Nursing Theories Essays Examples

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Nursing Theory

Words: 1909 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17138109

Nursing Autobiography

I began my career in healthcare as a patient care technician (PCT) in a large hospital. Working throughout the hospital as a float PCT, I gained experience with a diverse group of patients on every unit in the hospital. I eventually took a position in the ICU and stayed there for 5 years.

I enjoyed caring for patients and began taking classes toward my nursing degree. After completing the LPN program, my career in nursing became earnest and more focused by the day. Starting in a long-term skilled care rehab facility and a dialysis unit, I returned to the same hospital I started in as a PCT and worked there for seven years as a staff nurse and later, an RN. Eventually I became team leader of the cardio unit, and simultaneously completed my BSN.

Once I completed my BSN, I began working in home healthcare as a case manager for a community hospice facility. I worked in case management at a hospice and then as an ICU nurse and unit supervisor in a long-term acute care (LTAC) facility. I remained PRN for hospice for another year, while I completed my orientation and training for my position in…… [Read More]

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Nursing Theory Caring as an Integral Nursing

Words: 3261 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41578236

Nursing Theory

Caring as an integral nursing concept can be viewed from diverse perspectives. It can be an attribute, a complex set of behaviors, or an attitude. This has made some people believe that it is impossible to improve and measure it although there is evidence that both improvement and measurement are possible. People recognize that caring models of professional practice affect the service users, health outcomes, healthcare staff, and ultimately health care costs. The ability of healthcare staff to deliver caring-based models is driven by characteristics of healthcare service users and organizational behaviors. While nursing has generated a lot of research about caring, this concept remains relevant to all healthcare professionals encountering users of health care services. The caring concept has many similarities with relationship-based care and person-centered care.

B. Literature review

Nurse at risk of threatened well-being

In many countries, an increasing tendency to abandon the nursing field has been observed. Studies indicate that care providers experience a feeling of incapacity when they are unable to offer the care that preserves the dignity of the patient. In addition, the situations that frustrate the good intentions of nurses generate a feeling of disempowerment leading to suffering and exhaustion. This…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
De, C.M., & Anderson, B.A. (2008). Caring for the vulnerable: Perspectives in nursing theory, practice, and research. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Dennis, C.M. (2007). Self-care deficit theory of nursing: Concepts and applications. St. Louis, Miss.; Toronto: Mosby.
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Nursing Theory Discuss Several Aspects of Professional

Words: 3198 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 38976507

Nursing Theory

"Discuss several aspects of professional communication as it relates to the use of language in terms of form (e.g., clarity, accuracy) and content (culture and/or ethics)." (Question, 2014, p1).

Communication is the reciprocal process where messages are received and sent between two or more individuals. Communication involves exchange of ideas, or opinion, which could be in form oral or written form. On the other hand, communication involves a series of information or message that people send out or receive using senses such as touching, seeing and hearing. However, professional communication is a basic tool in the professional practice, and a professional communication is a formal relationship that must follow certain rules and norms in order to make it more impressive and readable by another person. Typically, quality of communication is very critical in enhancing clarity and accuracy of communication system. While the professional communication system is generally based on the organization culture and ethics, however, the content of professional communication must be simple, clear and written in formal language to enhance clarity and quality of the communication.

Professional communication is very critical in a healthcare profession because it enhances safe and effective healthcare delivery. While communication is a…… [Read More]

Habel, M. (2010). Nursing Theory At the Heart of Practice, Gannett Healthcare Group.

Raingruber, B. (2010). Health Promotion Theories, Chicago, Jones & Learning LLC.

Tomey A.M. Alligood. M.R. (2002). Nursing theorists and their work. (5th ed.). Mosby, Philadelphia.
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Nursing Theory A Microscopic Perspective on the

Words: 2670 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71310861

Nursing Theory: A Microscopic Perspective on the Theory-Practice Gap


A paradigm in nursing theory exists today that equates nursing theory to a mirror, a microscope or a telescope. Meleis talks about this equation of nursing theory to a mirror, microscope, or telescope (2007). According to Meleis nursing theory that is like a mirror will reflect reality, but give it different shapes. Nursing theory that is like a microscope will focus in on a part of reality or magnify it, which may or may not be within the context of reality. And, nursing theory that is like a telescope will bring faraway objects and events into closer view. When searching through the literature for articles about nursing theory one related phrase comes up frequently along with this search. That phrase is, "theory-practice gap." For example, "Tackling the theory-practice gap in mental health nursing training," (Evans, 2009); "Theoretical vs. pragmatic design in qualitative research," (Smith, 2011); Bridging the theory-practice gap in perioperative theatre placement in, "A critical analysis of theatre as a learning environment in relation to placement duration," (Barry, 2009); bridging the theory-practice gap in, "Iranian nurses; constraint for research utilization," (Salsali, 2009); and bridging the theory-practice gap by using…… [Read More]

Allmark, P. (1995). A classical view of the theory-practice gap in nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 22(1), 18-23.

Barry, P. (2009). A critical analysis of theatre as a learning environment in relation to placement duration. Brittish Journal of Perioperative Nursing, 19(12), 433-435.
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Nursing Theory Applications in Nursing Theory and

Words: 4440 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78758413

Nursing Theory

Applications in Nursing

Nursing Theory and its Applications

In this paper, we will assess a grand nursing theory namely the Humanistic Model. First let's have a brief introduction regarding this theory. The nursing theories either grand or middle range give organization in expressing statements which are related to questions in the field of nursing. It also gives nurses the opportunity in describing, predicting, explaining and controlling different sorts of activities which are relative to their daily practice. Nursing theories regarding the humanistic model believe on the phenomena that patients hold the key potential in self-actualization which can be used in many healthy as well as creative ways. Here, the focus of the humanists lie in the belief that nursing care is basically two-way interaction which occurs between patients and the nurse, the outcomes of this relation are influenced by both of their actions.

Firstly, let's have a look on some of the important phases in the study of overall nursing. "A nurse should always have broad understanding of its own viewpoints, this helps in making more sense and adding more meanings to its overall experience." (Williams, 2000). Nurses should also be more open to new and many different…… [Read More]

McKenna, H. (1997). Nursing Theories and Models. London: Routledge.

Kelly, Y. (2002). The Nursing Experience. New York: McGraw-Hill.
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Nursing Theory From the View of a

Words: 1634 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8198575

Nursing Theory from the View of a Mirror, Microscope and Telescope

The objective of this work is to examine perspective of nursing theory from the view of a mirror, a microscope, and a telescope.

