Organic Farming Essays

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Organic Produce & Farming for Most of Essay

Words: 1788 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1061228

Organic Produce & Farming

For most of history, farming was organic simply because of the available materials used in agriculture. Only during the middle to late 20th and early 21st centuries, with the advent of synthetic chemicals, was a new process for fertilizing and preserving foods available. This more recent style of production is referred to as "conventional," though organic production has been the convention for a much greater period of time. With organic methods, the use of chemical pesticides, herbicides and other chemicals is not only restricted, but regulated. There may be times, however, when certain non-organic products are still used when necessary. If livestock are involved, they must be reared without the routine use of antibiotics and without the use of growth hormones, and generally fed a healthy diet (Stokstad, 2002). While controversial, in most countries around the world, produce labeled as "organic" may not be genetically modified in any way. It has been suggested that the application of nanotechnology to food and agriculture is a further technology that needs to be excluded from certified organic food (Lyons, 2008).

Under most agriculture rules, organic food production is quite separate from private gardening and is regulated. Currently, the European Union, the United States, Canada, Japan and many other countries require producers to obtain special certification in order to market food as "organic" within their borders. Most certifications allow some chemicals and pesticides to be used, so consumers should be aware of the standards for qualifying as "organic" in their respective locales. Historically, organic farms have family run operations that have remained small -- typically the produce was only available at local farmer's markets. However, since the early 1990s organic food production has had growth rates of around 20% a year, far ahead of the rest of the food industry, in both developed and developing nations ("Family Farms," 2009).

Within the food industry, organic products are the fastest growing sector of the U.S. And EU food industries with sales growing about 20% per…… [Read More]

Stokstad, E. (May 30, 2002). "Organic Farms Reap Many Benefits." ScienceNow.

Volume 1, Cited in:

Winter, C. And S. Davis. (2006). "Organic Foods." Journal of Food Sciences. 71(9): 117-24.
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Organic vs Grocery Stores Organic Essay

Words: 2224 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26206307

And in response to big power lobbying, Senate and House Republicans on the Agriculture appropriations inserted a provision in 2005 into the department's budget, which would allow the use of certain artificial ingredients in organic foods. Many players in the organic industry today also argue that they are willing to use some synthetics in producing organic food. Joseph Mendelson and other advocates of strict organic standards argue that these provisions will open a "Pandora's box," allowing big organic food producers to lobby for further loosening of the USDA standards (Warner).

The downsides of big food producers going organic is well-illustrated by the experience of Whole Foods Market. It grew out of a small vegetarian store opened by Mackay and his girlfriend in 1978 in a garage in Austin, Texas. In 1992, the company went nationwide, opening stores in several cities. Now, the company owns more than two hundred stores across the nation and in 2007 it opened a whopping ninety-nine-thousand-square-foot supercenter in London. It should be acknowledged that Mackey and his company promoted the ethics of food processing to American consumers, introducing the concept of "organic" to many Americans who have long forgotten it. "You can't argue with one thing," a vegetable organic farmer told a reporter, "if it wasn't for Whole Foods we'd still be handing out leaflets telling folk what organic is" (Renton). In other words, organic food became mainstream and popular, due partly to the efforts of Mackay and his company.

But the Whole Foods Market, in the opinions of many farmers who have worked with them, is no longer an ethical organics company. As Alex Renton argues, "Whole Foods Market is in most ways an ordinary capitalist empire, geared to the market and its mania for growth. . . . In the view of many American green campaigners, Whole Foods took an anti-big-shop movement, assimilated its virtues, did away with its annoyances, and made another big shop out of the result." Joan Gundermann, a Texas organic vegetable farmer, explained her disillusionment with the company in the…… [Read More]

Cloud, John. "Eating Better Than Organic." Time Magazine. 2 March 2007. Web. 22 March 2011.

"It's Easy Being Green: Organic vs. Conventional Foods -- the Gloves Come Off. Center for American Progress. 10 September 2008. Web. 22 March 2011.
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Organic vs Non-Organic Organic vs Essay

Words: 1062 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79858433

From an environmental perspective this work demonstrates the fact that the growth of this movement has been reinvigorated as a result of the fact that many have come to understand how dangerous many of the chemicals used in commercial agriculture are to the earth and the body. "The last few years have seen the issues of BSE, genetically modified foods, hormone disruption and antibiotic resistance come to the fore and there is a greater recognition that what we eat is vitally important to our health." She notes that many of the pesticides and herbicides we have used in the past have been a destructive force and are no longer even considered safe, but were deemed so prior to the modern research that has more scientifically established their unwanted and pollutant effects on both the body and earth.

