13 results for "Philippines Essays"

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Family Planning Planned Parenting In Essay

Words: 4005 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89630881

This has come about as more knowledge is being provided to mothers about health education and family planning. Health workers are starting to work harder at educating women about their health and safety, and intervening more often to protect women's health and prevent dangerous forms of contraception including self-induced abortion (Olenick, 2000). Women living in rural areas still generally have more children and give birth to more live babies than women living in urban areas, with women with little or no education having higher than average total fertility rates (Olenick, 2000).

During the modern era many women living in the Philippines report on average they desire 3.2 children, with younger women preferring even smaller families when compared with older women (Olenick, 2000). Women who had children and were surveyed often reported they wanted no more children with more than half of women with two children reporting they wanted to prevent further pregnancies (Olenick, 2000). Among the modern women surveyed most engaged in family planning used female sterilization or the pill as the most common methods of prevention, though 4% of women still relied on no method of pregnancy prevention (Olenick, 2000). Urban women were more likely to adopt modern practices than those living in rural areas, and educated women were likely to have fewer children than non-educated women. Family planning messages targeting women are more prevalent with more than 80% of educated women having exposure to ads for family planning and roughly 16% of uneducated women experiencing the same exposure (Olenick, 2000, p. 94).

Perceptions of Male-Female Responsibilities

Baretto (1974) reveals in his study more than sixty percent of survey respondents that were women generally approved of family planning practices including use of contraception. Urban living women demonstrated a higher acceptance rate of prevention methods than rural living women (Baretto, 1974).The study also noted a significant correlation between education and a woman's preferences about family planning. Objections to family planning by women included "disapproval of husband" (Baretto, 1974: 296). Other reasons included religious or personal objectives. Despite this much of the information collected for this study suggests that women largely are responsible for the health choices they make, and while gender inequities do exist and male opinions seems to weigh most…… [Read More]

References:
Barretto, F.R. (1974, Sep). Knowledge, attitudes and practice of family planning in the Philippines, 1972. Studies in Family Planning, 5(9): 294-299. JSTOR

Casterline, J.B., Perez, a.E. & Biddlecome, a.E. (1997, Sep). Factors underlying unmet need for family planning in the Philippines. Studies in Family Planning, 28(3): 173-1991.
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Globalization And Its Impacts In Essay

Words: 2957 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44857572

No efforts have been made to create a strong consumer base in the Philippines itself by improving the lot of the Filipino workers (Bello 3). Had a local market been created and some protections afforded to Filipino workers, development may well have proceeded in a more positive direction as the nation would have been better able to take advantage of those aspects of globalization that offered true benefits, rather than sinking all economic hopes into the long shot that the small nation could compete with nations like India and China as a source of cheap labor. Despite this reality, economic reform in the Philippines has consistently focused on re-creating the nation as an export economy, specifically in the it industry. It probably seemed like a natural extension of economic development in the 1980s and 1990s when the Philippines was attempting to embrace globalization. Globalization offered a way to integrate with the world economy, and the it industry was one of the most in-demand industries in the world. Thus, by the mid-1980s, the Philippines was already trying to capitalize on this fact by focusing on manufacturing semiconductors, a tack the country has relentlessly pursued ever since. Unfortunately, semiconductor manufacturing is a low-value it industry and has done little to improve the Filipino economy (Austria, "Assessing" 1). Low-value technology, like semiconductor manufacturing, doesn't create a product that consumers are willing to pay highly for. These stand in contrast to high-value it products, such as computers or cell phones, which combine many cheaply manufactured parts but are sold at incredibly higher prices. Instead of encouraging the development of a value added it industry, the pursuit of semiconductor manufacturing has only created low wage factory jobs in the Philippines.

This incredible focus on the manufacture of semiconductors has, to some degree, enabled the growth of manufacturing in the Philippines. However, this growth has not translated into economic development or social improvements for the nation as a whole. What's more, the high degree of focus on this one aspect of the it industry makes the nation highly dependent on the success of semiconductors and the whims of the market (Austria, "Competitiveness" 2). Without…… [Read More]

References:
Austria, Myrna S. "Assessing the Competitiveness of the Philippine it Industry." The Philippines Institute for Development Studies. Jan. 2000. 2 Dec. 2007 http://dirp4.pids.gov.ph/ris/dps/pidsdps0003.pdf.