Theories are described as "a set of interrelated concepts that give a systematic view of a phenomenon that is explanatory and predictive in nature." (Nursing Theories, 2010) Theories are stated to be composed of "concepts, definitions, models, propositions and are based on assumptions." (Nursing Theories, 2010) Theories furthermore enable the individual to "organize the relationship among the concept to describe, explain, predict and control practice." (Nursing Theories, 2010) Concepts are the "vehicles of thoughts that involve images" and as well as "words that describe objects, properties or events and are basic components of theory. There are three types of concepts: (1) empirical concepts; (2) inferential concepts; and (3) abstract concepts. (Nursing Theories, 2010) Various nursing theories have been advanced over the years beginning with Florence Nightingale who wish to bring the nurse profession into professional standing. These theories have evolved and experienced growth and expansion and have served to make meaning for those in the nursing profession concerning their patients and their work in health care…… [Read More]

Cline, Austin (2011) Deductive and Inductive Arguments. Retrieved from:

Johns, Christopher and Freshwater, Dawn (2005) Transforming Nursing Through Professional Practice. Wiley-Blackwell 2005. Retrieved from:
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Nursing Theory The Nursing Field Is a

Words: 698 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12270682

Nursing Theory:

The nursing field is a practice discipline where the learning of students incorporates the capability to apply theory during the provision of care to patients. However, the use of theory in nursing practice requires an understanding of the abstract and the mechanism of applying the abstract to practice. Therefore, the use of theory in nursing practice is not only a challenging but also appropriate experience in developing new nursing programs. One of the major goals of planning for a new undergraduate nursing program is to develop way with which the nursing students can establish care practices that focus on the human reaction to illness.

Since theory is an important aspect of educational programs in nursing, the new undergraduate nursing program will incorporate middle-range theory into the curriculum. Middle range theory can be described as a series of related ideas that are directed towards a restricted dimension of the reality of nursing (Smith & Liehr, 2008). The theories consist of concepts and proposed relationships among the ideas than can be revealed in a model. Generally, these theories are developed and flourish at the connection of practice and research in order to provide directions for daily practice and scholarly research.…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Carpenter, R. (2010, February). Using Story Theory to Create an Innovative Honors Level

Nursing Course. Nursing Education Perspectives, 31(1), 28-32.
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Nursing Theory Hildegard E Peplau Hildegard E

Words: 1640 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8321550

Nursing Theory: Hildegard E. Peplau

Hildegard E. Peplau was born in Reading, Pennsylvania in 1909. Peplau attended a diploma program in 1931 in Pottstown, Pennsylvania, completed a BA in interpersonal psychology at Bennington College in 1943, and received a MA in psychiatric nursing at Columbia University in New York in 1947. Finally, Peplau earned a Ph.D. In curriculum development in 1953. Hildegard's credentials include professor emeritus at Rutgers University and is known for starting the first post baccalaureate program in nursing. Peplau died at the age of 89 and had 50 years as a practicing nurse and is often acknowledged as the "mother of psychiatric nursing" although her ideas have affected all field of the nursing profession. (Lakeman, nd, p.1)

Peplau completed in 1948 the work entitled "Interpersonal Relations in Nursing" labeled as her "seminal work." (Lakeman, nd, p.1) At the time of the writing of the book, it was considered "too revolutionary for a nurse to publish a book without a medical practitioner as co-author and it was not published until 1952. Peplau's book was published in nine languages. (Lakeman, nd, p.1)

I. Theory of Psychodynamic Nursing

Peplau's theory of psychodynamic nursing involved comprehension of one's own behavior and…… [Read More]

Jones, A. (1996) The value of Peplau's theory for mental health nursing. Br J. Nurs. 1996 Jul 25-Aug 7;5(14):877-81.

Berscheid, E. And Peplau, LA (nd) The Emerging Science of Relationships. Close Relationships (eds) Kelley, et al. (nd) WH Freeman and Company. Retrieved from:
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Nursing Theory -- a Patient Centered Approach

Words: 1375 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64467016

Nursing Theory -- a Patient Centered Approach

In the opinion of this author and from personal experience, nursing has to be patient centered. It is the author's experience in years of working in the field that someone who stays in the profession inevitably must see nursing as not a job, but rather as a vocation or a calling. One must treat it with a reverence. In this way, the nursing professional imbues their work with a sacred fervor. Their nursing philosophy causes them to provide to their patients with exceptional patient-centered care because these clients are imbued by a higher power with rights. These professionals then place quality-caring relationships at the center of their practice and this results in a safe, healing and compassionate environment. In this way, the safety and well-being the patients and staff becomes important to them. They practice excellence in all that they do and provide respect for everyone (patients as well as staff) all of the time. This gives their practice a value and that would not otherwise be possible. Their knowledge development is constant and it is necessary for the nursing candidate to be engaged in a program of ongoing continuing nursing education (Allegrante,…… [Read More]

Allegrante, J., Moon, R., Auld, M., & Gebbie, K. (2001). Continuing-education needs of the currently employed public health education workforce.

American Journal of Public Health, 91(8), 1230-1234.
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Nursing Theory Imogene King

Words: 7913 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41921604

Nursing Theory Analysis

Theory-based nursing is the phenomenon that has been researched much during the past two decades. Nursing theory has become the foundation for nursing practice with its own knowledge base. The current paper is an analysis of King's theory of goal attainment. King acquired her goal attainment theory model from an interpersonal system and a behavioral science. The nurse and patient communicate to achieve a common goal of patient satisfaction and better health outcomes. To achieve this goal, there is a need for nurses to explore patients' perceptions and expectations. It has been found in research that patients' satisfaction with healthcare is strongly linked to their satisfaction with nursing care. King attained that if the nurse is aware of patients' expectations of care that they can achieve the goal of patients' satisfaction. This theory is also applicable in the nursing education program for those nursing students having poor academic performance and for those at-risk students. Students and mentors can communicate to achieve the shared goal of student's academic improvement.

I. Examination of the origins of nursing theory

Modern nursing practice officially started from Nightingale and she also described that nursing knowledge and medical knowledge are different disciplines. Nursing…… [Read More]

Abramowitz, S., Cote, A.A., & Berry, E. (1987). Analyzing patient satisfaction: a multianalytic approach. QRB. Quality Review Bullenin, 4, 122-130.