Organic Food Benefits. Nutiva. Organic Food Association. 2003.

This informative article demonstrates a list of the top ten reasons why we should eat and grow organic foods, in a sustainable manner. 1.Organic foods meet stringent standards. 2. Organic food tastes great. 3. Organic production reduces health risks. 4. Organic farms respect water sources. 5. Organic farmers build soil. 6. Organic farmers work in harmony with nature. 7. Organic Producers are leaders in innovative research. 8. Organic producers strive to preserve biodiversity. 9. Organic farming helps keep rural communities healthy. 10. Organic abundance "now every food category has an organic alternative."

Organic Is Healthier." The Daily Mail (London, England) 29 Oct. 2007: 24.

A newspaper article from London UK detailing new scientific studies that prove that organic foods, tested in comparison to those grown by non-organic means are clearly higher in vitamins and minerals and therefore much more likely to help and individual to ward of heart disease, cancer and other modern illnesses.

Uhland, Vicky. "Up Close & Personal." Better Nutrition. October 2003, Vol. 65 Issue 10, p 52.

Uhland discusses the utilization of not only food products produced organically but also personal care products, which also leech into our skin, earth and water supplies and should be as important as the food we eat.

Weed, Susun. "Organic": Is it Healthier? Soybeans…… [Read More]


Byrum, Allison. \"Report Confirms More Health Benefits of Organic Food.\" Organic Consumers Association. 2003.
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Organic Chcoloate Everyday Organic Chocolate Essay

Words: 385 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1771204

The ambition is to promote organic chocolate and its implied benefits outside of historically niche markets.

One year marketing objectives include a penetration of U.S. sales markets, where it is predicted that by 2011, the organic chocolate market will have experienced a 71% increase in sales over five years. It is the ambition of Everday to have accounted for every 20th bar of chocolate bought in the United States by that juncture. This would make for a market share of 5% by 2011, which would in all likelihood make Everyday the biggest organic player in the candy bar market.

Works… [Read More]

Knudson, W.A. (2007) The organic food market. Online at

Organic Nature News (ONN). (2009). Organic Chocolate. Online at
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Organic Food British Consumer Attitudes Organic Essay

Words: 3305 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92615272

217+). It is not only the consumer, then, who might be affected by cost; producers also might be reluctant to grown or process organic foods unless they believed that consumers would continue to be willing to pay the price of the organic foods. Their study focuses "on the benefits associated with segregation and labelling strategies that are commonly gauged by the size of premiums consumers are willing to pay for non-biotech foods" (Moon and Balasubramanian, 2003, p. 217+).

The results Moon and Balasubramanian got from their study seemed to prove that the demand for non-biotech foods (if not 'health foods' or 'organic foods' per se) would "arise from the following: "risk perceptions about adverse health effects, environmental concerns, moral and ethical considerations, and negative perceptions about the growing role of multinational corporations in farming" (2003, p. 217+).

That did not mean all British consumers would automatically be willing to pay a premium for non-biotech foods, however. In fact, "if respondents perceived benefits from agrobiotechnology in the forms of reducing chemical use in crop production, mitigating world food shortage, of improving nutritional quality, they were less likely (emphasis mine) to pay a premium for non-biotech foods" (Moon and Balasubramanian, 2003, p. 217+).

Still, British consumers generally are wiling to pay more for 'organic' foods than are U.S. consumers. The mean premium in the U.S. was 10%, suggesting that "the strength of demand for non-biotech foods would be neither immense nor negligible. These findings indicate that a niche market for non-biotech foods could emerge if consumers were given the right to choose between biotech and non-biotech foods" (Moon and Balasubramanian, 2003, p. 217+). It was a far different story in the U.K. Moon and Balasubramanian noted:

For U.K. consumers, the estimated mean premium of 19% (35%) of the base price indicates that the strength of demand for non-biotech foods may be considerably greater than demand in the U.S. This result may be reflective of structural differences in general attitudes toward foods and regulatory agencies in U.S. And U.K. samples. Furthermore, such differences are likely to arise from two sources: (1) higher importance attached to foods as an important social function by European consumers, relative to U.S. consumers (Richardson 2000), and (2) distrust of regulatory agencies in the face of repeated outbreaks of food scares such as the mad cow disease (BSE) or foot and mouth disease…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Arce, A., and T.K. Marsden. "The Social Construction of International Food: A New Research Agenda." Economic Geography 69, no. 3 (1993): 293+. Database online. Available from Questia, Accessed 26 July 2005.

