12 results for "Philippines Essays"

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Family Planning Planned Parenting in Essay

Words: 4005 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89630881

This has come about as more knowledge is being provided to mothers about health education and family planning. Health workers are starting to work harder at educating women about their health and safety, and intervening more often to protect women's health and prevent dangerous forms of contraception including self-induced abortion (Olenick, 2000). Women living in rural areas still generally have more children and give birth to more live babies than women living in urban areas, with women with little or no education having higher than average total fertility rates (Olenick, 2000).

During the modern era many women living in the Philippines report on average they desire 3.2 children, with younger women preferring even smaller families when compared with older women (Olenick, 2000). Women who had children and were surveyed often reported they wanted no more children with more than half of women with two children reporting they wanted to prevent further pregnancies (Olenick, 2000). Among the modern women surveyed most engaged in family planning used female sterilization or the pill as the most common methods of prevention, though 4% of women still relied on no method of pregnancy prevention (Olenick, 2000). Urban women were more likely to adopt modern practices than those living in rural areas, and educated women were likely to have fewer children than non-educated women. Family planning messages targeting women are more prevalent with more than 80% of educated women having exposure to ads for family planning and roughly 16% of uneducated women experiencing the same exposure (Olenick, 2000, p. 94).

Perceptions of Male-Female Responsibilities

Baretto (1974) reveals in his study more than sixty percent of survey respondents that were women generally approved of family planning practices including use of contraception. Urban living women demonstrated a higher acceptance rate of prevention methods than rural living women (Baretto, 1974).The study also noted a significant correlation between education and a woman's preferences about family planning. Objections to family planning by women included "disapproval of husband" (Baretto, 1974: 296). Other reasons included religious or personal objectives. Despite this much of the information collected for this study suggests that women largely are responsible for the health choices they make, and while gender inequities do exist and male opinions seems to weigh most heavily, most women pursued abortions or other methods of contraception despite public policy or tradition (Baretto, 1974; Lakshminarayanan, 2003).

In…… [Read More]

Barretto, F.R. (1974, Sep). Knowledge, attitudes and practice of family planning in the Philippines, 1972. Studies in Family Planning, 5(9): 294-299. JSTOR

Casterline, J.B., Perez, a.E. & Biddlecome, a.E. (1997, Sep). Factors underlying unmet need for family planning in the Philippines. Studies in Family Planning, 28(3): 173-1991.
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Globalization and Its Impacts in Essay

Words: 2957 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44857572

No efforts have been made to create a strong consumer base in the Philippines itself by improving the lot of the Filipino workers (Bello 3). Had a local market been created and some protections afforded to Filipino workers, development may well have proceeded in a more positive direction as the nation would have been better able to take advantage of those aspects of globalization that offered true benefits, rather than sinking all economic hopes into the long shot that the small nation could compete with nations like India and China as a source of cheap labor. Despite this reality, economic reform in the Philippines has consistently focused on re-creating the nation as an export economy, specifically in the it industry. It probably seemed like a natural extension of economic development in the 1980s and 1990s when the Philippines was attempting to embrace globalization. Globalization offered a way to integrate with the world economy, and the it industry was one of the most in-demand industries in the world. Thus, by the mid-1980s, the Philippines was already trying to capitalize on this fact by focusing on manufacturing semiconductors, a tack the country has relentlessly pursued ever since. Unfortunately, semiconductor manufacturing is a low-value it industry and has done little to improve the Filipino economy (Austria, "Assessing" 1). Low-value technology, like semiconductor manufacturing, doesn't create a product that consumers are willing to pay highly for. These stand in contrast to high-value it products, such as computers or cell phones, which combine many cheaply manufactured parts but are sold at incredibly higher prices. Instead of encouraging the development of a value added it industry, the pursuit of semiconductor manufacturing has only created low wage factory jobs in the Philippines.

This incredible focus on the manufacture of semiconductors has, to some degree, enabled the growth of manufacturing in the Philippines. However, this growth has…… [Read More]

Austria, Myrna S. "Assessing the Competitiveness of the Philippine it Industry." The Philippines Institute for Development Studies. Jan. 2000. 2 Dec. 2007 http://dirp4.pids.gov.ph/ris/dps/pidsdps0003.pdf.

