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Countries With High Adult and Child Mortality ates (ghana)
Countries with high adult and child mortality rates
The republic of Ghana is a presidential unitary constitutional republic and a sovereign state located on the Atlantic Ocean and on Gulf of Guinea. The country is in the frontier of the sub-Saharan Africa. Akan Kingdoms inhabited Ghana in the middle ages. These kingdoms were Akwamu, Ashanti, Bonoman and the Denkyira. There is archeological evidence that indicate people lived in Ghana before the Bronze Age. These kingdoms ruled the country up to the period of colonial rule. Before colonial time, ancient Ghana had its way of governance, culture, economy, laws, and healthcare services. During this period, traditional medicines and practitioners offered care to citizens (Powell, Tabi & Hodnicki, 2006). During the period, individuals suffered from a variety of ailments. Traditional medicines "though not as effective as modern medicines" were in use.
Powell, M., Tabi, M.M., & Hodnicki, D. (2006). Use of traditional healers and modern medicine in Ghana. International nursing review, 53(1), 52-58.
Konadu-Agyemang, K. (2000). The best of times and the worst of times: structural adjustment programs and uneven development in Africa: the case of Ghana. The Professional Geographer, 52(3), 469-483.
Traditionally, Italians are very proud of their cooking, and eat their main meal at midday. These meals generally included pasta with either meat or fish. This is often preceded by an appetizer known as antipasto, which would include cold meats and vegetables. Like pain, Italian food also differs by region. The north for example features flat, ribbon-shaped pasta, while southern citizens favor macaroni with tomato sauces.
Recreation and religion are both unifying factors in family life. Italy favors soccer as the most popular sport in the country. A popular family activity is to play soccer in parks. Other family recreation includes a traditional unday passeggiata (family stroll), driving to the shore or mountains, or watching television. Although Roman Catholicism is the most prominent religion in the country, there are also many small groups of Protestants, Muslims, and Jews in the country.
From the above, it is clear that…
Advameg, Inc. (2010). Tibetans. Retrieved from http://www.everyculture.com/wc/Brazil-to-Congo-Republic-of/Tibetans.html
BBC News. (2010, Jan 12) Country Profile: Russia. Retrieved from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/1102275.stm
Encyclopedia Britannica. (2010). Life in Spain. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/557573/Spain/258824/Daily-life-and-social-customs
Novi Meadows Elementary School (2001) "Italy's Way of Life." Retrieved from http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112187/italy_way_of_life.htm
countries -- Brazil, ussia, India, China South Africa, Mexico, Nigeria Turkey identify critically evaluate key economic, political technological factors conditions enabled a 'apidly Developing Economy' 'Emerging Economy'.
Mexico as a rapidly developing economy
The economic sector of the modern day society reveals increasing levels of interdependence between countries, especially as the phenomena of globalization and market liberalization intensify. This virtually means that the stability and role of one country within the global market place spreads consequences and impacts for the other states as well.
In this dynamic and intertwined global economic context, the emergent countries come to play an increasing role due to their increasing economic sector, developing labor force and strengthening competitive position. Mexico is one such emergent country and the current project sets out to assess the features which contribute to the rapid development of the country.
Mexico is an intriguing country from a social and economic standpoint,…
Graybeal, M. (2011). Mexico's economic policy and migration. Center for Strategic and International Studies. http://csis.org/files/publication/110509_Graybeal_MexicoEconPolicy_Web.pdf accessed on December 5, 2012
Morris, S.D. Mexico's political culture: the unrule of law and corruption as a form of resistance. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico. http://www.ojs.unam.mx/index.php/mlr/article/viewFile/24988/23424 accessed on December 5, 2012
Qingfen, D. (2012). Bigger role for emerging economies. China Daily. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2012-04/11/content_15019204.htm accessed on December 5, 2012
Schachter, H. (2012). Innovation boomerang: the role of emerging markets. The Globe and Mail. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/careers/management/innovation-boomerang-the-role-of-emerging-markets/article4423190 / accessed on December 5, 2012
countries interest ( "Political Economical Developments Asian European Systems"), discuss concepts: 1) Explain detail political systems countries differ; 2) discuss legal systems countries differ; 3) explain determines level economic development a nation; 4) discuss examples macro-political economic taking place worldwide; 5) analyze transition economies moving market-based systems.
Political and Economic developments in Eastern Europe after the fall of the Berlin Wall -- Transition
The end of the Cold War brought about some of the most important economic and political changes of recent history. It threw Eastern Europe countries into a historical disarray that is for some to this day rather difficult to grasp and deal with. For this assignment two Eastern countries have been chosen for analysis and comparison: omania and the epublic of Moldova, its North East neighbor. These two countries were picked for comparison because of two main reasons. One of them is related to the historical background…
European Commission (2013) Report From The Commission To The European Parliament And The Council On Progress In Romania Under The Co-Operation And Verification Mechanism, online, available at http://ec.europa.eu/cvm/docs/com_2013_47_en.pdf
European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. (2013) Moldova, online, available at http://www.europeanforum.net/country/moldova
Gros, D., Marc Suhrcke (2000) "Ten years after: what is special about transition countries?" European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, online, available at http://socsci2.ucsd.edu/~aronatas/project/academic/ten%20years%20transition.pdf
countries modernize grow capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) $8.000 turn democracies, happened Taiwan South Korea. 1) ith increased economic production, China a candidate a democratic form government? hy? 2) hat impact a "democratic" China U.
Countries that modernize and grow their per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to over $8.000 mostly turn into democracies, as happened in Taiwan and South Korea.
ith their increased economic production, would China be a candidate for a democratic form of government? hy?
It has been widely observed that a transition to a market economy, coupled with a thriving GDP is often associated with democratization. However, how this will translate in Chinese terms remains an open question. "China started market economic reforms in 1978 and is rapidly closing its economic gap with the developed world" (He & Feng 2008). But its "communist political system is still lagging far behind the trend of democracy in the…
Chen, Jie, & Chunlong Lu. "Democratization and the Middle Class in China: The Middle Class's Attitudes Toward Democracy." Political Research Quarterly 64.3 (2011): 705-19.
Friedman, Edward & Jinghao Zhou. "China's Peaceful Rise in a Global Context: A Domestic Aspect of China's Map to Democratization." The Journal of Asian Studies 70.1 (2011): 221-3. ABI/INFORM Complete. Web. 6 Nov. 2012.
He, Kai, and Huiyun Feng. "A Path to Democracy: In Search of China's Democratization Model." Asian Perspective 32.3 (2008): 139, 169, 2. ABI/INFORM Complete. Web. 6 Nov. 2012.
The growing numbers of Americans who regularly flocked to these municipal golf courses convinced municipal governments that the sport was here to stay and that additional investments were warranted, and existing municipal golf courses were expanded and improved during the 1920s and a number of entrepreneurs across the country also enjoyed success by opening daily fee-based golf courses (Kirsch, 2007). During the early 20th century, a number of major universities in the United States also incorporated golf into their athletic program regimens, including Harvard and Yale (Napton & Laingen, 2008).
Perhaps the most significant event that contributed to the popularity of golf prior to World War I, though, was when a young player from Boston, Francis Ouimet, won the 1913 U.S. Open (Hardin, 2008). According to this golf historian, "Ouimet's accomplishment gave America its first golf hero. The media celebrated Ouimet's feat by portraying the former caddy as a national…
Campbell, D. (2007, September). The psychology of golf: The business of pleasure. Black Enterprise, 38(2), 120-121.
Cochran, a.J. & Farrally, M.R. (1999). Science and golf II: Proceedings of the 1994 World
Scientific Congress of Golf. London: E & FN Spon.
Farrow, D., Kemp, J. & Tan, J. (2004). Run like you stole something. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin.
This is attractive because Russia has long been industrialized, so its managers and workers are capable of functioning in that environment. There are many natural resources that firms can take advantage of as well. Additionally, Russia is a gateway to other markets with which it has close trade ties, throughout the former Soviet Union.
India is the second most-populous country in the world with 1.2 billion and may eventually overtake China in that regard. This alone makes it enticing. Certainly, its per capita GDP does not, as most Indians are dirt poor. hat makes India attractive is the country's high level of economic growth. India has the world's 5th-largest GPD and it grew at 10.4% last year (CIA orld Factbook, 2011), accelerating an already hot pace. This economic improvement has lifted millions of Indians out of poverty in a very short period of time. In under ten years, the…
Business Week. (2006). How rising wages are changing the game in China. Business Week. Retrieved December 7, 2011 from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/06_13/b3977049.htm
CIA World Factbook. (2011). Various pages. Retrieved December 7, 2011 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/br.html
GlobalSherpa.org (2011). BRIC countries -- Background, latest news, statistics and original articles. GlobalSherpa.org. Retrieved December 7, 2011 from http://www.globalsherpa.org/bric-countries-brics
Joffe-Walt, C. (2010). How fake money saved Brazil. NPR. Retrieved December 7, 2011 from http://www.npr.org/blogs/money/2010/10/04/130329523/how-fake-money-saved-brazil
ich Countries Need to Help the Poor
ich Countries Have an Obligation to Help Poorer Countries
Values such as individualism and nationalism are widely cherished in Western, economically developed countries. Nationalism is the cornerstone of Western idea of nation-state, and the idea of nations pursuing their national self-interest in international affairs is an acceptable truism. Nationalism, however, does not mean that nations should be totally indifferent to the fates of other nations who might be desperately in need of outside help. There are ethical and moral issues that cannot be ignored because of nationalism and individualism. Due to historical and other circumstances, some countries today are extremely poor and the rich countries have an obligation to help them. Moreover, helping poorer countries is not simply a moral issue; it is in the long-term nationalist interests of rich countries to provide poorer countries with aid.
