Plastic Surgery Essays (Examples)

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Preventing Infections During Surgery

Words: 1057 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95237427

Surgery Infections

When it comes to medical issues that can arise, one of the nastier things that can arise is an infection. Whether it be regular staph, MSA or others, infections are things that can hurt, kill, maim or at least prolong suffering and recovery. One source of infections that becomes an issue entirely too often would be those that occur because of and during surgery. While it is normal for great pains to be taken to sanitize both the people and instruments involved in a surgery, it is entirely too common for people to come down with infections during the course of surgery. As such, it can and should be the focus of a fully described clinical practice guideline. While accidents and bad things do happen in surgery, infections should be one of those things that should never happen, at least not due to improper practice on the part…… [Read More]

References

Lopez, J., Prifogle, E., Nyame, T. T., Milton, J., & May, J. J. (2014). The impact of conflicts of interest in plastic surgery: an analysis of acellular dermal matrix, implant-based breast reconstruction. Plastic And Reconstructive Surgery, 133(6), 1328-1334.

doi:10.1097/PRS.

Rhee, C., Huang, S. S., Berrios-Torres, S. I., Kaganov, R., Bruce, C., Lankiewicz, J., & ...

Yokoe, D. S. (2015). Surgical Site Infection Surveillance Following Ambulatory
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Office-Based Surgery Practices

Words: 1580 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56269636

Office-Based Sugey Pactices

Impact of Human Resouces on Office-Based Sugey Pactices

Office-based sugey is defined within the legislation as that in which any sugical o invasive pocedue is pefomed outside of a hospital o diagnostic and teatment cente, in which modeate to deep sedation o geneal anaesthesia is used (Patel et al., 2008). The use of office-based sugey is cuently inceasing, due to the ecognized benefits with which it is associated, fo example shote waiting times, geate convenience and lowe costs (Dalton et al., 2006). The ole of human esouces in office-based sugey is an impotant concen as it may have a significant impact in many aeas of the pactice, including citical aspects such as patient and staff safety. This essay examines the impact of human esouces on office-based sugey, including acceditation issues, the impact on patient and staff safety, and employee and labo elations.

Acceditation Issues

Amid concens fo…… [Read More]

references, satisfaction, and resource use in office evacuation of early pregnancy failure. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 108(1): 103-110.

Galati, M. (2006). Practice management issues in office-based anesthesiology. Seminars in Anesthesia, Perioperative Medicine and Pain, 25(1): 32-39.

Hancox, J.G., Venkat, A.P., Coldiron, B., Feldman, S.R. & Williford, P.M. (2004). The safety of office-based surgery: Review of recent literature from several disciplines. Archives of Dermatology, 140(11): 1379-1382.

Harley, DH & Collins, D.R. (2008). Patient satisfaction after blepharoplasty performed as office surgery using oral medication with the patient under local anesthesia. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, 32(1): 77-81.

Horton, J.B., Reece, E.M., Broughton, G., Janis, J.E., Thornton J.F. & Rohrich, R.J. (2006). Patient safety in the office-based setting. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 117(4): 61e-80e.
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History of Surgery

Words: 6608 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18946792

History of Surgery had been started from the prehistoric time with its appropriate technique and tools applicable during the age. There was no sophisticated care of hygiene and anatomic knowledge in the early days; the basic research was started using trial and error on every case and it had set a very strong basic which still makes sense and counts into modern practice.

The following summary of history of surgery is compiled from various sources based on the timeline set in dr. Schell's lecture: The History of Surgery.

The Ancient Medicine (Prehistoric Time)

People had strong magic beliefs and connection to multiple gods during the prehistoric time, so that any cases of illness were also believed as the punishments from angry gods for community's or one's moral failure. Some common cases recorded were respiratory and digestive problems, infections, and gynecologic disorders. Life expectancy low, then 28-35 years was a successful…… [Read More]

Bibliography

13.3 Trephination, An Ancient Surgery. http://www.uic.edu/classes/osci/osci590/13_3%20Trephination%20An%20Ancient%20Surgery.htm. March24, 2002.

Anaesthesia History. The Surgery Door Pain Centre by Neurofen. http://www.surgerydoor.co.uk/coe/paincentre/anaesthesia.shtml. March26, 2002.

Anesthesia: A Brief History. Feb 13, 2001. Simon Fraser Health Region. http://www.sfhr.com/anesthesia/abrief.htm. March26, 2002.

Bune, Matt and Gregor, Pam. Ancient Egyptian Surgery ed. Majno, Guido. The Healing Hand: Man and Wound in the Ancient World. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1982. pp. 86-121. http://emuseum.mnsu.edu/prehistory/ancienttech/ancient_egyptian_surgery.html. March26, 2002.
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Genital Surgery When Asked About

Words: 371 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38799679



Plastic surgeons refer to the practice of genital surgery for women as Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery (FGCS). However disruptive to sexual self-esteem needless genital surgery may be, the procedures can enormously benefit those who suffered from involuntary genital mutilation. A euters press report details the experiences of women from Burkina Faso whose tribal traditions condoned genital mutilation. Far from the mainly benign effects of male circumcision, female genital mutilation can completely diminish the pleasure of sex to the point where intimate encounters may be thoroughly "painful," (Schwarz 2007). Genital mutilation is a form of surgery that diminishes pleasure, and the reconstructive version can help victims regain their interest in sex and renew appreciation for their bodies.

eferences

Fitzpatrick, L. (2008). Plastic Surgery Below the Belt. Time. etrieved Feb 25, 2009 at http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1859937,00.html

Freistag, A. Interview data.

Labiaplasty." etrieved Feb 25, 2009 at http://www.labiaplastysurgeon.com/

Schwarz, N. (2007). BUKINA FASO: Genital Surgery…… [Read More]

References

Fitzpatrick, L. (2008). Plastic Surgery Below the Belt. Time. Retrieved Feb 25, 2009 at http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,1859937,00.html

Freistag, A. Interview data.

Labiaplasty." Retrieved Feb 25, 2009 at  http://www.labiaplastysurgeon.com/ 

Schwarz, N. (2007). BURKINA FASO: Genital Surgery Helps Burkina's Mutilated Women. The Female Genital Cutting Education and Networking Project. Retrieved Feb 25, 2009 at http://fgmnetwork.org/news/show_news.php?subaction=showfull&id=1187811902&archive=&template
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Controversial Business Practice

Words: 5379 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67842655

Plastic Surgery

Teen Plastic Surgery: A Controversial Medical Practice

According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, in 2007, more than 87,000 teenagers had cosmetic surgery; and that number has grown exponentially since. Although aesthetic cosmetic surgery is popular amongst United States teens, physicians and plastic surgeons worry that such invasive surgery on teens' still growing bodies can be dangerous. Other developed countries, including Germany and Australia, are considering banning all but medically necessary plastic surgery for anyone under the age of 18. However, the question remains, if such a measure were taken like that in the United States for minors stem the tide of teenagers going under the knife? This paper will address the controversy associated with teenagers and aesthetic cosmetic surgery in the United States, and the business of plastic surgery for teens, from a legal, ethical, and social responsibility standpoint.

Introduction

In a country, and dare say…… [Read More]

References

Ali, K., & Lam, T. (2008). Teens under the knife: Is plastic surgery too dangerous for teens? Current Events, 108(1), 7-14.

American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (2003). National totals for cosmetic procedures. Cosmetic Surgery National Data Bank.

www.surgery.org/download/2003-stats.pdf:10. Accessed 25 July, 2011.

Bourdieu, P 1977, Outline of a Theory of practice, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
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Oral Maxillofacial Surgery Orthognathic Surgery

Words: 1100 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10733282

Orthognathic Surgery is a procedure used for patients that have jaws that do not meet properly, which often coincides with teeth that do not seem to fit correctly with their jaws. This procedure is often used in conjunction with orthodontics, which straighten the teeth in preparation for the jaw surgery. People who require orthognathic surgery often have incorrectly positioned jaws, or an improper bite. Often the upper and lower jaws grow at different rates, which can lead to problems that affect speech, chewing, long-term oral health, as well as appearance. Also, jaw alignment can also be influenced by injury to the jaw and birth defects. Orthognathic surgery basically repositions the jaw (Center for Oral and Facial Surgery of Chattanooga, 2000). This type of surgery is also used for patients that require jaw repositioning in order to allow for the reconstruction of the dentition using implants (Jones, 2002).

More specifically, orthognathic…… [Read More]

References

Center for Oral and Facial Surgery of Chattanooga. Orthognathic Surgery (2000):

http://www.chattanoogaoms.com/Pages/orthognathic.htm.

Jones, R. "Orthognathic surgery and implants." Annals of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons 16 (2002): 105-.

Motegi, E., Hatch, J., Rugh, J., Yamaguchi, H. "Health-related quality of life and psychosocial function 5 years after orthognathic surgery." American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 124.2 (2003): 138-43.
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Beauty Is as Old as

Words: 1306 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65060971

S. government has promoted breast implants, at the taxpayers' expense: According to the Army, between 2000 and 2003 its doctors performed 496 breast enlargements (women must pay for the silicon implants) (Schaler 29).

