Benner's Novice To Expert Research Paper

Length: 3 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Health - Nursing Type: Research Paper Paper: #2254348 Related Topics: Analytical, Nursing Theories
Excerpt from Research Paper :

Benner, P. (1982). From Novice to Expert. The American Journal of Nursing, 82(3), 402. doi:10.2307/3462928

This article is the original article from the author that wrote it. Written in 1982, she starts it off with the salvo-like statement that says that nursing in acute-care settings is so high-stakes and chaotic that it is not possible to standardize what a nurse does, when they do it and why when such situations come to light. However, Ms. Benner has a lot to offer in the words and paragraphs to come.

Benner notes fairly early on in the article that there are five levels of proficiency, those being novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient and expert. Benner that describes the steps one by one as the article goes on. Of course, a beginner has no experience and is basically starting from nothing in terms of where they have been but they have a lot of dreams, hopefully, about where they are going. Benner notes that an advanced beginner can manifest "marginally acceptable" performance. A "competent" person has been on the job for two or three years and has learned a lot of the tips and tricks necessary to be at least basically adept at their job. What moves a person to the "proficient" stage is when they start to assess situations as whole environments rather than just individual pieces to be dealt with. Expert is...


They instinctively act and move in an advanced fashion.

Benner spends the rest of her treatise talking about what makes an expert. She speaks of skills being honed and shaped over time rather than something that can just be read and absorbed quickly. She states experience is "required."

Article Two

Drumm, J. (2013). From our readers: Novice to expert -- "a nurse educator's personal journey - American Nurse Today. American Nurse Today. Retrieved 30 May 2015, from

As inferred from the citation, Drumm's work appears in American Nurse Today but it also appears online in website form. The site is clearly dedicated to Benner's theory as explained and touched upon deeply in the first review on this site. Drumm's introduction states that "nurses making the transition to nurse educator can find the process stressful."

Drumm's offering is actually a combination of Benner's "From Novice to Expert" and Milton Mayeroff's ingredients of caring and, as stated by Drumm, "in attaining teaching expertise as a nursing educator." As far as Benner's methodology is concerned, she rattles off the steps one…

Sources Used in Documents:


Benner, P. (1982). From Novice to Expert. The American Journal Of Nursing, 82(3), 402. doi:10.2307/3462928

Collins, S.D. (2013). Achieving Expertise - Minority Nurse. Minority Nurse. Retrieved 30 May 2015, from

Drumm, J. (2013). From our readers: Novice to expert: A nurse Educator's personal journey - American Nurse Today. American Nurse Today. Retrieved 30 May 2015, from

Cite this Document:

"Benner's Novice To Expert" (2015, May 30) Retrieved January 27, 2022, from

"Benner's Novice To Expert" 30 May 2015. Web.27 January. 2022. <>

"Benner's Novice To Expert", 30 May 2015, Accessed.27 January. 2022,

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