultural and other faux pas is impossible a lot of the time, there are indeed ways to avoid many to most of them.


One major way that leadership on a global scale can be managed and perfected would be through effective knowledge leadership. This is something that is especially true in very knowledge-driven sectors like the STEM fields, which is short for science, technology, engineering and mathematics. It was found in one study that the business network size, the amount of diversity,…… [Read More]


Davis, D. (2014). The Pedagogy of Leadership and Educating a Global

Workforce. International Journal of Progressive Education, 10(2), 32-36.

Mabey, C., Kulich, C., & Lorenzi-Cioldi, F. (2012). Knowledge leadership in global scientific research. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23(12),

2450-2467. doi:10.1080/09585192.2012.668386
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Global Business

Words: 505 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66057000

global leadership. Calvin's main challenge is to find a means of communication that would encourage workers to be within the same framework to perform their work with greater consistency.

Rood Causes

Among the most likely contributory factors in this case are the fact that the team members and leaders cannot communicate effectively if they cannot meet with more consistency. The time differences among team members make such consistency difficult. Another root cause is that there is a lack of reporting among those actually selling the insurance and those who are expected to manage the venture.

Possible Solutions

One possible solution is to create a more consistent platform for meetings. Leaders and team members could, for example, choose a host country for every quarter or every month's meeting. In this way, there will not be difficulty to find a specific time that would suit everyone across the globe. To mitigate costs, such meetings should perhaps be held only every quarter, supplemented by virtual conferences ever other month.

Another solution is to create closer connections among management and team members. In the foreign setup, sale representatives should then report to team members, who in turn should be expected to report to Calvin.…… [Read More]

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Leadership Challenge the Book by

Words: 1402 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11340179

What is the authors' definition of leadership or ideas about what they believe it to be? The authors believe that a leader, first of all, has followers. And that leaders are defined by their followers. The followers follow because they trust the leader, and the relationship between those who want to lead and those who are inspired enough to follow that leader must be constantly attended to, nurtured, and re-energized. There are five major leadership themes in the book. They are as follows:

Model the Way." I believe this is the most important of the five leadership definitions. Unless a leader presents a believable and inspirational role model, no one will follow. On page 14 the authors write, "open up your heart and let people know what you really think and believe." To do that, it will take actually "talking about your values." And if the so-called leader doesn't have any beliefs to stand up for and share with his followers, he or she will quickly be dismissed as an imposter. Speeches aren't enough, they write; "Deeds are far more important." Moreover, a leader has "high expectations" because that leads to "high performance" from their followers (323). High performance results…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kouzes, James M., & Posner, Barry Z. The Leadership Challenge, 3rd Edition. San Francisco:

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Leadership and Globalization

Words: 735 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77271203

Globalization is expected to have a few impacts on leadership. There are two different perspectives on this, however. The first of these is that some of the basic principles of leadership are timeless, and they cut across geography (Campbell, 2005). Thus, leadership is something that does not have to change much in principle, in terms of leaders having the ability to communicate, to formulate a vision, to marshal resources and to inspire and motivate their followers. Campbell is right in that leaders anywhere in the world need to have these skills, but the way in which a leader to exercise his or her leadership is going to be affected, in some cases strongly, by globalization.

Jokinen (2004) notes that complexity and diversity are much higher in the globalized business environment and that this should have significant impacts on the role of leadership. Leaders need to be able to translate message across cultures and around the world in a multinational organization. In some senses, they need to create a persona larger than life in order to remain visible to employees on the other side of the planet. Communication mechanisms are likewise going to be very different, and they need to be…… [Read More]


Campbell, D. (2005). Globalization: The principles of leadership are universal and timeless. Volume Advances in Global Leadership. Vol. 4, 143-158.

Jokinen, T. (2004). Global leadership competencies: A review and discussion. Journal of European Industrial Training. Vol. 29 (3) 199-216

Pucik, V. (1996). Human resources in the future: An obstacle or a champion of globalization? Cornell University ILR School Working Paper. Retrieved May 10, 2014 from
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Leadership in International Schools

Words: 29649 Length: 108 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20990082

Leadership Skills Impact International Education


Practical Circumstances of International schools


What is Effective Leadership for Today's Schools?

