In 1959, the year I was born, Carlos P. Garcia was the president of the Philippines. Garcia was anti-communist, which the Americans liked, but nevertheless he was strongly devoted to the nationalist cause.
Another key way the United States influenced Philippine culture was through arts, literature, and entertainment. American television shows such as "Perry Mason" and "Rawhide" were being broadcast in the country. Popular American songs from 1959 such as those by Buddy Holly and Marty Robbins would be heard on Philippine radio. The Philippine people inherited many American army surplus vehicles, changing the character of Philippine roads and cities. The Americans influenced the ways Philippine people went shopping, how they ate, and what they spoke: English is now the official second language of the Philippines. Moreover, although Catholicism had already firmly taken root in the country due to the Spanish influence, American protestant religions made their mark around the time I was born. In fact, in 1959, the Universalist Church of the Philippines (UCP) was created by indigenous Philippine people. The Church was heavily influenced by the American Universalist Church and was therefore initially officially recognized by it.
However, the indigenous Philippine people strongly struggled to retain and assert their national, ethnic and cultural identities in 1959. In 1959, an English-language book by indigenous Philippine author N.V.M Gonzalez called the Bamboo Dancers came out. The book was critically acclaimed and was also a powerful work of social commentary and protest against oppression. The book championed indigenous cultural values and reflected a strong nationalistic trend in the Philippines. The trend was in large part a reaction against continued American presence in the nation, visible in the many military bases there like the one in which I grew up. An indigenous Philippine film star named Fernando "da King" Poe landed his first starring role in 1959, in a film called Markado. "da King" was so popular because he championed the cause of the poor and disempowered. In 1959, under President Garcia, the Philippines…… [Read More]
For example, in January 2001 President Macapagal-Arroyo occupied the presidency after a civilian coup, backed by the military, until elections took place in May 2004 (Orbeta 2003, p.8). The lack of population control, decreased access to educational opportunities, healthcare, and opportunities has been particularly "deleterious" in its effects upon the nation's resources of human capital (Orbeta 2003, p.12). Additionally, longstanding political corruption has resulted in the exploitation of the nation's natural resources to serve foreign and domestic elites and limited the available funds to deal with the burgeoning population (Tarradell 2004, p.3).
Another problem with population control is that it is hard to tell which aspects of the high fertility and poverty rates are willed or unwilled. For cultural and religious reasons, as well as to ensure their security in old age, many families desire large numbers of children. "To sort which ones are due to lack of control over fertility and which ones are due to preferences" is essential to create an effective birth control campaign (Orbeta 2003, p.13). The nation's high population density of 282 inhabitants per sq km means that fertility control is essential to reach the other ambitious environmental goals set by PA 21. Although some of the Philippines' southern islands are sparsely populated, these areas are often undesirable to live in for political reasons, given that they are home to armed conflicts and terrorist groups (Tarradell 2004, p.3)..
There is fear, on the most basic level, that if action is not taken soon, the population will be less able to feed itself: high population growth will result in over-farming: 34% of the Philippines is currently under agricultural cultivation and severe droughts and hurricanes are endemic to the region due to the El Nino and La Nina effect. Air and water pollution and damage to the coast has also resulted in a decline of sustenance fishing, another source of food (Tarradell 2004, p.3). Environmental sustainability and the promotion of economic development are thus in fact harmonious -- a lower birth rate will make the nation more sustainable and able to feed itself and free up circulating capital and resources in…… [Read More]
Philippines Real Estate
Over the last several years, the Philippine Islands has been going through a major transformation. Part of the reason for this, is because the country has become an area of focus for many firms that are looking to outsource jobs from other regions of the world. As, the nation known is known for: having an educated workforce and low labor costs. This has helped to increase the total number of businesses that are relocating to region. A good example of this can be seen with the total number of IT jobs that were outsourced to the Philippines. As, they increased by: 26% in 2011, which is following a rise of 24% in 2010. These factors are important, because they are highlighting how the Philippines are quickly becoming a popular location for variety businesses. (Philippines Real Estate Report 2011)
While at the same time, the government has been aggressively focusing on promoting the nation as place for tourists and retires. This is based upon the tropical lifestyle they offer and their close proximity to other countries in the region (i.e. Japan and China). Over the course of time, this has helped to increase tourism. Evidence of this can be seen with the high number of arrivals that were reported in the first half of 2011. As the country, reported a total of 1.9 million visitors, which is up 12% from the previous year. This is significant, because the increases in tourists and potential retirees are helping to fuel the demand for housing and other kinds of properties. (Real Estate Sector Banks 2011)
For the real estate market, this means that prices have been consistently rising. The reason why, is because there is a shortage in available housing and a large number of employers are relocating to the region (which is improving the standard of living). These two factors have helped to shelter the Philippines against the financial crisis. As the overall amounts of demand, are pushing prices higher. The below chart illustrates the underlying strength of the markets from 2008 to 2011. (Clancy 2010)
Strength the Philippines Real Estate Market
These different figures are significant, because they are highlighting how the real estate market in the Philippines has tremendous amounts of demand.