Are You an Ethical Consumer?" New Statesman, 129, no. 4511 (2000): 15. Database online. Available from Questia, Accessed 26 July 2005.
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Organic Fruits & Vegetables vs Essay

Words: 692 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95940100

Some of these nutrients are extremely valuable to humans, such as the salicylic acid that can be found in tomatoes and is the same chemical found in aspirin (Worthington 990-991). Considering the benefits identified with aspirin use, who wouldn't rather get the same effects from a natural and pleasant tasting source instead of a bitter pill?

Not only can organic produce provide valuable nutrients better than traditional produce, but the absence of pesticides and other chemicals used on conventional farms is also a boon to the consumer. Synthetic chemical pesticides and herbicides have a notorious history of being dangerous carcinogens. The highest death rates in the United States of certain cancers can be found in the rural farming areas of the country. Migrant workers have also demonstrated abnormally high rates of cancer that have been shown to be linked to herbicide and pesticide use (Steingraber 64). If these substances are causing cancer in the workers who toil on these conventional farmlands, why would it even be questioned whether there is an imminent danger present simply in eating the produce from these farms.

After reviewing all of this information it seems very difficult to deny that organic produce is clearly the better choice for consumers when it comes to their health, the health of the workers who bring the food to the grocers, and for the earth itself. By choosing to go organic, the conscientious shopper will certainly bring home a better tasting product, but they will also bring home good, hearty food from a healthy, self-sustaining earth. The more consumers that support this movement, the more organic farming will grow and flourish, and when organic farming flourishes, the earth flourishes, as do the creatures that live on it.

Works… [Read More]

United States Department of Agriculture. Organic Food Standards and Labels. Brochure.

Dauncey, Guy. "Ten Reasons Why Organic Food is Better." Common Ground, April 2002: 17-19.
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What Are the Motivational Factors for People to Purchase Organic Food Essay

Words: 2580 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64786484

Organic Food Motivation Research

The fiscal crisis of 2009 did not dissuade people from digging a little deeper into their noticeably thinner wallets to pay a lot more for food that they can trust. Sales of organic food rose by 5% during the global financial crisis, sustaining the trend from 2000 through 2008 when organic food sales rose 15%. The purpose of this study was to determine the primary motivational factors for purchasing organic food by those shoppers who regularly buy organic food for their own consumption. The participants in this study shopped regularly for organic foods and despite the steeper prices, considered organic food to be a good value. The subjects were primarily attracted to organic foods because they perceived it to be better for them, but many study participants also expressed environmental concerns. Subjects in this study were relatively young, with a median age of approximately 30 years, and most were married. The subjects shopped at a variety of locations for food and reported buying organic food from all available food categories, although most purchases were organic vegetables.

II. Introduction

Organic food is better for the environment, the ecosystem, and the farm workers who plant, tend, and harvest food. The strong marketing points for organic food are the absence of pesticides, chemical fertilizers, and artificial hormones. A new benefit is being researched and marketing -- organic food may actually be more nutritious than non-organic food (Cassetty, 2010; Williams, 2002; Worthington, 2001). While this benefit is being debated, consumers are prowling for food that is safe (Baxter, 2006). The last half of the last decade was replete with recall of unsafe products (e.g., milk, infant formula, pet food, eggs), a number of which were intended for human ingestion and consumption. Imports of food from China, "more than tripled in value between 2001 and 2008" (Gale & Buzby 2009). Highly publicized incidences of food alteration and food contamination in imported Chinese food products heightened public concern about imported food. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has judged that the most common problems with food imported from China are "filth, unsafe additives, inadequate labeling, and lack of proper manufacturing registrations [most of which] are typically introduced during food processing and handling" ("ERS, 2009). Some degree of processing occurs with nearly all Chinese food imports, leaving consumers wary. More so, as the FDA opened its first overseas office in China…… [Read More]