Health safety does not seem to have an impact on those desiring cosmetic surgery, nor does the comments of authority figures. In 1958 Pope Pins XII warned that operations for mere "vanity" or to enhance the "power of seduction, thus leading others more easily into sin," or "to hide a criminal from justice" were not in keeping with the church's teachings (Feldman 66). Some Christian and Jewish clergy agreed. However, not even the clergy could fight the studies saying that people with better looks had a greater chance for success (Feldman 66).

Last month, the FDA reneged on its earlier findings about breast augmentation; after a 14-year ban, it decided that silicone implants do not pose any…… [Read More]

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Teenage Breast Augmentation This Is

Words: 5573 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60862518

In the case of breast augmentation, the parent must guide the minor to the right decision -- and that is usually not to have the surgery unless it is necessary for the teen's overall health. It is up to the adult to think responsibly. There are dangers to any surgery and infections are not among the least of them. Perhaps low self-esteem is a reason for counseling by a professional, but not necessarily reason to alter one's body artificially.

The ethical responsibilities of the parent in a discussion with their underage teen regarding whether or not to have her breast augmented, are even greater and more impacting than the legal issues.

The 1800 girls under the age of 18 who had their breasts augmented last year alone are under the ethical (and rational) reasoning of the parent. These are the parents who are taking out financing to do the surgery…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Agence France-Presse Newswire Service. Germany to Ban Cosmetic Surgery for Children. Paris, 23 April 2008.

Annas, George. The rights of patients: The basic ACLU guide to patient rights. New York City: Humana Press, 1992.

Clough, Craig. "Doc Urges Caution on Teen Breast Implants." 4 April 2008. lifewhile.com. 3 August 2009 .

Duenwald, Mary. "How Young is Too Young to Have a Nose Job and Breast Implants." New York Times 28 September 2004: F5.
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Facial Reanimation in Facial Paralysis

Words: 5975 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58497275

The brain while expanding pushes the skull outward in the same perpendicular to the closed structure. This will be marked by the occurrence of 'papilledema' 'pseudoproptosis' as also 'optic atrophy.' (39) This results in the orbital socket being smaller and the eyes getting 'protoposed'. The intercranial pressure is bound to be high. The symptoms in such cases will be optic atrophy, head ache and papilledema. Or in the case of 'Crouzon's disease' where occurs a marked hooked nose and a frontal lobe which makes the disease also called the parrot head disease. Surgery in both these types of situations become mandatory as the result of the cranial pressure could result in death. (39)

egarding the facial surgery discussions always centre on perfecting features and cosmetic changes. The debate must rather be on the goals of the surgery and the overall benefits that can accrue to the patient in terms of…… [Read More]

References

1. Buncke HJ. Facial Paralysis - Reanimation. California Pacific Medical Center. [online]. 2007 [cited 2008 Feb 16]. Available from: URL:

 http://www.cpmc.org/advanced/microsurg/procedures/facial-animation.html 

2. Sataloff J, ThayerSataloff R. Occupational Hearing Loss. CRC Press. 2006.

Kim JYS, Bienstock a, Ketch L. Facial Nerve Paralysis, Dynamic Reconstruction. [online]. 2007 [cited 2008 Feb 16]. Available from: URL:
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Technology -- Blessing or Curse

Words: 474 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35198703



Response

Yes, technology generates problems, and it is shrewd and apt to point out that for every net gain to certain members of society via technology there is a net loss. The hand weavers of the 18th century were put out of business by 19th century factories that could manufacture clothing cheaply, computers have probably collectively caused the art of calligraphy to die, and made even professional writers overly reliant on spell check and less willing to rewrite their work from scratch. However, would any of the authors included in the collection summarized in the essay really wish to go back to a world without antibiotics? Technology has enabled people whose vision would be a blur to see with 20/20 perfection, and made travel financially accessible to millions who would have been relegated to the narrow point-of-view of their homes. hile it is easy to find detriments to these benefits…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Vaidhyanathan, Siva. Rewiring the "Nation": The Place of Technology in American

Studies. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 2007.
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Suturing as the Module Suggests Each Wound

Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50467323

Suturing

As the module suggests, "Each wound that is encountered and considered for repair must be addressed independently," ("Wound considerations"). This is true whether the injury is an acute one, or whether there is a procedure involved. Generally, however, suturing can take place in an outpatient care clinic regardless of whether there was an acute injury or not. It depends a lot on the nature of the injury, and the nature of the procedure, though. Generalizing about situations like injuries and procedures is unnecessary, unproductive, and potentially dangerous. Each would certainly requires an evaluation of the situational and patient variables. The age and overall health condition of the patient, and the age of the wound are all taken into consideration when there has been an acute injury; the type of the wound also needs to be taken into consideration when there was an injury. Acute injury patients might not be…… [Read More]

References

Khan, M., Bann, S., Darzi, A. & Butler, P. (2003). Use of suturing as a measure of technical competence. Annals of Plastic Surgery 50(3):304-309.

Queen's University School of Medicine Module

Ratner, D., Nelson, B.R. & Johnson, T.M. (1994). Basic suture materials and suturing techniques. Seminars in Dermatology 13(1): 20-26.
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Allopathic Medicine Outweigh the Risks

Words: 4631 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37148611

" Prescription drugs invade the markets today only to mask the symptoms of disease instead of preventing disease from happening. In this back-end approach to fighting disease instead of preventing it from occurring in the first place, pharmaceutical companies have profited at the expense of society." (Karel M.)

There is therefore also the feelings and the growing suspicion that prescription drugs are controlled by large pharmaceutical corporations and these influence practitioners and the health care industry. Modern medical practitioners are also "... subject to persuasion from drug manufacturers and rely on them for their information, despite their obvious bias to use their drugs." (Karel M.) This is an area that has been severely critiqued in allotropic health care; namely the fact that modern medicine is dominated by large drug companies which to a large extent are more concerned with their profit margins than with the quality and the ultimate effectives…… [Read More]

References

Bawaskar H.S. Non- allopathic doctors form the backbone of rural health.

Retrieved March 8, 2007, at http://www.issuesinmedicalethics.org/044ed112.html

Death by Modern Medicine. Retrieved March 8, 2007, at http://www.ashtreepublishing.com/bookshop/carolyn-dean.php

Definition of Allopathic. Retrieved March 6, 2007, at http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=33612 www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5010938986
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Human Resource Management and Job

Words: 1635 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76030601



In a nutshell, the most common training program for plastic surgeons takes up about seven years following medical school and can be done throughout individual studying and medical exams as well as throughout attending medical conventions and symposiums.

ibliography

Human Resource Guide to the Internet, 1998-2001, Job Analysis: Overview, http://www.hr-guide.com/data/G000.htm, last accessed on February 22, 2007

The official web site of the Institute for Plastic Surgery of the Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, 2004, Resident responsibilities when assigned to the plastic surgery service, http://www.siumed.edu/surgery/plastics/response.htm, last accessed on February 22, 2007

Lance Gray, Judy McGregor, Human Resource Development and Older Workers, 2003, Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 41, No. 3, http://apj.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/41/3/338,last accessed on February 22, 2007

Susan M. Heathfield, January 2007, Orientation vs. Integration, About: Human Resources, http://humanresources.about.com/od/orientation/a/orientation.htm, last accessed on February 22, 2007

Robert acal, 2007, a Quick Guide to Employee Orientation - Help for Managers &…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Human Resource Guide to the Internet, 1998-2001, Job Analysis: Overview, http://www.hr-guide.com/data/G000.htm, last accessed on February 22, 2007

The official web site of the Institute for Plastic Surgery of the Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, 2004, Resident responsibilities when assigned to the plastic surgery service, http://www.siumed.edu/surgery/plastics/response.htm, last accessed on February 22, 2007

Lance Gray, Judy McGregor, Human Resource Development and Older Workers, 2003, Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 41, No. 3, http://apj.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/41/3/338,last accessed on February 22, 2007

Susan M. Heathfield, January 2007, Orientation vs. Integration, About: Human Resources, http://humanresources.about.com/od/orientation/a/orientation.htm, last accessed on February 22, 2007
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Socio Cultural Perspective on Rising Suicide Rate for South Koreans

Words: 2901 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49955776

ising Suicide ates for South Korea |

Public Health Issues

A Socio-cultural Perspective on ising Suicide ate for South Koreans

Suicide is an overarching social concern that affects all age groups. In recent years, there has been growing concern regarding the increasing rates of suicidal tendencies among adolescents. The Korea National Statistical Office reported that suicide numbers for ages 10 -- 29 years in South Korea (1,255) comprised 22.2% of the total number of suicides (5,663) for the year 2002, thus representing a higher percentage of total suicide victims, compared with those in other age groups (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2007). In addition, suicide was the 10th leading cause of death in the adult population in 1992 and the seventh leading cause of death in 2002, but was the fourth leading cause of death in 2005 in the Korean population. More importantly, suicide was one of the three…… [Read More]

References

Ashton, J. (1980) The Epidemic of Suicide by Fire. New Society 54(1): 58-60.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007). YRBSS: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. Youth Online: Comprehensive Results. Retrieved Nov. 26, 2010 from http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/yrbss/

Cho, Young-rae (2003) A Single Spark The Biography of Chun Tae-il. Trans. Soon-ok Chun. Seoul: Dolbegae Publishers.