Challenges of Intercultural Communication

Challenges of Differing Cultural Values

Importance of the Team

Leadership Style


Current Leadership Research

Transformational Leadership


Contingency Theories


Wagner's "Buy-in" vs. Ownership

Understanding the Urgent Need for Change

Research confirms what teachers, students, parents and superintendents have long known: the individual school is the key unit for educational improvement, and within the school the principal has a strong influence upon the nature of the school, the conditions under which students learn, and upon what and how much they learn. Despite this agreement about the central role of the principal, there is little research concerning the characteristics of principals associated with effective leadership and with pupil accomplishment, and even less insight about how these characteristics might be developed and by what means, particularly for international school settings. This paper aims to contribute to that knowledge.


By 2025, the United Nations (UN) estimates that 8.2 billion people will be living on earth (Overseas Family School, 2004). Of the world's 100 largest…… [Read More]


Allen, K.E., Bordas, J., Robinson Hickman, G., Matusek, L.R., & Whitmire, K.J. (1998). Leadership in the twenty-first century. Rethinking Leadership Working Papers. Academy of Leadership Press.

Bennis, W.G. (1997). "The secrets of great groups." Leader to Leader, No.3. The Peter F. Drucker Foundation for Nonprofit Management.

Crowther, F., Kaagan, S., et. al. (2002). Developing Teacher Leaders. Thousand Oaks: Corwin Press.
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Global Warming Fact or Fiction

Words: 1781 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97846171

Climate Change

Global Warming:

Fact or Fiction

Global Warming is a controversial topic largely because of its sprawling prediction of worldwide catastrophe, an image which is far exaggerated from the reality of global climate change. If it were to be a more subtle phenomenon, say an increase in cloud cover, or more sunny days in February, then people would not pay any attention to the matter and would go on living their carefree lives. This is not the reality however, as science predicts massive changes to the way all of humanity will have to live due to climate change. Some may scoff at this allegation, and some may seriously change their habits in fear of the future. For the sake of comparison, I will present global warming believers, and global warming deniers and will analyze the motivations for each side to stretch its influence, whether in the political realm or the public realm, and will look at some of the special problems facing global warming around the world.

Global Warming Believers

For those scientists who believe and understand that global warming exists, there is no argument about the quality of facts, or the political slant of the issue of global…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

"The Basics of Global Warming - Science of Global Warming - Environmental Defense Fund." Environmental Defense Fund - Finding the Ways That Work. Web. 25 July 2011. .

Klein, Naomi. Global Warming, Fact or Fiction. Web. 25 July 2011. .

NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Web. 25 July 2011. < >.
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Developing a Global Human Resources Leadership Model

Words: 2570 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19016742

Global Leadership Roadmap

The global economy is a rapidly shifting frontier. With the continued inclusion of developing nations in the world trade community, the ever-evolving capacity of our communication technologies and a collective thrust toward the deconstruction of regulatory trade limitations, globalization has accelerated tremendously across the last two decades. Those companies which fail to adapt to the changes brought about by globalization will have little chance of surviving. This is the impetus that drives the discussion here. As a company explores opportunities and expands its reach to connect with an international marketplace, it must develop the leadership to ensure its success. It is with this in mind that we proceed with a roadmap for the internal development of effective Global Leaders. The details outlined here below offer an actionable plan for preparing leaders who understand the challenges and the opportunities inherent in cross-cultural management. Our company's fortunes are staked on how well we prepare those individuals who will ultimately represent us in a multinational business setting.

Global Vision:

The global vision that drives the development of excellent global leadership is to produce and dispatch leaders who are suited to fast-paced and ever-changing global economy; who are prepared for the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Caligiuri, P. (2006). Developing Global Leaders. Human Resource Management Review, 16, 219-228.

George, B. (2012). A New Era for Global Leadership Development. Harvard Business Review Blog Network.

George1, B. (2012). Developing Global Leaders is America's Competitive Advantage. Harvard Business Review Blog Network.

Maznevski, M.L. & Distefano, J.J. (2000). Global leaders are team players: Developing global leaders through membership on global teams. Human Resource Management, 39(2-3), 195-208.
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Strategic Plan and a 3D Model Leadership

Words: 3564 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64068185

Leadership-Level Implementation of Strategic Plan

Good leadership is a key aspect of project management. Leading a project requires working with the manager and other staff drawn from the project's functional areas. It is not accurate to say that a leader only influences the subordinates under him. Responsibilities of a leader can go either vertically or horizontally. An effective leader will not only lead the subordinates under him or her, but also all the people involved in the project including those who are his seniors. A leadership model referred to as 3D model has been fronted by various players and promotes team leadership, self-leadership as well as teamwork that is leadership oriented. Effective leadership takes the ability to spot opportunities to improve a project and also execute on the project improvement. Besides the existing good personal traits, the style of leadership can be modeled through experience, training as well as dedication.

