Japan's ODA Disbursements to the Philippines. (2009, January). Retrieved August 2010, from Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs: http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/oda/data/pdfs/philippines.pdf
Philippines - Relations with Asian Neighbors. (2009, January). Retrieved August 2010, from U.S. Library of Congress: http://countrystudies.us/philippines/93.htm
Backgound Note: The Philippines. (2010, April 19). Retrieved August 2010, from U.S. Department of State: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2794.htm
Philippines. (2010, August 3). Retrieved August 2010, from CIA World Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rp.html
The Philippines and the United Nations. (2010, January). Retrieved August 2010, from United Nations: http://www.un.int/philippines/security_council/
Burns, W. (2010, July 21). A New Era in the U.S.-Philippine Relationship. Retrieved August 2010, from U.S. State Department: http://blogs.state.gov/index.php/site/entry/us_philippine_relationship
Gates, J. (2002, November). The Pacification of the Philippines. Retrieved August 2010, from The U.S. Army and Irregular Warfare: http://www3.wooster.edu/history/jgates/book-ch3.html
Komisar, L. (1987). Corazon Aquino: The Story of a Revolution. New York: George Braziller.
Tan, S. (2009). A History of the Philippines. Quizon City: University of Philippines Press.… [Read More]
In 1959, the year I was born, Carlos P. Garcia was the president of the Philippines. Garcia was anti-communist, which the Americans liked, but nevertheless he was strongly devoted to the nationalist cause.
Another key way the United States influenced Philippine culture was through arts, literature, and entertainment. American television shows such as "Perry Mason" and "Rawhide" were being broadcast in the country. Popular American songs from 1959 such as those by Buddy Holly and Marty Robbins would be heard on Philippine radio. The Philippine people inherited many American army surplus vehicles, changing the character of Philippine roads and cities. The Americans influenced the ways Philippine people went shopping, how they ate, and what they spoke: English is now the official second language of the Philippines. Moreover, although Catholicism had already firmly taken root in the country due to the Spanish influence, American protestant religions made their mark around the time I was born. In fact, in 1959, the Universalist Church of the Philippines (UCP) was created by indigenous Philippine people. The Church was heavily influenced by the American Universalist Church and was therefore initially officially recognized by it.
However, the indigenous Philippine people strongly struggled to retain and assert their national, ethnic and cultural identities in 1959. In 1959, an English-language book by indigenous Philippine author N.V.M Gonzalez called the Bamboo Dancers came out. The book was critically acclaimed and was also a powerful work of social commentary and protest against oppression. The book championed indigenous cultural values and reflected a strong nationalistic trend in the Philippines. The trend was in large part a reaction against continued American presence in the nation, visible in the many military bases there like the one in which I grew up. An indigenous Philippine film star named Fernando "da King" Poe landed his first starring role in 1959, in a film called Markado. "da King" was so popular because he championed the cause of the poor and disempowered. In 1959, under President Garcia, the Philippines reduced the 99-year leases granted to the United States government on their military bases there. The Philippine government also shut down many bases.
Tension between the two cultures was alleviated through a synthesis of many political, cultural, religious, and linguistic elements. For example, in 1959, director Gerardo de Leon made a film…… [Read More]
For example, in January 2001 President Macapagal-Arroyo occupied the presidency after a civilian coup, backed by the military, until elections took place in May 2004 (Orbeta 2003, p.8). The lack of population control, decreased access to educational opportunities, healthcare, and opportunities has been particularly "deleterious" in its effects upon the nation's resources of human capital (Orbeta 2003, p.12). Additionally, longstanding political corruption has resulted in the exploitation of the nation's natural resources to serve foreign and domestic elites and limited the available funds to deal with the burgeoning population (Tarradell 2004, p.3).
Another problem with population control is that it is hard to tell which aspects of the high fertility and poverty rates are willed or unwilled. For cultural and religious reasons, as well as to ensure their security in old age, many families desire large numbers of children. "To sort which ones are due to lack of control over fertility and which ones are due to preferences" is essential to create an effective birth control campaign (Orbeta 2003, p.13). The nation's high population density of 282 inhabitants per sq km means that fertility control is essential to reach the other ambitious environmental goals set by PA 21. Although some of the Philippines' southern islands are sparsely populated, these areas are often undesirable to live in for political reasons, given that they are home to armed conflicts and terrorist groups (Tarradell 2004, p.3)..