Crosby, K., Joong-Oh R., and Holland, J. (1991). "Suicide by Fire: A Contemporary Method of Political Protest." International Journal of Sodal Psychiatry, 23(1): 60-69.
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Fashion-Color Contact Lens Beauty for

Words: 2792 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2489150

Being against popular culture is particularly difficult, considering the temptations that society provides people with and the fact that one risks being excluded from a community if he or she does not act in accordance with the convictions respected by the group's members (Aoyagi, 151).

Consumerism has been taken to a whole new level in Japan, as 2006 reports have shown that in spite of the fact that the country's population is not even half that of the U.S., it managed to consume "41% of the entire world's luxury goods" (Japan is the world's most concentrated source of revenue for luxury brands). hereas people in the Occident consider Japan to be a country represented by the natural beauty and health of its people many Japanese resort to cosmetics and facial surgery in order to change their looks. This situation is both ironic and alarming at the same time, given that…… [Read More]

Works cited:

Aoyagi, Hiroshi. "Pop Idols and Gender Contestation"

Beech, Hannah. "Eurasian Invasion." Retrieved February 26, 2011, from the Time Website: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,106427,00.html

Frazier, Christopher. "Dynamic Beauty: Cultural Influences and Changing Perceptions." Retrieved February 26, 2011, from the University of Hawaii Website: http://www.uhh.hawaii.edu/academics/hohonu/writing.php?id=87

Mostow, Joshua S. "Museum as Hometown: What is "Japanese Beauty?"
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Paradox of Technology the 21st

Words: 718 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38719031

Securing Internet commerce is most likely the biggest challenge that software development companies have yet faced. The security problems affecting Internet commerce involve credit card transactions, which raise concerns involving privacy issues, integrity, and authenticity. For example, there is a considerable, and justifiable, fear that confidential information, such as credit cards and personal details, could be intercepted during transmission over the Internet when submitting an order form on the Web. Through this advance in technology, people stand the risk of becoming victim to internet fraud of their personal information.

A third manner in which technology has the potential to be both beneficial to society and detrimental at the same time is through plastic surgery. Plastic surgery is generally separated between two genres; reconstructive surgery corrects or masks birth defects and the destructive effects of trauma, surgery or disease, and cosmetic or aesthetic surgery changes features that the patient finds unflattering.…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Johnson, D. & Whitworth, I. (2002). Recent Developments in Plastic Surgery. BMJ, 325(7359): 319.

South Centre Org. (2004). A Developed Agenda for Intellectual Property Negotiations in 2004 and Beyond. Retrieved February 21, 2007 at http://www.southcentre.org/tadp_webpage/research_papers/ipr_project/ipreg_devtoagendamar04.doc.

Stiglitz, Joseph. (2002). Globalization and its Discontents. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
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Red - Edits Are Made in Blue

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78846095

red - Edits are made in blue

The Price of Beauty

Plastic surgery, which is popularly known as cosmetic surgery, is not only a costly affair but also has proven to have many dreadful side effects like bruising, nerve damage and other infections. It is not worth the money, time, danger and psychological outcomes. This surgery is very different from a regular operation, because unlike regular procedure, this one is requested by the patient. Despite all the potential side effects and many unsuccessful surgeries, the numbers in these procedures are only increasing. [Introduce this quote] "The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery estimates that nearly 10,000,000 plastic surgery procedures were performed in the United States in 2009, a 147% increase from when these figures were first tracked in 1997." Have we come to the point where our life is worth less than our beauty? How far are we willing to…… [Read More]

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Strategic Management and Planning Strategic

Words: 1992 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53841878



Strategic Alternatives Addresses an External issue? Draws on a competitive advantage or fixes a competitive disadvantage? Fits with Mission, Values? Moves the organization toward the vision? Achieves one or more goals? Partner with a travel company to offer vacations that include dental surgery, plastic surgery, and vascular surgery.

Supports the strategy of increasing global reach of the company and strengthening the ability to recruit physicians in key specialties.

Draws on a competitive advantage of specialist expertise and high performance of ashid and markets this strength to bring in more German and British clients

Supports the pursuit of international standards as defined within the Strategic Plan.

Yes; also increases the stature of the facility and enhances the ability to recruit world-class physicians.

Invest heavily in medical research in cardiology and vascular research

This investment is focused on making ashid Hospital a center of excellence in cardiology and vascular surgery, attracting the…… [Read More]

References

Boston Consulting Group (2006) - Definition of Growth/Share Matrix from Boston Consulting Group; Accessed from the Internet on December 2,2006:

http://www.bcg.com/this_is_bcg/mission/growth_share_matrix.html

Porter (1990) - The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: Free Press, 1990. (Republished with a new introduction, 1998.)

Porter (1985)- The Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance. N.Y.: Free Press, 1985. (Republished with a new introduction, 1998.)
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Sun Tzu -- the Art

Words: 3534 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84579816

254). Evans wondered if in fact the two organizations have not heeded advice from the likes of Tzu: "…Can we be more proactive, anticipating and knowing what our 'enemies' are planning?" he wondered (p. 254).

Evans (p. 254) also wonders if Tzu has a relevant point -- "When it is advantageous move; when not advantageous, stop" -- and explains that perhaps his organizations would be better off if they realize "…the wall is solid and not passable" and hence "walking around the end of the wall is the better forward progress." Knowing what terrain to do battle on is part of the key in wartime maneuvers, according to Tzu, and Evans (p. 255) realizes the same is true for his national organizations. "The location where we will engage the enemy must not become known to them. If it is not known, then the positions that they must prepare to defend…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Boar, Bernard, 2007, 'Sun Tzu and Machiavelli On Strategy', Journal of Business Strategy, Vol. 16, Issue 1, 16-18 (originally published in the Journal of Business Strategy in 1993).

Evans, Gregory R.D., 2004, 'Sun Tzu's Art of War', Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Vol. 114, No. 1, 252-255.

Foo, Check Teck, 2009, 'Implementing Sun Tzu's Art of War, system of systems (SoS) thinking', Chinese Management Studies, Vol. 3, No. 3, 178-186.

Handel, Michael I., 2000, 'Corbett, Clausewitz, and Sun Tzu', Naval War College Review, Vol. 53, Issue 4, 106-125.
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Weighing Medical Ethical Principles

Words: 646 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20495379

Patients may also prioritize different interests over their physicians. A general practitioner, like the pediatrician of the above-cited teen, might believe that the risks of surgery are too great and that the teen's body type is not extreme enough to justify plastic surgery or that it is best to wait until the teen is fully developed. From the girl's perspective, the fact that she is teased by her peers and is afraid to change during gym class is an argument in favor of the surgery which surmounts any possible objections. Teens may have difficulty appreciating the future consequences of their actions although the surgery is certainly performed upon consenting adults and is not an 'extreme' procedure. Also, the teen might complain of back pain which could be potentially alleviated by the surgery.

A plastic surgeon may have a different perspective of beneficence than a general practitioner as well, believing that…… [Read More]

But not all decisions are so clear-cut. What about a teenager who wants breast reduction surgery? The argument of 'autonomy' is more complicated, even if the teen's parents are allowing her to go through with the surgery because she is young and may change her mind in the future and might not be aware of the fact that her body may 'catch up' with her current stage of development. The teen and the teen's parents may not be able to view the future with clear eyes because of an excessive focus on the present. In terms of doing good (beneficence), the argument in favor of the surgery are the possible physical and psychological benefits. But weight loss might serve the same purposes with less risk and greater benefits. The risk of the surgery, the availability of other options and the potential benefits: all of which must be weighed against one another.

Patients' perceptions of their own interests may not be the same as the physicians, as indicated by persons who religiously object to various medical procedures (McCormick 1998:8). Patients may also prioritize different interests over their physicians. A general practitioner, like the pediatrician of the above-cited teen, might believe that the risks of surgery are too great and that the teen's body type is not extreme enough to justify plastic surgery or that it is best to wait until the teen is fully developed. From the girl's perspective, the fact that she is teased by her peers and is afraid to change during gym class is an argument in favor of the surgery which surmounts any possible objections. Teens may have difficulty appreciating the future consequences of their actions although the surgery is certainly performed upon consenting adults and is not an 'extreme' procedure. Also, the teen might complain of back pain which could be potentially alleviated by the surgery.

