Plastic Surgery Essays

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Preventing Infections During Surgery Essay

Words: 1057 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95237427

Surgery Infections

When it comes to medical issues that can arise, one of the nastier things that can arise is an infection. Whether it be regular staph, MRSA or others, infections are things that can hurt, kill, maim or at least prolong suffering and recovery. One source of infections that becomes an issue entirely too often would be those that occur because of and during surgery. While it is normal for great pains to be taken to sanitize both the people and instruments involved in a surgery, it is entirely too common for people to come down with infections during the course of surgery. As such, it can and should be the focus of a fully described clinical practice guideline. While accidents and bad things do happen in surgery, infections should be one of those things that should never happen, at least not due to improper practice on the part of the medical professionals involved.


The scope of the clinical practice guide in question here is fairly broad but still fairly focused. In short, any and all surgeries would be at issue where. This would include something as usually benign as a tonsillectomy or as rushed and hurried as emergency surgery to treat a shooting or stabbing victim. The purpose of the guideline is to reduce or hopefully eliminate the happenstance of a person getting operated on getting an infection during the course of treatment. The obvious objective is to figure out all of the causes of infections contracted during surgery and stop the same thing from happening with future surgeries and patients. The recipient of the services in question here is rather broad in that it is all people who are getting surgeries of any kind because the infection issue at hand could happen during and after any of them (Schulz et al., 2014).

The stakeholder involvement for this clinical practice guide is not hard to figure out and the stakeholders are easy to identify.…… [Read More]

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Cosmetic Surgery Analysis the Cosmetic Essay

Words: 1574 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96665911

The patients have traces of "Body Dysmorphic Disorder repeatedly change or examine the offending body part to the point that the obsession interferes with other aspects of their life, several studies show that seven to twelve percent of plastic surgery patients have some form of Body Dysmorphic Disorder, and the majority of Body Dysmorphic Disorder patients who have cosmetic surgery do not experience improvement in their Body Dysmorphic Disorder symptoms, often asking for multiple procedures on the same or other body features" (Castle, 2002).… [Read More]

Honigman, R., Phillips, K., & Castle, D.J. (2004). A review of psychosocial outcomes for patients seeking cosmetic surgery. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Vol. 113(4). Pp. 1229-1237.

Rankin, M., Borah, G., Perry, a., & Wey, P. (1998). Quality-of-life outcomes after cosmetic surgery. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Vol. 102(6). Pp. 2139-2145.
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Office-Based Surgery Practices Essay

Words: 1580 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56269636

Office-Based Surgery Practices

Impact of Human Resources on Office-Based Surgery Practices

Office-based surgery is defined within the legislation as that in which any surgical or invasive procedure is performed outside of a hospital or diagnostic and treatment centre, in which moderate to deep sedation or general anaesthesia is used (Patel et al., 2008). The use of office-based surgery is currently increasing, due to the recognized benefits with which it is associated, for example shorter waiting times, greater convenience and lower costs (Dalton et al., 2006). The role of human resources in office-based surgery is an important concern as it may have a significant impact in many areas of the practice, including critical aspects such as patient and staff safety. This essay examines the impact of human resources on office-based surgery, including accreditation issues, the impact on patient and staff safety, and employee and labor relations.

Accreditation Issues

Amid concerns for patient safety which arose, related to the use of office-based surgical procedures, legislators have sought to introduce various measures to better regulate this practice and improve safety. Under recently passed legislation, all office-based surgery practices must now maintain a full accredited status with one of the nationally recognized accrediting agencies. This legislation applies regardless of the size or specialty of the practice. If any physician practices in an office-based practice not accredited, this is considered to constitute professional misconduct (Patel et al., 2008). The introduction of this Joint Commission accreditation scheme is aimed at promoting a recognized standard in the delivery of care, thereby promoting a high level of patient safety (Palmer & McIver, 2008).

Human resources has a significant role to play in the accreditation process, especially in ensuring that the eligibility requirements for accreditation are met. For example there are standards set by the Joint Commission which state that four or fewer licensed practitioners must be operating from within the surgery to be eligible, therefore this must be accounted for in recruitment.