There is fear, on the most basic level, that if action is not taken soon, the population will be less able to feed itself: high population growth will result in over-farming: 34% of the Philippines is currently under agricultural cultivation and severe droughts and hurricanes are endemic to the region due to the El Nino and La Nina effect. Air and water pollution and damage to the coast has also resulted in a decline of sustenance fishing, another source of food (Tarradell 2004, p.3). Environmental sustainability and the promotion of economic development are thus in fact harmonious -- a lower birth rate will make the nation more sustainable and able to feed itself and free up circulating capital and resources in the future for the current generation of young Filipinos.
Works… [Read More]
Two or three hour ride via private minivan or car available from MNL or from hotel to Batangas and short boat ride to Puerto Galera for a very nominal fee by U.S.
standards (Exact fees unavailable.) This is standard for island-to-island transportation throughout the Philippine Islands, because the U.S. dollar goes very far there for local goods and services. Exact prices and distances vary depending on the order of islands you choose to visit.
Plenty of water-related activities such as snorkeling and SCUBA diving is
Available in Puerto Galera. There is also a luxurious golf club (Ponderosa). Mangyan
Village tours, Jungle Trekking, and site seeing at the Tamaraw Water Falls. More detailed information and schedules are available at the hotels.
Bohol -- Activities (No Accommodation Information Requested):
Activities available in Bohol include visiting ancient caves and whale-watching tours. Some of the best SCUBA sites in the Philippines are available in Bohol, with links to detailed information on them available below:
Cebu -- Only One 4-Star Hotel Available:
Marriott Cebu City
Cebu offers many historic tourist attractions including Magellan's Markers, Fort
San Pedro, the Tops, and Olango Wildlife Sanctuary. Cebu also is known for some of the most beautiful beaches, cliffside views, and SCUBA diving in the Philippines.
Detailed information on these attractions and others is available through this link below:
Boracay -- Only One 4-Star Hotel Available:
Mandala Spa & Villas Boracay (Link Below)
Rate: $290.00/day (Every Day of the Week)
The waters surrounding Boracay are among the calmest and clearest in the Philippines. In addition to SCUBA…… [Read More]
Moreover, they have been ignoring their public transportation system. Evidence of this can be seen with a study conducted by the Global Competitiveness Report of the World Economic Forum. They found that the Philippines has an aging infrastructure and the government is continuing to neglect these issues. As a result, they determined that it is considered to be mediocre in contrast with many countries that are rapidly developing. (Esplanda, 2012) ("Philippines," 2012)
Clearly, the Ukraine is the most logical choice for GE Energy. This is because the country is considered to be: politically stable, they have been implementing sound economic reforms and their government has been embracing the basic ideals of democracy. Moreover, they are making sizeable investments in it infrastructure. Whereas the Philippines is dealing with an insurgency, there are tremendous amounts of corruption and they are not updating the infrastructure. The combination of these factors is showing how the Ukraine is the best choice for GE Energy to set up its operations.… [Read More]
Recruitment of Doctors From Philippines
Problems, Causes & Solutions
Process of Hiring and Difficulties faced
Growing Population in Dubai
Mode of Recruitment
Assessment and Approval
Approval from the Ministry
Candidates Backing Out After Completion of Recruitment Procedure
Preference given to Public Hospitals
Strict Regulations by Dubai Government
Feedback Received From Filipino Doctors
Better prospects in developed countries
Lack of Good Education
Major Focus on Nursing
Social and Cultural Differences
Strict Legal Obligations
Patriotic Feelings for Their Own Country
Lack of Opportunities for Disabled Doctors
This report has been designed as a result of difficulties faced by HR team of ABC while performing recruitment for Filipino doctors in order to fill internal vacant positions. During the course of hiring, we faced several problems in finding the potential candidates. Most of them were caused because of our virtual presence of ABC in Philippines. We failed to contact the potential candidates and our virtual hiring procedure made it rather difficult for us to analyze the determination shown by the candidates. Also, the tests that were provided to these candidates were also subjected to manipulation. Due to these reasons, we opted the practice of contacting professional recruiters and other professional social networking forums which enabled us to reach suitable candidates. As a result of these strategies, we were managed to hire a team of twenty doctors who were legally bonded to stay with us for at least three years. This decision of making the doctors legally bound was taken due to higher turnover rate in ABC's medical staff.