Austria, Myrna S. "Competitiveness of the Philippine it Industry: What Lies Ahead." Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Feb. 2000. 2 Dec. 2007 http://dirp4.pids.gov.ph/ris/pdf/pidspn0002.pdf.
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Philippine Women Fashion Clothing History the Essay

Words: 2191 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89151499

The idea of dressing in civilized and well clothed are well deserving of freedom because t this group that is highly valued despite the fact that the Malay peasants who struggled for the independence have been devalued in the official history of nation -- building and their mark and contribution has been ignored. 'This shown that apart from the influences from the other cultures social classes have been instrumental in shaping the clothing style of the Philippine.' (Grace, 2008) Due to this many would want to dress in a particular recognized and accepted way to be recognized in the class of the rich. This is just part of the culture that has been impacted to the Filipinos which ahs influenced their manner of dressing.

Despite the different Muslim groups in he south and the mountain tribes have their own distinctive garments and seem to have influenced less. The Maranao Muslims of southern Mindanao for instance still have the colorful malong. This is a large cloth wrapped around the body and is worn by both men and women. The Muslim in the Philippine have not been much affected by the influences of other countries which could be attributed to their religion mode of dressing.

'The Philippine women fashion can be termed as a mix of varying culture and mainly those from America, Spanish, and Japan. Since the influences of these cultures a lot has changed as a result. The traditional Baro't Saya dress that was worn by women even before the Spanish invasion of Philippine has been really been modified especially by the presence of the Spanish.' (U.S. Library of Congress. 1999)

Apart from that it is not widely worn today as it was worn before the colonization. Even though it is still worn in occasions, it is hard to see women wearing it regularly, with many women today wearing clothes such as jeans, shorts and others as influenced by the Western World. This shows that the influences of these foreign countries had a strong impact on the clothing style of Philippine and what is mostly is in fashion today. Contrary to that the Philippine culture is not damaged by other cultures as many tend to belief.


Just like other cultures in the world, The Philippine culture has been influenced from all areas including…… [Read More]

Alfredo R. (2008) Philippines Culture Shock; California, Wiley Publisher

Grace R. (2008) Culture Shock! Philippines: A Survival Guide to Customs and Etiquette California, Wiley Publisher
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Viability of Coconut Production and Essay

Words: 9960 Length: 33 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82631133

But neophytes should not attempt to do this. Halved coconuts can be dried in one of two ways. The first is by letting them dry by the heat of the sun, which takes a longer time. The other and faster way is by heating them. A bamboo house or shack without walls is built at about 3 feet above the ground. It has only a roof and a floor. The halved coconuts are piled on the floor. Some coconut husks are piled beneath the shack but not too close to burn the shack. A torch is used to set fire on these piled coconut husks but they are monitored carefully. More fire is set if it turns low. The halved coconuts turn brown and separate from the shells when ready for scooping. Just enough heat from medium to low is used to avoid burning. When the fruits at the bottom are done, the fire is taken out and the coconuts are allowed to cool. When cool, the coconuts are taken to another working area. When some are not too well done, they must be separated and heated again until they turn brown and cooked enough for scooping. Harvesters scoop the cooked coconuts from the shell by using a handmade and wooden semi-pointed instrument, which curves at the tip. Dried coconut meat is scooped with it from the shell. When finished, harvesters cut the meat into 4 to 6 pieces for every halved coconut. The product, copra, is placed inside a sack for selling. The sacks are brought by the carabao-driven cart to the main road where they can be transferred to some other transport means if the coconut plantation is distant. From there, the sacks of copra are brought to the where the merchants can buy them (Batanes).