Individual Level

At this level, integrity trumps ethics. All things come back to the individual's character. It is the individual's character than can make him or her be known as compassionate, considerate, honest, ethical and transparent. Trustworthiness can be linked to integrity. Even though the definition may be vague, persons…… [Read More]


Abou-Zeid, E.S. (2005). A culturally aware model of inter-organizational knowledge transfer. Knowledge management research & practice, 3(3), 146-155.

Ale Ebrahim, N., Ahmed, S., & Taha, Z. (2009). Virtual teams: a literature review. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3(3), 2653-2669.

Bidgoli, H. (2013). MIS 3. Boston, Mass: Course Technology/Cengage Learning.

Caligiuri, P. (2006). Developing global leaders. Human Resource Management Review, 16(2), 219-228.
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Managing a Global Team

Words: 681 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15352551

Global Leadership

One of the trends that has emerged in strategic management over the last generation is how organizations can better position themselves to deal with diversity. As globalization continues to spread its influence, many multinational corporations have to actively manage global teams in a dynamic environment. This requires that global teams overcome diversity in stride with strategic objectives. William Pieroni, chief operations officer at Marsh who is a global leader in insurance broking and risk management shared his tactics for managing global teams with students at the Yale School of Management; Marsh has 25,000 employees based in 150 countries around the world (Yale School of Management, 2015).

"As the manager of large global teams, your job is to direct, align, and motivate all these people all over the world," Pieroni said. "And you can't be ambiguous." While each office within a large, multinational corporation has its own "unique, local culture," it's critical that they all adhere to a central vision so that everyone is working toward the same end, Pieroni said. For managers, this means creating strategy that is specific, quantifiable, and actionable. "Too many C-level executives overestimate that their goals are easily translatable into daily work," Pieroni said.…… [Read More]


Minbaeva, D., Pedersen, T., Bjorkman, I., Fey, C., & Park, H. (2003). MNC knowledge transfer, subsidary absorptive capacity, and HRM. Journal of International Business Studies, 34(6), 581-599.

Sarkar, M., & Cavusgil, T. (2007). Trends in international business thought and literature: A review of international market entry mode research: Integration and synthesis. International Business Review, 825-847.

Tsai, W. (2001). Knowldedge Transfer in Introgranizational Networks. The Academy of Management Journal, 996-1004.

Yale School of Management. (2015, November). Marsh COO William Pieroni on Managing Global Teams. Retrieved from Yale School of Management:
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Leadership Theory in a Changing and Globalizing

Words: 5806 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12975181

Leadership Theory in a Changing and Globalizing Marketplace

Modern business practice is permeated by the complexities of a changing world. The impact of globalization on the cultural makeup of companies, the effects of the global recession on the conventions of daily business and the evolutionary shifts brought on by emergent technology all call for an orientation toward simultaneous stability and adaptability. Only under the stewardship of a qualified, communicative, flexible and respected leader can an organization hope to establish these capabilities. However, exactly what constitutes such a leader is subject to a great deal of variation, elaboration and even some disagreement. With the interest of ultimately designing a personal plan for leadership development in my own career, there is a need to evaluate existing literature on the subject of modern business leadership with a focus on the theoretical constructs promoting best practices. These best practices will be evaluated relative the challenges of the modern organization as touched upon loosely here above. Consequently, this evaluation will be applied to a discussion emergent from personal field experience and, thereafter, will be employed in the articulation of a Personal Leadership Development Plan.

Scene Setting:

The setting for the present research endeavor is the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Astin, A. & Astin, H. (2001). Principles of Transformative Leadership. AAHE Bulletin.

Bass, B.M. & Bass, R.R. (2008). The Bass Handbook of Leadership. Simon and Schuster.

Bolden, R. & Gosling, J. (2006). Leadership Competencies: Time To Change the Tune? Leadership, 2(2), 147-163.