Other than these practices, we also conducted a survey to analyze the possible reasons for lack of interest by Filipino doctors to join ABC and also any other organization in Dubai. Various factors such as racial discrimination, cultural and social differences, language barriers, legal problems etc. were some of the major reasons identified. Through this report recommendations were given to make ABC an employer of choice in Filipino talent as well as other workforce. These recommendations not only focused on making ABC an attractive employer but also were intended to make ABC its contribution in overall industrial structure.
Philippines…… [Read More]
Colonization of the Philippines
The Philippines historically suffered under Spanish rule prior to its annexation by the United States. However, American colonization of the region, while pledged to be altruistic, proved to support a hidden agenda of gaining an Asian territory of military and social importance, similar in the imperialistic tradition of major European countries. The acquisition of the Philippines was met with strong opposition by Filipinos charging the U.S. presence to be imperialistic, but the considerable value it brought to Philippine politics, the economy, and the social welfare of its people have, in some ways, justified the U.S. struggle for possession.
European imperialism in the 1800s proved highly profitable for both the Dutch East Indies and the British Indies, as rival European powers strived to conquer foreign territories for their own profit. These ideal colonies were models of success for the Dutch and Great Britain as they gained from trade and natural resources from the regions they occupied. For the Dutch, territory in Indonesia was granted as a reward for their efforts to fight against rebel uprisings. However, as the Dutch regulated crop production and market prices for the area, the Indonesians rebelled and eventually gained their independence back. The possibilities demonstrated through forcing land acquisition stimulated the U.S. To join in the pursuit of annexing colonies, focusing their efforts in the emerging Asian territories that proved to be accessible, profitable, and of military interest.
The Spanish-American war of the late 1800s led to the American capture of Puerto Rico, a Spanish possession, and a final defeat of the Spaniards. A peace treaty was signed by Spain and the United States, granting Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States while Spain pulled out of Cuba. The U.S. was allowed to occupy Manila, but the question of the fate of the Philippines, another Spanish possession, was yet unanswered. Spain considered the American presence in Manila a violation of the armistice so demanded the Philippines in return. In 1898 another peace treaty, the Treaty of Paris, was drafted ending the war with Spain and formally claiming the previous provisions, with the Philippines ceded to the U.S. In return for payment to Spain of twenty million dollars.
The treaty went before the U.S. Senate for annexation, but met with opposition from factors opposed to imperialism of the Philippines. The…… [Read More]
The Ibaloi tribe therefore worked actively with the World Monuments Fund (2010) and the National Museum in Manila to ensure that this important part of their history and culture would not be eroded by tourism, but rather enhanced by it.
In almost all other cases of mummification, internal organs are removed, while the rest of the body is mummified. For the Egyptians, this process involved placing each major organs in a jar by the bedside of the dead. The Kabayan mummies are the only mummies in the world with intact internal organs. Because of the unique mummification process, these mummies are then also a unique representative of the country's cultural past. It contrasts with all other mummification processes in history, including that of Egypt, one of the most advanced ancient cultures in the world (Cordillera Blogger, 2007).
The Kabayan mummification process however does show similarities with processes used by the 21st dynasty Egyptians and New Guinea tribes (World Monuments Fund, 2010). Mummies dating from similar times were also discovered in the caves in Mountain Province, which was inhabited by the Bontoc ethno-linguistic group. According to UNESCO (2010), these mummies were not necessarily created by the Bontoc, but could be an extension of the practices exercised by and extension of the Ibaloi burial territory from Kaayan, Benguet to Alab, Mountain Province.