A plastic surgeon may have a different perspective of beneficence than a general practitioner as well, believing that the psychological benefits of his practice outweigh any possible harm the surgery might impose. Another physician might object to the practice of plastic surgery entirely, given the risks of all surgical procedures, unless there is a dire medical need. The question of whether the procedure is the least intrusive one possible also arises: losing weight might (or might not) accomplish the same objective. But some patients find weight loss extremely challenging and do not consider this a feasible option to change their body shape, even though technically it exists. The same argument is also made in favor of weight loss surgery -- yes, it is better for patients to lose weight instead of risking the potentially life-threatening surgery, but if it were so easy, the target patients would have lost weight already. Furthermore, weight loss is not always successful in achieving breast reduction and if the teen has already tried other methods this might be seen as an argument in favor of the surgery.
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Gender Identity Beauty and the

Words: 1157 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3393487

" (Barry, 36) He continues to suggest that women shouldn't care what they look like either. He says that women may say they are obsessed with looks because men want them to be, but argues that (a) women shouldn't be idiots just because men are, and (b) that men don't recognize women's beauty efforts anyway. "Many men would no notice if a woman had upward of four hands." (Barry, 36)

McLaughlin does not deny that the gender stereotypes are precisely as Barry reports them to be, though she recognizes as stereotypical what he claims as truth. She says that it had always before been that "what mattered in life was how women looked and what men did." (McLaughlin, 31) This is talking about the same thing Barry is when he says that men would find some way to bolster self-esteem other than appearance. However, McLaughlin continues to point out, that…… [Read More]

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Manage Care Simon A Case

Words: 958 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97429468

The red and swollen appearance could be an on-site reaction to the administered medication. A change of type of antibiotic medication may be necessary.

Question 5: Simon begins to complain of chest tightness he is beginning to get distressed what may be occurring and what interventions need to be undertaken.

An asthma attack partially brought on by the psychological stress of the surgery and being in the hospital, combined with the physical trauma is likely. Simon, physician permitting, should be allowed with assistance to treat his asthma in the usual fashion, after screening for potentially more serious conditions that can manifest in chest tightness, such as a cardiac condition.

Question 6: You notice that Simon has become disoriented and is complaining of a headache what may be occurring and what interventions need to be undertaken?

Signs and symptoms of a concussion, the result of head trauma, are not always immediately…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Fractures of the tibia and fibula." (2008). Chapter 21: Practical Plastic Surgery. Retrieved 23 May 2008 at  http://www.practicalplasticsurgery.org/docs/Practical_21.pdf
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Pornification of Women in Mainstream Western Media

Words: 3434 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69173169

Pornification of Women in Western Media

The Pornification of Women in Mainstream Western Media

Sexuality is a normal part of life for every male and female. egardless of where he or she lives, or even what age a person is, sex will be a need. It is a known biological fact. However, the Western media has been blamed to play a large role in exacerbating the need. Back in 1811, a novel published by Jane Austin known as Sense and Sensibility mentioned the word chaperon. It was stated that back then a young woman and young man were never left alone. Even if they were left alone, they were left in the presence of a chaperone. (Poisoned by Porn; It's" 2010, 14) why was this the case? The answer to that lies in that sex is a need for every man or woman born into this world. It was back…… [Read More]

References

8 July, 2009 "Bad boob jobs," The Times of India.

2012, "Christina Aguilera's 'Your Body' Dress Doesn't Leave Much To The Imagination," The Huffington Post.

American Society of Plastic Surgeons (2012) 2011 Plastic Surgery Statistics Report. [report].

Baudrillard, Jean 1979. "Seduction." Translated by Brian Singer. New York: St. Martin's Press
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Debra Gimlin's Book Body Work Is an

Words: 981 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96519404

Debra Gimlin's book "Body ork" is an in-depth exploration of American women's relationships with their bodies. She argues that women do not engage in body work (activities like exercise and plastic surgery) in order to conform to a paternalistic, and unrealistic view of beauty that is perpetrated by the popular media. Instead, Gimlin gives the empowering argument that women engage in body work in order to nurture a relationship between the body and self-identity.

In "Body ork," Gimlin examines a series of mini-ethnographies in her attempt to understand the complex relationships that American women have with their bodies and their self-identities. She examines four main sites, in collecting research for her book. Gimlin conducted in-depth research and extensive interviews at each location. Gimlin explores a beauty salon, an aerobics class, a plastic surgery clinic, and the National Association to Advance Fat Acceptance (NAAFA), a political and social organization designed to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gimlin, Debra L. Body Work: Beauty and Self-Image in American Culture. University of California Press, 2002.

Wolf, Naomi. The Beauty Myth. Vintage Books, Toronto, 1991.
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Popular Science An Understand of

Words: 1491 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71268415

The political implications of this article are enormous, including international relations to come up with worldwide emissions agreements, economic reform in regards to the businesses that continue to use carbon-emitting practices, and legislation that will limit the abilities of businesses. This article is written from the point-of-view, therefore, of someone who has been monitoring this situation for quite some time, and who is concerned about global warming's impact on earth. In addition, this person writes from the political point-of-view, having a great deal of knowledge about how the problem can be solved politically. The scientific conclusion that global warming is a time-sensitive problem is unique, but not valid, while the idea of 350 is based on a new study, so its accurateness cannot be confirmed. McKibben, however, does not suggest this. Instead, he relies on the number, 350, as solid fact, without admitting that it may not be correct. Thus,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Allen, Laura. (2008, December 19). The Other Big Meltdown. Retrieved December 20, 2008 at http://www.popsci.com/environment/article/2008-12/other-big-meltdown

Cyr, Christine. (2008, December 11). Flying High on Biofuels. Retrieved December, 20

2008, at http://www.popsci.com/military-aviation-amp-space/article/2008-12/flying-high-biofuels

McKIbben, Bill. (2008, November/December). The Most Important Number on Earth.
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Vanilla Sky -- IT's All in His

Words: 2030 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34936015

Vanilla Sky -- It's All in His Head

From first moment to last, the movie Vanilla Sky, produced by Paramount Pictures and written and directed by Cameron Crowe, offers a confusing physical landscape based on a confusing mental landscape. The viewer is never certain if he is viewing a dream or a waking reality or a warped psychological construct that might be a combination of waking and dreaming or conscious and unconscious realities.

The film opens with a voice saying "Abre los ojos." Abre Los Ojos is the name of the 1997 Spanish film of which Vanilla Sky is a remake. The voice which speaks these words, recorded on David Aames, played by Tom Cruise, alarm clock, is that of Sophia, played by Penelope Cruz. Thus, the movie begins with the hero awakening from sleep, possibly a dream, into what seems to be reality. But is it? The first voice,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

De Lisi, Haj. "Vanilla Sky. http://tsw.org.uk/engine/story.scm/100323(accessed 11-24-02)

Ebert, Roger. "Vanilla Sky." Chicago Sun Times 14 December 2001 http://www.suntimes.com/ebert/ebert_reviews/2001/12/121402.html (accessed 11-24-02)

Hampton, Howard. "Clear Vanilla Skies: 'Cryotainment' and the Modern Science of Transcendence." Film Comment. March/April 2002: 52-53

Holden, Stephen. "Plastic Surgery Takes A Science Fiction Twist." New York Times 14 December 2001 sec E, part 1, 28, col 1.
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Permanent Cosmetics as Long Ago

Words: 1261 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51362976



Indeed, Theresa's will not serve 'customers' as a tattoo shop or cosmetics counter would; it will develop clients who will be invited to return for additional enhancements. However, integral to the strategy will be turning away clients who have had all the procedures that seem to our medical advisor to be advisable. In short, Theresa's is not interested in tattooing a woman to look like a cat, but rather in enhancing a woman's appearance as a women, thus enabling her to live a more abundant and powerful human life. These concepts are the foundation for Theresa's strategy, which can be condensed to these concepts:

Creating the Theresa's brand name in aesthetic enhancement

Placing the company on a level comparable to or exceeding that of laser eye clinics, etc.

Taking seriously our responsibility to enhance our clients' lives and not to be party to questionable requests for aesthetically debatable procedures

Tactics…… [Read More]

References

Adverse events associated with 'permanent makeup.' (2004) FDA Consumer 38(5), 4+. Retrieved May 2, 2005 from www.questia.com.

Covino, D.C. (2001) Outside-in: Body, mind and self in the advertisement of aesthetic surgery. Journal of Popular Culture 35(3), 91+ Retrieved May 2, 2005 from www.questia.com.

Neimark, J. (1994) Change of face change of fate. Psychology Today 27(3), 42+. Retrieved May 2, 2005 from www.questia.com.
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Bioharzard Removal Within a Perioperative

Words: 1204 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87952050

Effective management of medical materials in this environment is critical to ensuring that patients do not suffer from toxic exposure (Owens, 2003). Perioperative nurses can incorporate the various Operating oom procedures to minimize the risk of patient harm. A discussion regarding the literature detailing medical waste and perioperative nursing is not complete without a discussion involving the clinical impact of medical waste.

In Volko's 2002 article "Contact with Hospital Syringes containing bodily fluids; Implications for Medical Waste management regulation," detailed the results of a study wherein the use of syringes was examined in their conjunction with medical waste. The objective of the study was to determine the amount and body fluids of these syringes (Volko, 2002). Syringe use was surveyed at a tertiary care center or a period not exceeding seven (7) days. Syringe use was categorized into four different components. These components included: (1) Contained Blood at the time…… [Read More]

References

"Nurses can make a difference: Environmentally responsive health care," the Nightingale Institute for Health and the Environment, http://www.nihe.org (accessed 6 January 2011).

