Sexual Addiction Essays

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Sexual Counseling Approach Theoretical Overview Essay

Words: 793 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40617010


CBT can be effectively used in a variety of stressful or tense situations. Depending on the nature of the issue, focusing on changing behaviors often aids the individual in reducing an addiction, changing their approach to a situation, or focusing on interaction and dialog issues. CBT may be used, for example, with:

Severe anxiety from a recent sexual assault -- CBT may be used to unearth the issues surround the assault and resulting anxiety by helping the client focus on adaptation. The therapist should help the client understand that they were a victim, did not choose the issue, and the fault of the issue is with the perpetrator. Anxious feelings are a rational response to trauma, but by practicing assertion training, the client can take charge of their own emotions and begin to heal (SOURCE, p. 23).

A Gay/Bisexual person struggling to come out to friends and family -- CBT will help the client understand communication patterns, self-sabotage patterns, and again assertiveness to help family and friends understand that being Gay or Bisexual is not a choice, but just as much a part of the client as their hair color, body shape, and/or personality. Cognitive restricting can help the client evaluate and change any shame or negative feelings about themselves, and translate that into first self-acceptance, then honesty with family and friends (SOURCE, p. 23).

Addiction to pornography -- We are assuming that this client's addiction is having negative effects in their lives. Addiction to pornography is a non-paraphilic behavior, which likely results in excessive masturbation. However, we do not know if the client substitutes pornography for intimacy with other humans, or if it is something that is simply habitual. CBT in this case is used much as it would be with any substance addiction; focusing on the triggers to identify the need for pornography and then reshaping these cognitive behaviors through desensitization or cognitive restructuring of the need for pornography (SOURCE, p. 23; Fong).


Follette, V. And J. Ruzek, eds. (2007). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies…… [Read More]

Follette, V. And J. Ruzek, eds. (2007). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies for Trauma, 2nd ed. New York: Guilford Press.

Fong, T. (2006). Understanding and Managing Compulsive Sexual Behaviors. Psychiatry. 3 (11): 51-58. Retrieved from: 

Wright, J. (2004). Cognitive Behavior Therapy. In J. Wright (Ed.), Review of Psychiatry (Vol. 23). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
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Sexual Risk Assessment Mary Jane Essay

Words: 1222 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88389946

Mary Jane's laboratory results show there is an elevated white blood count, with CBC with differential within normal limits. Proton and INR were normal. Pregnancy was negative. UA showed occasional bacteria, but normal otherwise. Drug screen was normal, and EKG showed sinus bradycardia, rate of 59 beats per minute. Renal and hepatic functions were within normal limits.

There are four sexual response cycles, marked by physiological and psychological changes. The first stages is excitement, which Mary Jane is not getting with her partners, which is triggered by psychological or physical stimulation, and is marked by emotional changes, and increased heart rate, and vaginal swelling. Second stage is plateau, Mary Jane states she doesn't have this stimulation. The third stage is orgasm, which Mary Jane doesn't getting during intercourse, or she doesn't remember because she in under the influence of alcohol. The final phase, resolution, involves a rush of blood away from the vagina, and shrinking of breasts and nipples, and a reduction in heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure. She claims not to have this last phase. However, it differs depending on who much alcohol she has consumed before sexual intercourse.

Mary Jane, doesn't understand why alcohol is the cause of her sexual dissatisfaction, and the vaginal bacterial infections . She states it is her age, and/or her partner's performance. She states she loves being sexually active, just not being dissatisfied . She states she is under a lot of stress because she recently lost her job do to her daily drinking binges. She has lower back pain from her vaginal bacterial infections, and vaginal soreness from having sexual with multiple partners on a regular bases .

Mary Jane has never had surgery of any sort. She is under weight for her height, and age, and noted because of alcohol addiction. She states she does experiment with marijuana on an occasion to see if it will help her with an orgasm, and to relax her from her daily…… [Read More]

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Sexual Education - Abstinence Analyzing Essay

Words: 1594 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36928938

In comparison to traditional sexual education programs, it provides absolutely no benefit, and conceivably causes additional harm attributable to the deliberate withholding of invaluable information about STD transmission and unwanted pregnancy. As part of its message, it distorts the truth about the relative effectiveness of condom use, thereby only decreasing the likelihood that teenagers who ultimately choose to reject abstinence (as virtually all adults do in our society before marriage) will do so responsibly, by using a condom correctly.