By Presidential decree, the caves must be protected and maintained as a manifestation of the religious an cultural lives of the Ibaloi culture (OFW, 2008). In response, the Philippine Department of Tourism sanctioned off the most popular cave areas and built tourist facilities outside the sanctioned areas. This enabled them to exercise better control over visitation and also to prevent unwarranted intrusions that could harm the mummies or environment (World Monuments Fund, 2010).
It is important to note that the problems faced by the mummies and caves in Kabayan are not only the result of looting or other human-related issues. In addition, environmental elements such as insect infestation and fungal growth threaten the long-term preservation of the mummies. However, because the caves are quite remote, any concerted effort to conserve and protect them is somewhat challenged by practical access…… [Read More]
Green Financing in the Philippines
Our traditional sources of energy are decreasing rapidly causing a demand and importance for green energy. The aim of green energy is to reduce the pollution problems that are being suffered. Investments in green energy are becoming increasingly more popular and more profitable.
Investments in green energy
The current situation for the Philippines is:
The Philippines are facing problems of pollution, higher health hazards, increased unemployment and poverty because of climate change.
The Philippine government has enacted legislation to address the issues, but fail to be consistent in the supervising and implementation of the regulations.
There are obstacles with the green practices that include public awareness, training for bank employees in green practices and costs, and SMEs having available information regarding the benefits of going green and obtaining financing to go green.
There are information gaps about renewable energy and energy efficient technologies, their achievements, capabilities, and economic benefits that cause obstacles for green financing (Piso, 2012).
SMEs are not informed about investment and financing opportunities.
Machine suppliers are reluctant to recommend green machinery because repair of old machines is more profitable.
Investment costs are high and profitability of the investment is views as waiting for prices to go down.
They lack awareness of the long-term savings from the energy efficient equipment and the renewable energy projects that includes financial, operational, and environmental.
SMEs lack the ability to prepare loan proposals due to the lack of appropriate technological information.
The capabilities and overall benefits are not promoted in the public.
Financing programs are too complicated and/or too expensive because of bank requirements being complicated, time consuming, and costly to comply.
SMEs do not have the capacity to adhere to the regulations without the assistance of a loan.
For banks, green financing involves additional work, mainly paperwork; they have no incentive to do.
The staff is not familiar with green technologies; therefore, they are not price sensitive to the costs of the green practices.
It is impossible to predict the impact on business.
Loan monitoring may include items staff is not familiar with,…… [Read More]
Viability of Coconut Production and Sales in the Philippines
Marketing and Trade
A World Leading Producer
Coconuts are grown and sold mostly as copra and in fresh form (UNCTAD 2009). Most of the big coconut producers process the copra themselves and extract the oil in their own oil mills. Of the total exports from coconuts, copra accounts for only 4% and the rest is coconut oil. There has been a large demand for coconut oil exports in the two decades for its high lauric fatty acid content. Only a little more than 2 million tons were supplied to the world market in 2008. In this year, the Philippines supplied the most at 42%, mostly to the U.S.A. And Europe at 24% and 25% of their imports, respectively. International organizations provide preferential tariffs and price support for these imports from the Pacific in order to encourage them About 279,000 tons of desiccated coconuts were traded in the world in the same year at 34% from the Philippines, Siri Lanka and Indonesia. Desiccated coconuts are highly valued and command a higher price than copra or coconut oil (UNCTAD).
Demand and Supply
The world demand for coconut oil remains high because its high lauric fatty acid content, which is very useful to detergent and cosmetic industries (Docstoc 2013). It is processed into coconut oil, desiccated coconut, fresh coconut and copra. By-products include copra meal, activated carbon, coconut shell charcoal, coconut coir and coir dust. On the other hand, its end-products include detergents, soaps, shampoo, cosmetics, margarine, cooking oil, sweets and sweeteners, vinegar, and nata de coco. It is also processed into intermediates, such as oleochemicals like fatty acids and fatty alcohols (Docstoc).
A rather small 20% of overall country production goes to the local market (Docstoc 2013). In addition to traditional products, virgin coconut oil or VCO continues to be in demand in the local market for health promotion. Some small and medium-sized enterprises have formed to produce and export VCO. It has become a cottage industry, which requires a minimum capitalization of P2 million. Mindanao increased its total land area planted to coconut in order to increase production to 1.4 MT for copra (Docstoc).