Melamed, a (2003). "Environmental Accountability in Perioperative Settings" AORN, 77(6), 1157-1168

Owens, PJ (2005) "Challenges of International Disaster Relief" Disaster Management and Response, Spring 2005

Anderson, LG (1992). "Medical Waste Management: Implications for Plastic Surgery Offices and Surgicenters" Plastic Surgical Nursing, 12(1): 7-12
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Realistic Fiction for a Modern

Words: 851 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63933729

After he has faced so many struggles and foes, and fighting for his life against the "bad guys" while trying to hide the whole things from cops who might not appreciate him taking matters into his own hands, it is hard to say if Stranahan is really struggling against individuals or against society as a whole.

Despite the fact that the book ceaselessly mocks all sorts of prominent, respectable professions (doctors, tv anchors, lawyers, cops, actors, and wood-chipper-operators) it nonetheless escapes being didactic about its point. It could theoretically be controversial that this book suggests that many doctors and lawyers are corrupt, or seems to justify taking the law into one's own hands. However, the situation is treated with so much humor, and with such disparagement for the "bad guys," that one doubts anyone is actually offended. If there was going to be any controversy about the book, it would…… [Read More]

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Obesity Is That There Is

Words: 1816 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35952456

While these measures are effective in certain ways, this line of thinking is very dangerous for the American public because it influences the general health risks imposed by obesity. More and more, America is become a drug reliant nation because of the growing number of problems associated with obesity.

Technology has many links to the current problem of obesity. On a macroeconomic level it can be seen that technology influences our socio-economic status which permits us to eat more and workout less because we do not have labor intensive jobs nor do we have financial problems. On a sociological level, social interactions are no longer dependent upon the concepts traditionally associated with obesity and therefore individuals no longer have to worry about their appearance nearly as much as they use to. Furthermore, these changes in social interactivity means that physical exercise is now an entirely leisure based activity rather than…… [Read More]

Rand CSW. Obesity: Definition, diagnostic criteria, and associated health problems. in:

Alexander-Mott L, Lumsden DB. Understanding Eating Disorders: Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Piervosa, and Obesity. Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis, 1994:221-41.

Schwartz H. Never Satisfied: A Cultural History of Diets, Fantasies, and Fat. New York: Anchor Books, 1990.
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Evolution of Roles and Societal Perspectives on Aging

Words: 980 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85478699

Aging is an inevitable process, but responses to the aging process vary from generation to generation, culture to culture, and person to person. Factors like gender, ethnicity, and socio-economic class have an impact on attitudes toward aging. Beliefs and attitudes toward aging and towards older people also vary. The status of elder adults in the family, community, and society also varies. It is important to understand the evolution of age-based social roles and attitudes towards aging because all people encounter seniors, care for seniors, and most likely become old too. Because the Baby Boomer generation is reaching senior age status, issues related to gerontology are becoming especially salient for the health care professional.

Unfortunately, there are several disturbing trends in how old people and aging are viewed. The status of elders is generally low, leading to problems in senior physical and mental health. Treatment of seniors varies widely, with some…… [Read More]

Reference

"Chapter One: The Field of Social Gerontology."
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A Concise Analysis of a Memo to a Professor

Words: 588 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40195679

Rossmond Jack for the Position of a First Assistant Surgical Technologist

I write to you in regards to the above applicant, Rossmund Jack. I recommend that you consider him for an entry-level position as a first assistant surgical technologist. Jack has the training, qualifications, and skills needed to effectively and efficiently undertake the role. He also has a strong passion for the field.

Jack will shortly be completing his surgical technologist degree at Mandl School's College of Allied Health; one of the top institutions in New York as far as allied health training is concerned. He has a solid understanding of the practical facets of surgical room procedures, modern surgical equipment, instrument set-ups, sterilisation techniques, patient-care techniques, as well as emergency care during surgery. His knowledge spans across a wide range of surgical disciplines including general surgery, orthopaedic surgery, spinal surgery, cardiac surgery, plastic surgery, thoracic surgery, and vascular surgery.…… [Read More]

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Slang as Used in the

Words: 1007 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10966257

However, in the film directed by Tina Fey that depicts the cruelty of an exclusive group of "Mean Girls," ordinary things for which there is already descriptive language is rendered into slang so adults do not understand the full cruelty of what is being said. Some adults may know that Regina and company are 'mean' but not to the extent which they rule the school and use exclusion as a way of enforcing their own mini-regime of terror. One of the strengths of the teacher played by Fey, Ms. Norbury, is that she is 'hip' to the language used by the mean girls, like when she tells them to stop using slang like "sluts" and "skanks."

The exclusive nature of the language of adolescents is underlined by the fact that the main character, named Cady Heron, in "Mean Girls" has grown up in South Africa, so she is initially uninitiated…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Mean Girls." Directed by Tina Fey. 2004.
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Injections of Phosphatidylcholine Solubilized With

Words: 4199 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89968927

Therefore, Hexsel's study will not be included in this analysis for failure to meet the study protocol.

Another human study involved a case study of a single patient. This Brazilian study represented a case study and does not meet the protocol for inclusion in this analysis either (Rittes, 2001). As there have been no human studies in the United States to date, we must rely on studies published in other countries for our meta-analysis. A study conducted in Vienna by Karl Heinrich will be used as one of the studies to be analyzed. This was the only study that could be located involving an actual population of human subjects, as this type of research is prohibited in the U.S. At this time.

The sample population used by Heinrich consisted of 86 individuals who received a standardized series of treatments. This study suffered from significant flaws that make the results questionable.…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Atoba MA, Ayoola EA, Ogunseyinde O. Effects of essential phospholipid choline on the course of acute hepatitis-B infection. Trop Gastroenterol. 1985; 6:96-9.

Bechara FG, Sand M, Altmeyer P. et al. Intralesional lipolysis with phosphatidylcholine for the treatment of lipomas: pilot study. Arch Dermatol. 2006 Aug;142(8):1069-70. Retrieved March 24, 2007 at  http://www.hubmed.org/display.cgi?uids=16924064 .

Hanin I, Ansell GB, eds. Lecithin. Technological, Biological and Therapeutic Aspects. New York and London: Plenum Press; 1987.

Doris Hexsel "
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Care Primary Secondary and Tertiary Care Primary

Words: 782 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61615309

Care

Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Care

Primary Care

Primary care, also called the medical care, is the first point of contact between the patient and the health care unit, which can be an office or clinic (Timby, 200). The patient visits health care unit and meets doctors, physicians or nurse practitioners for concerns like cold, flu and bacterial or viral infections. Primary care also includes visiting hospital for a sore muscle, skin problems or broken bone. There are also some primary care specialists; for instance OB-GYNs, pediatricians, geriatricians etc.

Example

A person suffering from fever since last seven days visits to hospital for meeting general physician. Physician after his check up concludes that nothing is apparently wrong so blood test should be performed in the laboratory to find out the cause of fever. Blood report reveals after three days that person is suffering from typhoid. Doctor recommends an antibiotic and…… [Read More]

References

Niles, N. (2011). Basics of the U.S. Health Care System. John and Bartlett Publishers.

Timby, B. (2009). Fundamental Nursing Skills and Concepts. Ninth Edition, Walters Kluwer Health.

Wheeler. N, & Grice, D. (2000). Management in Health Care. Stanley Thornes Publishers Limited
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Body Modification A Tool for

Words: 603 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22520430



Body modification is also used as a form of entertainment, as in cases of suspension, where individuals pierce their bodies with fish hooks, wire or other objects and then hang or elevate their body much like a "circus" trick (Leo 1).

Side Effects

There are many side effects of body modification, often contingent on the amount of or intensity of body modification a person is involved with. For example, ear piercing might leave few side effects other than some scar tissue in the ear; the same is true of piercing in other locations. Any form of body modification involving piercing the skin or cutting into the body introduces the risk of infections (Bendle 193).

Modern plastic surgery may leave scarring, especially when invasive procedures including tummy tucks or breast augmentation are performed; despite this many people are advocates of body modification, which has in its own right created a culture…… [Read More]

References

Bendle, Mervyn. In the Flesh: The Cultural Politics of Body Modification. Journal of Sociology, 40.2: 2004, p. 193.

Kewitt, Kim. Mutilating the Body: Identity in Blood and Ink. Bowling Green, OH:

Bowling Green State University Popular Press: 1997.