The most immediate concern one might…
Kim, W. (2009) Rethinking Colonialism and the Origins of Developmental State in East Asia. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 39(3): 382-399. Retrieved on 2 Nov. 2011, from http://www.econ.utah.edu/~mli/Economies%205430-6430/Kim-Origin%20of%20Developmental%20State%20in%20East%20Asia.pdf
Lysandrou, P. (2011) Global inequality as one of the root causes of the financial crisis: a suggested explanation. Economy & Society, 40(3): 323-344. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Makwana, R. (2006) Global Inequality, STWR. Retrieved on 2 Nov. 2011, from http://www.stwr.org/poverty-inequality/global-inequality.html
Rodney, W. (1981) How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. Washington, DC: Howard University Press.
Banks in India are required to provide 40% of their net credit to other sectors like agriculture, retail trade, small scale industries and business.Net assets of the banking sector are held by private banks which holds 18.2%, 75% by public sector banks while the 6.5% are held by foreign banks.
China is the largest economic powerhouse of the BIC countries by both population wise and GDP. It had an estimated foreign reserve of about $2 trillion in 2009. China has become a destination of choice to many multinationals keen to establishing a firm and solid manufacturing base for global competition. The economywatch (2010) describes that China's agricultural sector is driven by a sharp rise in the procurement and semi-privatization of agriculture. In 2010, the agriculture sector accounted for 10.9% of the total GDP while 48.6% and 40.5% came from industry and service sectors respectively.
China's total population totals to…
Anthony M. Makwiramiti, (2011) BRICS: A friendship of convenience. Retrieved November 14,
2011 from http://www.consultancyafrica.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=789:brics-a-friendship-of-convenience-&catid=87:african-finance-a-economy&Itemid=294
Aryeh Katz,(2010).Understanding BRIC Investments. Retrieved November 14, 2011 from http://www.investopedia.com/articles/trading/10/bric-investing-introduction-risks.asp#axzz1dNQwuljI
Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, (2011).Background Note: China. Retrieved November
Theocratic Secular Totalitarianism business countries. General Case Study Guidelines instructor: Simply answering questions part case; questions clues important concepts facts.
There can rarely be any compromise between secular and theocratic institutions in a state promoting a totalitarian ideology. A theocracy is a political system present in a country where religious leaders are in charge of imposing laws and legislations that are in accordance with religious thought. A country that is controlled by religious leaders is related to as being an example of theocratic totalitarianism. A country that is controlled by military and bureaucratic leaders is related to as being an example of secular totalitarianism. A political system based on theocratic totalitarianism involves the military being in charge of the government and of decisions that it believed to be for the country's best interest.
Iran and a large part of Afghanistan stand as an example concerning theocratic totalitarianism, taking into account…
Aswathappa, K., "International Business 4E," (Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 01.04.2010)
Kultgen, John H., and Lenzi, Mary, "Problems for Democracy," (Rodopi, 2006)
Sharan, Vyuptaskesh, "International Business 2/e, Concepts, Environment And Strategy," (Pearson Education India, 01.02.2008)
Developing Countries Adopting (sar)
Challenges Facing Developing Countries Adopting International Convention Maritime Search escue (SA)
The growth observed in developing nations has led to maritime traffic in the entire region. In addition, the increase in maritime activities has led to more threats of emergencies at the seas. For the region to enhance security and safety, developing countries had to adopt a legal and binding agreement on working together in maritime search rescue (SA). The nations have been experiencing manifold challenges associated with the adoption of this international convention agreement. The first is the sheer regional size, harsh environmental conditions, inadequate support infrastructures, and lack of capabilities. This study analyzes the challenges facing developing countries adopting international convention maritime search rescue (SA) (Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for efugees, 2007).
The international convention maritime search rescue (SA) enacted in 1979 encompasses an internal rescue and search plan. The…
Cooper, D.B. (2005). Fundamentals of search and rescue. Sudbury (MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Gammeltoft-Hansen, T. (2011). Access to asylum: International refugee law and the globalisation of migration control. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
International Maritime Organization. (2006). SAR convention: International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue, 1979: as amended by resolution MSC.70(69) and MSC.155(78). London: International Maritime Organization.
Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea. (2007). International organizations and the law of the sea: Documentary yearbook. London: Graham & Trotman.
Developing Countries Production
Oil in Nigeria
Nigeria is located in West Africa and its borders are shared in the west by epublic of Benin, in the east Chad and Cameroon and in the North Chad. There are over 500 ethnic groups in the country but the three largest are Yoruba, Igbo and Hausa. In Africa Nigeria has the highest population and in the world it is ranked seventh most populous country. Nigeria falls under the Next Eleven economies. The country is a member of African Union and Commonwealth of Nations. The economy in Nigeria is classified under mixed economy and it has already reached a middle income status from World Bank statistics. The country has abundant natural resources among this is oil.
The greatest revenues in the country are brought by oil reserves. Petroleum is a great player in the economy of Nigeria and it accounts for up to 40%…
Mannix, E. (2010). Local Infrastructure in Nigeria: What Difficulties to Expect
Retrieved July 21, 2013 from http://www.expatexchange.com/lib.cfm?articleID=3179
Office of the United States Trade Representative, (2013). Africa. Retrieved July 21,2013 from http://www.ustr.gov/countries-regions/africa
Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR), (2012). Nigeria. Retrieved July 21,2013 from
Very few lay people were exclusively Buddhist- that is, felt a commitment to Buddhism over against China's other religions" (Welch 1976, p.164).
Moreover, Buddhism in China was largely an individual affair. The monastaries were not held together any type of hierarchy. "In China the largest unit was the monastery and the highest office was the abbotship. This meant that there was no mechanism for maintaining standards" (Welch 1976, p.175). As a result, there was a tremendous amount of variation in how people practiced Buddhism and the standards found in temples and monasteries. "Generally speaking, the small hereditary temples were unable to maintain as high standards as the large, rich public monasteries. Yet the latter too periodically fell into decay because of the malfunction of the merit system of electing abbots" (Welch 1976, p. 165). This contributed to a cyclical pattern of decay and renewal, particularly in famous monasteries, with monks…
Berkwitz, S 2006, Buddhism in Sri Lanka: practice, protest, and preservation, Buddhism in world cultures: comparative perspectives, ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, pp. 45-72.
Chandler S. 2006, Buddhism in China and Taiwan: the dimensions of contemporary Chinese
Buddhism, in S. Berkwitz, ed. Buddhism in world cultures: comparative perspectives,
ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, pp.169-194.
Angola and Belgium: A Cultural Comparison
Although both nations have French-speaking elements to their cultural and history for geographical and colonial reasons, the cultural elements present and characteristic of the African nation of Angola and the European nation of Belgium are more striking in their differences than in their similarities. The tiny European nation of Belgium, despite its poverty of natural resources and diversity of culture, has a prosperous manufacturing sector, a flourishing tourist industry, and a relatively secure place in the European Community. This congenial economic relationship with international structures of management may be contrasted with that of Angola.
According to the Lonely Planet Guide to Angola, a "peace agreement signed in April 2002 may have ended the 25-year-old civil war that has decimated Angola. However, Angola is still unstable and unsuitable for travel." (Lonely Planet, "Angola," 2004). In contrast, Belgium is a European nation primarily known for…
Angola's Mineral Resources." (2004). Business and Economics: Angola. Retrieved on March 11, 2004 at http://www.angola.org/business/sector/minindex.html .
Goncalves, Joao Antonio. (October 27, 1997) "The Hotel Owners and Industry of Luanda." Speech to the U.S. Chamber of Congress during 1997 Luncheon. Text accessed on March 11, 2004 at http://www.angola.org/business/associations/horesil.html
Lonely Planet. (2004) "Angola." http://aolsvc.travel.aol.com/travel/lonely_planet/africa/angola/index.html
Lonely Planet. (2004) "Belgium." http://www.lonelyplanet.com/destinations/europe/belgium
India was also part of this globalized trading world. The cities within the Indus Valley
were well planned and included a trading system that was managed much in the same way as that in the Middle East. Indian socialism, combined with an economy of private managers played a significant role in the success of their trading endeavors. Moore & Lewis note that ancient India could well have been the inventor of supply-side economics. This claim is based upon the Arthashastra, an Indian manual for economic planning and political policy, and how these should integrate to ensure the economic well-being of the country. General Indian thought was however much more focused upon the afterlife than upon successful economic and trade policies in the physical world.