Ahmad, M.M., & Alasad, J.A. (2004, October). Predictors of patients' experiences of nursing care in medical-surgical wards. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 10(5), 235-241.
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Nursing Theory Comparison Human Becoming

Words: 702 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13445289

According to the research, it "is defined as a practice-based ethic that is patient centered, It is an individualistic ethic that unites the reason why a decision is made with the action itself and the foreseeable consequences of that action," (Brown, 2010). In this the theory also shares with Parse's theory the importance of individual decision making and choices. One of the main differences is the notion of how we relate to one another. We have a freedom from aggression, known as negative right, based on this relationship, where we are not scared of others acting out irrationally against us. As such, the health care professionals do not act to harm the patients, but the patients also have the strict role of being the patients, thus "to fulfill his responsibilities in the treatment plan and not to place any unreasonable demands on the healthcare professional" (Brown, 2010). This is different from the first theory explained. Much in contrast to the Human Becoming theory, this theory believes that there is "an agreement that exists between all rational beings" (Brown, 2010). In this agreement, there wiggle room for relativity, as seen in Parse's theory. The nurse is supposed to use better judgment…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Brown, Barbara. (2010), A bioethical decision making guide: A synopsis of Symphonology. Health and Human Development. Penn State University. Web. 

Parse, Rosemary Rizzo. (2011). Human becoming theory. Nursing Theories. Web.
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Nursing Theory Theories Behind Nursing

Words: 588 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92762239

Ruland and Moore's (1998) work on Peaceful End of Life Theory is similar in many aspects to the Theory of Caring. Both are middle range theories which are like seeds that are expected to grow into a more general understanding. Both of these theories emphasize caring and standards of care as important benchmarks in the evolution of nursing.

Peaceful end of life theory developed in a different manner and ultimately has a more specific aim than the theory of care. Peaceful end of life theory obviously focuses on one aspect of a humans life, death. Here the theories tend to diverge. Peaceful end of life theory is aimed at nurses who work with terminally ill patients. This approach has accepted death as the best possible outcome and strives to make that experience the most humane and peaceful it can possibly be. Theory of caring tends to focus more on living and extending life instead.

Both of these theories are trends towards a more holistic and realistic point-of-view. Intangible skills that manifest as caring are more important in this viewpoint. These ideas also demonstrate the incredible amount of power that nurses have in the healing process. This knowledge should motivate and…… [Read More]

Ruland, C. & Moore, S. (1998). Theory Construction Based on Standards of Care: A Proposed Theory of the Peaceful End of Life. Nursing Outlook, 1998, 46, p. 169-75. Retrieved from 

Swanson, K. (1991). Empirical Development of a Middle Range Theory of Caring. Nursing Research, May June 1991. Retrieved from
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Nursing Theory the Ethical Implications

Words: 1012 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15934456

(Newman, 1) Here, it can be evidenced that the empathy accorded by the theoretical framework will provide an ideological umbrella for how best to address one's condition while simultaneously abiding the regulatory medical requirements common to most forms of modern treatment.

This means possessing a degree of pertinent information where nursing theory is concerned that will allow for such pragmatism and a firm understanding of the practices pertinent to kidney donation as denoted in the annotated bibliography provided here below.

Cohen, E. & Pifer-Bixler, J. (2009). Surgeons Remove Health Kidney Through Donor's Vagina. CNN. Online at

The article here described a first-ever successful procedure in which a healthy kidney was removed through a donor's vagina rather than through traditionally employed and far more invasive surgical procedures. This is useful to our discussion because it reduces the strain and cosmetic impact of making a kidney donation. The article cites the possibility that this new procedure could help to encourage potential donors.

Griffin, D. & Fitzpatrick, D. (2009). Donor Says He Got Thousands For His Kidney. CNN. Online at

This article describes figures and exchanges on the organ black market. The piece identifies black market kidney sales and purchases as…… [Read More]

Cohen, E. & Pifer-Bixler, J. (2009). Surgeons Remove Health Kidney Through Donor's

Vagina. CNN. Online at 
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Nursing Theory the Evolution of

Words: 576 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79144390


Types of Reasoning

One of the main types of reasoning discussed in the readings is logical reasoning. This type of reasoning features the use of inferences in order to come into knowledge about a certain experience or phenomenon. Essentially, inferences are the way that conclusions are drawn after systematically examining observations and external phenomenon. It is close to the style of scientific inquiry which is also a very logic-oriented methodology. The primary idea behind inferences is that an individual sees or witnesses some stimuli or phenomena. From this event, that individual can then make their own conclusions as to why or how that particular stimuli or phenomena occurred, making an assumption based on external observations combined with prior knowledge of similar events and circumstances.

A second type of reasoning discussed in the reading is the use of deduction. Logical reasoning uses deduction, or the process of concluding an assumption based on these inferred inferences. According to the research, "deduction is the form in which specific conclusions are inferred from more general premises or assertions" (26). Essentially, a broad concept is witnessed or experienced, which leads the individual to make much more specific and concrete conclusions from that larger starting…… [Read More]

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Nursing Theory Personal Approach

Words: 718 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26235578

Nursing theory chosen, which best aligns with my personal theory of nursing, is Neuman's System Model. This model was created by Betty Neuman, and designed to be holistic in nature (Memmott, et al., 2000). The focus of the model is on the whole person (patient), the environment surrounding that person, the overall health of the person, and the nursing care that person is provided with during his or her illness. While it might seem obvious that all of these areas should be considered, many models of nursing practice today ignore too many important factors regarding a person and why he or she may be ill (Barnum, 1998). With that in mind, it is very important to use a theory like Neuman's Systems Model in order to address more than just a set of symptoms (Memmott, et al., 2000). When nurses and other medical professionals take a look at a chart and consider what may or may not be the actual problem that is causing a patient to feel ill, the cause can sometimes be very obvious. In other cases, however, the cause is difficult to discern.