However,…… [Read More]
Moreover, they have been ignoring their public transportation system. Evidence of this can be seen with a study conducted by the Global Competitiveness Report of the World Economic Forum. They found that the Philippines has an aging infrastructure and the government is continuing to neglect these issues. As a result, they determined that it is considered to be mediocre in contrast with many countries that are rapidly developing. (Esplanda, 2012) ("Philippines," 2012)
Clearly, the Ukraine is the most logical choice for GE Energy. This is because the country is considered to be: politically stable, they have been implementing sound economic reforms and their government has been embracing the basic ideals of democracy. Moreover, they are making sizeable investments in it infrastructure. Whereas the Philippines is dealing with an insurgency, there are tremendous amounts of corruption and they are not updating the infrastructure. The combination of these factors is showing how the Ukraine is the best choice for GE Energy to set up its operations.… [Read More]
Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army (CPP/NPA)
This paper discusses the Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army (CPP/NPA) in detail. It puts light on the origins, aims, objectives, strategies and tactics of the organization. In addition to that, this paper also comments on the leadership, area of operations and military activities of the organization. Moreover, it highlights the government and military activities that are directed towards minimizing the strength and vigor of the NPA.
Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army (CPP/NPA)
Since the year 1970, Philippines has faced civil war on two fronts, one is a Muslim rebellion, which was initiated in the South Island of Mindanao and the other is the communist rebellion, which is led by the New People's Army (NPA). The NPA started targeting its attacks on the Philippine's army in the early 1970s. During the era of 1970s and early 1980s, NPA gained considerable popular support because of its struggle against the dictatorship of the then president of Philippines, Ferdinand Marcos. (Staff of Political Economy Research Institute, 2006)
In the month of February, in the year 1986, Marcos was overthrown to the people's power revolution. This event had a detrimental impact on the popular appeal of NPA and the organization was divided into parts. Despite the creation of divisions within the organization, the New People's Army continues to be a major source of a number of violent events. (Staff of Political Economy Research Institute, 2006)
In addition to that, the remnants of this organization continue to attack the political opponents and have clashes with the government on various issues. Inspite of its various initiatives, the government of Philippines has not yet succeeded in striking efficient negotiations with the NPA that might put a formal end to the conflicts. (Staff of Political Economy Research Institute, 2006)
Origins and Overview of the Organization
The NPA was formulated, on 29th of March in the year 1969, by CPP in Central Luzon in the provinces of Tarlac and Pampanga…… [Read More]
Recruitment of Doctors From Philippines
Problems, Causes & Solutions
Process of Hiring and Difficulties faced
Growing Population in Dubai
Mode of Recruitment
Assessment and Approval
Approval from the Ministry
Candidates Backing Out After Completion of Recruitment Procedure
Preference given to Public Hospitals
Strict Regulations by Dubai Government
Feedback Received From Filipino Doctors
Better prospects in developed countries
Lack of Good Education
Major Focus on Nursing
Social and Cultural Differences
Strict Legal Obligations
Patriotic Feelings for Their Own Country
Lack of Opportunities for Disabled Doctors
This report has been designed as a result of difficulties faced by HR team of ABC while performing recruitment for Filipino doctors in order to fill internal vacant positions. During the course of hiring, we faced several problems in finding the potential candidates. Most of them were caused because of our virtual presence of ABC in Philippines. We failed to contact the potential candidates and our virtual hiring procedure made it rather difficult for us to analyze the determination shown by the candidates. Also, the tests that were provided to these candidates were also subjected to manipulation. Due to these reasons, we opted the practice of contacting professional recruiters and other professional social networking forums which enabled us to reach suitable candidates. As a result of these strategies, we were managed to hire a team of twenty doctors who were legally bonded to stay with us for at least three years. This decision of making the doctors legally bound was taken due to higher turnover rate in ABC's medical staff.