Carroll, B.; Levy, L. & Richmond, D. (2008). Leadership as Practice: Challenging the Competency Paradigm. Leadership, 4(4), 363-379.
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Leadership Enhancing Lessons Experience According to Johnson

Words: 1315 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69084187

Leadership: Enhancing Lessons Experience

According to Johnson, & Giorgis (2002), Leadership is the process in which an individual influences actions of others towards common goals, Formulates policies, strategies, and influence people towards achievement of the same strategies. Over the past decades, various changes in the world have led to various definitions of leadership. The fall of the Soviet Union, globalization and various advances have changed the world we knew. A woman in leadership positions is a new phenomenon; various leadership trainings are available, and leadership as a skill is now an asset for professionals. For African Universities to ensure knowledge transfer and observing millennium development goals, a good leadership structure is essential. A leader has exception skills and acts outrageously to situations (Padam, 2009).

Scholars have advanced various theories on leadership. Leaders' Individual personal attributes beat explains the trait theory, when one looks closely at Mahatma Gandhi and Hitler it is evident that they had specific qualities. Both had charisma and followers (Johnson, & Giorgis, 2002). Other theories have emerged that critically examine qualities of a leader, scholars of the behavioral approach to leadership look into the behavioral aspect of a person. The other theory to consider is situation and…… [Read More]


Johnson, N.J., & Giorgis, C. (2002). Leadership. The Reading Teacher, 56(3), 315-316. Retrieved from http:/ /

Padam, S. (2009). Leadership: Theory and practice. South Asian Journal of Management, 16(3), 136-137. Retrieved from

Ilgen, D.R., Hollenbeck, J.R., Johnson, M., & Jundt, D. (2005). TEAMS IN ORGANIZATIONS: From input-process-output models to IMOI models. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 517-543. Retrieved from 

Hanson, K., & Leautier, F. (2011). Enhancing institutional leadership in african universities: Lessons from ACBS's interventions. World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 7(2), 385-417. doi:
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Leadership Sustainability in Leadership Current Global Occurrences

Words: 2770 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23216874


Sustainability in Leadership

Current global occurrences have posed a great challenge to the continued existence of living things on earth. At this stage in the history of man, humanity is struggling with a lot of challenges; and these challenges are not restricted to region or race. Problems associated with climate change, increased rate of poverty, inconsistent democracy, and lack of justice and fairness in society are common to all nations. At this critical moment, there becomes a vacuum to be filled with urgency by leaders whose sole desire and purpose is to salvage the earth from total destruction. The world needs leaders who possess strategies to effectively combat these challenges and lead their followers into lifestyles that are self-sustaining. Leaders who could bring about this much needed sustainability to our environments are regarded as Sustainability Leaders.

Purpose of Sustainable Development in Modern Leadership

Leadership in the traditional setting is, by nature, restricted to the immediate environment of the leader. And as such, no significant solution to the world's global challenges will ever come through that means. Traditional models of leadership usually focus on immediate problems, especially of its immediate community. Transitioning to sustainability leadership requires a 'continuity of in-depth…… [Read More]


Banuri, T. & Najam, A. (2002). Civic Entrepreneurship: A Civil Society Perspective on Sustainable Development (Vol. 1: Global Synthesis). Boston, MA: Stockholm Environment Institute -- Boston Center.

Bennis, W. & Goldsmith, J. (2003). Learning to Lead: A Workbook On Becoming a Leader. 3rd ed. New York: Basic Books.

Brown, D. (2000). What Practical Difference Would the Adoption of the Earth Charter Mean to the Resolution of Global Warming Issues? P. Miller & L. Westra (Eds.), Just Ecological Integrity: The Ethics of Maintaining Planetary Life (pp. 205-214). New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Boutros-Ghali, B. (1998). Leadership and Conflict. In Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict (Ed.), Essays on Leadership (pp. 1-6). New York: Carnegie Corporation.
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Leadership Defining an Ethical Leader Jeffrey Immelt

Words: 2221 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27684435


Defining an Ethical Leader

Jeffrey Immelt, General Electric

The nature of leadership is multifaceted and often requires the continual mastery of new skills, insights, intelligence and perspectives to stay effective over the long-term. Such is the nature of ethical leadership, which requires a steadfast focus on a core set of ethical principles and values that guide a leader's judgment, ensuring consistency over the long-term. These are also the fundamental aspects of any leader's long-term credibility as well, and their ability to transform their enterprises over the long-term as well (John, 2005). Ethical leaders often resonate with credibility and the willingness to also change quickly in response to the needs of their organizations, employees, stakeholders and customers.