That is why Neuman's Systems Model is so valuable for nursing practice and diagnostic…… [Read More]

Barnum, B. (1998). Nursing theory: Analysis, application, evaluation. NY: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Memmott, R.J. Marett, K.M. Bott, R.L. & Duke, L. (2000). Use of the Neuman Systems Model for interdisciplinary teams. Online Journal of Rural Nursing and Health Care, 1(2).
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Nursing Theory Nursing Is a

Words: 883 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65138438

A person's health is an ever-changing state of being resulting from the interaction with the environment. Optimum health is the actualization of both innate and obtained human potential gained through rewarding relationships with others, obtaining goals and maintaining expert personal care. Adaptations can be made as required to maintain stability and structural integrity. A person's state of health can vary from wellness to illness, disease, or dysfunction. Professional nursing is founded on the need to promote wellness practices, the attentive treatment of persons who are acutely or chronically ill or dying, and restorative care of patients during convalescence and rehabilitation. It also includes the education and measurement of those who perform or are learning to perform nursing responsibilities, the support and communication of research to enhance knowledge and practice, and the management of nursing in healthcare delivery systems. Nursing practice centers on the application of a body of knowledge in order to maintain, restore, or enhance the interactions between people and their environment. Overall, therefore, Fitzpatrick notes that transition is one of the most important issues of nursing theory. It comes from and is related to the basic metaparadigm concepts of person, environment, health and nursing (Davidson, 2002).

Further, a…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Johnston, N., Rogers, M., Cross, N. And Sochan, a.(2007) Global and planetary health:

teaching as if the future matters. Nursing Education Perspectives 26(3), 152

Nyatanga, L. (2005) Nursing and the philosophy of science. Nurse Education Today 25(8), 670-675
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Nursing Theory in Nursing Decision-Making

Words: 826 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40721361

A nurse must weigh these variables, physical, mental, and spiritual, when advising a course of treatment and deciding how to approach a patient or patient's family. An adolescent who is an injured athlete envisioning a lucrative college scholarship might demand and be able to physically and mentally withstand a more aggressive form of treatment, due to psychological and developmental and goal-related visions (spiritual) factors than might a less motivated elderly patient.

A nurse who is training other nurses can instill consideration for all such variables in her various trainees -- and encourage nurses to engage in self-care as well as patient care on spiritual, preventative physical health care, and mental levels. Additionally, in a work environment with many diverse cultures, remind other nurses that Neuman's model has also been modified slightly to take into consideration culture as well as mind, body, and spirit -- although culture and spiritual values are difficult to separate. Some cultural frameworks affecting nursing practice might be due to a family asking to be more involved and present during intimate moments of treatment, or affect the way that pain, treatment, and the end or beginning of life is perceived by the family -- the nurse must…… [Read More]

Neuman, B.M. (1990). The Neuman systems model: A theory for practice. In M.E. Parker (Ed.), Nursing theories in practice (pp. 241-261). New York: National League for Nursing.

Neuman, B.M. (Ed.). (1995). The Neuman systems model (3rd ed.). Norwalk, CT: Appleton & Lange.
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Nursing Theory Framework

Words: 2702 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33960538

Nursing Theory Framework

Attachment Theory

Recognizing Addiction through Attachment Theory

Affect Regulation and Addiction

Handling Addiction as an Attachment Disorder

The First Phase of Therapy





Nursing Theory Framework

The misappropriation of prescription drugs by teens in the United States is a growing public health issue. Using a nursing theory framework, the scope of the problem of prescription drug use among teens is reviewed. Equal in variety to manifestations of addiction are sundry psychological theories that attempt to explain and treat the problem. Hardy (2011) was able to look into four traditional models for recognizing alcoholism (social learning theory, tension reduction theory, personality theory, and interactional theory,) in addition to five theoretical models that were developing at the time of their writing.

An approach to treating and understanding addiction that has created a huge amount of research in current decades, and which displays big promise for effective treatment of those who are undergoing addictions, has derived from attachment theory. From a nursing framework, this paper will make the attempt to communicate those features of attachment theory pertinent to understanding addiction from its theoretical viewpoint, describe addiction in terms of attachment, and recognize how addiction is being treated…… [Read More]

Caplan, J.P. (2012). Neuropsychiatric effects of prescription drug abuse. Neuropsychology Review, 17(3), 363-80.

Elkashef, A.M. (2012). Prevention and treatment of addiction. Psychiatric Times, 16-18.
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Nursing Theory Application

Words: 748 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44487421

Nursing Theory Application

Case Study Overview from the viewpoint of a new EMT -- Patient was a 78-year-old mail presenting breathing difficulties. Patient had early stage cancer with a DRN bracelet and note. Patient's wife was aware of the DNR, but her natural reaction was to try to save her husband. The call, then, was more to assure the wife than the husband, who accepted the situation but was still distressed.

Nursing Theory Applied -- "Nursing as Caring" was developed by Boykin and Schoenhofer in the 1980s when looking at the dimensions of caring and how it applied to the overall patient/health care paradigm. In general, the theory is a framework that guides and acts as a tool box when dealing with common issues in modern health care. The central dimensions of the theory is that caring is what makes humans 'human,' that caring is a moment to moment and uniquely individual model that is required within health care, and that the medical professional's own personhood and empathy are developed through a caring model (Cardinal Stritch University, 2010).

Borrowed Theory Applied -- In primitive cultures, the process of dying is accepted as a natural part of the rhythm of being…… [Read More]

Cardinal Stritch University. (2010, June). Anne Boykin & Sarvina Schoenhoffer - Nursing as Caring. Retrieved from

Kubler-Ross, E. (2007). On Grief and Grieving. New York: Scribner.
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Nursing Theory -- Bonnie Duldt

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51978123

" This is a fallacy because it assumes facts not in evidence and makes a statement that appears to be factual when it is opinion.

7 State one argument made by the author. Each additional execution appears to deter between three and 18 murders. While opponents of capital punishment allege that it is unfairly used against African-Americans, each additional execution deters the murder of 1.5 African-Americans. Further moratoria, commuted sentences, and death row removals appear to increase the incidence of murder

8 Identify the premises and conclusion of the argument. Premise = legal execution has positive effects; conclusion: continued use of capital punishment will save lives.

9 Is the author's argument valid or invalid, sound or unsound, strong or weak? Explain how you determined this. Author's arguments are sound and strong, using selective data to prove case, using academics and law enforcement information to appeal to audience.

10 Does the author use moral reasoning? If not, explain how you determined this. Deterrence and betterment for society are moral arguments; if A happens B. results, therefore if A is positive for society, it is moral. Most of Muhlhausen's arguments surround the morality of protecting society by using harsher legal means.

American…… [Read More]

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Nursing Theory Practice Setting Provide an Overview

Words: 1696 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85539740

nursing theory practice setting.