Instead of limiting the scope of sexual education, the effort should, at a minimum, include essential information relating to safer sex practices and effective pregnancy prevention. A well-structured comprehensive sexual education program could also provide valuable insight that is generally lacking in society in general, and among teenagers and young adults in particular: namely, the fundamental nonsense inherent in the gender-based sexual double standard.

In addition to undermining genuinely effective sexual education programs, the Bush administration's insistence on abstinence-only programs represent an intrusion of religious values into secular legislation and funding decisions, that under the U.S. Constitution, also violate the supposed Separation of Church and State by virtue of the true origin and political lobby behind the "Family Values" position embraced by this President. Works… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Baker, R., Elliston, F. (1998) Philosophy & Sex.

Buffalo, NY: Prometheus
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Internet Sex Addiction Have We Essay

Words: 940 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18542855

[how] such activities fit into an individual's sexual biography and impact relationships between sexual partners and peers" (p. 1099).

Participants will be invited to complete a brief online questionnaire that details their participation in OSAs, as well as their demographic information and the nature of their current relationships, including their relationship satisfaction, sexual satisfaction, and participation in extra-dyadic sexual relations (i.e. infidelity). In addition, participants will also complete a screening questionnaire to determine whether or not they meet a clinical cut off point to be considered addicted to Internet Sexuality or OSAs (Delmonico & Miller, 2003). The surveys will be delivered using a free online survey website, such as, and the sample will be drawn from a selection of students on campus through posting on social networking sites such as Facebook and using flyers posted around the campus. Due to the online nature of the survey, all data collected will be completely anonymous, thereby addressing any concerns related to confidentiality in investigating a personal subject such as sex and the Internet.

The results of the data will be analyzed to compare the frequency of OSA with relationship outcome measures, including relationship satisfaction and sexual satisfaction. While the existing literature appears to predict that participation in OSAs will be associated with poorer relationship outcomes, the current study proposes that individuals who report participating in OSAs with their 'real-life' partners will report greater relationship satisfaction, greater sexual satisfaction, and greater levels of sexual communication. Furthermore, it is predicted that individuals participating in OSAs with their real-life partners will not have scores indicative of Internet sex addition on the sex addiction-screening questionnaire.

It is hoped that this study will fill a gap in the literature on Internet Sexuality that has failed to conceive of the possibility for positive outcomes as a result of Online Sexual Activities. It is quite plausible that using the Internet for sexual communication and activity may very well serve as simply a new form of sexuality, a method of augmenting and expanding one's sexual repertoire and experience, thereby breaking through the existing…… [Read More]

Cooper, a., Morahan-Martin, J., Mathy, R.M., & Maheu, M. (2002). Toward an Increased Understanding of User Demographics in Online Sexual Activities. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 28, 105-120.

Cooper, a., Mansson, S., Daneback, K., Tikkanen, R., & Ross, M.W. (2003). Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 18(3), 277-291.
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Celibacy and Sexual Deviance by Priest Essay

Words: 2563 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54200333

Celibacy and Sexual Deviance by Priests

Many psychologists have suggested that clergy who take a vow of celibacy are more likely to engage in sexual deviance than clergy who are allowed to marry. Many others argue that this is completely untrue. This research paper aims to examine these points-of-view to either prove or disprove the relationship between celibacy and sexual deviances by priests.

In today's society, the Catholic Church is confronted with two important issues regarding sexuality. The first is the scandal of sexual abuse of children by priests, which is a highly publicized issue that it damaging the reputation of the Catholic Church in the United States. The second is the question of whether priest should take a vow of celibacy and remain unmarried.

In order to fully address this hypothesis, it is important to address these questions but not regard them as two aspects of one problem.

While the number of priests who have abused children is relatively low, the scandalous nature of the acts has made them highly visible. (Jenkins)The Catholic Church, which demands high standards of behavior from priests, has responded to the recent scandals by pointing out that there is no evidence that people who are celibate are more likely to abuse children. The majority of child sexual abuse, according to church representatives, takes place in the home and is perpetrated by people who are married.

Besides pedophilia, the Catholic Church has been dealing with other forms of sexual offenses by priests such as consensual sex, sex with male and female minors through enticement, and priests who sired children. (Berry) These would most probably constitute the lesser problem for the Church community, as they are far less publicized in the media and society. However, all of these acts have increased pressure on the Catholic Church to reconsider celibacy as a requirement.