Austria, Myrna S. "Competitiveness of the Philippine it Industry: What Lies Ahead." Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Feb. 2000. 2 Dec. 2007 http://dirp4.pids.gov.ph/ris/pdf/pidspn0002.pdf.
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Corruptions Matters Comparison Between Hong Kong And Other International Countries Essay

Words: 8526 Length: 28 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75285781

Corruption

Anti-Corruption

No one is immune from the power of corruption. Of course there are orders of magnitude and people can be corrupted in little ways that do not seem to matter, but many times the people that are corrupted are the very ones who are supposed to be manning the public trust. The very people citizens hope are the most incorruptible are, unfortunately, the most susceptible. Lord Acton said that "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men, even when they exercise influence and not authority: still more when you super-add the tendency or the certainty of corruption by authority."[footnoteRef:1] Because these people have power they tend to believe that they are somehow above the law that they set for other people. Society sometimes seems to be made for the politicians and large business owners who control most of the money, or, at the very least, the access to it, but that is not the case. [1: Lord Acton, Historical Essays and Studies (The MacMillan Company, New York 1907)]

In the modern world, nations have begun to take steps to curb the power of the individual and the ability of the state to abuse the power that the people give to it. However, there are always methods for defeating any strain of law that one disagrees with. The law, in a republic, is designed to protect the people both from themselves and from one another. In fact, the only true job of government is protection of the people. A standing army provides some of this protection because the individual, in his or her freedom, does not have the individual means to protect themselves from invasion by a foreign power (for example). Thus, the government is tasked with providing the individual the protections that they cannot manifest in and of themselves. This is a central premise to the idea of republican government all the way back to Socrates. American president Ronald Reagan is quoted as saying that "Government's first duty is to protect the people, not run their lives."[footnoteRef:2] The problem with this is that…… [Read More]

Resources:
Adefolake O. Adeyeye, Perspectives on Anti-Corruption (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2012)

Lord Acton, Historical Essays and Studies (The MacMillan Company, New York 1907)
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Philippine Women Fashionclothing History The Essay

Words: 2191 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89151499



The idea of dressing in civilized and well clothed are well deserving of freedom because t this group that is highly valued despite the fact that the Malay peasants who struggled for the independence have been devalued in the official history of nation -- building and their mark and contribution has been ignored. 'This shown that apart from the influences from the other cultures social classes have been instrumental in shaping the clothing style of the Philippine.' (Grace, 2008) Due to this many would want to dress in a particular recognized and accepted way to be recognized in the class of the rich. This is just part of the culture that has been impacted to the Filipinos which ahs influenced their manner of dressing.

Despite the different Muslim groups in he south and the mountain tribes have their own distinctive garments and seem to have influenced less. The Maranao Muslims of southern Mindanao for instance still have the colorful malong. This is a large cloth wrapped around the body and is worn by both men and women. The Muslim in the Philippine have not been much affected by the influences of other countries which could be attributed to their religion mode of dressing.

'The Philippine women fashion can be termed as a mix of varying culture and mainly those from America, Spanish, and Japan. Since the influences of these cultures a lot has changed as a result. The traditional Baro't Saya dress that was worn by women even before the Spanish invasion of Philippine has been really been modified especially by the presence of the Spanish.' (U.S. Library of Congress. 1999)

Apart from that it is not widely worn today as it was worn before the colonization. Even though it is still worn in occasions, it is hard to see women wearing it regularly, with many women today wearing clothes such as jeans, shorts and others as influenced by the Western…… [Read More]

Sources:
Alfredo R. (2008) Philippines Culture Shock; California, Wiley Publisher

Grace R. (2008) Culture Shock! Philippines: A Survival Guide to Customs and Etiquette California, Wiley Publisher
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Speak Two Languages That I Feel I Essay

Words: 1804 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11386790

speak two languages that I feel I inhabit two different identities. Or are the reasons for my feeling this way more complex? It is difficult to say, but I do know that although I am only one person, inhabiting one body and one mind, in many ways, I feel I live in two different worlds, with two different identities. My language is more than a vocabulary, the words that I use to describe things. Language for me forms a key part of the person I am and the way I see the world. I am bilingual but also bicultural.

One of the clearest ways I inhabit two languages and two different identities is my name. My real name is Restituto. But you, the American reader of this essay, will better know me as Rusty. In America, everyone calls me Rusty. I chose this American nickname for myself because when I came here my real name seemed very difficult for everyone to pronounce. The difficulty people had with such a basic part of myself, my name, was one of the first 'clues' I had how different my life would be when I came from the Philippines to America.

In the Philippines, my name was quite ordinary; it was something I took for granted. I never considered it difficult to pronounce. No one I knew considered it difficult to pronounce. In America, however, whenever my name is read as part of a list and someone is unfamiliar with me, I always know when my name is about to be called because I can see a strange, confused expression coming over the person's face.