Provide an overview of the theory

Myra Estrin Levine is known as the most important Nursing theorist for developing "The Conservation Model." Levine got a diploma in 1944 and obtained her B.S in 1949 and finished M.S.N in 1962 from Wayne State College. She acted as a specialist to healthcare facilities and colleges of nursing. Furthermore, she offered a teaching format for the medical or surgical sector of nursing and developed "The 4 Conservation Fundamentals." "She clearly connected wellness to the procedure of conservation design and viewed wellness as one of its necessary elements" (Levine, 1991).

The 3 significant ideas of the Conservation Model are 1) wholeness, 2) adaption, and 3) conservation. "Whole, wellness, hale all are sourced from the Anglo-Saxon word hal" (Levine, 1973, p. 11). Myra Levine formulated her take of wholeness as an open system, which meant checking out the components of the entire process. The next idea according to Levine was adaption, "a procedure of modification wherein the specific nurse or patient keeps his stability within the truths of his internal and external environment" (Levine, 1973, p. 11). This procedure allows developing an economy where there is security for the individual/patient. There…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Alligood, Martha Raile (2010). Nursing theory: Utilization and application. Toronto: Mosby Elsevier.

Chinn, P.L., & Kramer, M.K. (2011). Integrated knowledge development in nursing (8th ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.
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Nursing Theory Middle Range Theory

Words: 2277 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98474698

The respondents who step out to be part of the research process should be protected from any unwanted intrusion or any other form of personal or group harassment (Smith & Liehr, 2008).

It is formal to have and conduct nursing research according to the set ethical frameworks where the entire review of the proposal will be undertaken. Whether to be undertaken by the staff or students, this research should be subjected to ethical approvals, which will make sure that the research, proposal is directed at serving the nursing school dream and intentions. Using the Middle range theory, the nursing problems and challenges will be solved in various ways as follows (Smith & Liehr, 2003).

All the nursing researchers and educators, being the staff members, must have respect upon the dignity, interests, and rights of the nursing students and other staff members related and participating in practical and theoretical learning.

Any relevant legislation within the nursing school must provide guidelines on the study of the middle range theory where the research process is conducted within and outside the school.

Informed consent should rule the aspirations and intentions of the nursing research process and individuals

The students and the nursing school principal…… [Read More]

Basford, L., & Slevin, O. (2003). Theory and practice of nursing: An integrated approach to patient care. Cheltenham, U.K: Nelson Thornes.

Fitzpatrick, J.J., & Kazer, M.W. (2012). Encyclopedia of nursing research. New York:
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Nursing Theory Is That it

Words: 652 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61414434

At times patients cannot care for themselves, and nurses must remedy these self-care deficits (Dorothea Orem's Self-care theory, 2011, Nursing Theories).

Whenever possible, patients should be empowered to act as best as they can to care for themselves. The nurse is viewed as an aid to remedy the self-care deficit in Orem's view. The nurse is not seen as superseding the patient's basic right to autonomy. Although some nurses know this intuitively, when busy or rushed sometimes it can be easy to forget the value of allowing patients to do as much as possible as they can for themselves, even if this is something as simple as eating and drinking or going to the bathroom.

Given the preponderance of lifestyle-related diseases today, Orem's stress upon patient self-knowledge and awareness is essential. Patients will care for themselves when they return home from a healthcare environment in most instances, and they must be empowered to use positive coping mechanisms when dealing with their urges to smoke and overeat. Nurses can encourage patients to foster healthy habits, but the patients must have the tools and knowledge to make healthy habits daily lifestyle practices.

In Orem's theory, regardless of the level of self-care deficit,…… [Read More]

Cody, W.K. (2006). Philosophical and theoretical perspectives. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett

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Nursing Theory as a Guide

Words: 1309 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97015701

227), and as such, the values of nursing practices were degrading. Nowadays we can pride on a much appreciative recognition of nursing theory with "models" being implemented regularly and indeed I can think of the Magis model of care carried out in Chicago in the first decade of the 2000's. This initiative was possible because of "several nursing theories along with information from the Institute of Family Centered Care" (Jasovsky et al., 2010, "Abstract") and led to such results as the change of nursing practice habits that, although proved sometimes uncomfortable for nurses, it meant proficient practicality (Jasovsky et al., 2010, p. 32); the results were deemed even more satisfactory when related to patients feedback, 90% of these having willed to further recommend the services of the hospital (Jasovsky et al., 2010, p. 35-36).

Moreover, Cody believed that nurses found it difficult to adopt or even try to understand nursing theory due to the duplicated effort the latter assumed. All of a sudden, it was not just about executing technically, but a second -- intellectual effort was required from nurses (Cody, 2003, p. 228). Indeed, we must think of the fact that, in this line of work, many are inclined…… [Read More]

Cody, William K. (2003). Nursing Theory as a Guide to Practice. Nursing Science Quaterly, 16(3), 225-231. Retrieved from 

Jasovsky, D.A., Morrow, M.R., Clementi, P.S., & Hindle P.A. (2010). Theories in Action and How Nursing Practice Changed. Nursing Science Quaterly, 23(I), 29-38. Retrieved from
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Nursing Theory and How it

Words: 964 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46473902

Cody uses a lot of fancy words and makes mention of philosophy and nursing as a study and a science but it gets a little too sweet and sugary to the point of almost being self-serving or sycophantic, with the only real question whether Cody is trying to make himself look good, nursing as an industry/career/educational pursuit look good or a combination of the two. First, he makes mention of nursing possibly dying off as a science and that is simply specious. The form and function of nursing shall certainly change as the years change but it's NEVER going to go away. It may be called something else someday just like PTSD used to be called shell shock. However, the root nature of the job and the role is not going to change in its basic function, to ease pain and treat the sick.

Another dimension of the treatise mentioned in the last section is the over-focus on philosophy and other tertiary topics and subjects that really should not be the focus of any nursing practitioner. It is not because it's not important or that it shouldn't be contemplated, but most nurses just need to focus on what works and…… [Read More]

In the end, Cody seems to have a good heart but he also seems to have his head in the clouds and perhaps to have taken himself entirely too seriously at the time that he wrote this journal article. Perhaps he's gained a more proper perspective over the years since this article was written. One can only hope but some "scholars" are beyond help and think they're elite and above the fray and that should never be happening.