Baxter, B. 2006. Who's buying organic? Demographics 2006, HartBeat, Retrieved
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Farm Report in Kansas Terry Carey Is Essay

Words: 954 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90667183

Farm Report in Kansas

Terry Carey is a very famous local farmer in Kansas City. She deals with horticultural farm produce such as apples, ornamental corn, popcorn, water melons, cucumbers, winter squash and pumpkins with pumpkins being her major crop. Pumpkins are generally warm-loving crops therefore she plants them in June and they are often ready by September or mid-October. The size of her farm is 1,025 acres where she normally tries to distribute all the crops that she grows evenly on the land. However during the period between June and September she dedicates her entire farm to pumpkins and leaves out other crops. She plants mainly two varieties on her farm which are the giant ones that are greater that 20lb in size known as prize winner. This one takes 120 days to mature and they have a good color and shape. The second variety she plants is Jack-o'Lantern which is between 7-20 lb. The specific one in this category which she grows is Gold Rush which takes 120 days to mature, it has a large handle and it has a deep orange color.

Her farm does not have perennial weeds and it has very good quality of soil. Normally she does long rotations of between three and four years and uses soil tests for the application of potassium and phosphate. She ensures that her farm has the ideal pH for growing her pumpkins which is between 6 to 6.5.she makes sure that she tills her land beforehand since she grows her pumpkins in the late season hence this would help in killing late-germinating weeds.

The pumpkins grow in vines that which spread between 15 and 18 feet, she therefore does a traditional spacing of 12 to 15 feet between rows that have pumpkins between 2 to 4 feet .she uses a variety of farm equipment for the planting and harvesting of her crops these include; tractors, combine harvesters, seeding, planting and tillage equipment. All these equipment are necessary due to the size of her farm. The control of weeds is a critical management practice when it comes to growing pumpkins and the weeds are a very big problem since pumpkins are planted late when many annual broadleaf weeds are growing. She uses some of the few herbicides which are available…… [Read More]

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Farm Subsidies the Subject of Essay

Words: 1708 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71754478

Substantial cuts to farm subsidies would save taxpayers money and reduce the Federal budget deficit. Ongoing deficit spending on farm subsidies and other programs is causing large amounts of debt to be foisted on the next generation (2007)."

Paul Roberts (2008) writes that it incumbent upon first world nations, like the United States and the UK to set the pace for world policy when it comes to food, and to recognize the harm that food subsidy programs causes economically, and socially. Unfortuately, Roberts also points to the government's susceptibility to special interest (296), and we should add, self-interest. So long as we find elected officials reaping profits from farm subsidies, and so long as they are influenced by corporate special interest, then we will continue to see the government interference in agricultural free trade in the form of subsidies.

Works… [Read More]

Bafalikike, Lokogo. World Trade: A Scandal that Must End, New African, Nov 2002,

412. Print.
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New Jersey History of Farming and the State Evolution Essay

Words: 1888 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71980333

New Jersey Farming

The state of New Jersey has been a part of the United States since before it was a country. When the land was occupied by Native Americans, the ground was cultivated and the fertile soil used to plant and fish in the Atlantic Ocean and the many rivers. It is believed that because of the high fertility of the ground, the populations who lived there were less adept at hunting and defense, thus making them easy targets for the European settlers, first from the Netherlands and then the Swedes before falling under the control of the British. Even as a colony of Great Britain, New Jersey was integral because of its agriculture and fertile soil which grew foods not just for people within the colonies but that could also be exported back to England. It was believed that the vast majorities of people living in New Jersey at the time were farmers or were engaged in an industry which benefited from farming. Even in the modern period, farming and agriculture are still integral parts of New Jersey's economy. However, as with most things in history, the agricultural profile of the New Jersey farmer has changed considerably since colonial times with the industrialization of the trade.