According to Moore & Lewis, China was far ahead in terms of technology and management theory. Chinese thought was much more practical than that of India.…
Baumann, Pari. 2002. Improving access to natural resources for the rural poor. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. July. ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/006/ad683e/ad683e00.pdf
Egypt State Information Service. 2008. Address of President Mohammed Hosni Mubarak before Egyptian-Indian businessmen forum. Nov. 16-19. http://www.sis.gov.eg/VR/egyptindia/english/add01.htm
Egypt State Information Service. 2003. Egypt and Globalization Horizons. Egypt Magazine, Summer. http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/Pub/magazin/summer2003/110227000000000001.htm
Gills, Barry K. & Thompson, William R. 2006. Globalization and global history. New York: Routledge.
Turkey is one of the most diverse countries in the Middle East; its boundary with Europe and the ancient trade routes that run through -- not to mention the centuries it spent as one of the world's largest empires, incorporating many diverse groups of people and drawing many individuals into its cities -- have kept it essentially varied in ethnicity, religion, and even nationalistic tendencies (Arnett 2006). Though there are famous (or infamous) stories of Turkish prisons, the majority of Americans have found it relatively easy to live a happy and productive life in Turkey -- the secular government and basically free and democratic economy is conducive to the same way o life that Americans are used to (Arnett 2006). There are issues with Turkish-American relations, but these tend to be on the macro level, involving the governments of the two nations rather than the individual citizens of these countries…
Ansari, A. (2006). "Iran and the U.S. In the Shadow of 9/11: Persia and the Persian Question Revisited." Iranian studies, 39(2), pp. 155-70.
Arnett, D. (2006). "The Heart of the Matter: The Importance of Emotion in Turkish-American Relations." Turkish policy quarterly, 5(4), pp. 31-40.
Bloemraad, I.; Korteweg, A.; Yurdakal, G. (2008). "Citizenship and Immigration: Multiculturalism, Assimilation, and Challenges to the Nation-State." Annual review of sociology, 34(1), pp. 153-79.
Friedland, R. (2001). "Religious Nationalism and the Problem of Collective Representation." Annual review of sociology, 27(1), pp. 125-152.
Capita Income Between Two countries (Australia and Vietnam)
The aim f the paper is to analyze the different status of countries income and what causes the difference in income per capita. It will also look at the reasons why income per capital is not the absolute measure of income status between countries and the paper will as well look at what poor countries should do to improve their economic performances.
Per capita income is the average income for each person in a particular group or country. It is calculated in different entities from small groups to larger groups like a country. The Bureau of Economic Analysis computes per capita income based on total personal income, which includes items like wages, interests' dividends, and government's transfers. Income per capita used to compare economic conditions among different nations. Per capita income is used as a measure of prosperity not only among countries…
Breimyer, H. (1950). Factors Influencing Differences between State per Capita Incomes: Southern Economic Journal, Vol. 17, No.2. pp. 140-147
Faria, C. (2006). The origins of economic inequality between nations: a critique of Western theories on development and underdevelopment: New York. Sage Publications
Lynn R. (2002). IQ and The Wealth of Nations Cover: Northern Ireland, Praeger/Green wood
Nake M & Vassilev G. (2002) The World Economy's Convergence of Per Capita Income: New York, Sage Publications
BIC countries that you have examined in the Country Assessment Analysis use the EIU country information to discuss how your selected industry is doing in each country.
Who are some of the key company players (both multinational and local) in your selected industry in each of the BIC countries and how competitive is the industry in each country, and how that impact might your decision on prioritizing the countries in your global business strategy
BIC is an acronym standing for Brazil, ussia, India and China highlighting those developing economies of the world which are growing at a rapid pace and if they continue to adopt sustainable growth policies, projections show that within a period of less than 40 years they could collectively represent an economy that is bigger than the G6 in U.S. $ terms.
An analysis of the "Telecom and Technology" industry is done in each of the four…
Dominic Wilson and Roopa Purushothaman, Dreaming with BRICs, the path to 2050
Insight Brics-Emerging onto the world stage, Marketing Week, vol.30, Feb.2, 2006, pg. 30-31.
The Economics Intelligence Unit (EIU)
Wilson, D, (2005), 'The BRICs Have Arrived: A growing New Force in Global Markets' Institutional Investor
Globalization and Developing Countries:
Globalization has become one of the major characteristics of the 21st Century since nations have continued to shift towards it rather than nationalization. The increased globalization can be attributed to improved human activities like trade, industry, and finance. As a result of the increased trend towards globalization, global policies have been developed. These policies highlight networks and solutions instead of controls within national boundaries because of communication advanced, enhanced technology, liberalization, and other factors. The main concept behind globalization is that some factors and activities that are local to certain parts of the world have considerable impacts on other parts of the globe. In essence, these activities and factors become integral to the global community, particularly in relation to integration of national economies (Kasapidis, 1999).
Dangers of Globalization for Developing Countries:
As previously mentioned, globalization basically revolves around the impact of local factors and activities on…
Birdsall, N 1999, Globalization and the Developing Countries: The Inequality Risk, Yale
Department of Economics, viewed 6 April 2013,
Kasapidis, R 1999, The Opportunities and Dangers of Globalization, Florida Gulf Coast
University, viewed 6 April 2013,
European countries include two categories of actors: the countries joined in an economic and, hopefully, political union referred to as the European Union (28 members so far, with Croatia joining in July 2013) and the countries that are not part of this block. The latter include countries such as Norway and Switzerland, part of another economic association, and countries that have expressed their intention to join the EU in the future, candidate countries such as many of those in the alkans.
While this paper refers to European countries as a whole, it is understandable that the largest bulk of U.S. trade is done with countries that are part of the EU, such as the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy or France, large economies with great export and import capacities. However, with the countries in Central and Eastern Europe joining the EU in the 2000s, new markets and commercial and economic opportunities…
1. Peterson, John; Young, Alasdair. N.a. Trade and Transatlantic Relations. On the Internet at http://www.princeton.edu/~smeunier/Peterson%20Young%20Memo.pdf. Last retrieved on September 23, 2013
2. Ahearn, Raymond, coordinator. 2008. European Union-U.S. Trade and Investment Relations: Key Issues. Congressional Research Service Report.
3. Ahearn, Raymond. 2006. Trade Conflict and the U.S.-European Union Economic Relationship. Congressional Research Service Report.
4. Weyerbrock, Silvia; Xia, Tian. 2000. Technical Trade Barriers In U.S./Europe Agricultural Trade. Agribusiness. Vol. 16, No.2, 235-251
international organization subsidiaries countries.
Coffee International, Inc.:
Starbucks' international strategy
Coffee International, Inc.:
Starbucks' international strategy
From a small, Seattle-based coffee shop to an international corporate powerhouse, Starbuck's growth has a company has been a genuine international phenomenon. "Established in 1971 as a neighborhood retailer of gourmet coffee beans and fresh roasted coffee, the Seattle-based coffee superpower now boasts 15,012 stores in 44 countries around the world" (Levenstein 2010). Yet its mission statement is as follows: "Our mission: to inspire and nurture the human spirit -- one person, one cup and one neighborhood at a time" (Mission statement, 2010, Starbucks). Starbucks emphasizes community responsiveness. One of the hallmarks of the franchise was that, although it was part of a chain, every store had a slightly different character, depending upon its location, customers, and layout. However, when it expanded to other areas of the world, Starbucks had to even…
Layne, Nathan & Daniel Sloan (2010, April 13). Starbucks eyes Japan growth, India market.
Reuters. Retrieved December 6, 2010 at http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE63C1NG20100413
Levenstein, Steven. (2010). Coffee Breaks? Investor Spot. Retrieved December 6, 2010 at http://inventorspot.com/articles/starbucks_japan_grows_while_american_stores_close_15672
Mission statement. (2010). Starbucks. Retrieved December 6, 2010 at http://www.starbucks.com/about-us/company-information/mission-statement
Poland is geographically situated in central Europe and is bordered by the Russian Federation and Baltic Sea in the north, Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine in the east, Slovakia to the south, and Czech Republic and Germany in the west. Poland has 70 mountains that reach more than 6,500 feet high, all of which are located in the Tatras, the mountain range that serves as a natural border between Poland and Slovakia in the southern portion of the nation. There is also another mountain range—the Beskids, which forms part of the natural border between Poland and the Czech Republic and stretches all the way to the Ukraine in the east. There is also the Sudetes, which stretches from the north down to the Glubczyce Plateau. The Bieszczady Mountains in the southeast and the Gorce Mountains are small formations. The Vistula Dalta is the lowest point in Poland, 6 feet below sea…
Pakistan is the South Asian country and was established in 1947. It shares border with India, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Iran and China. It has a coastline spanning of 1,046 km with Arabian Sea. The country has highest peaks in the world that are K2 and Nanga Parbat of Karakorum and Pamir in the northern and western highlands of Pakistan. Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi provide the major by air gateways to Pakistan. India and Iran also provides the way to reach Pakistan by train.