The purpose of this analysis is to define what an ethical leader is, how managers can progress to being more ethical in their leadership style, and how Jeff Immelt, CEO of general Electric, typifies what ethical leadership can accomplish in a very large multinational corporation. It has often been said that a leader is who one is and a manager is what one does (John, 2005). This is especially the case in defining ethical leadership and its supporting concepts including emotional intelligence (EI)…… [Read More]


Crainer, S. (2009). From Edison to Immelt: The GE Way. Business Strategy Review, 20(3), 18-22.

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Leadership My Organization Is Miami-Dade Transit for

Words: 2067 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45644711


My organization is Miami-Dade Transit, for which I am a bus operator. The Transit system is an independent operating entity within the government of Miami-Dade County. Leadership of this company is typically appointed, and this was the case of the current Director, Ysela Llort. She was posted to the position at Transit in February 2012, after a career spanning many different units within the county, including Public Works, Aviation and Seaport, as well as an earlier role at Transit. Her background is diverse enough that she not only can effectively manage the transit system for one of the most highly-populated counties in the country but also that she can perform a role as liaison with the county, the government entity that funds and provides oversight for the Transit division. This paper will examine the leadership style of Ms. Llort, in the context of my experiences working there.

Leadership Style

Llort came to power in 2012, and was charged with guiding a scandal-plagued Transit division back to respectability. In 2010, there was a major scandal with federal funds that went missing (CBS, 2010). Llort had been involved in the investigation of this incident and so her appointment was intended to…… [Read More]


CBS (2010). Miami-Dade Commissioners livid over transit scandal. CBS News. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from 

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Miami Today. (2012). Ysela Llort puts transit on track to open airport link station while trying to restore federal faith in the systems controls Miami Today. Retrieved December 7, 2013 from
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Leadership Analyze Describe Founding Leader's Leadership Style

Words: 972 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11371952


Analyze describe founding leader(s), leadership style, major business principles a profit-oriented entrepreneurial approach primary goal provide a product service consumers make a profit. 2. Analyze describe founding leader(s), leadership style, major business principles a social-responsibility oriented entrepreneurial approach primary goal make a positive impact society (people, families, ecology, similar) providing a product service consumers make a profit.

Leadership style refers to the method or manner in which a person provides guidance regarding a particular issue, implements plans or motivates people in order to get a particular job done or goal achieved Baumgartel, 1957.

There are there major leadership styles that are seen in the various leaders all over the world Lewin, 1944()

The first is the authoritarian or autocratic leader. This is the leader who is a dictator and tells his employees or servants what they want to be done, how they want it done and any recommendations that the followers need to keep in mind. The authoritarian leader can be thought to be 'bossing people around' since they can become seriously abusive and unprofessional when a particular task is not done in the way they want it done. They may even occasion to the use of yelling or…… [Read More]


Baumgartel, H. (1957). Leadership Style as a Variable in Research Administration. Administrative Science Quarterly, 2(3), 344-360.

Hirschman, C. (2008). GIVING Voice to Employee Concerns. [Article]. HRMagazine, 53(8), 50-53.

Lewin, K. (1944). A Research Approach to Leadership Problems. Journal of Educational Sociology, 17(7), 392-398.

Schein, E.H. (1985). Organizational Culture and Leadership: A Dynamic View. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated.
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Leadership Three Theories Three Centuries

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e. leadership (Pruyne, 2001, p. 6), but also that "determining how to abstract a set of leadership concepts that apply across contexts without sacrificing an understanding of how the conditions and qualities involved in leadership vary among those same contexts" remained elusive (Pruyne, 2001, p. 7). Experts provided extended series of examples, mostly from the 20th century, demonstrating how leadership characteristics change over time and vary with context. Therefore future, 21st-century leaders should learn from the confused, sometimes contradictory and still evolving historical development of the concept "leadership," in order to distill the useful concepts from mistakes and temporary analytical fads. What seems to persist from the development of leadership theory over the last three centuries, is that leaders can be made rather than born regardless of inherited socio-economic status, and that while certain traits may be more prominent or apparent in those who find themselves in positions of leadership however defined, those traits probably exist in many who never encounter opportunities for leadership deployment, and so environmental factors probably affect how those characteristics or traits are expressed or displayed. In democracies for example, stakeholder and electorate preferences and objectives constrain who occupies public office and thus exercises leadership, in…… [Read More]


House, R., Javidan, M., Hanges, P. And Dorfman, P. (2002). Understanding cultures and implicit leadership theories across the globe: an introduction to project GLOBE. Journal of World Business 37, 3-10. Retrieved from

