Assigned Readings A-Level Coursework

Excerpt from A-Level Coursework :

Thomas Paine was an earlier conqueror of the special association that was formed between America and France. His part in this association was initiated with his responsibility of the post of American Congress Secretary of Foreign Affairs where he continually used dialogue to make relations between the two better. He retained this post throughout the American Revolution. Paine, however, is better noted for his works written throughout the American and French Revolutions Eras. In his writings, Paine offered spirited protection of accepted autonomy, human rights, and the republican government. Both Common Sense (1776) Rights of Man (1791-1792) stick out as the most broadly read political areas from the era. Paine's distinctive global thought also can serve as the building blocks for liberal cosmopolitanism in worldwide relations. His unrelenting faith in aspects of democratization, free trade, and respect for human rights being the factors that cut back worldwide conflict stands among the very first few broad-minded ideas of the concept of globalization (Fruchtman, 1993).


Paine was born in 1737 in the house of in Thetford, England. He dropped out of school at the age of twelve and started assisting his father in his work. The apprenticeship that Paine engaged under his father, in hindsight, is a stark contrast of his life's works against the domains of tradition and inherited social status. In his work 'Rights of Man', Paine assaulted inherited privilege like a practice that was as absurd as being a hereditary math wizard, or perhaps the idea of an inherently smart guy was as absurd as being a hereditary poet-laureate. It took Paine several years before he walked away from the route that his father has laid out for him; he ended up taking a job as a server aboard a privateer and he continued in this line of work throughput the French and Indian War. His experience as a sailor was made up of a variety of positions including tax collector and retailer. All these jobs later assisted in forming Paine's unique and wide-varying political thought. His encounters around the privateer showed how war broke commerce and enforced costs for those involved. Consequently of the experiences he had, Paine eventually asserted that buying and selling nations' capital and resources would logically counter war because of its costs to commerce. His encounters with naval warfare also helped him to structure the ideas that he conveyed on several articles around the vulnerability of huge warships. One particular essay, written back in the years 1807, is titled 'Of the Comparative Powers and Expense of Ships of War, Gun Boats, and Fortifications'. This article entails the frustrations that surface while attempting to collect the excise, a significantly-hated tax levied in eighteenth-century England. This article shed light on the importance Paine positioned on authenticity within condition-society relations. In Paine's view, the best method to measure the potential authenticity associated with a law was through the use of the phenomenon of free and open democratic representation (Fruchtman, 1993).

Paine left the U.S. In 1774, after collecting a letter of recommendation from Benjamin Franklin. He had met Benjamin Franklin for a brief period while he was working in London. He then worked as a columnist for a Pennsylvania Magazine and gained his reputation as a prolific writer (Fruchtman, 1994).

As aforementioned, Paine's primary role in the American Revolution was his responsibilities as the Secretary of Foreign Affairs for the Congress as well as the role of being an aide-de-camp for Nathanael Greene. His job as the aide-de-camp was to partake in writing literature that could boost the revolutionary resolve. Paine's part in settling French aid continues to be overshadowed as the occasions from the Silas Deane affair takes front seat. While he served as the secretary, Paine learned that war materials being shipped privately from France will bring financial profit to Deane as well as others who…

Sources Used in Document:


Fruchtman, Jack, Jr. "Thomas Paine and the Religion of Nature." Johns Hopkins University Press . 1993.

Fruchtman, Jack, Jr. "Thomas Paine: Apostle of Freedom." Four Walls Eight Windows. 1994.

Keane, John. "Tom Paine: A Political Life." Little, Brown. 1995.

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