There are several favorable characteristics that make Pakistan an ideal country for an international business. However, the country is facing imbalanced economic, societal and political conditions since independence due to which investors gets reluctant to invest in the country. This report reviews the favorable and unfavorable aspects of Pakistan for U.S. investors.
Investors need to consider various factors before making investment for an international business. First…
Dawn. (2012, May 27). Taxation and Foreign Investment. Retrieved July 23, 2012, from Dawn: http://dawn.com/2012/05/27/taxation-and-foreign-investment/
Khan, A.H. (2012, January 31). Instability and Economy. Pakistan.
Mahmood, J. (2012, 07-16). Pakistani Stock Market, Rupee Exchange Rate Rise. Karachi, Pakistan.
Masood. (2010, June 3). Foreign Direct Investment in Pakistan. Pakistan.
1% and agriculture 6.0%. ("Jamaica," 2010) The U.S. is more heavily focused on services, with this accounting for 76.9% of the GDP. This is followed by: industry (coming in at 21.9%) and agriculture (accounting for 1.2%). ("United States," 2010)
The labor force of Jamaica is currently 1.311 million people. ("Jamaica," 2010) While the labor force of the United States is 154.2 million. ("United States," 2010)
Labor Force by Occupation
The labor force by occupation for Jamaica would include: 64% working in services, 19% in industry and 17% in agriculture. ("Jamaica," 2010) In the U.S. The labor force is divided differently with: 37% working in managerial / professional positions, 24.2% in sales / services, 20.3% in manufacturing, 17.6% in other services and .7% in farming. ("United States," 2010)
Population below the Poverty Line
The total population that is living below the poverty line in Jamaica is: 14.8%. ("Jamaica," 2010)…
Country Comparison GDP Purchasing Power Parity. (2010). CIA World Fact Book. Retrieved from: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2001rank.html?countryName=Jamaica&countryCode=jm®ionCode=ca&rank=114#jm
Details Emerge on Dudus Coke Arrest. (2010). Repeating Islands. Retrieved from: http://repeatingislands.com/2010/06/23/details-emerge-on-dudus-coke%E2%80%99s-arrest/
Human Development Report 2009 Rankings. (2009). Human Development Report. Retrieved from: http://hdr.undp.org/en/statistics/
Jamaica. (2010). CIA World Fact Book. Retrieved from: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/jm.html
However, in the case of Sudan, it may be said that none of the above theories applies. This is largely due to the fact that there are specific internal factors which determine the orientation of the economy in a certain direction. These are most of the times related to the historical evolution of the country under discussion.
In the Sudanese case, the end of the war and the independence from the British rule marked the slow evolution of an autonomous economic system. However, the lack of experienced personal and the poor investment plans made these attempts fail. Also, the internal turmoil and conflicting situation between the North and the South aggravated the rift between the two regions of the country. Therefore, a sustainable development plan could not have been set in place because there was no cohesion both at the level of the political authority and the social one. (Country…
BBC. Country profile: Sudan. BBC World. 2007. Retrieved 4 September 2007, at http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/country_profiles/820864.stm#facts
CIA. The World Factbook. Sudan. 2007. Retrieved 4 September 2007, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/su.html#Intro
CIA. The World Factbook. United States. 2007. Retrieved 4 September 2007, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html
Country Studies. Sudan: Agriculture. N.d. Retrieved 4 September 2007, at http://www.country-studies.com/sudan/agriculture.html
An interesting trend has been registered in the service industry, especially in the field of tourism. One of the main engines of Spanish economy in the past, now tourism in this country faces fierce competition from Eastern Europe countries. The beautiful resorts in Palma del Majorca and Costa rava must compete with low cost sea side resort, which offer similar services at incredibly low prices. Another field which needs reforms and reformulation policy is the agricultural and fishery one, which accounts only 4.1% out of GDP, although the important political forces attached to this sensible sector.
In order to be able to face the challenges and the opportunities on the regional and global market, Spain needs reforms in most fields of activity. Unemployment level is one of the highest in EU 9.2% at the end of 2005, while the rate of inflation was around 3.4 per cent in 2005, which…
1) Carol Matlack and Joan Tarzian - 'Spain: Immigrants Welcome', Business Week, May 21, 2007
2) 'Plain sailing no longer', the Economist print edition, 3rd of March 2007.
3) 'Spanish property - the pain in Spain', 26th of April 2007.
4) Human Development Index report, for the year 2006
Also very important index for investors is total tax on profit which is 4.6 in Bulgaria as compared to 9.8 in Eastern Europe and Central Asia saving a lot of money to be recycled into business again. (Simeon Djankov 2010)
5) Across the Border rade
According to Doing Business Bulgaria ranked 109 in across the border trade in 2010 and 109 in 2011. he index for clearance for export goods is 5 in Bulgaria as compared to 6.4 in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. All the required official documents -- from the contractual agreement between the 2 parties to the delivery of goods along with monetary requirement for completion. he total time taken to deal with all the legal conduct to export goods is 23 in Bulgaria as compared to 26.7 in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. he total cost to export goods is 1551 in Bulgaria as compared to…
The World Bank Group 2008, "World Bank: Data and Statistics: Country Groups." http://go.worldbank.org/D7SN0B8YU0.
The World Bank Group 2008. "Country Brief 2010." http://go.worldbank.org / SAV2JS3JA0.
The World Bank Group, 2011. "Doing Business Bulgaria: Making a difference for entrepreneurs," http://www.doingbusiness.org/data/exploreeconomies/bulgaria/#starting-a-business .
They have been committed to the development of what they deem to be Consciousness Cosmetics for more than a decade. Entry into the Portuguese market offers certain benefits, such as the Portuguese people's commitment to high moral standards, which would be conducive to cruelty-free, environmentally responsible products such as Alba Organics. However, there are risks as well that need to be taken into consideration.
The Portuguese market is small and growing at only a nominal rate, in comparison to other EU countries. The population is still primarily located in rural areas. Although the euro is quite stable currently, that could change, affecting Alba's profitability. and, there are three primary, well-established competitors that control the majority of the market share currently, with large financial backing that could out compete Alba.
About us. (2005). etrieved July 11, 2005, at http://www.avalonorganics.com/?title=About+Us.
Alba: FAQs. (2005). etrieved July 11, 2005, at http://www.albaorganics.com/index.php?title=FAQ%27s.
About us. (2005). Retrieved July 11, 2005, at http://www.avalonorganics.com/?title=About+Us .
Alba: FAQs. (2005). Retrieved July 11, 2005, at http://www.albaorganics.com/index.php?title=FAQ%27s.
Carioca, M., Diniz, R., Pietracci, B. (2004). Making Portugal competitive. McKinsey Quarterly, (3). Retrieved July 11, 2005, from Business Source Premier database.
Consciousness in cosmetics. (2005). Retrieved July 11, 2005, at http://www.avalonorganics.com/index.php?title=Consciousness+in+Cosmetics .
With this in mind communications strategy has to be developed and implemented. The central debate remains that of degree of uniformity. The pros and cons are obvious, i.e. economies of scale, consistent message across markets, centralized control, different market characteristics, media availability and costs and government regulations (alabanis & Diamantopoulos, 2011). The stronger argument appears to be that different strategy appears to work in different situations, rather than a totally standardized campaign. Once these geographical issues are decided upon then the scope of the campaign, objectives and elements of strategy can be worked on. If the organization develops a message for one market and then transposes this intact into others or if it develops a message with a number of markets in mind from the start, it may be centrally conceived in both cases (Han, 2009; Wills & Ryans, 1977).
This is popular because of co-ordination and control providing the…
Ahmed, S.A., a. d'Atrous and M.E. Adraoui. 1994. 'Country-of-Origin Effects on Purchasing Managers Product Perceptions.' Industrial Marketing Management 23 (July): 323-332.
Keller, Kevin Lane. 1993. Conceptualizing, Measuring, and Managing Customer-Based Brand Equity. Journal of Marketing, Vol. 57, No. 1. pp. 1-22
Shirin, Khosrozadeh; Kambiz, Heidarzadeh Hanzaee. 2011. The Effect of the Country-of-Origin Image, Product Knowledge and Product Involvement on Consumer Purchase Decisions. Chinese Business Review, August Vol. 10, No. 8, 601-615
Bailey, W. And S.A. Gutierrez de Pineres. 2007. 'Country of Origin Attitudes in Mexico: The Malinchismo Effect.' Journal of International Consumer Marketing 9 (3): 25-41.