Through extensive research on celibacy, religion and sexual deviation, this research…… [Read More]

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Internet Addiction Essay

Words: 3578 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83422322

Internet started way back 3 to 4 decades, but it really took the world by storm through the 90's and till now it has become one of the main assets of modern day computer user. More people get the information through Internet, especially those who use it than by any other means. The world has become a cyber village where simply anyone from anywhere can communicate with other person living absolutely thousands of miles away either through voice communication, chat, email. People can buy online from the different portals, web sites through their cards because of Internet. All in all, Internet has for sure changed the lives of millions if not billions. Life without it would be chaotic for those who use it and take if for granted.

Even though life without would be unthinkable without the Internet, there are some ingredients because of which it has stigmatized itself. Most of the time, you will find people wasting there time on the Internet, just for the sake of killing time or having fun. For example, chatting is an activity on the net; once you get hooked to it then the chances are that you will spend hours on it and this will become a daily routine.

Internet Addiction

Internet addiction (also known as 'pathological Internet

use')1 is a disorder that affects millions of Internet users throughout the world. Often, people joke about being addicted to the Net, but most people don't realize that there are people out there who are essentially slaves to their computers. Often times they miss work or school, spend hours and hours online, carry on extramarital cyber sex affairs, and participate in various online activities that end

Internet Addiction 2

up affecting their own offline worlds. Make no mistake about it, Internet addiction is real, and chances are good that someone you know has it.

What is Internet Addiction?

In the mid- 1990's people became fascinated with the Internet (What is Internet Addiction? Davis A.

Richard) 2. All of the sudden, information was available on any topic imaginable. It was as if someone collected all of the world's knowledge, put…… [Read More]

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Sexual Abuse of Children Is Essay

Words: 3429 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53732823

2003). In addition

Fergusson, Horwood, and Lynsky (1997) also examined the extent to which exposure to CSA was associated with increased rates of sexual risk-taking behaviors among 520 young women (aged 18) in New Zealand. Retrospective reports of CSA indicated that females who experienced sexual abuse (intercourse) were 4.4 times more likely to engage in sexual activity and be pregnant, 9.3 times more likely to have had five or more sexual partners, and 6.6 times more likely to have had sexual intercourse before age 16. The association remained significant even after controlling for other adverse childhood experiences. Further, Brown, Lourie, Zlotnick, and Cohn (2000) conducted a study of 208 adolescent patients who attended psychiatric day schools and residential programs, and found that more than half reported a history of sexual abuse (Addy et al. 2003)."

Prior research has also found that students that were sexually abused as children were times more likely than their peers to be inconsistent as it relates to using condoms during sexual activity (Addy et al. 2003). In addition sexually abused adolescents had less condom self-efficacy, a reduced understanding of HIV / AIDS, less impulse control, less frequent purchase and use of condoms, and higher rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), when compared to adolescents that were not sexually abused as children (Addy et al. 2003).

In the present research Addy et al. (2003) investigated the Impact of a History of Sexual Abuse on High-Risk Sexual Behaviors among Females Attending Alternative Schools.

The article explains that this particular study had as its foundation the secondary analysis of the Safer Choices 2 baseline data. Safer Choices 2 program is designed to prevent HIV, Sexually transmitted diseases, and pregnancy. This particular program was being used and evaluated in a total of ten alternative schools in a large city in Texas. The program received funding from the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (Addy et al. 2003). The overall goal of the program…… [Read More]

Addy, R.C., Buzi, R.S., Tortolero, S.R., Roberts, R.E., Ross, M.W., & Markham, C.M. (2003). The Impact of a History of Sexual Abuse on High-Risk Sexual Behaviors among Females Attending Alternative Schools. Adolescence, 38(152), 595+.

Freeman, R.C., Collier, K., & Parillo, K.M. (2002). Early Life Sexual Abuse as a Risk Factor for Crack Cocaine Use in a Sample of Community-Recruited Women at High Risk for Illicit Drug Use. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 28(1), 109+.
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Heroin Addiction That St Germain Has as Essay

Words: 671 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91077172

heroin addiction that St. Germain has as well as her relationship with her brother. The poem gives a vivid description of the entire injection process. There is personification when giving a description of the veins where the piercing is to be done so as to get the heroin into her system. The veins are described as being al blue and throbbing just wanting to be pierced. The use of the personification of the veins intensely brings out the message of the urge that he had to get the heroin into his system. The grip which the brother had on the opposite arm is likened to a grip which is as tight as death. This communicates the message that when piercing is being done there should be a tight grip probably so that the process can take place smoothly and also showing the serious needs of the process that is going on. This whole description is quite engaging as it clearly shows how the piercing process takes place and the urge that his brother has when doing this.