Rest-res..." they will say.

A must shake my head. "Just call me Rusty," I say.

This scenario never happens to me in the Philippines. In the Philippines, the name Restituto is no more or less common than John or James is here.

For awhile, I considered changing my legal name to Rusty. When I became naturalized citizen, I thought, I should. I told…… [Read More]

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Philippine Nursing Licensure Examination In Essay

Words: 3107 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14532624

It has been performing this role for more than three decades as an immigration-neutral and non-profit organization. To-date, it has evaluated more than 450,000 internationally educated nurses and other healthcare workers for jobs (Pinoy Abroad).

February 16,19 and 24 -- President Arroyo ordered the Philippine Department of Labor and Employment to formally appeal the decision made by the CGFNS (GMA News Research, 2006). A task force was created for the purpose and was headed by PRC chairperson Dr. Leonor Rosero. In a telephone conversation on February 24, CGFNS head, Dr. Barbara Nichols, confirmed with Dr. Rosero that the panel's decision was final as well as unanimous. Dr. Nichols also said that the CGFNS did not have a provision for appeal or reconsideration. She explained that the Commission is a private organization but it follows the U.S. immigration law. Its decision to require a retake of the affected tests was based on that law. Despite this, Dr. Rosero insisted on making a personal appeal for reconsideration on March 3 at the CGFNS offices in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Filipino Nurses 2 U.S., 2007).

In the meantime, the Department of Labor and Employment set up rules for the retake, which would be on a voluntary basis and offered only once (Filipino Nurses 2 U.S., 2007; Sun Star, 2007). Secretary Arturo Brion assured that the exam would be conducted in a way that would avoid questions of validity of the licenses issued to passers of the June 2006 exam. At the same time, it was intended to enhance the employability of Filipino nurses (Filipino Nurses 2 U.S.). At least 4,000 nursing graduates who participated in the controversial exam registered for the second Special Nursing Review classes offered by the Department of Labor and Employment (Sun Star, 2007). They were to retake the disputed Tests III and V. About 10,000 f the 17,000 affected passers from all over the country registered for the retake (Aning, 2007; Sun…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Rodis, R. (2007). Global networking: the nursing scandal. Inquirer.net. Retrieved on June 29, 2009 from http://globalnation.inquirer.net/mindfeeds/mindfeeds/view/200704109547/The_nursing_scandal

Torres, T (2007). 2 ex-BON members ordered charged for nursing board scam.

Philippines Daily Inquirer: Inquirer.net. Retrieved on June 29, 2009 from http://www.inquirer.net/specialfeatures/nursingcontroversy/view.php?db=1&article-2007307-53477
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Business And Political Argument Against Essay

Words: 2773 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68048959

The government has rather low environmental expectations. In fact, the consultant found that they are about as lenient as the Mexican restrictions, though the Philippines presents no public relations nightmare as protestors are not rallying against health concerns, as they were in Mexico.

Although the conditions in the Philippines may seem even more ready for outsourcing then the conditions in Mexico, the ethical costs of operating the company in the country are once again too high. Like the situation in Mexico, workers in the Philippines may work for lower wages than workers in the United States, but owners are not being provided with the same level of skill that they would be if continuing to operate the factory in the United States. Because the factory workers would consist mainly of underfed adults and impoverished children, the company would be lucky if workers managed to produce sufficient amounts of products throughout the day. Additionally, employing workers for this cost allows the company once again to act as an enabler, allowing social injustice to continue in the world instead of working to stop it. In a country committed to economic reform in which the first stage of reforms has produced economic growth, enabling the country to continue to undervalue its workers would produce as much negative press as the health protests in Mexico. For both business and ethical reasons, therefore, outsourcing to the Philippines based on the low wages is not strategically supported.

This same argument can be applied to the lower ecological standards put in place by the country. As previously stated, though operating in conjunction with the United States' more stringent ecological model may cost the company operational costs in the short run, failing to determine how to operate the company in a more ecological manner will cost the company far more in the long run, as competition that has succeeded in this task will lead the company in sales. Additionally, in the present era of focus on ecology and green living, outsourcing in order to avoid costs associated with a greener lifestyle does not yield a very solid reputation for the Electrocorp. For these reasons, though the Philippines have a relatively strong government and economy, outsourcing to this third world country is…… [Read More]

References:
Esselaar, Jeanne. (2002). The Debate over Outsourcing in South Africa: Evidence from a case study. Proceedings from Development Policy Research Unit Conference '02. Muldersdrift, Johannesburg.

Casale, Frank J. (2006). The Outsourcing Institute: Mexico Trends & Opportunities.