Most of the copra is first sold to village buyers before it reaches the oil mills (Docstoc 2013). World prices of coconut oil and…… [Read More]
The modern nations of Southeast Asia are in many cases artificial post-colonial constructions. This is most certainly true in the case of Indonesia, and although less so in the Philippines, the occupation and rule over the archipelagos led to the imposition of unity from the outside. External sources of authority including both European and Japanese occupations, had ill-prepared either Indonesia or the Philippines for anything remotely resembling democracy. Both nations, exposed to Western political philosophy and social ideals, did attempt to install and maintain democratic institutions but they have not become entrenched enough to ensure political, economic, and social empowerment of the mainly poor and uneducated rural populations in both of these Southeast Asian nations. While it may be dangerous to overgeneralize about the related and practically concurrent rise of authoritarian rule in the Philippines and Indonesia, even a cursory analysis shows that from the vestiges of colonialism rose autocracy. Authoritarian rule was a logical extension of external oppression and artificially imposed concepts of nationhood.
Colonialism had undermined the traditional social, political, and economic structures of traditional cultures in both Indonesia and the Philippines. In Indonesia and the Philippines both, successive colonial regimes tore apart the sinews and connective tissues that bound together village life. Village political structures throughout these two archipelagos was far from democratic, to be fair. Big man authorities, patriarchal rule, vestigial dynasties, and tribalism all converged in these two ethnically and culturally diverse archipelagos. The histories of Indonesia and the Philippines are complex and multifaceted, underscoring the reasons for the failure of colonization. Colonialism, first by the Europeans with distinct financial and ideological interests, ravaged the people of Indonesia and the Philippines. In the Philippines, the Spanish conquests took full advantage of existing social and political hierarchies among populations like those of Maynila, Tondo, and Ifugau. Autocracies and plutocracies were common throughout the Philippines, enabling Spanish authorities to forge strategic bonds with local kings and tribal leaders. Control over poor peasant populations proved…… [Read More]
This has come about as more knowledge is being provided to mothers about health education and family planning. Health workers are starting to work harder at educating women about their health and safety, and intervening more often to protect women's health and prevent dangerous forms of contraception including self-induced abortion (Olenick, 2000). Women living in rural areas still generally have more children and give birth to more live babies than women living in urban areas, with women with little or no education having higher than average total fertility rates (Olenick, 2000).
During the modern era many women living in the Philippines report on average they desire 3.2 children, with younger women preferring even smaller families when compared with older women (Olenick, 2000). Women who had children and were surveyed often reported they wanted no more children with more than half of women with two children reporting they wanted to prevent further pregnancies (Olenick, 2000). Among the modern women surveyed most engaged in family planning used female sterilization or the pill as the most common methods of prevention, though 4% of women still relied on no method of pregnancy prevention (Olenick, 2000). Urban women were more likely to adopt modern practices than those living in rural areas, and educated women were likely to have fewer children than non-educated women. Family planning messages targeting women are more prevalent with more than 80% of educated women having exposure to ads for family planning and roughly 16% of uneducated women experiencing the same exposure (Olenick, 2000, p. 94).
Perceptions of Male-Female Responsibilities
Baretto (1974) reveals in his study more than sixty percent of survey respondents that were women generally approved of family planning practices including use of contraception. Urban living women demonstrated a higher acceptance rate of prevention methods than rural living women (Baretto, 1974).The study also noted a significant correlation between education and a woman's preferences about family planning. Objections to family planning by women included "disapproval of husband" (Baretto, 1974: 296). Other reasons included religious or personal objectives. Despite this much of the information collected for this study suggests that women largely are responsible for the health choices they make, and while gender inequities do exist and male opinions seems to weigh most…… [Read More]
firm Australia business Philippine. Some risks considered Philippine;, business environment Philippine specific firm. It . A marketing assignment format, focus specific firm. Topic: The firm work a business analyst strongly interested expanding current manufacturing sales ( domestic export) activity markets.