Other than these practices, we also conducted a survey to analyze the possible reasons for lack of interest by Filipino doctors to join ABC and also any other organization in Dubai. Various factors such as racial discrimination, cultural and social differences, language barriers, legal problems etc. were some of the…… [Read More]
Colonization of the Philippines
The Philippines historically suffered under Spanish rule prior to its annexation by the United States. However, American colonization of the region, while pledged to be altruistic, proved to support a hidden agenda of gaining an Asian territory of military and social importance, similar in the imperialistic tradition of major European countries. The acquisition of the Philippines was met with strong opposition by Filipinos charging the U.S. presence to be imperialistic, but the considerable value it brought to Philippine politics, the economy, and the social welfare of its people have, in some ways, justified the U.S. struggle for possession.
European imperialism in the 1800s proved highly profitable for both the Dutch East Indies and the British Indies, as rival European powers strived to conquer foreign territories for their own profit. These ideal colonies were models of success for the Dutch and Great Britain as they gained from trade and natural resources from the regions they occupied. For the Dutch, territory in Indonesia was granted as a reward for their efforts to fight against rebel uprisings. However, as the Dutch regulated crop production and market prices for the area, the Indonesians rebelled and eventually gained their independence back. The possibilities demonstrated through forcing land acquisition stimulated the U.S. To join in the pursuit of annexing colonies, focusing their efforts in the emerging Asian territories that proved to be accessible, profitable, and of military interest.
The Spanish-American war of the late 1800s led to the American capture of Puerto Rico, a Spanish possession, and a final defeat of the Spaniards. A peace treaty was signed by Spain and the United States, granting Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States while Spain pulled out of Cuba. The U.S. was allowed to occupy Manila, but the question of the fate of the Philippines, another Spanish possession, was yet unanswered. Spain considered the American presence in Manila a violation of the armistice so demanded the Philippines in return. In 1898 another peace treaty, the Treaty of Paris, was drafted ending the war with Spain and formally claiming the previous provisions, with…… [Read More]
The Ibaloi tribe therefore worked actively with the World Monuments Fund (2010) and the National Museum in Manila to ensure that this important part of their history and culture would not be eroded by tourism, but rather enhanced by it.
In almost all other cases of mummification, internal organs are removed, while the rest of the body is mummified. For the Egyptians, this process involved placing each major organs in a jar by the bedside of the dead. The Kabayan mummies are the only mummies in the world with intact internal organs. Because of the unique mummification process, these mummies are then also a unique representative of the country's cultural past. It contrasts with all other mummification processes in history, including that of Egypt, one of the most advanced ancient cultures in the world (Cordillera Blogger, 2007).
The Kabayan mummification process however does show similarities with processes used by the 21st dynasty Egyptians and New Guinea tribes (World Monuments Fund, 2010). Mummies dating from similar times were also discovered in the caves in Mountain Province, which was inhabited by the Bontoc ethno-linguistic group. According to UNESCO (2010), these mummies were not necessarily created by the Bontoc, but could be an extension of the practices exercised by and extension of the Ibaloi burial territory from Kaayan, Benguet to Alab, Mountain Province.