During the American Revolution, the land that would become the state of New Jersey was an integral part of the war effort, not only because of the harvests but the farmers themselves. It was stated that farming was the backbone of the national endeavor to become a sovereign nation.[footnoteRef:1] Many New Jersey farmers became Minutemen.[footnoteRef:2] The Minutemen were able to fulfill an important role in the American Revolution. For many communities, these men were the first line of defense before the more organized Continental Army could arrive. The people who were recruited to be Minutemen were traditionally under the age of twenty five and had to have certain physical characteristics which made them adept at soldiering. Young men who had been raised on rural farms and had many years spent in intensive farm labor were perfectly…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Adam, Pegi. "Fast Facts." New Jersey Farm Bureau. 2002. Print.

Barna, John, "New Jersey's Agriculture History Detailed Through Online Exhibit." Gloucester
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Ethics and Morality Organic Food Essay

Words: 1147 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62808217

The current food distribution system exists for economic reasons, not of pure malice. The current food distribution system "…does involve transportation costs, but it also puts food production where it is cheapest," in the most fertile areas of the country and away from urban centers. (Cowen). Putting them near areas where people actually live would not only be an inefficient, sub-optimal use of that land but would also reduce the amount of land available for housing. Under Pollan's system, urban areas in regions with relatively limited amounts of arable land will have a scarcity of affordable food.

The use of fossil-fuels is what allows the world to sustain a population nearing 7 billion people. Norman Borlaug, founder of the green revolution, "…estimates that the amount of nitrogen available naturally would only support a worldwide population of 4 billion souls or so." (Hurst) Thus, about 40% of the world's current population would not be alive if not for the use of artificially synthesized nitrogen, as Pollan himself noted. (Hurst)

Benefits of Current Food Production System

Pollan also overlooks the many benefits of our current food production and distribution system. The fossil fuels that Pollan derides improve our environment by reducing the need to produce forages and other inputs needed for natural fertilizers. (Hurst). This, in turn, reduces the need for expansive, costly irrigation systems. In short, it allows us to reduce the amount of land needed to produce a certain food supply, thereby preserving more land for other purposes or as reserves.

The current food production system also has key health benefits for the overall population. For one, it allows people all over the country, even those in isolated agricultural zones, access to the ingredients necessary for a balanced diet. A balanced diet is crucial for preventing health problems. However, many regions of the country, such as the Midwest, depend on distant regions on the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts to supplement their carbohydrate-heavy local supply.

Pollan's Assumptions

Pollan's assumption that small local farms will be content to remain small local farms is naive. As family farmer Blake Hurst notes, "…even the poultry industry, with its contracts and vertical integration, relies on family farms to contract for the production of the birds." (Hurst). Thus, even if the nation switched to a system based on small local farms tied to their communities, these small…… [Read More]

Pollan, Michael (2006). The Omnivore's Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin Press, 2006.

Cowen, Tyler (1 November 2006). "Can You Really Save the Planet at the Dinner Table?." Slate. Retrieved March, 15 2002. Available at .
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USDA Certified in Organic Beef on a Essay

Words: 1797 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92232489

USDA Certified in Organic Beef on a Family Owned Ranch

Becoming a certified organic farmer is an expensive and time-intensive process, and, accordingly, a significant decision for any small farmer. The problem is to understand the process by which a family owned ranch could become USDA certified for organic beef. What are the necessary steps and important factors to consider from beginning the process to marketing to retailers?

Understanding USDA Organic

The government-managed organic food certification program is USDA Organic. Within this certification system, organic food production follows guidelines laid out in the Organic Foods Production-Act of 1990 and amended according to Public Law 109-97, Nov. 10, 2005. These regulations take into consideration site-specific conditions "integrating cultural, biological, and mechanical practices that foster cycling of resources, promote ecological balance, and conserve biodiversity." (USDA Agricultural Marketing Service, 2011) Included in OFPA are rules for farm planning, livestock handling, use of pesticides and synthetic substances and processing. Beef has been included in the National Organic Program (NOP) since 2002. (U.S. Department of Agriculture) The certification program is only available to producers and handlers that sell more than $5,000 per year in organic products. Producers and handlers that deal in smaller quantities may use the USDA logo without certification so long as they adhere to USDA Organic guidelines. (USDA Agricultural Marketing Service, 2008)