Copra Production and Consumption Decline

The country's new record in 2010 at 2.8 million tons went down…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
-. Mercedes. http://www.philippines-islands.ph/en/mercedes-camarines_norte-philippines.htm

PSA. Camarines Sur. Philippine Statistics Authority: National Statistical Coordination

Board, 2014. Retrieved on April 30, 2014 from http://www.nscb.gov.ph/ru5/overview/camsur/default.html
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Business and Political Argument Against Essay

Words: 2773 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68048959

The government has rather low environmental expectations. In fact, the consultant found that they are about as lenient as the Mexican restrictions, though the Philippines presents no public relations nightmare as protestors are not rallying against health concerns, as they were in Mexico.

Although the conditions in the Philippines may seem even more ready for outsourcing then the conditions in Mexico, the ethical costs of operating the company in the country are once again too high. Like the situation in Mexico, workers in the Philippines may work for lower wages than workers in the United States, but owners are not being provided with the same level of skill that they would be if continuing to operate the factory in the United States. Because the factory workers would consist mainly of underfed adults and impoverished children, the company would be lucky if workers managed to produce sufficient amounts of products throughout the day. Additionally, employing workers for this cost allows the company once again to act as an enabler, allowing social injustice to continue in the world instead of working to stop it. In a country committed to economic reform in which the first stage of reforms has produced economic growth, enabling the country to continue to undervalue its workers would produce as much negative press as the health protests in Mexico. For both business and ethical reasons, therefore, outsourcing to the Philippines based on the low wages is not strategically supported.

This same argument can be applied to the lower ecological standards put in place by the country. As previously stated, though operating in conjunction with the United States' more stringent ecological model may cost the company operational costs in the short run, failing to determine how to operate the company in a more ecological manner will cost the company far more in the long run, as competition that has succeeded in this task will lead the company in sales. Additionally, in the present era of focus on ecology and green living, outsourcing in order to avoid costs associated with a greener lifestyle does not yield a very solid reputation…… [Read More]

Esselaar, Jeanne. (2002). The Debate over Outsourcing in South Africa: Evidence from a case study. Proceedings from Development Policy Research Unit Conference '02. Muldersdrift, Johannesburg.

Casale, Frank J. (2006). The Outsourcing Institute: Mexico Trends & Opportunities.
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Natio Is a Health and Beauty Products Essay

Words: 956 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78762696

Natio is a health and beauty products maker from Australia, and the company is seeking to expand its business. It has targeted countries in Southeast Asia for expansion as a result of the proximity of the region to Australia and the size of the market. This paper will explore the possibility of Natio entering one of the largest markets in the region -- the Philippines.

The cosmetics industry is a relatively lucrative industry, with competition split among hundreds of competitors. Many such competitors operate worldwide, but there are strong regional players in Asia as well. Consumers tend to be relatively brand loyal. The largest cosmetics industry in Asia is in Japan, worth 10 billion yen a year (Lloyd, 2004). Cosmetics are marketed in department stores, in drug stores/chemists and in standalone stores as well. The market globally is worth an estimated $170 billion USD, and the market in the Philippines is worth an estimated $2 billion per year, with an average growth rate of 7.7% (Personal Care, 2010). This makes the country one of the fastest-growing markets in Asia, despite a relatively high rate of poverty. Imports account for around $150 million of the market, as most cosmetics consumed in the Philippines are domestic (Austrade, 2010).

Natio was a family business for four generations, with a beauty care range launched in 1993. The company focuses on "plant-based, simple and gentle beauty treatments" and is one of the fastest-growing beauty brands in Australia (Natio.com.au, 2010). The company markets products in the skincare, colour, sun/hair/body, spa, wellness and male segments of the market (Ibid). The 1993 launch of beauty care has begun a journey for Natio, which has become a prominent Australian producer, guided by Max and Vivienne Ross, who were responsible for the 1993 relaunch. At present, the company sells its products only in Australia and New Zealand (Ibid).