The government is trying to create an environment that is favorable for investing and the rapid pace of economic growth indicates that this is a success. However, there remains considerable political risk. Relations with many of Turkey's neighbors have been difficult in the past and relations with Greece in particular could sour a move by the country into the EU. If EU membership is taken off the table -- which could happen if the country fails to resolve the Cyprus issue, the Kurdish issue and the Armenian issue -- the political scene could become highly unstable.
Turkey has strong financial resources. There has been a strong influx of capital into the country. Despite strict government control of the banking sector, the government's desire to modernize its banking and investment climate means that capital is available. Talent is less available. hile many Turks speak English, it is difficult to find top…
CIA World Factbook: Italy. (2009). Retrieved November 4, 2009 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/it.html
CIA World Factbook: Turkey. (2009). Retrieved November 4, 2009 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tu.html
Pizza Hut has also managed to open franchise stores across Iraq and they could also pose serious competition. But there also exists the chance that the Iraqi consumer will not make a major difference between the American fast food stores, but will compare them to the local food providers in the street. This would also bring about serious competition.
4. McDonald's Social esponsibility
McDonald's corporate website presents the user with a wide variety of reports on their implemented social responsibility practices. These include the employment practices, relationships with the suppliers, animal and environment welfare, corporate giving or educational programs and scholarships as well as the promotion of a healthy life style or the continual support offered to the development of the communities where McDonald's operates. The primary aim of these programs is to help the company better adapt and function in accordance to the changes affecting the micro and macro…
Docena, H., October 24, 2003, Dying for a McDonald's in Iraq, Asia Times
Druckman, E., January 22, 2007, George Bush's New Iraq Plan Includes McDonald's of Baghdad, Associated Content
Goering, L., July 5, 2003, Kurds Offer Troops a Holiday Haven for Rigors of Iraq, Chicago Tribune
McCarthy, T., August 16, 2006, Golden Arches With a Twist: Iraqi Burger Joint, ABC News
Country Analysis - Jordan & Saudi Arabia
Country Analysis: Jordan
Labor -- Jordan suffers from chronic high rates of unemployment, poverty, and a huge budget deficit. Since 1999, significant economic reforms have been implemented, included a trade regime, elimination of fuel subsidies, and the privatization of state-owned companies. This has resulted in job creation and has attracted some foreign investment. Jordan's labor force was estimated at 1.719 million in 2010, distributed across services (77.4%), industry (20%), and agriculture 2.7% (2007 estimate).
LANGUAGES - Arabic (official), English (widely understood by upper/middle classes)
Capital -- GDP (purchasing power parity) was estimated at $33.79 billion in 2010. Jordan's GDP is depressed because of the global economic slowdown. The budget deficit is at 5-6% of GDP. The financial deficit requires foreign assistance in 2011. The global financial crisis had a limited effect because of low exposure to overseas capital markets.
natural resources -- Jordan's…
ussia has accused Georgia of allowing Chechen rebels to move freely and providing safe haven to them for launching terrorist attacks from across the border.
elations with Neighboring Countries
The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) was formed by 12 of the 15 former Soviet epublics after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 to preserve some of the political and economic ties. ussia's relations with the CIS countries have, however, been dogged by mutual distrust. Sources of tension between ussia and CIS members include the issue of claim over military assets belonging to the Soviet Union and the status of ussians settled in the former Soviet republics. Most of the disputes about assets have now been settled but such disputes have left a bad taste in the mouth and the initial optimism about the CIS becoming even a loose confederation has not been realized. ("ussia: Foreign elations," 2005)
Politics: Recent Political Events," (2004) Country Profile Russia 2004 Main Report
Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). Retrieved on February 16, 2005 from Economist.com
Russia at a Glance (2005-2006)." (2005). Country Report Russia January 2005 Updater. Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). Retrieved on February 16, 2005 from Economist.com
Russia: Foreign Relations." (2005) Political Overview Section from Countrywatch. Retrieved on February 16, 2005 at http://www.countrywatch.com/cw_country.asp?vCOUNTRY=142
However, most of them have gradually resigned themselves to their situation and are enduring the circumstances in the best way possible.
Perhaps the most appropriate way to analyze the Soviet society in the post-Soviet period is to look at the effect of the change on different age groups of the population as has been done in a 2001 "Human Development eport" published by UNDP. The report reveals that among the different age-groups of ussians -- the "soviet" generation, born in the 1920s and 30s have been "pushed to the sidelines of public life" and suffer from an intense feeling of depression close to a feeling of being a social outcast. The "middle generation" groups too suffer from a deep "socio-emotional" crisis, considering itself as a generation "lost" in the waves of transformation and in their "struggle for survival." The younger ussian generation, on the other hand, has coped…
Country Study: Russia." (2004) Country Studies: The Library of Congress. October 1, 2004. Retrieved on February 3, 2005 at http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/rutoc.html
Human Development Report on Russia, 2001." (2002) Edited by Prof. Serguei Bobylev. UNDP. Retrieved on February 3, 2005 at http://www.undp.ru/index.phtml?iso=RU&lid=1&cmd=publications
Russia." (2005). CIA World Fact Book. Retrieved on February 3, 2005 at http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/rs.html
2004 Estimate; Source: CIA World Fact book legacy of the Soviet era when the ruling ideology encouraged the adoption of a uniform Russian culture and enforced Russian as the official language throughout the Union
The author John Cheever is a suburbia novelist. However, in his short story The Country Husband, Mr. John Cheever has exposed suburbia's murky and dark side, which traps its people in a conformity web. The main character and leading role of the story Francis Weed is a winning, middle-aged man, working in New York City where his life is of genteel satisfaction and who lived in the suburbs. The whole story and plot revolves around this main character.
Analysis of the story
As The Country Husband opens, the author brings Francis Weed in a conflict with his own mortality; when the plane due to bad weather flying from Minneapolis to New York made an emergency landing. Thus, Francis experience begins in terms of thinking of his life in more heroic terms than he was familiar to do before.
Since, after his arrival at home none of…
Country Condition in Romania
Ahmed, Patricia, Feliciano, Cynthia, and Emigh, Rebecca Jean. "Internal and External Ethnic Assessments in Eastern Europe." ocial Forces; ept. 2007, Vol. 86 Issue 1. 231-255. (EBCO database).
Chiva, Christina. "Ethnic Minority Rights in Central and Eastern Europe: The Case of the Hungarian 'tatus Law'." Government & Opposition. ummer 2006, Vol. 41 Issue 3. 401-421. (EBCO database).
Csepeli, Gyorgym and imon, David. "Construction of Roma Identity in Eastern and Central Europe: Perception and elf-identification." Journal of Ethnic & Migration tudies. Jan. 2004, Vol. 30 Issue 1. 129-150. (EBCO database).
Culic, Irina. "Dilemmas of Belonging: Hungarians from Romania." Nationalities Papers. May 2006, Vol. 34 Issue 2. 175-200. (EBCO database).
Editors. "2008 Report for Romania." Amnesty International. 2009. 31 July 2009.
Editors. "Brief History of the Diplomatic Relations Between Hungary and Romania." Romanian Department of Foreign Affairs. 2009. 31 July 2009.
Editors. "Ethnic Minorities. Embassy of the Republic…
Saba, Tesfay. Wearing Gypsy Identity in a Gabor Gypsy Community in Tirgu Mure?. Romani Studies, June 2009, Vol. 19 Issue 1. 1-17. (EBSCO database).
Schimmelfennig, Frank, and Sedelmeier, Ulrich. The Europeanization of Central and Eastern Europe. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2005. (Google Book).
Stroschein, Sherrill. "NGO Strategies for Hungarian and Roma Minorities in Central Europe." Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary & Nonprofit Organizations; March 2002. Vol. 13 Issue 1. 1-26. (EBSCO database).
Country Study: China
International trade and finance
China Economic Issues with Trade
Suggestions for improving trading practices
COUNTY STUDY: CHINA
COUNTY STUDY: CHINA
COUNTY STUDY: CHINA
China, officially the People's epublic of China (PC), is considered to be a sovereign state located in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population that has over 1.35 billion. The People epublic of China is a single-party state which is supervised by the Communist Party, with its seat of government in the capital city of Beijing (Naughton, 2012). It handles a regions that is over some 22 provinces, five of them are autonomous districts, four are direct-regulated cities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two typically self-governing special administrative districts (Macau and Hong Kong ). (Snyder, 2011)The PC People epublic of China likewise makes the claim that Taiwan -- which is mostly controlled by the epublic of…
Lin, Cai and Li, The China Miracle. (2003, September 26). Retrieved from Chinese University Press: http://books.google.com/books?id=_OEwbLZ2vYwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Lin,+Cai+and+Li,+The+China+Miracle,+Chinese+University+Press,+2003&hl=en&sa=X&ei=8CRCUqmkFaTx2QX01oGwDg&ved=0CDEQuwUwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false
Penn World Tables. (2013, September 7). Long run time series of comparable main economic aggregates for many countries in the world. https://pwt.sas.upenn.edu/.