Leo, Jessica D. Suspension: Going Beyond the Limits of Body Modification. Retrieved May 14, 2007: http://www.journalism.ryerson.ca/online/tor/umm/jdileo_feature.htm
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Crime Journal Second Person in

Words: 639 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79897419

Most of these products have not been scientifically tested. Yet consumers continue to waste their money on such products rather than go to the gym. hus, there is a fascinating sociological aspect of this crime story.

o conform to the prevailing social standards of beauty, women like the victims in this case are willing to go to extreme lengths. he story therefore raises difficult questions related to victims' roles in crime. Criminologists should still question what is essentially a controversial slant in cases like these: victims sometimes do play important roles in enabling crimes to take place. hankfully, the victims in this case survived but they are no doubt scarred emotionally and physically by the experience. We cannot blame the victims entirely, but must acknowledge the importance of personal responsibility in cases such as these. o use a possibly inappropriate analogy, a person who leaves their laptop alone in the…… [Read More]

To conform to the prevailing social standards of beauty, women like the victims in this case are willing to go to extreme lengths. The story therefore raises difficult questions related to victims' roles in crime. Criminologists should still question what is essentially a controversial slant in cases like these: victims sometimes do play important roles in enabling crimes to take place. Thankfully, the victims in this case survived but they are no doubt scarred emotionally and physically by the experience. We cannot blame the victims entirely, but must acknowledge the importance of personal responsibility in cases such as these. To use a possibly inappropriate analogy, a person who leaves their laptop alone in the school library can only blame herself or himself if the machine is stolen.

Another issue at play is that of medical malpractice. In this story, neither of the suspects appears to have been licensed physicians at any time. They were both posing as doctors to scam consumers into receiving butt implants. However, had the two suspects been licensed physicians, the story would have been appreciably different. The main difference would be the violation of professional codes of ethics. Doctors who knowingly scam their patients are committing a crime far more severe than scam artists pretending to be doctors. This is mainly because patients imbue doctors with their trust; doctors who are licensed to practice medicine are responsible for the health and well being of their patients. Scam artists are expected to commit crimes such as the one in question in this case.

Ovalle, D. (2011). "Second person in 'toxic tush' case posts $5,000 bond." November 24, 2011. Retrieved online: http://www.miamiherald.com/2011/11/24/2517469/second-person-in-toxic-tush-case.html#ixzz1eriaMVIa
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Popular Culture That Is Prevalent

Words: 1588 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8700299

The youth in these countries has become more than just obsessed with the physical appearances as plastic surgery is also becoming quite common. China probably has the greatest plastic surgery industry where they work at everything from increasing heights to improving complexions to match those that of the white Caucasian race. As in Singapore, which is "a global city" we find it being "at the forefront of consumerism of popular and "pop" culture products. Indeed over the last few years "pop" culture influences have come from East Asia-Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan (J-culture), and most recently, Korean "pop" culture.(Donegan, 2003)

CONCLUSION:

The popular culture has led the youth into becoming increasingly dependent on labels and brands in order to develop an identity of their own that's akin to that of the youth world over so that they can be accepted in the privileged world reigned by pop culture. This has not…… [Read More]

References

Greg Weiss Donegan. (2003). The Internationalization of Retailing in Asia. Routledge (UK).

Lorelei Narvaja. (2002) Teen rebellion through counterculture punk music -- A Brief Look at the 1990's. EM magazine. Volume: 2. Issue: 12.

Angela Nelson. (2005) Rap Music and the Stagolee Mythoform. The Journal of American Popular Culture (1900-present). Volume: 4. Issue:1

Steven Best and Douglas Kellner. (1999) Rap, Black Rage, and Racial Difference. Enculturation. Volume: 2.No: 2, 1999
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Short Film Review

Words: 1726 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42681055

Marjoun and the Flying Headscarf filmmaker Susan Yousseff presents the self and subjectivity of Marjoun, a young Muslim woman and daughter of immigrants. I will speak of Marjoun as though she were a case scenario. Marjoun in depicting her own self as the protagonist is dependent upon the headscarf of the film's title, a hijab which she insists on wearing even indoors (to her mother's derision) and which becomes a crucial symbol at the climax of the story, but which overall represents her own greater outward religious observance in front of her parents.

Marjoun's mother and father are in conflict with Marjoun and her vision of herself in crucial ways. Marjoun's ostentatious religious display of wearing her hijab indoors -- which her mother criticizes -- mostly bewilders her mother and sister, who seem more assimilated than Marjoun. Yet Marjoun's father is in conflict with that observant Muslim woman's commitment to…… [Read More]

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Leadership Lorie Le Brun's Coaching

Words: 679 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87777748

The last part of Le Brun's advice regarding the supervisor problem is also sound. Complaining about the offender to his boss behind his back without having concrete proof of the offense makes the complainer no better than the person he is complaining about. Steve will gain much more respect if he does as Le Brun says and tackles the problem by directly speaking to the person he believes has wronged him.

3. Botox Treatments

While I would not quite use the same wording as Le Brun, I would give Steve more or less the same advice she did. Botox treatments would place the focus on the wrong issue: image rather than the quality of leadership. It is an unfortunate fact of our society that we tend to focus a large amount of attention on what a person looks like. At the same time, there is a stigma attached to obvious…… [Read More]

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Thickness Burns in Adults Whenever

Words: 713 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63491904

While this is the case, the affected patients require a multidisciplinary approach for treatment requiring significant medical, social support and psychological occupational. An increased awareness

What is missing is if such a triage is possible in an E situation. Finally, in a study published in the journal CME, the treatment of burn injury was examined with regard to pathophysiology, treatment options and burns that are treatable by the practice of plastic surgeon. This triage to plastic surgery is helpful, but it is needed for larger full size burns as well.

These articles are similar with regard to the triage aspect, but differ in the different settings. (Grunwald & Garner, 2008, 311e-312e).

Application to Clinical Practice and Conclusion

This information and literature review is useful to any clinical practice, E, or intensive care setting. It will also be useful to this author in the future as a benchmark as to how…… [Read More]

References

Grunwald, T.B., & Garner, W.L. (2008). Cme. PRS Journal, 121 (5), 311e-319e.

Malic, C.C., Karoo, R.O.S., Austin, O., & Phipps, a. (2007). Burns inflicted by self or by others -- an

11-year snapshot. Burns, 33, 92-97

Pham, T.N., et. al. (2009). Epidemiology and outcomes of older adults with burn injury: An analysis of the national burn repository. Journal of Burn Care Research, 30 (1), 30 -- 36.
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Diffusion of Product Innovation Through

Words: 16573 Length: 55 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65231417



Moreover, CoPs develop their practice through improving the diffusion of innovation within their active networks; the benefits of such interactions are countless especially in the field of healthcare. One can assume that specialty doctors' communities would present the perfect example for CoPs because they share the same practice, interest and professionalism. It would be interesting to study if those CoP networks exist in United Arab Emirates, whether they are active or not and whether leaders can be identified. Collecting such data will enable this project to measure if the rate of diffusion of new innovation can be improved and hence be used by pharmaceutical companies in UAE to improve their resource allocation; all within healthcares' ethical framework.

Overview of Study

This dissertation used a five-chapter format to achieve the above-stated research purpose. To this end, chapter one introduced the topic under consideration, a statement of the problem, the purpose and…… [Read More]

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Representation of Women Through Media Has Changed

Words: 3860 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15767963

Representation of Women Through Media Has Changed From 1960s

How representation of women through media has changed from the 1960s

Susan Douglas suggests that fifty years ago, mass media existed in the form of music, television, and magazines. However, she suggest that the journey has been tough owing to the manner in, which the media represents women. The media used a sexist imagery to represent women, especially women who took part in music. Although researchers suggest that the media is a powerful tool, she suggests that the public had an option to resist the media by turning off their television, or ignoring advertisements in the magazines (Douglas 1995). Mass media had substantial influence on the social, cultural, economic, spiritual, political, and religious phases of the society as well as personal level thinking, feeling, and acting. Notably, mass media has both a good side and a bad side; it is insidious…… [Read More]

Bibliography

Adams, Carol J. 2004. The Pornography of Meat. Continuum. New York/Continuum.

Ames, Jonathan. 2011. "I Guest Directed a Porn Shoot." New York Press. 27 Nov. http://nypress.com/i-guest-directed-a-porn-shoot/

Belkin, Lisa. 2008. "The opt-out revolution." New York Times Magazine. 26, 42 -- 47, 58, 85 -- 86.

Brewer, Chad. 2005. "The Stereotypic Portrayal of Women in Slasher Films: Then vs. Now." Master Thesis, Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College.
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Beauty Exchange

Words: 1249 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88695085

Beauty Exchange

The documentary The Beauty Exchange displays the life of typical Czech women in the 21st century struggling with the image of beauty. Every person is shaped by the world around them and the basis for what a woman should look like has been instilled in society through magazines, TV, movies, advertisements, celebrities. The challenges that women are constantly facing are perfect skin, gorgeous hair, flawless make-up, good figure, fashionable style and these things have grown to be such an important part of today's society.