By Presidential decree, the caves must be protected and maintained as a manifestation of the religious an cultural lives of the Ibaloi culture (OFW, 2008). In response, the Philippine Department of Tourism sanctioned off the most popular cave areas and built tourist facilities outside the sanctioned areas. This enabled them to exercise better control over visitation and also to prevent unwarranted intrusions that could harm the mummies or environment (World Monuments Fund, 2010).
It is important to note that the problems faced by the mummies and caves in Kabayan are not only the result of looting or other human-related issues. In addition, environmental elements such as insect infestation and fungal growth…… [Read More]
Green Financing in the Philippines
Our traditional sources of energy are decreasing rapidly causing a demand and importance for green energy. The aim of green energy is to reduce the pollution problems that are being suffered. Investments in green energy are becoming increasingly more popular and more profitable.
Investments in green energy
The current situation for the Philippines is:
The Philippines are facing problems of pollution, higher health hazards, increased unemployment and poverty because of climate change.
The Philippine government has enacted legislation to address the issues, but fail to be consistent in the supervising and implementation of the regulations.
There are obstacles with the green practices that include public awareness, training for bank employees in green practices and costs, and SMEs having available information regarding the benefits of going green and obtaining financing to go green.
There are information gaps about renewable energy and energy efficient technologies, their achievements, capabilities, and economic benefits that cause obstacles for green financing (Piso, 2012).
SMEs are not informed about investment and financing opportunities.
Machine suppliers are reluctant to recommend green machinery because repair of old machines is more profitable.
Investment costs are high and profitability of the investment is views as waiting for prices to go down.
They lack awareness of the long-term savings from the energy efficient equipment and the renewable energy projects that includes financial, operational, and environmental.
SMEs lack the ability to prepare loan proposals due to the lack of appropriate technological information.
The capabilities and overall benefits are not promoted in the public.
Financing programs are too complicated and/or too expensive because of bank requirements being complicated, time consuming, and costly to comply.
SMEs do not have the capacity to adhere to the regulations without the assistance of a loan.
For banks, green financing involves additional work, mainly paperwork; they have no incentive to do.
The staff is not familiar with green technologies; therefore, they are not price sensitive to the costs of the green practices.
It is impossible to predict the impact on business.
Loan monitoring may include items staff is not familiar with, such as power…… [Read More]
firm Australia business Philippine. Some risks considered Philippine;, business environment Philippine specific firm. It . A marketing assignment format, focus specific firm. Topic: The firm work a business analyst strongly interested expanding current manufacturing sales ( domestic export) activity markets.
Globalization is an obvious trend that is catching on all over the world. Australia has also not been left behind in this. This has led to some Australian firms turning to multinational companies by opening up branches and offices in other foreign countries. They are doing this in order to increase their global sales volumes and thus be able to generate more revenue which in turn translates to a high return on investment (ROI) for the investorsSuryadinata, 2006.
The Australian firm under analysis is Miller Inc. which is a pharmaceutical corporation providing pharmaceutical products to over 54 countries around the world including New Zealand, Egypt, India, Malaysia, China, UK, USA, Canada, Brazil, Chile and South Africa. The company is looking to expand their business venture to the Philippines. As a business analyst in Miller Inc., a risk management plan is being done to analyze the foreign market situation presented by the Philippines so as to gauge the potential that is provided by this business venture Nolan, 1996.
The risk analysis will look at the political and cultural systems in the Philippines, ethical practices, legal systems, stability, economic prospects, foreign direct investments and other aspects of doing business in Philippines
(Nickles, 2002, Publications and Usa, 2007a, Publications and Usa, 2007c)
. This risk assessment will help Miller Inc. To know the prospects of the venture in Philippines and to rank and prioritize these risks in order to device the right strategic plan for the venture.