Kirkpatrick, K.A. And Locke, E.A. (1991). Leadership: do traits matter? Academy of Management Executive 5(2), 48-60. Retrieved from 

Pruyne, E. (2002). Conversations on leadership. Harvard Leadership Roundtable 2000-2001, 1-

78 Center for Public Leadership, John F. Kennedy School of Government. Retrieved from
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Leadership Research Models of Leadership and Management

Words: 1855 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18446774

Leadership Research

Models of leadership and management

Comparison and contrast of leadership models

Application of leadership model: Case of Mark Zuckerberg

Table 1- Leadership Table

Leadership Research

Leadership in public and private sector businesses is important for the growth of these businesses. Of late, many researchers have thoroughly investigated the role leadership in promoting businesses. Researchers have also tried to explore the common characteristics of global business leaders that have led their businesses to successful heights. Different models of effective leadership in corporations have also been drafted. One major aspect of leaders being explored in their ability to inspire people surrounding them and use this inspiration to achieve results that could be achieved without having complete trust of followers. While followers might be hard to make for a leader, and yet harder to retain, few researchers have put forth consolidated models of inspirational leaders that effectively make and retain followers. Two such models that will be used to describe the leadership qualities and relevant model of leadership are those presented by Goffee and Jones (2001). The other leadership model was presented by Drucker (2004). Both these models aim at [resenting some common attributes and modus-operandi of successful inspirational leaders that…… [Read More]


Brio, M.M. (2013). Think like Zuck: How Leadership diversity Sparks Innovation. Forbes Magazine. Retrieved from: []

Forbes. (2013). The World's Billionaires: Mark Zuckerberg. Forbes Magazine. Retrieved from: [ ]

Drucker, P.F. (2004). What makes an effective executive? Harvard Business Review, 58-63.

Goffee, R., & Jones, G. (2001). Why Should Anyone Be Led by You? IEEE Engineering Management Review, 29(1), 94-100.
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Leadership Two of the Most Pressing Issues

Words: 1201 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43096876


Two of the most pressing issues in corporate leadership today include gender equality and labor rights. In "Women See Slow Progress in Leadership," Gay (2013) cites numerous empirical studies showing that the glass ceiling remains nearly impenetrable at the highest levels of management. The report cites the work-life balance ideal as the most common reason offered for why many women are either opting out of the CEO lifestyle, or are not considered ready or willing to handle the challenges and pressures of senior leadership.

In "The Best Retail Companies to Work for Right Now," Smith (2013) describes Costco's approach toward human resources management. The company has recently been named one of the best companies to work for in the United States because of their relatively high salaries, supportive work environment, opportunity for growth, and job security. Its ethical labor rights practices are helping gain positive publicity for Costco, showing that ethical leadership practices can be profitable.

A servant-leadership model can be applied to both of these situations. In both these situations, the need for work-life balance is highlighted. Costco is a good company to work for in part because of the fact that employees are encouraged to develop a…… [Read More]


Gay, M. (2013). Women see slow progress in leadership. The Wall Street Journal. 14 Nov, 2013. Retrieved online:

Greenleaf, R. (2013). Ten principles of servant leadership. Butler University. Retrieved online:

Lavinsky, D. (2013). Are you a visionary business leader? Forbes. Retrieved online:

Robert K. Greenleaf Center for Servant Leadership (2013). What is servant leadership? Retrieved online:
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Leadership the Role of Leadership in Excellence

Words: 947 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51666513


The Role of Leadership in Excellence Initiatives

Leadership is often thought of as a quality that is innate to certain individuals, such as CEOs and Presidents who have demonstrated their tireless commitment to a specific cause. This belief is not entirely true, however, and must be examined so that what leadership entails can be fully understood. (Bennis, 2010) There are two theories of leadership, the trait theory and the process theory. The trait theory teaches that leadership 'resides' in people, and is based on a certain mixture of intelligence, extroversion, fluency, and even physical stature. The trait theory of leadership teaches that having these innate traits will directly contribute to one's ability to lead, and therefore the best leaders will combine the highest amount of these aforementioned traits. The process theory of leadership, however, teaches that leadership comes as a result the interactions of individuals in a group. The process theory does not specify any natural born traits as aiding leadership, rather only the framework of the relationships involved in the leader-follower system. (Teal Trust, 2012) Leadership has been essential to human progress since time began, and is utilized constantly to control an assembly of individuals around one common…… [Read More]

Work Cited

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Leadership and Relationship Style

Words: 1555 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30071388

It is the balancing of tools within the rubric of employee-supervisor roles that requires one use different managerial techniques in order to solve the problem at hand. Similarly, find ways to build and increase trust between members of the group and management and group.… [Read More]


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Leadership and Motivation Leadership Cultural

Words: 3842 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84901355

Also, virtue ethics must ensure that the leader acts in the best interest of those who he represents, works with, and works for. However, this does not suffice in order to implement an effective leadership style.