World bank World Development Indicators. (2013, September). Time series of economic and social indicators for every country in the world (annual frequency). http://databank.worldbank.org/data/home.aspx .
Assem Reda, A.H. (2012). Exploring egypt-china bilateral trade: Dynamics and prospects. Journal of Economic Studies, 39(3), 314-326.
As there is an exceptional level of diversity and heterogeneity in the country, and websites often are created in response to unique market requirements in a given region. For S3 (Ski, Surf, Skate)'s Products, this calls for careful planning and in-person visits with the key members of each management team of these websites to ensure there is the ability to integrate systems globally. There is also the need to ensure a cultural fit with S3 as well.
The leading B2B sites include eBay India, FlipKart.com, Snapdeal.com business section and many others are designed to specifically be aligned to vertical market segments (Bandyopadhyay, 2011). This bifurcation of the Indian B2B e-commerce market has predicated on the development of the country's infrastructure over two decades ago (Siriginidi, 2000). The B2B e-commerce market has significant potential for S3 (Ski, Surf, Skate)'s Products supply chain over the long-term.
The C2C market is dominated by…
Bandyopadhyay, S. (2011). Online privacy concerns of indian consumers. The International Business & Economics Research Journal, 10(2), 93-100.
Gupta, P. (2001). Growth scenario of it industries in India. Association for Computing Machinery.Communications of the ACM, 44(7), 40-41.
Siriginidi, S.R. (2000). E-commerce: The medium is the mart. New Library World, 101(1154), 53-59.
Country Development: Economic, Social, Political, And Moral
On a very basic level, development means 'growing.' In the language of political science, development is often referred to in terms of 'developed' and 'least developed' countries. Development has thus become synonymous with industrialization, and being able to provide a certain level of material comfort for all citizens. Poverty may be common to all nations, but 'least developed' countries have entrenched forms of poverty in which even basic necessities like sanitary water are scarce. According to the United Nations, a country is deemed to be 'developed' when its citizens can be able to 'lead long and healthy lives, to be knowledgeable, to have access to the resources needed for a decent standard of living and to be able to participate in the life of the community" ("hat is development," Volunteering Options, 2013). Nations that are considered to be 'developing' like China and India,…
Drengson, Alan. "Some thoughts on the Deep Ecology movement." Foundation for Deep
Ecology. 2012. 16 Feb 2013.
"European-Americans and Native Americans view each other, 1700-1775.: National Humanities
Australia began shifting to a limited Welfare State at the end of the Second World War (1945) and has continually supported privatization and deregulation. The 1904 Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act and 1988 Industrial Relations Act (IRA) both have set a strong precedent for workers' rights and the right to create and form unions. From an ER standpoint these laws and compliance requirements are also constrictive as they are one-size-fits-all in approach.
Role of Stakeholders- the Government, Unions, Workers,
Both Australia and Germany are comparable in the depth and sophistication of systems, processes and procedures to support stakeholders. Of the two, Germany ahs been architecture far more to support and protect the unionized work. The German Trade Union Confederation, combined with the German series of laws to protect the worker has lead to protectionist approaches when it comes to allowing new businesses into Germany. MNCs looking t expand into Germany…
China is very clear on its use of labour laws, with a country-wide precedent set in 1995 with their Labour Law of China. This was the first employment law enacted by the CCP. There is also the Labour Contract Law passed in 20087 that require all employers to provide employees a written contract within a year of employment, and fines employers who do not do this. There are also labor dispatch providers and support for verbal contracts in the Labour Contract Law of 2008. In 1993 China based the Enterprise Minimum Wage Regulation and amended it in 2004 to serve as a framework for the countries' growing economy.
The Labour laws in Australia on the other hand are much more oriented towards a shared level of responsibility and arbitration. The Australian ER reform includes the ACTU/Federal ALP Government accord passed in 1983 and 1993 and the Industrial Relations Reform Act of 1993. The Workplace Amendment (Work Choices) Act of 2005 and Fair Work Act of 2009 all support the more progressing nature in ER relative to Germany.
Country Living Better than City Living?
Country Living is better than City Living because Country living results to a holistically healthy individual -- that is, Country dwellers become physically, psychologically, and socially healthy and economically efficient than City inhabitants.
Elements of Country Living
Physical Environment: Natural
Psychological: Laid-back life, No stress
Social: Close-knit relationships because of small community
Economical: Economically efficient because of low cost of living
Elements of City Living
Physical Environment: Urban and Developed
Psychological: Fast-paced and Stressful
Social: Individuated because of Large, Diverse Communities
Economical: High cost of living
Why is Country Living Better than City Living?: A Comparative Analysis of Country and City Living
Industrialization has brought to the contemporary society the joys of closer communication and better living; it has also brought into us societal development through urbanization and migration. For many years, people sought the ideal life of living in an urbanized region or…
Countries that have previously been wealthy have not have troubles before, but globalization is a process that allows states to evolve depending on their skills and on their ability to adapt. Americans have formerly been advantaged because of the period of polarity, when the world was mainly controlled by a few states. However, matters are different in the present, with Americans being less skilled in comparison to the Swedes, for example. Swedes are accustomed to both the English and the Swedish culture, thus making it easier for them to succeed at home and in English speaking countries.
Sweden is slowly but surely taking what it deserves from the world. Even though they don't show it, Swedes certainly are wealthy. However, the concept of wealth differs there, as Swedish people prefer to spend money for their own well-being instead of throwing it away on expensive and rather useless products.
1. Coman, Julian. "Sweden: They Do Things Differently There." New Statesman, Vol. 134, June 27, 2005
2. Schiller, Bill. "Liberal Sweden: Loosing its nerve?." Retrieved February 12, 2010, from the Network Europe Website: http://www.networkeurope.org/feature/liberal-sweden-loosing-its-nerve
3. "The 2008 Global Cities Index: Cities Bear the Brunt of the World's Financial Meltdowns, Crime Waves, and Climate Crises in Ways National Governments Never Will. So, When Foreign Policy, a.T. Kearny, and the Chicago Council on Global Affairs Teamed Up to Measure Globalization around the World, We Focused on the 60 Cities That Shape Our Lives the Most." Foreign Policy, No. 169, November-December 2008.
Eric S. Einhorn, and John Logue, "Can the Scandinavian Model Adapt to Globalization?," Scandinavian Studies 76.4, 2004.
Portugal 16th Century to Present
Portugal: 16th Century to Present
Portugal: 16th Century to Present
Portugal is a country a part of the continent of Europe. It is on the western coast of Europe sharing a boundary with Spain and the Atlantic Ocean. Portugal's independence and king (now there is a president and a prime minister) received formal recognition since the 12th century AD. The language is Portuguese and the people identify as Portuguese or of the Portuguese epublic (epublica Portuguesa). It is a mostly Catholic country and with mostly female citizens. There are nearly 11 million people living in Portugal according to the Central Intelligence Agency (2012). The capital city is Lisbon and most of the population lives in urban areas rather than rural areas. There are archipelagos, Azores, and Madeira, which are additionally a part of Portugal. The paper will provide insight into the country of Portugal,…
Central Intelligence Agency. (2012). Portugal. Available from: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/po.html . 2012 August 01.
Facts About. (2012) Portugal History and Timeline & Facts. Available from: http://www.facts-about.org.uk/history-and-events-timeline-portugal.htm . 2012 August 07.
HistoryWorld. (2012). History of Portugal. Available from: http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab46 . 2012 August 04.
Migration Policy Institute. (2002). Portugal Seeks Balance of Emigration, Immigration. Available from: http://www.migrationinformation.org/feature/display.cfm?ID=77 . 2012 August 05.
China and Foreign Policy
With reference to any ONE country you have studied, how far does interdependence shape its foreign policy and in what ways
A Brief History of Chinese Foreign Affairs
Current Foreign Policy
Foreign elations and Interdependency
China is an emerging force in the world, and it seems only to be natural, as the Chinese civilization is one of the ancient civilizations of the world. In fact theorists seem to question the reasons for its downfall, as it is the largest and has historically been the cultural and educational center for the world.
As far as its foreign policy is concerned, the Chinese government deals with it in a unique way, where the foreign affairs are the business of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which falls under the ambit of a department called the "Foreign Affairs Leading Small Group of the Communist Party of China."…
Barboza, D. 2011. Entrepreneur's Rival in China: The State. New York Times .
Chen, J. 1979. China and the West . Hutchinson.
China. n.d. [Online] Available at: (26 January 2012)
China's Foreign Affairs and International Relations. 2012. . [Online] Available at: (26 January 2012)
The earth lay white under the night sky."(Kawabata, 1) This opening phrase of the novel is very revealing: the hero comes from the intimacy of darkness (the tunnel) into the open blankness of the Snow Country. The setting thus translates the sense of innocence but also that of emptiness and loneliness.