Profile of the Philippines
The Philippines is a country in Southeast Asia which is bordered by Taiwan to the North across the Luzon Strait, Vietnam to the west across the South China Sea, the island of Borneo to the southwest across the Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea to the south, and the Philippine Sea to the east. The country is the 12th most populous in the world with a population of slightly less than…… [Read More]
Japan's ODA Disbursements to the Philippines. (2009, January). Retrieved August 2010, from Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs: http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/oda/data/pdfs/philippines.pdf
Philippines - Relations with Asian Neighbors. (2009, January). Retrieved August 2010, from U.S. Library of Congress: http://countrystudies.us/philippines/93.htm
Backgound Note: The Philippines. (2010, April 19). Retrieved August 2010, from U.S. Department of State: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2794.htm
Philippines. (2010, August 3). Retrieved August 2010, from CIA World Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rp.html
The Philippines and the United Nations. (2010, January). Retrieved August 2010, from United Nations: http://www.un.int/philippines/security_council/
Burns, W. (2010, July 21). A New Era in the U.S.-Philippine Relationship. Retrieved August 2010, from U.S. State Department: http://blogs.state.gov/index.php/site/entry/us_philippine_relationship
Gates, J. (2002, November). The Pacification of the Philippines. Retrieved August 2010, from The U.S. Army and Irregular Warfare: http://www3.wooster.edu/history/jgates/book-ch3.html
Komisar, L. (1987). Corazon Aquino: The Story of a Revolution. New York: George Braziller.
Tan, S. (2009). A History of the Philippines. Quizon City: University of Philippines Press.… [Read More]
Two or three hour ride via private minivan or car available from MNL or from hotel to Batangas and short boat ride to Puerto Galera for a very nominal fee by U.S.
standards (Exact fees unavailable.) This is standard for island-to-island transportation throughout the Philippine Islands, because the U.S. dollar goes very far there for local goods and services. Exact prices and distances vary depending on the order of islands you choose to visit.
Plenty of water-related activities such as snorkeling and SCUBA diving is
Available in Puerto Galera. There is also a luxurious golf club (Ponderosa). Mangyan
Village tours, Jungle Trekking, and site seeing at the Tamaraw Water Falls. More detailed information and schedules are available at the hotels.
Bohol -- Activities (No Accommodation Information Requested):
Activities available in Bohol include visiting ancient caves and whale-watching tours. Some of the best SCUBA sites in the Philippines are available in Bohol, with links to detailed information on them available below:
Cebu -- Only One 4-Star Hotel Available:
Marriott Cebu City
Cebu offers many historic tourist attractions including Magellan's Markers, Fort
San Pedro, the Tops, and Olango Wildlife Sanctuary. Cebu also is known for some of the most beautiful beaches, cliffside views, and SCUBA diving in the Philippines.
Detailed information on these attractions and others is available through this link below:
Boracay -- Only One 4-Star Hotel Available:
Mandala Spa & Villas Boracay (Link Below)
Rate: $290.00/day (Every Day of the Week)
The waters surrounding Boracay are among the calmest and clearest in the Philippines. In addition to SCUBA…… [Read More]
This has come about as more knowledge is being provided to mothers about health education and family planning. Health workers are starting to work harder at educating women about their health and safety, and intervening more often to protect women's health and prevent dangerous forms of contraception including self-induced abortion (Olenick, 2000). Women living in rural areas still generally have more children and give birth to more live babies than women living in urban areas, with women with little or no education having higher than average total fertility rates (Olenick, 2000).
During the modern era many women living in the Philippines report on average they desire 3.2 children, with younger women preferring even smaller families when compared with older women (Olenick, 2000). Women who had children and were surveyed often reported they wanted no more children with more than half of women with two children reporting they wanted to prevent further pregnancies (Olenick, 2000). Among the modern women surveyed most engaged in family planning used female sterilization or the pill as the most common methods of prevention, though 4% of women still relied on no method of pregnancy prevention (Olenick, 2000). Urban women were more likely to adopt modern practices than those living in rural areas, and educated women were likely to have fewer children than non-educated women. Family planning messages targeting women are more prevalent with more than 80% of educated women having exposure to ads for family planning and roughly 16% of uneducated women experiencing the same exposure (Olenick, 2000, p. 94).