Globalization is an obvious trend that is catching on all over the world. Australia has also not been left behind in this. This has led to some Australian firms turning to multinational companies by opening up branches and offices in other foreign countries. They are doing this in order to increase their global sales volumes and thus be able to generate more revenue which in turn translates to a high return on investment (ROI) for the investorsSuryadinata, 2006.
The Australian firm under analysis is Miller Inc. which is a pharmaceutical corporation providing pharmaceutical products to over 54 countries around the world including New Zealand, Egypt, India, Malaysia, China, UK, USA, Canada, Brazil, Chile and South Africa. The company is looking to expand their business venture to the Philippines. As a business analyst in Miller Inc., a risk management plan is being done to analyze the foreign market situation presented by the Philippines so as to gauge the potential that is provided by this business venture Nolan, 1996.
The risk analysis will look at the political and cultural systems in the Philippines, ethical practices, legal systems, stability, economic prospects, foreign direct investments and other aspects of doing business in Philippines
(Nickles, 2002, Publications and Usa, 2007a, Publications and Usa, 2007c)
. This risk assessment will help Miller Inc. To know the prospects of the venture in Philippines and to rank and prioritize these risks in order to device the right strategic plan for the venture.
Profile of the Philippines
The Philippines is a country in Southeast Asia which is bordered by Taiwan to the North across the Luzon Strait, Vietnam to the west across the South China Sea, the island of Borneo to the southwest across the Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea to the south, and the Philippine Sea to the east. The country is the 12th most populous in the world with a population of slightly less than 94 million people and the gross national income is about U.S.$2,000.…… [Read More]
No efforts have been made to create a strong consumer base in the Philippines itself by improving the lot of the Filipino workers (Bello 3). Had a local market been created and some protections afforded to Filipino workers, development may well have proceeded in a more positive direction as the nation would have been better able to take advantage of those aspects of globalization that offered true benefits, rather than sinking all economic hopes into the long shot that the small nation could compete with nations like India and China as a source of cheap labor. Despite this reality, economic reform in the Philippines has consistently focused on re-creating the nation as an export economy, specifically in the it industry. It probably seemed like a natural extension of economic development in the 1980s and 1990s when the Philippines was attempting to embrace globalization. Globalization offered a way to integrate with the world economy, and the it industry was one of the most in-demand industries in the world. Thus, by the mid-1980s, the Philippines was already trying to capitalize on this fact by focusing on manufacturing semiconductors, a tack the country has relentlessly pursued ever since. Unfortunately, semiconductor manufacturing is a low-value it industry and has done little to improve the Filipino economy (Austria, "Assessing" 1). Low-value technology, like semiconductor manufacturing, doesn't create a product that consumers are willing to pay highly for. These stand in contrast to high-value it products, such as computers or cell phones, which combine many cheaply manufactured parts but are sold at incredibly higher prices. Instead of encouraging the development of a value added it industry, the pursuit of semiconductor manufacturing has only created low wage factory jobs in the Philippines.
This incredible focus on the manufacture of semiconductors has, to some degree, enabled the growth of manufacturing in the Philippines. However, this growth has not translated into economic development or social improvements for the nation as a whole. What's more, the high degree of focus on this one aspect of the it industry makes the nation highly dependent on the success of semiconductors and the whims of the market (Austria, "Competitiveness" 2). Without…… [Read More]
No one is immune from the power of corruption. Of course there are orders of magnitude and people can be corrupted in little ways that do not seem to matter, but many times the people that are corrupted are the very ones who are supposed to be manning the public trust. The very people citizens hope are the most incorruptible are, unfortunately, the most susceptible. Lord Acton said that "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men, even when they exercise influence and not authority: still more when you super-add the tendency or the certainty of corruption by authority."[footnoteRef:1] Because these people have power they tend to believe that they are somehow above the law that they set for other people. Society sometimes seems to be made for the politicians and large business owners who control most of the money, or, at the very least, the access to it, but that is not the case. [1: Lord Acton, Historical Essays and Studies (The MacMillan Company, New York 1907)]
In the modern world, nations have begun to take steps to curb the power of the individual and the ability of the state to abuse the power that the people give to it. However, there are always methods for defeating any strain of law that one disagrees with. The law, in a republic, is designed to protect the people both from themselves and from one another. In fact, the only true job of government is protection of the people. A standing army provides some of this protection because the individual, in his or her freedom, does not have the individual means to protect themselves from invasion by a foreign power (for example). Thus, the government is tasked with providing the individual the protections that they cannot manifest in and of themselves. This is a central premise to the idea of republican government all the way back to Socrates. American president Ronald Reagan is quoted as saying that "Government's first duty is to protect the people, not run their lives."[footnoteRef:2] The problem with this is that…… [Read More]
Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army (CPP/NPA)
This paper discusses the Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army (CPP/NPA) in detail. It puts light on the origins, aims, objectives, strategies and tactics of the organization. In addition to that, this paper also comments on the leadership, area of operations and military activities of the organization. Moreover, it highlights the government and military activities that are directed towards minimizing the strength and vigor of the NPA.
Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army (CPP/NPA)
Since the year 1970, Philippines has faced civil war on two fronts, one is a Muslim rebellion, which was initiated in the South Island of Mindanao and the other is the communist rebellion, which is led by the New People's Army (NPA). The NPA started targeting its attacks on the Philippine's army in the early 1970s. During the era of 1970s and early 1980s, NPA gained considerable popular support because of its struggle against the dictatorship of the then president of Philippines, Ferdinand Marcos. (Staff of Political Economy Research Institute, 2006)
In the month of February, in the year 1986, Marcos was overthrown to the people's power revolution. This event had a detrimental impact on the popular appeal of NPA and the organization was divided into parts. Despite the creation of divisions within the organization, the New People's Army continues to be a major source of a number of violent events. (Staff of Political Economy Research Institute, 2006)
In addition to that, the remnants of this organization continue to attack the political opponents and have clashes with the government on various issues. Inspite of its various initiatives, the government of Philippines has not yet succeeded in striking efficient negotiations with the NPA that might put a formal end to the conflicts. (Staff of Political Economy Research Institute, 2006)
Origins and Overview of the Organization
The NPA was formulated, on 29th of March in the year 1969,…… [Read More]
The idea of dressing in civilized and well clothed are well deserving of freedom because t this group that is highly valued despite the fact that the Malay peasants who struggled for the independence have been devalued in the official history of nation -- building and their mark and contribution has been ignored. 'This shown that apart from the influences from the other cultures social classes have been instrumental in shaping the clothing style of the Philippine.' (Grace, 2008) Due to this many would want to dress in a particular recognized and accepted way to be recognized in the class of the rich. This is just part of the culture that has been impacted to the Filipinos which ahs influenced their manner of dressing.
Despite the different Muslim groups in he south and the mountain tribes have their own distinctive garments and seem to have influenced less. The Maranao Muslims of southern Mindanao for instance still have the colorful malong. This is a large cloth wrapped around the body and is worn by both men and women. The Muslim in the Philippine have not been much affected by the influences of other countries which could be attributed to their religion mode of dressing.
'The Philippine women fashion can be termed as a mix of varying culture and mainly those from America, Spanish, and Japan. Since the influences of these cultures a lot has changed as a result. The traditional Baro't Saya dress that was worn by women even before the Spanish invasion of Philippine has been really been modified especially by the presence of the Spanish.' (U.S. Library of Congress. 1999)
Apart from that it is not widely worn today as it was worn before the colonization. Even though it is still worn in occasions, it is hard to see women wearing it regularly, with many women today wearing clothes such as jeans, shorts and others as influenced by the Western…… [Read More]
speak two languages that I feel I inhabit two different identities. Or are the reasons for my feeling this way more complex? It is difficult to say, but I do know that although I am only one person, inhabiting one body and one mind, in many ways, I feel I live in two different worlds, with two different identities. My language is more than a vocabulary, the words that I use to describe things. Language for me forms a key part of the person I am and the way I see the world. I am bilingual but also bicultural.
One of the clearest ways I inhabit two languages and two different identities is my name. My real name is Restituto. But you, the American reader of this essay, will better know me as Rusty. In America, everyone calls me Rusty. I chose this American nickname for myself because when I came here my real name seemed very difficult for everyone to pronounce. The difficulty people had with such a basic part of myself, my name, was one of the first 'clues' I had how different my life would be when I came from the Philippines to America.