Camus' Stranger also hints at solitude and alienation even from the title. Mersault is already a famous literary character, the modern alien in society. The main difference between him and Shimamura is the fact that the latter has a Romantic bent towards fantasy and a narcissism that keeps him locked in his own world. The common trait that they share is their permanent sense of anxiety. Mersault, unlike Shimamura, is literally afraid of the people that surround him. Incapable of empathy, Mersault feels like a complete stranger not only because he cannot connect with the others but because he…
Camus, Albert. The Stranger. New York, Vintage, 1954.
Kawabata, Yasunari. Snow Country and Thousand Cranes. New York: Knopf, 1958
This change in national politics has resulted in a much improved standard of living throughout Mexico and the growth of the middle class. The business climate inside Mexico is much improved and this trend should continue, however, the country is only a few years removed from being a totalitarian regime.
The illegal drug business remains a serious problem for the Mexican Government. It is a high priority for the Government as substantial portion of the national budget and military manpower is dedicated toward Mexico's war on drugs. This war often affects the operation of business within Mexico and must be considered (Gonzalez).
The taxing structure within Mexico is highly transitory (Stewart). The system is in a continual state of flux and anyone contemplating doing business in Mexico should be careful to be diligent and avail themselves of a qualified tax accountant well-versed in Mexican tax laws. The national government has…
DeMente, Boye Lafayette. Why Mexicans Think and Behave the Way They Do!: The Cultural Factors that Created the Character & Personality of the Mexican People. (2d Edition). Beverly Hills, CA: Phoenix Books, 2009.
Gilbreth, Chris. "Democratization in Mexico: The Zapatista Uprising and Civil Society." Latin American Perspectives (2001): 7-29.
Gonzalez, Francisco E. "Mexico's Drug Wars Get Brutal." Current History (2009): 72-76.
Nelson, Mexico Mike. Live Better South of the Border: Practical Advice for Living and Working (Live Better South of the Border in Mexico) 3rd Edition. Golden, CO: Fulcrum Publishing, 2000.
North Koreans do not get to vote, and furthermore are expected to pledge allegiance to Kim Jong-Il. To give the impression of not supporting Kim would subject one to persecution, even arrest. Other freedoms, such as jury trials, do not exist in North Korea.
No author. (2008) Korea, North. CIA World Factbook. Retrieved July 19, 2008 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kn.html
ditorial staff. (2008) Kicking Democracy's Corpse in Russia. New York Times. Retrieved July 19, 2008 at http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/30/opinion/30wed4.html
Bright, Arthur. (2005). A Formal nd to the Korean War? Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved July 19, 2008 at http://www.csmonitor.com/2005/0809/dailyUpdate.html
Havely, Joe. (2003) Korea's DMZ: Scariest Place on arth. CNN. Retrieved July 19, 2008 at http://edition.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/asiapcf/east/04/22/koreas.dmz/
Havel, Vaclav & Bondevik, Kjell M. & Wiesel, lie. (2006). Turn North Korea Into a Human Rights Issue. New York Times. Retrieved July 19, 2008 at http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/30/opinion/30havel.html
Bright, Arthur. (2005). A Formal nd to the Korean War? Christian…
Editorial staff. (2008) Kicking Democracy's Corpse in Russia. New York Times.
Havel, Vaclav & Bondevik, Kjell M. & Wiesel, Elie. (2006). Turn North Korea Into a Human Rights Issue. New York Times.
No author. (2008) Korea, North. CIA World Factbook.
Country: Morocco -Committee: Special Summit Technology -Topic Area Summary- Topic a: Privacy Technology in 1890, Samuel Warren Louis randeis penned article Harvard Law Review entitled "The Right Privacy.
Morocco: Position statement
Morocco's national policy regarding Internet technology and privacy has been extremely proactive in recent years. In 2010, Morocco created the National Commission for the Protection of Personal Data (NCDP) as "a decisive step towards completing the appropriate framework to consolidate digital confidence in Morocco." In 2009, Morocco passed a ground-breaking law guaranteeing the privacy of citizens online and also mandated that businesses involved in data processing obtain permission from the individuals whose data is being used. [1: Endnotes "Morocco determined to protect personal data," Morocco usiness News, 1 Sept 2010, [13 Jan 2013] http://www.moroccobusinessnews.com/Content/Article.asp?idr=18&id=1590] [2: "Morocco determined to protect personal data," 2010]
Morocco's policy going forward regarding privacy and technology regarding relevant international agreements is intended to convey "the…
"Morocco determined to protect personal data." Morocco Business News. 1 Sept 2010.
[13 Jan 2013] http://www.moroccobusinessnews.com/Content/Article.asp?idr=18&id=1590
Country by Yasunari is a story that depicts a variety of diverse and rich imagery that is presented through symbolization of the natural setting. From the snow to the rocks and the cedar and the equally important presence of the human life the story takes on an allegorical form that touches the emotional psyche of the reader. Thus, this paper will explore the symbolic representation that has been lost or forgotten through translations of the story and present it as a segment of the plot. In short the paper will explore how symbolic imagery adds to the plot of the story.
Yasunari Kawabata novels were set in environments depicting loneliness, emptiness, symbolizing unsatisfied yearning, and transient or unattainable love, with a backdrop of wild and beautiful nature. His novels were written in a free associative and unconventional style, usually over long periods of time. The bulk of 'Snow Country' was…
Uedo, Makoto. Modern Japanese Writers. Palo Alto: Stanford UP, 1976.
Kimball, Arthur G. Crisis and Identity in Contemporary Japanese Novels. Boston:
Country combines a coming of age story with personal insights into the psychological effects of war. Haunted by her father's and uncle's experiences in Vietnam, seventeen-year-old Sam Hughes continually seeks to understand and to make real the facts surrounding her father's death. Set during the crucial summer after high school graduation, Bobbie Ann Mason's novel traces the development of its protagonist over a relatively short period of time, but offers great character insight. As her nickname suggests, Sam is a tomboyish, spunky teen who both acts and feels older than her chronological age. One of her closest friends and confidants is her veteran uncle, who she suspects suffers from Agent Orange. Sam's concerns about Emmett's health border on the obsessive, but her attempts to unearth the past equal a deeper investigation into her father. Because he died before she was born, and not much older than Sam herself, Dwayne Hughes…
Country of the Pointed Firs, by Sarah Orne Jewett. Specifically, it will answer the question: What kind of literature does Sarah Orne Jewett seem to endorse (meaning believe in and promote), given this novel as a whole? In other words, what does she seem to recommend that writers write about, how, and why? "The Country of the Pointed Firs" is a classic turn-of-the-century novel about women, their relationships, and the natural beauty of a place. Sarah Orne Jewett's book is not only a classic novel, it is a classic treatise on writing, and what great writers write about, and how they use fictional devices to create classic works.
Country of the Pointed Firs
Sarah Orne Jewett has created the best of both worlds in her novel "The Country of the Pointed Firs." She created a beautiful and engaging fictional world, and yet, she uses her experiences as a writer to…
Jewett, Sarah Orne. The Country of the Pointed Firs. New York: Dover, 1994.
country in the recognition of same gender marriages?
Not only will the legalization of gay marriage positively affect the institution of marriage, but it will show a strongly divided nation the way to find consensus in a very serious matter. Gay marriage has not always been on the agenda of those who advocated for the gay rights and therefore, when it finally came up, it was first dismissed as something beside the point.
Surprisingly for the twenty-first century, the American society today is still divided when it comes to the issue of legalizing gay marriage. Instead of looking at the benefits, many Americans would rather keep their negative view on the issue, hoping it will go away. This happens in an era when more and more people consider the issue as something that will be solved inevitably, sooner or later. What every American citizen should do is to ask him…
The Williams Institute, © Copyright MMXI The Williams Institute, available at http://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/research/census-lgbt-demographics-studies/how-many-people-are-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender/
Desilver, Drew, How many same-sex marriages in the U.S. At least 71,165, probably more. The Pew Research Center, Copyright 2013 Pew Research Center Available at: http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2013/06/26/how-many-same-sex-marriages-in-the-u-s-at-least-71165-probably-more/
Country: A Doctor's Story," by Abraham Verghese. Specifically, it will look at one case from the book and discuss the effect AIDS had on the doctor and the effect the patient had on the doctor.
MY OWN COUNTRY" - A CASE
Abraham Verghese is an Indian doctor who specializes in infectious diseases. He came to live and practice in Johnson City Tennessee in 1985, after the first AIDS case had already been treated. In 1985, the local hospital where he worked admitted its first patient with AIDS, and before long, an epidemic seemed to have hit the small town in the Smoky Mountains. This book tells of Dr. Verghese's experiences with AIDS patients, and how they touched his own life.