However there is a twist that comes in when St. Germain invasions her brother in a sexual way. She looks at the penetration of the needle and within her there is generation of some effects which make her view her brother as a lover. She describes how the needle should enter the vein from her point-of-view. She describes how the needle could enter the veins and compares it to how she can enter her brother with a slight push, firm but not too deep. She goes on describing how her entry would be slowly, very still and with no movement. This brings out the sexual desire that she harbors inside probably due to the effects of the use of heroin. She talks of her brother in a manner in which only lover's talk of each other. She describes the movement of his lips when he tells her to open her arms. She describes it as being…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Bookrags, (2013).How to Analyze a poem. Retrieved April 9, 2013 from
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Chemical Addiction Progress More Rapidly in Young Essay

Words: 2102 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98392642

Chemical Addiction Progress More Rapidly in Young People than Adults?

Chemical dependency is the obsessive use of chemicals like drugs, alcohol, and tobacco and the incapacity to stop using them, in spite of all the troubles caused by their use. People with a chemical dependency can stop using for a while but find it hard to start all together. This is where professional help is needed to stop it for life. Those who quit without professional help, typically overcome with an agonizing desire to resume alcohol, tobacco or drug use. Alcohol and drug addiction are progressive diseases. In most, addictions begin gradually and grow until one's life becomes increasingly uncontrollable. As recurring efforts to gain control over the addiction are unsuccessful, life for the person who has developed a chemical dependency begins to fall apart (Chemical dependency, n.d.).

Drug addictions in young people have been found to progresses more quickly than the same addiction in adults. Consequently, it is very important that addictions be caught early and drug treatment started before the problem develops into something deeper. Addictions can be recognized by way of a pattern of problems in a young person's life and they are a direct consequence of drugs. Also, chemical dependency can radically affect a workers ability to contribute to the company's accomplishment, leading to a drop in output, reduced product quality, augmented absenteeism and higher health care costs. A chemical dependency can lead to failed marriages, broken homes, severe emotional troubles and even death (Chemical dependency, n.d.).

Chemical dependency is characterized by unremitting or episodic behaviors that point toward the fact that a person is having trouble with a substance abuse:

getting high on drugs or getting drunk on an ordinary basis lying, particularly about how much they are using or drinking staying away from friends and family members who are not mixed up in drugs

giving up things they used to enjoy such as sports or spending time with certain friends

talking excessively using drugs or alcohol believing they have to use or drink in order to have fun stressing to others to use drugs or drink alcohol getting in…… [Read More]

Chapter 2 -- The Role of PPC in a Managed Care Environment. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Chemical Dependency. (n.d.). Retrieved from
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Aromatherapy in Addiction Treatment for Essay

Words: 5849 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23652968

S ome aromas even affect us physiologically" (p. 38). Researchers exploring human olfaction have determined that:

faint trace of lemon significantly increases people's perception of their own health.

Lavender incense contributes to a pleasant mood -- but it lowers volunteers' mathematical abilities.

A whiff of lavender and eucalyptus increases people's respiratory rate and alertness.

The scent of phenethyl alcohol (a constituent of rose oil) reduces blood pressure.

These findings have contributed to the explosive growth in the aromatherapy industry; according to Furlow (1996), "Aromatherapists point to scientific findings that smell can dramatically affect our moods as evidence that therapy with aromatic oils can help buyers manage their emotional lives" (p. 38). According to Ornstein and Sobel, one recent experiment to determine the effect, if any, of fragrances on mind/body involved subjects being wired to physiological monitoring equipment, and then being interrogated with stress-provoking questions, such as "What kind of person makes you angry?" The subjects had their moods measured while changes in their blood pressure, heart rate, respiration, and brain waves were monitored (Ornstein & Sobel, 1989, p. 69). In some cases, before the stressful questioning, a subject sniffed a fragrance. The smell of spiced apple, for example, appeared to modify the stress response: subjects were found to have lower blood pressure, slower breathing, more relaxed muscles, and a slower heart rate. Furthermore, the fragrance-inspired subjects also reported feeling happier, less anxious, and being more relaxed (Ornstein & Sobel, 1989).