The Philippine market is an attractive one for Natio. The Philippines accounts for 1.17% of the global market, but is one of the fastest-growing markets. Filipino women prefer simple, easy cosmetics of the type that Natio makes. In addition, they prefer total health and wellness. This benefits Natio because the company markets a fairly broad line of products, including skincare, spa and wellness. The Philippine market is concentrated among the nation's middle class and wealthy. This population is…… [Read More]

Lloyd, T. (2004). Blueprint for a cosmetics empire. Japan Inc. Retrieved October 18, 2010 from http://www.japaninc.com/article.php?articleID=1390

Personal Care. (2010). Inside Philippines cosmetics market. Personal Care. Retrieved October 18, 2010 from http://www.personalcaremagazine.com/Story.aspx?Story=6052
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Global Expansion of Jollibee Was Founded in Essay

Words: 3833 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35167365

Global Expansion of Jollibee

Jollibee was founded in 1975 in Cubao, Philippines and the company was incorporated in 1978 (Layug, 2009). Jollibee grew rapidly, offering a menu consisting of mainly Western foods and following a business model that was inspired by McDonald's. One of the main reasons that Jollibee has become such a success both in the Philippines and abroad is that the company has been able to execute this foreign business model to a high degree of excellence. This essay will analyze the success of Jollibee and make direct comparisons to the business models of Jollibee and McDonald's to show that much of the success Jollibee has enjoyed relates to following this foreign business model. The essay will break down Jollibee's strategy into a number of key components to better understand how it has earned its international and domestic success.

History and Mission

Jollibee began expanding shortly after becoming incorporated under that name, and by the 1980s was expanding into nearby international markets such as Taiwan and Brunei. The company has always held an international orientation, has focused on a Western menu, and has undertaken a number of other strategies that mirror those of Western fast food chains. The company has simply adopted the mission of providing Western fast food to Asian audiences. Another mission is to expand the company around the Asia-Pacific region and further into the United States.

From the beginning, Jollibee adopted the McDonald's tactic of appealing to children, so that it could win customers at an age when they are vulnerable and keep them as they progress through life. To this end, the company settled on a name "Jolly Bee" that was later altered to "Jollibee." The company based its bee mascot on a cartoon character. Its menu is also based around foods that children enjoy eating, such as fried chicken, hamburgers and hot dogs (Layug, 2009). The company has leveraged this strategy in order to build its appeal, especially in the domestic market. Its success today can be in part attributed to the foundations in laid with the current generation of young adults. They grew up on Jollibee…… [Read More]

Erdralin, D. & Castillo, P. (2001). An in-depth study of the hotel and restaurant industry in the Philippines. Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Retrieved from http://www3.pids.gov.ph/ris/taps/tapspp0105.pdf

Flores, K. (2009). Slowing remittances is Jollibee's biggest challenge. ABS/CBN News. Retrieved from http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/business/06/26/09/slowing-remittances-jollibees-biggest-challenge
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Feature Story on Transwoman and Cause Essay

Words: 917 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42103345


Geena Rocero is a model with a purpose. Rocero was born and raised in the Philippines, and recently returned to her homeland to help victims of Typhoon Haiyan. In the midst of a busy schedule, Rocero spends time in her first interview because she feels that sharing her life story is one of the first steps toward helping others. "We're all in this journey together," Rocero exclaims.

Coincidentally, the interview falls on Transgender Day of Remembrance, which commemorates all transmen and transwomen who lost their lives because of targeted attacks. "Transwomen of color are the most marginalized," Rocero reminds us. "70% of hate crime in the LGBT community is committed against transwomen of color. I want this to change. I need this to change. I get so emotional about this and I'm reminded how privileged I am," she says with tears in her eyes.

Rocero works as a model but recently, it seems the bulk of Rocero's work has not been in front of the camera. On November 21, Rocero spoke at a fundraiser for Doctors Without Borders at the Arena in New York City. This December, Rocero is scheduled to deliver a speech at the University of Philippines. After her trip to the Philippines, which will include time spent with her brother, Rocero is traveling to Thailand. In Thailand, she is meeting the country's first transwoman public official to discuss "how we can work together to achieve common goals." The common goals Rocero refers to are the common goals of full United Nations human rights recognition for the transgender population. According to Rocero, transgender issues are the last barrier to full human rights recognition. She states, "This is not about gay rights. There so much work to do. People need access to hormones, and for hormones to be accessible via insurance. Individuals need the power to change their identification documents."

Rocero knows first hand the problems that transgender…… [Read More]