The case of Bobby Keller and Ed Maupin was especially interesting because of the further implications of their story. Ed and Bobby lived in a small town about 60 miles…
Kennedy also specifically directed his words to the leaders of the Soviet Union, alternating between vowing that America would bear any burden to advance the cause of freedom, yet noting that both 'enemies' have a mutual interest in limiting the arms race and preserving peace. "e dare not tempt them with weakness…But neither can two great and powerful groups of nations take comfort from our present course."
Kennedy's address to unseen 'listeners' in other nations was an obvious reflection of the power of the United States -- he presumed the whole world is watching and listening to what an new American president was saying. However, addressing an unseen listener was also an indirect statement to those who were present, such as the Republican politicians like Kennedy's rival for the presidency, Richard Nixon. Nixon tried to seem strong on communism to get elected. Thus Kennedy hawkishly affirmed his Administration's anti-communist commitment,…
Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents of the United States. Washington, D.C.: U.S.G.P.O.: for sale by the Supt. Of Docs., U.S.G.P.O., 1989; Bartleby.com, 2001. http://www.bartleby.com/124/pres56.html [31 May 2011].
Hungary is located in Central Europe, northwest of Romania (CIA 2012, EEA 2012). It measures 93,000 square kilometers. It is bordered by Romania, Croatia, Austria, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine. Its capital is udapest (CIA, EEA).
Hungary has a Republican form of government (FCO 2012). Its Constitution was adopted on April 18 last year and took effect in January this year. Its four branches of government are the executive, legislative, judicial and a Constitutional court. The President is the head of state. The Prime Minister is the head of government. A cabinet is also part of the executive branch. The legislative branch consists of a National Assembly of 386 members with a four-year term. The judicial branch is a Curia or a Supreme Court. The President since August 6, 2010 is Pal Schmitt and the Prime Minister since May 29, 2010 is Viktor Orban. Hungary has 19…
BEEA. Hungary. Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs: U.S. Department of State,
2012. Retrieved on March 24, 2012 from http://www.sate.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/36566.htm
CIA. Hungary. The World Fact Book: Central Intelligence Agency, 2012. Retrieved on March 24, 2012 from http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/hu.html
EOE. Hungary. The Encyclopedia of Earth: Central Intelligence Agency, 2012. Retrieved
Iran Societal Assessment
The RAND document shows that a powerful country is one that is able to take decisions that make it economically productive for many years to come And to gain this productivity the country requires a combination of state and societal strength
Hence this shows the significance of the societal aspect of any country's power in the world
SOCIETAL OVERVIEW: the Iranian population is one of the most rapidly increasing populations At the start of the twentieth century Iranian population was estimated to be around 5 million but the actual numbers showed a figure of 10 million, twice the projected size Each consecutive census shows that this fast paced trend has since continued on its path as it is By 1956 had seen an increase of approximately 9 million while in the next 3 decades the population rise was around 16 million This humungous increase was…
. Unlike Pakistan, where ethnic groups are close in quantity and group loyalty has made it difficult for the people to unite, Iran does not have that issue. Its dominant force is the Shia population that is in control of every administrative department. It was religious unity that had provided support to the two revolutions that have shaped the country's history and its current political system. The overwhelming support that Ayatollah Khomeini got in 1979, to bring about the revolution, characterizes the revolution as 'a society vs. state' conflict. All factions of society had some conflict with the existing government: the farmers were saddened over the monetary losses they had faced; the Ulema (cleric) felt the state was alienated from religion, hence rather unreligious in approach. Lastly, the general public was desirous of more freedom. Therefore all of them united to prepare demonstrations and get rid of the rulers. However, the resultant political form has also failed to satisfy the masses. Writer Farideh Farhi, in her book 'Crafting a National Identity Amidst Contentious Politics in Contemporary Iran,' talks about how the people of Iran are now faced with an identity crisis that has them confused and continuously in search of a religious philosophy that would bring them mental and social peace. They have lost faith in the government and their religious reforms
. The two issues of relationships with U.S. And the nuclear program are great burdens on the public's mind and they have adopted a more modern outlook to life than the government would allow. If the 2009 protests are any indication the people are running out of patience with government and their reforms.
Enterprise: Education is the key to a successful, happy life and a nation's children are its future. If they are not well educated, the society can be expected to be illiterate and inefficient and the nation's economic, social and political demise becomes imminent. Education paves the way towards economic and social progress. Iran has gone through immense development in this sector after the revolution. In the 10 years starting from 1988 overall adult literacy rate rose from 57.1 to 74.5%. The post revolution government understood the value of education and made acquisition of it easier for the public. That is why the average enrolment rate also rose by 10%, from 65.6 to 75. The government enforced laws that made education an absolutely necessity for higher education and employment. However,
"(McCarthy, 205) Under the pressure of the modern world, the real things remain hidden from the view of man: "hen you encounter certain things in the world, the evidence for certain things, you realize that you have come upon something that you may not very well be equal to... hen you've said that it's real and not just in your head, I'm not all that sure what it is you have said."(McCarthy, 56) Thus, through an edgy and even troubling plot, McCarthy manages to portray a few of the failings of modern man and of the modern world itself. As Aaron Gwyn points out, the novel is almost an elegy of the lost world forever, but which can be regained as a new Paradise later: "McCarthy composes a tale of immense terror and beauty, one which poses the most serious of moral questions even as it pushes the bounds of…
Gwyn, Aaron. "No Country for Old Men. Book Review." The Review of Contemporary Fiction, Fall 2005 v25 i3 p 138(2)
McCarthy, Cormac. No Country for Old Men. New York: Knopf, 2005.
Strong, Benjamin. "A prophet of Gore." The New Leader 88.4 (July-August 2005): 31(2).
Walter, Kim. "Texas Noir." The New York Times Book Review, July 24, 2005 p 9.
POLITICAL OVERVIEW: The former Persia became present day Iran on April 1st 1979 Before that Persia was a Monarchy and its last ruler was Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi He lost favor with the people and the religious clerics of the country The clerics chose to exile Pahlavi and establish a theocracy Theocracy refers to a government type where majority of decision making and political power is in the hands of a religious leader, in other words a country that adopts religious law as its legal system
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini a Conservative cleric took over the reins of the nation
The government structure is complicated as its Parliament is a mixed bag of elected and unelected members At the top of the hierarchy is the 'Supreme Leader' military, judiciary and foreign policy fall under his command An interesting aspect of Iranian government is the amount of accountability attached to federal…
. Protests against the government continue and the government keeps arresting activists, rebels and revolutionaries, in an effort to stamp the desire for reform out of the masses
. Ahmadi-Nejad and his people are the Neoconservationists and his era is known as the third revolution in Iran. While Khatami and his followers were intellectuals, he and his people are religious and idealistic. It seems that he knows better than Khatami, how to please the public (Ehteshami, A & Zweiri, M, 2007).
NATIONAL GOALS: The country has become synonymous
Over the next three and a half years they grew to over $140 billion" (Lewis 2009, p.1). "By 2006 the average Icelandic family was three times as wealthy as it had been in 2003, and virtually all of this new wealth was one way or another tied to the new investment-banking industry," while the real estate market, so vitally necessary to the lifestyle of most Icelanders, also expanded stratospherically. During the period from 2003-2008, "Icelanders amassed debts amounting to 850% of their GDP, compared with 350% in the U.S. (Lewis 2008, p.1).
Iceland's speculation was more feverish than the U.S. because of the relatively modest circumstances of most Icelanders before, which fueled even more enthusiastic spending with easy credit. Furthermore, the fishing industry had always encouraged speculation and borrowing in the face of an uncertain future -- recklessness was part of the culture, despite the age-old nature of this industry.…
Appendix: Iceland. (2009). Monetary bulletin. Sedla Bank. Retrieved November 29, 2009 at http://www.sedlabanki.is/lisalib/getfile.aspx?itemid=4590
Evans-Prichard, Ambrose. (2009). Iceland's krona proves the magic wand as Europe ails.
Telegraph. Retrieved November 29, 2009 at http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/comment/ambroseevans_pritchard/5912682/Icelands-krona-proves-the-magic-wand-as-Europe-ails.html
Iceland. (2009). Trading Economies. Retrieved November 29, 2009 at http://www.tradingeconomics.com/Economics/GDP-Growth.aspx?Symbol=ISK
country approaches a contemporary human services issue in comparison to your own. Include in your comparison historical, political, social, and economic factors that affect the country's approach. Finally, provide two insights you had and/or conclusions you drew about how other countries approach contemporary human services issues as a result of your comparison.
Domestic Abuse Services: The United States VS. Mexico
According to the United States Centers for Disease Control, approximately 4.8 women experience domestic abuse, or intimate partner violence (IPV), each year in the United States. The National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and local and state authorities and public agencies offer a variety of legal, health and advocacy services to encourage victims of domestic abuse to end abusive relationships and seek safe and healthy ending to these often deadly situations (CDC, 2011). In a report discussing domestic abuse services for victims in a variety of countries,…
Abramsky, T. et al. 2011. What Factors Are