One would think that it was women who determined fashion trends, since they are the ones who spend so much money and effort looking good when each one comes out. Yet, this current documentary shows that is not exactly the truth. In fact, women do not play as large of a part as one may think in the process of creating and popularizing fashion…… [Read More]

References

Hnikova, Erika. (2004). The Beauty of Exchange.
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Analyzing Hospital Emergency Plan

Words: 2406 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61054994

Hospital Emergency Plan

According to a study, about 99% of hospitals have plans to cope with disaster, and 95% of them even had committees for that purpose. There were reports from 90% or more of the hospitals which showed that they were in collaboration with emergency treatment services (96%), emergency agencies for management (94%), agencies for law enforcement (95%), fire sectors (95%), along with health sectors (92%). 96% of the respondents sated that there were plans to cope with disaster throughout the hospital, and that they were accessible easily (Higgins et al., 2004, p. 328). Meridian Health has made it its responsibility to better the welfare and health of New Jersey residents. They do this by giving the best quality health services in the community, homes and hospitals, which put their focus on patients, and also by conducting clinical research and education for the enhancement of medicine (Meridian Health, 2016).…… [Read More]

References

GOI-UNDP. (2002-2008). Guidelines for Hospital Emergency Preparedness Planning. Government of India --United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 22 July 2016 from http://asdma.gov.in/pdf/publication/undp/guidelines_hospital_emergency.pdf

Higgins, W., Wainright III, C., Lu, N. & Carrico, R. (Oct. 2004). Assessing Hospital Preparedness Using an Instrument Based on the Mass Casualty Disaster Plan Checklist: Results of a State-wide Survey. Department of Public Health, 32(6), 327-332. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2004.03.006

Meridian Health. (2016). Meridian Health: New Jersey's Leader in Integrated Care.Retrieved 22 July 2016 from https://www.meridianhealth.com/about-meridian/index.aspx

Merrill, M. (Jun 2011). Top 5 Security Threats in Healthcare. Healthcare IT News.Retrieved 22 July 2016 from http://www.healthcareitnews.com/news/top-5-security-threats-healthcare
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Metropolis Does Improvements in Technology

Words: 1241 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8733191



But the film's aesthetic brings forth another Marxist tenant even more effectively, perhaps, than Marx ever could, that the technological capabilities and innovations born of the Industrial Revolution have polarized the haves and have-nots even more effectively. The leisured classes enjoy more leisure, while the workers toil on machines, the leisured classes enjoy more manufactured goods and services produced upon the property they own, enjoying the benefits of technology while those who work hardest profit least from technology. Industrialization and the technological revolution that enabled the factory system to exist made class divisions even more permanent and inexorable, even while the idea that 'anyone' could work hard and prosper through labor and achieve land ownership is a myth that sustained many workers, though only a few could accomplish this dream of becoming part of the non-laboring middle classes.

On an even more pervasive level, technology has created a divide between…… [Read More]

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Harm -hippocrates Oath What Does This Statement Imply

Words: 734 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91278470

harm."-HIPPOCRATES OATH

hat does this statement imply for both the patients and the doctors?

The idea of 'first, do no harm,' as stated in the Hippocratic Oath, is considered one of the oldest, perhaps the oldest principle of medicine. Doctors are supposed to be healers, not harmers of the human body. No ailing person should go to the doctor fearing that he or she will be taken advantage of, because of his or her vulnerable position as a patient. A patient should not fear that information will be withheld from him or herself, as part of an experiment, as was the case in the infamous Tuskegee Syphilis study in which patients with the condition were knowingly denied treatment. Patients will fear going to physicians if they are terrified they may leave sicker or more damaged then when they entered treatment.

Physicians may make mistakes, some treatments may be ineffective, and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gill, N.S. Hippocratic Oath. About.com. [October 26, 2011].

http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/greekmedicine/f/HippocraticOath.htm
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Women Are Objectified by the

Words: 591 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12271778



However, women are also objectified without any sort of sales involved, as well. The notion of perfection which is virtually unattainable and which most conceptions of female beauty in the United States revolves upon, and which is consistently seen in media outlets such as television and film, also serves to objectify women. In this respect, women receive messages from some of the most powerful media around that they should be tall, thin, have inordinately large breasts and other body parts -- the sum of which effectively "dehumanizes" them. This form of objectification is most dramatically demonstrated by America the Beautiful, in which Roberts talks to a group of plastic surgeons about the popularity of this cosmetic procedure which is used to reinforce a false beauty that is virtually impossible to have under completely natural circumstances.

Plastic surgery, or the self-mutilation of one's body, is just one of the many myriad…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Kilbourne, Jean. "Two Ways a Woman Can Get Hurt."

America the Beautiful. Dir. Darryl Roberts. 2007.
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Size Zero Debate the Size

Words: 2795 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82760025

Archer's experience traveling down the size ladder from 6-0 as she tried on dresses in a boutique for her sister's wedding was only one of several experiences she noted as troubling for her at her natural size, which she notes ahs remained much the same all her life, yet she is also quick to point out that no one should advocate for attainment of the size zero as a key to happiness or that only skinny is beautiful. (Robertson 22) Archer responds as any person would when her very being is attacked and yet she also makes clear that she does not believe it's a good idea for people to believe that only her body type is beautiful or for the fashion or any industry to promote this idea. In addition to this, anecdotal description of the struggles of actually being a size zero naturally some retailers are beginning to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Derbyshire, David. "Fashion Leaders Refuse to Ban Size Zero Models" the Telegraph (26 January 2007) Web. <  http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1540595/Fashion-leaders-refuse-to-ban-size-zero-models.html > (18 November 2010)

Fietelburg, Rosemary. "Those Zeros Keep on Adding Up" Women's Wear Daily (10 October 2006) 10.

Grogan, Sarah. Body Image: Understanding Body Dissatisfaction in Men, Women and Children.

New York, NY: Routledge, 1999.
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Ethics in Nanomedicine the Term

Words: 10726 Length: 40 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76858278

All these charters that have clearly defined the boundaries of what both the positive i.e. natural rights and negative i.e. The unjust exploitative rights of the people are and how no institution or research domains have the right or power to violate them (Dierkes, Hoffmann and Marz, 1996).

Based on the above fact, we have to consider all the concerns related towards security of an individual as well as his rights, societal principles and considerations, national strategies, the financial system and market of the country as well as the social-educational-traditional structure that might be put in jeopardy due to a scientific research of nanomedicine. Hence we have to carefully consider that the researchers who are investing their time and effort in to the nano-medical research are treated with value while still securing the human rights of the society i.e. awareness of and protection against the hazardous effects of nanoparticles on…… [Read More]

References

Beauchamp TL, Childress JF. (2001). Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Oxford, NY: Oxford University Press.

Brennan, M. et al. (2002). Communication, Cultural and Media Studies. Routledge. London.

Chambers, T. (1996). From the ethicist's point-of-view: The literary nature of ethical inquiry. Hastings Center Report 26(1): 25-32.

Chang K. (2005). Tiny is beautiful: translating 'nano' into practical. New York Times; p. A1.
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Sketch the Client That I Spoke With

Words: 2141 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2620611

Sketch

The client that I spoke with is an 84-year-old woman named Rose. She is Caucasian, 5'2" tall, with blonde hair, blue eyes, well-maintained skin, and hair, and she is dressed in clean, expensive classic attire. Rose looks approximately 10 years younger than her physical age, and there is enough smoothness to her skin to suggest that she may have undergone some type of plastic surgery or cosmetic procedure, however there is nothing overtly fake in her looks. She looks moderately wealthy, and one would automatically assume that she is a member of the upper-middle socio-economic class, though her home size and location actually suggest that she is firmly middle class. Her physical appearance and dress reveal other details about her. For example, she is overtly Christian, and consistently wears a gold cross necklace.

Rose was born in Peachtree Georgia, which is where she spent the majority of her childhood.…… [Read More]

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Teenage Girls and the Media

Words: 1069 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8551219

Teen Girls and Media

Because of its pervasiveness, mass media such as magazines and television programs are increasingly in a position to influence the behavior and attitudes of teenage girls. In fact, television programs such as ER and sports-oriented teen magazines have been lauded for providing girls with positive role models.

Unfortunately, these programs and magazines remain the exception rather than the rule. Rather than promote healthy lifestyles or give positive role models, much of the media targeted to teens are both physically and psychologically harmful. This paper examines two of these main effects - the promotion of unhealthy habits and lifestyles and the growing tendency of these media to sexualize teens and turn them into consumers.

Unhealthy habits

For noted feminist Germaine Greer, the popularity of television shows such as Baywatch represent a growing pandemic, where all women are expected to conform to an unrealistic body shape. Greer terms…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Brumberg, Joan Jacobs and Jacquelyn Jackson. "The Burka and the Bikini." Boston Globe, November 23, 2001: A31.

Downey, Maureen. "Media give narrow view of women, study finds." The Atlanta Constitution, April 30, 1997: D11+.

Gardner, Marilyn. "Children and body images." Christian Science Monitor. December 16, 1998: 17+.

Gerhart, Ann. "Nipped in the Bud." The Washington Post, June 23, 1999: C01.
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Coping With Ageing it Is

Words: 1650 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38413700

Significantly, the authors promote an accepting and acknowledging attitude towards the negative aspects of aging, as well as an understanding that it does not have to be a solely negative experience. It provides practical principles for the ability to successfully cope with the negative processes by means of a positive focus and attitude.