In addition to this, the leader must be surrounded by individuals with similar ethical behavior. This would help the leader to achieve ethical responsibilities. Also, it would make it easier to observe any unethical conduct from the leader.

As mentioned above, there are also different levels of ethics, like mandatory and aspirational ethics. The lowest level of ethics, but not the least important, is represented by mandatory ethics. This type of ethics refers to compliance with the law. In this case, things are clear. All individuals, especially leaders, must respect the law.

Aspirational ethics refer to the effects and influence that leaders' actions have on others. The first people leaders influence are represented by the people they work with. They further influence the targeted segment that the organization in case addresses. This way, leaders can have a global influence.

One of the most efficient ethical leadership models is considered to be P4 or PPPP. This ethical leadership style refers to the following aspects: purpose,…… [Read More]

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1. Finkelstein, S. (1992). Power in Top Management Teams: Dimensions, Measurement and Validation. Academy of Management Journal. No. 8. Retrieved May 13, 2009.

2. Snell, S.A., Dean, J.W. (1992). Integrated Manufacturing Resources Management, A Human Capital Perspective. Academy of Management Journal. Vol. 35, No. 2. Retrieved May 13, 2009.

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Leadership for 21st Century a

Words: 1466 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71169714

To the host country, this translates into cheap imports, which, despite the good they do for the consumer, help demise the national industries, which are no longer able to compete. All these lead to the indubitable conclusion that competition in the twenty-first century is as fierce as it has ever been.

Aside the threat of cheap imports, the modern leaders also fear the possibility of losing their best staff members. Again, the forces of globalization have allowed a free circulation of not only commodities, but also human resource. Given that a company invests in the professional formation of its personnel, it is possible that the employees leave the organization for a better paid job within another global region. In this order of ideas, it can be concluded that competition for human resource is also increased. The same can be said about financial opportunities, in the meaning that national investors might find a foreign country to be a better suited investment destination than a national company.

B. Diversity and Cultural Awareness

Cultural diversity existed, especially within the United States, since early history, but increased emphasis on it within the workplace has only been placed recently. Not before long ago, women and…… [Read More]


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Stuart-Kotze, R., 2008, Traits of Modern Leaders, the Management Blog,  last accessed on August 17, 2009
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Leadership as Defined by Richard Branson

Words: 1279 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3594597

Leadership of Richard Branson

Determine two (2) key ways in which Richard Branson is likely to motivate employees in order to achieve his goals for the Virginia Group. Indicate whether or not his approach is likely to work in a different organizational setting. Provide support for your rationale.

Ensuring that the workforce is focused and always motivated can be a very tricky skill for most employers to master particularly when there is a stretch of time and resources. For Richard Branson this seems like an insurmountable challenge with the size of Virgin group and the diverse companies under it. Richard Branson has recognized the influence that the culture of the company has over the members of staff. There are two key ways that Richard Branson is likely to motivate employees in order for him to achieve hos goals for the Virgin Group. The first way is through inviting them to take part in the company events like the Virgin Live Free fest this provides an opportunity for the employees to enjoy themselves and this sense of fun is what unites the employees to the organization and hence they feel as though they are part of it .through this the employees…… [Read More]


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Preston, J.(2010). Richard Branson: how to energize your employees. Retrieved March 15,2014 from

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Leadership at GE the General Electric Leadership

Words: 688 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57190781

Leadership at GE

The General Electric Leadership Program is a program to prepare GE's leaders of the future, and it is one of the most respected leadership programs in the world, because it gets excellent results and creates leaders of the future. The program is multi-faceted, gives hands on experience, and shows participants what their corporate experience at GE will be like, so it gives GE exceptional leaders, and prepares college grads for a rewarding career with a global leader in numerous different departments.