Cody, W. (2003). Nursing Theory as a Guide to Practice. Nursing Science Quarterly, 16, 225-231.
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Understanding Nursing Theory

Words: 1782 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65561219

Nursing Theory -- Roy Adaptation Model

The Roy Adaptation Model is one of the most commonly cited and used options when it comes to nursing theories. It has been in existence since 1976, and has had a number of years to be adjusted and changed to work with the adjustments that have occurred in the field of nursing over time (Alligood, 2011). Being able to adapt and change is a very important part of nursing, because all patients are different. Additionally, treatments and medications change rapidly, and that can be difficult to keep up with if a nurse is not focused on adapting his or her style and beliefs to the changing nature of medicine. Here, the importance of nursing theory will be explored, along with the key points that are used in the Roy Adaptation Model. The views and ideas that the model provides when it comes to nursing leadership will be addressed, too, because nurses must often work as leaders and make quick decisions that can affect their patients and other members of the medical team.

The Importance of Nursing Theory

There is great value in nursing theory in general, and that is the case no matter what…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Alligood, M.R. (2011). The power of theoretical knowledge. Nursing science quarterly, 24(4), 304-305.

Polit, D.F., & Beck, C.T. (2013). Essentials of nursing research. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
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Nursing Theory

Words: 1049 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16416814


Henderson Nursing Philosophy

classification of theories Grid

Virginia Henderson

Classification Focus

Historical Period

She graduated from her first nursing program in 1921 and her career was at its apex in the 1970's as she was one of the more prominent authors of nursing textbooks through the 1970's (and before that dating back to the late 1950's). She was a research associated at Yale until she died in 1996. She died that same year at the age of 1998. Basically, her career was active in some form for nearly seven decades but it was highest in the middle part from the 1950's to 1970's.

Educational background

Virginia Henderson started her medicine career after she graduated from the United States Army School of Nursing in about 1921. She later received her bachelor's degree in 1931 and her master's degree. Her Bachelor of Science as well as her master's from Teachers College at Columbia University.

Experiential background

Ms. Henderson worked first, starting in 1921, at the Henry Street Settlement in the Manhattan borough of New York City. She worked for the Visiting Nurse Association from 1921 to 1923. She worked as a full-time nursing instructor at Norfolk Presbyterian Hospital from…… [Read More]

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Applying Watson's Nursing Theory to Assess Patient

Words: 1000 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42278568

Applying Watson's Nursing Theory to Assess Patient Perceptions of Being Cared for in a Multicultural Environment" describes the validness and authentication of the nursing theory of care by Jean Watson. She was of the view that the best which a nurse can give to the patient is care as humans are naturally gifted with it and it is irrespective of ethnical, racial, cultural or social basis. The article describes the implications of this theory in such environment where the nurses and their patients have ethnical and cultural difference and they do not even understand each other's language. It is a case study designed to explore Saudi patient's perceptions of important caring behaviors by staff nurses. It was concluded by the data obtained that the patients rated overall caring behaviors as most important irrespective of their cultural differences with the caregiver. Hence Watson's theory was proved in a multicultural environment, but it is recommended that nurses should be provided with the assistance in foreign language so that they can better take care of their patients (Wakifa 2009).

The article "Virginia Henderson's principles and practice of nursing applied to organ donation after brain death" describes about the Need theory of Nursing…… [Read More]

Nicely, Bruce. (2011). Virginia Henderson's principles and practice of nursing applied to organ donation after brain death. Progress in Transplantation, Vol 21, No. 1, March 2011.

Wakifa (2009). Applying Watson's Nursing Theory to Assess Patient Perceptions of Being Cared for in a Multicultural Environment. Joumal of Nursing Research, VOL 17, NO 4, DECEMBER 2009.
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Actualizing Nursing Theory in Practice

Words: 2246 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5307699


Nursing Concept Analysis: Caring

Caring is a concept central to nursing theory. Indeed, an esteemed constellation of nurses throughout history, including Nightingale, Watson, Henderson, and Benner, have integrated the concept of care into their theory and praxis. Caring has been considered a foundational element of nursing such that "compassion and therapeutic relationships" are viewed as essential "underpinnings" of nursing (Skillings, 2008). As with most disciplines, the complexities that accompany professional practice in contemporary settings can pose unanticipated challenges. The ethic of caring that is fundamental to nursing endures an onslaught of competing priorities, barriers to compassionate practice, and adaptations inherent to modern healthcare institutions (Skillings, 2008).

Most behaviors that the nursing discipline considers caring are readily recognized, such as "attentive listening, comforting, honest, patient, responsibility, providing information to the patient can make an informed decision, touch, sensitivity, respect, calling the patient by name" (Vance, 2003). Categorically, many nurse practitioners and nurse educators place these behaviors under several headings. For instance, Swanson's caring theory processes are Knowing, Being With, Doing For, and Enabling (Tonges & Ray, 2011). The Swanson Caring Theory framework for patient well-being considers Enabling and Doing For as behaviors indicating professional competence, while Knowing and Being With…… [Read More]

Brenner, P. (1984). From novice to expert: Excellence and power in clinical nursing practice. Menlo Park, CA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.

Dewar, B. & Cook, G. (2013). Developing compassion through a relationship centered appreciative leadership programme. Nurse Education Today, 14(9), 1258-1264.
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Dorothea Orem Nursing Theory Analysis

Words: 2299 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47962252

This will give her a good idea of the level of understanding the patient has and then she can tailor her teachings to fit the patient's level of understanding.

It is also a good idea for the nurse to give the patient as much printed information on the topic as she can because the patient can always use these materials as a reference in case the nurse is not readily available. If he teaching is about following a menu plan that will assist the patient in a speedy recovery, the nurse can have the patient keep a food journal of what he ate for a week or so and they can go over it together to determine what is working and what isn't. The same goes for the patient needing to be educated on any type of physical activities he must perform in order to improve and maintain his health. A weekly journal of the patient's planned physical activity should be kept and shared with the nurse at perhaps weekly intervals to determine what else is needed.

Another example would be a patient who needs to be taught wound care and how to change the dressing on his wound. The…… [Read More]

Baker, Lois K. And Denyes, Mary J. (2008). Predictors of self-care in adolescents with cystic fibrosis: A test of Orem's theories of self-care and self-care deficit. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 23(1), 37-48.