Perceptions of Male-Female Responsibilities
Baretto (1974) reveals in his study more than sixty percent of survey respondents that were women generally approved of family planning practices including use of contraception. Urban living women demonstrated a higher acceptance rate of prevention methods than rural living women (Baretto, 1974).The study also noted a significant correlation between education and a woman's preferences about family planning. Objections to family planning by women included "disapproval of husband" (Baretto, 1974: 296). Other reasons included religious or personal objectives. Despite this much of the information collected for this study suggests that women largely are responsible for the health choices they make, and while gender inequities do exist and male opinions seems to weigh most heavily, most women pursued abortions or other methods of contraception despite public policy or tradition (Baretto, 1974; Lakshminarayanan, 2003).
In…… [Read More]
No efforts have been made to create a strong consumer base in the Philippines itself by improving the lot of the Filipino workers (Bello 3). Had a local market been created and some protections afforded to Filipino workers, development may well have proceeded in a more positive direction as the nation would have been better able to take advantage of those aspects of globalization that offered true benefits, rather than sinking all economic hopes into the long shot that the small nation could compete with nations like India and China as a source of cheap labor. Despite this reality, economic reform in the Philippines has consistently focused on re-creating the nation as an export economy, specifically in the it industry. It probably seemed like a natural extension of economic development in the 1980s and 1990s when the Philippines was attempting to embrace globalization. Globalization offered a way to integrate with the world economy, and the it industry was one of the most in-demand industries in the world. Thus, by the mid-1980s, the Philippines was already trying to capitalize on this fact by focusing on manufacturing semiconductors, a tack the country has relentlessly pursued ever since. Unfortunately, semiconductor manufacturing is a low-value it industry and has done little to improve the Filipino economy (Austria, "Assessing" 1). Low-value technology, like semiconductor manufacturing, doesn't create a product that consumers are willing to pay highly for. These stand in contrast to high-value it products, such as computers or cell phones, which combine many cheaply manufactured parts but are sold at incredibly higher prices. Instead of encouraging the development of a value added it industry, the pursuit of semiconductor manufacturing has only created low wage factory jobs in the Philippines.
This incredible focus on the manufacture of semiconductors has, to some degree, enabled the growth of manufacturing in the Philippines. However, this growth has…… [Read More]
The idea of dressing in civilized and well clothed are well deserving of freedom because t this group that is highly valued despite the fact that the Malay peasants who struggled for the independence have been devalued in the official history of nation -- building and their mark and contribution has been ignored. 'This shown that apart from the influences from the other cultures social classes have been instrumental in shaping the clothing style of the Philippine.' (Grace, 2008) Due to this many would want to dress in a particular recognized and accepted way to be recognized in the class of the rich. This is just part of the culture that has been impacted to the Filipinos which ahs influenced their manner of dressing.
Despite the different Muslim groups in he south and the mountain tribes have their own distinctive garments and seem to have influenced less. The Maranao Muslims of southern Mindanao for instance still have the colorful malong. This is a large cloth wrapped around the body and is worn by both men and women. The Muslim in the Philippine have not been much affected by the influences of other countries which could be attributed to their religion mode of dressing.
'The Philippine women fashion can be termed as a mix of varying culture and mainly those from America, Spanish, and Japan. Since the influences of these cultures a lot has changed as a result. The traditional Baro't Saya dress that was worn by women even before the Spanish invasion of Philippine has been really been modified especially by the presence of the Spanish.' (U.S. Library of Congress. 1999)
Apart from that it is not widely worn today as it was worn before the colonization. Even though it is still worn in occasions, it is hard to see women wearing it regularly, with many women today wearing clothes such as jeans, shorts and others as influenced by the Western World. This shows that the influences of these foreign countries had a strong impact on the clothing style of Philippine and what is mostly is in fashion today. Contrary to that the Philippine culture is not damaged by other cultures as many tend to belief.