In other studies cited by Ornstein and Sobel, the spiced apple fragrance was found to be more effective than eucalyptus or lavender in increasing the brain wave pattern associated with a relaxed but alert state. According to Ornstein and Sobel, "Fragrances inspire us. While savoring a pleasant fragrance we take slow deep breaths and become relaxed. A strong aroma focuses awareness, distracting us from less pleasant thoughts. Pleasant smells may also evoke positive memories or emotions with their associated beneficial physiological effects (Ornstein & Sobel, 1989, p. 69).

Therapeutic Uses of Essential Oils. According to Price et al. (1999), "Essential oils are used extensively by aromatherapists and aromatologists to improve or uplift a patient's state of mind. The effect of the attitude of mind on a person's health is being recognized more and more and essential oils can play an important part here" (p. 4). The vast majority of essential oil use takes place outside…… [Read More]

Anderson, B.J., Manheimer, E. & Stein, M.D. (2003). Use and Assessment of Complementary and Alternative Therapies by Intravenous Drug Users. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 29(2), 401.

Aromatherapy Therapy Chart of Essential Oils by Therapeutic Effect. (2004). MoonDragon's Aromatherapy Chart. Available: .
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Methadone Treatment for Heroin Addiction Essay

Words: 671 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97872760


Methadone use has a number of side-effects such as constipation, sweating, loss of libido, sleep disturbance, weight gain, dental problems, vomiting, and serious bowel problems. While most of the side-effects are reduced or managed by controlled prescription, they can occasionally be severe enough to affect a person's health sufficiently for him to discontinue treatment (Withers, 1999)

One of the 'advantages' of methadone, i.e., it blocks the euphoric high of heroin can also become a disadvantage at times, as many addicts under methadone treatment miss the 'high' of heroin and could overdose themselves for the sake of experiencing the euphoria.

Methadone is a long-acting opioid. In other words, its effect in the body remains for up to 36 hours. This makes it difficult for patients under methadone treatment, desirous of becoming completely drug-free, to kick their methadone habit. According to some, it is far more difficult to kick the methadone habit as compared to heroin ("Methadone and Methadone Addiction," 2005) Withdrawal symptoms of methadone are similar to that of other opiates and may include nervousness, muscle contractions, sweating, diarrhea, and hallucinations. While the withdrawal symptoms of methadone may be less severe than that of heroin, they last much longer -- for 3 to 6 weeks as compared to about 4 days for heroin (Ibid.; Withers 1999).… [Read More]

Methadone & Methadone Addiction." (2005). Narconon of Oklahoma. Retrieved on November 26, 2007 at

Methadone: Fact Sheet." (2000). Office of National Drug Control Policy. April 2000. Retrieved on November 26, 2007 at
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Psychological Sequelae of Childhood Sexual Essay

Words: 6079 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85748070

It is also interesting to note that the correlation between depression and childhood sexual abuse was found to be higher among females in many studies.

However, the issue of the relationship between depression and sexual abuse may not be as clear-cut as the above studies suggest. Recent research has begun to question this correlation and has produced findings that suggest that there are many other parameters and variables that should be considered. This is especially the case with regard to the view that childhood sexual abuse necessarily leads to depression in adulthood. As one report claims, "...there is accumulating evidence to contradict these claims" (Roosa,

Reinholtz, (Angelini, 1999). However the majority of studies indicate that there is a strong possibility that children who are sexually abused experience symptoms of depression that can extend into adulthood.


3.1. What is PTSD?

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a disorder that has shown a marked degree of growth in terms of research and publications in recent years. This increased interest is also due to the fact that PTSD was included in the third edition (1980) of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association (Williams and Sommer, 1994, p.3). This means that PTSD was formally accepted in terms of its etiology and symptoms as a psychological disorder.

In essence, PTSD is a mental health issue which is characterized by "... An individual's exposure to one or more events that involve death, threat to life or limb, or serious injury and a cluster of psychological responses to the memories of those events, consisting of intrusive, avoidant, and hyperarousal symptoms" (Martz, Birks & Blackwell, 2005, p.56).

PTSD has also been compared to and correlated in patients with other psychiatric disorders such as depression as well as substance abuse. Severe and traumatic sexual child abuse is also strongly linked to PTSD.

There are many definitions…… [Read More]

Abused Children Face Depression Risk as Adults. Retrieved March 3, 2009 at

Association between Childhood Sexual Abuse History and Adverse