Cleary, Michelle and Freeman, Adele. (2006). Enhancing nurse care partnerships: A self-
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Personal Definition of Nursing Theory Like Most

Words: 710 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53568977

Personal Definition of Nursing

Nursing Theory

Like most facilities, my institution stresses that it cares for its patients. Its belief in the value of caring and the place of caring at the center of nursing practice has caused it to make Jean Watson's Human Caring Theory the core of its philosophy. Watson's theory states that caring is an interpersonal science and a "caring environment is one that offers the development of potential while allowing the person to choose the best action for himself or herself at a given point in time" (Jean Watson's theory of nursing, 2012, Current Nursing). One critical assumption that I see implemented in my practice is the idea that "caring is more 'healthogenic' than is curing. A science of caring is complementary to the science of curing" (Jean Watson's theory of nursing, 2012, Current Nursing). Nursing may be a science, but nurses must always remember that the science of caring is at the forefront of their practice (Nursing models of care, 2013, Highland Hospital)

For example, even in the case of a terminally ill patient, a nurse can still provide assistance to improve the mental health and state of well-being of that individual. For persons who…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Jean Watson's theory of nursing. (2012). Current Nursing. Retrieved:
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PICO Nursing Theory Informs Nursing Practice and

Words: 819 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46679628


Nursing theory informs nursing practice, and especially evidence-based practice. Theory offers a framework for decision-making and policy. Neuman's systems model provides the perfect theoretical framework with which to conduct my research and inform best practices. My PICO question is as follows: "For hospitalized patients who are susceptible to catheter associated Urinary Tract infection (CAUTI), if nurses and other assistive personnel develop an action plan with a systematic team approach of evidence-based infection control practices, compared to current practices, could it reduce or eliminate incidences of CAUTI?"

Developed by Betty Neuman, Neuman's systems model has a variety of applications in the workplace. Although it is a broad mid-range theory, Neuman's systems model also has specific applications for daily nursing practice. According to Neuman (2011), the systems model "provides a unifying focus for approaching a wide range of international health concerns." One of these concerns regards the correct use of catheters in hospitalized patients. Therefore, Neuman's systems model is an appropriate framework for researching my PICO question and providing suggestions for future research and practice.

One of the reasons why Neuman's systems model is especially applicable to my PICO question is that an open systems framework takes into account the multiple…… [Read More]

Lowry, L.W. & Anderson, B. (1993). Neuman's framework and ventilator dependency: A pilot study. Nursing Science Quarterly 6(4): 195-200.

Neuman, B. (1990). Health as a continuum based on the Neuman systems model. Nursing Science Quarterly 3(3): 129-135.
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Remote Nursing Theory Remote Nursing and Jean

Words: 456 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94551604

Remote Nursing Theory

Remote Nursing and Jean Watson's Theory of Caring

Despite the identification of a clear role and responsibility for nurses in the area of remote and rural medical care, providing primary medical assistance to individuals and communities in geographically isolated areas, there have been significant barriers demonstrated to the effective networking and planning of nursing efforts, resources, and personnel in this area (Coyle et al. 2010). Though this problem is largely one that is practical in nature and requires a fix found in policy and infrastructure, the problem can ultimately be seen as one that is rooted in theory and philosophy. Simply put, nurses attempting to provide care to remote individuals and communities are not equipped with the proper tools, training, or resources to provide effective care, and this has also affected the focus of nursing in this arena such that results of nursing attempts in this area are not as favorable as would be desired.

An application of Jean Watson's Theory of Caring in Nursing could definitely help to provide a renewed focus on those aspects of rural and remote care that are most essential to patient needs, and that will lead to a greater level of…… [Read More]

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Analyzing Application of Nursing Theory

Words: 2149 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16786886

Nursing Theory

The broad definition of the term 'theory' is development and elucidation of any aspect or field of cognition. Theory then is a collection of interrelated propositions that must forecast, describe, influence, or explain events. Theories of learning have attempted to offer explanations about learning as well as its application. In the last century, educational researchers and psychologists have postulated a number of theories to account for how people attain, organize and apply knowledge and skills. Rather than offering a specific theory, educational psychology provides multiple approaches and theories about the process of learning and the motivation for change and learning in individuals. Understanding theories of learning, (essentially educational psychology), is central to the field of education, for enabling nursing educators to offer an atmosphere conducive to learning, enhancing the educational system's efficiency and education harmonization. In the previous century, learning theory formulation and assessment has greatly facilitated the understanding of how individuals, as well as modifications in the modes of thinking, behavior, and feelings, can be identified. A focus on learning and the nature of learning is essential for individuals handling training and teaching issues. Learning theories represent the basis of the principles and structure revolving around the…… [Read More]

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Jean Watson Nursing Theory

Words: 1424 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32658657

Jean Watson

Analysis of Nursing Theory

Jean Watson is one of the reputable contributors in the contemporary nursing field. She is rather well-known for her work namely, Theory of Human Caring. Other than this eminent theory, she has presented various research papers which have made visible addition to theoretical work in the field of nursing. Her work on caring has also been included in the standard education related to patient care and has been adopted by many nursing schools and institutes globally. Watson's theoretical model is rather well-known for presenting the scientific application of the practice of patient's care as it emphasizes on not only eliminating the ailment but enhances the overall health of the patient in physical, mental and psychological frame of reference.

Watson was born in 1940 and had her graduation completed from Virginia in 1961. Her Bachelors was completed in Colorado in 1964 which further lead to her Masters education in Psychiatric and mental health in 1966. Furthermore, she did her PhD in education psychology and counseling (Tomey & Alligood, 2002). She has also been honored with six doctoral degrees from different countries. Where Watson is well-known for her work done in theoretical nursing, she is also…… [Read More]

Fitzpatrick, J.J., Whall, A.L. (2005). Conceptual models of nursing: analysis and application. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Nursing-Theory. (2012). Biography of Jean Watson. Retrieved from 
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Nursing Concepts and Theory Conceptual-Theoretical Structure Paper

Words: 1674 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18218062

Nursing Concepts and Theory

Conceptual-Theoretical Structure paper

Personal belief about nursing theory and knowledge development process for nursing practice

All nursing theories play an important role in defining nursing and giving the roles that nurses need to play. Originally, the role of nurses was simply to carry out activities as instructed by doctors, however, over the years, this role has been changed to include more responsibilities as the nursing world has evolved. Nursing theories describe, predict and explain the various phenomena in nursing practice and thus create foundations for nursing practice. They also help to generate knowledge in the field of nursing and to point the direction which the field should develop in future. This view is supported by Carper (1978)

who states that nursing theories elaborate nursing practice and create professional boundaries for the profession. Nursing knowledge comes from research that has been conducted on nursing which forms scientific knowledge and experience gained from the practice itself which forms individual knowledge. Other sources of knowledge include tradition, intuition and tacit knowledge. Meta-theories and philosophical perspectives also help to develop knowledge in nursing practice by setting discussions that over time help to answer questions regarding nursing practice and the nature…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Anderson, A.M. (2005). Nursing Leadership, Management, and Professional Practice for the LPN/LVN (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company.