NOP standards are intentionally defined somewhat loosely, leaving points of specificity to the state agencies and administrators that monitor certification. In the case of livestock, NOP indicates that products must be produced primarily without synthetic chemicals (there are some exceptions) and livestock must be handled in accordance with a plan agreed to by the livestock farmer, handler, and the state or local administrator or certifying agency, overseen by NOP and the National Organic Standards Board. Further, livestock must be fed organically produced feed, and not be fed plastic pellets, manure, formula containing urea, or growth hormones. Livestock may not be given antibiotics or other medication (excluding vaccinations) except in the case of sickness, nor may they be given synthetic internal parasiticides.…… [Read More]

Certified Naturally Grown. (2011). Retrieved 5-17, 2011, from CNG:

MOSES. (2008). Local and Organic, Not an Either/Or Issue Fact Sheet.
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Business Plan for Organic Fertilizer Essay

Words: 3068 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28050228

We can use this opportunity to establish loyalty among our existing customers, develop referrals among our customers to their colleagues, and establish our brand and credibility as local suppliers of organic fertilizer of high quality and at a good price to our market. With this in place, it will be difficult for any new market entrants to displace us in our local area as the main suppliers of organic fertilizer.

Company Management of Data and Knowledge

Inventory Management

Inventory is managed in the shipping department. Orders are sent to the shipping department from the customer service representatives via a secure, intra-office internet connection. Once the orders are received, shipping personnel use recycled sticky labels to hand-write the customer and order information with sustainable ink pens, and then affix those labels to the bags of fertilizer. If a customer is ordering more than one bag of fertilizer, as many of them do, the number of bags are stacked in groups of four and tied with twine, and a label affixed to the top back in each bundle, even if there are several bundles for the same customer. Orders are stored near the trucks, in the order in which they were received. In this way, each customer is sure to get his or her order in a timely manner. The date of order is also placed on each label, with the goal being twice-weekly shipments of product, so each order that comes in is delivered within two to three business days. If a customer wants to come pick up their order at the warehouse, those orders are labeled thusly and set aside in a safe, secure customer pick-up area, with names arranged alphabetically, for easy retrieval when the customer comes to get his or her order.

Knowledge Management

Knowledge management is handled in the office. The main people responsible for this are the office assistant, bookkeeper, and customer service representatives. The CEO also plays a role in knowledge management. In Organic Fertilizer Specialists, knowledge management means proper record keeping regarding financials and orders, as well as media relations, market research, regulatory agency research to make sure local and national regulations regarding the practices of the business are being complied with at…… [Read More]

Campbell, Clark a. (2008). The One Page Project Manager for it Projects: Communicate and Manage Any Project with a Single Sheet of Paper. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Gerber, Michael E. (1995). The E-Myth Revisited: Why Most Small Businesses Don't Work and What to Do About it. New York, NY: Harper Collins.
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Technology Is Necessary in Farming Essay

Words: 551 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58253979

In India, for instance, the Green Revolution has resulted in an overwhelming abundance and surplus of food, most of which rots away in government silos.

Indian leaders must experiment with different socio-economic changes - perhaps, for instance, a better reaction to the remnants and shadows of the caste system - that will result in a more equal distribution of wealth among the nation's people. At this point, the Green Revolution's production of an abundance of food only affects the wealthy: They are able to buy even more food, and the poor continue to have no money or access to the food.

A concerted effort to implement Green Revolution methods of increasing the yield on farms through technology and chemicals must be balanced by socio-economic change that allows the nations' poorest to benefit as well. However, this process must be balanced against the environmental hazards posed by Green Revolution farming strategies. As farmers and scientists alike have reported, the chemicals used to increase production are harming the land irrevocably, especially in comparison to alternative organic farming and more eco-conscious farming methods.

The worst possible situation would erupt from a successful meshing of the Green Revolution methods in a country stricken by poverty with pointed socio-economic change that allows the hungry to finally benefit - only to see the system and its progress collapse 10 years down the road because of unsustainable chemical farming tactics and methods.

Truly, the environmental must be balanced with the chemical and the socio-economic change to achieve inroads against poverty on a global level.… [Read More]

Rosset, Peter and Collins, Joseph and Lappe, Francis Moore. 2000. Lessons from the Green Revolution. Tikkun Magazine.
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Farming Springdale Farms Is a Local Grower Essay

Words: 597 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84801459


Springdale Farms is a local grower of farm products in Cherry Hill, New Jersey that has been operating for more than six decades. Throughout its history, Springdale Farms has been growing and selling various farm products including vegetables and fresh fruits on Springdale Road. Since its inception, the grower has achieved tremendous success in its locality because of its increased commitment to sustainable farming, which has made it strong and productive through the years. The company considers its farming and land as increasingly important part of its great family and community at Cherry Hill. When this grower launched its services more than 60 years ago, Cherry Hill was characterized by landscapes that were full of farms, orchards, and pastures. The current landscape has changed significantly because of the increased construction of modern highways, which has reduced farm fields and forced vegetable and small fruit stands to be located by the roadside.