Just like other cultures in the world, The Philippine culture has been influenced from all areas including…… [Read More]
But neophytes should not attempt to do this. Halved coconuts can be dried in one of two ways. The first is by letting them dry by the heat of the sun, which takes a longer time. The other and faster way is by heating them. A bamboo house or shack without walls is built at about 3 feet above the ground. It has only a roof and a floor. The halved coconuts are piled on the floor. Some coconut husks are piled beneath the shack but not too close to burn the shack. A torch is used to set fire on these piled coconut husks but they are monitored carefully. More fire is set if it turns low. The halved coconuts turn brown and separate from the shells when ready for scooping. Just enough heat from medium to low is used to avoid burning. When the fruits at the bottom are done, the fire is taken out and the coconuts are allowed to cool. When cool, the coconuts are taken to another working area. When some are not too well done, they must be separated and heated again until they turn brown and cooked enough for scooping. Harvesters scoop the cooked coconuts from the shell by using a handmade and wooden semi-pointed instrument, which curves at the tip. Dried coconut meat is scooped with it from the shell. When finished, harvesters cut the meat into 4 to 6 pieces for every halved coconut. The product, copra, is placed inside a sack for selling. The sacks are brought by the carabao-driven cart to the main road where they can be transferred to some other transport means if the coconut plantation is distant. From there, the sacks of copra are brought to the where the merchants can buy them (Batanes).
Copra Production and Consumption Decline
The country's new record in 2010 at 2.8 million tons went down…… [Read More]
The government has rather low environmental expectations. In fact, the consultant found that they are about as lenient as the Mexican restrictions, though the Philippines presents no public relations nightmare as protestors are not rallying against health concerns, as they were in Mexico.
Although the conditions in the Philippines may seem even more ready for outsourcing then the conditions in Mexico, the ethical costs of operating the company in the country are once again too high. Like the situation in Mexico, workers in the Philippines may work for lower wages than workers in the United States, but owners are not being provided with the same level of skill that they would be if continuing to operate the factory in the United States. Because the factory workers would consist mainly of underfed adults and impoverished children, the company would be lucky if workers managed to produce sufficient amounts of products throughout the day. Additionally, employing workers for this cost allows the company once again to act as an enabler, allowing social injustice to continue in the world instead of working to stop it. In a country committed to economic reform in which the first stage of reforms has produced economic growth, enabling the country to continue to undervalue its workers would produce as much negative press as the health protests in Mexico. For both business and ethical reasons, therefore, outsourcing to the Philippines based on the low wages is not strategically supported.
This same argument can be applied to the lower ecological standards put in place by the country. As previously stated, though operating in conjunction with the United States' more stringent ecological model may cost the company operational costs in the short run, failing to determine how to operate the company in a more ecological manner will cost the company far more in the long run, as competition that has succeeded in this task will lead the company in sales. Additionally, in the present era of focus on ecology and green living, outsourcing in order to avoid costs associated with a greener lifestyle does not yield a very solid reputation…… [Read More]
Natio is a health and beauty products maker from Australia, and the company is seeking to expand its business. It has targeted countries in Southeast Asia for expansion as a result of the proximity of the region to Australia and the size of the market. This paper will explore the possibility of Natio entering one of the largest markets in the region -- the Philippines.
The cosmetics industry is a relatively lucrative industry, with competition split among hundreds of competitors. Many such competitors operate worldwide, but there are strong regional players in Asia as well. Consumers tend to be relatively brand loyal. The largest cosmetics industry in Asia is in Japan, worth 10 billion yen a year (Lloyd, 2004). Cosmetics are marketed in department stores, in drug stores/chemists and in standalone stores as well. The market globally is worth an estimated $170 billion USD, and the market in the Philippines is worth an estimated $2 billion per year, with an average growth rate of 7.7% (Personal Care, 2010). This makes the country one of the fastest-growing markets in Asia, despite a relatively high rate of poverty. Imports account for around $150 million of the market, as most cosmetics consumed in the Philippines are domestic (Austrade, 2010).