Carper, B. (1978). Fundamental patterns of knowing in nursing. Advances in Nursing Science, 1(1), 13-23.
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Nursing Model Theory Application a Nurse's

Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12125618

"From an historical standpoint, her concept of nursing enhanced nursing science this has been particularly important in the area of nursing education." ("Virginia Henderson's Need...," 2008) Principles of Henderson's theory, published in numerous primary nursing textbooks utilized from the 1930s through the 1960s, along with principles embodied by the 14 activities continue to prove vital in evaluating nursing care in thee21st century, not only in cases such as Keri's, but in a myriad of others benefiting from nursing.


Kearney, Kathleen M., the Nurse's Duty to Report Child Abuse vs. The Attorney's Duty of Confidentiality: The Nurse Attorney's Dilemma Journal of Nursing Law. Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc.; January 25, 2007. Retrieved September 25, 2007, at

Resuggan, Ray RN;RPN;MRN. (Last Modified: August 17, 2008). "Virginia Avernal Henderson." Retrieved September 25, 2007, from:

Singleton, Joanne K. "Nurses' perspectives of encouraging clients' care-of-self in a short-term rehabilitation unit within a long-term care facility," Rehabilitation Nursing, January 1, 2000. Retrieved September 25, 2007, from:

Trail Ross, Mary Ellen. (1993). "Linking Ethical Principles With Community Practice." Journal of Community Health Nursing, Vol. 10. Retrieved September 25, 2007, at

Virginia Henderson. (2000-2007), NurseScribe. Retrieved September 25, 2007,from

Virginia Henderson's…… [Read More]

Kearney, Kathleen M., the Nurse's Duty to Report Child Abuse vs. The Attorney's Duty of Confidentiality: The Nurse Attorney's Dilemma Journal of Nursing Law. Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc.; January 25, 2007. Retrieved September 25, 2007, at

Resuggan, Ray RN;RPN;MRN. (Last Modified: August 17, 2008). "Virginia Avernal Henderson." Retrieved September 25, 2007, from: .
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Nursing Law and Ethics Name

Words: 1913 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92225100

The death of a child is significant and in this case avoidable and a plaintiff has the right to seek compensatory damages as is allowed by law.

Case Study 1 Part B

At the end of the night shift, Nurse Brown took a verbal handover and then noticed the observation chart had not been filled in. To assist her friend, Nurse Harvey, whom she knew had a busy night, filled in the observation chart and fluid balance chart for the hours from 0200-0600 hrs.

Overcome by the events of the last 24 hrs, Nurse Harvey and Nurse Brown go to the local tavern for a few drinks before Nurse Harvey goes on duty. They discussed Mr. Spencer and his son. John, a friend of Mr. Spencer, overheard the conversation and joined them. He was also upset by the events of the day and was most keen to discuss the accident and subsequent care.

Assume that Mr. Spencer's son did not die. In contemplation of possible legal action, Mr. Spencer wishes to see his notes and those of his son.

A g) What are the possible implications of Nurse Brown's actions?

Drinking alcohol prior to a shift, discussing a patient outside…… [Read More]

Hall, J. (1960). General Principles of Criminal Law (2nd ed.). Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.

Markesinis, B.S., & Deakin, S.F. (1999). Tort Law (4th ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press.
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Theory of Nursing

Words: 2135 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88861122

Nursing Theory

One of the features of patient-centered care in which the patients are thought to be partners is when the patients are handed over with the help of their participation. It is very important for the nurses to understand the thinking and perspectives of their patients as this can help them in adjusting their bedside manner to suit the expectations and needs of the patients. This involvement can also enable the patients to get more involved in the decision-making process. There is very little detailed evaluation of the bedside manner present in the literature particularly from the perspective of nursing practice. There are particular provider behaviors that have been noticed to be taken as positive or negative on a continuous basis according to the concept analysis. Compassion, care, warmth and support are some of the positive behaviors while disrespect, arrogance and indifference are some of the negative behaviors. The health status, compliance and satisfaction of a patient are greatly impacted by the bedside manner of the provider and how that manner is perceived by the patient. In order to provide effective patient care it is very important for the Advanced Practice Nurses (APN) to have an effective bedside manner.…… [Read More]

Bedside manner (n.d.). The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary. Retrieved from website:

Finch, L. (2008). Bedside Manner: Concept Analysis and Impact on Advanced Nursing Practice. The Internet Journal of Advanced Nursing Practice. 10(1).
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Nursing Kidney Nursing Perceptions and

Words: 2121 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89660948

(2008). The study measures public opinion concerning two scenarios: one in which the kidney donor is given a fixed financial compensation; and one in which the donor is provided with health insurance coverage for life. According to the findings of the study, "although almost half of the respondents (46%) were reluctant towards introducing a system with fixed compensation to increase the number of living kidney donors, still 25% of the general public reacted positively." (Kranenburg, 1039) This study would conduct a similar comparative discussion, but would expand the number of available options discussed and would use a different sample population, as discussed in the subsequent section.

Subjects and Sampling Technique:

The subjects will be drawn from amongst nursing professionals working in randomly selected renal specialty facilities and wards. Initial contact will be made by phone with a Director of Nursing at selected facilities requesting participation. Those that agree will receive surveys to account for all members of a nursing staff. Respondents will receive a survey and self-addressed stamped envelope with which to submit the survey to the researchers.

Data Collection and Analysis:

The survey instrument would use a Likert Scale in order to measure the level of approval or disapproval…… [Read More]

Conesa, C.; Rios, a.; Ramirez, P.; Sanchez, J.; Sanchez, E.; Rodriguez, M.; Martinez, L.; Ramos, F. & Parrilla, P. (2009). Attitude of Primary Care Nurses Toward Living Kidney Donation. Transplantation Proceedings, 37(9), 3626-3630.

Kranenburg, L.; Schram, a.; Zuidema, W.; Weimar, W.; Hilhorst, M.; Hessing, J. & Busschbach, J. (2008). Public Survey of Financial Incentives for Kidney Donation. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 23(3), 1039-1042.