Springdale Road is the only operating farm left in the Delaware Township in Cherry Hill, New Jersey. One of the major farms in this region is Springdale Farms whose market attracts hundreds of individuals on a weekly basis from the neighboring areas. Customers are increasingly attracted to the grower because of their desire for the taste of home-grown produce and freshly made horticultural products. Springdale Farms is considered as one of the principal farms in this region because chefs at local restaurants patronize its vegetables, fresh fruits, and fresh horticultural produce.

Springdale Farms grow more than 35 different types of vegetables and fruits since the grower strive to always have the freshest local produce when in season. Some of the popular fresh produce at Springdale Farms includes lettuce, spinach, peas, cabbage, strawberries, beans, cucumbers, broccoli, blackberries, raspberries, pumpkins, tomatoes, herbs, sweet corn, and eggplant.…… [Read More]

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Organic Food and the Benefits of Choosing Organic Essay

Words: 1661 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56014943

Organic Food

Today's world is becoming increasingly more complex and fast-paced, which has caused many people to adopt a catch-as-catch-can attitude towards their food. We have become accustomed to receiving things instantly, hence the popularity of fast food restaurants, and we have also become accustomed to receiving larger portions of food. Food today is more processed, refined, pre-packaged, and instantly available than it ever has been at any time in our history to date.

However, such convenience and processing comes with a price. Fast foods, prepackaged foods, and other "convenience" foods are loaded with fat and sodium, not to mention all the chemicals, preservatives, and additives they contain. One source (McGraw, p.133) estimates that eating out at fast food restaurants five times a week compared to having a healthy meal prepared at home adds an additional 280 calories a week and 14,560 calories a year to a person's diet. This translates to a weight gain of four pounds in a year! While this might not seem like much at first glance, this weight gain can quickly add up. Children, especially, are fatter now than ever before, and they learn their eating and health habits from their parents. While it is a generalization, it is quite likely that people who eat out at fast food restaurants five times a week are probably also people who have other poor health habits, such as lack of exercise, smoking, and drinking.

Obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and other problems often related to overweight and poor nutrition are reaching epidemic proportions in the United States, and as a result, some people are turning to organic foods as a means of combating this. Research on "fruits and [vegetables] grown organically show significantly higher levels of cancer-fighting antioxidants than conventionally grown foods, according to a new study of corn, strawberries, and marionberries" (Byrum). In addition, biochemist John Paterson found that "organic vegetable soups contain almost six times as…… [Read More]

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Certified Organic Essay

Words: 647 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34819610

Organics trip to the local grocery store will reveal that organic vegetables and fruits not only look better than their non-organic counterparts: they are in many cases also not that much more expensive. As a result, many mainstream supermarkets are starting to carry organic lines of produce, offering more choice to consumers. The Albertson's chain in Washington State recently started stocking shelves with organic coffee; UK food retail giant Safeway added organic meats to its shelves, all of which is locally produced. Increasing numbers of packaged foods are being made with organic ingredients and many of them don't cost more than non-organic counterparts. However, the organic food industry still has a long uphill battle to fight. Organic agriculture is a system of production that eliminates "the use of synthetic inputs, such as synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, veterinary drugs, genetically modified seeds and breeds, preservatives, additives and irradiation," replacing them with "site-specific management practices that maintain and increase long-term soil fertility and prevent pest and diseases," (FAO "Frequently Asked Questions"). Hormones are commonly given to livestock to increase their productivity; hormones are naturally occurring biological chemicals that alter organ functions. Antibodies, proteins produced by animals and humans in response to biological invaders, are also fed to industrial livestock. Organic farmers do not use hormones or antibodies. Nor do organic produce farmers use herbicides (chemical killers of weeds), insecticides (chemical killers of bugs), or genetically modified foods (foods that have been chemically altered to meet certain criteria such as germ-resistance).

