Cosmetic surgeries still focused on reconstructive procedures, such as repairing cleft palates, skin grafts mastectomies and reconstructed noses and ears .
Psychological Aspect of Cosmetic Surgery
Cosmetic surgery is a risky business, and there are many psychological unsatisfactories that come with cosmetic surgery .Psychosocial issues permeate the field of cosmetic surgery ( Grossbart, & Sarwer, 138 ). Factors identified are being young, suffering from depression or anxiety, and having a personality disorder. According to Pruzinsky, & Edgerton, ( 223) has stated the nature and degree of surgical change is an important predictor outcome more extensive procedures are more likely to result in serious body image disturbance than " restorative" procedures. The extent of changes in sensation following the procedure (face lift, loss of nipple sensation after breast augmentation) may also influence psychological outcomes, with greater degrees of sensory disturbance making adjustment to the procedure more difficult ( Grossbart & Sarwer, 172).
Asian Eyelid Surgery
Eye-fold surgery is now the most popular cosmetic surgical procedure among Asian women; in an attempt to make themselves look more western like the actresses they see on television. This is a common procedure for teens in Asia, in order to prevent aging, and for the application of make-up to go on smoothly. However, this surgery is not without risks, and there is no proof that this procedure increases the teens psychosocial well-being. Song, and Song (174) double eyelid surgery in the Chinese population is a desirable physical feature, which is more popular and demands up-to-date aesthetic operations for its formation . While the results in many patients have been satisfactory, there are others with questionable results. Unsatisfactory results include a tendency on the surgeon to take the operations lightly, unfamiliarity with the anatomic relationships of the delicate structures inherent to the upper eyelid, improper case selections and limitation of the mode of operation to one method only. According to Lee, there are many risks involved with this cosmetic procedure: mature of the client, since this is a common procedure done in Asia, and bacterial infections in the eyes, taking to much skin or fat from the eyelid, to big incision to name a few. This is a risky cosmetic procedure,...
In cultures like France prizing unmarried women's virginity, premarital rupture may shame a woman, and her family. Women, including brides whose virginity is not proved at marriage, face humiliation, ostracism,, divorce, and violence -- at the extreme. Reconstructive surgeons and gynecologists may oppose hymen reconstruction on the grounds that is it deceptive, not medically necessary, or the requirement of evidence of virginity discriminates against women and the procedure supports holding them to higher standards of virtue than are required of men. Further, many adolescent females lose their virginity innocently, by rape, or coercion, and without hymen reconstruction, women may face violence and even death. The procedure is usually lawful, and distinguishable from female genital cutting or mutilation (Cook & Dickens, 268).
Panama ( The Black Market Surgery)
Dr. Alberto Kahn invented the ocular implants that can surgically change your eye color. This procedure was first designed for those who have no pigment ( such as oscular albrinism), or partical coloboma ( congenital irregular pigmentations), or the effects from deposits from medications, or trauma from injury or eye disease.
This procedure is performed under topical anesthesia . Fluid is removed from under the cornea. Liquid silicone is injected to keep a deep anterior chamber. The incision may need to be widened if this proved difficult. The liquid silicone is aspirate and the anterior chamber is then rinsed . The incision heals on its own with minimal scarring. The recovery time is 2 to 4 days with blurry vision. In order to have this procedure in Panama, you have to stay for one week to attend your post op appointment. Anti-inflammatory eye drops
Plastic Surgery in America When people hear the term "plastic surgery," they almost immediately think of the negative connotations of that phrase. While it is certainly true that many Americans have had elective plastic surgery, there are far more types of medical procedures that fall under this category than the stereotypical nose jobs or breast enhancements. There are pros and cons to the debate about plastic surgery and its importance in
("Tummy Tuck (Abdominoplasty)," 2007) 5. Breast Reduction (Mammaplasty): Breast reduction in women, performed 160,531 times in 2005, closely follows tummy tuck as the 5th most popular cosmetic surgery procedure in the United States. It is directed at women with very large, pendulous breasts who are extremely self-conscious or may be experiencing other medical problems because of their large breasts. The procedure removes fat, glandular tissue, and skin from the breasts,
Plastic Surgery in Our Society Plastic beauty -- curse or bliss? There is much controversy regarding physical appearance in the contemporary society, as while the masses promote the belief that it one's thinking is more important than the way that he or she looks like, most people invest large amounts of money in their looks. The world has practically been bombarded by the effects of a cosmetic surgery culture during the
Even in-office procedures like Botox and collagen injections can cause allergic reactions or injection-site infections in some people. When a person undergoes surgery that involves anesthesia and cutting, the risks become even greater. Not only is there a risk of a fatal reaction to anesthesia or other drugs used during the procedure, a surgeon may make a mistake and cut the wrong place, or the person just may not
North American Women Continue to be the Primary Targets and Consumers of Cosmetic Surgery? In a world in which we are judged by how we appear, the belief that we can change our appearance through cosmetic surgery is liberating to a lot of women. The growing popularity of cosmetic surgery is a testament to society's overrated fixation with appearance. For women living in North America, their appearance is in fact
In the case of breast augmentation, the parent must guide the minor to the right decision -- and that is usually not to have the surgery unless it is necessary for the teen's overall health. It is up to the adult to think responsibly. There are dangers to any surgery and infections are not among the least of them. Perhaps low self-esteem is a reason for counseling by a