What I like most about the book is its positive consideration of what it could mean to become older. At the same time, it also provides a balanced view. The authors do not claim to have found a fountain of eternal youth, nor do they attempt to whitewash the misery that age could bring. Instead, they acknowledge these realities while also providing very sound advice on what to do to be able to cope with such factors.

The book is written on a very intellectual level, approaching the topic by means of a theoretical framework before its…… [Read More]

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Health Weight and Society the

Words: 2114 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24641455

It is imperative to persuade children to go outside and play and to educate them about exercise. They have to learn that there is such a thing as too much or too little. The best thing one can do for their kids is to take walks because it's beneficial to their health (the Media, 2007). Although a good argument can be made that it is not the media that leads women to get eating disorders and that it is instead society that perpetuates this, I think it could be said that one goes hand in hand with the other.

The manner that the main stream media portrays women in the images that they depict has a definite influence on the way that women feel and how they believe that they need to look like. There is a constant barrage of overly think women seen in advertisements that lead women to…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Coakley, Tedra. 2007, "Eating disorders no longer discriminate," viewed November 24, 2010,

< http://www.iccjournal.biz/eating_disorders_no_longer_discr.htm>

"Cultural Roles." 2007, viewed 24 November 2010, < http://www.something-

fishy.org/cultural/roles.php>
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Psychology to Advertising the Field

Words: 897 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29290892

282). Furthermore, research supports that an audience is more likely to be persuaded when the persuasion technique matches their attitude functions. Thus, people in the advertising industry are far more likely to be successful persuaders when they carefully consider the predominant attitude type of their audience and tailor their advertisements to that specific group.

A final example of the contributions of psychology to advertising is a highly significant one. In 1957, Vance Packard wrote a book titled The Hidden Persuasion, which discussed the psychoanalytical techniques used by many advertising companies (Nelson, 2008). The book sold millions of copies, was translated into 12 languages, and remained on the U.S. bestseller list for a year. Nevertheless, it was highly criticized by many academics and people in the advertising industry who wrongfully assumed that it was focused mainly on subliminal messages. However, Packard never actually used the term "subliminal" and focused very little…… [Read More]

References

Gresko, J., Kennedy, L. & Lesniak, J. (1996). Social psychological factors underlying the impact of advertising. Retrieved from Miami University Website:

http://www.users.muohio.edu/shermarc/P324ads.shtml

Kardes, F.R. (2005). The psychology of advertising. In Brock, T.C. & Green, M.C. (Eds.),

Persuasion: psychological insights and perspectives (p. 281-303). Thousand Oaks,
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Dieting Young People's Dieting Behaviors

Words: 2482 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81700803

This is the first step in making diets for young people more realistic, achievable and more aimed at health and less about perpetually attempting to win favor with peers.

Second, educational and awareness programs need to concentrate on assisting young people to see the value of themselves as innately who they are. The use of Myers-Briggs personality tests to assist young girls with the discovery of their innate strengths and abilities in addition to tests to capture their innate cognitive abilities would give them an opportunity to see themselves more in a holistic perspective of total abilities. This would get them out of seeing their values only in the context of their image or appearance. As the cases in Argentina indicate, the valuation of beauty as a proxy for competence dominates their culture (Ballve, 2006) yet does not produce any increase in women who have advanced degrees or seek PhDs…… [Read More]

References

Marcelo Ballve. (2006, November). A Model Society. Psychology Today,

39(6), 19.

Bennett, J.. (2009). A focus on child weight management. Practice Nurse,

37(2), 36-37.
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Amazing Race & Two and

Words: 1180 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58431212

In the latest episode, they were required to wear a traditional Dutch costume. One type of challenge required contestants to swim across a cold body of water on a windy afternoon and play golf the way the locals do it. Most contestants endured this in their fight to stay in the game. Another challenge required the contestants to eat salted herring with onions after performing a Dutch folk dance. And even though the thought of eating the salted herring was revolting to one contestant, he still did so as he wanted to still be in the game. They have to overcome their fears and to ignore their discomforts in order to stay in the show.

I guess this is partly why people like watching this show; it shows people who are willing to do almost everything in order to stay in the game. The personalities of the contestants also contribute…… [Read More]

References

"Getting Along in the U.S.: Some Customs and Culture Tips." The University of Arizona. Web. 8 November 2009. < http://www.cesl.arizona.edu/custom.html>

Godard, Ellis. "Reel Life: The Social Geometry of Reality Shows." Survivor Lessons: Essays on Communication and Reality Television. Ed. Matthew Smith and Andrew Wood. North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. Publishers, 2003. 73-95. Print.

Stephens, Mitchell. History of Television. Web. 7 November 2009.
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Ethical Problem or Dilemma the

Words: 1202 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77210268

But "few states with mandatory insurance for IVF still require couples to undergo three cycles of ovulation induction and artificial insemination before IVF" thus encouraging the use of a technology more likely to result in multiple births (Roan, 2007, p.4).

hen contemplating the use of fertility drugs or IVF, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology advocates discussing the possibility of selective reduction and the patient's comfort level with this practice before any procedures are performed. However, its guidelines, are not binding. For example, "the U.S. fertility industry has guidelines on how many embryos doctors can implant, with the number varying by age and other factors. The guidelines call for no more than one or two for a generally healthy woman under 35, and no more than three to five, depending on the embryos' maturity, for women over 40" (atkins & Neergaard 2008). Eight embryos would be "well beyond" these…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Caplan, Arthur. "Ethics and octuplets." The Philadelphia Inquirer. February 6, 2009.

June 13, 2009. http://www.philly.com/inquirer/opinion/20090206_Ethics_and_octuplets__Society_is_responsible.html

"Extreme multiple births carry tremendous risks." CNN. January 28, 2009. June 13, 2009.

 http://edition.cnn.com/2009/HEALTH/01/28/octuplet.risks/index.html
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Intermediate School Hapai and a

Words: 1601 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20078394

In atanabe's story, the sister protagonist absolutely hates swimming in the ocean, but she agrees to go swimming because that is what wild Lulu wants her to do. Lulu likes living on the edge. And in this case, Lulu likes swimming deep water, and ironically much of her life has been lived in "deep water" metaphorically. In contrast, Val in Terada's seems pretty tame and mellow and certainly not living on the edge. But she wants some pot and boldly comes right out and demands it; her protagonist brother reluctantly lets his little sister have some pot. The irony is that Vince planned to give the weed to his sister all along, but he enjoyed teasing her and being around her so much he pretended that he didn't want to give it to her, just so he could hang out with her a bit longer. After all, she's really all…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Terada, Wini O. "Intermediate School Hapai." Asian-American Literature: A Brief

Introduction and Anthology. Ed. Shawn Wong. New York: Longman, 1997, pp.

220-234.

Watanabe, Sylvia. "A Spell of Kona Weather." Asian-American Literature: A Brief
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Female Man Russ Joanna The

Words: 1395 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8074071

' Thus the novel is just as unsparing in the way that it shows the limits of a female-dominant perspective that simply reverses the dominant paradigm of male dominance. For example, when Jael suspects a male still believes in the inequality of women, she kills him, and hopes that all of the main characters, whom she sees as 'the same' as herself, all part of the same woman yet existing in different universes will adhere to her own society's goals to create all-female worlds. Jael does only live in a society that is absent of men, like Janet, but she is openly hostile towards males.

One of the most striking aspects of the complexity of the novel is evident at the end, when Jael tries to mobilize the women to do away with all of the males in their respective worlds. Janet refuses. Then Jael reveals that, rather than a…… [Read More]

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Women's Issues Socialized to Be

Words: 1108 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77002847

Boys pretty much dress like they have always dressed - baggy pants and a t-shirt or baggy shirt or sweats. There is a huge socialization difference between how girls and boys dress, and how they see each other by the time it comes to high school. I was socialized to always look my best and always try to be attractive to the boys who paid attention to me. I think women have much more pressure on them to look good and be attractive with whatever it takes - makeup, clothing, hair, and today even plastic surgery for teens. Women are taught from a young age that they have to be attractive to attract a man, and that is the "ultimate" goal in life for most women, to attract a man. Therefore, that starts very early, even earlier than junior high school, when young girls get dolls like Barbie. These dolls…… [Read More]

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Cultural Role About Gender Breaking

Words: 1263 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82898933

..] and they have to take classes in make up, hair care, poise, and etiquette," (Lorber 1994).

So, I decided to use this expectation as a way to show just how prevalent gender associations are in a social setting. One night I attended a local club in a much different way than how I normally go out. Rather than wearing a dress or skirt with heals and make up, I went out this night in baggy Dickey shorts, borrowed from a friend, and no make up whatsoever. I chose this cultural role as a way to show just how much physical appearance was a part of how we assigned gender identity. I had previously thought that this was an important part of gender, due to the extreme actions many people take in order to adapt their physical appearance to their gender role. Various plastic surgery procedures, such breast augmentation, liposuction,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Lewis, Oscar. Culture and Poverty. I did not have the proper publishing information to finish the source citation. Include the year published, location, and publisher.

Lorber, Judith. "Night to his Day: The Social Construction of Gender." Paradoxes of Gender. Yale University. 1994.