Safety and Health of Employees and Patients

Patient Safety

Horton et al. (2006) divide the issue of patient safety into three separate areas: administrative safety, clinical safety and procedural safety.

They suggest that patient safety begins at the administrative level, which involves putting procedures in place to minimize preventable errors associated with record keeping. This…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Boonyasai, R.T., Windish, D.M., Chakraborti C., Feldman, L.S., Rubin, H.R. & Bass, E.B. (2007). Effectiveness of teaching quality improvement to clinicians. JAMA, 298(9): 1023-1037.

Dalton, V.K., Harris, L., Weisman, C.S., Guire, K., Castleman, L. & Lebovic, D. (2006). Patient preferences, satisfaction, and resource use in office evacuation of early pregnancy failure. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 108(1): 103-110.
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Cosmetic Surgery Pros and Cons Essay

Words: 2068 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4995133

Even in-office procedures like Botox and collagen injections can cause allergic reactions or injection-site infections in some people. When a person undergoes surgery that involves anesthesia and cutting, the risks become even greater. Not only is there a risk of a fatal reaction to anesthesia or other drugs used during the procedure, a surgeon may make a mistake and cut the wrong place, or the person just may not have the constitution to undergo surgery. There are tales every year of people who went in for cosmetic surgery and did not come out again. The question of whether the potential for looking somewhat more like your ideal of beauty is worth the potential physical risk of cosmetic surgery is something that every individual who considers cosmetic surgery has to answer for him or her self.

Cosmetic surgery can also become addictive for some. There are people who are so obsessed with changing their appearance, of erasing every little perceived imperfection and whipping their body into submission to their will, that they simply can not avoid going to the cosmetic surgeon again and again. It has been presumed by many that singer Michael Jackson is addicted to cosmetic surgery, and one look at his tragically carved-up and plastic-filled face will tell you this is likely true (Davis, C., 23). Model Cindy Jackson has had at least 27 cosmetic surgery procedures, including 4 face-lifts (Leigh, 1). And, like any addiction, addiction to cosmetic surgery needs to be treated. Just like drugs or gambling or sex, an addiction to cosmetic surgery can be taken to dangerous extremes, and considering the inherent physical dangers in cosmetic surgery, it is best to have the addiction treated before permanent damage occurs, before too much is removed for a person's body to ever be made to look natural again.

Cosmetic surgery has definite psychological benefits to those who are already mentally stable and have no underlying attachment, abandonment, or addiction issues. The boost in self-esteem that comes with successful cosmetic surgery can create a dramatic positive personality change in many who choose it. However, cosmetic surgery does not come without inherent risks. From the general risks associated with any surgery to the risk of a botched end-result, to potential negative psychological consequences…… [Read More]

Blum, Virginia. Flesh Wounds: The Culture of Cosmetic Surgery. University of California Press, Berkley. 2003.

Crampton, Suzanne M. Developing and Packaging the Total Corporate Image. SAM Advanced Management Journal, Vol. 60. 1995.
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History of Surgery Essay

Words: 6608 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18946792

History of Surgery had been started from the prehistoric time with its appropriate technique and tools applicable during the age. There was no sophisticated care of hygiene and anatomic knowledge in the early days; the basic research was started using trial and error on every case and it had set a very strong basic which still makes sense and counts into modern practice.

The following summary of history of surgery is compiled from various sources based on the timeline set in dr. Schell's lecture: The History of Surgery.

The Ancient Medicine (Prehistoric Time)

People had strong magic beliefs and connection to multiple gods during the prehistoric time, so that any cases of illness were also believed as the punishments from angry gods for community's or one's moral failure. Some common cases recorded were respiratory and digestive problems, infections, and gynecologic disorders. Life expectancy low, then 28-35 years was a successful range of survival. Cancer and degenerative diseases were not relevant at that time.

The early surgery practice in Europe was trepanation, drilling a hole in the head. Evidences found skulls with holes from the Neolithic European ages, about 7000 years ago. Since supernatural beliefs was very strong, the cranial drilling was also intended to get rid of evil spirits; the only possible causes for psychosis, mental illness, epilepsy and headaches or migraines.