Natio was a family business for four generations, with a beauty care range launched in 1993. The company focuses on "plant-based, simple and gentle beauty treatments" and is one of the fastest-growing beauty brands in Australia (Natio.com.au, 2010). The company markets products in the skincare, colour, sun/hair/body, spa, wellness and male segments of the market (Ibid). The 1993 launch of beauty care has begun a journey for Natio, which has become a prominent Australian producer, guided by Max and Vivienne Ross, who were responsible for the 1993 relaunch. At present, the company sells its products only in Australia and New Zealand (Ibid).
The Philippine market is an attractive one for Natio. The Philippines accounts for 1.17% of the global market, but is one of the fastest-growing markets. Filipino women prefer simple, easy cosmetics of the type that Natio makes. In addition, they prefer total health and wellness. This benefits Natio because the company markets a fairly broad line of products, including skincare, spa and wellness. The Philippine market is concentrated among the nation's middle class and wealthy. This population is…… [Read More]
Global Expansion of Jollibee
Jollibee was founded in 1975 in Cubao, Philippines and the company was incorporated in 1978 (Layug, 2009). Jollibee grew rapidly, offering a menu consisting of mainly Western foods and following a business model that was inspired by McDonald's. One of the main reasons that Jollibee has become such a success both in the Philippines and abroad is that the company has been able to execute this foreign business model to a high degree of excellence. This essay will analyze the success of Jollibee and make direct comparisons to the business models of Jollibee and McDonald's to show that much of the success Jollibee has enjoyed relates to following this foreign business model. The essay will break down Jollibee's strategy into a number of key components to better understand how it has earned its international and domestic success.
History and Mission
Jollibee began expanding shortly after becoming incorporated under that name, and by the 1980s was expanding into nearby international markets such as Taiwan and Brunei. The company has always held an international orientation, has focused on a Western menu, and has undertaken a number of other strategies that mirror those of Western fast food chains. The company has simply adopted the mission of providing Western fast food to Asian audiences. Another mission is to expand the company around the Asia-Pacific region and further into the United States.
From the beginning, Jollibee adopted the McDonald's tactic of appealing to children, so that it could win customers at an age when they are vulnerable and keep them as they progress through life. To this end, the company settled on a name "Jolly Bee" that was later altered to "Jollibee." The company based its bee mascot on a cartoon character. Its menu is also based around foods that children enjoy eating, such as fried chicken, hamburgers and hot dogs (Layug, 2009). The company has leveraged this strategy in order to build its appeal, especially in the domestic market. Its success today can be in part attributed to the foundations in laid with the current generation of young adults. They grew up on Jollibee…… [Read More]
Geena Rocero is a model with a purpose. Rocero was born and raised in the Philippines, and recently returned to her homeland to help victims of Typhoon Haiyan. In the midst of a busy schedule, Rocero spends time in her first interview because she feels that sharing her life story is one of the first steps toward helping others. "We're all in this journey together," Rocero exclaims.
Coincidentally, the interview falls on Transgender Day of Remembrance, which commemorates all transmen and transwomen who lost their lives because of targeted attacks. "Transwomen of color are the most marginalized," Rocero reminds us. "70% of hate crime in the LGBT community is committed against transwomen of color. I want this to change. I need this to change. I get so emotional about this and I'm reminded how privileged I am," she says with tears in her eyes.
Rocero works as a model but recently, it seems the bulk of Rocero's work has not been in front of the camera. On November 21, Rocero spoke at a fundraiser for Doctors Without Borders at the Arena in New York City. This December, Rocero is scheduled to deliver a speech at the University of Philippines. After her trip to the Philippines, which will include time spent with her brother, Rocero is traveling to Thailand. In Thailand, she is meeting the country's first transwoman public official to discuss "how we can work together to achieve common goals." The common goals Rocero refers to are the common goals of full United Nations human rights recognition for the transgender population. According to Rocero, transgender issues are the last barrier to full human rights recognition. She states, "This is not about gay rights. There so much work to do. People need access to hormones, and for hormones to be accessible via insurance. Individuals need the power to change their identification documents."
Rocero knows first hand the problems that transgender…… [Read More]