In the Philippines, my name was quite ordinary; it was something I took for granted. I never considered it difficult to pronounce. No one I knew considered it difficult to pronounce. In America, however, whenever my name is read as part of a list and someone is unfamiliar with me, I always know when my name is about to be called because I can see a strange, confused expression coming over the person's face.
Rest-res..." they will say.
A must shake my head. "Just call me Rusty," I say.
This scenario never happens to me in the Philippines. In the Philippines, the name Restituto is no more or less common than John or James is here.
For awhile, I considered changing my legal name to Rusty. When I became naturalized citizen, I thought, I should. I told…… [Read More]
It has been performing this role for more than three decades as an immigration-neutral and non-profit organization. To-date, it has evaluated more than 450,000 internationally educated nurses and other healthcare workers for jobs (Pinoy Abroad).
February 16,19 and 24 -- President Arroyo ordered the Philippine Department of Labor and Employment to formally appeal the decision made by the CGFNS (GMA News Research, 2006). A task force was created for the purpose and was headed by PRC chairperson Dr. Leonor Rosero. In a telephone conversation on February 24, CGFNS head, Dr. Barbara Nichols, confirmed with Dr. Rosero that the panel's decision was final as well as unanimous. Dr. Nichols also said that the CGFNS did not have a provision for appeal or reconsideration. She explained that the Commission is a private organization but it follows the U.S. immigration law. Its decision to require a retake of the affected tests was based on that law. Despite this, Dr. Rosero insisted on making a personal appeal for reconsideration on March 3 at the CGFNS offices in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Filipino Nurses 2 U.S., 2007).
In the meantime, the Department of Labor and Employment set up rules for the retake, which would be on a voluntary basis and offered only once (Filipino Nurses 2 U.S., 2007; Sun Star, 2007). Secretary Arturo Brion assured that the exam would be conducted in a way that would avoid questions of validity of the licenses issued to passers of the June 2006 exam. At the same time, it was intended to enhance the employability of Filipino nurses (Filipino Nurses 2 U.S.). At least 4,000 nursing graduates who participated in the controversial exam registered for the second Special Nursing Review classes offered by the Department of Labor and Employment (Sun Star, 2007). They were to retake the disputed Tests III and V. About 10,000 f the 17,000 affected passers from all over the country registered for the retake (Aning, 2007; Sun…… [Read More]
The government has rather low environmental expectations. In fact, the consultant found that they are about as lenient as the Mexican restrictions, though the Philippines presents no public relations nightmare as protestors are not rallying against health concerns, as they were in Mexico.
Although the conditions in the Philippines may seem even more ready for outsourcing then the conditions in Mexico, the ethical costs of operating the company in the country are once again too high. Like the situation in Mexico, workers in the Philippines may work for lower wages than workers in the United States, but owners are not being provided with the same level of skill that they would be if continuing to operate the factory in the United States. Because the factory workers would consist mainly of underfed adults and impoverished children, the company would be lucky if workers managed to produce sufficient amounts of products throughout the day. Additionally, employing workers for this cost allows the company once again to act as an enabler, allowing social injustice to continue in the world instead of working to stop it. In a country committed to economic reform in which the first stage of reforms has produced economic growth, enabling the country to continue to undervalue its workers would produce as much negative press as the health protests in Mexico. For both business and ethical reasons, therefore, outsourcing to the Philippines based on the low wages is not strategically supported.
This same argument can be applied to the lower ecological standards put in place by the country. As previously stated, though operating in conjunction with the United States' more stringent ecological model may cost the company operational costs in the short run, failing to determine how to operate the company in a more ecological manner will cost the company far more in the long run, as competition that has succeeded in this task will lead the company in sales. Additionally, in the present era of focus on ecology and green living, outsourcing in order to avoid costs associated with a greener lifestyle does not yield a very solid reputation for the Electrocorp. For these reasons, though the Philippines have a relatively strong government and economy, outsourcing to this third world country is…… [Read More]