Finance The IRR is higher than the cost of capital. However, the paving project was given a higher hurdle rate, based on the WACC + 3%, so it has a negative NPV, and would therefore be rejected. In addition, it has the lower IRR, which means that it would be rejected when compared with the smelting project anyway, because they are mutually exclusive.
The cost of debt is 13%. The cost of common stock, using CAPM, is as follows:
The cost of preferred stock is (10/90)(1-(2/90) = (.11111) / (.9778) = 11.3%
The company's WACC is (.3)(13)+(.16)(11.3)+(.54)(14.15) = 13.349%
The expected cash flow from the investments is the weighted average:
The standard deviation for the smelting is 2133, while the standard deviation of paving is 10,234.
The coefficient of variation for the smelting is 0.1315 for the smelting and .6478 for the paving.
The paving option has the higher risk. The standard deviation is a good measure of risk and the paving option has a much higher standard deviation. Further, it has a higher coefficient of variation as well. On both measures, the paving option has the higher risk.
7/8. The net present values and IRRs for these two are as follows. First, the smelting:
There is, however, a conflict between the two methods. The use of a higher hurdle rate for the paving project is inconsistent. The point of using the company's WACC is that it reflects the risk associated with the company's ability to raise capital. The two projects should be evaluated on the basis of the WACC -- whether…
The IRR is higher than the cost of capital. However, the paving project was given a higher hurdle rate, based on the WACC + 3%, so it has a negative NPV, and would therefore be rejected. In addition, it has the lower IRR, which means that it would be rejected when compared with the smelting project anyway, because they are mutually exclusive.
Some people compare buying a car to renting an apartment: "you pay a monthly fee to use it but don't own it -- and aren't making payments toward ownership. The leased vehicle remains the property of the lessor -- the company that issued the lease" (Peters 2009). However, cars depreciate rather than appreciate in value, unlike real estate. Monthly lease payments are cheaper than payments on a new car,
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