This is how it works; a part of frontal, parietal, or occipital bones of the skull is removed, to expose the dura mater, the tough fibrous membrane forming the outer envelope of the brain. ("Trephination, An Ancient Surgery").

Still with the magical practices, they also applied other medical actions such as blood letting out of the body and finger amputations to get rid of the wicked spirits.

However, during its development, trephining was found effective during the war. Lawson (2001) discussed that Neolithic wars used a lot of blunt weapons like sling stones and clubs. Such weapons were aimed at the head, resulting severe bleeding and blood clots in the cranial arteries. Another case of cranium fractures required victims (soldiers) to have an operation.

This is how, as archaeologists said, the surgeons needed to do the trepanation "to remove splinters of…… [Read More]

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Cosmetic Surgery Essay

Words: 2016 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62805725

Cosmetic Surgery Is Good

Many people think that cosmetic surgery is not good because it is not necessary, and that people should simply accept the way that God (or Nature) made them. However, merely because something is not natural and not necessary does not make it bad. In most temperate climates clothing is not actually necessary, but people still choose to wear it. Televisions are not natural or necessary, but people still enjoy them. Cosmetic surgery is indeed good because it allows for personal empowerment and/or comfort, it allows an individual to define or redefine their social indentity, and it is an expression of the right of the individual to self-determination.

Cosmetic surgery is a very old practice, and understanding its history might help to understand the practice.. People have used various methods of body modificationg surgery since the stone age. " This medical specialty is ancient, dating back to 800 B.C., when hieroglyphics describe crude skin grafts. ... A long time ago... Jewish slaves had clefts in their ears. And some of the first plastic-surgery operations were to remove those signs of stigma." (Slater) Even today, many "primitive" tribes use many different forms of cosmetic modification. For example, they may use piercings and stretchers to make lips and earlobes much larger, or use ritual scarring to make a young man or warrior look stronger and braver. In the Victorian era, many members of the aristocracy went in for piercings of their ears, bosoms, or genitalia in order to make themselves more appealing to others. In that era the first advances of what is now called "plastic" surgery were made. Surgeons used paraffin wax "to flesh out the depressed noses of those with 'saddle-nose' deformity..." (Tackla) Today all sorts of fillers, including some that are known neuro-toxins, such as botox, are used to improve people's looks. Since 1980, liposuction has become overwhelmingly popular, as have face is, tummy tucks, and all such manner of alterations. Not all doctors and social critics have been happy about these changes. Dr. Richard Dolsky explains that: "Interspecialty conflicts and disputes over doctrine have colored this field, particularly those concerning the…… [Read More]

Douglas, Carol Anne; Verma, Priya; Goktepe, Katherine; Nixon, Laura; & Harris, Jen Chapin. "United States: men coerce women into vaginal cosmetic surgery" Off Our Backs, Jan/Feb 2005.

Elliot, Carl. "Putting your best face forward: our love affair with cosmetic surgery is about more than liposuction and good looks. The scalpel promises the ultimate validation: a chance for the world to see us as we see ourselves" Psychology Today, May-June, 2004
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Genital Surgery When Asked About Essay

Words: 371 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38799679

Plastic surgeons refer to the practice of genital surgery for women as Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery (FGCS). However disruptive to sexual self-esteem needless genital surgery may be, the procedures can enormously benefit those who suffered from involuntary genital mutilation. A Reuters press report details the experiences of women from Burkina Faso whose tribal traditions condoned genital mutilation. Far from the mainly benign effects of male circumcision, female genital mutilation can completely diminish the pleasure of sex to the point where intimate encounters may be thoroughly "painful," (Schwarz 2007). Genital mutilation is a form of surgery that diminishes pleasure, and the reconstructive version can help victims regain their interest in sex and renew appreciation for their bodies.… [Read More]

Fitzpatrick, L. (2008). Plastic Surgery Below the Belt. Time. Retrieved Feb 25, 2009 at,8599,1859937,00.html

Freistag, A. Interview data.