Why is this program so successful and well respected? Because it works, and because it is extensive. Students do not sit in class for a few weeks. They spend six months in a location, and then rotate to another location, learning every aspect of day-to-day operations during their time there. It is a full time job, and they also have periods of intensive study at the Crotonville, New York location of the company. That means they gain hands on experience in management and leadership. One of the people in the YouTube interview talks about managing workers on the shop floor, negotiating contracts, and working with other leaders, which shows how diverse the training is, and that…… [Read More]


Smith, Ethan. "At GE, Management Development is a Continuous Process." 2009. 22 Sept. 2009.

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Leadership Our Persistent Approach to the Initial

Words: 3301 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82086512


Our persistent approach to the initial years of the twenty-first century, necessitates to recall the crucial incidents of the previous century and to foresee the events to be come across in future more specifically in the ensuing years. The commercial class considered to constitute the largest section in the society much concerned bout the future events. Taking all the technological advancements that took place during the past century in to consideration the corporations are to strive for maintaining the competitiveness in the international market relentlessly. Taking together all the factors one can visualize the extraordinary variations that have profound impact on the global trade and commerce. The veracity of global economy combined with the dissemination of the information technology provided adequate impetus to the corporations large and small to compete in a new dimension. This lays emphasis of the effectiveness of management and leadership skills as a determinant for the endurance of a corporation. (Leadership Effectiveness for the Twenty-First Century)

It is worthwhile then to define leadership. It is considered to be a quality which can be perceived to being observed yet quite hard to narrate. Several definitions have been put forth along with equally large number of critics.…… [Read More]


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Leadership at the Core of Leadership Is

Words: 2959 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83223179


At the core of leadership is the interaction between the leader and the follower. Much of leadership theory can be understood in terms of how leaders and followers interact and what the underlying assumptions are with respect to the roles and nature of leadership. Because of the many different types of leaders, and successful examples thereof, leadership scholarship has developed multiple branches that seek to explain leadership, but no one branch has yet proved definitive. Instead of understanding leadership through a single paradigm, and it better to understand it in terms of multiple paradigms, and different leadership theories can be applied to the same situation, and any given leader might apply multiple leadership styles at the same time.

Part of the appeal of leadership scholarship is that it encompasses so many unique academic disciplines. Leadership scholarship began life as in business schools but has been studied in the psychological and sociological contexts as well as the intercultural context, all of which lends breadth and depth to our understanding of leadership. This paper will synthesize the existing thought with regards to leadership, and seek to determine common relationships that are foundational to understanding what leadership is and how leadership works…… [Read More]


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Leadership Course No -- Leadership it Had

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Course No -- Leadership

It had often been said earlier that leadership is an inherent quality in certain individuals, but there are also leaders who are made through management institutions, by organizations, through institutions like the armed forces and even through political relationships, etc. There are certain qualities that a leader must have or develop to be a leader and remain a leader and those are the subject matter of discussion now.

The situation in the world is changing and it has come to a position in the beginning of the twenty-first century, that certain characteristics are seen as requirements for being able to influence future changes. Some of them are the ability to bring together individuals as much as possible for them to take a collective action, demonstrate collaborative decision and inclusive decision making for the entire group, maintain a flexible and responsive reaction in reference to all changes, be ready to engage in continuous learning and improvement, communicate to the group a set of visions, purposes and values; be ready to develop, nurture and build up others so that they can also become leaders; view the problems with a global perspective and view the difficulties of individuals…… [Read More]


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Leadership Has Become a Prominent

Words: 2476 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65281814

According to the Ohio State University (2004), both could be equally appropriate in terms of overall company outcomes, as they are very similar in terms of valuing and inspiring follower excellence.

When considering the motivation towards leadership for each type of leader, the contrast is sharper. The servant leader, for example, leads from a motivations basis of egalitarianism. The leader's fundamental belief is that he or she is no better than followers. The company's collective goals are then reached by means of an egalitarian team effort, where both leader and followers learn from the experience. Servant leaders are therefore much more focused upon the non-traditional form of leadership, which exists in beign servants themselves (Patterson, Redmer and Stone, 2003, p. 6). Followers are provided with a large amount of freedom to exercise the abilities they can bring to the promotion of the business goals. This means that a very high degree of trust is placed in followers.

The transformational leader, on the other hand, is motivated by the drive to recreate the organization in response to external environmental challenges. While trust is also fundamentally entailed in the transformational leaders' relationship with his or her followers, the fundamental difference between the…… [Read More]


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