Organic food production is one thing; organic marketing is a whole other ball game, as retail outlets for organics has traditionally differed from non-organic markets. Marketing organics at one time meant hippies selling to health food stores. As organics become more affordable and more popular, though, organic marketing is also becoming much easier, and now large organic farmers are able to sell to large grocery retailers throughout the world. The boom in the organics industry…… [Read More]

Albertsons and Equal Exchange Coffee Team Up To Please Consumers and Small Farmers." Equal Exchange. 29 Jan 2003. Online at

Cowley, Geoffrey. "Certified Organic." Newsweek. 30 Sept 2002.
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Vertical Farming-Opportunities and Challenges for Singapore There Essay

Words: 10804 Length: 33 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85032312

Vertical Farming-Opportunities and Challenges for Singapore

There has been much talk surrounding the environmental issues of food production, with many now suggesting the city is the ideal place for growing food to cater for rapidly expanding urban populations. In Singapore, small-scale examples of this are emerging, such as Changi General Hospital and the Tanjong Pagar apartment complex. This dissertation will examine the Vertical Farming movement, and look at the opportunities and challenges for implementing such strategies in Singapore. The research would include sustainable building designs related to architecture and minimal agriculture. The research would consider the application of interviews and case studies in order to come up with reliable and valid results in relation to the research question.

Vertical Farming-Opportunities and Challenges for Singapore


According to the research trends on the human population, in the near future approximately over 80% of the world's population would move to urban areas in order to seek employment opportunities. This would mean the large population of the human race would reside in the urban centers in search of livelihood. Human beings have the trend of increasing their population at an alarming rate. The rate of the world's population growth is unusually high thus stressing the scarce resources that are available for human development. Scientific researches project that, by 2050, the world's population would have increased by approximately 3 billion individuals. This illustrates that the world would require extra resources to facilitate existence and development of the growth of human population. There would be a need for extra piece of land to provide food for the overwhelming population in the future (Kvaloy & Tveteras 2008, p. 296-311).

The current world's population exerts much pressure on the available piece of land. This is because of the need for the piece of land to put buildings and other relevant structures for human security and development. It is crucial to ensure the food security of the human race to…… [Read More]

Kvaloy, O, & Tveteras, R 2008, 'Cost Structure and Vertical Integration between Farming and Processing', Journal Of Agricultural Economics, 59, 2, pp. 296-311, EconLit with Full Text, EBSCOhost, viewed 24 August 2012.

Despommier, D 2009, 'The RISE of VERTICAL FARMS', Scientific American, 301, 5, pp. 80-87, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost, viewed 24 August 2012.
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Green Side of IPE Essay

Words: 2945 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18748823

Organic Agriculture, Gardening and Retail

Organic Gardening

Global Emerging Industry

The purpose of this work is to explore the feasibility of entering into the industry of either retail of organic food or perhaps the possible agricultural realm of the organic food industry. This work will examine all aspects of the organic food industry in brief as well as exploring the marketing possibilities as well as the financial report of a sampling of those doing business within this industry.

Organic food products are growing in terms of customer demand and that is good news for those in the business and indeed for those who desire to see this industry expand which will offer more choices in health wise consumption to consumers as well as providing employment for those who may be otherwise considered non-employable due to educational limitations and finally this industry may very well provide at least some of the answers as to sustainability within communities in terms of alleviating hunger.

There exist within this industry sector and its corresponding market several options for the individual interested in this type of product base. One may decide to run a wholesale operation buying directly from farmers and then reselling to retail consumers or one may choose to be the owner or operator of an organic farm growing the produce for market. Regardless of the role chosen in this industry the rewards hold great promise in terms of financial satisfaction but more importantly in terms of having assisted the world at large in achieving sustainability at a time when resources are pinched as well as in terms of safety due to food contamination throughout the entire scope of the food industry as it is known today. Organic gardening is a method of growing produce or raising lifestyle that is non-inclusive of pesticides, steroid use but is focused toward 'natural' methods, or indeed nature chosen methods in raising healthy, nutritious and safe produce for human consumption.

Organic foods are emerging and setting new standards in food quality in relation to the "freshness,"…… [Read More]

10 Reasons to Buy Local Food (2004) [Online] available at: " rel="follow" target="_blank">